# Pembebanan Konstruksi Beton

1 Poer
100

60

Memanjang

Melintang

325,382 kg

325,382 kg
M1

M2

80

27,115 kg
x
3=
81,345 kg

37.5

75

75

75
62.5

37.5

27,115
108,461

37.5

75

300

75
45

37.5

225

Momen:
1 Arah memanjang

37.5

M1 =
=

81,345 x
50,841 kgm

M2 =
=

108,461
48,807 kgm

75
225
75
37.5

37.5

75

75
300

75

37.5

2 Arah melintang

Denah

2 Tie beam (sloof pengikat)

Kolom

Tembok
tinggi 5.00 m

Sloof pengikat

Tiang pancang

l
Berat tembok

=

4.00 x

=

Kolom

Poer

Tiang pancang

4.00

5.00 x

0.15 x 1800 =
Beban merata, q =
Reaksi perletakan, R =

5,400 kg
1,350 kg/m'
2,700 kg

Tanah diperhitungkan tidak menerima beban
Ichtisar momen pada tumouan jepit-jepit
- 16

Momen lapangan

- 16
+ 11
= 1/11 x q x l^2
= 1/11 x
1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

Bila diperhitungkan dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi:
Momen lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2

1,964 kgm

= 1/8 x

Untuk bentang 7.00
Momen lapangan =
=
Reaksi perletakan, R

1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

m
1/11 x q x l^2
1/11 x
1,350 x
= 1/2 x q x l
= 1/2 x
1,350 x

7.00 ^2 =
7.00 =

2,700 kgm

6,014 kgm
4,725 kg

0.60

M

M

h

0.60

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg
0.45

0.375
0.075

0.75

2.00

0.75
0.83

M =
=

2.75
M =

69,132 x

0.075

+

69,132 x

0.83 =

62,218 kgm

92,175 x 0.45
41,479 kg

75 .00 0.75 2.0.50 4.

461 RA = C 108.75 75 60 30 250 400 75 75 45 75 250 400 340 75 325.461 .382 45 108.461 E D A B 108.461 108.461 108.461 108.115 108.461 4x 27.461 108.461 108.382 325.461 RB = 108.

25 = 48.50 + 11 - M lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2 sit 16 = 1/11 x 2.800 kg/m' = 3.16 = 1/11 x q x l^2 = 1/11 x 63.800 = 67.50 ^2 0.40 m Ichtisar momen + 11 .807 kgm 108.16 M lapangan R = .000 kg/m' Ichtisar momen 0.461 x 1.50 40 60 q = = = 40 x 100 x 40 x 100 x 2.807 kgm cocok Dicoba bila dianggap beban merata RA = RB = 108.40 ^2 108.048 kgm D = x 3.000 x 16 2.70 D = 108.461 x 0.461 kg C E 108.MC = ME = R = 108.50 kg/cm2 tidak jadi .461 kg 108.461 x 1.461 D A B q = l 63.45 = 48.461 kg Tie beam (balok pengikat) dihitung berdasarkan reaksi tegangan tanah sit = 2.

5 x q x l = 0.50 = 2.5 20 M 27.563 kgm R = D = 0. 17.136 kgm Bila dihitung dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi M lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2 = 1/8 x 2.= 1.50 x 2.5 75 37.115 .000 x 2.50 ^2 = 1.000 x 2.500 kg 75 diambil pias sederetan t panc.

18 + 27.5 82.827 kgm Tidak diambil pias 225 37.115 M = R = 27.115 x 27.5 Sloof 60x100 75 37.115 + 0.115 x 0.115 = 54.345 kg x .5 7.230 kg 29.115 81.27.5 37.5 30 M 100 50 3x 27.93 = 27.

345 kg 300 M = 81.211 kgm M M h 0.83 = 81.38 = R = D = 81.211 kgm 81.08 + 81.044 kg 23.345 x 0.505 kgm 73.345 M = R = 81.08 + R = D = 162.345 = ###### kg 73.75 .044 x 1= 23.75 75 3x 27.345 x 0.345 kg 30.345 x 0.044 kg 23.345 + 0.044 x 1= 23.345 x 81.691 kg 81.115 81.345 x 0.044 kg 23.83 = Mx = 81.044 kg 0.044 x 1= 23.60 23.044 x 1= 23.

075 0.088 kg 0.375 0.75 M = 23.50 4.075 + 23.75 2.088 kg PC A C 0.75 2.75 .739 kgm Beban tiang pancang dipikul oleh poer dan balok 0.088 kg 0 kgm 46.044 x 0.00 Beban ke balok 23.00 0.83 = 20.283 kg 2.044 x 2= 46.75 RA RB R A = RB = ( MA = 23.00 E B 0.044 x 2= 46.50 4.088 + 46.088 )/ 2= 46.83 M = = 23.75 17.75 0.75 PE D 2.0.044 x 0.044 x 0.

75 2.044 x 3= 69.044 x 3= 69.088 x 1.83 = 62.088 x 0.60 memanjang melintang M M h 0.75 = 2.132 x 0.83 M = = 46.75 0.132 kg 0.088 x 2.566 kgm 46.00 = 34.00 0.566 kgm PC x 1.MC = RA x MD = RA x 0.132 kg 23.60 23.075 0.75 M = 69.45 20.375 0.044 x 3= 69.45 0.25 = 46.075 + 69.75 = 34.044 x 3= 69.739 kg 2.00 - 46.132 kg 23.25 Bidang M Beban ke poer 0.218 kgm Ukuran poer 60 60 .132 kg 23.132 x 0.088 x 0.

memanjang melintang 80 60 .

80 27.371 .53 14.45 0.461 kg 0.115 kg x 4= 108.63 kgm x kgm 0.

.

044 4= 92.x 23.175 kg .

.

.

.

.

.

044 kg .x 23.044 1= 23.

.

x 23.088 kg .044 2= 46.

.

33 x 0.Perhitungan Poer Beton Bertulang Arah memanjang M1 = 50.15 cm 13 mm 3. sbt = 225 cm 0.841 kgm h = 81.0 .31 kg/cm 225 300 100 25 of 112 .345 kg rmax = (1.241 0.15 = 76. syt = syt/sbd = cm Tampak samping kanan Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.2 cm 13 ) = 3.7 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81.841 / 76.sb)/(sy+n.33 x sbk = 0.48sbk = 39 .h) = ( 1.5 cm harus > 33. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.399 )) = 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .7 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 26 D 13 = 34.(3-h)) = h' = a .25 ) = 36.65 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 36.345 kg 0.3 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.3.399 6/( 100 x 0.399 x ( 3 . 81.058 ---> a = 0.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0.5 x Dmax)/(b.78 kg/cm < 2 8.h.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.9 = 33.0510 x 50.48  0. sbd = Besi beton U b = 80 0.399 )) = 0.5 + 0.0.241 x SQRT ( 50.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.841 kgm h = (n.a = 80. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.841 / 2.345 )/( 225 x 80 2 ) = 6.15 = 39.63 Tampak memanjang tegangan tarik beton ijin.2 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 50.

syt = 0.5 Arah melintang M2 = 48. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.399 x ( 3 .1 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.9 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 108.241 x SQRT ( 48.2 cm harus > 32.807 / 75.(3-h)) = h' = a . 108. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.461 )/( 300 x 300 80 2 ) = 6.461 kg rmax = (1.45 = 75.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 48.00 ) = 30.0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.5 + 1.sb)/(sy+n. sbt = Besi beton U 0.7 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.26 D 13 80 81.33 x sbk = 0.48  0.807 / 3.45 cm 13 mm 4.7 cm 13 ) + 0.399 )) = 0.0.78 kg/cm < 2 8.45 = 35.65 (D 13 ) = 4.0 .807 kgm h = 108.241 0.345 kg 62.h.33 x 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.h) = ( 1.5 75 37.058 ---> a = 0.0510 x 48.31 kg/cm 26 of 112 .3 (f Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 30.461 kg b = 80 cm 300 cm 0.6 = 32.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .6 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.48sbk = 39 .9 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 25 D 13 = 33.45 Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.5 x Dmax)/(b.399 6/( 100 x 0.399 )) = 0.807 kgm h = (n.4.a = 80. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.

461 kg 45 75 37.3 OK ## ## ## ## ## # # # # # Sloof pengikat sebagai tumpuan momen arah memanjang 225 300 100 27 of 112 .382 = (2.5 < 11.(100+80)).5 x 325.65sbk r= 1.(60+80)+2.225 60 25 D 13 80 ## cm jarak tulang ## cm jarak tulang 26 D 13 108.5 x P 1.5 Tegangan geser pons ijin. tbp = 0.200 9.80 = 51.

058 ---> a = 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.0.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.a = 100.399 )) = 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .5 37. sbt = Besi beton U 0. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2. syt = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.691 kg rmax = (1.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 73.sb)/(sy+n.25 ) = 43.3 cm 16 mm 3.5 Poer bentuk konsul: M= 73.241 0.(3-h)) = h' = a .0 .5 + 0.211 kgm 2 h = (n.5 Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.48  0.h) = ( Maka perlu tulangan miring 1.7 = 38.5 Tampak konsul 100 cm 225 cm 7.7 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.33 x sbk = 0.4 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.33 x 0.h.3 = 46.6 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 20 D 16 = 40.2 cm harus > 38. tegangan tarik baja ijin.399 x ( 3 .0510 x 73.3 kg/cm 28 of 112 .399 )) = 0.6 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 162.0.241 x SQRT ( 73.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 43.8 kg/cm > 2 8.3 = 96.211 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 75 82. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.5 x 162.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.48sbk = 39 .5 75 kg 37.211 / 2.3.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.26 D 13 80 - 62.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.4 cm 16 ) = 3.211 / 96.399 6/( 100 x 0.691 )/( 225 x 2 100 ) = 10.

354 (rmax + r).3 19.394 / harus > 10.3 = 77.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.a = 81.3 cm > 81 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.399 )) = 0.5 ( Gaya tarik miring T = 0.3.0.1 cm = 0.48sbk = 39 .115 b = 53 cm 100 cm 29 of 112 . sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.b.3 kg/cm Check arah diagonal M= 28.0 .8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 28 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.399 )) = 0. sbt = Besi beton U 0.241 x SQRT ( 30.3 ) x 225 x 2 13 cm .5 x Dmax)/(b. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.7 = 20 cm 2 Dipakai besi 10 D 16 = 20.h) = ( 1.3 = 31.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.399 6/( 100 x 0.5 + 0.25 ) = 28 cm 16 ) = 3. syt = 0.(rmax-r)/rmax = 82.505 / 2.0510 x 30.394 kg cm2.y = ( 10.8 + Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Dibengkok 7 f 16 = Fyo 2 14.354 29.0. = 29.1 cm harus > 20 Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 81 cm Momen lapangan M = 30.(3-h)) = h' = a .505 / 77.345 kg rmax = (1.399 x ( 3 . Ditinjau pada penampang x-x x M= 30.Bentuk konsul: Tempat r = 8.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = l.058 ---> a = 0.742 kgm 100 h = 50 27.5 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.505 kgm 100 h = 81 cm 50 x b = 7.345 )/( cm2 225 x 81 2 ) = 6.sb)/(sy+n. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring. 19.7 kg/cm < 2 8.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.33 x 0.3 cm 16 mm 3.33 x sbk = 0.h. tegangan tarik baja ijin.8 - 2262 = 13 8.5 225 cm 75 37.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .48  0. 81.3 cm.8 = 8.3 ) / 10.241 0.505 kgm h = (n.

sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.2 = 16. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.1.241 0.2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x 28.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .4 Check potongan di tengah M= 14. SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0.4 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27. tegangan tarik baja ijin.33 x sbk = 0.6 ----------------> 6 D 16 = 12.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.742 / 89.399 )) = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.0.0 .a = 100.399 )) = 0.1 cm harus > 16.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.8 = 89.241 x SQRT ( 28.115 )/( 53 x 2 100 ) = 7.731 kgm 75 ada h = 50 b = 53 95 cm design cm 0. syt = 0. 27.399 x ( 3 .(3-h)) = h' = a .6 cm2 tulang arah y 16.115 kg rmax = (1.0.4 x  2 11.742 / 0.48  0.3 kg/cm 6 D 16 tulang arah x 1/2 x 16.sb)/(sy+n.53 ) = 56 cm 16 ) = 10.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 56 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.h) = ( 1.4 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 8 D 16 = 16.67 kg/cm < 2 8.8 cm 16 mm 10.058 ---> a = 0.33 x 0.10.399 6/( 100 x 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 28.742 kgm 2 h = (n.8 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai. sbt = Besi beton U 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.53 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Tampak penampang 30 of 112 .06 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.h.1 cm2 harus > 11.48sbk = 39 .8 = 66.

0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .53 ) = 40.0 .1 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.399 )) = 0.731 / 0.00 m lebar l = 2.sb)/(sy+n.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.48  0.241 x SQRT ( 14.083 kgm 100 50 h = 100 cm 31 of 112 .10.2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.h) = ( 1.48sbk = 39 .33 x sbk = 0.(3-h)) = h' = a .058 ---> a = 0.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.8 cm 16 mm 10.0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.00 m 60 100 100 300 225 Check arah konsul M= 17.Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.3 kg/cm untuk h = 95 cm ----> hampir sama dengan awalnya sehingga h tetap dipakai 100 cm panjang p = 3.h.a = 95.5 x Dmax)/(b.25 m tinggi t = 1. SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0. sbt = Besi beton U 0.0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.115 )/( 53 x 95 ) = 8.8 = 50.1 cm 16 ) = 10.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 95 cm Momen lapangan M = 14.399 x ( 3 .0510 x 14.92 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27. Jadi bentuk poer adalah balok ukuran 2 2 27.731 / 84.8 = 84.399 6/( 100 x 0.1 cm harus > 8. syt = 0.2 = 8. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.08 kg/cm < 8.241 0.115 kg rmax = (1.731 kgm h = (n.9 cm > 95 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.399 )) = 0.33 x 0.92 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.

tegangan tarik baja ijin.399 )) = 0.115 kg rmax = (1.h.241 x SQRT ( 12.0.6 cm 16 ) = 3.399 6/( 100 x 0.399 x ( 3 .58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.33 x 0.3 = 96. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.01 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.0.a = 100.sb)/(sy+n.3.241 x SQRT ( 17.(3-h)) = h' = a .399 )) = 0.60 ) = 40.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 17.083 / 96.(3-h)) = h' = a .6 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.5 + 0.6 cm 16 ) = 3.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.3 cm 16 mm 0.48  0.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.48sbk = 39 . sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.b = 60 cm 0.sb)/(sy+n.33 x sbk = 0. 27. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.0.0 .31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 12.33 x 0.63 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin. tegangan tarik baja ijin.50 ) = 37.241 0.7 = 9.202 / 0.1 cm harus > 9.058 ---> a = 0.3 kg/cm Check arah tegak lurus konsul M= 12.3 cm 16 mm 3.01 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.241 32 of 112 .3 = 43.48sbk = 0.5 + 0. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.202 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 50 100 cm cm 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.78 kg/cm x < 2 8.h) = ( 1.399 )) = 0. sbt = Besi beton U 39 .45 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.115 )/( 60 2 100 ) = 6.48  0. sbt = Besi beton U 0.h.058 ---> a = 0.083 / 0.399 6/( 100 x 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.202 kgm h = (n. syt = 0.083 kgm h = (n.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.399 x ( 3 .0510 x 17. syt = Tampak penampang 0.33 x sbk = 0.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.

3 = 40. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3. 27.202 / 96.3.43 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.0 .h) = ( 1.00 D 22-10 D 22-10 Gambar perspektip penulangan poer 33 of 112 .0 cm harus > 6.5 x Dmax)/(b.5 = D 22 .h = h' + a = 37.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.2 cm2 = D 16 5.399 )) = 0.0510 x 12.a = 100.43 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 4 D 16 = 8.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.3 kg/cm < Kombinasi Arah sumbu x (arah konsul panjang) Untuk beban diagonal bawah tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Untuk beban arah konsul butuh tulangan 5 Untuk beban diagonal atas tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Sehingga jumlah tulangan arah konsul panjang butuh 17 D D D D 16 16 16 idem atas 16 buat 17 D 16 = 34.7 = 6.0.115 kg rmax = (1.9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.10.6 + 3.0 3.115 )/( 50 x 2 100 ) = 8.00 2.3 cm2 10.25 1.13 kg/cm 2 8.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .0 Arah sumbu y (arah konsul pendek) Untuk beban diagonal kiri butuh tulangan Untuk beban arah tegak lurus konsul 2x Untuk beban diagonal kanan butuh tulangan Arah konsul pendek butuh tulangan D D D D 16 16 16 idem kiri 16 buat 25 D 16 = 6 8 6 20 Jadi tulangan poer dipakai menyilang tegak lurus masing-2 besi ukuran D 22 - 50.3 = 96.

34 of 112 .

35 of 112 .

cm jarak tulang arah lebar poer 225 cm cm jarak tulang arah panjang poer 300 cm 36 of 112 .

37 of 112 .

38 of 112 .

16.4 39 of 112 .

40 of 112 .

41 of 112 .

00 25 0.56 cm2 38.1200 > arah x ----> memenuhi 42 of 112 .25 20 0.01 cm2 3.1125 = = 36.2.

58 x 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.95 = 36.399 a = 6/(sbd.65 (D 13 ) = 3. Gambar penulangan: 2.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 1. sbt = Besi beton U 0.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.95 = 23.964 / 36. tegangan tarik baja ijin.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.h) = ( 1.399 )) = 0.399 x ( 3 .30 ) = 19.0 cm harus > 2. SQRT (M/b) = 0.38 kg/cm < 2 8.0.700 )/( 3 D 13 f8 - 20 40 3 D 13 30 Bila diperhitungkan pada tumpuan sendi-sendi: 30 x 40 2 ) = 3.h.5 + 3.4 cm < 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.3.399 )) = 0.241 x SQRT ( 1.a = 40.00 m 1.1 = 2.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .5 cm a = 2.31 kg/cm .58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.5 + 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.0 .964 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.964 / 0.0.48sbk = 39 .1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.33 x 0.sb)/(sy+n.700 kg rmax = (1.058 ---> a = 0.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.964 kgm h = (n.8 (f 8 ) + 0.78 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.78 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.33 x 0. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0.95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 19.241 h' = a .0510 x 1.Balok pengikat (tie beam) antar kolom Akibat beban tembok 1 Untuk balok bentang Jepit M = 4.

58 x 0.00 m Jepit M = 6.31 kg/cm 3 D 13 f8 40 3 D 13 30 2 Untuk bentang7.0510 x 2.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8. sbt = Besi beton U 0.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.3.700 / 36.014 kgm h = 40 cm h' .8 + 3.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .33 x 0.399 x ( 3 . sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.0.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.0 cm harus > 3.0.30 ) = 22.399 )) = 0. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 2.95 = 36.700 )/( 30 ------> besi 3D13 masih cukup x 40 2 ) = 3.5 x Dmax)/(b.a = 40.241 h' = a .38 kg/cm < 2 8.700 kg rmax = (1.8 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.82 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.241 x SQRT ( 2.399 a = 6/(sbd.8 cm a = 2.058 ---> a = 0.M = 2.h.0 .95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 22.1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.5 + 0. Gambar penulangan: 2.8 (f 8 ) + 0.82 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.33 x 0.48sbk = 39 .1 = 3.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.95 = 26.sb)/(sy+n.700 kgm h = (n.700 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.65 (D 13 ) = 3.700 / 0.h) = ( 1.399 )) = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring. SQRT (M/b) = 0.

1 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 29.4.31 kg/cm .725 kg rmax = (1. sbt = Besi beton U 0. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.014 / 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .48  300 = 300 sau = 0.1 = 33.399 a = 6/(sbd.0. SQRT (M/b) = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.9 = 8.a = 40.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.241 x SQRT ( 6.8 (D 16 ) = 4.40 ) = 29.399 x ( 3 .5 cm a = 2.54 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.h.0510 x 6.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.54 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 4.33 x 0.33 x sbk = 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 6.1 = 35.h) = ( 1.48sbk = 39 .399 )) = 0. syt = 0. Gambar penulangan: 4.399 )) = 0.6 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.5 + 0.5 + 4. tegangan tarik baja ijin.014 / 35.058 ---> a = 0.725 )/( 5 D 16 f8 - 20 40 5 D 16 30 30 x 40 2 ) = 5.241 h' = a .b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.0 .8 (f 8 ) + 0.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.91 kg/cm < 2 8.1 cm harus > 8.sb)/(sy+n.58 x 0.014 kgm 2 h = (n.

6 cm a = 2.4 = 73 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.0.807 kgm h = b = 60 cm Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.399 a = 6/(sbd. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.1 (D 22 ) = 4.4 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 68.399 )) = 0.33 x 0.0.sb)/(sy+n.60 ) = 68.0510 2262 kg/cm2 . sbt = Besi beton U syt/sbd = sbk = 0.241 h' = a .h. sbd = 0.58 x sau = 0.807 / 0.241 x SQRT ( 48.807 kgm h = (n.6 + 4.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.Balok pengikat (tie beam) memikul momen dari tiang pancang Beban terpusat reaksi tiang pancang Beban aktual M = 48.399 x ( 3 .31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 48.48  300 = 300 0. syt = 100 cm 0.48sbk = 39 . tegangan tarik baja ijin.058 ---> a = 0.5 + 0.399 )) = 0.33 x tegangan tarik beton ijin.8 (f 8 ) + 1.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8. SQRT (M/b) = 0.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.

h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x

100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
48,807 /
95.6 =
26 cm

2
Dipakai besi 7 D 22 = 26.6 cm harus >
26
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
108,461 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

cm2

108,461 )/(

60

2
100 ) = 27.1 kg/cm

x

Maka perlu tulangan miring
Bentuk bentangan:
Tempat r = 8.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = 0.5 x l x (rmax-r)/rmax
Gaya tarik miring T = 0.354 (rmax + r).b.y =
Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Fyo =
Dibengkok 11 f 22 =
Gambar penulangan:

2
41.8 cm

0.354
88,703 /

(

=
=

2
8.3 kg/cm

0.5 x
340 x ( 27.1 117.9 cm

27.1 +

2262 =

>

8.3 ) x
2
39.2 cm .

60

x

8.3 ) / 27.1

117.9 =

88,703 kg

2
39.2 cm .

harus >

Tulangan atas
7 D 22

Sengkang
D 10 - 20

100

Tulangan bawah
4 D 22
60

Diperhitungkan menjadi beban merata
Beban terpusat t panc menjadi beban merata

M =

-------> terlalu besar

67,048 kgm
h =

b = 60 cm
Mutu bahan:
Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin, sbd = 0.33 x
tegangan tarik beton ijin, sbt =
Besi beton U

39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, syt =

syt/sbd =

100 cm

sbk = 0.33 x

0.48sbk =
0.58 x

0.48

300 =
300

sau = 0.58 x

100 kg/cm2

= 8.31 kg/cm2
3900 =

2

2262 / 100 kg/cm
Tinggi balok ditaksir h =
100 cm
Momen lapangan M =
67,048 kgm

h = (n.sb)/(sy+n.sb) = (

15 x

100 )/( 2262 + 15 x

100 ) = 0.399

a = 6/(sbd.h.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.399 x ( 3 - 0.399 )) =
0.058 ---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = 0.241 x SQRT (
67,048 /
0.60 ) = 80.4 cm
2

0.241

2262 kg/cm2

a = 2.5 +
0.8 (f 8 ) + 1.1 (D 22 ) = 4.4 cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = 80.4 +
4.4 = 84.8 cm
> 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.

d = 3/(syt(3-h)) =
3/( 2262 (3- 0.399 )) = 0.0510
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x
67,048 /
95.6 = 35.8 cm
2
2
Dipakai besi 10 D 22 = 38.0 cm harus > 35.8 cm
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
54,230 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

54,230 )/(

Maka perlu tulangan miring

Gambar penulangan:
10 D 22

f8
##
10 D 22

60

60

x

2
100 ) = 13.6 kg/cm

>

2
8.31 kg/cm

Rincian Penulangan
1 Poer besar
a. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer

2.25 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer

D 13-15 (= 21 D 13)
panjang
4.04 m
3.00 m
panjang poer
b. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer

3.00 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer
3.00 m
panjang poer
D 13-15 (= 16 D 13)
panjang
4.79 m

00 m 2.00 m panjang poer .00 m 1.00 m tinggi poer D 13-15 (= 5 D 13) panjang 10. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer 1.00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 7x 9 = 63 buah panjang 1. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1.c.40 m 2.25 m lebar poer 3.25 m lebar poer 3.00 m panjang poer d.

25 m lebar poer 3.30 m 2.e.00 m panjang poer D 13-30 2x 7 = 14 buah panjang 3. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.00 m panjang poer f. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.25 m 1.00 m 1.30 m 2.00 m tinggi poer 2.05 m .00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 2x 9 = 18 buah panjang 2.25 m lebar poer 3.

00 m 1. Besi tulangan pokok arah panjang poer 3.00 m panjang poer D 22-10 (= 23 D 22) panjang 2.00 m tinggi poer D 22-10 (= 30 D 22) panjang 2.95 m h.00 m tinggi poer 2. Besi tulangan pokok arah lebar poer 2.20 m 2.25 m lebar poer 3.00 m panjang poer .g.25 m 1.25 m lebar poer 3.

25 m f.25 m m m m m m m 21 buah 16 buah 5 buah 63 buah 18 buah 14 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% 23 buah 30 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% .00 2.04 4.79 10.9 140. D22 pokok arah lebar poer = = 2.20 m x = = = = 67. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1.4 42.6 378.40 1. pokok D22 arah panjang poer h. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer 3. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.0 41.00 m c.00 m 2.25 m b.30 3.6 52.9 66.00 m = = = = = = 4.6 32 m m m m m m m m batang g.0 133.7 360. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer d.5 12 m m m m batang 3.0 63.Rekap: a.00 m e.8 76.95 m x 2.05 x x x x x x = = = = = = = = = 84. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2. Besi tul. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer 2. Besi tul.

4 cm 2 2 W = 1/6xdxb + (30xFy(1/2xb . Fy = P/115.6xPxe)/(sbdxb ) = 2 ( 4x 9.500 x 52.Pxe/W = P/(Fb+15xFy) .sbd) .2 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi 52. x = (bxsbd)/(sbd+sbt) -8.51 cm sbd I.8 )/( 52.sbd) -13.6 x = 19.(bxd))/n a' a = (( = 4 f 12 d 12.52 cm Begel f 8 .8 + 8.52 ( 1/2 x 25 - 4.8 + 0.500 / 3/8x 60 )-( 25 x 20 ))/ 15 2 2 3.500 /( 20 x - = III.2 cm 2 20 x 25 cm Ukuran kolom dibuat 6 = 24 dibulatkan 12.73 x 4.6 (f 12 ) = 4.73 kg/cm = ( 25 x Tb = 1/2xsbtxd(b-x) = 1/2 x IV.Fb)/n = ((P/3/8.51 2 (-1/4.5 ton = Jarak antara garis kerja P ke pusat kolom (exsentrisitet) = syt ijin/sbd ijin = 1200 / 60 kg/cm 6 cm 2 Tentukan ukuran kolom dan penulangannya.500 /( 20 x + x = 12.70 cm -----> 4 f 12 = 4. sbt = P/Fi .52 sbd = P/Fi + Pxe/W = P/(Fb+nxFy) + Pxe/W = sbt 12.sy) 2714 kg -----> OK memenuhi = 12. Ditetapkan b = + 4x e = d = (9.sbd ijin 12.Perhitungan kolom: Tulang simetris.73 ) = 21.500 x 2 25 + 15 x 6/ < 2439.52 20 x( 25 - 8.51 (sbd ijin) 2 < 60 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi II. exsentrisitet kecil sehingga sbt < 1/4 sbd ijin P e Kolom persegi panjang harus menerima gaya P = 12.a) )/b a b = 1/6 x 20 x 25 3 = 2439.Fy.4 ) = 310 kg < (1/2. 2 + ( 30 x 4.500 x 25 6 )/( 60 x dibulatkan = 20 cm Fy = (Fi .Pxe/W = 12.500 /( 115 x 60 ) 54 of 112 .4 25 + 15 x 4.8 kg/cm 2 6/ 2439.14 Kontrol: = 3 + 0.

sbt > 1/4 sbd ijin b' b'' a a' Fy' Fy P M = P.52 cm (Fy yang ada) -----> OK memenuhi Gambar penulangan: 8 f 12 20 25 Tulang tidak simetris. sbd .e e c f d= 35 P b = 45 P M a a' 1/2b 1/2b 1/2b-a 1/2b-a' x syd/n sbd syt/n Hukun Hooke: E = tg a = e = s/E s/e a x-a' Ey/Eb = n = 15 b-a b-a-x a' sbd/x = (syd/n)/(x-a') syd/n = sbd . (x-a')/x 55 of 112 .81 cm = < 2 4. (x-a')/x syd = n .2 1.

8 cm ( 3+ 0.sy + n.(b-a) .(1/2.225 0.1/2.60 m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.b -a = 12.00 m.sbd sy+n.x.048 ) = 12.777 ) = 9.(b-a) x.x x.429 x 40.sb)/(sy+n.s a e sbd syt/n n .(b-a-1/3.4 cm x = h .(b-a) x= Kalau n.sbd) = n.sb (b-a) ---------------> x = h (b-a) Contoh: Sebuah kolom segi panjang harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = 12 ton dan sebuah momen M = 7.8 .23 .x.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 35 x 45 cm (d x b) Exentrisitet e = M : P = 7.sbd = h sy + n.4.429 h = (n.8 = 40.a = 45 .n.8 + 1.423 ) = 5.048 ) = 12.2 tonmeter.sbd. .x = n. sbd sy x = ((b-a)-x) x = ((b-a)-x) x= sbd n. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 5.d.8 = 35.b .23 = 649 kg/cm Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.(b'-1/3.x))/(syd'.b .sbd.sb n.076 kgm Fy' = (Mtr .225 + 0.a' = 45 .60 + 0.0 = 4. ((b-a)-x) sy x.sy = n.4.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .000 x ( 0. syt/sbd 1200 / 60 kg/cm .sbd.a') = e -1/2.000 x ( 0.sbd.b'') 56 of 112 .b + a' = 12.sbd.2 cm b'' = b .23 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 60 x ( 2 17.a) = e + 1/2.60 0.d.(sy+n.324 kgm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .1/2. b' = 0.a .sbd. h = 0.2 = 17.4.000 = 0.000 x ( 0.8 ) / 17.x))/(syd'.4.200 : 12.sbd.8 ) b' = b .000 x ( 0.

400.23 19 = Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.23 )) / ( 1200 x 35.23 4.4 ) 2 cm = 13.18 cm < 17 ---> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 16 f 19 57 of 112 .sbd.d.0 + 1/2 x 60 x 35 x 17.1/2 x 60 x )) / ( 649 x 35.b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.0 .(1/3.(1/3.4 ) 2 = 12.x.1/3x 17.d.8 2 14.(b-a-a')) = ( 507.x-a'))/(syt.=( 932.23 x ( 40.35 cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 19 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 500 / 35 = 14 2 14.2 .45 Dipakai tulang 35 x 5f 17.600.sbd.x.x-a'))/(syt.18 cm = (Mdr + 1/2.

6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm b' = b .a' = 50 .97 )) / ( 1200 x 40.6 = 40.97 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.1/2.sbd.sbd.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.8 (= 1/2 x 1.97 .4.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .x.4.(b'-1/3.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 30 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.1/3x 21.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.02 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.x. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .25 0.I.6 2 14.60 ) = 4.6 cm ( 3+ 0.484 x 45.x))/(syd'.sbd. Kolom atas: P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc K Beban sentris total = #### t Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 2 f 16 = 4.97 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 21. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.6 .4.a) = e + 1/2.4 .00 m.sb)/(sy+n.(b-a-1/3.d.(1/3.1/2.8 + 0.(1/2.a .97 )) / ( 889 x 40.a = 50 .07 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk 58 of 112 .6 = 45.x.0.a') = e -1/2.4.4 cm b'' = b .d.b .97 x ( 45.x.x-a'))/(syt. h = 0. b' = 0.b .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 2 889 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .d.484 h = (n.6 ) / 21.x-a'))/(syt.8 cm x = h .1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.b'') =( #REF! .b'') x ( 1/3 x 21.sbd.8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 30 = 13 = (Mdr + 1/2.d.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .(1/3.97 4.4 = 21.x))/(syd'.25 + 0.

59 of 112 .

Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 60 of 112 . Kolom tengah f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 30 Balok consul 30x60 50 Kolom atas 2.Gambar penulangan 1.

b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.69 .6.9 ) / 25.07 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .6.69 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.sb)/(sy+n.9 . M……….2 x = h .50 = 6.90 ) mm tersusun dan begel f 8 mm cm 2 823 kg/cm 61 of 112 . h = 0. b' = 0.44 t #### t P4 = D balok induk = #### t M balok induk = #### tm Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.1 = 25.30 + 0.50x4.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### . P = #### t Jumlah momen. Kolom bawah: 1.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 60 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! Ditaksir a = a' = 6.(1/2.a) = e + 1/2.9 = 53.00 m. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4. = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.a') = e -1/2.6.a = 60 .00x2.1 cm b'' = b .b .4 = P4 = 2xD balok R4 = 2 x #### = 1.60 + 1.6.8 + Tulang besi f 16 b' = b . Kolom utama (depan & belakang) P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = 0.0.b .a' = 60 . syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .30x0.9 = 46.484 h = (n.9 cm ( 3+ 0.484 x 53.07 ) = #### m 1.II.a .30 0.69 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 25.

12 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 22 f 16 40 Balok induk 40x80 60 Kolom utama 2.x.b'') x ( 1/3 x 25.d.00x2.x-a'))/(syt.sbd.44 t #### t P5 = 2xD balok R3 = 2 x #### = M balok anak = #### tm #### t Bi 62 of 112 .x.1/3x 25.1/2.(b-a-1/3.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25.= = #REF! #REF! x ( #### ) kgm = #REF! kgcm Fy' = (Mtr .sbd.d.(1/3. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) P1 = 2xD balok R1 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = P4 = D balok anak = 0.d.x.1/2.69 )) / ( 1200 x 46.2 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = 22.69 x ( 53.x))/(syd'.d.(1/3.4 = 1.sbd.50x4.x-a'))/(syt.69 6.1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25.69 )) / ( 823 x 46.9 2 22.(b'-1/3.2 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.b'') =( #REF! .30x0.x.x))/(syd'.sbd.1 .12 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .

1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.sbd.4.6 cm ( 3+ 0.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .x.13 4. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .4.0.1/3x 17.b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.x-a'))/(syt.d.1/2.d.13 x ( 35.x))/(syd'.a') = e -1/2.6 .a = 40 .sb)/(sy+n.(1/3.13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.sbd.05 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.484 h = (n.6 = 35.8 cm x = h .b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.b'') =( #REF! . b' = 0.Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.d.a' = 40 .25 + 0.x.4 = 17.sbd.sbd.00 m.4.4 cm b'' = b .484 x 35.x))/(syd'. M……….a) = e + 1/2.(1/3.1/2.13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.13 )) / ( 1200 x 30. P = #### t Jumlah momen.a .8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4. = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.6 = 30.6 2 14.b .13 .x-a'))/(syt.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 16 = 10.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .d.25 0.(1/2. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.6 ) / 17.x.8 + 0.13 )) / ( 823 x 30. h = 0.x.b .(b-a-1/3.4 .(b'-1/3.8 = 4.07 cm > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 63 of 112 .(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .4.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.

a) = e + 1/2.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.b .b'') =( #REF! .8 + 0.sbd.x-a'))/(syt.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 0 f 16 = 0.1/2.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 40 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.8 cm x = h . syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .0.03 cm 64 of 112 .sbd.20 0. b' = 0.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .4 cm b'' = b .b'') =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .4.a = 40 . = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.6 cm ( 3+ 0.a' = 40 .6 = 35.13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .x.d.6 = 30.20 + 0.b .6 )) / ( 1200 x 30.4 = 17.13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2. h = 0.00 m.6 .x.x))/(syd'.4.13 4.x-a'))/(syt.(b'-1/3.00 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.x.8 = 4.d.13 x ( 35.13 )) / ( 823 x 30.(1/3.1/3x 17.a .(1/2.x. Kolom Gerbang Jumlah beban terpusat.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .(b-a-1/3.6 ) / 17.sbd.4.13 .sbd.13 x ( 1/3 x 17.d.1/2. M……….4 .x))/(syd'.a') = e -1/2.d.484 h = (n.40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Kolom samping 3.484 x 35. P = #### t Jumlah momen.sb)/(sy+n. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 3 f 16 = 6.(1/3.4.

Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 40 12 f 16 Balok anak 20x25 edit 40 Kolom samping 65 of 112 .

sbd) OK memenuhi 21.500 kg cm cm 25 2 )2) / ) 25 ) (sbd ijin) OK memenuhi ) (-1/4.12.4 cm OK memenuhi 66 of 112 .

(Fy yang ada) OK memenuhi 67 of 112 .

68 of 112 .

69 of 112 .

70 of 112 .

71 of 112 .

7 72 of 112 .70.

73 of 112 .

74 of 112 .

75 of 112 .

76 of 112 .

edit 77 of 112 .

512 Ikhtisar momen -16 -16 +11 Momen lapangan = 1/11 x q x l2 = 1/11 x 490 x 1. dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2.6 + 2.484 )) = 2x 0.50 cm.00 m lebar pias Bentangan..9 kgm d' = a .h. dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2.85 = 1.Perhitungan Plat Beton Bertulang 1.484 0.6 = 3.88 cm 2 Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7.00 x 2400 = Beban berguna.512 x 2.5 (f 10 ) = 2.85 cm 3.1 cm < 10 cm.50 m Lebar plat diambil pias. SQRT(M) = 0.00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 10 cm Bobot sendiri.50 = 5.57 cm Momen tumpuan = 1/16 x q x l2 = 1/16 x 490 x 1.5 cm.256 x SQRT ( 68.1 x 1.2 kgm d' = a .1 cm a= 2+ 0.484 )/( 75 ) = 0.1 + 2.5 (f 10 ) = 2. maka taksiran memenuhi 2 Fy = g .512 x 2.syt).85 cm harus > 2 3. = q lantai = 2 syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 kg/cm h = (n.2 ) = 2.b = 15 x 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 6/( 75 x 0.6 cm a= 2+ 0.10 = 7.256 1.6 cm < 10 cm.5 = 4.50 2 = 100.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0. = 1.20 = 2.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.9 ) = 2. maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = gxd' = 1. SQRT(M) = 0.88 cm 2 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 harus > 10 = 7.50 2 = 68.22 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 . g = 0. b = 1.256 x SQRT ( 100.1 = 3.484 x ( 3 ( 75 x 240 kg/m' 250 kg/m' 490 kg/m' 0.57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .22 cm . Plat atap 2 p = 250 kg/m d = 10 cm Bdp R2 l = 1.sb)/(sy+n. p………………………………. l…………….51 cm2 harus > 1.50 b = 1.h)/(2. d' = 1.(3-h)) = 2 g = (sbd.

57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .484 .Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7.50 2.00 maka: Mb+ Ml+ MibMil- 3.20 = 2.00 = = = 2 288 kg/m' 400 kg/m' 688 kg/m' 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 75 ) = 0. g = 0. p……………………………….51 cm2 harus > 1.30 1.00 2 M = c x 0.sb)/(sy+n.00 / = 1.00 x 2400 Beban berguna.38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 10-10 f 10-20 0. b = 1.00 m Plat ditumpu pada ke-empat sisinya l/b = 3.85 = 1.001 qb = 41 x 0. q lantai 2 kg/cm syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 h = (n.00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 12 cm Bobot sendiri.00 b = 3.001 x q Lebar plat diambil pias. Plat lantai atas 2 p = 400 kg/m d = 12 cm l = 3.sb) = ( 15 x x 3.57 cm 2 Gambar penulangan: f 10-20 f 10-10 f 10-10 0.00 = = = = 33 33 41 41 l = 3.12 x 1.

SQRT(M) = 0.001 qb = 41 d' = a .18 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 12 15 = 7.001 x 688 x 3.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0.6 3.256 x a= 2+ 0.54 cm harus > 2 6.18 cm Gambar penulangan: f 12 - f 12 .h)/(2.syt). maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = g .00 2 = 253.1 cm 2.7 cm < 12 cm.30 f 12 .15 15 f 12 - 0.1 = 6.9 kgm SQRT ( 253.a2 = 6/(sbd.6 cm.00 . d' = 1.484 )/( 0.6 (f 12 ) = d = d' + a = 4.512 x 4.1 + 2.(3-h)) = g = (sbd. dipakai tulang f = 12 mm = 6.75 f 15 12 f 12 - 15 f 12 f 12 - 0.9 ) = 4.484 x ( 3 - ( 75 Momen maksimum: 2 M = c x 0.484 )) = 2x 0.256 1.512 x 0.b = 6/( 75 x 0.h.6 x 0.

.

.

12 - 30 30 15 .

1.I.20 8 Pelaksanaan pemakain besi: -atas -bawah 4 f ## menerus 3 f ## menerus ## f ## . Balok Sloof.00 Kolom 40x50 2 f ## ## f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2 f Tumpuan 2 f ## f 8 . Sloof sisi kanan & kiri pelaksanaan 50 pelaksanaan 50 #### #### ## f ## 2 f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 2 f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 3.

00 m 3.00 Sloof 15x25 .20 2 f 12 Plesteran lantai kerja Penghubung kolom dengan Strauzt Staruzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.2. Sloof sisi depan & belakang 15 2 f 12 25 f 8-20 2 f 12 Kolom 40x60 f 8 .

Kolom bawah 1.II. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 Balok anak 20x25 .

7 f 16 2 f 8 5 f 16 Tembok f 8 .20 Kolom 40x50 Posisi lantai Lantai keramik Pasir urug Muka tanah yang ada Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 55 Pondasi psgan batu belah .

Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 .2.

15 Pondasi Strauzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.00 m Sumbu pondasi Strauzt 10 .Hubungan kolom utama dengan pondasi Strauzt karena sumbu kolom tidak dapat berimpit dengan sumbu pondasi Strauzt Sumbu kolom 60 Kolom 40x60 6 f 16 6 f 16 5 f 16 5 f 16 2f 8 f 8 .20 100 Posisi lantai di atas sloof Lantai keramik Pasir urug Sloof praktis 15x25 tulang 4 f 12 Muka tanah yang ada Penghubung kolom dg pondasi Strauzt tebal 55 cm 100 Tulangan pondasi Strauzt 6 f 12 Spiral (begel pondasi Strauzt) f 6 .

f 35 40 85 10 .

III. Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan Tulangan miring Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 . Balok lantai atas 1. Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.

Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah .

3. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan . Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 7.

Kolom tengah 40 f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 60 Balok consul 30x60 .75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12.5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0.5 f 12-25 f 12-12. Kolom atas 1.5 f 12-20 0.00 V.IV. Pelat lantai atas f 12-12.6 3.

2. Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 .

Balok Void (Bv) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2. Balok atap 1.VI. Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .

Balok consul (Bc) #### 4 f ## ## f ## 2 f 8 #### f 8-20 2 f ## VII.38 f 12-20 f 12-10 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 . Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 4. Pelat atap f 12-10 0.3.

50 f 12-20 .f 12-10 0.30 1.

Kolom bawah 1. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 2.I. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 .

Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan . Balok lantai atas 1. Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.II.

Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .Tulangan miring balok induk 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah 3.

5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan III.5 f 12-20 0.00 .7.5 f 12-25 f 12-12. Pelat lantai atas f 12-12.6 3.75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12.

IV. Kolom tengah bagian depan dan belakang f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 Balok consul 30x60 60 2. 1. Kolom atas Ukuran kolom dibuat sama dengan kolom bawah tetapi tulangan tidak sama. Kolom tengah bagian samping kiri dan kanan f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 50 Balok consul 30x60 .

3. Kolom pojok
50

50

12 f 16

Balok consul
30x60

V. Balok atap
1. Balok Void (Bv)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##

2 f ##

Bentangan

Tumpuan

2. Balok ring
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

3. Balok depan (Bdp)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

4. Balok consul (Bc)
####
4 f ##

## f ##
2 f 8
####
f 8-20

2 f ##

30 1.VI.50 f 12-20 .38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 12-10 0. Pelat atap? f 12-20 f 12-10 f 12-10 0.

60 .50 0.#### Penampang melintang 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan Penampang memanjang Kolom belakang Kolom depan ## f ## 2.00 ## f ## f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## 10 f ## ## f ## 2.00 2 f 8 9.

00 + 0.60 + 7 5 x ( 1.50 + 0.025 )+ 0.0 m = 13..60 + 1..05 Jumlah begel = ( 9.00 5 ( ## 2 )x( 2.0 m = 20.2 m #### m #### m #### m ## batang .00 6 5 x ( 1.20 + 1 = 45.50 0.025 )+( #### 2 x 0.5 ……………………………….00 ) …………….60 ) = Sub Jumlah = 10% keamanan = Jumlah = = Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 ) x 2 = #### m buah #### m 20. = 2 Tulang pengaku (tengah) = 2 x ( 9.0 m = #### m = #### m = #### m = ## batang 2 Besi f 8 untuk begel (( #### 2 x 0.Kebutuhan besi tulangan induk 1 Besi f ## 1 ## x ( 9. + 0.00 ) …………….50 + 0.2 m = #### m = #### m = 13.60 ) / 0.60 ) 4 ( ## 2 )x( 2.00 + 0. ……………………….00 ) 1.5 1 Begel = #### x 45.60 + ………………………. ……………………….. 1.60 ) 3 2 x ( 9.60 + 1.50 + 0.00 ) + 0. Sub Jumlah 10% keamanan Jumlah = #### m = 101.50 + 0.60 ) 2 10 x ( 9..

75 15 f 12 - 12 f 12 - f 12 - 15 f 12 - 0.Lantai Atas f 12 - Pelat f 12 .6 3.30 f 12 .00 Balok induk #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan 30 30 15 .15 15 f 12 - 0.

Balok Anak = Balok Void Balok Ring #### #### 30 3 f ## 2 f 16 f 8-20 f 8-20 40 ## f ## 3 f 16 .

80 4.00 x 2.50 0.50 Poer luas telapak 3.00 0.05 3.90 1.25 m2 Tiang pancang 25x25 cm2 4 x 3 = 12 buah .00 0.20 = = = = = = = = 6.80 1.75 1.00 0.20 0.00 x 2.20 1.75 1.Volume poer: Luas tapak = 3.25 x 1.25 Satu sisi trapesium sisi bawah sisi atas sisi rata-2 tinggi luas penamp Luas penamp dua sisi trapesium Volume = 2.00 Kolom 60/100 Sloof 60/100 1.60 m2 m m m m m2 m2 m3 1.