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Struktur Baja 1

Struktur Baja 1

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Published by: elviraindry on Jun 09, 2013
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04/10/2014

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Diketahui : Beban Angin (W) = 30 kg/m²

Mutu Baja = BJ 37
L1 = 3.5 m
L2 = 4 m
H1 = 4.1 m
H2 = 4 m
H3 = 1 m
Berat Jenis Air (γair) = 1000 kg/m³
Berat Jenis Beton (γbeton) = 2200 kg/m³
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Tebal Bak Air (t) = 0.1 m
Pembebanan Rangka Bak Air !!!
1.Rangka Barat-Timur
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L2-2.t) = 1710.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 220.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L1/2).tan 45°] = 256.6667 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 2236.6667 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[2/3.(L1/2).tan 45°] = 116.6667 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 = 54.0000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = 24.0000 kg/m
2.Rangka Utara-Selatan
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L1-2.t) = 1485.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 220.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*(L1/2)-4.(L1/2)³/(3.L2²)] = 286.7448 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 2041.7448 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[(L1/2)-4.(L1/2)³/(3.L2²)] = 130.3385 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L1 = 47.2500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L1) = 21.0000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.La
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.La + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.La
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Silang Atas !!!
Pu = 2777.27 kg = 27772.7 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 5390.7328 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 101.9042
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.1237 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.6880
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 430945 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 173.3355
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.3932 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Silang Bawah !!!
Pu = 3376.00 kg = 33760.0 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 5390.7328 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 101.9042
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.1237 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.6880
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 430945 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 173.3355
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.4780 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Beban Angin (W) = 27 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
L1 = 5 m
L2 = 6 m
H1 = 4 m
H2 = 3 m
H3 = 1.5 m
Berat Jenis Air (γair) = 1000 kg/m³
Berat Jenis Beton (γbeton) = 2200 kg/m³
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Tebal Bak Air (t) = 0.1 m
Pembebanan Rangka Bak Air !!!
1.Rangka Barat-Timur
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L2-2.t) = 4060.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 330.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L1/2).tan 45°] = 366.6667 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 4806.6667 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[2/3.(L1/2).tan 45°] = 166.6667 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 = 72.9000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = 32.4000 kg/m
2.Rangka Utara-Selatan
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L1-2.t) = 3360.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 330.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*(L1/2)-4.(L1/2)³/(3.L2²)] = 422.6852 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 4162.6852 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[(L1/2)-4.(L1/2)³/(3.L2²)] = 192.1296 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L1 = 60.7500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L1) = 27.0000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.La
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.La + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.La
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Silang Atas !!!
Pu = 3456.05 kg = 34560.5 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 6403.1242 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 121.0420
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.3347 → λcx > 1.2
ωx = 1,25.λcx² = 2.2267
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 326688 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 205.8882
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.4893 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Silang Bawah !!!
Pu = 7215.67 kg = 72156.7 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 6403.1242 mm
IWF = 150.150.7.10
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 150 mm
d = 150 mm
tf = 10 mm
tw = 7 mm
ro = 11 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 108.0000 mm
ix = 63.9 mm
iy = 37.5 mm
Ag = 4014 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
7.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
15.4286 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 100.2054
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.1049 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.6634
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 579163 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 170.7500
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 110046 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.7714 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = zincalume
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 5.5 m
Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 10 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 6.5 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 30 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 3.08 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Menghitung Panjang Batang !!!
A1 = A2 = A3 = A4 = A5 = A6 = A7 = A8 = [(L/2)/cosα+/4 = 1.4434 m
B1 = B2 = B3 = B4 = B5 = B6 = B7 = B8 = L/8 = 1.2500 m
V1 = V7 = B1.tanα = 0.7217 m
V2 = V6 = (B1+B2).tanα = 1.4434 m
V3 = V5 = (B1+B2+B3).tanα = 2.1651 m
V4 = (L/2).tanα = 2.8868 m
D1 = D6 = √(V1²+B2²) = 1.4434 m
D2 = D5 = √(V2²+B3²) = 1.9094 m
D3 = D4 = √(V3²+B4²) = 2.5000 m
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) : A1 = 1.4434 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.50.20.4,5 : qg = 9.2 kg/m
Ix = 368 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 35.7 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 49 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 10.5 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 9.2000 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 4.4456 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 1.1114 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 14.7570 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 7.2169 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -14.4338 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 12.7799 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 7.3785 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 48.3241 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 6.9750 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 86.6025 kg
Py = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 119.0785 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 34.3750 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 25.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 14.4338 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 94.5313 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 13.6444 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
3680000
357000
49000
10500
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 27.2888 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -54.5776 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 27.2888 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 67.6538 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 117.5282 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 270.3456 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 153.0037 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 78.9672 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 8.0162 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 270.3456 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 9.7650 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 25.5575 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 63.3700 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 25.5575 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 6.2775 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 6.2775 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 63.3700 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
2703456
633700
11760000
2520000
0.8142
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 5.5 m = 5500 mm
qdx = 12.7799 kg/m = 0.1278 N/mm
qdy = 7.3785 kg/m = 0.0738 N/mm
Px = 86.6025 kg/m = 0.8660 N/mm
Py = 50.0000 kg/m = 0.5000 N/mm
qt = 7.2169 kg/m = 0.0722 N/mm
qh = -14.4338 kg/m = -0.1443 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 0.7726 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 0.9047 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 1.1897 mm ≤ dk/240 = 22.9167 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.50.20.4,5 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 6.1127 kg = 61.1270 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 12.6500 kg = 126.5000 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg = 500.0000 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 687.627 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.0649 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.3146 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 2.75 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = 0,5.qg.dk = 25.3000 kg
Beban atap (PA) = 0,5.wa.dg.dk = 12.2254 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 3.0563 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = 0,5.(L+5).dg.dk = 59.5392 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 62.7105 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 100.1210 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 125.4210 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = 0,5.qp.dk.(L/8) = 61.8750 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 30.9375 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 61.8750 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 50 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = 0,5.qH.0,5.dk.dg = 39.6928 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).0,5.dk.dg = 79.3857 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 19.8464 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -39.6928 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 17.1875 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -34.3750 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 9.9232 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -19.8464 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 8.5938 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 4.9616 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 17.1875 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 9.9232 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -8.5938 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 14.8848 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -34.3750 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 19.8464 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -17.1875 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 9.9232 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 61.8750 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 27.5000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 19.8464 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -39.6928 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 17.1875 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -34.3750 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 9.9232 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -19.8464 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -17.1875 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -9.9232 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -34.3750 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -19.8464 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -8.5938 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -14.8848 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 17.1875 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -9.9232 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 8.5938 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -4.9616 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -27.5000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,5.0,9.W.dk) = -61.8750 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = qg.dk = 50.6000 kg
Beban atap (PA) = wa.dg.dk = 24.4508 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 3.0563 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = (L+5).dg.dk = 119.0785 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 123.8928 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 197.1856 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 247.7856 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = qp.dk.(L/8) = 123.7500 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 61.8750 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 123.7500 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 100 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = qH.0,5.dk.dg = 79.3857 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).dk.dg = 158.7713 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 39.6928 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -79.3857 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 34.3750 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -68.7500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 19.8464 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -39.6928 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 17.1875 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 9.9232 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 34.3750 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 19.8464 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -17.1875 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 29.7696 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -68.7500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 39.6928 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -34.3750 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 19.8464 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,9.W.dk = 123.7500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 55.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 39.6928 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -79.3857 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 34.3750 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -68.7500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 19.8464 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -39.6928 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -34.3750 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -19.8464 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -68.7500 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -39.6928 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -17.1875 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -29.7696 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 34.3750 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -19.8464 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 17.1875 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -9.9232 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = -0,4.W.dk = -55.0000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,9.W.dk) = -123.7500 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (A1) = 3920.58 kg = 39205.8 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1250.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 24.3665 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 39205.8 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (B1) = 4507.26 kg = 45072.6 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1443.3757 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 16.3463
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.1802 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9667
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2077718 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 28.1360
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.2311 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Vertikal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (V4) = 2010.97 kg = 20109.7 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 2886.7513 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 56.2720 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 20109.7 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (D3) = 1170.56 kg = 11705.6 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2500.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 28.3126
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.3122 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0282
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1953545 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 48.7329
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0600 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 7 m
Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 12 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 6.2 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 30 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Gording 1/2 Bentang (n) = 5 buah
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) = [(L/2)/cosα+/(n-1) = 1.7321 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.65.20.3,2 : qg = 11 kg/m
Ix = 489 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 99.2 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 65.2 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 19.8 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 11.0000 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 19.0526 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 4.7631 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 34.8157 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 8.6603 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -17.3205 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 30.1513 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 17.4078 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 184.6766 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 26.6558 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 86.6025 kg
Py = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 151.5544 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 43.7500 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 30.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 17.3205 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 183.7500 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 26.5220 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
4890000
992000
65200
19800
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 53.0441 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -106.0881 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 53.0441 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 258.5472 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 297.3891 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 506.5343 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 366.3464 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 235.1662 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 97.2517 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 506.5343 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 37.3181 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 53.8619 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 101.9869 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 53.8619 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 23.9902 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 23.9902 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 101.9869 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
5065343
1019869
15648000
4752000
0.8366
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 7 m = 7000 mm
qdx = 30.1513 kg/m = 0.3015 N/mm
qdy = 17.4078 kg/m = 0.1741 N/mm
Px = 86.6025 kg/m = 0.8660 N/mm
Py = 50.0000 kg/m = 0.5000 N/mm
qt = 8.6603 kg/m = 0.0866 N/mm
qh = -17.3205 kg/m = -0.1732 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 1.7167 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 6.8762 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 7.0873 mm ≤ dk/240 = 29.1667 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.50.20.4,5 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 33.3420 kg = 333.4198 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 19.2500 kg = 192.5000 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg = 500.0000 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 1025.920 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 3.0808 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.9613 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 3.5 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (0,5.n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 32.0833 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = 0,5.wa.dk = 38.5000 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.qa = 9.6250 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 130.2083 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.0,5.P)/(0,5.L) = 41.6667 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
qH = (0,5.dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 101.0363 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 17.5000 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -35.0000 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 15.1554 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 8.7500 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -30.3109 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -17.5000 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 78.7500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 35.0000 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 64.1667 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = wa.dk = 77.0000 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.PA = 9.6250 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 200.7917 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.P)/(0,5.L) = 83.3333 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
qH = (dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 202.0726 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 35.0000 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = (-0,4).W.dk = -70.0000 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 30.3109 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 17.5000 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -60.6218 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -35.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,9.W.dk = 157.5000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 70.0000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (A1) = 1146.61 kg = 11466.1 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1750.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 34.1131 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 11466.1 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (B1) = 1438.95 kg = 14389.5 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1750.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 19.8188
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2185 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9838
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2041684 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 34.1131
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0738 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (D3) = 2113.66 kg = 21136.6 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2304.8861 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 26.1029
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2878 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0162
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1976475 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 44.9296
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.1084 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 4.5 m
Beban Angin (W) = 31 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 10 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 4.7 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 35 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Menghitung Panjang Batang !!!
A1 = A2 = A3 = A4 = A5 = A6 = A7 = A8 = [(L/2)/cosα+/4 = 1.5260 m
B1 = B2 = B3 = B4 = B5 = B6 = B7 = B8 = L/8 = 1.2500 m
V1 = V7 = B1.tanα = 0.8753 m
V2 = V6 = (B1+B2).tanα = 1.7505 m
V3 = V5 = (B1+B2+B3).tanα = 2.6258 m
V4 = (L/2).tanα = 3.5010 m
D1 = D6 = √(V1²+B2²) = 1.5260 m
D2 = D5 = √(V2²+B3²) = 2.1510 m
D3 = D4 = √(V3²+B4²) = 2.9081 m
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) : A1 = 1.5260 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.50.20.4,5 : qg = 9.2 kg/m
Ix = 368 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 35.7 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 49 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 10.5 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 9.2000 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 16.7857 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 4.1964 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 30.1821 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 12.0000 kg/m²
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 14.1915 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -18.9220 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 24.7237 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 17.3117 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 62.5819 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 10.9551 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 81.9152 kg
Py = P.sinα = 57.3576 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 92.1546 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 32.2637 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 25.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 17.5052 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 63.2813 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 11.0775 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
3680000
357000
49000
10500
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 35.9222 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -47.8963 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 35.9222 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 87.6146 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 121.1755 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 251.2834 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 167.8745 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 103.0226 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 9.6248 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 251.2834 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 15.3371 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 29.2779 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 64.7680 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 29.2779 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 9.8596 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 9.8596 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 64.7680 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
2512834
647680
11760000
2520000
0.8086
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 4.5 m = 4500 mm
qdx = 24.7237 kg/m = 0.2472 N/mm
qdy = 17.3117 kg/m = 0.1731 N/mm
Px = 81.9152 kg/m = 0.8192 N/mm
Py = 57.3576 kg/m = 0.5736 N/mm
qt = 14.1915 kg/m = 0.1419 N/mm
qh = -18.9220 kg/m = -0.1892 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 0.8110 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 1.4525 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 1.6636 mm ≤ dk/240 = 18.7500 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.50.20.4,5 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 21.6627 kg = 216.6267 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 11.8730 kg = 118.7303 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 57.3576 kg = 573.5764 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 908.933 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.7295 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.7377 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 2.25 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = 0,5.qg.dk = 20.7000 kg
Beban atap (PA) = 0,5.wa.dg.dk = 37.7677 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 9.4419 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = 0,5.(L+5).dg.dk = 51.5014 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 70.0555 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 119.4111 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 140.1111 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = 0,5.qp.dk.(L/8) = 50.6250 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 25.3125 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 50.6250 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 50 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 12.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = 0,5.qH.0,5.dk.dg = 34.3343 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).0,5.dk.dg = 68.6686 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 31.9309 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -42.5745 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 26.1563 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -34.8750 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 18.3148 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -24.4197 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 13.0781 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 9.1574 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 26.1563 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 18.3148 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -4.3594 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 21.3673 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -34.8750 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 24.4197 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -17.4375 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 12.2099 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 62.7750 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 27.9000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 31.9309 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -42.5745 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 26.1563 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -34.8750 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 18.3148 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -24.4197 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -17.4375 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -12.2099 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -34.8750 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -24.4197 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -4.3594 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -21.3673 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 26.1563 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -18.3148 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 13.0781 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -9.1574 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -27.9000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,5.0,9.W.dk) = -62.7750 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = qg.dk = 41.4000 kg
Beban atap (PA) = wa.dg.dk = 75.5354 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 9.4419 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = (L+5).dg.dk = 103.0029 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 135.3901 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 229.3802 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 270.7802 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = qp.dk.(L/8) = 101.2500 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 50.6250 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 101.2500 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 100 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 12.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = qH.0,5.dk.dg = 68.6686 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).dk.dg = 137.3371 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 63.8618 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -85.1490 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 52.3125 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -69.7500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 36.6296 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -48.8395 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 26.1563 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 18.3148 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 52.3125 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 36.6296 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -8.7188 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 42.7345 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -69.7500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 48.8395 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -34.8750 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 24.4197 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,9.W.dk = 125.5500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 55.8000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 63.8618 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -85.1490 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 52.3125 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -69.7500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 36.6296 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -48.8395 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -34.8750 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -24.4197 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -69.7500 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -48.8395 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -8.7188 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -42.7345 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 52.3125 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -36.6296 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 26.1563 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -18.3148 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = -0,4.W.dk = -55.8000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,9.W.dk) = -125.5500 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (A1) = 3185.11 kg = 31851.1 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1250.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 24.3665 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 31851.1 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (B1) = 3806.88 kg = 38068.8 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1525.9682 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 17.2816
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.1906 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9713
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2068011 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 29.7460
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.1952 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Vertikal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (V4) = 1939.80 kg = 19398.0 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 3501.0377 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 68.2463 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 19398.0 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (D3) = 1127.80 kg = 11278.0 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2908.1285 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 32.9346
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.3632 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0540
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1905583 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 56.6887
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0578 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
L1 = 3 m
L2 = 2.5 m
H1 = 2.5 m
H2 = 2 m
H3 = 0.8 m
Berat Jenis Air (γair) = 1000 kg/m³
Berat Jenis Beton (γbeton) = 2200 kg/m³
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Tebal Bak Air (t) = 0.1 m
Pembebanan Rangka Bak Air !!!
1.Rangka Barat-Timur
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L2-2.t) = 805.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 176.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 211.3426 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 1242.3426 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 96.0648 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 = 28.1250 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = 12.5000 kg/m
2.Rangka Utara-Selatan
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L1-2.t) = 980.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 176.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 183.3333 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 1389.3333 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 83.3333 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L1 = 33.7500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L1) = 15.0000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.La
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.La + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.La
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Silang Atas !!!
Pu = 608.70 kg = 6087.0 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 3905.1248 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 73.8209
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.8140 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.3559
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 536487 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 125.5667
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0862 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Silang Bawah !!!
Pu = 1094.77 kg = 10947.7 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 3905.1248 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 73.8209
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.8140 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.3559
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 536487 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 125.5667
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.1550 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Beban Angin (W) = 30 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
L1 = 4.8 m
L2 = 4.8 m
H1 = 3 m
H2 = 3.2 m
H3 = 2 m
Berat Jenis Air (γair) = 1000 kg/m³
Berat Jenis Beton (γbeton) = 2200 kg/m³
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Tebal Bak Air (t) = 0.1 m
Pembebanan Rangka Bak Air !!!
1.Rangka Barat-Timur
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L2-2.t) = 4370.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 440.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 352.0000 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 5212.0000 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 160.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 = 64.8000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = 28.8000 kg/m
2.Rangka Utara-Selatan
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L1-2.t) = 4370.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 440.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 352.0000 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 5212.0000 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 160.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L1 = 64.8000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L1) = 28.8000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.La
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.La + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.La
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Silang Atas !!!
Pu = 4375.10 kg = 43751.0 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 5660.3887 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 107.0017
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.1799 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.7665
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 411788 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 182.0061
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.6194 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Silang Bawah !!!
Pu = 4978.63 kg = 49786.3 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 5660.3887 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 107.0017
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.1799 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.7665
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 411788 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 182.0061
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.7049 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
L1 = 1.5 m
L2 = 1 m
H1 = 2.5 m
H2 = 2.2 m
H3 = 1 m
Berat Jenis Air (γair) = 1000 kg/m³
Berat Jenis Beton (γbeton) = 2200 kg/m³
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Tebal Bak Air (t) = 0.1 m
Pembebanan Rangka Bak Air !!!
1.Rangka Barat-Timur
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L2-2.t) = 360.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 220.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 93.7037 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 723.7037 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 42.5926 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 = 11.2500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = 5.0000 kg/m
2.Rangka Utara-Selatan
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L1-2.t) = 585.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 220.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 73.3333 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 928.3333 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 33.3333 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L1 = 16.8750 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L1) = 7.5000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.La
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.La + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.La
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Silang Atas !!!
Pu = 343.92 kg = 3439.2 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2915.4759 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 55.1130
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.6077 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.1988
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 606795 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 93.7452
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0487 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Silang Bawah !!!
Pu = 482.15 kg = 4821.5 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2915.4759 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 55.1130
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.6077 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.1988
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 606795 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 93.7452
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0683 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 4.5 m
Beban Angin (W) = 30 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 12 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 4.5 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 45 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Menghitung Panjang Batang !!!
A1 = A2 = A3 = A4 = A5 = A6 = A7 = A8 = [(L/2)/cosα+/4 = 2.1213 m
B1 = B2 = B3 = B4 = B5 = B6 = B7 = B8 = L/8 = 1.5000 m
V1 = V7 = B1.tanα = 1.5000 m
V2 = V6 = (B1+B2).tanα = 3.0000 m
V3 = V5 = (B1+B2+B3).tanα = 4.5000 m
V4 = (L/2).tanα = 6.0000 m
D1 = D6 = √(V1²+B2²) = 2.1213 m
D2 = D5 = √(V2²+B3²) = 3.3541 m
D3 = D4 = √(V3²+B4²) = 4.7434 m
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) : A1 = 2.1213 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.65.20.3,2 : qg = 7.51 kg/m
Ix = 332 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 53.8 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 44.3 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 12.2 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 7.5100 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 23.3345 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 5.8336 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 36.6782 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 4.0000 kg/m²
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 31.8198 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -25.4558 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 25.9354 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 25.9354 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 65.6489 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 16.4122 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 70.7107 kg
Py = P.sinα = 70.7107 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 79.5495 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 39.7748 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 30.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 30.0000 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 75.9375 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 18.9844 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
3320000
538000
44300
12200
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 80.5439 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -64.4351 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 80.5439 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 91.9085 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 118.5534 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 270.4930 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 223.2605 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 163.7911 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = -45.6230 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 270.4930 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 22.9771 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 39.5821 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 83.3343 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 39.5821 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 14.7710 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 14.7710 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 83.3343 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
2704930
833343
10632000
2928000
0.9152
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 4.5 m = 4500 mm
qdx = 25.9354 kg/m = 0.2594 N/mm
qdy = 25.9354 kg/m = 0.2594 N/mm
Px = 70.7107 kg/m = 0.7071 N/mm
Py = 70.7107 kg/m = 0.7071 N/mm
qt = 31.8198 kg/m = 0.3182 N/mm
qh = -25.4558 kg/m = -0.2546 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 0.8059 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 2.5993 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 2.7213 mm ≤ dk/240 = 18.7500 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.65.20.3,2 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 37.1250 kg = 371.2500 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 11.9483 kg = 119.4834 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 70.7107 kg = 707.1068 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 1197.840 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 3.5971 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 2.2900 mm ≈ 3 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 2.25 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = 0,5.qg.dk = 16.8975 kg
Beban atap (PA) = 0,5.wa.dg.dk = 52.5027 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 13.1257 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = 0,5.(L+5).dg.dk = 81.1405 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 90.2819 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 163.6664 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 180.5639 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = 0,5.qp.dk.(L/8) = 60.7500 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 30.3750 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 60.7500 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 50 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 4.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = 0,5.qH.0,5.dk.dg = 47.7297 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).0,5.dk.dg = 95.4594 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 71.5946 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -57.2756 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 50.6250 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -40.5000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 50.6250 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -40.5000 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 25.3125 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 25.3125 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 50.6250 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 50.6250 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = 5.0625 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 45.5625 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -40.5000 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 40.5000 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -20.2500 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 20.2500 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 60.7500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 27.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 71.5946 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -57.2756 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 50.6250 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -40.5000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 50.6250 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -40.5000 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -20.2500 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -20.2500 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -40.5000 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -40.5000 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = 5.0625 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -45.5625 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 50.6250 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -50.6250 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 25.3125 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -25.3125 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -27.0000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,5.0,9.W.dk) = -60.7500 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = qg.dk = 33.7950 kg
Beban atap (PA) = wa.dg.dk = 105.0054 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 13.1257 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = (L+5).dg.dk = 162.2810 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 174.0010 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 314.2070 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 348.0020 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = qp.dk.(L/8) = 121.5000 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 60.7500 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 121.5000 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 100 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 4.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = qH.0,5.dk.dg = 95.4594 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).dk.dg = 190.9188 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 143.1891 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -114.5513 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 101.2500 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -81.0000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 101.2500 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -81.0000 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 50.6250 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 50.6250 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 101.2500 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 101.2500 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = 10.1250 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 91.1250 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -81.0000 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 81.0000 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -40.5000 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 40.5000 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,9.W.dk = 121.5000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 54.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 143.1891 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -114.5513 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 101.2500 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -81.0000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 101.2500 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -81.0000 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -40.5000 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -40.5000 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -81.0000 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -81.0000 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = 10.1250 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -91.1250 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 101.2500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -101.2500 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 50.6250 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -50.6250 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = -0,4.W.dk = -54.0000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,9.W.dk) = -121.5000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (A1) = 3108.84 kg = 31088.4 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1500.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 29.2398 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 31088.4 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (B1) = 4117.19 kg = 41171.9 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2121.3203 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 24.0240
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2649 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0053
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1998047 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 41.3513
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.2111 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Vertikal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (V4) = 2679.36 kg = 26793.6 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 6000.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 116.9591 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 26793.6 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (D3) = 1565.83 kg = 15658.3 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 4743.4165 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 53.7193
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.5923 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.1886
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1689904 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 92.4643
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0803 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
L1 = 7 m
L2 = 6 m
Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
H1 = 4 m
H2 = 3 m
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Berat Jenis Beton (γbeton) = 2400 kg/m³
Tebal Pelat Beton (t) = 0.18 m
Pembebanan Rangka Bangunan !!!
1.Rangka Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban atap = 0,5.wa.L2 + Balok(taksir = 50 kg/m) = 83.0000 kg/m
Beban pelat = γbeton.t.*(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 978.6122 kg/m
Beban lantai = Beban pelat + Balok(taksir = 50 kg/m) = 1028.6122 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 400 kg/m²
Beban lantai = qL.[(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 906.1224 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 20 kg/m²
Beban atap = 0,5.qH.L2 = 60 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 = 67.5000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = 30.0000 kg/m
2.Rangka Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban atap = wa.L2 + Balok (taksir = 50 kg/m) = 116.0000 kg/m
Beban pelat = 2.γbeton.t.*(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 1957.2245 kg/m
Beban lantai = Beban pelat + Balok(taksir = 50 kg/m) = 2007.2245 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 400 kg/m²
Beban lantai = 2.qL.[(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 1812.245 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 20 kg/m²
Beban atap = qH.L2 = 120 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,9.W.L2 = 135.0000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -((-0,4).W.L2) = 60.0000 kg/m
3.Rangka Kanan-Kiri
Beban Mati : Beban atap = 0,5.wa.L1 + Balok(taksir = 50 kg/m) = 88.5000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 864 kg/m
Beban lantai = Beban pelat + Balok(taksir = 50 kg/m) = 914.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 400 kg/m²
Beban lantai = qL.[2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 800 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 20 kg/m²
Beban atap = 0,5.qH.L1 = 70 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Silang Atas !!!
Pu = 1300.91 kg = 13009.1 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 6708.2039 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 130.7642 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 13009.1 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Silang Bawah !!!
Pu = 7796.10 kg = 77961.0 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 7211.1026 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 81.6659
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.9005 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.4348
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1399907 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 140.5673
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.3997 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 4.8 m
Beban Angin (W) = 31 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 10 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 4.8 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 30 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Gording 1/2 Bentang (n) = 5 buah
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) = [(L/2)/cosα+/(n-1) = 1.4434 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.65.20.3,2 : qg = 7.51 kg/m
Ix = 332 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 53.8 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 44.3 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 12.2 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 7.5100 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 15.8771 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 3.9693 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 27.3564 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 8.9489 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -17.8979 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 23.6914 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 13.6782 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 68.2311 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 9.8483 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 86.6025 kg
Py = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 103.9230 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 30.0000 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 25.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 14.4338 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 72.0000 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 10.3923 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
3320000
538000
44300
12200
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 25.7729 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -51.5458 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 25.7729 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 95.5235 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 133.8388 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 268.7725 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 167.3436 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 94.9128 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 27.9032 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 268.7725 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 13.7876 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 26.8180 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 59.8180 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 26.8180 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 8.8635 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 8.8635 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 59.8180 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
2687725
598180
10632000
2928000
0.7349
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 4.8 m = 4800 mm
qdx = 23.6914 kg/m = 0.2369 N/mm
qdy = 13.6782 kg/m = 0.1368 N/mm
Px = 86.6025 kg/m = 0.8660 N/mm
Py = 50.0000 kg/m = 0.5000 N/mm
qt = 8.9489 kg/m = 0.0895 N/mm
qh = -17.8979 kg/m = -0.1790 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 0.5505 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 1.5376 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 1.6332 mm ≤ dk/240 = 20.0000 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.50.20.4,5 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 19.0526 kg = 190.5256 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 9.0120 kg = 90.1200 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg = 500.0000 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 780.646 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.3443 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.4924 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 2.4 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (0,5.n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 18.0240 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = 0,5.wa.dk = 26.4000 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.qa = 6.6000 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 101.0240 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.0,5.P)/(0,5.L) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
qH = (0,5.dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 69.2820 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 14.8800 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -29.7600 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 12.8865 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 7.4400 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -25.7729 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -14.8800 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 66.9600 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 29.7600 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 36.0480 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = wa.dk = 52.8000 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.PA = 6.6000 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 145.4480 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.P)/(0,5.L) = 100.0000 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
qH = (dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 138.5641 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 29.7600 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = (-0,4).W.dk = -59.5200 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 25.7729 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 14.8800 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -51.5458 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -29.7600 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,9.W.dk = 133.9200 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 59.5200 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (A1) = 446.70 kg = 4467.0 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1200.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 23.3918 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 4467.0 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (B1) = 616.43 kg = 6164.3 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1200.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 13.5900
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.1499 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9536
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2106319 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 23.3918
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0316 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (D3) = 809.48 kg = 8094.8 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1920.9373 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 21.7547
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2399 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9936
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2021596 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 37.4452
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0415 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Beban Angin (W) = 32 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
L1 = 5.2 m
L2 = 4.8 m
H1 = 4 m
H2 = 3.3 m
H3 = 1.2 m
Berat Jenis Air (γair) = 1000 kg/m³
Berat Jenis Beton (γbeton) = 2200 kg/m³
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Tebal Bak Air (t) = 0.1 m
Pembebanan Rangka Bak Air !!!
1.Rangka Barat-Timur
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L2-2.t) = 2530.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 264.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 378.0355 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 3222.0355 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[(L2/2)-4.(L2/2)³/(3.L1²)] = 171.8343 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 = 69.1200 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = 30.7200 kg/m
2.Rangka Utara-Selatan
Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L1-2.t) = 2750.0000 kg/m
Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 = 264.0000 kg/m
Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 352.0000 kg/m
Balok = taksir = 50.0000 kg/m
qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok = 3416.0000 kg/m
qD2 = Balok (taksir) = 50.0000 kg/m
Beban Hidup : qL = 100 kg/m²
qLa = qL.[2/3.(L2/2).tan 45°] = 160.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin : Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L1 = 74.8800 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L1) = 33.2800 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.La
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.La + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.La
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Silang Atas !!!
Pu = 2607.91 kg = 26079.1 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 6560.4878 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 124.0168
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.3675 → λcx > 1.2
ωx = 1,25.λcx² = 2.3375
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 311204 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 210.9482
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.3692 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Silang Bawah !!!
Pu = 4553.50 kg = 45535.0 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 6560.4878 mm
IWF = 125.125.6,5.9
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 125 mm
d = 125 mm
tf = 9 mm
tw = 6.5 mm
ro = 10 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 87.0000 mm
ix = 52.9 mm
iy = 31.1 mm
Ag = 3031 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.9444 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
13.3846 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 124.0168
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 1.3675 → λcx > 1.2
ωx = 1,25.λcx² = 2.3375
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 311204 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 210.9482
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 83097 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.6447 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 4.5 m
Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 12 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 5.5 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 30 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Menghitung Panjang Batang !!!
A1 = A2 = A3 = A4 = A5 = A6 = A7 = A8 = [(L/2)/cosα+/4 = 1.7321 m
B1 = B2 = B3 = B4 = B5 = B6 = B7 = B8 = L/8 = 1.5000 m
V1 = V7 = B1.tanα = 0.8660 m
V2 = V6 = (B1+B2).tanα = 1.7321 m
V3 = V5 = (B1+B2+B3).tanα = 2.5981 m
V4 = (L/2).tanα = 3.4641 m
D1 = D6 = √(V1²+B2²) = 1.7321 m
D2 = D5 = √(V2²+B3²) = 2.2913 m
D3 = D4 = √(V3²+B4²) = 3.0000 m
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) : A1 = 1.7321 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.50.20.3,2 : qg = 6.76 kg/m
Ix = 280 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 28.3 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 37.4 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 8.19 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 6.7600 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 19.0526 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 4.7631 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 30.5757 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 8.6603 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -17.3205 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 26.4793 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 15.2878 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 67.0258 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 9.6743 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 86.6025 kg
Py = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 97.4279 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 28.1250 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 30.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 17.3205 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 75.9375 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 10.9606 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
2800000
283000
37400
8190
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 21.9213 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -43.8425 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 21.9213 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 93.8361 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 129.1449 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 253.8526 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 157.6425 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 88.8209 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 31.8256 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 253.8526 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 13.5441 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 25.6717 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 56.6092 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 25.6717 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 8.7069 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 8.7069 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 56.6092 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
2538526
566092
8976000
1965600
0.9542
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 4.5 m = 4500 mm
qdx = 26.4793 kg/m = 0.2648 N/mm
qdy = 15.2878 kg/m = 0.1529 N/mm
Px = 86.6025 kg/m = 0.8660 N/mm
Py = 50.0000 kg/m = 0.5000 N/mm
qt = 8.6603 kg/m = 0.0866 N/mm
qh = -17.3205 kg/m = -0.1732 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 0.9035 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 1.7019 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 1.9268 mm ≤ dk/240 = 18.7500 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.50.20.3,2 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 21.4341 kg = 214.3413 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 7.6050 kg = 76.0500 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg = 500.0000 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 790.391 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.3735 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.5110 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 2.25 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = 0,5.qg.dk = 15.2100 kg
Beban atap (PA) = 0,5.wa.dg.dk = 42.8683 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 10.7171 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = 0,5.(L+5).dg.dk = 66.2509 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 75.1281 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 135.0463 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 150.2563 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = 0,5.qp.dk.(L/8) = 60.7500 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 30.3750 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 60.7500 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 50 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = 0,5.qH.0,5.dk.dg = 38.9711 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).0,5.dk.dg = 77.9423 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 19.4856 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -38.9711 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 16.8750 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -33.7500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 9.7428 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -19.4856 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 8.4375 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 4.8714 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 16.8750 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 9.7428 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -8.4375 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 14.6142 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -33.7500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 19.4856 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -16.8750 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 9.7428 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 50.6250 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 22.5000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 19.4856 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -38.9711 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 16.8750 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -33.7500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 9.7428 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -19.4856 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -16.8750 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -9.7428 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -33.7500 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -19.4856 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -8.4375 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -14.6142 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 16.8750 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -9.7428 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 8.4375 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -4.8714 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -22.5000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,5.0,9.W.dk) = -50.6250 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = qg.dk = 30.4200 kg
Beban atap (PA) = wa.dg.dk = 85.7365 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 10.7171 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = (L+5).dg.dk = 132.5019 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 144.8977 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 259.3755 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 289.7955 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = qp.dk.(L/8) = 121.5000 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 60.7500 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 121.5000 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 100 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = qH.0,5.dk.dg = 77.9423 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).dk.dg = 155.8846 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 38.9711 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -77.9423 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 33.7500 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -67.5000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 19.4856 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -38.9711 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 16.8750 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 9.7428 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 33.7500 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 19.4856 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -16.8750 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 29.2284 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -67.5000 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 38.9711 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -33.7500 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 19.4856 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,9.W.dk = 101.2500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 45.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 38.9711 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -77.9423 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 33.7500 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -67.5000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 19.4856 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -38.9711 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -33.7500 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -19.4856 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -67.5000 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -38.9711 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -16.8750 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -29.2284 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 33.7500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -19.4856 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 16.8750 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -9.7428 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = -0,4.W.dk = -45.0000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,9.W.dk) = -101.2500 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (A1) = 4323.67 kg = 43236.7 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1500.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 29.2398 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 43236.7 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (B1) = 4954.77 kg = 49547.7 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1732.0508 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 19.6155
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2163 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9828
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2043793 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 33.7632
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.2541 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Vertikal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (V4) = 2211.20 kg = 22112.0 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 3464.1016 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 67.5263 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 22112.0 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (D3) = 1285.99 kg = 12859.9 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 3000.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 33.9751
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.3746 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0600
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1894786 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 58.4795
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0659 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 4.3 m
Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 12 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 5.1 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 30 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Menghitung Panjang Batang !!!
A1 = A2 = A3 = A4 = A5 = A6 = A7 = A8 = [(L/2)/cosα+/4 = 1.7321 m
B1 = B2 = B3 = B4 = B5 = B6 = B7 = B8 = L/8 = 1.5000 m
V1 = V7 = B1.tanα = 0.8660 m
V2 = V6 = (B1+B2).tanα = 1.7321 m
V3 = V5 = (B1+B2+B3).tanα = 2.5981 m
V4 = (L/2).tanα = 3.4641 m
D1 = D6 = √(V1²+B2²) = 1.7321 m
D2 = D5 = √(V2²+B3²) = 2.2913 m
D3 = D4 = √(V3²+B4²) = 3.0000 m
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) : A1 = 1.7321 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.50.20.3,2 : qg = 6.76 kg/m
Ix = 280 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 28.3 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 37.4 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 8.19 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 6.7600 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 19.0526 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 4.7631 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 30.5757 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 8.6603 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -17.3205 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 26.4793 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 15.2878 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 61.2004 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 8.8335 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 86.6025 kg
Py = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 93.0977 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 26.8750 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 30.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 17.3205 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 69.3375 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 10.0080 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
2800000
283000
37400
8190
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 20.0160 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -40.0320 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 20.0160 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 85.6805 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 119.9893 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 238.4096 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 146.0101 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 81.1011 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 29.0595 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 238.4096 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 12.3669 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 24.0377 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 53.6002 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 24.0377 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 7.9502 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 7.9502 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 53.6002 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
2384096
536002
8976000
1965600
0.9011
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 4.3 m = 4300 mm
qdx = 26.4793 kg/m = 0.2648 N/mm
qdy = 15.2878 kg/m = 0.1529 N/mm
Px = 86.6025 kg/m = 0.8660 N/mm
Py = 50.0000 kg/m = 0.5000 N/mm
qt = 8.6603 kg/m = 0.0866 N/mm
qh = -17.3205 kg/m = -0.1732 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 0.7533 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 1.4190 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 1.6066 mm ≤ dk/240 = 17.9167 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.50.20.3,2 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 20.4815 kg = 204.8150 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 7.2670 kg = 72.6700 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg = 500.0000 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 777.485 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.3348 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.4864 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 2.15 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = 0,5.qg.dk = 14.5340 kg
Beban atap (PA) = 0,5.wa.dg.dk = 40.9630 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 10.2408 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = 0,5.(L+5).dg.dk = 63.3065 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 71.7891 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 129.0442 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 143.5782 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = 0,5.qp.dk.(L/8) = 58.0500 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 29.0250 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 58.0500 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 50 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = 0,5.qH.0,5.dk.dg = 37.2391 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).0,5.dk.dg = 74.4782 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 18.6195 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -37.2391 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 16.1250 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -32.2500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 9.3098 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -18.6195 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 8.0625 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 4.6549 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 16.1250 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 9.3098 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -8.0625 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 13.9647 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -32.2500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 18.6195 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -16.1250 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 9.3098 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 48.3750 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 21.5000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 18.6195 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -37.2391 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 16.1250 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -32.2500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 9.3098 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -18.6195 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -16.1250 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -9.3098 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -32.2500 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -18.6195 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -8.0625 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -13.9647 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 16.1250 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -9.3098 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 8.0625 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -4.6549 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -21.5000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,5.0,9.W.dk) = -48.3750 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = qg.dk = 29.0680 kg
Beban atap (PA) = wa.dg.dk = 81.9260 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 10.2408 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = (L+5).dg.dk = 126.6129 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 138.4578 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 247.8477 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 276.9157 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = qp.dk.(L/8) = 116.1000 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 58.0500 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 116.1000 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 100 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = qH.0,5.dk.dg = 74.4782 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).dk.dg = 148.9564 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 37.2391 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -74.4782 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 32.2500 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -64.5000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 18.6195 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -37.2391 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 16.1250 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 9.3098 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 32.2500 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 18.6195 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -16.1250 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 27.9293 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -64.5000 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 37.2391 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -32.2500 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 18.6195 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,9.W.dk = 96.7500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 43.0000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 37.2391 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -74.4782 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 32.2500 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -64.5000 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 18.6195 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -37.2391 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -32.2500 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -18.6195 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -64.5000 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -37.2391 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -16.1250 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -27.9293 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 32.2500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -18.6195 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 16.1250 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -9.3098 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = -0,4.W.dk = -43.0000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,9.W.dk) = -96.7500 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (A1) = 3118.08 kg = 31180.8 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1500.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 29.2398 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 31180.8 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (B1) = 3607.38 kg = 36073.8 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1732.0508 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 19.6155
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2163 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9828
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2043793 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 33.7632
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.1850 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Vertikal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (V4) = 1691.12 kg = 16911.2 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 3464.1016 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 67.5263 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 16911.2 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (D3) = 882.53 kg = 8825.3 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 3000.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 33.9751
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.3746 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0600
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1894786 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 58.4795
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0453 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 8 m
Beban Angin (W) = 27 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 7 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 5 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 25 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Gording 1/2 Bentang (n) = 5 buah
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) = [(L/2)/cosα+/(n-1) = 0.9655 m
Coba profil light lip channel 200.75.20.3,2 : qg = 9.27 kg/m
Ix = 721 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 87.5 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 72.1 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 16.8 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 9.2700 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 10.6200 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 2.6550 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 22.5450 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 20.0000 kg/m
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 2.6067 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -10.4269 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 20.4327 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 9.5279 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 163.4618 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 19.0559 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 90.6308 kg
Py = P.sinα = 42.2618 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 181.2616 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 42.2618 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 17.5000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 8.1604 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 140.0000 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 16.3208 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
7210000
875000
72100
16800
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 20.8538 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -83.4154 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 20.8538 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 228.8465 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 286.7849 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 502.8557 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 313.8949 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 174.2256 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 120.0056 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 502.8557 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 26.6782 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 43.9980 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 90.4860 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 43.9980 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 17.1503 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 17.1503 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 90.4860 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
5028557
904860
17304000
4032000
0.8216
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 8 m = 8000 mm
qdx = 20.4327 kg/m = 0.2043 N/mm
qdy = 9.5279 kg/m = 0.0953 N/mm
Px = 90.6308 kg/m = 0.9063 N/mm
Py = 42.2618 kg/m = 0.4226 N/mm
qt = 2.6067 kg/m = 0.0261 N/mm
qh = -10.4269 kg/m = -0.1043 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 1.8181 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 4.6715 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 5.0128 mm ≤ dk/240 = 33.3333 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 200.75.20.3,2 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 17.9528 kg = 179.5284 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 15.6707 kg = 156.7069 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 42.2618 kg = 422.6183 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 758.854 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.2788 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.4508 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 4 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (0,5.n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 52.9714 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = 0,5.wa.dk = 44.0000 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.qa = 11.0000 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 157.9714 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.0,5.P)/(0,5.L) = 71.4286 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 20.0000 kg/m²
qH = (0,5.dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 110.3378 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 10.8000 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -43.2000 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 9.7881 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 4.5643 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -39.1525 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -18.2571 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 97.2000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 43.2000 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 105.9429 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = wa.dk = 88.0000 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.PA = 11.0000 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 254.9429 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.P)/(0,5.L) = 142.8571 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 20.0000 kg/m²
qH = (dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 220.6756 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 21.6000 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = (-0,4).W.dk = -86.4000 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 19.5762 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 9.1286 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -78.3050 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -36.5142 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,9.W.dk = 194.4000 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 86.4000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (A1) = 908.04 kg = 9080.4 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 2000.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 38.9864 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 9080.4 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (B1) = 659.54 kg = 6595.4 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2000.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 22.6501
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2498 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9981
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2012304 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 38.9864
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0338 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (D3) = 1618.60 kg = 16186.0 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2500.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 28.3126
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.3122 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0282
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1953545 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 48.7329
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0830 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = asbes
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 3.75 m
Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 12 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 5 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 30 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 11 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Menghitung Panjang Batang !!!
A1 = A2 = A3 = A4 = A5 = A6 = A7 = A8 = [(L/2)/cosα+/4 = 1.7321 m
B1 = B2 = B3 = B4 = B5 = B6 = B7 = B8 = L/8 = 1.5000 m
V1 = V7 = B1.tanα = 0.8660 m
V2 = V6 = (B1+B2).tanα = 1.7321 m
V3 = V5 = (B1+B2+B3).tanα = 2.5981 m
V4 = (L/2).tanα = 3.4641 m
D1 = D6 = √(V1²+B2²) = 1.7321 m
D2 = D5 = √(V2²+B3²) = 2.2913 m
D3 = D4 = √(V3²+B4²) = 3.0000 m
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) : A1 = 1.7321 m
Coba profil light lip channel 150.50.20.2,3 : qg = 4.96 kg/m
Ix = 210 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 21.9 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 28 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 6.33 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 4.9600 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 19.0526 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 4.7631 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 28.7757 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 8.6603 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -17.3205 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 24.9205 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 14.3878 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 43.8055 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 6.3228 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 86.6025 kg
Py = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 81.1899 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 23.4375 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 30.0000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 17.3205 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 52.7344 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 7.6116 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
2100000
219000
28000
6330
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 15.2231 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -30.4462 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 15.2231 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 61.3278 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 93.1616 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 194.6489 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 112.9516 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 59.2150 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 19.6350 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 194.6489 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 8.8519 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 19.3061 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 45.0873 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 19.3061 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 5.6905 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 5.6905 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 45.0873 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
1946489
450873
6720000
1519200
0.9814
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 3.75 m = 3750 mm
qdx = 24.9205 kg/m = 0.2492 N/mm
qdy = 14.3878 kg/m = 0.1439 N/mm
Px = 86.6025 kg/m = 0.8660 N/mm
Py = 50.0000 kg/m = 0.5000 N/mm
qt = 8.6603 kg/m = 0.0866 N/mm
qh = -17.3205 kg/m = -0.1732 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 0.5302 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 0.9991 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 1.1311 mm ≤ dk/240 = 15.6250 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 150.50.20.2,3 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 17.8618 kg = 178.6177 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 4.6500 kg = 46.5000 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 50.0000 kg = 500.0000 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 725.118 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.1775 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.3863 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 1.875 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = 0,5.qg.dk = 9.3000 kg
Beban atap (PA) = 0,5.wa.dg.dk = 35.7235 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 8.9309 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = 0,5.(L+5).dg.dk = 55.2091 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 59.2318 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 109.1636 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 118.4636 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = 0,5.qp.dk.(L/8) = 50.6250 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 25.3125 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 50.6250 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 50 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = 0,5.qH.0,5.dk.dg = 32.4760 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).0,5.dk.dg = 64.9519 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 16.2380 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -32.4760 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 14.0625 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -28.1250 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 8.1190 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -16.2380 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 7.0313 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 4.0595 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 14.0625 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 8.1190 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -7.0313 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 12.1785 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -28.1250 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 16.2380 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -14.0625 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 8.1190 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 42.1875 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 18.7500 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 16.2380 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dg.dk = -32.4760 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 14.0625 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -28.1250 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 8.1190 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -16.2380 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -14.0625 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -8.1190 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -28.1250 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -16.2380 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -7.0313 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -12.1785 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 14.0625 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -8.1190 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 7.0313 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -4.0595 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -18.7500 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,5.0,9.W.dk) = -42.1875 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (PG) = qg.dk = 18.6000 kg
Beban atap (PA) = wa.dg.dk = 71.4471 kg
Beban pengait (PP) = 25%.PA = 8.9309 kg
Beban kuda-kuda (PK) = (L+5).dg.dk = 110.4182 kg
Beban buhul atas : P1 = PG + 0,5.PA + 0,5.PP + 0,5.PK = 113.9981 kg
P2 = PG + PA + PP + PK = 209.3962 kg
P3 = 2.PG + PA + PP + PK = 227.9962 kg
Berat plafond+penggantung (qp) = 11+7 = 18 kg/m²
Beban plafond (PPP) = qp.dk.(L/8) = 101.2500 kg
Beban buhul bawah : P4 = 0,5.PPP = 50.6250 kg
P5 = 0,5.PPP + 0,5.PPP = 101.2500 kg
Beban Hidup : Beban buhul atas : P = 100 kg
Beban Air Hujan : qH = 40-0,8.α = 16.0000 kg/m²
Beban buhul atas : P1 = qH.0,5.dk.dg = 64.9519 kg
P2 = (0,5.qH+0,5.qH).dk.dg = 129.9038 kg
Beban Angin Kiri : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 32.4760 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -64.9519 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 28.1250 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -56.2500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 16.2380 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -32.4760 kg
P1V = 0,5.PTV = 14.0625 kg P1H = 0,5.PTH = 8.1190 kg
P2V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 28.1250 kg P2H = 0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH = 16.2380 kg
P3V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PHV = -14.0625 kg P3H = 0,5.PTH - 0,5.PHH = 24.3570 kg
P4V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -56.2500 kg P4H = -(0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH) = 32.4760 kg
P5V = 0,5.PHV = -28.1250 kg P5H = -0,5.PHH = 16.2380 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (P6) = 0,9.W.dk = 84.3750 kg/m
Angin Hisap (P7) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 37.5000 kg/m
Beban Angin Kanan : Beban angin tekan (PT) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dg.dk = 32.4760 kg
Beban angin hisap (PH) = (-0,4).W.dg.dk = -64.9519 kg
PTV = PT.cosα = 28.1250 kg PHV = PH.cosα = -56.2500 kg
PTH = PT.sinα = 16.2380 kg PHH = PH.sinα = -32.4760 kg
P1V = 0,5.PHV = -28.1250 kg P1H = 0,5.PHH = -16.2380 kg
P2V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PHV = -56.2500 kg P2H = 0,5.PHH + 0,5.PHH = -32.4760 kg
P3V = 0,5.PHV + 0,5.PTV = -14.0625 kg P3H = 0,5.PHH - 0,5.PTH = -24.3570 kg
P4V = 0,5.PTV + 0,5.PTV = 28.1250 kg P4H = -(0,5.PTH + 0,5.PTH) = -16.2380 kg
P5V = 0,5.PTV = 14.0625 kg P5H = -0,5.PTH = -8.1190 kg
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Hisap (P6) = -0,4.W.dk = -37.5000 kg/m
Angin Tekan (P7) = -(0,9.W.dk) = -84.3750 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (A1) = 2653.43 kg = 26534.3 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1500.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 29.2398 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 26534.3 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (B1) = 3070.37 kg = 30703.7 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1732.0508 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 19.6155
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2163 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9828
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2043793 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 33.7632
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.1574 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Vertikal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (V4) = 1446.46 kg = 14464.6 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 3464.1016 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 67.5263 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 14464.6 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Kuda-Kuda !!!
Pu (D3) = 753.28 kg = 7532.8 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 3000.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 33.9751
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.3746 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0600
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1894786 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 58.4795
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0386 < 1 … ok !!!
Diketahui : Penutup Atap = zincalume
Jarak Kuda-Kuda (dk) = 7.3 m
Beban Angin (W) = 25 kg/m²
Mutu Baja = BJ 37
Bentang (L) = 15 m
Tinggi Kolom (H) = 4.8 m
Sudut Kuda-Kuda (α) = 27 °
Berat Penutup Atap (wa) = 3.08 kg/m²
Tegangan Putus (fu) = 370 MPa
Tegangan Leleh (fy) = 240 MPa
Modulus Elastisitas Baja (E) = 200000 MPa
Gording 1/2 Bentang (n) = 5 buah
Perencanaan Dimensi Gording !!!
Jarak antar gording (dg) = [(L/2)/cosα+/(n-1) = 2.1044 m
Coba profil light lip channel 200.75.20.3,2 : qg = 9.27 kg/m
Ix = 721 cm´ = mm´
Iy = 87.5 cm´ = mm´
Zx = 72.1 cm³ = mm³
Zy = 16.8 cm³ = mm³
Beban yang bekerja pada gording : Beban mati (qd) : berat gording = qg = 9.2700 kg/m
berat atap = wa.dg = 6.4814 kg/m
berat pengait = 25%.berat atap = 1.6204 kg/m
qd = berat gording + berat atap + berat pengait = 17.3718 kg/m
Beban hidup di tengah gording (P) = 100 kg
Beban akibat air hujan minimal 20 kg/m² (H) = 40-0,8.α = 18.4000 kg/m
Beban angin tekan (qt) = (0,02.α-0,4).W.dg = 7.3653 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qh) = -0,4.W.dg = -21.0436 kg/m
Momen-momen pada gording : Akibat beban mati : qdx = qd.cosα = 15.4784 kg/m
qdy = qd.sinα = 7.8866 kg/m
Mdx = 1/8.qdx.dk² = 103.1054 kg.m
Mdy = 1/8.qdy.(dk/2)² = 13.1337 kg.m
Akibat beban hidup : Px = P.cosα = 89.1007 kg
Py = P.sinα = 45.3990 kg
MLax = 1/4.Px.dk = 162.6087 kg.m
MLay = 1/4.Py.(dk/2) = 41.4266 kg.m
Akibat beban air hujan : Hx = H.dg.cosα = 37.5000 kg/m
Hy = H.dg.sinα = 19.1072 kg/m
MHx = 1/8.Hx.dk² = 249.7969 kg.m
MHy = 1/8.Hy.(dk/2)² = 31.8195 kg.m
Ambil yang terbesar antara beban hidup dan beban air hujan !!!
7210000
875000
72100
16800
Akibat angin tekan : Mwx1 = 1/8.qt.dk² = 49.0619 kg.m
Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin hisap : Mwx2 = 1/8.qh.dk² = -140.1768 kg.m
Mwy2 = 0.0000 kg.m
Akibat angin (ambil yang terbesar = akibat angin tekan !!!) Mwx = Mwx1 = 49.0619 kg.m
Mwy = Mwy1 = 0.0000 kg.m
Kombinasi pembebanan : Arah x : Mux1 = 1,4.Mdx = 144.3475 kg.m
Mux2 = 1,2.Mdx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 205.0308 kg.m
Mux3 = 1,2.Mdx+1,6.(MLax atau MHx)+0,8.Mwx = 423.1498 kg.m
Mux4 = 1,2.Mdx+1,3.Mwx+0,5.(MLax atau MHx) = 268.8112 kg.m
Mux5 = 0,9.Mdx+1,3.Mwx = 156.5753 kg.m
Mux6 = 0,9.Mdx-1,3.Mwx = 29.0144 kg.m
Ambil Mux terbesar : Mux = Mux3 423.1498 kg.m = N.mm
Arah y : Muy1 = 1,4.Mdy = 18.3872 kg.m
Muy2 = 1,2.Mdy+0,5.(MLay atau MHy) = 36.4738 kg.m
Muy3 = 1,2.Mdy+1,6.(MLay atau Mhy)+0,8.Mwy = 82.0431 kg.m
Muy4 = 1,2.Mdy+1,3.Mwy+0,5.(MLay atau Mhy) = 36.4738 kg.m
Muy5 = 0,9.Mdy+1,3.Mwy = 11.8203 kg.m
Muy6 = 0,9.Mdy-1,3.Mwy = 11.8203 kg.m
Ambil Muy terbesar : Muy = Muy3 82.0431 kg.m = N.mm
Asumsikan penampang kompak : Mnx = Zx.fy = N.mm
Mny = Zy.fy = N.mm
Antisipasi masalah puntir : [Mux/(0,9.Mnx)] + [Muy/(0,9.Mny/2)] < 1
< 1 … ok !!!
4231498
820431
17304000
4032000
0.7239
Kontrol lendutan : dk = 7.3 m = 7300 mm
qdx = 15.4784 kg/m = 0.1548 N/mm
qdy = 7.8866 kg/m = 0.0789 N/mm
Px = 89.1007 kg/m = 0.8910 N/mm
Py = 45.3990 kg/m = 0.4540 N/mm
qt = 7.3653 kg/m = 0.0737 N/mm
qh = -21.0436 kg/m = -0.2104 N/mm
Δx = *5.qdy.(dk/2)´+/*384.E.Iy+ + *Py.(dk/2)³+/*48.E.Iy+
Δx = 1.0441 mm
Δy = *5.qdx.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *Px.(dk)³+/*48.E.Ix+ + *5.qt.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+ + *5.qh.(dk)´+/*384.E.Ix+
Δy = 0.4666 mm
Δ = √(Δx²+Δy²) = 1.1436 mm ≤ dk/240 = 30.4167 mm … ok !
Kesimpulan : profil light lip channel 200.75.20.3,2 dapat digunakan untuk gording !!!
Perencanaan Trek Stang !!!
Akibat beban mati : P1 = 0,5.dk.dg.wa.sinα = 10.7402 kg = 107.4016 N
Akibat beban gording : P2 = 0,5.dk.qg.sinα = 15.3610 kg = 153.6100 N
Akibat beban hidup : P3 = P.sinα = 45.3990 kg = 453.9905 N
Beban Total : Ptot = P1+P2+P3 = 715.002 N
Diameter trek stang : A = Ptot/(0,9.fu) = 2.1472 mm²
d = √,4.A/π) = 1.3669 mm ≈ 2 mm ≥ 12 mm
Diameter trek stang diambil = 12 mm
Jarak antar trek stang = 3.65 m
Pembebanan Kuda-Kuda !!!
1.Kuda-Kuda Ujung
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (0,5.n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 22.5570 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = 0,5.wa.dk = 11.2420 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.qa = 2.8105 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 86.6095 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.0,5.P)/(0,5.L) = 33.3333 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 18.4000 kg/m²
qH = (0,5.dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 102.4123 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = 0,5.(0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 12.7750 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = 0,5.(-0,4).W.dk = -36.5000 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 11.3826 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 5.7997 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -32.5217 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -16.5707 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,5.0,9.W.dk = 82.1250 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.dk) = 36.5000 kg/m
2.Kuda-Kuda Tengah
Beban Mati : Beban gording (qg) = (n.qg.dk)/(0,5.L) = 45.1140 kg/m
Beban atap (qa) = wa.dk = 22.4840 kg/m
Beban pengait (qp) = 25%.PA = 2.8105 kg/m
Beban kuda-kuda (qk) = taksir = 50 kg/m
qD = qg+qa+qp+qk = 120.4085 kg/m
Beban Hidup : P (ditengah gording) = 100 kg
qL = (n.P)/(0,5.L) = 66.6667 kg/m
Beban Air Hujan : q = 40-0,8.α = 18.4000 kg/m²
qH = (dg.n.q.dk)/(0,5.L) = 204.8245 kg/m
Beban Angin : Beban angin tekan (qW1) = (0,02α-0,4).W.dk = 25.5500 kg/m
Beban angin hisap (qW2) = (-0,4).W.dk = -73.0000 kg/m
q1V = qW1.cosα = 22.7652 kg/m
q1H = qW1.sinα = 11.5995 kg/m
q2V = qW2.cosα = -65.0435 kg/m
q2H = qW2.sinα = -33.1413 kg/m
Beban Angin Dinding : Angin Tekan (qW3) = 0,9.W.dk = 164.2500 kg/m
Angin Hisap (qW4) = -(-0,4.W.dk) = 73.0000 kg/m
Analisis Pembebanan Dengan SAP2000 !!!
Kombinasi Pembebanan : U1 = 1,4.D
U2 = 1,2.D + 0,5.(La atau H)
U3 = 1,2.D + 1,6.(La atau H) + 0,8.W
U4 = 1,2.D + 1,3.W + 0,5.(La atau H)
U5 = 0,9.D + 1,3.W
U6 = 0,9.D - 1,3.W
Perencanaan Batang Bawah Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (A1) = 1304.16 kg = 13041.6 N (Batang Tarik)
L = 1825.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
fy = 240 MPa
fu = 370 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
imin = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Asumsi diameter baut (D) = 22 mm (2 baris baut)
Periksa Kelangsingan Batang :
λ = L/imin = 35.5750 < 240 … ok !!!
Kondisi Leleh :
φ.Tn1 = 0,9.Ag.fy = 1807704.0000 N
Kondisi Fraktur :
An1 = Ag-2.tw.(D+2) = 7889.0000 mm²
An2 = 85%.Ag = 7113.6500 mm²
U = 0.85
Ae = U.An = 6705.6500 mm²
φ.Tn2 = 0,75.Ae.fu = 1860817.8750 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Tu = φTn = 1807704.0000 N > Pu = 13041.6 N … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Atas Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (B1) = 1375.84 kg = 13758.4 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 1825.0000 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 20.6682
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2279 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 0.9880
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 2032870 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 35.5750
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.0705 < 1 … ok !!!
Perencanaan Batang Diagonal Ikatan Angin !!!
Pu (D3) = 2333.29 kg = 23332.9 N (Batang Tekan)
L = 2362.3347 mm
IWF = 200.200.10.16
E = 200000 MPa
fy = 240 MPa
b = 208 mm
d = 202 mm
tf = 16 mm
tw = 10 mm
ro = 13 mm
h = d-2.(tf+ro) = 144.0000 mm
ix = 88.3 mm
iy = 51.3 mm
Ag = 8369 mm²
Periksa Kelangsingan Penampang :
Flens → b/(2.tf) < 250/√fy
6.5000 < 16.1374 … ok !!!
Web → h/tw < 665/√fy
14.4000 < 42.9256 … ok !!!
Kondisi Tumpuan :
k = 1 (sendi-sendi)
Arah Sumbu Kuat (Sumbu X) :
λx = k.L/ix = 26.7535
λcx = (λx/π).(√(fy/E)) = 0.2950 → 0.25 ≤ λcx ≤ 1.2
ωx = 1,43/(1,6-0,67.λcx) = 1.0197
Nn1 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωx = 1969724 N
Arah Sumbu Lemah (Sumbu Y) :
λy = k.L/iy = 46.0494
λcy = (λy/π).(√(fy/E)) = 2.6464 → λcy > 1.2
ωy = 1,25.λcy² = 8.7542
Nn2 = Ag.fcr = Ag.fy/ωy = 229441 N
Cek Kekuatan Profil :
Pu/(φc.Nn2) = Pu/(0,85.Nn2) = 0.1196 < 1 … ok !!!

Pembebanan Rangka Bak Air !!! 1.Rangka Barat-Timur Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L2-2.t) Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*2/3.(L1/2).tan 45°] Balok = taksir qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok qD2 = Balok (taksir) qL qLa = qL.[2/3.(L1/2).tan 45°] Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L2 Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L2) = = = = = = = = = = 1710.0000 220.0000 256.6667 50.0000 2236.6667 50.0000 kg/m kg/m kg/m kg/m kg/m kg/m

Beban Hidup

:

100 kg/m² 116.6667 kg/m 54.0000 kg/m 24.0000 kg/m

Beban Angin

:

2.Rangka Utara-Selatan Beban Mati : Beban Air = γair.(H3-t).0,5.(L1-2.t) Beban Dinding = γbeton.t.H3 Beban Pelat = γbeton.t.*(L1/2)-4.(L1/2)³/(3.L2²)] Balok = taksir qD1 = Beban Air+Beban Dinding+Beban Pelat+Balok qD2 = Balok (taksir) qL qLa = qL.[(L1/2)-4.(L1/2)³/(3.L2²)] Angin Tekan (qW1) = 0,5.0,9.W.L1 Angin Hisap (qW2) = -(0,5.(-0,4).W.L1) = = = = = = = = = = 1485.0000 220.0000 286.7448 50.0000 2041.7448 50.0000 kg/m kg/m kg/m kg/m kg/m kg/m

Beban Hidup

:

100 kg/m² 130.3385 kg/m 47.2500 kg/m 21.0000 kg/m

Beban Angin

:

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