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Metode numerik dengan metode bisection dll

Metode numerik dengan metode bisection dll

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Dipublikasikan oleh Antonio Grafiko
Metode numerik dengan metode bisection dll
Metode numerik dengan metode bisection dll

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Published by: Antonio Grafiko on May 19, 2009
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02/15/2013

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Metode Numerik
Disusun Oleh :
Antonio Grafiko
FIA 007 002
Dosen Pemiming
!ulian Fau"i#$%$i#M%$i
Matematika
Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam
&ni'ersitas (engkulu
200)
Metode Bagi Dua (Bisection)
Tentukan akar dari f*+, - e
.+
/ + dengan atas 00#12 dengan tolerasi error dia3ah 14%
f*0, - 1
f*1, - .0#5621
1. f*0, % f*1,  *1, % *.0#5621, 7 0
*0 8 1, 9 2 - 0#:
2% f*0#:, - 0#105:
f*0, % f*0#:, *1, % *0#105:, ; 0
f*0#:, % f*1,  *0#105:, % *.0#5621, 7 0
*0#: 8 1, 9 2 - 0#7:
6% f*0#7:, - .0#2775
f*0#:, % f*0#7:, *0#105:, % *.0#2775, 7 0
f*0#7:, % f*1,  *.0#2775, % *.0#5621, ; 0
*0#: 8 0#7:, 9 2 - 0#52:
<% f*0#52:, - .0#0)=7
f*0#:, % f*0#52:, *0#105:, % *.0#0)=7, 7 0
f*0#52:, % f*0#7:, *.0#0)=7, % *.0#2775, ; 0
*0#: 8 0#52:, 9 2 - 0#:52:
:% f*0#:52:, - 0#0076
f*0#:, % f*0#:52:,  *0#105:, % *0#0076, ; 0
f*0#:52:, % f*0#52:, *0#0076, % *.0#0)=7, 7 0
*0#:52: 8 0#52:, 9 2 - 0#:=6)
5% f*0#:=6), - .0#0<15
f*0#:52:, % f*0#:=6),  *0#0076, % *.0#0<15, 7 0
f*0#:=6), % f*0#52:,  *.0#0<15, % *.0#0)=7, ; 0
*0#:52: 8 0#:=6), 9 2 - 0#:7)2
7% f*0#:7)2, - .0#0176
f*0#:52:, % f*0#:7)2, *0#0076, % *.0#0176, 7 0
f*0#:7)2, % f*0#:=6),  *.0#0176, % *.0#0<15, ; 0
*0#:52: 8 0#:7)2, 9 2 - 0#:70<
)% f*0#:70<, - .0#00:1
f*0#:52:, % f*0#:70<,  *0#0076, % f*.0#00:1, 7 0
f*0#:70<, % f*0#:7)2, *.0#00:1, % *.0#0176, ; 0
*0#:52: 8 0#:70<, 9 2 - 0#:55=
=% f*0#:55:, - 0#0010
f*0#:52:, % f*0#:55:,  *0#0076, % *0#0010, ; 0
f*0#:55:, % f*0#:70<, *0#0010, % *.0#00:1, 7 0
*0#:55: 8 0#:70<, 9 2 - 0#:5)<
10% f*0#:5)<, - .0#0011
f*0#:55:, % f*0#:5)<, *0#0010, % *.0#0011, 7 0
f*0#:5)<, % f*0#:70<,  *.0#0011, % *.0#00:1, ; 0
*0#:55: 8 0#:5)<, 9 2 - 0#:57:
Persentase
:  <
0,5938-0,56250,5938 + 1004 - :#27114
5 :
0,5782-0,59380,5782 + 1004 - 2#5=)04
7  5
0,5704-0,57820,5704 + 1004 - 1#657:4
) 7
0,5669-0,57040,5669 + 1004 - 0#517<4
=  )
0,5684-0,56690,5684 + 1004 - 0#256=4
10 =
0,5675-0,56840,5675 + 1004 - 0#1:)54
Pada > - 0#:5)< dan f*+, - .0#0011
METODE POSISI SALAH
fx=x3+x2-3x-3=0
Pen?elesaian
1. Inter'al .2 sam@ai .1
f-2=(-2)3+(-2)2-3.(-2)-3=-1
f-1=23+22-3.2-3=3
• x1=-1-3.(-1-(-2))3-(-1)=-1,75
f-1,75=(-1,75)3+(-1,75)2-3.-1,75-3=-0,0469
f-1.f-1,75<0 Aadi
• x2=-1-3.(-1-(-1,75))3-(-0,0469)=-1,7384
f-1,7384=(-1,7384)3+(-1,7384)2-3.-1,7384-3=-0,0163
f-1.f-1,7384<0 Aadi
• x3=-1-3.(-1-(-1,7384))3-(-0,0163)=-1,7344
f-1,7344=(-1,7344)3+(-1,7344)2-3.-1,7344-3=-0,0059
error=-1,7344-(-1,7384)-1,7344.100%=-0,23%
2. Inter'al .1#: sam@ai .0#:
f-1,5=(-1,5)3+(-1,5)2-3.(-1,5)-3=0,375
f-0,5=0,53+(0,5)2-3.0,5-3=-1,375
• x1=-0,5--1,375.(-0,5-(-1,5))-1.375-(0,375)=-1,2857
f-1,2857=(-1,2857)3+(-1,2857)2-3.-1,2857-3=0,3848
f-1,2857.f-0,5<0 Aadi
• x2=-0,5--1,375.(-0,5-(-1,2857))-1.375-(0,3848)=-1,1139
f-1,1139=(-1,1139)3+(-1,1139)2-3.-1,1139-3=0,2004
f-1,1139.f-0,5<0 Aadi
• x2=-0,5--1,375.(-0,5-(-1,1139))-1.375-(0,2004)=-1,0358
f-1,0358=(-1,0358)3+(-1,0358)2-3.-1,0358-3=0,0689
error=-1,0358-(-1,1139)-1,0358.100%=-7,54%
6% (atas inter'al 1.2
f1=13+12-3.1-3=-4
f2=23+22-3.2-3=3
• x1=2-3.(2-1)3-(-4)=1,5714
f1,5714=(1,5714)3+(1,5714)2-3.1,5714-3=-1,3647
f2.f1,5714<0 Aadi
• x2=2-3.(2-1,5714)3-(-1,3647)=1,7054
f1,7054=(1,7054)3+(1,7054)2-3.1,7054-3=-0,2478
f2.f1,7054<0 Aadi
• x3=2-3.(2-1,7054)3-(-0,2478)=1,7279
f1,7279=(1,7279)3+(1,7279)2-3.1,7279-3=-0,0392
f2.f1,7279<0 Aadi
• x4=2-3.(2-1,7279)3-(-0,0392)=1,7314
f1,7314=(1,7314)3+(1,7314)2-3.1,7314-3=-0,0062
error=1,7314-1,72791,7314.100%=0,0202%
Metode Rapshon
f*+, - e
.+
/ +
Pen?elesaian :
+
i81
- +
i
/ f*+, 9 fB*+,
dimana diketahui ila +
i81
- 0 dan +
i
- 1 maka
+
1
- +
0
/ f*+
0
, 9 fB*+
0
, - 0 8 *192, - 0#:
+
2
- +
1
/ f*+
1
, 9 fB*+
1
, - 0#: 8 *0#105: 9 .1#505:, - 0#:556
+
6
- +
2
/ f*+
2
, 9 fB*+
2
, - 0#:556 / *0#0016 9 .1#166=, - 0#:57<
Pada +
6
ada akar ?aitu 0#:57< karena iterasin?a 7 14
Metode Secant
f*+, : e
.+
/ +
@en?elesaian :
karena selang 00#12 dan ila diuat grafikn?a maka akar terda@at di 00#:C0#52
+
n81
- +
n
/ ?
n
(xn-xn+1)(yn-yn+1)

+
0
dan +
1
mem@un?ai nilai masing.masing +
0
- 0#: dan +
1
- 0#5 maka da@at
disim@ulkan ah3a ada akar terda@at di selang 00#:C0#52
?
0
- f*+
0
, - 0#105:
?
1
- f*+
1
, - .0#0:12
+
2
- +
1
/ ?
1
(x1-x0)(y1-y0)

+
2
- *0#5,/ *.0#0:12,

(0,1)(-0,1577) - 0#:57:
?
2
- f*+
2
, - .0#000:
+
6
- +
2
/ ?
2
(x2-x1)(y2-y1)

+
6
- *0#:57:,/ *.0#000:,

(-0,0325)(0,0507) - 0#:572
@ada +
6
terda@at akar ?aitu 0#:572 karena nilai error toleransin?a 714

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