DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang...........................................................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................................................

4

2.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 33

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................................................................................... 34
3.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................ 34
3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 36

3.4 Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................... 36
3.5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................. 38
iv

...................................................... 62 4........................ 80 5.......................3.................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan...............................................................................................7 Kesimpulan......................................... 60 4.......... 114 6..................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan............................... 139 v ............................................2 Gambar Rangkaian....... 115 6.........................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 116 6.........................5 Data Percobaan...........6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............................................. 114 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6...............5 Data Percobaan.................... 114 6............................................................................................................................................................... 74 5..............................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian............6 Analisa dan Pembahasan............ 60 4....................................................................................5 Data Percobaan.. 73 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5.................................. 119 6.....................4 Langkah Percobaan.................................. 62 4.................................................................................................................... 115 6......................1 Tujuan Percobaan................. 74 5.....3 Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan. 77 5....7 Kesimpulan.... 65 4.............................................3 Alat dan Bahan...................................4 Langkah Percobaan......................................................................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan..............................7 Kesimpulan..........6 Analisa dan Pembahasan................... 64 4............ 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4................................4 Cara Kerja.............................. 78 5.......................................................3 Alat dan Bahan................. 41 3.. 77 5..................

...............................................1 Tujuan Percobaan........................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian..............................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan....................... 170 8.................................................................................. 140 7................................................................................. 199 9....................................... 175 8.................. 199 9................................................................................................................................................. 238 9.............................. 169 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.................2 Gambar Rangkaian.....4 Langkah Percobaan..........................................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan.................................................................................................5 Data Percobaan........................... 327 BAB VII PENUTUP 10.......................1 Kesimpulan.......... 171 8...........................................................................................................................................2 Saran.............BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7.......................................5 Data Percobaan...... 192 9.................. 172 8................................... 170 8.........................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.................................. 146 7... 192 9................................. 171 8......................................................... 142 7.......................................1 Tujuan Percobaan....................3 Alat dan Bahan............. 329 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi ....4 Langkah Percobaan.......................................... 191 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian......4 Langkah Percobaan........................................... 328 10.....................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan................. 140 7...........................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan.................................................... 141 7.................................................7 Kesimpulan..................5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan........... 141 7..................... 200 9.................................3 Alat dan Bahan...........................

.......................................... 10 Gambar 2...................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa beban RL......... 5 Gambar 2......... 5 Gambar 2......... 4 Gambar 2.....................................8 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Tangga........... 30 Gambar 3.1 Rangkaian Tangga......................................... 35 Gambar 3.....................4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL..............11 Rangkaian Superposisi..................5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL.... 20 Gambar 2........................ 27 Gambar 2.........................3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi.....................14 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang.9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.....................4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi........... 17 Gambar 2....DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2..6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B. 29 Gambar 2. 41 Gambar 3............2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang................. 4 Gambar 2..... 34 Gambar 3............1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi........ 26 Gambar 2...10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang...... 41 Gambar 3..............................................6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan...............................9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat............... 15 Gambar 2.............16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.............. 42 Gambar 3........ 35 Gambar 3.................... 13 Gambar 2.... 35 Gambar 3................ 24 Gambar 2.....12 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Seimbang......18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL...... 19 Gambar 2...................................................................7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D..................................3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang.............................................2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi..... 4 Gambar 2................ 34 Gambar 3.........................................5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3..............................7 Rangkaian Tangga.. 43 vii ................ 22 Gambar 2.......11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang........... 17 Gambar 2.........................................................10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat........................................................15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL....................8 Rangkaian Teorema....12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat........ 34 Gambar 3............................... 35 Gambar 3..................................... 41 Gambar 3...................................................................13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang..

................................. 68 Gambar 4..... 46 Gambar 3.....19 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi ...............................................................................14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif.......................... 70 Gambar 4.............................. 67 Gambar 4.....26 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di CD..13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat................................................................... 65 Gambar 4........ 57 Gambar 4....................................... 74 (b) Rangkaian ∆..............14 Rangkaian Norton Perhitungan..20 Rangkaian Kompensasi.............8 Rangkaian teorema Norton..................................... 71 Gambar 5................................................................13 EWB Thevenin Perhitungan ...............................................27 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di AB.......................................................6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka............... 49 Gambar 3.......... 60 Gambar 4.... 53 Gambar 3....................... 61 Gambar 4..............23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B............................................21 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15 V.....................................22 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15V dan VR3 = 2...Gambar 3......2 Rangkaian norton..............................................................16 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 2 aktif........ 71 Gambar 4...................................9 Rangkaian thevenin.....................................................12 EWB Thevenin percobaan............................18 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3........... 66 Gambar 4................................15 Rangkaian Norton Percobaan.....17 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi...................................................................................... 68 Gambar 4...24 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D.................................................. 53 Gambar 3...1 (a) Rangkaian Y.........11 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton.................................................................. 48 Gambar 3. 48 Gambar 3.........1 Rangkaian thevenin.................................................................................... 57 Gambar 3.......10 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin......................... 74 viii ............... 65 Gambar 4..49 V................. 51 Gambar 3................................... 44 Gambar 3..................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen norton ....................... 50 Gambar 3....25 Rangkaian Resiprositas........ 61 Gambar 4............. 54 Gambar 3.......................3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin.. 71 Gambar 4.... 46 Gambar 3...........15 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 1 aktif................... 46 Gambar 3............ 60 Gambar 4..7 Rangkaian Pengganti................5 Rangkaian thevenin....... 71 Gambar 4............................................ 51 Gambar 3...................

....23 Rangkaian EWB Kubus...25 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF.......... 91 Gambar 5.... 99 Gambar 5.................. 102 Gambar 5.....26 Rangkaian Piramid..................................29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian............................. 76 Gambar 5................18 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat............................4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor............................................................................. 93 Gambar 5.......... 75 Gambar 5................................................... 76 Gambar 5........... 104 ix ..............5 Rangkaian Piramid............................... 83 Gambar 5................................... 102 Gambar 5...............................................Y.13 Transformasi ∆ ...................21 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF........ 76 Gambar 5...28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid...... 97 Gambar 5...........................................14 Rangkaian EWB Y............................................... 99 Gambar 5.................................27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid.......... 86 Gambar 5.................................... 76 Gambar 5.... 90 Gambar 5.33 Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R...... 99 Gambar 5............ 75 Gambar 5..................................11 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian....8 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor................................ 91 Gambar 5...........2 Rangkaian Kubus.......................................6 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor ...............3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor..............................15 Rangkaian EWB ∆................. 100 Gambar 5.................................. 102 Gambar 5..........24 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan konduktor CD dan GF............19 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus................................................................................................................... 75 Gambar 5........................ 83 Gambar 5...............................16 Rangkaian Kubus.......31 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat......12 Rangkaian ∆........... 84 Gambar 5...................................................................32 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............................................. 91 Gambar 5................20 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.........................10 Rangkaian Bintang....... 80 Gambar 5.............................................. 103 Gambar 5.......30 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat.........................17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus.........................................................Gambar 5............... 80 Gambar 5............ 74 Gambar 5........ 81 Gambar 5......................................7 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor......22 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian...................................................... 86 Gambar 5........ 101 Gambar 5.9 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor........................

.................................6 Rangkaian tipe T.....................3 Rangkaian tipe phi............9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD.........................................2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T..................... 107 Gambar 5................................................. 140 Gambar 7.............................. 107 Gambar 5.....4 Induktor............................................34 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R ................8 Resistor.................................. 142 Gambar 7......2 Sumber Tegangan........................................................42 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...........................6 Lissajous VL ............................................ 143 Gambar 7......... 114 Gambar 6....................................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi.. 128 Gambar 6...................................................................................... 104 Gambar 5...4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB................. 111 Gambar 5..........................10 Pembagi Tegangan................................................................... 138 Gambar 6....................................................................... 129 Gambar 6.... 142 Gambar 7.............. 143 Gambar 7..................................... 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri .. 143 Gambar 7.................................................... 109 Gambar 5......38 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat.................................Gambar 5............44 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.................................. 104 Gambar 5............................ 138 Gambar 7.......................VC................................36 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE ...... 127 Gambar 6........... 144 x ..........5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD...............37 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat.................... 114 Gambar 6.....................................................43 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...7 Add VL + VC..3 Resistor.............................45 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE dan BD ............................................ 109 Gambar 5.. 119 Gambar 6. 112 Gambar 6...............................7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T...........................40 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan konduktor CE dan BD................. 108 Gambar 5.................41 Rangkaian pyramid dengan R pada CE dan BD ..........................................................5 Kapasitor........... 137 Gambar 6...............................39 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan....8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan............. 142 Gambar 7......................................................................................... 137 Gambar 6......................... 107 Gambar 5................... 106 Gambar 5.......35 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.................................................................................................... 109 Gambar 5.......

....... 145 Gambar 7............ 157 Gambar 7....................... 150 Gambar 7................................. 152 Gambar 7....................................... 151 Gambar 7........................................ 151 Gambar 7...............................26 Fasor C.......................................12 Add VL + VC........................................................................................... 158 xi ...................20 Diagram vector daya di R.................................9 Induktor..................................................................................19 Lissajous VL + VC................................ 152 Gambar 7.........32 Rangkaian RLC Seri.................................... 150 Gambar 7...................35 Vector daya L.................................39 Fasor L.....24 Fasor R................... 157 Gambar 7...................................................................................................... 152 Gambar 7.................................................. 154 Gambar 7........................................................................11 Lissajous VL ..............36 Vector daya C.................................................................................................................... 157 Gambar 7...............................................10 Kapasitor................... 158 Gambar 7.......38 Fasor R..25 Fasor L............37 Vector daya RLC..... 152 Gambar 7...... 145 Gambar 7............................................................................................................145 Gambar 7...........................27 Fasor RLC........................17 Add VL + VC................... 158 Gambar 7............................. 153 Gambar 7.....28 Fasor R..................VC........................................................................................................................................31 Fasor RLC...............................................................................40 Fasor C.....................................................................21 Diagram vector daya di L.......VC.................................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC..............................................................................30 Fasor C............................... 144 Gambar 7............ 145 Gambar 7..... 157 Gambar 7................................................... 144 Gambar 7....22 Diagram vector daya di C...............................................................................................29 Fasor L.................... 147 Gambar 7.......15 Kapasitor....... 146 Gambar 7..................................................34 Vector daya R............................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC................ 150 Gambar 7............ 144 Gambar 7.... 150 Gambar 7.................. 151 Gambar 7...........13 Resistor........................................18 Rangkaian RLC Seri..... 145 Gambar 7................................................................................................................................................................... 151 Gambar 7.................................Gambar 7...................... 144 Gambar 7........14 Induktor....................................................................................................................16 Lissajous VL .........

..........................................................41 Fasor RLC........................................................................... 159 Gambar 7................50 Vector daya C.............................................................................................................. 172 Gambar 8........................... 165 Gambar 7.................................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.................... 158 Gambar 7.......................51 Vector daya RLC.......................................43 Fasor L....................................................56 Fasor R....................................54 Fasor C...............53 Fasor L..........49 Vector daya L................... 165 Gambar 7...47 Pola Lissajous VL + VC.3 Grafik Lissajous RL..................... 166 Gambar 8........................................... 174 Gambar 8......... 166 Gambar 7.......4 Grafik Lissajous RC.............................Gambar 7.....................42 Fasor R........................................................................ 175 Gambar 8...................... 174 Gambar 8............... 160 Gambar 7.............................. 159 Gambar 7........ 161 Gambar 7...... 166 Gambar 7................1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.......44 Fasor C.............178 xii ..........................................................................................................................................5 Grafik Lissajous RL........................................ 164 Gambar 7.......................45 Fasor RLC.............................................................................................2 Grafik Lissajous RC...............................................................................52 Fasor R........46 Rangkaian RLC Seri..........................57 Fasor L.............................................................. 166 Gambar 7........................48 Vector daya di R............................. 172 Gambar 8..................... 165 Gambar 7.... 176 Gambar 8..........................................................178 Gambar 8....................... 177 Gambar 8................................9 Grafik Tegangan ..................... 165 Gambar 7.......................11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan............................................................................................................ 159 Gambar 7...................................12 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kiri................................................................... 164 Gambar 7. 173 Gambar 8................................................. 159 Gambar 7.. 173 Gambar 8...................................59 Fasor RLC........................................................................10 Poroses menggambar Lissajous........................................................................................................... 164 Gambar 7..............Arus RLC Paralel................7 Grafik Lissajous RL..........................6 Grafik Lissajous RC...... 170 Gambar 8......... 175 Gambar 8.................................................................. 164 Gambar 7........55 Fasor RLC..................................13 Lagging terhadap V............................................58 Fasor C..........................................................

........ 194 Gambar 9...24 Grafik Vin.............................Gambar 8.......................................................22 Kurva Lissajous RC............. 188 Gambar 8...........................178 Gambar 8........ 196 Gambar 9...........15 Fourier Segitiga.............. 195 Gambar 9.........L .. 192 Gambar 9.....3 Fungsi Tangga R-L......2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda.....18 Grafik Vin...........21 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri.............15 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..................... IR.................................................16 Laplace Tangga.17 Kurva Lissajous R ..... 196 Gambar 9............... 186 Gambar 8.................................................18 Laplace Fungsi Gergaji... 179 Gambar 8......5 Fungsi Tangga R-C.................... 196 Gambar 9.....................................20 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis.8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel........................................................................................................................................................ 192 Gambar 9.................................C...............7 Rangkaian RLC Seri........................ 195 Gambar 9......... 195 Gambar 9. 193 Gambar 9....................................................................................................... 195 Gambar 9.........................12 Filter tipe HPF.................... IC perhitungan f = 305 Hz.......................... 190 Gambar 9...................................11 Filter tipe BPF.......................... IL................ 180 Gambar 8.............20 Kurva Lissajous RL.....................23 Kurva Lissajous RL........... 196 Gambar 9.............10 Filter tipe LPF......................... IL...............................19 Laplace Segitiga....... 194 Gambar 9........................................................4 Fungsi Sinus R-L................................ 193 Gambar 9..........................14 Fourier Gelombang Kotak ....14 Leading terhadap V................................................................. 182 Gambar 8.......................................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi................................................................... 194 Gambar 9...................................... 194 Gambar 9................ 197 Gambar 9.............................. 195 Gambar 9.............................. 184 Gambar 8................... 196 Gambar 9.......................................................................................1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama.............................................................................................................................................................. 180 Gambar 8...........................17 Laplace Exponensial.......13 Fourier Sinusoidal..........................6 Fungsi Sinus R-C.................................21 Grafik Vin......................... IR................... 188 Gambar 8..............19 Kurva Lissajous RC..... 184 Gambar 8. IC perhitungan f = 8059 Hz......... IR............. 193 Gambar 9.................................... IC perhitungan f = 2423 Hz......................16 Kurva Lissajous R ........................ 197 xiii .......... IL......

.......32 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama............ 281 Gambar 9............31 Rangkaian dua pintu tipe T............................... 269 Gambar 9............................... 265 Gambar 9.............................. 262 Gambar 9........199 Gambar 9. 285 Gambar 9.........................35 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L................... 244 Gambar 9.....53 Laplace Fungsi Exponensial............................. 198 Gambar 9.................................................................................................. 285 Gambar 9......................................................28 Thevenin..........42 Rangkaian Filter LPF.....................44 Filter Tipe HPF.............. 198 Gambar 9..Gambar 9........................................................................................ 239 Gambar 9.... 288 Gambar 9.... 197 Gambar 9.. 198 Gambar 9............ 282 Gambar 9................. 295 xiv ................................................... 198 Gambar 9..................................................26 Rangkaian Resiprositas........................................... 283 Gambar 9......................................50 Rangkaian FFT Segitiga......................................................... 197 Gambar 9.....................................22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel......30 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin .............. 198 Gambar 9............................................ 255 Gambar 9............34 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL..................................24 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber II..........................41 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T.......... 250 Gambar 9......33 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda.........................38 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri...................................................................................................... 280 Gambar 9.... 253 Gambar 9.........40 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi................52 Laplace fungsi tangga.............39 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel.........48 Fourier Gelombang Kotak..43 Filter Tipe BPF...29 Norton......................................................................37 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C................Norton................................. 198 Gambar 9.........27 Rangkaian Kompensasi......................46 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinus............................ 291 Gambar 9. 259 Gambar 9......... 282 Gambar 9................................................................... 287 Gambar 9......................................49 Spektrum Sinyal Kotak...... 288 Gambar 9.........................................................36 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C.........45 Fourier Sinusoidal...........................23 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber I.. 198 Gambar 9.....51 Spektrum Gelombang Segitiga.......................................................................................47 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinusoidal ...........................25 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber Total.............. 274 Gambar 9.............

......................... 301 Gambar 9....................63 Rangkaian Thevenin..............60 Rangkaian Superposisi a) Sumber 1....................... 320 Gambar 9........61 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi 2 Sumber......................298 Gambar 9.................. 313 a) Sumber 2.58 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri........................... 321 Gambar 9.....................................................55 Laplace Segitiga........62 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi.........59 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel..............................56 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis.................................54 Laplac Gergaji.........67 Rangkaian Norton...................................... 303 Gambar 9......68 Rangkaian Norton................................................................... 323 Gambar 9............ 323 Gambar 9................................... 325 xv ......................................66 Rangkaian teorema Norton.........57 Kurva Histerisis Percobaan................................................................... 315 Gambar 9....................................... 318 Gambar 9.............................. 322 Gambar 9.................................................69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin dan Norton.................................................................................... 306 Gambar 9.................................................65 Rangkaian Thevenin..................... 324 Gambar 9........................ 309 Gambar 9....................................................Gambar 9..................... 321 Gambar 9... 305 Gambar 9......64 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL...................

.......... 64 Tabel 4....11 Perbandingan percobaan........................DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2................ 12 Tabel 2.............7 Perbandingan perhitungan dan pengukuran............ 8 Tabel 2..........................14 Perbandingan perhitungan............ 25 Tabel 2.......9 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan............... 29 Tabel 2.........1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan... 39 Tabel 3..................... 38 Tabel 3...........4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan.........4 Tabel ekuivalen norton...................................................... 64 Tabel 4............... dan simulasi EWB.................................. percobaan......4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi........6 Data percobaan resiprositas.. dan simulasi EWB ...15 Perbandingan rangkaian pembagi tegangan.................................... 52 Tabel 3........ 31 Tabel 2... 9 Tabel 2........... 28 Tabel 2..10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan........................ dan simulasi EWB.................... 16 Tabel 2..5 Nilai Resistor......................... 10 Tabel 2.................................. 8 Tabel 2.....3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang....5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor .... 18 Tabel 2........................ percobaan...2 Tabel rangkaian norton............. 39 Tabel 3...............................................3 Data percobaan Kompensasi.. 58 Tabel 4............................................... 21 Tabel 2..................7 Perbandingan percobaan teorema superposisi..... 66 xvi ...........9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas.............2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi...........1 Tabel rangkaian thevenin......... dan simulasi EWB.....1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga......... 11 Tabel 2............... 47 Tabel 3....... 64 Tabel 4....... 38 Tabel 3....................8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan teorema kompensasi........ 64 Tabel 4.................... percobaan dan EWB....................6 Perbandingan Rtotal perhitungan dan percobaan..........................12 Perbandingan percobaan..................... 40 Tabel 3........................ 40 Tabel 3........ 8 Tabel 2................... perhitungan....... percobaan........................... 32 Tabel 3......................3 Tabel ekuivalen thevenin norton................................13 Perbandingan perhitungan...............5 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Thevenin.........2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang.. perhitungan...................... dan simulasi EWB.............8 Perbandingan perhitungan..

..................................................................... dan Perhitungan.............8 Perbandingan Nilai RAB pada rangkaian piramid..............................7 Tabel Perbandingan R ekuivalen Thevenin....... 127 Tabel 6.............16 Parameter impedensi Z............... 85 Tabel 5.............. 130 Tabel 6................. 78 Tabel 5............................................... 123 Tabel 6.......................... 128 Tabel 6... 125 Tabel 6. 122 Tabel 6...................6 Nilai parameter Z....... 121 Tabel 6........................Tabel 4.............................. EWB.17 Dzz............. 117 Tabel 6..................................5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan......................................12 Parameter H................................10 Arus pengganti.......2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya..................... 123 Tabel 6.................... 79 Tabel 5................8 parameter Y.................... 72 Tabel 5............................................2 Rangkaian ∆.................. 69 Tabel 4..................6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Norton.. 98 Tabel 5....................19 Parameter transmisi T......................................7 Dzz............................................ 72 Tabel 4....................................3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus.....................1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya..................4 Data percobaan tipe T ........... 70 Tabel 4....8 Perbandingan Rekuivalen Norton.......................................................... 131 Tabel 6.......................1 Rangkaian Y................11 Parameter T invers..................................................9 Parameter transient T.... 116 Tabel 6..10 Perbandingan Simulasi......................... 117 Tabel 6......................5 Tabel Konversi parameter.............................. 113 Tabel 6.......... 116 Tabel 6...............................3 Data percobaan tipe T ..... 131 Tabel 6.................... 67 Tabel 4..................6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan................................................. AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya.............................18 Parameter Y................ 78 Tabel 5..14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan.......................................................... CD dihubung dengan catudaya................. 118 Tabel 6...................13 Parameter hybrid invers-g............ 126 Tabel 6........................................................ 121 Tabel 6................................. 132 xvii ..................4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramid.........................................................................7 Perbandingan Nilai RAE rangkaian kubus.............15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan..... 82 Tabel 5....... 78 Tabel 5........................9 Perbandingan IRL EWB dan ekuvalen.............. 120 Tabel 6.............................

... 248 Tabel 9....................................2 Data perhitungan .. 242 Tabel 9.......... 136 Tabel 6............percobaan............................... 281 Tabel 9...............................3 Data perhitungan ............12 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi... 251 Tabel 9.. 286 xviii . 137 Tabel 6...................................... 272 Tabel 9... 263 Tabel 9............5 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.............8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan................................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi resonansi... 254 Tabel 9....... 267 Tabel 9.......2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...........14 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.......... 185 Tabel 8.......................................................................................................... 154 Tabel 7. 161 Tabel 8...1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rendah.......................... 133 Tabel 6.15 Perbandingan THD perhitungan .......percobaan...1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....................percobaan..........................13 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.... 257 Tabel 9.......22 Parameter H................................................ 134 Tabel 6.............11 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi..........................................7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan......Tabel 6............................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................... 147 Tabel 7..........20 Arus pengganti.............. 286 Tabel 9......................percobaan............................ 283 Tabel 9........21 Parameter T invers.. 138 Tabel 7.......4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........................ 260 Tabel 9.......... 278 Tabel 9............................ 189 Tabel 9............... 135 Tabel 6..........................................................................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi.....16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.........................................................17 Perbandingan THD hasil perhitungan dengan simulasi..................................... 285 Tabel 9.....................................25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan...................... 283 Tabel 9....9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan......................6 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan............10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan................................... 181 Tabel 8..........1 Data perhitungan ......................................24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan....23 Parameter g................................ 289 Tabel 9...........................

.... 289 Tabel 9..................19 Perbandingan THD perhitungan dan simulasi........ 319 Tabel 9...26 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi 2 sumber........ Tabel 9........22 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi....................................21 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.18 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...... 317 Tabel 9........29 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.....23 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi......... 324 Tabel 9.......................... 322 Tabel 9..................Tabel 9...31 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi......................27 Perbandingan superposisi dengan loop tertutup............25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi............ 317 Tabel 9........32 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......30 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi............... 311 Tabel 9................................ 293 Tabel 9..20 Perbandingan perhitungan dengansimulasi............................ 289 Tabel 9.................................................. 296 Tabel 9.................... 315 Tabel 9......24 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......................................................................................... 302 Tabel 9. 316 Tabel 9............ 299 .............................28 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.... 326 xix ..