Pembebanan Konstruksi Beton

1 Poer
100

60

Memanjang

Melintang

325,382 kg

325,382 kg
M1

M2

80

27,115 kg
x
3=
81,345 kg

37.5

75

75

75
62.5

37.5

27,115
108,461

37.5

75

300

75
45

37.5

225

Momen:
1 Arah memanjang

37.5

M1 =
=

81,345 x
50,841 kgm

M2 =
=

108,461
48,807 kgm

75
225
75
37.5

37.5

75

75
300

75

37.5

2 Arah melintang

Denah

2 Tie beam (sloof pengikat)

Kolom

Tembok
tinggi 5.00 m

Sloof pengikat

Tiang pancang

l
Berat tembok

=

4.00 x

=

Kolom

Poer

Tiang pancang

4.00

5.00 x

0.15 x 1800 =
Beban merata, q =
Reaksi perletakan, R =

5,400 kg
1,350 kg/m'
2,700 kg

Tanah diperhitungkan tidak menerima beban
Ichtisar momen pada tumouan jepit-jepit
- 16

Momen lapangan

- 16
+ 11
= 1/11 x q x l^2
= 1/11 x
1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

Bila diperhitungkan dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi:
Momen lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2

1,964 kgm

= 1/8 x

Untuk bentang 7.00
Momen lapangan =
=
Reaksi perletakan, R

1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

m
1/11 x q x l^2
1/11 x
1,350 x
= 1/2 x q x l
= 1/2 x
1,350 x

7.00 ^2 =
7.00 =

2,700 kgm

6,014 kgm
4,725 kg

0.60

M

M

h

0.60

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg
0.45

0.375
0.075

0.75

2.00

0.75
0.83

M =
=

2.75
M =

69,132 x

0.075

+

69,132 x

0.83 =

62,218 kgm

92,175 x 0.45
41,479 kg

0.50 4.75 2.00 0.75 .

382 325.461 108.115 108.461 108.461 RB = 108.461 .461 108.461 4x 27.75 75 60 30 250 400 75 75 45 75 250 400 340 75 325.461 108.382 45 108.461 108.461 RA = C 108.461 E D A B 108.

461 kg Tie beam (balok pengikat) dihitung berdasarkan reaksi tegangan tanah sit = 2.461 x 1.25 = 48.50 + 11 - M lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2 sit 16 = 1/11 x 2.45 = 48.000 kg/m' Ichtisar momen 0.807 kgm 108.048 kgm D = x 3.461 kg 108.70 D = 108.461 x 0.16 M lapangan R = .50 40 60 q = = = 40 x 100 x 40 x 100 x 2.461 D A B q = l 63.461 kg C E 108.461 x 1.50 kg/cm2 tidak jadi .MC = ME = R = 108.50 ^2 0.800 kg/m' = 3.000 x 16 2.40 ^2 108.807 kgm cocok Dicoba bila dianggap beban merata RA = RB = 108.40 m Ichtisar momen + 11 .800 = 67.16 = 1/11 x q x l^2 = 1/11 x 63.

115 .136 kgm Bila dihitung dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi M lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2 = 1/8 x 2.000 x 2.5 75 37.5 20 M 27. 17.= 1.563 kgm R = D = 0.50 ^2 = 1.000 x 2.5 x q x l = 0.500 kg 75 diambil pias sederetan t panc.50 x 2.50 = 2.

5 Sloof 60x100 75 37.93 = 27.5 30 M 100 50 3x 27.115 x 27.115 M = R = 27.5 7.115 x 0.115 + 0.827 kgm Tidak diambil pias 225 37.230 kg 29.18 + 27.115 81.5 37.5 82.345 kg x .27.115 = 54.

83 = Mx = 81.75 75 3x 27.345 x 0.115 81.044 x 1= 23.044 x 1= 23.345 M = R = 81.044 kg 0.044 kg 23.08 + 81.044 kg 23.60 23.75 .345 kg 300 M = 81.345 x 0.08 + R = D = 162.345 + 0.345 x 0.345 kg 30.044 kg 23.044 x 1= 23.691 kg 81.044 x 1= 23.505 kgm 73.345 x 81.345 x 0.211 kgm M M h 0.83 = 81.345 = ###### kg 73.38 = R = D = 81.211 kgm 81.

00 E B 0.088 kg PC A C 0.75 2.088 kg 0.088 )/ 2= 46.088 kg 0 kgm 46.375 0.00 0.50 4.044 x 2= 46.088 + 46.75 .75 PE D 2.075 + 23.75 17.044 x 0.75 M = 23.044 x 2= 46.83 = 20.044 x 0.044 x 0.0.00 Beban ke balok 23.83 M = = 23.75 0.75 2.50 4.283 kg 2.075 0.739 kgm Beban tiang pancang dipikul oleh poer dan balok 0.75 RA RB R A = RB = ( MA = 23.

83 = 62.566 kgm PC x 1.044 x 3= 69.00 - 46.132 x 0.088 x 2.566 kgm 46.45 0.375 0.25 = 46.088 x 0.25 Bidang M Beban ke poer 0.132 kg 23.75 M = 69.83 M = = 46.60 memanjang melintang M M h 0.60 23.218 kgm Ukuran poer 60 60 .45 20.00 0.088 x 0.75 = 2.088 x 1.75 0.132 kg 23.75 2.132 kg 23.739 kg 2.132 x 0.044 x 3= 69.044 x 3= 69.MC = RA x MD = RA x 0.075 + 69.132 kg 0.075 0.00 = 34.75 = 34.044 x 3= 69.

memanjang melintang 80 60 .

53 14.80 27.63 kgm x kgm 0.45 0.461 kg 0.115 kg x 4= 108.371 .

.

x 23.175 kg .044 4= 92.

.

.

.

.

.

044 kg .x 23.044 1= 23.

.

088 kg .044 2= 46.x 23.

.

d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.841 kgm h = 81.65 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 36.0.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.7 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 26 D 13 = 34.2 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.399 )) = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.48sbk = 39 .841 / 76.h) = ( 1. tegangan tarik baja ijin.241 0.3 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.15 = 39.h.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .15 cm 13 mm 3.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.0510 x 50.48  0.5 x Dmax)/(b.Perhitungan Poer Beton Bertulang Arah memanjang M1 = 50. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.345 )/( 225 x 80 2 ) = 6.15 = 76.241 x SQRT ( 50.7 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81.841 kgm h = (n.5 cm harus > 33. syt = syt/sbd = cm Tampak samping kanan Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.33 x 0. sbd = Besi beton U b = 80 0. 81.sb)/(sy+n.0 .399 )) = 0.(3-h)) = h' = a .9 = 33.345 kg 0.31 kg/cm 225 300 100 25 of 112 .63 Tampak memanjang tegangan tarik beton ijin.3.5 + 0.a = 80.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 50.399 x ( 3 .058 ---> a = 0.0.399 6/( 100 x 0.345 kg rmax = (1. sbt = 225 cm 0.841 / 2.33 x sbk = 0.25 ) = 36.78 kg/cm < 2 8.2 cm 13 ) = 3.

h.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 48. sbt = Besi beton U 0.5 Arah melintang M2 = 48.2 cm harus > 32.0 .58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.33 x sbk = 0.399 )) = 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .(3-h)) = h' = a .345 kg 62.1 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.48  0.7 cm 13 ) + 0.399 6/( 100 x 0.45 = 35.0.6 = 32.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8. syt = 0.807 kgm h = 108.33 x 0.0510 x 48. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.31 kg/cm 26 of 112 .5 + 1.00 ) = 30.399 x ( 3 .45 Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.5 x Dmax)/(b.26 D 13 80 81.399 )) = 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.4.0.3 (f Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 30.807 / 3.9 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 25 D 13 = 33.461 )/( 300 x 300 80 2 ) = 6.5 75 37.807 / 75.sb)/(sy+n.45 = 75.a = 80.807 kgm h = (n.45 cm 13 mm 4.9 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 108.7 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.241 0.h) = ( 1. 108.65 (D 13 ) = 4.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.461 kg b = 80 cm 300 cm 0.241 x SQRT ( 48.6 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.058 ---> a = 0.48sbk = 39 . SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.461 kg rmax = (1.78 kg/cm < 2 8.

80 = 51.382 = (2.225 60 25 D 13 80 ## cm jarak tulang ## cm jarak tulang 26 D 13 108.200 9.5 x 325.3 OK ## ## ## ## ## # # # # # Sloof pengikat sebagai tumpuan momen arah memanjang 225 300 100 27 of 112 .5 x P 1.461 kg 45 75 37. tbp = 0.65sbk r= 1.(100+80)).5 Tegangan geser pons ijin.(60+80)+2.5 < 11.

33 x 0.33 x sbk = 0.4 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.8 kg/cm > 2 8.5 x Dmax)/(b.3 kg/cm 28 of 112 .48  0. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.3 = 96.211 / 2.211 kgm 2 h = (n.a = 100.399 6/( 100 x 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.3 = 46.3 cm 16 mm 3.4 cm 16 ) = 3.3.399 )) = 0.h) = ( Maka perlu tulangan miring 1.211 / 96. syt = 0.0510 x 73. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.399 x ( 3 .241 x SQRT ( 73.6 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 162.0.5 x 162.2 cm harus > 38.5 Tampak konsul 100 cm 225 cm 7.26 D 13 80 - 62.h.(3-h)) = h' = a .7 = 38.sb)/(sy+n.5 + 0.0 .5 75 kg 37.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.691 )/( 225 x 2 100 ) = 10.48sbk = 39 .058 ---> a = 0.6 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 20 D 16 = 40.0.211 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 75 82.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.691 kg rmax = (1.25 ) = 43.241 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.7 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai. sbt = Besi beton U 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 73.399 )) = 0.5 Poer bentuk konsul: M= 73.5 37.5 Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 43.

345 )/( cm2 225 x 81 2 ) = 6.(rmax-r)/rmax = 82.505 / 77.1 cm = 0.48sbk = 39 .345 kg rmax = (1.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.sb)/(sy+n.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.3.241 0.33 x 0.399 )) = 0.3 ) x 225 x 2 13 cm .3 = 31.742 kgm 100 h = 50 27.354 29.48  0.a = 81.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd. syt = 0.505 / 2.5 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 81 cm Momen lapangan M = 30.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = l.Bentuk konsul: Tempat r = 8.3 ) / 10.1 cm harus > 20 Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81.8 - 2262 = 13 8.7 = 20 cm 2 Dipakai besi 10 D 16 = 20.0.7 kg/cm < 2 8.3 19.8 + Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Dibengkok 7 f 16 = Fyo 2 14.505 kgm h = (n. tegangan tarik baja ijin.y = ( 10.5 ( Gaya tarik miring T = 0.3 cm > 81 cm maka balok dapat dipakai. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2. = 29.3 = 77.3 cm 16 mm 3.25 ) = 28 cm 16 ) = 3.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .5 225 cm 75 37.241 x SQRT ( 30.505 kgm 100 h = 81 cm 50 x b = 7.115 b = 53 cm 100 cm 29 of 112 .h) = ( 1.058 ---> a = 0.3 cm. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.h.b.5 x Dmax)/(b.0510 x 30. sbt = Besi beton U 0.8 = 8. Ditinjau pada penampang x-x x M= 30.394 / harus > 10.0.399 6/( 100 x 0.354 (rmax + r). 81. 19.394 kg cm2.0 .58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.399 )) = 0.3 kg/cm Check arah diagonal M= 28.399 x ( 3 .5 + 0.(3-h)) = h' = a .33 x sbk = 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 28 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.

53 ) = 56 cm 16 ) = 10.115 kg rmax = (1.48sbk = 39 .4 Check potongan di tengah M= 14.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 28.0510 x 28.48  0.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 56 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.53 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Tampak penampang 30 of 112 .6 cm2 tulang arah y 16.0. tegangan tarik baja ijin. sbt = Besi beton U 0.399 )) = 0.241 x SQRT ( 28.731 kgm 75 ada h = 50 b = 53 95 cm design cm 0. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.sb)/(sy+n.33 x sbk = 0.4 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 8 D 16 = 16.06 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.0.742 / 0.1.6 ----------------> 6 D 16 = 12.8 = 89.399 x ( 3 .8 cm 16 mm 10.4 x  2 11.h) = ( 1.3 kg/cm 6 D 16 tulang arah x 1/2 x 16. SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0.67 kg/cm < 2 8.115 )/( 53 x 2 100 ) = 7.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .399 6/( 100 x 0.399 )) = 0.8 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.1 cm2 harus > 11. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.5 x Dmax)/(b.0 . 27.10.241 0. syt = 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.742 / 89.33 x 0.2 = 16.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.1 cm harus > 16.058 ---> a = 0.h.742 kgm 2 h = (n.8 = 66.(3-h)) = h' = a .2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.a = 100.4 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.

058 ---> a = 0.399 x ( 3 .1 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 95 cm Momen lapangan M = 14.33 x sbk = 0.08 kg/cm < 8.399 6/( 100 x 0.25 m tinggi t = 1.0.241 x SQRT ( 14.5 x Dmax)/(b.731 / 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.h.241 0.8 cm 16 mm 10.0 .1 cm harus > 8.92 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.92 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.115 )/( 53 x 95 ) = 8.8 = 50.(3-h)) = h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0. sbt = Besi beton U 0.Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin. syt = 0.00 m lebar l = 2.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.1 cm 16 ) = 10.731 / 84.731 kgm h = (n.399 )) = 0.10.8 = 84.53 ) = 40.48sbk = 39 .48  0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h . Jadi bentuk poer adalah balok ukuran 2 2 27.h) = ( 1.2 = 8.0510 x 14.3 kg/cm untuk h = 95 cm ----> hampir sama dengan awalnya sehingga h tetap dipakai 100 cm panjang p = 3.399 )) = 0. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.115 kg rmax = (1.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.9 cm > 95 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.33 x 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.083 kgm 100 50 h = 100 cm 31 of 112 .a = 95.00 m 60 100 100 300 225 Check arah konsul M= 17.sb)/(sy+n.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.

50 ) = 37. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.01 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.083 / 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8. sbt = Besi beton U 39 .h.3.3 = 43.0.33 x sbk = 0.60 ) = 40.115 kg rmax = (1.63 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.a = 100.01 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.sb)/(sy+n.b = 60 cm 0.3 cm 16 mm 3.6 cm 16 ) = 3.0. syt = Tampak penampang 0.399 x ( 3 .48sbk = 0.6 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.115 )/( 60 2 100 ) = 6.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.241 32 of 112 .33 x sbk = 0.058 ---> a = 0.78 kg/cm x < 2 8.399 )) = 0.3 cm 16 mm 0.h.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.5 + 0.0510 x 17.083 kgm h = (n.058 ---> a = 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 12.399 )) = 0.241 0.202 kgm h = (n.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.202 / 0.0.3 = 96.083 / 96.3 kg/cm Check arah tegak lurus konsul M= 12.(3-h)) = h' = a .58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8. 27.48sbk = 39 .(3-h)) = h' = a .399 x ( 3 .6 cm 16 ) = 3.33 x 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.399 6/( 100 x 0.0 . tegangan tarik baja ijin.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 17.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.sb)/(sy+n. syt = 0.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .7 = 9.399 )) = 0.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.45 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin. tegangan tarik baja ijin.h) = ( 1.399 6/( 100 x 0. sbt = Besi beton U 0.48  0.48  0. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.202 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 50 100 cm cm 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.5 + 0.241 x SQRT ( 17.5 x Dmax)/(b.33 x 0.241 x SQRT ( 12. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.1 cm harus > 9.

a = 100.399 )) = 0.3 kg/cm < Kombinasi Arah sumbu x (arah konsul panjang) Untuk beban diagonal bawah tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Untuk beban arah konsul butuh tulangan 5 Untuk beban diagonal atas tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Sehingga jumlah tulangan arah konsul panjang butuh 17 D D D D 16 16 16 idem atas 16 buat 17 D 16 = 34.0 cm harus > 6.2 cm2 = D 16 5.9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.0.0 Arah sumbu y (arah konsul pendek) Untuk beban diagonal kiri butuh tulangan Untuk beban arah tegak lurus konsul 2x Untuk beban diagonal kanan butuh tulangan Arah konsul pendek butuh tulangan D D D D 16 16 16 idem kiri 16 buat 25 D 16 = 6 8 6 20 Jadi tulangan poer dipakai menyilang tegak lurus masing-2 besi ukuran D 22 - 50.43 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 4 D 16 = 8.43 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.115 kg rmax = (1.0510 x 12.5 x Dmax)/(b.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.h = h' + a = 37.3 = 40.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.0 .00 D 22-10 D 22-10 Gambar perspektip penulangan poer 33 of 112 .00 2.115 )/( 50 x 2 100 ) = 8.3 = 96.202 / 96.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .3.13 kg/cm 2 8.6 + 3. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.0 3.7 = 6.10.h) = ( 1.3 cm2 10.5 = D 22 . 27.25 1.

34 of 112 .

35 of 112 .

cm jarak tulang arah lebar poer 225 cm cm jarak tulang arah panjang poer 300 cm 36 of 112 .

37 of 112 .

38 of 112 .

16.4 39 of 112 .

40 of 112 .

41 of 112 .

01 cm2 3.25 20 0.00 25 0.1200 > arah x ----> memenuhi 42 of 112 .2.1125 = = 36.56 cm2 38.

sbt = Besi beton U 0.5 + 0.95 = 23.33 x 0.399 )) = 0.78 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.0510 x 1.3.4 cm < 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.00 m 1.95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 19.964 kgm h = (n.sb)/(sy+n. Gambar penulangan: 2.78 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.a = 40.0 .h) = ( 1.241 h' = a .241 x SQRT ( 1.964 / 0.95 = 36.30 ) = 19.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0. SQRT (M/b) = 0.399 a = 6/(sbd.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 1.31 kg/cm .0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .h.399 x ( 3 .65 (D 13 ) = 3.964 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.Balok pengikat (tie beam) antar kolom Akibat beban tembok 1 Untuk balok bentang Jepit M = 4.700 )/( 3 D 13 f8 - 20 40 3 D 13 30 Bila diperhitungkan pada tumpuan sendi-sendi: 30 x 40 2 ) = 3.0.700 kg rmax = (1.964 / 36.48sbk = 39 .5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.5 cm a = 2. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0.33 x 0.8 (f 8 ) + 0.058 ---> a = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b. tegangan tarik baja ijin.58 x 0.1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.38 kg/cm < 2 8.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.0 cm harus > 2.5 + 3.1 = 2.399 )) = 0.

48  300 = 300 sau = 0.399 )) = 0.95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 22.0510 x 2.82 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.1 = 3.h.058 ---> a = 0.241 x SQRT ( 2.95 = 26.8 cm a = 2. Gambar penulangan: 2.5 + 0.700 )/( 30 ------> besi 3D13 masih cukup x 40 2 ) = 3.0.00 m Jepit M = 6.399 )) = 0. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.5 x Dmax)/(b.8 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.M = 2.38 kg/cm < 2 8.58 x 0. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0.399 a = 6/(sbd.700 kg rmax = (1.48sbk = 39 .014 kgm h = 40 cm h' .sb)/(sy+n. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin. tegangan tarik baja ijin.700 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.241 h' = a .700 kgm h = (n.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring. sbt = Besi beton U 0.3.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.399 x ( 3 .0.65 (D 13 ) = 3.8 (f 8 ) + 0.0 cm harus > 3.8 + 3.700 / 0.82 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.95 = 36.31 kg/cm 3 D 13 f8 40 3 D 13 30 2 Untuk bentang7.a = 40.33 x 0.0 . SQRT (M/b) = 0.h) = ( 1.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.700 / 36.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 2.30 ) = 22.33 x 0.

h) = ( 1.5 + 0.399 )) = 0.1 cm harus > 8. SQRT (M/b) = 0.40 ) = 29.33 x sbk = 0.8 (f 8 ) + 0.0.241 x SQRT ( 6.h. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.014 / 0.5 cm a = 2.058 ---> a = 0.5 + 4. syt = 0.8 (D 16 ) = 4.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.91 kg/cm < 2 8.725 )/( 5 D 16 f8 - 20 40 5 D 16 30 30 x 40 2 ) = 5.1 = 33.0510 x 6.58 x 0.sb)/(sy+n.54 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 4.33 x 0.4.b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.725 kg rmax = (1.6 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.1 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 29.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.48sbk = 39 . sbt = Besi beton U 0.014 kgm 2 h = (n.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h . Gambar penulangan: 4. tegangan tarik baja ijin. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.241 h' = a .9 = 8.0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.5 x Dmax)/(b.399 )) = 0.399 x ( 3 .(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.0 .31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 6.014 / 35.31 kg/cm .1 = 35.399 a = 6/(sbd.a = 40.54 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.

0510 2262 kg/cm2 .Balok pengikat (tie beam) memikul momen dari tiang pancang Beban terpusat reaksi tiang pancang Beban aktual M = 48.807 / 0.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0. syt = 100 cm 0.399 )) = 0.0.5 + 0.399 )) = 0.4 = 73 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.sb)/(sy+n.48  300 = 300 0.0. sbt = Besi beton U syt/sbd = sbk = 0. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3. tegangan tarik baja ijin.1 (D 22 ) = 4.48sbk = 39 .58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.399 a = 6/(sbd.807 kgm h = b = 60 cm Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.33 x tegangan tarik beton ijin.8 (f 8 ) + 1.807 kgm h = (n.58 x sau = 0.6 cm a = 2.4 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 68.241 x SQRT ( 48.058 ---> a = 0.33 x 0.6 + 4.399 x ( 3 . sbd = 0.h.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 48.60 ) = 68. SQRT (M/b) = 0.241 h' = a .

h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x

100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
48,807 /
95.6 =
26 cm

2
Dipakai besi 7 D 22 = 26.6 cm harus >
26
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
108,461 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

cm2

108,461 )/(

60

2
100 ) = 27.1 kg/cm

x

Maka perlu tulangan miring
Bentuk bentangan:
Tempat r = 8.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = 0.5 x l x (rmax-r)/rmax
Gaya tarik miring T = 0.354 (rmax + r).b.y =
Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Fyo =
Dibengkok 11 f 22 =
Gambar penulangan:

2
41.8 cm

0.354
88,703 /

(

=
=

2
8.3 kg/cm

0.5 x
340 x ( 27.1 117.9 cm

27.1 +

2262 =

>

8.3 ) x
2
39.2 cm .

60

x

8.3 ) / 27.1

117.9 =

88,703 kg

2
39.2 cm .

harus >

Tulangan atas
7 D 22

Sengkang
D 10 - 20

100

Tulangan bawah
4 D 22
60

Diperhitungkan menjadi beban merata
Beban terpusat t panc menjadi beban merata

M =

-------> terlalu besar

67,048 kgm
h =

b = 60 cm
Mutu bahan:
Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin, sbd = 0.33 x
tegangan tarik beton ijin, sbt =
Besi beton U

39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, syt =

syt/sbd =

100 cm

sbk = 0.33 x

0.48sbk =
0.58 x

0.48

300 =
300

sau = 0.58 x

100 kg/cm2

= 8.31 kg/cm2
3900 =

2

2262 / 100 kg/cm
Tinggi balok ditaksir h =
100 cm
Momen lapangan M =
67,048 kgm

h = (n.sb)/(sy+n.sb) = (

15 x

100 )/( 2262 + 15 x

100 ) = 0.399

a = 6/(sbd.h.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.399 x ( 3 - 0.399 )) =
0.058 ---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = 0.241 x SQRT (
67,048 /
0.60 ) = 80.4 cm
2

0.241

2262 kg/cm2

a = 2.5 +
0.8 (f 8 ) + 1.1 (D 22 ) = 4.4 cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = 80.4 +
4.4 = 84.8 cm
> 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.

d = 3/(syt(3-h)) =
3/( 2262 (3- 0.399 )) = 0.0510
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x
67,048 /
95.6 = 35.8 cm
2
2
Dipakai besi 10 D 22 = 38.0 cm harus > 35.8 cm
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
54,230 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

54,230 )/(

Maka perlu tulangan miring

Gambar penulangan:
10 D 22

f8
##
10 D 22

60

60

x

2
100 ) = 13.6 kg/cm

>

2
8.31 kg/cm

Rincian Penulangan
1 Poer besar
a. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer

2.25 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer

D 13-15 (= 21 D 13)
panjang
4.04 m
3.00 m
panjang poer
b. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer

3.00 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer
3.00 m
panjang poer
D 13-15 (= 16 D 13)
panjang
4.79 m

00 m panjang poer d.00 m tinggi poer D 13-15 (= 5 D 13) panjang 10.00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 7x 9 = 63 buah panjang 1.40 m 2.c. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1.00 m 2. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer 1.25 m lebar poer 3.00 m panjang poer .25 m lebar poer 3.00 m 1.

e.00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 2x 9 = 18 buah panjang 2.00 m panjang poer D 13-30 2x 7 = 14 buah panjang 3.00 m tinggi poer 2. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.30 m 2.25 m lebar poer 3.25 m lebar poer 3.05 m .00 m 1.25 m 1.30 m 2.00 m panjang poer f. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.

25 m lebar poer 3.00 m tinggi poer D 22-10 (= 30 D 22) panjang 2. Besi tulangan pokok arah panjang poer 3.20 m 2.g.25 m 1.95 m h. Besi tulangan pokok arah lebar poer 2.00 m panjang poer D 22-10 (= 23 D 22) panjang 2.00 m tinggi poer 2.25 m lebar poer 3.00 m panjang poer .00 m 1.

Besi sengkang arah lebar poer 2.0 63.0 133.25 m f.30 3. pokok D22 arah panjang poer h.00 2.20 m x = = = = 67. Besi tul.6 32 m m m m m m m m batang g.25 m b.00 m 2. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer 3. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.05 x x x x x x = = = = = = = = = 84.0 41.6 378.00 m c.95 m x 2.6 52.04 4.7 360.Rekap: a.00 m e.40 1. D22 pokok arah lebar poer = = 2.9 66.25 m m m m m m m 21 buah 16 buah 5 buah 63 buah 18 buah 14 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% 23 buah 30 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% . Besi tul.8 76.9 140.4 42.5 12 m m m m batang 3. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer d.00 m = = = = = = 4. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1.79 10. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.

52 20 x( 25 - 8.6xPxe)/(sbdxb ) = 2 ( 4x 9.Fb)/n = ((P/3/8.(bxd))/n a' a = (( = 4 f 12 d 12.51 cm sbd I. sbt = P/Fi .14 Kontrol: = 3 + 0.52 sbd = P/Fi + Pxe/W = P/(Fb+nxFy) + Pxe/W = sbt 12.6 x = 19.500 x 2 25 + 15 x 6/ < 2439. Fy = P/115.500 /( 20 x - = III.51 (sbd ijin) 2 < 60 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi II.500 x 52.sbd ijin 12.70 cm -----> 4 f 12 = 4.2 cm 2 20 x 25 cm Ukuran kolom dibuat 6 = 24 dibulatkan 12.73 x 4. Ditetapkan b = + 4x e = d = (9.Perhitungan kolom: Tulang simetris.a) )/b a b = 1/6 x 20 x 25 3 = 2439.8 + 0.500 / 3/8x 60 )-( 25 x 20 ))/ 15 2 2 3.73 kg/cm = ( 25 x Tb = 1/2xsbtxd(b-x) = 1/2 x IV.500 /( 20 x + x = 12.2 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi 52.5 ton = Jarak antara garis kerja P ke pusat kolom (exsentrisitet) = syt ijin/sbd ijin = 1200 / 60 kg/cm 6 cm 2 Tentukan ukuran kolom dan penulangannya.Fy.Pxe/W = P/(Fb+15xFy) .73 ) = 21. 2 + ( 30 x 4.sy) 2714 kg -----> OK memenuhi = 12.500 /( 115 x 60 ) 54 of 112 .52 ( 1/2 x 25 - 4. exsentrisitet kecil sehingga sbt < 1/4 sbd ijin P e Kolom persegi panjang harus menerima gaya P = 12.8 )/( 52.500 x 25 6 )/( 60 x dibulatkan = 20 cm Fy = (Fi .51 2 (-1/4.4 cm 2 2 W = 1/6xdxb + (30xFy(1/2xb .4 25 + 15 x 4.8 kg/cm 2 6/ 2439.52 cm Begel f 8 .sbd) .8 + 8.Pxe/W = 12.4 ) = 310 kg < (1/2.sbd) -13.6 (f 12 ) = 4. x = (bxsbd)/(sbd+sbt) -8.

(x-a')/x syd = n . sbt > 1/4 sbd ijin b' b'' a a' Fy' Fy P M = P.52 cm (Fy yang ada) -----> OK memenuhi Gambar penulangan: 8 f 12 20 25 Tulang tidak simetris.e e c f d= 35 P b = 45 P M a a' 1/2b 1/2b 1/2b-a 1/2b-a' x syd/n sbd syt/n Hukun Hooke: E = tg a = e = s/E s/e a x-a' Ey/Eb = n = 15 b-a b-a-x a' sbd/x = (syd/n)/(x-a') syd/n = sbd .81 cm = < 2 4. sbd . (x-a')/x 55 of 112 .2 1.

423 ) = 5.(sy+n.sb (b-a) ---------------> x = h (b-a) Contoh: Sebuah kolom segi panjang harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = 12 ton dan sebuah momen M = 7.8 ) / 17.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 35 x 45 cm (d x b) Exentrisitet e = M : P = 7.sbd.sbd.225 + 0.s a e sbd syt/n n .(b-a-a')) = (Mtr . 2 Tinggi kolom h = 5.d.sbd.a .sbd sy+n.60 m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.000 x ( 0.4.324 kgm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .(b-a) .sbd) = n.x.4. syt/sbd 1200 / 60 kg/cm .sbd.4 cm x = h .8 + 1.sbd = h sy + n.048 ) = 12.(1/2.sbd.a = 45 .23 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 60 x ( 2 17.4.2 tonmeter.429 h = (n.8 cm ( 3+ 0.a') = e -1/2.b -a = 12.a' = 45 .sy + n.2 = 17.a) = e + 1/2.000 x ( 0.sb n.sbd.1/2.b .00 m.b .225 0. h = 0. b' = 0. .1/2.60 0.sb)/(sy+n.000 = 0.b'') 56 of 112 .4.(b-a-1/3.23 = 649 kg/cm Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.sbd.n.x.8 = 35.23 .429 x 40.(b'-1/3.x))/(syd'.000 x ( 0.60 + 0.b + a' = 12.(b-a) x.8 ) b' = b .076 kgm Fy' = (Mtr .0 = 4.8 .000 x ( 0.2 cm b'' = b .d.sy = n.x x.200 : 12.8 = 40.048 ) = 12.x))/(syd'.(b-a) x= Kalau n.777 ) = 9. ((b-a)-x) sy x. sbd sy x = ((b-a)-x) x = ((b-a)-x) x= sbd n.x = n.

23 19 = Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.1/3x 17.23 x ( 40.4 ) 2 cm = 13.2 .(1/3.d.23 )) / ( 1200 x 35.(b-a-a')) = ( 507.600.sbd.=( 932.0 + 1/2 x 60 x 35 x 17.35 cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 19 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 500 / 35 = 14 2 14.(1/3.b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.0 .x.18 cm < 17 ---> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 16 f 19 57 of 112 .1/2 x 60 x )) / ( 649 x 35.18 cm = (Mdr + 1/2.x-a'))/(syt.x-a'))/(syt.45 Dipakai tulang 35 x 5f 17.8 2 14.x.23 4.sbd.4 ) 2 = 12.400.d.

d.97 x ( 45.a' = 50 .x.a .07 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk 58 of 112 .4.sb)/(sy+n. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .sbd.97 .d.97 )) / ( 1200 x 40.b .4.97 4.x-a'))/(syt.484 h = (n.(1/3.4 = 21.6 = 40.6 cm ( 3+ 0.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .4 .b .25 + 0.6 2 14.00 m.1/3x 21.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 30 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.6 .8 cm x = h .a = 50 .(1/3.8 + 0.60 ) = 4.25 0. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.I.4.x.x.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.8 (= 1/2 x 1.sbd.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.x))/(syd'. h = 0. Kolom atas: P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc K Beban sentris total = #### t Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.4 cm b'' = b .x.d.(b'-1/3.6 ) / 21.x-a'))/(syt.b'') =( #REF! .d.b'') x ( 1/3 x 21.97 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 21.484 x 45.97 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.0.8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 30 = 13 = (Mdr + 1/2.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 2 f 16 = 4.sbd.6 = 45.97 )) / ( 889 x 40.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 2 889 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .02 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.4.a) = e + 1/2.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm b' = b . b' = 0.x))/(syd'.1/2.(1/2.(b-a-1/3.1/2.sbd.a') = e -1/2.

59 of 112 .

Gambar penulangan 1. Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 60 of 112 . Kolom tengah f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 30 Balok consul 30x60 50 Kolom atas 2.

00 m. b' = 0. Kolom bawah: 1.II.a .a') = e -1/2.1 cm b'' = b .a = 60 .b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .6. M……….9 ) / 25.sb)/(sy+n.a' = 60 .50x4.1 = 25.484 x 53.07 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e . = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.9 = 53. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.30 + 0.44 t #### t P4 = D balok induk = #### t M balok induk = #### tm Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.60 + 1.30x0. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = 0.(1/2.6.6.9 .484 h = (n.30 0.4 = P4 = 2xD balok R4 = 2 x #### = 1.9 = 46.00x2. h = 0.8 + Tulang besi f 16 b' = b .9 cm ( 3+ 0.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 60 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! Ditaksir a = a' = 6.07 ) = #### m 1.2 x = h .90 ) mm tersusun dan begel f 8 mm cm 2 823 kg/cm 61 of 112 .69 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.50 = 6. P = #### t Jumlah momen.b .0.b . syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .6.a) = e + 1/2.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.69 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 25.69 .

d.x.1/2.b'') x ( 1/3 x 25.69 6.1/2.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25.1/3x 25.2 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.(1/3.sbd.x-a'))/(syt.d.sbd.x.b'') =( #REF! .1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25.x))/(syd'.d.44 t #### t P5 = 2xD balok R3 = 2 x #### = M balok anak = #### tm #### t Bi 62 of 112 .(b'-1/3.sbd.(b-a-1/3.4 = 1.2 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = 22.69 )) / ( 1200 x 46.69 )) / ( 823 x 46.69 x ( 53.x))/(syd'.x. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) P1 = 2xD balok R1 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = P4 = D balok anak = 0.1 .12 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 22 f 16 40 Balok induk 40x80 60 Kolom utama 2.12 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.(1/3.x-a'))/(syt.= = #REF! #REF! x ( #### ) kgm = #REF! kgcm Fy' = (Mtr .9 2 22.d.sbd.30x0.00x2.x.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .50x4.

b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .x))/(syd'.b'') =( #REF! .6 2 14.4 = 17.6 = 35.x.sbd. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.a) = e + 1/2.sb)/(sy+n.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 16 = 10.25 + 0.07 cm > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 63 of 112 .0.x-a'))/(syt.8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.4 cm b'' = b . h = 0.484 h = (n.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.(b-a-1/3.4.d.13 x ( 35.13 )) / ( 823 x 30.a .sbd.a' = 40 .d.b .00 m.13 )) / ( 1200 x 30.6 = 30.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.1/2.484 x 35.1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17. = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.6 cm ( 3+ 0.1/3x 17.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .4.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .4 .sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.d.x))/(syd'.x.x.(1/2.x-a'))/(syt.8 cm x = h .25 0.13 4.8 + 0.a') = e -1/2.4.13 .(1/3.(b'-1/3. M……….d. b' = 0.sbd.05 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.6 ) / 17.(1/3.x.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .4. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.b .13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.8 = 4. P = #### t Jumlah momen.sbd.6 .1/2.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .a = 40 .

484 x 35.6 ) / 17.13 x ( 35.sbd.a = 40 .6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .d.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .x.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 40 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.a .6 = 35.00 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.4.1/2. M……….13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Kolom samping 3.(1/2.4 .sbd. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm . b' = 0.b'') =( #REF! .b'') =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.6 )) / ( 1200 x 30.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.x.d.13 )) / ( 823 x 30.b .x))/(syd'.x-a'))/(syt.13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.20 0.4 = 17.20 + 0. = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.(b-a-1/3.484 h = (n.(b'-1/3.sb)/(sy+n. h = 0.x. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.6 = 30.sbd.(1/3.x))/(syd'.8 + 0. Kolom Gerbang Jumlah beban terpusat.d.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .b .13 .00 m.4.1/2.x.4.0.8 cm x = h .8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 0 f 16 = 0.13 x ( 1/3 x 17.a) = e + 1/2. P = #### t Jumlah momen.a' = 40 .sbd.6 cm ( 3+ 0.x-a'))/(syt.4 cm b'' = b .13 4.6 .d.4.1/3x 17.8 = 4.03 cm 64 of 112 .1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 3 f 16 = 6.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .a') = e -1/2.(1/3.

Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 40 12 f 16 Balok anak 20x25 edit 40 Kolom samping 65 of 112 .

500 kg cm cm 25 2 )2) / ) 25 ) (sbd ijin) OK memenuhi ) (-1/4.12.sbd) OK memenuhi 21.4 cm OK memenuhi 66 of 112 .

(Fy yang ada) OK memenuhi 67 of 112 .

68 of 112 .

69 of 112 .

70 of 112 .

71 of 112 .

70.7 72 of 112 .

73 of 112 .

74 of 112 .

75 of 112 .

76 of 112 .

edit 77 of 112 .

maka taksiran memenuhi 2 Fy = g . dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2.1 cm a= 2+ 0.50 m Lebar plat diambil pias.88 cm 2 Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7.484 )/( 75 ) = 0.256 x SQRT ( 100.6 cm < 10 cm. p……………………………….20 = 2.85 = 1. Plat atap 2 p = 250 kg/m d = 10 cm Bdp R2 l = 1.1 x 1. = 1.512 x 2. d' = 1.57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .(3-h)) = 2 g = (sbd.50 2 = 100.256 x SQRT ( 68.88 cm 2 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 harus > 10 = 7.484 0.6 = 3. l…………….6 cm a= 2+ 0.50 cm.h.512 x 2.484 )) = 2x 0.2 ) = 2.9 kgm d' = a .1 = 3. b = 1.2 kgm d' = a .512 Ikhtisar momen -16 -16 +11 Momen lapangan = 1/11 x q x l2 = 1/11 x 490 x 1.50 2 = 68.b = 15 x 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 6/( 75 x 0.1 cm < 10 cm. SQRT(M) = 0.85 cm harus > 2 3..57 cm Momen tumpuan = 1/16 x q x l2 = 1/16 x 490 x 1. = q lantai = 2 syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 kg/cm h = (n.50 b = 1.sb)/(sy+n.51 cm2 harus > 1. g = 0. maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = gxd' = 1.1 + 2. SQRT(M) = 0.00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 10 cm Bobot sendiri.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0.9 ) = 2.256 1.00 m lebar pias Bentangan.h)/(2.5 (f 10 ) = 2.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.00 x 2400 = Beban berguna.22 cm .50 = 5.10 = 7.484 x ( 3 ( 75 x 240 kg/m' 250 kg/m' 490 kg/m' 0.22 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 .6 + 2.5 = 4.5 (f 10 ) = 2.5 cm.85 cm 3.syt).Perhitungan Plat Beton Bertulang 1. dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2.

001 x q Lebar plat diambil pias.484 .Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7.00 maka: Mb+ Ml+ MibMil- 3. Plat lantai atas 2 p = 400 kg/m d = 12 cm l = 3.50 2.00 / = 1.sb)/(sy+n.85 = 1.12 x 1.30 1.38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 10-10 f 10-20 0. b = 1.00 m Plat ditumpu pada ke-empat sisinya l/b = 3.20 = 2. p……………………………….57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .00 x 2400 Beban berguna.51 cm2 harus > 1.00 = = = = 33 33 41 41 l = 3.57 cm 2 Gambar penulangan: f 10-20 f 10-10 f 10-10 0.sb) = ( 15 x x 3. g = 0.00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 12 cm Bobot sendiri.00 = = = 2 288 kg/m' 400 kg/m' 688 kg/m' 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 75 ) = 0.001 qb = 41 x 0.00 b = 3.00 2 M = c x 0. q lantai 2 kg/cm syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 h = (n.

a2 = 6/(sbd.h)/(2.512 x 0.6 (f 12 ) = d = d' + a = 4.1 cm 2.18 cm Gambar penulangan: f 12 - f 12 .00 .001 x 688 x 3.7 cm < 12 cm.512 x 4.6 cm.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0.484 )) = 2x 0.syt).(3-h)) = g = (sbd.h.484 )/( 0.1 + 2.18 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 12 15 = 7. dipakai tulang f = 12 mm = 6.75 f 15 12 f 12 - 15 f 12 f 12 - 0.9 kgm SQRT ( 253.6 3.256 x a= 2+ 0.001 qb = 41 d' = a .256 1.30 f 12 .b = 6/( 75 x 0.6 x 0.1 = 6.15 15 f 12 - 0.9 ) = 4. d' = 1.00 2 = 253. SQRT(M) = 0.484 x ( 3 - ( 75 Momen maksimum: 2 M = c x 0.54 cm harus > 2 6. maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = g .

.

.

12 - 30 30 15 .

I.00 Kolom 40x50 2 f ## ## f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2 f Tumpuan 2 f ## f 8 . Balok Sloof.20 8 Pelaksanaan pemakain besi: -atas -bawah 4 f ## menerus 3 f ## menerus ## f ## . Sloof sisi kanan & kiri pelaksanaan 50 pelaksanaan 50 #### #### ## f ## 2 f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 2 f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 3. 1.

Sloof sisi depan & belakang 15 2 f 12 25 f 8-20 2 f 12 Kolom 40x60 f 8 .00 Sloof 15x25 .00 m 3.20 2 f 12 Plesteran lantai kerja Penghubung kolom dengan Strauzt Staruzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.2.

Kolom bawah 1. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 Balok anak 20x25 .II.

7 f 16 2 f 8 5 f 16 Tembok f 8 .20 Kolom 40x50 Posisi lantai Lantai keramik Pasir urug Muka tanah yang ada Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 55 Pondasi psgan batu belah .

2. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 .

00 m Sumbu pondasi Strauzt 10 .15 Pondasi Strauzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.20 100 Posisi lantai di atas sloof Lantai keramik Pasir urug Sloof praktis 15x25 tulang 4 f 12 Muka tanah yang ada Penghubung kolom dg pondasi Strauzt tebal 55 cm 100 Tulangan pondasi Strauzt 6 f 12 Spiral (begel pondasi Strauzt) f 6 .Hubungan kolom utama dengan pondasi Strauzt karena sumbu kolom tidak dapat berimpit dengan sumbu pondasi Strauzt Sumbu kolom 60 Kolom 40x60 6 f 16 6 f 16 5 f 16 5 f 16 2f 8 f 8 .

f 35 40 85 10 .

III. Balok lantai atas 1. Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan Tulangan miring Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 . Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.

Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah .

3. Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 7. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .

Pelat lantai atas f 12-12.IV.6 3.5 f 12-20 0. Kolom atas 1.5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0.5 f 12-25 f 12-12.00 V. Kolom tengah 40 f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 60 Balok consul 30x60 .75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12.

2. Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 .

Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan . Balok atap 1.VI. Balok Void (Bv) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.

Balok consul (Bc) #### 4 f ## ## f ## 2 f 8 #### f 8-20 2 f ## VII.38 f 12-20 f 12-10 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 . Pelat atap f 12-10 0.3. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 4.

30 1.f 12-10 0.50 f 12-20 .

Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 . Kolom bawah 1. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 2.I.

Balok lantai atas 1. Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.II. Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .

Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .Tulangan miring balok induk 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah 3.

6 3.00 .5 f 12-25 f 12-12.5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0.7.75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12. Pelat lantai atas f 12-12.5 f 12-20 0. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan III.

Kolom tengah bagian samping kiri dan kanan f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 50 Balok consul 30x60 . Kolom atas Ukuran kolom dibuat sama dengan kolom bawah tetapi tulangan tidak sama. Kolom tengah bagian depan dan belakang f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 Balok consul 30x60 60 2.IV. 1.

3. Kolom pojok
50

50

12 f 16

Balok consul
30x60

V. Balok atap
1. Balok Void (Bv)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##

2 f ##

Bentangan

Tumpuan

2. Balok ring
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

3. Balok depan (Bdp)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

4. Balok consul (Bc)
####
4 f ##

## f ##
2 f 8
####
f 8-20

2 f ##

50 f 12-20 .VI.38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 12-10 0.30 1. Pelat atap? f 12-20 f 12-10 f 12-10 0.

#### Penampang melintang 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan Penampang memanjang Kolom belakang Kolom depan ## f ## 2.00 2 f 8 9.50 0.00 ## f ## f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## 10 f ## ## f ## 2.60 .

……………………….50 + 0..05 Jumlah begel = ( 9.00 ) 1.0 m = 13.60 + 7 5 x ( 1.5 ……………………………….00 + 0.Kebutuhan besi tulangan induk 1 Besi f ## 1 ## x ( 9.50 + 0.50 0.60 ) / 0..00 + 0.2 m = #### m = #### m = 13.20 + 1 = 45.00 ) ……………. = 2 Tulang pengaku (tengah) = 2 x ( 9.0 m = #### m = #### m = #### m = ## batang 2 Besi f 8 untuk begel (( #### 2 x 0.50 + 0... ………………………. + 0.60 + 1.50 + 0.60 ) 2 10 x ( 9.00 5 ( ## 2 )x( 2.00 6 5 x ( 1.5 1 Begel = #### x 45. Sub Jumlah 10% keamanan Jumlah = #### m = 101.025 )+( #### 2 x 0.60 ) 4 ( ## 2 )x( 2.2 m #### m #### m #### m ## batang .60 ) 3 2 x ( 9.60 + 1.025 )+ 0. 1.60 + ……………………….60 ) = Sub Jumlah = 10% keamanan = Jumlah = = Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 ) x 2 = #### m buah #### m 20.00 ) …………….00 ) + 0.0 m = 20.

30 f 12 .75 15 f 12 - 12 f 12 - f 12 - 15 f 12 - 0.Lantai Atas f 12 - Pelat f 12 .00 Balok induk #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan 30 30 15 .6 3.15 15 f 12 - 0.

Balok Anak = Balok Void Balok Ring #### #### 30 3 f ## 2 f 16 f 8-20 f 8-20 40 ## f ## 3 f 16 .

20 1.00 0.50 Poer luas telapak 3.80 4.90 1.00 Kolom 60/100 Sloof 60/100 1.00 x 2.25 m2 Tiang pancang 25x25 cm2 4 x 3 = 12 buah .60 m2 m m m m m2 m2 m3 1.05 3.25 Satu sisi trapesium sisi bawah sisi atas sisi rata-2 tinggi luas penamp Luas penamp dua sisi trapesium Volume = 2.00 0.75 1.50 0.20 0.20 = = = = = = = = 6.00 0.Volume poer: Luas tapak = 3.25 x 1.75 1.80 1.00 x 2.

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