DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang Pelaksanaan Praktikum....................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1

Tujuan Percobaan......................................................................................

4

2.2

Gambar Rangkaian....................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 32

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1

Tujuan Percobaan...................................................................................... 33

3.2

Gambar Rangkaian.................................................................................... 33

3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 35

3.4

Langkah Percobaan................................................................................... 35

3.5

Data Percobaan.......................................................................................... 37
iv

.........5 Data Percobaan.......................................................................... 62 4.................................................5 Data Percobaan.................................4 Langkah Percobaan............................................................................ 63 4................. 84 5......................... 81 5....6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...........................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............1 Tujuan Percobaan...........................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............................................4 Langkah Percobaan.. 127 6.............. 66 4................................... 127 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6............................. 80 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5..................................2 Gambar Rangkaian..4 Langkah Percobaan.............................................................................................................. 149 v ..............3 Alat dan Bahan...................... 124 6.............................1 Tujuan Percobaan........7 Kesimpulan.............. 121 6......2 Gambar Rangkaian.................................................................. 122 6........... 84 5........ 85 5............................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................................................................................... 40 3.........7 Kesimpulan................... 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4.............2 Gambar Rangkaian................................................................................................................................... 121 6............7 Kesimpulan....................................................................... 122 6.......... 81 5..........7 Kesimpulan.......................................................................................................................... 87 5................................................................................................................................ 60 4.............5 Data Percobaan.........................3.........3 Alat dan Bahan....................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............... 65 4........................................................................................................................................ 60 4........................................................3 Alat dan Bahan..............................................................................

..............................................................3 Alat dan Bahan...................................................... 151 7....3 Alat dan Bahan............................................. 187 8...........................2 Gambar Rangkaian....................................... 150 7.................................................... 191 8........................................................................... 151 7..................................... 150 7..... 186 8.......... 375 BAB VII 10....................................................7 Kesimpulan.. 152 7.........5 Data Percobaan........................................................7 Kesimpulan.........4 Langkah Percobaan......4 Langkah Percobaan.....................3 Alat dan Bahan................................................................................................................................................................ 376 10.............2 Gambar Rangkaian................1 PENUTUP Kesimpulan....................1 Tujuan Percobaan........................................................................... 158 7....................................2 Gambar Rangkaian....................................................................................................................5 Data Percobaan............6 Analisa dan Pembahasan..........................................5 Data Percobaan... 219 9...... 186 8.................. 208 9..............................4 Langkah Percobaan.....................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan......................................................BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7............... 218 9......................................... 185 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8........... 187 8............................................................ 377 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi ............................... 208 9.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 218 9............................ 218 9...................... 207 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9..........................................................7 Kesimpulan................................1 Tujuan Percobaan..............2 Saran......................1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 188 8...........6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.....................

...........................................6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A..... 33 Gambar 3.. 10 Gambar 2......9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang......................... 26 Gambar 2...2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi..11 Rangkaian Superposisi.............................18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL................................ 33 Gambar 3.... 30 Gambar 3.................................................5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3..................................................... 27 Gambar 2........................................ 34 Gambar 3.. 20 Gambar 2.............9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat.............. 34 Gambar 3............................. 19 Gambar 2..........17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL..............12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat.. 15 Gambar 2....... 4 Gambar 2....10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat........................................DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2................4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL................ 17 Gambar 2. 42 vii ............................. 29 Gambar 2.........................7 Rangkaian Tangga...... 25 Gambar 2....................... 4 Gambar 2..........................................................1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi.5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL........... 5 Gambar 2.........................10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang. 40 Gambar 3....................................... 40 Gambar 3...............2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang...............14 Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang.. 22 Gambar 2...................3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi................. 4 Gambar 2.................... 33 Gambar 3.... 34 Gambar 3..................15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL......8 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi......13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang.......................................................................... 40 Gambar 3.......................16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.................................... 34 Gambar 3.......... 41 Gambar 3....6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan.................................7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C......................................4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi.8 Simulasi Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan..........1 Rangkaian Tangga...... 5 Gambar 2.........12 Simulasi Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang..................3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang............ 17 Gambar 2....................... 13 Gambar 2......................................11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang...

........................................................................................... 58 Gambar 4.......................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema norton ...11 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin.................... 62 Gambar 4.............1 Rangkaian teorema thevenin......................... 61 Gambar 4............................24 Rangkaian Resiprositas..............19 Rangkaian Kompensasi.....................10 Rangkaian thevenin.................................... 60 Gambar 4...... 54 Gambar 3........ 76 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan ............17 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3... 48 Gambar 3............ 66 Gambar 4..........9 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton....13 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton.......16 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi..26 Resiprositas EWB sumber di C..............................20 Kompensasi Ewb 1 sumber ............................. 50 Gambar 3...... 72 Gambar 4..Gambar 3.. 47 Gambar 3........................ 48 Gambar 3....................... 44 Gambar 3.7 Rangkaian Rth........ 49 Gambar 3............ 47 Gambar 3...............................8 Rangkaian Norton............15 Simulasi EWB rangkaian Superposisi V2 : 5 V........................22 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di A.....12 Rangkaian Norton...................................... 70 Gambar 4.......5 Rangkaian teorema thevenin......25 Resiprositas EWB sumber di A.... 53 Gambar 3......................................................6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka................................. 58 Gambar 3................................................... 68 Gambar 4............... 78 (a) Gambar Simulasi EWB Percobaan.......................... 68 Gambar 4....................14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif...............................13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat.................................... 76 (b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan.......................... 76 Gambar 4............. 67 Gambar 4.............................................................. 52 Gambar 3..........................................................3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen teorema thevenin.......................................14 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin dengan EWB..................................... 78 viii .................. 53 Gambar 3.. 70 Gambar 4............................................................16 Simulasi Rangkaian Ekuivalen Norton dengan EWB.....23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di C................ 52 Gambar 3...................................................................... 61 Gambar 4...........21 Kompensasi Ewb R3 = VR3............18 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi ....................................................... 66 Gambar 4...................... 60 Gambar 4.....................................................................2 Rangkaian teorema norton............................

..........................................18 Transformasi Kubus normal.........................................................................21 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian..................... 90 Gambar 5................26 Rangkaian Piramid............................................. 90 Gambar 5... 108 Gambar 5...........3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor..................... 109 Gambar 5........... 101 Gambar 5........................................................5 Rangkaian Piramida....6 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor ..............23 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF...............................................Y...................... 87 Gambar 5.......... 102 Gambar 5..............11 Transformasi Δ ................................................ 82 Gambar 5... 82 Gambar 5.................................................................................................................................2 Rangkaian Kubus..............14 Penyederhanaan rangkaian.... 82 Gambar 5........................... 98 Gambar 5..........29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.................................. 107 Gambar 5......................................... 108 Gambar 5................. 98 Gambar 5... 102 Gambar 5..................................................28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid.10 Rangkaian Segitiga.................... 87 Gambar 5................................. 92 Gambar 5.........16 Rangkaian Kubus.......................................................17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus.................20 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus.7 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor......... 83 Gambar 5. 111 ix ..13 Rangkaian Y.... 83 Gambar 5........................................................................................................................27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid........12 Simulasi transformasi Δ..............................4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor..15 Transformasi Y .............................. 98 Gambar 5............. 81 (b) Rangkaian ∆.9 Rangkaian Piramida dengan resistor..............1 (a) Rangkaian Y...................................... 81 Gambar 5..... 108 Gambar 5............................................ 97 Gambar 5...............19 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat..................30 Transformasi piramid normal........................... 83 Gambar 5...........................................................................................(b) Gambar Simulasi EWB Perhitungan... 93 Gambar 5............................ 83 Gambar 5....................22 Rangkaian kubus 2 konduktor....................................................25 Transformasi kubus 2 resistor. 78 Gambar 5................................................... 93 Gambar 5................................................. 89 Gambar 5................................................................................24 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian...... 81 Gambar 5.......................8 Rangkaian Piramida dengan konduktor......

.........................42 Transformasi piramid 1 resistor.................. 150 Gambar 7....................................................... 112 Gambar 5.............3 Rangkaian tipe phi.39 Rangkaian Piramid dengan Resistor di CE.... 121 Gambar 6...........45 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.......41 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan........... 126 Gambar 6...... 148 Gambar 6..... 114 Gambar 5.....46 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.......47 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan................. 115 Gambar 5...................................... 152 Gambar 7.................2 Sumber Tegangan.........1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi.....7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T......................37 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan..................36 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat .............................................................................................35 Rangkaian Piramid dengan 2 konduktor.....................................................................31 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat................... 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri .................................................... 122 Gambar 5.........................................................4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB...................... 152 x ..............48 Transformasi piramid 2 resistor...................... 123 Gambar 5................................ 112 Gambar 5................................................................3 Resistor............... 115 Gambar 5............... 118 Gambar 5.. 138 Gambar 6........ 118 Gambar 5........... 147 Gambar 6....................................................................................... 122 Gambar 5..............10 Pembagi Tegangan......................................... 148 Gambar 7...........................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD. 112 Gambar 5.............. 122 Gambar 5.40 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan resistor di CE ..........................................................................44 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan....................................................34 Transformasi piramid 1 konduktor ...............................................38 Transformasi piramid 2 konduktor...... 117 Gambar 5........ 135 Gambar 6...5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD........ 123 Gambar 5.............. 118 Gambar 5................................................2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T... 121 Gambar 5.8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan............................................... 115 Gambar 5................. 137 Gambar 6............... 127 Gambar 6..32 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE dihubung singkat......................................................................................33 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...6 Rangkaian tipe T........... 121 Gambar 6................... 147 Gambar 6.....................................................Gambar 5.........43 Rangkaian Piramid dengan R pada CE dan BD............

............................. 170 xi ......................................6 Lissajous VL ..................................................................7 Add VL + VC........................................ 152 Gambar 7.........30 Fasor C.......25 Fasor L......................................27 Fasor RLC........ 166 Gambar 7.............. 159 Gambar 7............................................ 165 Gambar 7..........................................19 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC....... 162 Gambar 7......................................................16 Lissajous VL ...................................................Gambar 7....................................................... 164 Gambar 7...........................18 Rangkaian RLC Seri.............................. 156 Gambar 7.......................................28 Fasor R.......................29 Fasor L....................................................................... 164 Gambar 7......................................... 155 Gambar 7..................VC.............35 Diagram vector daya di L.......4 Induktor..................................................................................................................................................................... 155 Gambar 7......................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC................. 165 Gambar 7..................................................................................31 Fasor RLC.............. 167 Gambar 7........24 Fasor R.....................20 Diagram vector daya di R.....................................22 Diagram vector daya di C....................................... 164 Gambar 7...............................13 Resistor...................................VC............................................................. 157 Gambar 7............................................................................ 154 Gambar 7....................................................14 Induktor............................................ 170 Gambar 7....... 162 Gambar 7.........................................................................................12 Add VL + VC.....32 Rangkaian RLC Seri........ 157 Gambar 7............................. 154 Gambar 7..................................... 154 Gambar 7.................. 158 Gambar 7....................................................................... 153 Gambar 7........................ 153 Gambar 7.................................................................................................................... 164 Gambar 7............................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC......................9 Induktor.......VC.... 165 Gambar 7...... 165 Gambar 7.................................................................................... 163 Gambar 7........................10 Kapasitor...........................................................................17 Add VL + VC. 162 Gambar 7.............................34 Diagram vector daya di R................................. 156 Gambar 7... 153 Gambar 7.21 Diagram vector daya di L.........................................11 Lissajous VL ....8 Resistor.......15 Kapasitor........................5 Kapasitor................................26 Fasor C................................................................. 156 Gambar 7...................

..........................45 Fasor RLC.......46 Rangkaian RLC Seri..........49 Diagram vector daya di L..................................................57 Fasor L.... 178 Gambar 7....55 Fasor RLC... 180 Gambar 7............................................................................................. 181 Gambar 7............................. 181 Gambar 7................................................. 173 Gambar 7.............................4 Lissajous RL frekuensi 8500 HZ..................................................7 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 2422........... Gambar 8...........59 Fasor RLC.................................................. 173 Gambar 7......................... 180 Gambar 7.................................................. 179 Gambar 7.......................... Gambar 8..........................3 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 300 HZ........... 178 Gambar 7............... 173 Gambar 7.............................................50 Diagram vector daya di C....................................52 Fasor R.............................. Gambar 8........................................................................................................40 Fasor C.Gambar 7........................... 170 Gambar 7....................................... 173 Gambar 7..................................54 Fasor C.51 Diagram vector daya di RLC..............................41 Fasor RLC.. 172 Gambar 7................ 171 Gambar 7..................................36 Diagram vector daya di C..................................................38 Fasor R...................................6 Lissajous RL frekuensi 2422............8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.............. Gambar 8............... 180 Gambar 7.....................................................................................56 Fasor R..........53 Fasor L..................................................... 181 Gambar 7..................... 172 Gambar 7........................................... Gambar 8....47 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC.......................................................................5 Lissajous Rc frekuensi 8500 HZ.....................................................48 Diagram vector daya di R......................................................................................... 172 Gambar 7.........................................................................................................39 Fasor L.....58 Fasor C... 174 Gambar 7........................ xii .........................43 Fasor L....... Gambar 8... 175 Gambar 7....... 180 Gambar 7................................................. 178 Gambar 7............................................. Gambar 8........2 Lissajous RL frekuensi 300 HZ...............42 Fasor R.......................................................................................................37 Diagram vector daya di RLC......... 181 Gambar 8................ 172 Gambar 7........................................1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel...44 Fasor C............................................................................................................................................7 HZ........................................................................................7 HZ....

IR.... Gambar 8............. 212 Gambar 9.................................. 208 Gambar 9...................................... Gambar 8............... I RL.....................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi.................20 Kurva Lissajous RL....................................................4 Fungsi Sinus R-L.......................... Gambar 8............... 209 Gambar 9............................. 210 Gambar 9............ Gambar 8.................................................................................................................................................... 212 Gambar 9.................. IL....... Gambar 8........................................................... I RR..... I RC frekuensi resonansi...... Gambar 8.......24 Grafik Vin........15 Rangkaian Fourier Kotak ..........5 Tangga R-C....14 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal..... Gambar 8............. I RC perhitungan F 300 HZ............................12 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe BPF.............................................................17 Grafik VIN....... IC hasil perhitungan f = 8007 Hz.......3 Fungsi Tangga R-L..13 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe HPF........ I RL.................... 211 Gambar 9................................................... Gambar 8. Gambar 8... 208 Gambar 9................. IR......................14 Lissajous RL dan Rc frekuensi 300 HZ............................................... Gambar 8............. 210 Gambar 9... Gambar 8............ Gambar 9............. 212 Gambar 9......... 213 Gambar 9...................................16 Rangkaian Fourier Segitiga....6 Fungsi Sinus R-C..... I RC perhitungan F 8383 HZ.....11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan................................................... Gambar 8......................Gambar 8........................................................2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda.....................................15 Grafik VIN.. I RL. 209 Gambar 9.................. IL............ Gambar 8........................ 211 Gambar 9................ 213 xiii ......18 Lissajous RL dan RC frekuensi resonansi. IC hasil perhitungan f = 2422 Hz.............................. I RR.............22 Kurva Lissajous RC.. Gambar 8.19 Grafik VIN....................................................11 Rangkaian Percobaan Filter tipe LPF............ Gambar 8....12 Kurva Lissajous Serong Kiri......10 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T......... 212 Gambar 9......................................................................................23 Kurva Lissajous RL..................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..............9 Tanggapan tegangan dan arus RLC paralel................................... 209 Gambar 9............................. I RR..............1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama......13 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..10 Proses penggambaran Lissajous...........21 Grafik Vin........16 Lissajous RL dan RC F 8383 HZ .. 210 Gambar 9.....7 Rangkaian RLC Seri..............

.......................................................33 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L....... 300 Gambar 9.................. 311 Gambar 9.... 292 Gambar 9........................................................22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri................. 215 Gambar 9........ 285 Gambar 9...........................44 Spektrum Amplitudo Gelombang Sinus................ 322 xiv ....... 296 Gambar 9.....................30 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama..................... 215 Gambar 9........................ 213 Gambar 9................. 214 Gambar 9...........40 Rangkaian Filter LPF...... 217 Gambar 9................23 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel.............................. 215 Gambar 9.................. 214 Gambar 9...........39 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T................................................................ 213 Gambar 9.... 307 Gambar 9...................48 Spektrum Frekuensi Gelombang Segitiga.............................................26 Rangkaian Kompensasi............31 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda.........................43 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Sinusoidal......................................................................................................................36 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri........ 271 Gambar 9...................29 Rangkaian Thevenin Norton....... 216 Gambar 9......................... 217 Gambar 9..............................................................38 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi...........................45 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Kotak................................... 289 Gambar 9................................................ 315 Gambar 9.......................................... 321 Gambar 9.19 Rangkaian Laplace Gergaji.17 Rangkaian Laplace Tangga...........................................Gambar 9....................................................32 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL................................. 318 Gambar 9...... 282 Gambar 9...................46 Spektrum Sinyal Gelombang Kotak.......... 318 Gambar 9...................................... 216 Gambar 9.........34 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C................................24 Rangkaian Superposisi.... 217 Gambar 9.35 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C...........47 Rangkaian Percobaan Fourier Segitiga....20 Rangkaian Laplace Segitiga... 216 Gambar 9..............21 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis...............................42 Rangkaian Filter HPF............................... 278 Gambar 9...............18 Rangkaian Laplace Exponensial..........25 Rangkaian Resiprositas.......................................... 267 Gambar 9...............28 Rangkaian Norton...............27 Rangkaian Thevenin......................... 315 Gambar 9............37 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel................ 304 Gambar 9......................................................... 274 Gambar 9.....................41 Rangkaian Filter BPF...............................

.... 337 Gambar 9.Gambar 9............................................................ 358 Gambar 9................................... 373 DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2...................54 Kurva Histerisis.........................................66 Rangkaian teorema Norton.... 325 Gambar 9................. 355 Gambar 9.60 Rangkaian Resiprositas............64 Rangkaian Thevenin..............................71 Rangkaian Norton........................................................................55 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri..... 341 Gambar 9....... 328 Gambar 9.............................................................62 Rangkaian Thevenin.. 372 Gambar 9............ 339 Gambar 9.................................58 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 2. 366 Gambar 9.............................................. 334 Gambar 9....... 369 Gambar 9.............57 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber 1.72 Rangkaian Thevenin.... 366 Gambar 9........................................56 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel.....49 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Step....................................................................61 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi.............................................. 362 Gambar 9............................ 352 Gambar 9..70 Rangkaian Pengganti Norton.................. 369 Gambar 9.59 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi Sumber total................... 371 Gambar 9.......... 366 Gambar 9..........................................................................................................................1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga.......50 Rangkaian Percobaan Exponensial. 369 Gambar 9............................................. 349 Gambar 9............................................ xv 8 ... 373 Gambar 9.................... 369 Gambar 9...68 Rangkaian Norton................52 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Segitiga..................................65 Rangkaian teorema Norton......................................................69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin. 344 Gambar 9..........................................53 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis....................................... 331 Gambar 9................51 Rangkaian Percobaan Laplace Fungsi Gergaji.....67 Rangkaian Norton....................................................63 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL.......................................

.......2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang.......... 39 Tabel 3......... 51 Tabel 3................3 Data percobaan Kompensasi........13 Perbandingan perhitungan dan percobaan.............................................................. 71 Tabel 4.7 Perbandingan nilai R terukur dan tertera... 45 Tabel 3.... 29 Tabel 2... 65 Tabel 4......6 Perbandingan R total rertera dan terukur.................... 37 Tabel 3... 65 Tabel 4.....5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor ...................................7 Perbandingan pengukuran dan perhitungan.................10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan......... 24 Tabel 2........................ 39 Tabel 3.............5 Tabel Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan................. 8 Tabel 2.......... 31 Tabel 3.14 Perbandingan perhitungan............ percobaan dan simulasi EWB........ 12 Tabel 2......8 Perbandingan tegangan dan arus teorema superposisi. pengukuran dan EWB.10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas..........2 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian norton............................Tabel 2. 10 Tabel 2..............9 Perbandingan pengukutran dan perhitungan.... 11 Tabel 2.....11 Perbandingan perhitungan............................................................................... percobaan dan EWB........ percobaan dan simulasi EWB..........9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan kompensasi........4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan..........5 Nilai Resistor. 21 Tabel 2..... 46 Tabel 3..................... 71 xvi ......2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi.......................3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang... 9 Tabel 2......6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan.................. 67 Tabel 4...................... 69 Tabel 4................................. 58 Tabel 4............................. 37 Tabel 3.....7 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan ekuivalen thevenin....... 9 Tabel 2...............12 Perbandingan perhitungan............1 Data rangkaian percobaan rangkaian thevenin.......8 Perbandingan perhitungan.................6 Data percobaan resiprositas......... 65 Tabel 4.. 18 Tabel 2......1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan................. 38 Tabel 3.........................3 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen thevenin......... 16 Tabel 2.............. percobaan dan simulasi EWB.................. 65 Tabel 4.. 38 Tabel 3.....................4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi..................................................8 Perbandingan perhitungan I RL biasa dengan ekuivalennya........4 Data rangkaian percobaan ekuivalen norton....................................... 28 Tabel 2....................

.... 131 Tabel 6... 77 Tabel 4.......................... 130 Tabel 6....................................... CD dihubung dengan catudaya......................4 Data percobaan tipe T .......................................... 91 Tabel 5...................12 Perbandingan Nilai R ad ............. 130 Tabel 6................. 85 Tabel 5............10 Perbandingan Nilai R pada rangkaian piramid.......................11 Parameter T invers....5 Knversi parameter.... 125 Tabel 6................................... 116 Tabel 5.......... 75 Tabel 4....14 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB................ 106 Tabel 5..................12 Perbandingan Perhitungan dan percobaan EWB.........9 Parameter transient T.............2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya...3 Data percobaan tipe T ....15 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB.....3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus...................................5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan....... 110 Tabel 5........................................7 Dzz......................9 Perbandingan pengukura dan perhitungan ekivalen Norton.............................................................................4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramida.......................10 Arus pengganti.......13 Perbandingan dengan EWB dan tanpa EWB.............................................. 120 Tabel 5............ 126 Tabel 6..............................................6 Nilai parameter Z........... 125 Tabel 6.....14 Perbandingan Nilai R ad......13 Perbandingan Nilai R ad piramid. 86 Tabel 5........................... 88 Tabel 5.................9 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus dengan resistor......................... 79 Tabel 5.................8 parameter Y.............. 129 Tabel 6.............................................. 124 Tabel 6...................11 Perbandingan teorema norton dengan ekivalen norton.................... 74 Tabel 4............................. 132 Tabel 6. 133 xvii .......................................................................2 Rangkaian ∆.......11 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan...1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya.................................... 125 Tabel 6................... 124 Tabel 6.....8 Perbandingan Nilai R ae kubus berkonduktor.................7 Perbandingan Nilai R ae rangkaian kubus...............6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.................................. AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya................................................. 85 Tabel 5........ 96 Tabel 5.........10 Perbandingan teorema thevenin dengan ekivalen thevenin........................ 73 Tabel 4....... 78 Tabel 4................................. 113 Tabel 5......... 100 Tabel 5............................... 85 Tabel 5..... 76 Tabel 4.........1 Rangkaian Y....................................Tabel 4..............

... 137 Tabel 6..... 290 Tabel 9....... 276 Tabel 9.....8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan... 143 Tabel 6................... 141 Tabel 6.. 135 Tabel 6................................... 294 Tabel 9....................................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.....................................................................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan...................167 Tabel 7.... 147 Tabel 6................................25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan.......................................................4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................. 134 Tabel 6..................9 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dansimulasi....................................................................................................Tabel 6.......................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..........6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuiensi rendah.............18 Parameter Y................17 Dzz.... 283 Tabel 9........16 Parameter impedensi Z........... 175 Tabel 8....................................................................... 144 Tabel 6...........................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan..13 Parameter hybrid invers-g............. 145 Tabel 6..............21 Parameter T invers............................... 159 Tabel 7......................12 Parameter H.7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan............22 Parameter H.................................20 Arus pengganti...24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan................................................... 148 Tabel 7.... 146 Tabel 6..23 Parameter g........................................ 298 xviii .......................................... Tabel 8.................................................... 287 Tabel 9....... 280 Tabel 9... 136 Tabel 6.......................................5 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..... 269 Tabel 9................................. 273 Tabel 9........................................ 142 Tabel 6........................................................ 141 Tabel 6...................19 Parameter transient T...........................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan......................................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rensonansi..............................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi. 140 Tabel 6............................................15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dengan perhitungan................ Tabel 9....... Tabel 8..................................................................................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...

............ 356 Tabel 9.............. 319 Tabel 9.............. 316 Tabel 9......... 319 Tabel 9...............32 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi... 360 Tabel 9................. 343 Tabel 9... 374 xix ...... 332 Tabel 9...20 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..................... 322 Tabel 9.............. 323 Tabel 9.........12 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.........14 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...............11 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................ 335 Tabel 9.... 347 Tabel 9..28 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.................................. 329 Tabel 9..... 316 Tabel 9.33 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi......................................22 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............................26 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi...................29 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.23 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi............ 367 Tabel 9........................24 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi............. 305 Tabel 9............. 326 Tabel 9....................................................... 364 Tabel 9....................16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..... 309 Tabel 9.............Tabel 9........................21 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.... 353 Tabel 9.......................25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........ 370 Tabel 9................30 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.......... 302 Tabel 9.......31 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..........15 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.....................10 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.................... 313 Tabel 9......13 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.........................................18 Perbandingan V perhitungan dan simulasi............ 350 Tabel 9.17 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................19 Perbandingan Vt perhitungan dan simulasi....................27 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi......

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