DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang Pelaksanaan Praktikum....................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1

Tujuan Percobaan......................................................................................

4

2.2

Gambar Rangkaian....................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 32

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1

Tujuan Percobaan...................................................................................... 33

3.2

Gambar Rangkaian.................................................................................... 33

3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 35

3.4

Langkah Percobaan................................................................................... 35

3.5

Data Percobaan.......................................................................................... 37
iv

............................................................................................. 66 4...................................................................... 121 6.............. 124 6......................................3................................. 127 6..................................................................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.................................................................. 122 6............................2 Gambar Rangkaian..... 84 5.......7 Kesimpulan....................................... 65 4...........................4 Langkah Percobaan................................................................... 87 5....6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.............................3 Alat dan Bahan...................................................... 84 5.......................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan. 60 4..............................................5 Data Percobaan...................... 60 4. 149 v ...............................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................... 81 5...5 Data Percobaan.................................................................................. 80 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5....................................2 Gambar Rangkaian......2 Gambar Rangkaian....................................................................7 Kesimpulan.....7 Kesimpulan.............................................4 Langkah Percobaan........................................................................................ 85 5.............................................................5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan...................................................................................... 121 6..........................3 Alat dan Bahan.....................................................................7 Kesimpulan.............................................. 127 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6...... 40 3.................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan..............................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan....... 62 4.. 81 5.......................................... 122 6. 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4...................................................... 63 4.4 Langkah Percobaan.........................................................3 Alat dan Bahan....

........7 Kesimpulan..........................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan.................................................3 Alat dan Bahan..............................................1 Tujuan Percobaan........................3 Alat dan Bahan................................ 208 9.......................................... 186 8..................4 Langkah Percobaan............................................................................................ 191 8................................................................................................................................. 188 8... 375 BAB VII 10..6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............................................................................................................ 151 7.......6 Analisa dan Pembahasan....... 150 7......................................... 218 9........... 207 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9....... 186 8.......... 187 8............................... 219 9.................... 152 7......................................................... 151 7.............1 Tujuan Percobaan.....................................................5 Data Percobaan...................................... 158 7..............4 Langkah Percobaan.................................................................................... 185 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8............................. 376 10.......................2 Gambar Rangkaian........................... 150 7............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 218 9.....................................7 Kesimpulan......................................................................................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan..........................2 Saran................................................................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian.............. 377 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi .....................................................................................7 Kesimpulan..............................1 PENUTUP Kesimpulan................ 208 9...................BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7............. 218 9............5 Data Percobaan....................5 Data Percobaan........ 187 8...................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian..........6 Analisa dan Pembahasan....................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.........

............ 34 Gambar 3................ 19 Gambar 2.........11 Rangkaian Superposisi............ 41 Gambar 3....................................... 22 Gambar 2.....1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi.................... 29 Gambar 2.......8 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi. 5 Gambar 2...........2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.............................5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL................6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan..............................................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL.............. 27 Gambar 2......12 Simulasi Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang... 13 Gambar 2....... 30 Gambar 3.................................. 40 Gambar 3.....................1 Rangkaian Tangga.............................6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A....................................................... 17 Gambar 2.......12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat................................5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3.... 34 Gambar 3................ 40 Gambar 3..11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.............................10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat.............................13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang.................7 Rangkaian Tangga................ 33 Gambar 3......... 33 Gambar 3.9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.. 10 Gambar 2.............. 15 Gambar 2....................... 4 Gambar 2....... 4 Gambar 2................................................ 25 Gambar 2. 20 Gambar 2...8 Simulasi Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan...........18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL................15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL......................16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL..............................2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi......................................................14 Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang......................................4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL. 26 Gambar 2..............3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi................................. 5 Gambar 2........... 34 Gambar 3............................... 17 Gambar 2.........DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2.............. 40 Gambar 3...........................................3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang..............................4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi......... 42 vii .....9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat...10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang............................ 33 Gambar 3.7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C.......................... 34 Gambar 3....... 4 Gambar 2...................................................

.......................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3.......... 49 Gambar 3................15 Simulasi EWB rangkaian Superposisi V2 : 5 V..... 76 Gambar 4..........................1 Rangkaian teorema thevenin................... 78 viii ............................................................20 Kompensasi Ewb 1 sumber .......25 Resiprositas EWB sumber di A......14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif......................................................16 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi................................... 52 Gambar 3.............. 66 Gambar 4...22 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A.9 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton.......... 54 Gambar 3..... 47 Gambar 3......2 Rangkaian teorema norton.............................. 61 Gambar 4.............19 Rangkaian Kompensasi................ 50 Gambar 3.. 48 Gambar 3.. 53 Gambar 3.....................................................26 Resiprositas EWB sumber di C...................................... 68 Gambar 4.............................6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka............21 Kompensasi Ewb R3 = VR3............. 62 Gambar 4....................................................................................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema norton ........13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat.................. 68 Gambar 4......................... 58 Gambar 4................ 76 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan .....................................16 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen Norton dengan EWB...................................... 78 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan............................ 60 Gambar 4..................................... 70 Gambar 4........ 76 (b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan.10 Rangkaian thevenin.........Gambar 3........13 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton....18 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi ........... 72 Gambar 4....................... 58 Gambar 3......................... 48 Gambar 3............3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema thevenin................................................................................................. 47 Gambar 3...........7 Rangkaian Rth................................ 60 Gambar 4.........................................................................11 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin...........................24 Rangkaian Resiprositas......8 Rangkaian Norton.......................... 53 Gambar 3............ 52 Gambar 3...................................................................................................... 67 Gambar 4..........14 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin dengan EWB. 44 Gambar 3............................... 66 Gambar 4....................... 70 Gambar 4......23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C.........................................12 Rangkaian Norton...5 Rangkaian teorema thevenin............................................. 61 Gambar 4.........................

......................6 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor ....................................................................................... 90 Gambar 5................25 Transformasi kubus 2 resistor...................... 97 Gambar 5...... 89 Gambar 5.................................................. 109 Gambar 5................................. 92 Gambar 5......................................22 Rangkaian kubus 2 konduktor.................................................................................. 98 Gambar 5........16 Rangkaian Kubus...........28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid............................................. 98 Gambar 5....................... 81 (b) Rangkaian ∆........... 108 Gambar 5......21 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.............................. 93 Gambar 5..8 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor.................................... 102 Gambar 5..........19 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat.............................5 Rangkaian Piramida....................... 82 Gambar 5................................. 101 Gambar 5....................................................................................27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid..........................................17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus........................................................ 108 Gambar 5...........26 Rangkaian Piramid................................................................ 111 ix ......................................... 82 Gambar 5........14 Penyederhanaan rangkaian.......................................2 Rangkaian Kubus............................. 87 Gambar 5.... 78 Gambar 5................ 82 Gambar 5..................... 90 Gambar 5... 102 Gambar 5........................... 98 Gambar 5......................................... 81 Gambar 5.... 83 Gambar 5.... 93 Gambar 5........... 87 Gambar 5..18 Transformasi Kubus normal...7 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor.........................................(b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan............29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.......................Y..................................13 Rangkaian Y...................................................................4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor....................30 Transformasi piramid normal......................................................15 Transformasi Y .............................. 108 Gambar 5..............................24 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.......1 (a) Rangkaian Y.................20 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus............................................................23 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF................... 81 Gambar 5.... 107 Gambar 5............... 83 Gambar 5....................................9 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor...12 Simulasi transformasi Δ.........3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor............ 83 Gambar 5........................................................ 83 Gambar 5..........10 Rangkaian Segitiga..............11 Transformasi Δ ...........

.......5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD...............42 Transformasi piramid 1 resistor........................................................2 Sumber Tegangan.... 112 Gambar 5.....31 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat......... 114 Gambar 5....................... 115 Gambar 5.. 152 x ............................... 121 Gambar 6.37 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan. 148 Gambar 6.......................................Gambar 5...........................38 Transformasi piramid 2 konduktor....................................... 122 Gambar 5... 121 Gambar 6................. 112 Gambar 5....................................... 152 Gambar 7...............................43 Rangkaian Piramid dengan R pada CE dan BD................35 Rangkaian Piramid dengan 2 konduktor.............................................................................8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan........................................33 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan................................................................................................. 138 Gambar 6.......48 Transformasi piramid 2 resistor............................ 118 Gambar 5........... 147 Gambar 6................................................ 112 Gambar 5......39 Rangkaian Piramid dengan Resistor di CE............................ 148 Gambar 7............................................................47 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.....................................................................6 Rangkaian tipe T............34 Transformasi piramid 1 konduktor . 122 Gambar 5.4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB....... 115 Gambar 5...... 150 Gambar 7... 121 Gambar 5..40 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan resistor di CE .......... 123 Gambar 5......... 122 Gambar 5......................................... 127 Gambar 6.......................................................32 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat............. 137 Gambar 6....................................... 118 Gambar 5.......................... 135 Gambar 6........................................... 117 Gambar 5.........44 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.........................................41 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............ 118 Gambar 5........ 115 Gambar 5........................................................ 123 Gambar 5...................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi.............7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T................... 126 Gambar 6..............................................................36 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat ..45 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan..........................................................46 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan......................2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T.3 Rangkaian tipe phi................10 Pembagi Tegangan................................. 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri ..3 Resistor.....9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD...... 147 Gambar 6........................................

...........................................................................30 Fasor C........... 162 Gambar 7................................................................. 158 Gambar 7...................................... 153 Gambar 7.....................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC...........................25 Fasor L.....7 Add VL + VC.................................................................13 Resistor..................................32 Rangkaian RLC Seri..................Gambar 7............... 167 Gambar 7.......................................... 164 Gambar 7................................................................................................................................ 156 Gambar 7.....VC..................................................................................................................................................................34 Diagram vector daya di R......................16 Lissajous VL ......... 165 Gambar 7..... 155 Gambar 7.................................15 Kapasitor................................ 170 Gambar 7. 164 Gambar 7.............................................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC.................17 Add VL + VC...................... 165 Gambar 7........................................................................ 157 Gambar 7.19 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC............................................. 164 Gambar 7.....6 Lissajous VL ....................14 Induktor............... 156 Gambar 7..............................................26 Fasor C......8 Resistor............................................................ 154 Gambar 7...............................................VC................................................................................................... 165 Gambar 7........................................................... 165 Gambar 7..18 Rangkaian RLC Seri....................................................................................9 Induktor........................................................... 153 Gambar 7............ 159 Gambar 7..... 162 Gambar 7....................... 156 Gambar 7.................. 170 xi ..........................................................28 Fasor R...........................12 Add VL + VC....11 Lissajous VL ............................. 163 Gambar 7.................................................................................31 Fasor RLC...35 Diagram vector daya di L...............................................4 Induktor...............................................................20 Diagram vector daya di R.................... 162 Gambar 7...... 153 Gambar 7......................................22 Diagram vector daya di C................... 154 Gambar 7.................................................10 Kapasitor............................................................................. 166 Gambar 7........ 154 Gambar 7..29 Fasor L.................24 Fasor R.................. 152 Gambar 7..............21 Diagram vector daya di L.......27 Fasor RLC............VC.........5 Kapasitor.............................................................................. 155 Gambar 7...................... 157 Gambar 7................................................................................................. 164 Gambar 7........

... 174 Gambar 7........ 181 Gambar 8................................................ 181 Gambar 7......... Gambar 8................46 Rangkaian RLC Seri................................ 173 Gambar 7............................................38 Fasor R........................................... 170 Gambar 7....................................... 172 Gambar 7.............................................................36 Diagram vector daya di C.................................................................................. 172 Gambar 7........47 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC................................................ Gambar 8............................................... xii ..........................................................................................37 Diagram vector daya di RLC.................................................................................49 Diagram vector daya di L.....................1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.39 Fasor L.41 Fasor RLC..Gambar 7.............................................................. 178 Gambar 7.......................................................................................... 172 Gambar 7..............................7 HZ.......................................................................................................................52 Fasor R.......... 173 Gambar 7................................ 179 Gambar 7............................7 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 2422.. 181 Gambar 7.8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel............55 Fasor RLC.......................................... 178 Gambar 7............. 180 Gambar 7.............................2 Lissajous RL frekuensi 300 HZ............... Gambar 8......................................51 Diagram vector daya di RLC.............50 Diagram vector daya di C............... 173 Gambar 7........4 Lissajous RL frekuensi 8500 HZ.................................................. Gambar 8.........59 Fasor RLC....43 Fasor L.....44 Fasor C............ 172 Gambar 7.............................................................................................................................42 Fasor R................. Gambar 8.................................................. 178 Gambar 7... 181 Gambar 7.........................................................................................3 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 300 HZ..........................................6 Lissajous RL frekuensi 2422..............................45 Fasor RLC..................7 HZ....................... 180 Gambar 7................................................... 180 Gambar 7...................................................40 Fasor C....................................48 Diagram vector daya di R.....54 Fasor C..................57 Fasor L........................................................................................... 173 Gambar 7.......................................................................... 180 Gambar 7...........53 Fasor L................................................. 171 Gambar 7....... Gambar 8.............. Gambar 8..58 Fasor C........5 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 8500 HZ.................................................. 175 Gambar 7.....................................56 Fasor R........

.. 209 Gambar 9...7 Rangkaian RLC Seri......................................1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama.............. I RC frekuensi resonansi.....................................9 Tanggapan tegangan dan arus RLC paralel.................10 Proses penggambaran Lissajous.12 Kurva Lissajous Serong Kiri............ 211 Gambar 9........................................................... IR............................. 213 xiii ..... IL...............22 Kurva Lissajous RC...6 Fungsi Sinus R-C..............................................21 Grafik Vin........... Gambar 8......... I RL...................4 Fungsi Sinus R-L......................................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..... IC hasil perhitungan f = 8007 Hz............ Gambar 8..................................... 209 Gambar 9............14 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal................... Gambar 8...................... Gambar 8........................... 213 Gambar 9............ I RL.... IR... Gambar 8.........................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi......................11 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe LPF. 211 Gambar 9..............20 Kurva Lissajous RL..................... 212 Gambar 9..................... I RL.........19 Grafik VIN..3 Fungsi Tangga R-L..................................................................... I RC perhitungan F 8383 HZ..................13 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe HPF.......................23 Kurva Lissajous RL....... I RC perhitungan F 300 HZ........14 Lissajous RL dan Rc frekuensi 300 HZ...... Gambar 8......16 Rangkaian Fourier Segitiga...................... I RR......................................... Gambar 8.......................16 Lissajous RL dan RC F 8383 HZ ............................. Gambar 8...................................... Gambar 8..... 212 Gambar 9. 208 Gambar 9........................13 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..........................................18 Lissajous RL dan RC frekuensi resonansi......11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan............ 210 Gambar 9............17 Grafik VIN........................................................... IL...2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda...........12 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe BPF................................15 Grafik VIN...... Gambar 9...... Gambar 8................................................. Gambar 8.............Gambar 8........................................ Gambar 8. 212 Gambar 9..................... Gambar 8............................... Gambar 8.15 Rangkaian Fourier Kotak ....................................................................... IC hasil perhitungan f = 2422 Hz........................ 209 Gambar 9..........................5 Tangga R-C...10 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T................ 208 Gambar 9.24 Grafik Vin............................................ 210 Gambar 9............................ 212 Gambar 9..... Gambar 8....... I RR........... I RR................... 210 Gambar 9............

...............................20 Rangkaian Laplace Segitiga....................................40 Rangkaian Filter LPF..........................37 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel..................................... 267 Gambar 9............. 216 Gambar 9.42 Rangkaian Filter HPF..............38 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi...............................47 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Segitiga.... 296 Gambar 9...............................................39 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T....... 217 Gambar 9........................................... 216 Gambar 9.............29 Rangkaian Thevenin Norton..........Gambar 9.... 282 Gambar 9........ 304 Gambar 9......................................31 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda........................................................................................................................................ 285 Gambar 9...................... 315 Gambar 9...... 271 Gambar 9..................... 300 Gambar 9............ 214 Gambar 9.18 Rangkaian Laplace Exponensial........................23 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel.......25 Rangkaian Resiprositas..... 321 Gambar 9................... 274 Gambar 9..............45 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Kotak...17 Rangkaian Laplace Tangga..................................... 215 Gambar 9..........46 Spektrum Sinyal Gelombang Kotak............. 215 Gambar 9..................................32 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL............................................................................... 217 Gambar 9.................................................. 318 Gambar 9..............21 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis....33 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L............... 278 Gambar 9...............26 Rangkaian Kompensasi........ 214 Gambar 9..35 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C......................................................................................... 213 Gambar 9.....19 Rangkaian Laplace Gergaji............................................ 216 Gambar 9...............44 Spektrum Amplitudo Gelombang Sinus...............41 Rangkaian Filter BPF...34 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C................................................................................................................ 322 xiv ........ 289 Gambar 9............................. 217 Gambar 9.................................... 318 Gambar 9..27 Rangkaian Thevenin............................. 215 Gambar 9.............24 Rangkaian Superposisi. 311 Gambar 9.....................................36 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri............... 213 Gambar 9....48 Spektrum Frekuensi Gelombang Segitiga...........22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri..............43 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal......30 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama.............28 Rangkaian Norton......... 307 Gambar 9................................................. 315 Gambar 9.. 292 Gambar 9.............................................................................

....71 Rangkaian Norton.....Gambar 9. 325 Gambar 9......69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin............................................70 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton................. 341 Gambar 9....63 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL.............................. 337 Gambar 9... 344 Gambar 9........... xv 8 .............................66 Rangkaian teorema Norton...................... 371 Gambar 9......................................................................................................... 369 Gambar 9.................................58 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 2...... 328 Gambar 9.................... 373 DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2.....................60 Rangkaian Resiprositas............... 373 Gambar 9.....................................72 Rangkaian Thevenin.. 352 Gambar 9.................................................................... 358 Gambar 9.......................................50 Rangkaian Percobaan Exponensial.........52 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Segitiga..............................55 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri.......................................49 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Step.......................................... 366 Gambar 9... 369 Gambar 9........................................................................67 Rangkaian Norton....... 349 Gambar 9....51 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Gergaji...... 366 Gambar 9......... 331 Gambar 9......... 372 Gambar 9......................................59 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi Sumber total....... 339 Gambar 9.....62 Rangkaian Thevenin.......68 Rangkaian Norton....................................... 355 Gambar 9..........................................................56 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel.................................. 362 Gambar 9........................61 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi.......... 369 Gambar 9......................... 334 Gambar 9..............................................................................57 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 1.................................. 366 Gambar 9.1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga..................64 Rangkaian Thevenin...........54 Kurva Histerisis.......53 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis........... 369 Gambar 9.................................................65 Rangkaian teorema Norton............................................................

.................... 46 Tabel 3..4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan..........8 Perbandingan perhitungan I RL biasa dengan ekuivalennya....... percobaan dan simulasi EWB.... percobaan dan simulasi EWB............ 37 Tabel 3. 10 Tabel 2............ 16 Tabel 2............. pengukuran dan EWB........................ 38 Tabel 3........8 Perbandingan tegangan dan arus teorema superposisi......................................... percobaan dan EWB.............6 Perbandingan R total rertera dan terukur...6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan................. 67 Tabel 4........ 39 Tabel 3...................9 Perbandingan pengukutran dan perhitungan........... 11 Tabel 2. 9 Tabel 2..3 Data percobaan Kompensasi........... 39 Tabel 3............................................. 29 Tabel 2...... 21 Tabel 2................. 65 Tabel 4..........4 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen norton.............11 Perbandingan perhitungan..... percobaan dan simulasi EWB................................. 28 Tabel 2...............14 Perbandingan perhitungan...................9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan kompensasi........................... 12 Tabel 2.... 71 Tabel 4... 45 Tabel 3..........13 Perbandingan perhitungan dan percobaan...............................2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang.......3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang........... 65 Tabel 4.......................7 Perbandingan pengukuran dan perhitungan............................2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi.......................5 Nilai Resistor...10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan.10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas...... 51 Tabel 3................... 65 Tabel 4..... 71 xvi .......................5 Tabel Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan.. 18 Tabel 2..... 31 Tabel 3.Tabel 2.......................5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor ...... 9 Tabel 2.2 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian norton..............8 Perbandingan perhitungan...............7 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan ekuivalen thevenin.... 37 Tabel 3.......... 58 Tabel 4.................3 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen thevenin.. 8 Tabel 2.................................12 Perbandingan perhitungan........... 24 Tabel 2..................1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan......................................6 Data percobaan resiprositas...4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi.... 69 Tabel 4.......................................1 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian thevenin...................................................... 65 Tabel 4..... 38 Tabel 3.....................7 Perbandingan nilai R terukur dan tertera......

....................... 74 Tabel 4...............................10 Perbandingan Nilai R pada rangkaian piramid.... 86 Tabel 5......... 120 Tabel 5.................................. 124 Tabel 6........6 Nilai parameter Z....................................... 113 Tabel 5................................................................6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.........8 parameter Y........................................................... 132 Tabel 6............. 125 Tabel 6..............................10 Perbandingan teorema thevenin dengan ekivalen thevenin....... 85 Tabel 5......... 125 Tabel 6......... 77 Tabel 4.................13 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB..12 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB. 106 Tabel 5..................14 Perbandingan Nilai R ad........13 Perbandingan Nilai R ad piramid...................................................10 Arus pengganti....3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus..............................4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramida....... 129 Tabel 6......15 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB.............................. 124 Tabel 6..........................1 Rangkaian Y...................................................9 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus dengan resistor. 130 Tabel 6.......... AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya.......................7 Perbandingan Nilai R ae rangkaian kubus..Tabel 4. 116 Tabel 5........5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan............................ 126 Tabel 6.....................14 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB.......3 Data percobaan tipe T ......9 Perbandingan pengukura dan perhitungan ekivalen Norton...........................9 Parameter transient T............................................................................... 75 Tabel 4....12 Perbandingan Nilai R ad ................................. 100 Tabel 5........11 Perbandingan teorema norton dengan ekivalen norton........................................................ 78 Tabel 4.. 91 Tabel 5...5 Knversi parameter...... 73 Tabel 4................. CD dihubung dengan catudaya..7 Dzz.............. 76 Tabel 4....................................2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya.......2 Rangkaian ∆.............................. 85 Tabel 5..........................................8 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus berkonduktor................... 79 Tabel 5.. 96 Tabel 5.................................................................... 131 Tabel 6.11 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan.......... 133 xvii ...........1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya.......................11 Parameter T invers........... 130 Tabel 6.................... 110 Tabel 5....... 88 Tabel 5....................4 Data percobaan tipe T ...... 125 Tabel 6..................................... 85 Tabel 5................................

............................ 141 Tabel 6..23 Parameter g...............1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuiensi rendah........ 287 Tabel 9.........6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.................. 140 Tabel 6.....3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan.....167 Tabel 7........7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan...2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi......... Tabel 9................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan..... 143 Tabel 6............................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan........2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.................................................... 147 Tabel 6........... 142 Tabel 6.....19 Parameter transient T........ 294 Tabel 9... 134 Tabel 6.......................................................... 280 Tabel 9.5 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..................................Tabel 6.......................... 273 Tabel 9........... 298 xviii ...................................................................................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan............ 144 Tabel 6.....22 Parameter H........15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dengan perhitungan.....................................................................................................12 Parameter H.... 175 Tabel 8........................................ 283 Tabel 9............................... 135 Tabel 6.................... 159 Tabel 7................ 269 Tabel 9.......................21 Parameter T invers................................................................................................................................................13 Parameter hybrid invers-g...........................18 Parameter Y........................... 290 Tabel 9.................................. 276 Tabel 9............................9 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dansimulasi......8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan............. 136 Tabel 6........4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan......... Tabel 8................................................................................. 137 Tabel 6.............................20 Arus pengganti............. 141 Tabel 6..........3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rensonansi............................................................... 148 Tabel 7......... 146 Tabel 6............16 Parameter impedensi Z.................. Tabel 8................................................................................17 Dzz.. 145 Tabel 6...................

.28 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi......32 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........... 305 Tabel 9.13 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......................... 374 xix ................Tabel 9......... 356 Tabel 9.31 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................................27 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi...................................................... 364 Tabel 9.... 302 Tabel 9.................... 350 Tabel 9.................... 370 Tabel 9......................................22 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........ 316 Tabel 9........................................30 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi........ 319 Tabel 9....... 335 Tabel 9..........................................21 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................... 313 Tabel 9........................ 323 Tabel 9........ 360 Tabel 9...26 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.....16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......14 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....29 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi............ 316 Tabel 9.15 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...10 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......... 326 Tabel 9..... 322 Tabel 9...25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......................17 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........11 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.................... 347 Tabel 9.....24 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi...... 329 Tabel 9............................ 309 Tabel 9............................ 319 Tabel 9. 367 Tabel 9.........20 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......23 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..... 343 Tabel 9...................................19 Perbandingan Vt perhitungan dan simulasi....... 332 Tabel 9..............18 Perbandingan V perhitungan dan simulasi.... 353 Tabel 9..........33 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.............................12 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......................

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