Anda di halaman 1dari 14

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

Sebuah bangunan apung mempunyai ukuran utama dan hasil analisis gerak dasar sebagai
berikut
L
x

=
=

150 m
80 m

T
fb

=
=

8 m
6.6 m

Vs

20 knots

Za
qa

1.7 m

0.15 rad

-40

-0.697778 rad

15

0.2616667 rad

10.288 m/s

Berada di atas gelombang reguler


lw =
140 m
m
Hw

=
=

180 0
6.6 m

zw

3.3 m

a.

Gambar kurva siklus gerakan vertikal haluan (Zb) dan elevasi gelombang di haluan (zb)
untuk sebanyak 2(dua) siklus

Zb a
(Zb)a

(Zb)a

tg e b
tan eb

3.14

rad

Za 2 xq a 2 2Z a xq acose z e q
(1,72+(80*0,15)2+2*1,7*80*0,15 cos(-400-150))
13.04959 m

Z a sin e z xq a sin e q
Z a cos e z xq a cos e q
(1,7 sin -400) + (80*0,15 sin 150)
(1,7 cos -400) + (80*0,15 cos150)

tg b

0.156134

arc 0,156134

8.874144

=
ke

2p/lw

0.1548 rad/s
w2 / g = 2p / lw
0.04488

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

ww2

2p/lw * g

ww 2

0.440272 rad/s

ww

0.66353 rad/s

we

w {1- (w * V * (cos )/g)}

we

0,66353 {1-(0,66353*10,288*(cos 1800)/9,81)}

we

Te

Te

1.125254 rad/s
2/we
5.583795 s

dua siklus 2 Te
2 Te

11.16759 s

Zbr a Zb a 2 z a 2 2Zb a z a coskex e b


(Zbr)a

(Zbr)a

tan e br

((13,04959)2+(3,3)2-(2*13,04959*3,3 cos (0,04488*80-0.154805)))


16.23619 m

z a sin( k ex ) ( Zb )a sin e b
z a cos( kex ) ( Zb )a cos e b

(3,3 sin (0,4488*80) - (13,04959 sin (8,874140)

tan br

(3,3 cos (0,4488*80) - (13,04959 cos 8,874140)


0.21705

br

arc 0,21705

br

12.24616

br

0.213627 rad/s

tan ebr

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

20

15

10

5
m
e
t 0
0
e
r
-5

10

11

-10

-15

-20
heave

pitch

waktu (detik)
elevasi haluan
gelombang

elevasi permukaan air

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

= _ (_ +_ )
= _ (_ + _ )
Zb = (Zb)a cos (et + b)
Zb = Z +
zb = za cos (ke -et)
Zbr = (Z br)a cos(et+br)
Zbr = Zb - zb
t

Zb

zb

0.00000
0.37225
0.74451
1.11676

1.30266
1.63431
1.68337
1.44136

11.59152
9.32675
5.44931
0.62962

12.89418
10.96106
7.13268
2.07098

-2.97320
-3.29852
-3.05350
-2.28051

15.86738
14.25959
10.18618
4.35149

1.48901
1.86127

0.95013
0.29461

-4.29893
-8.48416

-3.34880
-8.18955

-1.11319
0.24661

-2.23561
-8.43616

2.23352
2.60577
2.97802

-0.41185
-1.04710
-1.50129

-11.20239 -11.61425
-11.98364 -13.03074
-10.69280 -12.19409

1.56377
2.61053
3.20592

-13.17801
-15.64127
-15.40001

3.35028
3.72253
4.09478
4.46704
4.83929
5.21154

-1.69590
-1.59727
-1.22246
-0.63627
0.05993
0.74577

-7.55308
-3.10737
1.87564
6.53433
10.06318
11.85201

-9.24898
-4.70464
0.65318
5.89806
10.12311
12.59778

3.24697
2.72659
1.73476
0.44297
-0.92541
-2.13378

-12.49595
-7.43123
-1.08158
5.45509
11.04852
14.73156

5.58380
5.95605
6.32830
6.70055
7.07281
7.44506

1.30266
1.63431
1.68337
1.44136
0.95013
0.29461

11.59152
9.32675
5.44931
0.62962
-4.29893
-8.48416

12.89418
10.96106
7.13268
2.07098
-3.34880
-8.18955

-2.97320
-3.29852
-3.05350
-2.28051
-1.11319
0.24661

15.86738
14.25959
10.18618
4.35149
-2.23561
-8.43616

7.81731
8.18957
8.56182

-0.41185
-1.04710
-1.50129

-11.20239 -11.61425
-11.98364 -13.03074
-10.69280 -12.19409

1.56377
2.61053
3.20592

-13.17801
-15.64127
-15.40001

8.93407

-1.69590

-7.55308

-9.24898

3.24697

-12.49595

9.30633

-1.59727

-3.10737

-4.70464

2.72659

-7.43123

9.67858
10.05083
10.42308

-1.22246
-0.63627
0.05993

1.87564
6.53433
10.06318

0.65318
5.89806
10.12311

1.73476
0.44297
-0.92541

-1.08158
5.45509
11.04852

10.79534
11.16759

0.74577
1.30266

11.85201
11.59152

12.59778
12.89418

-2.13378
-2.97320

14.73156
15.86738

Zbr

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

perhitungan numerik
zb
Zb
Zbr
12.893543
12.010278
10.39799
8.154544

Zb

berdasarkan tabel
zb
Zbr

-2.97320 15.867114 12.89418


-3.23304 14.543946 10.96106
-3.29663 12.337962 7.13268

-2.97320
-3.29852
-3.05350

15.86738
14.25959
10.18618

-3.16012 9.3830645

-2.28051

4.35149

2.07098

5.4161182
2.3489345
-0.860829

-2.83179 5.8586157 -3.34880


-2.33157 1.9785494 -8.18955
-1.68982 -2.021615 -11.61425

-1.11319
0.24661
1.56377

-2.23561
-8.43616
-13.17801

-4.018341
-6.93194
-9.42477

-0.94550 -5.899067 -13.03074


-0.14379 -9.418446 -12.19409
0.66664 -12.36613 -9.24898

2.61053
3.20592
3.24697

-15.64127
-15.40001
-12.49595

-11.34552
-12.57759
-13.04621
-12.72292
-11.62735
-9.826007

1.43662
2.11939
2.67351
3.06535
3.27113
3.27835

-14.56318
-15.87626
-16.22564
-15.59013
-14.0083
-11.57617

-4.70464
0.65318
5.89806
10.12311
12.59778
12.89418

2.72659
1.73476
0.44297
-0.92541
-2.13378
-2.97320

-7.43123
-1.08158
5.45509
11.04852
14.73156
15.86738

-7.428222
-4.579545
-1.452889
1.7619571
4.8698523
7.682148

3.08657
2.70744
2.16396
1.48914
0.72392
-0.08524

-8.441366
-4.794171
-0.85597
3.134189
6.9341025
10.313117

10.96106
7.13268
2.07098
-3.34880
-8.18955
-11.61425

-3.29852
-3.05350
-2.28051
-1.11319
0.24661
1.56377

14.25959
10.18618
4.35149
-2.23561
-8.43616
-13.17801

10.028138
11.76542

-0.88922 13.066125 -13.03074


-1.63923 15.026021 -12.19409

2.61053
3.20592

-15.64127
-15.40001

12.788543

-2.28974 16.073839 -9.24898

3.24697

-12.49595

13.035402

-2.80126 16.145975 -4.70464

2.72659

-7.43123

12.491013
11.188421
9.2066918
6.6661176
3.7209105

-3.14274
-3.29346
-3.24427
-2.99815
-2.57004

1.73476
0.44297
-0.92541
-2.13378
-2.97320

-1.08158
5.45509
11.04852
14.73156
15.86738

tabel
rumus
%

Zb
12.89418
12.89354
99.995031

15.238053 0.65318
13.405181 5.89806
10.758617 10.12311
7.4590046 12.59778
3.7066316 12.89418

zb
Zbr
3.246968 15.89631
3.246968 15.86675
100 99.814082

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

11

12

elevasi permukaan air

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

b.

Hitung (Zb)a, b dan berikan persamaan Zb


1) Amplitudo gerakan vertikal haluan (Zb)a

Zb a
(Zb)a
(Zb)a

Za 2 xq a 2 2Z a xq acose z e q

2
2
0
0
= (1,7 +(80*0,15) +2*1,7*80*0,15 cos(-40 -15 ))
= 13.04959 m

2) Sudut fase gerakan vertikal haluan b

tg e b

Z a sin e z xq a sin e q
Z a cos e z xq a cos e q

0
0
tan eb = (1,7 sin -40 ) + (80*0,15 sin 15 )

tg b

(1,7 cos -400) + (80*0,15 cos150)


= 0.156134

= arc 0,156134

= 8.874144

3) Elevasi Permukaan air di haluan Zb


we

= 1.125254

Zb

= (Zb)a cos (et + b)


0
= 13.04959 cos(1,125254t + 8,874144 )

Zb

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

c.

Hitung (Zbr)a, br dan berikan persamaan Zbr


1)

Amplitudo gerakan haluan relatif


(Zb)a

13.049595 m

ke
x
b

=
=

3.3 m
0.0448799
80 m

za

Zbr a

2)

0.1548045 rad/s

Zb a 2 z a 2 2Zb a z a coskex e b

(Zbr)a

= ((13,04959) +(3,3) -(2*13,04959*3,3 cos (0,04488*80-0.154805)))

(Zbr)a

16.236190 m

Sudut fase gerakan haluan relatif

tan e br

3)

8.874144

z a sin( k ex ) ( Zb )a sin e b
z a cos( k ex ) ( Zb )a cos e b

tan ebr

0
= (3,3 sin (0,4488*80) - (13,04959 sin (8,87414 )

tan br

(3,3 cos (0,4488*80) - (13,04959 cos 8,874140)


=
0.2170511

br

= arc 0,2170511

br

br

12.24616

0.2136275 rad/s

Elevasi Permukaan air


(Zbr)a

80 rad/s

br

0.2136275 rad/s

Zbr

= (Zbr)a cos(et+br)
= (16,236190) x Cos(1,1252536t + 0,2136275)

Zbr

16.236190 m

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

Apakah akan terjadi heluan terangkat dan tenggelam? Bila terjadi, jelaskan pada saat t
berapa atau kapan!

d.

Haluan terangkat (bow emergence) didefinisikan terjadi bilamana Zbr > T slamming
Haluan terbenam (bow submergence) didefinisikan terjadi bilamana Zbr < -fb water/deck
wetness

= _ (_ +_
= _ (_ + _
Zb
zb
Zbr

=
Z +
=za cos (ke -et)
=

Zb - zb

fb

Zb

zb

Zbr

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6

0.00000
0.31021
0.62042
0.89000
0.93063
1.24084
1.55105
1.75000
1.86127
2.17148
2.48169
2.79190
3.10211
3.41232
3.72253
3.77000
4.03274
4.34295
4.63000
4.65316
4.96337
5.27358
5.58380
5.89401
6.20422
6.47000
6.51443
6.82464
7.13485
7.33000
7.44506
7.75527

1.30266
1.59768
1.70000
1.62220
1.59727
1.30189
0.84948
0.50138
0.29461
-0.29579
-0.85052
-1.30266
-1.59768
-1.70000
-1.59727
-1.56392
-1.30189
-0.84948
-0.33814
-0.29461
0.29579
0.85052
1.30266
1.59768
1.70000
1.62436
1.59727
1.30189
0.84948
0.50831
0.29461
-0.29579

11.59152
9.83074
6.88422
3.63388
3.10737
-1.04428
-5.06998
-7.35801
-8.48416
-10.87502
-11.95420
-11.59152
-9.83074
-6.88422
-3.10737
-2.48410
1.04428
5.06998
8.26011
8.48416
10.87502
11.95420
11.59152
9.83074
6.88422
3.68269
3.10737
-1.04428
-5.06998
-7.31746
-8.48416
-10.87502

12.89418
11.42842
8.58422
5.25609
4.70464
0.25761
-4.22050
-6.85663
-8.18955
-11.17081
-12.80472
-12.89418
-11.42842
-8.58422
-4.70464
-4.04802
-0.25761
4.22050
7.92197
8.18955
11.17081
12.80472
12.89418
11.42842
8.58422
5.30705
4.70464
0.25761
-4.22050
-6.80915
-8.18955
-11.17081

-2.97320
-3.28360
-3.19796
-2.80870
-2.72659
-1.92635
-0.89377
-0.16625
0.24661
1.35725
2.30418
2.97320
3.28360
3.19796
2.72659
2.62345
1.92635
0.89377
-0.16077
-0.24661
-1.35725
-2.30418
-2.97320
-3.28360
-3.19796
-2.81608
-2.72659
-1.92635
-0.89377
-0.18033
0.24661
1.35725

15.86738
14.71202
11.78218
8.06479
7.43123
2.18396
-3.32672
-6.69038
-8.43616
-12.52806
-15.10890
-15.86738
-14.71202
-11.78218
-7.43123
-6.67147
-2.18396
3.32672
8.08273
8.43616
12.52806
15.10890
15.86738
14.71202
11.78218
8.12313
7.43123
2.18396
-3.32672
-6.62882
-8.43616
-12.52806

slamming /
greenwter
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING

GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER

SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING

GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6
-6.6

8.06548
8.37569
8.68590
8.99611
9.30633
9.35000
9.61654
9.92675
10.21000
10.23696
10.54717
10.85738
11.16759

-0.85052
-1.30266
-1.59768
-1.70000
-1.59727
-1.56675
-1.30189
-0.84948
-0.34525
-0.29461
0.29579
0.85052
1.30266

-11.95420
-11.59152
-9.83074
-6.88422
-3.10737
-2.53422
1.04428
5.06998
8.22286
8.48416
10.87502
11.95420
11.59152

-12.80472
-12.89418
-11.42842
-8.58422
-4.70464
-4.10097
-0.25761
4.22050
7.87761
8.18955
11.17081
12.80472
12.89418

2.30418
2.97320
3.28360
3.19796
2.72659
2.63197
1.92635
0.89377
-0.14669
-0.24661
-1.35725
-2.30418
-2.97320

-15.10890
-15.86738
-14.71202
-11.78218
-7.43123
-6.73294
-2.18396
3.32672
8.02430
8.43616
12.52806
15.10890
15.86738

GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER
GREENWATER

SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING
SLAMMING

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

20

15

10
0,89;8

6,47;8

4,63;8

0
0

-5
1,75;-6,6

3,77;-6,6

7,33;-6,6

-10

-15

-20
heave

slamming

pitch

elevasi haluan

waktu (detik)
gelombang
evevasi permukaan air

greenwater

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

10,21;8

6,6

evevasi permukaan air

10

11,16;8

11

12

9,35;-6,6

sarat air

free board

anityaauliana's document

Tugas 1 Olah Gerak Bangunan Apung

anityaauliana's document