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Buletin_Perangkaan_Sosial2012

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BULETIN PERANGKAAN SOSIAL

SOCIAL STATISTICS BULLETIN

MALAYSIA 2012

JABATAN PERANGKAAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA

DISEMBER 2012 DECEMBER

KATA PENGANTAR

Penerbitan ini menyediakan maklumat mengikut bidang utama sosial iaitu penduduk, perumahan, pendidikan, kesihatan, perkhidmatan kebajikan, keselamatan awam, guna tenaga dan perhubungan & rekreasi. Bagi tahun 2012, satu bidang baru telah ditambah iaitu luas kawasan.

Bidang-bidang ini telah dikenal pasti antara bidang asas yang digunakan dalam mengukur kualiti hidup dan kesejahteraan sosial. Penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi ASEAN dan negara-negara terpilih turut disertakan sebagai rujukan bagi perbandingan di peringkat antarabangsa.

Jabatan merakamkan penghargaan kepada kementerian, jabatan dan agensi yang terlibat di atas kerjasama yang diberikan dalam membekalkan maklumat untuk penerbitan ini. Sebarang ulasan atau cadangan bagi menambah baik penerbitan ini adalah dialu-alukan.

DR. HAJI ABDUL RAHMAN BIN HASAN Ketua Perangkawan Malaysia

Disember 2012

i

PREFACE

This publication provides information according to major social areas such as population, housing, education, health, welfare services, public safety, employment and communication & recreation. In 2012, a ne w topic is included that is land area.

These areas were identified as the basic areas used in the measurement of the quality of life and social well-being. Socio-economic indicators for ASEAN and selected countries are also included in this publication as reference for international comparison.

The Department gratefully acknowledges and appreciates the relevant ministries, departments and agencies for the co-operation given in providing information for this publication. Any comments or suggestions to improve this publication is most welcomed.

DR. HAJI ABDUL RAHMAN BIN HASAN Chief Statistician, Malaysia

December 2012

KANDUNGAN CONTENTS Muka surat Page Kata Pengantar Preface Siri Masa Penunjuk Sosioekonomi Malaysia Time Series of Socio-Economic Indicators for Malaysia Formula Formulae Siri Masa Penunjuk Sosioekonomi bagi Negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom Time Series of Socio−Economic Indicators for ASEAN Countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom Carta Chart 1 Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan etnik dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012 Total population by ethnic group and sex, Malaysia, 2012 Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, Malaysia, 2002 dan 2012 Total population by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2002 and 2012 Bilangan pelajar peringkat rendah dan menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan; dan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi, Malaysia, 2011 Number of students primary and secondary level in government & government-aided schools; and students in higher education institutions, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 Number of students in higher education institutions by type of institutions, Malaysia, 2010 and 2011 25 i

1

7

11

2

25

3

26

4

26

iii

Carta Chart 5 Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, Malaysia, 2011 Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan graduan di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, Malaysia, 2011 Number of graduates in public universities by academic qualification, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kelahiran hidup mengikut berat kelahiran dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of live births by birth weight and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Perangkaan kebakaran mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Statistics on fire breakouts by state, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 27

6

27

7

28

8

28

Jadual Table 1. Penduduk Population 1.1 Jumlah penduduk mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012 Total population by state and sex, Malaysia, 2012 Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan etnik dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012 Total population by ethnic group and sex, Malaysia, 2012 Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012 Total population by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2012 Jumlah penduduk mengikut negeri dan kumpulan etnik, Malaysia, 2012 Total population by state and ethnic group, Malaysia, 2012 Bilangan kelahiran hidup, kematian dan pertambahan semula jadi mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of live births, deaths and natural increase by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011
iv

29

1.2

30

1.3

31

1.4

32

1.5

33

Jadual Table 1.6 Kadar kelahiran kasar dan kadar kematian kasar mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Crude birth rate and crude death rate by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan perkahwinan dan perceraian Orang Islam dan Orang Bukan Islam yang didaftarkan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of registered Muslim and Non-Muslim marriages and divorces by state, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 34

1.7

35

2. Perumahan Housing 2.1 Bilangan unit rumah yang siap dibina mengikut negeri dan jenis rumah, Malaysia, 2011 Number of housing units completed by state and type of house, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan unit rumah berkembar dan teres yang siap dibina mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 Number of semi-detached and terrace housing units completed by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan unit rumah kos rendah dan rumah pangsa kos rendah yang siap dibina mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of low cost housing units and low cost flats completed by state, Malaysia, 2011 37

2.2

39

2.3

40

3. Pendidikan Education 3.1 Bilangan sekolah, kelas, guru dan pelajar di sekolah rendah dan menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2012 Number of school, class, teacher and student in government & government-aided primary and secondary school by state, Malaysia, 2012 41

v

Jadual Table 3.2 Bilangan sekolah, kelas, guru dan pelajar di sekolah rendah dan menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of school, class, teacher and student in government & government-aided primary and secondary school by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan sekolah rendah dan menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of government & government-aided primary and secondary school by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan guru di sekolah rendah dan menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of teachers in government & governmentaided primary and secondary school by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan guru di sekolah menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, kategori dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of teachers in government & governmentaided secondary school by state, category and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pelajar prasekolah, rendah dan menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of pre-school, primary and secondary students in government & government-aided schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pelajar prasekolah dan peringkat rendah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of pre-school and primary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 42

3.3

43

3.4(a)

44

3.4(b)

45

3.5

47

3.6

48

vi

Jadual Table 3.7 Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah rendah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of lower secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah atas di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of upper secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pelajar peringkat pasca menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of post secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pelajar sekolah teknik dan vokasional bantuan kerajaan mengikut jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of students in government-aided technical and vocational schools by type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Calon Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah bagi sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Candidates of the Primary School Assessment in government & government-aided schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Keputusan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain, Malaysia, 2011 Results of the Primary School Assessment for candidates in government & government-aided school and other candidates, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 50

3.8

52

3.9

56

3.10

60

3.11

63

3.12

64

vii

Jadual Table 3.13 Keputusan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah bagi sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut mata pelajaran, Malaysia, 2011 Results of the Primary School Assessment in government & government-aided schools and other candidates by subject, Malaysia, 2011 Calon peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Candidates of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination in government & government-aided school and other candidates by state, Malaysia, 2011 Keputusan peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain, Malaysia, 2011 Results of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination for candidates in government & government-aided school and other candidates, Malaysia, 2011 Keputusan peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut mata pelajaran, Malaysia, 2011 Results of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination for candidates in government & government-aided school and other candidates by subject, Malaysia, 2011 Calon peperiksaan Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Candidates of the Malaysian Certificate of Education examination for government & government-aided school and other candidates by state, Malaysia, 2011 Keputusan peperiksaan Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia mengikut kategori calon, Malaysia, 2011 Results of the Malaysian Certificate of Education by category of candidates, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 65

3.14

66

3.15

67

3.16

69

3.17

71

3.18

72

viii

Jadual Table 3.19 Keputusan peperiksaan Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Results of the Malaysian Higher School Certificate examination for candidates in government & government-aided schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Keputusan peperiksaan Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia bagi calon persendirian mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Results of the Malaysian Higher School Certificate examination for private candidates by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan tadika, guru dan pelajar mengikut agensi pendidikan lain dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of kindergartens, teachers and students by other educational agencies and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan tadika, sekolah rendah dan menengah swasta mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of private kindergartens, primary and secondary schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan guru tadika, sekolah rendah dan menengah swasta mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of teachers in private kindergartens, primary and secondary schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pelajar tadika, sekolah rendah dan menengah swasta mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of students in private kindergartens, primary and secondary schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pensyarah di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 Number of lecturers in higher education institutions by type of institution and sex, Malaysia, 2010 and 2011

Muka surat Page 74

3.20

75

3.21

76

3.22

77

3.23

78

3.24

79

3.25

80

ix

Jadual Table 3.26 Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 Number of students in higher education institutions by type of institution and sex, Malaysia, 2010 and 2011 Bilangan penuntut di kolej komuniti mengikut jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of students in community colleges by sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan graduan di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of graduates in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi swasta mengikut jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of students in private higher education institutions by type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pensyarah di institusi pengajian tinggi swasta mengikut kelulusan akademik dan kewarganegaraan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of lecturer in private higher education institution by academic qualification and citizenship, Malaysia, 2011 Perbelanjaan kerajaan persekutuan untuk pendidikan, Malaysia, 2011 Federal government expenditure on education, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 82

3.27

84

3.28

87

3.29

90

3.30

92

3.31

94

3.32

95

x

Jadual Table 3.33 Bilangan institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi, Malaysia, 2011 Number of higher education institution by type of institution, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 96

4. Kesihatan Health 4.1 Bilangan hospital kerajaan dan institusi perubatan khas mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of government hospitals and special medical institutions by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan katil di hospital kerajaan dan institusi perubatan khas mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of beds in government hospitals and special medical institutions by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan hospital swasta, rumah rawatan, rumah bersalin & hospis dan katil mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of private hospitals, nursing homes, maternity homes & hospice and beds by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan klinik mengikut jenis klinik dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of clinics by types and state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan doktor, doktor gigi, jururawat, penolong jururawat dan jururawat masyarakat yang berdaftar mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of registered doctors, dentists, nurses, assistant nurses and community nurses by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kes penyakit berjangkit yang dirawat dan dilaporkan mengikut jenis penyakit dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of cases of communicable disease treated and notified by type of diseases and state, Malaysia, 2011 Sebab utama kemasukan di hospital kerajaan, Malaysia, 2010−2011 Principal causes of hospitalisation in government hospitals, Malaysia, 2010−2011
xi

97

4.2

98

4.3

99

4.4

100

4.5

101

4.6

102

4.7

104

Jadual Table 4.8 Kadar mortaliti mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Mortality rate by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kelahiran hidup mengikut berat kelahiran dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of live births by birth weight and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penerima baru perancang keluarga mengikut strata dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of new family planning acceptors by stratum and state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penerima baru perancang keluarga mengikut kaedah dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of new family planning acceptors by type of method and state, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 105

4.9

106

4.10

107

4.11

108

5. Perkhidmatan Kebajikan Welfare Services 5.1 Bilangan institusi dan kapasiti dalam institusi kebajikan am mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of institutions and capacity in welfare service institutions by type of service, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penghuni institusi kebajikan am mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of inmates in welfare service institutions by type of service, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan orang kurang upaya (OKU) yang berdaftar mengikut negeri dan jenis kecacatan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of disabled persons registered by state and type of disability, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kes baru orang kurang upaya (OKU) yang berdaftar mengikut negeri, jenis kecacatan dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of new disabled cases registered by state, type of disability and sex, Malaysia, 2011 109

5.2

110

5.3

114

5.4

115

xii

Jadual Table 5.5 Bilangan penerima bantuan mengikut negeri dan jenis bantuan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of persons receiving aid by state and type of aid, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pusat, kapasiti dan penagih dadah yang dirawat di Pusat Pemulihan Penagihan Narkotik, Malaysia, 2011 Number of Narcotics Rehabilitation Center, capacity and drug addicts treated, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penagih dadah mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Number of drug addicts by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penagih dadah mengikut jenis dadah, Malaysia, 2011 Number of drug addicts by type of drugs, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penagih dadah mengikut kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2011 Number of drug addicts by age group, Malaysia, 2011 Perangkaan Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial (PERKESO) mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Statistics of Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kemalangan mengikut sebab kecederaan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of accidents by cause of injury, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penerima faedah Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial (PERKESO) dan jumlah wang tunai yang dibayar mengikut jenis faedah, Malaysia, 2011 Number of beneficiaries of Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) and total cash paid by type of benefit, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 117

5.6

118

5.7

119

5.8

120

5.9

121

5.10

122

5.11

123

5.12

124

xiii

Jadual Table 5.13 Jumlah bilangan akaun pencarum dan jumlah caruman kepada Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja mengikut kumpulan kredit/simpanan, Malaysia, 2011 Total number of contributors' accounts and total contributions to Employees Provident Fund by credit/saving groups, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pencarum (akaun aktif dan tidak aktif) kepada Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja mengikut kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2011 Number of contributors' (active and inactive accounts) to Employees Provident Fund by age group, Malaysia, 2011 Perbelanjaan Kerajaan Persekutuan untuk perkhidmatan sosial & masyarakat dan pencen, Malaysia, 2011 Federal Government expenditure on social & community services and pensions, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 125

5.14

126

5.15

127

6. Keselamatan Awam Public Safety 6.1 Bilangan kemalangan jalan raya, kecederaan dan kematian yang dilaporkan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of road accidents, injuries and deaths reported by state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pemandu/penunggang yang terlibat dalam kemalangan jalan raya yang dilaporkan mengikut jenis kenderaan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of drivers/riders involved in road accidents reported by type of vehicle, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kematian dan kecederaan dalam kemalangan jalan raya yang dilaporkan mengikut pengguna jalan raya, Malaysia, 2011 Number of deaths and injuries in road accidents reported by type of road user, Malaysia, 2011 Perangkaan kebakaran mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Statistics on fire breakouts by state, Malaysia, 2011 129

6.2

130

6.3

131

6.4

132

xi v

Jadual Table 6.5 Bilangan kebakaran mengikut negeri dan jenis kebakaran, Malaysia, 2011 Number of fire breakouts by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kebakaran bangunan mengikut jenis bangunan dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of fire breakouts in building by type of building and state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kebakaran mengikut punca kebakaran dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of fire breakouts by source and state, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kebakaran bangunan mengikut negeri dan punca kebakaran, Malaysia, 2011 Number of fire breakouts in building by state and source of fire breakouts, Malaysia, 2011 Jenayah kekerasan yang dilaporkan kepada polis mengikut negeri dan jenis jenayah, Malaysia, 2011 Violent crimes reported to police by state and type of crime, Malaysia, 2011 Jenayah harta benda yang dilaporkan kepada polis mengikut negeri dan jenis jenayah, Malaysia, 2011 Property crimes reported to police by state and type of crime, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan banduan mengikut kumpulan etnik dan jantina, 2011 Number of prisoner by ethnic group and sex, 2011 Bilangan banduan mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, 2011 Number of prisoner by age group and sex, 2011 Bilangan banduan mengikut tempoh hukuman dan jantina, 2011 Number of prisoner by punishment period and sex, 2011

Muka surat Page 133

6.6

135

6.7

137

6.8

139

6.9

141

6.10

142

6.11

143

6.12

144

6.13

145

xv

Jadual Table 6.14 Bilangan pesalah juvana mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of juvenile offenders by state, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 146

7. Guna Tenaga Employment 7.1 Perangkaan utama tenaga buruh, Malaysia, 2011 Principal statistics of labour force, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan penduduk bekerja mengikut industri, Malaysia, 2011 Number of employed persons by industry, Malaysia, 2011 Taburan kekosongan jawatan, pencari kerja baru dan penempatan pendaftar mengikut jantina dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Distribution of job vacancies, new job-seekers and placement of registrants by sex and state, Malaysia, 2011 Taburan kekosongan jawatan mengikut kumpulan pekerjaan, Malaysia, 2011 Distribution of job vacancies by occupational groups, Malaysia, 2011 Taburan kekosongan jawatan dan penempatan pendaftar mengikut kumpulan industri, Malaysia, 2011 Distribution of job vacancies and placements of registrants by industrial groups, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pendaftar yang belum ditempatkan mengikut negeri, jantina dan kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2011 Number of unplaced registrants by state, sex and age group, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan pendaftar yang belum ditempatkan mengikut negeri dan tahap pendidikana, Malaysia, 2011 Number of unplaced registrants by state and level of education a, Malaysia, 2011
xvi

147

7.2

148

7.3

149

7.4

150

7.5

151

7.6

152

7.7

153

Jadual Table 8. Perhubungan dan Rekreasi Communication and Recreation 8.1 Bilangan pelanggan telefon mengikut jenis pengguna, Malaysia, 2011 Number of telephone subscribers by type of user, Malaysia, 2011 Panjang jalan raya mengikut negeri, jenis jalan raya dan bidang kuasa, Malaysia, 2011 Road mileage by state, type of road and jurisdiction, Malaysia, 2011 Purata edaran akhbar harian mengikut negeri dan jenis akhbar, Malaysia, 2011 Average daily newspaper circulation by state and type of newspaper, Malaysia, 2011 Keahlian di Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia, 2011 Memberships in the National Library of Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kumulatif koleksi mengikut jenis bahan di Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia, 2011 Number of cumulative collections by type of material at the National Library of Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan perpustakaan awam mengikut negeri dan jenis perpustakaan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of public libraries by state and type of library, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kumulatif keahlian di perpustakaan awam mengikut negeri dan jenis perpustakaan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of cumulative memberships in public libraries by state and type of library, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kumulatif koleksi di perpustakaan awam mengikut negeri dan jenis perpustakaan, Malaysia, 2011 Number of cumulative collections in public libraries by state and type of library, Malaysia, 2011
xvii

Muka surat Page

155

8.2

156

8.3

157

8.4

158

8.5

159

8.6

161

8.7

162

8.8

163

Jadual Table 8.9 Bilangan pengguna Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, 2011 Number of users at the National Library of Malaysia by type of service, 2011 Pendaftaran baru kenderaan bermotor mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 New registrations of motor vehicles by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 Bilangan kenderaan bermotor yang berdaftar mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 Number of motor vehicles registered by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 Maklumat jalur lebar, Malaysia, 2011 Broadband information, Malaysia, 2011 Kadar penembusan jalur lebar setiap 100 isi rumah mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Broadband penetration rate per 100 households by state, Malaysia, 2011

Muka surat Page 164

8.10

165

8.11

166

8.12

167

8.13

168

9. Luas Kawasan Area 9.1 Keluasan kawasan dan klasifikasi tanah berhutan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Area and classification of forested land area by state, Malaysia, 2011 Hutan simpanan kekal mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 Permanent reserved forest by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 169

9.2

170

Simbol dan Ringkasan Symbols and Abbreviations Nota Teknikal Technical Notes

171 173

xviii

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI
TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

MALAYSIA

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi Malaysia, 2008−2012 Time series of socio-economic indicators, Malaysia, 2008−2012
Penunjuk/Indicators 1. PENDUDUK /POPULATION 1.1 Jumlah penduduk (juta) Total population (million) Kepadatan penduduk (sekilometer persegi) Population density (per sq. kilometre) Peratus penduduk di bawah umur 15 tahun Percentage of population aged under 15 years Peratus penduduk umur 65 tahun dan lebih Percentage of population aged 65 years and over Kadar kesuburan jumlah (setiap perempuan 15-49 tahun) Total fertility rate (per woman aged 15-49 years) 1.6 Kadar pertambahan semula jadi kasar (setiap 1,000 penduduk) Crude rate of natural increase (per 1,000 population) Kadar kelahiran kasar (setiap 1,000 penduduk) Crude birth rate (per 1,000 population) Kadar kematian kasar (setiap 1,000 penduduk) Crude death rate (per 1,000 population) Kadar pertumbuhan penduduk tahunan Annual population growth rate 13.7 13.6 12.6 12.5
p a

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

27.6

28.1

28.6

29.0

29.3

1.2

83

85

86

88

89

1.3

28.7

28.0

27.4

26.9

26.4

1.4

4.8

4.9

5.0

5.1

5.3

1.5

2.3

2.3

2.1

2.1

p

..

..

1.7

18.4

18.5

17.2

17.1

p

..

1.8

4.7

4.8

4.6

4.6

p

..

1.9

1.9

1.8

1.8

1.3

1.3

1.10 Nisbah jantina Sex ratio 1.11 Nisbah tanggungan Dependency ratio

106

106

106

106

106

50.2

48.9

47.8

47.0

46.4

2. PERUMAHAN/HOUSING 2.1 Perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi perumahan (RM juta) Government expenditure on housing (RM million) Peratus daripada jumlah perbelanjaan kerajaan Percentage of total government expenditure 2,760 2,642 2,448 2,602
r

..

2.2

1.4

1.3

1.2

1.1

r

..

1

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi Malaysia, 2008−2012 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators, Malaysia, 2008−2012 (cont'd)
Penunjuk/Indicators 3. KESIHATAN/HEALTH 3.1 Jangkaan hayat ketika lahir Life expectancy at birth Lelaki/Male Perempuan/Female 3.2 Kadar mortaliti neonatal (setiap 1,000 kelahiran hidup) Neonatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 3.3 Kadar mortaliti bayi (setiap 1,000 kelahiran hidup) Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 3.4 Kadar mortaliti kanak-kanak (setiap 1,000 penduduk berumur 1─4 tahun) Toddler mortality rate (per 1,000 population aged 1 ─4 years) 3.5 Nisbah mortaliti ibu bersalin (setiap 100,000 kelahiran hidup) Maternal mortality ratio (per 100,000 live births) 3.6 Penduduk bagi setiap doktor Population per doctor 3.7 Perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi kesihatan (RM juta) Government expenditure on health (RM million) 3.8 Peratus daripada jumlah perbelanjaan kerajaan Percentage of total government expenditure 4. PENDIDIKAN b/EDUCATION 4.1 Peratusan penduduk bersekolah Percentage of population enrolled in schools Peringkat rendah (7─12 tahun) Primary level (7 ─12 years) Peringkat menengah (13─17 tahun) Secondary level (13 ─17 years) 4.2 Bilangan pelajar bagi setiap guru Number of students per teacher Sekolah rendah/Primary school Sekolah menengah/Secondary school 4.3 Perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi pendidikan per kapita (RM juta) c Government expenditure on education per capita (RM million) 4.4 Perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi pendidikan (RM juta) c Government expenditure on education (RM million) 4.5 Peratus daripada jumlah perbelanjaan kerajaanc Percentage of total government expenditure 21.2 18.7 20.4 19.2 . . 27,268.0 28,822.1 28,253.0 31,180.4 . . 983.3 1,018.2 1,000.1 1,076.5 . . 15.0 14.5 14.0 13.7 13.3 13.4 13.1 13.1 11.9 12.9
p p
P

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

71.6 76.4 3.9

71.6 76.5 4.3

p p

71.9 77.0 4.3

p p

72.1 77.1 4.2

p p p

. . . . . .

6.2

6.9

6.7

6.6

p

. .

0.4

0.4

0.4

0.4

p

. .

27.3

27.0

26.1

25.5

. .

1,098

920

867

791
r

. .

13,246

14,768

16,499

16,770

. .

6.7

7.1

8.1

7.3

r

. .

92.9 78.8

92.0 80.0

90.6 81.4

90.7 81.5

88.0 84.4

p

p

2

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi Malaysia, 2008−2012 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators, Malaysia, 2008−2012 (cont'd)
Penunjuk/Indicators 5. PENDAPATAN/INCOME 5.1 PNK per kapita pada harga pasaran (RM) Per capita GNI at market prices (RM) 5.2 Peratus hasil kerajaan dari cukai pendapatan (semasa) Percentage of government revenue from income tax (current) 27,094 24,879 26,882 29,661 . . 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

49.1

47.2

46.6

49.8

r

. .

Suku 3 6. TENAGA BURUH/LABOUR FORCE 6.1 Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh (peratus) Labour force participation rates (per cent) 6.2 Kadar pengangguran (peratus) Unemployment rate (per cent) 62.6 62.9 63.7 64.4
3rd

Qtr 65.4

3.3

3.7

3.3

3.1

3.0

7. PERTIKAIAN PERUSAHAAN/INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES 7.1 Bilangan mogok Number of strikes 7.2 Bilangan pekerja terlibat dalam mogok Number Number of workers of workers involved involved in strikes in 7.3 Bilangan hari bekerja yang hilang ('000) Number of working days lost ('000) 8. PERHUBUNGAN/COMMUNICATION 8.1 Jalan raya permukaan keras (km) Hard surfaced roads (km) 8.2 Jalan raya permukaan keras bagi sekilometer persegi kawasan (km) Hard surfaced roads per square kilometre of area (km) 8.3 Bilangan kenderaan bermotor bagi sekilometer jalan raya permukaan keras Motor vehicles per kilometre of hard surfaced road 8.4 Purata bilangan surat yang dihantar kepada setiap orang setahun Average number of mail received per person per year 8.5 Purata edaran akhbar harian ('000) Average daily newspaper circulation ('000) 8.6 Purata edaran akhbar harian bagi setiap 1,000 penduduk Average daily newspaper circulation per 1,000 population 114,388 126,180 134,649 145,199 . . 2 4 2 . .

170

393

71

-

. .

0.3

1.1

0.2

-

. .

0.35

0.38

0.41

0.44

. .

157

151

150

147

. .

46

44

41

. .

. .

3,768

3,574

3,613

3,496

. .

137

127

126

121

. .

3

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi Malaysia, 2008−2012 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators, Malaysia, 2008−2012 (cont'd)
Penunjuk/Indicators 9. PERLINDUNGAN/SECURITY 9.1 Bilangan orang yang dilindungi oleh PERKESO bagi setiap 1,000 penduduk dalam umur bekerja (15 ─64 tahun) Number of persons covered by SOCSO per 1,000 working age population (15 ─64 years) 9.2 Bilangan pencarum Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja bagi 10,000 penduduk dalam umur bekerja Contributors of Employees Provident Fund per 10,000 working age population 9.3 Perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi pertahanan dan keselamatan (RM juta) Government expenditure on defence and security (RM million) 9.4 Peratus perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi pertahanan dan keselamatan daripada jumlah perbelanjaan kerajaan Government expenditure on defence and security as a percentage of total government expenditure 24,289 23,539 22,653 25,072
r

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

687

704

715

739

. .

6,579

6,551

6,577

6,673

. .

. .

12.4

11.4

11.1

10.9

r

. .

10. HARGA/PRICE 10.1 Indeks harga pengguna (2010 =100) Consumer price index (2010 =100) 10.2 Indeks harga pengguna - % perubahan Consumer price index - % change 11. PELBAGAI/MISCELLANEOUS 11.1 Bilangan koperasi berdaftar Number of registered co-operative societies 11.2 Keahlian syarikat kerjasama berdaftar bagi setiap 1,000 penduduk dalam umur bekerja Membership in registered co-operative societies per 1,000 working age population 5,541 7,215 8,146 9,074 97.7 98.3 100.0 103.2

(Jan.-Nov.) 104.9

5.4

0.6

1.7

3.2

1.7

. .

355

360

341

357

. .

4

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi Malaysia, 2008−2012 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators, Malaysia, 2008−2012 (cont'd)
Penunjuk/Indicators 11. PELBAGAI/MISCELLANEOUS 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

11.3 Janakuasa yang digunakan bagi keperluan rumah dan lampu awam untuk setiap 100 penduduk (jam KW) Power consumed for domestic and public lighting per 100 population (KW hours) 11.4 Perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi pertanian dan pembangunan luar bandar (RM juta) Government expenditure on agriculture and rural development (RM million)

70,031

73,956

78,656

79,177

. .

9,211

9,844

6,390

5,631

r

. .

11.5 Peratus perbelanjaan kerajaan bagi pertanian dan pembangunan luar bandar daripada jumlah perbelanjaan kerajaan Government expenditure on agriculture and rural development as a percentage of total government expenditure

4.7

4.8

3.2

2.5

r

. .

a

2008-2009: Anggaran penduduk Pertengahan Tahun Antara Banci berasaskan data Banci Penduduk dan Perumahan Malaysia 2000 dan 2010 yang disesuaikan. Intercansal Mid Year Population Estimates based on the adjusted Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2000 and 2010 2010-2011: Anggaran penduduk Pertengahan Tahun berasaskan data Banci Penduduk dan Perumahan Malaysia 2010 yang disesuaikan Mid year population Estimates based on the adjusted Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010

b

Tidak termasuk sekolah swasta Excludes private schools

c

Tidak termasuk perbelanjaan bagi Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia Excludes expenditure for Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

5

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI MALAYSIA TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS MALAYSIA Penunjuk Indicator 1.5 Kadar kesuburan jumlah Total fertility rate (TFR) 1.6 Kadar pertambahan semula jadi kasar = Pengiraan Indikator Derivation of Indicator

di mana i = (15-19), (20-24), ..., (45-49)

where i = (15-19), (20-24), ..., (45-49) (Bilangan kelahiran hidup bilangan kematian) dalam tahun t x 1,000 Penduduk pertengahan tahun dalam tahun t (Number of live births number of deaths) in year t x 1,000 Mid-year population in year t Bilangan kelahiran hidup dalam tahun t x 1,000 Penduduk pertengahan tahun dalam tahun t Number of live births in year t x 1,000 Mid-year population in year t Bilangan kematian dalam tahun t x 1,000 Penduduk pertengahan tahun dalam tahun t Number of deaths in year t x 1,000 Mid-year population in year t P t+1 Pt x 100

Crude rate of = natural increase (CRNI) 1.7 Kadar kelahiran = kasar Crude birth rate = (CBR) 1.8 Kadar kematian kasar =

Crude death rate = (CDR) 1.9 Kadar pertumbuhan penduduk tahunan Annual population growth rate

= ln

di mana: Pt = bilangan penduduk pada tahun t Pt+1 = bilangan penduduk pada tahun t+1 ln = logaritma asli where: Pt = population at year t Pt+1 = population at year t+1 ln = natural logarithm
6

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI MALAYSIA TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS MALAYSIA Penunjuk Indicator Pengiraan Indikator (samb.) Derivation of Indicator ( on ’d)

1.10

Nisbah jantina Sex ratio

= Bilangan lelaki dalam tahun t x 100 Bilangan perempuan dalam tahun t = Number of males in year t x 100 Number of females in year t = (Bilangan penduduk umur bawah 15 tahun + Bilangan penduduk umur 65 tahun dan lebih) dalam tahun t x 100 Bilangan penduduk umur 15-64 tahun dalam tahun t

1.11

Jumlah nisbah tanggungan

Total dependency = Number of persons aged below 15 years + ratio Number of persons aged 65 years and over) in year t x 100 Number of persons aged 15-64 years in year t 3.1 Jangkaan hayat ketika lahir Life expectancy at birth 3.2 Kadar mortaliti neonatal = Purata baki masa hidup (dalam tahun) bagi seseorang bayi yang baru lahir

= The average number of years lived by remaining lifetime (in years) for a newborn baby = Bilangan kematian umur kurang daripada 28 hari dalam tahun t x 1,000 Bilangan kelahiran hidup dalam tahun t = Number of deaths under 28 days of age in year t x 1,000 Number of live births in year t

Neonatal mortality rate (NMR) 3.3 Kadar mortaliti bayi

= Bilangan kematian umur kurang daripada 1 tahun dalam tahun t x 1,000 Bilangan kelahiran hidup dalam tahun t = Number of deaths under 1 year of age in year t Number of live births in year t x 1,000

Infant Mortality rate (IMR) 3.4 Kadar mortaliti kanak-kanak

= Bilangan kematian umur 1-4 tahun dalam tahun t x 1,000 Bilangan penduduk pertengahan tahun bagi umur 1-4 tahun dalam tahun t = Number of deaths aged 1-4 years in year t x 1,000 Mid-year population aged 1-4 years in year t

Toddler Mortality rate (TMR)

7

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI MALAYSIA TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS MALAYSIA Penunjuk Indicator Pengiraan Indikator (samb.) Derivation of Indicator ( on ’d)

3.5

Nisbah mortaliti ibu bersalin

=

Bilangan kematian disebabkan melahirkan anak dalam tahun t x 100,000 Bilangan kelahiran hidup dalam tahun t

6.1

Maternal mortality = Number of deaths from puerperal causes in year t x 100,000 ratio (MMR) Number of live births in year t Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh = Jumlah tenaga buruh x 100 Jumlah penduduk dalam umur bekerja (15-64 tahun)

Labour force = Total labour force x 100 participation rate Total working age population (15-64 years) 6.2 Kadar pengangguran Unemployment rate 8.1 Jalan raya = Jumlah penganggur x 100 Jumlah tenaga buruh Total unemployed x 100 Total labour force Jalan raya adalah meliputi jalan permukaan keras merujuk kepada jalan di bawah bidang kuasa Persekutuan dan Negeri sahaja. Angka jalan raya tidak termasuk jalan tanah dan jalan di bawah bidang kuasa Majlis Perbandaran. Jalan raya permukaan keras termasuk jenis-jenis berikut:  Jalan permukaan berturap/konkrit  Jalan permukaan kerikil/batu Roads cover hard surfaced roads refer to those under the Federal and State jurisdictions. It excludes earth roads and also those under the jurisdiction of the Municipal Councils. Types of hard surfaced roads include:  Paved/concrete surface roads  Gravel/stone surface roads Surat yang dihantar (tidak termasuk bungkusan dan kad ucapan) Mail delivered (excluding parcels and greeting cards)

=

Roads

8.4

Surat

Mail

8

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI MALAYSIA TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS MALAYSIA Penunjuk Indicator 1.1−1.11 2.1−2.2 3.1−3.5 3.6 Sumber data Sources of data Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Ministry of Finance, Malaysia Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Ministry of Health, Malaysia Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 3.7−3.8 4.1 Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Ministry of Finance, Malaysia Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Ministry of Education, Malaysia Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 4.2−4.5 5.1 5.2 6.1−6.2 7.1−7.3 8.1−8.2 8.3 Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Ministry of Education, Malaysia Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Ministry of Finance, Malaysia Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia Kementerian Sumber Manusia Ministry of Human Resources Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia Public Works Department, Malaysia Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Malaysia Road Transport Department, Malaysia Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia Public Works Department, Malaysia

9

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI MALAYSIA TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS MALAYSIA Penunjuk Indicator 8.4 Sumber data (samb.) Sources of data (cont’d) Pos Malaysia Berhad Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 8.5 Bahagian Pengedaran bagi setiap pengeluar akhbar harian Circulation Division for every daily newspaper publisher Bahagian Pengedaran bagi setiap pengeluar akhbar harian Circulation Division for every daily newspaper publisher Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 9.1 Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial Social Security Organisation Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 9.2 Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja Employees Provident Fund Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 9.3−9.4 10.1−10.2 11.1−11.2 Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Ministry of Finance, Malaysia Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia Suruhanjaya Koperasi Malaysia Co-operative Commission of Malaysia Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 11.3 Tenaga Nasional Berhad Sabah Electricity Sdn. Bhd. Perbadanan Pembekalan Letrik Sarawak Sarawak Electricity Supply Corporation Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia 11.4−11.5 Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Minsitry of Finance, Malaysia
10

8.6

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI
TIME SERIES OF SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS

NEGARA ASEAN
ASEAN COUNTRIES

JEPUN
JAPAN

REPUBLIK KOREA
REPUBLIC OF KOREA

AMERIKA SYARIKAT
U.S.A.

UNITED KINGDOM

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI BAGI NEGARA ASEAN, JEPUN, REPUBLIK KOREA, AMERIKA SYARIKAT DAN UNITED KINGDOM TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS FOR ASEAN COUNTRIES, JAPAN, REPUBLIC OF KOREA, U.S.A. AND UNITED KINGDOM NOTA KETERANGAN Bab ini menyediakan data siri masa mengenai penunjuk sosioekonomi terpilih bagi ASEAN dan beberapa negara terpilih iaitu Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom. ASEAN adalah singkatan bagi Pertubuhan Negara Asia Tenggara yang terdiri daripada Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Filipina, Singapura, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Myanmar, Lao PDR dan Kemboja, kecuali Timor Leste. Bab ini juga memaparkan data penunjuk sosioekonomi yang sedia ada. Walau bagaimanapun, diharapkan suatu liputan yang lebih luas akan dapat diberikan dalam keluaran akan datang. Indikator yang diliputi adalah penduduk, perangkaan penting, pendidikan, tenaga buruh, pertikaian perusahaan, kesihatan, perhubungan, indeks harga pengguna dan pendapatan. Mutu dan perbandingan di antara penunjuk yang diberikan dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor seperti kaedah anggaran, kaedah pengumpulan data, liputan serta penggunaan definisi yang mungkin berbeza antara satu negara dengan negara yang lain. Pengguna boleh merujuk kepada punca asal data sekiranya ingin mendapatkan penerangan atau penjelasan lanjut. EXPLANATORY NOTES This chapter provides time series data on selected socio-economic indicators of ASEAN and selected countries i.e. Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom. ASEAN, which is the acronym for the Association of South East Asian Nations, comprises of Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam, Myanmar, Lao PDR and Cambodia, except Timor Leste.

This chapter as well presents socioeconomic indicators that are currently available. However, it is hoped that a more comprehensive coverage would be possible in future issues. The indicators covered are population, vital statistics, education, labour force, industrial disputes, health, communications, consumer price index and income.

The quality and the comparability of the indicators presented here are affected by a number of factors such as the method of estimation, data collection, the extent of coverage and definitions used which may vary across countries. Users may refer to the original sources of data for further explanations or queries.

11

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI BAGI NEGARA ASEAN, JEPUN, REPUBLIK KOREA, AMERIKA SYARIKAT DAN UNITED KINGDOM TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS FOR ASEAN COUNTRIES, JAPAN, REPUBLIC OF KOREA, U.S.A. AND UNITED KINGDOM

Sumber data Sources of data Kementerian Kewangan Brunei Darussalam Ministry of Finance, Brunei Darussalam Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistics, Indonesia General Affairs Division, Ministry of Public Management Home Affairs, Post and Telecommunications, Japan Statistics and Information Department, Ministry of Health, Labour and Wealth, Japan Information and Research Department Policy Bureau Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Japan International Statistical Cooperation Division National Statistical Office, Republic of Korea Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Department of Statistics, Malaysia Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Ministry of Finance, Malaysia National Statistical Coordination Board, Philippines Department of Statistics, Singapore National Institute of Statistics (NIS) Ministry of Planning, Cambodia National Statistical Office, Thailand General Statistics Office, Vietnam

12

SIRI MASA PENUNJUK SOSIOEKONOMI BAGI NEGARA ASEAN, JEPUN, REPUBLIK KOREA, AMERIKA SYARIKAT DAN UNITED KINGDOM (SAMB.) TIME SERIES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS FOR ASEAN COUNTRIES, JAPAN, REPUBLIC OF KOREA, U.S.A. AND UNITED KINGDOM (CONT'D)

Sumber data (samb.) Sources of data (cont'd)

Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development, Myanmar Statistics Division of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) International DataBase, United States Census Bureau Office for National Statistics (ONS), United Kingdom Department for Transport, Local Government and The Region s, United Kingdom Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S.A. Population Division, U.S. Bureau of Census Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, U.S.A. Bureau of Economic Analysis U.S. Department of Commerce ASEAN Statistical Yearbook; Public Affairs Office, The ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta, Indonesia Department of Social Statistics, Lao Statistics Bureau

13

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Penunjuk Indicator Malaysia Indonesia Thailand Filipina Philippines Singapura Singapore Brunei Darussalam Vietnam

1. PENDUDUK/POPULATION 1.1 Jumlah penduduk (`000) Total population (`000) 2007 27,058 2008 27,568 2009 28,082 2010 28,589 2011 28,964

225,642 228,523 231,369 237,641 239,688

63,038 63,389 63,525 63,878 64,076

88,706 90,457 92,227 92,338 . .

4,589 4,839 4,988 5,077 5,184

390 398 406 414 423

84,221 85,122 86,025 86,928 87,840

1.2

Kepadatan penduduk (sekilometer persegi) Population density (per sq. kilometre) 2007 82 121 2008 83 123 2009 85 124 2010 86 124 2011 88 123

123 123 123 124 125

296 302 307 308 . .

6,508 6,814 7,022 7,126 7,257

68 . . 69 71 72 73

254 257 260 263 265

1.3

Peratus penduduk bawah umur 15 tahun Percentage of population aged under 15 years 2007 29.4 27.5 22.3 2008 28.7 27.2 22.3 2009 28.0 27.0 21.0 2010 27.4 28.9 20.5 2011 26.9 26.1 19.9 Kadar pertambahan semula jadi kasara Crude rate of natural increase 2007 13.5 12.3 2008 13.7 . . 2009 13.6 . . 2010 12.6 . . 2011 12.5 p . . Kadar kelahiran kasar Crude birth rate 2007 18.1 2008 18.4 2009 18.5 2010 17.2 2011 17.1 p Kadar kematian kasar Crude death rate 2007 4.5 2008 4.7 2009 4.8 2010 4.6 2011 4.8 p

. . . . .

. . . . .

18.9 18.4 17.9 17.4 16.8

26.9 26.7 26.1 25.7 25.2

25.5 25.0 25.0 24.7 24.0

1.4

6.4 6.1 5.8 . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

5.9 5.8 5.6 4.9 5.1

13.2 13.4 13.4 12.6 13.0

11.6 11.9 10.8 10.3 9.7

1.5

18.9 . . . . . . . .

12.7 12.4 12.1 12.0 . .

19.7 19.7 18.9 . . . .

10.3 10.2 9.9 9.3 9.5

16.2 16.1 16.3 15.5 15.9

16.9 16.7 17.6 17.1 16.6

1.6

6.6 . . . . . . . . . .

6.3 6.3 6.2 6.5 . .

5.1 . . 5.2 . . . .

4.5 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5

3.0 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.9

5.3 5.3 6.8 6.8 6.9

14

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (cont'd) Penunjuk Indicator Myanmar Lao PDR Kemboja Cambodia Jepun Japan Republik Korea Republic of Korea Amerika United Syarikat Kingdom U.S.A.

1. PENDUDUK/POPULATION 1.1 Jumlah penduduk (`000) Total population 2007 57,504 5,873 2008 58,377 6,000 2009 59,130 6,128 2010 60,382 6,256 2011 . . 6,385

14,363 14,656 . . . . . .

128,031 128,083 128,030 128,056 127,799

48,598 48,949 49,182 49,410 49,779

301,580 304,375 307,007 310,233 . .

60,986 61,398 61,792 62,262 62,649

1.2

Kepadatan penduduk (sekilometer persegi) Population density (per sq. kilometre) 2007 85 25 74 2008 86 25 75 2009 87 26 . . 2010 88 26 . . 2011 . . 27 . . Peratus penduduk bawah umur 15 tahun Percentage of population aged under 15 years 2007 32.3 38.7 . . 2008 32.3 38.4 33.7 2009 31.9 37.9 . . 2010 . . 37.6 . . 2011 . . 37.3 . . Kadar pertambahan semula jadi kasar a Crude rate of natural increase 2007 1.3 2.4 20.0 2008 . . 2.3 . . 2009 . . 2.2 . . 2010 . . 2.2 . . 2011 . . . . . . Kadar kelahiran kasar Crude birth rate 2007 19.8 2008 15.4 2009 16.2 2010 . . 2011 . . Kadar kematian kasar Crude death rate 2007 5.6 2008 8.4 2009 5.6 2010 . . 2011 . .

343 343 343 343 . .

487 490 492 494 497

32.9 . . 33.2 33.5 34.2 . .

251 253 255 . . . .

1.3

13.5 13.5 13.3 13.2 13.1

18.0 17.3 16.7 16.1 15.6

20.2 20.1 20.7 . . . .

17.6 17.5 17.5 17.5 17.4

1.4

-0.1 -0.4 -0.6 -1.0 -1.6

5.1 . . 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.3

5.9 5.9 . . . . . .

3.3 3.5 3.7 . . . .

1.5

32.6 31.6 30.7 29.9 28.0

28.5 . . . . . . . .

8.6 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.3

9.4 9.0 9.4 10.0 9.4

14.3 13.9 13.5 13.8 . .

12.7 12.9 12.8 13.0 12.9

p

1.6

9.1 8.7 8.4 8.0 7.7

8.5 . . . . . . . .

8.8 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.9

5.0 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1

8.3 8.3 . . . . . .

9.4 9.4 9.1 9.0 8.8

p

15

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Penunjuk Indicator Malaysia Indonesia Thailand Filipina Philippines Singapura Singapore Brunei Darussalam Vietnam

1. PENDUDUK/POPULATION 1.7 Kadar pertumbuhan penduduk tahunan Annual population growth rate 2007 1.9 1.3 2008 1.9 1.3 2009 1.8 1.2 2010 1.8 2.7 2011 1.3 0.8 Nisbah jantina Sex ratio 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

0.3 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.3

2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 . .

1.6 1.7 2.5 1.0 0.5

1.8 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0

1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0

1.8

106 106 106 106 106

100 100 100 101 100

97 97 97 96 97

101 101 101 101 . .

98 98 98 97 97

113 113 112 112 112

97 97 98 98 98

2. PENDIDIKAN/EDUCATION 2.1 Kadar literasi (%)b Literacy rate 2007 92.3 2008 92.1 2009 92.7 2010 92.8 2011 93.6

91.9 92.2 92.6 90.5 . .

93.5 93.5 93.5 93.5 . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

94.8 95.2 95.6 95.9 96.1

95.5 95.8 96.1 96.4 96.7

94.4 94.1 94.0 94.2 94.2

3. TENAGA BURUH/LABOUR FORCE 3.1 Kadar pengangguran (%) Unemployment rates 2007 3.2 2008 3.3 2009 3.7 2010 3.3 2011 3.1

9.1 8.4 7.8 7.1 6.6

1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.7

7.3 7.4 7.5 7.3 7.0

3.1 3.0 4.5 3.1 3.0

3.4 3.7 3.5 2.7 2.6

4.6 4.7 4.6 4.3 3.6

3.2

Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh (%) Labour force participation rates 2007 63.2 67.0 2008 62.6 67.2 2009 62.9 67.8 2010 63.7 67.7 2011 64.4 68.3

73.6 73.4 73.5 73.0 73.0

64.0 63.6 64.0 64.0 64.6

65.0 65.6 65.4 66.2 66.1

67.8 67.8 68.2 68.0 68.3

74.7 75.5 76.5 77.4 77.0

16

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (cont'd) Penunjuk Indicator Myanmar Lao PDR Kemboja Cambodia Jepun Japan Republik Korea Republic of Korea Amerika United Syarikat Kingdom U.S.A.

1. PENDUDUK/POPULATION 1.7 Kadar pertumbuhan penduduk tahunan Annual population growth rate 2007 1.8 2.4 2.0 2008 1.5 2.3 1.5 2009 1.3 2.2 . . 2010 . . 2.2 . . 2011 . . 2.1 . . Nisbah jantina Sex ratio 2007 99 2008 99 2009 99 2010 . . 2011 . .

0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -2.0

0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.8

1.0 0.9 1.0 . . . .

0.7 0.7 0.6 0.8 . .

1.8

99 100 100 100 100

96 95 . . . . . .

95 95 95 95 95

101 101 101 100 100

97 97 97 97 . .

96 97 97 . . . .

2. PENDIDIKAN/EDUCATION 2.1 Kadar literasi (%)b Literacy rate 2007 94.8 2008 94.9 2009 95.0 2010 95.1 2011 95.2

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . 77.6 . . . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

99.0 . . 99.0 99.0 99.0 . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

3. TENAGA BURUH/LABOUR FORCE 3.1 Kadar pengangguran (%) Unemployment rates 2007 4.0 2008 4.0 2009 4.0 2010 4.0 2011 4.0

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . 1.7 . . . . . .

3.9 4.0 5.1 5.1 4.6

3.2 3.2 3.6 3.7 3.4

4.6 5.8 9.3 9.1 . .

5.3 5.7 7.6 . . . .

3.2

Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh (%) Labour force participation rates 2007 66.0 . . 2008 66.2 . . 2009 66.6 . . 2010 66.1 . . 2011 66.0 . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

60.4 60.2 59.9 59.6 59.3

61.8 61.5 60.8 61.0 61.1

66.0 . . 66.0 65.4 64.7 . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

17

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Penunjuk Indicator Malaysia Indonesia Thailand Filipina Philippines Singapura Singapore Brunei Darussalam Vietnam

4. PERTIKAIAN PERUSAHAAN/INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES 4.1 Bilangan mogok Number of strikes 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

2 2 4 2 -

. . . . .

. . . . .

2 4 2 . 2. . .

6 5 4 8 2

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

4.2

Bilangan pekerja terlibat dalam mogok ('000) Number Number of workers of workers involved involved in strikes in 2007 0.1 . . 0.2 2008 0.2 . . 1.0 2009 0.4 . . 0.5 2010 0.1 . . 1.6 2011 . . . . Bilangan hari bekerja yang hilang ('000) Number of working days lost 2007 0.1 . . 2008 0.3 . . 2009 1.1 . . 2010 0.2 . . 2011 . .

0.9 1.1 1.5 3.0 3.8

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

4.3

1.3 12.6 2.1 47.0 . .

12.0 39.0 7.0 34.0 4.0

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

5. KESIHATAN/HEALTH 5.1 Bilangan hospital Number of hospitals 2007 130 2008 130 2009 130 2010 131 2011 138

c c c c c

1,292 . . . . . . . .

1,333 1,239 1,179 . . . .

1,781 1,784 1,821 1,812 . .

30 29 29 30 30

6 6 6 6 6

956 974 1,002 1,030 1,040

5.2

Bilangan doktor perubatan Number of medical doctors 2007 23,738 2008 25,102 2009 30,536 2010 32,979 2011 36,607

22,276 . . . . . . . .

22,651 . . 21,569 19,089 . . . .

3,047 2,838 2,901 . . . .

7,384 7,841 8,323 8,819 9,373

393 564 445 563 608

54,800 57,300 60,807 49,033 50,400

18

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (cont'd) Penunjuk Indicator Myanmar Lao PDR Kemboja Cambodia Jepun Japan Republik Korea Republic of Korea Amerika United Syarikat Kingdom U.S.A.

4. PERTIKAIAN PERUSAHAAN/INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES 4.1 Bilangan mogok Number of strikes 2007 7 2008 6 2009 . . 2010 . . 2011 . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

54 . . 52 . . 48 38 . .

115 . . 108 121 86 65

21 . . 15 5 11 9

142 144 98 . . . .

4.2

Bilangan pekerja terlibat dalam mogok ('000) Number Number of workers of workers involved involved in strikes in 2007 1.0 . . . . 2008 1.1 . . . . 2009 . . . . . . 2010 . . . . . . 2011 . . . . . . Bilangan hari bekerja yang hilang ('000) Number of working days lost 2007 . . . . 2008 . . . . 2009 . . . . 2010 . . . . 2011 . . . .

20.8 . . 8.3 . . 3.6 2.5 . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

189.0 . . 72.0 13.0 45.0 113.0

745 511 209 . . . .

4.3

. . . . .

. . . . .

33.2 . . 11.2 . . 7.5 23.2 . .

536.0 809.0 627.0 511.0 429.0

1,265.0 1,954.0 124.0 302.0 1,020.0

1,041.0 759.0 455.0 365.0 . .

5. KESIHATAN/HEALTH 5.1 Bilangan hospital Number of hospitals 2007 832 2008 846 2009 871 2010 . . 2011 . .

20 16 16 16 16

. . . . .

. . . . .

8,862 . . 8,794 . . 8,739 8,670 . .

2,240 2,512 . . . . . .

5,708 5,815 . . . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

5.2

Bilangan doktor perubatan Number of medical doctors 2007 21,799 1,300 . . 2008 23,740 2,000 2009 24,536 2,100 2010 . . 2,100 2011 . . 2,100

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . 286,699 . . . . 295,049 . .

84,464 . . 90,532 94,672 . . . .

941,300 . . 822,016 . . . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

19

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Penunjuk Indicator Malaysia Indonesia Thailand Filipina Philippines Singapura Singapore Brunei Darussalam Vietnam

5. KESIHATAN/HEALTH 5.3 Bilangan penduduk bagi setiap doktor Population per doctor 2007 1,140 10,129 2008 1,098 . . 2009 920 . . 2010 867 . . 2011 791 . . Kadar mortaliti bayi Infant mortality rate 2007 6.2 2008 6.2 2009 6.9 2010 6.8 2011 . .

2,778 2,931 3,324 . . . .

29,113 31,874 31,791 . . . .

625 625 588 588 . .

992 706 913 736 774

1,537 1,486 1,415 1,773 1,743

5.4

p

28.2 27.5 26.8 26.2 25.2

7.2 7.3 7.1 7.0 . .

. . 24.9 . . . . . .

2.1 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.0

7.6 7.0 7.4 6.1 8.3

16.0 15.0 16.0 15.8 15.5

6. PERHUBUNGAN/COMMUNICATION 6.1 Bilangan telefon bagi setiap 100 penduduk Number of telephones per 100 population 2007 16.8 3.9 2008 16.3 3.8 2009 17.2 3.7 2010 16.1 . . 2011 14.8 . . Jalan raya ('000 km) Roads 2007 114.6 2008 114.4 2009 126.2 2010 134.6 2011 145.2

11.2 11.1 10.8 10.8 . .

8.1 8.1 7.4 7.3 . . 8.1

23.7 22.6 22.6 23.7 23.9

20.4 20.3 19.8 19.3 18.9

60.7 95.6 146.0 147.4 151.4

6.2

421.5 . . 437.8 476.3 487.3 . .

51.5 51.7 52.5 51.5 . .

29.4 29.7 29.9 31.2 31.4

3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4

3.0 . . 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0

160.1 167.3 180.5 188.7 . .

6.3

Jalan raya bagi sekilometer persegi kawasan Roads per square kilometre of area 2007 0.4 0.3 . . 0.1 2008 0.4 0.2 0.1 2009 0.4 0.2 0.1 2010 0.4 0.3 0.1 2011 0.4 . . . . Jumlah kenderaan bermotor bagi setiap km jalan raya Number of motor vehicles per km of road 2007 147.0 130.0 . . 497.1 2008 157.1 140.9 511.4 2009 150.7 141.4 517.9 2010 149.9 157.8 552.7 2011 147.4 . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.8

. . . . .

. . . . .

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 . .

6.4

188.3 198.3 208.1 212.4 . .

258.0 . . 269.0 269.1 280.8 280.4

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

20

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (cont'd) Penunjuk Indicator Myanmar Lao PDR Kemboja Cambodia Jepun Japan Republik Korea Republic of Korea Amerika United Syarikat Kingdom U.S.A.

5. KESIHATAN/HEALTH 5.3 Bilangan penduduk bagi setiap doktor Population per doctor 2007 . . 4,518 2008 . . 3,000 2009 . . 2,918 2010 . . 2,979 2011 . . 3,041 Kadar mortaliti bayi Infant mortality rate 2007 46.3 2008 30.3 2009 27.8 2010 . . 2011 . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

. . 445 . . . . 434 . .

574 . . 536 513 . . . .

320 . . 370 . . . .

. . . .

. . . .

5.4

64.4 68.8 59.2 56.6 54.1

. . . . .

. . . . .

2.6 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.3

3.5 3.4 3.2 3.2 . .

6.4 6.3 6.1 . . . .

4.8 4.7 4.6 . . . .

p

6. PERHUBUNGAN/COMMUNICATION 6.1 Bilangan telefon bagi setiap 100 penduduk Number of telephones per 100 population 2007 1.4 20.2 . . . . 2008 1.7 27.4 . . . . 2009 2.2 58.6 . . . . 2010 2.5 96.2 . . 2011 3.3 98.9 . . Jalan raya ('000 km) Roads 2007 112.4 2008 126.1 2009 127.7 2010 137.5 2011 147.4

35.0 32.4 29.7 27.0 24.5

49.4 . . 50.1 . . 55.2 . . 58.4 . .

. . . . 46.8 . . . .

. . . . .

. . . . .

6.2

36.8 35.0 39.6 47.4 41.0

. . . . .

. . . . .

1,201.0 . . 1,204.0 . . 1,208.0 1,210.3 . .

103.0 . . 104.2 . . 104.9 105.5 105.9

6,489 . . 6,506 . . 6,519 . . . .

420.0 419.6 419.6 . . . .

6.3

Jalan raya bagi sekilometer persegi kawasan Roads per square kilometre of area 2007 16.6 . . . . 2008 18.6 . . . . 2009 18.9 . . . . 2010 20.3 . . . . 2011 21.8 . . . .

3.2 . . 3.2 . . 3.2 . . . .

1.0 . . 1.0 . . 1.1 . . 1.1 . .

0.7 . . 0.7 . . 0.7 . . . .

1.7 1.7 1.7 . . . .

6.4

Jumlah kenderaan bermotor bagi setiap kilometer jalan raya Number of motor vehicles per kilometre of road 2007 33.2 . . . . 66.0 . . 2008 . . . . . . 65.9 . . 2009 . . . . . . 65.2 2010 . . . . . . 65.0 2011 . . . . . . . .

159.0 . . 161.2 . . 165.2 . . . . . .

39.2 . . 39.3 . . 39.0 . . . .

83.3 84.0 84.1 . . . .

21

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 Penunjuk Indicator Malaysia Indonesia Thailand Filipina Philippines Singapura Singapore Brunei Darussalam Vietnam

7. HARGA/PRICE 7.1 Indeks harga pengguna-perubahan % Consumer price index- % change 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2.0 5.4 0.6 1.7 3.2 6.6 11.1 2.8 7.0 3.8 2.3 5.5 -0.9 3.3 3.8 2.9 8.3 4.1 3.9 4.6 2.1 6.6 0.6 2.8 5.2 0.3 2.1 1.0 0.4 2.0 12.6 19.9 6.5 11.8 18.1

8. PENDAPATAN/INCOME 8.1 Pendapatan negara kasar per kapita pada harga pasaran-USD Per capita gross national income at market price-USD 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 7,003 8,128 7,059 8,346 9,693 1,790 . . 1,885 1,012 . . . . 3,831 4,220 4,028 4,858 . . 1,460 1,700 1,790 . . . . 37,464 37,412 35,225 47,011 49,044 47.3BND 51.3BND 38.4BND 40.7BND 48.7BND 843 1,052 1,064 1,169 1,375

22

Siri masa penunjuk sosioekonomi bagi negara ASEAN, Jepun, Republik Korea, Amerika Syarikat dan United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (samb.) Time series of socio-economic indicators for ASEAN countries, Japan, Republic of Korea, U.S.A. and United Kingdom, 2007−2011 (cont'd) Penunjuk Indicator Myanmar Lao PDR Kemboja Cambodia Jepun Japan Republik Korea Republic of Korea Amerika United Syarikat Kingdom U.S.A.

7. HARGA/PRICE 7.1 Indeks harga pengguna-perubahan % Consumer price index-% change 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 35.0 26.8 1.5 7.7 5.0 4.4 7.7 0.0 6.0 7.6 5.7 0.0 5.3 3.1 4.9 0.0 1.4 -1.4 -0.7 -0.3 2.5 4.7 2.8 3.0 4.0 2.8 3.8 -0.4 . . . . 2.3 3.6 2.2 3.3 4.5

8. PENDAPATAN/INCOME 8.1 Pendapatan negara kasar per kapita pada harga pasaran - USD Per capita gross national income at market price - USD 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35,226 39,223 40,488 44,137 47,396 21,632 19,161 17,041 20,562 22,489 47,039 47,888 . . 47,200 . . . . 46,100 47,279 41,370 . . . .

a

Data di bawah perkara 1.4 bagi Myanmar merujuk kepada kawasan bandar Data for item 1.4 for Myanmar refers to urban areas Data merujuk kepada penduduk berumur 15 tahun dan ke atas kecuali Malaysia dan Singapura yang merujuk kepada penduduk berumur 10 tahun ke atas Data refers to the population aged 15 years and above, except Malaysia and Singapore which refer to the population aged 10 years and above Merujuk kepada hospital kerajaan sahaja Refers to government hospital only

b

c

23

CARTA
CHARTS

Carta 1: Jumlah tahun mengikut kumpulan etnik dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012 Chart 1: Total population by ethnic group and sex, Malaysia, 2012
Bilangan (Juta) Number (Million) 10.0
9.2 9.0

9.0
8.0 7.0 6.0 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0
1.0 1.0 0.1 0.1 3.4 3.2

Lelaki Male
Perempuan Female

1.4 0.9

1.0 0.0 Bumiputera Cina Chinese India Indians

Lain-lain Others

Bukan Warganegara Malaysia Non-Malaysian citizens

Carta 2: Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, Malaysia, 2002 dan 2012 Chart 2: Total population by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2002 and 2012
Lelaki Male
234.7 134.5 206.5 131.1 302.5 193.3 451.6 281.8 594.9 379.7 755.8 526.7 862.0 690.3 936.8 817.7 1,048.8 932.2 1,280.2 1,508.6 1,502.6 1,004.7

Kumpulan umur Age group
>75 70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 10-14 5-9 0-4 600 400 200 0 0 200 400 600 800 283.0 173.0 214.8 147.1 303.4 209.7 442.1 277.2 568.1 348.0 705.6 485.7 816.1 645.4 906.9 772.5 951.8 890.5

Perempuan Female

2012 2002

1,123.3 971.9 1,037.2 1,123.0 1,371.8 1,420.5

1,060.7

1,147.4 1,428.6 1,245.6 1,368.6 1,296.9 1,323.7 1,363.7 1,287.9 1,396.5 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800

1,358.4 1,207.6 1,301.3 1,232.5 1,257.3 1,277.0 1,218.7 1,326.0

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

Bilangan ('000) Number

25

Carta 3: Bilangan pelajar peringkat rendah dan menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan; dan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi, Malaysia, 2011 Chart 3: Number of students primary and secondary level in government & governmentaided schools; and students in higher education institutions, Malaysia, 2011
Bilangan ('000) Number ('000) Peringkat Rendah Primary Level

2,860.3

3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500
1,099.0 2,222.9

Peringkat Menengah Secondary Level
Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Higher Education Institution
1,471.6 1,388.8 1,113.4 1,109.5

1,000
489.0

609.9

500 0
Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

Carta 4: Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 Chart 4: Number of students in higher education institutions by type of institutions, Malaysia, 2010 and 2011
Bilangan ('000) Number
508.3

2010 2011
462.8 484.4

600 500 400 300 200
42.4 87.6 89.3 30.0

100 0

38.2

1 IPGM ITEM

2 Politeknik Polytechnics

3 Kolej Colleges

42.0

Universiti4Awam Public Universities

5 IPTS Private HEI

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Ministry of Education, Malaysia

26

429.0

Carta 5: Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, Malaysia, 2011 Chart 5: Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, Malaysia, 2011
Bilangan Number

350,000
299,179

300,000 250,000 200,000

150,000
105,736

100,000
53,267

50,000 0

22,061 1,924

22,594 2,008 1,477

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

Carta 6: Bilangan graduan di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, Malaysia, 2011 Chart 6: Number of graduates in public universities by academic qualification, Malaysia, 2011
Bilangan Number

70,000
60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000
20,232

66,372

20,000
11,332

10,000
0

3,356

1,375

1,527

97

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

Matrikulasi Matriculation Diploma lepasan Ijazah Postgraduate Diploma Profesional Professional

Diploma

Sarjana Muda Bachelor Kedoktoran Doctorate

Sarjana Master Lain-lain Others

27

Carta 7: Bilangan kelahiran hidup mengikut berat kelahiran dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Chart 7: Number of live births by birth weight and sex, Malaysia, 2011
Berat kelahiran (kg) Birth weight 0.1 ≥ 5.00
0.3

0.1 0.6

4.50 - 4.99 4.00 - 4.49 3.50 - 3.99 3.00 - 3.49 2.50 - 2.99 2.00 - 2.49 1.50 - 1.99 1.00 - 1.49 <1.00 0
4.0 4.2 1.6 1.4 0.6 0.6 5.4 3.2

26.2

37.8 91.6 79.4 87.7 105.0

19.9 22.8

20 Lelaki Male

40 Perempuan Female

60

80

100

120 Bilangan ('000) Number

Carta 8: Perangkaan kebakaran mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Chart 8: Statistics on fire breakouts by state, Malaysia, 2011
Bilangan Number

9,000
8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000
7,882

4,000
3,000 2,000 1,000 0

3,419 1,887 1,360 595

3,386 1,933 1,176 229 1,799 815 140 72

1,430

1,140 1,478

Sumber: Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Source: Fire and Resque Department, Malaysia

28

JADUAL
TABLES

1

PENDUDUK POPULATION

PENDUDUK POPULATION

Jadual 1.1: Jumlah penduduk mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012 Table 1.1: Total population by state and sex, Malaysia, 2012 P

P

('000) Negeri State Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

29,336.8 3,439.6 1,996.8 1,640.4 842.5 1,056.3 1,548.4 2,416.7 239.4 1,611.1 3,371.7 2,545.8 5,650.8 1,092.9 1,713.4 91.6 79.4

15,093.7 1,811.3 1,008.5 823.1 424.1 545.1 821.0 1,221.7 117.8 807.9 1,754.0 1,317.3 2,926.6 557.3 873.5 47.2 37.2

14,243.1 1,628.3 988.3 817.3 418.5 511.2 727.4 1,195.0 121.6 803.2 1,617.7 1,228.5 2,724.2 535.7 839.8 44.4 42.2

29

PENDUDUK POPULATION

Jadual 1.2: Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan etnik dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012 Table 1.2: Total population by ethnic group and sex, Malaysia, 2012 P

P

('000) Kumpulan etnik Ethnic group Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female

Jumlah Total Warganegara Malaysia Malaysian citizens Bumiputera Melayu Malay Bumiputera lain Other Bumiputera Cina Chinese India Indians Lain-lain Others Bukan warganegara Malaysia Non-Malaysian citizens

29,336.8 26,974.1 26,974.1

15,093.7 13,659.5 13,659.5

14,243.1 13,314.6 13,314.6

18,251.1 14,771.8

9,201.9 7,439.8

9,049.2 7,332.0

3,479.3

1,762.1

1,717.2

6,517.4

3,350.7

3,166.7

1,959.9

981.3

978.7

245.6

125.7

120.0

2,362.7

1,434.2

928.5

30

PENDUDUK POPULATION

Jadual 1.3: Jumlah penduduk mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, Malaysia, 2012P Table 1.3: Total population by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2012
P

('000) Kumpulan umur Age group Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female

Jumlah Total 0−4 5−9 10−14 15−19 20−24 25−29 30−34 35−39 40−44 45−49 50−54 55−59 60−64 65−69 70−74 ≥75

29,336.8

15,093.7

14,243.1

2,506.5 2,581.0 2,669.8 2,787.1 2,923.0 2,880.4 2,403.4 2,000.7 1,843.7 1,678.1 1,461.4 1,162.9 893.7 605.9 421.3 517.7

1,287.9 1,323.7 1,368.6 1,428.6 1,502.6 1,508.6 1,280.2 1,048.8 936.8 862.0 755.8 594.9 451.6 302.5 206.5 234.7

1,218.7 1,257.3 1,301.3 1,358.4 1,420.5 1,371.8 1,123.3 951.8 906.9 816.1 705.6 568.1 442.1 303.4 214.8 283.0

31

PENDUDUK POPULATION

Jadual 1.5: Bilangan kelahiran hidup, kematian dan pertambahan semula jadi mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 1.5: Number of live births, deaths and natural increase by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011
p

p

Kelahiran hidup Live births Negeri State Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

Kematian Deaths

Pertambahan semula jadi Natural increase

Lelaki Male

Perempuan Female

Jumlah Total

Lelaki Male

Perempuan Female

Malaysia

494,601

255,566

239,035

133,415

76,977

56,438

361,186

178,589

182,597

Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

56,473 34,816 36,609 13,553 17,118 26,167 36,447 4,035 21,747 52,321 41,986 98,519 24,016 26,227 1,686 2,881

29,108 17,923 18,869 7,064 8,920 13,559 18,860 2,118 11,322 27,051 21,598 50,815 12,468 13,530 887 1,474

27,365 16,893 17,740 6,489 8,198 12,608 17,587 1,917 10,425 25,270 20,388 47,704 11,548 12,697 799 1,407

16,265 11,685 9,899 4,546 5,819 7,721 15,866 1,612 9,012 7,811 10,936 19,035 6,139 6,745 211 113

9,491 6,739 5,549 2,604 3,391 4,679 8,954 889 5,088 4,681 6,212 11,085 3,480 3,938 134 63

6,774 4,946 4,350 1,942 2,428 3,042 6,912 723 3,924 3,130 4,724 7,950 2,659 2,807 77 50

40,208 23,131 26,710 9,007 11,299 18,446 20,581 2,423 12,735 44,510 31,050 79,484 17,877 19,482 1,475 2,768

19,617 11,184 13,320 4,460 5,529 8,880 9,906 1,229 6,234 22,370 15,386 39,730 8,988 9,592 753 1,411

20,591 11,947 13,390 4,547 5,770 9,566 10,675 1,194 6,501 22,140 15,664 39,754 8,889 9,890 722 1,357

33

PENDUDUK POPULATION

Jadual 1.6: Kadar kelahiran kasar dan kadar kematian kasar mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011
p p

Table 1.6: Crude birth rate and crude death rate by state, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Kadar Kelahiran Kasar Crude birth rate

Kadar Kematian Kasar Crude death rate

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

17.1 16.6 17.6 22.6 16.2 16.4 17.2 15.2 17.0 13.7 15.8 16.7 17.7 22.3 15.5 18.8 37.8

4.6 4.8 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.1 6.6 6.8 5.7 2.4 4.3 3.4 5.7 4.0 2.4 1.5

34

PENDUDUK POPULATION

Jadual 1.7: Bilangan perkahwinan dan perceraian Orang Islam dan Orang Bukan Islam yang didaftarkan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 1.7: Number of registered Muslim and Non-Muslim marriages and divorces by state, Malaysia, 2011

Orang Islam Muslim Negeri State Perkahwinan Marriage Perceraian Divorce

Orang Bukan Islam Non-Muslim

Perkahwinan Marriage

Perceraian Divorce

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya Luar Negara Oversea

140,535 17,070 14,386 17,124 4,446 4,328 11,392 12,462 2,100 4,506 11,729 5,779 17,547 10,982 5,720 511 453 -

27,355 3,021 2,598 2,734 997 1,058 2,186 1,742 518 1,182 1,203 1,312 4,409 2,367 1,756 108 164 -

68,691 9,645 2,999 416 1,964 2,873 1,747 6,554 180 5,602 3,738 8,613 7,324 136 9,366 77 5,411 2,046

7,759 1,157 388 49 292 397 242 554 18 1,003 288 755 763 6 1,847 -

Sumber: Jabatan Kemajuan Islam, Malaysia (JAKIM) Source: Department of Islamic Development, Malaysia Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara National Registration Department

35

2

PERUMAHAN HOUSING

PERUMAHAN HOUSING

Jadual 2.1: Bilangan unit rumah yang siap dibina mengikut negeri dan jenis rumah, Malaysia, 2011 Table 2.1: Number of housing units completed by state and type of house, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Jumlah Sesebuah Total Detached

Berkembar Semi-detach

Teres Terrace

Rumah Bandar Townhouse

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

65,866 8,078 5,346 1,435 3,140 1,396 3,054 8,155 259 4,212 2,060 4,645 16,153 2,500 4,798 473 162

2,028 365 83 82 353 98 139 136 19 92 9 3 314 303 31 1 -

8,437 561 1,844 127 336 128 878 1,281 204 312 194 603 1,343 336 192 50 48

33,343 5,496 2,337 921 2,331 1,120 1,753 6,345 36 1,141 671 2,676 7,191 867 36 422 -

885 231 654 -

37

PERUMAHAN HOUSING

Jadual 2.1: Bilangan unit rumah yang siap dibina mengikut negeri dan jenis rumah, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 2.1: Number of housing units completed by state and type of house , Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)

Negeri State

Kelompok Cluster

Kos Rendah Low cost

Flat Flat

Pangsapuri Khidmat Service Apartment 3,666 50 2,189 1,427 -

Pangsapuri/ Kondominium Apartment/ Condominium 9,239 255 96 196 836 1,186 3,276 168 3,112 114

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

755 359 56 236 104 -

4,839 545 1,082 24 50 32 157 680 1,363 80 826 -

2,674 752 920 1,002 -

Sumber: Laporan Stok Harta Kediaman, NAPIC, Jabatan Penilaian dan Perkhidmatan Harta, Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Source: Residential Property Stock Report, NAPIC, Valuation and Property Services, Ministry of Finance Malaysia

38

PERUMAHAN HOUSING

Jadual 2.2: Bilangan unit rumah berkembar dan teres yang siap dibina mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 Table 2.2: Number of semi-detached and terrace housing units completed by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 Rumah berkembar Semi-detach Negeri State Rumah teres Terrace

1 tingkat Single storey 4,572 355 1,258 72 322 90 586 838 188 42 86 284 197 254 -

2-3 tingkat 2-3 storey

Jumlah Total

1 tingkat Single storey 15,319 2,174 1,812 750 1,609 551 1,314 3,369 36 413 61 1,487 1,056 521 166 -

2-3 tingkat 2-3 storey

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

3,865 206 586 55 14 38 292 443 16 270 108 319 1,146 82 192 50 48

8,437 561 1,844 127 336 128 878 1,281 204 312 194 603 1,343 336 192 50 48

18,024 3,322 525 171 722 569 439 2,976 728 610 1,189 6,135 346 36 256 -

33,343 5,496 2,337 921 2,331 1,120 1,753 6,345 36 1,141 671 2,676 7,191 867 36 422 -

Sumber: Laporan Stok Harta Kediaman, NAPIC, Jabatan Penilaian dan Perkhidmatan Harta, Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Source: Residential Property Stock Report, NAPIC, Valuation and Property Services, Ministry of Finance Malaysia

39

PERUMAHAN HOUSING

Jadual 2.3: Bilangan unit rumah kos rendah dan rumah pangsa kos rendah yang siap dibina mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 2.3: Number of low cost housing units and low cost flats completed by state, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Rumah kos rendah Low cost house 3,408 461 1,067 24 50 32 157 863 754 -

Rumah pangsa kos rendah Low cost flats 1,431 84 15 680 500 80 72 -

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

4,839 545 1,082 24 50 32 157 680 1,363 80 826 -

Sumber: Laporan Stok Harta Kediaman, NAPIC, Jabatan Penilaian dan Perkhidmatan Harta, Kementerian Kewangan Malaysia Source: Residential Property Stock Report, NAPIC, Valuation and Property Services, Ministry of Finance Malaysia

40

3

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.1: Bilangan sekolah, kelas, guru dan pelajar di sekolah rendah dan menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2012 Table 3.1: Number of school, class, teacher and student in government & government-aided primary and secondary school by state, Malaysia, 2012
Sekolah rendah Primary school Negeri State Sekolah School Kelas Class Guru Teacher Pelajar Student
a

Sekolah menengah Secondary school
b

Sekolah School

Kelas Class

Guru Teacher

Pelajar Student

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

7,723 893 539 418 235 347 538 849 74 271 1,070 1,264 648 349 200 17 11

98,824 11,666 7,039 6,480 2,992 3,993 5,798 9,012 900 4,802 10,519 10,954 15,254 4,615 4,225 282 293

236,313 27,777 17,447 16,043 7,574 9,708 14,981 22,333 2,434 10,913 25,211 25,409 33,669 11,837 9,511 718 748

2,777,849 340,932 206,150 185,184 82,798 105,126 150,764 224,174 23,792 141,027 268,228 256,500 516,589 126,533 133,444 7,554 9,054

2,296 248 180 169 77 117 189 241 27 125 213 184 269 141 97 9 10

70,790 8,256 5,450 4,706 2,333 3,027 4,105 7,084 811 3,821 5,863 6,222 11,353 3,850 3,445 215 249

176,406 20,490 13,749 12,516 5,891 7,670 10,819 17,739 2,179 9,314 15,159 14,831 26,610 9,900 8,331 569 639

2,211,186 266,512 172,452 141,170 71,198 91,646 115,485 206,174 22,362 117,556 193,190 197,323 389,214 110,048 104,667 5,900 6,289

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Seperti pada 31 Januari 2012 As at 31 st January 2012
a

Merujuk pelajar peringkat rendah (Tahun 1−6) Refers to students at primary level (Year 1−6) Merujuk pelajar peringkat menengah (Peralihan−Tingkatan 5) Refers to students at secondary level (Remove-Form 5)

b

41

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.2: Bilangan sekolah, kelas, guru dan pelajar di sekolah rendah dan menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.2: Number of school, class, teacher and student in government & government-aided primary and secondary school by state, Malaysia, 2011
Sekolah rendah Primary school Negeri State Sekolah School Kelas Class Guru Teacher Pelajar Student
a

Sekolah menengah Secondary school
b

Sekolah School

Kelas Class

Guru Teacher

Pelajar Student

Malaysia

7,714

103,447

234,654

2,860,340

2,282

78,241

177,388

2,327,427

Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

889 539 417 234 345 538 849 74 271 1,070 1,265 646 349 200 17 11

12,366 7,357 6,830 3,264 4,205 6,177 9,542 950 4,936 10,708 11,296 15,853 4,863 4,489 308 303

27,396 17,475 16,067 7,550 9,659 14,913 22,484 2,439 10,898 25,243 24,960 32,985 11,796 9,328 714 747

351,091 214,798 196,774 85,902 108,278 155,468 235,253 24,801 144,881 271,966 263,143 523,580 131,091 136,972 7,893 8,449

247 178 164 76 117 189 241 27 125 213 184 265 140 97 9 10

9,198 5,955 5,474 2,651 3,339 4,573 7,856 916 4,160 6,525 6,923 12,077 4,288 3,797 248 261

20,565 13,675 12,576 5,933 7,718 10,916 17,699 2,207 9,303 15,005 15,356 26,962 9,914 8,346 592 621

280,520 181,768 157,366 74,227 95,588 122,717 219,551 24,022 122,998 204,626 210,989 393,814 116,891 110,106 6,031 6,213

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011
a

Merujuk pelajar peringkat rendah (Tahun 1−6) Refers to students at primary level (Year 1−6) Merujuk pelajar peringkat menengah (Peralihan−Tingkatan 5) Refers to students at secondary level (Remove-Form 5)

b

42

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.4 (a): Bilangan guru di sekolah rendah dan menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia 2011 Table 3.4 (a): Number of teachers in government & government-aided primary and secondary school by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011
Sekolah rendah a Primary school Sekolah menengah Secondary school Jumlah Total Jumlah Total Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya 234,654 27,396 17,475 16,067 7,550 9,659 14,913 22,484 2,439 10,898 25,243 24,960 32,985 11,796 9,328 714 747 Lelaki Male 71,393 7,660 5,369 6,182 1,853 2,356 4,805 6,228 745 2,435 10,254 9,652 7,487 3,876 2,147 192 152 Perempuan Female 163,261 19,736 12,106 9,885 5,697 7,303 10,108 16,256 1,694 8,463 14,989 15,308 25,498 7,920 7,181 522 595 Jumlah Total 177,388 20,565 13,675 12,576 5,933 7,718 10,916 17,699 2,207 9,303 15,005 15,356 26,962 9,914 8,346 592 621 Lelaki Male 55,455 6,223 4,723 5,067 1,901 2,239 3,729 6,122 825 2,468 6,164 5,769 5,001 3,321 1,588 213 102 Perempuan Female 121,933 14,342 8,952 7,509 4,032 5,479 7,187 11,577 1,382 6,835 8,841 9,587 21,961 6,593 6,758 379 519

Negeri State

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011
a

Termasuk Prasekolah yang berada di sekolah rendah, Sekolah Model Khas dan Sekolah Sukan Includes Pre-schools in primary school, Special Model School and Sports School

44

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.4 (b): Bilangan guru di sekolah menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, kategori dan jantina, Malaysia 2011 Table 3.4 (b): Number of teachers in government & government-aided secondary school by state, category and sex, Malaysia, 2011
Sekolah menengah Secondary school

Negeri State
Jumlah Total Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya
a

Akademik a Academic Lelaki Male 51,663 5,827 4,466 4,768 1,741 1,998 3,360 5,679 720 2,243 5,766 5,476 4,761 3,069 1,524 163 102 Perempuan Female 117,767 13,945 8,609 7,244 3,855 5,137 6,833 11,114 1,279 6,597 8,541 9,314 21,499 6,361 6,573 347 519 Jumlah Total 2,826 157 179 164 122 139 207 321 129 482 160 476 146 62 82 -

Teknik Technical Lelaki Male 1,172 40 66 73 46 48 90 151 46 256 79 162 54 11 50 Perempuan Female 1,654 117 113 91 76 91 117 170 83 226 81 314 92 51 32 -

169,430 19,772 13,075 12,012 5,596 7,135 10,193 16,793 1,999 8,840 14,307 14,790 26,260 9,430 8,097 510 621

Termasuk Sekolah Model Khas, Sekolah Sukan dan Sekolah Seni Includes Special Model School, Sports School and Arts School

45

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.4 (b): Bilangan guru di sekolah menengah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, kategori dan jantina, Malaysia 2011 (samb.) Table 3.4 (b): Number of teachers in government & government-aided secondary school by state, category and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)
Sekolah menengah Secondary school

Negeri State
Jumlah Total Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya
Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011

Vokasional Vocational Lelaki Male 2,620 356 191 226 114 193 279 292 105 179 142 214 78 198 53 Perempuan Female 2,512 280 230 174 101 251 237 293 103 155 74 192 148 140 134 Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

5,132 636 421 400 215 444 516 585 208 334 216 406 226 338 187 -

46

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.5: Bilangan pelajar prasekolah, rendah dan menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.5: Number of pre-school, primary and secondary students in government & government-aided schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Prasekolah Pre-school Sekolah rendah Primary level Sekolah menengah b Secondary level Jumlah Total 2,327,427
280,520 181,768 157,366 74,227 95,588 122,717 219,551 24,022 122,998 204,626 210,989 393,814 116,891 110,106 6,031 6,213

Negeri State

a

Akademik Academic 2,275,790
275,101 177,974 153,860 71,756 91,631 118,754 213,618 22,666 119,563 200,664 207,635 388,708 113,557 108,482 5,608 6,213

c

Teknik Technical 20,628
1,347 1,211 1,124 1,142 1,178 1,281 2,314 1,222 2,710 952 3,746 1,376 602 423 -

Vokasional Vocational 31,009
4,072 2,583 2,382 1,329 2,779 2,682 3,619 1,356 2,213 1,252 2,402 1,360 1,958 1,022 -

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

178,622 18,697 12,034 14,378 4,620 5,152 14,910 16,623 2,216 6,555 22,772 26,172 20,447 9,396 3,311 584 755

2,860,340 351,091 214,798 196,774 85,902 108,278 155,468 235,253 24,801 144,881 271,966 263,143 523,580 131,091 136,972 7,893 8,449

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011
a

Termasuk Sekolah Model Khas dan Sekolah Sukan Includes Special Model School and Sports School Merujuk pelajar peringkat menengah (Peralihan−Tingkatan 5) Refers to students at secondary level (Remove-Form 5) Termasuk Sekolah Model Khas, Sekolah Sukan dan Sekolah Seni Includes Special Model School, Sports School and Arts School

b

c

47

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.6: Bilangan pelajar prasekolah dan peringkat rendah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.6: Number of pre-school and primary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Peringkat rendah Primary level Negeri State Prasekolah Pre-school Jumlah Total 1,471,562 1,388,778 2,860,340 180,988 170,103 351,091 110,123 104,675 214,798 100,722 96,052 196,774 44,437 41,465 85,902 55,744 52,534 108,278 80,176 75,292 155,468 120,535 114,718 235,253 12,707 12,094 24,801 Tahun 1 Year 1 230,952 218,538 449,490 27,731 26,570 54,301 16,308 15,772 32,080 15,035 14,423 29,458 6,871 6,556 13,427 8,821 8,164 16,985 12,648 11,652 24,300 17,837 17,155 34,992 1,860 1,805 3,665 Tahun 2 Year 2 231,911 219,124 451,035 28,550 26,723 55,273 16,831 15,957 32,788 15,505 14,821 30,326 6,866 6,511 13,377 8,802 8,518 17,320 12,426 11,977 24,403 18,225 17,319 35,544 1,960 1,910 3,870 Tahun 3 Year 3 239,451 226,661 466,112 29,280 27,571 56,851 17,775 16,959 34,734 16,533 15,719 32,252 6,924 6,807 13,731 8,966 8,467 17,433 12,968 12,101 25,069 19,284 18,550 37,834 1,988 1,986 3,974 Tahun 4 Year 4 241,160 229,656 470,816 29,706 28,000 57,706 18,454 17,313 35,767 16,867 16,216 33,083 7,142 6,792 13,934 8,927 8,546 17,473 13,121 12,514 25,635 19,726 18,900 38,626 2,092 2,023 4,115 Tahun 5 Year 5 259,676 248,175 507,851 32,845 31,147 63,992 19,940 19,303 39,243 17,871 17,338 35,209 7,738 7,389 15,127 9,716 9,418 19,134 14,066 13,375 27,441 22,281 21,501 43,782 2,215 2,116 4,331 Tahun 6 Year 6 250,493 237,528 488,021 30,232 28,826 59,058 19,779 18,748 38,527 17,809 16,893 34,702 7,805 6,964 14,769 9,610 8,978 18,588 13,690 13,031 26,721 21,315 20,348 41,663 2,423 2,149 4,572 PPKI SEIP 17,919 9,096 27,015 2,644 1,266 3,910 1,036 623 1,659 1,102 642 1,744 1,091 446 1,537 902 443 1,345 1,257 642 1,899 1,867 945 2,812 169 105 274

Malaysia

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

90,879 87,743 178,622 9,529 9,168 18,697 6,035 5,999 12,034 7,295 7,083 14,378 2,354 2,266 4,620 2,608 2,544 5,152 7,590 7,320 14,910 8,449 8,174 16,623 1,137 1,079 2,216

Johor

Kedah

Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

Perlis

48

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.6: Bilangan pelajar prasekolah dan peringkat rendah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.6: Number of pre-school and primary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Peringkat rendah Primary level Negeri State Prasekolah Pre-school Jumlah Total 74,021 70,860 144,881 140,279 131,687 271,966 136,120 127,023 263,143 269,768 253,812 523,580 67,381 63,710 131,091 70,141 66,831 136,972 4,087 3,806 7,893 4,333 4,116 8,449 Tahun 1 Year 1 11,608 11,158 22,766 22,822 21,358 44,180 21,641 20,327 41,968 44,279 41,681 85,960 10,552 9,760 20,312 11,390 10,709 22,099 696 636 1,332 853 812 1,665 Tahun 2 Year 2 11,617 11,271 22,888 22,361 20,986 43,347 21,830 20,094 41,924 43,836 41,157 84,993 10,353 9,764 20,117 11,287 10,789 22,076 685 633 1,318 777 694 1,471 Tahun 3 Year 3 12,264 11,464 23,728 23,240 21,862 45,102 22,223 20,687 42,910 44,456 41,989 86,445 10,881 10,361 21,242 11,277 10,824 22,101 670 617 1,287 722 697 1,419 Tahun 4 Year 4 11,947 11,637 23,584 23,683 22,227 45,910 22,288 21,095 43,383 43,607 41,506 85,113 11,164 10,741 21,905 11,164 10,928 22,092 623 585 1,208 649 633 1,282 Tahun 5 Year 5 13,440 12,848 26,288 23,637 22,370 46,007 23,868 22,561 46,429 46,711 44,305 91,016 11,687 11,281 22,968 12,407 11,941 24,348 622 619 1,241 632 663 1,295 Tahun 6 Year 6 12,532 12,160 24,692 23,575 22,389 45,964 22,972 21,608 44,580 44,125 41,761 85,886 11,666 11,275 22,941 11,656 11,159 22,815 689 667 1,356 615 572 1,187 PPKI SEIP 613 322 935 961 495 1,456 1,298 651 1,949 2,754 1,413 4,167 1,078 528 1,606 960 481 1,441 102 49 151 85 45 130

Pulau Pinang

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

3,385 3,170 6,555 11,611 11,161 22,772 13,430 12,742 26,172 10,332 10,115 20,447 4,725 4,671 9,396 1,703 1,608 3,311 299 285 584 397 358 755

Sabah

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur

W. P. Labuan

W. P. Putrajaya

Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011 (i) Termasuk pelajar Sekolah Model Khas dan Sekolah Sukan Includes student in Special Model School and Sports School (ii) PPKI-Program Pendidikan Khas Integrasi SEIP-Special Education Integration Programme

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

49

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.7: Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah rendah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.7: Number of lower secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Jumlah Total

Kelas peralihan Remove class 17,278 9,851 27,129 3,527 1,881 5,408 395 209 604 55 24 79 390 178 568 691 355 1,046 522 224 746 2,400 1,464 3,864 29 18 47

Tingkatan 1 Tingkatan 2 Tingkatan 3 Form 1 Form 2 Form 3

PPKI SEIP

Malaysia

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

703,666 682,230 1,385,896 86,092 82,702 168,794 54,232 53,609 107,841 44,971 44,075 89,046 22,755 21,873 44,628 28,808 27,866 56,674 36,476 34,794 71,270 65,447 63,105 128,552 6,750 6,674 13,424

223,381 217,023 440,404 26,473 25,886 52,359 17,303 17,124 34,427 14,662 13,961 28,623 6,994 6,838 13,832 8,993 8,894 17,887 11,535 11,044 22,579 20,321 19,604 39,925 2,134 2,107 4,241

228,376 225,551 453,927 27,230 26,955 54,185 18,012 17,913 35,925 14,794 14,699 29,493 7,271 7,194 14,465 9,397 9,090 18,487 11,904 11,592 23,496 20,946 20,720 41,666 2,206 2,173 4,379

222,493 223,531 446,024 26,863 26,988 53,851 17,627 17,908 35,535 14,571 14,894 29,465 7,232 7,260 14,492 9,034 9,152 18,186 11,852 11,588 23,440 20,731 20,758 41,489 2,261 2,296 4,557

12,138 6,274 18,412 1,999 992 2,991 895 455 1,350 889 497 1,386 868 403 1,271 693 375 1,068 663 346 1,009 1,049 559 1,608 120 80 200

Johor

Kedah

Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

Perlis

50

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.7: Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah rendah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.7: Number of lower secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)

Negeri State

Jumlah Total

Kelas peralihan Remove class

Tingkatan 1 Tingkatan 2 Tingkatan 3 Form 1 Form 2 Form 3

PPKI SEIP

Pulau Pinang

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

37,078 36,599 73,677 61,856 59,615 121,471 63,841 61,958 125,799 123,579 119,949 243,528 33,922 33,727 67,649

1,719 1,092 2,811 545 310 855 2,041 1,177 3,218 3,644 2,149 5,793 27 12 39

11,339 11,505 22,844 20,564 19,647 40,211 20,921 19,947 40,868 39,329 38,627 77,956 11,099 10,930 22,029

12,207 12,087 24,294 20,435 19,920 40,355 20,641 20,455 41,096 40,209 39,807 80,016 11,181 11,246 22,427

11,398 11,699 23,097 19,619 19,437 39,056 19,735 20,107 39,842 38,722 38,501 77,223 10,962 11,200 22,162

415 216 631 693 301 994 503 272 775 1,675 865 2,540 653 339 992

Sabah

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur

33,744 32,254 65,998 1,864 1,771 3,635 2,251 1,659 3,910

1,281 755 2,036 12 3 15 -

10,413 9,770 20,183 591 596 1,187 710 543 1,253

10,694 10,565 21,259 554 579 1,133 695 556 1,251

10,485 10,666 21,151 652 565 1,217 749 512 1,261

871 498 1,369 55 28 83 97 48 145

W. P. Labuan

W. P. Putrajaya

Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011 (i) Termasuk pelajar Sekolah Model Khas, Sekolah Sukan dan Sekolah Seni Includes student in Special Model School, Sports School and Arts School (ii) PPKI-Program Pendidikan Khas Integrasi SEIP-Special Education Integration Programme

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

51

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.8: Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah atas di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.8: Number of upper secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Akademik Academic Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total 375,158 410,987 786,145 45,065 50,177 95,242 29,358 32,751 62,109 25,609 28,312 53,921 11,573 12,935 24,508 15,536 16,460 31,996 20,032 21,963 41,995 35,730 38,881 74,611 Tingkatan 4 Form 4 191,295 208,222 399,517 22,969 25,316 48,285 15,078 16,794 31,872 13,020 14,284 27,304 5,759 6,520 12,279 7,771 8,179 15,950 10,169 11,057 21,226 18,126 19,537 37,663 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 183,863 202,765 386,628 22,096 24,861 46,957 14,280 15,957 30,237 12,589 14,028 26,617 5,814 6,415 12,229 7,765 8,281 16,046 9,863 10,906 20,769 17,604 19,344 36,948 Jumlah Total 12,024 7,847 19,871 540 737 1,277 682 470 1,152 615 370 985 624 500 1,124 602 554 1,156 722 473 1,195 1,442 827 2,269 Teknik Technical Tingkatan 4 Form 4 6,488 3,972 10,460 280 369 649 361 235 596 348 194 542 365 265 630 322 283 605 394 241 635 774 444 1,218 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 5,536 3,875 9,411 260 368 628 321 235 556 267 176 443 259 235 494 280 271 551 328 232 560 668 383 1,051

Negeri State

Malaysia

Johor

Kedah

Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

52

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.8: Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah atas di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.8: Number of upper secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Akademik Academic Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total 3,783 4,092 7,875 19,226 21,168 40,394 31,151 34,400 65,551 32,930 36,250 69,180 65,284 69,950 135,234 18,396 21,284 39,680 19,418 20,464 39,882 838 928 1,766 1,229 972 2,201 Tingkatan 4 Form 4 1,879 2,072 3,951 9,739 10,771 20,510 16,291 17,578 33,869 16,956 18,481 35,437 33,438 35,683 69,121 9,254 10,732 19,986 9,797 10,246 20,043 422 480 902 627 492 1,119 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 1,904 2,020 3,924 9,487 10,397 19,884 14,860 16,822 31,682 15,974 17,769 33,743 31,846 34,267 66,113 9,142 10,552 19,694 9,621 10,218 19,839 416 448 864 602 480 1,082 Jumlah Total 673 443 1,116 1,653 999 2,652 560 362 922 2,498 1,230 3,728 785 485 1,270 322 280 602 306 117 423 Teknik Technical Tingkatan 4 Form 4 407 218 625 961 488 1,449 299 165 464 1,233 602 1,835 409 254 663 163 154 317 172 60 232 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 266 225 491 692 511 1,203 261 197 458 1,265 628 1,893 376 231 607 159 126 285 134 57 191 -

Negeri State

Perlis

Pulau Pinang

Sabah

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur

W. P. Labuan

W. P. Putrajaya

53

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.8: Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah atas di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.8: Number of upper secondary level students in government & government -aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Vokasional Vocational Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total 22,576 8,394 30,970 3,106 944 4,050 1,701 875 2,576 1,733 639 2,372 1,056 273 1,329 1,816 963 2,779 1,956 726 2,682 2,661 958 3,619 980 376 1,356 Tingkatan 4 Form 4 12,171 4,617 16,788 1,689 524 2,213 956 471 1,427 946 385 1,331 505 136 641 887 554 1,441 1,054 395 1,449 1,478 506 1,984 544 225 769 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 10,405 3,777 14,182 1,417 420 1,837 745 404 1,149 787 254 1,041 551 137 688 929 409 1,338 902 331 1,233 1,183 452 1,635 436 151 587 Jumlah Total 409,758 427,228 836,986 48,431 51,489 99,920 31,380 33,861 65,241 27,609 29,127 56,736 12,888 13,443 26,331 17,632 17,694 35,326 22,316 22,921 45,237 39,059 40,222 79,281 4,763 4,468 9,231 Jumlah Total Tingkatan 4 Form 4 209,954 216,811 426,765 24,918 26,208 51,126 16,355 17,500 33,855 14,233 14,845 29,078 6,523 6,891 13,414 8,938 9,004 17,942 11,551 11,684 23,235 20,272 20,426 40,698 2,423 2,297 4,720 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 199,804 210,417 410,221 23,513 25,281 48,794 15,025 16,361 31,386 13,376 14,282 27,658 6,365 6,552 12,917 8,694 8,690 17,384 10,765 11,237 22,002 18,787 19,796 38,583 2,340 2,171 4,511

Negeri State

Malaysia

Johor

Kedah

Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

Perlis

54

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.8: Bilangan pelajar peringkat menengah atas di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.8: Number of upper secondary level students in government & government -aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Vokasional Vocational Negeri State Pulau Pinang Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Jumlah Total 1,795 418 2,213 906 346 1,252 1,632 770 2,402 1,091 269 1,360 1,647 311 1,958 496 526 1,022 Tingkatan 4 Form 4 939 252 1,191 496 163 659 892 431 1,323 542 126 668 963 176 1,139 280 273 553 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 856 166 1,022 410 183 593 740 339 1,079 549 143 692 684 135 819 216 253 469 Jumlah Total 21,694 22,029 43,723 33,710 35,745 69,455 35,122 37,382 72,504 68,873 71,449 140,322 20,828 22,080 42,908 20,236 21,270 41,506 1,144 1,045 2,189 1,229 972 2,201 Jumlah Total Tingkatan 4 Form 4 11,085 11,241 22,326 17,748 18,229 35,977 18,147 19,077 37,224 35,213 36,411 71,624 10,626 11,162 21,788 10,240 10,673 20,913 594 540 1,134 627 492 1,119 Tingkatan 5 Form 5 10,609 10,788 21,397 15,962 17,516 33,478 16,975 18,305 35,280 33,660 35,038 68,698 10,202 10,918 21,120 9,996 10,597 20,593 550 505 1,055 602 480 1,082

Sabah

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur

W. P. Labuan

W. P. Putrajaya

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011 (i) Termasuk pelajar Sekolah Model Khas, Sekolah Sukan dan Sekolah Seni Includes student in Special Model School, Sports School and Arts School

55

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.9: Bilangan pelajar peringkat pasca menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.9: Number of post secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Tingkatan 6 Rendah Form 6 Lower
Jumlah Total

Negeri State

Jumlah Besar Grand Total

Sastera Sains Agama Arts Science Religious

Kelas Pendidikan Khas Special Education Class 10 5 15 8 2 10 -

Prauniversiti Pre-university

Malaysia

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

37,215 67,350 104,565 3,895 7,272 11,167 2,666 5,424 8,090 3,947 7,095 11,042 1,044 1,594 2,638 1,009 1,974 2,983 2,004 3,571 5,575 3,663 6,837 10,500 490 877 1,367

20,039 36,204 56,243 2,196 4,112 6,308 1,565 3,090 4,655 1,961 3,617 5,578 577 841 1,418 529 1,083 1,612 1,016 1,838 2,854 2,035 3,743 5,778 270 497 767

14,775 29,018 43,793 1,503 3,108 4,611 1,235 2,627 3,862 1,706 3,330 5,036 396 625 1,021 377 817 1,194 816 1,560 2,376 1,272 2,599 3,871 236 420 656

4,332 5,756 10,088 677 974 1,651 216 270 486 119 205 324 155 195 350 128 212 340 183 252 435 723 1,053 1,776 3 6 9

889 1,405 2,294 8 28 36 114 193 307 136 82 218 26 21 47 24 54 78 17 26 43 40 91 131 31 71 102

33 20 53 -

Johor

Kedah

Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

Perlis

56

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.9: Bilangan pelajar peringkat pasca menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.9: Number of post secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Tingkatan 6 Rendah Form 6 Lower
Jumlah Total

Negeri State

Jumlah Besar Grand Total

Sastera Sains Agama Arts Science Religious

Kelas Pendidikan khas Special Education Class 1 2 3 1 1 2 -

Prauniversiti Pre-university

Pulau Pinang

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

2,158 3,440 5,598 5,040 8,664 13,704 4,676 8,016 12,692 3,554 6,410 9,964 1,973 4,361 6,334 1,011 1,591 2,602 51 156 207 34 68 102

1,152 1,878 3,030 2,528 4,508 7,036 2,539 4,233 6,772 1,986 3,526 5,512 1,085 2,302 3,387 547 804 1,351 28 82 110 25 50 75

559 1,251 1,810 2,269 4,134 6,403 1,989 3,479 5,468 1,177 2,466 3,643 930 1,981 2,911 260 495 755 25 76 101 25 50 75

530 556 1,086 217 308 525 499 613 1,112 573 737 1,310 52 80 132 254 289 543 3 6 9 -

63 71 134 41 64 105 50 140 190 236 323 559 103 241 344 -

33 20 53 -

Sabah

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur

W. P. Labuan

W. P. Putrajaya

57

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.9: Bilangan pelajar peringkat pasca menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.9: Number of post secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Tingkatan 6 Atas Form 6 Upper Sains Agama Kelas Pendidikan Science Religious Khas Special Education Class 3,393 4,538 7,931 493 703 1,196 193 239 432 71 126 197 150 189 339 128 186 314 163 170 333 525 693 1,218 2 8 10 669 1,100 1,769 15 23 38 46 106 152 61 72 133 19 23 42 28 32 60 8 19 27 96 173 269 24 42 66 2 3 5 -

Negeri State

Jumlah Total

Sastera Arts

Prauniversiti Pre-university

Malaysia Malaysia

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

17,176 31,146 48,322 1,699 3,160 4,859 1,101 2,334 3,435 1,986 3,478 5,464 467 753 1,220 480 891 1,371 988 1,733 2,721 1,628 3,094 4,722 220 380 600

13,098 25,483 38,581 1,191 2,434 3,625 862 1,989 2,851 1,854 3,280 5,134 298 541 839 324 673 997 817 1,544 2,361 1,007 2,228 3,235 194 330 524

14 22 36 -

Johor

Kedah

Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

Malaysia Perlis

58

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.9: Bilangan pelajar peringkat pasca menengah di sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.9: Number of post secondary level students in government & government-aided schools by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Tingkatan 6 Atas Form 6 Upper Sains Agama Kelas Pendidikan Science Religious khas Special Education Class 494 503 997 133 184 317 302 499 801 493 680 1,173 30 64 94 212 292 504 4 2 6 54 41 95 40 65 105 63 125 188 109 171 280 106 208 314 1 1 1 3 4 -

Negeri State

Jumlah Total

Sastera Arts

Prauniversiti Pre-university

Pulau Pinang

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

1,006 1,562 2,568 2,512 4,156 6,668 2,137 3,783 5,920 1,568 2,884 4,452 888 2,059 2,947 464 787 1,251 23 74 97 9 18 27

458 1,018 1,476 2,338 3,907 6,245 1,771 3,156 4,927 966 2,033 2,999 752 1,787 2,539 238 473 711 19 72 91 9 18 27

14 22 36 -

Sabah

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur

W. P. Labuan

W. P. Putrajaya

Seperti pada 30 Jun 2011 As at 30 th June 2011

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.10: Bilangan pelajar sekolah teknik dan vokasional bantuan kerajaan mengikut jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.10: Number of students in government-aided technical and vocational schools by type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total Aliran Teknikal Technical Stream Kejuruteraan mekanikal Mechanical engineering Kejuruteraan elektrik Electrical engineering Kejuruteraan awam Civil engineering Perdagangan Commerce Pengurusan makanan Food management Pengajian pakaian Apparel studies Sains Pertanian Agriculture Science Pengajian agroteknologi Agro-technology studies Pendidikan Vokasional Vocational Education Automotif Automotive Penyejukan dan penyaman udara Refrigeration and air conditioning Amalan bengkel mesin Machine shop practice Kimpalan Welding Elektrik dan Elektronik Electrical and Electronic Binaan bangunan Building construction Lelaki Male 36,746 Perempuan Female 14,859 Jumlah Total 51,605

7,469 2,697 2,196 1,789 454 24 3 179 127

4,704 634 785 1,745 1,079 62 23 214 162

12,173 3,331 2,981 3,534 1,533 86 26 393 289

23,039 3,257 2,284 3,227 3,355 5,552 2,155

9,395 73 290 297 37 1,099 1,346

32,434 3,330 2,574 3,524 3,392 6,651 3,501

60

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.10: Bilangan pelajar sekolah teknik dan vokasional bantuan kerajaan mengikut jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.10: Number of students in government-aided technical and vocational schools by type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Jenis kursus Type of course Pengurusan teknologi pejabat Office technology management Pengurusan perniagaan Business management Rekaan fesyen Apparel and fashion design Katering Catering Seni kecantikan Cosmetology Perkembangan dan perkhidmatan kanak-kanak Children services and development Bakeri Bakery Pelancongan Tourism Hortikultur hiasan dan landskap Ornamental horticultural and landscape Teknologi tanaman Crop Technology Agro-industri tanaman Agro-industrial crop Agro-industri ternakan Agro-industrial poultry Pengaturcaraan komputer Computer programming Latihan Kemahiran Skilled Training Pemesin am General machinist Jurukimpal Welder Pelukis pelan kejuruteraan mekanikal Mechanical draftsman Mekanik kenderaan motor Motor vehicle mechanic Lelaki Male 202 1,116 74 323 62 26 161 49 169 261 165 157 444 Perempuan Female 420 2,102 690 870 633 337 249 52 229 64 133 73 401 Jumlah Total 622 3,218 764 1,193 695 363 410 101 398 325 298 230 845

6,238 649 903 57 1,341

760 13 13 3

6,998 662 903 70 1,344

61

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.10: Bilangan pelajar sekolah teknik dan vokasional bantuan kerajaan mengikut jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.10: Number of students in government -aided technical and vocational schools by type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)

Jenis kursus Type of course Mekanik penyejukan dan penyaman udara Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanic Pembuat perabot Furniture maker Jurubina bangunan Building architect Jurubina bangunan berasaskan kayu Master wood-based building Juru paip Pipe worker Pelukis pelan senibina Architectural draftsman Teknologi pemprosesan kayu Timber Processing and fishing technology (Furniture) Juruteknik elektrik Electrical technician Juruteknik rendah elektronik industri - peralatan Low technicians industrial electronics - equipment Juruteknik elektrik audio visual Electrical technician audio visual Demi Chef Pembuat dan mereka pakaian wanita Women's clothing manufacturer Pendandan rambut Hair styler Jurukecantikan Beautician Juruteknik akuakultur Technicians aquaculture Juruteknik ladang pertanian Farm workers technicians Pemprosesan Makanan Food processing Perantisan ekuin Equine industrial programme Maritim Maritime

Lelaki Male 474 240 19 7 128 150 20 1,376 584 6 51 23 43 114 5 40 8

Perempuan Female 18 25 3 1 89 4 62 105 4 87 199 44 51 9 24 4 2 -

Jumlah Total 492 265 22 7 129 239 24 1,438 689 10 138 222 44 51 52 138 9 42 8

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Seperti pada November 2011 As at November 2011

62

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.11: Calon Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah bagi sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.11: Candidates of the Primary School Assessment in government & government-aided schools by state, Malaysia, 2011
Negeri State Jumlah calon Total of candidates Sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Government and government-aided school 485,162 58,923 38,519 34,410 14,816 18,637 26,125 41,444 4,540 24,655 45,314 43,849 85,731 22,888 22,766 1,357 1,188 Calon lain Other candidates

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

493,677 59,886 39,286 35,012 14,816 18,781 26,350 42,067 4,587 24,819 45,642 44,063 89,462 23,169 23,184 1,365 1,188

8,515 963 767 602 144 225 623 47 164 328 214 3,731 281 418 8 -

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

63

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.12: Keputusan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.12: Results of the Primary School Assessment for candidates in government & government-aided school and other candidates, Malaysia, 2011 Keputusan Result Jumlah calon Total of candidates Sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Government and government-aided school 485,160 Calon lain Other candidates

Jumlah Total Semua A All A's Sekurang-kurangnya B At least B Sekurang-kurangnya C At least C Menguasai semua MP Achieved all subjects Sekurang-kurangnya D At least D Semua E All E's Sekurang-kurangnya 1E At least 1E Lain-lain Others
MP-Mata pelajaran Subjects

493,675

8,515

47,197

46,012

1,185

112,769

110,135

2,634

161,735

158,886

2,849

321,701

315,033

6,668

85,926

84,809

1,117

2,679

2,664

15

82,565

81,860

705

804

794

10

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

64

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.13: Keputusan Ujian Pencapaian Sekolah Rendah bagi sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut mata pelajaran, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.13: Results of the Primary School Assessment in government & government-aided schools and other candidates by subject, Malaysia, 2011

Calon Candidates

Mata pelajaran Subjects

Jumlah calon Total of candidates 484,976 484,926 96,587 96,578 17,838 17,832 484,822 484,802 484,844

A

Pencapaian calon Candidates achievement B C D

E

Bahasa Melayu-Pemahaman Malay Language-Comprehension Bahasa Melayu-Penulisan Malay Language-Writing Calon sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Candidates of government and governmentaided school Bahasa Cina-Pemahaman Chinese Language-Comprehension Bahasa Cina-Penulisan Chinese Language-Writing Bahasa Tamil-Pemahaman Tamil Language-Comprehension Bahasa Tamil-Penulisan Tamil Language-Writing Bahasa Inggeris English Language Matematik Mathematics Sains Science Bahasa Melayu-Pemahaman Malay Language-Comprehension Bahasa Melayu-Penulisan Malay Language-Writing Bahasa Cina-Pemahaman Chinese Language-Comprehension Calon lain Other candidates Bahasa Cina-Penulisan Chinese Language-Writing Bahasa Inggeris English Language Matematik Mathematics Sains Science

216,765

90,838 122,647 66,649 24,405 18,869 4,084 4,583

37,426 39,115 7,001 6,857 1,502 1,152 80,023 34,680 32,247

17,300 42,444 4,335 9,421 283 2,205 47,230 30,061 26,815

204,717 132,001 31,919 30,069 7,150 6,640 28,927 31,362 4,819 3,252

89,416 120,007 148,146 178,979 93,936 147,146

117,677 190,234 117,871

8,513 8,512 15 15 8,511 8,512 8,514

4,890 4,166 2,680 4,178 2,816

1,489 2,568 2,505 1,636 3,678

1,734 1,127 7 1 2,006 2,017 1,480

265 417 3 1 902 397 327

135 234 5 13 418 284 213

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

65

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.14: Calon peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.14: Candidates of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination in government & governmentaided school and other candidates by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Jumlah calon Total of candidates Sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Government and government-aided school 441,158 53,548 35,180 29,022 14,529 18,117 23,201 41,015 4,518 22,633 37,826 39,066 76,834 22,010 21,173 1,211 1,275 Calon lain Other candidates

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

473,317 57,987 38,526 35,226 15,092 19,400 25,654 43,238 4,792 23,881 39,746 40,155 80,487 22,862 23,772 1,224 1,275

32,159 4,439 3,346 6,204 563 1,283 2,453 2,223 274 1,248 1,920 1,089 3,653 852 2,599 13 -

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

66

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.15: Keputusan peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.15: Results of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination for candidates in government & government-aided school and other candidates, Malaysia, 2011 Pencapaian calon Candidates' achievement Semua A All A's Sekurang-kurangnya 1B At least 1B Sekurang-kurangnya 1C At least 1C Sekurang-kurangnya 1D At least 1D

Calon Candidates

Bilangan mata pelajaran dan peratus Number of subjects and per cent 6a %

5,236 8.86 23,419 6.71 5,616 17.09 520 28.46 3,887 26.51 1,157 7.38

10 62.50 7,289 12.33 44,870 12.85 7,182 21.85 521 28.52 2,944 20.08 1,922 12.27

5 31.25 9,212 15.59 61,859 17.72 8,691 26.44 291 15.93 1,934 13.19 2,981 19.03

1 6.25 17,284 29.25 109,251 31.29 7,312 22.25 326 17.84 3,390 23.12 4,131 26.37

Calon sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Candidates of government and governmentaided school

7 % 8 % 9 % 7 %

Calon lain Other candidates

8 % 9 %

a

Calon yang menduduki enam mata pelajaran khusus untuk calon bukan Islam di Sekolah Seni Candidates sitting for six specific subjects only for non-Muslim candidates in the Arts School

67

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.15: Keputusan peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.15: Results of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination for candidates in government & government-aided school and other candidates, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Pencapaian calon Candidates' achievement Menguasai semua mata pelajaran Achieved all subject 16 100.00 39,021 66.03 239,399 68.57 28,801 87.63 1,658 90.75 12,155 82.89 10,191 65.05 Semua E All E's Sekurang-kurangnya 1E At least 1E Lain-lain Others

Calon Candidates

Bilangan mata pelajaran dan peratus Number of subjects and per cent 6a %

Jumlah calon Total of candidates

101 0.17 245 0.07 1 0.01 2 0.01

19,287 32.64 105,870 30.32 3,958 12.04 163 8.92 2,461 16.78 5,365 34.24

688 1.16 3,644 1.04 107 0.33 6 0.33 47 0.32 109 0.70

16 100.00 59,097 100.00 349,158 100.00 32,866 100.00 1,827 100.00 14,664 100.00 15,667 100.00

Calon sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Candidates of government and governmentaided school

7 % 8 % 9 % 7 %

Calon lain Other candidates

8 % 9 %

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia
a

Calon yang menduduki enam mata pelajaran khusus untuk calon bukan Islam di Sekolah Seni Candidates sitting for six specific subjects only for non-Muslim candidates in the Arts School

68

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.16: Keputusan peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut mata pelajaran, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.16: Results of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination for candidates in government & government-aided school and other candidates by subject, Malaysia, 2011 Mata Pelajaran Subjects Jumlah calon Total of candidates Calon sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Candidates in government and government-aided schools

A

B

C

D

E

Bahasa Melayu Malay Language Bahasa Inggeris English Language Sejarah History Geografi Geography Bahasa Arab Komunikasi Arabic Language Communication Bahasa Cina Chinese Language Bahasa Tamil Tamil Language Bahasa Punjabi Punjabi Language Bahasa Kadazandusun Kadazandusun Language Bahasa Iban Iban Language Pendidikan Islam Islamic Education Matematik Mathematics Sains Science Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu Integrated Living Skills Kemahiran Teknikal Technical Skills Ekonomi Rumah Tangga Household Economy Pertanian Agriculture Perdagangan dan Keusahawanan Trading and Entrepreneurial

472,639 472,582 472,251 472,386 47,939 78,685 11,305 75 646 4,412 316,210 472,052 472,567

115,926 81,156 89,707 108,928 10,982 14,864 2,223 24 219 980 72,080 132,846 113,022

160,324 82,274 86,202 53,389 4,620 19,713 2,248 19 245 1,745 82,681 55,095 74,979

81,142 78,509 114,781 119,948 7,564 9,900 2,322 12 113 1,078 77,682 67,786 82,013

56,614 104,859 128,550 105,576 5,758 14,693 2,027 1 30 329 35,735 150,765 142,841

26,520 93,664 20,899 52,425 3,445 10,480 2,474 6 39 279 26,760 33,446 27,592

160,559 128,028 67,662 115,337

47,575 38,422 12,388 29,232

33,557 25,352 15,061 24,470

38,165 41,772 17,700 32,362

23,165 18,775 13,299 16,702

5,187 1,685 2,216 2,393

69

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.16: Keputusan peperiksaan Penilaian Menengah Rendah bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut mata pelajaran, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.16: Results of the Lower Secondary Assessment examination for candidates in government & government-aided schools and other candidates by subject, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Mata Pelajaran Subjects Calon lain Other candidates

A

B

C

D

E

Bahasa Melayu Malay Language Bahasa Inggeris English Language Sejarah History Geografi Geography Bahasa Arab Komunikasi Arabic Language Communication Bahasa Cina Chinese Language Bahasa Tamil Tamil Language Bahasa Punjabi Punjabi Language Bahasa Kadazandusun Kadazandusun Language Bahasa Iban Iban Language Pendidikan Islam Islamic Education Matematik Mathematics Sains Science Kemahiran Hidup Bersepadu Integrated Living Skills Kemahiran Teknikal Technical Skills Ekonomi Rumah Tangga Household Economy Pertanian Agriculture Perdagangan dan Keusahawanan Trading and Entrepreneurial

11,683 11,057 10,958 12,950 3,491 2,207 7 4 10,665 16,673 13,539

11,059 7,651 6,081 3,679 1,362 3,414 1 6 5,711 4,093 5,191

5,395 5,217 6,876 7,948 2,858 1,389 2 1 3,214 4,202 5,369

3,171 5,336 7,111 5,548 3,031 1,537 2 1,014 6,245 7,288

805 2,859 1,086 1,995 4,828 488 1 1 668 901 733

8,904 1,074 1,815 1,436

1,415 278 1,886 2,070

1,487 415 1,973 3,550

856 199 1,115 2,391

248 56 209 731

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

70

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.17: Calon peperiksaan Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan dan calon lain mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.17: Candidates of the Malaysian Certificate of Education examination for government & government-aided school and other candidates by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Jumlah calon Total of candidates Sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Government and government-aided school 406,292 49,108 31,706 27,729 13,362 17,762 22,365 39,320 4,498 21,298 32,717 34,640 68,217 20,967 20,488 1,041 1,074 Calon lain Other candidates

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

454,384 55,191 35,662 35,218 15,191 19,443 24,575 43,133 4,924 23,079 38,032 37,370 73,619 22,242 24,395 1,133 1,177

48,092 6,083 3,956 7,489 1,829 1,681 2,210 3,813 426 1,781 5,315 2,730 5,402 1,275 3,907 92 103

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

71

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.18: Keputusan peperiksaan Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia mengikut kategori calon, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.18: Results of the Malaysian Certificate of Education by category of candidates, Malaysia, 2011 Pencapaian calon Candidates' achievement Kategori calon Category of candidates Jumlah calon Total of candidates Jumlah lulus semua mata pelajaran Total subject pass Semua A All A's Sekurang-kurangnya 1C At least 1C Sekurang-kurangnya 1E At least 1E

Jumlah Total Sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Government and government-aided school MRSM dan sekolah perantis tentera MJSC and military apprentice school Sekolah menengah agama negeri State religious secondary school Sekolah menengah agama rakyat dan sekolah menengah swasta Rakyat religious secondary school and private secondary school Calon persendirian Private candidates

439,767

247,862

12,901

82,097

152,864

404,430

226,779

10,801

71,430

144,548

7,150

7,119

1,409

5,168

542

7,841

5,563

103

2,025

3,435

12,339

7,162

584

3,267

3,311

8,007

1,239

4

207

1,028

72

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.18: Keputusan peperiksaan Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia mengikut kategori calon, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.18: Results of the Malaysian Certificate of Education by category of candidates, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Pencapaian calon Candidates' achievement Kategori calon Category of candidates Sekurang-kurangnya 1G At least 1G Lain-lain kombinasi Other combination Semua G All G's

Jumlah Total Sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan Government and government-aided school MRSM dan sekolah perantis tentera MJSC and military apprentice school Sekolah menengah agama negeri State religious secondary school Sekolah menengah agama rakyat dan sekolah menengah swasta Rakyat religious secondary school and private secondary school Calon persendirian Private candidates

165,812

23,262

2,831

155,173

19,875

2,603

22

8

1

2,189

56

33

4,562

576

39

3,866

2,747

155

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Data berdasarkan calon yang menduduki sekurang-kurangnya enam mata pelajaran Data is based on candidates who sits for at least six subjects

73

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.19: Keputusan peperiksaan Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia bagi calon sekolah kerajaan & bantuan kerajaan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.19: Results of the Malaysian Higher School Certificate examination for candidates in government & government-aided schools by state, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Bilangan calon Number of candidates

Kelulusan penuh dalam Full passes in 5 mata 4 mata 3 mata 2 mata 1 mata pelajaran pelajaran pelajaran pelajaran pelajaran 5 subjects 4 subjects 3 subjects 2 subjects 1 subject

Peratus lulus penuh Per cent full pass

Lulus sebahagian Subsidiary pass

Gagal Fail

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

46,978 4,763 3,346 5,438 1,205 1,355 2,691 4,520 589 2,486 6,421 5,728 4,301 2,810 1,204 94 27

2,449 239 108 1,316 31 20 48 190 45 20 113 17 54 205 32 11 -

20,008 2,392 1,461 1,703 595 579 1,286 2,149 179 1,471 2,219 2,137 2,041 1,135 626 21 14

9,675 929 715 1,095 259 327 547 890 120 451 1,364 1,243 843 657 218 16 1

6,601 570 457 704 149 192 354 611 100 259 1,037 963 606 422 154 18 5

5,397 453 414 421 117 167 290 491 86 211 966 850 517 260 131 18 5

93.94 96.22 94.29 96.34 95.52 94.83 93.83 95.82 89.98 97.02 88.76 90.96 94.42 95.34 96.43 89.36 92.59

2,401 153 161 175 46 57 147 158 53 55 586 438 210 115 38 7 2

447 27 30 24 8 13 19 31 6 19 136 80 30 16 5 3 -

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

74

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.20: Keputusan peperiksaan Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia bagi calon persendirian mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.20: Results of the Malaysian Higher School Certificate examination for private candidates by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Bilangan calon Number of candidates Kelulusan penuh dalam Full pass in 5 mata pelajaran 5 subjects 4 mata pelajaran 4 subjects 3 mata pelajaran 3 subjects 2 mata pelajaran 2 subjects 1 mata pelajaran 1 subject Peratus lulus penuh Per cent full pass Lulus Gagal sebahagian Fail Subsidiary pass

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

3,683 254 270 644 42 63 143 229 35 461 573 302 213 197 228 12 17

139 4 108 1 3 2 1 17 3 -

650 25 42 193 4 3 10 27 7 159 44 2 16 61 56 1

531 34 58 152 2 4 13 28 3 70 57 12 27 45 24 2

455 36 41 95 5 7 20 23 5 53 63 30 29 32 15 1

800 73 57 51 11 22 36 69 9 80 164 74 59 27 60 3 5

69.92 66.14 74.81 93.01 52.38 57.14 55.24 64.63 68.57 79.18 57.59 39.07 61.97 92.39 69.30 25.00 52.94

689 53 51 30 13 13 44 49 9 68 148 105 50 11 36 5 4

419 33 17 15 7 14 20 32 2 28 95 79 31 4 34 4 4

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Termasuk calon Sekolah Swasta Includes candidates in Private Schools

75

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.21: Bilangan tadika, guru dan pelajar mengikut agensi pendidikan lain dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.21: Number of kindergartens, teachers and students by other educational agencies and sex, Malaysia, 2011

Agensi Agencies

Tadika Kindergartens Jumlah Total

Guru Teachers Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

Pelajar Students Lelaki Male Perempuan Female

Jumlah Total

16,268

28,661

207

28,454

534,612

270,578

264,034

ABIM

236

558

-

558

8,351

4,241

4,110

Jabatan Agama Islam Negeri State Islamic Religious Departments

551

1,644

6

1,638

24,934

12,737

12,197

KEMAS

7,793

8,771

-

8,771

209,902

104,704

105,198

Jabatan Perpaduan Negara dan Integrasi Nasional Department of National Unity and Integration

1,693

1,566

-

1,566

40,640

20,489

20,151

Swasta Private

5,995

16,122

201

15,921

250,785

128,407

122,378

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

76

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.22: Bilangan tadika, sekolah rendah dan menengah swasta mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.22: Number of private kindergartens, primary and secondary schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Tadika swasta Private kindergarten Sekolah rendah swasta Private primary schools Akademik Academic Agama Religious Jumlah Total Sekolah menengah swasta Private secondary schools Akademik Academic Agama MP Cina Religious PC Sec. Sekolah Pendidkan Khas Special Education Jumlah School Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

5,995 1,268 417 168 212 347 247 449 55 346 230 338 1,498 107 285 11 17

60 5 1 1 1 2 2 15 8 16 1 7 1 -

35 5 6 9 1 2 1 1 9 1 -

95 10 7 10 2 2 3 3 15 8 25 2 7 1 -

66 7 2 6 2 3 2 2 3 6 5 16 3 8 1 -

19 3 2 1 2 1 1 1 7 1 -

60 8 3 1 1 2 9 5 9 14 4 4 -

145 18 7 8 3 7 3 12 1 8 15 19 27 4 12 1 -

10 2 1 1 3 1 1 1 -

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia MP Cina-Menengah Persendirian Cina PC Sec-Private Chinese Secondary

77

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.23: Bilangan guru tadika, sekolah rendah dan menengah swasta mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.23: Number of teachers in private kindergartens, primary and secondary schools by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Tadika swasta Private kindergartens Sekolah rendah swasta Private primary schools Akademik Academic Agama Jumlah Religious Total Sekolah menengah swasta Private secondary schools Akademik Academic Agama Religious MP Cina PC Sec. Jumlah Total Sekolah Pendidkan Khas Special Education School

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

16,122 3,253 1,138 517 363 748 793 1,156 179 1,294 989 1,765 2,336 400 1,046 71 74

1,270 72 21 15 30 30 32 141 119 650 6 133 21 -

1,090 158 225 179 49 65 11 29 347 27 -

2,360 230 246 194 79 65 41 61 141 119 997 33 133 21 -

1,578 109 11 55 75 127 34 32 41 98 68 644 8 255 21 -

465 105 39 10 35 20 21 50 170 15 -

3,825 885 91 34 114 152 308 261 327 376 715 562 -

5,868 1,099 141 99 189 314 54 361 50 302 425 444 1,529 23 817 21 -

118 16 11 14 55 9 4 9 -

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia MP Cina-Menengah Persendirian Cina PC Sec-Private Chinese Secondary

78

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.24: Bilangan pelajar tadika, sekolah rendah dan menengah swasta mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.24: Number of students in private kindergartens, primary and secondary schools by state, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Tadika swasta Private kindergartens

Sekolah rendah swasta Private primary schools Akademik Academic Agama Jumlah Religious Total

Sekolah menengah swasta Private secondary schools Akademik Academic Agama Religious MP Cina PC Sec. Jumlah Total

Sekolah Pendidkan Khas Special Education School

Malaysia

250,785

14,793

15,357

30,150

15,532

5,253

66,218

87,003

955

Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

53,444 15,475 8,125 7,161 10,219 9,541 21,474 1,720 14,822 19,115 25,834 38,850 5,218 17,805 1,270 712

748 253 41 94 287 251 2,428 1,579 7,384 11 1,650 67 -

2,196 3,162 2,588 751 1,006 136 270 4,815 433 -

2,944 3,415 2,629 845 1,006 423 521 2,428 1,579 12,199 444 1,650 67 -

1,106 171 543 510 260 116 337 310 1,340 791 6,795 132 3,060 61 -

926 436 35 637 160 284 508 2,054 213 -

19,444 1,295 535 2,155 2,758 5,460 3,799 6,456 6,018 6,347 11,951 -

21,476 1,902 1,113 2,665 3,655 276 6,081 508 4,109 7,796 6,809 15,196 345 15,011 61 -

203 120 5 150 300 136 15 26 -

MP Cina-Menengah Persendirian Cina PC Sec-Private Chinese Secondary

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia

79

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.25: Bilangan pensyarah di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 Table 3.25: Number of lecturers in higher education institutions by type of institution and sex, Malaysia, 2010 and 2011 2010 Institusi pengajian tinggi Higher education institutions Jumlah Total
40,933
a

2011 Perempuan Female
20,809 1,510 267 12 213 195 221 5 99 257 202 25 315 32 336 211 148 207 15 149 4 184 68 278

Lelaki Male
20,124 1,809 158 5 217 124 255 15 61 146 143 9 213 28 253 117 98 127 9 148 9 206 99 106

Jumlah Total
40,698 3,703 448 29 12 431 311 481 18 161 403 366 48 530 120 9 604 344 291 360 25 316 24 377 187 390

Lelaki Male
19,453 2,169 165 8 2 215 118 254 14 64 146 147 13 208 50 3 256 123 119 128 8 145 15 193 99 114

Perempuan Female
21,245 1,534 283 21 10 216 193 227 4 97 257 219 35 322 70 6 348 221 172 232 17 171 9 184 88 276

Jumlah Total Institut Pendidikan Guru Institute of Teacher Education Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan, Johor Ibrahim Sultan Polytechnic, Johor Politeknik Mersing, Johor Mersing Polytechnic, Johor Politeknik METro Johor Bharu METro Polytechnic, Johor Bharu Politeknik Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah, Kedah Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Polytechnic, Kedah Politeknik Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah, Kedah Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah Polytechnic, Kedah Politeknik Kota Bharu, Kelantan Kota Bharu Polytechnic, Kelantan Politeknik Jeli, Kelantan Jeli Polytechnic, Kelantan Politeknik Kota, Melaka City Polytechnic, Melaka Politeknik Merlimau, Melaka Merlimau Polytechnic, Melaka Politeknik Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan Port Dickson Polytechnic, Negeri Sembilan Politeknik Nilai, Negeri Sembilan Nilai Polytechnic, Negeri Sembilan Politeknik Sultan Hj. Ahmad Shah, Pahang Sultan Hj. Ahmad Shah Polytechnic, Pahang Politeknik Muadzam Shah, Pahang Muadzam Shah Polytechnic, Pahang Politeknik METro Kuantan, Pahang METro Polytechnic, Kuantan, Pahang Politeknik Ungku Omar, Perak Ungku Omar Polytechnic, Perak Politeknik Sultan Azlan Shah, Perak Sultan Azlan Shah Polytechnic, Perak Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, Perlis Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Polytechnic, Perlis Politeknik Seberang Perai, Pulau Pinang Seberang Perai Polytechnic, Pulau Pinang Politeknik Balik Pulau, Pulau Pinang Balik Pulau Polytechnic, Pulau Pinang Politeknik Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Kota Kinabalu Polytechnic, Sabah Politeknik Sandakan, Sabah Sandakan Polytechnic, Sabah Politeknik Kuching, Sarawak Kuching Polytechnic, Sarawak Politeknik Mukah, Sarawak Mukah Polytechnic, Sarawak Politeknik Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, Selangor Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Polytechnic, Selangor

3,319 425 17 430 319 476 20 160 403 345 34 528 60 589 328 246 334 24 297 13 390 167 384

80

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.25: Bilangan pensyarah di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 (samb.) Table 3.25: Number of lecturers in higher education institutions by type of institution and sex, Malaysia, 2010 and 2011 (cont'd)

2010 Institusi pengajian tinggi Higher education institutions Jumlah Total
269 19 89 361 14 621 2,565 1,999 2,328 1,654 2,164 1,284 2,193 794 958 768 8,532 532 484 554 976 770 570 713 201 213

2011 Perempuan Female
153 13 49 202 9 375 1,139 836 1,218 778 812 686 984 394 416 373 5,184 288 257 300 409 276 234 270 98 103

Lelaki Male
116 6 40 159 5 246 1,426 1,163 1,110 876 1,352 598 1,209 400 542 395 3,348 244 227 254 567 494 336 443 103 110

Jumlah Total
311 35 88 379 38 11 650 2,106 1,895 2,237 1,594 2,100 1,337 1,898 763 886 799 8,516 388 574 545 1,017 763 567 728 236 249

Lelaki Male
130 10 39 176 12 6 256 1,067 1,054 1,032 822 1,288 632 941 380 478 403 3,212 193 250 239 573 479 330 431 118 126

Perempuan Female
181 25 49 203 26 5 394 1,039 841 1,205 772 812 705 957 383 408 396 5,304 195 324 306 444 284 237 297 118 123

Politeknik Sultan Idris Shah, Selangor Sultan Idris Shah Polytechnic, Selangor Politeknik Banting, Selangor Banting Polytechnic, Selangor Politeknik Kota, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu City Polytechnic, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu Politeknik Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Polytechnic, Terengganu Politeknik Hulu Terengganu, Terengganu Hulu Terengganu Polytechnic, Terengganu Politeknik METro Kuala Lumpur METro Polytechnic, Kuala Lumpur Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman Tunku Abdul Rahman College Universiti Malaya (UM) University Malaya Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) University Science Malaysia Universiti Kebangsaaan Malaysia (UKM) National University of Malaysia Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) University Putra Malaysia Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) University Technology Malaysia Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) Northern University of Malaysia Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia (UIAM) International Islamic University Malaysia Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) University Malaysia Sarawak Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS) University Malaysia Sabah Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) Sultan Idris Education University Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) University Technology MARA Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA) University Sultan Zainal Abidin Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT) University Malaysia Terengganu Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) Islamic Science University of Malaysia Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) University Technical Malaysia Melaka Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) University Malaysia Pahang Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP) University Malaysia Perlis Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK) University Malaysia Kelantan Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) University National Defence of Malaysia

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia
a

Termasuk Pusat Pengajian Bahasa Inggeris, Malaysia Includes English Language Teaching Centres, Malaysia

81

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.26: Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 Table 3.26: Number of students in higher education institutions by type of institution and sex, Malaysia, 2010 and 2011 Institusi pengajian tinggi Higher education institutions Jumlah Total Jumlah Total Institut Pendidikan Guru a Institute of Teacher Education Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan, Johor Ibrahim Sultan Polytechnic, Johor Politeknik Mersing, Johor Mersing Polytechnic, Johor Politeknik Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah, Kedah Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Polytechnic, Kedah Politeknik Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah, Kedah Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah Polytechnic, Kedah Politeknik Kota Bharu, Kelantan Kota Bharu Polytechnic, Kelantan Politeknik Jeli, Kelantan Jeli Polytechnic, Kelantan Politeknik Kota, Melaka City Polytechnic, Melaka Politeknik Merlimau, Melaka Merlimau Polytechnic, Melaka Politeknik Port Dickson, Negeri Sembilan Port Dickson Polytechnic, Negeri Sembilan Politeknik Nilai, Negeri Sembilan Nilai Polytechnic, Negeri Sembilan Politeknik Sultan Hj. Ahmad Shah, Pahang Sultan Hj. Ahmad Shah Polytechnic, Pahang Politeknik Muadzam Shah, Pahang Muadzam Shah Polytechnic, Pahang Politeknik METro Kuantan, Pahang METro Polytechnic, Kuantan, Pahang Politeknik Ungku Omar, Perak Ungku Omar Polytechnic, Perak Politeknik Sultan Azlan Shah, Perak Sultan Azlan Shah Polytechnic, Perak Politeknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, Perlis Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Polytechnic, Perlis Politeknik Seberang Perai, Pulau Pinang Seberang Perai Polytechnic, Pulau Pinang Politeknik Balik Pulau, Pulau Pinang Balik Pulau Polytechnic, Pulau Pinang Politeknik Kota Kinabalu, Sabah Kota Kinabalu Polytechnic, Sabah Politeknik Sandakan, Sabah Sandakan Polytechnic, Sabah Politeknik Kuching, Sarawak Kuching Polytechnic, Sarawak Politeknik Mukah, Sarawak Mukah Polytechnic, Sarawak Politeknik Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, Selangor Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Polytechnic, Selangor Politeknik Sultan Idris Shah, Selangor Sultan Idris Shah Polytechnic, Selangor 612,414 38,218 4,761 147 5,174 4,568 5,697 80 1,407 4,574 5,710 229 5,504 308 7,413 5,367 4,526 4,791 158 5,331 136 3,317 3,151 5,273 4,089 2010 Lelaki Male 258,591 12,096 2,779 64 3,093 2,696 3,262 63 799 2,812 3,467 62 2,929 101 4,348 2,889 1,961 2,468 52 3,248 79 1,932 1,784 3,147 1,835 Perempuan Female 353,823 26,122 1,982 83 2,081 1,872 2,435 17 608 1,762 2,243 167 2,575 207 3,065 2,478 2,565 2,323 106 2,083 57 1,385 1,367 2,126 2,254 Jumlah Total 663,597 42,417 4,680 225 6,384 4,716 5,986 46 1,418 5,633 5,447 389 6,120 751 19 7,131 5,178 4,535 4,721 258 4,952 178 3,018 2,278 5,540 4,082 2011 Lelaki Male 275,848 13,202 2,556 79 3,560 2,784 3,299 31 759 2,955 3,245 96 3,153 277 2 3,987 3,215 1,927 2,355 97 2,898 97 1,715 1,212 3,072 1,644 Perempuan Female 387,749 29,215 2,124 146 2,824 1,932 2,687 15 659 2,678 2,202 293 2,967 474 17 3,144 1,963 2,608 2,366 161 2,054 81 1,303 1,066 2,468 2,438

82

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.26: Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi dan jantina, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 (samb.) Table 3.26: Number of students in higher education institutions by type of institution and sex, Malaysia, 2010 dan 2011 (cont'd)

Institusi pengajian tinggi Higher education institutions Jumlah Total Politeknik Banting, Selangor Banting Polytechnic, Selangor Politeknik Kota, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu City Polytechnic, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu Politeknik Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin, Terengganu Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Polytechnic, Terengganu Politeknik Hulu Terengganu, Terengganu Hulu Terengganu Polytechnic, Terengganu Politeknik METro Kuala Lumpur METro Polytechnic, Kuala Lumpur Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman Tunku Abdul Rahman College Universiti Malaya (UM) University Malaya Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) University Science Malaysia Universiti Kebangsaaan Malaysia (UKM) National University of Malaysia Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) University Putra Malaysia Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) University Technology Malaysia Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) Northern University of Malaysia Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia (UIAM) International Islamic University Malaysia Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) University Malaysia Sarawak Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS) University Malaysia Sabah Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) Sultan Idris Education University Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) University Technology MARA Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA) University Sultan Zainal Abidin Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT) University Malaysia Terengganu Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) Islamic Science University of Malaysia Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) University Technical Malaysia Melaka Universiti Malaysia Pahang (UMP) University Malaysia Pahang Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UNIMAP) University Malaysia Perlis Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK) University Malaysia Kelantan Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) University National Defence of Malaysia 235 614 4,824 258 23,774 27,340 27,005 25,619 29,007 31,678 37,334 29,477 8,136 13,494 13,525 167,535 5,262 6,932 6,468 9,659 7,427 6,668 6,206 1,886 2,122

2010 Lelaki Male 200 382 3,272 40 12,274 11,407 11,164 9,415 10,535 17,499 13,672 12,576 2,817 4,870 3,896 61,757 1,557 2,235 1,842 5,285 4,491 3,515 3,551 664 1,709 Perempuan Female 35 232 1,552 218 11,500 15,933 15,841 16,204 18,472 14,179 23,662 16,901 5,319 8,624 9,629 105,778 3,705 4,697 4,626 4,374 2,936 3,153 2,655 1,222 413 Jumlah Total 261 470 4,462 377 37 23,632 26,341 28,277 24,993 31,180 34,618 31,617 29,802 10,927 18,017 22,214 185,022 6,311 7,263 9,390 12,534 9,006 8,003 7,438 2,770 2,533

2011 Lelaki Male 224 264 3,022 108 11 12,269 10,957 11,648 9,346 11,462 19,153 11,629 12,709 3,631 6,396 6,259 68,673 1,855 2,248 2,711 6,773 5,321 4,068 4,121 904 1,869 Perempuan Female 37 206 1,440 269 26 11,363 15,384 16,629 15,647 19,718 15,465 19,988 17,093 7,296 11,621 15,955 116,349 4,456 5,015 6,679 5,761 3,685 3,935 3,317 1,866 664

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia
a

Termasuk Pusat Pengajian Bahasa Inggeris, Malaysia Includes English Language Teaching Centres, Malaysia

83

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.27: Bilangan penuntut di kolej komuniti mengikut jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.27: Number of students in community colleges by sex, Malaysia, 2011 Kolej komuniti Community colleges Jumlah Total Malaysia Johor Kolej Komuniti Segamat Segamat Community College Kolej Komuniti Ledang, Muar Ledang Community College, Muar Kolej Komuniti Bandar Penawar, Kota Tinggi Bandar Penawar Community College, Kota Tinggi Kolej Komuniti Segamat 2, Jementah Segamat 2 Community College, Jementah Kolej Komuniti Pasir Gudang Pasir Gudang Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Muar Branch Muar Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Pagoh Branch Pagoh Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Tg. Piai Branch Tg. Piai Community College Kedah Kolej Komuniti Bandar Darul Aman Jitra Bandar Darul Aman Jitra Community College Kolej Komuniti Sungai Petani Sungai Petani Community College Kolej Komuniti Langkawi Langkawi Community College Kolej Komuniti Kulim Kulim Community College Kolej Komuniti Baling Baling Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Bandar Baharu Branch Bandar Baharu Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Jerai Branch Jerai Community College Kelantan Kolej Komuniti Kok Lanas Kok Lanas Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Jeli Branch Jeli Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Pasir Mas Branch Pasir Mas Community College Melaka Kolej Komuniti Bukit Beruang Bukit Beruang Community College Kolej Komuniti Masjid Tanah Masjid Tanah Community College Kolej Komuniti Selandar, Nyalas Selandar Community College, Nyalas 6,394 172 143 91 126 175 43 31 26 Bilangan penuntut Number of students Lelaki Male 3,369 125 53 51 76 66 1 16 Perempuan Female 3,025 47 90 40 50 109 43 30 10

328 134 63 63 124 19 11

218 50 29 18 18 19 3

110 84 34 45 106 8

80 132 51

40 14 20

40 118 31

121 143 93

71 86 56

50 57 37

84

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.27: Bilangan penuntut di kolej komuniti mengikut jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.27: Number of students in community colleges by sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Kolej komuniti Community colleges Jumlah Total Kolej Komuniti Jasin Jasin Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Kota Melaka Branch Kota Melaka Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Tangga Batu Branch Tangga Batu Community College Negeri Sembilan Kolej Komuniti Jempol, Bahau Jempol Community College, Bahau Kolej Komuniti Jelebu Jelebu Community College Kolej Komuniti Rembau Rembau Community College Pahang Kolej Komuniti Kuantan Kuantan Community College Kolej Komuniti Bentong Bentong Community College Kolej Komuniti Temerloh Temerloh Community College Kolej Komuniti Paya Besar, Gambang Paya Besar Community College, Gambang Kolej Komuniti Rompin Rompin Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Raub Branch Raub Community College Perak Kolej Komuniti Teluk Intan, Seri Manjung Teluk Intan Community College, Seri Manjung Kolej Komuniti Chenderoh, Kuala Kangsar Chenderoh Community College, Kuala Kangsar Kolej Komuniti Grik Grik Community College Kolej Komuniti Sungai Siput Sungai Siput Community College Kolej Komuniti Pasir Salak Pasir Salak Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Tapah Branch Tapah Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Kuala Kangsar Branch Kuala Kangsar Community College Perlis Kolej Komuniti Arau Arau Community College Pulau Pinang Kolej Komuniti Kepala Batas Kepala Batas Community College
85

Bilangan penuntut Number of students Lelaki Male 102 50 Perempuan Female 65 52 15

167 52 65

100 98 40

71 69 28

29 29 12

221 85 121 120 40 13

166 49 57 62 25 -

55 36 64 58 15 13

99 59 138 111 153 30 30

54 33 36 65 65 19 4

45 26 102 46 88 11 26

288

105

183

192

145

47

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.27: Bilangan penuntut di kolej komuniti mengikut jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.27: Number of students in community colleges by sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Kolej komuniti Community colleges Jumlah Total Kolej Komuniti Bayan Baru Bayan Baru Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Nibong Tebal Branch Nibong Tebal Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Bukit Mertajam Branch Bukit Mertajam Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Tasek Gelugor Branch Tasek Gelugor Community College Sabah Kolej Komuniti Tawau Tawau Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Semporna Branch Semporna Community College Sarawak Kolej Komuniti Kuching Kuching Community College Kolej Komuniti Mas Gading, Kuching Mas Gading Community College, Kuching Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Betong Branch Betong Community College Selangor Kolej Komuniti Sabak Bernam Sabak Bernam Community College Kolej Komuniti Kuala Langat, Banting Kuala Langat Community College, Banting Kolej Komuniti Hulu Selangor, Bukit Beruntung Hulu Selangor Community College, Bukit Beruntung Kolej Komuniti Hulu Langat, Kajang Hulu Langat Community College, Kajang Kolej Komuniti Selayang Selayang Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Tg. Karang Branch Tg. Karang Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Klang Branch Klang Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Shah Alam Branch Shah Alam Community College Terengganu Kolej Komuniti Kuala Terengganu Kuala Terengganu Community College Kolej Komuniti Cawangan Kemaman Branch Kemaman Community College W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya 101 74 19 43 Bilangan penuntut Number of students Lelaki Male 66 36 9 Perempuan Female 35 38 19 34

114 37

68 14

46 23

82 78 22

49 43 16

33 35 6

268 186 54 129 365 45 84 19

148 107 34 97 169 45 60 9

120 79 20 32 196 24 10

246 37 -

149 15 -

97 22 -

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

86

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.28: Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.28: Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Kedoktoran Doctorate Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 3,031 1,717 6,439 4,336 5,134 420 1,324 193 Lelaki Male 1,423 832 3,866 2,358 3,374 245 642 106 Perempuan Female 1,608 885 2,573 1,978 1,760 175 682 87 Jumlah Total 8,844 5,072 13,082 7,250 11,341 1,091 5,453 1,134 Lelaki Male 2,798 1,983 5,530 2,941 5,954 423 2,042 555 Perempuan Female 6,046 3,089 7,552 4,309 5,387 668 3,411 579 Sarjana Master

22,594

12,846

9,748

53,267

22,226

31,041

Jadual 3.28: Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.28: Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Diploma Lepasan Ijazah Postgraduate Diploma Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 1,052 233 500 45 67 27 Lelaki Male 256 109 210 40 17 22 Perempuan Female 796 124 290 5 50 5 Jumlah Total 29,129 26,022 102,486 36,991 73,004 5,182 18,674 7,691 Lelaki Male 8,200 8,509 31,867 13,105 40,817 1,913 5,254 2,608 Perempuan Female 20,929 17,513 70,619 23,886 32,187 3,269 13,420 5,083 Sarjana Muda Bachelor

1,924

654

1,270

299,179

112,273

186,906

87

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.28: Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.28: Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Diploma Diploma Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 711 8,006 46,887 14,834 21,600 4,201 3,458 6,039 Lelaki Male 177 3,765 14,269 5,815 14,124 2,319 619 2,579 Perempuan Female 534 4,241 32,618 9,019 7,476 1,882 2,839 3,460 Jumlah Total 57 2,207 8,765 5,159 3,825 595 1,278 175 Lelaki Male 13 613 2,990 1,890 2,287 193 381 131 Perempuan Female 44 1,594 5,775 3,269 1,538 402 897 44 Matrikulasi Matriculation

105,736

43,667

62,069

22,061

8,498

13,563

Jadual 3.28: Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.28: Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Profesional Professional Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total
a

Lain-lain a Others

Lelaki Male 665 24 28 23

Perempuan Female 1,248 2 10 18

Jumlah Total 1,247 88 118 24 -

Lelaki Male 658 56 103 12 -

Perempuan Female 589 32 15 12 -

1,913 26 38 41

2,018

740

1,278

1,477

829

648

Termasuk Diploma Lanjutan dan Pra Sesi Includes the Advanced Diploma and Pre Session Levels

88

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.28: Bilangan penuntut di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.28: Number of students in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Jumlah Total Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 42,824 44,504 180,072 68,703 115,048 11,489 30,316 15,300 Lelaki Male 12,867 16,469 59,397 26,205 66,683 5,093 8,995 6,024 Perempuan Female 29,957 28,035 120,675 42,498 48,365 6,396 21,321 9,276

508,256

201,733

306,523

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

89

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.29: Bilangan graduan di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.29: Number of graduates in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Kedoktoran Doctorate Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 166 112 411 327 350 53 93 15 Lelaki Male 83 69 273 212 241 39 45 9 Perempuan Female 83 43 138 115 109 14 48 6 Jumlah Total 1,730 938 3,568 1,585 2,329 137 753 292 Lelaki Male 570 410 1,530 607 1,255 61 258 171 Perempuan Female 1,160 528 2,038 978 1,074 76 495 121 Sarjana Masters

1,527

971

556

11,332

4,862

6,470

Jadual 3.29: Bilangan graduan di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.29: Number of graduates in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Diploma Lepasan Ijazah Postgraduate Diploma Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 1,082 26 225 40 2 Lelaki Male 296 13 97 10 2 Perempuan Female 786 13 128 30 Jumlah Total 5,706 6,738 23,464 8,836 15,314 1,124 3,340 1,850 Lelaki Male 1,641 2,057 6,327 2,826 8,178 436 871 664 Perempuan Female 4,065 4,681 17,137 6,010 7,136 688 2,469 1,186 Sarjana Muda Bachelor

1,375

418

957

66,372

23,000

43,372

90

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.29: Bilangan graduan di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.29: Number of graduates in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Diploma Diploma Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 53 1,843 8,885 2,255 4,429 643 899 1,225 Lelaki Male 5 761 2,671 764 2,678 347 165 509 Perempuan Female 48 1,082 6,214 1,491 1,751 296 734 716 Jumlah Total 33 314 400 1,692 357 264 199 97 Lelaki Male 14 101 142 777 252 83 75 84 Perempuan Female 19 213 258 915 105 181 124 13 Matrikulasi Matriculation

20,232

7,900

12,332

3,356

1,528

1,828

Jadual 3.29: Bilangan graduan di universiti awam mengikut kelulusan akademik, jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 3.29: Number of graduates in public universities by academic qualification, type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Profesional Professional Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total A. Pendidikan Education B. Sastera & Kemanusiaan Arts & Humanities C. Sains Sosial, Perniagaan & Perundangan Social Sciences, Business & Law D. Sains, Matematik & Komputer Science, Mathematics & Computer E. Kejuruteraan, Pembuatan & Pembinaan Engineering, Manufacturing & Construction F. Pertanian & Veterinar Agriculture & Veterinary G. Kesihatan & Kebajikan Health & Welfare H. Perkhidmatan Services Jumlah Total 76 21 Lelaki Male 21 5 Perempuan Female 55 16 Jumlah Total 8,770 9,971 37,029 14,695 22,779 2,221 5,324 3,502 Lelaki Male 2,609 3,411 11,061 5,186 12,604 966 1,424 1,444 Perempuan Female 6,161 6,560 25,968 9,509 10,175 1,255 3,900 2,058 Jumlah Total

97

26

71

104,291

38,705

65,586

91

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.30: Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi swasta mengikut jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.30: Number of students in private higher education institutions by type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011

Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total JUMLAH TOTAL A. PROGRAM ASAS BASIC PROGRAMMES B. PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION C. SASTERA DAN KEMANUSIAAN ARTS AND HUMANITIES Seni, Rekabentuk dan Muzik Art, Design and Music Sejarah dan Falsafah History and Philosophy Pengajian Agama Religious Studies Bahasa dan Linguistik Language and Linguistics D. SAINS SOSIAL, PERNIAGAAN DAN PERUNDANGAN SOCIAL SCIENCES, BUSINESS AND LAW Ekonomi Economics Perniagaan dan Pentadbiran Business and Administration Perakaunan Accountancy Perundangan Law Lain-lain Sains Sosial Other Social Science E. SAINS, MATEMATIK DAN KOMPUTER SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTER Sains dan Matematik Sciences and Mathematics Teknologi Maklumat dan Komunikasi Information Technology and Communications F. KEJURUTERAAN, PEMBUATAN DAN PEMBINAAN ENGINEERING, MANUFACTURING AND CONSTRUCTION Kejuruteraan Engineering Pembuatan, Pemprosesan dan Teknologi Manufacturing, Processing and Technology Senibina dan Bangunan Architecture and Building 428,973

Bilangan penuntut Number of students Lelaki Male 209,817

Perempuan Female 219,156

19,316

9,889

9,427

34,409

10,694

23,715

36,543 23,920 690 5,319 6,614

18,907 12,571 262 2,831 3,243

17,636 11,349 428 2,488 3,371

152,816 622 106,776 29,297 5,750 10,371

68,413 340 51,520 10,287 2,391 3,875

84,403 282 55,256 19,010 3,359 6,496

53,814 14,314 39,500

33,177 6,477 26,700

20,637 7,837 12,800

57,235 47,934 3,638 5,663

43,381 38,237 1,921 3,223

13,854 9,697 1,717 2,440

92

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION Jadual 3.30: Bilangan penuntut di institusi pengajian tinggi swasta mengikut jenis kursus dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011(samb.) Table 3.30: Number of students in private higher education institutions by type of course and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)

Jenis kursus Type of course Jumlah Total G. PERTANIAN DAN VETERINAR AGRICULTURE AND VETERINARY Pertanian Agriculture Perikanan Fishery Perhutanan Forestry Veterinar Veterinary H. KESIHATAN DAN KEBAJIKAN HEALTH AND WELFARE Perubatan Medicine Pergigian Dentistry Farmasi Pharmacy Sains Kesihatan dan Kebajikan Health Science and Welfare Perkhidmatan Sosial Social Services I. PERKHIDMATAN SERVICES Pelancongan dan Hospitaliti Tourism and Hospitality Sukan Sports Domestik dan Dandanan Domestic and Coiffure Pengangkutan Transportation Perlindungan Alam Sekitar Environment Protection Keselamatan Security 5,713 725 5,171 37,534 637 1,328 1,328 -

Bilangan penuntut Number of students Lelaki Male 799 799 -

Perempuan Female 529 529 -

49,780

11,734 2,565 247 1,495 7,306 121

38,046 3,148 478 3,676 30,228 516

23,732 16,752 838 137 1,773 1,548 2,684

12,823 7,867 581 63 1,428 744 2,140

10,909 8,885 257 74 345 804 544

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

93

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.31: Bilangan pensyarah di institusi pengajian tinggi swasta mengikut kelulusan akademik dan kewarganegaraan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.31: Number of lecturer in private higher education institution by academic qualification and citizenship, Malaysia, 2011 Kelulusan akademik Academic qualification Warganegara Malaysia Malaysian citizens Bukan Warganegara Malaysia Non-Malaysian citizens

Jumlah Total

24,242

2,196

Kedoktoran Doctorate

1,855

576

Sarjana Masters

10,397

1,084

Sarjana Muda Bachelor

9,603

428

Diploma

1,602

76

Lain-lain a Others

785

32

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia
a

Termasuk Sijil, Diploma Lanjutan dan Profesional Includes the Certificate, Advanced Diploma and Professional

94

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.32: Perbelanjaan kerajaan persekutuan untuk pendidikan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.32: Federal government expenditure on education, Malaysia, 2011

Perkara Item

Jumlah Total

Jumlah perbelanjaan bagi pendidikan (RM juta) Total expenditure on education (RM million) Peratus dari jumlah perbelanjaan Percentage of total expenditure Jumlah perbelanjaan bagi pendidikan per kapita (RM) Total expenditure on education per capita (RM) Kos semasa bagi setiap murid setahun (RM) Annual recurrent cost per student (RM) i. Sekolah rendah Primary school ii. Sekolah menengah Secondary school iii. Sekolah menengah berasrama Secondary residential school iv. Sekolah menengah teknik/vokasional Technical/vocational secondary school

31,180.4

19.2 1,076.5

4,033.4

4,320.9

6,226.4

10,877.0

Sumber: Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Source: Ministry of Education, Malaysia Tidak termasuk perbelanjaan bagi Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi Malaysia Excludes expenditure for Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia

95

PENDIDIKAN EDUCATION

Jadual 3.33: Bilangan institusi pengajian tinggi mengikut jenis institusi, Malaysia, 2011 Table 3.33: Number of higher education institution by type of institution, Malaysia, 2011

Jenis institusi Type of institution

Bilangan Number

Jumlah Total

121

Institut Pendidikan Guru a Teacher Education Institutes

28

Politeknik Polytechnics

30

Kolej Komuniti b Community Colleges

43

Universiti Awam Public Universities

20

Sumber: Kementerian Pengajian Tinggi, Malaysia Source: Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia
a

Termasuk Pusat Pengajian Bahasa Inggeris, Malaysia dan di bawah Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia Includes English Language Teaching Centres, Malaysia and under Ministry of Education, Malaysia Termasuk Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman (KTAR) Includes Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman (KTAR)

b

96

4

KESIHATAN HEALTH

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.1: Bilangan hospital kerajaan dan institusi perubatan khas mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 P Table 4.1: Number of government hospitals and special medical institutions by state, Malaysia, 2011 P Institusi perubatan khas Special medical institutions Negeri State Hospital a Hospitals Sakit jiwa Mental Kusta Leprosy Batuk kering Tuberculosis 1 1 Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya
a

140 11 9 10 4 7 10 15 1 6 23 21 11 6 4 1 1

4 1 1 1 1 -

1 1 -

6 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

Termasuk Hospital Bukan KKM Includes Non-MoH Hospital

Sumber: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia

97

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.2: Bilangan katil di hospital kerajaan dan institusi perubatan khas mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 P Table 4.2: Number of beds in government hospitals and special medical institutions by state, Malaysia, 2011 P Institusi perubatan khas Special medical institutions Negeri State Hospital a Hospitals Sakit jiwa Mental Kusta Leprosy
b

Batuk kering Tuberculosis 118 118 -

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

37,134 3,610 2,314 2,399 1,150 1,563 1,996 3,617 404 1,930 4,144 3,276 4,661 1,372 4,311 109 278

4,240 1,400 2,200 302 338 -

224 224 -

4,582 1,400 2,200 302 338 224 118 -

Sumber: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia
a

Termasuk Hospital Bukan KKM Includes Non-MoH Hospital Tidak termasuk katil yang ditempatkan di rumah penginapan pesakit di kawasan Pusat Kawalan Kusta Negara Excludes beds that are placed in chalets within the vicinity of the National Leprosy Control Centre

b

98

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.3: Bilangan hospital swasta, rumah rawatan, rumah bersalin & hospis dan katil mengikut negeri, P Malaysia, 2011 Table 4.3: Number of private hospitals, nursing homes, maternity homes & hospice and beds by state, Malaysia, 2011
P

Negeri State

Bilangan Number

Bilangan katil Number of beds

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan

263 38 10 5 4 10 10 16 1 27 7 16 68 3 48 -

14,073 1,084 524 173 813 484 269 994 2 2,058 277 621 3,627 30 3,117 Sumber: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia

Merujuk kepada hospital, rumah rawatan, rumah bersalin dan hospis yang telah diberi lesen dalam tahun tersebut Refers to hospitals, nursing homes, maternity homes and hospices which are licensed in the respective year

99

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.4: Bilangan klinik mengikut jenis klinik dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011P Table 4.4: Number of clinics by types and state, Malaysia, 2011 P Awam a Public Negeri State Kesihatan Health Desa Rural 1Malaysia Gigi c Dental Swasta b Private Kesihatan a Health Gigi a Dental Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur d W. P. Labuan

879 94 56 59 29 46 76 79 9 29 81 197 61 45 17 1

1,864 262 220 193 57 98 243 242 30 60 187 7 127 128 10

87 9 5 6 5 6 5 7 1 7 8 8 8 5 6 1

51 5 4 4 3 7 2 4 0 1 6 4 3 5 3 -

6,589 786 324 190 272 260 225 607 30 477 329 316 1,628 153 983 9

1,576 162 52 55 36 47 48 116 4 114 88 83 441 39 287 4

11,046 1,318 661 507 402 464 599 1,055 74 688 699 615 2,268 375 1,296 25

Sumber: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia
a

Merujuk kepada kemudahan di bawah KKM Refers to MoH facilities Merujuk kepada klinik swasta yang berdaftar dengan KKM Refers to private clinics registered with MoH

b

c

Merujuk kepada klinik pergigian Standalone Refers to Standalone Dental Clinics d Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

100

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.5: Bilangan doktor, doktor gigi, jururawat, penolong jururawat dan jururawat masyarakat yang berdaftar mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 P Table 4.5: Number of registered doctors, dentists, nurses, assistant nurses and community nurses by state, Malaysia, 2011 P

Negeri State

Doktor Doctor Kerajaan Government
a

Doktor gigi Dentist Swasta Private Kerajaan Government
a

Jururawat Nurse
a

Penolong jururawat Assistant nurse Kerajaan Government
a

Jururawat masyarakat ab Community nurses Kerajaan Government
a

Swasta Kerajaan Private Government

Swasta Private

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

25,845 1,910 1,410 1,649 827 1,212 1,103 2,142 281 1,483 1,469 1,428 4,255 748 4,297 18 1,613

10,762 1,135 484 228 419 402 292 885 37 982 405 418 2,883 195 1,967 16 14

2,452 199 160 180 98 143 170 200 37 164 126 152 261 113 396 5 48

1,801 179 56 46 52 51 47 123 5 140 83 75 512 40 386 4 2

50,063 4,917 3,584 2,450 1,566 1,908 3,063 4,302 720 2,683 4,402 3,570 5,687 2,224 3,702 146 1,616

1,009 38 37 57 21 21 56 65 14 32 512 15 42 48 21 3 -

21,928 1,844 1,513 1,542 652 748 1,526 1,894 285 924 2,710 2,513 2,260 1,189 482 83 504

338 36 10 12 37 6 11 3 38 19 41 48 77 -

Sumber: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia Perjumlahan bilangan jurururawat, penolong jururawat dan jururawat masyarakat tidak sama dengan jumlah Malaysia kerana maklumat anggota yang berkhidmat di hospital bukan KKM mengikut negeri tidak diperoleh. Total number of nurses, assistant nurse and community nurses does not give total Malaysia because statistics of staffs in Non-MoH hospitals by state is not available
a

Termasuk pegawai di Hospital Bukan KKM Includes officers in Non-MoH Hospitals Termasuk Bidan (Bahagian II), tidak termasuk bidan Bahagian I dan bidan kampung Includes Midwife (Division II), excludes midwife Division I and village midwife

b

101

KESIHATAN HEALTH Jadual 4.6: Bilangan kes penyakit berjangkit yang dirawat dan dilaporkan mengikut jenis penyakit dan negeri, P Malaysia, 2011 P Table 4.6: Number of cases of communicable disease treated and notified by type of diseases and state, Malaysia, 2011 Jenis penyakit Type of disease Jumlah Total Kolera Cholera Tifoid Typhoid Disenteri Dysentry Keracunan makanan Food poisoning Tibi Tuberculosis Kusta Leprosy Dipteria Diphtheria Batuk kokol Whooping cough Other Tetanus Neonatal Tetanus Viral encephalitis Campak Measles Demam denggi Dengue fever Demam denggi berdarah Dengue haemorrhagic fever All Viral hepatitis Rabies Tifus Typhus Malaria Sifilis Syphillis Gonorrhoea Kankeroid Chancroid H.I.V A.I.D.S Leptospirosis Lain-lain b Other veneral diseases
a

Malaysia

Johor

Kedah Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Pahang Sembilan 2,594 1 668 449 4 16 20 691 46 43 7 170 25 13 79 17 155 190 4,301 31 679 788 12 15 2 28 854 40 709 1 292 52 48 341 161 133 115

Perak

84,406 586 242 44 16,292 20,666 219 248 8 3 13 1,569 18,466 1,418 2,864 13 5,306 1,001 1,365 3,479 1,334 2,268 7,002

9,030 7 3 3,320 2,038 16 24 2 75 1,397 186 142 91 104 232 517 321 55 500

3,479 8 4 858 1,084 13 44 21 493 21 69 1 62 40 189 147 30 111 284

5,996 84 1 2,262 1,448 9 24 30 705 38 127 240 10 30 357 243 276 112

2,514 739 511 29 18 432 18 85 15 28 50 116 14 191 268

5,434 1 8 10 1,385 1,309 6 9 1 35 1,377 34 327 164 26 37 205 21 242 237

a

Termasuk Hepatitis A, B, C dan 'other specified viral hepatitis' Includes Hepatitis A, B, C and 'other specified viral hepatitis' Merujuk kepada Penyakit Tangan, Kaki dan Mulut Refers to Hand, Foot and Mouth diseases

b

102

KESIHATAN HEALTH Jadual 4.6: Bilangan kes penyakit berjangkit yang dirawat dan dilaporkan mengikut jenis penyakit dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 4.6: Number of cases of communicable disease treated and notified by type of diseases and state, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)
P P

Jenis penyakit Type of disease Jumlah Total Kolera Cholera Tifoid Typhoid Disenteri Dysentry Keracunan makanan Food poisoning Tibi Tuberculosis Kusta Leprosy Dipteria Diphtheria Batuk kokol Whooping cough Other Tetanus Neonatal Tetanus Viral encephalitis Campak Measles Demam denggi Dengue fever Demam denggi berdarah Dengue haemorrhagic fever All Viral hepatitis a Rabies Tifus Typhus Malaria Sifilis Syphillis Gonorrhoea Kankeroid Chancroid H.I.V A.I.D.S Leptospirosis b Lain-lain Other veneral diseases
a

Perlis

Pulau Sabah Pinang 4,218 1 549 1,126 9 6 2 6 1,538 41 60 1 88 18 15 122 30 33 573 9,886 430 50 7 1,409 3,794 74 13 3 3 1 528 374 28 442 2,032 164 115 182 75 68 94

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur 5,717 7 1 211 1,907 15 1 141 1,878 160 155 54 134 78 305 59 246 365

c

W. P. Labuan 148 1 106 16 2 1 8 1 8 3 2

511 1 172 141 3 1 110 1 1 8 1 13 8 19 32

10,578 153 7 2 1,390 2,056 26 8 1 9 59 941 33 130 1 1,761 176 414 169 138 157 2,947

16,906 1 38 14 1,669 3,242 30 -33 --596 7,091 667 403 -2286 176 127 -706 175 442 1,208

3,094 1 981 667 5 23 11 569 106 169 49 32 15 212 42 137 75

Termasuk Hepatitis A, B, C dan 'other specified viral hepatitis' Includes Hepatitis A, B, C and 'other specified viral hepatitis' Merujuk kepada Penyakit Tangan, Kaki dan Mulut Refers to Hand, Foot and Mouth diseases Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

Sumber: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia

b

c

103

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.7: Sebab utama kemasukan di hospital kerajaan, Malaysia, 2010−2011 Table 4.7: Principal causes of hospitalisation in government hospitals, Malaysia, 2010 −2011 Sebab utama Principal causes Bilangan discaj Number of discharges 2010 Jumlah Total Bersalin biasa Normal delivery Kesulitan semasa mengandung Complications of pregnancy Penyakit pada sistem pernafasan Diseases of the respiratory system Kemalangan Accident Keadaan tertentu semasa tempoh perinatal Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period Penyakit pada sistem pengaliran darah Diseases of the circulatory system Penyakit pada sistem penghadaman makanan Diseases of the digestive system Tanda, simptom dan keadaan tertentu III-defined conditions (Symptoms and Signs) Penyakit pada sistem pembuangan air kecil Diseases of the urinary system Kanser Malignant Neoplasm Lain-lain Others 2,128,818 266,689 282,789 203,449 169,295 156,463 2011 P 2,151,829 262,261 296,249 223,019 168,931 164,848

146,433 108,028 63,298 75,001 62,120 595,253

158,788 108,093 58,770 74,697 60,593 575,580

Sumber: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Source: Ministry of Health, Malaysia

104

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.8: Kadar mortaliti mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011p Table 4.8: Mortality rate by state, Malaysia, 2011 Kadar mortaliti Negeri State neonatal Neonatal mortality rate 4.2 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.8 4.3 5.6 4.0 6.4 5.0 2.1 4.3 3.9 6.0 3.8 7.1 5.6
a p

Kadar mortaliti bayi Infant mortality rate 6.6 6.5 6.7 7.9 8.7 7.2 9.5 6.2 9.9 7.3 3.9 6.5 5.8 9.0 5.9 8.3 8.7
a

Kadar mortaliti kanak-kanak Toddler mortality rate 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2
b

Nisbah mortaliti ibu bersalin Maternal mortality ratio 25.5 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
c

Kadar kematian kasar Crude death rate 4.6 4.8 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.1 6.6 6.8 5.7 2.4 4.3 3.4 5.7 4.0 2.4 1.5
d

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya
a

Kadar adalah bagi setiap 1,000 kelahiran hidup The rates are per 1,000 live births Kadar adalah bagi setiap 1,000 penduduk berumur 1 ─4 tahun The rates are per 1,000 population aged 1 ─4 years Nisbah adalah bagi setiap 100,000 kelahiran hidup The ratios are per 100,000 live births Kadar adalah bagi setiap 1,000 penduduk The rates are per 1,000 population

b

c

d

105

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.9: Bilangan kelahiran hidup mengikut berat kelahiran dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 4.9: Number of live births by birth weight and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Berat kelahiran (kg) Birth weight Lelaki Male Perempuan Female
p

p

Jumlah Total

Jumlah Total < 1.00 1.00−1.49 1.50−1.99 2.00−2.49 2.50−2.99 3.00−3.49 3.50−3.99 4.00−4.49 4.50−4.99 5.00+ Tidak diketahui Unknown

255,566

239,035

494,601

627 1,575 4,012 19,901 79,383 105,012 37,837 5,369 589 124 1,137

584 1,425 4,183 22,820 87,683 91,582 26,154 3,159 315 87 1,043

1,211 3,000 8,195 42,721 167,066 196,594 63,991 8,528 904 211 2,180

106

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.10: Bilangan penerima baru perancang keluarga mengikut strata dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 4.10: Number of new family planning acceptors by stratum and state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Bandar Urban Luar bandar Rural Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

26,631 2,815 1,740 776 820 1,451 1,229 2,371 285 2,103 2,731 3,747 3,580 655 1,967 93 268

35,423 3,749 3,158 3,219 1,014 1,564 3,509 2,521 393 1,312 4,640 4,144 2,874 3,161 165 -

62,054 6,564 4,898 3,995 1,834 3,015 4,738 4,892 678 3,415 7,371 7,891 6,454 3,816 1,967 258 268

Sumber: Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara Source: National Population and Family Development Board Data dari Januari-Julai 2011 Data from January-July 2011

107

KESIHATAN HEALTH

Jadual 4.11: Bilangan penerima baru perancang keluarga mengikut kaedah dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 4.11: Number of new family planning acceptors by type of method and state, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Pil Pill

ADR IUD

a

Kondom Condom

Suntikan Injection

Sterilisasi Sterilisation

Lain-lain Others

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

39,023 4,145 3,212 2,985 1,057 1,677 2,991 2,677 453 1,549 5,683 5,632 3,693 1,993 952 191 133

1,555 209 104 69 90 143 81 123 10 91 82 75 224 122 123 9

7,124 616 655 222 257 298 445 583 35 1,136 429 633 478 1,043 244 12 38

10,503 1,066 729 620 299 665 909 810 133 178 836 1,275 1,753 565 535 42 88

2,291 365 129 44 79 85 232 513 28 138 231 241 162 35 4 5 -

1,558 163 69 55 52 147 80 186 19 323 110 35 144 58 109 8 -

62,054 6,564 4,898 3,995 1,834 3,015 4,738 4,892 678 3,415 7,371 7,891 6,454 3,816 1,967 258 268

Sumber: Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara Source: National Population and Family Development Board Data dari Januari-Julai 2011 Data from January-July 2011
a

ADR-Alat Dalam Rahim IUD-Intra Uterine Device

108

5

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN
WELFARE SERVICES

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.1: Bilangan institusi dan kapasiti dalam institusi kebajikan am mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.1: Number of institutions and capacity in welfare service institutions by type of service, Malaysia, 2011

Jenis perkhidmatan Type of service

Bilangan Number

Kapasiti Capacity

Semua perkhidmatan All services A. Institusi Kanak-kanak Childrens Institutions i. Rumah Kanak-kanak Children Home ii. Sekolah Tunas Bakti Tunas Bakti School iii. Asrama Akhlak Probation Hostel iv. Taman Seri Puteri B. Institusi Orang Kurang Upaya Disabled Institution i. Pusat Latihan Perindustrian dan Pemulihan, Bangi Bangi Centre for Industrial Training and Rehabilitation ii. Taman Sinar Harapan iii. Pusat Harian Bukit Tunku iv. Bengkel Daya Kelang C. Institusi Warga Emas dan Orang Papa Senior Citizen and Pauper Institution i. Rumah Seri Kenangan Seri Kenangan Home ii. Desa Bina Diri iii. Rumah Ehsan Ehsan Home

59

8,536

12 9 10 4

1,500 1,400 670 430

1

300

7 1 2

1,080 30 200

9 2 2

1,936 750 240

Sumber: Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia Source: Department of Social Welfare, Malaysia 109

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.2: Bilangan penghuni institusi kebajikan am mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.2: Number of inmates in welfare service institutions by type of service, Malaysia, 2011 Jenis perkhidmatan Type of service A. Institusi Kanak-kanak Children Institutions i. Jumlah penghuni di Rumah Kanak-kanak Number of inmates in Children Home Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of previous year ii. Jumlah penghuni di Sekolah Tunas Bakti Number of inmates in Tunas Bakti School Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of previous year iii. Jumlah penghuni di Asrama Akhlak Number of inmates in Probation Hostel Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of previous year iv. Jumlah penghuni di Taman Seri Puteri Number of inmates in Taman Seri Puteri Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of previous year Jumlah Total Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of previous year
110

Bilangan penghuni Number of inmates

1,141 986 938 1,189

991 516 419 1,088

220 309 252 277

163 301 298 166

2,515 2,112 1,907 2,720

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.2: Bilangan penghuni institusi kebajikan am mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 5.2: Number of inmates in welfare service institutions by type of service, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Jenis perkhidmatan Type of service B. Institusi Orang Kurang Upaya Disabled Institution i. Jumlah penghuni di Pusat Latihan Perindustrian dan Pemulihan, Bangi Number of inmates in Bangi Centre for Industrial Training and Rehabilitation Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year Jumlah penghuni di Taman Sinar Harapan Number of inmates in Taman Sinar Harapan Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year Jumlah penghuni di Pusat Harian Bukit Tunku Number of inmates in Pusat Harian Bukit Tunku Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year Jumlah penghuni di Bengkel Daya Kelang Number of inmates in Bengkel Daya Kelang Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year Jumlah Total Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year
111

Bilangan penghuni Number of inmates

24 87 85 26

ii.

745 126 131 740

iii.

14 14

iv.

67 1 2 66

850 214 218 846

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.2: Bilangan penghuni institusi kebajikan am mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 5.2: Number of inmates in welfare service institutions by type of service, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Jenis perkhidmatan Type of service C. Institusi Warga Emas dan Orang Papa Senior Citizen and Pauper Institution Jumlah penghuni di Rumah Seri Kenangana Number of inmates in Seri Kenangan Home Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year ii. Jumlah penghuni di Desa Bina Diri Number of inmates in Desa Bina Diri Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year iii. Jumlah penghuni di Rumah Ehsan Number of inmates in Ehsan Home Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year Jumlah Total i. Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year
a

Bilangan penghuni Number of inmates

1,868 617 681 1,804

909 546 516 939

231 34 38 227

3,008 1,197 1,235 2,970

Termasuk kes tahan sementara dan tetap Includes remand and permanent cases

112

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.2: Bilangan penghuni institusi kebajikan am mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 5.2: Number of inmates in welfare service institutions by type of service, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Jenis perkhidmatan Type of service Bilangan penghuni Number of inmates

Jumlah penghuni semua jenis perkhidmatan Number of inmates for all types of services Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Dimasukkan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Dikeluarkan pada tahun ini Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year 6,373

3,523

3,360

6,536

Sumber: Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia Source: Department of Social Welfare, Malaysia

113

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.3: Bilangan orang kurang upaya (OKU) yang berdaftar mengikut negeri dan jenis kecacatan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.3: Number of disabled persons registered by state and type of disability, Malaysia, 2011 Fizikal a Masalah Physical pembelajaran Learning disability

Negeri State

Penglihatan Visually impaired

Pendengaran Hearing

Pertuturan Speech

Mental Lain-lain Others

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan
b

31,924 3,094 2,823 3,570 1,126 1,259 1,469 2,765 605 1,908 2,123 1,950 3,709 2,351 3,117 55

43,788 4,732 3,070 4,612 2024 1,689 2,092 3,779 564 3,042 2,805 2,459 6,271 2,644 3,918 87

123,346 13,191 9,395 10,315 6,270 6,867 7,457 12,305 2,041 8,832 6,105 5,699 19,059 6,704 8,827 279

134,659 19,396 9,449 8,720 7,828 7,321 6,973 13,567 2,003 8,104 7,206 6,883 19,171 8,413 9,193 432

725 100 66 124 37 30 86 30 16 19 26 69 92 22 3 5

8,927 1,436 623 678 511 469 696 1,018 143 494 190 542 1,213 439 462 13

15,834 359,203 1,661 1,403 3,592 529 537 1,049 1,166 215 784 1,481 434 1,723 825 420 15 43,610 26,829 31,611 18,325 18,172 19,822 34,630 5,587 23,183 19,936 18,036 51,238 21,398 25,940 886

Sumber: Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia Source: Department of Social Welfare, Malaysia
a

Termasuk Cerebral Palsy Includes Cerebral palsy Termasuk W.P. Putrajaya Includes W.P. Putrajaya

b

114

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.4: Bilangan kes baru orang kurang upaya (OKU) yang berdaftar mengikut negeri, jenis kecacatan dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.4: Number of new disabled cases registered by state, type of disability and sex, Malaysia, 2011 Fizikal a Physical

Negeri State

Penglihatan Visually impaired

Pendengaran Hearing

Masalah pembelajaran Learning disability 9,390 5,160 14,550

Pertuturan Speech

Mental

Lain-lain Others

Jumlah Total

Malaysia

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

2,675 1,409 4,084

2,168 1,796 3,964

9,626 4,632 14,258

235 156 391

3,272 1,992 5,264

1,459 986 2,445

28,825 16,131 44,956

Johor

326 164 490

254 184 438

1,276 599 1,875

1,229 785 2,014

32 23 55

634 375 1,009

197 121 318

3,948 2,251 6,199

Kedah

128 61 189

68 85 153

407 205 612

467 244 711

10 12 22

128 79 207

64 30 94

1,272 716 1,988

Kelantan

213 101 314

153 108 261

853 383 1,236

898 461 1,359

29 25 54

271 125 396

249 188 437

2,666 1,391 4,057

Melaka

159 65 224

114 83 197

515 281 796

503 313 816

3 6 9

176 123 299

62 48 110

1,532 919 2,451

Negeri Sembilan

82 50 132

76 69 145

593 253 846

503 253 756

7 4 11

177 99 276

89 74 163

1,527 802 2,329

Pahang

401 183 584

328 229 557

1,233 539 1,772

1,085 653 1,738

49 11 60

281 166 447

162 120 282

3,539 1,901 5,440

Perak

66 61 127

63 70 133

768 363 1,131

683 298 981

10 9 19

444 280 724

123 66 189

2,157 1,147 3,304

a

Termasuk Cerebral Palsy Includes Cerebral palsy

115

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.4: Bilangan kes baru orang kurang upaya (OKU) yang berdaftar mengikut negeri, jenis kecacatan dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 5.4: Number of new disabled cases registered by state, type of disability and sex, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)

Negeri State

Penglihatan Visually impaired

Pendengaran Hearing

Fizikal a Physical

Masalah pembelajaran Learning disability 93 50 143

Pertuturan Speech

Mental

Lain-lain Others

Jumlah Total

Perlis

Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total Lelaki Male Perempuan Female Jumlah Total

40 19 59

22 18 40

99 53 152

8 5 13

74 31 105

62 42 104

398 218 616

Pulau Pinang

221 97 318

221 181 402

513 237 750

382 202 584

4 2 6

117 87 204

56 32 88

1,514 838 2,352

Sabah

165 121 286

135 109 244

497 227 724

693 354 1,047

7 6 13

70 58 128

47 40 87

1,614 915 2,529

Sarawak

157 79 236

109 100 209

430 204 634

628 397 1,025

33 30 63

249 173 422

38 35 73

1,644 1,018 2,662

Selangor

248 156 404

273 299 572

1,544 799 2,343

1,110 590 1,700

32 20 52

352 234 586

182 112 294

3,741 2,210 5,951

Terengganu

113 47 160

166 95 261

394 198 592

748 347 1,095

8 3 11

156 77 233

69 36 105

1,654 803 2,457

W. P. Kuala Lumpur b

348 202 550

186 164 350

492 282 774

337 203 540

-

139 83 222

57 41 98

1,559 975 2,534

W. P. Labuan

8 3 11

2 2

12 9 21

31 10 41

3 3

4 2 6

2 1 3

60 27 87

a

Termasuk Cerebral Palsy Includes Cerebral palsy Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

Sumber: Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia Source: Department of Social Welfare Malaysia

b

116

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.5: Bilangan penerima bantuan mengikut negeri dan jenis bantuan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.5: Number of persons receiving aid by state and type of aid, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Bantuan Kanak-kanak Children aid Bilangan/Number RM Bantuan orang tua Senior citizen aid Bantuan Geran am pelancaran General Launching aid grant 115,934 242,413,756 4,437 7,507,970 7,882 15,673,870 7,440 9,476,820 6,593 17,111,774 6,257 12,570,361 4,652 5,848,920 10,762 22,310,970 3,788 6,257,565 3,233 5,721,570 17,276 47,860,308 11,442 19,203,725 7,627 15,762,109 19,417 47,993,470 4,753 8,489,764 375 624,560 430 1,086,360 150 405,000 25 65,150 26 61,900 16 36,250 6 14,300 60 141,770 32 83,100 26 58,860 7 15,495 12 31,300 64 157,100 6 16,135 Elaun pekerja OKU Disabled workers allowance 53,063 175,696,800 7,321 22,715,100 6,753 22,811,700 4,030 13,280,100 3,018 9,970,200 2,278 7,551,300 4,823 16,094,400 5,239 17,869,800 885 2,965,800 4,032 13,582,200 603 1,942,200 1,838 5,901,000 5,880 19,126,500 2,481 8,550,300 3,790 13,023,300 92 312,900

Malaysia

98,848 135,217 315,752,198 477,844,100 11,654 33,780,200 11,692 36,393,650 10,029 29,474,998 5,024 16,349,750 5,800 17,512,590 4,133 13,762,583 5,759 19,246,950 1,243 2,947,050 5,529 16,046,310 13,158 45,703,800 8,709 31,672,200 7,976 27,439,200 8,141 28,497,900 7,865 25,319,900 6,271 21,350,200 6,083 20,993,100 908 2,845,200 7,185 24,162,300

Johor

Kedah

Kelantan

Melaka

Negeri Sembilan

Pahang

Perak

Perlis

Pulau Pinang

Sabah

9,596 38,533 40,714,442 137,681,400 11,056 32,480,455 9,682 32,463,070 5,992 20,429,980 1,460 3,645,590 199 504,580 13,564 48,677,400 11,264 39,508,500 2,985 10,451,400 2,435 13,081,800 140 459,800

Sarawak

Selangor

Terengganu

W. P. Kuala Lumpur a

W. P. Labuan

Sumber: Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia Source: Department of Social Welfare Malaysia
a

Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

117

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.6: Bilangan pusat, kapasiti dan penagih dadah yang dirawat di Pusat Pemulihan Penagihan Narkotik, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.6: Number of Narcotics Rehabilitation Center, capasity and drug addicts treated, Malaysia, 2011 Penghuni Inmates Bilangan Number

Pusat PUSPEN Center of PUSPEN

22

Kapasiti Capasity Jumlah penghuni di PUSPEN Number of inmates at PUSPEN Pada penghujung tahun lalu At the end of previous year Kemasukan pada tahun ini Admitted for the year Keluar pada tahun ini a Discharged for the year Pada penghujung tahun ini At the end of the year

7,350

5,400

4,789

4,486

4,861

Sumber: Agensi Antidadah Kebangsaan Source: National Anti-Drugs Agency
a

Tidak termasuk kematian dan penagih yang melarikan diri Excludes deaths and addicts who have escaped

118

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.7: Bilangan penagih dadah mengikut negeri dan jantina, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.7: Number of drug addicts by state and sex, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Lelaki Male

Perempuan Female

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

11,002 1,161 1,361 386 392 575 691 1,942 103 1,722 66 249 1,405 184 752 2 11

192 26 25 2 2 11 10 22 2 21 7 18 26 3 15 1 1

11,194 1,187 1,386 388 394 586 701 1,964 105 1,743 73 267 1,431 187 767 3 12

Sumber: Agensi Antidadah Kebangsaan Source: National Anti-Drugs Agency

119

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.8: Bilangan penagih dadah mengikut jenis dadah, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.8: Number of drug addicts by type of drugs, Malaysia, 2011 Jenis dadah Type of drug Jumlah Total Heroin Morfin Candu Ubat batuk/kodein Ganja Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) Pil Ecstasy/MDMA a Metamphetamine (Syabu) Amphetamine Pil Psikotropik Lain-lain Others
b

Bilangan penagih dadah Number of drug addicts 11,194

4,452 3,465 7 11 1,559

10 1,588 60 16 26
Sumber: Agensi Antidadah Kebangsaan Source: National Anti-Drugs Agency

a b

MDMA - Methylenedioxymethamphetamine Termasuk dadah jenis pil kuda, daun ketum dan kokain Includes drugs such as metamphetamine, mitragynine and cocaine

120

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.9: Bilangan penagih dadah mengikut kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.9: Number of drug addicts by age group, Malaysia, 2011 Kumpulan umur Age group Bilangan penagih dadah Number of drug addicts

Jumlah Total < 13 13−15 16−19 20−24 25−29 30−34 35−39 40+ Tiada maklumat No information

11,194

14 33 819 2,450 2,415 1,906 1,351 2,134 72

Sumber: Agensi Antidadah Kebangsaan Source: National Anti-Drugs Agency

121

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.10: Perangkaan Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial (PERKESO) mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.10: Statistics of Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Bilangan pusat PERKESO Number of SOCSO centres Bilangan majikan berdaftar Number of registered employers Bilangan pekerja berdaftar Number of registered employees Bilangan kemalangan yang dilaporkan Number of accidents reported Bilangan kes kemalangan yang menerima faedah perubatan Number of accident cases receiving medical benefits Rawatan perubatan sahaja Medical treatment only 2,186 231 122 28 59 65 78 328 26 199 186 377 315 27 135 10 Melibatkan faedah tunai hilang upaya sementara Cash benefits for temporary invalids 55,785 9,037 3,817 826 2,076 2,320 2,043 6,400 313 6,263 1,027 3,739 11,529 877 5,450 68

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor a Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan

46 5 4 2 1 2 3 5 1 2 5 7 4 3 1 1

819,915 108,207 37,277 18,860 26,975 28,201 32,499 70,544 4,680 61,671 54,055 60,161 154,511 19,305 140,095 2,874

14,569,450 1,803,894 709,212 318,675 411,209 441,035 504,222 1,018,231 82,338 1,166,010 827,552 1,037,173 3,095,729 335,178 2,786,324 32,668

59,897 9,276 3,948 867 2,272 2,540 2,226 6,743 353 6,567 1,376 4,231 12,363 950 6,097 88

Sumber: Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial Source: Social Security Organisation
a

Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

122

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.11: Bilangan kemalangan mengikut sebab kecederaan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.11: Number of accidents by cause of injury, Malaysia, 2011 Sebab kecederaan Causes of injury Jumlah Total Orang terjatuh Falls Terhempap oleh benda yang terjatuh Struck by falling objects Terpijak di atas, terkena kepada atau terhempap oleh benda-benda (tidak termasuk benda-benda terjatuh) Stepping on, striking against or struck by objects (excludes falling objects) Tersepit di dalam atau di antara benda Caught in or between objects "Over-exertion" atau pergerakan yang berat Over-exertion or strenuous movements Terdedah kepada atau tersentuh suhu terlalu panas Exposure to or contact with extreme temperatures Terdedah kepada atau tersentuh elektrik Exposure to or contact with electricity Terdedah kepada atau tersentuh benda yang merbahaya Exposure to or contact with harmful substances Sebab kemalangan lain Other causes of accidents Bilangan kemalangan Number of accidents 59,897 16,254

4,689

22,417

4,636

3,519

539

70

147

7,626

Sumber: Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial Source: Social Security Organisation

123

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.12: Bilangan penerima faedah Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial (PERKESO) dan jumlah wang tunai yang dibayar mengikut jenis faedah, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.12: Number of beneficiaries of Social Security Organisation (SOCSO) and total cash paid by type of benefit, Malaysia, 2011 Jenis faedah Type of benefit Bilangan penerima faedah Number of beneficiaries Jumlah wang tunai yang dibayar (RM'000) Total cash paid (RM'000)

Jumlah Total Faedah hilang upaya sementara Temporary disablement benefit Faedah hilang upaya kekal (bayaran pukal) Permanent disablement benefit (lump sum payment) Faedah hilang upaya kekal (bayaran berkala) Permanent disablement benefit (periodical payment) Faedah orang tanggungan Dependant's benefit Faedah perubatan Medical benefit Faedah pengurusan mayat Funeral benefit Elaun layanan sentiasa Constant attendance allowance Pencen ilat dan bantuan ilat Invalidity pension and invalidity grant Pencen penakat Survivors pension Faedah pemulihan Rehabilitation benefit

378,377

1,710,765

55,785

119,770

13,829

228,378

17,346

97,795

39,992

192,632

2,186

5,318

10,466

14,335

4,722

17,144

39,814

340,967

182,713 11,524

583,761 110,665

Sumber: Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial Source: Social Security Organisation 124

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.13: Jumlah bilangan akaun pencarum dan jumlah caruman kepada Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja mengikut kumpulan kredit/simpanan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.13: Total number of contributors' accounts and total contributions to Employees Provident Fund by credit/saving groups, Malaysia, 2011

Kumpulan kredit/simpanan (RM) Credit/saving group (RM)

Jumlah Total

Jumlah bilangan akaun pencarum Total number of contributors accounts

13,149,654

Bilangan akaun pencarum mengikut julat simpanan Number of contributors' accounts by range of saving < 1,000 1,000−1,999 2,000−2,999 3,000−3,999 4,000−9,999 ≥ 10,000

3,440,021 898,518 585,072 451,998 1,720,943 6,053,102

Jumlah caruman (RM juta) Total contributions (RM million)

417,848

Julat simpanan akaun pencarum (RM) Savings range of contributors accounts (RM) < 1,000 1,000−1,999 2,000−2,999 3,000−3,999 4,000−9,999 ≥ 10,000 895 1,308 1,447 1,574 11,517 401,107

Sumber: Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja Source: Employees Provident Fund

125

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES Jadual 5.14: Bilangan pencarum (akaun aktif dan tidak aktif) kepada Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja mengikut kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.14 : Number of contributors' (active and inactive accounts) to Employees Provident Fund by age group, Malaysia, 2011

Kumpulan umur Age group Jumlah Total 16−25 26−30 31−35 36− 40 41−45 46−50 51−55 56+

Aktif Active 6,262,832

Tidak Aktif Inactive 6,886,822

1,665,132 1,276,470 913,401 722,993

884,081 764,474 949,454 962,573

599,634 497,378 348,317 239,507

897,749 837,700 719,651 871,140

Sumber: Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja Source: Employees Provident Fund

126

PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN WELFARE SERVICES

Jadual 5.15: Perbelanjaan Kerajaan Persekutuan untuk perkhidmatan sosial & masyarakat dan pencen, Malaysia, 2011 Table 5.15: Federal Government expenditure on social & community services and pensions, Malaysia, 2011 Perkara Item Jumlah Total

Jumlah perbelanjaan pembangunan bagi perkhidmatan sosial dan masyarakat (RM juta) Total development expenditure for social and community services (RM million) Peratus perbelanjaan pembangunan bagi perkhidmatan sosial dan masyarakat daripada jumlah perbelanjaan pembangunan Percentage of development expenditure for social and community services of total development expenditure Jumlah perbelanjaan semasa bagi pencen (RM juta) Total current expenditure for pension (RM million) Peratus perbelanjaan semasa bagi pencen daripada jumlah perbelanjaan semasa Percentage of current expenditure for pension of total current expenditure

1,902

4.1

13,565

7.4

Sumber: Buletin Perangkaan Bulanan, Bank Negara Malaysia Source: Monthly Statistical Bulletin, Central Bank of Malaysia

127

6

KESELAMATAN AWAM
PUBLIC SAFETY

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.1: Bilangan kemalangan jalan raya, kecederaan dan kematian yang dilaporkan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.1: Number of road accidents, injuries and deaths reported by state, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Bilangan kemalangan jalan raya Number of road accidents

Jumlah Total

Kecederaan Injuries

Kematian Deaths

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah
a

449,040 59,501 19,699 9,603 14,720 21,157 19,001 33,506 1,791 37,158 16,585 17,964 128,876 10,684
b

25,570 2,819 2,452 3,011 944 2,163 1,671 3,340 626 969 1,783 1,414 2,443 1,118 817

18,693 1,746 1,937 2,619 704 1,789 1,108 2,529 547 577 1,385 972 1,373 826 581

6,877 1,073 515 392 240 374 563 811 79 392 398 442 1,070 292 236

Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur

58,795

Sumber: Polis DiRaja Malaysia Source: Royal Malaysia Police
a

Termasuk W. P. Labuan Includes W. P. Labuan Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

b

129

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.2: Bilangan pemandu/penunggang yang terlibat dalam kemalangan jalan raya yang dilaporkan mengikut jenis kenderaan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.2: Number of drivers/riders involved in road accidents reported by type of vehicle, Malaysia, 2011

Jenis kenderaan Type of vehicle Jumlah Bas Bus Jip Jeep Treler/lori Trailer/lorry Motokar Motorcar Motosikal Motorcycle Van Basikal Bicycle Pejalan kaki Pedestrian Lain-lain Others

Jumlah Total 25,570 225 495 654

Mati Deaths 6,877 29 151 247

Parah Serious 6,328 56 120 125

Ringan Minor 12,365 140 224 282

4,868 16,240

1,389 4,169

1,268 4,060

2,211 8,011

364 598 1,859 267

93 172 530 97

94 140 419 46

177 286 910 124

Sumber: Polis DiRaja Malaysia Source: Royal Malaysia Police

130

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.3: Bilangan kematian dan kecederaan dalam kemalangan jalan raya yang dilaporkan mengikut pengguna jalan raya, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.3: Number of deaths and injuries in road accidents reported by type of road user, Malaysia, 2011

Pengguna jalan raya Road user

Mati Deaths

Kecederaan Injuries

Jumlah Total Pejalan kaki Pedestrian Penunggang basikal Cyclist Pemandu motokar Motorcar driver Pemandu lori Lorry driver Pemandu Teksi /bas Taxi/Bus driver Penunggang motosikal Motorcyclist Pembonceng motosikal Pillion rider Penumpang Passenger Lain-lain Others

6,877

18,693

530

1,329

160

347

828

1,972

176

264

29

49

3,713

10,424

456

1,647

677

1,928

308

733

Sumber: Polis DiRaja Malaysia Source: Royal Malaysia Police

131

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.4: Perangkaan kebakaran mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.4: Statistics on fire breakouts by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Bilangan kebakaran Number of fire breakouts Bilangan kematian Number of deaths Bilangan kecederaan Number of injuries Taksiran kerugian Estimated loss Taksiran yang dapat diselamatkan (RM juta) Estimated amount saved (RM million) 8,329.34 832.95 487.40 198.48 900.94 915.35 372.84 698.27 74.62 1,573.89 272.06 258.52 853.82 135.19 722.62 19.12 12.96

a

(RM'000) Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya 28,741 3,419 1,887 595 1,360 1,430 1,176 3,386 229 1,933 1,140 1,478 7,882 815 1,799 140 72 80 7 1 5 6 1 9 2 4 14 11 11 2 7 81 6 8 6 3 4 19 5 11 6 6 5 2 927,505.02 92,891.20 173,592.24 21,770.90 45,162.90 17,626.58 31,446.57 49,524.25 5,740.95 72,834.03 65,664.33 80,064.20 144,521.21 25,729.18 98,789.18 1,931.40 215.91

Sumber: Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Source: Fire and Rescue Department, Malaysia
a

Merujuk kepada kematian serta-merta di tempat kejadian Refers to instant deaths at the place of occurrence

132

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.5: Bilangan kebakaran mengikut negeri dan jenis kebakaran, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.5: Number of fire breakouts by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 Jumlah Total Negeri State Bangunan dan isinya Buildings and its contents Kenderaan Vehicles Mesin dan alat perkakas lain Machinery and other equipments Petrol dan bahan kimia Petrol and chemicals Gas

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

28,741 3,419 1,887 595 1,360 1,430 1,176 3,386 229 1,933 1,140 1,478 7,882 815 1,799 140 72

5,689 444 381 191 245 270 226 294 36 432 461 377 1,377 224 706 18 7

3,102 413 186 92 125 185 176 276 20 227 95 135 818 60 276 4 14

1,375 308 106 41 28 39 67 204 8 157 30 81 269 13 8 5 11

26 1 5 5 1 1 3 4 4 2 -

678 104 60 29 28 33 28 71 6 56 33 36 164 14 5 11

133

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.5: Bilangan kebakaran mengikut negeri dan jenis kebakaran, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 6.5: Number of fire breakouts by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Kebun/ hutan/ belukar/ lalang Plantation/ jungle/ weed/ bush 8,731 1,239 522 76 510 509 410 1,386 66 406 373 601 2,089 317 121 89 17 Gerai Stalls Kapal terbang Aeroplane Kapal laut Ship Lainlain Others

Negeri State

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

146 10 10 5 8 11 10 4 5 11 4 40 6 19 3 -

2 1 1 -

22 2 3 1 1 2 1 5 3 3 1 -

8,970 898 614 160 415 378 257 1,148 93 649 129 241 3,121 174 667 14 12

Sumber: Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Source: Fire and Rescue Department, Malaysia

134

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.6: Bilangan kebakaran bangunan mengikut jenis bangunan dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.6: Number of fire breakouts in building by type of building and state, Malaysia, 2011

Jumlah Total Negeri State

Kedai Shop

Kilang Factory

Stor Bengkel Store Workshop

Hotel Hotel

Pusat membeli belah Shopping centre

Pejabat Office

Restoran Restaurant

Malaysia

5,689

713

334

239

75

40

20

144

71

Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

444 381 191 245 270 226 294 36 432 461 377 1,377 224 706 18 7

61 46 14 73 35 44 39 2 63 25 42 163 25 78 2 1

35 22 2 31 18 10 9 1 31 21 20 126 2 4 2 -

39 17 8 8 10 2 26 5 15 15 17 52 3 22 -

9 8 3 3 2 2 6 6 6 3 17 4 6 -

1 2 1 2 4 4 1 4 2 2 2 14 1 -

4 1 2 1 1 11 -

11 7 2 3 10 6 2 5 10 11 32 3 40 1 1

1 5 3 1 3 2 1 3 5 25 22 -

135

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.6: Bilangan kebakaran bangunan mengikut jenis bangunan dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 6.6: Number of fire breakouts in building by type of building and state, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd)

Negeri State

Rumah kediaman pangsa Housing unit/ flats

Setinggan Squatter

Dapur Gudang Makmal Kitchen Warehouse Laboratory

Sekolah/ asrama/ institusi School/ hostel/ institution

Tempat hiburan/ berhimpun Entertainment/ gathering place

Hospital/ klinik Hospital/ clinic

Lainlain Others

Malaysia

2,994

69

251

17

14

142

25

19

522

Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

200 218 133 97 144 105 163 13 201 312 201 658 78 463 7 1

4 7 1 3 2 6 7 17 8 7 7 -

18 14 9 7 9 5 2 49 14 18 95 8 2 1

1 1 1 1 2 11 -

1 1 1 1 5 1 4 -

12 9 4 7 8 11 4 3 12 13 5 28 5 20 1 -

3 5 1 4 1 3 2 2 1 3 -

1 3 4 3 8 -

48 16 19 8 25 22 32 9 39 13 41 150 91 4 2 3

Sumber: Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Source: Fire and Rescue Department, Malaysia

136

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.7: Bilangan kebakaran mengikut punca kebakaran dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.7: Number of fire breakouts by source and state, Malaysia, 2011 Elektrik Electricity Negeri State Puntung rokok Cigarette butts Percikan api Sparks of fire Mercun/ bunga api fire crackers/ fireworks Ubat Dapur nyamuk/ gas/ lilin/ minyak colok Gas stove/ Mosquito kerosene coil/ candle/ joss-stick Reaksi spontan Spontaneous reaction

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

6,431 682 510 249 382 167 267 539 67 394 322 214 1,715 181 717 16 9

1,433 280 176 37 11 35 15 214 7 163 45 74 302 30 42 2

683 136 81 30 24 21 21 32 11 23 30 22 85 32 134 1 -

81 15 7 4 2 1 2 4 9 1 2 22 2 10 -

351 69 41 14 15 3 11 16 23 30 19 70 12 27 1 -

1,605 210 127 40 48 39 52 102 10 134 111 65 431 43 177 2 14

531 75 13 2 14 32 37 61 1 34 18 9 202 11 7 15

137

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.7: Bilangan kebakaran mengikut punca kebakaran dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 6.7: Number of fire breakouts by source and state, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Sengaja dibakar Arson Negeri State Dibakar dengan niat jahat Incendiary arson Tindak Kanakbalas kanak kimia bermain Chemical mancis/api reaction Children playing with matches/ fire 62 7 4 4 4 19 1 3 15 4 1 178 21 11 19 12 23 8 6 8 25 13 24 6 1 1 Lain-lain Others Punca tidak diketahui Source unknown Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya
#

6,681 941 523 69 421 430 211 1,163 101 230 145 201 1,644 326 252 13 11

1,711 478 63 27 50 77 19 120 5 52 31 45 514 10 198 21 1

4,676 277 160 50 129 382 160 682 12 349 118 289 1,736 121 187 10 14

4,318 228 171 54 252 239 354 426 9 514 263 522 1,122 41 43 76 4

28,741 3,419 1,887 595 1,360 1,430 1,176 3,386 229 1,933 1,140 1,478 7,882 815 1,799 140 72

Punca: Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Source: Fire and Rescue Department, Malaysia

138

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.8: Bilangan kebakaran bangunan mengikut negeri dan punca kebakaran, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.8: Number of fire breakouts in building by state and source of fire breakouts, Malaysia, 2011 Jumlah Total Negeri State Elektrik Electricity Puntung rokok Cigarette butts Percikan api Sparks of fire Mercun/ bunga api Fire crackers/ fireworks Ubat nyamuk/ lilin/ colok Mosquito coil/ candle/ joss-stick 210 26 21 10 7 2 8 4 9 28 16 43 11 25 Dapur gas/ minyak Gas stove/ kerosene

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

5,689 444 381 191 245 270 226 294 36 432 461 377 1,377 224 706 18 7

1,833 149 140 95 114 37 77 20 19 65 217 78 343 82 390 6 1

135 13 10 10 4 2 2 2 2 4 16 6 41 6 17 -

73 13 9 5 2 2 4 1 1 3 2 4 15 8 4 -

31 5 3 1 1 1 1 8 1 10 -

627 43 51 7 15 14 17 4 6 55 74 29 123 27 157 2 3

139

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.8: Bilangan kebakaran bangunan mengikut negeri dan punca kebakaran, Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 6.8: Number of fire breakouts in building by state and source of fire breakouts, Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Reaksi Sengaja spontan dibakar Spontaneous Arson reaction Dibakar dengan niat jahat Incendiary arson Tindak balas kimia Chemical reaction Kanakkanak bermain mancis/api Children playing with matches/ fire 82 6 7 12 9 3 2 3 2 12 9 12 4 1 Lainlain Others Punca tidak diketahui Source unknown

Negeri State

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

73 6 4 4 2 3 3 8 40 2 1

206 22 14 2 5 7 2 4 7 1 5 133 3 1 -

162 21 6 7 4 7 4 7 1 4 6 78 3 14 -

10 3 2 1 1 2 1 -

1,295 52 45 13 30 117 47 196 5 90 42 118 407 59 68 5 1

952 85 71 29 50 80 59 51 192 57 104 132 18 18 5 1

Sumber: Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia Source: Fire and Rescue Department, Malaysia

140

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.9: Jenayah kekerasan yang dilaporkan kepada polis mengikut negeri dan jenis jenayah, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.9: Violent crimes reported to police by state and type of crime, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Jumlah Total

Bunuh Murder

Rogol Rape

Samun Robbery

a

Dengan senjata api With firearms Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah
b

Tanpa senjata api Without firearms 19,606 2,888 757 243 352 1,136 235 1,276 20 864 149 275 5,780 182 5,449

Mencederakan manusia Causing bodily injuries

29,534 4,428 1,635 870 622 1,595 760 2,085 142 1,412 363 646 8,141 443
c

446 86 28 16 14 21 21 41 3 31 10 9 127 6 33

3,026 582 327 276 81 172 222 226 51 146 68 79 516 135 145

408 10 25 12 4 14 11 9 2 13 29 24 230 1 24

6,048 862 498 323 171 252 271 533 66 358 107 259 1,488 119 741

Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur

6,392

Sumber: Polis DiRaja Malaysia Source: Royal Malaysia Police
a

Termasuk samun berkawan Includes gang robbery Termasuk W. P. Labuan Includes W. P. Labuan Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

b

c

141

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.10: Jenayah harta benda yang dilaporkan kepada polis mengikut negeri dan jenis jenayah, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.10: Property crimes reported to police by state and type of crime, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Jumlah Total

Pecah rumah dan curi House break-ins and thefts

Kecurian kenderaan Vehicles theft

Ragut Snatch

Kecurian lain Other thefts

a

Lori/van Lorry/ van

Kereta Motorcar

Motosikal/ skuter Motorcycles/ scooters

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah b Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur c

128,357 16,542 9,032 5,329 4,208 4,455 5,234 7,784 971 8,346 2,311 5,976 36,161 3,398 18,610

28,020 2,598 1,753 1,137 1,025 1,253 1,361 1,640 212 1,676 615 1,996 8,422 852 3,480

3,685 480 104 71 40 96 111 153 5 142 48 92 1,653 26 664

16,129 2,006 564 641 183 347 301 616 28 647 240 567 6,389 274 3,326

48,945 7,571 4,229 2,575 1,624 1,494 2,092 3,422 364 3,776 241 1,541 12,957 1,367 5,692

3,323 76 285 169 117 25 66 169 52 198 60 293 799 63 951

28,255 3,811 2,097 736 1,219 1,240 1,303 1,784 310 1,907 1,107 1,487 5,941 816 4,497

Sumber: Polis DiRaja Malaysia Source: Royal Malaysia Police
a

Termasuk kecurian basikal Includes bicycle theft Termasuk W. P. Labuan Includes W. P. Labuan Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

b

c

142

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY Jadual 6.11: Bilangan banduan mengikut kumpulan etnik dan jantina, 2011 Table 6.11: Number of prisoner by ethnic group and sex, 2011 Kumpulan etnik Ethnic group Jumlah Total Warganegara Malaysia Malaysian citizens Melayu Malay Cina Chinese India Indians Lain-lain Others
a

Jumlah Total

Lelaki Male

Perempuan Female

35,108

33,463

1,645

28,007

27,173

834

17,917

17,400

517

3,247

3,126

121

4,144

4,045

99

2,699

2,602

97

Bukan Warganegara Malaysia Non-Malaysian citicens

7,101

6,290

811

Sumber: Jabatan Penjara Malaysia Source: Prison Department, Malaysia
a

Termasuk Bumiputera Lain Includes Other Bumiputera

143

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.12: Bilangan banduan mengikut kumpulan umur dan jantina, 2011 Table 6.12: Number of prisoner by age group and sex, 2011 Kumpulan umur Age group Jumlah Total < 21 Jumlah Total 35,108 Lelaki Male 33,463 Perempuan Female 1,645

2,011

1,917

94

21─29

9,935

9,536

399

30─39

12,674

12,080

594

40─49

6,976

6,605

371

50─59

2,889

2,723

166

60 +

623

602

21

Sumber: Jabatan Penjara Malaysia Source: Prison Department, Malaysia

144

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.13: Bilangan banduan mengikut tempoh hukuman dan jantina, 2011 Table 6.13: Number of prisoner by punishment period and sex, 2011

Tempoh hukuman Punishment period

Jumlah Total

Lelaki Male

Perempuan Female

Jumlah Total < 3 bulan month < 6 bulan month 6─12 bulan month 1─<3 tahun year 3─< 6 tahun year 6─<10 tahun year 10─<20 tahun year Seumur Hidup

35,108

33,463

1,645

272

229

43

678

569

109

3,142

2,639

503

9,303

8,887

416

10,146

9,920

226

8,145

7,927

218

2,366

2,277

89

82

80

2

Seumur Hayat

87

87

-

Tahanan Limpah Sultan

47

44

3

Gantung

840

804

36

Sumber: Jabatan Penjara Malaysia Source: Prison Department, Malaysia

145

KESELAMATAN AWAM PUBLIC SAFETY

Jadual 6.14: Bilangan pesalah juvana mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 6.14: Number of juvenile offenders by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Jumlah Total Kesalahan pertama First offence Kesalahan berulang Repeated offence

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

4,801 534 718 161 208 292 324 324 110 201 439 148 579 404 304 18 37

4,375 521 718 158 198 282 304 295 110 186 414 148 579 387 25 17 33

426 13 3 10 10 20 29 15 25 17 279 1 4

Sumber: Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia Source: Department of Social Welfare, Malaysia

146

7

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT

Jadual 7.1: Perangkaan utama tenaga buruh, Malaysia, 2011 Table 7.1: Principal statistics of labour force, Malaysia, 2011

Perkara Item

Bilangan/Kadar Numbers/Rate

Tenaga buruh ('000) Labour force

12,675.8

Bekerja ('000) Employed

12,284.4

Penganggur ('000) Unemployed

391.4

Kadar pengangguran (%) Unemployment rate

3.1

Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh (%) Labour force participation rate

64.4

147

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT

Jadual 7.2: Bilangan penduduk bekerja mengikut industri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 7.2: Number of employed persons by industry, Malaysia, 2011 Industri Industry Jumlah penduduk bekerja (`000) Total employed persons (`000) Pertanian, perhutanan dan perikanan Agriculture, forestry and fishing Perlombongan dan pengkuarian Mining and quarrying Pembuatan Manufacturing Bekalan elektrik, gas, wap dan pendingin udara Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply Bekalan air; pembentungan, pengurusan sisa dan aktiviti pemulihan Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities Pembinaan Construction Perdagangan borong dan runcit; pembaikan kenderaan bermotor dan motosikal Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan Transportation and storage Penginapan dan aktiviti perkhidmatan makanan dan minuman Accommodation and food and beverage service activities Maklumat dan komunikasi Information and communication Aktiviti kewangan dan insurans/takaful Financial and insurance/takaful activities Aktiviti hartanah Real estate activities Aktiviti profesional, saintifik dan teknikal Professional, scientific and technical activities Aktiviti pentadbiran dan khidmat sokongan Administrative and support service activities Pentadbiran awam dan pertahanan; aktiviti keselamatan sosial wajib Public administration and defence; compulsory social security Pendidikan Education Aktiviti kesihatan kemanusiaan dan kerja sosial Human health and social work activities Kesenian, hiburan dan rekreasi Arts, entertainment and recreation Aktiviti perkhidmatan lain Other service activities Aktiviti isi rumah sebagai majikan Activities of households as employers Aktiviti badan dan pertubuhan luar wilayah Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies 1,410.0 76.0 2,222.3 51.6 70.8 1,133.6 1,999.5 Bilangan/ Number 12,284.4

605.2 942.2 207.6 317.6 61.2 329.0 448.9 749.0 785.0 382.5 86.4 181.5 222.5 2.1

148

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT

Jadual 7.3: Taburan kekosongan jawatan, pencari kerja baru dan penempatan pendaftar mengikut jantina dan negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 7.3: Distribution of job vacancies, new job-seekers and placement of registrants by sex and state, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Kekosongan jawatan Job vacancies

a

Pencari kerja baru New job-seekers

Penempatan pendaftar Placement of registrants Jumlah Total 152,405 14,533 14,259 11,569 5,293 6,537 8,746 13,262 1,925 5,425 15,560 14,182 22,807 8,010 8,692 633 972 20,960 1,881 4,978 621 1,621 1,269 1,364 1,638 659 646 986 758 2,696 963 737 73 70

Lelaki Male Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya 2,259,548 375,198 57,552 20,701 53,622 85,909 61,284 147,500 1,731 171,897 206,153 28,600 600,456 15,554 380,288 2,735 50,368 67,863 6,469 6,439 4,962 2,149 3,065 3,904 5,915 935 2,287 6,963 6,270 10,382 3,493 3,900 268 462

Perempuan Female 84,542 8,064 7,820 6,607 3,144 3,472 4,842 7,347 990 3,138 8,597 7,912 12,425 4,517 4,792 365 510

Sumber: Kementerian Sumber Manusia Source: Ministry of Human Resources
a

Mulai 2005, majikan yang hendak menggajikan pekerja asing dikehendaki menggunakan perkhidmatan 'Job Clearing System' (JCS) di bawah portal Jobsmalaysia Since 2005, employers recruiting foreign workers have to use the Job Clearing Systems (JCS) services under Jobsmalaysia portal

149

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT

Jadual 7.4: Taburan kekosongan jawatan mengikut kumpulan pekerjaan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 7.4: Distribution of job vacancies by occupational groups, Malaysia, 2011

Kumpulan Pekerjaan Occupational Groups

Kekosongan jawatan Job vacancies 2,259,548

Jumlah Total Pengurus Managers Profesional Professionals Juruteknik dan profesional bersekutu Technicians and associate professionals Pekerja sokongan perkeranian Clerical support workers Pekerja perkhidmatan dan jualan Service and sales workers Pekerja mahir pertanian, perhutanan dan perikanan Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers Pekerja kemahiran dan pekerja pertukangan yang berkaitan Craft and related trade workers Operator loji dan mesin serta pemasang Plant and machine operators and assemblers Pekerjaan asas Elementary occupations

23,225 228,046

41,167

45,064

200,839

165,757

82,253

164,036

1,309,161

Sumber: Kementerian Sumber Manusia Source: Ministry of Human Resources

150

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT

Jadual 7.5: Taburan kekosongan jawatan dan penempatan pendaftar mengikut kumpulan industri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 7.5: Distribution of job vacancies and placements of registrants by industrial groups, Malaysia, 2011 Kumpulan industri Industrial groups Jumlah Total Pertanian, perhutanan dan perikanan Agriculture, forestry and fishing Perlombongan dan pengkuarian Mining and quarrying Pembuatan Manufacturing Bekalan elektrik, gas, wap dan pendingin udara Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply Bekalan air; pembentungan, pengurusan sisa dan aktiviti pemulihan Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities Pembinaan Construction Perdagangan borong dan runcit; pembaikan kenderaan bermotor dan motosikal Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan Transportation and storage Penginapan dan aktiviti perkhidmatan makanan dan minuman Accommodation and food and beverage service activities Maklumat dan komunikasi Information and communication Aktiviti kewangan dan insurans/takaful Financial and insurance/takaful activities Aktiviti hartanah Real estate activities Aktiviti profesional, saintifik dan teknikal Professional, scientific and technical activities Aktiviti pentadbiran dan khidmat sokongan Administrative and support services activities Pentadbiran awam dan pertahanan; aktiviti keselamatan sosial wajib Public administration and defence; compulsory social security Pendidikan Education Aktiviti kesihatan kemanusiaan dan kerja sosial Human health and social work activities Kesenian, hiburan dan rekreasi Arts, entertainment and recreation Aktiviti perkhidmatan lain Other service activities Aktiviti isi rumah sebagai majikan Activities of households as employers Aktiviti badan dan pertubuhan luar wilayah Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies Kekosongan jawatan Job vacancies 2,259,548 399,522 3,369 689,422 4,285 10,806 Penempatan pendaftar Placement of registrants 20,960 410 11 9,595 201 56

388,241 49,724

480 1,090

11,553 135,853

43 761

8,547 254,656 1,921 12,835 102,934 6,897

124 3,891 1 45 642 405

22,548 2,548 1,688 147,695 2,842 1,662

2,717 81 10 358 26 13

Sumber: Kementerian Sumber Manusia Source: Ministry of Human Resources

151

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT

Jadual 7.6: Bilangan pendaftar yang belum ditempatkan mengikut negeri, jantina dan kumpulan umur, Malaysia, 2011 Table 7.6: Number of unplaced registrants by state, sex and age group, Malaysia, 2011

Jantina Sex Negeri State Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya Lelaki Perempuan Male Female 153,822 14,857 13,738 12,279 5,073 7,141 9,396 13,729 2,036 5,189 14,534 12,199 23,506 9,042 9,085 577 1,441 215,231 21,327 18,707 16,346 7,671 9,816 12,967 18,266 2,753 7,595 18,734 16,930 34,068 13,241 14,038 832 1,940 Jumlah Total 369,053 36,184 32,445 28,625 12,744 16,957 22,363 31,995 4,789 12,784 33,268 29,129 57,574 22,283 23,123 1,409 3,381 15−19

Kumpulan umur Age group 20−24 25−29 30+

32,827 224,999 2,892 3,340 2,342 827 1,406 1,944 3,323 584 892 4,981 4,801 2,419 1,620 1,066 228 162 23,176 20,157 19,762 7,482 10,315 14,885 20,451 3,012 7,523 18,760 15,919 32,206 15,627 13,081 779 1,864

74,586 6,922 5,434 5,161 2,474 3,217 3,808 5,476 749 2,791 6,709 5,614 15,119 3,675 6,202 254 981

36,641 3,194 3,514 1,360 1,961 2,019 1,726 2,745 444 1,578 2,818 2,795 7,830 1,361 2,774 148 374

Sumber: Kementerian Sumber Manusia Source: Ministry of Human Resources

152

GUNA TENAGA EMPLOYMENT Jadual 7.7: Bilangan pendaftar yang belum ditempatkan mengikut negeri dan tahap pendidikan a, Malaysia, 2011 Table 7.7: Number of unplaced registrants by state and level of education a , Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Tiada sijil No certificate

Kurang dari PMR atau PMR yang setaraf Less than LSA or LSA equivalent 4,241 196 1,287 118 117 170 179 267 24 128 390 304 563 243 167 73 15 14,330 1,856 1,218 647 457 945 811 1,556 198 499 1,505 1,256 1,759 577 853 74 119

SPM atau yang setaraf MCE or equivalent 104,180 9,565 8,464 6,622 3,194 5,139 6,177 9,725 1,203 3,444 13,443 12,383 12,719 5,131 5,660 557 754

Sijil kemahiran Skilled certificate 19,995 2,002 1,952 1,306 804 1,084 1,339 1,925 299 774 1,335 1,512 2,877 1,251 1,205 95 235

STPM dan ke atas MHSC and above 223,264 22,520 18,941 19,897 7,286 9,603 13,285 18,402 2,774 7,910 16,456 13,454 39,603 15,060 15,208 609 2,256

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya

3,043 45 583 35 886 16 572 120 291 29 139 220 53 21 30 1 2

369,053 36,184 32,445 28,625 12,744 16,957 22,363 31,995 4,789 12,784 33,268 29,129 57,574 22,283 23,123 1,409 3,381

Sumber: Kementerian Sumber Manusia Source: Ministry of Human Resources
a

Merujuk kepada sijil yang diperoleh seperti yang dilaporkan semasa pendaftaran Refers to the certificate obtained as reported during registration

8

PERHUBUNGAN & REKREASI
COMMUNICATION & RECREATION

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.1: Bilangan pelanggan telefon mengikut jenis pengguna, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.1: Number of telephone subscribers by type of user, Malaysia, 2011 ('000) Jenis pengguna Type of user Bilangan pelanggan Number of users

Jumlah Total

4,292

Perniagaan Business

1,606

Kediaman Residential

2,470

Awam Public

44

ISDN

46

Lain-lain a Others

126

Sumber: Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia Source: Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission Telekom Malaysia Berhad
a

Termasuk Litar suwa dan 'Toll free' Includes Leased circuits and 'Toll free'

155

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.2: Panjang jalan raya mengikut negeri, jenis jalan raya dan bidang kuasa, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.2: Road mileage by state, type of road and jurisdiction, Malaysia, 2011 (km) Negeri State Persekutuan Federal Berturap Paved Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya 17,475 2,346 1,103 1,259 303 1,356 3,745 1,511 240 190 1,502 1,424 969 1,260 22 98 147 Berturap Paved 108,301 11,171 5,300 12,885 1,735 8,273 12,532 7,043 1,188 2,330 8,210 15,326 14,996 4,824 2,418 70 Negeri State Kerikil Gravel 19,424 296 143 1,912 282 501 386 690 210 16 10,641 3,778 250 300 19 Tanah Earth 10,227 338 323 1,104 21 594 786 56 214 76 1,394 4,126 721 475 155,426 14,150 6,869 17,160 2,340 10,725 17,448 9,300 1,852 2,612 21,747 24,653 16,935 6,858 2,460 168 147 Jumlah Total

Sumber: Jabatan Kerja Raya Malaysia Source: Public Works Department, Malaysia

156

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.3: Purata edaran akhbar harian mengikut negeri dan jenis akhbar, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.3: Average daily newspaper circulation by state and type of newspaper, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Bahasa Melayu Malay Language 1,780,332 269,051 132,658 88,865 71,079 101,824 107,809 145,002 15,557 74,154 28,022 82,002 322,054 82,989 259,266 Bahasa Bahasa Bahasa Campuran bahasa c Combination of languages Jumlah Total

Inggeris Cina Tamil English Chinese Tamil Language Language Language 794,726 52,267 24,594 7,616 24,245 28,968 21,067 57,752 1,708 79,309 6,600 26,540 396,870 7,118 60,070 769,255 118,456 9,122 3,569 20,268 20,285 14,713 61,245 781 20,209 73,838 210,770 190,705 2,296 22,998 23,236 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah a Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur b

128,937 3,496,485 62,845 66,092 439,774 166,375 100,049 115,593 151,078 143,588 263,999 18,046 173,672 171,306 385,404 909,629 92,403 342,334

Sumber: Pelbagai syarikat akhbar Source: Various newspaper companies
a

Termasuk W. P. Labuan Includes W. P. Labuan Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya Merujuk kepada akhbar di Negeri Sabah dan Sarawak Refers to paper in the state of Sabah and Sarawak

b

c

157

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.4: Keahlian di Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.4: Memberships in the National Library of Malaysia, 2011

Keahlian Membership

Bilangan Ahli Numbers of membership

Jumlah a Total

1,000,278

Kanak-kanak Children Dewasa Adults

149,661

850,617

Sumber: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Source: National Library of Malaysia
a

Merujuk kepada keahlian kumulatif di Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Refers to cumulative memberships at the National Library of Malaysia

158

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.5: Bilangan kumulatif koleksi mengikut jenis bahan di Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.5: Number of cumulative collections by type of material at the National Library of Malaysia, 2011 Jenis bahan Type of material Jumlah Total Bahan bercetak (unit fizikal) Printed materials (physical units) Monograf a Monographs Seminar Seminars Terbitan bersiri b Serial publications Poster b Posters Peta Maps Bahan-bahan bercetak lain Other printed materials Manuskrip Melayu (asal) c Malay manuscripts (original) Bahan tidak bercetak (unit fizikal) Non-printed materials (physical units) Mikrofilem Microfilms Mikrofis Microfiches Foto Photographs Kaset audio Audio cassettes Kaset video Video cassettes Kit multimedia Multimedia kits Filem jalur Film strips Filem-filem Films Piring hitam Record discs Slaid Slides Bahan-bahan bukan bercetak lain Other non-printed materials
a

Bilangan Numbers 3,661,782 3,468,668 2,626,575 22,207 713,505 6,869 13,941 85,571 7,589

95,263 12,014 38,515 693 16,162 11,571 995 437 1,583 100 657 12,536

Termasuk buku-buku Includes books Termasuk judul surat khabar Includes newspaper titles Jumlah termasuk mikrofilem manuskrip Melayu Total includes microfilm of Malay manuscripts

b

c

159

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.5: Bilangan kumulatif koleksi mengikut jenis bahan di Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia, 2011 (samb.) Table 8.5: Number of cumulative collections by type of material at the National Library of Malaysia, 2011 (cont'd) Jenis bahan Type of material Bilangan Numbers

Bahan digital Digital materials Cakera padat Compact discs - Audio (CD) - Video (VCD,DVD) CD-ROM DVD-ROM E-book Pangkalan data atas talian Online databases Bahan-bahan digital lain Other digital materials

90,262

10,641 21,198 4,937 1,389 323 51,743

31

Sumber: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Source: National Library of Malaysia

160

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION Jadual 8.6: Bilangan perpustakaan awam mengikut negeri dan jenis perpustakaan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.6: Number of public libraries by state and type of library, Malaysia, 2011 Tetap a Static

Negeri State

Bergerak Mobile

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor a Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak a Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak a Selangor a Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur b W. P. Labuan

1,344 116 109 45 64 84 77 93 42 95 145 261 100 98 11 4

97 2 6 6 4 1 9 5 3 12 21 9 3 12 4 c

1,441 118 115 51 68 85 86 98 45 107 166 270 103 110 15 4

Sumber: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Source: National Library of Malaysia
a

Termasuk perpustakaan majlis perbandaran Includes local authority libraries Perkhidmatan perpustakaan awam yang dikendalikan oleh Perpustakaan Kuala Lumpur Public library services which is handled by the Kuala Lumpur Library Bilangan perpustakaan bergerak negeri Johor adalah dikendalikan oleh majlis perbandaran sahaja Number of mobile library in Johor is handled by local authority libraries only

b

c

161

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION Jadual 8.7: Bilangan kumulatif keahlian di perpustakaan awam mengikut negeri dan jenis perpustakaan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.7: Number of cumulative memberships in public libraries by state and type of library, Malaysia, 2011 Tetap Static Negeri State Kanak-kanak Children Dewasa Adult Kanak-kanak Children Dewasa Adult
a

Bergerak Mobile

Malaysia Johor
a

1,481,001 126,127 82,328 30,024 59,094 73,294 41,715 73,036 7,808 110,255 79,755 258,069 348,125 148,790 40,628 1,953

1,864,725 143,361 121,491 44,250 60,100 103,176 57,652 91,387 21,597 175,244 102,828 265,660 406,867 221,938 46,182 2,992

636,284 7,468 83,370 15,314 10,639 7,088 10,446 22,212 1,966 44,927 14,949 14,412 184,439 156,363 62,691 -

206,149 33,473 3,938 2,189 4,725 3,853 2,527 268 29,048 2,053 2,352 77,459 32,295 11,969 -

Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak b Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak b Selangor b Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur c W. P. Labuan

Sumber: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Source: National Library of Malaysia
a

Termasuk perpustakaan negeri, wilayah, cawangan, pekan, desa dan majlis tempatan Includes libraries in state, regional, branch, town, village and local authority Termasuk perpustakaan majlis perbandaran Includes libraries in local authority Perkhidmatan Perpustakaan Awam yang dikendalikan oleh Perpustakaan Kuala Lumpur Public Library Services which is handled by the Kuala Lumpur Library

b

c

162

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.8: Bilangan kumulatif koleksi di perpustakaan awam mengikut negeri dan jenis perpustakaan, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.8: Number of cumulative collections in public libraries by state and type of library, Malaysia, 2011

Jenis perpustakaan Type of libraries Negeri State Tetap Static Malaysia Johor a Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak a Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak a Selangor a Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur b W. P. Labuan 20,987,637 3,673,828 758,221 475,035 371,189 770,413 891,629 1,053,084 425,128 990,161 2,266,987 4,546,271 2,537,372 1,749,842 366,254 112,223 Bergerak/e-Pustaka Mobile/e-Library 2,438,864 5,389 103,421 32,711 16,970 46,630 207,864 82,591 65,997 167,118 260,549 165,993 826,550 457,081 Jumlah Total 23,426,501 3,679,217 861,642 507,746 388,159 817,043 1,099,493 1,135,675 491,125 1,157,279 2,527,536 4,712,264 3,363,922 2,206,923 366,254 112,223

Sumber: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Source: National Library of Malaysia
a

Termasuk perpustakaan majlis tempatan Includes local authority libraries Perkhidmatan perpustakaan awam yang dikendalikan oleh Perpustakaan Kuala Lumpur Public library services which is handled by the Kuala Lumpur Library

b

163

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.9: Bilangan pengguna Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia mengikut jenis perkhidmatan, 2011 Table 8.9: Number of users at the National Library of Malaysia by type of service, 2011

Jenis perkhidmatan Type of service

Bilangan pengguna Numbers of users

Jumlah Total

305,094

Pusat Maklumat Malaysiana Malaysiana Information Centre Maklumat Umum General Information Perkhidmatan Digital Digital Service Pusat Manuskrip Melayu Malay Manuscripts Centre Pakar Maklumat Information Specialist Perkhidmatan Zon Siber Zone Cyber Service Perkhidmatan Wi-Fi Wi-Fi Service

119,757

59,216

57,931

283

4,345

33,133

30,429

Sumber: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia Source: National Library of Malaysia

164

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION Jadual 8.10: Pendaftaran baru kenderaan bermotor mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.10: New registrations of motor vehicles by state and type, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Motokar Motorcars

Motosikal Teksi dan Motorcycles kereta sewa Taxis and hired cars

Bas Kenderaan Buses barang Goods vehicles

Lain-lain kenderaan Other vehicles

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah a Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur b

594,610 73,642 17,365 16,140 16,353 13,492 20,115 35,346 1,197 54,536 37,339 42,002 33,238 11,623 222,222

542,308 73,979 44,159 27,514 16,085 18,732 26,299 48,533 2,939 47,844 34,472 42,928 53,788 19,936 85,100

8,515 297 70 9 15 63 36 31 2 189 347 342 1,314 7 5,793

2,405 230 40 30 16 24 16 150 1 123 198 73 281 22 1,201

39,718 5,106 827 685 637 1,188 1,300 2,183 17 2,883 3,772 4,427 6,942 428 9,323

24,443 1,211,999 2,357 468 213 424 237 698 1,334 46 939 3,101 3,662 5,876 149 4,939 155,611 62,929 44,591 33,530 33,736 48,464 87,577 4,202 106,514 79,229 93,434 101,439 32,165 328,578

Sumber: Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan, Malaysia Source: Road Transport Department, Malaysia
a

Termasuk W. P. Labuan Includes W. P. Labuan Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

b

165

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.11: Bilangan kenderaan bermotor yang berdaftar mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.11: Number of motor vehicles registered by state and type, Malaysia, 2011

Negeri State

Motokar Motorcars

Motosikal Motorcycles

Teksi dan kereta sewa Taxis and hired cars

Bas Kenderaan Buses barang Goods vehicles

Lain-lain kenderaan Other vehicles
a

Jumlah Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah b Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur c

9,721,447 1,234,331 274,700 248,874 286,589 294,579 325,611 649,025 19,197 945,444 528,073 629,560 1,020,981 170,705 3,093,778

9,985,308 1,488,653 727,501 421,446 384,451 462,086 472,228 1,137,656 63,152 1,172,311 239,132 590,947 1,091,261 298,988 1,435,496

109,214 71,784 12,403 10,268 4,535 2,037 1,871 2,157 2,707 4,524 201 4,358 6,384 2,994 11,197 1,127 3,293 2,033 2,041 2,828 2,078 4,890 208 5,960 6,837 3,195 7,557 1,178

997,649 126,222 35,661 26,276 24,727 40,944 39,296 64,869 1,834 65,603 105,662 77,497 156,139 20,013 212,906

515,867 52,021 19,658 8,068 6,282 7,995 14,359 37,805 1,399 20,071 56,349 58,943 76,198 7,390 149,329

21,401,269 2,923,898 1,065,348 708,734 705,961 810,589 856,279 1,898,769 85,991 2,213,747 942,437 1,363,136 2,363,333 499,401 4,963,646

52,719 19,418

Sumber: Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Malaysia Source: Road Transport Department, Malaysia Seperti pada 31 Januari As at 31 st January
a

Merangkumi kenderaan seperti karavan, kenderaan bomba kerajaan & swasta, kenderaan sekolah memandu, kenderaan mayat, kenderaan orang cacat, kenderaan kerajaan, kenderaan kuasa tempatan, ambulan dan kenderaan kedutaan. Includes vehicles such as caravans, government & private fire vehicles, driving school vehicles, hearse, vehicle for disabled, government vehicles, local authority vehicles, ambulance and embassy vehicles. Termasuk W. P. Labuan Includes W. P. Labuan Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

b

c

166

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION

Jadual 8.12: Maklumat jalur lebar, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.12: Broadband information, Malaysia, 2011

Bilangan langganan ('000) Number of subscriptions

Kadar pertumbuhan (%) Growth rate

Tetap Tanpa wayar Fixed Wireless

Jumlah Total

Kadar penembusan jalur lebar setiap 100 isi rumah Penetration rate per 100 households

1,636.6

2,354.6

3,991.2

15.5

62.3

Sumber: Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia Source: Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission

167

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION Jadual 8.13: Kadar penembusan jalur lebar setiap 100 isi rumah mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 8.13: Broadband penetration rate per 100 households by state, Malaysia, 2011 Negeri State Kadar penembusan jalur lebar setiap 100 isi rumah Broadband penetration rate per 100 households

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan 60.7 56.5 45.3 66.4 76.0 49.0 52.2 84.9 82.8 32.7 47.5 74.8 58.6 107.4 73.1
Sumber: Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia Source: Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission
a

a

Kadar penembusan yang melebihi 100 peratus adalah disebabkan pelanggan melanggan melebihi satu langganan A penetration rate over 100 per cent is due to multiple subscriptions 168

9

LUAS KAWASAN AREA

LUAS KAWASAN AREA

Jadual 9.1: Keluasan kawasan dan klasifikasi tanah berhutan mengikut negeri, Malaysia, 2011 Table 9.1: Area and classification of forested land area by state, Malaysia, 2011 (km2) Negeri State Keluasan kawasan Area Keluasan tanah berhutan Forested land area Hutan simpanan kekal Permanent reserve forest 130,988 4,327 3,426 6,239 51 1,538 15,629 9,863 108 61 36,067 45,786 2,501 5,392 1 a

Tanah kerajaan Stateland

Taman hidupan liar Wildlife reserve

Lain Jumlah Others Total

Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya
a

330,290 19,016 9,425 15,105 1,652 6,657 35,965 21,022 795 1,031 73,902 124,450 7,930 12,956 243 92 49

38,416 294 23 1,353 2 38 1,060 411 5 6,643 28,233 7 330 17 a

11,457 3 1,031 24 3,997 32 1 12 291 5,291 775 -

55 49 6 -

180,915 4,673 3,449 8,622 53 1,601 20,686 10,305 115 78 43,000 79,310 2,509 6,497 18 -

Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

169

LUAS KAWASAN AREA Jadual 9.2: Hutan simpanan kekal mengikut negeri dan jenis, Malaysia, 2011 Table 9.2: Permanent reserved forest by state and type, Malaysia, 2011 (km ) Negeri State Ladang Hutan Forest Plantation Malaysia Johor Kedah Kelantan Melaka Negeri Sembilan Pahang Perak Perlis Pulau Pinang Sabah Sarawak Selangor Terengganu W. P. Kuala Lumpur W. P. Labuan W. P. Putrajaya
a

2

Hutan simpanan Permanent reserved forest Darat Inland 118,548 3,557 3,333 5,328 47 1,508 13,956 9,398 101 51 31,193 43,502 1,369 5,203 1 a

Paya Gambut Peat Swamp 5,233 54 1,408 716 2,088 829 138 -

Paya Laut Mangrove 4,449 272 62

Jumlah Total 131,054 4,322 3,426 6,238

2,823 439 31 910 30 240 48 7 966 114 39 -

1 24 416 10 3,265 196 190 13 -

48 1,538 15,629 9,863 108 61 36,140 45,786 2,501 5,392 1 -

Termasuk W. P. Putrajaya Includes W. P. Putrajaya

170

SIMBOL DAN RINGKASAN
SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS

SIMBOL DAN RINGKASAN SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS e Anggaran Estimate Permulaan Preliminary Tiada Nil Kilometer Kilometre Kilogram f Ramalan Forecast Disemak Revised Tidak diperoleh Not available Kilowatt Sijil Layak Diduduki Certificate of Fitness Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Awam Public Higher Education Institution Perkhidmatan Rangkaian Digital Bersepadu Integrated Services Digital Network Menengah Persendirian Cina Private Chinese Secondary Pendidikan Khas Special Education Program Pendidikan Khas Integrasi Special Education Integration Programme Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia Malaysian Certificate of Education Sijil Layak Diduduki Sementara Temporary Certificate of Fitness Amerika Syarikat United States of America

p

r

-

..

Km Kg

Kw CF

IPGM ITEM IPTS Private HEI MP

Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia Institute of Teacher Education Malaysia Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Swasta Private Higher Education Institution

IPTA Public HEI ISDN

Mata Pelajaran Subjek Pusat Maklumat Harta Tanah Negara National Property Information Centre Penilaian Menengah Rendah Lower Secondary Assessment

MP Cina PC Sec P. Khas S. Edu PPKI SEIP

NAPIC

PMR LSA

RM

Ringgit Malaysia Malaysia Ringgit Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia Malaysian Higher School Certificate Dolar Amerika Syarikat United States Dollar Wilayah Persekutuan

SPM MCE TCF

STPM MHSC USD

U.S.A.

W. P.

171

NOTA TEKNIKAL
TECHNICAL NOTES

NOTA TEKNIKAL TECHNICAL NOTES I. Angka bagi tahun terdahulu telah dipinda di II. mana perlu. dalam jadual telah II. I. Past year figures have been revised wherever necessary. The figures in the tables were

Angka-angka

dibundarkan secara bebas dan oleh yang demikian hitungan berkaitan mungkin tidak memberikan jumlah yang dinyatakan. 1. PENDUDUK Penduduk bagi tahun 2007 hingga 2009 merupakan data anggaran penduduk pertengahan tahun antara banci yang berasaskan data Banci Penduduk dan Perumahan Malaysia 2000 dan 2010 yang disesuaikan. Data penduduk bagi tahun 2010 hingga 2012 merupakan data anggaran penduduk pertengahan tahun yang berasaskan data Banci Penduduk dan Perumahan disesuaikan. Malaysia 2010 yang 1.

independently rounded and hence the constituent parts may not add to the totals.

POPULATION Population for 2007 to 2009 is an intercensal mid-year population estimates based on the adjusted Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2000 and 2010.

Population for 2010 to 2012 is a mid-year population estimates based on the adjusted Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010.

1.1 Kumpulan etnik Klasifikasi berasaskan kumpulan klasifikasi etnik yang adalah telah

1.1 Ethnic Group The classification of ethnic group is based on the classification used in the Population follows: and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010. The classification is as

digunakan semasa Banci Penduduk dan Perumahan 2010. Pengelasan tersebut adalah seperti berikut:

173

Malaysia dan Semenanjung Malaysia/ Malaysia and Peninsular Malaysia Warganegara Malaysia/ Malaysian citizens Bumiputera Melayu/ Malay Bumiputera lain/ Others Bumiputera Cina/Chinese India/Indians Lain-lain/Others Bukan warganegara Malaysia/ Non-Malaysian citizens

Sabah dan W. P. Labuan

Sarawak

Warganegara Malaysia/ Malaysian citizens Bumiputera Melayu/ Malay Kadazan/Dusun Bajau Murut Bumiputera lain/ Others Bumiputera Cina/Chinese Lain-lain/Others Bukan warganegara Malaysia/ Non-Malaysian citizens

Warganegara Malaysia/ Malaysian citizens Bumiputera Melayu/ Malay Iban Bidayuh Melanau Bumiputera lain/ Others Bumiputera Cina/Chinese Lain-lain/Others Bukan warganegara Malaysia/ Non-Malaysian citizens

1.2

Kelahiran dan Kematian Perangkaan kelahiran dan kematian dalam penerbitan ini adalah berasaskan tempat kediaman biasa ibu atau si mati.

1.2

Birth and Death The statistics on births and deaths in this publication are based on place of usual residence of mother or the deceased.

1.3

Perkahwinan dan Perceraian Perangkaan perkahwinan dan perceraian Orang Bukan Islam mempersembahkan statistik perkahwinan dan perceraian mengikut negeri pendaftaran. Statistik ini merujuk kepada tahun kejadian yang diperoleh Negara. dari Jabatan Pendaftaran

1.3 Marriage and Divorce The Non-Muslim marriage and divorce statistics presents marriage and divorce statistics by state of registration .The statistics are according to year of incidence that are obtained from the National Registration Department.

174

Bagi perkahwinan dan penceraian Orang Islam, data adalah merujuk kepada tahun pendaftaran Jabatan (JAKIM). 2. PERUMAHAN Bab ini membentangkan perangkaan bagi sektor perumahan meliputi bilangan unit rumah kediaman yang siap dibina mengikut jenis perumahan. Siap dibina adalah terma yang digunakan bagi bangunan yang mana kerja pembinaan bangunan telah siap dan CF/TCF telah diperoleh dalam tempoh kajian. 2.1 Harta Tanah Kediaman Definisi Rumah tempat tinggal adalah termasuk mana-mana keseluruhannya bangunan atau yang sebahagian yang diperoleh Islam daripada Malaysia Kemajuan

The Muslim marriages and divorces data refers to the year of registration which obtained from the Department of Islamic (JAKIM). 2. HOUSING This chapter presents the statistics of housing sector which cover the number of completed residential unit by type of housing units. Completion is the term used when the building construction works are completed and a CF/TCF is issued within the review period. Development, Malaysia

2.1 Residential Property Definition Housing accommodation includes any building, which is wholly or principally constructed, adapted or intended for human habitation including building for human to live with their families.

binaannya, disesuaikan atau diniatkan bagi kediaman manusia iaitu termasuk bangunan yang dibina untuk manusia tinggal bersama keluarga. Jenis harta tanah kediaman termasuk teres, berkembar, sesebuah, unit kos rendah, rumah pangsa, unit kondominium/pangsapuri,

A property type includes terrace, semidetached, detached, low-cost units, flats, condominium/apartments, clustered units, serviced apartments and townhouses at various levels. However, institutions, quarters report. and squatter units are excluded from this

berkelompok, pangsapuri khidmat dan rumah bandar di semua peringkat. Walau bagaimanapun, institusi, kuarters dan unit setinggan tidak termasuk dalam laporan ini.

175

Dalam laporan ini, rumah kedai, yang mana sebahagiannya digunakan untuk perniagaan dan sebahagian lagi untuk tempat tinggal adalah dikecualikan daripada harta tanah kediaman. Seksyen 3, Akta Pemaju Perumahan 1966 (Kawalan Dan Lesen) dan (Pindaan 2002) Laporan ini termasuk pangsapuri khidmat yang didefinisikan sebagai penginapan jangka pendek sama ada dimiliki oleh individu sebagai rumah kedua, rumah korporat atau sebagai pelaburan yang dijadikan sebagai hotel. Pangsapuri khidmat yang dimiliki oleh individu dengan ciri-ciri berikut: (i) Unit berstrata dengan syarat nyata sebagai kediaman atau komersil. (ii) Unit yang dibina di atas tanah komersil hendaklah diperuntukan sebanyak 15 peratus awam. dibina daripada Pangsapuri di atas ruang khidmat binaan yang sebagai kemudahan untuk kegunaan tanah kediaman kawasan 10 bagi

In this report, shop houses, which are partially used as retail and human habitation, are excluded as residential property.

Section 3, The Housing Development (Control and Licensing) and Act 1966 (as amended in 2002) This report included serviced apartments, which is defined as shortterm accommodation either owned by an individual as a second home, as corporate housing or as an investment that maybe run as a hotel. The serviced apartment owned by individuals with the following features: (i) Stratified units with title condition as residential or commercial use. (ii) The units that titled built lands upon are

commercial

required to allocate more than 15 per cent of the built up space not for supporting facilities that are open to the public. Serviced apartments built upon residential titled lands are required to allocate not less than 10 per cent of the built up space for public but facilitate supporting internal facilities that are not open to the residents only.

memerlukan kemudahan kepada

pengagihan kurang ramai

daripada tetapi

peratus yang mana ianya tidak dibuka orang kegunaan penduduk setempat sahaja.

(iii) Pemilik mungkin mendiaminya sendiri atau melantik syarikat pengurusan untuk menyewakannya secara harian,
176

(iii) The owner may occupy the unit himself or appoint a management company to rent the unit on a daily,

mingguan,

bulanan,

tahunan

atau

weekly,

monthly,

yearly

or

pengongsian masa. 3. PENDIDIKAN Data pendidikan guru, meliputi pelajar, bilangan keputusan sekolah, 3.

timesharing basis. EDUCATION Education data covered the number of schools, teachers, results students, higher examination education. and

peperiksaan dan pengajian tinggi.

3.1

Sekolah Sekolah terbahagi kepada dua kategori iaitu sekolah rendah dan menengah, meliputi sekolah kerajaan dan bantuan kerajaan secara rendah, teknik kepada serta sekolah swasta. Jadual berasingan menengah dan bagi atas menengah dan Mulai pasca 2010, itu, mengenai sekolah menengah ditunjukkan

3.1

Schools Schools are divided into two and categories, namely, primary

secondary schools, which is covered by government and governmentaided schools as well as private schools. The table for secondary schools is shown separately for lower, upper and post secondary which are further classified into academic, technical and vocational streams. Beginning 2010, vocational schools have been upgraded to vocational college. Therefore, several technical schools have been converted to vocational schools.

menengah mengikut jurusan akademik, vokasional. sekolah vokasional telah dinaikkan taraf Kolej Vokasional. Oleh beberapa sekolah teknik telah ditukarkan kepada sekolah vokasional.

Sekolah Khas merujuk kepada sekolah yang menyediakan pendidikan kepada kanak-kanak kurang upaya yang tidak berupaya mengikuti sistem pendidikan sekolah biasa. 3.2 Guru Bilangan guru termasuk guru terlatih & tidak terlatih serta guru tetap & sementara. Guru dibahagikan kepada guru sekolah rendah dan menengah. 3.2

Special Schools refer to schools that provide education for disabled children who are unable to attend the normal school system.

Teachers The number of teachers includes trained & untrained teachers as well as permanent & temporary teachers. Teachers are classified into primary and secondary school teachers.

177

3.3

Pelajar Pelajar sekolah terbahagi kepada empat tahap iaitu peringkat prasekolah, rendah, menengah Pelajaran dan peringkat pasca rendah menengah. biasanya

3.3

Students School students are divided into four levels i.e. pre-school, and post primary, secondary. secondary

Primary level education normally starts at least at the age of seven years with a period of six years to complete study at that level. At the secondary level, the age group is 13 to 17 years. Meanwhile, form six students are included in post secondary level.

bermula pada peringkat umur sekurangkurangnya tujuh tahun dan mengambil masa tersebut. hingga 17 selama Pada tahun. enam tahun bagi menamatkan pelajaran pada peringkat peringkat Manakala pelajaran pelajar menengah, kumpulan umur adalah 13 tingkatan enam termasuk dalam peringkat pasca menengah. 3.4 Keputusan Peperiksaan Terdapat tiga peperiksaan utama pada peringkat Menengah menengah Rendah, iaitu Sijil Penilaian Pelajaran 3.4

Examination Results There are three main examinations at the secondary level, i.e. Lower Secondary Assessment, Malaysian Certificate of Education and Malaysian Higher School Certificate. Lower Secondary Assessment is taken after at least three years of schooling at the lower secondary level.

Malaysia dan Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia. Penilaian Menengah Rendah diduduki setelah berada di peringkat menengah rendah selama sekurangkurangnya tiga tahun.

Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia diduduki selepas dua tahun belajar di peringkat menengah atas. Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia merujuk kepada sijil terbuka yang diperkenalkan mulai dua tahun tahun 2000. di Sijil kelas Tinggi pasca Persekolahan Malaysia diduduki selepas berada Sijil menengah. Tinggi Persekolahan

The

Malaysian

Certificate

of

Education examination is taken after two years at the upper secondary level. The Malaysian Certificate of Education certificate refers system to the that open was

introduced in 2000. The Malaysian Higher School Certificate is taken after two years at the post secondary level. The Malaysian Higher School Certificate certificate refers system to the that open was

Malaysia merujuk kepada sijil terbuka yang diperkenalkan mulai 1982.

introduced in 1982.
178

3.5

Pendidikan Tinggi Kelayakan minimum yang diperlukan untuk kemasukan ke institusi pengajian tinggi ialah lulus Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia atau Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia atau kelulusan yang setaraf dengannya. Pendidikan menyediakan pada kursus peringkat tertentu ini dalam

3.5

Higher Education The minimum qualification required to enter into is higher a pass Higher its education in the institutions the

Malaysian Certificate of Education or Malaysian or School Certificate equivalent.

Education at this level provides specialised training in various fields of study.

pelbagai bidang pengajian.

3.6 Kolej Komuniti Kolej Komuniti menjadi institusi yang menyediakan memberi keperluan latihan dan kemahiran pada semua peringkat dan peluang pendidikan kepada lepasan menengah sebelum ke pasaran tenaga kerja atau melanjutkan pendidikan ke peringkat lebih tinggi. Pada pertengahan Jun 2001, sebanyak 10 buah kolej komuniti rintis mula beroperasi. 4. KESIHAT AN Bab ini memberikan maklumat berkenaan bilangan institusi perubatan, katil, pegawai perubatan yang berdaftar, sebab kemasukan ke hospital kerajaan dan kes penyakit berjangkit. Selain daripada itu, ia juga memaparkan maklumat berhubung bilangan penerima baru perancang keluarga, kelahiran hidup mengikut berat bayi semasa kelahiran dan kematian yang disahkan oleh doktor. 4.1 Hospital Kerajaan Hospital Kerajaan ialah semua hospital yang dianggotai oleh sekurang-kurangnya seorang doktor yang menyediakan wad
179

3.6

Community college Community college is the institution that provides training and skills needs at all levels and provide opportunities for post-secondary education prior to the labour market or further education to a higher level. In mid-June 2001, a total of 10 pilot community college began operating.

4.

HEALTH This chapter on presents the number causes It the of of also information medical

medical institutions, beds, registered officers, admission in hospitals and cases of communicable number diseases. furnishes information relating to the of new family planning acceptors, live births by birth weight and medically certified deaths. 4.1 Government Hospitals Government Hospitals are all establishments permanently staffed by at least one physician and offer

bagi menempatkan pesakit dan memberi rawatan perubatan dan penjagaan yang aktif. Pertubuhan yang hanya memberi rawatan penjagaan tidak diambil kira.

in-patient

accommodation

and

provide active medical and nursing care. Those establishments providing principally custodial care are not included.

4.2

Institusi Perubatan Khas Institusi Perubatan Khas merupakan hospital yang memberi rawatan perubatan dan penjagaan hanya untuk satu disiplin sahaja. Kategori ini tidak termasuk jabatan khas yang terletak di bawah pentadbiran hospital besar yang kadangkala diletakkan di tempat berasingan. Ini memandangkan bilangan katil yang disediakan telah dikira dalam jumlah katil hospital besar

4.2

Special Medical Institutions Special hospitals Medical providing Institutions medical are and

nursing care primarily for only one discipline. This category does not include the specialised departments administratively attached to general hospital which sometimes located in an annex or separate pavilion. Moreover, their beds have already been counted in the total beds of general hospital.

4.3

Katil Bilangan katil merangkumi katil yang diselenggara secara berterusan bagi menempat dan mengadakan rawatan sepenuh masa kepada pesakit dalaman yang silih berganti. Katil tersebut kawasan diletakkan di wad atau di

4.3

Beds Beds cover only those that are regularly maintained for the accommodation and full-time care of a succession of in-patients. The beds are situated in wards or areas of the hospital where continuous medical care for in-patients can be provided. The total of beds constitutes the available bed normally in the hospital which includes cots or bassinets set aside for babies requiring special care (e.g. bassinets in a Special Care Nursery). However, these figures exclude beds in or labor room, post-anaesthetic continual use post-operative by patients.

hospital di mana rawatan perubatan boleh diberi secara berterusan kepada pesakit dalaman. Bilangan katil meliputi jumlah katil yang biasanya terdapat di hospital, termasuk katil berkandang atau buaian yang disediakan bagi bayi yang memerlukan rawatan khas (seperti yang terdapat di Nurseri Rawatan Khas). Walau bagaimanapun, digunakan bilangan ini tidak atau tidak
180

termasuk katil di bilik bersalin, katil yang selepas di pembiusan mana ia pembedahan,

beds which are not maintained for Observations or recovery beds in

diselenggarakan untuk kegunaan pesakit secara berterusan. Katil untuk rawatan pemerhatian atau pemulihan di jabatan pesakit luar dan katil berkandang yang digunakan untuk bayi yang baru lahir di wad obstetrik juga tidak diambil kira. Bilangan katil merujuk kepada katil rasmi. 4.4 Doktor Gigi Doktor gigi terbahagi kepada dua kategori iaitu bahagian I dan bahagian II. Doktor gigi bahagian I merujuk kepada mereka yang berdaftar dan mempunyai kelayakan profesional manakala doktor gigi bahagian II pula merujuk kepada mereka yang juga berdaftar tetapi tidak mempunyai kelayakan profesional. 4.5 Bidan Bidan dikelaskan kepada tiga kategori, iaitu bidan bahagian I, bidan bahagian II dan jururawat desa. Bidan bahagian I terdiri daripada jururawat yang terlatih yang diberi latihan perbidanan dalam perkhidmatan. Bidan bahagian II ialah bidan yang dilantik ke jawatan tersebut melalui proses pengambilan biasa dan diberi latihan khusus dalam perbidanan. 4.5 4.4

out-patient departments and cots for normal newborn infants in obstetric wards are also excluded.

Dentists Dentists are divided into two categories namely division I and division II. Division I dentists refer to those who are registered and have professional dentists qualification. Mid-Wives Mid-wives are classified into three categories, i.e. division I, division II and village mid-wives. Division I midwives consist of trained nurses who are given midwifery training while in service. Division II mid-wives consist of midwives who are appointed to the post through the normal recruitment process and special training in midwifery is given. qualification, without while division II dentists refer to registered professional

Jururawat desa terdiri daripada jururawat yang telah diberi latihan tentang perkhidmatan berkaitan kelahiran anak dan kejururawatan am di kawasan luar bandar.

Village midwives consist of nurses who have been trained in providing both child delivery and general nursing care services in rural areas.

181

4.6

Perancang Keluarga Data perancang keluarga yang ditunjukkan meliputi penerima baru yang menerima perancangan keluarga daripada empat agensi penyampai perancang program keluarga perkhidmatan

4.6

Family Planning The family planning figures shown covers the new acceptors, who received family planning from four agencies of family planning service programme i.e. Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH), National Population and Family Development The Health Board of (NPFDB), Reproductive acceptors change Federation

kebangsaan iaitu Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (KKM), Lembaga Penduduk & Pembangunan Keluarga Negara (LPPKN), Persekutuan dan Tentera. Persatuan-Persatuan Angka penerima baru Kesihatan Reproduktif Malaysia (FRHAM) termasuk penerima yang menukar kaedah sementara kepada kaedah tetap. 5. PERKHIDMATAN KEBAJIKAN Kebajikan sosial meliputi aktiviti dan perkhidmatan bertujuan untuk membantu orang yang perseorangan, timbul kumpulan dan masyarakat mengatasi masalah sosial daripada serta perubahan yang persekitaran mereka 5.

Association who to

(FRHAM) and Army. Figures on new include temporary acceptors methods

permanent methods. WELFARE SERVICES Social welfare covers a range of activities and services to assist individuals, groups and communities to cope with social problems as a result of changing environment and conditions as well as those who need special care and attention. These include provide programmes social designed to and assistance

memerlukan perhatian dan penjagaan yang khusus. Ini termasuklah program yang dirangka untuk memberi bantuan sosial dan perlindungan kepada mereka yang daif dan memerlukan. Selain maklumat berkaitan perkhidmatan kebajikan, bahagian ini juga memaparkan maklumat berhubung dengan bilangan penagih dadah yang dirawat di pusat pemulihan, aktiviti yang dijalankan oleh Pertubuhan bilangan Keselamatan Kumpulan Sosial Wang (PERKESO) dan perangkaan berkenaan pencarum Simpanan Pekerja (KWSP). Maklumat perbelanjaan kerajaan persekutuan
182

protection to the poor and needy.

Besides

information

on

social

services, this section also provides information relating to the number of drug Social (SOCSO) number addicts treated at the rehabilitation centres, activities of the Security and of Organisation on to the the statistics

contributors

Employees Provident Fund (EPF). In addition, the federal government's

khususnya untuk perkhidmatan sosial dan masyarakat serta pencen di Malaysia turut disediakan. A. Perkhidmatan disediakan Masyarakat Bahagian diberikan Pembangunan ini menyediakan oleh Wanita, maklumat kebajikan oleh yang A.

expenditure on social and welfare services and pensions in Malaysia was also presented. Welfare services provided by

Kementerian

Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development

Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan

This section provides information on welfare services offered by Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development and is categorised into three types of institutional services:

berkenaan perkhidmatan kebajikan yang Kementerian Keluarga dan

Masyarakat dan dikategorikan kepada tiga jenis perkhidmatan institusi iaitu: i. Perkhidmatan Institusi Kanak-Kanak;

i. Children Institution services; ii. Disabled Institution services; and

ii. Perkhidmatan Institusi Orang Kurang Upaya (OKU); dan iii. Perkhidmatan Warga Emas dan Orang Papa Bahagian ini juga merangkumi bilangan institusi kebajikan am dan penghuni di institusi ini. 5.1 Perkhidmatan Institusi Kanak-kanak 5.1

iii. Senior Citizen and Pauper services This section also covers the number of welfare institutions and inmates in these institutions. Children Institution Services

5.1.1 Rumah kanak-kanak Memberi jagaan gantian kepada kanakkanak dan menggalakkan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan fizikal, emosi serta mental yang sihat dalam suasana kekeluargaan yang harmoni.

5.1.1 Children Home Provides substitute care for children and promotes the growth and development of physical, emotional and mental health in a harmonious family atmosphere.

183

5.1.2 Asrama Akhlak Menyediakan perlindungan, pemulihan dan jagaan kepada kanak-kanak yang direman, dalam pemindahan ke Sekolah Tunas Bakti dan mereka yang dalam perintah Cubaan Akhlak. 5.1.3 Sekolah Tunas Bakti Bertanggungjawab memulihkan pesalah juvana yang memerlukan penjagaan dan perlindungan. Ia juga bertujuan membentuk peribadi mulia, harga diri dan tanggungjawab supaya mereka menjadi anggota masyarakat yang berguna apabila dibebaskan. 5.1.4 Taman Seri Puteri Bertanggungjawab kanak khususnya memulihkan perempuan dan yang memberi perlindungan kepada kanakterdedah kepada bahaya moral untuk menyesuaikan diri dengan nilai dan norma masyarakat. 5.2. Perkhidmatan Institusi Orang Kurang Upaya (OKU) 5.2.1 Taman Sinar Harapan Memberi penjagaan dan perlindungan kepada terencat penjagaan, orang akal kurang yang upaya yang dan memerlukan

5.1.2 Probation Hostel Provides care, shelter and guidance to children under remand, in transit to Tunas Bakti School and those who are under Probationary Order.

5.1.3 Tunas Bakti School Responsible to rehabilitate juvenile offenders in need of care and protection. It also aims to develop good personal character, self-esteem and responsibility in order to become useful members of the society once released. 5.1.4 Taman Seri Puteri Responsible provide to rehabilitate to and protection children

especially girls who are exposed to moral danger to adjust to culturally accepted norms of behaviour.

5.2. Disabled Institution Services

5.2.1 Taman Sinar Harapan Provides care and protection for the disabled handicapped who that are mentally care, requires

latihan,

pemulihan

training, guidance and protection. This institution also provides self-reliance and social skills training to enable them to interact and socialise with friends, community or other people.

perlindungan. Institusi ini juga memberi latihan untuk mereka berdikari serta latihan kemahiran bersosial agar mereka dapat berinteraksi dan bergaul dengan rakan, masyarakat atau orang lain.

184

5.2.2 Pusat

Latihan

Perindustrian

dan

5.2.2 Bangi Centre for Rehabilitation and Industrial Training Provides comprehensive facilities and services vocational to the disabled and through medical training

Pemulihan, Bangi Memberi kemudahan dan perkhidmatan yang komprehensif kepada orang yang kurang upaya anggota melalui latihan vokasional dan pemulihan perubatan serta membantu mengembalikan kemahiran yang hilang akibat kemalangan. Pusat ini juga memberi latihan yang sesuai untuk membolehkan pelatih berintegrasi dengan masyarakat. 5.2.3 Bengkel Daya Kelang Berperanan membantu mempertingkatkan kemahiran, tahap keupayaan dan pengetahuan orang kurang upaya serta mewujudkan peluang pekerjaan kepada OKU yang tidak berdaya saing untuk mendapat pekerjaan di pasaran terbuka. 5.2.4 Pusat Harian Bukit Tunku Pusat dan ini juga berperanan pesakit mental dalam bagi membantu mengembalikan keupayaan

rehabilitation as well as assists in the recovery of skills lost due to accidents. This centre also provides suitable training to enable trainee to integrate into the community.

5.2.3 Bengkel Daya Kelang The aim of this service is to help develop skills, capabilities, and knowledge of disabled as well as to create jobs opportunities for person with disabilities (OKU) who are unable to compete in the open market. 5.2.4 Pusat Harian Bukit Tunku The aim of this service is to help rebuild capabilities of mental patients as well as their abilities to enable them to live independently in societies.

kebolehan

menolong mereka untuk hidup lebih bebas di dalam masyarakat. 5.3 Perkhidmatan bagi Warga Emas dan Orang Papa 5.3.1 Rumah Seri Kenangan Memberi berusia mengidap penjagaan, 60 tahun penyakit rawatan lebih, dan tidak tidak perlindungan kepada warga emas yang dan berjangkit, 5.3

Senior Citizen and Pauper Services

5.3.1 Seri Kenangan Home Provides care, treatment and shelter to the senior citizens aged 60 years old and over, who are not suffering from infectious diseases, have no relatives and not able to take care of themselves.

mempunyai saudara dan tidak berupaya menjaga diri sendiri.

185

5.3.2 Rumah Ehsan Memberi perkhidmatan jagaan, rawatan dan perlindungan kepada orang sakit dan uzur dalam suasana yang selesa dan tenteram. Ia dikhususkan untuk pesakit melarat yang memerlukan rawatan tidak intensif. 5.3.3 Desa Bina Diri Memberi jagaan, perlindungan dan

5.3.2 Ehsan Home Provides care, treatment and shelter to the old and sick persons in a comfortable and tranquil surrounding. It is specialised for destitute patient in needs of non-intensive treatment.

5.3.3 Desa Bina Diri Provides to create care, shelter and and skilled the rehabilitation to vagrant and destitute productive individuals towards positive change to enable them reintegrate into community.

pemulihan kepada pengemis dan orang melarat bagi mewujudkan individu yang produktif perubahan masyarakat. B. Perkhidmatan Rawatan dan Pemulihan Penagih Dadah 5.4 Program perkhidmatan Objektif utama perkhidmatan ini adalah untuk memulihkan penagih dadah supaya mereka bebas daripada kebergantungan fizikal dan psikologi terhadap dadah. Bagi melaksanakan tanggungjawab pemulihan, Agensi Antidadah Kebangsaan, Kementerian Keselamatan Dalam Negeri menyediakan dua program, iaitu: 5.4.1 Program perkhidmatan luar Program perkhidmatan luar terdiri daripada tiga jenis perkhidmatan iaitu pendaftaran, pengambilan, pengawasan dan perkhidmatan jagaan lanjutan. Ia juga memberi nasihat dan perundingan kepada badan-badan sukarela seperti PEMADAM. B. dan berkemahiran yang semula ke ke arah untuk dalam sikap positif

diintegrasikan

Drug Addicts Rehabilitation and Treatment Services

5.4

Services programmes The main objective of this service is to rehabilitate the drug addicts to free them The the from National being physically and psychologically dependent on drugs. Anti-Drugs Agency, by Ministry of Internal Security assumes rehabilitation responsibility launching two programmes, that is:

5.4.1 External services programme There are three types of external services programmes that are, registration, recruitment, observation and after care services. It also gives advice and consultations to voluntary bodies such as PEMADAM.

186

5.4.2 Program perkhidmatan institusi Program ini menyediakan kemudahan untuk memulihkan penagih dadah dalam keadaan terkawal berasaskan sistem institusi terbuka. Data yang ditunjukkan di dalam jadual meliputi perangkaan penagih dadah yang mendapat rawatan di bawah program perkhidmatan institusi sahaja dan tidak termasuk program perkhidmatan luar. 5.4.3 Pusat Pemulihan Penagihan Narkotik (PUSPEN) Mulai tahun 2009, semua nama Pusat Serenti telah ditukarkan kepada Pusat Pemulihan Penagihan Narkotik (PUSPEN). Pusat ini merangkumi semua disiplin yang berkaitan dengan pemulihan dadah. Disiplin pemulihan tersebut adalah berkenaan prosedur perundangan, perubatan (pengesanan dan detoksifikasi) dan pemulihan yang menekankan kepada aspek fizikal, psikologi dan sosial. C. Keselamatan Sosial Keselamatan perlindungan masyarakat luar jangka sosial yang secara yang ialah umumnya konsep oleh bagi

5.4.2 Institutional services programme The programme provides facilities for drug addicts in based a on controlled an open environment,

institution system. The data featured in the tables cover addicts who are receiving and treatment under the institutional services programme only exclude external services programme. 5.4.3 Narcotics Rehabilitation Center As of 2009, all Pusat Serenti were changed to Narcotics Rehabilitation Center. These centres cover all the disciplines pertaining to drug rehabilitation. Rehabilitation disciplines involve legal procedures, medication (detection and detoxification) and rehabilitation which emphasize on the physical, psychological and social aspects. C. Social Security Social security is a protection concept developed by the community in general to protect its members from unexpected incidences, which result in loss of income.

diwujudkan

melindungi masyarakat daripada kejadian menyebabkan kekurangan atau kehilangan pendapatan. 5.5 Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial (PERKESO) PERKESO telah ditubuhkan sebagai 5.5

The Social Security Organization (SOCSO) SOCSO was formed as a government department on 1 January 1971 and became a Statutory Advisory effective

Jabatan Kerajaan pada 1 Januari 1971 dan telah dijadikan Badan Berkanun pada

187

1 Julai 1985. PERKESO mentadbirkan dua jenis skim keselamatan sosial iaitu Skim Insurans Bencana Pekerjaan dan Skim Pencen Ilat.

on

1

July two namely

1985. social

PERKESO security

administers schemes

the Employment

Injury Insurance Scheme and the Invalidity Pension Scheme.

5.5.1 Skim Insurans Bencana Pekerjaan Skim yang memberi perlindungan kepada pekerja yang ditimpa kemalangan semasa menjalankan pekerjaan atau dalam perjalanan di antara tempat kediaman dengan tempat kerja atau antara tempat kerja dengan tempat makan dalam masa rehat yang dibenarkan atau semasa dalam perjalanan yang secara langsung berkaitan dengan pekerjaan. 5.5.2 Skim Pencen Ilat Skim yang memberi perlindungan 24 jam kepada pekerja terhadap keilatan atau kematian akibat sebarang sebab. 6. KESELAMAT AN AWAM Maklumat bagi tiga topik utama tentang keselamatan awam yang dibentangkan dalam bab ini ialah jenayah, kemalangan jalan raya dan kebakaran. 6.1 Jenayah Data yang ditunjukkan dalam jadual

5.5.1 Employment Scheme

Injury

Insurance

This scheme provides protection for employees who suffer injuries due to accidents which occur while working or while commuting from home to the work place or from the work place to the location where the employee takes his meal within the authorized recess period, or while travelling on a journey directly related to work. 5.5.2 Invalidity Pension Scheme This scheme for provides workers 24 hours against protections

invalidity or death due to any cause. 6. PUBLIC SAFETY Information on three major subjects concerning public safety presented in this chapter are on crime, road accidents and fire breakouts. 6.1 Crime Data shown in the tables are on selected crime statistics and refer only to cases which have been reported to the police. These are divided into two categories: 

adalah tentang perangkaan jenayah yang terpilih dan hanya merujuk kepada kes yang dilaporkan kepada polis sahaja. Ia terbahagi kepada dua kategori iaitu: 

Jenayah

kekerasan:

termasuk

Violent crime:

includes murder,

membunuh, merogol dan menyamun
188

rape and robbery (with or without

(iaitu menggunakan senjata api dan tanpa senjata api) dan mencederakan manusia (termasuk kejadian-kejadian yang menyebabkan kecederaan yang serius  dan ringan sama ada  menggunakan senjata atau tidak). Jenayah harta benda: termasuk

the use of weapons) and causing injuries (includes incidences which result in both light and heavy injuries with or without the use of weapons).

Property crime: includes house break-ins, vehicles theft, snatch, and others

pecah rumah, kecurian kenderaan, ragut, dan segala jenis kecurian lain. 6.2 Kemalangan Jalan Raya Data kemalangan jalan raya meliputi kemalangan yang dilaporkan kepada polis sahaja. Perangkaan ini diperoleh daripada Polis DiRaja Malaysia (Cawangan Trafik). 6.2

Road Accidents The figures on road accidents are only in respect of cases which have been reported to the police. These statistics are obtained from the Royal Malaysia Police (Traffic Branch).

Data yang kecederaan ringan dan

ditunjukkan dalam (termasuk parah), maut,

jadual cedera

Data given in the tables are on the number of road accidents, casualties (include deaths, minor and serious injuries), type of offences, road users and types of vehicles involved. The number of deaths as stated in the table refers only to instant death or within 30 days as a result of an injury accident.

adalah mengenai bilangan kemalangan, jenis kesalahan,

pengguna jalan raya dan jenis kenderaan yang terlibat. Bilangan kematian yang dinyatakan pada jadual adalah berkenaan kematian serta-merta atau dalam masa 30 hari disebabkan kecederaan dalam kemalangan tersebut. 6.3 Kebakaran Data kebakaran diperoleh berdasarkan kes yang dilaporkan kepada Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia. Data yang diberikan meliputi bilangan panggilan kebakaran, nahas kebakaran (mati dan cedera), taksiran kerugian, taksiran yang dapat diselamatkan, punca dan jenis kebakaran. Perangkaan kebakaran bangunan juga ditunjukkan 6.3

Fire Breakouts Data on fire breakouts are obtained from cases reported to the Fire and Rescue Department, Malaysia. Data given are on the number of telephone calls, casualties (including deaths and injuries), estimated loss, estimated amount saved, sources and types of fire breakout. The statistics on fire breakouts in buildings are also shown

189

dalam

jadual

berasingan.

Bilangan

in separate tables. The number of deaths refers to instant death at the place of occurrence. 6.4 Prisoner Data on prisoner obtained from the Prison Department of Malaysia. Data respect to the number of prisoners by age group, sex and punishment period. The type of punishment imposed:

kematian ialah bilangan orang yang mati serta-merta di tempat kejadian. 6.4 Banduan Data banduan ini diperoleh daripada Jabatan Penjara Malaysia. Data yang dipaparkan berkenaan dengan bilangan banduan mengikut kumpulan umur & jantina dan tempoh hukuman & jantina. Jenis-jenis hukuman yang dikenakan iaitu: i. Hukuman seumur hidup Banduan yang dijatuhkan hukuman

i.

Life sentence Prisoners for 30 years sentenced to prison

penjara selama 30 tahun. ii. Hukuman seumur hayat Banduan bebas. iii. Tahanan Limpah Sultan/Gabenor/ yang menjalani hukuman sepanjang hayat mereka dan tiada tarikh

ii. A whole life sentence Prisoners serving a sentence of their lifetime and no free date.

iii. Tahanan Limpah Sultan/Gabenor/ Yang Di-Pertuan Agong Prisoners should be condemned to death by the court but not sentenced to death on account of such prisoners are still under age (juvenile) or defined by the medical profession as the person insane.

Yang Di-Pertuan Agong Banduan yang boleh dijatuhkan hukuman mati oleh mahkamah tetapi tidak dijatuhkan hukuman mati atas sebab banduan tersebut masih di bawah umur (juvana) atau ditakrifkan oleh pihak perubatan sebagai orang yang tidak siuman. Mereka ini tidak mempunyai tarikh bebas melalui dan pembebasannya pengampunan hanya oleh

They do not have a free date and release only through forgiveness by Sultan/Gabenor/Yang Di-Pertuan Agong includes prisoners detained in a mental hospital for blessing Sultan/Gabenor/Yang Agong. Di-Pertuan

Sultan/Gabenor/Yang Di-Pertuan Agong termasuk banduan gila yang ditahan di rumah Agong. sakit jiwa atas limpah Sultan/Gabenor/Yang Di-Pertuan

190

7.

GUNA TENAGA Bab ini menunjukkan data berkaitan taburan pendaftar pekerjaan, kekosongan jawatan dan penempatan yang dilaporkan oleh Pusat Perkhidmatan Pekerjaan Awam. Taburan tersebut ditunjukkan

7.

EMPLOYMENT This chapter provides the data on the distribution of registrants, job vacancies and placements reported by the Public Employment Service Centres. These distributions are shown by state, occupation and industry in Malaysia. Besides these, the principal statistics of employment in Malaysia are presented as well.

mengikut negeri, pekerjaan dan industri di Malaysia. Selain itu, perangkaan utama tenaga buruh di Malaysia juga dipaparkan.

Konsep bekerja

dan

definisi

bagi

penduduk adalah

The

concepts

and

definitions

of

dan

penganggur

employed and unemployed person are based on the Labour Force Survey carried out in Malaysia. Employed person by industry is classified according to the ‘“Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification (MSIC) 2008” published by the Department of Statistics, Malaysia based on the “International Classifications Standard of All Industrial Economic

berdasarkan Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh yang dijalankan di Malaysia. Penduduk bekerja mengikut kumpulan industri dikelaskan mengikut “Piawaian Klasifikasi Industri Malaysia (MSIC) 2008” yang diterbitkan Malaysia “International oleh Jabatan Standard Perangkaan kepada Industrial berasaskan

Classifications of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4”. Pengelasan industri seseorang merujuk kepada yang berkaitan dengan pekerjaan utama. Penyiasatan mengelaskan Tenaga aktiviti Buruh tidak

Activities (ISIC), Revision 4”. A person’s industry classification refers to that of his principal occupation. Labour Force Survey does not classify the subsistence goods-and servicesproducing activities of households as persons who are economically active. Therefore, the classification of industry by MSIC 2008 for as Activities of households employers;

pengeluaran

barangan dan perkhidmatan sara hidup untuk kegunaan isi rumah sendiri sebagai penduduk yang aktif dalam ekonomi. Oleh itu, klasifikasi MSIC 2008 bagi industri Aktiviti isi rumah sebagai majikan; aktiviti mengeluarkan barangan dan perkhidmatan dibezakan yang isi tidak rumah dapat untuk oleh

undifferentiated goods and servicesproducing activities of households for own use only of accounted for as Activities employers. households

kegunaan sendiri hanya mengambil kira Aktiviti isi rumah sebagai majikan.
191

7.1

Tenaga buruh Tenaga buruh merujuk kepada mereka, yang berumur 15 hingga 64 tahun (dalam tahun genap pada hari lahir terakhir) pada minggu rujukan, sama ada bekerja atau menganggur.

7.1

Labour force Labour force refers to that who, during the reference week, is in the 15 to 64 years (in completed years at last birthday) and who are either employed or unemployed.

7.2

Bekerja Semua orang yang bekerja sekurangkurangnya sejam semasa minggu rujukan untuk mendapatkan upah, keuntungan atau keuntungan keluarga (sebagai majikan, pekerja, bekerja sendiri atau pekerja keluarga tanpa gaji). Juga dianggap sebagai bekerja ialah

7.2

Employed All persons who, at any time during the reference week worked at least one hour for pay, profit or family gain (as an employer, employee, own-account worker or unpaid family worker).

Also

considered

as

employed

are

mereka yang tidak bekerja semasa minggu rujukan disebabkan sakit, kecederaan, tiada upaya, cuaca buruk, bercuti, pertelingkahan buruh dan sebab-sebab sosial atau keagamaan tetapi mempunyai pekerjaan, ladang, perusahaan atau perusahaan keluarga lain untuk kembali bekerja. Termasuk juga mereka yang tidak bekerja semula. Mereka yang bekerja kurang dari 30 jam semasa minggu rujukan disebabkan bentuk kerja atau disebabkan kurang kerja dan berkeupayaan serta sanggup menerima beban kerja tambahan dianggap sebagai guna tenaga tidak penuh dan dimasukkan dalam kategori bekerja. buat sementara waktu tetapi bergaji dan pasti akan dipanggil bekerja

persons who did not work during the reference week because of illness, injury, disability, bad weather, leave, labour dispute and social or religious reasons but had a job, farm, enterprise, or other family enterprise to return to. Also included are those on temporary lay-off with pay who would definitely be called back to work.

Employed persons who had worked less than 30 hours during the reference week because of the nature of their work or due to insufficient work and are able and willing to accept additional hours of work are considered underemployed but are nevertheless included in the “employed” category.

192

7.3

Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh Kadar penyertaan tenaga buruh adalah peratusan penduduk dalam lingkungan umur bekerja (15 hingga 64 tahun) yang berada dalam tenaga buruh

7.3

Labour force participation rate The labour force participation rate is the percentage of working age population (15 to 64 years) who are in the labour force.

7.4

Klasifikasi Pekerjaan Pekerjaan dikelaskan mengikut klasifikasi “Piawaian Malaysia berasaskan (ISCO-08)” . Pengelasan (M ASCO) kepada Pekerjaan, 2008” yang “International

7.4

Occupation Classification Occupation is classified according to the (MASCO) “Malaysia of 2008” of based Standard Occupations on the Standard Occupations Classification “International Classification (ISCO-08)” .

Standard Classification of Occupations

7.5

Klasifikasi Industri Industri dikelaskan mengikut "Piawaian Klasifikasi 2008” Industri Malaysia (MSIC) kepada Industrial yang berasaskan Standard

7.5

Industrial Classification Industry is classified according to the “Malaysia on the Standard “International Classification Industrial Standard of All Classifications (MSIC) 2008” based Industrial

“ International

Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4” . Pengelasan industri seseorang merujuk kepada yang berkaitan dengan pekerjaan utama. 7.6 Pusat Perkhidmatan Pekerjaan Awam Perkhidmatan Kementerian bertindak pekerjaan terutamanya ini dikendalikan Manusia. biro pasaran oleh Ia buruh mencari 7.6

Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4”. A person’s industry classification refers to his principal occupation. Public Employment Service Centre This service is handled by the Ministry of Human Resources. It acts as a clearing house in the employment market, mainly by helping to find placement for job seekers who are looking for improved position, and also as a source for recruitment of workers. In May 2002, the Ministry of Human Resources introduced online registration via the Electronic Labour Exchange (ELX). Data provided in the tables refer to those registered at the ELX.

Sumber dalam

sebagai

penempatan

membantu

penempatan kepada pencari kerja yang menganggur atau yang mencari pekerjaan yang lebih baik dan juga sebagai sumber untuk mendapatkan pekerja. Pada Mei 2002, Kementerian Sumber Manusia telah memperkenalkan pendaftaran secara atas talian melalui Bursa Buruh Elektronik (BBE). Data yang ditunjukkan dalam jadual
193

merujuk kepada mereka yang berdaftar melalui BBE.

8.

PERHUBUNGAN DAN REKREASI Bab ini membekalkan maklumat yang berkaitan dengan telefon, panjang jalan raya, purata edaran akhbar, perangkaan perpustakaan, jalur lebar. bilangan kenderaan bermotor yang berdaftar dan penembusan

8.

COMMUNICATION AND RECREATION This chapter provides information of on daily libraries,

related to telephones, road mileage, average newspapers, circulation statistics

number of motor vehicles registered and broadband penetration. 8.1 Telephones The statistics shown referred to the number of telephone subscribers registered by type of user. Statistics on the number of telephone subscribers refer to the number of main lines which are supplied to the main extension.

8.1

Telefon Statistik yang ditunjukkan pengguna. adalah berkenaan pelanggan telefon berdaftar mengikut jenis tentang Perangkaan telefon bilangan pelanggan

merujuk kepada bilangan talian utama yang dibekalkan bagi menyambung alat telefon utama. Telefon awam merujuk kepada semua jenis telefon yang menggunakan duit syiling, kad ataupun kombinasi samada beroperasi ataupun tidak. 8.2 Penembusan Jalur lebar Kadar penembusan jalur lebar bagi isi rumah dikirakan dengan membahagi jumlah langganan isi rumah persendirian dengan jumlah isi rumah persendirian dan di darab dengan 100. Terdapat penembusan jalur jadual 8.13 yang lebar melebihi 100 daripada 8.2

Public payphones refers to all types of telephones including coin, cardoperated and combination of either operational or non-operational. Broadband Penetration The broadband penetration rate for household is calculated by dividing the number of subscriptions used in private households by the number of private households and multiplying by 100. The occurrence of more than 100 per cent penetration rate as shown table 8.13 is due to multiple subscriptions.

peratus seperti yang ditunjukkan pada berpunca pengiraan berganda dan ramai pelanggan yang melanggan melebihi daripada satu langganan.

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8.3

Jalan Raya Data berkenaan panjang jalan raya dikelaskan mengikut jalan berturap, jalan kerikil dan jalan tanah yang dibekalkan oleh Jabatan Kerja Raya. Perangkaan tentang panjang jalan raya merujuk kepada jalan raya yang di bawah bidang kuasa Kerajaan Pusat dan Negeri.

8.3

Roads Data on road mileage are classified into paved, provided gravel by and the earthen Public road Works

Department. Statistics on road mileage refers to the jurisdiction of roads by the Federal and State Governments.

8.4

Akhbar Statistik berkenaan akhbar merujuk kepada purata edaran akhbar harian terpilih di Malaysia iaitu:

8.4

Newspapers Statistics shown on newspapers refers to the average daily circulation of selected namely: newspapers in Malaysia,

Utusan

Malaysia,

Mingguan

Malaysia,

Utusan Malaysia, Mingguan Malaysia, Berita Harian, Berita Minggu, Harian Metro, Metro Ahad, New Straits Times, New Sunday Times, The Star, Sunday Star, Sin Chew Jit Poh, Nanyang Siang Pau, Tamil Nesan, Overseas Chinese Daily News, Asia Times, See Hua Daily News, Morning Post, Merdeka Daily News, Daily Express, Borneo Post, Sabah Times, International Times, Utusan Sarawak, Harian Borneo and United Daily News .

Berita Harian, Berita Minggu, Harian Metro, Metro Ahad, New Straits Times, New Sunday Times, The Star, Sunday Star, Sin Chew Jit Poh, Nanyang Siang Pau, Tamil Nesan, Overseas Chinese Daily News, Asia Times, See Hua Daily News, Morning Post, Merdeka Daily News, Daily Express, Borneo Post, Sabah Times, International Times, Utusan Sarawak, Harian Borneo dan United Daily News.

Mulai Mei 2008, statistik bagi akhbar bahasa Inggeris tidak lagi termasuk akhbar Malay Mail dan Sunday Mail. 8.5 Perpustakaan Statistik perpustakaan yang ditunjukkan dalam jadual adalah berkaitan dengan Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia dan Perpustakaan Awam Negeri sahaja. Ia tidak termasuk perpustakaan awam yang
195

Since May 2008, statistics for English newspaper exclude Malay Mail and Sunday Mail. 8.5 Libraries The statistics of libraries shown in the table relate to The National Library of Malaysia and State Public Libraries. It exclude Municipal libraries that are and run by Councils other

dikendalikan seperti

oleh

Majlis

Kerajaan dan

government agencies such as KEMAS, FELDA, RISDA and others.

Tempatan dan agensi kerajaan yang lain KEMAS, FELDA, RISDA sebagainya. Perkhidmatan yang diberikan oleh keduadua perpustakaan ini ialah tetap dan bergerak. Perkhidmatan perpustakaan bergerak di bawah Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia telah ditamatkan secara rasmi pada 1 April 1996. Data bagi bilangan perpustakaan tetap termasuk perpustakaan pusat, cawangan dan desa. Bilangan keahliannya termasuk keahlian pusat, cawangan, desa, pinjaman kelompok dan keahlian pos. Perkhidmatan bergerak merujuk kepada perpustakaan bergerak yang memberi khidmat secara terus kepada pengguna dari satu hentian ke satu hentian yang lain. Hentian di mana perpustakaan perpustakaan. tersebut Keahlian berhenti tidak diambil kira sebagai pusat perkhidmatan perpustakaan dikategorikan kepada dua iaitu kanakkanak (berumur bawah 13 tahun) dan dewasa (13 tahun dan lebih). 9. LUAS KAWASAN 9.1 Tanah berhutan Menurut definisi Food Organization (FAO and Agriculture FRA 2000), yang 1998; 9. 9.1

Types of services provided by the above libraries are static and mobile library services. Mobile library services under The National Library of Malaysia were officially ceased since 1 April, 1996.

The data on the number of static libraries include the central, branch and village libraries. The number of membership includes central, branch, village, bulk loan and membership by post. Mobile services refer to the mobile library units which directly serve the user from one service point to another. This service point is not considered as a library service centre. Membership of libraries are categorised into two, that is, children (below 13 years old) and adults (13 years old and over).

AREA Forested area According to the Food and Agriculture Organization definition (FAO 1998; FRA 2000), a forested area is land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 meters and a canopy cover of more than 10%, or trees able to reach these thresholds in situ. It does not

kawasan berhutan adalah tanah

merangkumi lebih daripada 0.5 hektar dengan pokok-pokok yang lebih tinggi daripada lima meter dan litupan kanopi melebihi 10%, atau pokok-pokok yang
196

mampu untuk mencapai tahap in situ. Ia tidak termasuk tanah di bawah penggunaan tanah pertanian atau bandar (dirian pokok di kawasan pertanian, taman dan sebagainya). Keluasan kawasan berhutan terdiri daripada tiga (3) jenis hutan utama iaitu Hutan Simpanan Kekal (HSK), Hutan Tanah Kerajaan (HTK) dan Tanah Berimilik (TM). 9.2 Hutan Simpanan Kekal (HSK) Menurut Seksyen 2, Akta Perhutanan Negara 1984, HSK adalah mana-mana tanah (tanah berhutan dan tidak berhutan) yang diwartakan atau disifatkan sebagai HSK di bawah Seksyen 7, 8 dan 9. Kawasan HSK ini diuruskan di bawah amalan Berkekalan Pengurusan (PHSM) Hutan untuk Secara kepentingan

include land that is predominantly under agricultural or urban land use (tree stands in agricultural areas, parks and gardens etc.). Forested land consists of three (3) main forest types, namely Permanent Reserved Forests (PRF), Stateland Forest (SLF), and Alienated Land (AL).

9.2 Permanent Reserved Forests (PRF) According to Section 2, National Forestry Act 1984, PRF is any land (forested and non-forested land) that has been gazetted or classified as Permanent Reserved Forest (PRF) under Section 7, 8, and 9. These PRFs are managed under Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) practices for environmental, economy and social

alam sekitar, ekonomi dan sosial. Kawasan tersebut ditadbir sepenuhnya oleh Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri dan semua hasil hutan dalam kawasan ini adalah milik Kerajaan Negeri. Terdapat tiga jenis hutan utama iaitu Hutan Darat, Hutan Paya Gambut dan Hutan Paya Laut. 9.3 Ladang Hutan Kawasan yang ditanam dengan pokok atau tumbuh-tumbuhan hutan sama ada dari spesies tempatan atau dagang dengan kaedah tanaman secara terbuka yang luasnya tidak kurang dari 50 hektar. Ia merangkumi kawasan yang terletak di dalam Hutan Simpanan Kekal (HSK).

benefits. The area is fully managed by the State Forestry Department and all forest produce owned by the State Government. The three main types of forest are Inland Forest, Peat Swamp Forest and Mangrove Forest. 9.3 Forest Plantation An area of not less than 50 hectares which has been planted with forest tree and plants, either those of local or commercial species, using the open system method. It may be located within or outside a Permanent Reserved Forest (PRF).

197

9.4 Hutan Paya Gambut Hutan paya gambut terbentuk di atas tanah gambut dengan kedalaman lebih kurang 6m yang berair dan berasid. Antara spesies yang biasa terdapat di kawasan ini adalah Kempas, Bintangor, Meranti paya, Ramin, Nyatoh, Geronggang dan Resak.

9.4 Peat Swamp Forest Peat swamp forest is formed on peat soil with approximately 6m in depth, watery and acidic. Among species Bintangor, Nyatoh, Meranti paya, and commonly found in this forest are Kempas, Ramin, Resak. Geronggang

9.5 Hutan Paya Laut Dicirikan dengan lokasinya yang terletak di persisiran laut dan mengalami air pasang dan surut. Spesies utama hutan ini adalah Rhizophora spp. (bakau). Tumbuhan di ekosistem ini lazimnya mempunyai sistem akar tebal. unik seperti akar jangkang dan pneumatofor serta struktur daun yang

9.5 Mangroves forest Characterized by its location along the coastal areas and experiencing low and high tides. The main species found in this forest is Rhizophora in spp this the (bakau).The ecosystem vegetation

is characterized by

unique root system such as stilt roots and pneumatophores as well as thick leaf structures.

9.6 Hutan Darat Kawasan hutan yang bentuk muka buminya berbukit dan beralun-alun yang tingginya sehingga 100 meter dari paras laut.

9.6 Inland forest The geography of the Inland forest is hilly and undulating with height up to 100 meters above sea level.

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PENERBITAN INI BOLEH JUGA DIPEROLEH DI JABATAN PERANGKAAN NEGERI SEPERTI BERIKUT: THIS PUBLICATION IS ALSO AVAILABLE AT THE FOLLOWING STATES DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS:
Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Johor, Tingkat 14, Menara Tabung Haji, Jalan Air Molek, 80000 Johor Bahru, Johor. Tel: 07-2253700 Faks/Fax: 07-2249972 E-mel/E-mail: jpjohor@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Kedah, Tingkat 1, Zon C, Wisma Persekutuan, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, Bandar Muadzam Shah, 06550 Anak Bukit , Alor Setar, Kedah. Tel: 04-7001240 Faks/Fax: 04-7338412 E-mel/E-mail: kedah@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Kelantan, Tingkat 8, Wisma Persekutuan, Jalan Bayam, 15514 Kota Bharu Kelantan. Tel: 09-7419449 Faks/Fax: 09-7482142 E-mel/E-mail: jpkelantan@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Melaka, Aras 7 & 8, Wisma Persekutuan, Jalan MITC, Hang Tuah Jaya, 75450 Ayer Keroh, Melaka. Tel: 06-2522725 Faks/Fax: 06-2522711 E-mel/E-mail: jpmelaka@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Sembilan, Tingkat 12, Wisma Persekutuan, Jalan Dato’ Abdul Kadir, 70000 Seremban, Negeri Sembilan. Tel: 06-7655000 Faks/Fax: 06-7655002 E-mel/E-mail: jpnsembilan@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Pahang, Tingkat 7, Wisma Persekutuan, Jalan Gambut, 25000 Kuantan, Pahang. Tel: 09-5163931 Faks/Fax: 09-5144636 E-mel/E-mail: jppahang@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Pulau Pinang, Tingkat 6, Bangunan Persekutuan, 10400 Jalan Anson, Pulau Pinang. Tel: 04-2266244 Faks/Fax: 04-2282244 E-mel/E-mail: jpppinang@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Perak, Tingkat 3, Blok A, Bangunan Persekutuan Ipoh, Jalan Dato’ Seri Ahmad Said, (Greentown), 30450 Ipoh, Perak. Tel: 05-2554963 Faks/Fax: 05-2551073 E-mel/E-mail: jpperak@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Perlis, Tingkat 4, Bangunan KWSP, Jalan Bukit Lagi, 01000 Perlis, Tel: 04-9771221 Faks/Fax: 04-9771223 E-mel/E-mail: jpperlis@stats.gov.my

Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Selangor, Tingkat 9, Bangunan Darul Ehsan, No. 3, Jalan Indah, Seksyen 14, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor. Tel: 03-55150200 Faks/Fax: 03-55180408 E-mel/E-mail: jpselangor@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Terengganu, Tingkat 9, Wisma Persekutuan, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 20200 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu. Tel: 09-6223062 Faks/Fax: 09-6229659 E-mel/E-mail: jpterengganu@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Sabah, Aras 1-3, Blok C, Kompleks Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan Sabah, Jalan UMS, Beg Berkunci No. 2046, 88999 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. Tel: 088-484602 Faks/Fax: 088-484659 E-mel/E-mail: jpsabah@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Negeri Sarawak, Tingkat 7 & 8, Bangunan Tun Datuk Patinggi Tuanku Haji Bujang, Jalan Simpang Tiga, 93514 Kuching, Sarawak. Tel: 082-240287 Faks/Fax: 082-242609 E-mel/E-mail: jpsarawak@stats.gov.my Pengarah, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Tingkat 19, Wisma KWSG, Jalan Kg. Attap, 50604 Kuala Lumpur. Tel: 03-22724925 Faks/Fax: 03-22745075 E-mel/E-mail: jpwpkl@stats.gov.my

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