DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang...........................................................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................................................

4

2.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 33

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................................................................................... 34
3.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................ 34
3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 36

3.4 Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................... 36
3.5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................. 38
iv

.....................3 Alat dan Bahan....................3.......5 Data Percobaan....................................... 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4........................ 78 5.................................2 Gambar Rangkaian.............................. 73 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5........................7 Kesimpulan........1 Tujuan Percobaan... 74 5.................... 114 6.....................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...................... 65 4........1 Tujuan Percobaan.......... 77 5............ 60 4..................................................5 Data Percobaan................................................... 62 4................ 119 6........................................4 Langkah Percobaan................................................................................................................................................... 115 6................................................... 116 6............................. 114 6..................................................... 115 6......................................2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................... 41 3........................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.................. 60 4.............................................................3 Alat dan Bahan...................................................... 74 5................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan......................................................................................................................................5 Data Percobaan.....................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian...1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan....... 77 5.6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...............................................................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan....................... 80 5...................................................................................................... 62 4...........................................7 Kesimpulan........................................... 114 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6................................................. 139 v ................... 64 4.....................................................................7 Kesimpulan..................................................4 Langkah Percobaan........................................................................................................................4 Cara Kerja.........................

.... 140 7..................................................BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7.....4 Langkah Percobaan.........................4 Langkah Percobaan....... 329 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi ........................................................................... 170 8......... 328 10................................................................5 Data Percobaan............................................................................................................................................................................... 141 7..................................................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian....................................................... 172 8...3 Alat dan Bahan.................................................................5 Data Percobaan............. 146 7................................................. 141 7.......................................................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan....... 327 BAB VII PENUTUP 10................................2 Gambar Rangkaian............................................................................... 192 9........................................................ 171 8.............................................1 Tujuan Percobaan...2 Saran..................................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan. 238 9........................................ 192 9...............................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.............. 191 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9. 199 9.......................................... 175 8.......... 171 8............................................... 199 9.............1 Tujuan Percobaan........................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan........... 142 7.......................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.................................. 170 8................................................................................................................................ 200 9................................... 140 7................................................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian..................7 Kesimpulan.............................3 Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................................................................5 Data Percobaan......................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.....................................1 Kesimpulan..................7 Kesimpulan.................................... 169 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8.....3 Alat dan Bahan.........................

..................10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat..............13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang................6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan................11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang................. 34 Gambar 3............................ 13 Gambar 2...............8 Rangkaian Teorema......................................................... 41 Gambar 3....... 17 Gambar 2............. 27 Gambar 2.2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang....... 4 Gambar 2.............................................. 20 Gambar 2........................6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B..3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang........................1 Rangkaian Tangga...........................4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL..................11 Rangkaian Superposisi...... 35 Gambar 3......7 Rangkaian Tangga............... 5 Gambar 2.................................1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi...................................... 26 Gambar 2....... 17 Gambar 2.................................................................. 22 Gambar 2................. 41 Gambar 3.....8 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Tangga......... 30 Gambar 3......................................................................9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat.................................15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL..........17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa beban RL...................3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi.12 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Seimbang................... 34 Gambar 3.......... 34 Gambar 3...............5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3.......................18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL....14 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang. 43 vii ...................................... 42 Gambar 3.................. 29 Gambar 2....................................... 19 Gambar 2............ 5 Gambar 2..................16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL.... 41 Gambar 3........................ 4 Gambar 2....... 35 Gambar 3....... 24 Gambar 2...........5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL........ 35 Gambar 3....12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat........................... 4 Gambar 2.............................10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang......9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang........................... 15 Gambar 2....................... 35 Gambar 3......................................7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D.... 10 Gambar 2.DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2.4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi.2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi.............................................

........................14 Rangkaian Norton Perhitungan....................................................... 46 Gambar 3........................... 57 Gambar 3.................................................10 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin... 68 Gambar 4.........................................................................1 (a) Rangkaian Y..........................16 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 2 aktif........... 49 Gambar 3......................................................................23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B............................................12 EWB Thevenin percobaan................. 48 Gambar 3.....13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat............ 65 Gambar 4..8 Rangkaian teorema Norton............................................................. 60 Gambar 4...13 EWB Thevenin Perhitungan ............................ 65 Gambar 4............... 51 Gambar 3............4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen norton .................................................. 71 Gambar 4.............21 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15 V.........................................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi............................. 66 Gambar 4......... 53 Gambar 3.......................................................................14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif.........................26 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di CD........... 70 Gambar 4....25 Rangkaian Resiprositas.... 67 Gambar 4...... 46 Gambar 3...............22 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15V dan VR3 = 2.....................................15 Rangkaian Norton Percobaan............. 74 (b) Rangkaian ∆...............18 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3........................ 61 Gambar 4.... 60 Gambar 4........................................................5 Rangkaian thevenin..............................................11 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton............................. 71 Gambar 4....... 71 Gambar 5...............2 Rangkaian norton.................27 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di AB...6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka.................................... 68 Gambar 4............................................................7 Rangkaian Pengganti....24 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D.. 54 Gambar 3...................................... 71 Gambar 4..................................................20 Rangkaian Kompensasi....................................................................................3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin................................ 44 Gambar 3.... 50 Gambar 3.........................19 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi ....................9 Rangkaian thevenin... 61 Gambar 4........ 74 viii ...................49 V.. 53 Gambar 3.. 51 Gambar 3.........................................Gambar 3. 57 Gambar 4.............. 48 Gambar 3.1 Rangkaian thevenin.....................15 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 1 aktif... 46 Gambar 3.......

.... 83 Gambar 5.......... 103 Gambar 5..31 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat.................25 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF.................... 86 Gambar 5............23 Rangkaian EWB Kubus.....................14 Rangkaian EWB Y...................... 81 Gambar 5........................................ 91 Gambar 5......................................................... 75 Gambar 5....32 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan..........13 Transformasi ∆ ..... 93 Gambar 5....................22 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.... 102 Gambar 5..19 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus................. 76 Gambar 5..Gambar 5............. 97 Gambar 5................................9 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor....10 Rangkaian Bintang........... 80 Gambar 5..........................................24 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan konduktor CD dan GF.......... 86 Gambar 5.....................................................12 Rangkaian ∆............................33 Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R.............................11 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian........................16 Rangkaian Kubus.............27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid.......................Y.................................................................................................................. 76 Gambar 5...................................................................6 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor .20 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian.....26 Rangkaian Piramid.............. 83 Gambar 5....................... 75 Gambar 5.............................................18 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat..... 76 Gambar 5......30 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat...... 74 Gambar 5. 99 Gambar 5............................................................... 90 Gambar 5.......................3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor...............21 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF....................................................28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid.. 99 Gambar 5.................................. 99 Gambar 5.................8 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor............................. 104 ix .............17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus...... 76 Gambar 5.........................................................................................2 Rangkaian Kubus.... 102 Gambar 5....................15 Rangkaian EWB ∆.................. 91 Gambar 5............. 100 Gambar 5... 75 Gambar 5....................... 84 Gambar 5..................................................................................................................5 Rangkaian Piramid... 102 Gambar 5................................... 91 Gambar 5............7 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor.....4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor........... 101 Gambar 5.................29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian........................................................................................ 80 Gambar 5..

.............................. 143 Gambar 7........ 114 Gambar 6................................................... 129 Gambar 6..41 Rangkaian pyramid dengan R pada CE dan BD ......... 112 Gambar 6................... 108 Gambar 5........6 Lissajous VL ..............................................................................2 Sumber Tegangan........................................................................................................ 140 Gambar 7.. 107 Gambar 5......................................................................4 Induktor.............................................. 142 Gambar 7.....2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T............................ 107 Gambar 5..........VC................45 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE dan BD ...............................................................35 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.....9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD........ 138 Gambar 7.....................34 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R ........................................ 137 Gambar 6.....................................................................5 Kapasitor...............................................6 Rangkaian tipe T..... 104 Gambar 5...38 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat........3 Rangkaian tipe phi........................................................................... 127 Gambar 6.......3 Resistor...... 143 Gambar 7........................................... 107 Gambar 5.....36 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE ........... 128 Gambar 6.......... 109 Gambar 5...................Gambar 5...................4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB.....7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T.........................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi........7 Add VL + VC..............37 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat... 104 Gambar 5...... 143 Gambar 7... 106 Gambar 5......... 138 Gambar 6.....................................................10 Pembagi Tegangan.................................... 144 x ......... 119 Gambar 6....... 142 Gambar 7................8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan...........5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD................................................................39 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.......................... 137 Gambar 6. 109 Gambar 5.......................40 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan konduktor CE dan BD................. 114 Gambar 6.................. 142 Gambar 7...............................................8 Resistor.... 109 Gambar 5...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................43 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...............................44 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian........ 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri . 111 Gambar 5....42 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan...........................................................

.................. 152 Gambar 7.......................34 Vector daya R........................... 157 Gambar 7....................................................... 152 Gambar 7......................40 Fasor C.. 152 Gambar 7..................... 147 Gambar 7........................................................... 145 Gambar 7....................................... 145 Gambar 7.. 152 Gambar 7............13 Resistor....... 145 Gambar 7...............................................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC.............................................................. 151 Gambar 7.....31 Fasor RLC....................14 Induktor.....22 Diagram vector daya di C................................................................ 150 Gambar 7.....21 Diagram vector daya di L.......................................................................................15 Kapasitor......................................................................24 Fasor R..................................................... 144 Gambar 7...............................................................................35 Vector daya L.........................................................................................Gambar 7.......... 158 Gambar 7.........................................................................................38 Fasor R................26 Fasor C............ 153 Gambar 7....17 Add VL + VC............................................................................................................28 Fasor R............................ 157 Gambar 7...........................................................10 Kapasitor............................................................................................. 151 Gambar 7.......................... 150 Gambar 7..............................145 Gambar 7....36 Vector daya C....27 Fasor RLC..VC................................19 Lissajous VL + VC.......................... 158 Gambar 7.....................11 Lissajous VL ..................... 157 Gambar 7.........................................37 Vector daya RLC.. 154 Gambar 7................................................................................ 150 Gambar 7............. 158 xi ............................................................................................................. 145 Gambar 7................VC....................20 Diagram vector daya di R...................39 Fasor L....30 Fasor C.............................................................................................12 Add VL + VC......................................................9 Induktor............................................................18 Rangkaian RLC Seri... 157 Gambar 7....................... 151 Gambar 7...25 Fasor L............... 144 Gambar 7.................................................33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC.........................................16 Lissajous VL ... 151 Gambar 7.......................................................................................................... 144 Gambar 7......................................................... 150 Gambar 7..................................... 144 Gambar 7...................................................32 Rangkaian RLC Seri.........29 Fasor L.................................................................................... 146 Gambar 7...

.................................................................................................1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel............ 173 Gambar 8........56 Fasor R.................................................. 175 Gambar 8.............46 Rangkaian RLC Seri........................................................................ 177 Gambar 8................................................................................. 165 Gambar 7........................178 Gambar 8.......................48 Vector daya di R..... 158 Gambar 7.............................................................................................................................................................................Gambar 7........................................................11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan............ 172 Gambar 8.....8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.................................52 Fasor R.......................................53 Fasor L..... 165 Gambar 7......................................47 Pola Lissajous VL + VC....................................................51 Vector daya RLC..... 166 Gambar 7............. 165 Gambar 7.......43 Fasor L.................. 161 Gambar 7..................................................45 Fasor RLC........49 Vector daya L...................................59 Fasor RLC....................................... 164 Gambar 7.. 175 Gambar 8.......................................4 Grafik Lissajous RC........ 160 Gambar 7........ 166 Gambar 7...........................................................7 Grafik Lissajous RL........55 Fasor RLC...13 Lagging terhadap V.....5 Grafik Lissajous RL............ 174 Gambar 8................................................................................................................................178 xii ...............................................................................57 Fasor L..................................................... 165 Gambar 7.................................... 166 Gambar 8....... 166 Gambar 7....................Arus RLC Paralel... 159 Gambar 7........................................................................................... 164 Gambar 7.. 172 Gambar 8. 164 Gambar 7..................... 164 Gambar 7.......10 Poroses menggambar Lissajous................................ 159 Gambar 7............................ 170 Gambar 8.......54 Fasor C....................................................................................................... 159 Gambar 7......3 Grafik Lissajous RL.........12 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kiri.......................... 174 Gambar 8.............. 176 Gambar 8........................................................9 Grafik Tegangan ..........42 Fasor R.........................50 Vector daya C.............................. 173 Gambar 8......................................................................................... 159 Gambar 7...............................6 Grafik Lissajous RC..........41 Fasor RLC..................................................................58 Fasor C......................................................................................2 Grafik Lissajous RC............................................................................................44 Fasor C................................

...... 194 Gambar 9............................................................................................ 195 Gambar 9.......................................7 Rangkaian RLC Seri.............20 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis......... 197 Gambar 9.......... 180 Gambar 8.20 Kurva Lissajous RL... IL.......... 188 Gambar 8................... 194 Gambar 9........5 Fungsi Tangga R-C........15 Rangkaian RLC Paralel....14 Leading terhadap V..................... IL.........................................18 Grafik Vin.15 Fourier Segitiga...............................................................16 Laplace Tangga...........3 Fungsi Tangga R-L............................................................................................................................L ..........9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi............................................................. 192 Gambar 9................... IR................................... 197 xiii ......................................... 196 Gambar 9............19 Kurva Lissajous RC................................. 180 Gambar 8... 193 Gambar 9.......................16 Kurva Lissajous R ...............................19 Laplace Segitiga......................... IR.........................12 Filter tipe HPF......................22 Kurva Lissajous RC..1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama.........17 Laplace Exponensial........ 194 Gambar 9.......................................................................................... IR................10 Filter tipe LPF........................13 Fourier Sinusoidal... IC perhitungan f = 2423 Hz.......................17 Kurva Lissajous R .......................................... 196 Gambar 9........C..... 190 Gambar 9.................................... 195 Gambar 9......................14 Fourier Gelombang Kotak .......... IL...........4 Fungsi Sinus R-L.. 184 Gambar 8......... 196 Gambar 9.......23 Kurva Lissajous RL.........................................11 Filter tipe BPF.............................................. 188 Gambar 8.............................................. 195 Gambar 9.......................2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda. 184 Gambar 8......... 195 Gambar 9......................................... 193 Gambar 9............. 192 Gambar 9..................................................178 Gambar 8... IC perhitungan f = 305 Hz...........6 Fungsi Sinus R-C........18 Laplace Fungsi Gergaji................... 179 Gambar 8..... 182 Gambar 8..............................24 Grafik Vin....8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel........................................................ 196 Gambar 9............................. 193 Gambar 9...................Gambar 8.................21 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri................................................................................................................... 186 Gambar 8......... 196 Gambar 9.. 195 Gambar 9............................................................................................................ 194 Gambar 9..................21 Grafik Vin.................................................................................................. IC perhitungan f = 8059 Hz.....................

............... 198 Gambar 9....................................................................30 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin ..................................37 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C. 198 Gambar 9.........24 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber II........................................................................... 250 Gambar 9.... 197 Gambar 9................................. 285 Gambar 9.......Norton.Gambar 9..... 291 Gambar 9.............................. 197 Gambar 9....................... 282 Gambar 9............. 269 Gambar 9.......... 288 Gambar 9...............................................................................29 Norton............33 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda................................................................................31 Rangkaian dua pintu tipe T........................... 198 Gambar 9............40 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi...........43 Filter Tipe BPF.......................... 262 Gambar 9.............46 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinus.............................................................44 Filter Tipe HPF..42 Rangkaian Filter LPF........................ 198 Gambar 9....23 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber I...........................................................................................50 Rangkaian FFT Segitiga.... 198 Gambar 9................................................................. 198 Gambar 9........................ 285 Gambar 9.....................................................45 Fourier Sinusoidal............36 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C..39 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel.....38 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri..25 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber Total..................48 Fourier Gelombang Kotak............34 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL...................49 Spektrum Sinyal Kotak...... 239 Gambar 9................................................35 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L............... 253 Gambar 9....53 Laplace Fungsi Exponensial............... 255 Gambar 9.....27 Rangkaian Kompensasi....22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel................ 265 Gambar 9......................................................................................................... 198 Gambar 9.... 283 Gambar 9................................................................ 274 Gambar 9.52 Laplace fungsi tangga.......................28 Thevenin....................... 281 Gambar 9.......................... 280 Gambar 9................. 287 Gambar 9.199 Gambar 9.......................................................... 295 xiv ....................47 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinusoidal ..... 244 Gambar 9................. 259 Gambar 9........... 282 Gambar 9........32 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama..........................................................51 Spektrum Gelombang Segitiga.................. 288 Gambar 9........................41 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T....................................................................................26 Rangkaian Resiprositas.....................

...65 Rangkaian Thevenin......... 301 Gambar 9..... 309 Gambar 9...................................62 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi.............58 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri......................................................................................................................................... 323 Gambar 9. 320 Gambar 9........69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin dan Norton....................................61 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi 2 Sumber................................... 323 Gambar 9........................... 325 xv .......................68 Rangkaian Norton..57 Kurva Histerisis Percobaan.....................................298 Gambar 9.......55 Laplace Segitiga.................64 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL......................... 324 Gambar 9.................. 306 Gambar 9...................67 Rangkaian Norton................66 Rangkaian teorema Norton.60 Rangkaian Superposisi a) Sumber 1..................................... 322 Gambar 9...................54 Laplac Gergaji..... 315 Gambar 9.................... 318 Gambar 9.............................................. 305 Gambar 9................................................Gambar 9..........56 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis.............................................................63 Rangkaian Thevenin........................................... 303 Gambar 9....................................... 321 Gambar 9....................................................... 313 a) Sumber 2.......................59 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel................. 321 Gambar 9........................................................................

...... perhitungan............ dan simulasi EWB.......................... 11 Tabel 2.......DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2................5 Nilai Resistor.. 64 Tabel 4..........7 Perbandingan perhitungan dan pengukuran.......... 38 Tabel 3....................4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi........... 52 Tabel 3.............. percobaan.......................13 Perbandingan perhitungan.....2 Tabel rangkaian norton. 18 Tabel 2...6 Data percobaan resiprositas............... dan simulasi EWB................2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang..........7 Perbandingan percobaan teorema superposisi. 28 Tabel 2........................................... 25 Tabel 2............4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan...... 38 Tabel 3...........................................................10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan................................... 29 Tabel 2....12 Perbandingan percobaan.... dan simulasi EWB.. 16 Tabel 2..................... 9 Tabel 2................8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan teorema kompensasi................ dan simulasi EWB..........................3 Tabel ekuivalen thevenin norton..1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga....5 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Thevenin..............3 Data percobaan Kompensasi....8 Perbandingan perhitungan............ 12 Tabel 2.....1 Tabel rangkaian thevenin........................... 8 Tabel 2...... 8 Tabel 2........ 47 Tabel 3................................................. dan simulasi EWB . 31 Tabel 2.................. percobaan............ perhitungan.....6 Perbandingan Rtotal perhitungan dan percobaan.... 8 Tabel 2...................... 10 Tabel 2..1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan....................2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi......3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang................15 Perbandingan rangkaian pembagi tegangan......................................... 58 Tabel 4.............. 40 Tabel 3....................5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor .....................................................14 Perbandingan perhitungan........................ 64 Tabel 4.......9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas.... percobaan dan EWB........ 64 Tabel 4............11 Perbandingan percobaan.............4 Tabel ekuivalen norton........... 64 Tabel 4................................ percobaan....................................... 66 xvi ........ 40 Tabel 3........................... 39 Tabel 3..................9 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan........... 21 Tabel 2............. 39 Tabel 3... 32 Tabel 3........

..........10 Arus pengganti.......................... 125 Tabel 6...................................................... 72 Tabel 5...................................................7 Tabel Perbandingan R ekuivalen Thevenin.................................................................. 116 Tabel 6................................................................................... dan Perhitungan............................9 Parameter transient T. 85 Tabel 5.............9 Perbandingan IRL EWB dan ekuvalen........................ EWB....................18 Parameter Y.. 131 Tabel 6................................................................. 120 Tabel 6................ 131 Tabel 6.. 78 Tabel 5..............3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus...6 Nilai parameter Z............... 78 Tabel 5...............Tabel 4............................ 121 Tabel 6............................. 82 Tabel 5. AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya............14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan........................... 123 Tabel 6............................................................................................................................................. 98 Tabel 5.............3 Data percobaan tipe T ................................ 70 Tabel 4.......................6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Norton.....11 Parameter T invers......................... 122 Tabel 6.............. 79 Tabel 5..15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan..........................................2 Rangkaian ∆....... 117 Tabel 6........ 72 Tabel 4.................16 Parameter impedensi Z........................ 132 xvii .............................7 Perbandingan Nilai RAE rangkaian kubus............ 69 Tabel 4............................................................ 126 Tabel 6......17 Dzz.................8 Perbandingan Nilai RAB pada rangkaian piramid......................................................8 parameter Y............................................................ 130 Tabel 6............1 Rangkaian Y................................ CD dihubung dengan catudaya............................ 113 Tabel 6..................................... 128 Tabel 6.........4 Data percobaan tipe T ...................................8 Perbandingan Rekuivalen Norton.........................7 Dzz.............5 Tabel Konversi parameter...........5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.....4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramid. 121 Tabel 6..10 Perbandingan Simulasi....... 117 Tabel 6.......... 67 Tabel 4............................................. 78 Tabel 5.............. 116 Tabel 6................ 127 Tabel 6.19 Parameter transmisi T.......... 118 Tabel 6....13 Parameter hybrid invers-g........1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya........12 Parameter H....2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya................................................ 123 Tabel 6.............6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.....

...........................1 Data perhitungan ..1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....... 189 Tabel 9..14 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi............ 161 Tabel 8..............13 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi..........................9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan............. 133 Tabel 6.......................................................percobaan..22 Parameter H...... 263 Tabel 9.23 Parameter g................................................5 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.................25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan....................10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan...........................................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rendah............................................ 267 Tabel 9............................................ 281 Tabel 9.............................................. 138 Tabel 7................................................. 136 Tabel 6.......24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan........................... 248 Tabel 9........16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi... 272 Tabel 9......... 286 xviii ....... 242 Tabel 9..8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan......................... 181 Tabel 8............. 283 Tabel 9............. 185 Tabel 8....... 285 Tabel 9...............................................Tabel 6.......12 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...........................2 Data perhitungan ...... 251 Tabel 9..............................2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi.................. 278 Tabel 9..........................................6 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan......7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan.....................................21 Parameter T invers................. 257 Tabel 9....15 Perbandingan THD perhitungan . 289 Tabel 9..........4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......................................... 137 Tabel 6..........2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....................3 Data perhitungan ..........................................................20 Arus pengganti............................................... 283 Tabel 9................. 286 Tabel 9... 135 Tabel 6............11 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...........3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi resonansi....................percobaan................ 134 Tabel 6.................. 254 Tabel 9..............3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............percobaan............ 260 Tabel 9. 154 Tabel 7.... 147 Tabel 7.............................................percobaan................17 Perbandingan THD hasil perhitungan dengan simulasi.

.........32 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.....................................................................................................18 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.........22 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi...................................... 293 Tabel 9.................... Tabel 9............................................ 322 Tabel 9... 317 Tabel 9............................30 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.................................24 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................28 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............. 289 Tabel 9. 316 Tabel 9.... 296 Tabel 9.........26 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi 2 sumber..23 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.19 Perbandingan THD perhitungan dan simulasi...Tabel 9.... 289 Tabel 9...................... 317 Tabel 9.... 315 Tabel 9...................21 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi... 311 Tabel 9...............27 Perbandingan superposisi dengan loop tertutup.. 324 Tabel 9........................31 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi....................25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...... 319 Tabel 9........29 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi........20 Perbandingan perhitungan dengansimulasi...... 326 xix .... 302 Tabel 9....................... 299 .........

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