P. 1
Sel-Sel

Sel-Sel

|Views: 21|Likes:
Dipublikasikan oleh Ang Angeline
Sel-Sel
Sel-Sel

More info:

Categories:Types
Published by: Ang Angeline on Jul 24, 2013
Hak Cipta:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/14/2013

pdf

text

original

Bab

2

Chapter

Sel sebagai Unit Asas Hidupan
ISTILAH • Organisasi sel – Cell organisation • Selulosa – Cellulose • Klorofil – Chlorophyll • Kloroplas – Chloroplast • Sitoplasma – Cytoplasm • Organisma multisel – Multicellular organism • Nukleus – Nucleus • Organisma unisel – Unicellular organism • Vakuol – Vacuole

2

Cell as a Unit of Life

Konsep

PENTING!

!

The

BIG Picture!

WORD • Cell organisation – Organisasi sel • Cellulose – Selulosa • Chlorophyll – Klorofil • Chloroplast – Kloroplas • Cytoplasm – Sitoplasma • Multicellular organism – Organisma multisel • Nucleus – Nukleus • Unicellular organism – Organisma unisel • Vacuole – Vakuol

UP!

CHAPTER

2

Soalan Tahun-tahun Lepas PMR
Tahun 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Kertas 1 S2 S2, S3 S3, S4 S2, S3 S3 S1 Kertas 2 Bhg. A S1 S7 Bhg. B

PMR Past-year Questions
Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Paper 1 Q2 Q2, Q3 Q3, Q4 Q2, Q3 Q3 Q7 Paper 2 Sec. A Q1 Q7 Sec. B

23

23

F1MR-ch2(23-34).indd 23

7/22/10 10:30:37 AM

blue methylene solution. first on low magnification. Slowly slide the cover slip Test tube Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel to cover the specimen without trapping any air bubbles. Aktiviti Makmal 2.1 HP •• • • Corong tisel Measuring cylinder Thistle funnel Mengenal pasti bahawa sel adalah unit asas hidupan Menyediakan slaid mengikut langkah yang betul Menggunakan mikroskop dengan betul Menerangkan kepentingan dalam kehidupan Mengenal pasti struktur sains am sel haiwan dan harian sel Menyenaraikan perkara di sekeliling anda yang berkaitan tumbuhan dengan Melukis sains struktur am sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan 24 2 Melabel struktur am sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan Menyatakan fungsi setiap struktur sel Menyatakan persamaan dan perbezaan antara sel • Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam haiwan dan sel tumbuhan makmal Rujuk kepada Essential Science Form 1. dropper. Slowly 10 slide the cover slip 7 a cover slip at an angle 8 to cover the specimen without trapping any air bubbles. R. penitis. Round-bottomed flask Boiling tube Beaker Glass rod 4 Place a cover slip at an angle to the solution on the slide. Lukis dan label sel pipi pada ruang yang disediakan. Draw and label the structure of the onion cell in the space provided. 3 Titiskan setitik larutan metilena biru di atas slaid. 2 Spread the scrapings onto a clean slide. S. SECTION 1. 1 2 3 4 5 BAHAGIAN B Memerhati struktur sel epidermis bawang 1 Using the blunt end of a clean toothpick. Preparing cell slides. 5 Clear and dry up any solution on the slide and around the cover slip with a filter paper. forceps To observe the structure of cheek cells eye lens CHAPTER BAB A A 1 CHAPTER 2 1 BAB ✓ pelaras kasar pelaras halus kanta objek pentas slaid klip diafragma cermin Objektif Pembelajaran 1. Microscope.1 HP • • • 1. forsep Memerhati struktur sel pipi kanta mata Manual penggunaan mikroskop 1 Letakkan mikroskop ✓ berhadapan dengan sumber cahaya. 28 2. larutan metilena biru.1 LO • • 1. penutup kaca.1 HP • • • 1. 2 Letakkan potongan kulit bawang kira-kira sebesar 5 mm di atas slaid yang bersih.indd 24 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM .2. sisip kaca. Measuring cylinder Wire gauze Crucible Thistle 5 Clear and dry up any solution on the slide and around thefunnel cover slip with a filter Volumetric flask Retort stand Evaporating dish Bunsen burner paper. 5 Bersihkan dan keringkan larutan sekeliling kaca penutup dengan menggunakan kertas turas. Tabung uji3 TitiskanTabung didih Bikar Kelalang kon Kelalang volumetri dua titik larutan iodin di atasnya dengan menggunakan penitis. larutan ✓ iodin Mikroskop. hlm. kertas turas. carefully scrape some cells from the inside Name the laboratory apparatus of your cheek. 6 Examine the cheek cells under the microscope. filter paper. 3 Letakkan slaid di atas pentas dan pastikan spesimen berada di tengah lubang. 7 9 10spesimen supaya Dengan perlahan-lahan.2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains tapak Kontekstual PERBINCANGAN 1.1 Memahami Memahami sains sel adalah sebahagian daripada kehidupan harian 1. first on low magnification. 2 Laraskan cermin sehingga cahaya paling cerah dapat dilihat menerusi mikroskop. (Amoeba and Paramecium) 5 State two structures of cell that make up the cell protoplasm. clip 3 Place the slide onto the stage diaphragm and ensure that the specimen is mirror in the centre of the aperture. 1. (Nucleus and cytoplasm) P Q R (X: Cell membrane Y: Nucleus Z: Cytoplasm) 7 Label structures P. Essential Science PMR. diikuti dengan kuasa pembesaran yang lebih tinggi.1 Learning Learning Objective Objective 2. objective lens 2 Adjust the mirror to allow maximum light to fall onto the stage mirror and reflect into the slide microscope tube. 6 Examine the onion cell under the microscope. Pipette Burette Round-bottomed flask 2. slides. X Y Z INQUIRY 1 What is the basic unit of life? (Cell) 2 Name two structures found in plant cells but not in animal cells. 4 Place to the solution 9 on the slide. turunkan kaca untuk menutupi spesimen supaya Tabung didih Bikar Rod penutup kaca Kelalang dasar bulat tiada gelembung udara terperangkap.2 Knowing the safety percautions and apparatus in a science laboratory base coarse focus control ✓ 2 PROSEDUR Laboratory apparatus and their uses Contextual MINDRobics B To observe the structure of epidermal cells of an onion 1 Peel off an epidermal layer of the leaf from an onion with a razor blade and forceps. Y and Z for the animal cell below. (Cell wall and chloroplast) 3 Why plant cell has a fixed shape? (Plant cell has a cell wall) 4 State two animal cells that contain vacuole. 36–37.1 PERBINCANGAN 1. Namakan radas2makmal dalam jadual di bawah.1 Understanding Understanding cells that science is part of everyday life Inkuiri-penemuan Kontekstual Sel sebagai unit asas haiwan dan tumbuhan Sains dan fenomena semula jadi Activity PEKA 2. AIM To compare the structure of (a) cheek cells and (b) epidermal cells of an onion ✓ ✓ SMS MATERIALS Toothpick. 4 Adjust the coarse focus control Learning Objective to focus on the specimen.2 LO 6 1 Kupas satu lapisan epidermis daripada kulit suatu bawang dengan menggunakan pisau cukur dan forsep. Silinder dawai sekeliling Mangkuk pijar Corong tisel 6 Perhatikan pipi di bawah Mangkuk mikroskop dengan menggunakan kuasa pembesaran Kelalang volumetri sel Kaki retort penyejat Penunu Bunsen rendah.in the table below. 6 Perhatikan sel bawang di bawah mikroskop dengan menggunakan kuasa pembesaran rendah. 28 2.2 HP PROCEDURE Test tube 2 6 Silinder penyukat 2. Tabung uji Pipet Takung kaca Corong turas 5 penyukat Bersihkan danKasa keringkan kaca penutup dengan menggunakan kertas turas. Pipet Buret Kelalang dasar bulat 2. S T U (P: Cell wall Q: Cell membrance R: Chloroplast S: Cytoplasm T: Vacuole U: Nucleus) 24 24 F1MR-ch2(23-34). razor blade. diikuti dengan kuasa pembesaran yang lebih tinggi. p. hlm.1 LO •• Identify Explainthe the importance of science in everyday general structures of animal cells and life plant cells •• Draw general structures of you an animal cell and a to plant cell Makethe a list of things around that are related • Label the general structures of an animal cell and a science plant cell 24 2 State the function of each cell structure State the similarities and differences between an animal cell and a plant cell • Use some common scientific apparatus in the Refer to Essential Science Form 1.1 LO • Identify that cell is the basic unit of living things • Prepare slides following the proper procedures • Use a microscope properly 1. 36–37. Essential Science PMR.1 Experiment INQUIRY DISCUSSION Cell as a and basic unit of animals and plants Science natural phenomena Inquiry-discovery Contextual Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 TUJUAN Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang struktur disediakan fenomena semula jadi.2 DISCUSSION Activity 6 Label structures X. 4 Letakkan satu penutup kaca Balang pada satu larutan ditiga atas sisip kaca.1 1. Q.2 PROSEDUR 1 Ambil sebatang pencungkil gigi dan kikis bahagian dalam pipi anda dengan berhati-hati.1 Experiment PEKA Understanding cells 2. iodine solution • Ensure that the APPARATUS SECTION toothpick is clean. Lukis dan labelkan sel bawang pada ruang yang disediakan. tube of the epidermal Beaker flask Volumetric flask 3 Add two drops of iodine solution to the epidermal onion leaf.1 2.1 & 2.1 & 2. Aktiviti Radas makmal dan kegunaannya MINDRobics Palitkan pencungkil gigi tersebut di atas sekeping slaid yang bersih. Place a 5Boiling mm piece onion leaf onConical a clean slide. 4 Pusingkan skru pelaras untuk memfokuskan spesimen. then on high magnification. cover slips. Kelalang kon Buret gas sudut kepada Tungku kaki Dengan perlahan-lahan.2 PROCEDURE DISCUSSION Activity ✓ Microscope operating manual 1 Place the microscope with its fine focus control mirror facing a light source. 8 turunkan penutup kaca untuk menutupi tiada gelembung udara terperangkap. p.2. pisau cukur. T and U for the plant cell below. then on 1 3 and label the structure 4 high 2magnification. Laboratory Activities laboratory 2.Objektif Pembelajaran Pembelajaran Objektif Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life INKUIRI 2.1 ✓ BAHAN RADAS BAHAGIAN Eksperimen Aktiviti PEKA 2. bawang Membandingkan (a)bagi sel pipi dan (b) sel epidermis Pencungkil gigi. KMS • Pastikan pencungkil gigi bersih Mark (✓) in the boxes provided the natural phenomena. Draw of the cheek5cell in the space provided. 4 Letakkan satu penutup kaca pada satu sudut kepada larutan di atas sisip kaca. Preparing cell slides. Conical flask Burette Gas jar Tripod stand 3 Add a drop of blue methylene solution to the smear.1 1.

(Protects the cell) 11 What is the function of a cell wall? (Maintains the shape of the cell/Protects the cell) 2. 2 Apakah yang menyebabkan bentuk sel pipi berbeza daripada bentuk sel epidermis bawang? KBSB dinding sel Sel pipi tidak mempunyai seperti yang terdapat • Membandingkan dan pada sel epidermis bawang. determine the type of cell (animal cell or plant cell). Ameba dan paramesium KESIMPULAN 1 Sel ialah unit asas nukleus dan Protoplasm is the part of cell that consists of cytoplasm .PEMERHATIAN membran sel sitoplasma dinding sel vakuol membran sel sitoplasma OBSERVATION cell membrane cytoplasm nucleus cell wall vacuole cell membrane cytoplasm Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life nukleus nukleus nucleus Sel pipi Sel epidermis bawang E1C1 E1C6 Cheek cell Epidermal cell of onion E1C1 E1C6 ANALISIS ANALYSIS 1 Sel yang manakah mempunyai bentuk yang tetap. Kemudian. Struktur sel Sel pipi (sel haiwan) ✓ ✓ ✓ Sel epidermis bawang (sel tumbuhan) ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ 4 Study the cheek cell (animal cell) and the epidermal cell (plant cell) drawn above. tandakan (✓) pada struktur yang boleh ditemui pada sel pipi dan sel epidermis bawang. similarities and 25 2. the cheek cell (animal cell) or the epidermal cell E1C8 of onion (plant cell)? The epidermal cell of onion 2 What causes the shape of a cheek cell to be different from the shape of an onion’s epidermal cell? TSTS cell wall The cheek cell does not have a as do the cells of • Comparing and contrasting plants like the onion. 6 Name two low level animals that contain vacuole.indd 25 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . tick (✓) the structures that can be found in the cheek cell and the epidermal cell of onion. (Plant cell) (a) A cell has a cell membrane but does not have a fixed shape. Cell structure Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell membrane Cell wall Vacuole 5 What is cell protoplasm? Cheek cell (animal cell) ✓ ✓ ✓ Epidermal cell (plant cell) ✓ MINDRobics MINDRobics Nukleus Sitoplasma Membran sel Dinding sel Vakuol 5 Apakah protoplasma sel? ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ nucleus Protoplasma sel adalah bahagian sel yang terdiri daripada sitoplasma . persamaan dan 2 Sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan mempunyai beberapa perbezaan . CHAPTER BAB 2 E1 C 1 2 6 8 S 2 E1 C 1 2 6 8 S 3 Classify the observed cells into animal cell and plant cell. membezakan 3 Kelaskan sel-sel yang diperhatikan kepada sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan. and bagi benda hidup. (Controls all activities in the cell) 10 State the function of a cell membrane. (a) A cell has a cell wall. Then. Amoeba and Paramecium CONCLUSION 1 A cell is a basic unit of life. Sel haiwan Sel pipi Sel tumbuhan Sel bawang E1C2 1 Which of the cells has a fixed shape. 6 Namakan dua haiwan peringkat rendah yang mengandungi vakuol. sel pipi (sel haiwan) atau sel E1C8 epidermis bawang (sel tumbuhan)? Sel epidermis bawang .3 25 12 What is the structure of a cell that contains chlorophyll to carry out photosynthesis? (Chloroplast) 13 Explain why plant cells can carry out photosynthesis. (Plant cell) (b) A cell has a chloroplast. 2 Animal and plant cells have a few differences .4 DISCUSSION Activity 25 25 F1MR-ch2(23-34). Animal cell Cheek cell Plant cell Onion cell E1C2 KPS • Mengelaskan SPS • Classifying 4 Kaji sel pipi (sel haiwan) dan sel epidermis bawang (sel tumbuhan) yang dilukis di atas. (Plant cells contain chloroplast/chlorophyll) DISCUSSION Activity 8 Based on the given descriptions. (Animal cell) 9 State the function of a nucleus.

Dinding sel Kloroplas Nukleus Sitoplasma Vakuol Membran sel 1 Label the following diagrams of animal and plant cells. A. tapak sulaiman mukor lumut starfish Mucor moss arnab paku pakis helang rabbit fern eagle 2. Cell wall Chloroplast Nucleus Cytoplasm Vacuole Cell membrane (d) Dinding sel (a) Membran sel (e) Membran sel (f) Kloroplas (b) Nukleus (g) Vakuol (h) Sitoplasma Sel haiwan Sel tumbuhan (i) Nukleus (d) Cell wall (a) Cell membrane (e) Cell membrane (f) Chloroplast (b) Nucleus (g) Vacuole (h) Cytoplasm Animal cell Plant cell (i) Nucleus CHAPTER F1MR-ch2(23-34). S1(a) 2005 Sec. 2 Circle the organisms which have the cell structure as shown below. A.2 PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Struktur sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan Masteri 2.indd 26 BAB 2 (c) Sitoplasma 2 (c) Cytoplasm 2 Bulatkan organisma yang mempunyai struktur sel seperti yang ditunjukkan di bawah. Q1(a) 1 Label rajah sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan yang berikut.2 LO • Label animal cell and plant cell 26 26 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM .2 DISCUSSION Activity Structures of animal and plant cells Mastery 2005 Bhg.2.2 HP • Label sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan 2.

except in lower level animals Tiada Berubah-ubah Tiada.4 HP • Menyatakan fungsi setiap struktur sel 27 2.3 LO • State the similarities and differences between animal and plant cells 2. A. Q1(b) Mengandungi sap sel yang berisi glukosa dan garam mineral yang terlarut Melindungi dan memberi bentuk kepada sel Mengawal keluar dan masuk semua kandungan bahan sel/melindungi sel Mengawal semua aktiviti sel Tempat berlakunya proses-proses kimia Mengandungi pigmen klorofil yang menyerap cahaya matahari untuk membuat makanan Contains cell sap which is filled with dissolved glucose and mineral salt Protects and gives shape to the cell Controls the exit from and entry of materials into the cell/protects the cell Controls all activities in the cell The place where chemical processes occur Contains chlorophyll which absorbs sunlight to make food 2.2.4 LO • State the function of each cell structure 27 F1MR-ch2(23-34).3 PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Perbandingan antara sel tumbuhan dengan sel haiwan Masteri 2.4 DISCUSSION Activity Functions of the internal structures of a cell Constructivism Padankan struktur sel kepada fungsinya. S1(b) Match the cell structures to the given functions. A.3 HP • Menyatakan persamaan dan perbezaan antara sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan 2.4 PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Fungsi struktur dalaman sel Konstruktivisme 2. Fungsi sel Dinding sel Membran sel Vakuol Sitoplasma Kloroplas Nukleus Sel tumbuhan 2005 Bhg.3 DISCUSSION Activity Comparison between plant cells and animal cells Mastery Bandingkan dan bezakan antara sel tumbuhan dengan sel haiwan. Persamaan Similarity Mempunyai nukleus Has a nucleus Mempunyai membran sel Has cell membrane Sel tumbuhan Mempunyai sitoplasma Perbezaan Ada Ada Tetap Ada Dinding sel Kloroplas Bentuk sel Vakuol Tiada Sel haiwan Plant cell BAB Has cytoplasm Difference Animal cell CHAPTER 2 2 Present Present Cell wall Chloroplast Cell shape Vacuole Absent Absent Changes Absent.indd 27 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . Function of cell Cell wall Cell membrane Vacuole Cytoplasm Chloroplast Nucleus Plant cell 2005 Sec. kecuali dalam haiwan peringkat rendah Fixed Present 2. Compare and contrast between a plant cell and an animal cell.

1 LO LO • • State Explain the importance of science in multicellular everyday life 2.2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains Paramecium ANALYSIS Amoeba Learning Objective Spirogyra Chlamydomonas ✓ Namakan radas makmal dalam jadual di ✓ bawah.indd 28 7/22/10 10:30:38 AM . KESIMPULAN Silinder penyukat Air kolam mengandungi pelbagai organisma Pipet Buret unisel Kelalang dasar bulat dan multisel Corong tisel . p. (a) Unicellular organisms Organisms which consist of only Organisms which consist of many than one cell or9 unicellular Beaker Conical flask one cell (a) Organisma unisel 7 8 (b) Organisma multisel Tabung didih 6 Organisma yang terdiri daripada sel sahaja 9 Bikar Kelalang kon Kelalang volumetri satu Test tube 10 lebih sel 6 CONCLUSION (b) Multicellular organisms 7 Boiling tube Volumetric flask more 8 cells 10 Organisma yang terdiri daripada banyak daripada satu sel atau Pond water contains many and multicellular organisms. 41.1 Understanding unicellular that science is part of everyday life Organisma unisel dan organisma Sains dan fenomena semula jadi multisel Inkuiri-penemuan Kontekstual 2.5 HP HP •• Menerangkan Menyatakan maksud organisma • Menyenaraikan perkara di sekeliling anda yang berkaitan organisma multisel dengan sains 2 28 1. Laboratory Activity laboratory 2. (a) (b) (Amoeba) (Spirogyra) (c) (Paramecium) (d) (Chlamydomonas) 1 Name the tiny organisms that only can be seen through a microscope.2 PERBINCANGAN 1Aktiviti Anda diberi foto organisma di atas.Objektif ObjektifPembelajaran Pembelajaran Learning Objective Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life INKUIRI 2.1 sains adalahunisel sebahagian daripada multisel kehidupan harian 2. 30 2. 30 1.2 and multicellular organisms 1. microscope. Spirogira ✓ Klamidomonas Paramesium ✓ Ameba ✓ CHAPTER Mark (✓) in the boxes provided the natural phenomena.3. 2 Observe the pond water under a low power microscope. Microorganisms 3 State the meaning of the following organisms. (Multicellular organisms) (e) (f) (g) DISCUSSION (Euglena) (Mucor) (Yeast) 28 28 F1MR-ch2(23-34). penitis 1 Titiskan setitik air kolam ke atas sisip kaca yang bersih. Essential Science PMR.1 ✓ BAHAN RADAS PROSEDUR BAB Eksperimen Aktiviti 1. Kontekstual ✓ ✓ ✓ Name the laboratory apparatus in the table below.3. Measuring cylinder Pipette Burette Round-bottomed flask Thistle funnel 1.5 the meaning of unicellular and • organisms Make a list of things around you that are related to science 2 28 1.6 Experiment Understanding unicellular and multicellular organisms INQUIRY Activity 4 Name the following organisms. mikroskop. penutup kaca. Tabung uji 2 the minute organisms 3 which cannot be 4 5 2 Name seen with the naked eye. hlm.Radas tandakan (✓) dalam yang diberi bagi organisma unisel.5 PERBINCANGAN 1. TUJUAN Memerhati organisma unisel dan organisma multisel Air kolam Sisip kaca. mark (✓) in the boxes provided the unicellular organisms.2 2. ✓ Spirogyra Chlamydomonas ✓ Paramecium Amoeba 1 1 PEMERHATIAN BAB CHAPTER OBSERVATION 2 2 Paramesium ANALISIS Ameba Spirogira Klamidomonas Objektif Pembelajaran 1. Kemudian. Essential Science PMR.2 HP • Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam Rujuk kepada Essential Science Form 1.5 2. Laboratory apparatus and their uses Activity Contextual ✓ MINDRobics Buret Balang gas Tungku kaki tiga Bikar Rod kaca Kelalang dasar bulat Pipet Takung kaca Corong turas Kasa dawai Mangkuk pijar Corong tisel Kaki retortParamesium Mangkuk penyejat Penunu Bunsen Spirogira Klamidomonas 3 4 5 Burette Gas jar Tripod stand Beaker Glass rod Round-bottomed flask Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel Wire gauze Crucible Thistle funnel Retort stand Evaporating dishSpirogyra Bunsen burnerChlamydomonas Paramecium MINDRobics 2 Apakah nama yang diberi kepada organisma seni yang tidak dapat dilihat dengan mata kasar? Mikroorganisma 3 Nyatakan maksud organisma yang berikut. Unicellular and multicellular Organisms. 2 Perhatikan air kolam itu di bawah kuasa rendah mikroskop. glass cover. Then. Kelalang kon Tabung didih Tabung uji Silinder penyukat Kelalang volumetri Ameba 1 2 1.5 1. (Microorganisms) 2 Name the living things that have only one cell. dropper ✓ 1 Put a drop of pond water on a clean slide.2Memahami Memahami organisma dan organisma 2. p. Conical flask Boiling tube Test tube Measuring cylinder Volumetric flask Amoeba 1 1. Aktiviti makmal Makmal 2.1 INQUIRY DISCUSSION Experiment Activity Unicellular and multicellular organisms Science and natural phenomena Inquiry-discovery Contextual Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang disediakan bagi fenomena semula jadi. hlm. 41. (Unicellular organisms) 3 Name the living things that made up of many cells. Study the photos and name the DISCUSSION organisms. AIM To observe unicellular and multicellular organisms ✓ MATERIALS Pond water APPARATUS PROCEDURE Slide.2 Knowing the safety percautions and apparatus in a science laboratory 1 You are given the photos of the above organisms. Kaji gambar-gambar itu dan namakan organisma makmal dan petak kegunaannya itu. Unicellular and Multicellular Organisms.1 kepentingan sains unisel dalam dan kehidupan harian 2. 3 Name some of the organisms seen. 3 Namakan beberapa organisma yang diperhatikan.2 LO Refer • Useto some common scientific apparatus in the Essential Science Form 1.2 1.

B. (a) Mucor (Plant cell) (b) Amoeba (Animal cell) (c) Paramecium (Animal cell) (d) Spirogyra (Plant cell) (e) Chlamydomonas (Plant cell) 6 State whether the following organisms are a unicellular organism or a multicellular organism. Terdiri daripada satu sel Paramesium: Kelalang kon Buret Balang gas daripada satu sel Tabung didih TerdiriBikar Rod kaca Klamodomonas: Tabung uji Pipet kaca Terdiri daripada banyakTakung sel Hidra: Silinder penyukat Kasa dawai Mangkuk pijar Kelalang volumetri retort penyejat TerdiriKaki daripada banyakMangkuk sel Spirogira: 1. (Spirogyra consists of many cells and contains chloroplast) 29 29 F1MR-ch2(23-34).2 Consists of one cell below. Hidra. ✓ Amoeba ✓ Mucor ✓ Paramecium CHAPTER 1 1 Ameba ✓ Mukor ✓ Paramesium BAB 2 2 Chlamydomonas Klamidomonas Hidra Objektif Pembelajaran Hydra Spirogyra Spirogira (a) State one characteristic of the Learning organisms. Spirogira Tabung uji Tabung didih Kumpulan 1 Bikar Kelalang Kumpulan kon Kelalang volumetri 2 6 Ciri sepunya 7 8 sel Terdiri daripada satu 9 Terdiri daripada10 banyak sel Common characteristics 6 Test tube Group Boiling tube 1 Beaker Group Conical flask 9 2 Volumetric flask 7 Consists of one cell 8 Consists of many 10 cells Nama organisma Silinder penyukat Ameba Paramesium Klamidomonas Pipet Buret Mukor Hidra Spirogira Kelalang dasar bulat Corong tisel 1. Mark (✓) in below the boxes provided the natural phenomena.1 ✓ CHAPTER DISCUSSION Activity DISCUSSION Activity 1. B. Paramesium. organisma tersebut. Name the laboratory apparatus in the table Paramecium : ConsistsBurette of one cell Conical flask Gas jar Tripod stand Chlamydomonas : Boiling tube ConsistsBeaker Glass rod Round-bottomed flask of many cells Hydra : tube Test Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel ConsistsWire of many cells Crucible Measuring cylinder gauze Thistle funnel Spirogyra : Volumetric flask Retort stand Evaporating dish Bunsen burner (b) Classify the organisms above into two groups based on common characteristics.6 contoh organisma unisel dan organisma • multisel Menyenaraikan perkara di sekeliling anda yang berkaitan dengan sains 2 29 1. Ameba.1 PERBINCANGAN ✓ BAB Objektif Pembelajaran Aktiviti 1.2 LO • Use some common scientific apparatus in the laboratory 5 State whether the following microorganisms are a plant cell or an animal cell.1 Memahami sains adalah sebahagian daripadadan kehidupan harian Pengelasan organisma unisel multisel PERBINCANGAN Aktiviti Sains dan fenomena semula jadi Masteri Kontekstual 2007 Bhg. Paramecium. Q7 Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 Rajah di bawah menunjukkan jenis Perhatikan Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang beberapa disediakan bagi organisma. Spirogyra MINDRobics (a) Nyatakan satu ciri bagi organisma-organisma tersebut. Observe the organisms. Aktiviti Terdiri daripada satu seldan kegunaannya Radas makmal Ameba: 1.2 PERBINCANGAN Terdiri daripada banyak sel Mukor: Namakan radas makmal dalam jadual di bawah.6 1.Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life 2.indd 29 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . (a) Amoeba (Unicellular organism) (b) Paramecium (Unicellular organism) (c) (d) (e) (f) Spirogyra (Multicellular organism) Mucor (Multicellular organism) Chlamydomonas (Unicellular organism) Euglena (Unicellular organism) 7 Explain why Spirogyra is classified as a multicellular plant. (b) di atas berdasarkan ciri Namakan organisma bagi setiap kumpulan itu.2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains Kontekstual Contextual Tungku kaki tiga Kelalang dasar bulat Corong turas Corong tisel Penunu Bunsen MINDRobics 1 Kelaskan organisma-organisma 2 3 kepada dua kumpulan 4 5 sepunya. fenomena semula jadi.2 one Knowing the safety percautions and apparatus in a science laboratory Consists of cell Amoeba: DISCUSSION Laboratory apparatus and their uses Consists of many cells Activity Mucor: 1. ✓ The diagram shows a few types of organisms. Chlamydomonas. Mukor. Klamidomonas.6 LO Give examples of unicellular multicellular • Make a list of things around you that are related to organisms science 2 29 1. Mucor.1HP HP • • Memberi Menerangkan kepentingan sains dalam kehidupan harian 2. 1 Name the organisms 2 belonging to each group.2 HP • Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam makmal Name of organisms Measuring cylinder Amoeba Paramecium Chlamydomonas Pipette Burette Mucor Hydra Spirogyra Round-bottomed flask Thistle funnel 1.1 Understanding that is part of everyday life Classification ofscience unicellular and multicellular organisms Science and natural phenomena Learning Objective Mastery Contextual 2007 Sec.1 LO• • Explain the importance of scienceand in everyday life 2. S7 2. Objective 1. 3 4 5 Amoeba. Hydra.6 1.

part of everyday life systems in the human body 2. organs and systems in the human body 2. 1. Tandakan (✓) struktur dalam petak disediakan bagi fenomena semula jadi. Q1(a) Test tube Pipette Glass trough Filter funnel Classify Measuring the following organs into systems listed below. lung. organ. trachea (Respiratory system) (g) Bones.2 Mengetahui langkah-langkah keselamatan dan radas dalam makmal sains fungsi tertentu.1 Aktiviti Aktiviti 2. spinal cord (Nervous system) (b) Skin. state the type of system that is formed in a human body. Classification of organs in a system Activity LIBRARY 2. ovary (Reproductive system) (e) Mouth. Tisu otot (d) Nerve cell Epithelial tissue (b) Reproductive cell✓ (c) Muscle tissue (d) Tisu epitelium Sel saraf Sel pembiakan Tisu otot 1 1 BAB Epithelial tissue Nerve cell Reproductive cell Muscle tissue CHAPTER 2 Tulis dengan betul turutan organisasi sel dalam organisma berdasarkan pernyataan yang diberi. (Cell.7 PERBINCANGAN 1. Objektif Pembelajaran menjalankan fungsi yang 1. stomach.1 Understanding that cells science is tissues.1 adalah sebahagian daripada kehidupan Learning Objective 1. cylinder Wire gauze Crucible Thistle funnel Volumetric flask Retort stand Evaporating dish Bunsen burner Heart Kidneys Joint Spinal cord Nerve fibre 1 2 Brain 3 4 5 Bone Cartilage Testis Stomach Blood vessels Skin Urinary bladder Mouth Ovary Uterus Nose Lungs Trachea Intestine MINDRobics System Test tube Boiling tube Beaker Conical flask Volumetric flask 6 Pernafasan 7 Pencernaan 8 Pembiakan Saraf Otak Saraf tunjang Gentian Buret saraf 9 Perkumuhan 10 Rangka Peredaran darah Salur darah Jantung Corong tisel 6 Respiratory 7 Digestive 8 Reproductive Nervous 9 Excretory 10 Skeletal Blood circulatory Hidung Trakea Peparu Silinder penyukat Mulut Perut Usus Pipet Uterus Testis Ovari Kulit Tulang Peparu Sendi Pundi Rawan kencing Kelalang dasar bulat Ginjal Nose Trachea Lungs Mouth Stomach Intestine Uterus Testis Ovary Pipette Brain Spinal cord Nerve fibre Burette Measuring cylinder Skin Bone Blood vessels Lungs Joint Heart Urinary Cartilage bladder Round-bottomed flask Thistle funnel Kidneys 2. Aktiviti PUSTAKA Pengelasan organ-organ dalam sistem Kelalang kon Buret Balang gas Tungku kaki tiga Masteri PENYELIDIKAN 2.7 HP HP •• Menerangkan Namakan jenis sel-sel manusia berbeza •• Menyenaraikan perkara sekeliling anda yang berkaitan Susun mengikut urutan di organisasi sel dari ringkas ke dengan sains kompleks dengan menggunakan istilah sel. Aktiviti Radas makmal dan kegunaannya Terdiri daripada semua sistem yang bekerjasama.1 kepentingan sainsyang dalam kehidupan harian 2.1 LO LO • • Name Explain the the different importance types of of science human in cells everyday life • sequentially cell organisation from simple • Arrange Make a list of things around you that are related toto complex science using the terms cell. kidney (Excretory system) (c) Blood vessel.2 LO• • Usethe some common scientific apparatus in the laboratory 1. Sel saraf Tisu epitelium Sel pembiakan ✓ ✓ (a) (b) (c) BAB Mark (✓) the in the boxes provided the natural phenomena. S1(a) Silinder penyukat Kasa dawai Mangkuk pijar Corong tisel Kelaskan organ-organ yang berikut kepada yang disenaraikan di bawah.…….indd 30 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . (tissue) 3 A group of tissue that works together is called ……………. tisu. Kontekstual MINDRobics Namakan radas makmal dalam jadual di bawah.ObjektifPembelajaran Pembelajaran Objektif Chapter 2 Cell as a Unit of Life PERBINCANGAN 2. sama. 1 Name given structures. 1. Activity Contextual Mastery 4 tunjang Saraf Testis Mulut Trakea 5 Gentian saraf Perut Ovari Usus Burette Gas jar Tripod stand Boiling tube Beaker Glass rod Round-bottomed flask 2007 Sec. sistem dan organisma 2 30 1. Basic unit for all living things. lungs.2 Consisting of A group of cells Consisting of two or more of the same two or more organs working type carrying types of tissue together to carry out the same working Learning Objective percautions and apparatus out in a science laboratory specific function. tissue.1 2. liver (Digestive system) (f) Nose. organ. A. tissue.3 form organs and Konstruktivisme Kontekstual Organisasi sel Sains dan fenomena semula jadi 1.2HP HP • • Menyatakan Menggunakan radas saintifik yang umum dalam 2.8 Activity LIBRARY RESEARCH DISCUSSION Activity 1 State the sequence in the cell organisation in humans. (organ) 4 A few organs work together to carry out certain function in a life process to form a …………… (system) 5 Based on the given organs. (a) Cell ➯ ➯ ➯ ➯ ➯ (b) Tissue ➯ (c) Organ ➯ (d) System ➯ (e) Organism 2 2 Unit asas bagi semua hidupan. DISCUSSION Laboratory apparatus and theirfunctions.7 Understanding that cells form tissues. uses Consisting of all systems working together.8 Tabung didih Bikar Rod kaca Kelalang dasar bulat Tabung uji Pipet Takung kaca Corong turas 2007 Bhg.7 ✓ (a) CHAPTER DISCUSSION Activity Science and natural phenomena Cell organisation Contextual Constructivism Cell as a Unit of Life Chapter 2 1 Namakan yangyang diberi.8 LO State function of different types of human cells 1.7 1. organ dan sistem dalam harian badan manusia 1.3 Memahami Memahamisains sel membentuk tisu.2 Knowing the safety together.2 PERBINCANGAN Dua atau lebih Sekumpulan sel Terdiri daripada organ yang yang sama jenis dua atau lebih bekerjasama yang jenis tisu yang untuk menjalankan bekerjasama. heart (Blood circulatory system) (d) Testis.8 Conical flask 1. (a) Brain. organ. system and organism 2 30 2.3 2. system.8 fungsi jenis sel-sel manusia yang makmal berbeza 2. ✓ ✓ (a) Sel (b) Tisu (c) Organ (d) Sistem (e) Organisma ✓ ✓ 2 Write out in sequence the organisation of cells in an organism based on the given statements. joints (Skeletal system) 30 30 F1MR-ch2(23-34). A. Kelalang volumetri Kaki retort sistem-sistem Mangkuk penyejat Penunu Bunsen 1 2 Jantung Tulang Salur darah Uterus Ginjal Otak Kulit Hidung 3 Sendi Rawan Pundi kencing Peparu Sistem Tabung uji Tabung didih Bikar Kelalang kon Kelalang volumetri RESERACH Name the laboratory apparatus in the table below. human) 2 A group of similar cells that performs the same work is called …….

2 3 4 5 Animal cells do not contain Unicellular Multicellular cell wall . PMR 1 Function: Controls all the cell activities Key To Success Questions in this section contain concepts and facts that are frequently tested in the PMR exam. organisms have many cells. hanya mempunyai satu sel. Tuliskan simbol ‘u’ atau ‘m’ masing-masing untuk mewakili organisma unisel dan multisel. ‘organ’ atau ‘sistem’. Cell Tissue Organ System Human body 6 Namakan organisma di bawah. Sel Tisu Organ Sistem Badan manusia Complete the cell organisation below. kloroplas dan vakuol . chloroplast and vacuole . organisms have only one cell. Cell membrane Nucleus Nucleus Cell membrane Cytoplasm Cell wall Plant cell Chloroplast Function: Contains chlorophyll which absorbs light during photosynthesis Function: Maintains the shape of the cell/Protect the cell Mengandungi klorofil yang menyerap cahaya semasa fotosintesis Fungsi: Mengekalkan bentuk sel/ Melindungi sel Vakuol Vacuole Fungsi: Melindungi sel Sel haiwan Function: Protects the cell Animal cell 2 3 4 5 Sel-sel haiwan tidak mengandungi Organisma Organisma unisel multisel dinding sel . ‘organ’ or ‘system’. u m u m 6 Name the organisms below. Make sure you can answer all the questions correctly.PMR 1 Fungsi: Mengawal semua aktiviti sel Kunci Kejayaan Soalan-soalan berikut melibatkan konsep atau fakta yang kerap ditanya dalam peperiksaan PMR. Cell Organ (a) Sperm: (b) Skin: System Tissue (d) Digestive: (e) Eardrum: Organ Cell (g) Eye: (h) Ovum: (c) Excretory: (f) Lung: (i) Brain: System Organ Organ 31 31 F1MR-ch2(23-34). Membran sel Nukleus Nukleus Membran sel Sitoplasma Dinding sel Sel tumbuhan Fungsi: Kloroplas Label the structures of animal and plant cells below and state their function. Lengkapkan organisasi sel di bawah. Label struktur sel haiwan dan sel tumbuhan di bawah dan nyatakan fungsinya. Sel Organ (a) Sperma: (b) Kulit: Sistem Tisu (d) Pencernaan: (e) Gegendang telinga: Organ Sel (g) Mata: (h) Ovum: (c) Perkumuhan: (f) Peparu: (i) Otak: State the following structures as ‘cell’. mempunyai banyak sel. u m u m (a) 7 Ameba (b) Mukor (c) Paramesium (d) Spirogira 7 (a) Amoeba (b) Mucor (c) Paramecium (d) Spirogyra Nyatakan jenis sel berdasarkan struktur dan fungsinya.indd 31 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . Write the symbols ‘u’ or ‘m’ to represent the unicellular and multicellular organisms respectively. Sel pembiakan (a) (b) Sel darah merah Sel darah putih (c) Sel saraf (d) State the type of cell based on its structure and its function. Pastikan anda boleh menjawap semua soalan berikut. Reproductive cell (a) (b) Red blood cell White blood cell (c) Nerve cell (d) Sel darah merah • Mengangkut oksigen dalam badan 8 Sel pembiakan • Memainkan peranan dalam pembiakan Sel saraf • Menghantar maklumat (impuls) dalam badan Sel darah putih Red blood cell • Membunuh bakteria • Transports oxygen in the body Sistem Organ Organ 8 • Takes part in reproduction • Sends information (impulse) in the body • Kills bacteria Reproductive cell Nerve cell White blood cell Nyatakan struktur yang berikut sebagai ‘sel’. ‘tisu’. ‘tissue’.

PMR PAPER Enhancement Corner 2 7 Diagram 5 shows a type of tissue in human body. A. B. B. C A D B Diagram 3 Which of the labelled structures A. 8 Diagram 6 shows four types of microorganisms. Mucor P Spirogyra Organisms Yeast Q Amoeba Diagram 2 Which of the following represents P and Q? P A B C D Multicellular Unicellular Have no cell wall Have vacuole Q Unicellular Multicellular Have cell wall Have no vacuole CLONE 2008 Mucor Amoeba Spirogyra Paramecium Tiap-tiap soalan yang berikut diikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan.PMR KERTAS Sudut Pengukuhan 2 7 Rajah 5 menunjukkan sejenis tisu dalam badan manusia. C or D absorbs light for photosynthesis? B CLONE CLONE 2004 2005 10 Among the following structures. Choose the best answer. yang manakah tergolong dalam kumpulan X dan Y ? X Y A Platlet Sel darah putih B Ginjal Ovum C Perut Sperma D Tisu Peparu epitelium D KLON KLON 2000 2002 Rajah 4 Antara struktur A. yang manakah membina organ? A C C C D A B 3 Diagram 1 shows a cell organisation. yang manakah mewakili P dan Q? P A B C D Multisel Unisel Tidak berdinding sel Bervakuol Q Unisel Multisel Berdinding sel Tidak bervakuol KLON 2008 Mukor Ameba Spirogira Paramesium 1 4 Diagram 2 shows the classification of organisms. 1 The following information shows the characteristics of a cell. yang manakah terlibat dalam persenyawaan untuk menghasilkan anak? A C Each question is followed by four options. 1 4 Rajah 2 menunjukkan pengelasan organisma. Rajah 6 Antara yang berikut. C dan D. 1 Maklumat yang berikut menunjukkan ciri-ciri satu sel. Pilih jawapan yang terbaik. • Has a fixed shape • Has big vacuole • Has cell wall Which of the following is the other characteristic of a cell which has the properties listed above? A No cell membrane B Makes own food C Does not respond to light D Has more than one nucleus B 2 Which of the following involves in the fertilisation to produce offspring? A C Rajah 5 Tisu ini ialah A tisu saraf B tisu epitelium C tisu otot D tisu penghubung Diagram 5 The tissue is a A nerve tissue B epithelial tissue C muscle tissue D connective tissue CLONE 2006 KLON 2006 C C 8 Rajah 6 menunjukkan empat jenis mikroorganisma. C A D B 9 Which of the following builds up an organ? A C 3 Rajah 1 menunjukkan organisasi sel. Sel Organisma X Sistem Rajah 1 Cell B D Organism KLON 2008 X System Diagram 1 Y B D D Antara yang berikut. II and III D 32 32 F1MR-ch2(23-34). B. • Bentuk tetap • Vakuol besar • Berdinding sel Antara yang berikut. C and D. dan III D Which of the following belong in groups X and Y? X Y A Platelet White blood cell B Kidneys Ovum C Stomach Sperm D Epithelial Lungs tissue CLONE CLONE D 2000 2002 CLONE 2008 D Diagram 4 Which of the structures A. C dan D. II. B. B. Rajah 3 Antara struktur berlabel A. yang manakah mikroorganisma multisel? A Mukor dan spirogira B Paramesium dan ameba C Mukor dan paramesium D Ameba dan spirogira A KLON 2006 KLON 2007 Diagram 6 Which of the following are multicellular organisms? A Mucor and Spirogyra B Paramecium and Amoeba C Mucor and Paramecium D Amoeba and Spirogyra A CLONE 2006 CLONE 2007 A B D A B D 5 Rajah 3 menunjukkan struktur sel tumbuhan. CLONE 2009 A B C suatu Y D 9 Antara yang berikut. B. C or D is not found in an animal cell? CLONE 2000 D 6 Diagram 4 shows the structure of a cell. yang manakah tidak terdapat pada sel haiwan? KLON D 2000 6 Rajah 4 menunjukkan struktur sel. yang manakah terdapat pada Spirogira tetapi tidak terdapat pada sel kulit manusia? I Dinding sel III Vakuol II Kloroplas A I dan II sahaja B I dan III sahaja C II dan III sahaja D I.indd 32 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . which are found in Spirogyra but not in human skin cells? I Cell wall III Vacuole II Chloroplast A I and II only B I and III only C II and III only D I. C KLON 2009 5 Diagram 3 shows the structure of a plant cell. Mukor P Spirogira Organisma Yis Q Ameba Rajah 2 Antara yang berikut. C dan D. A. yang manakah me-rupakan ciri lain bagi satu sel yang mempunyai sifat-sifat di atas? A Tidak mempunyai membran sel B Membuat makanan sendiri C Tidak bergerak balas terhadap cahaya D Mempunyai lebih daripada satu nukleus B 2 Antara yang berikut. yang manakah berfungsi menyerap cahaya untuk fotosintesis? KLON KLON B 2005 2004 10 Antara struktur yang berikut.

A. Y and Z with their functions. Structure X • Y • Z • • • • • Function Controls cell activities Contains chlorophyll which absorbs light during photosynthesis Protects the cell Place where chemical processes occur CLONE 2007 Kloroplas Nukleus Chloroplast Nucleus 2 (a) Rajah 2 menunjukkan beberapa contoh organisasi sel dalam badan manusia. mouth oesophagus stomach pancreas intestines nose trachea lungs rawan cartilage tulang bones Memecahkan makanan kepada bentuk ringkas untuk diserap oleh badan Menyerap oksigen dan menyingkirkan karbon dioksida dari badan Menyokong dan melindungi organ dalaman badan Breaks up food into a simpler form to be absorbed by the body Absorbs oxygen and eliminates carbon dioxide from the body Supports and protects the internal organs of the body 33 33 F1MR-ch2(23-34). Q1 ✓ ✓ Rajah 2 (ii) Bulatkan perkataan dalam petak di bawah untuk menunjukkan dua contoh lain bagi sel.indd 33 7/22/10 10:30:39 AM . A. Sec. A. label structures X. S1 CLONE 2005 Sec. (i) Antara yang berikut. Y and Z using the following words: Cell wall (b) Match structures X. 1 KLON 2005 Diagram 1 shows the structure of a cell. S1 2 (a) Diagram 2 shows some examples of the cell organisation in the human body. 1 Rajah 1 menunjukkan struktur satu sel. Y. A. Y. Q1 Nucleus Y :__________________ Rajah 1 (a) Pada Rajah 1. Kloroplas X: __________________ Nukleus Y: __________________ Dinding sel Z: __________________ Section A Answer all the questions. Telinga Ovum Peparu Sperma Diagram 2 (ii) Circle the words in the box below to show two other examples of cells. dan Z dengan menggunakan perkataan yang berikut: Dinding sel (b) Padankan struktur X. Ear Ovum Lungs Sperm (b) Lukis garisan untuk memadankan setiap jenis sistem dengan fungsinya. mulut esofagus perut pankreas usus hidung trakea peparu (b) Draw lines to match each type of system with its function. yang manakah sel? Tandakan (✓) dalam petak yang disediakan. dan Z dengan fungsinya. Chloroplast X :__________________ Cell wall Z :__________________ Bhg. label struktur X.KERTAS 2 PAPER 2 Bahagian A Jawab semua soalan. (i) Which of the following is a cell? Tick (✓) in the box provided. Bhg. Struktur X • Y • Z • • • • • Fungsi Mengawal semua aktiviti sel Mengandungi klorofil yang menyerap cahaya semasa fotosintesis Melindungi sel Tempat berlakunya proses kimia KLON 2007 Diagram 1 (a) On Diagram 1.

Q.s P. R. jawab soalan-soalan yang berikut. R and S. CLONE 2004 Sec. 3 Rajah 3 menunjukkan organisma P. P: Has a cell membrane/Has cytoplasm Q: Has a cell membrane/Has cytoplasm R: Has a cell wall/Has chloroplast S: Has a cell wall/Has chloroplast (b) Classify organisms P. answer the following questions. Q1 P Q R S P Q R S Rajah 3 Diagram 3 Berdasarkan pemerhatian pada Rajah 3. Q. Q. P: Mempunyai membran sel/Mempunyai sitoplasma Q: Mempunyai membran sel/Mempunyai sitoplasma R: Mempunyai dinding sel/Mempunyai kloroplas S: Mempunyai dinding sel/Mempunyai kloroplas (b) Kelaskan organisma P. (a) State one characteristic for each of the organisms P. A. (a) Nyatakan satu ciri bagi setiap organisma P. Bhg. KLON 2004 Section B Answer all the questions. Based on the observations in Diagram 3. Q. R. Name the organisms in each group. R and S into two groups based on their common characteristics. R. dan S kepada dua kumpulan berdasarkan ciri sepunya. dan S. R dan S P.indd 34 7/22/10 10:30:40 AM . Q. R and S. Namakan organisma-organisma dalam setiap kumpulan.Bahagian B Jawab soalan di bawah. S1 3 Diagram 3 shows organisms P. A. dan S. Q. Q. R and S Ciri sepunya Mempunyai dinding sel/ Mempunyai kloroplas Tidak mempunyai dinding sel/Tidak mempunyai kloroplas Common characteristics Have a cell wall/ Have chloroplast Do not have a cell wall/ Do not have chloroplast Nama organisma Klamidomonas Spirogira Paramesium Ameba Name of organisms Chlamydomonas Spirogyra Paramecium Amoeba 34 34 F1MR-ch2(23-34). Q.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Mengunduh
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->