DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL.........................................................................................

i

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN...........................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI......................................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR GAMBAR......................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................. xvi
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN

1.1. Latar Belakang...........................................................................................

1

1.2. Tujuan Praktikum......................................................................................

1

1.3. Waktu Pelaksanaan....................................................................................

1

1.4. Metode Pengumpulan Data........................................................................

2

1.5. Sistematika Penulisan Laporan Praktikum................................................

2

BAB II

SIFAT – SIFAT TAHANAN RANGKAIAN

2.1 Tujuan Percobaan..........................................................................................

4

2.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................

4

2.3

Alat dan Bahan..........................................................................................

6

2.4

Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................

6

2.5

Data Percobaan..........................................................................................

8

2.6

Analisa dan Pembahasan........................................................................... 10

2.7

Kesimpulan................................................................................................ 33

BAB III

TEOREMA SUPERPOSISI, RESIPROSITAS DAN
KOMPENSASI

3.1 Tujuan Percobaan.......................................................................................... 34
3.2 Gambar Rangkaian........................................................................................ 34
3.3

Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................... 36

3.4 Langkah Percobaan....................................................................................... 36
3.5 Data Percobaan.............................................................................................. 38
iv

......................1 Tujuan Percobaan................................................................................... 77 5.............................................. 114 6.......3 Alat dan Bahan.............................. 114 BAB VI RANGKAIAN DUA PINTU 6.. 74 5........................................ 119 6...................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.................... 115 6...............2 Gambar Rangkaian............................................................................................................ 115 6..................................... 139 v .................................................................................................7 Kesimpulan..................... 62 4.......................................................................2 Gambar Rangkaian..........1 Tujuan Percobaan....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 60 4..................................... 59 BAB IV TEOREMA THEVENIN DAN NORTON 4............ 62 4....... 65 4................................................................5 Data Percobaan.......................................... 74 5........................................................7 Kesimpulan.....................................................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan......................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.......5 Data Percobaan.. 77 5.......7 Kesimpulan... 114 6...2 Gambar Rangkaian..................................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan....6 Analisa dan Pembahasan.......1 Tujuan Percobaan..............................7 Kesimpulan...................... 80 5..........................................................................4 Langkah Percobaan.......................................3 Alat dan Bahan................................................................................................................................... 78 5..................... 41 3.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 60 4..3...4 Langkah Percobaan...............................................5 Data Percobaan...................4 Cara Kerja........... 116 6....................................................... 64 4.... 73 BAB V TRANSFORMASI RANGKAIAN 5....................................

....................7 Kesimpulan........................ 171 8....................................3 Alat dan Bahan. 328 10..............................................7 Kesimpulan................................................ 191 BAB IX SOFTWARE 9.. 172 8............................ 141 7............................................................4 Langkah Percobaan................................................................................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan................................................................................................ 192 9...........................................................4 Langkah Percobaan... 171 8............................................................................................................BAB VII RANGKAIAN R-L-C SERI 7.....................................................................................................................................1 Kesimpulan................................................... 170 8.....2 Gambar Rangkaian.. 141 7...................................2 Saran.................. 140 7........................................5 Data Percobaan.. 169 BAB VIII RANGKAIAN R-L-C PARALEL 8...................................................................................... 327 BAB VII PENUTUP 10. 140 7................................................................................................................................. 146 7........... 199 9....................................6 Analisa dan Pembahasan...........................................................7 Kesimpulan..1 Tujuan Percobaan........................................................................................................................ 192 9.......................2 Gambar Rangkaian......6 Analisa dan Pembahasan..........................................................4 Langkah Percobaan...................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.............................. 199 9....................................................... 329 DAFTAR PUSTAKA LAMPIRAN 1 vi ..................3 Alat dan Bahan...........................................5 Data Percobaan........................ 238 9.....................................................................3 Alat dan Bahan................................... 175 8.............. 200 9......................... 170 8.............2 Gambar Rangkaian...............................................................1 Tujuan Percobaan.................5 Data Percobaan................................................ 142 7.................................................................................................................................................

...................DAFTAR GAMBAR Gambar 2....................... 13 Gambar 2........6 Rangkaian Pembagi Arus dan Tegangan..............................3 Rangkaian V2 aktif Superposisi.......................................................8 Rangkaian Teorema.......... 35 Gambar 3.....13 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang........10 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan Jembatan Seimbang..................... 34 Gambar 3..................................................... 17 Gambar 2.......... 22 Gambar 2...........18 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL......1 Rangkaian Tangga...................................................................9 Rangkaian V1 aktif V2 hubung singkat......................3 Rangkaian Jembatan Tak Seimbang...... 34 Gambar 3...................................................4 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL............................6 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B............... 19 Gambar 2....... 10 Gambar 2............................2 Rangkaian V1 aktif Superposisi.....................................12 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Seimbang.............................. 41 Gambar 3................................12 Rangkaian Superposisi V2 dihubung singkat.........................................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan tanpa beban RL.......... 24 Gambar 2.......................11 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang................... 35 Gambar 3.........2 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang....................... 20 Gambar 2.......... 35 Gambar 3.............1 Rangkaian Teorema Superposisi.5 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3................................5 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan tanpa RL... 5 Gambar 2.................................10 Rangkaian V2 aktif V1 hubung singkat.15 Rangkaian Percobaan Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL............ 35 Gambar 3........ 4 Gambar 2..7 Rangkaian Tangga...................... 17 Gambar 2......... 41 Gambar 3....7 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D................................................. 42 Gambar 3..............4 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi....... 15 Gambar 2.......11 Rangkaian Superposisi..................................... 34 Gambar 3................ 5 Gambar 2............. 30 Gambar 3................. 27 Gambar 2..............................14 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Jembatan Tak Seimbang..... 41 Gambar 3......... 29 Gambar 2.........16 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Pembagi Tegangan dengan RL...... 4 Gambar 2......... 4 Gambar 2.. 26 Gambar 2.........9 Rangkaian Jembatan Seimbang......................8 Simulasi Ewb Simulasi Tangga........................ 43 vii .......

...........13 Rangkaian Superposisi V1 dihubung singkat......................................................................12 EWB Thevenin percobaan........ 46 Gambar 3................ 60 Gambar 4.............11 Rangkaian ekuivalen norton...14 Rangkaian Norton Perhitungan.... 61 Gambar 4............. 70 Gambar 4...................... 67 Gambar 4.......... 66 Gambar 4......................... 74 viii ........ 48 Gambar 3.. 71 Gambar 5.................................................18 Rangkaian Percobaan Kompensasi R3=VR3.............................. 46 Gambar 3............................................................................... 61 Gambar 4. 53 Gambar 3............................................ 60 Gambar 4....................... 46 Gambar 3...................................24 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di D...................26 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di CD...Gambar 3.23 Rangkaian Teorema Resiprositas Vs di B.........................4 Rangkaian Ekuivalen norton ........................................25 Rangkaian Resiprositas................................................................................. 65 Gambar 4....................... 71 Gambar 4.......................................................................................... 68 Gambar 4...........3 Rangkaian Ekuivalen thevenin.......... 71 Gambar 4..19 Rangkaian Teorema Kompensasi ................ 51 Gambar 3.................................. 71 Gambar 4...........................................................1 (a) Rangkaian Y.....22 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15V dan VR3 = 2......10 Rangkaian ekuivalen thevenin........... 57 Gambar 3...................... 65 Gambar 4.............................. 48 Gambar 3.........................................5 Rangkaian thevenin.20 Rangkaian Kompensasi..............15 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 1 aktif..................... 54 Gambar 3...........................................................................................1 Rangkaian thevenin................... 49 Gambar 3..... 74 (b) Rangkaian ∆.....9 Rangkaian thevenin................ 57 Gambar 4......................................2 Rangkaian norton......13 EWB Thevenin Perhitungan ............ 53 Gambar 3....... 44 Gambar 3.......................8 Rangkaian teorema Norton.............15 Rangkaian Norton Percobaan............ 51 Gambar 3.. 50 Gambar 3...14 Superposisi EWB 2 Sumber tegangan aktif..............................................................16 Superposisi EWB Sumber tegangan 2 aktif...............27 Resiprositas EWB sumber 15 V di AB................................49 V.....................................................7 Rangkaian Pengganti..................17 Rangkaian Percobaan Teorema Kompensasi................................6 Rangkaian Hubung Buka.................................... 68 Gambar 4.............21 Kompensasi Ewb sumber tegangan 15 V..............

. 97 Gambar 5...... 103 Gambar 5............................ 83 Gambar 5................................................................ 76 Gambar 5..............................................30 Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat............ 76 Gambar 5.....31 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan CE hubung singkat.............................. 91 Gambar 5.............................. 81 Gambar 5........ 74 Gambar 5....29 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian...... 84 Gambar 5................20 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian....... 75 Gambar 5.................................... 102 Gambar 5. 91 Gambar 5.............................27 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid..............................................28 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Piramid.......32 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan........................................................................................................................................ 99 Gambar 5......... 80 Gambar 5..19 Rangkaian ekuivalen Kubus............................ 99 Gambar 5.......................... 76 Gambar 5........................6 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor ............................................10 Rangkaian Bintang......... 76 Gambar 5...4 Rangkaian Kubus dengan resistor........... 93 Gambar 5..............................12 Rangkaian ∆................................ 100 Gambar 5............................... 75 Gambar 5..........Y.......... 104 ix ........ 90 Gambar 5......Gambar 5...................25 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF...................................... 102 Gambar 5................................................ 75 Gambar 5.....................15 Rangkaian EWB ∆................. 91 Gambar 5.....33 Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R...................21 Rangkaian Kubus dengan R pada CD dan GF..............................17 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian Kubus..........18 Rangkaian Kubus dengan CD dan GF dihubung singkat......................24 Rangkaian EWB Kubus dengan konduktor CD dan GF.................. 86 Gambar 5.................... 86 Gambar 5.. 80 Gambar 5..............2 Rangkaian Kubus...........7 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor........14 Rangkaian EWB Y............. 83 Gambar 5.....16 Rangkaian Kubus......................9 Rangkaian Piramid dengan resistor..................................................... 102 Gambar 5........26 Rangkaian Piramid...............................................8 Rangkaian Piramid dengan konduktor.............................................................11 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian..23 Rangkaian EWB Kubus.....13 Transformasi ∆ ................3 Rangkaian Kubus dengan konduktor............................ 101 Gambar 5.......................................................................................................................... 99 Gambar 5......5 Rangkaian Piramid................................22 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian..........................

.......................4 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di AB....................................... 128 Gambar 6...................6 Lissajous VL ...................................................39 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.8 Rangkaian Pembagi Tegangan.....44 Penyederhanaan Rangkaian....................................................38 Rangkaian bentuk lain Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat.... 114 Gambar 6..........................10 Pembagi Tegangan........................ 140 Gambar 7............................. 137 Gambar 6....40 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan konduktor CE dan BD................................................ 138 Gambar 7.............. 119 Gambar 6............ 138 Gambar 6............................................. 1 Rangkaian RLC Seri ................... 143 Gambar 7............................. 106 Gambar 5.....36 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE ..........3 Resistor..3 Rangkaian tipe phi.............................................................2 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe T........................ 104 Gambar 5.............................................................42 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan.................................... 114 Gambar 6...........7 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T.................................... 142 Gambar 7.............. 127 Gambar 6.................................45 Rangkaian EWB pyramid dengan resistor CE dan BD ..............................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe T catu daya di CD..... 111 Gambar 5........................................................................ 107 Gambar 5.................35 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan............. 104 Gambar 5................. 143 Gambar 7........................37 Rangkaian EWB Piramid dengan CE dan BD dihubung singkat........................... 112 Gambar 6... 144 x ..............4 Induktor.......6 Rangkaian tipe T........................... 137 Gambar 6...........5 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi catu daya di CD............................. 107 Gambar 5........................2 Sumber Tegangan............................................................ 109 Gambar 5................................................. 107 Gambar 5.....................................................................................................1 Rangkaian Dua pintu tipe phi...VC.8 Resistor.................................. 109 Gambar 5....................................Gambar 5...................................................................... 142 Gambar 7........................41 Rangkaian pyramid dengan R pada CE dan BD ................................................................................ 129 Gambar 6....................... 108 Gambar 5.....................................5 Kapasitor........... 143 Gambar 7...................................................43 Rangkaian Penyederhanaan....... 109 Gambar 5.................7 Add VL + VC. 142 Gambar 7..34 Bentuk lain Rangkaian Piramid dengan C diberi R .....................

........... 152 Gambar 7.............................. 158 Gambar 7..................................................................................................................... 154 Gambar 7......................VC..................................................................20 Diagram vector daya di R.................... 145 Gambar 7.............................23 Diagram vector daya di RLC....... 144 Gambar 7........ 158 Gambar 7.......... 152 Gambar 7................... 152 Gambar 7............................................................................................................. 153 Gambar 7......................................................................................................................145 Gambar 7........................... 150 Gambar 7......12 Add VL + VC. 151 Gambar 7.......................................................................... 144 Gambar 7..................................32 Rangkaian RLC Seri....................................................14 Induktor.................. 157 Gambar 7.................11 Lissajous VL ...16 Lissajous VL ....................17 Add VL + VC........................................................................ 144 Gambar 7......................................................................................................................................... 152 Gambar 7.................................................................... 147 Gambar 7...........................................................34 Vector daya R..............40 Fasor C......................................... 150 Gambar 7.................................18 Rangkaian RLC Seri...........................................................22 Diagram vector daya di C........................................................................15 Kapasitor.....................................................................................................................26 Fasor C............ 150 Gambar 7..........................................................28 Fasor R............37 Vector daya RLC.............................................................. 146 Gambar 7........................................... 157 Gambar 7.............................................................24 Fasor R...33 Pola Lissajous beda fasa VL + VC..... 157 Gambar 7.........35 Vector daya L. 150 Gambar 7...........................................................Gambar 7..19 Lissajous VL + VC...................................30 Fasor C................ 151 Gambar 7......................27 Fasor RLC................ 145 Gambar 7...........9 Induktor........................10 Kapasitor....29 Fasor L...................................................VC. 145 Gambar 7....13 Resistor......................................... 144 Gambar 7................................21 Diagram vector daya di L.......25 Fasor L......................................38 Fasor R...........................................................................................................31 Fasor RLC...... 158 xi ................................................................ 151 Gambar 7......36 Vector daya C.................................................................... 157 Gambar 7........................................ 145 Gambar 7................39 Fasor L....................... 151 Gambar 7....

....................41 Fasor RLC... 174 Gambar 8.......... 165 Gambar 7...................................4 Grafik Lissajous RC..................................................................................................Arus RLC Paralel............................ 159 Gambar 7...................................Gambar 7................................................................................. 165 Gambar 7...................................... 160 Gambar 7.1 Rangkaian RLC Paralel...............................50 Vector daya C......................................................... 173 Gambar 8...59 Fasor RLC. 175 Gambar 8.......43 Fasor L........... 172 Gambar 8.47 Pola Lissajous VL + VC......................... 166 Gambar 8......................................................... 170 Gambar 8........49 Vector daya L............................ 165 Gambar 7........................7 Grafik Lissajous RL....................................................54 Fasor C....................................................... 159 Gambar 7................................................................................................ 166 Gambar 7..................56 Fasor R............................................................................................... 159 Gambar 7............178 Gambar 8.........................10 Poroses menggambar Lissajous........................................................................................................................ 165 Gambar 7.................................................................. 164 Gambar 7...........................46 Rangkaian RLC Seri.............................................................................................. 172 Gambar 8. 174 Gambar 8...............................................................................................42 Fasor R....................................................48 Vector daya di R. 166 Gambar 7.......................................45 Fasor RLC.............................................................. 176 Gambar 8............11 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kanan.......................12 Mencari Beda Fasa Serong Kiri..............................8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel....13 Lagging terhadap V................. 166 Gambar 7..................................................................................9 Grafik Tegangan .... 164 Gambar 7.....................2 Grafik Lissajous RC......................55 Fasor RLC........................51 Vector daya RLC.........................................................................178 xii ......... 158 Gambar 7........................................................................... 175 Gambar 8......5 Grafik Lissajous RL.......................................... 173 Gambar 8......... 164 Gambar 7...........53 Fasor L.................... 164 Gambar 7.......................58 Fasor C....................44 Fasor C................................................... 161 Gambar 7................................................................................................................................................................52 Fasor R...........6 Grafik Lissajous RC...3 Grafik Lissajous RL.. 177 Gambar 8...............................57 Fasor L... 159 Gambar 7.................

....1 Magnetik kopling polaritas sama............................................................L . 195 Gambar 9..................................... 194 Gambar 9.........................3 Fungsi Tangga R-L............................... 184 Gambar 8................................................................................ 192 Gambar 9....................19 Laplace Segitiga..................................................... IR.............................................................. 196 Gambar 9..20 Kurva Lissajous RL....16 Laplace Tangga......... 195 Gambar 9.. 196 Gambar 9.................21 Rangkaian Natural RLC Seri......................................13 Fourier Sinusoidal.............14 Leading terhadap V... 179 Gambar 8......................................................................................................................9 Rangkaian 2 pintu tipe phi...... 196 Gambar 9..................... 195 Gambar 9......... 193 Gambar 9...................... 188 Gambar 8..12 Filter tipe HPF............. 182 Gambar 8..................................................................... IC perhitungan f = 2423 Hz....... 195 Gambar 9......................................2 Magnetik kopling polaritas beda................... IL..................................Gambar 8....................................................20 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis...................... 193 Gambar 9.................................... 196 Gambar 9.. 190 Gambar 9.............. 180 Gambar 8.............................................................. 184 Gambar 8.......................................................................22 Kurva Lissajous RC.... IL..........................................................10 Filter tipe LPF....................... IR............................................18 Laplace Fungsi Gergaji......16 Kurva Lissajous R ............................................24 Grafik Vin....................................... IC perhitungan f = 305 Hz........................11 Filter tipe BPF.... 197 xiii .....23 Kurva Lissajous RL.................18 Grafik Vin....... 186 Gambar 8............... 195 Gambar 9.............................................................................. 180 Gambar 8.................. 194 Gambar 9... 192 Gambar 9.............7 Rangkaian RLC Seri............................................. 194 Gambar 9...............................C.......................................17 Kurva Lissajous R .......6 Fungsi Sinus R-C...................... 194 Gambar 9.......................4 Fungsi Sinus R-L........ IR..........................178 Gambar 8.............. 196 Gambar 9.........19 Kurva Lissajous RC.... IC perhitungan f = 8059 Hz...........................................15 Fourier Segitiga........21 Grafik Vin............... 188 Gambar 8.................15 Rangkaian RLC Paralel...............5 Fungsi Tangga R-C..........................17 Laplace Exponensial......8 Rangkaian RLC Paralel.... 193 Gambar 9.. IL........ 197 Gambar 9.........................................................................................14 Fourier Gelombang Kotak ...................................................

.........36 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian R-C.... 198 Gambar 9.................39 Rangkaian R-L-C Paralel........................... 197 Gambar 9.................... 269 Gambar 9.................46 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinus.....30 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin ..................................................... 244 Gambar 9.......35 Respon Transien Masukan Fungsi Sinus Rangkaian R-L................Gambar 9........................................................................................................................... 285 Gambar 9............................... 274 Gambar 9......... 253 Gambar 9.................... 283 Gambar 9........48 Fourier Gelombang Kotak..49 Spektrum Sinyal Kotak...........22 Rangkaian Natural RLC Paralel...................... 198 Gambar 9.................................................................................................................. 280 Gambar 9....... 295 xiv .................................................31 Rangkaian dua pintu tipe T.24 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber II................................................32 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Sama... 198 Gambar 9......................................... 281 Gambar 9. 255 Gambar 9.................44 Filter Tipe HPF................................................................................. 250 Gambar 9.........42 Rangkaian Filter LPF......199 Gambar 9..... 287 Gambar 9............................... 198 Gambar 9... 288 Gambar 9...43 Filter Tipe BPF.. 288 Gambar 9.................................. 198 Gambar 9.............................. 265 Gambar 9...................47 Spektrum Amplitudo Sinusoidal .........................50 Rangkaian FFT Segitiga..... 291 Gambar 9................................................................................ 259 Gambar 9....... 262 Gambar 9.....................................Norton....34 Respon Transien Fungsi Tangga Rangkaian RL.45 Fourier Sinusoidal............51 Spektrum Gelombang Segitiga....................................................................................................53 Laplace Fungsi Exponensial....................................................23 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber I.......................................................... 282 Gambar 9......................33 Magnetik Coupling Polaritas Beda... 198 Gambar 9.....37 Respon Transien masukan Fungsi Sinus R-C....................................26 Rangkaian Resiprositas........... 282 Gambar 9.....................................................28 Thevenin....................52 Laplace fungsi tangga.... 198 Gambar 9................................................................. 285 Gambar 9...41 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk T........................................... 197 Gambar 9.......................25 Rangkaian Superposisi Sumber Total.......................................40 Rangkaian dua pintu bentuk phi.......... 239 Gambar 9....................38 Rangkaian R-L-C Seri.....................29 Norton........27 Rangkaian Kompensasi...............

.. 305 Gambar 9................57 Kurva Histerisis Percobaan...............................58 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Seri..................... 321 Gambar 9.........................................................................65 Rangkaian Thevenin........................ 321 Gambar 9...................................54 Laplac Gergaji...55 Laplace Segitiga..........................68 Rangkaian Norton...................................................... 315 Gambar 9.........60 Rangkaian Superposisi a) Sumber 1................................................ 320 Gambar 9. 325 xv ....................................................................................298 Gambar 9.............. 301 Gambar 9................ 324 Gambar 9.......Gambar 9............................................. 313 a) Sumber 2..............67 Rangkaian Norton.......................61 Rangkaian Percobaan Superposisi 2 Sumber..............63 Rangkaian Thevenin..............................................69 Rangkaian Pengganti Thevenin dan Norton.............................................................. 309 Gambar 9............... 323 Gambar 9...........................62 Rangkaian teorema Kompensasi.....................64 Rangkaian Percobaan Thevenin Tanpa RL...... 323 Gambar 9.......56 Rangkaian Kurva Histerisis................................................................................................ 322 Gambar 9.... 306 Gambar 9....................................................59 Rangkaian respon Natural RLC Paralel....... 318 Gambar 9......66 Rangkaian teorema Norton.......................................................... 303 Gambar 9..

............6 Data percobaan resiprositas......3 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan tak seimbang...........................12 Perbandingan percobaan........1 Tabel rangkaian thevenin.....11 Perbandingan percobaan... 64 Tabel 4........... 18 Tabel 2.. 12 Tabel 2. 40 Tabel 3..... dan simulasi EWB..........13 Perbandingan perhitungan...............DAFTAR TABEL Tabel 2..........................8 Perbandingan perhitungan................................5 Nilai Resistor................7 Perbandingan perhitungan dan pengukuran....7 Perbandingan percobaan teorema superposisi.. 40 Tabel 3...................... 9 Tabel 2........ 32 Tabel 3.............4 Data percobaan Kompensasii 2 variasi..............4 Tabel ekuivalen norton................................................14 Perbandingan perhitungan..............3 Data percobaan Kompensasi........... 64 Tabel 4........ percobaan.................. 21 Tabel 2......... 38 Tabel 3.......... 39 Tabel 3..........................10 Perbandingan nilai tegangan perhitungan......... perhitungan..... dan simulasi EWB...............8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan teorema kompensasi............. dan simulasi EWB....... dan simulasi EWB....... 25 Tabel 2.2 Data percobaan rangkaian jembatan seimbang.............4 Data percobaan rangkaian pembagi tegangan..............................................5 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Thevenin............1 Data percobaan rangkaian tangga.......................... percobaan............2 Data percobaan superposisi 3 variasi.........................1 Data percobaan besaran tahanan................ 31 Tabel 2..........9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan resiprositas................ 8 Tabel 2........................................6 Perbandingan Rtotal perhitungan dan percobaan... 11 Tabel 2............... 64 Tabel 4........................................ 64 Tabel 4....5 Data percobaan resiprositas resistor .... percobaan dan EWB...... 28 Tabel 2......... 58 Tabel 4.9 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan.......................15 Perbandingan rangkaian pembagi tegangan........... 8 Tabel 2................3 Tabel ekuivalen thevenin norton............................ 16 Tabel 2........2 Tabel rangkaian norton...... 8 Tabel 2....... 52 Tabel 3........ percobaan...... perhitungan.............. 29 Tabel 2................... 66 xvi ....................... 39 Tabel 3................. 47 Tabel 3...... dan simulasi EWB .................... 38 Tabel 3...................... 10 Tabel 2................................................................................

...... 85 Tabel 5....................................................................14 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dengan perhitungan....................................................................7 Tabel Perbandingan R ekuivalen Thevenin................. 78 Tabel 5................................................ 98 Tabel 5.................... 122 Tabel 6............8 Perbandingan Rekuivalen Norton................................................ 121 Tabel 6............ 116 Tabel 6.. 120 Tabel 6...................................................... 69 Tabel 4....................... 116 Tabel 6..............................3 Data percobaan tipe T .........................9 Parameter transient T....... 78 Tabel 5.............................................7 Perbandingan Nilai RAE rangkaian kubus.... 130 Tabel 6........... 78 Tabel 5...................5 perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan........................... 123 Tabel 6........................... 72 Tabel 5.. 72 Tabel 4.......................................... 127 Tabel 6..........................7 Dzz.......4 Rangkaian Transformasi piramid............................. 128 Tabel 6............................................ 117 Tabel 6.. 131 Tabel 6........... dan Perhitungan....................... 132 xvii ..........3 Rangkaian transformasi kubus........... 117 Tabel 6.........8 parameter Y................ 70 Tabel 4................16 Parameter impedensi Z.................. 131 Tabel 6............................ 123 Tabel 6........ 67 Tabel 4............................5 Tabel Konversi parameter.8 Perbandingan Nilai RAB pada rangkaian piramid.................12 Parameter H.................................. 113 Tabel 6.4 Data percobaan tipe T .2 Rangkaian ∆......................................................................6 Nilai parameter Z............................................6 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan.......10 Perbandingan Simulasi....1 Rangkaian Y...........................................................11 Parameter T invers............18 Parameter Y.. 79 Tabel 5.............................. 126 Tabel 6..........15 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan........................................... CD dihubung dengan catudaya.2 Data percobaan tipe phi CD dihubungkan catudaya........................... EWB....................10 Arus pengganti.............................................. AB dihubungkan dengan catudaya.......... 118 Tabel 6....................17 Dzz..Tabel 4.....6 Perbandingan percobaan dan perhitungan Norton.. 121 Tabel 6..........13 Parameter hybrid invers-g............. 82 Tabel 5..........19 Parameter transmisi T............................ 125 Tabel 6..............................................................................................1 Data tipe phi AB dihubungkan catu daya....9 Perbandingan IRL EWB dan ekuvalen.....................................................................

..........................................................................15 Perbandingan THD perhitungan ..........................17 Perbandingan THD hasil perhitungan dengan simulasi............ 242 Tabel 9.... 254 Tabel 9......................... 137 Tabel 6.. 285 Tabel 9.......Tabel 6...6 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan..............22 Parameter H...................................... 189 Tabel 9............ 286 xviii ..................... 181 Tabel 8...................................... 133 Tabel 6.........................1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..................... 134 Tabel 6.............................................................percobaan.....3 Data perhitungan .................. 267 Tabel 9................9 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan....14 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi........8 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan....................................................... 283 Tabel 9.21 Parameter T invers........................1 Data perhitungan ........ 138 Tabel 7................................. 147 Tabel 7...11 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi................................................................................5 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan... 263 Tabel 9......................... 185 Tabel 8.............. 251 Tabel 9.......... 248 Tabel 9.......... 289 Tabel 9................................................ 136 Tabel 6................... 283 Tabel 9......................25 Perbandingan V1 percobaan dan perhitungan............. 286 Tabel 9........... 257 Tabel 9.......................2 Data perhitungan ................................. 260 Tabel 9..........4 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi..........percobaan...........24 Perbandingan V2 percobaan dan perhitungan............1 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi rendah.....percobaan...........2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...............7 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan........2 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi tinggi.3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan percobaan frekuensi resonansi.. 135 Tabel 6..................................... 281 Tabel 9...................................20 Arus pengganti....................12 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.......percobaan..........13 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.....................................23 Parameter g............................................... 161 Tabel 8...... 278 Tabel 9...............16 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............................10 Perbandingan hasil percobaan dan perhitungan...................... 272 Tabel 9.....3 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi...... 154 Tabel 7.

...Tabel 9.......21 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.. 296 Tabel 9.......... 319 Tabel 9.............25 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi....................26 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi 2 sumber.....19 Perbandingan THD perhitungan dan simulasi........................................ 317 Tabel 9............... 293 Tabel 9..29 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.............. 324 Tabel 9.. 289 Tabel 9............. 315 Tabel 9.................................... 302 Tabel 9.... 326 xix .............. Tabel 9...................32 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi......22 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi............28 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi................................... 299 .............. 317 Tabel 9................31 Perbandingan perhitungan dan simulasi.20 Perbandingan perhitungan dengansimulasi... 316 Tabel 9.......18 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi... 322 Tabel 9...........................................24 Perbandingan hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.......23 Perbandingan perhitungan dengan simulasi.....................................30 Perbandingan arus hasil perhitungan dan simulasi.. 311 Tabel 9.................................................................................. 289 Tabel 9........27 Perbandingan superposisi dengan loop tertutup.................

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