KATA PENGANTAR

Segala puji syukur kami panjatkan kehadirat Allah SWT, karena berkat rahmat dan
hidayahnya penulis dapat menyelesaikan referat dengan judul “Asma”.
Keberhasilan penulis dalam menyelesaikan referat ini tidak terlepas dari dukungan,
bantuan, serta peran serta dari semua pihak. Untuk itu penulis mengucapkan terima kasih
sebesar-besarnya kepada dr. Moch. Zainun, Sp. P selaku dokter pembimbing, yang telah
membantu penulis selama pembuatan referat ini.
Akhirnya penulis mengucapkan selamat membaca referat ini, semoga pembaca
mendapat manfaat dari referat yang penulis susun.

Bangil, 15 Mei 2013

Penulis

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...................................5.....................................1.........7........................................................ 9 2..... Penunjang.................................................................................................................... 9 2........................................ iv DAFTAR TABEL………………………………………………………………………..........................................................Tujuan.......................... 4 6 BAB 2 TINJAUAN PUSTAKA..............................................6......... 0 Patogenesa....................................................... iii DAFTAR GAMBAR..2.............................................................................................. 2 1.............. i KATA PENGANTAR.1................2................................................................................................. 1 Klasifikasi...1................................................6.......................................... 1 2.............. Tujuan Khusus........................... 1 iii ........... 7 2....................................2.... 1...................................................................................................................................... 2......................... 2 1......................1...................................... 1 ....................... 1 .................................. Penyakit Paru Obstruktif Kronis Eksaserbasi 8 Akut..................................................................................................Manfaat............................................3.............. 2....................................................... v BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN......6...... Pemeriksaan Fisik................Rumusan Masalah... 2....................................................................................... 2 1............... Anamnesa..........................Latar Belakang.....DAFTAR ISI Halaman LEMBAR PENGESAHAN.............. Tujuan Umum...................................4.. Penyakit 6 Paru Obstruktif 6 Kronis................................................. Faktor 1 Resiko.............. 1 Gambaran 1 Klinik............................... 3 1..............3........................................................................................................2.............. 2............. 2........3........................................................ Diagnosa 2 Banding...3...................................................................................................3................4...............6......................................................................................... 1 2............................... ii DAFTAR ISI........ 1 1............

.............................................. Riwayat Penyakit Keluarga.......... 2 ...... 2 3...................................8................. 3.............................................. 2 2......... Penatalaksanaan Umum PPOK.................................................................................................8.................................. 4 3.................... Riwayat Penyakit Sekarang...................... Diagnosa Kerja....................... 2 Keluhan 2 Utama..........2............................. Diagnosa Akhir...................................4..................................................................... 2.........................................1.....................9... Komplikasi.......... 1 Penatalaksanaan................. 2 3...................... Diagnosa Banding....3............. 2 ..... Planning Terapi…………………………………………………………..........................6.... 1 2.... 2 ......................1......... 2 DAFTAR PUSTAKA....................3...................................... 3................9.. 5 3........9.......................... 5 3............................................... 2 Anamnesa ............. Penatalaksanaan PPOK Eksaserbasi Akut...................................... Problem 2 List...2.... 2 3.............7...........................................2.......................................................................................1........................... Riwayat Penyakit Dahulu.......................... 2 Identitas 2 Pasien.......... 5 Diagnosa...... Planning.........................................................2.............................. 5 3..................3........... 5 Penunjang....... 5 ....................................... 3............................8.............................. 3.............................................. 3..........................3...... Tujuan Penatalaksanaan.1...7....................... 5 3..................2.......... 1 2............... 2 3. 2 ...............5......... Pemeriksaan 2 Fisik...........7............ 6 iv ........................ 2 3.2.....................................3..................................................................... 2 ..................................... Planning Diagnosa………………………………………………………...3...... 5 3..3........................ 2 1 BAB 3 LAPORAN KASUS.............................................................................8............................................................................9........................................................1...............7..

LAMPIRAN v .

.........2 Foto Pasien………………………………………………………………….DAFTAR GAMBAR Gb.1 PPOK terkait partikel inhalasi……………………………………………….. 2. 21 vi . 5 Gb..... 2.

1 Tabel 4 3 1 Alogaritma PPOK…………………………………………………………….. 8 vii .DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 1 Tabel 2 Pathogenesis PPOK……………………………………………………………. PPOK. 5 Perbedaan Asma. SOPT……………………………………………… 1 Tabel 3 0 Pernatalaksanaan PPOK………………………………………………………...