# Pembebanan Konstruksi Beton

1 Poer
100

60

Memanjang

Melintang

325,382 kg

325,382 kg
M1

M2

80

27,115 kg
x
3=
81,345 kg

37.5

75

75

75
62.5

37.5

27,115
108,461

37.5

75

300

75
45

37.5

225

Momen:
1 Arah memanjang

37.5

M1 =
=

81,345 x
50,841 kgm

M2 =
=

108,461
48,807 kgm

75
225
75
37.5

37.5

75

75
300

75

37.5

2 Arah melintang

Denah

2 Tie beam (sloof pengikat)

Kolom

Tembok
tinggi 5.00 m

Sloof pengikat

Tiang pancang

l
Berat tembok

=

4.00 x

=

Kolom

Poer

Tiang pancang

4.00

5.00 x

0.15 x 1800 =
Beban merata, q =
Reaksi perletakan, R =

5,400 kg
1,350 kg/m'
2,700 kg

Tanah diperhitungkan tidak menerima beban
- 16

Momen lapangan

- 16
+ 11
= 1/11 x q x l^2
= 1/11 x
1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

Bila diperhitungkan dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi:
Momen lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2

1,964 kgm

= 1/8 x

Untuk bentang 7.00
Momen lapangan =
=
Reaksi perletakan, R

1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

m
1/11 x q x l^2
1/11 x
1,350 x
= 1/2 x q x l
= 1/2 x
1,350 x

7.00 ^2 =
7.00 =

2,700 kgm

6,014 kgm
4,725 kg

0.60

M

M

h

0.60

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg
0.45

0.375
0.075

0.75

2.00

0.75
0.83

M =
=

2.75
M =

69,132 x

0.075

+

69,132 x

0.83 =

62,218 kgm

92,175 x 0.45
41,479 kg

00 0.0.75 2.50 4.75 .

115 108.382 325.75 75 60 30 250 400 75 75 45 75 250 400 340 75 325.461 108.461 E D A B 108.461 4x 27.461 108.461 RB = 108.461 108.382 45 108.461 .461 RA = C 108.461 108.461 108.

45 = 48.16 = 1/11 x q x l^2 = 1/11 x 63.807 kgm 108.000 kg/m' Ichtisar momen 0.461 x 1.50 kg/cm2 tidak jadi .40 ^2 108.800 = 67.461 x 0.70 D = 108.800 kg/m' = 3.807 kgm cocok Dicoba bila dianggap beban merata RA = RB = 108.461 kg Tie beam (balok pengikat) dihitung berdasarkan reaksi tegangan tanah sit = 2.MC = ME = R = 108.461 x 1.461 kg C E 108.50 ^2 0.16 M lapangan R = .50 + 11 - M lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2 sit 16 = 1/11 x 2.461 D A B q = l 63.50 40 60 q = = = 40 x 100 x 40 x 100 x 2.40 m Ichtisar momen + 11 .000 x 16 2.461 kg 108.048 kgm D = x 3.25 = 48.

50 = 2.115 . 17.50 x 2.500 kg 75 diambil pias sederetan t panc.563 kgm R = D = 0.50 ^2 = 1.000 x 2.136 kgm Bila dihitung dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi M lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2 = 1/8 x 2.5 75 37.= 1.5 20 M 27.000 x 2.5 x q x l = 0.

115 = 54.115 + 0.5 7.230 kg 29.5 Sloof 60x100 75 37.115 x 0.115 x 27.27.5 82.345 kg x .115 M = R = 27.93 = 27.18 + 27.5 30 M 100 50 3x 27.5 37.827 kgm Tidak diambil pias 225 37.115 81.

345 x 0.345 + 0.691 kg 81.345 x 0.38 = R = D = 81.60 23.345 x 0.044 kg 0.044 x 1= 23.044 kg 23.044 kg 23.044 kg 23.044 x 1= 23.044 x 1= 23.345 x 0.83 = Mx = 81.75 75 3x 27.345 kg 30.115 81.83 = 81.08 + 81.08 + R = D = 162.345 = ###### kg 73.345 M = R = 81.211 kgm 81.345 kg 300 M = 81.505 kgm 73.211 kgm M M h 0.75 .345 x 81.044 x 1= 23.

088 kg 0 kgm 46.75 M = 23.044 x 2= 46.075 0.0.088 kg PC A C 0.50 4.75 0.044 x 0.375 0.075 + 23.283 kg 2.75 RA RB R A = RB = ( MA = 23.75 PE D 2.044 x 2= 46.00 E B 0.088 + 46.00 0.75 2.83 M = = 23.044 x 0.044 x 0.739 kgm Beban tiang pancang dipikul oleh poer dan balok 0.50 4.83 = 20.75 17.088 kg 0.00 Beban ke balok 23.75 .088 )/ 2= 46.75 2.

044 x 3= 69.45 20.044 x 3= 69.45 0.375 0.132 kg 23.566 kgm PC x 1.60 memanjang melintang M M h 0.739 kg 2.00 = 34.83 = 62.044 x 3= 69.075 0.132 kg 23.566 kgm 46.088 x 1.132 kg 0.75 2.00 0.132 kg 23.75 = 2.088 x 2.218 kgm Ukuran poer 60 60 .60 23.75 = 34.132 x 0.088 x 0.132 x 0.044 x 3= 69.075 + 69.25 = 46.088 x 0.MC = RA x MD = RA x 0.75 M = 69.83 M = = 46.00 - 46.25 Bidang M Beban ke poer 0.75 0.

memanjang melintang 80 60 .

80 27.461 kg 0.53 14.371 .45 0.115 kg x 4= 108.63 kgm x kgm 0.

.

175 kg .x 23.044 4= 92.

.

.

.

.

.

044 1= 23.044 kg .x 23.

.

088 kg .044 2= 46.x 23.

.

a = 80. syt = syt/sbd = cm Tampak samping kanan Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.2 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.2 cm 13 ) = 3.399 )) = 0.241 x SQRT ( 50.345 )/( 225 x 80 2 ) = 6.15 = 76.841 / 76.841 / 2. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.15 = 39.78 kg/cm < 2 8.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.33 x 0.058 ---> a = 0.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .31 kg/cm 225 300 100 25 of 112 .5 x Dmax)/(b.h. sbd = Besi beton U b = 80 0.0 .7 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 26 D 13 = 34.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.241 0.399 )) = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.3.7 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 50.345 kg 0.841 kgm h = (n.48  0.5 + 0.0.63 Tampak memanjang tegangan tarik beton ijin.sb)/(sy+n.0. sbt = 225 cm 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.65 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 36. 81.0510 x 50.15 cm 13 mm 3.Perhitungan Poer Beton Bertulang Arah memanjang M1 = 50.(3-h)) = h' = a .399 x ( 3 .h) = ( 1.399 6/( 100 x 0.25 ) = 36.3 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.345 kg rmax = (1.5 cm harus > 33.48sbk = 39 .841 kgm h = 81.9 = 33.33 x sbk = 0.

807 / 3.9 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 25 D 13 = 33.461 kg rmax = (1.1 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.6 = 32.5 + 1.a = 80.0510 x 48.0.058 ---> a = 0.241 x SQRT ( 48.7 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.5 75 37.5 x Dmax)/(b. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin. tegangan tarik baja ijin.31 kg/cm 26 of 112 .45 cm 13 mm 4.9 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 108. sbt = Besi beton U 0.33 x sbk = 0.45 Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.3 (f Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 30.7 cm 13 ) + 0.26 D 13 80 81.2 cm harus > 32.807 kgm h = 108. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.5 Arah melintang M2 = 48.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .399 x ( 3 .45 = 35.65 (D 13 ) = 4.399 )) = 0.33 x 0.(3-h)) = h' = a .6 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.461 kg b = 80 cm 300 cm 0.241 0.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.00 ) = 30. syt = 0.461 )/( 300 x 300 80 2 ) = 6.0 .807 / 75. 108.807 kgm h = (n.h) = ( 1.48  0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 48.399 6/( 100 x 0.48sbk = 39 .0.4.45 = 75.78 kg/cm < 2 8.345 kg 62.sb)/(sy+n.h.399 )) = 0. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.

461 kg 45 75 37.5 x 325.80 = 51.5 Tegangan geser pons ijin.3 OK ## ## ## ## ## # # # # # Sloof pengikat sebagai tumpuan momen arah memanjang 225 300 100 27 of 112 .(60+80)+2.225 60 25 D 13 80 ## cm jarak tulang ## cm jarak tulang 26 D 13 108.5 x P 1.382 = (2.200 9.(100+80)).5 < 11. tbp = 0.65sbk r= 1.

5 Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.sb)/(sy+n.3 = 96.3.26 D 13 80 - 62.5 x Dmax)/(b.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.5 x 162.5 Tampak konsul 100 cm 225 cm 7. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.4 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.h.7 = 38.5 75 kg 37.241 0.3 cm 16 mm 3.399 x ( 3 . syt = 0.8 kg/cm > 2 8.211 / 2.33 x 0.5 37.691 )/( 225 x 2 100 ) = 10. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.33 x sbk = 0.399 6/( 100 x 0.691 kg rmax = (1.058 ---> a = 0.0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.48  0.6 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 20 D 16 = 40.3 kg/cm 28 of 112 .0510 x 73.h) = ( Maka perlu tulangan miring 1.399 )) = 0.0.48sbk = 39 .31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 73. sbt = Besi beton U 0.241 x SQRT ( 73.211 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 75 82.399 )) = 0.3 = 46.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .211 / 96.211 kgm 2 h = (n.6 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 162.2 cm harus > 38.4 cm 16 ) = 3.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 43.25 ) = 43. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.7 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.5 Poer bentuk konsul: M= 73.5 + 0.a = 100.0 .7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.(3-h)) = h' = a .

399 6/( 100 x 0.505 kgm 100 h = 81 cm 50 x b = 7.5 ( Gaya tarik miring T = 0.3 cm > 81 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.3 = 31.058 ---> a = 0.48sbk = 39 .354 29.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 81 cm Momen lapangan M = 30.505 kgm h = (n. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.7 = 20 cm 2 Dipakai besi 10 D 16 = 20.33 x 0.0 .1 cm = 0.345 )/( cm2 225 x 81 2 ) = 6.394 / harus > 10.399 )) = 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .b.3 ) x 225 x 2 13 cm .742 kgm 100 h = 50 27.7 kg/cm < 2 8.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.8 = 8.0. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.48  0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = l. sbt = Besi beton U 0.3.399 x ( 3 .5 x Dmax)/(b.241 0.h) = ( 1. 19.394 kg cm2.5 225 cm 75 37.354 (rmax + r).5 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.3 = 77.1 cm harus > 20 Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.(3-h)) = h' = a .8 - 2262 = 13 8. = 29.a = 81.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 28 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.241 x SQRT ( 30.Bentuk konsul: Tempat r = 8.505 / 77.sb)/(sy+n.3 kg/cm Check arah diagonal M= 28.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.3 cm.0510 x 30.345 kg rmax = (1.115 b = 53 cm 100 cm 29 of 112 .505 / 2.33 x sbk = 0.0.8 + Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Dibengkok 7 f 16 = Fyo 2 14. Ditinjau pada penampang x-x x M= 30.5 + 0.3 19.y = ( 10.25 ) = 28 cm 16 ) = 3.3 ) / 10. 81.3 cm 16 mm 3. syt = 0.h. tegangan tarik baja ijin.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.399 )) = 0.(rmax-r)/rmax = 82.

h.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.33 x 0.0.1 cm harus > 16.0.06 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.0 .742 / 89.48  0.0510 x 28.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 28.sb)/(sy+n.399 6/( 100 x 0.10.742 kgm 2 h = (n.1. tegangan tarik baja ijin.8 = 89.4 x  2 11.4 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 8 D 16 = 16. syt = 0.6 cm2 tulang arah y 16.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 56 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.115 )/( 53 x 2 100 ) = 7.399 )) = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.115 kg rmax = (1.48sbk = 39 .742 / 0.3 kg/cm 6 D 16 tulang arah x 1/2 x 16. 27.241 x SQRT ( 28.058 ---> a = 0.4 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.6 ----------------> 6 D 16 = 12.399 )) = 0.67 kg/cm < 2 8. sbt = Besi beton U 0.2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.a = 100.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.33 x sbk = 0.53 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Tampak penampang 30 of 112 .1 cm2 harus > 11.399 x ( 3 . sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin. SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0.53 ) = 56 cm 16 ) = 10.2 = 16.241 0.4 Check potongan di tengah M= 14.8 = 66.5 x Dmax)/(b. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.(3-h)) = h' = a .h) = ( 1.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .8 cm 16 mm 10.8 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.731 kgm 75 ada h = 50 b = 53 95 cm design cm 0.

9 cm > 95 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.53 ) = 40.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.h.25 m tinggi t = 1.399 )) = 0.3 kg/cm untuk h = 95 cm ----> hampir sama dengan awalnya sehingga h tetap dipakai 100 cm panjang p = 3.92 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.00 m lebar l = 2. syt = 0.0 .h) = ( 1.08 kg/cm < 8.48  0.33 x 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.1 cm 16 ) = 10.731 kgm h = (n.92 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.399 6/( 100 x 0.241 x SQRT ( 14.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .33 x sbk = 0.48sbk = 39 .083 kgm 100 50 h = 100 cm 31 of 112 .1 cm harus > 8.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd. SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0.0510 x 14.(3-h)) = h' = a .115 kg rmax = (1. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.8 = 50.8 cm 16 mm 10.10.00 m 60 100 100 300 225 Check arah konsul M= 17.8 = 84.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 95 cm Momen lapangan M = 14. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin. sbt = Besi beton U 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.0.241 0.058 ---> a = 0.2 = 8.115 )/( 53 x 95 ) = 8.a = 95.Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.399 )) = 0.0. Jadi bentuk poer adalah balok ukuran 2 2 27.1 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.sb)/(sy+n.731 / 0.399 x ( 3 .731 / 84.5 x Dmax)/(b. tegangan tarik baja ijin.

syt = Tampak penampang 0.33 x sbk = 0. sbt = Besi beton U 39 .399 x ( 3 .h) = ( 1.058 ---> a = 0.sb)/(sy+n.(3-h)) = h' = a .5 + 0.058 ---> a = 0. sbt = Besi beton U 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.241 0. 27.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.6 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.3 cm 16 mm 3.50 ) = 37.3 kg/cm Check arah tegak lurus konsul M= 12.3 cm 16 mm 0.399 x ( 3 .b = 60 cm 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.33 x 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.399 6/( 100 x 0.083 / 0.h.6 cm 16 ) = 3.48  0.115 kg rmax = (1.1 cm harus > 9.48  0.48sbk = 39 . tegangan tarik baja ijin.202 kgm h = (n.0.01 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.0.3 = 96.33 x sbk = 0.399 )) = 0.48sbk = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.sb)/(sy+n.0510 x 17.63 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.083 kgm h = (n.399 )) = 0.78 kg/cm x < 2 8.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 12.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.01 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.60 ) = 40.7 = 9.083 / 96.9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.115 )/( 60 2 100 ) = 6.3 = 43.6 cm 16 ) = 3.399 )) = 0.241 x SQRT ( 12. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.241 32 of 112 .5 + 0.h.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 17.(3-h)) = h' = a .202 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 50 100 cm cm 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.45 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.0 .33 x 0.399 6/( 100 x 0.202 / 0. syt = 0.241 x SQRT ( 17.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .a = 100.3.5 x Dmax)/(b.0.

10.13 kg/cm 2 8.5 = D 22 .0 .7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.43 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.202 / 96.0510 x 12.2 cm2 = D 16 5.0 cm harus > 6.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .3 = 96.7 = 6.115 kg rmax = (1.9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.3 = 40.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.6 + 3.a = 100.00 D 22-10 D 22-10 Gambar perspektip penulangan poer 33 of 112 .25 1.3 cm2 10.00 2.115 )/( 50 x 2 100 ) = 8.0.43 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 4 D 16 = 8. 27.h = h' + a = 37.0 Arah sumbu y (arah konsul pendek) Untuk beban diagonal kiri butuh tulangan Untuk beban arah tegak lurus konsul 2x Untuk beban diagonal kanan butuh tulangan Arah konsul pendek butuh tulangan D D D D 16 16 16 idem kiri 16 buat 25 D 16 = 6 8 6 20 Jadi tulangan poer dipakai menyilang tegak lurus masing-2 besi ukuran D 22 - 50.399 )) = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.3.3 kg/cm < Kombinasi Arah sumbu x (arah konsul panjang) Untuk beban diagonal bawah tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Untuk beban arah konsul butuh tulangan 5 Untuk beban diagonal atas tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Sehingga jumlah tulangan arah konsul panjang butuh 17 D D D D 16 16 16 idem atas 16 buat 17 D 16 = 34.0 3. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.h) = ( 1.

34 of 112 .

35 of 112 .

cm jarak tulang arah lebar poer 225 cm cm jarak tulang arah panjang poer 300 cm 36 of 112 .

37 of 112 .

38 of 112 .

16.4 39 of 112 .

40 of 112 .

41 of 112 .

01 cm2 3.1200 > arah x ----> memenuhi 42 of 112 .25 20 0.2.00 25 0.1125 = = 36.56 cm2 38.

h.95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 19.38 kg/cm < 2 8.0.241 h' = a .8 (f 8 ) + 0.700 kg rmax = (1.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.964 / 36.4 cm < 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 1.Balok pengikat (tie beam) antar kolom Akibat beban tembok 1 Untuk balok bentang Jepit M = 4.399 a = 6/(sbd.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.30 ) = 19.0 .78 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4.31 kg/cm . sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.5 + 0.0 cm harus > 2.964 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.5 + 3.700 )/( 3 D 13 f8 - 20 40 3 D 13 30 Bila diperhitungkan pada tumpuan sendi-sendi: 30 x 40 2 ) = 3.0510 x 1.00 m 1.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h . Gambar penulangan: 2.58 x 0.3.964 kgm h = (n.33 x 0.sb)/(sy+n.65 (D 13 ) = 3.33 x 0.5 cm a = 2.95 = 23.78 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.0.1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.058 ---> a = 0.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.a = 40. sbt = Besi beton U 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.241 x SQRT ( 1.399 x ( 3 .95 = 36.399 )) = 0.964 / 0.h) = ( 1.1 = 2. SQRT (M/b) = 0.399 )) = 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.48sbk = 39 .

31 kg/cm 3 D 13 f8 40 3 D 13 30 2 Untuk bentang7.1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.48sbk = 39 .82 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4.700 kg rmax = (1.700 / 36.0510 x 2.700 / 0.00 m Jepit M = 6.3.8 cm a = 2.8 (f 8 ) + 0. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.058 ---> a = 0. sbt = Besi beton U 0.95 = 26. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0.700 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.5 x Dmax)/(b.8 + 3.0.58 x 0.700 )/( 30 ------> besi 3D13 masih cukup x 40 2 ) = 3.5 + 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.sb)/(sy+n.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring. Gambar penulangan: 2. SQRT (M/b) = 0.38 kg/cm < 2 8.0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.241 x SQRT ( 2.95 = 36.33 x 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .700 kgm h = (n.399 x ( 3 .1 = 3.0 .399 )) = 0.30 ) = 22.a = 40.399 )) = 0.0 cm harus > 3.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.8 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.82 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.h) = ( 1.399 a = 6/(sbd.65 (D 13 ) = 3.h.33 x 0.95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 22.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 2.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.241 h' = a .M = 2.014 kgm h = 40 cm h' .

725 )/( 5 D 16 f8 - 20 40 5 D 16 30 30 x 40 2 ) = 5.sb)/(sy+n.0510 x 6.399 x ( 3 .1 = 35.058 ---> a = 0.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0. syt = 0.0.1 = 33.5 + 0. SQRT (M/b) = 0.1 cm harus > 8.33 x 0.b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.014 / 35. tegangan tarik baja ijin.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.33 x sbk = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 6. sbt = Besi beton U 0.014 / 0.399 )) = 0.8 (f 8 ) + 0.4.399 a = 6/(sbd. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.241 x SQRT ( 6.54 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.399 )) = 0.6 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.8 (D 16 ) = 4. Gambar penulangan: 4.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .40 ) = 29. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.h) = ( 1.0 .014 kgm 2 h = (n.a = 40.725 kg rmax = (1.31 kg/cm .(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.5 cm a = 2.241 h' = a .0.1 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 29.91 kg/cm < 2 8.54 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 4.58 x 0.48sbk = 39 .9 = 8.5 + 4.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.h.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.

33 x tegangan tarik beton ijin.60 ) = 68.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.6 + 4.58 x sau = 0.399 a = 6/(sbd.4 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 68.0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.399 )) = 0.0.1 (D 22 ) = 4.399 x ( 3 .399 )) = 0. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.807 kgm h = (n.241 h' = a .807 / 0.33 x 0.058 ---> a = 0. sbd = 0.48sbk = 39 .(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.6 cm a = 2.Balok pengikat (tie beam) memikul momen dari tiang pancang Beban terpusat reaksi tiang pancang Beban aktual M = 48.sb)/(sy+n.5 + 0.807 kgm h = b = 60 cm Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin. sbt = Besi beton U syt/sbd = sbk = 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 48. SQRT (M/b) = 0. syt = 100 cm 0.48  300 = 300 0.h.241 x SQRT ( 48.8 (f 8 ) + 1.4 = 73 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.0510 2262 kg/cm2 .

h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x

100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
48,807 /
95.6 =
26 cm

2
Dipakai besi 7 D 22 = 26.6 cm harus >
26
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
108,461 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

cm2

108,461 )/(

60

2
100 ) = 27.1 kg/cm

x

Maka perlu tulangan miring
Bentuk bentangan:
Tempat r = 8.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = 0.5 x l x (rmax-r)/rmax
Gaya tarik miring T = 0.354 (rmax + r).b.y =
Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Fyo =
Dibengkok 11 f 22 =
Gambar penulangan:

2
41.8 cm

0.354
88,703 /

(

=
=

2
8.3 kg/cm

0.5 x
340 x ( 27.1 117.9 cm

27.1 +

2262 =

>

8.3 ) x
2
39.2 cm .

60

x

8.3 ) / 27.1

117.9 =

88,703 kg

2
39.2 cm .

harus >

Tulangan atas
7 D 22

Sengkang
D 10 - 20

100

Tulangan bawah
4 D 22
60

Beban terpusat t panc menjadi beban merata

M =

-------> terlalu besar

67,048 kgm
h =

b = 60 cm
Mutu bahan:
Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin, sbd = 0.33 x
tegangan tarik beton ijin, sbt =
Besi beton U

39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, syt =

syt/sbd =

100 cm

sbk = 0.33 x

0.48sbk =
0.58 x

0.48

300 =
300

sau = 0.58 x

100 kg/cm2

= 8.31 kg/cm2
3900 =

2

2262 / 100 kg/cm
Tinggi balok ditaksir h =
100 cm
Momen lapangan M =
67,048 kgm

h = (n.sb)/(sy+n.sb) = (

15 x

100 )/( 2262 + 15 x

100 ) = 0.399

a = 6/(sbd.h.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.399 x ( 3 - 0.399 )) =
0.058 ---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = 0.241 x SQRT (
67,048 /
0.60 ) = 80.4 cm
2

0.241

2262 kg/cm2

a = 2.5 +
0.8 (f 8 ) + 1.1 (D 22 ) = 4.4 cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = 80.4 +
4.4 = 84.8 cm
> 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.

d = 3/(syt(3-h)) =
3/( 2262 (3- 0.399 )) = 0.0510
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x
67,048 /
95.6 = 35.8 cm
2
2
Dipakai besi 10 D 22 = 38.0 cm harus > 35.8 cm
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
54,230 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

54,230 )/(

Maka perlu tulangan miring

Gambar penulangan:
10 D 22

f8
##
10 D 22

60

60

x

2
100 ) = 13.6 kg/cm

>

2
8.31 kg/cm

Rincian Penulangan
1 Poer besar
a. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer

2.25 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer

D 13-15 (= 21 D 13)
panjang
4.04 m
3.00 m
panjang poer
b. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer

3.00 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer
3.00 m
panjang poer
D 13-15 (= 16 D 13)
panjang
4.79 m

00 m 1.00 m panjang poer d.00 m panjang poer .25 m lebar poer 3.40 m 2. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer 1.00 m 2.00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 7x 9 = 63 buah panjang 1.00 m tinggi poer D 13-15 (= 5 D 13) panjang 10.25 m lebar poer 3.c.

05 m . Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.25 m lebar poer 3.25 m 1.00 m panjang poer D 13-30 2x 7 = 14 buah panjang 3.00 m panjang poer f.00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 2x 9 = 18 buah panjang 2.00 m 1.00 m tinggi poer 2.e.30 m 2.25 m lebar poer 3.30 m 2.

25 m lebar poer 3.00 m tinggi poer 2.25 m lebar poer 3. Besi tulangan pokok arah lebar poer 2.00 m 1.00 m tinggi poer D 22-10 (= 30 D 22) panjang 2.25 m 1.00 m panjang poer .95 m h.00 m panjang poer D 22-10 (= 23 D 22) panjang 2. Besi tulangan pokok arah panjang poer 3.20 m 2.g.

9 66.0 41. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer 3.25 m m m m m m m 21 buah 16 buah 5 buah 63 buah 18 buah 14 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% 23 buah 30 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% .95 m x 2.00 m = = = = = = 4.5 12 m m m m batang 3. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.Rekap: a.6 378.00 m e. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer d. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer 2.40 1.30 3.00 2. Besi tul.6 52.0 63.04 4.0 133.00 m 2. pokok D22 arah panjang poer h.05 x x x x x x = = = = = = = = = 84.8 76.25 m b.4 42. Besi tul.00 m c.25 m f.9 140.7 360.6 32 m m m m m m m m batang g.20 m x = = = = 67.79 10. D22 pokok arah lebar poer = = 2.

500 /( 20 x + x = 12.6xPxe)/(sbdxb ) = 2 ( 4x 9. exsentrisitet kecil sehingga sbt < 1/4 sbd ijin P e Kolom persegi panjang harus menerima gaya P = 12.Perhitungan kolom: Tulang simetris.Pxe/W = 12.8 + 8.sbd) -13.73 ) = 21.52 cm Begel f 8 .Pxe/W = P/(Fb+15xFy) . 2 + ( 30 x 4.14 Kontrol: = 3 + 0.70 cm -----> 4 f 12 = 4.500 x 52.Fy. x = (bxsbd)/(sbd+sbt) -8.4 25 + 15 x 4.Fb)/n = ((P/3/8.73 x 4.4 cm 2 2 W = 1/6xdxb + (30xFy(1/2xb .500 /( 115 x 60 ) 54 of 112 .(bxd))/n a' a = (( = 4 f 12 d 12.6 (f 12 ) = 4.a) )/b a b = 1/6 x 20 x 25 3 = 2439.5 ton = Jarak antara garis kerja P ke pusat kolom (exsentrisitet) = syt ijin/sbd ijin = 1200 / 60 kg/cm 6 cm 2 Tentukan ukuran kolom dan penulangannya.6 x = 19. Ditetapkan b = + 4x e = d = (9. sbt = P/Fi .51 (sbd ijin) 2 < 60 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi II.500 x 2 25 + 15 x 6/ < 2439.2 cm 2 20 x 25 cm Ukuran kolom dibuat 6 = 24 dibulatkan 12.2 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi 52.500 / 3/8x 60 )-( 25 x 20 ))/ 15 2 2 3.52 sbd = P/Fi + Pxe/W = P/(Fb+nxFy) + Pxe/W = sbt 12.52 ( 1/2 x 25 - 4.500 /( 20 x - = III.4 ) = 310 kg < (1/2.73 kg/cm = ( 25 x Tb = 1/2xsbtxd(b-x) = 1/2 x IV.51 cm sbd I. Fy = P/115.sbd) .500 x 25 6 )/( 60 x dibulatkan = 20 cm Fy = (Fi .8 + 0.8 kg/cm 2 6/ 2439.sy) 2714 kg -----> OK memenuhi = 12.sbd ijin 12.51 2 (-1/4.52 20 x( 25 - 8.8 )/( 52.

sbt > 1/4 sbd ijin b' b'' a a' Fy' Fy P M = P.e e c f d= 35 P b = 45 P M a a' 1/2b 1/2b 1/2b-a 1/2b-a' x syd/n sbd syt/n Hukun Hooke: E = tg a = e = s/E s/e a x-a' Ey/Eb = n = 15 b-a b-a-x a' sbd/x = (syd/n)/(x-a') syd/n = sbd .2 1. (x-a')/x syd = n . sbd . (x-a')/x 55 of 112 .52 cm (Fy yang ada) -----> OK memenuhi Gambar penulangan: 8 f 12 20 25 Tulang tidak simetris.81 cm = < 2 4.

200 : 12.60 0.423 ) = 5.000 x ( 0.(b-a) .8 ) / 17.b .sbd.60 m Ditaksir a = a' = 4. syt/sbd 1200 / 60 kg/cm .000 x ( 0.225 + 0.225 0.0 = 4.4.324 kgm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .b -a = 12.b'') 56 of 112 .x = n.777 ) = 9.x))/(syd'.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 35 x 45 cm (d x b) Exentrisitet e = M : P = 7.sbd.048 ) = 12.x.076 kgm Fy' = (Mtr .4 cm x = h .a .n.sbd.sb)/(sy+n.8 .4.8 = 40.sbd sy+n.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr . .sb n.8 cm ( 3+ 0.sbd.d.(sy+n. ((b-a)-x) sy x.2 = 17.(b'-1/3. b' = 0.000 x ( 0.b + a' = 12. h = 0.sbd) = n.23 = 649 kg/cm Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.429 x 40.sbd = h sy + n.a = 45 .a) = e + 1/2.1/2.sbd.000 = 0.1/2.(b-a) x.(1/2.sbd.8 ) b' = b . 2 Tinggi kolom h = 5.x.000 x ( 0.4.a' = 45 .sbd.00 m.d. sbd sy x = ((b-a)-x) x = ((b-a)-x) x= sbd n.(b-a-1/3.23 .048 ) = 12.sy = n.8 + 1.sy + n.a') = e -1/2.x))/(syd'.(b-a) x= Kalau n.2 cm b'' = b .60 + 0.429 h = (n.s a e sbd syt/n n .8 = 35.2 tonmeter.sb (b-a) ---------------> x = h (b-a) Contoh: Sebuah kolom segi panjang harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = 12 ton dan sebuah momen M = 7.4.b .23 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 60 x ( 2 17.x x.

400.23 4.d.45 Dipakai tulang 35 x 5f 17.x.4 ) 2 = 12.1/2 x 60 x )) / ( 649 x 35.23 )) / ( 1200 x 35.x.35 cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 19 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 500 / 35 = 14 2 14.0 + 1/2 x 60 x 35 x 17.2 .23 x ( 40.18 cm = (Mdr + 1/2.(1/3.1/3x 17.x-a'))/(syt.23 19 = Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.sbd.(b-a-a')) = ( 507.8 2 14.18 cm < 17 ---> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 16 f 19 57 of 112 .b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.0 .d.x-a'))/(syt.=( 932.(1/3.600.sbd.4 ) 2 cm = 13.

b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.4. Kolom atas: P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc K Beban sentris total = #### t Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 2 f 16 = 4.00 m.97 .x.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .b'') =( #REF! .sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 30 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.25 0.6 .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 2 889 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .1/3x 21.02 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .b'') x ( 1/3 x 21.x))/(syd'.d.sbd.07 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk 58 of 112 .4. b' = 0.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm b' = b .6 ) / 21.a') = e -1/2.97 )) / ( 1200 x 40.d.6 2 14.8 + 0.6 cm ( 3+ 0.8 cm x = h .d.1/2.a) = e + 1/2.b .a' = 50 . h = 0.x.(1/2.(b'-1/3.97 4.(1/3.x.x))/(syd'.6 = 45. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.sb)/(sy+n.(b-a-1/3.97 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.0.a .sbd.4.sbd.1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.4 . syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .8 (= 1/2 x 1.x-a'))/(syt.d.4 cm b'' = b .97 x ( 45.6 = 40.97 )) / ( 889 x 40.(1/3.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .x-a'))/(syt.484 x 45.97 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 21.a = 50 .4 = 21.b .60 ) = 4.x.4.1/2.8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 30 = 13 = (Mdr + 1/2.sbd.484 h = (n.I.25 + 0.

59 of 112 .

Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 60 of 112 .Gambar penulangan 1. Kolom tengah f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 30 Balok consul 30x60 50 Kolom atas 2.

sb)/(sy+n.a' = 60 .a) = e + 1/2.00x2.6.484 h = (n.II.b .30 0.9 = 53. b' = 0. P = #### t Jumlah momen.9 = 46. h = 0. Kolom bawah: 1.8 + Tulang besi f 16 b' = b . 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.a .b .4 = P4 = 2xD balok R4 = 2 x #### = 1.69 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 25.a') = e -1/2.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .a = 60 .00 m.6.(1/2.2 x = h .9 cm ( 3+ 0.07 ) = #### m 1.9 .44 t #### t P4 = D balok induk = #### t M balok induk = #### tm Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.69 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.1 = 25.90 ) mm tersusun dan begel f 8 mm cm 2 823 kg/cm 61 of 112 .30x0. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = 0.69 . = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.50 = 6.60 + 1.6.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 60 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! Ditaksir a = a' = 6.07 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .9 ) / 25.6.484 x 53. M………. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.1 cm b'' = b .30 + 0.0.50x4.

x-a'))/(syt.30x0.x.2 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = 22.x))/(syd'.1/2.4 = 1.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) P1 = 2xD balok R1 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = P4 = D balok anak = 0.(b-a-1/3.69 )) / ( 1200 x 46.d.x))/(syd'.sbd.1/3x 25.69 )) / ( 823 x 46.sbd.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .(1/3.(1/3.9 2 22.d.50x4.12 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 22 f 16 40 Balok induk 40x80 60 Kolom utama 2.44 t #### t P5 = 2xD balok R3 = 2 x #### = M balok anak = #### tm #### t Bi 62 of 112 .x.69 6.x-a'))/(syt.69 x ( 53.sbd.1/2.= = #REF! #REF! x ( #### ) kgm = #REF! kgcm Fy' = (Mtr .b'') =( #REF! .1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25.12 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.(b'-1/3.b'') x ( 1/3 x 25.d.1 .sbd.x.d.00x2.x.2 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.

x-a'))/(syt.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.d.4 = 17.(1/3.4 cm b'' = b .x.d.484 h = (n.a .8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 16 = 10. P = #### t Jumlah momen.sbd. = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.25 + 0.6 .(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .13 4.sbd. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.8 + 0.13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2. b' = 0.13 x ( 35.00 m.x-a'))/(syt.8 cm x = h .6 = 35.x.b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.1/3x 17.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.d.07 cm > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 63 of 112 .6 = 30.4.x))/(syd'.(b-a-1/3.a') = e -1/2.a' = 40 .sbd.b .6 cm ( 3+ 0.d.(b'-1/3.25 0.4 .4.6 ) / 17.b .(1/3.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .sbd.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.4.x.13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.sb)/(sy+n.484 x 35.(1/2.8 = 4.13 )) / ( 1200 x 30.4.a = 40 .1/2. M……….x))/(syd'.a) = e + 1/2.x.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .13 )) / ( 823 x 30.b'') =( #REF! . h = 0.1/2.05 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.13 . syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .6 2 14.0.

a .484 h = (n.00 m.a') = e -1/2.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 40 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.1/3x 17.1/2.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 3 f 16 = 6.13 )) / ( 823 x 30.(1/3.6 .484 x 35.b'') =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.13 x ( 35.a) = e + 1/2.x))/(syd'.x-a'))/(syt.sbd.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .x.20 0.8 = 4.a = 40 .sbd.x-a'))/(syt.d.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.13 x ( 1/3 x 17.d.4 cm b'' = b .8 + 0. b' = 0.d.(1/2.b'') =( #REF! .13 4.d.20 + 0.x))/(syd'.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 0 f 16 = 0.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .b . = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter. M……….8 cm x = h .(b'-1/3.13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.6 = 35.4.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .4.(1/3.1/2.(b-a-1/3.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr . P = #### t Jumlah momen.1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.sbd.x.sbd.13 .b .6 )) / ( 1200 x 30.x.40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Kolom samping 3. h = 0.6 = 30.0.a' = 40 . syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm . 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.6 cm ( 3+ 0.00 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.4 = 17.4 .4.6 ) / 17.sb)/(sy+n.03 cm 64 of 112 .4.x. Kolom Gerbang Jumlah beban terpusat.

Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 40 12 f 16 Balok anak 20x25 edit 40 Kolom samping 65 of 112 .

4 cm OK memenuhi 66 of 112 .500 kg cm cm 25 2 )2) / ) 25 ) (sbd ijin) OK memenuhi ) (-1/4.sbd) OK memenuhi 21.12.

68 of 112 .

69 of 112 .

70 of 112 .

71 of 112 .

7 72 of 112 .70.

73 of 112 .

74 of 112 .

75 of 112 .

76 of 112 .

edit 77 of 112 .

6 cm a= 2+ 0. g = 0.sb)/(sy+n.484 0.256 x SQRT ( 100.Perhitungan Plat Beton Bertulang 1.1 cm < 10 cm.9 kgm d' = a ..2 ) = 2.1 cm a= 2+ 0. dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2.00 m lebar pias Bentangan.5 (f 10 ) = 2.6 + 2. SQRT(M) = 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd. SQRT(M) = 0.00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 10 cm Bobot sendiri. d' = 1.512 x 2.syt).h.b = 15 x 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 6/( 75 x 0.57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .9 ) = 2.5 cm.20 = 2.512 x 2.57 cm Momen tumpuan = 1/16 x q x l2 = 1/16 x 490 x 1.5 = 4. dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2.50 2 = 68.85 cm harus > 2 3.5 (f 10 ) = 2.1 + 2.1 = 3.2 kgm d' = a .484 x ( 3 ( 75 x 240 kg/m' 250 kg/m' 490 kg/m' 0. = q lantai = 2 syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 kg/cm h = (n.484 )/( 75 ) = 0.h)/(2. maka taksiran memenuhi 2 Fy = g .50 b = 1.6 cm < 10 cm.1 x 1.(3-h)) = 2 g = (sbd.85 = 1.50 cm.10 = 7.88 cm 2 Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7.6 = 3.22 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 . Plat atap 2 p = 250 kg/m d = 10 cm Bdp R2 l = 1.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0.50 2 = 100. maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = gxd' = 1. p……………………………….85 cm 3. b = 1.256 x SQRT ( 68.50 = 5.22 cm . = 1.484 )) = 2x 0.256 1.50 m Lebar plat diambil pias. l…………….51 cm2 harus > 1.00 x 2400 = Beban berguna.88 cm 2 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 harus > 10 = 7.512 Ikhtisar momen -16 -16 +11 Momen lapangan = 1/11 x q x l2 = 1/11 x 490 x 1.

00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 12 cm Bobot sendiri.00 b = 3.12 x 1. p……………………………….001 qb = 41 x 0.51 cm2 harus > 1. b = 1.00 = = = 2 288 kg/m' 400 kg/m' 688 kg/m' 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 75 ) = 0.001 x q Lebar plat diambil pias.00 x 2400 Beban berguna.sb) = ( 15 x x 3.sb)/(sy+n.57 cm 2 Gambar penulangan: f 10-20 f 10-10 f 10-10 0.85 = 1.38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 10-10 f 10-20 0.50 2.00 / = 1. g = 0.00 m Plat ditumpu pada ke-empat sisinya l/b = 3.484 . Plat lantai atas 2 p = 400 kg/m d = 12 cm l = 3.Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7.30 1.00 2 M = c x 0. q lantai 2 kg/cm syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 h = (n.57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .00 maka: Mb+ Ml+ MibMil- 3.20 = 2.00 = = = = 33 33 41 41 l = 3.

6 x 0.b = 6/( 75 x 0.256 x a= 2+ 0.00 2 = 253.6 (f 12 ) = d = d' + a = 4.001 qb = 41 d' = a .h.7 cm < 12 cm.484 x ( 3 - ( 75 Momen maksimum: 2 M = c x 0.6 3.6 cm.1 = 6.9 ) = 4.512 x 0.9 kgm SQRT ( 253.00 .1 + 2. maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = g .484 )) = 2x 0.15 15 f 12 - 0.syt).1 cm 2.a2 = 6/(sbd.75 f 15 12 f 12 - 15 f 12 f 12 - 0.256 1. dipakai tulang f = 12 mm = 6.54 cm harus > 2 6.18 cm Gambar penulangan: f 12 - f 12 .h)/(2.18 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 12 15 = 7.001 x 688 x 3.512 x 4. d' = 1.484 )/( 0. SQRT(M) = 0.30 f 12 .(3-h)) = g = (sbd.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0.

.

.

12 - 30 30 15 .

I. Balok Sloof.20 8 Pelaksanaan pemakain besi: -atas -bawah 4 f ## menerus 3 f ## menerus ## f ## . Sloof sisi kanan & kiri pelaksanaan 50 pelaksanaan 50 #### #### ## f ## 2 f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 2 f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 3. 1.00 Kolom 40x50 2 f ## ## f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2 f Tumpuan 2 f ## f 8 .

00 Sloof 15x25 . Sloof sisi depan & belakang 15 2 f 12 25 f 8-20 2 f 12 Kolom 40x60 f 8 .2.00 m 3.20 2 f 12 Plesteran lantai kerja Penghubung kolom dengan Strauzt Staruzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.

Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 Balok anak 20x25 . Kolom bawah 1.II.

7 f 16 2 f 8 5 f 16 Tembok f 8 .20 Kolom 40x50 Posisi lantai Lantai keramik Pasir urug Muka tanah yang ada Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 55 Pondasi psgan batu belah .

2. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 .

15 Pondasi Strauzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.Hubungan kolom utama dengan pondasi Strauzt karena sumbu kolom tidak dapat berimpit dengan sumbu pondasi Strauzt Sumbu kolom 60 Kolom 40x60 6 f 16 6 f 16 5 f 16 5 f 16 2f 8 f 8 .20 100 Posisi lantai di atas sloof Lantai keramik Pasir urug Sloof praktis 15x25 tulang 4 f 12 Muka tanah yang ada Penghubung kolom dg pondasi Strauzt tebal 55 cm 100 Tulangan pondasi Strauzt 6 f 12 Spiral (begel pondasi Strauzt) f 6 .00 m Sumbu pondasi Strauzt 10 .

f 35 40 85 10 .

Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.III. Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan Tulangan miring Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 . Balok lantai atas 1.

Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah .

Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 7.3. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .

6 3. Pelat lantai atas f 12-12. Kolom atas 1.5 f 12-20 0.5 f 12-25 f 12-12.75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12.5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0.00 V.IV. Kolom tengah 40 f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 60 Balok consul 30x60 .

2. Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 .

Balok Void (Bv) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.VI. Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan . Balok atap 1.

38 f 12-20 f 12-10 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 .3. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 4. Balok consul (Bc) #### 4 f ## ## f ## 2 f 8 #### f 8-20 2 f ## VII. Pelat atap f 12-10 0.

30 1.50 f 12-20 .f 12-10 0.

I. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 2. Kolom bawah 1. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 .

Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2.II. Balok lantai atas 1. Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .

Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .Tulangan miring balok induk 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah 3.

75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12.7. Pelat lantai atas f 12-12.5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0.6 3.5 f 12-20 0. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan III.00 .5 f 12-25 f 12-12.

IV. Kolom atas Ukuran kolom dibuat sama dengan kolom bawah tetapi tulangan tidak sama. Kolom tengah bagian depan dan belakang f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 Balok consul 30x60 60 2. Kolom tengah bagian samping kiri dan kanan f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 50 Balok consul 30x60 . 1.

3. Kolom pojok
50

50

12 f 16

Balok consul
30x60

V. Balok atap
1. Balok Void (Bv)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##

2 f ##

Bentangan

Tumpuan

2. Balok ring
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

3. Balok depan (Bdp)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

4. Balok consul (Bc)
####
4 f ##

## f ##
2 f 8
####
f 8-20

2 f ##

VI.30 1. Pelat atap? f 12-20 f 12-10 f 12-10 0.38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 12-10 0.50 f 12-20 .

60 .00 2 f 8 9.00 ## f ## f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## 10 f ## ## f ## 2.50 0.#### Penampang melintang 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan Penampang memanjang Kolom belakang Kolom depan ## f ## 2.

.50 0.20 + 1 = 45.2 m = #### m = #### m = 13.50 + 0.00 ) 1.0 m = 13.0 m = #### m = #### m = #### m = ## batang 2 Besi f 8 untuk begel (( #### 2 x 0.Kebutuhan besi tulangan induk 1 Besi f ## 1 ## x ( 9.00 ) + 0. 1. + 0. ……………………….60 ) 4 ( ## 2 )x( 2..05 Jumlah begel = ( 9. Sub Jumlah 10% keamanan Jumlah = #### m = 101.60 ) = Sub Jumlah = 10% keamanan = Jumlah = = Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 ) x 2 = #### m buah #### m 20.00 ) …………….60 ) 3 2 x ( 9. ……………………….025 )+ 0.00 5 ( ## 2 )x( 2.00 6 5 x ( 1.. = 2 Tulang pengaku (tengah) = 2 x ( 9.2 m #### m #### m #### m ## batang .0 m = 20.025 )+( #### 2 x 0.00 + 0.60 ) 2 10 x ( 9.60 + 1.60 + 7 5 x ( 1..60 ) / 0.5 ……………………………….60 + ……………………….00 ) …………….50 + 0.60 + 1.5 1 Begel = #### x 45.50 + 0.00 + 0.50 + 0.

30 f 12 .15 15 f 12 - 0.6 3.Lantai Atas f 12 - Pelat f 12 .00 Balok induk #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan 30 30 15 .75 15 f 12 - 12 f 12 - f 12 - 15 f 12 - 0.

Balok Anak = Balok Void Balok Ring #### #### 30 3 f ## 2 f 16 f 8-20 f 8-20 40 ## f ## 3 f 16 .

90 1.20 0.20 = = = = = = = = 6.20 1.75 1.75 1.00 x 2.00 0.00 x 2.00 0.80 1.50 0.Volume poer: Luas tapak = 3.80 4.60 m2 m m m m m2 m2 m3 1.25 x 1.25 Satu sisi trapesium sisi bawah sisi atas sisi rata-2 tinggi luas penamp Luas penamp dua sisi trapesium Volume = 2.25 m2 Tiang pancang 25x25 cm2 4 x 3 = 12 buah .00 Kolom 60/100 Sloof 60/100 1.00 0.05 3.50 Poer luas telapak 3.