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Syllabus

I- General Information Course title Credit hours Contact hours Professor

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Tropical Marine Biology 6 Credits 100 (52 Classroom, 48 Laboratory) Dr. Conrado M. Calzada

II- Course Description This course is for anyone interested in learning about tropical marine biology and its application to career development. Provides the oceanographically, ecological and evolutionary bases of the marine environment. The participant will be able to list and analyze the oceanographic fundaments of marine biology, therefore; strengthening their ability to continue in college and select a career in marine science. This knowledge will be offered through live and hands-on experiences in a tropical Caribbean island using natural resources as teaching-learning scenario. III- Prerequisites A- Basic swimming skills B- Interest in marine biology and commitment with your professional future. IVObjectives: Long term (L) and Short term (S) A- Cognitive 1- L1- Distinguish among classification systems of living organisms. a. S1- Determine the changes of the classification systems structure: Whittaker (1969), Woese-Fox (1990) and Cavalier (1998). 2- L2- Recognize the evolutionary adaptations of marine species. a. S1- Summarize the theory of Natural Selection. b. S2- Select the most effective reproductive strategies of marine organisms. 3- L3- Weighing the different patterns of association between marine organisms. a. S1- Recognize the vertical structuring of marine organisms in the water column. b. S2- Propose a model of energy flow and organic matter on marine ecosystems as: the Coral reef, Seagrass bed and Mangrove.

4- L4- Differentiate the components of the marine environment. a. S1- Specify the types of marine environments. b. S2- Describe the molecular aspects of the marine environment. 5- L5- Differentiate between conservation and preservation of marine resources as a tool of social responsibility. a. S1- Specify the foundations of sustainable development. b. S2- Describe how citizens can participate with agencies custody of resources for co-management agreement. B- Psychomotor 1- L1- Create a table comparing classification systems. a. S1- Build a taxonomic table, comparing five tropical marine organisms. b. S2- Determine the ecological variables that allow the establishment of marine species. 2- L2- Evaluate algal herbarium containing representatives of the different groups of algae. a. S1- Distinguish between groups of microalgae present in Puerto Rico. 3- L3- Determine the ecological characteristics of marine ecosystems. a. S1- Illustrate the components of each marine ecosystem and documenting their characteristics, through the marine spatial planning system. b. S2- Utilize the tools of the geographical information system to establish and documenting a project of marine spatial planning. C- Affective D1- L1- Influencing students to promote social responsibility in the conservation and protection of marine resources. a. S1- Balancing participation with economic development, through marine spatial planning. 2- L2- Appreciate the importance of marine ecosystems in the tropics. a. S1- Evaluate the benefits of coral reefs, seagrass meadows, and mangrove to support the fishery. b. S2- Identify common species of corals that form reefs in Puerto Rico. V- Educating strategies A- Conferences supported by audiovisual and technologies of information. B- Guided discussions by questions that encourage active participation of the students. C- Assigned tasks D- Independent studies E- Cooperative work F- Feedback to students G- Web enhance 1- www.tropicalmarinebiology.weebly.com 2- Online assessment 3- Memorabilia

H- Fieldtrips VIResources A- Physical 1- Classroom 2- Laboratory 3- Boats 4- Internet 5- Dorms B- Human 1- Professor 2- Teaching assistant 3- SCUBA Instructors 4- Dive Masters VII- Textbook There are not mandatory textbooks; but you can use any Marine Biology book of college level. VIIIOutline of the contents

A- Marine Biodiversity: Classification Tree of Life (Presentation models) 1- Whittaker (1969) 2- Woese-Fox (1990) 3- Cavalier-Smith (1998) B- Association patterns: Interactions among marine organisms and the environment 1- Physical space that the organisms occupy in the ocean 2- Evolutionary history 3- Physiological and ecological adaptations 4- Food web 5- Photosynthesis (Autotrophs) 6- Cellular respiration (heterotrophs) 7- Chemosynthesis (Autotrophs) 8- Primary Producers, Consumers and Decomposers C- The Marine Environment: 1- Geological Oceanography 2- Chemical Oceanography 3- Physical Oceanography 4- Biological Oceanography D- Social Responsibility: Conservation 1- Principle of sustainable development 2- Participation and civic responsibility 3- Resource Management 4- Environmental problems and conflicts

E- Scientific Dive Assistant 1- Job description 2- Opportunities 3- Challenge 4- PADI-Discovery SCUBA Dive F- Marine Spatial Planning 1- What it is? 2- Legal bases 3- Practice G- Geographical Information System 1- What it is? 2- Tool for Marine Spatial Planning IXAssessment rationales Criteria Evaluation Prior to taking classes in oceanography and marine sciences the students will be assessed in basic knowledge of marine biology. Integrate the knowledge acquired in marine biology with the ability to pursue graduate studies in the areas of its interest. They must approve at least with 60%. Based on the lectures, labs and experiences with the nature will assess the amount of knowledge and skills that students have acquired. They must approve at least with 60%. At the end of the course the students will have to retake the pretest and must approve at least with 60%. Participant Labor Students will take an online test for self-assessment of the knowledge possessed of the topics will be covering in the course on marine biology. Students will discuss the knowledge acquired in the course. They will make an oral presentation, where It should present the areas of marine biology that motivated to consider a career graduate. Also, they will do an assessment of the course. The student will study the objectives of each component of the course to identify the knowledge and skills that should be acquired at the end of the course.

Assessment Activit ies Pre-test

Oral presentations

Check list

Post-test

Using the knowledge gained in the course, they will answer the questions that had seen in the pretest.

X- Bibliography American Academy of Underwater Sciences: http://www.aaus.org/ Beck M. W., Z Ferdaa , J. Kachmar, K.K. Morrison, P.Taylor and others, 2009. Best Practices for Marine Spatial Planning. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington Virginia. Castro, P. 2010. Marine Biology. Ohio, McGraw-Hill, 460 pp. Earle, S. 2009. The world is blue: how our fate and the oceans are one. Washington, D. C., National Geography Society. 303 pp. Ehler, Charles, and Fanny Douvere, 2009. Marine Spatial Planning: a step-by-step approach toward ecosystem-based management. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission and Man and the Biosphere Programme. IOC Manual and Guides No. 53, ICAM Dossier No. 6. Paris: UNESCO. Executive Order 13547 of July, 19, 2010 --Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes. Garrison, T. 2007. Oceanography: An invitation to marine science. Belmont, CA: Thomson. 588 pp. Gibson, R.N., R.J.A. Atkins y J.D.M. Gordon. 2007. Oceanography and marine biology: annual review Vol. 45. New York, Blackwells. Halpern, B. S., K. L. McLeod, A. A. Rosenberg, and L. B. Crowder. 2008. Managing for cumulative impacts in ecosystem-based management through ocean zoning. Ocean & Coastal Management 51:203-211. Heyman, W.D. Elements for building a participatory, ecosystem-based marine reserve network 2011. The Professional Geographer 63 (4): 1-14. Humann, P. y N. Deloach. 2002. Reef creature identification: Florida, Caribbean, Bahamas. Jacksonville, Blackwell's. 420pp. Longhurst, A.R.,2008. Ecological Geography of the Sea. Academic Press: Amsterdam. Chapters 1-5 Martnez, M. L. y N.P. Psuty. 2004. Coastal dunes: ecology and conservation. New York, Springer. 386 pp. McLeod, K. and H. Leslie. 2009. Ecosystem-based management for the oceans. Island Press, Washington DC. Mclntyre, A. D. 2010. Life in the worlds oceans: diversity, distribution and abundance. Iowa, Wiley-Blackwell. 360 pp. Mellissa M. Foley, et all. Guiding Principles for Marine Spatial Planning. Marine Policy 34 (2010) 955-966. Meridian Institute, 2011. National Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Workshop Summary Report. Yates Auditorium U.S. Department of the Interior Washington, DC National Ocean Council, 2012. Draft National Ocean Policy Implementation Plan. Council on Environmental Quality. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ceq/national_ocean_policy _draft_implementation_plan_01-12-12.pdf Ole Vesttergaard, 2008. Ecosystem Based Marine Spatial Planning & Management. Marine Coastal Ecosystem Branch. Division of Environmental Policy Implementation, UNEP. Rosemary Paxinos, Alyson Wright, Val Day, John Emmet, Debba Frakiewics, and Meg Goecker, 2008. Marine Spatial Planning: Ecosystem- based zoning methodology for marine management in Australia. Journal of Conservation Planning Vol. 4 (2008) 37- 59.

Smithsonian Scientific Diving Program: http://www.si.edu/dive/ Steele, J., S.A. Thorpe y K.K. Turekian. 2009. Marine biology: a derivate of encyclopedia of ocean sciences 2da Ed. San Diego, Elsevier. 632 pp. Tools for Marine Spatial Planning: http://www.ebmtools.org/msptools.html University of California Santa Cruz- SCIENTIFIC DIVING & BOATING SAFETY PROGRAM: http://www2.ucsc.edu/sci-diving/ Valeiras Min Evelio, 2008. Marine Spatial Planning Guidelines for the Submerged Lands of Puerto Rico (Divisin Zona Costanera Departamento de Recursos Naturales y Ambientales. Valeiras Mini Evelio, 2008. Underwater Corridors as an Option to the Fragmentation of Marine Natural Spaces. (2008) Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers, Boston, Massachusetts U.S.A. XIReasonable accommodation If any student has a special need as disability or impairment that requires reasonable accommodation to meet the course requirements, under current legislation, should be notified prior to come to the course.