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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman Judul
Halaman Pengesahan Pembimbing
Halaman Pengesahan Penguji
Kata Pengantar ..................................................................................................i
MOTTO ..............................................................................................................iii
Halaman persembahan ......................................................................................iv
Daftar Isi

...........................................................................................................vi

Daftar Tabel .......................................................................................................ix


Daftar Gambar ..................................................................................................xi
Abstraksi ..............................................................................................................xii
BAB I. PENDAHULUAN ...................................................................................1
1.1 Latar Belakang .........................................................................................1
1.2 Tinjauan Pustaka ......................................................................................2
1.3 Pemilihan Proses .......................................................................................3
BAB II. PERANCANGAN PRODUK ..............................................................5
2.1 Spesifikasi Bahan Baku.............................................................................5
2.2 Spesifikasi Produk

................................................................................6

2.3 Pengendalian Kualitas ................................................................................7


2.3.2. Pengendalian Kualitas Bahan Baku ............................................7
2.3.2. Pengendalian Kualitas Produk .....................................................7
BAB III. PERANCANGAN PROSES .............................................................10

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3.1 Uraian Proses ...........................................................................................10


3.1.1. Penyiapan Bahan Baku ................................................................11
3.1.2. Pembentukan Gliserol ...................................................................11
3.1.3. Pemekatan ..................................................................................11
3.1.4. Pemisahan ..................................................................................12
3.1.5. Pemurnian ..................................................................................12
3.1.6. Kristalisasi NaCl

...................................................................12

3.1.7. Recycle.............................................................. ...........................12


3.1.8. Metode Perancangan ...................................................................13
3.2 Spesifikasi Alat ........................................................................................23
3.3 Perencanaan Produksi ........................................................................... 49
3.3.1 Analisis Kebutuhan Bahan Baku dan Pembantu .........................49
BAB IV. PERANCANGAN PABRIK .............................................................51
4.1 Lokasi Pabrik ........................................................................................51
4.2 Tata Letak Pabrik ..................................................................................52
4.3 Tata Letak Mesin/Alat Proses ................................................................55
4.4 Pelayanan Teknik (utilitas) ...................................................................57
4.4.1. Pengadaan Air ...............................................................................57
4.4.2. Pengolahan Air ............................................................................61
4.4.3. Pengadaan Tenaga Listrik ..........................................................63
4.4.4. Pengadaan Bahan Bakar ...............................................................64
4.4.5. Pengolahan Limbah .....................................................................65
4.4.6. Laboratorium ...............................................................................65

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4.4.7. Alat-Alat Utilitas .........................................................................65


4.5 Organisasi Perusahaan ............................................................................93
4.5.1 Bentuk Perusahaan ........................................................................93
4.5.2 Struktur Organisasi........................................................................94
4.5.3 Tugas dan Wewenang ...................................................................96
4.5.4 Ketenagakerjaan...........................................................................104
4.5.5 Kesejahteraan Karyawan..............................................................107
4.5.6 Fasilitas Karyawan .....................................................................111
4.5.7 Manajemen Produksi....................................................................113
4.5.8 Perencanaan Produksi ...............................................................114
4.5.9 Pengendalian Produksi ...............................................................115
4.6 Evaluasi Ekonomi ................................................................................ 116
4.6.1 Penaksiran Harga Peralatan ......................................................117
4.6.2 Capital Investment 120
4.6.3 General Expenses

.121

4.6.4 Manufacturing Cost ..122


4.6.5 Analisa Kelayakan .....................................................................122
BAB V. PENUTUP.............................................................................................129
5.1 Kesimpulan.............................................................................................129
DAFTAR PUSTAKA.........................................................................................130
LAMPIRAN

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 1.1 Persentase kegunaan gliserol ....2


Tabel 3.1.8.(a) Neraca massa overall13
Tabel 3.1.8.(b) Neraca massa reaktor-01 (R-01) .14
Tabel 3.1.8.(c) Neraca massa reaktor-02 (R-02)..14
Tabel 3.1.8.(d) Neraca massa reaktor-03 (R-03)..15
Tabel 3.1.8.(e) Neraca massa evaporator-01 (EV-01)..16
Tabel 3.1.8.(f) Neraca massa evaporator-02 (EV-02) .16
Tabel 3.1.8.(g) Neraca massa evaporator-03 (EV-03).17
Tabel 3.1.8.(h) Neraca massa centrifuge (CF).17
Tabel 3.1.8.(i) Neraca massa evaporator-04 (EV-04)..18
Tabel 3.1.8.(j) Neraca massa crystallizer (CR)18
Tabel 3.1.8.(k) Neraca panas reaktor-01 (R-01) .19
Tabel 3.1.8.(l) Neraca panas reaktor-02 (R-02)...19
Tabel 3.1.8.(m) Neraca panas reaktor-03 (R-03).....19
Tabel 3.1.8.(n) Neraca panas evaporator-04 (EV-04)..20
Tabel 3.1.8.(o) Neraca panas crystallizer (CR)....20
Tabel 3.1.8.(p) Neraca panas heater-01 (HE-01).....20
Tabel 3.1.8.(q) Neraca panas heater-02 (HE-02).21
Tabel 3.1.8.(r) Neraca panas heater-03 (HE-03)..21
Tabel 3.1.8.(s) Neraca panas heater-04 (HE-04)..21
Tabel 3.1.8.(t) Neraca panas cooler-01 (CL-01)..22

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Tabel 3.1.8.(u) Neraca panas cooler-02(CL-02)..22


Tabel 3.1.8.(v) Neraca panas cooler-03(CL-03)..22
Tabel 4.4.7.(a) Kebutuhan air pendingin .66
Tabel 4.4.7.(b) Kebutuhan steam..67
Tabel 4.5.4 Rencana pengaturan jadwal kerja group......107
Tabel 4.5.5.(a) Jabatan dan prasyarat...108
Tabel 4.5.5.(b) Rencana pengupahan tenaga kerja berdasarkan golongan......109
Tabel 4.6.1 Perkembangan indeks harga.118
Tabel 4.6.2.(a) Fixed capital investment ...120
Tabel 4.6.2.(b) Working capital ..121
Tabel 4.6.3 General expenses 121
Tabel 4.6.4 Manufacturing cost .122
Tabel 5.1 Tolak ukur standard kelayakan129

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 4.6.1 Grafik indeks harga....119


Gambar 4.2 Tata letak pabrik ..124
Gambar 4.3 Tata letak alat proses ...125
Gambar 4.4.2 Gambar proses pengolahan air ....126
Gambar 4.5 Struktur organisasi perusahaan ...127
Gambar 4.6.5 Hubungan kapasitas produksi dan biaya ......128

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