DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang...........................................................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................................................

4

2.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 33

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................................................................................... 34
3.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................ 34
3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 36

3.4 Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................... 36
3.5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................. 38
iv

......................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.........................................................................................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan..........................7 Kesimpulan.........................................5 Data Percobaan.................. 77 5......................................................................................7 Kesimpulan................... 74 5.......... 114 6......................4 Langkah Percobaan........................................................ 60 4....................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.2 Gambar Rangkaian...... 115 6. 64 4..................5 Data Percobaan.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 74 5.......................4 Cara Kerja............... 60 4....................................................................................................................................................................................... 114 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6..................................................................................................... 65 4...2 Gambar Rangkaian................................3......................................................7 Kesimpulan.................. 119 6...4 Langkah Percobaan......... 114 6................................................................. 41 3.........................1 Tujuan Percobaan.......... 80 5................3 Alat dan Bahan.................................................................................................. 77 5............1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................................................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan............ 78 5........................... 115 6...................3 Alat dan Bahan......................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan................................... 73 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5................................................................ 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4..................... 62 4..3 Alat dan Bahan..................................................................5 Data Percobaan............................................2 Gambar Rangkaian................................................................................... 139 v .......6 Analisa dan Pembahasan. 116 6................................................ 62 4.........................................................

....................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan........................2 Gambar Rangkaian.................... 327 BAB VII PENUTUP 10.......6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...................5 Data Percobaan.................................3 Alat dan Bahan........ 141 7............................................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................................................................................................. 169 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8..........4 Langkah Percobaan.........................................................................................BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7... 199 9...................................... 191 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9.........5 Data Percobaan................................................4 Langkah Percobaan.............................. 142 7............ 171 8....6 Analisa dan Pembahasan......7 Kesimpulan.................................... 192 9....................2 Gambar Rangkaian......... 170 8............................................. 192 9........................7 Kesimpulan.................................................... 175 8...........................................................4 Langkah Percobaan...... 172 8................................................................................................. 140 7.........2 Saran................................................................................................................................................................. 140 7..................... 328 10........... 146 7... 199 9........................................... 329 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi ........................ 200 9......................................................................................5 Data Percobaan............................................ 141 7.......................1 Tujuan Percobaan.................................................................................................................................. 170 8............................................................... 171 8.................................................................................................... 238 9..............................................................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan.................................................................................................................1 Kesimpulan..........1 Tujuan Percobaan.....................2 Gambar Rangkaian..................................................................7 Kesimpulan..6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.........................................

.............................................................................4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi..............3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi.............................7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D......... 35 Gambar 3....... 42 Gambar 3....................................... 13 Gambar 2................4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL......... 5 Gambar 2.. 20 Gambar 2........................................................ 41 Gambar 3.............................................................. 34 Gambar 3.............7 Rangkaian Tangga..................................3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang.................. 35 Gambar 3.....18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL... 5 Gambar 2......13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang...9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat.5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3............ 17 Gambar 2............................................ 19 Gambar 2.............................................. 4 Gambar 2................. 26 Gambar 2...............5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL.................................. 34 Gambar 3..........15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan.... 24 Gambar 2...... 29 Gambar 2.......1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi....................... 34 Gambar 3................. 41 Gambar 3....14 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang....1 Rangkaian Tangga..11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang......... 41 Gambar 3........6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B....17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa beban RL............12 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Seimbang................................... 27 Gambar 2.............8 Rangkaian Teorema...12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat. 22 Gambar 2. 35 Gambar 3................. 10 Gambar 2...................................................10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang......... 4 Gambar 2.......9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang..... 30 Gambar 3...................................8 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Tangga...........................................................................DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2................16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL...........2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi.......2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang.......................11 Rangkaian Superposisi................................................................................. 35 Gambar 3........... 15 Gambar 2.....10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat.... 43 vii .............................. 4 Gambar 2.... 17 Gambar 2.......................

............................ 71 Gambar 4.....................................14 Rangkaian Norton Perhitungan............................................................... 74 viii ........... 71 Gambar 4........................................... 46 Gambar 3............ 53 Gambar 3......................................................... 51 Gambar 3........................ 57 Gambar 3....... 61 Gambar 4.................26 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di CD...15 Rangkaian Norton Percobaan...................................................................9 Rangkaian thevenin.......................................................24 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D.............. 48 Gambar 3..10 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin..................................................................12 EWB Thevenin percobaan.... 71 Gambar 4..................... 61 Gambar 4...18 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3..............21 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15 V........................................23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B........3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin..................22 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15V dan VR3 = 2.... 60 Gambar 4........................ 60 Gambar 4............................................27 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di AB........................6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka............................................................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen norton ......................... 67 Gambar 4....................Gambar 3..........1 Rangkaian thevenin.....................................16 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 2 aktif....1 (a) Rangkaian Y.... 65 Gambar 4.................7 Rangkaian Pengganti............................... 65 Gambar 4...............................................13 EWB Thevenin Perhitungan ............. 66 Gambar 4......25 Rangkaian Resiprositas......................13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat.......................15 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 1 aktif...........17 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi..................................2 Rangkaian norton........ 50 Gambar 3.. 74 (b) Rangkaian ∆... 71 Gambar 5............ 57 Gambar 4................... 51 Gambar 3.................... 49 Gambar 3........................................... 46 Gambar 3..................................................... 68 Gambar 4............. 46 Gambar 3...............11 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton..............14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif...........................49 V............ 44 Gambar 3................... 48 Gambar 3.............................................20 Rangkaian Kompensasi.....19 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi .................................. 68 Gambar 4................................................8 Rangkaian teorema Norton.................5 Rangkaian thevenin............................... 70 Gambar 4....... 54 Gambar 3.. 53 Gambar 3...................................

........................................ 83 Gambar 5.................................................31 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat..................................................................2 Rangkaian Kubus..........30 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat............................. 102 Gambar 5... 83 Gambar 5...... 81 Gambar 5........................... 74 Gambar 5....18 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat...................19 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus.......................................7 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor....................................................10 Rangkaian Bintang...................... 91 Gambar 5.......16 Rangkaian Kubus................20 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian........ 76 Gambar 5.. 76 Gambar 5............11 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian........25 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF............9 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor........... 75 Gambar 5................................................................28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid.....Y................................................. 90 Gambar 5................................12 Rangkaian ∆............................................................5 Rangkaian Piramid. 93 Gambar 5..........4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor.................................... 99 Gambar 5....23 Rangkaian EWB Kubus...................... 100 Gambar 5......13 Transformasi ∆ .................................................. 103 Gambar 5.... 91 Gambar 5....17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus.6 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor .................................................................24 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan konduktor CD dan GF.................. 84 Gambar 5........Gambar 5............................22 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.....................27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid..................................32 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan....... 86 Gambar 5.................21 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF......................................... 86 Gambar 5............ 102 Gambar 5....................... 99 Gambar 5.............. 80 Gambar 5........................ 76 Gambar 5.......................................................................................................26 Rangkaian Piramid.................. 75 Gambar 5................33 Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R......3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor...................... 75 Gambar 5............15 Rangkaian EWB ∆.8 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor.................................. 76 Gambar 5...... 102 Gambar 5...... 91 Gambar 5... 101 Gambar 5........................................... 104 ix ....29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.......... 99 Gambar 5..................................................................................................... 97 Gambar 5...... 80 Gambar 5......14 Rangkaian EWB Y..................................................

...8 Resistor. 144 x .............................41 Rangkaian pyramid dengan R pada CE dan BD ........4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB..........................7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T...........................44 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian....................................................................................35 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.......2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T.............................................. 138 Gambar 7.Gambar 5............................................VC................................................5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD.......36 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE .. 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri .............................38 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat........................................................................................ 107 Gambar 5.3 Resistor.................3 Rangkaian tipe phi............ 138 Gambar 6.7 Add VL + VC................ 114 Gambar 6... 112 Gambar 6........................................................................................... 142 Gambar 7.........................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi...........................................45 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE dan BD .......... 106 Gambar 5.............. 109 Gambar 5............................ 140 Gambar 7.........40 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan konduktor CE dan BD........................ 104 Gambar 5.5 Kapasitor......................... 137 Gambar 6........................................... 137 Gambar 6......8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan......................................................39 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan........................................... 128 Gambar 6..............................................................................................................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD.. 114 Gambar 6........ 143 Gambar 7...........................................................34 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R . 109 Gambar 5.......................................................... 104 Gambar 5.................... 127 Gambar 6....................... 107 Gambar 5...................................................10 Pembagi Tegangan...................................................... 129 Gambar 6............................................................. 108 Gambar 5....... 143 Gambar 7..............37 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat... 143 Gambar 7...........................2 Sumber Tegangan........... 142 Gambar 7............... 107 Gambar 5....................6 Lissajous VL ..................... 142 Gambar 7........... 119 Gambar 6. 111 Gambar 5......................................... 109 Gambar 5...............4 Induktor..................................................42 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...................................................6 Rangkaian tipe T.....43 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan..............

................................................................................................................................................................................. 150 Gambar 7.........................40 Fasor C..............................12 Add VL + VC......22 Diagram vector daya di C...........................................Gambar 7............................................................................................. 153 Gambar 7................... 152 Gambar 7.............. 152 Gambar 7................................................35 Vector daya L..........................................................................................................................................................11 Lissajous VL .................................................... 151 Gambar 7.............................................................................................14 Induktor...............VC................................. 145 Gambar 7.........................27 Fasor RLC....................... 145 Gambar 7.............................................................17 Add VL + VC.............................36 Vector daya C....VC............31 Fasor RLC............. 157 Gambar 7...............................................................13 Resistor............................................................................ 158 Gambar 7......................................................37 Vector daya RLC.................... 158 Gambar 7..............................34 Vector daya R.................................................... 145 Gambar 7....... 144 Gambar 7........ 150 Gambar 7........................ 144 Gambar 7....38 Fasor R.................... 157 Gambar 7..........................20 Diagram vector daya di R.............................................................................26 Fasor C......................... 151 Gambar 7.... 146 Gambar 7...........145 Gambar 7...................................21 Diagram vector daya di L......................................... 157 Gambar 7...........19 Lissajous VL + VC.............................................................................. 144 Gambar 7..........................................10 Kapasitor.......24 Fasor R..........................18 Rangkaian RLC Seri.. 150 Gambar 7............................................9 Induktor...................................... 150 Gambar 7................................................................................................... 147 Gambar 7........................................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC........................39 Fasor L........15 Kapasitor.................................................. 151 Gambar 7............ 145 Gambar 7............................................................ 144 Gambar 7.......................................................................................16 Lissajous VL .............................32 Rangkaian RLC Seri............................. 158 xi .................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC......30 Fasor C.............29 Fasor L........ 151 Gambar 7....... 152 Gambar 7................................................................. 154 Gambar 7................................................................................25 Fasor L.28 Fasor R................ 152 Gambar 7.. 157 Gambar 7......

................................................2 Grafik Lissajous RC..................44 Fasor C........................................................41 Fasor RLC............... 173 Gambar 8.................... 159 Gambar 7...............49 Vector daya L.......... 170 Gambar 8...................... 175 Gambar 8............................................................................................................................................................Gambar 7.47 Pola Lissajous VL + VC................................................................................................................................57 Fasor L............ 165 Gambar 7...56 Fasor R............................6 Grafik Lissajous RC... 166 Gambar 7........43 Fasor L.......................................................................45 Fasor RLC........11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan..................................................................................................55 Fasor RLC........... 175 Gambar 8.........9 Grafik Tegangan ..................42 Fasor R.......................................................................5 Grafik Lissajous RL................... 177 Gambar 8..........178 Gambar 8.............................................................................................................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.......................... 166 Gambar 8...............................................................................................................46 Rangkaian RLC Seri....7 Grafik Lissajous RL................ 174 Gambar 8.............53 Fasor L..................................... 164 Gambar 7...........................178 xii .......................................1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel................... 172 Gambar 8........Arus RLC Paralel..................................... 166 Gambar 7........................12 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kiri.............................59 Fasor RLC......51 Vector daya RLC.......................13 Lagging terhadap V.......................... 173 Gambar 8............................... 164 Gambar 7..................10 Poroses menggambar Lissajous... 172 Gambar 8.......................... 160 Gambar 7..................................... 165 Gambar 7.................................... 174 Gambar 8...........52 Fasor R..4 Grafik Lissajous RC................................................................. 164 Gambar 7...........50 Vector daya C................................................................... 166 Gambar 7. 158 Gambar 7............................................................................................................. 165 Gambar 7................................................................................................................................................................. 159 Gambar 7................................................... 165 Gambar 7...................... 159 Gambar 7....... 159 Gambar 7...............................48 Vector daya di R.........................................................................................54 Fasor C...... 161 Gambar 7...58 Fasor C..................................................................................3 Grafik Lissajous RL........................... 176 Gambar 8...... 164 Gambar 7...

............................ 180 Gambar 8............. 194 Gambar 9. 184 Gambar 8..................................................................................... IL................................18 Grafik Vin....................................C.....5 Fungsi Tangga R-C.............12 Filter tipe HPF...............................23 Kurva Lissajous RL.............................15 Fourier Segitiga........................... 188 Gambar 8.......... IC perhitungan f = 2423 Hz......... IR............................16 Laplace Tangga..................14 Fourier Gelombang Kotak ..................................................1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama.................................................................................... 190 Gambar 9....................... IL...... 193 Gambar 9.................13 Fourier Sinusoidal........ 196 Gambar 9..................21 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri...................... 195 Gambar 9.............. IR................................ 180 Gambar 8.............21 Grafik Vin...... IR........... 197 Gambar 9........................... 192 Gambar 9...........L ..................... 179 Gambar 8..........................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi...........................................................................................................................................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.......................................... 182 Gambar 8......................19 Laplace Segitiga.................................................... 193 Gambar 9................14 Leading terhadap V....................................................20 Kurva Lissajous RL.................................. 196 Gambar 9.Gambar 8...................................... 194 Gambar 9....................................................................19 Kurva Lissajous RC.....10 Filter tipe LPF..............2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda..........6 Fungsi Sinus R-C.........................................................11 Filter tipe BPF.......... 192 Gambar 9...................................................... 194 Gambar 9...... 188 Gambar 8....... IC perhitungan f = 305 Hz............. 186 Gambar 8............................. 195 Gambar 9........ 196 Gambar 9.............. 197 xiii ................................................... 194 Gambar 9............................. 184 Gambar 8................20 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis............................................. 195 Gambar 9......24 Grafik Vin............... IC perhitungan f = 8059 Hz.......................... 196 Gambar 9................................16 Kurva Lissajous R ..................................17 Kurva Lissajous R ................................ 195 Gambar 9.......4 Fungsi Sinus R-L...18 Laplace Fungsi Gergaji..............................17 Laplace Exponensial......7 Rangkaian RLC Seri..........................................................178 Gambar 8........... 195 Gambar 9............................... 193 Gambar 9...................................3 Fungsi Tangga R-L.............. 196 Gambar 9...............22 Kurva Lissajous RC........15 Rangkaian RLC Paralel..................... IL......

............................ 253 Gambar 9..... 280 Gambar 9...........................................37 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C..............52 Laplace fungsi tangga......................35 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L.27 Rangkaian Kompensasi....26 Rangkaian Resiprositas.................. 198 Gambar 9.........22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel...... 198 Gambar 9........... 295 xiv ..49 Spektrum Sinyal Kotak................39 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel....41 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T........ 287 Gambar 9................................................... 255 Gambar 9........23 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber I................................................................................46 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinus...................29 Norton.......................Gambar 9.............................................33 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda...................... 285 Gambar 9..................... 283 Gambar 9....... 265 Gambar 9....... 281 Gambar 9... 244 Gambar 9....................... 291 Gambar 9...............................44 Filter Tipe HPF.........45 Fourier Sinusoidal... 288 Gambar 9.................36 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C........................ 285 Gambar 9....... 262 Gambar 9......................................... 198 Gambar 9................................. 198 Gambar 9..............................28 Thevenin.................................................................................. 259 Gambar 9..............................................................................................24 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber II................................................................................32 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama........................................................... 274 Gambar 9............... 282 Gambar 9...............31 Rangkaian dua pintu tipe T.................................................................. 198 Gambar 9.47 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinusoidal ....199 Gambar 9.............................. 197 Gambar 9......... 198 Gambar 9..................................................... 197 Gambar 9........38 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri...........................................43 Filter Tipe BPF.... 250 Gambar 9.....................25 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber Total...................50 Rangkaian FFT Segitiga...................................................................................................................................................................... 282 Gambar 9..... 198 Gambar 9......... 269 Gambar 9............53 Laplace Fungsi Exponensial.......42 Rangkaian Filter LPF............................51 Spektrum Gelombang Segitiga.....................30 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin .............................34 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL........................................................... 239 Gambar 9.....................48 Fourier Gelombang Kotak.......40 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi.......... 288 Gambar 9..Norton.............

......................................................59 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel..........................67 Rangkaian Norton............. 315 Gambar 9.................. 323 Gambar 9......................... 323 Gambar 9...........................................63 Rangkaian Thevenin........65 Rangkaian Thevenin...............55 Laplace Segitiga...........54 Laplac Gergaji................................................................ 305 Gambar 9.........69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin dan Norton........56 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis....................................... 325 xv ...................... 324 Gambar 9.......... 320 Gambar 9.................. 322 Gambar 9.......................61 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi 2 Sumber...................... 306 Gambar 9............. 321 Gambar 9.62 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi.......................................60 Rangkaian Superposisi a) Sumber 1...............57 Kurva Histerisis Percobaan......................64 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL............298 Gambar 9................................................... 301 Gambar 9......................................................................................... 318 Gambar 9.................................................... 303 Gambar 9................................................68 Rangkaian Norton...................58 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri................ 309 Gambar 9.66 Rangkaian teorema Norton.. 313 a) Sumber 2................................. 321 Gambar 9......................Gambar 9..........................................................................................................

..... 32 Tabel 3.. 52 Tabel 3..... 58 Tabel 4.................... 28 Tabel 2...............4 Tabel ekuivalen norton.... perhitungan................................... 64 Tabel 4...... percobaan dan EWB......5 Nilai Resistor........ 64 Tabel 4.................................................................................................................. 18 Tabel 2................1 Tabel rangkaian thevenin.. 39 Tabel 3....................................2 Tabel rangkaian norton..1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga..........................12 Perbandingan percobaan........2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi. 38 Tabel 3...................10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan...................... percobaan. dan simulasi EWB...................2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang.........14 Perbandingan perhitungan..........7 Perbandingan percobaan teorema superposisi...3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang..................................9 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan.............3 Data percobaan Kompensasi........ 9 Tabel 2........ 21 Tabel 2......15 Perbandingan rangkaian pembagi tegangan............... 38 Tabel 3... percobaan........ 11 Tabel 2.................9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas........ 10 Tabel 2...................... 39 Tabel 3.... 40 Tabel 3........................................ dan simulasi EWB......................7 Perbandingan perhitungan dan pengukuran................................5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor ....... 29 Tabel 2.............................. 8 Tabel 2.................................................... 25 Tabel 2....................... 47 Tabel 3................... dan simulasi EWB......................... 64 Tabel 4.1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan........ perhitungan................... 16 Tabel 2.............. 8 Tabel 2.......8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan teorema kompensasi................... 66 xvi ............ 12 Tabel 2................13 Perbandingan perhitungan.3 Tabel ekuivalen thevenin norton....4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi........4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan...... dan simulasi EWB......................DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2............. 64 Tabel 4.......................5 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Thevenin.......11 Perbandingan percobaan... percobaan............. dan simulasi EWB .................6 Perbandingan Rtotal perhitungan dan percobaan. 8 Tabel 2.....8 Perbandingan perhitungan...................... 40 Tabel 3...... 31 Tabel 2................6 Data percobaan resiprositas..

.........2 Rangkaian ∆.............................. 123 Tabel 6.............. 78 Tabel 5..... 82 Tabel 5....19 Parameter transmisi T................................................. 127 Tabel 6.................7 Tabel Perbandingan R ekuivalen Thevenin..........................................................13 Parameter hybrid invers-g.......10 Perbandingan Simulasi....... 126 Tabel 6................................................6 Nilai parameter Z....... 131 Tabel 6.....5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan......... 121 Tabel 6................................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan......3 Data percobaan tipe T ..................................... 128 Tabel 6.................................................... 117 Tabel 6.......... 120 Tabel 6..................6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Norton........................ 113 Tabel 6....................................1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya.....................................................................................1 Rangkaian Y............... 125 Tabel 6..............................18 Parameter Y.......................................................... 69 Tabel 4..................... 78 Tabel 5.2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya....................................16 Parameter impedensi Z....................................... 85 Tabel 5. AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya..... 132 xvii ................ 122 Tabel 6..................................................................... dan Perhitungan....... 121 Tabel 6.....................5 Tabel Konversi parameter......7 Perbandingan Nilai RAE rangkaian kubus.......... 70 Tabel 4................................. 98 Tabel 5......17 Dzz...................................7 Dzz...... 72 Tabel 4................. 131 Tabel 6........... 67 Tabel 4................................. 118 Tabel 6......11 Parameter T invers................................. 78 Tabel 5...8 parameter Y................................6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.....8 Perbandingan Nilai RAB pada rangkaian piramid......3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus.... 79 Tabel 5........4 Data percobaan tipe T . 116 Tabel 6.................... 116 Tabel 6.... 117 Tabel 6............ 123 Tabel 6...................................................... 130 Tabel 6.......................................8 Perbandingan Rekuivalen Norton................Tabel 4..............12 Parameter H...............................................9 Perbandingan IRL EWB dan ekuvalen........................................................9 Parameter transient T..............4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramid.....................10 Arus pengganti..........................15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan...... 72 Tabel 5............................................................................. CD dihubung dengan catudaya..................... EWB.............................

.................percobaan.......Tabel 6......................................................................5 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan......................12 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi................................................. 285 Tabel 9...... 136 Tabel 6...................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rendah.... 281 Tabel 9.....percobaan....14 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi....................................... 147 Tabel 7..........11 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi........6 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.................. 283 Tabel 9................ 289 Tabel 9................... 135 Tabel 6.......... 242 Tabel 9............9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.............................23 Parameter g............ 254 Tabel 9.................................10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan........................................percobaan...... 134 Tabel 6...................................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....... 189 Tabel 9...........................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi resonansi................................................................................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi.....8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan...................................................................................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......... 133 Tabel 6....7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan................... 251 Tabel 9............................................ 272 Tabel 9............................1 Data perhitungan .....15 Perbandingan THD perhitungan ...........13 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...................................... 260 Tabel 9....20 Arus pengganti.....................25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan...........................percobaan.......17 Perbandingan THD hasil perhitungan dengan simulasi.................... 161 Tabel 8..................3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.... 286 Tabel 9........................................ 138 Tabel 7.......... 248 Tabel 9.............21 Parameter T invers..................3 Data perhitungan ..............22 Parameter H.................. 278 Tabel 9.4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...... 257 Tabel 9.............. 267 Tabel 9..24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan......... 137 Tabel 6....2 Data perhitungan ..................... 185 Tabel 8..................................... 263 Tabel 9................... 286 xviii .16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.................................. 283 Tabel 9....... 181 Tabel 8......... 154 Tabel 7..

................28 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.. 317 Tabel 9. 319 Tabel 9.............. 299 ..................................................................... 302 Tabel 9............ 311 Tabel 9........................30 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...............21 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi........................... 326 xix ................ 289 Tabel 9.........................23 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...... 293 Tabel 9.......... 296 Tabel 9..........20 Perbandingan perhitungan dengansimulasi......... 289 Tabel 9............. 324 Tabel 9...22 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi..............24 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..26 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi 2 sumber................ 315 Tabel 9..................... Tabel 9...........19 Perbandingan THD perhitungan dan simulasi............. 322 Tabel 9..... 316 Tabel 9......................................32 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..................Tabel 9.......27 Perbandingan superposisi dengan loop tertutup........25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.....29 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......................18 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.............31 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi...................................... 317 Tabel 9.........

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