DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang Pelaksanaan Praktikum....................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1

Tujuan Percobaan......................................................................................

4

2.2

Gambar Rangkaian....................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 32

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1

Tujuan Percobaan...................................................................................... 33

3.2

Gambar Rangkaian.................................................................................... 33

3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 35

3.4

Langkah Percobaan................................................................................... 35

3.5

Data Percobaan.......................................................................................... 37
iv

............................................................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan..............................5 Data Percobaan.....................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.....................................................................................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian..............1 Tujuan Percobaan........................................................................................................................................................... 60 4.................................. 66 4....................................................4 Langkah Percobaan............................................. 127 6......................................3 Alat dan Bahan................................................. 84 5...........................................4 Langkah Percobaan.............................3........... 80 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5.......................................7 Kesimpulan...................................7 Kesimpulan.............................................................................. 62 4.................................................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan...2 Gambar Rangkaian...................... 84 5...............................................2 Gambar Rangkaian...................5 Data Percobaan................ 85 5............................................................................................. 65 4.......... 81 5........1 Tujuan Percobaan................... 87 5.....................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.............................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................ 81 5............................................................ 40 3........................ 121 6......................7 Kesimpulan...........................................5 Data Percobaan.........................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...........6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.................... 149 v ...................... 124 6....... 60 4...3 Alat dan Bahan........... 122 6...... 63 4....... 127 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6.............. 122 6. 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4.............................. 121 6.................................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan........................................................

...................................... 191 8......................................4 Langkah Percobaan........1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................ 218 9........................................................... 219 9....7 Kesimpulan...........................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan......................................................................................................................................................5 Data Percobaan. 218 9....................................2 Gambar Rangkaian.............7 Kesimpulan...5 Data Percobaan............................................................... 188 8................................................................................. 208 9... 187 8............................................ 185 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8...............................4 Langkah Percobaan......................... 375 BAB VII 10............................................................... 152 7.........1 PENUTUP Kesimpulan..................................... 150 7....................... 158 7......................................................... 376 10................ 377 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi ................................. 187 8................................................ 208 9........... 186 8..............................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan....BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7.............. 186 8........................3 Alat dan Bahan...........2 Gambar Rangkaian...................................4 Langkah Percobaan..................1 Tujuan Percobaan......................... 151 7................................................................................................................................2 Saran.............. 150 7........................................... 207 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9....................................... 218 9................................................................................................ 151 7....................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...........................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian.......................3 Alat dan Bahan...............................................................................7 Kesimpulan..............................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan..................................................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan...................5 Data Percobaan.............................

.............................5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3................................ 42 vii .......................................6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A...................... 22 Gambar 2.......................6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan....................... 30 Gambar 3..... 34 Gambar 3.... 29 Gambar 2................... 13 Gambar 2... 20 Gambar 2........ 40 Gambar 3....................................................3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi.......1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi.......... 15 Gambar 2..............................................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL....... 41 Gambar 3...................13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang...5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL............1 Rangkaian Tangga.............. 5 Gambar 2...................... 33 Gambar 3... 17 Gambar 2.......10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat......4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL... 26 Gambar 2...................10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang..................................................................................................................16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL....................... 19 Gambar 2................8 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi............................................................................... 4 Gambar 2.11 Rangkaian Superposisi..........12 Simulasi Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang..... 10 Gambar 2..................................... 34 Gambar 3........................7 Rangkaian Tangga... 4 Gambar 2...................2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.. 17 Gambar 2.8 Simulasi Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan................... 40 Gambar 3..............12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat....................... 34 Gambar 3..............................2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi......................................9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat......... 4 Gambar 2..... 33 Gambar 3.18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL... 40 Gambar 3...................................DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2........................ 25 Gambar 2...7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C..15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL...........................11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang....... 5 Gambar 2....................... 27 Gambar 2..........4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi...................... 34 Gambar 3..........................9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang...................14 Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang...3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang............... 33 Gambar 3..........

.........1 Rangkaian teorema thevenin.............................16 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen Norton dengan EWB..............................................22 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A........ 48 Gambar 3..............16 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi..............9 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton........ 76 (b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan......15 Simulasi EWB rangkaian Superposisi V2 : 5 V..........13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat...............6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka...................... 54 Gambar 3........... 53 Gambar 3....... 78 viii .................................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3........................................26 Resiprositas EWB sumber di C.................................14 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin dengan EWB............ 70 Gambar 4................................. 60 Gambar 4.............11 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin...12 Rangkaian Norton.................................20 Kompensasi Ewb 1 sumber .............................................................................. 68 Gambar 4........... 48 Gambar 3..........8 Rangkaian Norton............................. 62 Gambar 4.........10 Rangkaian thevenin......................................2 Rangkaian teorema norton...... 76 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan ..... 52 Gambar 3.... 47 Gambar 3.......5 Rangkaian teorema thevenin............ 66 Gambar 4................... 44 Gambar 3.......... 76 Gambar 4....... 72 Gambar 4...... 50 Gambar 3........ 60 Gambar 4................ 78 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan.........................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema norton ..........19 Rangkaian Kompensasi..................................... 61 Gambar 4.....................................................23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C................................................................................ 61 Gambar 4..................................... 53 Gambar 3............................................................... 66 Gambar 4............. 70 Gambar 4.................................................................. 47 Gambar 3.......................24 Rangkaian Resiprositas..18 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi .....13 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton...............................25 Resiprositas EWB sumber di A.........................................7 Rangkaian Rth................. 68 Gambar 4......... 49 Gambar 3.........Gambar 3..............14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif................. 58 Gambar 3.................................................................. 52 Gambar 3............. 67 Gambar 4.....3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema thevenin....................................................... 58 Gambar 4.........................21 Kompensasi Ewb R3 = VR3.................................................................................

...................................................... 102 Gambar 5............................. 90 Gambar 5................................ 101 Gambar 5....29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian............... 92 Gambar 5.................................................... 108 Gambar 5................................................. 97 Gambar 5............... 93 Gambar 5...................2 Rangkaian Kubus......26 Rangkaian Piramid......................... 83 Gambar 5............ 83 Gambar 5.....16 Rangkaian Kubus.............7 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor.19 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat.23 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF.................................10 Rangkaian Segitiga................3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor... 81 Gambar 5..............28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid.......12 Simulasi transformasi Δ.....8 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor. 98 Gambar 5............. 108 Gambar 5...................15 Transformasi Y ......17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus................. 107 Gambar 5..........................4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor................................. 98 Gambar 5........................................................................................................................................................... 102 Gambar 5. 98 Gambar 5............27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid.........24 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.................................................................................... 93 Gambar 5.............6 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor ....................... 111 ix ................................... 90 Gambar 5.......21 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian................................... 108 Gambar 5......... 81 (b) Rangkaian ∆...................................................................... 82 Gambar 5............................18 Transformasi Kubus normal...........................9 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor.................... 82 Gambar 5..30 Transformasi piramid normal...............................................11 Transformasi Δ . 83 Gambar 5....................................... 82 Gambar 5.....................................................................(b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan..20 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus............... 89 Gambar 5.........1 (a) Rangkaian Y........... 78 Gambar 5........... 87 Gambar 5......................Y.......................................25 Transformasi kubus 2 resistor......14 Penyederhanaan rangkaian....................................................................................................................................................... 87 Gambar 5...............5 Rangkaian Piramida..........................22 Rangkaian kubus 2 konduktor................ 81 Gambar 5........................................ 109 Gambar 5...................13 Rangkaian Y............................................................. 83 Gambar 5...............................................................

.......................35 Rangkaian Piramid dengan 2 konduktor..34 Transformasi piramid 1 konduktor . 152 x ............................ 123 Gambar 5....................................................................................................................................... 112 Gambar 5..4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB....... 135 Gambar 6.........................33 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan........... 118 Gambar 5....................................... 137 Gambar 6...................... 115 Gambar 5................7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T............. 118 Gambar 5......Gambar 5...............................................................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi........................ 122 Gambar 5.................................................................. 121 Gambar 5......................... 148 Gambar 7...................... 152 Gambar 7....................................................................................41 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.................47 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............... 115 Gambar 5............... 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri ......... 122 Gambar 5..... 127 Gambar 6.... 117 Gambar 5...................31 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat.................... 115 Gambar 5... 122 Gambar 5...................32 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat............. 147 Gambar 6...................................45 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............48 Transformasi piramid 2 resistor.............37 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan......... 148 Gambar 6.....2 Sumber Tegangan................................................................ 138 Gambar 6......39 Rangkaian Piramid dengan Resistor di CE. 147 Gambar 6.........................................38 Transformasi piramid 2 konduktor.. 112 Gambar 5............. 150 Gambar 7..... 121 Gambar 6..............................................3 Resistor............................46 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...............10 Pembagi Tegangan....... 118 Gambar 5........................................... 121 Gambar 6.........5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD...44 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T....................................... 112 Gambar 5......................................3 Rangkaian tipe phi............................... 126 Gambar 6. 114 Gambar 5............43 Rangkaian Piramid dengan R pada CE dan BD.....................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD.......................................... 123 Gambar 5...........40 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan resistor di CE ...............36 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat ............................................42 Transformasi piramid 1 resistor..........................8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan.............................................................................6 Rangkaian tipe T.................................................

.............................35 Diagram vector daya di L..............33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC............................................................................................9 Induktor.............................14 Induktor..............8 Resistor........................................................................................ 165 Gambar 7........ 170 xi ....................................................................16 Lissajous VL ........................................................................................... 152 Gambar 7...........................................15 Kapasitor.......................11 Lissajous VL ................18 Rangkaian RLC Seri...17 Add VL + VC.........VC....27 Fasor RLC.. 157 Gambar 7.............................................................................................................................................................................22 Diagram vector daya di C......... 158 Gambar 7.............................................................................................................24 Fasor R................................................................................................................. 162 Gambar 7...VC............................5 Kapasitor....................... 153 Gambar 7................................ 153 Gambar 7..................................Gambar 7........................................................................... 163 Gambar 7.... 165 Gambar 7........6 Lissajous VL . 159 Gambar 7. 156 Gambar 7....................7 Add VL + VC...................................................................... 164 Gambar 7.....................................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC........4 Induktor.............. 167 Gambar 7.........................................32 Rangkaian RLC Seri................ 155 Gambar 7................. 155 Gambar 7.... 164 Gambar 7.......................................21 Diagram vector daya di L.. 170 Gambar 7.19 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC................................................................................................ 154 Gambar 7...25 Fasor L................31 Fasor RLC.....................13 Resistor............................................................ 154 Gambar 7........ 165 Gambar 7............34 Diagram vector daya di R..... 156 Gambar 7................. 165 Gambar 7...................................................................................................... 157 Gambar 7........20 Diagram vector daya di R..... 162 Gambar 7.................................................................................................29 Fasor L............................................................................................VC........................................................10 Kapasitor........................................................12 Add VL + VC..................................26 Fasor C.................................................................. 166 Gambar 7...................... 162 Gambar 7.......... 154 Gambar 7.............. 164 Gambar 7...........28 Fasor R................................................................................ 164 Gambar 7.. 156 Gambar 7....................................................................... 153 Gambar 7......30 Fasor C...

..37 Diagram vector daya di RLC..................... 172 Gambar 7...........................................................................47 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC...............................2 Lissajous RL frekuensi 300 HZ..56 Fasor R........... 181 Gambar 8.....................................................................................7 HZ. 172 Gambar 7....................................3 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 300 HZ.... 180 Gambar 7......................................................... 180 Gambar 7............................................................................ 181 Gambar 7....................................................................... 173 Gambar 7...............51 Diagram vector daya di RLC......................................................................... 174 Gambar 7..............................................................................................5 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 8500 HZ...................59 Fasor RLC..........................52 Fasor R........55 Fasor RLC.......................................7 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 2422........ 181 Gambar 7...............................................53 Fasor L....43 Fasor L.. 172 Gambar 7............................................................................................ Gambar 8........................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel....................................... Gambar 8.....36 Diagram vector daya di C................54 Fasor C....................4 Lissajous RL frekuensi 8500 HZ............................................ Gambar 8..........................................................41 Fasor RLC................57 Fasor L.......................................7 HZ... Gambar 8................................................................................................................................................... 178 Gambar 7..............42 Fasor R................................................................................Gambar 7........44 Fasor C. 173 Gambar 7.................................. xii .............. 173 Gambar 7..... 172 Gambar 7...............39 Fasor L........................................................................45 Fasor RLC............................................... 171 Gambar 7...... Gambar 8.................................................................46 Rangkaian RLC Seri.6 Lissajous RL frekuensi 2422................................. 175 Gambar 7......... 181 Gambar 7........................... Gambar 8..................... 179 Gambar 7.........40 Fasor C............... 180 Gambar 7..... Gambar 8............................................................................................... 180 Gambar 7..............49 Diagram vector daya di L... 173 Gambar 7..............48 Diagram vector daya di R..... 178 Gambar 7..................................................................................................................58 Fasor C.. 178 Gambar 7...................38 Fasor R...................................................50 Diagram vector daya di C................................................................. 170 Gambar 7............1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel...............................................

......... 208 Gambar 9. Gambar 8......................6 Fungsi Sinus R-C........... I RR....... 210 Gambar 9.......................................12 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe BPF.........1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama...................... Gambar 8............... Gambar 8....................... IC hasil perhitungan f = 8007 Hz.............. I RC frekuensi resonansi..............9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi........................14 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal......................18 Lissajous RL dan RC frekuensi resonansi.................14 Lissajous RL dan Rc frekuensi 300 HZ.......................................... Gambar 8.............. IC hasil perhitungan f = 2422 Hz............... 211 Gambar 9..... I RR... I RC perhitungan F 300 HZ...........24 Grafik Vin................... I RL.................17 Grafik VIN..........3 Fungsi Tangga R-L.... 211 Gambar 9.. 210 Gambar 9........................................12 Kurva Lissajous Serong Kiri.... 213 Gambar 9...................................... 210 Gambar 9.... 212 Gambar 9............................................ 213 xiii ............................... Gambar 8....11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan..............8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..... I RL................... Gambar 8........................................................ Gambar 8......... 212 Gambar 9...................16 Lissajous RL dan RC F 8383 HZ .......................... I RL...................... Gambar 8..... Gambar 8....................23 Kurva Lissajous RL.15 Grafik VIN...........19 Grafik VIN...................................................................................20 Kurva Lissajous RL...4 Fungsi Sinus R-L...... Gambar 8.......11 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe LPF............................10 Proses penggambaran Lissajous............. 212 Gambar 9..........................15 Rangkaian Fourier Kotak ................................. I RR.... Gambar 8.......................................... IR............................................ 209 Gambar 9......7 Rangkaian RLC Seri.5 Tangga R-C.......... Gambar 8...............................13 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe HPF..................................... Gambar 9................... IL.......................... 209 Gambar 9.......................10 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T....... IL.......16 Rangkaian Fourier Segitiga..............21 Grafik Vin................................................................................ 212 Gambar 9.......... I RC perhitungan F 8383 HZ................................22 Kurva Lissajous RC...........................................9 Tanggapan tegangan dan arus RLC paralel.............13 Rangkaian RLC Paralel...Gambar 8.............. IR........ Gambar 8. 208 Gambar 9..................2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda................ Gambar 8...... 209 Gambar 9................... Gambar 8..............................................................

............................ 307 Gambar 9................................ 214 Gambar 9.................................. 315 Gambar 9................................ 217 Gambar 9.. 216 Gambar 9...................... 213 Gambar 9...........28 Rangkaian Norton................................22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri.............45 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Kotak............................25 Rangkaian Resiprositas..........................................................40 Rangkaian Filter LPF..................................................................... 215 Gambar 9....................................................................21 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis..................18 Rangkaian Laplace Exponensial.......................38 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi.... 274 Gambar 9........................... 321 Gambar 9..... 292 Gambar 9.........................................31 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda...17 Rangkaian Laplace Tangga......................... 300 Gambar 9................................... 322 xiv ..............................33 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L....................35 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C..... 278 Gambar 9......................................................Gambar 9..30 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama.............. 215 Gambar 9..... 296 Gambar 9...............19 Rangkaian Laplace Gergaji.................................................. 214 Gambar 9..48 Spektrum Frekuensi Gelombang Segitiga..............................................................39 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T........47 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Segitiga...... 318 Gambar 9.............................23 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel... 217 Gambar 9................. 315 Gambar 9............................29 Rangkaian Thevenin Norton...................................24 Rangkaian Superposisi.... 216 Gambar 9............ 304 Gambar 9.................................. 289 Gambar 9........20 Rangkaian Laplace Segitiga............................. 216 Gambar 9......................................34 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C..46 Spektrum Sinyal Gelombang Kotak......................27 Rangkaian Thevenin. 217 Gambar 9..................................... 285 Gambar 9...........26 Rangkaian Kompensasi.................................43 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal....................................................... 215 Gambar 9...................37 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel................42 Rangkaian Filter HPF...36 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri......................41 Rangkaian Filter BPF... 213 Gambar 9............................................44 Spektrum Amplitudo Gelombang Sinus..................... 318 Gambar 9. 267 Gambar 9...... 282 Gambar 9............. 271 Gambar 9....................32 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL................................... 311 Gambar 9....................................................................

......................................... 355 Gambar 9..........................64 Rangkaian Thevenin......................................... 371 Gambar 9.66 Rangkaian teorema Norton..................................70 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton............................................... 373 Gambar 9.......................57 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 1.....................................71 Rangkaian Norton........... 362 Gambar 9.................. 366 Gambar 9............................68 Rangkaian Norton.................................49 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Step.............................. 339 Gambar 9... 334 Gambar 9................63 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL............................. 341 Gambar 9......................................................62 Rangkaian Thevenin...................67 Rangkaian Norton............. 352 Gambar 9.72 Rangkaian Thevenin......... 337 Gambar 9.................. 328 Gambar 9............................................................................................................................ 369 Gambar 9................ 358 Gambar 9............................52 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Segitiga..... 369 Gambar 9................ 325 Gambar 9............... 369 Gambar 9............................................51 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Gergaji..............................................................................................65 Rangkaian teorema Norton............................................... 366 Gambar 9........53 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis........................................... 373 DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2................55 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri....................69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin...................... 366 Gambar 9...... 372 Gambar 9.......50 Rangkaian Percobaan Exponensial........ 369 Gambar 9....... xv 8 ..............60 Rangkaian Resiprositas.............. 349 Gambar 9...................................58 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 2..........................Gambar 9......61 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi...........................................1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga..... 344 Gambar 9.........54 Kurva Histerisis......56 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel......................59 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi Sumber total..................... 331 Gambar 9.........

. percobaan dan simulasi EWB. 51 Tabel 3...8 Perbandingan perhitungan.........2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang............5 Tabel Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan...............2 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian norton......3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang................ 10 Tabel 2. 65 Tabel 4.............6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan.......5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor ......... 71 xvi .......1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan...... 39 Tabel 3................. 21 Tabel 2........ 29 Tabel 2........................ 31 Tabel 3.......7 Perbandingan nilai R terukur dan tertera. 69 Tabel 4............... 67 Tabel 4............9 Perbandingan pengukutran dan perhitungan.........................14 Perbandingan perhitungan............1 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian thevenin............................ 38 Tabel 3. 28 Tabel 2..............Tabel 2......6 Data percobaan resiprositas... 39 Tabel 3..... pengukuran dan EWB................. 38 Tabel 3................ 16 Tabel 2.....10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas............................ 11 Tabel 2....8 Perbandingan tegangan dan arus teorema superposisi.... 18 Tabel 2........... 65 Tabel 4...... 37 Tabel 3..................................................... 24 Tabel 2.... percobaan dan EWB........................................13 Perbandingan perhitungan dan percobaan.................................. 12 Tabel 2..11 Perbandingan perhitungan....................................9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan kompensasi..............12 Perbandingan perhitungan... 65 Tabel 4.......7 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan ekuivalen thevenin.................................. percobaan dan simulasi EWB..........7 Perbandingan pengukuran dan perhitungan.4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan........3 Data percobaan Kompensasi....3 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen thevenin.......... 9 Tabel 2..................... 58 Tabel 4...4 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen norton........................................2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi.................... 46 Tabel 3........4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi....................... 8 Tabel 2...... 37 Tabel 3...5 Nilai Resistor........ 65 Tabel 4...... 45 Tabel 3..........................8 Perbandingan perhitungan I RL biasa dengan ekuivalennya. 71 Tabel 4................................... 9 Tabel 2...................................10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan.....................................................6 Perbandingan R total rertera dan terukur........ percobaan dan simulasi EWB...........................

...................... 85 Tabel 5..... 79 Tabel 5.................. 116 Tabel 5......................... 110 Tabel 5..14 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB............. 75 Tabel 4....6 Nilai parameter Z.............14 Perbandingan Nilai R ad.....................................11 Perbandingan teorema norton dengan ekivalen norton.... 130 Tabel 6.5 Knversi parameter........ 133 xvii . 132 Tabel 6............... 78 Tabel 4...... 74 Tabel 4..13 Perbandingan Nilai R ad piramid.............2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya.......... 125 Tabel 6...........8 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus berkonduktor....................... 131 Tabel 6.............................................9 Parameter transient T..7 Dzz................3 Data percobaan tipe T ........ 73 Tabel 4.......... CD dihubung dengan catudaya.... 96 Tabel 5...................................................4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramida................. 88 Tabel 5..... 126 Tabel 6....................... 125 Tabel 6............11 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan................................................... 113 Tabel 5................8 parameter Y.................... 125 Tabel 6..................13 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB...................................... AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya... 124 Tabel 6..........................3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus..........1 Rangkaian Y................... 76 Tabel 4.......12 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB...................7 Perbandingan Nilai R ae rangkaian kubus................................................. 124 Tabel 6..................9 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus dengan resistor............................................10 Perbandingan teorema thevenin dengan ekivalen thevenin..................................15 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB.....................11 Parameter T invers......................12 Perbandingan Nilai R ad ........ 100 Tabel 5.............................4 Data percobaan tipe T .......................2 Rangkaian ∆................................... 85 Tabel 5..............10 Arus pengganti...................................................6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan...1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya........................ 120 Tabel 5............................................. 86 Tabel 5...Tabel 4...... 77 Tabel 4......................................................5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan..................................................................9 Perbandingan pengukura dan perhitungan ekivalen Norton............................. 91 Tabel 5......10 Perbandingan Nilai R pada rangkaian piramid.......................... 130 Tabel 6........ 85 Tabel 5............ 129 Tabel 6........ 106 Tabel 5................................................

..................................... Tabel 9.. 141 Tabel 6........167 Tabel 7.... 287 Tabel 9.............Tabel 6.............................................................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan.....2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi........................8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.......................... 137 Tabel 6...........3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.............18 Parameter Y................................25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan......2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.................................................................................6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................................... 276 Tabel 9...............................................................4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.. 142 Tabel 6................ 294 Tabel 9....................................7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan........................................................... 143 Tabel 6................................15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dengan perhitungan...............................................................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.....1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuiensi rendah.........1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................12 Parameter H........................................... 273 Tabel 9............................................................ 134 Tabel 6.............................. 144 Tabel 6...21 Parameter T invers....................................9 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dansimulasi.......... 159 Tabel 7......................................................... 145 Tabel 6........ 141 Tabel 6..... 280 Tabel 9..................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rensonansi... 136 Tabel 6.....2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..22 Parameter H...................................... 290 Tabel 9.............20 Arus pengganti............ 147 Tabel 6.................................................. 298 xviii ......................................................... Tabel 8........................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.................16 Parameter impedensi Z.......................... 269 Tabel 9.....24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan..... 148 Tabel 7...........23 Parameter g......13 Parameter hybrid invers-g........................................19 Parameter transient T................................................. 135 Tabel 6...17 Dzz............ 146 Tabel 6................ Tabel 8....... 175 Tabel 8................................. 140 Tabel 6................5 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................... 283 Tabel 9..

.................... 370 Tabel 9............ 326 Tabel 9......................................................................... 347 Tabel 9.......... 302 Tabel 9.......... 316 Tabel 9..........................................................26 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi............10 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....... 356 Tabel 9........18 Perbandingan V perhitungan dan simulasi.............................25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......... 367 Tabel 9............................. 319 Tabel 9.. 322 Tabel 9...........16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi............32 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..................23 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............................. 305 Tabel 9.........27 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi....29 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi................ 364 Tabel 9..... 313 Tabel 9............... 329 Tabel 9........ 374 xix ..........17 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...........28 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi..... 332 Tabel 9............ 335 Tabel 9........ 316 Tabel 9. 350 Tabel 9............................... 319 Tabel 9....30 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi..................................20 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......12 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...14 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..22 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...........21 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......13 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................... 323 Tabel 9......... 353 Tabel 9...24 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.......11 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..Tabel 9.........................31 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.. 309 Tabel 9..... 360 Tabel 9..33 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.................. 343 Tabel 9.............15 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......................19 Perbandingan Vt perhitungan dan simulasi........................