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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.......................................................................................i
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN PERUSAHAAN............................................ii
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN JURUSAN.....................................................iii
KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................iv
DAFTAR ISI...................................................................................................vi
DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................xi
DAFTAR TABEL...........................................................................................xii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1.

Latar Belakang Kerja Praktek.............................................................1

1.2.

Tujuan Kerja Praktek..........................................................................3

1.2.1.

Tujuan Umum.....................................................................................3

1.2.2.

Tujuan Khusus....................................................................................3

1.3.

Manfaat Kerja Praktek........................................................................4

1.3.1.

Bagi Mahasiswa..................................................................................4

1.3.2.

Bagi Perguruan Tinggi........................................................................5

1.3.3.

Bagi Perusahaan.................................................................................5

1.4.

Ruang Lingkup Penulisan...................................................................5

1.5.

Metode Penulisan...............................................................................6

1.6.

Sistematika Penulisan.........................................................................7

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BAB II SEJARAH DAN PROSES PRODUKSI DI PT. INDONESIA


POWER UBP MRICA
2.1.

Sejarah Perkembangan ......................................................................9

2.1.1.

Sejarah Umum Perusahaan.................................................................9

2.1.2.

Sejarah PT. Indonesia Power..............................................................12

2.1.3.

Sejarah Unit Bisnis Pembangkit Mrica .............................................14

2.1.4.

Sejarah PLTA PB Soedirman.............................................................34

2.2.

Profil Industri......................................................................................36

2.2.1.

Visi, Misi dan Tujuan Perusahaan......................................................36

2.2.2.

Tenaga Kerja.......................................................................................37

2.2.3.

Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja.....................................................37

2.3.

Fasilitas ..............................................................................................38

2.3.1.

Fasilitas Sipil......................................................................................38

2.3.1.1. Waduk.................................................................................................38
2.3.1.2. DAM Utama (Main DAM).................................................................39
2.3.1.3. Tanggul Sisi........................................................................................41
2.3.1.4. Spillway (bangunan pelimpah)...........................................................41
2.3.1.5.

Bangunan Pelimpah Darurat (Emergency Spillway) ......................42

2.3.1.6.

Power Intake.....................................................................................43

2.3.1.7.

Pipa Pesat (Penstock).......................................................................44

2.3.1.8.

Power House (PH)............................................................................45

2.3.1.9.

Drawdown Culvrert..........................................................................46

2.3.1.10. Saluran Bawah (Trail Race).............................................................47

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2.3.2.

Fasilitas Mekanis..............................................................................48

2.3.2.1.

Katup utama.....................................................................................48

2.3.2.2.

Turbin air..........................................................................................48

2.3.2.3.

Air admission...................................................................................50

2.3.2.4.

Governor..........................................................................................51

2.3.3.

Fasilitas Electric...............................................................................52

2.3.3.1.

Generator..........................................................................................52

2.3.3.2.

Transformator...................................................................................59

2.3.3.3.

Eksitasi (Exitation)...........................................................................60

2.3.3.4.

Pendingin..........................................................................................60

2.3.3.5.

Utilitas..............................................................................................64

2.4.1.

Penyediaan Air.................................................................................64

2.4.2.

Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik...............................................................64

2.4.3.

Penyediaan Udara.............................................................................65

2.4.

Proses Produksi................................................................................65

2.5.1.

Pengantar..........................................................................................65

2.5.2.

Prinsip pembangkitan.......................................................................67

2.5.3.

Proses Produksi PLTA PB Soedirman.............................................68

2.5.4.

Black start........................................................................................71

2.5.5.

Sinkronisasi......................................................................................72

2.5.6.

Pengaturan beban aktif.....................................................................74

2.5.7.

Pengaturan beban reaktif..................................................................75

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BAB III SISTEM EKSITASI PADA GENERATOR 13,8 KV PLTA


PANGLIMA BESAR SOEDIRMAN
3.1.

Sistem Eksitasi.................................................................................76

3.2.

Komponen Utama............................................................................78

3.2.1. Battery...................................................................................................79
3.2.2.

Trafo Eksitasi...................................................................................82

3.2.3. Konverter / Rectifier.............................................................................85


3.2.4. AVR (Automatic Voltage Regulator)...................................................86
3.2.5. FCR ( Field Current Regulator )...........................................................87
3.2.6. PMT ( Pemutus Tenaga )......................................................................88
3.2.7. Field Flashing.......................................................................................89
3.2.8. Sikat Arang...........................................................................................90
3.3. Sistem Kerja Eksitasi...............................................................................92
3.3.1.

Cara Kerja Sistem Eksitasi...............................................................92

3.4.

Gangguan.........................................................................................94

BAB IV PENUTUP
4.1

Kesimpulan......................................................................................99

4.2

Saran.................................................................................................100

4.2.1.

Bagi Industri.....................................................................................100

4.2.2.

Bagi Fakultas....................................................................................101

DAFTAR PUSTAKA......................................................................................102

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LAMPIRAN