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Rashid, Muhammad H. (2004), Power Electroni Upper Saddle River, New Jersey : Pearson./ Prentice Hall. 621.317 R224P Contents Determining the Root-Mean-Square Values of Waveforms its, Devices, and Applications. 3rd ed. 5 16 18 20 2 10 23 16 7 28 Preface About the Author Chapter 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Applications of Power Electronics L.1.1 History of Power Electronics 1.2 Power Semiconductor Devices 1.2.1 Power Diodes 5 1.22 Thyristors 6 1.2.3 Power Transistors 9 1.3 Control Characteristics of Power Devices 1.4 Characteristics and Specifications of Switches 1.4.1 Ideal Characteristics 1.4.2 Characteristics of Practical Devices 1.4.3 Switch Specifications 1.4.4 Device Choices 19 1.5 Types of Power Electronic Circuits 1.6 Design of Power Electronics Equipment 17 18 Peripheral Effects 24 19 PowerModules 26 110 Intelligent Modules 26 1.11 Power Electronics Journals and Conferences Summary 29 References 29 Review Questions 30 Chapter 2. Power Semiconductor Diodes and Circuits 21 Introduction 31 2.2 Semiconductor Basics 31 23 Diode Characteristics 33 31 B0073372 xix xxiii 24 vi Contents 24 25 2.6 27 28 29 2.10 241 2.12 213 Chapter 3 3.1 32 33 34 35 3.6 37 38 39 3.10 3.1 3.12 Chapter 4 41 42 43 Reverse Recovery Characteristics 35 Power Diode Types 38 2.5.1 General-Purpose Diodes 38 2.5.2 Fast-Recovery Diodes 38 25.3 Schottky Diodes 39 Silicon Carbide Diodes 39 Spice Diode Model 40 Series-Connected Diodes 42 Parallel-Connected Diodes 45 Diodes with RC and RL Loads 46 Diodes with LC and RLC Loads 49 Freewheeling Diodes 56 Recovery of Trapped Energy with aDiode 58 Summary 62 References 63 Review Questions 63 Problems 64 Diode Rectifiers 68 Introduction 68 Single-Phase Half-Wave Rectifiers 68 Performance Parameters 69 Single-Phase Full-Wave Rectifiers 77 Single-Phase Full-Wave Rectifier with RL Load 82 Multiphase Star Rectifiers 87 Three-Phase Bridge Rectifiers 92 ‘Three-Phase Bridge Rectifier with RL Load 95 Comparison of Diode Rectifiers. 101 Rectifier Circuit Design 101 Output Voltage with LC Filter 112 Effects of Source and Load Inductances 116 Summary 119 References 119 Review Questions 119 Problems 120 Power Transistors 122 Introduction 122 Bipolar Junction Transistors 123 421 Steady-State Characteristics 124 422 Switching Characteristics 128 4.2.3 Switching Limits 135 Power MOSFETs 137 43.1 Steady-State Characteristics 141 43.2 Switching Characteristics 142 44 45 46 47 48 49 4.10 Chapter 5 SA 5.2 53 54 55 5.6 57 58 59 5.10 Sad 5.12 5.13 Chapter 6 61 62 63 64 Contents ix COOLMOS 144 SITs 145 IGBTs 147 Series and Parallel Operation 150 di/dt and dvldt Limitations 151 SPICE Models 155 4.9.1 BJT SPICE Model 155 4.9.2. MOSFET SPICE Model 155 49.3 IGBT SPICE Model 158 Comparisons of Transistors 160 Summary 160 References 162 Review Questions 163, Problems 164 DC-DC Converters 166 Introduction 166 Principle of Step-Down Operation 166 52.1 Generation of Duty Cycle 170 Step-Down Converter with RL Load 17. Principle of Step-Up Operation 176 Step-Up Converter with a Resistive Load 179 Performance Parameters 181 Converter Classification 182 Switching-Mode Regulators 186 581 Buck Regulators 186 582 Boost Regulators 190 583 Buck-Boost Regulators 194 584 Ck Regulators 198 585 Limitations of Single-Stage Conversion 204 Comparison of Regulators 205 Multioutput Boost Converter 206 Diode Rectifier-Fed Boost Converter 208 Chopper Circuit Design 211 State-Space Analysis of Regulators 217 Summary 221 References 221 Review Questions 223 Problems 224 Pulse-Width-Modulated Inverters 226 Introduction 226 Principle of Operation 227 Performance Parameters 230 Single-Phase Bridge Inverters 232