Daftar isi, gambar, tabel, achmadhermansyah.doc

DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang...........................................................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................................................

4

2.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 33

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................................................................................... 34
3.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................ 34
3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 36

3.4 Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................... 36
3.5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................. 38
iv

...........................................................................................5 Data Percobaan..........7 Kesimpulan.......1 Tujuan Percobaan......................................... 60 4.......... 80 5...................1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................ 74 5.................................................... 74 5................................................................................................................... 64 4...................................................................................................................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan....... 73 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5.................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan............ 41 3.....5 Data Percobaan.....................................................3.................... 119 6....................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan....................4 Langkah Percobaan........................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...................................................................................... 114 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6.... 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4......................................................................4 Cara Kerja....................... 62 4.........................................3 Alat dan Bahan..................5 Data Percobaan...... 62 4................................................4 Langkah Percobaan............ 115 6........................................... 114 6................................................................. 114 6.........................7 Kesimpulan.....................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan............................... 77 5....... 115 6..6 Analisa dan Pembahasan..........................................3 Alat dan Bahan......................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan........... 78 5............................................................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian............... 77 5.......................... 65 4............................................................... 139 v ...3 Alat dan Bahan...................................................................................................................... 116 6......................2 Gambar Rangkaian................................................... 60 4.2 Gambar Rangkaian...............

.......... 171 8................................................................................................ 199 9............................... 200 9..........................4 Langkah Percobaan.............1 Tujuan Percobaan............................... 140 7.....................................2 Gambar Rangkaian....................... 141 7................................ 327 BAB VII PENUTUP 10............................................................................................................................. 146 7..................4 Langkah Percobaan.................... 170 8......... 328 10............................................................................................................................................ 171 8.BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7................................................................. 199 9.......................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan............................................................. 142 7...2 Gambar Rangkaian...........................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan..................................................2 Saran...................... 169 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8.....................................7 Kesimpulan...................................................................................... 192 9....................................................5 Data Percobaan............................ 140 7................................. 329 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi .......................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.............................................................7 Kesimpulan.......................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian.......5 Data Percobaan.................... 172 8..........................................................................................................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan................3 Alat dan Bahan............... 170 8................................................ 191 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9................................................................................................................................................... 141 7..........3 Alat dan Bahan.. 175 8......................1 Tujuan Percobaan........................................................................................................5 Data Percobaan..............7 Kesimpulan.......................3 Alat dan Bahan.......................................... 238 9..................................................................................1 Kesimpulan...........6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............... 192 9............................................

..................8 Rangkaian Teorema.15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL..........11 Rangkaian Superposisi........ 29 Gambar 2.....................................18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL.......................4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi........... 15 Gambar 2........... 4 Gambar 2...11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang............................................................................13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang.................... 17 Gambar 2............. 34 Gambar 3.......... 35 Gambar 3..........................9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang..... 35 Gambar 3..........2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang................ 35 Gambar 3......12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat.................... 41 Gambar 3................................7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D.................................................. 43 vii ............. 20 Gambar 2.........................................1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi.........................3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi................. 13 Gambar 2...................... 4 Gambar 2......................... 30 Gambar 3....... 5 Gambar 2..............................9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat.....4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.................1 Rangkaian Tangga................................................. 26 Gambar 2.................................................................... 5 Gambar 2.......................... 19 Gambar 2.....3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang.........12 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Seimbang........... 42 Gambar 3......5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3... 34 Gambar 3.....................14 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang...........5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL.........................6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan.....8 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Tangga.......6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B............................. 35 Gambar 3....................................................... 22 Gambar 2.......2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi............17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa beban RL.... 34 Gambar 3..................................................... 27 Gambar 2.............DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2..... 10 Gambar 2........... 41 Gambar 3....... 41 Gambar 3......10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang........ 4 Gambar 2....... 24 Gambar 2.....7 Rangkaian Tangga. 17 Gambar 2...................................................16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL......10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat...............

........................................ 67 Gambar 4............................................................... 57 Gambar 4............... 51 Gambar 3...1 (a) Rangkaian Y....................................12 EWB Thevenin percobaan........................49 V.....................22 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15V dan VR3 = 2............................20 Rangkaian Kompensasi................................7 Rangkaian Pengganti........................................... 71 Gambar 4....27 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di AB......25 Rangkaian Resiprositas.....4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen norton ..... 44 Gambar 3...............14 Rangkaian Norton Perhitungan........................... 71 Gambar 4....................21 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15 V...............5 Rangkaian thevenin.......................... 53 Gambar 3.......13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat. 51 Gambar 3................................................... 46 Gambar 3.................2 Rangkaian norton....................... 68 Gambar 4................................. 70 Gambar 4........15 Rangkaian Norton Percobaan..........................10 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin.................................................................. 74 (b) Rangkaian ∆.......... 68 Gambar 4..............................................8 Rangkaian teorema Norton................. 61 Gambar 4...................... 60 Gambar 4..............3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin...15 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 1 aktif........................................... 54 Gambar 3..................................14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif........24 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D..............................................26 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di CD.......................................................................18 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3. 66 Gambar 4.............1 Rangkaian thevenin.......................... 46 Gambar 3. 48 Gambar 3.....16 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 2 aktif.........17 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi..................................................... 71 Gambar 5........................6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka...........................................................9 Rangkaian thevenin.................................................. 60 Gambar 4... 46 Gambar 3............ 61 Gambar 4................ 48 Gambar 3.....................................................................................Gambar 3............. 71 Gambar 4............................. 50 Gambar 3........ 57 Gambar 3....................................................... 74 viii ......... 65 Gambar 4.....................11 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton..................................19 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi .........23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B........... 49 Gambar 3.. 53 Gambar 3...13 EWB Thevenin Perhitungan .. 65 Gambar 4...............................

................ 91 Gambar 5........ 76 Gambar 5................................2 Rangkaian Kubus......................................18 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat........ 75 Gambar 5............... 86 Gambar 5............22 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian..................................... 102 Gambar 5............................... 91 Gambar 5........ 104 ix ................................. 84 Gambar 5.32 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan..............16 Rangkaian Kubus.............................. 75 Gambar 5.5 Rangkaian Piramid.........3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor........................................ 99 Gambar 5...........10 Rangkaian Bintang............. 90 Gambar 5............................................................ 102 Gambar 5.... 76 Gambar 5...................................................................... 97 Gambar 5....................................14 Rangkaian EWB Y.................. 83 Gambar 5............................ 76 Gambar 5.. 91 Gambar 5.......15 Rangkaian EWB ∆......................29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian..........................................24 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan konduktor CD dan GF.......................................... 75 Gambar 5...................... 76 Gambar 5......................................... 74 Gambar 5.......................................19 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus........................21 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF............................................................................9 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor...................23 Rangkaian EWB Kubus.................. 103 Gambar 5..............20 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian...................13 Transformasi ∆ ................................................................30 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat............................................ 93 Gambar 5......................17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus..................26 Rangkaian Piramid.....................31 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat..........................................11 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian............ 80 Gambar 5......7 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor........................................ 99 Gambar 5........................ 81 Gambar 5... 99 Gambar 5..... 80 Gambar 5..... 102 Gambar 5..........................Y.Gambar 5....................33 Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R......................................................... 83 Gambar 5...........................27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid...................................................... 101 Gambar 5..... 86 Gambar 5......6 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor .............8 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor...........................25 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF.......................12 Rangkaian ∆.4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor.......28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid...... 100 Gambar 5..........

.5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD.... 140 Gambar 7... 119 Gambar 6.............................................................10 Pembagi Tegangan........... 107 Gambar 5..................8 Resistor...........................................................7 Add VL + VC..........2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T........ 143 Gambar 7......... 114 Gambar 6............................................................................. 127 Gambar 6................................. 129 Gambar 6. 106 Gambar 5............................................................................................43 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan........................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi......................................................................................6 Lissajous VL .................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD......... 138 Gambar 6........................37 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat....42 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...... 112 Gambar 6...............4 Induktor..38 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat.... 108 Gambar 5......................6 Rangkaian tipe T....................................................... 128 Gambar 6..3 Resistor. 142 Gambar 7..................................................... 107 Gambar 5............ 109 Gambar 5......VC......... 144 x .................................................................... 104 Gambar 5......................................... 143 Gambar 7.......................................................................3 Rangkaian tipe phi.............................. 114 Gambar 6....................................................41 Rangkaian pyramid dengan R pada CE dan BD ............................... 138 Gambar 7................................................... 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri ......................5 Kapasitor............40 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan konduktor CE dan BD.................................................................................................................................................... 111 Gambar 5........... 104 Gambar 5............................................34 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R ..............35 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...............Gambar 5...........................2 Sumber Tegangan. 137 Gambar 6.. 142 Gambar 7...................... 137 Gambar 6.......................... 109 Gambar 5........................................... 107 Gambar 5...... 142 Gambar 7..........45 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE dan BD ........4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB.......................36 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE .................8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan.............44 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian. 143 Gambar 7................7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T................. 109 Gambar 5...................................................39 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan......................................

..... 144 Gambar 7..........................15 Kapasitor...........................................................................17 Add VL + VC... 158 Gambar 7.......................................38 Fasor R..............................................................................36 Vector daya C......22 Diagram vector daya di C...........13 Resistor....19 Lissajous VL + VC......................................................... 152 Gambar 7...........................VC.................. 152 Gambar 7...................................12 Add VL + VC.. 145 Gambar 7...................................................... 158 Gambar 7....23 Diagram vector daya di RLC.....27 Fasor RLC.30 Fasor C................................................................................................................................................................................................. 157 Gambar 7........................ 151 Gambar 7........... 144 Gambar 7...........25 Fasor L............................ 145 Gambar 7....................................... 147 Gambar 7.....32 Rangkaian RLC Seri..........145 Gambar 7............................................... 151 Gambar 7.............. 151 Gambar 7..11 Lissajous VL ................... 157 Gambar 7.................40 Fasor C.............................. 144 Gambar 7..............Gambar 7.35 Vector daya L......................................................................................... 157 Gambar 7..................... 150 Gambar 7...........................................................................................................................................................................................................VC................................................................................................... 158 xi ..........................................................................................28 Fasor R......................................................................................... 152 Gambar 7.........................................31 Fasor RLC....... 145 Gambar 7.................................16 Lissajous VL ........................................14 Induktor....................................... 150 Gambar 7............................... 144 Gambar 7........................ 146 Gambar 7................10 Kapasitor......................................................................................................................... 152 Gambar 7.....................................................................................................9 Induktor................................................................................................ 151 Gambar 7.......................... 150 Gambar 7.................21 Diagram vector daya di L......34 Vector daya R.............................................................. 157 Gambar 7............29 Fasor L............................. 145 Gambar 7......................... 150 Gambar 7.........20 Diagram vector daya di R.........18 Rangkaian RLC Seri...................................................37 Vector daya RLC..24 Fasor R..........................26 Fasor C......................39 Fasor L........................... 153 Gambar 7......................................................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC............... 154 Gambar 7......

.....................................................2 Grafik Lissajous RC................43 Fasor L............178 Gambar 8....................... 164 Gambar 7..........58 Fasor C........................................................ 159 Gambar 7.... 159 Gambar 7.... 158 Gambar 7................................... 170 Gambar 8..................................................................... 173 Gambar 8.......................... 175 Gambar 8......57 Fasor L.............................................. 176 Gambar 8........................................7 Grafik Lissajous RL..............................................................42 Fasor R... 159 Gambar 7............................................................................ 165 Gambar 7.......................................................45 Fasor RLC......53 Fasor L..........4 Grafik Lissajous RC.................................................................................54 Fasor C........11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan................................52 Fasor R........................................ 166 Gambar 7.............................................................................................Arus RLC Paralel.... 172 Gambar 8.................................................44 Fasor C....................46 Rangkaian RLC Seri..................................................................................................................................47 Pola Lissajous VL + VC................................... 164 Gambar 7....................................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel........ 175 Gambar 8....................................................................Gambar 7........................ 166 Gambar 8......................................... 177 Gambar 8................................................. 159 Gambar 7...............................12 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kiri.................................................. 172 Gambar 8...........13 Lagging terhadap V................................. 164 Gambar 7.............................................................. 173 Gambar 8..................................55 Fasor RLC............. 165 Gambar 7.........................................5 Grafik Lissajous RL..................................... 174 Gambar 8................................................................................178 xii ...41 Fasor RLC........ 166 Gambar 7..9 Grafik Tegangan ...................... 165 Gambar 7............................... 165 Gambar 7................. 174 Gambar 8.................10 Poroses menggambar Lissajous..................................................3 Grafik Lissajous RL........................... 166 Gambar 7................................................. 161 Gambar 7.............................................................1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel........................................................................6 Grafik Lissajous RC.....50 Vector daya C............................. 160 Gambar 7..................51 Vector daya RLC...................................56 Fasor R.....59 Fasor RLC......49 Vector daya L.................................................................................................... 164 Gambar 7.........48 Vector daya di R.............................

193 Gambar 9.14 Fourier Gelombang Kotak .. 182 Gambar 8.......11 Filter tipe BPF.......................................................................................................4 Fungsi Sinus R-L........................23 Kurva Lissajous RL................ 195 Gambar 9...................... 192 Gambar 9............................................. 194 Gambar 9....21 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri.........21 Grafik Vin................... 188 Gambar 8.................... 196 Gambar 9..........16 Kurva Lissajous R .........................12 Filter tipe HPF................ IC perhitungan f = 8059 Hz.......18 Grafik Vin................. 196 Gambar 9............................ 196 Gambar 9.........20 Kurva Lissajous RL.................. 195 Gambar 9.........................19 Laplace Segitiga........... 193 Gambar 9.....................20 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis....3 Fungsi Tangga R-L.................. IC perhitungan f = 305 Hz............................................................... IR...................6 Fungsi Sinus R-C. IC perhitungan f = 2423 Hz....................................................1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama.................... 190 Gambar 9................16 Laplace Tangga.... 194 Gambar 9............................ 195 Gambar 9..24 Grafik Vin................15 Fourier Segitiga......... 196 Gambar 9......................................................14 Leading terhadap V. IL......................2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda...................... 180 Gambar 8.........................15 Rangkaian RLC Paralel................................................................................. 179 Gambar 8..................................................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.................................................................................... 184 Gambar 8............. 194 Gambar 9....................................................................................10 Filter tipe LPF......17 Laplace Exponensial..................................................................................... 180 Gambar 8............. IR...18 Laplace Fungsi Gergaji....... IR.......................... IL.......7 Rangkaian RLC Seri.....C....................................................................................... 196 Gambar 9........ 197 Gambar 9.............................. 197 xiii ...... 195 Gambar 9................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi.... 186 Gambar 8......... 195 Gambar 9........Gambar 8............................................5 Fungsi Tangga R-C..............................L .................................... IL... 192 Gambar 9............22 Kurva Lissajous RC............................................................................................. 194 Gambar 9..........................................13 Fourier Sinusoidal............... 193 Gambar 9........................178 Gambar 8.. 188 Gambar 8.............................................. 184 Gambar 8...........................................................................................................................................................................19 Kurva Lissajous RC.....17 Kurva Lissajous R ..

......................................52 Laplace fungsi tangga.....26 Rangkaian Resiprositas.........38 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri...........36 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C............................53 Laplace Fungsi Exponensial....................... 291 Gambar 9. 197 Gambar 9.......................................................41 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T...................................42 Rangkaian Filter LPF.........37 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C.. 287 Gambar 9................................. 282 Gambar 9.................... 198 Gambar 9. 282 Gambar 9...................27 Rangkaian Kompensasi..43 Filter Tipe BPF............... 197 Gambar 9......................................................................45 Fourier Sinusoidal.............................Gambar 9.............................................................. 281 Gambar 9.............................................51 Spektrum Gelombang Segitiga....................................................................................... 198 Gambar 9..23 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber I........................ 295 xiv .......33 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda........................... 250 Gambar 9.........199 Gambar 9................................................34 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL............... 262 Gambar 9...............................46 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinus.39 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel.........................25 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber Total......................40 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi.................................... 285 Gambar 9.........49 Spektrum Sinyal Kotak......................................Norton..... 288 Gambar 9.................... 283 Gambar 9.........31 Rangkaian dua pintu tipe T............44 Filter Tipe HPF......................50 Rangkaian FFT Segitiga.......................................................................................30 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin ...................................................29 Norton.......................................22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel............. 259 Gambar 9..... 244 Gambar 9.......32 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama......................................................47 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinusoidal ...............35 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L.........28 Thevenin........... 198 Gambar 9................................................ 253 Gambar 9..... 198 Gambar 9....................................... 280 Gambar 9............... 274 Gambar 9.............. 285 Gambar 9........................ 269 Gambar 9........................24 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber II.............................................................. 198 Gambar 9...................................... 198 Gambar 9........................................ 198 Gambar 9......... 239 Gambar 9................48 Fourier Gelombang Kotak.............. 265 Gambar 9............... 288 Gambar 9.............................................................. 255 Gambar 9..........

.................... 324 Gambar 9.................. 323 Gambar 9..................56 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis......................... 320 Gambar 9..............54 Laplac Gergaji.................................69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin dan Norton......... 325 xv ..............55 Laplace Segitiga.....68 Rangkaian Norton........................................59 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel.......................... 315 Gambar 9......................................................................................... 305 Gambar 9.298 Gambar 9......................... 301 Gambar 9..........Gambar 9.............................57 Kurva Histerisis Percobaan..60 Rangkaian Superposisi a) Sumber 1.................................................. 303 Gambar 9.....................63 Rangkaian Thevenin.................67 Rangkaian Norton..................................................... 321 Gambar 9....................58 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri.............. 323 Gambar 9................................. 318 Gambar 9...................................................................................... 322 Gambar 9.............................................................. 313 a) Sumber 2. 309 Gambar 9...............................................66 Rangkaian teorema Norton........ 306 Gambar 9............................... 321 Gambar 9.........61 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi 2 Sumber.............................................................................................62 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi........65 Rangkaian Thevenin..................................64 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL....

.............5 Nilai Resistor.............. 39 Tabel 3...... 8 Tabel 2................................4 Tabel ekuivalen norton...3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang...4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan. 40 Tabel 3............ 12 Tabel 2....8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan teorema kompensasi....................................1 Tabel rangkaian thevenin..... 66 xvi ..................................... 18 Tabel 2......................... percobaan.3 Data percobaan Kompensasi............ 58 Tabel 4.. percobaan dan EWB..........10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan.............6 Data percobaan resiprositas.............................................2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang............................................................................. dan simulasi EWB.14 Perbandingan perhitungan...... 21 Tabel 2.....11 Perbandingan percobaan........................... dan simulasi EWB............. dan simulasi EWB.5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor ..................................... perhitungan...... 64 Tabel 4.......DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2...................................................................................................3 Tabel ekuivalen thevenin norton.............................13 Perbandingan perhitungan......... perhitungan.. 8 Tabel 2.. dan simulasi EWB . 16 Tabel 2..........2 Tabel rangkaian norton................. 64 Tabel 4. 25 Tabel 2........................ 8 Tabel 2.......................... 47 Tabel 3. 9 Tabel 2... dan simulasi EWB................. 40 Tabel 3........... 32 Tabel 3..7 Perbandingan percobaan teorema superposisi...................................... 38 Tabel 3............. 64 Tabel 4...4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi..............................6 Perbandingan Rtotal perhitungan dan percobaan..................1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan........................ 10 Tabel 2............. 31 Tabel 2...........2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi....15 Perbandingan rangkaian pembagi tegangan........9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas...................... 28 Tabel 2..................9 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan...... 29 Tabel 2........................... 64 Tabel 4..................7 Perbandingan perhitungan dan pengukuran..... percobaan.......................12 Perbandingan percobaan....1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga.. percobaan..... 38 Tabel 3...... 39 Tabel 3................................. 11 Tabel 2.5 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Thevenin.......8 Perbandingan perhitungan... 52 Tabel 3.....

........... 116 Tabel 6...................19 Parameter transmisi T... 126 Tabel 6.......................................10 Perbandingan Simulasi...................................................................4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramid........................5 Tabel Konversi parameter....................3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus...............2 Rangkaian ∆.7 Dzz........... 127 Tabel 6................................... 82 Tabel 5...................................10 Arus pengganti......... 130 Tabel 6.....................7 Perbandingan Nilai RAE rangkaian kubus............................................ 70 Tabel 4.................13 Parameter hybrid invers-g.........6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.. CD dihubung dengan catudaya....... 132 xvii .............1 Rangkaian Y..2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya....1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya. EWB................. 120 Tabel 6...... 121 Tabel 6.................................................................................12 Parameter H............................................................. 123 Tabel 6.................... 117 Tabel 6...... 123 Tabel 6... 72 Tabel 5................ 78 Tabel 5.11 Parameter T invers.......................... dan Perhitungan........ 125 Tabel 6............ 116 Tabel 6................. 72 Tabel 4..................................................... 98 Tabel 5...... 131 Tabel 6............................ 78 Tabel 5......................................................9 Parameter transient T............................................................... 117 Tabel 6.......6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Norton....................................................... 121 Tabel 6.......................5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan...............................................16 Parameter impedensi Z..........15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan.....................................3 Data percobaan tipe T ...............................................Tabel 4.... 131 Tabel 6.......................................... 122 Tabel 6..................................................................................8 parameter Y............................................... AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya....................17 Dzz................9 Perbandingan IRL EWB dan ekuvalen...................... 113 Tabel 6................................................................. 118 Tabel 6........ 128 Tabel 6...............................................................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan...8 Perbandingan Nilai RAB pada rangkaian piramid. 69 Tabel 4............. 67 Tabel 4....................4 Data percobaan tipe T ...... 85 Tabel 5.......7 Tabel Perbandingan R ekuivalen Thevenin...............18 Parameter Y.........8 Perbandingan Rekuivalen Norton............ 78 Tabel 5.................6 Nilai parameter Z....... 79 Tabel 5.......

..........................................9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.....................................................4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................ 136 Tabel 6....................................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....percobaan......................... 251 Tabel 9.................................17 Perbandingan THD hasil perhitungan dengan simulasi....22 Parameter H.........2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..... 135 Tabel 6..........3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi resonansi....................................................................3 Data perhitungan ..23 Parameter g.................................... 161 Tabel 8..............1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rendah.............12 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...............................................................................................................................Tabel 6............................11 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi............... 147 Tabel 7..... 138 Tabel 7........ 285 Tabel 9... 267 Tabel 9.....7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan..25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan.......................................... 242 Tabel 9........................................................21 Parameter T invers..3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......... 272 Tabel 9............ 260 Tabel 9............................................................... 185 Tabel 8.. 281 Tabel 9.............. 278 Tabel 9.....2 Data perhitungan .........percobaan.. 254 Tabel 9....15 Perbandingan THD perhitungan ............................. 283 Tabel 9............................................... 137 Tabel 6.percobaan.......................................... 286 xviii ...........................24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan..............................................percobaan.. 134 Tabel 6..1 Data perhitungan ............... 263 Tabel 9...................16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................ 181 Tabel 8.........14 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi..... 286 Tabel 9.................10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan..........8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan....... 189 Tabel 9..........20 Arus pengganti.... 257 Tabel 9........................ 133 Tabel 6...............13 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi. 289 Tabel 9........2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi.............................5 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.................................................... 283 Tabel 9. 248 Tabel 9....6 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan. 154 Tabel 7.....

.....................................28 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..30 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........... 293 Tabel 9........ 317 Tabel 9..25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..23 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi..... 315 Tabel 9.... 311 Tabel 9..... Tabel 9...................26 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi 2 sumber........................ 316 Tabel 9...................31 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi...................... 302 Tabel 9...........................................................................................27 Perbandingan superposisi dengan loop tertutup...........19 Perbandingan THD perhitungan dan simulasi.......................... 322 Tabel 9.... 289 Tabel 9.............. 289 Tabel 9....... 319 Tabel 9.21 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi... 324 Tabel 9...........20 Perbandingan perhitungan dengansimulasi....................24 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...................22 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...32 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi............ 296 Tabel 9.. 299 ......................................29 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................Tabel 9.......... 317 Tabel 9.................18 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi........................... 326 xix ............

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