DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang...........................................................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................................................

4

2.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 33

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................................................................................... 34
3.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................ 34
3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 36

3.4 Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................... 36
3.5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................. 38
iv

.......5 Data Percobaan........... 60 4....................................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.................................................... 41 3.....6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...................3................................................................ 77 5....... 80 5........................................................................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan................................2 Gambar Rangkaian.........................................................7 Kesimpulan................... 114 6...........................................2 Gambar Rangkaian................................... 119 6...................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.............................................................................................................................. 73 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5..............................1 Tujuan Percobaan..................................................................................................... 114 6.......................4 Langkah Percobaan......... 115 6.........3 Alat dan Bahan.................................... 64 4.............................. 77 5.................5 Data Percobaan...... 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4...............................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............................................................................. 62 4.................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian........ 139 v ............ 60 4....................3 Alat dan Bahan............................1 Tujuan Percobaan....................................................................................................... 74 5........................... 74 5.......................................................7 Kesimpulan.............................................................................. 114 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6......... 62 4....................... 65 4..................7 Kesimpulan.....................................................................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan..... 78 5... 115 6..................................................5 Data Percobaan......................4 Langkah Percobaan.......................4 Cara Kerja..............................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan......................................................................... 116 6.......................

..........................................................3 Alat dan Bahan.......................................... 175 8......................................................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan................ 192 9...................................2 Gambar Rangkaian........... 142 7........................................................ 141 7...........................................................................5 Data Percobaan....................................... 170 8.......................................................... 238 9...... 169 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8.......................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................................................ 140 7........................................... 140 7.7 Kesimpulan............ 141 7........... 329 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi ....3 Alat dan Bahan.............................................................. 171 8..................................................................................2 Saran....7 Kesimpulan......... 191 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9........................... 199 9.............................1 Kesimpulan................................................................................................................................................................................... 172 8...........................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.2 Gambar Rangkaian............................7 Kesimpulan...........................................................................................................5 Data Percobaan.............................BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7.... 200 9....................................................4 Langkah Percobaan...............................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan..............................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.......6 Analisa dan Pembahasan................................ 171 8.............. 170 8....................................................... 199 9.................................................................................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan...........2 Gambar Rangkaian............................... 146 7...............................3 Alat dan Bahan. 192 9.............5 Data Percobaan............................................................................................................... 328 10................................... 327 BAB VII PENUTUP 10...................................................

............................................................... 41 Gambar 3..................7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D..6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan....................8 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Tangga.............. 34 Gambar 3.....................13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang..............6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B..... 19 Gambar 2....................... 4 Gambar 2...........................5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3........................................9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.............. 29 Gambar 2.... 26 Gambar 2. 35 Gambar 3......................3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi..................................2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi.....12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat............... 17 Gambar 2.............................12 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Seimbang......... 30 Gambar 3..........................................................................................10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang.... 20 Gambar 2........11 Rangkaian Superposisi....10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat................................... 10 Gambar 2............DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2.......... 17 Gambar 2................................................... 4 Gambar 2.................... 35 Gambar 3........................ 13 Gambar 2........7 Rangkaian Tangga.......................11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang....15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL......14 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang....................... 5 Gambar 2...............5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL.....4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.8 Rangkaian Teorema....... 22 Gambar 2.................... 4 Gambar 2.............................1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi..............................................................4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi........... 41 Gambar 3.............18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL............ 43 vii ...........................9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat........1 Rangkaian Tangga.... 41 Gambar 3...... 5 Gambar 2..................... 27 Gambar 2............... 15 Gambar 2........................... 35 Gambar 3......................................16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.......... 34 Gambar 3................ 42 Gambar 3.....3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang..........17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa beban RL..2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang....... 35 Gambar 3...................................................... 34 Gambar 3........ 24 Gambar 2..............

.......... 51 Gambar 3.....20 Rangkaian Kompensasi....................................... 57 Gambar 4........................................ 46 Gambar 3....... 46 Gambar 3............18 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3................................24 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D..............................................................................12 EWB Thevenin percobaan..............................1 Rangkaian thevenin..................15 Rangkaian Norton Percobaan.....................................................23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B................... 66 Gambar 4............21 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15 V........25 Rangkaian Resiprositas....... 44 Gambar 3...........................................22 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15V dan VR3 = 2...............................7 Rangkaian Pengganti.............................................................3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin...... 65 Gambar 4........26 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di CD...................................... 74 (b) Rangkaian ∆....................2 Rangkaian norton.................................................10 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin...................................................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi.................. 67 Gambar 4.................................. 71 Gambar 5.................................. 60 Gambar 4...................... 57 Gambar 3................................ 71 Gambar 4................ 61 Gambar 4...............................................6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka...................Gambar 3.14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif. 71 Gambar 4......8 Rangkaian teorema Norton.............................. 60 Gambar 4................................................... 46 Gambar 3........................................ 53 Gambar 3............................. 70 Gambar 4..........1 (a) Rangkaian Y................... 71 Gambar 4........... 53 Gambar 3...............................13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat.9 Rangkaian thevenin.......................................................19 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi ....16 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 2 aktif.......13 EWB Thevenin Perhitungan ...........14 Rangkaian Norton Perhitungan....................................................................................49 V................15 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 1 aktif..... 61 Gambar 4...........................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen norton .................................................... 49 Gambar 3..... 65 Gambar 4..... 48 Gambar 3.... 74 viii ......... 50 Gambar 3...... 54 Gambar 3........................................ 48 Gambar 3..................... 51 Gambar 3....................5 Rangkaian thevenin.... 68 Gambar 4..............................27 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di AB..............11 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton... 68 Gambar 4.......

......... 80 Gambar 5...........3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor............................................... 102 Gambar 5.............................6 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor .....................9 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor....................................................................................... 93 Gambar 5..............................19 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus...................... 80 Gambar 5.....20 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian...................... 86 Gambar 5.21 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF....25 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF................................... 76 Gambar 5..................... 75 Gambar 5.29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian... 75 Gambar 5....................... 90 Gambar 5........................27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid.... 86 Gambar 5............................................................................33 Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R....... 101 Gambar 5....................................................................................22 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian......................32 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan....13 Transformasi ∆ ..... 76 Gambar 5.11 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian........................................................................................................ 76 Gambar 5......................30 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat...............................12 Rangkaian ∆.......................................................15 Rangkaian EWB ∆.........................26 Rangkaian Piramid............................................................ 102 Gambar 5.Y......... 99 Gambar 5... 75 Gambar 5...............14 Rangkaian EWB Y.... 84 Gambar 5...... 83 Gambar 5............................................... 83 Gambar 5........................................................ 100 Gambar 5............. 76 Gambar 5.17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus....28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid....................24 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan konduktor CD dan GF..........................................23 Rangkaian EWB Kubus...................................... 104 ix .10 Rangkaian Bintang...............................16 Rangkaian Kubus................ 103 Gambar 5......31 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat...............5 Rangkaian Piramid.................. 91 Gambar 5.7 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor............... 74 Gambar 5...18 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat......... 102 Gambar 5.............Gambar 5............................. 99 Gambar 5.........................................................8 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor............................... 91 Gambar 5................................................................. 91 Gambar 5.........2 Rangkaian Kubus........................................4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor.... 81 Gambar 5.............. 99 Gambar 5. 97 Gambar 5.................

..43 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.........34 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R ..... 140 Gambar 7......................................................2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T................................................................................................ 138 Gambar 7................42 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.................. 142 Gambar 7.................. 137 Gambar 6.. 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri ...........40 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan konduktor CE dan BD..........................36 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE ...................................10 Pembagi Tegangan.......38 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat............................... 138 Gambar 6...........5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD...................................................................................39 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............. 137 Gambar 6.........................................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD.................7 Add VL + VC............ 108 Gambar 5...................37 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat.......................... 142 Gambar 7........................................................4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB........6 Rangkaian tipe T.....5 Kapasitor......2 Sumber Tegangan.... 143 Gambar 7. 114 Gambar 6.................................................8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan....................................................................................... 104 Gambar 5..........................44 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian................................3 Resistor.....................................................8 Resistor............................................ 128 Gambar 6.. 106 Gambar 5................................................................................... 144 x .........................7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T.........................................35 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan......41 Rangkaian pyramid dengan R pada CE dan BD ......................VC.......................................................................................... 109 Gambar 5....1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi...... 109 Gambar 5... 127 Gambar 6......................... 112 Gambar 6.... 143 Gambar 7............. 107 Gambar 5... 143 Gambar 7..................................................... 129 Gambar 6..............Gambar 5.....6 Lissajous VL ............................................................................................................. 111 Gambar 5........ 114 Gambar 6.... 142 Gambar 7...... 104 Gambar 5........45 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE dan BD .............................................................................. 109 Gambar 5................. 107 Gambar 5........................... 107 Gambar 5........................4 Induktor..................... 119 Gambar 6.................................3 Rangkaian tipe phi............

.............. 152 Gambar 7............................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC..........12 Add VL + VC................................................................34 Vector daya R.............................25 Fasor L.......... 144 Gambar 7................................................... 157 Gambar 7.........................................................9 Induktor..................................... 151 Gambar 7.............................. 145 Gambar 7....................................................................................................................30 Fasor C.......................................................................................................37 Vector daya RLC...................145 Gambar 7....... 145 Gambar 7.. 151 Gambar 7.. 151 Gambar 7..................................................................................19 Lissajous VL + VC....38 Fasor R...................24 Fasor R....................29 Fasor L. 154 Gambar 7.........................31 Fasor RLC............................................................................. 150 Gambar 7..............................................................................................26 Fasor C........................................... 152 Gambar 7.............. 158 Gambar 7............................................................................................ 151 Gambar 7................................................11 Lissajous VL .14 Induktor...................................... 145 Gambar 7.................................... 144 Gambar 7. 157 Gambar 7.......... 150 Gambar 7..........................................................................................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC................................................................................... 145 Gambar 7...18 Rangkaian RLC Seri.....VC............................... 144 Gambar 7.................. 147 Gambar 7.............................................................................................................. 146 Gambar 7...............27 Fasor RLC...........39 Fasor L..................13 Resistor............................................................................................................................20 Diagram vector daya di R............36 Vector daya C..............35 Vector daya L................................................ 158 Gambar 7..........15 Kapasitor............................ 158 xi ......................Gambar 7.....................................................21 Diagram vector daya di L.... 150 Gambar 7.........................VC.......... 150 Gambar 7......................... 153 Gambar 7.........................28 Fasor R..........................................................10 Kapasitor..............16 Lissajous VL ...................................................... 157 Gambar 7. 152 Gambar 7............................. 157 Gambar 7...................................................................22 Diagram vector daya di C.....................................32 Rangkaian RLC Seri.......................17 Add VL + VC.. 152 Gambar 7....... 144 Gambar 7.........................................................................................................................40 Fasor C........................................................................

............. 159 Gambar 7........................ 175 Gambar 8...... 173 Gambar 8..................................................................................................................................51 Vector daya RLC...........................46 Rangkaian RLC Seri..............................................................................Gambar 7.................................. 173 Gambar 8.................................58 Fasor C..................................................................................12 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kiri..........10 Poroses menggambar Lissajous.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 174 Gambar 8...................50 Vector daya C.................. 165 Gambar 7......................................... 172 Gambar 8.. 166 Gambar 7..................178 xii ...................................................................6 Grafik Lissajous RC... 165 Gambar 7.......41 Fasor RLC............ 159 Gambar 7........................................................................42 Fasor R................................. 177 Gambar 8. 174 Gambar 8................... 159 Gambar 7..... 176 Gambar 8.......................56 Fasor R......43 Fasor L.54 Fasor C...............................................................Arus RLC Paralel..........................................................................49 Vector daya L........48 Vector daya di R...................................55 Fasor RLC...........3 Grafik Lissajous RL.............................................................................13 Lagging terhadap V..................................... 172 Gambar 8..44 Fasor C............4 Grafik Lissajous RC......53 Fasor L..................................................... 160 Gambar 7.............................................. 159 Gambar 7..............7 Grafik Lissajous RL....... 158 Gambar 7..........1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..... 166 Gambar 7......5 Grafik Lissajous RL................................................................................. 164 Gambar 7....................... 166 Gambar 8.........................................................................2 Grafik Lissajous RC................................................ 164 Gambar 7..............................52 Fasor R.................................................. 175 Gambar 8................................. 164 Gambar 7........................................................ 164 Gambar 7.... 165 Gambar 7................................59 Fasor RLC............................. 170 Gambar 8........................47 Pola Lissajous VL + VC................................................57 Fasor L.........................................................11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan................45 Fasor RLC...................... 165 Gambar 7...............................................................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel............................................................................................................ 166 Gambar 7....9 Grafik Tegangan .............................178 Gambar 8................. 161 Gambar 7........

..... 193 Gambar 9.................... IR..............11 Filter tipe BPF.........................23 Kurva Lissajous RL...............12 Filter tipe HPF...19 Laplace Segitiga................. 197 Gambar 9..........Gambar 8..............................6 Fungsi Sinus R-C.......18 Grafik Vin............... 195 Gambar 9..... IR.... IC perhitungan f = 2423 Hz................... 190 Gambar 9......................................................................................................... 195 Gambar 9.............22 Kurva Lissajous RC.... 188 Gambar 8...................... 195 Gambar 9.......16 Laplace Tangga...........................15 Fourier Segitiga............................... 180 Gambar 8........ 186 Gambar 8.... 196 Gambar 9........... IL......17 Laplace Exponensial........................21 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri...18 Laplace Fungsi Gergaji.24 Grafik Vin.....5 Fungsi Tangga R-C....9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi...14 Fourier Gelombang Kotak ............. 193 Gambar 9.................................................................... 194 Gambar 9... 196 Gambar 9... IL............. 196 Gambar 9......................................................19 Kurva Lissajous RC......................................16 Kurva Lissajous R .............................. 182 Gambar 8.............................. 188 Gambar 8.............. IC perhitungan f = 8059 Hz........................................................................................................... 197 xiii .... IL.......178 Gambar 8..................................10 Filter tipe LPF.................. 193 Gambar 9..................................... 184 Gambar 8........................................................1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama..................................... IR.......20 Kurva Lissajous RL..............................2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda...................................................17 Kurva Lissajous R ..............8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel....................................... 194 Gambar 9......................................................L ...................................................................................................................................................... 195 Gambar 9............... 180 Gambar 8.............................. 196 Gambar 9...15 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..............................21 Grafik Vin...............................4 Fungsi Sinus R-L......................20 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis.................................. 179 Gambar 8.................................................................. 192 Gambar 9................................................13 Fourier Sinusoidal..7 Rangkaian RLC Seri................. 194 Gambar 9....................................C......................................................................................... 196 Gambar 9......................... 184 Gambar 8............ IC perhitungan f = 305 Hz................. 192 Gambar 9.......................................3 Fungsi Tangga R-L.......... 195 Gambar 9.............14 Leading terhadap V............................................................... 194 Gambar 9............

.......................................................... 198 Gambar 9......... 239 Gambar 9..............................41 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T............................. 281 Gambar 9......26 Rangkaian Resiprositas.................................................30 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin ..................................................49 Spektrum Sinyal Kotak.... 259 Gambar 9.......................23 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber I.......................................51 Spektrum Gelombang Segitiga...............................28 Thevenin.............................................................. 280 Gambar 9...... 287 Gambar 9....24 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber II.. 198 Gambar 9...... 285 Gambar 9.............................................................................39 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel................ 253 Gambar 9.......................................42 Rangkaian Filter LPF....... 262 Gambar 9......... 283 Gambar 9........25 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber Total................................. 291 Gambar 9..........37 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C............. 250 Gambar 9......45 Fourier Sinusoidal.........43 Filter Tipe BPF............................................................................................. 244 Gambar 9........................... 198 Gambar 9............................................... 197 Gambar 9................................32 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama...47 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinusoidal .............................. 285 Gambar 9........................................33 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda........... 288 Gambar 9................... 198 Gambar 9............ 274 Gambar 9.......................... 198 Gambar 9................................199 Gambar 9............36 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C.........................................................................40 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi............................................................... 198 Gambar 9........................48 Fourier Gelombang Kotak.35 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L................................... 282 Gambar 9..........31 Rangkaian dua pintu tipe T..................... 282 Gambar 9............. 288 Gambar 9.....27 Rangkaian Kompensasi........ 295 xiv ......22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel..................52 Laplace fungsi tangga.........50 Rangkaian FFT Segitiga.................... 269 Gambar 9....................Gambar 9..................................................53 Laplace Fungsi Exponensial..................46 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinus................. 197 Gambar 9............................................... 255 Gambar 9....38 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri....34 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL........ 198 Gambar 9...........................Norton.................................................... 265 Gambar 9............................................29 Norton....44 Filter Tipe HPF...................................................................

..58 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri..55 Laplace Segitiga................................................................... 324 Gambar 9.......................... 306 Gambar 9........ 309 Gambar 9................. 303 Gambar 9............ 313 a) Sumber 2................................................................................ 318 Gambar 9................................................................................................................................... 325 xv ......................... 323 Gambar 9..60 Rangkaian Superposisi a) Sumber 1...Gambar 9.65 Rangkaian Thevenin.............................. 305 Gambar 9........................................67 Rangkaian Norton.......................... 323 Gambar 9.. 321 Gambar 9.....................59 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel........62 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi...........................69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin dan Norton..57 Kurva Histerisis Percobaan.............................66 Rangkaian teorema Norton......................................64 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL....................... 320 Gambar 9.....................................68 Rangkaian Norton...................298 Gambar 9...... 301 Gambar 9............................................................54 Laplac Gergaji.............................................................63 Rangkaian Thevenin..........................................................56 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis...........................61 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi 2 Sumber..... 322 Gambar 9............... 321 Gambar 9................................................ 315 Gambar 9...........

...................... 8 Tabel 2.................... 38 Tabel 3...............5 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Thevenin...........12 Perbandingan percobaan............. 31 Tabel 2.................3 Data percobaan Kompensasi................... 38 Tabel 3.....14 Perbandingan perhitungan.. 11 Tabel 2.... 16 Tabel 2........................ percobaan............................ 52 Tabel 3.................................................................. 29 Tabel 2. 47 Tabel 3...DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2..................8 Perbandingan perhitungan....... dan simulasi EWB........... 12 Tabel 2......................4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi...5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor ......................................... dan simulasi EWB...................9 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan................4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan.............. 40 Tabel 3.1 Tabel rangkaian thevenin....6 Data percobaan resiprositas.....................2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang...................................... 28 Tabel 2..... perhitungan........... 40 Tabel 3......... percobaan dan EWB......... 8 Tabel 2................................. 25 Tabel 2...3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang....... 8 Tabel 2..................... 58 Tabel 4........................................9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas........................10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan....... 18 Tabel 2.7 Perbandingan perhitungan dan pengukuran...........6 Perbandingan Rtotal perhitungan dan percobaan.................. 21 Tabel 2....3 Tabel ekuivalen thevenin norton......................... dan simulasi EWB........ 64 Tabel 4.. perhitungan.. 10 Tabel 2......... 32 Tabel 3.......... 64 Tabel 4...8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan teorema kompensasi.......................5 Nilai Resistor... 66 xvi ......................15 Perbandingan rangkaian pembagi tegangan............7 Perbandingan percobaan teorema superposisi.............................. 64 Tabel 4.............................................4 Tabel ekuivalen norton............ 39 Tabel 3........1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga................... dan simulasi EWB ............................................................ percobaan.... percobaan.......11 Perbandingan percobaan..................... 9 Tabel 2................2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi..........1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan....... 64 Tabel 4. dan simulasi EWB................13 Perbandingan perhitungan..2 Tabel rangkaian norton........ 39 Tabel 3..

...........................................................................................................5 Tabel Konversi parameter.................................... 85 Tabel 5...............19 Parameter transmisi T.............................................................. 130 Tabel 6..............................2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya.............. 82 Tabel 5................ 67 Tabel 4........... 123 Tabel 6.......... 118 Tabel 6............... dan Perhitungan.................... 126 Tabel 6........................4 Data percobaan tipe T ............ 116 Tabel 6.................1 Rangkaian Y... 131 Tabel 6......................6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Norton.6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan..........................17 Dzz..............12 Parameter H.............7 Dzz............... 117 Tabel 6..................................................9 Parameter transient T..................... 122 Tabel 6............... 131 Tabel 6.. AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya....2 Rangkaian ∆...................3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus...............................11 Parameter T invers...... 132 xvii ..........................3 Data percobaan tipe T ............. 127 Tabel 6...........6 Nilai parameter Z............ 121 Tabel 6.............9 Perbandingan IRL EWB dan ekuvalen...................................5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan........15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan........................................................................10 Arus pengganti.........................................................8 parameter Y..................................... 70 Tabel 4.......................................................................................................7 Tabel Perbandingan R ekuivalen Thevenin.......... 121 Tabel 6......... 72 Tabel 4...............10 Perbandingan Simulasi........................................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan................ 125 Tabel 6......... 128 Tabel 6.... 79 Tabel 5.......................... 113 Tabel 6....... 72 Tabel 5..................Tabel 4............... 120 Tabel 6.. 69 Tabel 4......................... 123 Tabel 6.....................8 Perbandingan Nilai RAB pada rangkaian piramid......................................................... 78 Tabel 5................ 78 Tabel 5............4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramid.........................................18 Parameter Y.............. 116 Tabel 6................... 78 Tabel 5.......8 Perbandingan Rekuivalen Norton............. EWB......7 Perbandingan Nilai RAE rangkaian kubus................................. 98 Tabel 5..............................................1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya................................16 Parameter impedensi Z..... 117 Tabel 6..................................13 Parameter hybrid invers-g.......... CD dihubung dengan catudaya...................

..........................................................................6 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan............................................................................................ 278 Tabel 9....1 Data perhitungan ....................... 283 Tabel 9.......10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan......................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rendah........... 254 Tabel 9.......percobaan......... 133 Tabel 6.........................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi resonansi......... 267 Tabel 9............. 281 Tabel 9...................13 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi................................................................................ 272 Tabel 9...... 242 Tabel 9...........................................percobaan....... 161 Tabel 8...................................5 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan...... 154 Tabel 7.............. 263 Tabel 9.........7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......................................................... 134 Tabel 6................................................ 189 Tabel 9............2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi.................... 286 xviii .. 286 Tabel 9....Tabel 6......8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.........................................................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...........12 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi....... 135 Tabel 6.2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....... 181 Tabel 8....24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan........................ 137 Tabel 6...................................percobaan.............22 Parameter H............. 285 Tabel 9.............................................4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......................... 185 Tabel 8.9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan................11 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.................. 283 Tabel 9..3 Data perhitungan .2 Data perhitungan ......................25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan............................14 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi............21 Parameter T invers.. 257 Tabel 9.... 251 Tabel 9.....................17 Perbandingan THD hasil perhitungan dengan simulasi............23 Parameter g......percobaan................ 138 Tabel 7.........................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.........................20 Arus pengganti........15 Perbandingan THD perhitungan .............................................. 260 Tabel 9........ 147 Tabel 7........... 136 Tabel 6... 289 Tabel 9....... 248 Tabel 9............................

......... Tabel 9....20 Perbandingan perhitungan dengansimulasi.............18 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi............. 317 Tabel 9.......................26 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi 2 sumber............................. 289 Tabel 9...........28 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................................25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....... 326 xix ................. 299 ....... 317 Tabel 9. 311 Tabel 9..........21 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi......... 315 Tabel 9.......31 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi. 316 Tabel 9..............24 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.................................... 319 Tabel 9....................................................27 Perbandingan superposisi dengan loop tertutup...23 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.........19 Perbandingan THD perhitungan dan simulasi...........29 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...... 296 Tabel 9........................................... 293 Tabel 9.................................................22 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi..................Tabel 9....... 322 Tabel 9.............32 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.................. 324 Tabel 9......... 289 Tabel 9.................30 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.... 302 Tabel 9..........