DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang Pelaksanaan Praktikum....................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1

Tujuan Percobaan......................................................................................

4

2.2

Gambar Rangkaian....................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 32

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1

Tujuan Percobaan...................................................................................... 33

3.2

Gambar Rangkaian.................................................................................... 33

3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 35

3.4

Langkah Percobaan................................................................................... 35

3.5

Data Percobaan.......................................................................................... 37
iv

................ 66 4.......................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan.............................................................................. 63 4......................................................... 81 5...................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian........4 Langkah Percobaan.........................4 Langkah Percobaan.........................................5 Data Percobaan............................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.....................................................3 Alat dan Bahan.....................4 Langkah Percobaan......... 121 6................... 60 4......................... 81 5..... 80 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5........................................................ 122 6.............................................................................. 84 5............ 121 6...3 Alat dan Bahan....................................................... 65 4........................ 127 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6.1 Tujuan Percobaan.........................3. 124 6...................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4............................................................................ 40 3.... 84 5.............................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan................................... 127 6.... 87 5.7 Kesimpulan....6 Analisa dan Pembahasan..........7 Kesimpulan................................................ 149 v ......................5 Data Percobaan............................................................7 Kesimpulan...................................... 62 4..5 Data Percobaan.........6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan..3 Alat dan Bahan..............................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian................................................................................................................................... 122 6................................................................................................................................. 60 4.......................... 85 5.........................

............4 Langkah Percobaan............. 208 9......................................................................................................1 PENUTUP Kesimpulan......6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.................................................3 Alat dan Bahan............................. 151 7..................................7 Kesimpulan........................................ 158 7.. 186 8............. 376 10..................................5 Data Percobaan...................................................... 188 8.................2 Saran.............................................................................................................................................BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7............1 Tujuan Percobaan........................................................ 218 9.........................................5 Data Percobaan................................................... 152 7......6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............................................ 375 BAB VII 10...................................... 185 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8...............................4 Langkah Percobaan.............. 150 7.................2 Gambar Rangkaian............................................................................................................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian......................................................................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan. 377 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi .................... 208 9........ 218 9..................................................................5 Data Percobaan.........1 Tujuan Percobaan............................................... 219 9.......................7 Kesimpulan...............................................................................................7 Kesimpulan......................... 187 8.............................................................................................................................. 151 7...... 150 7............3 Alat dan Bahan..............1 Tujuan Percobaan...............................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan.................................................................................................................................. 186 8.........3 Alat dan Bahan.................. 207 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9................. 191 8...............................................2 Gambar Rangkaian......................... 218 9....................................................................................... 187 8.....

........................................ 20 Gambar 2......................14 Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang.5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3...... 34 Gambar 3..............10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat.. 26 Gambar 2........12 Simulasi Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang............2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi................................................................15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.............17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL.................................... 10 Gambar 2..... 33 Gambar 3.......................4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi...........10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang........................13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang............... 40 Gambar 3.9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.................................11 Rangkaian Superposisi....................................8 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi............................................ 40 Gambar 3............................................................ 17 Gambar 2................................................ 41 Gambar 3......... 4 Gambar 2.........1 Rangkaian Tangga................6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A....... 29 Gambar 2..................................5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL......2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang..3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi. 34 Gambar 3.... 17 Gambar 2... 15 Gambar 2..... 33 Gambar 3.........................6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan.... 4 Gambar 2.....7 Rangkaian Tangga............... 13 Gambar 2.............. 34 Gambar 3................ 27 Gambar 2.................... 30 Gambar 3......................3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang..........4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.............................. 5 Gambar 2................................................................. 34 Gambar 3.......11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang........................................................ 33 Gambar 3................... 25 Gambar 2............................... 19 Gambar 2....12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat............. 42 vii ..1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi....9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat..........18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL........................... 4 Gambar 2..... 5 Gambar 2.......................7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C....16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL....DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2........... 22 Gambar 2.........................................................................8 Simulasi Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan... 40 Gambar 3...

........ 50 Gambar 3................ 60 Gambar 4.............................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema norton ...21 Kompensasi Ewb R3 = VR3................16 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen Norton dengan EWB............................25 Resiprositas EWB sumber di A...... 70 Gambar 4...............................................................................19 Rangkaian Kompensasi....... 49 Gambar 3...... 47 Gambar 3...........13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat......................13 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton..........16 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi.....................5 Rangkaian teorema thevenin..... 48 Gambar 3.................................................... 66 Gambar 4......... 68 Gambar 4.....8 Rangkaian Norton.....................................24 Rangkaian Resiprositas.... 47 Gambar 3..................................22 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A... 76 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan ......................................................................................................... 58 Gambar 3......................23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C........................................................ 78 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan............................................................. 61 Gambar 4..... 70 Gambar 4......17 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3.................... 60 Gambar 4...6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka.......................................................................................................18 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi .............................26 Resiprositas EWB sumber di C..........10 Rangkaian thevenin...........2 Rangkaian teorema norton........... 53 Gambar 3..............................................................3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema thevenin................ 68 Gambar 4...... 53 Gambar 3.......... 52 Gambar 3..........................15 Simulasi EWB rangkaian Superposisi V2 : 5 V........................... 78 viii .................12 Rangkaian Norton..... 61 Gambar 4.Gambar 3......................1 Rangkaian teorema thevenin............................. 76 Gambar 4.. 58 Gambar 4.................................................................................. 66 Gambar 4....................... 54 Gambar 3............................. 52 Gambar 3........ 67 Gambar 4..........11 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin.............................. 44 Gambar 3.................7 Rangkaian Rth......................................................14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif....... 72 Gambar 4..............................14 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin dengan EWB........ 76 (b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan.. 62 Gambar 4.......................... 48 Gambar 3......20 Kompensasi Ewb 1 sumber .......................................9 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton........................

...............................22 Rangkaian kubus 2 konduktor........20 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus.......................................................13 Rangkaian Y........................................................................... 102 Gambar 5..26 Rangkaian Piramid............ 83 Gambar 5..............................................14 Penyederhanaan rangkaian.............................24 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian..............................5 Rangkaian Piramida................... 82 Gambar 5............................ 108 Gambar 5...........3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor...15 Transformasi Y .......................................................................................29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian............... 78 Gambar 5................................. 101 Gambar 5.....................................................................................................7 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor........................................................ 98 Gambar 5.......................9 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor...................................................... 89 Gambar 5................................................................................................... 90 Gambar 5.........12 Simulasi transformasi Δ..28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid........................ 81 (b) Rangkaian ∆. 98 Gambar 5............................................................... 108 Gambar 5... 90 Gambar 5........................................... 98 Gambar 5..............19 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat....................................................................6 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor ....... 81 Gambar 5............ 109 Gambar 5...21 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian............... 83 Gambar 5. 108 Gambar 5..... 107 Gambar 5............. 87 Gambar 5.......... 97 Gambar 5.....Y....(b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan.....11 Transformasi Δ ....................................16 Rangkaian Kubus..............................2 Rangkaian Kubus...........8 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor............. 83 Gambar 5............................... 81 Gambar 5..... 83 Gambar 5.....................................................1 (a) Rangkaian Y.................................................. 82 Gambar 5........4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor.....30 Transformasi piramid normal.....................................................18 Transformasi Kubus normal.....................23 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF.........27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid. 87 Gambar 5....... 93 Gambar 5.................... 102 Gambar 5.................................................10 Rangkaian Segitiga...... 93 Gambar 5........................25 Transformasi kubus 2 resistor........... 111 ix .......... 92 Gambar 5.................................................. 82 Gambar 5..............................................................17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus............................

..................................................................34 Transformasi piramid 1 konduktor ... 126 Gambar 6... 123 Gambar 5..............43 Rangkaian Piramid dengan R pada CE dan BD.....6 Rangkaian tipe T......................37 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.. 112 Gambar 5........... 112 Gambar 5......................2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T........................................ 118 Gambar 5............................ 112 Gambar 5...............................42 Transformasi piramid 1 resistor....... 121 Gambar 6........................................................ 118 Gambar 5..... 123 Gambar 5.......................... 150 Gambar 7.................................................................................................................Gambar 5....................7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T......31 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat....... 135 Gambar 6.............5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD..........................................45 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............. 152 Gambar 7................................................................................ 127 Gambar 6............ 115 Gambar 5...........38 Transformasi piramid 2 konduktor.....................................3 Rangkaian tipe phi.......32 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat................ 147 Gambar 6....................47 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan....................................................... 117 Gambar 5.8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan...39 Rangkaian Piramid dengan Resistor di CE................ 122 Gambar 5......41 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan..........2 Sumber Tegangan................................................................... 152 x ....................... 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri .................10 Pembagi Tegangan.............36 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat ...3 Resistor...................... 122 Gambar 5.......46 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.................... 148 Gambar 6..................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD.......................................... 121 Gambar 6....................................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi........... 137 Gambar 6..................................44 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...........33 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan........4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB.......... 115 Gambar 5........40 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan resistor di CE .............. 122 Gambar 5. 148 Gambar 7.......................................................... 118 Gambar 5........................................... 138 Gambar 6...................... 115 Gambar 5........................................... 114 Gambar 5.........................................................................35 Rangkaian Piramid dengan 2 konduktor.............48 Transformasi piramid 2 resistor............................................ 147 Gambar 6...... 121 Gambar 5................

.....................................................................................VC...........................................................6 Lissajous VL ..............21 Diagram vector daya di L....................25 Fasor L.........34 Diagram vector daya di R....................... 156 Gambar 7.................................18 Rangkaian RLC Seri................................................................................ 153 Gambar 7...............................................................................................................31 Fasor RLC................17 Add VL + VC.......24 Fasor R..........16 Lissajous VL ..........................28 Fasor R..........9 Induktor.............................................. 155 Gambar 7......... 165 Gambar 7....................................................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC...........15 Kapasitor......... 154 Gambar 7........................................................................................19 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC............... 170 xi .............................4 Induktor................ 162 Gambar 7.......................................7 Add VL + VC............ 157 Gambar 7................8 Resistor............. 156 Gambar 7........................................... 156 Gambar 7....32 Rangkaian RLC Seri.......... 170 Gambar 7......................................................................................................................................Gambar 7........................................................ 165 Gambar 7... 165 Gambar 7..................35 Diagram vector daya di L................................................ 164 Gambar 7........................................... 158 Gambar 7...................... 165 Gambar 7........................... 163 Gambar 7........................................................20 Diagram vector daya di R...........................................................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC.......... 162 Gambar 7..................................................................13 Resistor.............................. 164 Gambar 7................. 159 Gambar 7................................. 166 Gambar 7...11 Lissajous VL .................... 167 Gambar 7.............................12 Add VL + VC.................. 153 Gambar 7.................................. 164 Gambar 7.............................................. 155 Gambar 7....................................... 154 Gambar 7...................................10 Kapasitor........... 154 Gambar 7.......................................22 Diagram vector daya di C.............. 164 Gambar 7..............................26 Fasor C.....VC................5 Kapasitor......................27 Fasor RLC......................................................................................................... 152 Gambar 7........................................................................................................................................................ 157 Gambar 7.............................. 162 Gambar 7........29 Fasor L.................................................................................................30 Fasor C....................VC.................................. 153 Gambar 7...........14 Induktor.................................

............... 172 Gambar 7............57 Fasor L........... 178 Gambar 7............ Gambar 8.......................... 172 Gambar 7................................... 181 Gambar 7...................... 178 Gambar 7.54 Fasor C....................................................Gambar 7..............47 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC......7 HZ........3 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 300 HZ............ 181 Gambar 7.....43 Fasor L............................... 178 Gambar 7.....................................................51 Diagram vector daya di RLC.................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel......................................................................................................... 180 Gambar 7......................................... 173 Gambar 7...................41 Fasor RLC............................................................................................................ 174 Gambar 7......................................................................52 Fasor R...............................................45 Fasor RLC........................................49 Diagram vector daya di L............................ Gambar 8............42 Fasor R............................................................................. Gambar 8............................ 181 Gambar 8............................37 Diagram vector daya di RLC...........58 Fasor C...............38 Fasor R...................................................................................6 Lissajous RL frekuensi 2422..........................................................53 Fasor L.......................................................................... 181 Gambar 7.........55 Fasor RLC...................................................... Gambar 8.................................................................2 Lissajous RL frekuensi 300 HZ.............................48 Diagram vector daya di R............................... 180 Gambar 7.59 Fasor RLC................... 173 Gambar 7............................................. 173 Gambar 7. 173 Gambar 7....................... 171 Gambar 7.................................................................................................................. 172 Gambar 7......................................................................5 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 8500 HZ..........................................................................46 Rangkaian RLC Seri..............44 Fasor C...................... 175 Gambar 7......................1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..................................... 180 Gambar 7.................................... Gambar 8............ 170 Gambar 7........... 179 Gambar 7.... Gambar 8......36 Diagram vector daya di C........................................... 172 Gambar 7.....................................................................................................................50 Diagram vector daya di C.............7 HZ..................4 Lissajous RL frekuensi 8500 HZ..............40 Fasor C........................56 Fasor R..................................... 180 Gambar 7..7 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 2422.......................................... xii ......................39 Fasor L......... Gambar 8................

............................................ I RL.............................. Gambar 8..........................15 Rangkaian Fourier Kotak ......11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan........................24 Grafik Vin...................................................................... IC hasil perhitungan f = 2422 Hz........... 211 Gambar 9... Gambar 8................... 209 Gambar 9..............6 Fungsi Sinus R-C.......2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda................... 210 Gambar 9..................... 212 Gambar 9........................................................21 Grafik Vin.................. I RL.....................18 Lissajous RL dan RC frekuensi resonansi...8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.......Gambar 8............ I RR........................ Gambar 8......... Gambar 8................ 213 Gambar 9.......................................20 Kurva Lissajous RL....22 Kurva Lissajous RC.......... IR............. Gambar 8..................... Gambar 8......................4 Fungsi Sinus R-L.....................................................17 Grafik VIN............13 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe HPF............................ IL.........12 Kurva Lissajous Serong Kiri..........................................3 Fungsi Tangga R-L.............15 Grafik VIN...................... 209 Gambar 9............ Gambar 8....... I RC perhitungan F 300 HZ.......1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama...........................12 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe BPF.......... Gambar 8......16 Rangkaian Fourier Segitiga.............. I RL.......9 Tanggapan tegangan dan arus RLC paralel........................................................ 212 Gambar 9..... I RC frekuensi resonansi....10 Proses penggambaran Lissajous.......... I RC perhitungan F 8383 HZ... 212 Gambar 9............ Gambar 8..........10 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T....14 Lissajous RL dan Rc frekuensi 300 HZ....................................................................16 Lissajous RL dan RC F 8383 HZ ......... Gambar 8............... Gambar 8................................... IC hasil perhitungan f = 8007 Hz.......................23 Kurva Lissajous RL.................. IR.................... Gambar 9...........9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi....... 210 Gambar 9....... Gambar 8...... I RR.................................... Gambar 8.................. 211 Gambar 9.........7 Rangkaian RLC Seri.......... Gambar 8....14 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal.............. Gambar 8................ 213 xiii ...............................5 Tangga R-C.......................................11 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe LPF.......19 Grafik VIN....... IL........................ I RR.......................... 209 Gambar 9.......................................13 Rangkaian RLC Paralel........... 212 Gambar 9................................................................. 210 Gambar 9............. 208 Gambar 9.. 208 Gambar 9..........................

.............................................................................................................................24 Rangkaian Superposisi................................................ 278 Gambar 9............................................ 217 Gambar 9..... 292 Gambar 9................................................................. 289 Gambar 9......................................................................................... 307 Gambar 9............................................................... 322 xiv ...............................................22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri.............37 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel...............44 Spektrum Amplitudo Gelombang Sinus........34 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C..... 214 Gambar 9.......................................................45 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Kotak........................... 318 Gambar 9.....................48 Spektrum Frekuensi Gelombang Segitiga............. 216 Gambar 9.................. 304 Gambar 9............ 318 Gambar 9.32 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL.... 217 Gambar 9............................................................20 Rangkaian Laplace Segitiga. 216 Gambar 9................................................ 282 Gambar 9............. 274 Gambar 9........ 267 Gambar 9....................................26 Rangkaian Kompensasi...........18 Rangkaian Laplace Exponensial.... 300 Gambar 9..................42 Rangkaian Filter HPF................................ 321 Gambar 9.........27 Rangkaian Thevenin.36 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri...............23 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel.......................................Gambar 9...........21 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis.. 315 Gambar 9................................... 215 Gambar 9...28 Rangkaian Norton...................29 Rangkaian Thevenin Norton......................47 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Segitiga..40 Rangkaian Filter LPF....................................38 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi..... 214 Gambar 9...... 213 Gambar 9........................... 213 Gambar 9.........46 Spektrum Sinyal Gelombang Kotak.......................... 215 Gambar 9.............41 Rangkaian Filter BPF....................30 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama........................................... 285 Gambar 9........................43 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal.................. 271 Gambar 9.......33 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L...31 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda...39 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T...................................................................17 Rangkaian Laplace Tangga......... 296 Gambar 9.19 Rangkaian Laplace Gergaji......................................25 Rangkaian Resiprositas................. 215 Gambar 9................... 216 Gambar 9. 315 Gambar 9.............................................35 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C.......... 217 Gambar 9......... 311 Gambar 9.............................

............................................................... 328 Gambar 9..70 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton.............60 Rangkaian Resiprositas.....56 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel.....49 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Step..........68 Rangkaian Norton............................................................................................. 334 Gambar 9.............................................................63 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL...................................................................... 325 Gambar 9...................... 371 Gambar 9........... 352 Gambar 9.71 Rangkaian Norton.............. 366 Gambar 9............. 362 Gambar 9...50 Rangkaian Percobaan Exponensial............54 Kurva Histerisis..................... 331 Gambar 9..............................................Gambar 9............................................................65 Rangkaian teorema Norton....59 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi Sumber total..67 Rangkaian Norton......51 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Gergaji......... 337 Gambar 9......................................... 349 Gambar 9............................................ 373 Gambar 9............................ 369 Gambar 9..........52 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Segitiga.................................................................................................................62 Rangkaian Thevenin..................... 341 Gambar 9.57 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 1..58 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 2.. 373 DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2................................... 344 Gambar 9................. 369 Gambar 9....................53 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis.................... 366 Gambar 9....61 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi.. 369 Gambar 9. 339 Gambar 9....66 Rangkaian teorema Norton............................ 372 Gambar 9............................72 Rangkaian Thevenin.......................1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga...69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin.........................................64 Rangkaian Thevenin.55 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri.......... xv 8 ............................................. 366 Gambar 9..................... 358 Gambar 9............. 355 Gambar 9................................... 369 Gambar 9.............................................................................................................

..........12 Perbandingan perhitungan.......... 39 Tabel 3......................8 Perbandingan tegangan dan arus teorema superposisi......9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan kompensasi... 8 Tabel 2..............3 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen thevenin......2 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian norton..... pengukuran dan EWB.... 39 Tabel 3.....................................7 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan ekuivalen thevenin...........................4 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen norton........ 21 Tabel 2........... percobaan dan EWB..... 69 Tabel 4..4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi....8 Perbandingan perhitungan.......... 45 Tabel 3.................... 11 Tabel 2..............1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan.. 38 Tabel 3.. 18 Tabel 2........................................ 71 xvi .................13 Perbandingan perhitungan dan percobaan........ 65 Tabel 4................... 71 Tabel 4...............................1 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian thevenin....... 12 Tabel 2.........................3 Data percobaan Kompensasi............. 65 Tabel 4. 31 Tabel 3..... 37 Tabel 3................ 10 Tabel 2...... 67 Tabel 4. 29 Tabel 2......4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan........6 Perbandingan R total rertera dan terukur...... 24 Tabel 2..................................................................................5 Tabel Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan.......6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan... 9 Tabel 2.................... 46 Tabel 3................ 28 Tabel 2............10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan.........7 Perbandingan pengukuran dan perhitungan...................................................................10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas.......Tabel 2.....................3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang.5 Nilai Resistor..............14 Perbandingan perhitungan.........2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang...5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor .. 58 Tabel 4. 65 Tabel 4......... 16 Tabel 2..... 51 Tabel 3........7 Perbandingan nilai R terukur dan tertera.......... percobaan dan simulasi EWB....................9 Perbandingan pengukutran dan perhitungan...... 9 Tabel 2............................6 Data percobaan resiprositas..11 Perbandingan perhitungan.........................................................................................2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi.... 38 Tabel 3.............................. 37 Tabel 3........ 65 Tabel 4. percobaan dan simulasi EWB........8 Perbandingan perhitungan I RL biasa dengan ekuivalennya................. percobaan dan simulasi EWB........

AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya......... 86 Tabel 5............................. 125 Tabel 6..................................................14 Perbandingan Nilai R ad.....5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan......................13 Perbandingan Nilai R ad piramid.........................................6 Nilai parameter Z... 74 Tabel 4......... 100 Tabel 5........10 Perbandingan Nilai R pada rangkaian piramid....................................................... CD dihubung dengan catudaya........................10 Arus pengganti.................................................................................... 120 Tabel 5.... 129 Tabel 6.11 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan....6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.............7 Dzz.............. 131 Tabel 6..................................................................................................... 75 Tabel 4..........................3 Data percobaan tipe T ..................... 91 Tabel 5................ 125 Tabel 6.................... 96 Tabel 5......................... 132 Tabel 6........ 85 Tabel 5. 85 Tabel 5..........8 parameter Y............................ 110 Tabel 5....................................... 77 Tabel 4.......................................... 133 xvii ...... 88 Tabel 5............................. 76 Tabel 4...2 Rangkaian ∆.....15 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB.........................13 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB............................................... 79 Tabel 5. 73 Tabel 4......2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya..................................................................9 Parameter transient T......5 Knversi parameter....10 Perbandingan teorema thevenin dengan ekivalen thevenin............................4 Data percobaan tipe T ...4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramida...11 Parameter T invers.......Tabel 4............. 130 Tabel 6.....................................8 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus berkonduktor............11 Perbandingan teorema norton dengan ekivalen norton.................. 125 Tabel 6........ 113 Tabel 5.....................7 Perbandingan Nilai R ae rangkaian kubus.....................................1 Rangkaian Y....... 85 Tabel 5............................. 124 Tabel 6... 106 Tabel 5........................ 130 Tabel 6.......9 Perbandingan pengukura dan perhitungan ekivalen Norton...12 Perbandingan Nilai R ad .. 116 Tabel 5.....................................9 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus dengan resistor....................... 126 Tabel 6.................3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus....1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya............................... 78 Tabel 4..............14 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB.........................12 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB..... 124 Tabel 6...........

........ Tabel 9......7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.....3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rensonansi...................................................16 Parameter impedensi Z.......18 Parameter Y.......... 287 Tabel 9.. Tabel 8........... 283 Tabel 9........ 273 Tabel 9..... 143 Tabel 6............................................................................ Tabel 8................ 137 Tabel 6.. 269 Tabel 9........ 135 Tabel 6................... 141 Tabel 6.......................... 294 Tabel 9.8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan..................................................................................................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan................................................................................................................................. 298 xviii ...2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan................................ 142 Tabel 6........................23 Parameter g.............19 Parameter transient T...1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuiensi rendah......................12 Parameter H.....20 Arus pengganti............17 Dzz..... 146 Tabel 6........... 136 Tabel 6......24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan...........................15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dengan perhitungan.........3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..............................4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.........................................21 Parameter T invers................................5 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi............................... 175 Tabel 8..2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi.................. 290 Tabel 9...................................................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan.......2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi............................. 276 Tabel 9...................................................................................................... 140 Tabel 6.....................................................13 Parameter hybrid invers-g..........Tabel 6.................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................................... 141 Tabel 6....................9 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dansimulasi.............. 144 Tabel 6........................................ 148 Tabel 7.................. 134 Tabel 6.... 159 Tabel 7................................................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan............. 147 Tabel 6..............22 Parameter H.......25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan......................................... 280 Tabel 9......................167 Tabel 7...................... 145 Tabel 6..............................6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.....

................................... 326 Tabel 9........23 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....13 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....................12 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..........15 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...... 367 Tabel 9.....................................26 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi................ 322 Tabel 9. 305 Tabel 9.10 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..22 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..... 323 Tabel 9..........16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.14 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...........28 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.... 302 Tabel 9.......... 329 Tabel 9............. 350 Tabel 9........29 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi..........17 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...... 360 Tabel 9..................... 309 Tabel 9................... 364 Tabel 9....................21 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............................................25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..20 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.. 374 xix ....... 353 Tabel 9................. 313 Tabel 9...................11 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...................................24 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi................................... 319 Tabel 9..... 332 Tabel 9.......................30 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi............. 316 Tabel 9........... 316 Tabel 9..................27 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi...... 319 Tabel 9.32 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.........................................33 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.................. 347 Tabel 9........18 Perbandingan V perhitungan dan simulasi.......... 370 Tabel 9. 343 Tabel 9................................................ 356 Tabel 9.....................19 Perbandingan Vt perhitungan dan simulasi....31 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................ 335 Tabel 9.....................Tabel 9........

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