P. 1
K. Beton

K. Beton

|Views: 29|Likes:
Dipublikasikan oleh Basuki Rahardjo

More info:

Published by: Basuki Rahardjo on May 19, 2013
Hak Cipta:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as XLSX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/29/2013

pdf

text

original

Pembebanan Konstruksi Beton

1 Poer
Memanjang Melintang
kg kg
M1 M2
80
kg
x 3 =
kg
75 75 75 75 75
Momen:
1 Arah memanjang M1 = x
= kgm
75
2 Arah melintang M2 =
= kgm
75
75 75 75
100
62.5
325,382
27,115
60
45
325,382
27,115
81,345 108,461
37.5
37.5 37.5
300
37.5
225
81,345
50,841
108,461
48,807
37.5 37.5 37.5
225 300
37.5
Denah
2 Tie beam (sloof pengikat)
Kolom Tembok Kolom
tinggi 5.00 m
Sloof pengikat Poer
Tiang pancang Tiang pancang
l =
Berat tembok = x x x = kg
Beban merata, q = kg/m'
Reaksi perletakan, R = kg
Tanah diperhitungkan tidak menerima beban
Ichtisar momen pada tumouan jepit-jepit
- 16 - 16
+ 11
Momen lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2
= 1/11 x x ^2 = kgm
Bila diperhitungkan dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi:
Momen lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2
4.00
4.00 5.00 0.15 1800 5,400
1,350
1,350 4.00 1,964
2,700
= 1/8 x x ^2 = kgm
Untuk bentang m
Momen lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2
= 1/11 x x ^2 = kgm
Reaksi perletakan, R = 1/2 x q x l
= 1/2 x x = kg
M M
h
x 3 = x 3 = x 3 = x 3 =
kg kg kg kg
M = x
= kg
M = x + x = kgm 62,218
23,044
69,132 69,132
0.60
0.45
92,175 0.45
41,479
2.00
0.075 69,132 0.83
23,044
0.75 0.375
69,132 69,132
69,132
1,350 4.00 2,700
7.00
0.60
0.83
0.75 0.075
2.75
23,044 23,044
1,350 7.00 6,014
1,350 7.00 4,725
0.75
4.00
2.50 0.75
75 75 75 75
30 45
75 75
45
4 x
R
A
= R
B
=
C E D
A B
400
250
27,115
108,461
108,461
60
400
250
340
108,461
108,461
108,461 108,461
325,382 325,382
108,461 108,461
108,461 108,461
M
C
= x = kgm
M
E
= x - x = kgm cocok
R = D = kg
Dicoba bila dianggap beban merata
R
A
= kg R
B
=
C E D
A B
q = kg/m'
l = m
Ichtisar momen
+ 11
- 16 - 16
M lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2
= 1/11 x x ^2
= kgm
R = D = kg
Tie beam (balok pengikat) dihitung berdasarkan reaksi tegangan tanah s
it
= kg/cm2 tidak jadi
60
q = x x s
it
= x x
= kg/m'
Ichtisar momen + 11
- -
M lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2 = 1/11 x x ^2
67,048
108,461
108,461 108,461
63,800
3.40
63,800 3.40
108,461
0.50
40
108,461 0.45 48,807
108,461 1.70 108,461 1.25 48,807
2.50
40
40 0.50
100
100
2,000
16 16
2,000 2.50
= kgm
Bila dihitung dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi
M lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2 = 1/8 x x ^2
= kgm
R = D = 0.5 x q x l = x x = kg
75
diambil pias sederetan t panc.
75
20
M
1,563
0.50 2,000 2.50 2,500
27,115
37.5
17.5
1,136
2,000 2.50
M = x + x = kgm
R = + = kg
Tidak diambil pias
75
Sloof
60x100
M
3 x
kg
x
37.5
50
100
37.5
30
7.5
27,115
27,115 0.18 27,115 0.93 29,827
27,115 27,115
82.5
54,230
225
27,115
37.5
81,345
75 75
3 x
kg
M = x + x = kgm
R = D = kg
Mx = x = kgm
R = D = kg
M = x + x = kgm
R = + = kg
M M
h
x 1 = x 1 = x 1 = x 1 =
kg kg kg kg
81,345 0.38 30,505
300
0.75
23,044 23,044 23,044 23,044
0.60
23,044 23,044 23,044 23,044
81,345 81,345 ######
27,115
81,345
81,345 0.08 81,345 0.83 73,211
162,691
81,345
81,345 0.08 81,345 0.83 73,211
81,345
M = x
= kg
M = x + x = kgm
Beban tiang pancang dipikul oleh poer dan balok
Beban ke balok
P
C
x 2 = P
E
x 2 =
kg kg
A C D E B
R
A
R
B
R
A
= R
B
= ( + )/ 2 = kg
M
A
= 0 kgm
4.00
46,088 46,088 46,088
46,088 46,088
0.75 2.50 0.75
0.75 2.50 0.75
4.00
23,044 23,044
0.83 17,283
2.75
23,044 0.075 23,044 0.83 20,739
0.375 0.75 2.00
0.075 0.75 23,044 0.75
M
C
= R
A
x = x = kgm
M
D
= R
A
x - P
C
x = x - x
= kgm
Bidang M
Beban ke poer
memanjang melintang
M M
h
x 3 = x 3 = x 3 = x 3 =
kg kg kg kg
M = x
= kg
M = x + x = kgm
Ukuran poer
60 60
0.83 20,739
2.75
69,132 0.075 69,132 0.83 62,218
0.45
0.375 0.75 2.00
0.075 0.75 46,088 0.45
69,132 69,132 69,132 69,132
1.25
34,566
0.60
0.60
23,044 23,044 23,044 23,044
2.00 1.25 46,088 2.00 46,088
0.75 46,088 0.75 34,566
memanjang melintang
80
60
80
kg 0.53
x 4 = 14,371
kg
kgm
x
kgm
27,115
108,461
0.63
0.45
x 4 =
kg
23,044
92,175
x 1 =
kg
23,044
23,044
x 2 =
kg
23,044
46,088
Perhitungan Poer Beton Bertulang
Arah memanjang
M1 = kgm
h = cm
kg b = cm
Tampak memanjang Tampak samping kanan
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (D 13 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 26 D 13 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
8.31
0.241
0.241 50,841
0.63
300 0.33 0.33
0.48 300
300
8.31
80
2262
80
2262
76.9
0.0510 76.9
2.25 36.2
0.399 0.399
0.399
0.058
34.5 33.7
6.78 81,345 225
2.5 0.65 3.15
80
0.0510
36.2 3.15 39.3
2262
50,841
50,841
100 100
100
81,345
80
225
100
80.0 3.15
50,841
0.399
33.7
81,345
100
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
100
225
300
25 of 112
26 D 13
80
kg
75
Arah melintang
M2 = kgm
h = cm
kg b = cm
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (f 13 ) + (D 13 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 25 D 13 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
37.5
80 108,461
300 100
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
0.241
30.7
6.78
0.48 300 8.31
8.31
100 0.399
0.399
0.45
300 0.33
2262
0.33
100 0.399
100
80
48,807
100 2262
0.058
48,807
80
300
108,461
2.5 1.3 0.65 4.45
30.7 4.45 35.1 80
0.0510
33.2 32.9
0.0510 48,807 75.6 32.9
2262
300
108,461
81,345
0.399
80.0 4.45 75.6
0.241 48,807 3.00
300
62.5
26 of 112
25 D 13
80
## cm jarak tulang arah lebar poer 225 cm
## cm jarak tulang arah panjang poer 300 cm
26 D 13 kg
Tegangan geser pons ijin, t
bp
= 0.65s
bk ## #
## #
1.5 x P x ## #
r = = = < OK ## #
(2.(60+80)+2.(100+80)).80 ## #
Sloof pengikat sebagai tumpuan momen arah memanjang
225
45
37.5
60
108,461
75
1.5 325,382
51,200
9.5 11.3
225
300
100
27 of 112
26 D 13
80
kg
75
Poer bentuk konsul:
M = kgm
h = cm
b = cm
75
Tampak konsul Tampak penampang
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2 = r
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (D 16 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 20 D 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
>
kg/cm
2
Maka perlu tulangan miring
7.5
82.5
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
2262
37.5
100
100
73,211
100 2262
-
62.5
37.5
73,211
100
225
300 0.33 0.33 300 100
50
100
100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058 0.241
0.241 73,211 2.25 43.4
2.5 0.8 3.3
43.4 3.3 46.7 100
2262 0.399 0.0510
100.0 3.3 96.7
0.0510 73,211 96.7 38.6
40.2 38.6
162,691 225 100 10.8 8.3
162,691
28 of 112
Bentuk konsul:
Tempat r = kg/cm2 -----> y = l.(r
max
-r)/r
max
= ( - ) / = cm.
Gaya tarik miring T = 0.354 (r
max
+ r).b.y = ( + ) x x = kg
Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: F
y
o
= / =
cm
2
.
Dibengkok 7 f 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
.
Ditinjau pada penampang x-x
x
M = kgm
h = cm
x
b = cm
75
Tampak konsul Tampak penampang
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2 = r
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (D 16 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 10 D 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
Check arah diagonal
M = kgm
h = cm
b = cm
28,742
100
50
100
27,115 53
50
81,345
81,345 225 81 6.7 8.3
0.399 0.0510
81.0 3.3 77.7
0.0510 30,505 77.7 20
100
37.5
20.1 20
0.241
0.241 30,505 2.25 28
2.5 0.8 3.3
28 3.3 31.3 81
81
30,505
100 2262 100 0.399
2262
100 0.399 0.399 0.058
100
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
300
2262 100
225
7.5
300 0.33 0.33
30,505
81
19.3
8.3 82.5 10.8 8.3 10.8
14.1 13
29,394 2262 13
0.354 10.8 8.3 225 29,394
19.3
29 of 112
Tampak konsul Tampak penampang
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2 = r
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (D 16 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 8 D 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
6 D 16
tulang arah x
1/2 x x  2
----------------> 6 D 16 = cm2 harus > cm2
tulang arah y
Check potongan di tengah
M = kgm
ada h = cm
design
b = cm
Tampak konsul Tampak penampang
Mutu bahan:
16.4
14,731
75
50
95
53
0.53
11.6
1.06
16.4
11.6 12.1
16.1 16.4
27,115
27,115 53 100 7.67 8.3
2262 0.399 0.0510
100.0 10.8 89.2
0.0510 28,742 89.2 16.4
0.241
0.241 28,742 0.53 56
10 0.8 10.8
56 10.8 66.8 100
2262 100
100
28,742
100 2262 100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058
300 0.33 0.33 300 100
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
30 of 112
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2 = r
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (D 16 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring. untuk h = 95 cm ----> hampir sama dengan awalnya
sehingga h tetap dipakai cm
Jadi bentuk poer adalah balok ukuran panjang p = m
lebar l = m
tinggi t = m
60
Check arah konsul
M = kgm
h = cm
100
3.00
2.25
1.00
100
300
225
100
0.241
10.1 8.92
27,115
27,115 53 95 8.08 8.3
2262 0.399 0.0510
95.0 10.8 84.2
0.0510 14,731 84.2 8.92
0.241 14,731 0.53 40.1
10 0.8 10.8
40.1 10.8 50.9 95
2262 100
95
14,731
100 2262 100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058
300 0.33 0.33 300 100
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
17,083
100
50
100
31 of 112
b = cm
Tampak konsul Tampak penampang
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2 = r
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (D 16 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
Check arah tegak lurus konsul
M = kgm
h = cm
b = cm
Tampak konsul Tampak penampang
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2 = r
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (D 16 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm
60
0.63
300 0.33 0.33 300 100
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
2262 100
100
17,083
100 2262 100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058 0.241
0.241 17,083 0.60 40.6
2.5 0.8 3.3
40.6 3.3 43.9 100
2262 0.399 0.0510
100.0 3.3 96.7
0.0510 17,083 96.7 9.01
12,202
100
50
100
50
0.45
10.1 9.01
27,115
27,115 60 100 6.78 8.3
300 0.33 0.33 300 100
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
2262 100
100
12,202
100 2262 100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058 0.241
0.241 12,202 0.50 37.6
2.5 0.8 3.3
32 of 112
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 4 D 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
Kombinasi
Arah sumbu x (arah konsul panjang)
Untuk beban diagonal bawah tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 D 16
Untuk beban arah konsul butuh tulangan 5 D 16
Untuk beban diagonal atas tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 D 16 idem atas
Sehingga jumlah tulangan arah konsul panjang butuh 17 D 16 buat 17 D 16 = cm2
= D 16 -
= D 22 -
Arah sumbu y (arah konsul pendek)
Untuk beban diagonal kiri butuh tulangan 6 D 16
Untuk beban arah tegak lurus konsul 2x 8 D 16
Untuk beban diagonal kanan butuh tulangan 6 D 16 idem kiri
Arah konsul pendek butuh tulangan 20 D 16 buat 25 D 16 = cm2
Jadi tulangan poer dipakai menyilang tegak lurus masing-2 besi ukuran D 22 -
D 22-10
D 22-10
Gambar perspektip penulangan poer
37.6 3.3 40.9 100
2262 0.399 0.0510
100.0 3.3 96.7
0.0510 12,202 96.7 6.43
8.0 6.43
27,115
27,115 50 100 8.13 8.3
3.00
2.25
1.00
34.2
50.3
5.5
10.0
10.0
33 of 112
34 of 112
35 of 112
cm jarak tulang arah lebar poer 225 cm
cm jarak tulang arah panjang poer 300 cm
36 of 112
37 of 112
38 of 112
16.4
39 of 112
40 of 112
41 of 112
2.25
20
0.1125
= cm2
= cm2
3.00
25
0.1200 > arah x ----> memenuhi
36.56
38.01
42 of 112
Balok pengikat (tie beam) antar kolom
Akibat beban tembok
1 Untuk balok bentang m
Jepit M = kgm
h = 40 cm h'
b = 30 cm
a
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (f 8 ) + (D 13 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm < cm maka balok dapat dipakai
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
Gambar penulangan:
3 D 13
f 8 - 20
40
3 D 13
30
Bila diperhitungkan pada tumpuan sendi-sendi:
4.0 2.78
40
8.31 2,700 30 40 3.38
2,700
2.5 0.8 0.65
19.5 3.95 23.4
0.0510 1,964 36.1
2262 0.399 0.0510
36.1 40.0 3.95
3.95
1,964
0.58 0.58
100 0.399 2262
300
100 0.399
0.48
0.399 0.058
300 0.33 0.33 300 100
0.241 1,964 0.30 19.5
3900 2262
8.31
0.241
2262 100
40
1,964
100
2.78
4.00
M = kgm
h = 40 cm
h'
b = 30 cm
a
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (f 8 ) + (D 13 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
------> besi 3D13 masih cukup
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
Gambar penulangan:
3 D 13
f 8
40
3 D 13
30
2 Untuk bentang m
Jepit M = kgm
h = 40 cm
h'
2,700
300 0.33 0.33 300 100
2262 100
40
2,700
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900
100 2262 100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058
2262
2.5 0.8 0.65 3.95
22.8 3.95 26.8 40
0.241
0.241 2,700 0.30 22.8
0.0510 2,700 36.1 3.82
2262 0.399 0.0510
40.0 3.95 36.1
4.0 3.82
2,700
2,700 30
6,014
3.38 8.31
7.00
40
b = 30 cm
a
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (f 8 ) + (D 16 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.
Gambar penulangan:
5 D 16
f 8 - 20
40
5 D 16
30
300
2262 100
40
6,014
100 2262
100 0.399 0.241
0.241 6,014
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
100 0.399
0.399 0.058
0.33 0.33 300 100
0.48 300 8.31
2.5 0.8 0.8 4.1
29.5 4.1 33.6 40
10.1 8.54
4,725
4,725 30 40 5.91 8.31
2262 0.399 0.0510
40.0 4.1 35.9
0.0510 6,014 35.9 8.54
0.40 29.5
Balok pengikat (tie beam) memikul momen dari tiang pancang
Beban terpusat reaksi tiang pancang Beban aktual
M = kgm
h = cm
b = 60 cm
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
a = + (f 8 ) + (D 22 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
300 100
48,807
2262
2262 100
100
48,807
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900
2262 0.399 0.0510
2.5 0.8 1.1 4.4
68.6 4.4 73 100
100
0.241
0.241 48,807 0.60 68.6
100 2262 100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058
300 0.33 0.33
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 7 D 22 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
>
kg/cm
2
Maka perlu tulangan miring
Bentuk bentangan:
Tempat r = kg/cm2 -----> y = 0.5 x l x (r
max
-r)/r
max
= x x ( - ) /
= cm
Gaya tarik miring T = 0.354 (r
max
+ r).b.y = ( + ) x x = kg
Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: F
y
o
= / =
cm
2
.
Dibengkok 11 f 22 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
.
Gambar penulangan:
Tulangan atas
7 D 22
Sengkang
D 10 - 20
Tulangan bawah
4 D 22
60
Diperhitungkan menjadi beban merata
Beban terpusat t panc menjadi beban merata -------> terlalu besar
M = kgm
h = cm
b = 60 cm
Mutu bahan:
Beton K tegangan tekan beton ijin, s
bd
= x s
bk
= x = kg/cm2
tegangan tarik beton ijin, s
bt
= 0.48s
bk
=  = kg/cm2
Besi beton U 39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, s
yt
= x s
au
= x = kg/cm2
s
yt
/s
bd
= /
kg/cm
2
Tinggi balok ditaksir h = cm
Momen lapangan M = kgm
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x )/( + 15 x ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = x SQRT ( / ) = cm
340 27.1 8.3
117.9
108,461
8.3
0.354 27.1 8.3 60 117.9 88,703
27.1
27.1 8.3
100.0 4.4 95.6
67,048
26.6 26
108,461 60
0.0510 48,807 95.6 26
39.2
0.5
100
0.48 300 8.31
0.58 0.58 3900 2262
100
0.33 0.33 300
0.241
0.241 67,048 0.60 80.4
2262 100 0.399
100 0.399 0.399 0.058
100
2262 100
100
67,048
300
100
100
88,703 2262 39.2
41.8
a = + (f 8 ) + (D 22 ) = cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = + = cm > cm maka balok dapat dipakai.
d = 3/(s
yt
(3-h)) = 3/( (3- )) =
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a = - = cm
F
y
= d x M/h'a = x / =
cm
2
Dipakai besi 10 D 22 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan R
A
= D
max
= kg
r
max
= (1.5 x D
max
)/(b.h) = ( 1.5 x )/( x ) =
kg/cm
2
>
kg/cm
2
Maka perlu tulangan miring
Gambar penulangan:
10 D 22
f 8
##
10 D 22
60
2262 0.399 0.0510
100.0 4.4 95.6
2.5 0.8 1.1 4.4
80.4 4.4 84.8 100
13.6 8.31
38.0 35.8
54,230
54,230 60
0.0510 67,048 95.6 35.8
100
Rincian Penulangan
1 Poer besar
a. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer m
m tinggi poer
m lebar poer
D 13-15 (= 21 D 13)
panjang m
m
panjang poer
b. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer m
m tinggi poer
m lebar poer
m
panjang poer
D 13-15 (= 16 D 13)
panjang m
1.00
2.25
3.00
4.04
2.25
1.00
2.25
3.00
3.00
4.79
c. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer
m tinggi poer
D 13-15 (= 5 D 13)
panjang m
m lebar poer
m
panjang poer
d. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer m
m tinggi poer
D 13-30
7 x 9 = 63 buah
panjang m
m lebar poer
m
panjang poer
10.40
1.00
2.25
3.00
1.00
1.00
2.25
3.00
1.00
e. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.25 m
m tinggi poer
D 13-30
2 x 9 = 18 buah
panjang m
m lebar poer
m
panjang poer
f. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.00 m
m tinggi poer
m
m lebar poer
m
panjang poer
D 13-30
2 x 7 = 14 buah
panjang m
3.00
3.05
1.00
2.25
3.00
2.30
1.00
2.30
2.25
g. Besi tulangan pokok arah panjang poer m
m tinggi poer
m lebar poer
m
panjang poer
D 22-10 (= 23 D 22)
panjang m
h. Besi tulangan pokok arah lebar poer m
m tinggi poer
D 22-10 (= 30 D 22)
panjang m
m lebar poer
m
panjang poer
2.25
1.00
3.00
2.25
1.00
3.00
3.00
2.95
2.20
2.25
Rekap:
a. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer m = m x 21 buah = m
b. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer m = m x 16 buah = m
c. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer = m x 5 buah = m
d. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer m = m x 63 buah = m
e. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.25 m = m x 18 buah = m
f. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.00 m = m x 14 buah = m
Jumlah = m
Ditambah 5% = m
= batang
g. Besi tul. pokok D22 arah panjang poer m = m x 23 buah = m
h. Besi tul. D22 pokok arah lebar poer m = m x 30 buah = m
Jumlah = m
Ditambah 5% = m
batang
3.00
2.25
1.00
2.30
1.00
2.25 4.04
3.00 4.79
10.40
42.7
360.6
3.05
84.8
76.6
52.0
63.0
41.4
32
12
378.6
140.5
2.95
2.20
67.9
66.0
133.9
Perhitungan kolom:
Tulang simetris, exsentrisitet kecil sehingga s
bt
< 1/4 s
bd ijin
P
Kolom persegi panjang harus menerima gaya P = ton =
Jarak antara garis kerja P ke pusat kolom (exsentrisitet) = 6 cm
s
yt ijin
/s
bd ijin
= / 60
kg/cm
2
Tentukan ukuran kolom dan penulangannya.
Ditetapkan b = + 4 x e = 4 x 6 = 24 dibulatkan 25
d = (9.6xPxe)/(s
bd
xb
2
) = ( x x 6 )/( 60 x
= cm dibulatkan = 20 cm
Ukuran kolom dibuat 20 x 25 cm
2
Fy = (Fi - Fb)/n = ((P/3/8.s
bd
) - (bxd))/n
= (( / 3/8x 60 )-( 25 x 20 ))/ 15
= cm
2
-----> 4 f 12 = cm
2
Begel f 8 - 14
d Kontrol:
a = 3 + + (f 12 ) = cm
W = 1/6xdxb
2
+ (30xFy(1/2xb - a)
2
)/b
b = 1/6 x 20 x 25
2
+ ( 30 x ( 1/2 x 25 -
= cm
3
s
bd
I.
s
bd
= P/Fi + Pxe/W = P/(Fb+nxFy) + Pxe/W
= /( 20 x 25 + 15 x
+ x 6 /
x =
kg/cm
2
< 60
kg/cm
2
(s
bd ijin
)
-----> OK memenuhi
II. s
bt
= P/Fi - Pxe/W = P/(Fb+15xFy) - Pxe/W
= /( 20 x 25 + 15 x
- x 6 /
=
kg/cm
2
<
kg/cm
2
(-1/4.s
bd
)
-----> OK memenuhi
III. x = (bxs
bd
)/(s
bd
+s
bt
) = ( 25 x )/( + ) =
Tb = 1/2xs
bt
xd(b-x) = 1/2 x x 20 x( 25 - )
= kg < kg (1/2.Fy.s
y
)
-----> OK memenuhi
IV. Fy = P/115.s
bd ijin
= /( x 60 )
-13.2
52.8
12,500 115
310 2714
8.73 21.4
12,500
52.8
2439.51
52.8
4.52
-8.73
9.6 12,500
2439.51
12.5
1200
0.8 0.6
19.2
4.52
12,500 2439.51
12,500
12,500
4.4
12,500
3.70 4.52
4.52 4.4
8.73
e
a a'
s
bt
4 f 12
54 of 112
= cm
2
< cm
2
(Fy yang ada)
-----> OK memenuhi
Gambar penulangan:
Tulang tidak simetris, s
bt
> 1/4 s
bd ijin
b'
a a' P
M = P.e
e P
d = c
35 f
b = 45
P
M
a a'
1/2b 1/2b
1/2b-a 1/2b-a'
x
s
yd
/n s
bd
s
yt
/n
Hukun Hooke: E = tg a = s/e
e = s/E a x-a' a' s
bd
/x = (s
yd
/n)/(x-a')
E
y
/E
b
= n = 15 b-a s
yd
/n = s
bd .
(x-a')/x
s
yd
= n . s
bd .
(x-a')/x
25
20
1.81 4.52
b''
b-a-x
Fy Fy'
8 f 12
55 of 112
s
e
s
bd
x
s
yt
/n ((b-a)-x)
n . s
bd
x
s
y
((b-a)-x)
n . s
bd
. ((b-a)-x)
s
y
x.s
y
= n.s
bd
.(b-a) - n.s
bd
.x
x.s
y
+ n.s
bd
.x = n.s
bd
.(b-a)
x.(s
y
+n.s
bd
) = n.s
bd
.(b-a)
n.s
bd
s
y
+n.s
bd
Kalau = h ---------------> x = h (b-a)
Contoh:
Sebuah kolom segi panjang harus menerima sebuah beban sentris
sebesar P = 12 ton dan sebuah momen M = tonmeter.
Tinggi kolom h = m. s
yt
/s
bd
/ 60
kg/cm
2
, h =
Jawab: h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
)
Taksir ukuran kolom 35 x 45 cm
2
(d x b)
Exentrisitet e = M : P = : = m
Ditaksir a = a' = cm ( 3 + + = )
b' = b - a = 45 - = cm
b'' = b - a - a' = 45 - - = cm
x = h . b' = x = cm
s
yd'
= n s
bd
(x-a')/x
s
yd'
= 15 x 60 x ( - ) / =
kg/cm
2
Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.b - a) = e + 1/2.b -a
= x ( + - )
= x ( )
= kgm
Mdr = P x f ---> f = e - (1/2.b - a') = e -1/2.b + a'
= x ( - + )
= x ( )
= kgm
Fy' = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b-a-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b'-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.b'')
35.4
0.429 40.2 17.23
649
5,076
12,000 0.423
4.8
5.00 1200
7,200 12,000 0.60
17.23 4.8 17.23
1.0 4.8
0.429
7.2
0.8
4.8 4.8
0.777
9,324
12,000 0.60
12,000
12,000 0.60 0.225 0.048
0.225 0.048
4.8 40.2
a
=
=
x =
x = (b-a)
n.s
b
s
y
+ n.s
b
56 of 112
= ( - 1/2 x 60 x 35 x x ( - 1/3x
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 5 f 19 = cm
2
Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.b'')
= ( + 1/2 x 60 x 35 x x ( 1/3 x -
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 5 f 19 = cm
2
Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = / 35 = 14 < 17 ---> tidak tertekuk
Gambar penulangan
f 8-20
932,400.0 17.23 40.2
507,600.0 17.23
12.35 14.18
500
4.8
17.23
649 35.4
13.45 14.18
1200 35.4
17.23
16 f 19
57 of 112
I. Kolom atas:
P
1
= 2xD balok R
2
= 2 x = t
P
2
= D balok consul = t
M balok consul = tm
Beban sentris total = t
Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris
sebesar P = ton dan sebuah momen M = tonmeter.
Tinggi kolom h = m. s
yt
/s
bd
/ 75
kg/cm
2
, h =
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
)
Jawab:
Taksir ukuran kolom 30 x 50 cm
2
Exentrisitet e = M : P = : = m
Ditaksir a = a' = cm ( 3 + + (= 1/2 x ) = )
Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm
b' = b - a = 50 - = cm
b'' = b - a - a' = 50 - - = cm
x = h . b' = x = cm
s
yd'
= n s
bd
(x-a')/x
s
yd'
= 15 x 75 x ( - ) / =
kg/cm
2
Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.b - a) = e + 1/2.b -a
= x ( + - )
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Mdr = P x f ---> f = e - (1/2.b - a') = e -1/2.b + a'
= x ( - + )
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Fy' = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b-a-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b'-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.b'')
= ( - 1/2 x 75 x 30 x x ( - 1/3x
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 2 f 16 = cm
2
Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.b'')
= ( + 1/2 x 75 x 30 x x ( 1/3 x -
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = cm
2
Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = / 30 = 13 < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk
0.8
####
4.00
4.6
#REF!
####
4.6 45.4
#### 14.07
#REF! 21.97 21.97
1200 40.8
4.6 4.6 40.8
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
####
#REF!
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
21.97
4.6
889 40.8
4.02
45.4 21.97 21.97
889
####
0.25 0.05
#REF!
0.484 45.4 21.97
21.97
#### #REF!
####
#### 0.25 0.05
4.6
400
1.60 4.6
#### ####
####
####
0.8
1200 0.484
#REF!
B
c
K
58 of 112
59 of 112
Gambar penulangan
1. Kolom tengah
f 8-20
Balok consul
30x60
Kolom atas
2. Kolom pojok
50
30x60
30
50
50
9 f 16
2 f 8
12 f 16
Balok consul
60 of 112
II. Kolom bawah:
1. Kolom utama (depan & belakang)
P
1
= 2xD balok R
2
= 2 x = t
P
2
= D balok consul = t
M balok consul = tm
P
3
= bobot kolom atas = 0.30x0.50x4.00x2.4 = t
P
4
= 2xD balok R
4
= 2 x = t
P
4
= D balok induk = t
M balok induk = tm
Jumlah beban terpusat, P = t
Jumlah momen, M………. = tm
Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris
sebesar P = ton dan sebuah momen M = tonmeter.
Tinggi kolom h = m. s
yt
/s
bd
/ 75
kg/cm
2
, h =
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
)
Jawab:
Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 60 cm
2
Exentrisitet e = M : P = : = m
Ditaksir a = a' = cm ( 3 + + + = )
Tulang besi f 16 mm tersusun dan begel f 8 mm
b' = b - a = 60 - = cm
b'' = b - a - a' = 60 - - = cm
x = h . b' = x = cm
s
yd'
= n s
bd
(x-a')/x
s
yd'
= 15 x 75 x ( - ) / =
kg/cm
2
Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.b - a) = e + 1/2.b -a
= x ( + - )
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Mdr = P x f ---> f = e - (1/2.b - a') = e -1/2.b + a'
= x ( - + )
6.9 0.8 1.60
6.9
1.50 6.90
####
53.1
6.9 6.9 46.2
0.484 53.1
#### ####
4.00 1200
#### 0.30 #REF!
25.69
25.69 6.9 25.69
0.07
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #### 0.30 0.07
0.484
####
1.44
#REF! #REF! ####
823
####
####
#### ####
####
####
####
####
B
c
K
B
i
61 of 112
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Fy' = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b-a-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b'-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.b'')
= ( - 1/2 x 75 x 40 x x ( - 1/3x
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = cm
2
Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.b'')
= ( + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x x ( 1/3 x -
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = cm
2
Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = / 40 = 10 < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk
Gambar penulangan
f 8-20
Balok induk
40x80
Kolom utama
2. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri)
P
1
= 2xD balok R
1
= 2 x = t
P
2
= D balok consul = t
M balok consul = tm
P
3
= bobot kolom atas = 0.30x0.50x4.00x2.4 = t
P
4
= D balok anak = t
P
5
= 2xD balok R
3
= 2 x = t
M balok anak = tm
#### ####
40
1200 46.2
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
#### 22.12
#REF! 25.69 53.1 25.69
####
#REF! 25.69 25.69 6.9
823 46.2
####
####
60
400
22.12
1.44
####
####
#### ####
22 f 16
B
c
B
i
62 of 112
Jumlah beban terpusat, P = t
Jumlah momen, M………. = tm
Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris
sebesar P = ton dan sebuah momen M = tonmeter.
Tinggi kolom h = m. s
yt
/s
bd
/ 75
kg/cm
2
, h =
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
)
Jawab:
Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 50 cm
2
Exentrisitet e = M : P = : = m
Ditaksir a = a' = cm ( 3 + + = )
Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm
b' = b - a = 40 - = cm
b'' = b - a - a' = 40 - - = cm
x = h . b' = x = cm
s
yd'
= n s
bd
(x-a')/x
s
yd'
= 15 x 75 x ( - ) / =
kg/cm
2
Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.b - a) = e + 1/2.b -a
= x ( + - )
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Mdr = P x f ---> f = e - (1/2.b - a') = e -1/2.b + a'
= x ( - + )
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Fy' = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b-a-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b'-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.b'')
= ( - 1/2 x 75 x 40 x x ( - 1/3x
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 5 f 16 = cm
2
Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.b'')
= ( + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x x ( 1/3 x -
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = cm
2
Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = / 40 = 10 > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk
Gambar penulangan
f 8-20
4.00 1200
35.4 17.13
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
#REF! #### 0.25 0.05
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
#REF! 17.13
#REF! #### 0.25
1200 30.8
#### 14.07
#REF! 17.13 17.13 4.6
823 30.8
#### 10.05
0.05
4.6 4.6
4.6 17.13
30.8
0.484
####
#REF! #REF! ####
400
####
17.13
17.13
0.484 35.4
4.6
4.6 35.4
4.6 0.8 0.8
823
#### ####
K
B
i
63 of 112
Balok anak
20x25
Kolom samping
3. Kolom Gerbang
Jumlah beban terpusat, P = t
Jumlah momen, M………. = tm
Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris
sebesar P = ton dan sebuah momen M = tonmeter.
Tinggi kolom h = m. s
yt
/s
bd
/ 75
kg/cm
2
, h =
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
)
Jawab:
Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 40 cm
2
Exentrisitet e = M : P = : = m
Ditaksir a = a' = cm ( 3 + + = )
Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm
b' = b - a = 40 - = cm
b'' = b - a - a' = 40 - - = cm
x = h . b' = x = cm
s
yd'
= n s
bd
(x-a')/x
s
yd'
= 15 x 75 x ( - ) / =
kg/cm
2
Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.b - a) = e + 1/2.b -a
= x ( + - )
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Mdr = P x f ---> f = e - (1/2.b - a') = e -1/2.b + a'
= x ( - + )
= x ( )
= kgm = kgcm
Fy' = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b-a-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr - 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(b'-1/3.x))/(s
yd'
.b'')
= ( - 1/2 x 75 x 40 x x ( - 1/3x
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 0 f 16 = cm
2
Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.s
bd
.d.x.(1/3.x-a'))/(s
yt
.b'')
= ( + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x x ( 1/3 x -
)) / ( x )
= cm
2
Dipakai tulang 3 f 16 = cm
2
40
50
0.484
#REF! #REF! ####
####
####
4.6 0.8 0.8 4.6
4.00 1200
#### ####
823
30.8
0.484 35.4 17.13
4.6 35.4
4.6 4.6
#REF! #### 0.20 0.05
17.13 4.6 17.13
#REF! #### 0.20 0.05
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
17.13
#REF! ####
#REF! #REF!
6.03
#REF! 17.13 17.13 4.6
823 30.8
#### 0.00
1200 30.8
####
#REF! 17.13 35.4
12 f 16
64 of 112
Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = / 40 = 10 > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk
Gambar penulangan
f 8-20
Balok anak edit
20x25
Kolom samping
400
40
40
12 f 16
65 of 112
kg
cm
cm
25
2
)
)
2
) / 25
)
(s
bd ijin
)
OK memenuhi
)
(-1/4.s
bd
)
OK memenuhi
cm
OK memenuhi
21.4
12,500
66 of 112
(Fy yang ada)
OK memenuhi
67 of 112
68 of 112
69 of 112
70 of 112
71 of 112
70.7
72 of 112
73 of 112
74 of 112
75 of 112
76 of 112
edit
77 of 112
Perhitungan Plat Beton Bertulang
1. Plat atap
d = 10 cm p = kg/m
2
l =
b = m lebar pias
Bentangan, l…………….. = m
Lebar plat diambil pias, b = m
Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 10 cm
Bobot sendiri, g = x x = kg/m'
Beban berguna, p………………………………. = kg/m'
q lantai = kg/m'
s
yt
/s
bd
= / 75
kg/cm
2
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x 75 )/( + 15 x 75 ) =
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( 75 x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
g = (s
bd
.h)/(2.s
yt
).b = ( 75 x )/( 2 x ) x =
Ikhtisar momen
-16 -16
+11
Momen lapangan = 1/11 x q x l
2
= 1/11 x x
2
= kgm
d' = a . SQRT(M) = x SQRT ( ) = cm
a = 2 + (f 10 ) = cm, dipakai tulang f = 10 mm
d = d' + a = + = cm < 10 cm, maka tebal plat memenuhi
Fy = gxd' = x = cm
2
------> dipakai tulang f 10 - = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x = cm
2
----> dipakai besi f 8 - 20 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Momen tumpuan = 1/16 x q x l
2
= 1/16 x x
2
= kgm
d' = a . SQRT(M) = x SQRT ( ) = cm
a = 2 + (f 10 ) = cm, dipakai tulang f = 10 mm
d = d' + a = + = cm < 10 cm, maka taksiran memenuhi
Fy = g . d' = x = cm
2
------> dipakai tulang f 10 - 10 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
1.50
1.00
250
490
490 1.50
3.88
0.1 1.00 2400 240
0.256 100.2 2.6
1.57
490 1.50
7.85 1.57
250
1.50
1200
1200 0.484
0.484 0.484 0.066
100.2
0.256
0.484 1200 100 1.512
1.512 2.6 3.88
10
0.5 2.50
2.6 2.50 5.1
7.85
0.5 2.5
2.1 2.5 4.6
1.512 2.1 3.22
7.85
2.51
1.00
68.9
0.256 68.9 2.1
3.22
R
2
B
dp
Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x = cm
2
----> dipakai besi f 8 - 20 = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Gambar penulangan:
f 10-20
f 10-10 f 10-10
f 8-20 f 8-20
f 10-10 f 10-20
2. Plat lantai atas
d = 12 cm p = kg/m
2
l = m
Plat ditumpu pada ke-empat sisinya
l/b = /
=
b = maka: Mb+ = 33
Ml+ = 33
Mib- = 41
Mil- = 41
l =
M = c x 0.001 qb
2
= 41 x x q x
2
Lebar plat diambil pias, b = m
Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 12 cm
Bobot sendiri, g = x x = kg/m'
Beban berguna, p………………………………. = kg/m'
q lantai = kg/m'
s
yt
/s
bd
= / 75
kg/cm
2
h = (n.s
b
)/(s
y
+n.s
b
) = ( 15 x 75 )/( + 15 x 75 ) =
0.001
688
1.57
3.00
288
400
0.12
10
3.00
1.00
400
3.00
3.00
3.00
1.00 2400
1200
1200 0.484
0.38
0.30
1.50
2.51
1.00
3.00
7.85 1.57
a
2
= 6/(s
bd
.h.(3-h)) = 6/( 75 x x ( 3 - )) =
---> a =
g = (s
bd
.h)/(2.s
yt
).b = ( 75 x )/( 2 x ) x =
Momen maksimum:
M = c x 0.001 qb
2
= 41 x x x
2
= kgm
d' = a . SQRT(M) = x SQRT ( ) = cm
a = 2 + (f 12 ) = cm, dipakai tulang f = 12 mm
d = d' + a = + = cm < 12 cm, maka tebal plat memenuhi
Fy = g . d' = x = cm
2
------> dipakai tulang f 12 - = cm
2
harus > cm
2
Gambar penulangan:
f 12 - 15 f 12 - 30
f 12 - 15
f 12 - 15 f
f 12 - 15 f 12
f 12 -
3.00
0.066
0.256
0.256
0.484 1200 100 1.512
0.484 0.484
3.00
12
1.512 4.1 6.18
15
0.6 2.6
4.1 2.6 6.7
0.6
7.54 6.18
0.75
253.9
253.9 4.1
0.001 688
12 - 15
- 30
30
I. Balok Sloof.
1. Sloof sisi kanan & kiri
pelaksanaan 50 pelaksanaan 50
## f ## 2 f ##
2 f 8 2 f 8
f 8-20 f 8-20
2 f ## ## f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
Kolom 40x50
2 f ##
## f ##
Bentangan ## f ##
Tumpuan Tumpuan
2 f ## ## f ##
2 f 8 f 8 - 20
Pelaksanaan pemakain besi: -atas 4 f ## menerus
-bawah 3 f ## menerus
3.00
#### ####
#### ####
2. Sloof sisi depan & belakang
2 f 12
f 8-20
2 f 12
Kolom 40x60
f 8 - 20
2 f 12 Sloof 15x25
Plesteran
lantai kerja
Penghubung kolom dengan Strauzt
Staruzt f 35 cm
Kedalaman -11,00 m
15
25
3.00
II. Kolom bawah
1. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri)
Sloof 40x55
Pelaksanaan 50x55
f 8-20
Balok anak
20x25
Sloof 40x55
Pelaksanaan 50x55
40
50
12 f 16
7 f 16 2 f 8
5 f 16
Tembok
f 8 - 20
Kolom 40x50
Posisi lantai
Lantai keramik
Pasir urug
Muka tanah yang ada
Sloof 40x55
Pelaksanaan 50x55
55
Pondasi
psgan batu belah
2. Kolom utama (depan & belakang)
f 8-20
Balok induk
40x80
40
60
22 f 16
Hubungan kolom utama dengan pondasi Strauzt
karena sumbu kolom tidak dapat berimpit dengan sumbu pondasi Strauzt
Sumbu kolom
60
Kolom 40x60
6 f 16
6 f 16
5 f 16
5 f 16
2 f 8
f 8 - 20
Posisi lantai di atas sloof
Lantai keramik
Pasir urug
Sloof praktis
15x25
tulang 4 f 12
Muka tanah yang ada
Penghubung kolom
dg pondasi Strauzt
tebal 55 cm
Tulangan pondasi Strauzt
6 f 12
Spiral (begel pondasi Strauzt)
f 6 - 15
Pondasi Strauzt f 35 cm
Kedalaman -11,00 m
Sumbu pondasi Strauzt
100
100
10
40 f 35
85
10
III. Balok lantai atas
1. Balok anak (B
a
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
2. Balok induk (B
i
)
2 f ## ## f ##
2 f 8 2 f 8
f 8-20 f 8-20
10 f ##
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
Tulangan miring
Kolom atas 5 f 16
3 f 16 3 f 16
2 f 16 2 f 16
#### ####
#### ####
#### ####
#### ####
Balok induk
5 f 16
Kolom bawah
3. Balok ring
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
7. Balok depan (B
dp
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
####
#### ####
#### ####
#### ####
####
IV. Pelat lantai atas
f 12-12.5 f 12-25
f 12-12.5
f 12-20 f 12-20
f 12-12.5 f 12-25
f 12-25
V. Kolom atas
1. Kolom tengah
f 8-20
Balok consul
30x60
3.00
12
0.75
0.6
40
60
9 f 16
2 f 8
2. Kolom pojok
50
30x60
50
12 f 16
Balok consul
VI. Balok atap
1. Balok Void (B
v
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
2. Balok ring
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
####
####
####
####
####
#### ####
####
3. Balok depan (B
dp
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
4. Balok consul (B
c
)
4 f ##
## f ##
2 f 8
f 8-20
2 f ##
VII. Pelat atap
f 12-20
f 12-10 f 12-10
f 8-20 f 8-20
10
####
####
#### ####
0.38
####
####
f 12-10 f 12-20
0.30
1.50
I. Kolom bawah
1. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri)
Sloof 40x55
Pelaksanaan 50x55
f 8-20
Balok anak
20x25
Sloof 40x55
Pelaksanaan 50x55
2. Kolom utama (depan & belakang)
f 8-20
Balok induk
40x80
40
50
40
60
12 f 16
22 f 16
II. Balok lantai atas
1. Balok anak (B
a
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
2. Balok induk (B
i
)
2 f ## ## f ##
2 f 8 2 f 8
f 8-20 f 8-20
10 f ##
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
#### ####
#### ####
#### ####
#### ####
Tulangan miring balok induk
Kolom atas 5 f 16
3 f 16 3 f 16
2 f 16 2 f 16
Balok induk
5 f 16
Kolom bawah
3. Balok ring
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
#### ####
#### ####
7. Balok depan (B
dp
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
III. Pelat lantai atas
f 12-12.5 f 12-25
f 12-12.5
f 12-20 f 12-20
f 12-12.5 f 12-25
f 12-25
12
#### ####
#### ####
0.75
0.6
3.00
IV. Kolom atas
Ukuran kolom dibuat sama dengan kolom bawah tetapi tulangan tidak sama.
1. Kolom tengah bagian depan dan belakang
f 8-20
Balok consul
30x60
2. Kolom tengah bagian samping kiri dan kanan
f 8-20
Balok consul
30x60
40
60
40
50
9 f 16
2 f 8
9 f 16
2 f 8
3. Kolom pojok
50
30x60
50
12 f 16
Balok consul
V. Balok atap
1. Balok Void (B
v
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
2. Balok ring
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
####
####
####
####
####
####
####
####
3. Balok depan (B
dp
)
2 f ## ## f ##
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
4. Balok consul (B
c
)
4 f ##
## f ##
2 f 8
f 8-20
2 f ##
####
####
####
####
####
####
VI. Pelat atap?
f 12-20
f 12-10 f 12-10
f 8-20 f 8-20
f 12-10 f 12-20
10
0.30
1.50
0.38
Penampang melintang
2 f ## ## f ##
2 f 8 2 f 8
f 8-20 f 8-20
10 f ##
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
Penampang memanjang
Kolom belakang Kolom depan
## f ## f 8-20 ## f ##
2 f ##
## f ## 10 f ## 2 f 8
## f ##
####
####
####
2.00
####
2.00
9.50
0.60
Kebutuhan besi tulangan induk
1 Besi f ##
1 ## x ( + ) ……………………….. = m 2 Besi f 8 untuk begel
2 10 x ( + ) ……………………….. = m (( - 2 x )+( - 2 x )+ ) x 2 = m
3 2 x ( + ) ……………………….. = m Jumlah begel = ( - ) / + 1 = buah
4 ( ## - 2 ) x ( + + ) = m 1 Begel = x ……………………………….. = m
5 ( ## - 2 ) x ( + + ) = m 2 Tulang pengaku (tengah) = 2 x ( + ) = m
6 5 x ( + + ) ……………. = m Sub Jumlah = m
7 5 x ( + + ) ……………. = m 10% keamanan = m
Sub Jumlah = m Jumlah = m
10% keamanan = m = ## batang
Jumlah = m
= ## batang
Kolom utama (depan & belakang)
f 8-20
Balok induk
40x80
0.05 0.025 #### 0.025 9.50 0.60
9.50 0.60 ####
####
####
####
#### 45.5 ####
9.50 0.60 20.2
####
####
#### ####
9.50 0.60 0.20 45.5
101.0
2.00
0.60
0.60
1.00
1.00
9.50 0.60 20.2
1.00 0.60 1.00 13.0
1.00 0.60 1.00 13.0
####
####
####
2.00
40
60
22 f 16
Lantai Atas
Pelat f 12 - 15 f 12 - 30
f 12 - 15
f 12 - 15 f 12 - 15
f 12 - 15 f 12 - 30
f 12 - 30
Balok induk
2 f ## ## f ##
2 f 8 2 f 8
f 8-20 f 8-20
10 f ##
## f ## 2 f ##
Bentangan Tumpuan
0.75
#### ####
12
0.6
3.00
#### ####
Balok Anak = Balok Void Balok Ring
3 f ## 2 f 16
f 8-20 f 8-20
## f ##
3 f 16
####
40
#### 30
Volume poer:
Luas tapak = x = m2
Satu sisi trapesium sisi bawah = m
sisi atas = m
sisi rata-2 = m
tinggi = m
luas penamp = m2
Luas penamp dua sisi trapesium = m2
Volume = x = m3
Kolom 60/100
Sloof 60/100
Poer luas telapak 3.00 x 2.25 m2
Tiang pancang 25x25 cm2
4 x 3 = 12 buah
0.75
1.20
0.90
1.80
3.00 2.25 6.75
1.00
0.50
0.50
2.25 1.80 4.05
3.00
1.00
0.60 1.20 1.20
1.00

Denah

2 Tie beam (sloof pengikat)

Kolom

Tembok tinggi 5.00 m

Kolom

Sloof pengikat

Poer

Tiang pancang

Tiang pancang

l Berat tembok = 4.00 x

=

4.00 0.15 x 1800 = Beban merata, q = Reaksi perletakan, R = 5,400 kg 1,350 kg/m' 2,700 kg

5.00 x

Tanah diperhitungkan tidak menerima beban Ichtisar momen pada tumouan jepit-jepit - 16 + 11 = 1/11 x q x l^2 = 1/11 x 1,350 x - 16

Momen lapangan

4.00 ^2 =

1,964 kgm

Bila diperhitungkan dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi: Momen lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2

You're Reading a Free Preview

Mengunduh
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->