Pembebanan Konstruksi Beton

1 Poer
100

60

Memanjang

Melintang

325,382 kg

325,382 kg
M1

M2

80

27,115 kg
x
3=
81,345 kg

37.5

75

75

75
62.5

37.5

27,115
108,461

37.5

75

300

75
45

37.5

225

Momen:
1 Arah memanjang

37.5

M1 =
=

81,345 x
50,841 kgm

M2 =
=

108,461
48,807 kgm

75
225
75
37.5

37.5

75

75
300

75

37.5

2 Arah melintang

Denah

2 Tie beam (sloof pengikat)

Kolom

Tembok
tinggi 5.00 m

Sloof pengikat

Tiang pancang

l
Berat tembok

=

4.00 x

=

Kolom

Poer

Tiang pancang

4.00

5.00 x

0.15 x 1800 =
Beban merata, q =
Reaksi perletakan, R =

5,400 kg
1,350 kg/m'
2,700 kg

Tanah diperhitungkan tidak menerima beban
Ichtisar momen pada tumouan jepit-jepit
- 16

Momen lapangan

- 16
+ 11
= 1/11 x q x l^2
= 1/11 x
1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

Bila diperhitungkan dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi:
Momen lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2

1,964 kgm

= 1/8 x

Untuk bentang 7.00
Momen lapangan =
=
Reaksi perletakan, R

1,350 x

4.00 ^2 =

m
1/11 x q x l^2
1/11 x
1,350 x
= 1/2 x q x l
= 1/2 x
1,350 x

7.00 ^2 =
7.00 =

2,700 kgm

6,014 kgm
4,725 kg

0.60

M

M

h

0.60

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg

23,044
x
3=
69,132 kg
0.45

0.375
0.075

0.75

2.00

0.75
0.83

M =
=

2.75
M =

69,132 x

0.075

+

69,132 x

0.83 =

62,218 kgm

92,175 x 0.45
41,479 kg

75 .50 4.00 0.75 2.0.

461 108.382 325.461 4x 27.461 108.461 RA = C 108.461 .461 108.115 108.461 108.461 E D A B 108.382 45 108.461 108.461 RB = 108.75 75 60 30 250 400 75 75 45 75 250 400 340 75 325.

25 = 48.461 x 1.40 ^2 108.50 ^2 0.50 kg/cm2 tidak jadi .000 x 16 2.461 kg C E 108.461 kg 108.70 D = 108.45 = 48.50 + 11 - M lapangan = 1/11 x q x l^2 sit 16 = 1/11 x 2.800 = 67.461 x 0.461 x 1.800 kg/m' = 3.40 m Ichtisar momen + 11 .50 40 60 q = = = 40 x 100 x 40 x 100 x 2.807 kgm 108.807 kgm cocok Dicoba bila dianggap beban merata RA = RB = 108.16 = 1/11 x q x l^2 = 1/11 x 63.MC = ME = R = 108.000 kg/m' Ichtisar momen 0.048 kgm D = x 3.461 D A B q = l 63.16 M lapangan R = .461 kg Tie beam (balok pengikat) dihitung berdasarkan reaksi tegangan tanah sit = 2.

000 x 2.000 x 2.136 kgm Bila dihitung dengan tumpuan sendi-sendi M lapangan = 1/8 x q x l^2 = 1/8 x 2.115 .5 x q x l = 0.5 20 M 27.50 = 2.5 75 37.= 1.563 kgm R = D = 0.500 kg 75 diambil pias sederetan t panc. 17.50 x 2.50 ^2 = 1.

115 x 27.827 kgm Tidak diambil pias 225 37.115 M = R = 27.27.115 + 0.5 7.5 Sloof 60x100 75 37.5 82.115 x 0.5 37.18 + 27.345 kg x .93 = 27.230 kg 29.5 30 M 100 50 3x 27.115 = 54.115 81.

75 .044 x 1= 23.044 x 1= 23.08 + 81.345 x 81.345 x 0.044 kg 0.044 x 1= 23.75 75 3x 27.345 = ###### kg 73.044 x 1= 23.044 kg 23.345 x 0.345 kg 30.345 kg 300 M = 81.38 = R = D = 81.044 kg 23.83 = Mx = 81.211 kgm M M h 0.345 M = R = 81.505 kgm 73.115 81.691 kg 81.345 x 0.211 kgm 81.60 23.08 + R = D = 162.345 + 0.345 x 0.044 kg 23.83 = 81.

0.044 x 0.088 kg 0 kgm 46.83 M = = 23.088 kg 0.75 M = 23.088 )/ 2= 46.075 + 23.75 0.75 PE D 2.50 4.044 x 0.75 17.75 RA RB R A = RB = ( MA = 23.75 2.044 x 2= 46.044 x 2= 46.075 0.283 kg 2.00 0.00 Beban ke balok 23.739 kgm Beban tiang pancang dipikul oleh poer dan balok 0.375 0.088 kg PC A C 0.50 4.00 E B 0.044 x 0.75 .83 = 20.75 2.088 + 46.

83 M = = 46.739 kg 2.00 - 46.75 = 34.75 M = 69.25 = 46.00 = 34.044 x 3= 69.566 kgm PC x 1.60 memanjang melintang M M h 0.132 x 0.044 x 3= 69.044 x 3= 69.132 kg 23.088 x 0.088 x 2.60 23.83 = 62.132 x 0.088 x 1.566 kgm 46.75 = 2.00 0.132 kg 23.45 20.75 2.132 kg 0.MC = RA x MD = RA x 0.088 x 0.075 + 69.375 0.218 kgm Ukuran poer 60 60 .044 x 3= 69.25 Bidang M Beban ke poer 0.75 0.075 0.45 0.132 kg 23.

memanjang melintang 80 60 .

115 kg x 4= 108.461 kg 0.80 27.63 kgm x kgm 0.53 14.371 .45 0.

.

175 kg .044 4= 92.x 23.

.

.

.

.

.

044 kg .044 1= 23.x 23.

.

044 2= 46.088 kg .x 23.

.

058 ---> a = 0.sb)/(sy+n.3 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.33 x sbk = 0.0510 x 50. tegangan tarik baja ijin.841 / 76.65 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 36.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h . sbt = 225 cm 0.Perhitungan Poer Beton Bertulang Arah memanjang M1 = 50. 81.241 x SQRT ( 50.841 kgm h = 81.15 = 39.h.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.399 )) = 0.33 x 0.63 Tampak memanjang tegangan tarik beton ijin. syt = syt/sbd = cm Tampak samping kanan Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.78 kg/cm < 2 8.3.25 ) = 36.5 cm harus > 33.5 + 0.345 )/( 225 x 80 2 ) = 6.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.399 x ( 3 .7 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 26 D 13 = 34.2 cm 13 ) = 3.15 = 76.241 0.345 kg 0.399 6/( 100 x 0.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.0 .399 )) = 0.0.31 kg/cm 225 300 100 25 of 112 .841 kgm h = (n.48sbk = 39 .h) = ( 1.48  0.(3-h)) = h' = a .345 kg rmax = (1.9 = 33.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 50. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.15 cm 13 mm 3.841 / 2.a = 80.7 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81. sbd = Besi beton U b = 80 0.0.5 x Dmax)/(b.2 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.

345 kg 62.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 80 cm Momen lapangan M = 48.399 x ( 3 .h.058 ---> a = 0.7 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.45 Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .241 0.4.0510 x 48.33 x sbk = 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.461 )/( 300 x 300 80 2 ) = 6.6 = 32.9 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 25 D 13 = 33.45 cm 13 mm 4.241 x SQRT ( 48.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.a = 80.26 D 13 80 81.1 cm > 80 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.sb)/(sy+n.0.5 Arah melintang M2 = 48.48  0.48sbk = 39 .461 kg b = 80 cm 300 cm 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8. syt = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring. sbt = Besi beton U 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.399 6/( 100 x 0.461 kg rmax = (1.0 .33 x 0.807 kgm h = 108.2 cm harus > 32.(3-h)) = h' = a .31 kg/cm 26 of 112 .3 (f Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 30.7 cm 13 ) + 0.45 = 75.00 ) = 30. 108. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.h) = ( 1.65 (D 13 ) = 4.807 kgm h = (n.5 x Dmax)/(b.399 )) = 0.6 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.78 kg/cm < 2 8. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.807 / 3.807 / 75.5 75 37.9 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 108.0.5 + 1.399 )) = 0.45 = 35.

200 9.5 < 11.(100+80)).5 Tegangan geser pons ijin.5 x 325.382 = (2.80 = 51.3 OK ## ## ## ## ## # # # # # Sloof pengikat sebagai tumpuan momen arah memanjang 225 300 100 27 of 112 .225 60 25 D 13 80 ## cm jarak tulang ## cm jarak tulang 26 D 13 108.5 x P 1.(60+80)+2.461 kg 45 75 37.65sbk r= 1. tbp = 0.

sbt = Besi beton U 0.3 cm 16 mm 3.7 = 38.399 )) = 0.5 Poer bentuk konsul: M= 73.5 37.211 kgm 2 h = (n.691 kg rmax = (1.7 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.0 .(3-h)) = h' = a .399 6/( 100 x 0.48sbk = 39 .4 cm 16 ) = 3.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .33 x sbk = 0.8 kg/cm > 2 8.3 = 46.48  0.33 x 0.5 Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.2 cm harus > 38.0510 x 73.241 0.211 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 75 82.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.h.5 x 162.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 73.241 x SQRT ( 73.3 kg/cm 28 of 112 .058 ---> a = 0.25 ) = 43.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.399 )) = 0.6 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 162.3.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.5 x Dmax)/(b.691 )/( 225 x 2 100 ) = 10.26 D 13 80 - 62.0.a = 100. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.5 + 0.3 = 96.h) = ( Maka perlu tulangan miring 1.4 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.5 Tampak konsul 100 cm 225 cm 7.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 43.sb)/(sy+n.211 / 2. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.211 / 96.5 75 kg 37.399 x ( 3 . syt = 0.0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.6 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 20 D 16 = 40.

33 x sbk = 0.a = 81.8 = 8. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.Bentuk konsul: Tempat r = 8.(3-h)) = h' = a .8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 28 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0. 19.0.241 x SQRT ( 30.3 kg/cm Check arah diagonal M= 28.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.354 (rmax + r).3 cm 16 mm 3.5 + 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin. = 29.48  0.5 225 cm 75 37.1 cm harus > 20 Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 81.5 ( Gaya tarik miring T = 0. sbt = Besi beton U 0.115 b = 53 cm 100 cm 29 of 112 . syt = 0.h.241 0.399 )) = 0.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = l.0 .0510 x 30.505 / 77. 81.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.3 cm > 81 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.3 ) x 225 x 2 13 cm .3 = 77.48sbk = 39 .sb)/(sy+n. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.345 kg rmax = (1.0.7 = 20 cm 2 Dipakai besi 10 D 16 = 20.742 kgm 100 h = 50 27.1 cm = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.5 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.394 kg cm2.8 + Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Dibengkok 7 f 16 = Fyo 2 14.505 kgm h = (n.505 kgm 100 h = 81 cm 50 x b = 7.3 19.b.3 = 31.3 cm.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.8 - 2262 = 13 8.y = ( 10.399 x ( 3 .394 / harus > 10.399 6/( 100 x 0.399 )) = 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.33 x 0.(rmax-r)/rmax = 82.25 ) = 28 cm 16 ) = 3.345 )/( cm2 225 x 81 2 ) = 6.3 ) / 10.354 29.7 kg/cm < 2 8.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 81 cm Momen lapangan M = 30.505 / 2.058 ---> a = 0.h) = ( 1.3. Ditinjau pada penampang x-x x M= 30.

241 0.53 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Tampak penampang 30 of 112 .1 cm2 harus > 11.8 cm 16 mm 10.2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.(3-h)) = h' = a .8 = 66.sb)/(sy+n.33 x sbk = 0.399 x ( 3 .4 Check potongan di tengah M= 14.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.a = 100.742 / 0.399 6/( 100 x 0.48sbk = 39 .1.0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 28.8 = 89.6 cm2 tulang arah y 16.742 / 89.115 kg rmax = (1.0.6 ----------------> 6 D 16 = 12. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.67 kg/cm < 2 8.4 x  2 11.33 x 0.058 ---> a = 0. 27.2 = 16.399 )) = 0.0510 x 28.115 )/( 53 x 2 100 ) = 7.5 x Dmax)/(b. syt = 0.h) = ( 1.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 56 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.8 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.53 ) = 56 cm 16 ) = 10. SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.742 kgm 2 h = (n.0 .241 x SQRT ( 28.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.4 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27. tegangan tarik baja ijin. sbt = Besi beton U 0.1 cm harus > 16.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.06 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.4 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 8 D 16 = 16.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .10.399 )) = 0.48  0.731 kgm 75 ada h = 50 b = 53 95 cm design cm 0.h. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.3 kg/cm 6 D 16 tulang arah x 1/2 x 16.

399 6/( 100 x 0.399 x ( 3 .0.h.1 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.00 m 60 100 100 300 225 Check arah konsul M= 17.399 )) = 0. SQRT (M/b) = a= 10 + 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 95 cm Momen lapangan M = 14.0.48  0.241 0. syt = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.53 ) = 40.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.731 / 84.0510 x 14.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.33 x sbk = 0.08 kg/cm < 8.241 x SQRT ( 14. sbt = Besi beton U 0.1 cm harus > 8. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.92 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.sb)/(sy+n.33 x 0.058 ---> a = 0.2 = 8. tegangan tarik baja ijin.083 kgm 100 50 h = 100 cm 31 of 112 .5 x Dmax)/(b.8 = 50. Jadi bentuk poer adalah balok ukuran 2 2 27.2 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.3 kg/cm untuk h = 95 cm ----> hampir sama dengan awalnya sehingga h tetap dipakai 100 cm panjang p = 3. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.92 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.731 / 0.8 = 84.(3-h)) = h' = a .8 cm 16 mm 10.a = 95.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.0 .1 cm 16 ) = 10.115 )/( 53 x 95 ) = 8.48sbk = 39 .399 )) = 0.00 m lebar l = 2.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.10.9 cm > 95 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.h) = ( 1.731 kgm h = (n.115 kg rmax = (1.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.25 m tinggi t = 1.

sb)/(sy+n.399 x ( 3 .3 = 96.115 )/( 60 2 100 ) = 6.(3-h)) = h' = a .(3-h)) = h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.399 6/( 100 x 0.6 cm 16 ) = 3. syt = Tampak penampang 0.45 Tampak konsul Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.1 cm harus > 9.083 kgm h = (n.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.50 ) = 37.058 ---> a = 0.48  0.399 )) = 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin. syt = 0.0. SQRT (M/b) = a = 2.0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.33 x sbk = 0.60 ) = 40.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .202 kgm 100 h = 50 b = 50 100 cm cm 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.399 )) = 0.399 x ( 3 .083 / 96.3.7 = 9.48  0.01 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.3 cm 16 mm 0.241 0.0.63 Tampak konsul Tampak penampang Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.399 6/( 100 x 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.3 kg/cm Check arah tegak lurus konsul M= 12.h.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.241 32 of 112 .58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.b = 60 cm 0.5 + 0.33 x 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 17.202 / 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.01 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.h.58 x sau = 300 = 300 0.0 . 27.399 )) = 0.241 x SQRT ( 12.48sbk = 0.241 x SQRT ( 17. sbt = Besi beton U 0.33 x sbk = 0.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.3 = 43.5 + 0.115 kg rmax = (1.33 x 0.058 ---> a = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.a = 100. sbt = Besi beton U 39 .0510 x 17. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.6 + 2 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.8 (D Tulang dipilih besi D = h = h' + a = 40.sb)/(sy+n.78 kg/cm x < 2 8.6 cm 16 ) = 3.h) = ( 1.083 / 0.3 cm 16 mm 3.31 kg/cm2 3900 = = r 2262 kg/cm2 2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 12.48sbk = 39 .202 kgm h = (n.

5 = D 22 .00 2.0 .5 x Dmax)/(b.10.3 = 96.202 / 96.7 = 6.h) = ( 1.2 cm2 = D 16 5.6 + 3.13 kg/cm 2 8.0. 27.0 Arah sumbu y (arah konsul pendek) Untuk beban diagonal kiri butuh tulangan Untuk beban arah tegak lurus konsul 2x Untuk beban diagonal kanan butuh tulangan Arah konsul pendek butuh tulangan D D D D 16 16 16 idem kiri 16 buat 25 D 16 = 6 8 6 20 Jadi tulangan poer dipakai menyilang tegak lurus masing-2 besi ukuran D 22 - 50.9 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.3 = 40.43 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 27.43 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 4 D 16 = 8.3 kg/cm < Kombinasi Arah sumbu x (arah konsul panjang) Untuk beban diagonal bawah tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Untuk beban arah konsul butuh tulangan 5 Untuk beban diagonal atas tulangan arah sumbu x butuh 6 Sehingga jumlah tulangan arah konsul panjang butuh 17 D D D D 16 16 16 idem atas 16 buat 17 D 16 = 34.h = h' + a = 37.3.0 3.00 D 22-10 D 22-10 Gambar perspektip penulangan poer 33 of 112 .0510 x 12.7 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .3 cm2 10.115 kg rmax = (1. d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.a = 100.399 )) = 0.115 )/( 50 x 2 100 ) = 8.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.0 cm harus > 6.25 1.

34 of 112 .

35 of 112 .

cm jarak tulang arah lebar poer 225 cm cm jarak tulang arah panjang poer 300 cm 36 of 112 .

37 of 112 .

38 of 112 .

16.4 39 of 112 .

40 of 112 .

41 of 112 .

00 25 0.56 cm2 38.25 20 0.1125 = = 36.1200 > arah x ----> memenuhi 42 of 112 .01 cm2 3.2.

78 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4.h) = ( 1.sb)/(sy+n. Gambar penulangan: 2.399 )) = 0.0 cm harus > 2.38 kg/cm < 2 8.0.31 kg/cm .95 = 23.h.95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 19.3.241 h' = a .5 x Dmax)/(b.964 / 0.058 ---> a = 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.964 / 36.8 (f 8 ) + 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.4 cm < 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x 1.5 cm a = 2. sbt = Besi beton U 0.964 kgm h = (n.00 m 1.95 = 36.0 .48  300 = 300 sau = 0.0.399 a = 6/(sbd.5 + 0.33 x 0.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.700 kg rmax = (1.964 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0.30 ) = 19.700 )/( 3 D 13 f8 - 20 40 3 D 13 30 Bila diperhitungkan pada tumpuan sendi-sendi: 30 x 40 2 ) = 3.78 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.241 x SQRT ( 1.48sbk = 39 .a = 40.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 1.1 = 2.5 + 3.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .Balok pengikat (tie beam) antar kolom Akibat beban tembok 1 Untuk balok bentang Jepit M = 4.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.58 x 0. SQRT (M/b) = 0.65 (D 13 ) = 3.399 x ( 3 .5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.33 x 0.399 )) = 0.

48sbk = 39 .0.38 kg/cm < 2 8.241 x SQRT ( 2.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.82 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 3 D 13 = 4.058 ---> a = 0. SQRT (M/b) = 0. syt = syt/sbd = sbk = 0.30 ) = 22.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.399 )) = 0.8 (f 8 ) + 0.700 kgm h = 40 cm h' b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.h) = ( 1.82 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 2.33 x 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.sb)/(sy+n.1 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.8 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.399 )) = 0.5 + 0.33 x 0.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 2.700 / 0. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.0 cm harus > 3. Gambar penulangan: 2.700 kg rmax = (1.31 kg/cm 3 D 13 f8 40 3 D 13 30 2 Untuk bentang7.3.0 .0510 x 2.014 kgm h = 40 cm h' .58 x 0.241 h' = a .a = 40.700 / 36.95 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 13 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 22.8 + 3.700 )/( 30 ------> besi 3D13 masih cukup x 40 2 ) = 3. sbt = Besi beton U 0.1 = 3.M = 2.399 a = 6/(sbd. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.h.65 (D 13 ) = 3.8 cm a = 2.0.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.95 = 26.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.700 kgm h = (n.95 = 36.00 m Jepit M = 6.399 x ( 3 .

syt = 0.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.5 + 4.014 / 0.5 + 0.0.0.54 cm Tulangan yang dibengkok: Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax = 4.31 kg/cm .399 )) = 0.40 ) = 29.5 x Sehingga tidak perlu tulangan miring.1 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 29.31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2262 kg/cm2 syt/sbd = 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 40 cm Momen lapangan M = 6.48sbk = 39 .1 cm harus > 8.241 h' = a .91 kg/cm < 2 8.sb)/(sy+n.4.9 = 8.a = 40.241 x SQRT ( 6.9 cm 2 Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.33 x sbk = 0.48  300 = 300 sau = 0.0 .6 cm > 40 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.399 )) = 0.014 / 35.725 )/( 5 D 16 f8 - 20 40 5 D 16 30 30 x 40 2 ) = 5.h) = ( 1.8 (f 8 ) + 0.b = 30 cm a Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.399 a = 6/(sbd.014 kgm 2 h = (n.058 ---> a = 0.725 kg rmax = (1. Gambar penulangan: 4.0510 h' yang ada (h' a) = h .5 cm a = 2. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.54 cm 2 2 Dipakai besi 5 D 16 = 10.8 (D 16 ) = 4. sbd = tegangan tarik beton ijin.33 x 0.1 = 33. sbt = Besi beton U 0. SQRT (M/b) = 0.5 x Dmax)/(b.1 = 35.h. tegangan tarik baja ijin.399 x ( 3 .0510 x 6.58 x 0.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.

31 kg/cm2 3900 = 2 2262 / 100 kg/cm Tinggi balok ditaksir h = 100 cm Momen lapangan M = 48.399 a = 6/(sbd.h. sbd = 0.48  300 = 300 0.33 x tegangan tarik beton ijin.058 ---> a = 0.48sbk = 39 .807 / 0.6 cm a = 2.241 x SQRT ( 48. SQRT (M/b) = 0. syt = 100 cm 0.5 + 0.4 cm Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm h = h' + a = 68.Balok pengikat (tie beam) memikul momen dari tiang pancang Beban terpusat reaksi tiang pancang Beban aktual M = 48.807 kgm h = b = 60 cm Mutu bahan: Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin.0.4 = 73 cm > 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai. 2 d = 3/(syt(3-h)) = 3/( 2262 (3.399 x ( 3 .0510 2262 kg/cm2 .58 x sau = 0.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.399 )) = 0.60 ) = 68.58 x 100 kg/cm2 = 8.sb)/(sy+n.399 )) = 0.sb) = ( 15 x 100 )/( 2262 + 15 x 100 ) = 0.241 h' = a . sbt = Besi beton U syt/sbd = sbk = 0.0.807 kgm h = (n.1 (D 22 ) = 4.6 + 4.8 (f 8 ) + 1.33 x 0. tegangan tarik baja ijin.

h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x

100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
48,807 /
95.6 =
26 cm

2
Dipakai besi 7 D 22 = 26.6 cm harus >
26
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
108,461 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

cm2

108,461 )/(

60

2
100 ) = 27.1 kg/cm

x

Maka perlu tulangan miring
Bentuk bentangan:
Tempat r = 8.3 kg/cm2 -----> y = 0.5 x l x (rmax-r)/rmax
Gaya tarik miring T = 0.354 (rmax + r).b.y =
Penampang tulang yang dibengkok: Fyo =
Dibengkok 11 f 22 =
Gambar penulangan:

2
41.8 cm

0.354
88,703 /

(

=
=

2
8.3 kg/cm

0.5 x
340 x ( 27.1 117.9 cm

27.1 +

2262 =

>

8.3 ) x
2
39.2 cm .

60

x

8.3 ) / 27.1

117.9 =

88,703 kg

2
39.2 cm .

harus >

Tulangan atas
7 D 22

Sengkang
D 10 - 20

100

Tulangan bawah
4 D 22
60

Diperhitungkan menjadi beban merata
Beban terpusat t panc menjadi beban merata

M =

-------> terlalu besar

67,048 kgm
h =

b = 60 cm
Mutu bahan:
Beton K 300 tegangan tekan beton ijin, sbd = 0.33 x
tegangan tarik beton ijin, sbt =
Besi beton U

39 , tegangan tarik baja ijin, syt =

syt/sbd =

100 cm

sbk = 0.33 x

0.48sbk =
0.58 x

0.48

300 =
300

sau = 0.58 x

100 kg/cm2

= 8.31 kg/cm2
3900 =

2

2262 / 100 kg/cm
Tinggi balok ditaksir h =
100 cm
Momen lapangan M =
67,048 kgm

h = (n.sb)/(sy+n.sb) = (

15 x

100 )/( 2262 + 15 x

100 ) = 0.399

a = 6/(sbd.h.(3-h)) = 6/( 100 x 0.399 x ( 3 - 0.399 )) =
0.058 ---> a =
h' = a . SQRT (M/b) = 0.241 x SQRT (
67,048 /
0.60 ) = 80.4 cm
2

0.241

2262 kg/cm2

a = 2.5 +
0.8 (f 8 ) + 1.1 (D 22 ) = 4.4 cm
Tulang dipilih besi D = 22 mm dan begel f 8 mm
h = h' + a = 80.4 +
4.4 = 84.8 cm
> 100 cm maka balok dapat dipakai.

d = 3/(syt(3-h)) =
3/( 2262 (3- 0.399 )) = 0.0510
h' yang ada (h' a) = h - a =
100.0 - 4.4 = 95.6 cm
2
Fy = d x M/h'a = 0.0510 x
67,048 /
95.6 = 35.8 cm
2
2
Dipakai besi 10 D 22 = 38.0 cm harus > 35.8 cm
Tulangan yang dibengkok:
Reaksi perletakan RA = Dmax =
54,230 kg

rmax = (1.5 x Dmax)/(b.h) = (

1.5 x

54,230 )/(

Maka perlu tulangan miring

Gambar penulangan:
10 D 22

f8
##
10 D 22

60

60

x

2
100 ) = 13.6 kg/cm

>

2
8.31 kg/cm

Rincian Penulangan
1 Poer besar
a. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer

2.25 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer

D 13-15 (= 21 D 13)
panjang
4.04 m
3.00 m
panjang poer
b. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer

3.00 m

1.00 m tinggi poer

2.25 m lebar poer
3.00 m
panjang poer
D 13-15 (= 16 D 13)
panjang
4.79 m

00 m 2.00 m tinggi poer D 13-15 (= 5 D 13) panjang 10.00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 7x 9 = 63 buah panjang 1.40 m 2.00 m panjang poer .25 m lebar poer 3. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer 1.25 m lebar poer 3.00 m panjang poer d.00 m 1.c. Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1.

00 m 1.00 m tinggi poer 2.30 m 2.00 m tinggi poer D 13-30 2x 9 = 18 buah panjang 2.00 m panjang poer f.25 m 1. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.25 m lebar poer 3.00 m panjang poer D 13-30 2x 7 = 14 buah panjang 3.25 m lebar poer 3. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.05 m .e.30 m 2.

g.95 m h.20 m 2.00 m tinggi poer 2.00 m 1.25 m lebar poer 3.00 m panjang poer .25 m lebar poer 3. Besi tulangan pokok arah lebar poer 2.25 m 1. Besi tulangan pokok arah panjang poer 3.00 m tinggi poer D 22-10 (= 30 D 22) panjang 2.00 m panjang poer D 22-10 (= 23 D 22) panjang 2.

8 76. Besi pengikat D13 arah memanjang poer 3.00 2.9 66.00 m 2. pokok D22 arah panjang poer h.95 m x 2. Besi sengkang arah lebar poer 2. Besi tul.Rekap: a.25 m m m m m m m 21 buah 16 buah 5 buah 63 buah 18 buah 14 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% 23 buah 30 buah Jumlah Ditambah 5% . Besi pengikat D13 arah tinggi poer 1. Besi sengkang arah panjang poer 3. Besi sengkang arah keliling poer d.9 140. D22 pokok arah lebar poer = = 2.05 x x x x x x = = = = = = = = = 84.0 133.04 4.25 m f.0 63.00 m e.20 m x = = = = 67.30 3.79 10.6 52.4 42.25 m b.00 m = = = = = = 4. Besi pengikat D13 arah melebar poer 2.00 m c.6 378. Besi tul.7 360.40 1.0 41.6 32 m m m m m m m m batang g.5 12 m m m m batang 3.

sbt = P/Fi .2 cm 2 20 x 25 cm Ukuran kolom dibuat 6 = 24 dibulatkan 12. exsentrisitet kecil sehingga sbt < 1/4 sbd ijin P e Kolom persegi panjang harus menerima gaya P = 12.8 kg/cm 2 6/ 2439.500 / 3/8x 60 )-( 25 x 20 ))/ 15 2 2 3.500 x 52.6xPxe)/(sbdxb ) = 2 ( 4x 9.14 Kontrol: = 3 + 0.52 cm Begel f 8 .8 )/( 52.a) )/b a b = 1/6 x 20 x 25 3 = 2439.4 25 + 15 x 4.52 ( 1/2 x 25 - 4.52 20 x( 25 - 8.Fy.500 x 25 6 )/( 60 x dibulatkan = 20 cm Fy = (Fi .8 + 8.sy) 2714 kg -----> OK memenuhi = 12. Ditetapkan b = + 4x e = d = (9.51 cm sbd I.5 ton = Jarak antara garis kerja P ke pusat kolom (exsentrisitet) = syt ijin/sbd ijin = 1200 / 60 kg/cm 6 cm 2 Tentukan ukuran kolom dan penulangannya.73 x 4. 2 + ( 30 x 4.51 2 (-1/4.(bxd))/n a' a = (( = 4 f 12 d 12. x = (bxsbd)/(sbd+sbt) -8.500 /( 20 x - = III.73 ) = 21.52 sbd = P/Fi + Pxe/W = P/(Fb+nxFy) + Pxe/W = sbt 12.sbd) .4 cm 2 2 W = 1/6xdxb + (30xFy(1/2xb .70 cm -----> 4 f 12 = 4.6 x = 19. Fy = P/115.500 x 2 25 + 15 x 6/ < 2439.Pxe/W = P/(Fb+15xFy) .500 /( 20 x + x = 12.sbd ijin 12.4 ) = 310 kg < (1/2.51 (sbd ijin) 2 < 60 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi II.Fb)/n = ((P/3/8.2 kg/cm -----> OK memenuhi 52.6 (f 12 ) = 4.Perhitungan kolom: Tulang simetris.sbd) -13.73 kg/cm = ( 25 x Tb = 1/2xsbtxd(b-x) = 1/2 x IV.8 + 0.500 /( 115 x 60 ) 54 of 112 .Pxe/W = 12.

e e c f d= 35 P b = 45 P M a a' 1/2b 1/2b 1/2b-a 1/2b-a' x syd/n sbd syt/n Hukun Hooke: E = tg a = e = s/E s/e a x-a' Ey/Eb = n = 15 b-a b-a-x a' sbd/x = (syd/n)/(x-a') syd/n = sbd .81 cm = < 2 4.2 1. sbd . (x-a')/x syd = n . sbt > 1/4 sbd ijin b' b'' a a' Fy' Fy P M = P.52 cm (Fy yang ada) -----> OK memenuhi Gambar penulangan: 8 f 12 20 25 Tulang tidak simetris. (x-a')/x 55 of 112 .

60 + 0.(b'-1/3.000 x ( 0.60 m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.sy + n.429 h = (n.b + a' = 12.sb n.00 m.2 = 17.b'') 56 of 112 .sbd.8 ) / 17. syt/sbd 1200 / 60 kg/cm .048 ) = 12.2 tonmeter.1/2.x))/(syd'.4 cm x = h .4. sbd sy x = ((b-a)-x) x = ((b-a)-x) x= sbd n.000 x ( 0.a . b' = 0.sbd sy+n. h = 0.d.225 0.048 ) = 12.a' = 45 .sbd.(b-a) x.a) = e + 1/2.sbd.23 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 60 x ( 2 17.sb)/(sy+n.b .8 .a') = e -1/2.(sy+n.4.8 = 40.423 ) = 5.(b-a) .0 = 4.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .(1/2.8 = 35.(b-a-1/3. .sbd.sbd) = n.b .x.x = n.(b-a) x= Kalau n. ((b-a)-x) sy x. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 5.x x.sb (b-a) ---------------> x = h (b-a) Contoh: Sebuah kolom segi panjang harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = 12 ton dan sebuah momen M = 7.n.200 : 12.2 cm b'' = b .23 = 649 kg/cm Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.sbd.a = 45 .sbd.000 x ( 0.x))/(syd'.sbd.60 0.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 35 x 45 cm (d x b) Exentrisitet e = M : P = 7.324 kgm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .076 kgm Fy' = (Mtr .8 cm ( 3+ 0.4.sy = n.000 = 0.225 + 0.23 .sbd = h sy + n.d.s a e sbd syt/n n .b -a = 12.1/2.8 ) b' = b .8 + 1.4.x.429 x 40.000 x ( 0.777 ) = 9.

x-a'))/(syt.(b-a-a')) = ( 507.sbd.x.d.23 )) / ( 1200 x 35.(1/3.4 ) 2 = 12.4 ) 2 cm = 13.600.0 .d.b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.x.sbd.0 + 1/2 x 60 x 35 x 17.1/2 x 60 x )) / ( 649 x 35.23 4.400.2 .8 2 14.23 19 = Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.1/3x 17.18 cm < 17 ---> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 16 f 19 57 of 112 .35 cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 19 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 500 / 35 = 14 2 14.(1/3.23 x ( 40.x-a'))/(syt.=( 932.18 cm = (Mdr + 1/2.45 Dipakai tulang 35 x 5f 17.

8 cm x = h .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .x.97 x ( 45.d.00 m.1/3x 21.4.b'') =( #REF! .x.x))/(syd'.(b-a-1/3.4.97 4.sbd.a' = 50 .sbd.4 .97 .4 cm b'' = b .0.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.02 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.b'') x ( 1/3 x 21.07 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk 58 of 112 .x.x))/(syd'.6 cm ( 3+ 0.b . b' = 0.8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 30 = 13 = (Mdr + 1/2.a = 50 .484 h = (n.8 + 0.d.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 2 889 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .1/2.4.x.4. h = 0.x-a'))/(syt.sb)/(sy+n.8 (= 1/2 x 1.a') = e -1/2.97 )) / ( 889 x 40.6 = 40.x-a'))/(syt.b .6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f 8 mm b' = b .4 = 21.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .(b'-1/3.97 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2. Kolom atas: P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc K Beban sentris total = #### t Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.60 ) = 4.1/2 x 75 x 30 x 21.6 .97 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 21.1/2.6 = 45.a) = e + 1/2.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 2 f 16 = 4.d.sbd. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.I.6 2 14.(1/3.97 )) / ( 1200 x 40.(1/3.25 0.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 30 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .484 x 45.sbd.6 ) / 21.25 + 0.d.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.a .(1/2.

59 of 112 .

Kolom tengah f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 30 Balok consul 30x60 50 Kolom atas 2.Gambar penulangan 1. Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 60 of 112 .

II.b .07 ) = #### m 1.2 x = h .50x4.a') = e -1/2.sb)/(sy+n.1 cm b'' = b . h = 0.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .484 h = (n. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .69 .b . b' = 0.a .a = 60 .30 0.8 + Tulang besi f 16 b' = b .69 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.60 + 1.50 = 6.9 = 53.0. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.44 t #### t P4 = D balok induk = #### t M balok induk = #### tm Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.9 = 46.6.69 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 25. P = #### t Jumlah momen.00x2.30x0. = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.30 + 0.4 = P4 = 2xD balok R4 = 2 x #### = 1.a) = e + 1/2.6.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 60 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! Ditaksir a = a' = 6.9 .b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0. Kolom bawah: 1.1 = 25. M……….9 ) / 25.07 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .(1/2.6.484 x 53. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) P1 = 2xD balok R2 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = 0.90 ) mm tersusun dan begel f 8 mm cm 2 823 kg/cm 61 of 112 .6.00 m.9 cm ( 3+ 0.a' = 60 .

1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25.1/2.d.x.1/3x 25.x))/(syd'.(b-a-1/3.b'') =( #REF! .00x2.12 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.2 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = 22.69 6.30x0.b'') x ( 1/3 x 25.x-a'))/(syt.(1/3.2 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 11 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.x.50x4.sbd.44 t #### t P5 = 2xD balok R3 = 2 x #### = M balok anak = #### tm #### t Bi 62 of 112 .4 = 1.12 cm < 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 22 f 16 40 Balok induk 40x80 60 Kolom utama 2.1/2.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .(1/3.69 x ( 53.69 )) / ( 823 x 46.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 25.9 2 22.d.x.d.x-a'))/(syt.x))/(syd'.= = #REF! #REF! x ( #### ) kgm = #REF! kgcm Fy' = (Mtr .69 )) / ( 1200 x 46.sbd.sbd.d.x. Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) P1 = 2xD balok R1 =2x P2 = D balok consul = M balok consul = #### = #### t #### t #### tm Bc P3 = bobot kolom atas = P4 = D balok anak = 0.1 .(b'-1/3.sbd.

13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2. h = 0.25 0.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .25 + 0.4 = 17.(b'-1/3.0.sbd.(b-a-a')) =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.6 = 30.00 m.b .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .4 cm b'' = b .x))/(syd'.4.(1/3.d.(1/2.4.13 )) / ( 1200 x 30.8 = 4.x. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.13 .1/2.1/2.6 ) / 17. P = #### t Jumlah momen.Bi K Jumlah beban terpusat.a) = e + 1/2.b .4.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 50 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.8 ) 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 7 f 16 = Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 = (Mdr + 1/2.x-a'))/(syt.6 cm ( 3+ 0.13 )) / ( 823 x 30.d.8 cm x = h .sbd.4.13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.05 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.sbd.a' = 40 .b'') x ( 1/3 x 17.07 cm > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 63 of 112 .x))/(syd'.1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.13 4.1/3x 17.6 = 35. b' = 0.x.sb)/(sy+n.(b-a-1/3.a') = e -1/2.b'') =( #REF! .sbd.6 .a .d.13 x ( 35.a = 40 .8 + 0.x. = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .(1/3.4 .05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .484 x 35.x.6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .6 2 14.d.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.484 h = (n.b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 5 f 16 = 10.x-a'))/(syt. M……….

20 0.1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.sb)/(sy+n.6 = 30.13 4.d. syt/sbd 1200 / 75 kg/cm .4.x-a'))/(syt.4 .(b-a-1/3.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm Mdr = P x f ---> f = e .(1/2.13 .sbd.x-a'))/(syt.(1/3.4.4.6 cm ( 3+ 0.x. b' = 0.6 = 35.d.1/3x 17.8 cm x = h .a .40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Kolom samping 3.(b-a-a')) = (Mtr .6 ) / 17.b -a = #REF! x ( #### + 0.4.00 m.05 ) = #REF! x ( #### ) = #REF! kgm = #REF! kgcm 8 mm 2 823 kg/cm Fy' = (Mtr .sbd.13 x ( 1/3 x 17.x.sb) Jawab: 2 Taksir ukuran kolom 40 x 40 cm Exentrisitet e = M : P = #REF! : #REF! = #### m Ditaksir a = a' = 4.4 cm b'' = b . = #### tm Sebuah kolom harus menerima sebuah beban sentris sebesar P = #### ton dan sebuah momen M = #### tonmeter.6 . h = 0.b'') =( #REF! + 1/2 x 75 x 40 x 17.8 + 0.13 )) / ( 823 x 30.484 x 35. 2 Tinggi kolom h = 4.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 3 f 16 = 6.00 cm Fy = (Mdr + 1/2.sbd.1/2. M……….b + a' = #REF! x ( #### .d.d.6 )) / ( 1200 x 30.x.a) = e + 1/2.b .4 = 17.sbd.b .484 h = (n. P = #### t Jumlah momen.a' = 40 . Kolom Gerbang Jumlah beban terpusat.x))/(syd'.13 cm syd' = n sbd (x-a')/x syd' = 15 x 75 x ( 17.b'') =( #REF! .8 = 4.13 x ( 35.13 = Mtr = P x c ---> c = e + (1/2.03 cm 64 of 112 .(1/3.x.a') = e -1/2.1/2.(b'-1/3.0.8 ) 2 2 = #### cm Dipakai tulang 0 f 16 = 0.x))/(syd'.(b-a-a')) = (Mdr + 1/2.a = 40 .6 ) Tulang besi f 16 mm dan begel f b' = b .20 + 0.

Kelangsingan kolom = h/d = 400 / 40 = 10 > 17 -----> tidak tertekuk Gambar penulangan f 8-20 40 12 f 16 Balok anak 20x25 edit 40 Kolom samping 65 of 112 .

12.4 cm OK memenuhi 66 of 112 .500 kg cm cm 25 2 )2) / ) 25 ) (sbd ijin) OK memenuhi ) (-1/4.sbd) OK memenuhi 21.

(Fy yang ada) OK memenuhi 67 of 112 .

68 of 112 .

69 of 112 .

70 of 112 .

71 of 112 .

7 72 of 112 .70.

73 of 112 .

74 of 112 .

75 of 112 .

76 of 112 .

edit 77 of 112 .

50 b = 1. = q lantai = 2 syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 kg/cm h = (n. Plat atap 2 p = 250 kg/m d = 10 cm Bdp R2 l = 1. = 1.sb)/(sy+n.5 = 4.1 = 3.22 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 .484 )/( 75 ) = 0.512 x 2.50 = 5.(3-h)) = 2 g = (sbd.syt).00 x 2400 = Beban berguna.b = 15 x 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 6/( 75 x 0.88 cm 2 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 10 harus > 10 = 7.1 + 2.9 kgm d' = a .85 cm 3.256 x SQRT ( 100.57 cm Momen tumpuan = 1/16 x q x l2 = 1/16 x 490 x 1.484 0.484 )) = 2x 0.512 x 2.85 = 1.10 = 7. maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = gxd' = 1.9 ) = 2. maka taksiran memenuhi 2 Fy = g . l…………….1 x 1.2 ) = 2. p……………………………….22 cm .00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 10 cm Bobot sendiri. dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2. d' = 1.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0.1 cm < 10 cm.50 2 = 68.512 Ikhtisar momen -16 -16 +11 Momen lapangan = 1/11 x q x l2 = 1/11 x 490 x 1.51 cm2 harus > 1.2 kgm d' = a .Perhitungan Plat Beton Bertulang 1. b = 1..h)/(2. g = 0.1 cm a= 2+ 0.5 (f 10 ) = 2.20 = 2. dipakai tulang f = 10 mm d = d' + a = 2.484 x ( 3 ( 75 x 240 kg/m' 250 kg/m' 490 kg/m' 0.5 cm.85 cm harus > 2 3.50 m Lebar plat diambil pias.50 2 = 100.88 cm 2 Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7.256 x SQRT ( 68.00 m lebar pias Bentangan.6 cm < 10 cm.6 = 3.h.6 + 2.6 cm a= 2+ 0. SQRT(M) = 0.57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .256 1.sb) = ( a = 6/(sbd.5 (f 10 ) = 2.50 cm. SQRT(M) = 0.

00 b = 3.30 1.50 2.484 .00 m Plat ditumpu pada ke-empat sisinya l/b = 3.85 = 1.sb) = ( 15 x x 3.00 maka: Mb+ Ml+ MibMil- 3.00 2 M = c x 0.38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 10-10 f 10-20 0.51 cm2 harus > 1.00 / = 1.20 = 2.sb)/(sy+n.00 = = = = 33 33 41 41 l = 3.001 qb = 41 x 0.00 = = = 2 288 kg/m' 400 kg/m' 688 kg/m' 75 )/( 1200 + 15 x 75 ) = 0. g = 0.00 m Tebal plat beton ditaksir d = 12 cm Bobot sendiri.00 x 2400 Beban berguna. p………………………………. Plat lantai atas 2 p = 400 kg/m d = 12 cm l = 3.Tulang pembagi = 20% tulang pokok = 20 % x 7. q lantai 2 kg/cm syt/sbd = 1200 / 75 h = (n.001 x q Lebar plat diambil pias.57 cm 2 Gambar penulangan: f 10-20 f 10-10 f 10-10 0. b = 1.57 cm 2 ----> dipakai besi f 8 .12 x 1.

SQRT(M) = 0.a2 = 6/(sbd.30 f 12 .9 kgm SQRT ( 253.00 .512 x 4.7 cm < 12 cm.484 x ( 3 - ( 75 Momen maksimum: 2 M = c x 0.1 = 6.256 1.1 + 2.18 cm 2 ------> dipakai tulang f 12 15 = 7.9 ) = 4.6 (f 12 ) = d = d' + a = 4. maka tebal plat memenuhi 2 Fy = g .484 )) = 2x 0.18 cm Gambar penulangan: f 12 - f 12 .h)/(2.1 cm 2.256 x a= 2+ 0.h.(3-h)) = g = (sbd.15 15 f 12 - 0.syt).75 f 15 12 f 12 - 15 f 12 f 12 - 0.001 qb = 41 d' = a .b = 6/( 75 x 0.512 x 0.54 cm harus > 2 6. d' = 1.001 x 688 x 3.6 cm.00 2 = 253.066 ---> a = 1200 ) x 100 = 0.6 3. dipakai tulang f = 12 mm = 6.6 x 0.484 )/( 0.

.

.

12 - 30 30 15 .

20 8 Pelaksanaan pemakain besi: -atas -bawah 4 f ## menerus 3 f ## menerus ## f ## .I. 1.00 Kolom 40x50 2 f ## ## f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2 f Tumpuan 2 f ## f 8 . Balok Sloof. Sloof sisi kanan & kiri pelaksanaan 50 pelaksanaan 50 #### #### ## f ## 2 f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 2 f ## ## f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 3.

Sloof sisi depan & belakang 15 2 f 12 25 f 8-20 2 f 12 Kolom 40x60 f 8 .20 2 f 12 Plesteran lantai kerja Penghubung kolom dengan Strauzt Staruzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.2.00 Sloof 15x25 .00 m 3.

Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 Balok anak 20x25 .II. Kolom bawah 1.

20 Kolom 40x50 Posisi lantai Lantai keramik Pasir urug Muka tanah yang ada Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 55 Pondasi psgan batu belah .7 f 16 2 f 8 5 f 16 Tembok f 8 .

Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 .2.

15 Pondasi Strauzt f 35 cm Kedalaman -11.00 m Sumbu pondasi Strauzt 10 .20 100 Posisi lantai di atas sloof Lantai keramik Pasir urug Sloof praktis 15x25 tulang 4 f 12 Muka tanah yang ada Penghubung kolom dg pondasi Strauzt tebal 55 cm 100 Tulangan pondasi Strauzt 6 f 12 Spiral (begel pondasi Strauzt) f 6 .Hubungan kolom utama dengan pondasi Strauzt karena sumbu kolom tidak dapat berimpit dengan sumbu pondasi Strauzt Sumbu kolom 60 Kolom 40x60 6 f 16 6 f 16 5 f 16 5 f 16 2f 8 f 8 .

f 35 40 85 10 .

Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2. Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan Tulangan miring Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 .III. Balok lantai atas 1.

Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah .

3. Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 7. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .

5 f 12-25 f 12-12.00 V.IV.6 3.5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0.5 f 12-20 0. Kolom tengah 40 f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 60 Balok consul 30x60 . Pelat lantai atas f 12-12.75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12. Kolom atas 1.

2. Kolom pojok 50 50 12 f 16 Balok consul 30x60 .

VI. Balok Void (Bv) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2. Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan . Balok atap 1.

Pelat atap f 12-10 0.3. Balok consul (Bc) #### 4 f ## ## f ## 2 f 8 #### f 8-20 2 f ## VII. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## #### ## f ## #### f 8-20 f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 4.38 f 12-20 f 12-10 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 .

f 12-10 0.50 f 12-20 .30 1.

Kolom samping (kanan & kiri) Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 f 8-20 40 Balok anak 20x25 12 f 16 50 Sloof 40x55 Pelaksanaan 50x55 2. Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 . Kolom bawah 1.I.

Balok lantai atas 1. Balok anak (Ba) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan 2. Balok induk (Bi) #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .II.

Tulangan miring balok induk 5 f 16 3 f 16 2 f 16 Kolom atas 3 f 16 2 f 16 Balok induk 5 f 16 Kolom bawah 3. Balok ring #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan .

5 f 12-25 f 12-12.00 .6 3.5 f 12-20 0. Pelat lantai atas f 12-12. Balok depan (Bdp) #### #### 2 f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## f 8-20 #### ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan III.7.75 f 12-20 12 f 12-12.5 f 12-25 f 12-25 0.

1. Kolom tengah bagian samping kiri dan kanan f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 50 Balok consul 30x60 .IV. Kolom tengah bagian depan dan belakang f 8-20 9 f 16 2f8 40 Balok consul 30x60 60 2. Kolom atas Ukuran kolom dibuat sama dengan kolom bawah tetapi tulangan tidak sama.

3. Kolom pojok
50

50

12 f 16

Balok consul
30x60

V. Balok atap
1. Balok Void (Bv)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##

2 f ##

Bentangan

Tumpuan

2. Balok ring
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

3. Balok depan (Bdp)
####

####
2 f ##

####

## f ##

####
f 8-20

f 8-20

## f ##
Bentangan

2 f ##
Tumpuan

4. Balok consul (Bc)
####
4 f ##

## f ##
2 f 8
####
f 8-20

2 f ##

Pelat atap? f 12-20 f 12-10 f 12-10 0.VI.30 1.50 f 12-20 .38 f 8-20 f 8-20 10 f 12-10 0.

#### Penampang melintang 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## 2 f ## Bentangan Tumpuan Penampang memanjang Kolom belakang Kolom depan ## f ## 2.00 ## f ## f 8-20 ## f ## 2 f ## 10 f ## ## f ## 2.50 0.00 2 f 8 9.60 .

Kebutuhan besi tulangan induk 1 Besi f ## 1 ## x ( 9.025 )+( #### 2 x 0..60 ) 2 10 x ( 9.50 + 0.5 1 Begel = #### x 45.00 ) ……………. 1.2 m #### m #### m #### m ## batang .00 + 0.60 ) / 0.60 + 7 5 x ( 1.60 + 1.60 ) 3 2 x ( 9.0 m = 13.60 ) = Sub Jumlah = 10% keamanan = Jumlah = = Kolom utama (depan & belakang) f 8-20 40 22 f 16 60 Balok induk 40x80 ) x 2 = #### m buah #### m 20.00 + 0.5 ……………………………….. = 2 Tulang pengaku (tengah) = 2 x ( 9.05 Jumlah begel = ( 9. ……………………….50 + 0.50 0..20 + 1 = 45.50 + 0. ……………………….00 5 ( ## 2 )x( 2.2 m = #### m = #### m = 13.00 ) + 0.025 )+ 0.0 m = #### m = #### m = #### m = ## batang 2 Besi f 8 untuk begel (( #### 2 x 0.00 ) 1.00 ) ……………. + 0.60 + ……………………….60 + 1.00 6 5 x ( 1.0 m = 20. Sub Jumlah 10% keamanan Jumlah = #### m = 101.50 + 0.60 ) 4 ( ## 2 )x( 2..

6 3.75 15 f 12 - 12 f 12 - f 12 - 15 f 12 - 0.Lantai Atas f 12 - Pelat f 12 .00 Balok induk #### #### 2 f ## ## f ## 2 f 2 f 8 f 8-20 #### 8 f 8-20 #### 10 f ## ## f ## Bentangan 2 f ## Tumpuan 30 30 15 .30 f 12 .15 15 f 12 - 0.

Balok Anak = Balok Void Balok Ring #### #### 30 3 f ## 2 f 16 f 8-20 f 8-20 40 ## f ## 3 f 16 .

20 = = = = = = = = 6.50 Poer luas telapak 3.00 x 2.00 x 2.25 Satu sisi trapesium sisi bawah sisi atas sisi rata-2 tinggi luas penamp Luas penamp dua sisi trapesium Volume = 2.05 3.90 1.25 m2 Tiang pancang 25x25 cm2 4 x 3 = 12 buah .20 1.75 1.60 m2 m m m m m2 m2 m3 1.75 1.25 x 1.80 1.80 4.00 0.00 Kolom 60/100 Sloof 60/100 1.20 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.Volume poer: Luas tapak = 3.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful