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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Alcatel-Lucent
CDMA Base Stations | Release 32.0
Operations, Administration and Maintenance

Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

401-703-407
ISSUE 19
JUNE 2009

Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Legal notice

Alcatel, Lucent, Alcatel-Lucent and the Alcatel-Lucent logo are trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. All other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
The information presented is subject to change without notice. Alcatel-Lucent assumes no responsibility for inaccuracies contained herein.
Copyright 2009 Alcatel-Lucent. All rights reserved.
Contains proprietary/trade secret information which is the property of Alcatel-Lucent and must not be made available to, or copied or used by
anyone outside Alcatel-Lucent without its written authorization.
Not to be used or disclosed except in accordance with applicable agreements.
Notice

Every effort was made to ensure that this document was complete and accurate at the time of printing. However, information is subject to
change.
Mandatory customer information

See statements located in Appendix A, Product conformance statements.


Interference information: Part 15 of FCC rules

Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply within the limits.
Security statement

In rare instances, unauthorized individuals make connections to the telecommunications network through the use of access features.
Trademarks

5ESS is a registered trademark of Alcatel-Lucent.


AUTOPLEX is a registered trademark of Alcatel-Lucent. Flexent is a registered trademark of Alcatel-Lucent. Alcatel-Lucent is registered
trademarks of Alcatel-Lucent. UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States and other countries, licensed exclusively through X/Open
Company Ltd. X Window System is a trademark of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Limited warranty

Alcatel-Lucent provides a limited warranty for this product.

Ordering information

The ordering number for this document is 401-703-407. To order this or other Alcatel-Lucent documents, see To obtain documentation,
training, and technical support or submit feedback on the Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Documentation DVD, 401-010-005 or web site.
Technical support

For technical support, see To obtain documentation, training, and technical support or submit feedback on the Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network
Documentation DVD, 401-010-005 or web site.
Notice

Every effort was made to ensure that this document was complete and accurate at the time of printing. However, information is subject to
change.
Mandatory customer information

This is an example of an FCC notice. It is up to the developer to ensure that the correct notice is used. If there is no notice, include the
following statement:
This document does not contain any mandatory customer information.
Interference information: Part 15 of FCC rules

NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply within the limits.

Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Ordering information

The ordering number for this document is 401-703-407. For information on how to order Alcatel-Lucent documents, see About this
document.
Support

Technical support
If applicable, add technical support. For example:
Technical assistance can be obtained by calling the Regional Technical Assistance Center (RTAC) at 1 866 582 3688 (continental U.S.) or +1
630 224 4672 for in-hours and emergency out-of-hours support.

Alcatel-Lucent Internal
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

Contents
About this document
Purpose

xxvii

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Reason for revision

xxvii

..............................................................................................................................................................

Intended audience

...................................................................................................................................................................

xxix

Supported systems

..................................................................................................................................................................

xxix

How to use this document

..................................................................................................................................................

xxxi

Safety information

................................................................................................................................................................

xxxii

Conventions used

..................................................................................................................................................................

xxxii

Related documentation

......................................................................................................................................................

...........................................

xxxv

...................................................................................................................................................................

xxxv

To obtain technical support, documentation, and training or submit feedback


How to comment

xxxiii

Part I: Types of maintenance


1

Operation and maintenance overview


Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Structure of safety statements

..............................................................................................................................................

1-3

Operation versus maintenance

.............................................................................................................................................

1-5

................................................................................................................................................................

1-7

Maintenance process
2

1-1

Before beginning maintenance


Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Test equipment maintenance


Precautionary steps

2-1

................................................................................................................................................

2-3

...................................................................................................................................................................

2-4

Required maintenance equipment

......................................................................................................................................

Before beginning trouble-clearing procedures

..............................................................................................................

2-5
2-6

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preventive maintenance
Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Preventive maintenance schedule


Maintenance records

3-1

.......................................................................................................................................

3-2

................................................................................................................................................................

3-3

Part II: Fault detection, isolation, and recovery


4

Cell site fault detection and recovery tools


Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Base station maintenance features

.....................................................................................................................................

4-2

Hardware error handling strategy

......................................................................................................................................

4-3

Fault detection mechanisms for manual recovery


Drive testing

.......................................................................................................

4-5

................................................................................................................................................................................

4-6

Performance measurements
Overload control

..................................................................................................................................................

4-7

........................................................................................................................................................................

4-8

Remote T1/E1 monitoring


5

.....................................................................................................................................................

4-9

......................................................................................................................................................................................

5-1

Alarms
Overview

Alarm types
6

4-1

.................................................................................................................................................................................

5-2

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro LP alarm information
Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
CPC alarms

6-1

........................................................................................................................................................................

6-3

.................................................................................................................................................................................

6-6

..............................................................................................................................................................

6-7

URC alarms

.................................................................................................................................................................................

6-8

CMU alarms

................................................................................................................................................................................

6-9

CTU and OM alarms

OCM-II alarms
IOU alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

6-10

................................................................................................................................................................................

6-11

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarms
UCR alarms

......................................................................................................................................................................

6-12

..............................................................................................................................................................................

6-13

TxAMP alarms
TDU alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

6-14

..............................................................................................................................................................................

6-18

Fan tray alarms


User alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

6-19

...............................................................................................................................................................................

6-20

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

........................................................................................................................

..................................

6-31

....................................................................

6-37

....................................................................................................................

6-42

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25 block for indoor cabinet
User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218 Macro
Outdoor cabinet user alarm requirements

Outdoor cabinet user alarm cable connections (external and power)

..............................................................

6-46

Power alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

6-49

Frame alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

6-58

9218 Macro PowCom software


Procedure 6-1: Alarm testing
7

6-25

........................................................................................................................................

6-60

............................................................................................................................................

6-62

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216 Compact Distributed alarm information
Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
CPC alarms

7-1

........................................................................................................................................................................

7-2

.................................................................................................................................................................................

7-4

CTU and OM alarms

..............................................................................................................................................................

7-5

URC alarms

.................................................................................................................................................................................

7-6

CMU alarms

................................................................................................................................................................................

7-7

..................................................................................................................................................................................

7-8

IOU alarms

Intrusion alarm
UCR alarms

..............................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP alarms
TDU alarms

...........................................................................................................................................................................

7-9

7-10

........................................................................................................................................................................

7-11

..............................................................................................................................................................................

7-16

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Fan tray alarms


User alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

7-17

...............................................................................................................................................................................

7-18

Power alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

7-39

Frame alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

7-49

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information


Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection

........................................................................................................................................................................

8-2

..............................................................................................................................................................

8-4

URC alarms

.................................................................................................................................................................................

8-5

CMU alarms

................................................................................................................................................................................

8-6

CTU and OM alarms

OCM-II alarms

...........................................................................................................................................................................

8-7

Intrusion alarm

...........................................................................................................................................................................

8-8

.................................................................................................................................................................................

8-9

UCR alarms

TxAMP alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

8-12

........................................................................................................................................................................

8-13

...............................................................................................................................................................................

8-14

Fan tray alarms


User alarms

8-10

............................................................................................................

Tower Top Test Module (TTTM) alarm LED

8-1

Power alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

8-20

Frame alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

8-23

9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information


Overview

......................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection

........................................................................................................................................................................

9-1
9-2

..............................................................................................................................................................

9-4

URC alarms

.................................................................................................................................................................................

9-5

CMU alarms

................................................................................................................................................................................

9-6

CTU and OM alarms

Intrusion alarms

.........................................................................................................................................................................

9-7

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Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

UCR alarms

9-9

...........................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

9-11

...............................................................................................................................................................................

9-13

Power Alarms

...........................................................................................................................................................................

9-20

Frame alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

9-29

9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection

.....................................................................................................................................................................

10-1
10-2

............................................................................................................................................................

10-4

URC alarms

..............................................................................................................................................................................

10-5

CMU alarms

.............................................................................................................................................................................

10-6

CTU and OM alarms

Intrusion alarms
UCR alarms

......................................................................................................................................................................

10-7

..............................................................................................................................................................................

10-8

TxAMP alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms

.....................................................................................................................................................................

10-9

10-11

.............................................................................................................................

10-12

.....................................................................................................................................

10-17

Power Alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

10-22

Frame alarms

.........................................................................................................................................................................

10-31

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms


9224 Sub-Compact user alarms

11

9-8

TxAMP alarms

User alarms

10

.................................................................................................................................................................................

9234 d2U Distributed alarm information


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection

.....................................................................................................................................................................

CTU and OM alarms

11-1
11-2

............................................................................................................................................................

11-4

URC alarms

..............................................................................................................................................................................

11-5

CMU alarms

.............................................................................................................................................................................

11-6

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OCM-II alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

11-7

Intrusion alarm

.........................................................................................................................................................................

11-8

Fan tray alarms

........................................................................................................................................................................

11-9

User alarms

.........................................................................................................................................................................

11-14

Frame alarms

.........................................................................................................................................................................

11-21

............................................................................................................................................................................

11-23

CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

12-1

........................................................................................................................................................................

12-3

RRH alarms

..............................................................................................................................................................................

12-4

User alarms

...............................................................................................................................................................................

12-5

Intrusion alarm

Frame alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

12-6

Power alarms

............................................................................................................................................................................

12-7

VSWR monitoring

...............................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance procedures for RRH


RRH field support

12-12

................................................................................................................................

12-13

...............................................................................................................................................................

12-15

RRH operational test

..........................................................................................................................................................

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page


13

11-10

Power alarms

RRH alarms
12

.............................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................

12-16
12-18

Diagnostic tests
Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Testing overview

.....................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance hierarchy

.........................................................................................................................................................

Fault isolation principles

.....................................................................................................................................................

Testing and diagnostics framework


Board Level Self-Test (BLST)

................................................................................................................................

.......................................................................................................................................

13-1
13-3
13-4
13-6
13-8

13-10

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009

Contents
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Diagnostic tests for base station


Stable clear recovery times

....................................................................................................................................

13-12

..............................................................................................................................................

13-16

Outline of MSC-based diagnostics


ECPless MSC

...............................................................................................................................

13-17

........................................................................................................................................................................

13-19

Procedure 13-1: Diagnose the base station

...............................................................................................................

.........................................................

13-23

...........................................................................

13-24

..................................................................................................................

13-27

Procedure 13-2: Test base station using the RMT (direct connection)
Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0)
Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

13-20

Operation of Closed Loop Gain Control (CLGC)

.................................................................................................

13-36

.....................................................................................................................

13-38

Calibration philosophy

.......................................................................................................................................................

13-41

Parameter descriptions

.......................................................................................................................................................

13-42

Enhanced Digital Predistortion (EDPD)

When field re-calibration is needed

.............................................................................................................................

Procedure 13-5: CLGC out-of-range fault isolation

..............................................................................................

13-43
13-45

Part III: Replace and repair components


14

Replacement/repair process
Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 14-1: Replacement/repair process


15

..............................................................................................................

14-1
14-2

Replace and repair common components between base stations


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU


Replace the TxAMP

15-1

..................................................................................................................................

15-2

..............................................................................................................................................................

15-7

Replace the CTU

.................................................................................................................................................................

15-10

Replace the UCR

.................................................................................................................................................................

15-11

Replace the MCR

................................................................................................................................................................

15-13

....................................................................................................................................................................

15-15

Replace a CMU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Replace the URC

.................................................................................................................................................................

.........................

15-28

...................................................................................................................................................................

15-30

Procedure 15-2: Replace Ethernet Backhaul URC with firewall and security enabled
Replace the OM

Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor cabinets


16

15-20

.................................................................

15-32

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement and repair


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

16-1

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218 Macro cabinets

......................................................

16-2

Procedure 16-2: Replace the Fan Tray for outdoor 9218 Macro cabinet

.......................................................

16-8

Procedure 16-3: Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro cabinet

...........................................................................

........................................................................

16-14

.....................................................................................................................

16-18

.........................................................................................................................................................

16-22

Procedure 16-4: Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro cabinet


Procedure 16-5: Replace the EEPROM
Replace circuit packs

16-10

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

........................................................................................................

16-24

Modify or decommission battery box for outdoor cabinets with integrated power and batteries only
........................................................................................................................................................................................ 16-4716-47
16-47
Procedure 16-7: Realign Door on outdoor cabinet
17

................................................................................................

9216/9226 Compact component replacement and repair


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 17-2: Replace the A3 PDP for 9216 Compact

17-2

.....................................................................................

17-6

.............................

17-10

...........................................................................................................................

17-13

Procedure 17-3: Replace the Gas Tube Surge Protector for outdoor 9216 Compact
Summary for replacing circuit packs

17-1

.............................................................................

Procedure 17-1: Replace the Hybrid PDP for 9216 Compact

Procedure 17-4: Replace the Heater Assembly for outdoor 9216 Compact
18

16-48

..............................................

17-15

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed component replacement and repair


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 18-1: Replace the Power Interface Module (PIM)


Procedure 18-2: Replace the Rectifier

.............................................................................

........................................................................................................................

18-1
18-2

18-24

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 18-3: Replace the Rectifier Controller

..................................................................................................

18-32

.......................................................................................................................

18-36

Procedure 18-5: Replace the DLM

..............................................................................................................................

18-43

Procedure 18-6: Replace the heater

.............................................................................................................................

18-47

Procedure 18-7: Replace the TTTM

............................................................................................................................

18-54

................................................................................................................................

18-58

Procedure 18-4: Replace the Fan Tray

Procedure 18-8: Replace the SPM


19

9223 Ultra-Compact component replacement and repair


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 19-1: Replace the RF filter


Procedure 19-2: Replace the DLM

...........................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................

Procedure 19-3: Replace the Amplifier

......................................................................................................................

Procedure 19-4: Replace the Baseband Unit (BBU)

.............................................................................................

Procedure 19-5: Replace the Fan Tray in the outdoor cabinet


Procedure 19-6: Replace the Fan Tray in the indoor cabinet
20

19-16
19-23
19-34

.........................................................................

19-49

...........................................................................

19-58

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 20-1: Replace the Fan Tray in the indoor 9224 Sub-Compact cabinet

.....................................

Procedure 20-2: Replace the Fan Tray in the outdoor 9224 Sub-Compact EN cabinet
Procedure 20-3: Replace the front-door filter

20-1
20-2

...........................

20-5

............................................................................................................

20-9

9234 d2U Distributed component replacement and repair


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

9234 d2U Distributed component replacement


22

19-2

9224 Sub-Compact component replacement and repair


Overview

21

19-1

.........................................................................................................

21-1
21-2

Remote Radio Head component replacement and repair


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Field replaceable unit

...........................................................................................................................................................

RRH maintenance functions

..............................................................................................................................................

22-1
22-2
22-3

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RC/V forms for RRH/RUI configuration


23

.....................................................................................................................

22-4

Clean screens/replace filters on outdoor base stations


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

23-1

Base station screen/Fresh Air Filter maintenance


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Fresh Air Filter maintenance

.............................................................................................................................................

Fresh Air Filter Life Expectancies

..................................................................................................................................

Country PM10 Level Classification

.............................................................................................................................

23-3
23-4
23-9

23-10

Outdoor 9218/9228 Macro clean screens/replace filters


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance requirements for screens and acoustic mufflers

...........................................................................

23-12

........................................................

23-13

.....................................................................

23-15

...................................................................................

23-20

Procedure 23-1: Inspect and clean front heat exchanger intake screen
Procedure 23-2: Inspect and clean rear acoustic muffler screen
Procedure 23-3: Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

23-11

Outdoor 9222 Micro Distributed clean screens/replace filters


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance requirements for screens

........................................................................................................................

Procedure 23-4: Inspect and clean side panel screen

...........................................................................................

Procedure 23-5: Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter


Procedure 23-6: Close cabinet

23-22
23-23
23-24

...................................................................................

23-29

........................................................................................................................................

23-31

Outdoor 9223 Ultra-Compact clean screens/replace filters


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance requirements for screens

........................................................................................................................

Procedure 23-7: Inspect and clean access panel screen

......................................................................................

Procedure 23-8: Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

...................................................................................

23-33
23-34
23-35
23-40

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Outdoor 9224 Sub-Compact clean screens/replace filters


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance requirements for screens

........................................................................................................................

Procedure 23-9: Inspect and clean front louver cover

.........................................................................................

Procedure 23-10: Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

................................................................................

23-45
23-46
23-47
23-50

Outdoor 9224 Sub-Compact EN clean screens/replace filters


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance requirements for screens

........................................................................................................................

Procedure 23-11: Inspect and clean front louver cover

.......................................................................................

Procedure 23-12: Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

................................................................................

23-52
23-53
23-54
23-59

Outdoor 9216 Compact (V1) clean screens/replace filters


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance requirements for screens

........................................................................................................................

Procedure 23-13: Inspect and clean front louver cover

.......................................................................................

23-61
23-62
23-63

................................................................................

23-66

.................................................................................................................................................................................

23-68

Procedure 23-14: Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter


Outdoor 9216 Compact (V2) screen Cleaning
Overview

Maintenance requirements for screens

........................................................................................................................

..................................................................

23-70

..........................................................................

23-74

...........................................................................................................

23-80

Procedure 23-15: Remove and clean solar shields (if applicable)


Procedure 23-16: Remove and clean side duct panel screens
Procedure 23-17: Re-install side duct panels

23-69

Procedure 23-18: Re-install solar shields (if applicable)

....................................................................................

23-85

Outdoor CDMA 450/850 Remote Units clean screens/replace filters


Overview

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance requirements for screens

........................................................................................................................

Procedure 23-19: Remove and clean air intake duct

............................................................................................

23-88
23-89
23-90

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Procedure 23-20: Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter


24

................................................................................

23-93

Other types of maintenance


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................

24-2

...............................................................................................................................

24-6

Procedure 24-1: VRLA battery maintenance


Procedure 24-2: Repair EZBFo Fan

24-1

Procedure 24-3: Outdoor 9228 Macro front Heat Exchanger inspect and clean

......................................

24-14

Procedure 24-4: Outdoor 9228 Macro rear Heat Exchanger inspect and clean

........................................

24-22

Part IV: Configuration management


25

Security management
Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

25-1

Feature description - Restrict Root Login Phase 1: RBAC Roles and Centralized User Account
Management for MM-APs (FID 13003.2) ............................................................................................................... 25-2
Enabling RRL

..........................................................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................

25-4

......................................................................................................................................................

25-5

CDMA network login with RRL


Relevant documentation

..................................................................................................................................

25-6

....................................................................................................................................................................................

26-1

RRL and RBAC feature summary


26

Before you begin


Overview

References

.................................................................................................................................................................................

Translations

...............................................................................................................................................................................

Configuration options
27

25-3

...........................................................................................................................................................

26-2
26-4
26-5

Initialize base station and update non-volatile memory


Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................

27-2

...........................................................................................................

27-4

..........................................................................................................................................

27-7

Base station initialization or RCS reboot process


Non-Volatile Memory (NVM) update process
Procedure 27-1: Update NVM

27-1

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28

Growth procedures
Overview

Procedure 28-1: RC/V database updates

Carrier assignment and activation

....................................................................................

28-24

.................................................................................................................................

28-28

Procedure 28-2: Integrate the base station into the network

28-30

29-1

....................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 29-1: Degrow a base station

........................................................................................................................

29-2

....................................................................................................................................................................................

30-1

Voice interface DS0 functionality


Overview

Grow the voice interface DS0 functionality to a CDM


A

.............................................................................

Degrowth procedures
Overview

30

28-3

......................................................................................................................

Standard Configuration vs. Load Sharing Configuration

29

28-1

....................................................................................................................................................................................

30-2

.........................................................................................

Product conformance statements


Overview

.....................................................................................................................................................................................

A-1

Antenna exposure statements

..............................................................................................................................................

A-3

FCC conformance statements

.............................................................................................................................................

A-4

Industry Canada conformance statements


China

.....................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................................................................

European Union
United States

A-7

A-10

.....................................................................................................................................................................

A-12

...........................................................................................................................................................................

A-17

Eco-environmental statements

.........................................................................................................................................

A-22

Glossary
Index

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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1

Document and product name changes

xxx

Wire sizes

6-1

9218/9228 Macro/Macro HD system alarm reporting

6-2

9218/9228 Macro CPC alarms

6-3

9218/9228 Macro CPC LED

6-4

9218/9228 Macro CTU LEDs

6-5

9218/9228 Macro OM LEDs

6-6

9218/9228 Macro URC LEDs

............................................................................................................................

6-8

6-7

9218/9228 Macro CMU LEDs

...........................................................................................................................

6-9

6-8

9228 Macro Distributed OCM-II LEDs

6-9

............................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................................

xxxii

..............................................................................

6-4

............................................................................................................................

6-6

...............................................................................................................................

6-6

.............................................................................................................................

6-7

...............................................................................................................................

6-7

.......................................................................................................

6-10

9218/9228 Macro IOU LEDs

............................................................................................................................

6-11

6-10

9218/9228 Macro UCR LEDs

..........................................................................................................................

6-13

6-11

9218/9228 Macro TxAMP LEDs

....................................................................................................................

6-15

6-12

9218/9228 Macro TxAMP alarms

...................................................................................................................

6-15

6-13

9218/9228 Macro RxAMP alarms

..................................................................................................................

6-17

6-14

9218/9228 Macro TDU LED

............................................................................................................................

6-18

6-15

9218/9228 Macro fan tray LED

6-16

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable pair assignments

6-17

9218/9228 Macro primary frame user alarms

6-18

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable color code for Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25 blocks

6-19

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 0-6 cable pin assignments for NIU

6-20

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 7-15 cable pin assignments for NIU

6-21

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 16-23 cable pin assignments for NIU

......................................................................................................................

6-19

.............................................................................

6-21

............................................................................................

6-22

................

6-31

................................................

6-38

..............................................

6-39

...........................................

6-40

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

6-22

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 24-31 cable pin assignments for NIU

6-23

Outdoor 9218/9228 Macro external user alarm cable pin assignments for EFIM terminal blocks
.................................................................................................................................................................................... 6-46

6-24

9218/9228 Macro defined power alarms

6-25

9218/9228 Macro defined rectifier alarms

6-26

9218/9228 Macro defined rectifier controller alarm LEDs

6-27

Outdoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet power alarm cable pin assignments

6-28

Indoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet power alarm cable pin assignments

6-29

Outdoor 9228 Macro dual-band cabinet with integrated power for power alarm cable pin
assignments ........................................................................................................................................................... 6-57

6-30

9218/9228 Macro frame alarms

.......................................................................................................................

6-58

6-31

9228 Macro only frame alarms

........................................................................................................................

6-59

7-1

9216/9226 Compact system alarm reporting

7-2

9216/9226 Compact CPC alarms

7-3

9216/9226 Compact CPC LED

7-4

9216/9226 Compact CTU LEDs

7-5

9216/9226 Compact OM LEDs

7-6

9216/9226 Compact URC LEDs

........................................................................................................................

7-6

7-7

9216/9226 Compact CMU LEDs

......................................................................................................................

7-7

7-8

9216/9226 Compact IOU LED

...........................................................................................................................

7-8

7-9

9216/9226 Compact UCR LEDs

7-10

9216/9226 Compact TxAMP LEDs

7-11

9216/9226 Compact shelf alarms

7-12

9216/9226 Compact TxAMP alarms

..............................................................................................................

7-14

7-13

9216/9226 Compact RxAMP alarms

.............................................................................................................

7-15

7-14

9216/9226 Compact TDU LED

.......................................................................................................................

7-16

7-15

9216/9226 Compact fan tray LED

7-16

9216/9226 Compact alarms cable list

...........................................

6-41

....................................................................................................

6-52

..................................................................................................

6-53

................................................................

6-54

................................

6-55

.....................................

6-56

................................................................................................

7-3

.....................................................................................................................

7-4

..........................................................................................................................

7-4

........................................................................................................................

7-5

..........................................................................................................................

7-5

.....................................................................................................................

7-10

...............................................................................................................

7-12

....................................................................................................................

7-12

.................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................

7-17
7-24

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List of tables
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

7-17

9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable at Z-IDC block

7-18

9216 Compact Distributed user alarm cable at Z-IDC block

7-19

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections

7-20

Outdoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections

7-21

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact external 0-7 user alarm cable connections at NIU

7-22

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact external 16-23 user alarm cable connections at NIU

....................

7-33

7-23

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact external 24-29 user alarm cable connections at NIU

....................

7-34

7-24

9216/9226 Compact without integrated power user alarm mapping

................................................

7-34

7-25

9216/9226 Compact with integrated power user alarm mapping

......................................................

7-35

7-26

9216 Compact Distributed without integrated power remote configuration user alarms

7-27

9216 Compact Distributed with integrated power remote configuration user alarms

7-28

9216 Compact power alarms

7-29

9216/9226 Compact power controller alarms

7-30

9216/9226 Compact power alarm cable pin assignments

7-31

9216 Compact standard and rural configuration frame alarms

...........................................................

7-49

7-32

9216 Compact Distributed remote configuration frame alarms

..........................................................

7-49

8-1

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm reporting summary

8-2

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed CTU LEDs

8-3

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed OM LED

8-4

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed URC LEDs

...................................................................................................

8-5

8-5

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed CMU LEDs

..................................................................................................

8-6

8-6

9222 Micro Distributed OCM-II LEDs

...........................................................................................................

8-7

8-7

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed UCR LEDs

8-8

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed TxAMP LEDs

8-9

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed TTTM Alarm LED

8-10

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed fan tray LED

8-11

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed user alarm cable functions

..........................................................................

7-24

..............................................................

7-26

...................................................................

7-27

................................................................

.........................

7-29
7-32

........

7-36

...............

7-37

............................................................................................................................

7-46

............................................................................................

.....................................................................

7-47
7-48

.......................................................................

8-3

...................................................................................................

8-4

.......................................................................................................

8-4

...................................................................................................

...........................................................................................

8-9

8-11

.................................................................................

8-12

.............................................................................................

8-13

...................................................................

8-16

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

8-12

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed RJ-45 alarm cable pin assignments

.................................................

8-17

8-13

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed facilities cable connections

.................................................................

8-17

8-14

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed user alarm cable pin assignments

8-15

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed (without integrated power) user alarm mapping

8-16

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed user alarm cable functions

8-17

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed frame alarms

9-1

9223 Ultra-Compact (without integrated power) user alarm mapping

10-1

9224 Sub-Compact/EN system alarm reporting

10-2

Power alarm cable assignment and connections at the NIU for outdoor 9224 Sub-Compact
....................................................................................................................................................................... 10-2810-28
10-28

10-3

Power alarm cable assignment and connections on the NIU or optional Z-IDC for indoor 9224
Sub-Compact ...................................................................................................................................................... 10-29

10-4

User alarm wiring for 9224 Sub-Compact EN

10-5

Power alarm cable assignment connections for 9224 Sub-Compact EN

10-6

Frame alarms for the 9224 Sub-Compact/EN

11-1

9234 d2U Distributed OCM-II LEDs

............................................................................................................

15-1

Tools for heat exchanger replacement

........................................................................................................

18-1

PIM cable connections for 9222 Micro Distributed cabinet

23-1

Fresh Air Filter Life Expectancies

26-1

Configuration Management reference documents

28-1

Standard CMU/URC configuration

28-2

CMU/URC load sharing configuration example

.....................................................

8-17

........................

8-18

...................................................................

8-21

..............................................................................................

8-24

............................................

9-17

........................................................................................

10-3

.......................................................................................

10-30

.....................................

10-30

.........................................................................................

10-31

.............................................................

15-32
18-19

..................................................................................................................

....................................................................................

..............................................................................................................

....................................................................................

11-7

23-9
26-3

28-25
28-26

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List of procedures
Part II: Fault detection, isolation, and recovery
6

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro LP alarm information
6-1

13

Alarm testing

...........................................................................................................................................................

6-62

Diagnostic tests
13-1

Diagnose the base station

13-2

Test base station using the RMT (direct connection)

13-3

Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0)

13-4

Antenna functional tests

13-5

CLGC out-of-range fault isolation

.................................................................................................................................

13-20

...........................................................................

13-23

.............................................................................................

13-24

...................................................................................................................................

13-27

...............................................................................................................

13-45

Part III: Replace and repair components


14

Replacement/repair process
14-1

15

16

Replacement/repair process

................................................................................................................................

14-2

Replace and repair common components between base stations


15-1

Replace the TDU

15-2

Replace Ethernet Backhaul URC with firewall and security enabled

15-3

Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor cabinets

...................................................................................................................................................

15-2

...........................................

15-28

..................................................................................

15-32

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement and repair


16-1

Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218 Macro cabinets

.......................................................................

16-2

16-2

Replace the Fan Tray for outdoor 9218 Macro cabinet

.........................................................................

16-8

16-3

Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro cabinet

16-4

Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro cabinet

16-5

Replace the EEPROM

............................................................................................

16-10

..........................................................................................

16-14

.......................................................................................................................................

16-18

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

17

18

19

20

16-6

Add new URC for IPBH cell

16-7

Realign Door on outdoor cabinet

.........................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................

16-24
16-48

9216/9226 Compact component replacement and repair


17-1

Replace the Hybrid PDP for 9216 Compact

..............................................................................................

17-2

17-2

Replace the A3 PDP for 9216 Compact

.......................................................................................................

17-6

17-3

Replace the Gas Tube Surge Protector for outdoor 9216 Compact

17-4

Replace the Heater Assembly for outdoor 9216 Compact

...............................................

17-10

...............................................................

17-15

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed component replacement and repair


18-1

Replace the Power Interface Module (PIM)

18-2

Replace the Rectifier

18-3

Replace the Rectifier Controller

18-4

Replace the Fan Tray

18-5

...............................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................

18-2

18-24

....................................................................................................................

18-32

.........................................................................................................................................

18-36

Replace the DLM

................................................................................................................................................

18-43

18-6

Replace the heater

...............................................................................................................................................

18-47

18-7

Replace the TTTM

..............................................................................................................................................

18-54

18-8

Replace the SPM

.................................................................................................................................................

18-58

9223 Ultra-Compact component replacement and repair


19-1

Replace the RF filter

19-2

Replace the DLM

19-3

Replace the Amplifier

19-4

Replace the Baseband Unit (BBU)

19-5

Replace the Fan Tray in the outdoor cabinet

19-6

Replace the Fan Tray in the indoor cabinet

............................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................

19-2

19-16
19-23
19-34

...........................................................................................

19-49

.............................................................................................

19-58

9224 Sub-Compact component replacement and repair


20-1

Replace the Fan Tray in the indoor 9224 Sub-Compact cabinet

20-2

Replace the Fan Tray in the outdoor 9224 Sub-Compact EN cabinet

.......................................................

............................................

20-2
20-5

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List of procedures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

20-3
23

Replace the front-door filter

..............................................................................................................................

Clean screens/replace filters on outdoor base stations


23-1

Inspect and clean front heat exchanger intake screen

23-2

Inspect and clean rear acoustic muffler screen

23-3

Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

23-4

Inspect and clean side panel screen

23-5

Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

23-6

Close cabinet

23-7

Inspect and clean access panel screen

23-8

Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

23-9

Inspect and clean front louver cover

..........................................................................

23-13

.......................................................................................

23-15

.....................................................................................................

23-20

.............................................................................................................

23-24

.....................................................................................................

23-29

.........................................................................................................................................................

23-31

........................................................................................................

23-11 Inspect and clean front louver cover

23-40

...........................................................................................................

23-47

.....................................................................................................

23-50

...........................................................................................................

23-54

23-12 Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter


23-13 Inspect and clean front louver cover

.....................................................................................................

23-59

...........................................................................................................

23-63

23-14 Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

.....................................................................................................

23-15 Remove and clean solar shields (if applicable)

23-66

......................................................................................

23-70

..............................................................................................

23-74

...............................................................................................................................

23-80

23-16 Remove and clean side duct panel screens


23-17 Re-install side duct panels

23-35

.....................................................................................................

23-10 Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter

23-18 Re-install solar shields (if applicable)


23-19 Remove and clean air intake duct

........................................................................................................

23-85

................................................................................................................

23-90

23-20 Inspect and replace the Fresh Air Filter


24

20-9

.....................................................................................................

23-93

Other types of maintenance


24-1

VRLA battery maintenance

24-2

Repair EZBFo Fan

24-3

Outdoor 9228 Macro front Heat Exchanger inspect and clean

................................................................................................................................

24-2

................................................................................................................................................

24-6

........................................................

24-14

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List of procedures
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

24-4

Outdoor 9228 Macro rear Heat Exchanger inspect and clean

..........................................................

24-22

Part IV: Configuration management


27

Initialize base station and update non-volatile memory


27-1

28

29

Update NVM

...........................................................................................................................................................

27-7

Growth procedures
28-1

RC/V database updates

28-2

Integrate the base station into the network

........................................................................................................................................

...............................................................................................

28-3

28-30

Degrowth procedures
29-1

Degrow a base station

..........................................................................................................................................

29-2

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About this document


About this document

Purpose

This document provides information on the operation, administration, and maintenance


of the following Alcatel-Lucent CDMA base stations:

9216/9226 Base Station Compact

9216 Base Station Compact Distributed

9218/9228 Base Station Macro


9218/9228 Base Station Macro HD

9222 Base Station Micro/Micro Distributed

9223 Base Station Ultra-Compact


9224 Base Station Sub-Compact EN

9224 Base Station Sub-Compact

9228 Base Station Macro LP/Distributed


9234 Base Station d2U Distributed

CDMA 450/850 Remote Units

This manual was formerly known as the Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Base Stations - 4.0,
4.0B, 8400, 4400 and 2400 Series Operations, Administration and Maintenance,
401-703-407.
Reason for revision

This document has been reissued for Release 32.0 to include the following updates:
FID 13003.2, Restrict Root Login Phase 1: RBAC Roles and Centralized User
Account Management for MM-APs

This feature (FID 13003.2) enhances MM-AP security by restricting access to MM-AP
resources and information with the use of a Restricted Root Login (RRL) and
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC). Updates can be found at:

Removing existing URC boards from service (p. 15-21), see the step-action table.
Chapter 25, Security management

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

FID 12860.8, 60WCPAM

This feature provides OA&M support for the a new high efficiency power amplifier
module in the cellular band. The 60WCPAM supports up to 3 CDMA carriers
(maximum capacity of 60 W) as compared to the existing C2PAM which only supports
up to 2 CDMA carriers (maximum capacity of 40 W). Updates can be found at:

Added 60WCPAM considerations for installation or replacement under the heading,


60WCPAM installation/replacement considerations (FID 12860.8) (p. 15-9), in
Replace the TxAMP (p. 15-7).

Added 60WCPAM to the Alarm reporting summary table for 9224


Sub-Compact/EN inTable 10-1, 9224 Sub-Compact/EN system alarm reporting
(p. 10-3)
Added 60WCPAM to the Alarm reporting summary table for 9216/9226 Compact
in Table 7-1, 9216/9226 Compact system alarm reporting (p. 7-3)

FID 14152.0, OMC-RAN Remote Maintenance Tool Interface

This feature allows the existing Personal Computer (PC) client based Remote
Maintenance Tool (RMT) application to be launched from the OMC-RAN GUI. The
RMT is a portable PC-based network management tool that is used to configure and
install CDMA cells. This feature provides an On-Line RMT connection via the
OMC-RAN and can be useful to verify/inspect backplane parameters. Refer to the
9253/9254 OMC RAN OAM&P, 401-380-835 for further details and limitations.
Updates can be found at:

Levels of testing (p. 13-3)


Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0) (p. 13-24)

Open RMT connection wizard (p. 13-24) - updated procedure to clear


OMCPR00119307.

FID 13736.8, MMC Lifecycle Management - Delivery of MMCv2-APs

Updated as follows:

Added description of FID at ECPless MSC (p. 13-19). More detailed information
can be found in CDMA Network CDMA2000 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network
Overview, 401-610-102

Changed the term ECP to MSC throughout document, except for RC/V forms
and menus.
Added definition for ECPless MSC in the Glossary.

New Procedure

Added 9228 Macro Heat Exchanger cleaning procedures. Updates can be found at:

Procedure 24-3: Outdoor 9228 Macro front Heat Exchanger inspect and clean
(p. 24-14)

Procedure 24-4: Outdoor 9228 Macro rear Heat Exchanger inspect and clean
(p. 24-22)

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

General updates

Updates to improve usefulness of document:

Updated outline to bring base station information up a level.

FID 13019.6, Enhancements to RRHs

This feature provides functionality to configurations with daisy-chained RRHs. Updates


can be found at:

Provide new RRHEQP form

Support a maximum of 6 RRHs per cell

Provide RRH with user defined alarms on OMC-RAN/ORCA


Updated Procedure 28-1: RC/V database updates (p. 28-3) as follows:

Insert cmodeqp form (p. 28-6), Step 14


Added Insert rrheqp form (p. 28-10)

Updated Procedure 29-1: Degrow a base station (p. 29-2) as follows:

Added Step 5

Added OCM-II alarms (p. 6-10) to Chapter 6, 9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228


Macro HD, and 9228 Macro LP alarm information
Added OCM-II alarms (p. 8-7) to Chapter 8, 9222 Micro/Micro Distributed
alarm information

Added OCM-II alarms (p. 11-7) to Chapter 11, 9234 d2U Distributed alarm
information

OMCPR00119307

Updated Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0) (p. 13-24) as
follows:

Open RMT connection wizard (p. 13-24)

Disconnect RMT and teardown ssh tunnel (p. 13-26)

Intended audience

The intended audience for this document consists of base station technicians.
Supported systems

This document supports the CDMA base stations listed in the following table.
Alcatel-Lucent has changed the name of products within the CDMA portfolio. The use
of any of these names in this document refer to the same product and functionality.

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 1

Document and product name changes

New Doc
Name

Old Doc Name

Old Naming
Convention

New Naming
Convention

Abbreviated Name

AlcatelLucent Base
Stations
Macro 9218,
9228, 9228
LP, 9228
HD, and
9228
Distributed
System
Description,
401-703-486

Alcatel-Lucent
CDMA
Modular Cell
4.0/4.0B Series
and BTS 8420
System
Description

Modular Cell 4.0

9218 Base Station


Macro

9218 Macro

Modular Cell 4.0


High Density

9218 Base Station


Macro HD

9218 Macro HD

Modular Cell
4.0B

9228 Base Station


Macro

9228 Macro

Modular Cell
4.0B High
Density

9228 Base Station


Macro HD

9228 Macro HD

Base Station BTS


8420

9228 Base Station


Macro LP

9228 Macro LP

Base Station BTS


8430

9228 Base Station


Macro Distributed

9228 Macro
Distributed

Base Station
2400

9222 Base Station


Micro

9222 Micro

Base Station
2430

9222 Base Station


Micro Distributed

9222 Micro
Distributed

Base Station
4400

9224 Base Station


Sub-Compact

9224 Sub-Compact

Base Station
4401

9224 Base Station


Sub-Compact EN

9224 Sub-Compact
EN

AlcatelLucent 9222
and 9222
Base Stations
Micro
Distributed
(formerly
AlcatelLucent
CDMA Base
Station 2400)
System
Description,
401-703-487

Alcatel-Lucent
CDMA Base
Station 2400
Series System
Description

AlcatelLucent 9224
Base Station
Sub-Compact
/ EN System
Description,
401-703-488

Alcatel-Lucent
CDMA Base
Station 4400
Series System
Description

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About this document


....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 1

Document and product name changes

(continued)

New Doc
Name

Old Doc Name

Old Naming
Convention

New Naming
Convention

Abbreviated Name

AlcatelLucent
9216/9226
Base Station
Compact
Series
(formerly
Modular Cell
4.0/4.0B
Compact
Series)
System
Description,
401-703-489

Alcatel-Lucent
CDMA
Modular Cell
4.0/4.0B
Compact Series
System
Description

Modular Cell 4.0


Compact

9216 Base Station


Compact

9216 Compact

Modular Cell 4.0


LX

9216 Base Station


Compact LX

9216 Compact LX

Modular Cell 4.0


Compact RU/BU

9216 Base Station


Compact Distributed

9216 Compact
Distributed

Modular Cell
4.0B Compact

9226 Base Station


Compact

9226 Compact

9234 Base
Station d2U
Distributed
System
Description,
401-703-509

NA

Base Station
3430

9234 Base Station d2U


Distributed

9234 d2U
Distributed

How to use this document

This document is divided into the following chapters:

About this document describes the intended use and structure of the document.
Part I: Types of maintenance describes the different types of maintenance used to
maintain the base stations.
Part II: Fault detection, isolation, and recovery describes the fault detection,
isolation, and recovery of the cell.
Part III: Replace and repair components provides instruction on how to replace
components in the base station.
Part IV: Configuration management provides configuration management
procedures for growth degrowth and software updates.
Appendix A, Product conformance statements provides product conformance
statements.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Safety information

For your safety, this document contains safety statements. Safety statements are given
at points where risks of damage to personnel, equipment, and operation may exist.
Failure to follow the directions in a safety statement may result in serious
consequences.
Conventions used

The following conventions are used in this document:


Illustrations

The illustrations shown in this information product are schematics. They do not contain
all details and exceptions, but are rather intended to highlight main points. Dimensions
are shown in millimeters with inches in parenthesis. As an example, 680.0 (26.77)
equals 680 millimeters (mm) or 26.77 inches. Tolerances shall be held to 1.52 (0.06)
and are not cumulative.
Standard cross-sections and wire diameters of round copper conductors

The following table is from CEI/IEC 60947-1:2004, Table 1, Standard cross-sections of


round copper conductors and approximate relationship between mm 2 and AWG/kcmil
sizes for reference. Additional wire sizes are included in this information product as
appropriate for the topic.
Table 2

Wire sizes

ISO rated cross-sectional area (mm2)

AWG/kcmil size

0.2

24

0.34

22

0.5

20

0.75

18

1.5

16

2.5

14

12

10

10

16

25

35

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Table 2

Wire sizes

(continued)

ISO rated cross-sectional area (mm2)

AWG/kcmil size

50

0 (1/0)

70

00 (2/0)

95

000 (3/0)

0000 (4/0)

120

250 kcmil

150

300 kcmil

185

350 kcmil

400 kcmil

240

500 kcmil

300

600 kcmil

NOTE: The dash, when it appears, counts as a size when considering connecting
capacity (see 7.1.7.2 in the standard).

Related documentation

Base station personnel must have the appropriate reference material, and all applicable
local, regional and national code documentation.
A password-protected web site is available where customers can obtain the most recent
information about Mobility products. That web site is the documentation download
area of the Alcatel-Lucent customer support web site. You can access that site at the
following URL: http://support.alcatel-lucent.com
Alcatel-Lucent documents

Base station personnel should have access to the following Alcatel-Lucent documents:

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Documentation DVD, 401-010-005

Alcatel-Lucent 9253/9254 Operations and Maintenance Center - Radio Access


Network (Alcatel-Lucent 9253/9254 OMC-RAN) Operations, Administration,
Maintenance, and Provisioning, 401-380-835, hereafter referred to as 9253/9254
OMC RAN OAM&P, 401-380-835
Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Database Update Manual, 401-610-036

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Input Messages, 401-610-055

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Output Messages, 401-610-057


CDMA Network CDMA2000 3G1X and 1xEV-DO Network Overview, 401-610-102

CDMA Network Recommended Spare Parts and Sparing Strategies, 401-610-120

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Status Display Pages (SDPs) Reference Guide,


401-610-166

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA2000 Wireless Networks CMU-IVB Optional Feature


Description, 401-612-857

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network CDMA Modem Unit - V (CMU-V) Channel Card


and Related Features Optional Feature Description, 401-612-896

Flexent /AUTOPLEX Wireless Networks Cell Site Diagnostic Test Descriptions,


401-660-101

AUTOPLEX Series II Modular Linear Amplifier Circuit Maintenance Procedures,


401-660-125

Alcatel-Lucent 9256 Operations and Management Platform (OMP) Operations,


Administration, and Maintenance, 401-662-108

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Centralized Security Management Security


Administration Guide, 401-662-112

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network RRL and RBAC Feature Description, 401-662-119

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact Distributed,


9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN, 9218/9228
Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437
CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9218/9228 Macro HD and 9228 Macro
MCPA, 401-703-438
CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for Modcell 1.0/2.0/3.0, Microcell, and
CDBS, 401-703-439
Alcatel-Lucent Base Stations Macro 9218, 9228, 9228 LP, 9228 HD, and 9228
Distributed System Description, 401-703-486
Alcatel-Lucent 9222 and 9222 Base Stations Micro Distributed (formerly AlcatelLucent CDMA Base Station 2400) System Description, 401-703-487

Alcatel- Lucent 9224 Base Station Sub-Compact / EN System Description,


401-703-488

Alcatel- Lucent 9216/9226 Base Station Compact Series (formerly Modular Cell
4.0/4.0B Compact Series) System Description, 401-703-489

9234 Base Station d2U Distributed System Description, 401-703-509


CDMA Backhaul Networks, IP Backhaul and Ethernet Backhaul, 401-710-090

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Radio Cluster Server Operations, Administration,


and Maintenance, 401-710-102

Alcatel-Lucent 9290 Mobility Manager Application Processor Cluster Operations,


Administration, and Maintenance, 401-710-201

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Related training

The following training is referred to in this document:

CDMA Modular Cell Description, Operation and Maintenance, CL5690

To obtain technical support, documentation, and training or submit feedback

The Online Customer Support (OLCS) web site, http://support.alcatel-lucent.com,


provides access to technical support, related documentation, related training, and
feedback tools. The site also provides account registration for new users.
How to comment

To comment on this document, go to the Online Comment Form (http://www.


lucent-info.com/comments/enus/) or e-mail your comments to the Comments Hotline
(comments@alcatel-lucent.com).

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Part I: Types of maintenance

Overview
Purpose

At the end of this chapter, readers will be able to do the following:

Describe the types of maintenance.

Prepare to perform cell site maintenance.


Perform cell site preventive maintenance.

Contents
Chapter 1, Operation and maintenance overview

1-1

Chapter 2, Before beginning maintenance

2-1

Chapter 3, Preventive maintenance

3-1

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1 peration and
O
maintenance overview

Overview
Purpose

This chapter is designed to enable base station technicians to perform the tasks
necessary to ensure sustained and continued service from base stations.
Maintenance types

Maintenance activities can be classified into one of three categories:

Preventive (or routine) maintenance, which includes activities necessary to prevent


cell malfunction

Corrective maintenance, which includes activities that take place to correct a cell
malfunction

On-demand maintenance, which includes optional activities (such as the upgrade of


cell generic) that are aimed at improving cell operation in the absence of cell
malfunction

Excluding housekeeping tasks (leaf and snow removal, cleaning of filters, etc.), most
of the preventive maintenance, such as routine diagnostics, can be done from the MSC.
The operation and maintenance concept

Operation and maintenance can be defined as the set of tasks that must be performed
by individuals responsible for the continued operation of the various base stations.
Depending on the circumstances, operation and maintenance tasks may be performed:

Routinely, to ensure that the base station is operating according to specifications

Correctively, to respond to a base station malfunction

On demand, to improve upon the base station operating condition

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Operation and maintenance overview

Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Contents
Structure of safety statements

1-3

Operation versus maintenance

1-5

Maintenance process

1-7

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Operation and maintenance overview

Structure of safety statements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Structure of safety statements


Overview

Safety statements describe the safety risks relevant while performing tasks on
Alcatel-Lucent products during deployment and/or use. Failure to avoid the hazards
may have serious consequences.
General structure

Safety statements include the following structural elements:

D
CAUTION
Lifting hazard

Lifting this equipment by yourself can result in injury


due to the size and weight of the equipment.
Always use three people or a lifting device to transport
and position this equipment.
[ABC123]

F
G
H

Item

Structure element

Purpose

Safety alert symbol

Indicates the potential for personal injury


(optional)

Safety symbol

Indicates hazard type (optional)

Signal word

Indicates the severity of the hazard

Hazard type

Describes the source of the risk of damage


or injury

Safety message

Consequences if protective measures fail

Avoidance message

Protective measures to take to avoid the


hazard

Identifier

The reference ID of the safety statement


(optional)

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Operation and maintenance overview

Structure of safety statements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Signal words

The signal words identify the hazard severity levels as follows:


Signal word

Meaning

DANGER

Indicates an extremely hazardous situation which, if not avoided,


will result in death or serious injury.

WARNING

Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could


result in death or serious injury.

CAUTION

Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could


result in minor or moderate injury.

NOTICE

Indicates a hazardous situation not related to personal injury.

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Operation and maintenance overview

Operation versus maintenance

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Operation versus maintenance


Perspective

Operation, administration, and maintenance involve overlapping activities with a


common goal of maximizing base station availability and performance. These three
functions correspond to different perspectives:

Operation includes the activities necessary to operate the cell site when conditions
are stable and there are no failures in the cell site. Initialization, measurements, and
overload control are aspects of operation.

Administration includes the activities necessary to accommodate changes in the


environment. Translations and software downloads, which allow the cell site to
adjust to changes in the environment, are aspects of administration.
Maintenance includes the activities to identify failures and to restore service if
there are failures. Alarms, tests, fault localization, management of equipment states,
and recovery are all aspects of maintenance.

The distinction is important in cases of conflicting requirements, such as routine


maintenance that conflicts with operational staff availability.
Management issues

Operation essentially involves user issues, such as selection of personnel or records


retention practices.
Maintenance involves contractual issues, such as risks of loss of warranties if
recommended practices are not followed.
A successful maintenance program will optimize the operational costs of maintenance.
Logistics issues

One way to keep maintenance costs down is to optimize maintenance logistics.


Examples of where logistics can be optimized are as follows:

Balancing maintenance workload between the MSC and the base station
Pooling of test equipment

Reasons for maintenance

The purpose of maintenance is to minimize the possibility and effects of a system


failure. To support that purpose, the maintenance process must be able, in the event of
a system failure, to collect information as to its cause, and to provide the tools
necessary to correct the situation.

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Operation and maintenance overview

Operation versus maintenance

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Objectives

The objective of the maintenance process is to maximize system performance and


availability at the lowest cost possible. Costs can be reduced by eliminating
initialization, diagnostics, and cell site visits.

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Operation and maintenance overview

Maintenance process

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance process
Maintenance activities/maintenance levels

There are three different types of maintenance, each with specific concerns:

Preventive (or routine) maintenance is concerned with tasks that will reduce the
probability of failure. Examples of such tasks are the cleaning of the base station
and the monitoring of its performance.

Corrective maintenance is concerned with the speedy elimination of a cause or


potential source of failure. An example of corrective maintenance is the
replacement of failing circuit boards.

On-demand maintenance is concerned with tasks that are performed on a base


station , even though the base station is still operating properly. An example of
on-demand maintenance is the addition of capacity.

Responsibilities

Responsibilities for maintenance are shared between the following:

The cell site that reports any base station malfunction to the RCS
The RCS that analyzes and attempts to correct these malfunctions through software

The base station technician who performs any required physical intervention.

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2 efore beginning
B
maintenance

Overview
Purpose

Preventive maintenance may identify potential sources of base station failure before
they interfere with service. For instance, preventive maintenance may locate a failing
board in a redundant unit, and thus allow its timely replacement.
Corrective maintenance concerns the detection of failing units while in service.
Procedures to remedy a failing unit, whether it has been diagnosed as part of
preventive or corrective maintenance, are the same once the cause of failure has been
identified.
Levels of corrective maintenance

Corrective maintenance is event-driven and is usually triggered by an alarm, or by


visual observation of physical damage to the cell or the cell site in the following
levels:

MSC-level corrective maintenance includes maintenance actions that do not require


technician intervention at the cell. These actions are software-initiated, such as
through a restore command to reset the cell after an outage.
Base station-level of maintenance requires physical intervention at the cell site.
Base station-level maintenance usually corresponds to the need to replace a base
station component.
Advanced level of maintenance corresponds to situations where corrective actions
require expert assistance. An example of such a situation would be the replacement
of components destroyed by lightning.

Contents
Test equipment maintenance

2-3

Precautionary steps

2-4

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Before beginning maintenance

Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Required maintenance equipment

2-5

Before beginning trouble-clearing procedures

2-6

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Before beginning maintenance

Test equipment maintenance

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Test equipment maintenance


Overview

Test equipment must be maintained to ensure that its outputs are meaningful.
Equipment maintenance checks

The components that need to be maintained are cables and probes, as well as
calibration devices, such as attenuators. Equipment maintenance should be performed
according to manufacturers specifications, using up-to-date software.

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Before beginning maintenance

Precautionary steps

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Precautionary steps
Overview

Proper electrostatic discharge (ESD) practices must be followed whenever handling


circuit packs or working inside a base station cabinet.
Other precautions

Whenever handling cables and connections:

Avoid sharp bends.

Follow required procedures for the handling of connections, especially those


requiring the use of torque wrenches.

Live RF cables

DANGER

Never disconnect a live RF cable or apply power to an RF unit that is in a transmit


mode.

Handling circuit packs

Follow the ESD procedures listed in AUTOPLEX Series II Modular Linear Amplifier
Circuit Maintenance Procedures, 401-660-125. That information can also be found in
Alcatel-Lucent CD-ROM documentation by searching for the term esd.
When handling equipment or working in the backplane area, a grounded antistatic wrist
strap must be worn to protect the equipment from ESD. The following guidelines
should be used when handling circuit packs:

Turn off power before inserting or removing a circuit pack only if directions
require it.
Carry the circuit pack in its electrostatic bag and other packing materials to the
replacement site before removing it from packaging.
Before replacing a circuit pack, check the identification code to ensure the proper
board is being used.
Identify and count circuit packs before removing them from their antistatic
packaging material.

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2-4

Before beginning maintenance

Required maintenance equipment

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Required maintenance equipment


Overview

Equipment required for maintenance:

Radio and control equipment

Power measurement equipment


Building and site maintenance equipment

Radio and control equipment

Radio and control equipment includes frequency generators and analyzers (test sets),
and calibrated connectors and cables.
Power measurement equipment

Test sets can be used to measure and analyze RF power. In addition, equipment such as
multimeters should be available to check the operation of AC and DC components.
Building and site maintenance equipment

To maintain the base station site, it is usually necessary to have tools and equipment
for general maintenance work available at the site.

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Before beginning maintenance

Before beginning trouble-clearing procedures

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Before beginning trouble-clearing procedures


Before performing the procedures

To expedite diagnostics, technicians should verify that the following items are readily
available:

Base station configuration records that provide the history of installed components
and software

Base station maintenance records that provide a history of earlier failures and
corrective actions

Required maintenance equipment, including ESD protection.

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2-6

Preventive maintenance
3

Overview
Purpose

This chapter covers a suggested preventive maintenance schedule and record keeping
practices.
Contents
Preventive maintenance schedule

3-2

Maintenance records

3-3

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Preventive maintenance

Preventive maintenance schedule

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preventive maintenance schedule


Sample preventive maintenance schedules

Shown below are some suggestions for preventive maintenance checks on base
stations.

Typical Preventive Maintenance Schedule


PREVENTIVE CHECK

INTERVAL

Site condition

Each visit or 3 months

Frame

Each visit or 3 months

- Cabling
- Weather seals
- Alarm LEDs
- Electrical power levels
- Ventilation (cooling fins and, if equipped, cooling fans)
FCC Measurements
Antenna Sweeps

Every 6 months

Fresh Air Filter

See Replacement of Fresh


Air Filter Section

VLRA Battery Maintenance

Every 6 months

Preventive base station site maintenance

Some of the preventive maintenance tasks that are performed outside a base station are
often out sourced. These tasks include the following:

Visual inspection of antennas, groundings, and other equipment, to identify and


remedy potential sources of hazards

Maintenance of the site, such as snow removal, and trimming of shrubs


Drive testing is performed on a periodic basis to meet regulatory requirements and
to identify progressive degradation of performance. It involves measuring and
comparing wireless signals to original specifications.

Preventive base station equipment maintenance

Preventive base station equipment maintenance tasks include the following:

Inspection of frame hardware to verify its proper functioning

Automatic software diagnostics to identify failing units (such diagnostics are


scheduled to minimize impact on service)

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3-2

Preventive maintenance

Maintenance records

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance records
Need for maintenance Records

Maintenance records keep a history of maintenance activities. Maintenance records are


necessary to document base station operation, and to facilitate the performance of any
required corrective actions.
Types of maintenance records

Typical records would include the following:

Dates of maintenance visits to the base station


Description of maintenance tasks performed

Repair and performance logs, such as performance measurements

Reference documents (such as base station installation and engineering diagrams)


Up-to-date base station configuration data (for example, software release)

Guidelines for maintenance of records

Maintenance records should be kept at the base station site for use by maintenance
personnel and for audit purposes. Maintenance records should be neatly organized in
folders, with drawings and logs kept in an organized format to ensure their long-term
availability.

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Part II: Fault detection, isolation,


and recovery

Overview
Purpose

The purpose of this chapter is to provide an introduction to the principles and tools
used for cell site diagnostics. This chapter, enables the reader to do the following:

Recognize the types of alarms and what they signify.

Identify the characteristics of the different types of diagnostic tests.


Identify the MSC-based diagnostic sequence.

Description

Corrective maintenance procedures are based upon alarm indications and diagnostic
test results. Alarm indications, in most instances, are generated by dedicated monitoring
circuits. These circuits provide identification of trouble and indications of faulty or
suspect units. Diagnostic test results are generated by software test routines run on a
functional circuit block. In most instances, the results identify faults to one or more
suspected units within a functional area.
Contents
Chapter 4, Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

4-1

Chapter 5, Alarms

5-1

Chapter 6, 9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro LP


alarm information

6-1

Chapter 7, 9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216 Compact


Distributed alarm information

7-1

Chapter 8, 9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

8-1

Chapter 9, 9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

9-1

Chapter 10, 9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

10-1

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Fault detection, isolation, and recovery

Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Chapter 11, 9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

11-1

Chapter 12, CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

12-1

Chapter 13, Diagnostic tests

13-1

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II-2

4 ell site fault detection


C
and recovery tools

Overview
Purpose

This chapter contains descriptions of the detection and automatic recovery tools that
restore the system when faults occur.
Sources of errors

Sources of errors that will require corrective action are as follows:

Hardware errors due to, for instance, a faulty microprocessor or a synthesizer out
of lock. These errors are detected by on-board self tests and monitoring.

Software errors due to, for instance, loss of program control

Voice channel errors, such as access/failure rates


Mobile errors due to, for instance, poor transmission conditions

Software detection of audit errors

Contents
Base station maintenance features

4-2

Hardware error handling strategy

4-3

Fault detection mechanisms for manual recovery

4-5

Drive testing

4-6

Performance measurements

4-7

Overload control

4-8

Remote T1/E1 monitoring

4-9

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Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Base station maintenance features

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Base station maintenance features


Configuration management

There are various tools used to maintain the system configuration.


Non-volatile Memory (NVM) update and the download of new software generics

Selective initialization and configuration of hardware


Configuration of facilities

Technology-specific parameter setting

RF engineering parameters
Base station self-inventory of hardware and firmware components.

Fault management

The technician needs a knowledge of and access to tools to isolate faults and return the
system components to service.

Diagnostics -- Routine and on-demand

Equip and unequip hardware


Remove/restore hardware from operation

Display status of hardware

Board-Level Self Test (BLST) and reporting of results to a controlling subsystem


Alarms

Status display and monitoring

Recovery procedure (simple failures: amplifiers, etc.)


Fault detection and isolation (low-level diagnostics of maintenance objects)

Facilities interface fault management and recovery

Overload detection/control
CFR (FCC) testing.

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4-2

Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Hardware error handling strategy

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Hardware error handling strategy


Alarm management

There are two subsystems (HEH and Alarm Scanning) responsible for handling error
conditions in the base station cells. This philosophy is consistent with the
implementation of previous platforms including Alcatel-Lucent CDMA and Series II.
This CDMA base station OA&M document supports the following 3 types of alarms:
1. Frame alarm: This includes cell site door open alarm, fan alarm, CPC alarms etc.
2. User defined alarm: The software supports defined alarms. These are provided for
the service providers to report alarms for the non-base station alarms. The alarm is
a 2-lead current loops where a closed circuit may indicate a normal circuit and a
open circuit may indicate an alarm. The user alarm sense can be inverted by
software through RC/V.
3. In Release 24.0 or higher, the base stations support hardware errors on all shared
equipment, shared radios, TDU, CTU, TxAMP, and RxAMP alarms.
Hardware errors

All of the errors are analyzed by the Hardware Error Handler (HEH) at the RCS.
Depending upon the severity of the error, HEH either takes immediate recovery action
through the Maintenance Request Administrator, waits until the error has occurred a
predefined number of times before taking action, or only prints an error report.
HEH performs the following types of error analysis:

Immediate action

All tests pass (ATP) analysis


Single time-period analysis

Fail/Pass analysis

Leaky bucket analysis

Immediate action

For severe errors that are service-affecting, such as loss of communication between the
RCS and the cell, HEH takes immediate action. For on-board hardware errors, HEH
will request a conditional restore of the suspect unit.
The conditional restore maintenance action schedules an event or process to restore the
suspect unit after the unit passes a diagnostic test. If the unit fails the diagnostic test,
the conditional restore aborts. The failed unit remains in the out-of-service state.

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Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Hardware error handling strategy

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

All tests pass (ATP) analysis

For an HEH-initiated conditional restore request, if the unit passes all diagnostic tests,
the unit is restored to service. HEH then adds a count to an ATP counter for the unit. If
that count exceeds an assigned threshold within a predefined time period (typically
three in 40 minutes, or five in 24 hours), HEH will request an unconditional remove of
the unit (the diagnostic tests for the unit may not be robust enough to detect the
problem, or the problem is external to the unit). This type of error analysis prevents a
recovery cycle that might otherwise continue indefinitely.
Single time-period analysis

Single time-period analysis refers to the use of error counters assigned to each
hardware unit (URC, CMU, UCR, and so on). If an error count for a unit remains
below a predefined threshold for a specific period of time, HEH clears the counter.
This type of error analysis is based on the theory that if a unit has remained reliable
for an extended period of time, its error history should be disregarded.
Fail/pass analysis

HEH performs the fail/pass type of error analysis on call-processing-detected errors,


such as voice channel confirmation failures. When the number of failures exceeds
some predefined value relative to the number of successful attempts (such as 2400
failures in 4000 attempts), HEH takes recovery action.
Leaky bucket analysis

Leaky bucket analysis refers to the decrements of non-zero error counters for the
configurable hardware units. The decrements are done at set time intervals. This
technique is more flexible than a simple analysis based on the number of errors in a
single fixed period of time. That is, the count increments each time the error being
tracked occurs on the circuit involved. If a specified number of errors have
accumulated in a specific amount of time, the circuit is usually taken out-of-service. If
the error has not occurred in a given amount of time, the count decrements. If the
count reaches zero, the error block is released.

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4-4

Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Fault detection mechanisms for manual recovery

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fault detection mechanisms for manual recovery


Trouble indicators

There are various sources from which a technician can learn about the health of the
base station. Those sources include:

Alarms

Cell site diagnostic software


System performance measurements

Subscriber complaints

Drive testing

Fault isolation process

The fault isolation process follows a systematic top-down path with decision points
designed to identify likely causes of failure through a process of elimination. Unlike
the individual diagnostic functions that target a specific Field Replaceable Unit (FRU),
the fault isolation process is performed automatically by the system, or under the
control of the RMT (direct or OMC-RAN) to isolate a faulty FRU.

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Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Drive testing

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Drive testing
Overview

Drive testing equates to driving a motor vehicle (complete with mobile transceiver) in
a specific area of coverage while attempting to complete or monitor mobile calls. Drive
testing is a performance analysis activity that may be used to find service-affecting
problems. Drive testing an entire cellular system to find problems is very effective at
directly assessing system performance. However, it is very time consuming and
expensive. Therefore, system-level drive testing is not normally performed, except after
a retune or major configuration change.
Drive testing may be performed using a normal mobile or a test mobile. The test
mobile is virtually identical to a normal mobile but has incorporated an automatic
answer and the ability to loop back the line to the cell site. It can also check RF
propagation because the test receiver measures the cell site RF off-air.
Trouble isolation

For a system fault involving the cell site, it is important to determine whether the fault
is from the 5ESS Switch, the transmission link, the site controller, or the RF. The test
mobile is an important tool used to differentiate between these categories.

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4-6

Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Performance measurements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Performance measurements
Overview

Measurements are unique in that they can be used to identify cell-site-related faults
that may not be detected by the base station and the RCS. Such faults could include
call processing coverage problems, or hardware units with partial performance
degradation. For example, catastrophic and severe failures will be detected by the base
station and the RCS, but less severe service-affecting failures may escape detection.
Examples of performance degradation

The following problems can cause reduced radiated power (and therefore, reduced
coverage) without detection:

Damaged antenna
Partial lightning damage to antenna/cable

Damaged feeder

Damaged, faulty, or waterlogged connectors

New (since the base station installation) buildings, foliage growth, and other
obstructions

Types

There are four types of measurements collected by the RCS and reported to the MSC:

Service measurements
Plant measurements

Voice channel selection activity (VCSA) measurements

Power-level measurements

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Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Overload control

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Overload control
Traffic overload control

When RCS is informed that a URC is in overload (URC Processor Occupancy is above
the threshold), RCS does the following:
1. Routine diagnostic tests on subordinate units are skipped
2. Functional tests on the overload URC are skipped
3. VCSA activity is not sent
4. All the PLM measurements are not sent.

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4-8

Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Remote T1/E1 monitoring

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remote T1/E1 monitoring


Overview

In order to offer service providers operators the capability to monitor the status of the
T1/E1 facilities to better assist in the isolation of faults in the span in case of an
ensuing T1/E1 outage, this feature allows for the monitoring and collection of error
conditions. The data provided by these alarms before the T1/E1 outage can help make
a better determination on which section of the span the fault may have occurred.
This feature monitors and collects certain error conditions that occurred in the T1/E1
lines. Alarms are generated for key error conditions that exceed pre-defined thresholds.
These error conditions are as follows:
1. Collect and report:

Frame errors
Bipolar Violations (BPV) errors

CRC 6 errors for T1 and CRC 4 errors for E1.


Note that during a T1/E1 outage when all signaling links are down,
communications between the MSC and the cell are lost, hence removing all
possibilities to diagnose the cell remotely from the Switching Center. The data
provided by these alarms before the T1/E1 outage can help make a better
determination on which section of the span the fault may have occurred. For
example, in cases where all fault indications point to the line and not the cell, only
a call to the Local Exchange Carrier (LEC) to check the line may be necessary and
not a cell site visit.
2. Provide Service Measurements for Packet Pipe Call Usage (PPCU) for short
durations. This feature will give the customer the ability to better manage the BTS
backhaul requirements, as well as a way to properly isolate a T1/E1 problem. Also
part of this feature ID is the capability of the 9218 Macro to provide to customers
the ability to monitor the Packet Pipe Occupancy in order to help them engineer
their packet pipes (PPs). The PP capacity is sampled for Voice calls, Packet Data
calls and Supplemental Channel (SCH) bursts and individual counts for the highest
peak and average capacities for each of these types of calls as well as an aggregate
count of all these call types are reported in Service Measurement.
3. The capability to query the Performance Monitoring (PM) Cumulative (15-minute)
Statistics from the Technician Interface is also provided.
Currently, the following DS1 Alarms exists and are reported to the SDP on DS1 icon
(2138 page):

Out-Of-Frame (OOF)

Alarm Indication Signal (AIS)

Loss of Signal (LOS)


Loss of Frame (LOF)

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Cell site fault detection and recovery tools

Remote T1/E1 monitoring

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remote Alarm Indicator (RAI)


Excessive Error Rate (EER) (Major)

Excessive Error Rate EER (Minor)

Controlled Slips (CS)

Two new minor alarms are being added to the above list: Bipolar violations (BPV) and
Excess zeros (EXZ) alarms. This helps isolate problems generally attributed to line
problems or physical links. The BTS collects several Performance Report
Measurements (PRMs) and statistics which is available for post-processing. Typically,
access to these measurements was available only via special purpose external
equipment. With this feature, a technician command allows performance statistics to be
reported to the ROP.
The Performance Report Measurements (PRMs) can be categorized as follows:
1. Instantaneous measurements and status: this includes the signal strength measured
by the BTS, the current alarm status and name of the alarms, if any.
2. Accumulated performance statistics over time: this is further broken down into 15
minute, 1 hour and 24 hour summaries. The technician commands will also allow
for clearing the PRMs collected. This will clear all the statistics (15 minute, 1 hour
and 24 hours).
There is a technician (TI) command to obtain Performance Report Measurement
(PRM) of DS1 statistics on, if equipped:

a specific DS1 on a CDM

There is four command options available for PRM summary data reporting:

Report 1: include only the current 15 minute and the aggregate 24 hour summary
data.
Report 2: include only the current and previous aggregate 1 hour data as well as 24
hour summary.

Report 3: include only the specified 1 hour (in the past 24 hours) data in 15 minute
increments and 24 hour aggregate summary.

Report 4: Current measured signal level, Current Alarm condition, Loop state.

Packet Pipe Occupancy

Also part of this feature is the capability of the 9218 Macro to provide to customers
the ability to monitor the Packet Pipe Occupancy in order to help them engineer their
packet pipes (PPs). The PP capacity is sampled for Voice calls, Packet Data calls and
Supplemental Channel (SCH) bursts and individual counts for the highest peak and
average capacities for each of these types of calls as well as an aggregate count of all
these call types are reported in Service Measurement. This feature is offered with any
backhaul mode supported on T1/E1, for example, FR, IP.

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4-10

Alarms
5

Overview
Purpose

This chapter contains general information about the function of alarms for the CDMA
base stations.
Contents
Alarm types

5-2

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Alarms

Alarm types

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm types
Alarm roles

Alarms are the first indication of cell site trouble. Alarms indicate one of the
following:

Hardware failure

User-defined condition

Alarm indications can be supplemented by other signs of failures, such as board level
self-test (BLST) error messages.
Alarm indications

The majority of alarm conditions reported to the MSC can be visually identified at the
cell site by observing equipment alarm indicators. Some alarm indications are latched
(that is, they remain until they are reported). Non-latched alarms may or may not
remain long enough to be read and reported.
Alarm severity

Alarms are also classified by level of severity/priority of required action:


1. Critical
2. Major
3. Minor
Alarm reporting

CDMA base station alarms are reported via the URC to the RCS and then to the MSC.
In addition, some alarms activate an LED display on the appropriate equipment.
The URC collects all frame and user alarms and sends them to the MSC.
Alarm scanning

The scanned alarms can be classified as follows:

Transmit and receive amplifier alarms

Frame alarms

User alarms

LED summary

All maintenance objects have a minimum of red and green LEDs. Upon power up all
FRUs turn on all LEDs. If BLST passes the unit turns off LEDs. If BLST fails it keeps
red LED on.
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5-2

Alarms

Alarm types

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

BLST

Upon passing all LEDs are turned-off except for the Green LED, which remains
illuminated while power is applied to the circuit pack/unit. The green LED might not
be on during BLST.

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6218/9228 Macro,
9
9218/9228 Macro HD, and
9228 Macro LP alarm
information

Overview
Purpose

This chapter presents alarm information that pertains to the 9218/9228 Macro,
9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro LP.
Contents
Alarm collection

6-3

CPC alarms

6-6

CTU and OM alarms

6-7

URC alarms

6-8

CMU alarms

6-9

OCM-II alarms

6-10

IOU alarms

6-11

Intrusion alarms

6-12

UCR alarms

6-13

TxAMP alarms

6-14

TDU alarms

6-18

Fan tray alarms

6-19

User alarms

6-20

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

6-25

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25 block for indoor


cabinet

6-31

User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218 Macro

6-37

Outdoor cabinet user alarm requirements

6-42

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LP alarm information

Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Outdoor cabinet user alarm cable connections (external and power)

6-46

Power alarms

6-49

Frame alarms

6-58

9218 Macro PowCom software

6-60

Procedure 6-1: Alarm testing

6-62

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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
Alarm collection

The following figure shows the alarm collection in the 9218/9228 Macro.

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LP alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm reporting

Most alarms are collected by the I2C with the exception of the following:

The CPC alarms connect directly to the URC via the I2C bus through the IOU and
the backplane.

The Input/Output Unit serves as a physical alarm collection point, as well as a


supplier of digital output signals. Since it is an alarm collection point, the IOU
proxy performs alarm monitoring.

The I2C serial bus is used to interconnect the URC(s), CPCs, TxAMPs and the IOU
for purposes of alarm collection, inventory control and other potential (future)
control/status reporting functions.

LNA over current and DC-DC converter alarms are reported via a discrete cable to
the TDU. The TDU passes the alarms by the I2C bus, through the FAC/FAC-D and
IOU to the URC(s). The TDU sets the appropriate bit(s) on its 16-bit I2C port
expander(s) to indicate the alarm condition, where they are reported to the URC.
The following devices report their alarms to the URC via the I2C bus with the
name of the alarm indicating the type of failure reported as follows:

Digital Shelf Fan Failure


Amplifier Shelf 1 Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 2 Fan Failure

Cabinet Intrusion Alarm


Heat Management System Overtemp

Primary frame heat management system fan alarm

Primary frame heat management system heat alarm


Heat Management System Undertemp

Heat Management System Controller Fail

Heat Management System Compressor Fail

Alarm reporting summary

System alarm reporting is summarized in the following table for the 9218/9228 Macro
and 9218/9228 Macro HD.
Table 6-1

9218/9228 Macro/Macro HD system alarm reporting

Type

Unit

Alarm Reporting Mechanism

RF

TxAMP

I 2C

TDU

ARCNET

LNA

Discrete connection to the TDU then to the


IOU and URC via I2C in backplane

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LP alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-1

9218/9228 Macro/Macro HD system alarm reporting

(continued)

Type

Unit

Alarm Reporting Mechanism

Digital

UCR

ARCNET

URC

Directly to RCS over facilities interface

CMU

IEEE-1394

CTU

ARCNET

OMR, OMQ

Parallel bus to CTU and then to URC(s) via


ARCNET

CPC

I 2C

Amplifier Shelf Fans

Cabled Frame alarm connection to IOU and


to URC via I2C; logically OR of each of all
fans in tray

Digital Shelf Fans

Cabled Frame alarm connection to IOU and


to URC via I2C; logically OR of each of all
fans in tray

Heat Management
System

Cabled Frame alarm connection to IOU and


to URC via I2C

External Power Cabinet

Collected via user alarm interface

Other

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LP alarm information

CPC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CPC alarms
CPC alarms

The frame alarm listed below is generated for the CPC.


Table 6-2

9218/9228 Macro CPC alarms

Alarm

Condition

CPC Failure

Reported back to RCS

CPC LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on each CPC.


Table 6-3
Label/color
FAIL-RED
RDY-GRN
(binary)

9218/9228 Macro CPC LED


Condition
Failure
Ready

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LP alarm information

CTU and OM alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CTU and OM alarms


CTU hardware errors

The CTU generates hardware errors on the peripheral bus due to these conditions:

GPS satellites cannot be traced

Satellite lock has been lost and flywheeling is in process


GPS receiver failure.

CTU LEDs

The LED indicators listed below are available for each CTU.
Table 6-4

9218/9228 Macro CTU LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

CTU failure

NVM (yellow)

Context-sensitive event in progress (for example, NVM


download)

RDY (green)

CTU enabled for generating clock signals, and the OM


and GPS are functional

OM FAIL (red)

OM failure

FLY EX (red)

CTU has exceeded the maximum flywheel time

LOCK GPS (green)

GPS unit is locked to the GPS satellite signal

OM LEDs

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the OM.


Table 6-5

9218/9228 Macro OM LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

RDY (green)

Ready, indicates that at least one of the six


analog clock outputs is active

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LP alarm information

URC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

URC alarms
URC LEDs

The URC provides the following LEDs to indicate status and alarms conditions:
Table 6-6

9218/9228 Macro URC LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Board failure

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

URC operational

L1 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L2 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L3 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L4 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

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6-8

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LP alarm information

CMU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CMU alarms
CMU LEDs

The three LED indicators listed below are available for the CMU.
Table 6-7

9218/9228 Macro CMU LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

The CMU has failed diagnostics, one or


more CEs have failed to initialize, or
another component has failed to initialize

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

The CCU is functioning properly and at


least one CE is enabled

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LP alarm information

OCM-II alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OCM-II alarms
OCM-II LEDs

The eight LED indicators listed in the following table are available on the OCM-II
faceplate.
Table 6-8

9228 Macro Distributed OCM-II LEDs

Label/color

Condition

STAT (red/green/yellow)

a unit status indicator (1 LED)

FL (red/green)

one port status indicator (pass/fail) for each CPRI port (3


LEDs)

SW (red/green)

one transmit state indicator per CPRI port switch (3 LEDs).

ETH (yellow)

Maintenance port status indicator (1 LED).

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6-10

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LP alarm information

IOU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

IOU alarms
IOU LED

One LED indicator listed below is available for the IOU.


Table 6-9

9218/9228 Macro IOU LEDs

Label/color

Condition

PWR ON (green)

Power is on

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Intrusion alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarms
Intrusion alarm

An intrusion alarm is generated when the door of an outdoor cell site is opened.

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LP alarm information

UCR alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

UCR alarms
UCR LEDs

The LEDs for the UCRs indicate these conditions on the 9218/9228 Macro.
Table 6-10

9218/9228 Macro UCR LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

FLT (yellow)

Fault (does not light up with NVM


download)

RDY (green)

Ready

Tx ON (green)

Transmit on

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LP alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP alarms
Overview

Amplifier (AMP) alarms indicate failures in the receive or transmit amplifiers.


Transmit amplifier (TxAMP) alarms indicate a failure condition in the transmit
amplifier that impacts call transmission capability.
Over-temperature alarm

The Over-temperature alarm is indicated when the amplifier baseplate exceeds a


threshold temperature. The TxAMP includes an internal thermal overload shutdown
circuit to prevent destruction due to lack of airflow from fan failure. Under this
condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged. This may be accomplished
by reducing the bias and switching off the input power. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating temperature, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance.
The alarm light flashes at a 1-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
RF overdrive alarm

The Overdrive alarm is triggered when the input power level exceeds +7.0 dBm 0.75
dB. The amplifier shall not be damaged by an input signal, which is up to a level of
+14 dBm (the continuous Non-damaging Input Power level). This condition can last
indefinitely. Under this condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged.
This may be accomplished by attenuating the input signal. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating input level, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance. The TxAMP amplifier generates an
overdrive alarm during this condition. The amplifier automatically recovers to the
normal mode when the input overdrive condition ceases to exist for at least a period of
4 seconds.
The alarm light flashes at a 1/2-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
Amplifier failure alarm

The Amplifier Failure alarm is triggered when internal monitor circuits within the
TxAMP detect that the drain current is out of operating range or the output power level
is too low. Alarm hysteresis is such that power glitches will not cause false alarms.
The LAM has two LEDs located on the front plate: one green and one red. The green
LED is illuminated when the LAM is powered on and no alarms are detected. The red
LED is illuminated when any LAM alarm is activated. A flashing RED LED indicates
a transient failure.

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LP alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP LEDs

The LEDs for the TxAMPs indicate these conditions.


Table 6-11

9218/9228 Macro TxAMP LEDs

Label/color

Condition

ALM (red)

Alarm flashes at different rate depending


on fault

ACT (green)

Active

TxAMP Alarms

The following table describes the MCPA TxAMP alarms for the 9218/9228 Macro.
Table 6-12
MCPA TxAMP Alarm

9218/9228 Macro TxAMP alarms

Definition

Name

TxAMP Critical
circuit Failure

Critical Circuit
Failure that disables
RF Output

Alarm Level/TxAMP LED

TxAMP Autonomous

Indication

Error Auto-Recovery

Critical (Red)

1.No Recovery
2. No Recovery

Possible Error
Conditions:
1. Output
Overpower Disables
MCPA immediately
if power is >+2 dB
over rated RF
Power.

System Response

1. RCS will RMV


Amplifier

3. Auto-recovery when
loop converges. MCPA
tries to auto recovery ten
times before shut down.
No auto-recovery after
shut down.

2. SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP shows
as OOS

Auto-recovery once
voltage is within range.
Shuts down if voltage
does not recover then
alarm is triggered

1. RCS will RMV


Amp

No auto-recovery after
shutdown

3. Manual RST to
place back into
service

3. Manual RST to
place back into
service

2. Automatic Power
Control Circuitry
Failure
APC is enabled
when output power
> 52.67 dBm
3. Loop fail
(Linearization
Alarm) Disables
MCPA if Loop
convergence fails
TxAMP Internal
Voltage Out of
Range

Alarm when
internal voltages
goes out of range

Critical (Red)

2. SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP shows
as OOS

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TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-12
MCPA TxAMP Alarm

9218/9228 Macro TxAMP alarms (continued)

Definition

Name

TxAMP High
Reverse Power

TxAMP shuts down


if Reverse Power is
detected at 49 dBm
for a duration of 1
minute

Alarm Level/TxAMP LED

TxAMP Autonomous

Indication

Error Auto-Recovery

LED flashes Red for 1


minute. If condition
remains an alarm is
triggered Critical (Red)

Validation period for 1


minute then amplifier
shuts down. No
auto-recovery after
shutdown

System Response

1. RCS will RMV


amp
2. SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP shows
as OOS
3. Manual RST to
place back into
service

TxAMP Input
Overdrive

rF drive is >-5 dBm

Major (Red)

Clamps power until input


decreases to -11.2 dBm

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

TxAMP High
Temperature

TxAMP sends a
message to sub-rack
indicating High
Temp condition

Minor (Red Flashing)

Warning goes away


when temp decreases to
+83 oC. Warning until
Temp increases past +85
C then goes over temp

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

TxAMP Over
Temperature

TxAMP shuts down


if temp sensor
threshold is
exceeded

Major (Red)

Shut down until temp


decreases to +85 oC

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

TxAMP Loss of
Communication

Loss of
communications
between Sub-rack
IM controller and
TxAMP

Major (Yellow)

Auto-recovery.
TxAMPs left in last state

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP report
indeterminate state
for TxAMPs

TxAMP DC Input
Power Fail

Exceeds maximum
voltage. Disables
MCPA immediately
if DC support
voltage > 30.5
VDC.

Major (Red)

Auto-recovery when
supply volage drops to <
+29.5 VDC

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

Auto-recovery whens
upply voltage increases
to > +22.4 VDC

or
Below minimum
voltage. Disables
MCPA immediately
if DC supply
voltage < +20.5
VDC
TxAMP RF
Degraded

RF power on but
degraded

Minor (Red Flashing)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

TxAMP Warm-up

TxAMP in
warm-up. Waits up
to 15 minutes

Minor (Red Flashing)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009

6-16

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-12
MCPA TxAMP Alarm

9218/9228 Macro TxAMP alarms (continued)

Definition

Name

Alarm Level/TxAMP LED

TxAMP Autonomous

Indication

Error Auto-Recovery

System Response

TxAMP Warm-up
Fail

TxAMP fails to
warm-up

Major (Red)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

TxAMP Switch Off

TxAMP Face Plate


Switch is set to
off

Major (Red)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
reports status

RxAMP Alarms

The following table shows the RxAMP Alarms for the 9218/9228 Macro.
Table 6-13

9218/9228 Macro RxAMP alarms

Alarm Name

Definition

Alarm
Level/LED

AutoRecovery

System
Response

RxAMP Fail
(LNA)

RxAMP
Hardware Failure

Major (Red)

No
Recovery

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
displays status

TTLNA Fail

TTLNA is
operating outside
DC current limit

Major (Red)

Change to
bypass
mode

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
displays status

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

TDU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TDU alarms
TDU LED

A bi-color LED indicator listed below is available on the TDU.


Table 6-14

9218/9228 Macro TDU LED

Label/color

Condition

red

Failure

green

Ready

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Fan tray alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms


Fan tray LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the fan trays.


Table 6-15

9218/9228 Macro fan tray LED

Label/color

Condition

GREEN

Normal

RED

Fault

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarms
Overview

User alarms are provided for use by the service provider to report cell site alarms that
are not triggered by the base station itself.
There are no user alarms for the 9218/9228 Macro HD.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.


User alarm description

User alarm points are external to the base station and their lines are surge-protected.
Since they connect to external equipment, these user alarms are electrically isolated
from the Radio Frequency Diagnostic Unit (RFDU) circuitry. They are two-lead current
loops where a closed circuit indicates a normal condition and an open circuit indicates
an alarm. The user alarm polarity can be inverted by software according to cell
translations.
The IOU does not provide any alarms of its own. Its main purpose is passing frame
alarms and user alarms to the URC(s) via the I2C bus.
User alarm routing

User alarm routing varies based on the configuration.


The following list shows alarm routing for 9218/9228 Macro.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarms are connected in the primary cabinet.


When the cell is . . .

then user alarms are connected . . .

outdoor

through the Facilities Interface Tray

an outdoor cell with


integrated power

internal to the cell to the Primary EFIM-12 J13G User Alarms


test connector

indoor

at the hatchplate on top of the cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009

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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarms are routed to the EFIT-12.


When the cell is ...

the user alarms are sent ...

outdoor

to a punchdown block then routed to the IOU

indoor

directly to the IOU. The Primary EFIM-12 is not needed (due


to UL requirements)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The IOU applies the user alarms to the I2C bus


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The I2C sends the user alarms to the URC.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

The URC sends the alarms over the T1/E1 lines to the switch.
Important! User alarms occur in the primary frame only, growth cabinets do not
support user alarms.

User alarm wiring codes

The following table shows the user alarm cable pair assignments for the 9218/9228
Macro.
Table 6-16

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable pair assignments

Pair No.

Colors
1

White-Blue

Blue-White

White-Orange

Orange-White

White-Green

Green-White

White-Brown

Brown-White

White-Slate

Slate-White

Red-Blue

Blue-Red

Red-Orange

Orange-Red

Red-Green

Green-Red

Red-Brown

Brown-Red

10

Red-Slate

Slate-Red

11

Black-Blue

Blue-Black

12

Black-Orange

Orange-Black

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-16

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable pair assignments (continued)

Pair No.

Colors
13

Black-Green

Green-Black

14

Black-Brown

Brown-Black

15

Black-Slate

Slate-Black

16

Yellow-Blue

Blue-Yellow

17

Yellow-Orange

Orange-Yellow

18

Yellow-Green

Green-Yellow

19

Yellow-Brown

Brown-Yellow

20

Yellow-Slate

Slate-Yellow

21

Violet-Blue

Blue-Violet

22

Violet-Orange

Orange-Violet

23

Violet-Green

Green-Violet

24

Violet-Brown

Brown-Violet

25

White-Blue

Blue-White

26

White-Orange

Orange-White

27

White-Green

Green-White

Primary frame user alarms description

Up to 34 (0-33) user alarms are connected to the primary frame of the 9218/9228
Macro. The alarms are routed through the IOU, for secondary lightning protection, and
then provided to the URC(s) via the I2C bus.
Table 6-17

9218/9228 Macro primary frame user alarms

User Alarm #

Punchdown Designator
(CPE)**

Description

Pair

Punchdown
block

01

J3

Power Major**

11

J3

Power Minor

21

J3

AC Failure

J3

Intrusion

J3

Batteries on
Discharge

51

J3

Fuse Alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-17

9218/9228 Macro primary frame user alarms (continued)

User Alarm #

Punchdown Designator
(CPE)**

Description

Pair

Punchdown
block

61

J3

Battery Disconnect

J3

Customer defined

J3

Customer defined

10

10

J3

Customer defined

11

11

J3

Customer defined

12

12

J3

Customer defined

13

13

J3

Customer defined

14

14

J3

Customer defined

15

15

J3

Customer defined

16

16

J4

Customer defined

17

17

J4

Customer defined

18

18

J4

Customer defined

19

19

J4

Customer defined

20

20

J4

Customer defined

21

21

J4

Customer defined

22

22

J4

Customer defined

23

23

J4

Customer defined

24

24

J4

Customer defined

25

25

J4

Customer defined

26

26

J4

Customer defined

27

27

J4

Customer defined

28

28

J4

Customer defined

29

29

J4

Customer defined

30

30

J4

Customer defined

30

30

J4

Customer defined

30

30

J4

Customer defined

30

30

J4

Customer defined

31

31

J4

Customer defined

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-17

9218/9228 Macro primary frame user alarms (continued)

User Alarm #

Punchdown Designator
(CPE)**

Description

Pair

Punchdown
block

32

32

J4

Customer defined

33

33

J4

Customer defined

Notes:

1.

Alarms 0 through 6 are reserved for an outdoor cabinet with integrated power.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements


Power alarms and user alarms capacity

The indoor 9218/9228 Macro provides capacity for 32 power and user alarms. Alarm 0
through alarm 6 are reserved for power alarms. Alarm 7 through alarm 31 are available
for customer-assignable user alarms (alarms 7 through 15 are not available if utilizing
the 3GP24i power cabinet).
Power alarm cabling is provided by power manufacture. User alarm cabling is provided
as part of site preparation.
General requirements

Each power alarm generated shall be provided by a set of isolated dry relay contacts.
An alarm state may be indicated by a closed circuit or an open circuit. If an
alarm condition is indicated by a closed circuit, the alarm contacts shall present a
contact closure when the alarm circuit fails or loses power. If an alarm condition is
indicated by an open circuit, the alarm contacts shall present an open circuit when
the alarm circuit fails or loses power. The resistance of a closed circuit shall be less
than 100 ohms. The resistance of an open circuit shall be greater than 1 megohms.
User Alarms for the indoor 9218 Macro cabinet

The following figure shows the location of the user alarms 0-15 for the indoor 9218
Macro without integrated power.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the user alarms 16-31 for the 9218 Macro without
integrated power.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction
Issue 19 June 2009

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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarms for the indoor 9228 Macro cabinet

The following figure shows the location of the user alarms 0-15 for the indoor 9228
Macro without integrated power.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
401-703-407
6-27
Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the user alarms 16-31 for the 9228 Macro without
integrated power.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
401-703-407
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction
Issue 19 June 2009

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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the User Alarms 16-31 for the 9228 Macro with integrated
power.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
401-703-407
6-29
Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

Indoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction
Issue 19 June 2009

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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25


block for indoor cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25 block


for indoor cabinet
User alarm cable termination at the Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25 punchdown block

The cables from the Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25 blocks terminate on 37 pin D-Sub
connectors that plug into the top of the indoor 9228 Macro, 9228 Macro IN, and 9228
Macro LP. External and power alarms are punched down on external 110 blocks.
The following user alarms are NOT used when the Integrated Power Shelf is equipped
on indoor 9228 Macro, 9228 Macro IN, and 9228 Macro LP cabinets: 3 (Intrusion
Alarm) and 5 (Fuse Alarm)
The user alarm cables are terminated on the Z-IDC or 110ANA punchdown block as
shown in the following table.
Table 6-18
Alarm
name
or
Cable
#

Alarm #

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable color code for Z-IDC or


110ANA1-25 blocks
Wire Color

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions for
9218 Macro
2

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions
for 9228
Macro 2

110ANA1-25
OSP
terminal
block pair
for 9218
Macro only

110ANA125 OSP
terminal
block pair
color code
for 9218
Macro
only

Power Alarms
Power
Major
(PMJ)

User 0 Alarm

Power
Minor
(PMN)

User 1 Alarm

AC
Fail
(ACF)

User 2 Alarm

User 3 Alarm
Power
Cabinet
Intrusion
(INTR)

White-Blue

5-1 upper

7-1 upper

1 Left

Blue

Blue-White

5-1 lower

7-1 lower

1 Right

Blue

WhiteOrange

5-2 upper

7-2 upper

2 Left

Orange

OrangeWhite

5-2 lower

7-2 lower

2 Right

Orange

White-Slate

5-3 upper

7-3 upper

3 Left

Green

Slate-White

5-3 lower

7-3 lower

3 Right

Green

Red-Blue

5-4 upper

7-4 upper

4 Left

Brown

Blue-Red

5-4 lower

7-4 lower

4 Right

Brown

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25


block for indoor cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-18
Alarm
name
or
Cable
#

Alarm #

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable color code for Z-IDC or


110ANA1-25 blocks (continued)
Wire Color

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions for
9218 Macro
2

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions
for 9228
Macro 2

110ANA1-25
OSP
terminal
block pair
for 9218
Macro only

110ANA125 OSP
terminal
block pair
color code
for 9218
Macro
only

Batteries User 4 Alarm


on
Discharge
(BD)

White-Green

5-5 upper

7-5 upper

5 Left

Grey

Green-White

5-5 lower

7-5 lower

5 Right

Grey

Fuse
Alarm

WhiteBrown

5-6 upper

7-6 upper

6 Left

Blue

BrownWhite

5-6 lower

7-6 lower

6 Right

Blue

WhiteBrown

5-7 upper

7-7 upper

7 Left

Orange

BrownWhite

5-7 lower

7-7 lower

7 Right

Orange

Red-Green

6-1 Upper (+)

8-1 Upper
(+)

8 Left

Green

Green-Red

6-1 Lower (-)

8-1 Lower
(-)

8 Right

Green

Red-Brown

6-2 Upper (+)

8-2 Upper
(+)

9 Left

Brown

Brown-Red

6-2 Lower

8-2 Lower

9 Right

Brown

Red-Slate

6-3 Upper (+)

8-3 Upper
(+)

10 Left

Grey

Slate-Red

6-3 Lower

8-3 Lower

10 Right

Grey

Black-Blue

6-4 Upper (+)

8-4 Upper
(+)

11 Left

Blue

Blue-Black

6-4 Lower

8-4 Lower

11 Right

Blue

User 5 Alarm

Batteries User 6 Alarm


on
Discharge
(BD) 2
Cable #1 (7-15)
User 7
Alarm

User 8
Alarm
User 9
Alarm
User 10
Alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25


block for indoor cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-18
Alarm
name
or
Cable
#

Alarm #

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable color code for Z-IDC or


110ANA1-25 blocks (continued)
Wire Color

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions for
9218 Macro
2

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions
for 9228
Macro 2

110ANA1-25
OSP
terminal
block pair
for 9218
Macro only

110ANA125 OSP
terminal
block pair
color code
for 9218
Macro
only

User 11
Alarm

User 12

BlackOrange

6-5 Upper (+)

8-5 Upper
(+)

12 Left

Orange

OrangeBlack

6-5 Lower

8-5 Lower

12 Right

Orange

Black-Green

6-6 Upper (+)

8-6 Upper
(+)

13 Left

Green

Green-Black

6-6 Lower

8-6 Lower

13 Right

Green

Black-Brown

6-7 Upper (+)

8-7 Upper
(+)

14 Left

Brown

Brown-Black

6-7 Lower

8-7 Lower

14 Right

Brown

Black-Slate

6-8 Upper (+)

8-8 Upper
(+)

15 Left

Grey

Slate-Black

6-8 Lower

8-8 Lower

15 Right

Grey

Yellow-Blue

6-9 Upper (+)

8-9 Upper
(+)

16 Left

Blue

Blue-Yellow

6-9 Lower

8-9 Lower

16 Right

Blue

White-Blue

8-1 Upper (+)

9-1 Upper
(+)

1 Left

Blue

Blue-White

8-1 Lower (-)

9-1 Lower
(-)

1 Right

Blue

WhiteOrange

8-2 Upper (+)

9-2 Upper
(+)

2 Left

Orange

OrangeWhite

8-2 Lower (-)

9-2 Lower
(-)

2 Right

Orange

Alarm
User 13
Alarm
User 14
Alarm
User 15
Alarm
Cable #2 (16-23)
User 16
Alarm

User 17
Alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25


block for indoor cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-18
Alarm
name
or
Cable
#

Alarm #

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable color code for Z-IDC or


110ANA1-25 blocks (continued)
Wire Color

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions for
9218 Macro
2

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions
for 9228
Macro 2

110ANA1-25
OSP
terminal
block pair
for 9218
Macro only

110ANA125 OSP
terminal
block pair
color code
for 9218
Macro
only

User 18

White-Green

8-3 Upper (+)

9-3 Upper
(+)

3 Left

Green

Green-White

8-3 Lower (-)

9-3 Lower
(-)

3 Right

Green

WhiteBrown

8-4 Upper (+)

9-4 Upper
(+)

4 Left

Brown

BrownWhite

8-4 Lower (-)

9-4 Lower
(-)

4 Right

Brown

White-Slate

8-5 Upper (+)

9-5 Upper
(+)

5 Left

Grey

Slate-White

8-5 Lower (-)

9-5 Lower
(-)

5 Right

Grey

Red-Blue

8-6 Upper (+)

9-6 Upper
(+)

6 Left

Blue

Blue-Red

8-6 Lower (-)

9-6 Lower
(-)

6 Right

Blue

Red-Orange

8-7 Upper (+)

9-7 Upper
(+)

7 Left

Orange

Orange-Red

8-7 Lower (-)

9-7 Lower
(-)

7 Right

Orange

Red-Green

8-8 Upper (+)

9-8 Upper
(+)

8 Left

Green

Green-Red

8-8 Lower (-)

9-8 Lower
(-)

8 Right

Green

Red-Brown

9-1 Upper (+)

10-1 Upper
(+)

9 Left

Brown

Brown-Red

9-1 Lower (-)

10-1 Lower
(-)

9 Right

Brown

Alarm

User 19
Alarm

User 20
Alarm

User 21
Alarm

User 22
Alarm

User 23
Alarm

Cable #2 (24-31)
User 24
Alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25


block for indoor cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-18
Alarm
name
or
Cable
#

Alarm #

9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable color code for Z-IDC or


110ANA1-25 blocks (continued)
Wire Color

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions for
9218 Macro
2

Z-IDC
punchdown
block
positions
for 9228
Macro 2

110ANA1-25
OSP
terminal
block pair
for 9218
Macro only

110ANA125 OSP
terminal
block pair
color code
for 9218
Macro
only

User 25

Red-Slate

9-2 Upper (+)

10-2 Upper
(+)

10 Left

Grey

Slate-Red

9-2 Lower (-)

10-2 Lower
(-)

10 Right

Grey

Black-Blue

9-3 Upper (+)

10-3 Upper
(+)

11 Left

Blue

Blue-Black

9-3 Lower (-)

10-3 Lower
(-)

11 Right

Blue

BlackOrange

9-4 Upper (+)

10-4 Upper
(+)

12 Left

Orange

OrangeBlack

9-4 Lower (-)

10-4 Lower
(-)

12 Right

Orange

Black-Green

9-5 Upper (+)

10-5 Upper
(+)

13 Left

Green

Green-Black

9-5 Lower (-)

10-5 Lower
(-)

13 Right

Green

Black-Brown

9-6 Upper (+)

10-6 Upper
(+)

14 Left

Brown

Brown-Black

9-6 Lower (-)

10-6 Lower
(-)

14 Right

Brown

Black-Slate

9-7 Upper (+)

10-7 Upper
(+)

15 Left

Grey

Slate-Black

9-7 Lower (-)

10-7 Lower
(-)

15 Right

Grey

Yellow-Blue

9-8 Upper (+)

10-8 Upper
(+)

16 Left

Blue

Blue Yellow

9-8 Lower (-)

10-8 Lower
(-)

16 Right

Blue

Alarm

User 26
Alarm

User 27
Alarm

User 28
Alarm

User 29
Alarm

User 30
Alarm

User 31
Alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Macro, 9218/9228 Macro HD, and 9228 Macro


LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at Z-IDC or 110ANA1-25


block for indoor cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Notes:

1.

User alarms 0 through 6 are utilized for power alarms (punch downs not used with integrated power).
User alarms 7 through 31 utilized for external user alarms.

2.

For Cable #1 (7-15), Z-IDC position 10 is not used. For Cable #2 (16-23), Z-IDC positions 9 and 10 are
not used. For Cable #2 (24-31), Z-IDC positions 9 and 10 are not used.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
401-703-407
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction
Issue 19 June 2009

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LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218


Macro

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218


Macro
Before you begin

The user alarm cable(s) must have been previously connected to the Indoor 9218
Macro cabinet according to the instructions provided during installation of the base
station cabinet.
Important! In order for the power alarms 0-6 to be routed back to the 9218 Macro
primary cabinet (from the Equipment side of the NIU, via the 10 M (33 feet)
0-15 alarm cable), the power alarms from the customer-supplied power source, or
the GPS 2424 power frame, if applicable, must have been previously punched
down on the Network side of the NIU.
Punch down tables for user alarm cable connections at the NIU

Important! The columns Alarm # and Wire Color Code are used to determine
the correct punchdowns for each user alarm.
Important! The following cables are used for direct connections to the NIU, as
applicable.

Cable 0-15: Refer to User Alarm 0-6 cable pin assignments (for NIU
connection) (p. 6-38) for power alarms and User Alarm 7-15 cable pin
assignments (for NIU connection) (p. 6-39) for external user alarms 7-15
Cable 16-31: Refer to User Alarm 16-23 cable pin assignments (for NIU
connection) (p. 6-40) for external user alarms 16-23 and User Alarm 24-31
cable pin assignments (for NIU connection) (p. 6-41) for external user alarms
24-31.

Important! The columns Alarm # and Wire Color Code are used to determine
the correct punchdowns for each user alarm.

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LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218


Macro

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User Alarm 0-6 cable pin assignments (for NIU connection)

The following table lists the cable pin assignments for the User Alarm 0-6 cable
connected between the indoor 9218 Macro cabinet and the NIU.
Table 6-19

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 0-6 cable pin assignments for NIU

Alarm cable and connector 1

Alarm #2

Wire Color Code

Pin # at 37-Pin D-Sub connector

Alarm 0-15 cable

User Alarm 0

White-Blue

Blue-White

20

White-Orange

Orange-White

21

White-Green

Green-White

22

White-Brown

Brown-White

23

White-Slate

Slate-White

24

Red-Blue

Blue-Red

25

Red-Orange

Orange-Red

26

Power Alarms 0-6


User Alarm 1

User Alarm 2

User Alarm 3

User Alarm 4

User Alarm 5

User Alarm 6

Notes:

1.

This cable is not used if the power source is a 3GP24i power cabinet.

2.

In order for the power alarms 0-6 to be routed back to the 9218 Macro primary cabinet (from the
Equipment side of the NIU, via the 10 M (33 feet) 0-15 alarm cable), the power alarms from the
customer-supplied power source, or the GPS 2424 power frame, if applicable, must have been previously
punched down on the Network side of the NIU.

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LP alarm information

User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218


Macro

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User Alarm 7-15 cable pin assignments (for NIU connection)

The following table lists the cable pin assignments for the User Alarm 7-15 cable
connected between the indoor 9218 Macro cabinet and the NIU.
Table 6-20

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 7-15 cable pin assignments for NIU

Alarm Cable and connector 1

Alarm #2

Wire Color Code

Pin # at 37-Pin D-Sub connector

Alarm 0-15 cable

User 7

Red-Green

External User Alarms 7-15

Alarm

Green-Red

27

User 8

Red-Brown

Alarm

Brown-Red

28

User 9

Red-Slate

10

Alarm

Slate-Red

29

User 10

Black-Blue

11

Alarm

Blue-Black

30

User 11

Black-Orange

12

Alarm

Orange-Black

31

User 12

Black-Green

13

Alarm

Green-Black

32

User 13

Black-Brown

14

Alarm

Brown-Black

33

User 14

Black-Slate

15

Alarm

Slate-Black

34

User 15

Yellow-Blue

16

Alarm

Blue-Yellow

35

Notes:

1.

This cable is not used if the power source is a 3GP24i power cabinet

2.

External user alarms for sites with any power source except the 3GP24i power cabinet.

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User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218


Macro

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User Alarm 16-23 cable pin assignments (for NIU connection)

The following table lists the cable pin assignments for the User Alarm 16-23 cable
connected between the indoor 9218 Macro cabinet and the NIU.
Table 6-21

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 16-23 cable pin assignments for NIU

Alarm Cable and connector

Alarm #

Wire Color Code

Pin # at 37-Pin D-Sub connector

Alarm 16-31 cable

User 16

White-Blue

External User Alarms 16-23

Alarm

Blue-White

20

User 17

White-Orange

Alarm

Orange-White

21

User 18

White-Green

Alarm

Green-White

22

User 19

White-Brown

Alarm

Brown-White

23

User 20

White-Slate

Alarm

Slate-White

24

User 21

Red-Blue

Alarm

Blue-Red

25

User 22

Red-Orange

Alarm

Orange-Red

26

User 23

Red-Green

Alarm

Green-Red

27

(37-Pin D-Sub)

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User alarm cable connections at the NIU for indoor 9218


Macro

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User Alarm 24-31 cable pin assignments (for NIU connection)

The following table lists the cable pin assignments for the User Alarm 24-31 cable
connected between the indoor 9218 Macro cabinet and the NIU.
Table 6-22

Indoor 9218 Macro user alarm 24-31 cable pin assignments for NIU

Alarm Cable and connector

Alarm #

Wire Color Code

Pin # at 37-Pin D-Sub connector

Alarm 16-31 cable

User 24

Red-Brown

External User Alarms 24-31

Alarm

Brown-Red

28

User 25

Red-Slate

10

Alarm

Slate-Red

29

User 26

Black-Blue

11

Alarm

Blue-Black

30

User 27

Black-Orange

12

Alarm

Orange-Black

31

User 28

Black-Green

13

Alarm

Green-Black

32

User 29

Black-Brown

14

Alarm

Brown-Black

33

User 30

Black-Slate

15

Alarm

Slate-Black

34

User 31

Yellow-Blue

16

Alarm

Blue Yellow

35

(37-Pin D-Sub)

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Outdoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Outdoor cabinet user alarm requirements


Purpose

This section describes outdoor 9218/9228 Macro user alarm cables.


User alarm cables are only connected for primary cabinets.
User alarm cables are twisted-pair cables that are connected on one side to the
Network Interface Unit (NIU) and on the other side to the outdoor 9218/9228 Macro.
The user alarm cables were first installed during site preparation.
User alarm requirements

Each generated user alarm is generated by a set of isolated dry relay contacts.
An alarm state may be indicated by a closed circuit or an open circuit.

If an alarm condition is indicated by a closed circuit, the alarm contacts must


present a contact closure when the alarm circuit fails or loses power.

If an alarm condition is indicated by an open circuit, the alarm contacts must


present an open circuit when the alarm circuit fails or loses power.

The resistance of a closed circuit must be less than 100 ohms. The resistance of an
open circuit must be greater than 1 megohms.
The user alarm switches (if desired) must be installed as part of site preparation. The
9218/9228 Macro cabinet is equipped with primary surge protection.
Number of user alarm cables

One user alarm cable is connected to the primary cabinet only. If more than 24 alarms
are required, two user alarm cables are used.
User alarm cable routing

User alarm cables are routed through the conduits that are already in place for the
primary cabinet and then are routed within the cabinets to the additional cabinet.
The following figure shows location of the external user alarm interface wiring for the
outdoor 9218 Macro cabinet.

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LP alarm information

Outdoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows location of the internal user alarm (0-15) cabling for the
outdoor 9218 Macro cabinet.

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Outdoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows location of the internal user alarm (16-31) cabling for the
outdoor 9218 Macro cabinet.

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Outdoor cabinet user alarm requirements

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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LP alarm information

Outdoor cabinet user alarm cable connections (external


and power)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Outdoor cabinet user alarm cable connections (external and


power)
Purpose

This section describes outdoor 9218/9228 Macro user alarm cable connections (external
and power).
External user alarm cable pin assignments (for EFIM terminal blocks)

The following table lists the cable pin assignments for the external user alarm cable
connected between the outdoor 9218/9228 Macro primary cabinet and the EFIM
terminal blocks.
Table 6-23
Alarm #

Outdoor 9218/9228 Macro external user alarm cable pin


assignments for EFIM terminal blocks
Wire Color

J Conn.

Terminal Block

Block color

Pair

code

Protector

USER ALARMS 0 THROUGH 6 UTILIZED FOR INTERNAL POWER ALARMS


User 0

J3

Alarm

+ 0 (Top)

Blue

J9A (0 / 1)

- 0 (Bottom)

User 1

J3

Alarm

+ 1 (Top)

Orange

- 1 (Bottom)

User 2

J3

Alarm

+ 2 (Top)

Green

J9A (2 / 3)

- 2 (Bottom)

User 3

J3

Alarm

+ 3 (Top)

Brown

- 3 (Bottom)

User 4

J3

Alarm

+ 4 (Top)

Blue

J9A (4 / 5)

- 4 (Bottom)

User 5

J3

Alarm

+ 5 (Top)

Orange

- 5 (Bottom)

User 6

J3

Alarm

+ 6 (Top)

Green

- 6 (Bottom)

J9A (6 / 7)
Shared

START EXTERNAL USER ALARM PUNCHDOWNS HERE


User 7

White-Blue

Alarm

Blue-White

J3

+ 7 (Top)
- 7 (Bottom)

Brown

J9A (6 / 7)
Shared

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Outdoor cabinet user alarm cable connections (external


and power)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-23
Alarm #

Outdoor 9218/9228 Macro external user alarm cable pin


assignments for EFIM terminal blocks (continued)
Wire Color

User 8

White-Orange

Alarm

Orange-White

User 9

White-Green

Alarm

Green-White

User 10

White-Brown

Alarm

Brown-White

User 11

White-Slate

Alarm

Slate-White

User 12

Red-Blue

Alarm

Blue-Red

User 13

Red-Orange

Alarm

Orange-Red

User 14

Red-Green

Alarm

Green-Red

User 15

Red-Brown

Alarm

Brown-Red

User 16

Red-Slate

Alarm

Slate-Red

User 17

Black-Blue

Alarm

Blue-Black

User 18

Black-Orange

Alarm

Orange-Black

User 19

Black-Green

Alarm

Green-Black

User 20

Black-Brown

Alarm

Brown-Black

User 21

Black-Slate

Alarm

Slate-Black

User 22

Yellow-Blue

Alarm

Blue-Yellow

User 23

Yellow-Orange

Alarm

Orange-Yellow

J Conn.

J3

Terminal Block

Block color

Pair

code

+ 8 (Top)

Blue

Protector

J9B (8 / 9)

- 8 (Bottom)
J3

+ 9 (Top)

Orange

- 9 (Bottom)
J3

+ 10 (Top)

Green

J9B (10 / 11)

- 10 (Bottom)
J3

+ 11 (Top)

Brown

- 11 (Bottom)
J3

+ 12 (Top)

Blue

J9B (12 / 13)

- 12 (Bottom)
J3

+ 13 (Top)

Orange

- 13 (Bottom)
J3

+ 14 (Top)

Green

J9B (14 / 15)

- 14 (Bottom)
J3

+ 15 (Top)

Brown

- 15 (Bottom)
J4

+ 16 (Top)

Blue

J9C (16 / 17)

- 16 (Bottom)
J4

+ 17 (Top)

Orange

- 17 (Bottom)
J4

+ 18 (Top)

Green

J9C (18 / 19)

- 18 (Bottom)
J4

+ 19 (Top)

Brown

- 19 (Bottom)
J4

+ 20 (Top)

Blue

J9C (20 / 21)

- 20 (Bottom)
J4

+ 21 (Top)

Orange

- 21 (Bottom)
J4

+ 22 (Top)

Green

J9C (22 / 23)

- 22 (Bottom)
J4

+ 23 (Top)

Brown

- 23 (Bottom)

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Outdoor cabinet user alarm cable connections (external


and power)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-23
Alarm #

Outdoor 9218/9228 Macro external user alarm cable pin


assignments for EFIM terminal blocks (continued)
Wire Color

User 24

Yellow-Green

Alarm

Green-Yellow

User 25

Yellow-Brown

Alarm

Brown-Yellow

User 26

Yellow-Slate

Alarm

Slate-Yellow

User 27

Violet-Blue

Alarm

Blue-Violet

User 28

Violet-Orange

Alarm

Orange-Violet

User 29

Violet-Green

Alarm

Green-Violet

User 30

Violet-Brown

Alarm

Brown-Violet

User 31

White-Blue*

Alarm

Blue-White*

User 32

White-Orange*

Alarm

Orange-White*

User 33

White-Green*

Alarm

Green-White*

J Conn.

J4

Terminal Block

Block color

Pair

code

+ 24 (Top)

Blue

Protector

J9D(24 / 25)

- 24 (Bottom)
J4

+ 25 (Top)

Orange

- 25 (Bottom)
J4

+ 26 (Top)

Green

J9D (26 / 27)

- 26 (Bottom)
J4

+ 27 (Top)

Brown

- 27 (Bottom)
J4

+ 28 (Top)

Blue

J9D(28 / 29)

- 28 (Bottom)
J4

+ 29 (Top)

Orange

- 29 (Bottom)
J4

+ 30 (Top)

Green

J9D (30 / 31)

- 30 (Bottom)
J4

+ 31 (Top)

Brown

- 31 (Bottom)
J4

+ 32 (Top)

Blue

J9D (32 / 33)

- 32 (Bottom)
J4

+ 33 (Top)

Orange

- 33 (Bottom)

Notes:

1.

* A second cable is required

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Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power alarms
Overview

This topic discusses the power alarms for the 9218/9228 Macro cabinets.
The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms.

The following figure shows the location of the Power Alarms for the 9228 Macro with
integrated power.

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Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the location of the Power Alarms for the Dual-Band 9228
Macro with integrated power.

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Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Number of alarm cables

One or two alarm cables are connected to the primary cabinet. If more than 24 alarms
are required, two user alarm cables are used.
Alarms and Status

The power module provides alarms and indicators. The primary power controller
collects alarms from the internal and external battery cabinets as well as growth
cabinet rectifiers. Alarms are reported to the user interface panel in the form of relay
contact closures. Alternative implementations may utilize solid-state relays or
opto-coupled devices to provide isolation from the controller circuitry and achieve the
equivalent contact closure. The - designation of each alarm is referenced to the

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Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

system ground. The relay or solid-state devices have an open circuit voltage rating of
30 VDC. A total of six alarms are reported. The alarm interface and general description
is in the table below.
Table 6-24

9218/9228 Macro defined power alarms

Alarm Name

ID

Relay

Name

DsubM

Description

1 Pin

Urgent Power
(Power
Major)

PMJ

Form B

PowMaj+
Pow Maj-

8, 24

Issued by power controller when


any condition occurs that
impacts the capabilities of the
users equipment, thereby
requiring immediate attention.

Non-Urgent
Power (Power
Minor)

PMN

Form B

PowMin+
PowMin-

9, 28

Issued by power controller when


any condition occurs that would
require service but does not
immediately impact the users
equipment. Also generated by a
contact closure between BAT
FAN ALM RTN and BAT FAN
ALM NC indicating that a fan in
the internal or external battery
compartment is not operational.

Mains Failure
(AC Fail)

ACF

Form B

AcFail+
AcFail-

10, 29

Issued by the power controller


when it recognizes that AC input
power to any of the rectifiers
has been disrupted.

Urgent Fuse

FA

Form B

FuseAlm+
FuseAlm-

11, 30

Issued by the controller if a


battery protection fuse (either in
the primary, growth, or battery
cabinets) opens. Generated by
contact closure between ALM+
and ALM- signals.

Battery
Discharge

BD

Form B

BattDis+
BattDis-

12, 31

Issued by the power controller


when the system output voltage
drops below 25.0 VDC (user
adjustable from between 23 to
26.5 VDC).

Battery
Discharge 2

BD2

Form B

BattDis2+
BattDis2-

13, 32

Issued by the power controller


when the Battery output voltage
drops below 22.0 VDC (may be
user adjustable)

Notes:

1.

Relays are energized open and close on alarm.

2.

Refer to Alarm Reference for alarm conditions.

The following table lists the system conditions for each alarm. Reference is made to
rectifier specifications for alarm indication definition. Each alarm is supported by
close on alarm type floating contacts.

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Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-25
Condition

9218/9228 Macro defined rectifier alarms

Caused By

Normal Operation

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Failed Controller

No power

BD/Low Volt Alarm

Output < 25V

High Volt Alarm

Output >
29.0V

BD2

Output < 22V

Battery Disconnect

Loss of AC
Input on one
Rectifier

AC Failure

Loss of AC
Input on two
or more
Rectifiers

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating
fuse tripped
with load
applied
Battery or
LVBD open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery
Fuse

Battery Failure

Output < 23.0


V during test

Rectifier Alarm

Malfunction
on one
Rectifier

Rectifier Current
Share

Current Share
failure or
Rectifier Fuse
Open

Rectifier Failure

Malfunction
on more than
one Rectifier

Communication
Failure

0
Module Loss
of
Communication

Low Temperature
Alarm

Temperature <
-30 oC

High Temperature
Alarm

Temperature >
75 oC

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Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-25
Condition

9218/9228 Macro defined rectifier alarms (continued)

Caused By

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Temperature Probe
Failure

No probe
connected

Fan Alarm

Internal/External 0
Battery Fan
Failure

Failed Controller

No

BD2

Output L22V

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating
Fuse Tripped
with Load
Applied
Battery or
LVBM Open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery
Fuse

An RS-232 computer interface connector is available on the controller for the user to
access the controller alarm conditions and program some of its functions. The alarms
reported on this interface could be limited to rectifier related functions.
Rectifier Controller Alarms

The List 1 and List 2 Power Controllers are equipped with seven LEDs. The LEDs are
viewable through the front panel and defined as shown in the following table.
Table 6-26

9218/9228 Macro defined rectifier controller alarm LEDs

Function

Color

Label

Description

Major Power Alarm

Red

PJM

Shall light when a major


alarm is detected

Minor Power Alarm

Yellow

RMN

Shall light when a minor


alarm is detected

AC Mains Failure Alarm

Red

ACF

Shall light when AC mains


failure is detected

Battery Discharge

Red

BD

Shall light when batteries


are discharging

Temp Fault

Red

TEMP

Shall light when


temperature related fault
detected

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Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-26

9218/9228 Macro defined rectifier controller alarm LEDs


(continued)

Function

Color

Label

Description

Fuse Fault

Red

FUSE

Shall light when battery


fuse opened or LVBD
contactor failed

Power On

Green

PWR

Shall light when input


power is applied to the
controller

Power alarm connections for the outdoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet

User/Power alarms (in primary frame only) are collected through the Enhanced
Facilities Interface Module (EFIM). They are routed to the EFIM that, for outdoor
applications, is sent to a punchdown block that contains lightning protection. A cable
from the secondary EFIM output sends the alarms to the CTU that formats and sends
them to the peripheral bus to the URC, which is then sent over the T1/E1 lines.
For the 9218 Macro with integrated power, the power alarms are generated internal to
the cabinet and then routed over the primary EFIM user alarms test connector.
The following table describes the power alarm cable pin assignments for the outdoor
9228 Macro primary cabinet.
Table 6-27
Alarm

Wire Color 1

User
Alarm 0

White-Blue

User
Alarm 1

White-Orange

User
Alarm 2

White-Slate

User
Alarm 3

Red-Blue

User
Alarm 4

White-Green

Outdoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet power alarm cable pin


assignments
EFIM J

Terminal Block

Block Color

Connector

Pair

Code

J3

+ 0 (Top)

Blue

Blue-White
J3

Orange-White
J3

Power Major (PMJ)

+ 1 (Top)

Orange

Power Minor (PMN)

+ 2 (Top)

Green

J9A (2 / 3)

AC Fail (ACF)

- 2 (Bottom)
J3

Blue-Red

Brown-White

J9A (0 / 1)

- 1 (Bottom)

Slate-White

White-Brown

Function

- 0 (Bottom)

+ 3 (Top)

Brown

Power Cabinet
Intrusion (INTR)

- 3 (Bottom)
J3

Green-White
User
Alarm 5

Protector

+ 4 (Top)

Blue

- 4 (Bottom)
J3

+ 5 (Top)

Orange

J9A (4 / 5)

Batteries on
Discharge, First Stage
(BD) 3
Fuse Alarm (FA)3

- 5 (Bottom)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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LP alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-27
Alarm

Outdoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet power alarm cable pin


assignments (continued)

Wire Color 1

User
Alarm 6

EFIM J

Terminal Block

Block Color

Connector

Pair

Code

J3

+ 6 (Top)

Green

Protector

Function

J9A (6 /7)

Batteries on
Discharge, Second
Stage (BD-2)

- 6 (Bottom)

Notes:

1.

Shown is the wire color code of the recommended cable. The customers wire color code may differ.

2.

User (power) alarm 6 shares the protector P9A (6 / 7) with user (external) alarm 7.

3.

Optional alarm

Power alarm cable for the indoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet

External and power alarms are punched down on external 110 blocks. The cables from
the 110 blocks terminate on 37 pin D-Sub connectors that plug into the top of the 9228
Macro, 9228 Macro IN, and 9228 Macro LP.
The following table describes the power alarm cable pin assignments for the indoor
9228 Macro primary cabinet.
Table 6-28
External alarms

Indoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet power alarm cable pin


assignments

Wire Color 1

D-sub Pin #

110 Block Color Code

Function

Power Major
(PMJ) (User
Alarm 0)

White-Blue

Blue

Power Major (PMJ)

Blue-White

20

Power Minor
(PMN) (User
Alarm 1)

White-Orange

Orange

Power Minor (PMN)

Orange-White

21

AC Fail (ACF)
(User Alarm 2)

White-Slate

Green

AC Fail (ACF)

Slate-White

22

Intrusion (INTR)
(User Alarm 3)

Red-Blue

Brown

Blue-Red

23

Power Cabinet
Intrusion (INTR)

Batteries on
Discharge Alarm
First Stage (BD)
(User Alarm 4)

White-Green

Blue

Green-White

24)

Batteries on
Discharge, First
Stage (BD) 3

White-Brown

Orange

Fuse Alarm (FA)3

Brown-White

25

0-15 D-Sub
Connector

Fuse Alarm (FA)


(User Alarm 5)

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LP alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-28
External alarms

Indoor 9228 Macro primary cabinet power alarm cable pin


assignments (continued)

Wire Color 1

D-sub Pin #

110 Block Color Code

Function

Green

Batteries on
Discharge, Second
Stage (BD-2)

0-15 D-Sub
Connector

Batteries on
Discharge Alarm
Second Stage
(BD-2) (User
Alarm 6)

26

Notes:

1.

Shown is the wire color code of the recommended cable. The customers wire color code may differ.

2.

User (power) alarm 6 shares the protector P9A (6 / 7) with user (external) alarm 7.

3.

Optional alarm

Power alarm cable for the outdoor 9228 Macro dual-band cabinet with integrated power

The power alarm cable for the outdoor 9228 Macro dual-band cabinet with integrated
power is connected to the EFIM punchdowns in the primary cabinet.
The following table describes the power alarm cable pin assignments for the outdoor
9228 Macro dual-band cabinet with integrated power.
Table 6-29

Outdoor 9228 Macro dual-band cabinet with integrated power for


power alarm cable pin assignments

Alarm

Terminal
Block Pair
(J3)

Wire Color

Function

User Alarm 0

0+

Blue-White

Power Major (PMJ)

0-

White-Blue

1+

Orange-White

1-

White-Orange

2+

Green-White

2-

White-Green

3+

Not applicable

3-

Not applicable

4+

Brown-White

4-

White-Brown

User Alarm 1

User Alarm 2

User Alarm 3

User Alarm 4

Power Minor (PMN)

AC Fail (ACF)

Not Used

Batteries on Discharge (BD)

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LP alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Frame alarms
Overview

Frame alarms indicate the failure of Power Converter Units (PCUs) and provide an
indication of intrusion.
Frame alarms for 9218/9228 Macro

The following table lists the frame alarms for the 9218/9228 Macro.
Table 6-30

9218/9228 Macro frame alarms

Frame Alarm
Number

Alarm Name

Reserved

PCU

Equipment indicated

All 3 PCUs tied together

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

Not used in High Density 4.0

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

8*

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

9*

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

10*

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

11*

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

12*

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

13*

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

14

Not used in 9218 Macro HD

15

Digital Fan

16

Reserved

17

Reserved

Digital fan tray

Frame alarms for 9228 Macro only

The following table lists the frame alarms for the 9228 Macro only.

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LP alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 6-31

9228 Macro only frame alarms

Frame Alarm
Number

Alarm Name

Equipment indicated

Digital Shelf fan failure

Fan

Undesignated frame alarm

Undesignated frame alarm

Amplifier Shelf 1 fan failure

Fan

Undesignated frame alarm

Undesignated frame alarm

Amplifier Shelf 2 fan failure

Fan

Undesigned frame alarm

Undesignated frame alarm

Cabinet intrusion alarm

Frame

Heat management system overtemp

HMS

Primary frame heat management system fan


failure

HMS

10

Primary frame heat management system


heater alarm

HMS

11

Heat management system undertemp

HMS

12

Heat management system controller fail

HMS

13

Heat management system compressor fail

HMS

14

Undesignated alarms

Undesignated alarms

15

Undesignated alarms

Undesignated alarms

16

Undesignated alarms

Undesignated alarms

17

Undesignated alarms

Undesignated alarms

N/A

Thermal switch control

Thermal switch control

18-24

Reserved for future use

Reserved for future use

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LP alarm information

9218 Macro PowCom software

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9218 Macro PowCom software


Overview

Access to the power system via the RS-232 port requires PowCom software which is
available through the Alcatel-Lucent OLCS. If PowCom is required, order it with the
following: PowCom Software for Flexent Modular Cell Products--PowCom Software
and User Documentation, 300630241. This software has extensive capabilities beyond
the requirements of the Alcatel-Lucent CDMA products. Therefore, not all of the
features are utilized in this application.
In addition, the alarm relay assignments and system setting have been optimized to
work with the Mobility Solutions products.
For example, the following figure shows the main display and the alarm relay
assignments for the 9218 Macro applications.

The following figure shows the system parameters setting page. The factory default
settings for the 9218 Macro are displayed. These settings are optimized for
Alcatel-Lucent use and may not match what is depicted in the PowCom Software user
document provided with the software.

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LP alarm information

9218 Macro PowCom software

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Important! These settings must not be changed without the approval of


Alcatel-Lucent Technical Support.

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Procedure 6-1: Alarm testing

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 6-1: Alarm testing


Overview

Alarm testing is used to verify that alarms are being reported to the switch. Alarm
scanning detects and reports alarm messages to the switch. When installed, the use of
the Selectable Cell Site Messaging (SCSM) feature allows technicians to reroute
messages related to a specific cell to its terminal.
Procedure summary

The following actions must be performed in preparation for the test:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Determine if SCSM is available.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Clear registers and report alarms that are currently invoked.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Produce a list of cells in which the SCSM feature is routing messages to a specific
terminal.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion and user alarm test

The following actions must be performed for the intrusion and user alarm test:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Unlatch the door latches and open the base station door.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Close and securely latch the base station door. Clear intrusion alarm.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove ground from user alarm 1.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Test the remaining user alarms.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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LP alarm information

Procedure 6-1: Alarm testing

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Preparation for the test

The test requires preparation before it can be conducted.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Determine if SCSM is available.


alw:cell a,scsm <CR>

a = RCS 1- max. cells


Important! The SCSM feature will be active after this command is entered, and it
supports at the RCS level. This means the command will activate the SCSM feature
for all base stations under the same RCS.
Result OK (Feature is available and activated for the specified base station.)

or
FEATURE NOT ACTIVE (SCSM is not activated in feature activation file.)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Clear registers and report alarms that are currently invoked.


init:cell a:spp as <CR>

Important! An alarm will report only when its state (OFF NORMAL or
NORMAL) changes.
Result OK (When no alarms are present)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Produce a list of cells in which the SCSM feature is routing messages to a specific
terminal.
op:cell,scsm <CR>

Important! If ROP messages are not being routed to the terminal on which they
were allowed, reenter the alw:cell a, scsm command.
Result List of cells
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Intrusion and user alarm test

To test the intrusion alarms and user alarms in the base station perform the following
procedure.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Unlatch the door latches and open the base station door.
Intrusion alarm

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Procedure 6-1: Alarm testing

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Result: REPT:CELL a ALARM SCANNING SCAN POINT:ALARM GROUP 3, ALARM


ID 6 ALARM:CELL DOOR OPEN STATE: OFF NORMAL
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Close and securely latch the base station door.


Clear intrusion alarm
Result: REPT:CELL a ALARM SCANNING SCAN POINT:ALARM GROUP 3, ALARM
ID 6 ALARM:CELL DOOR OPEN STATE: NORMAL
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set dip switch 1 to the ON position.


Ground Pin User Alarm 1
Result: REPT:CELL a ALARM SCANNING SCAN POINT:ALARM GROUP 2, ALARM
ID 1 ALARM:USER ALARM 1 STATE: OFF NORMAL
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set dip switch 1 back to the OFF position.


Remove ground from User Alarm 1.
Result: REPT:CELL a ALARM SCANNING SCAN POINT:ALARM GROUP 2, ALARM
ID 1 ALARM:USER ALARM 1 STATE: NORMAL
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Test the remaining user alarms.


Repeat steps 3 and 4 for user alarms 2 - 6.
Result: REPT:CELL a ALARM SCANNING SCAN POINT:ALARM GROUP 2, ALARM
ID (2- 6) ALARM:USER ALARM (2 6) STATE: NORMAL
END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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7216/9226 Compact, 9216


9
Compact LX, and 9216
Compact Distributed alarm
information

Overview
Purpose

This chapter presents alarm information that pertains to the 9216/9226 Compact, 9216
Compact LX, and 9216 Compact Distributed cabinets.
Contents
Alarm collection

7-2

CPC alarms

7-4

CTU and OM alarms

7-5

URC alarms

7-6

CMU alarms

7-7

IOU alarms

7-8

Intrusion alarm

7-9

UCR alarms

7-10

TxAMP alarms

7-11

TDU alarms

7-16

Fan tray alarms

7-17

User alarms

7-18

Power alarms

7-39

Frame alarms

7-49

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Compact Distributed alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
Alarm collection

The following figure shows the alarm collection in the 9216/9226 Compact.
Alarm reporting

Important! IOU is being used as a general term in the following text. Wherever
IOU is mentioned, please note that in the 9216/9226 Compact there can be three
different types of IOUs: HIOU, EHIOU, or CIOU.
Most alarms are collected by the I2C with exceptions noted in the descriptions.

The CPC alarms connect directly to the URC via the I2C bus through the IOU and
the backplane.
The Input/Output Unit serves as a physical alarm collection point, as well as a
supplier of digital output signals. Since it is an alarm collection point, the IOU
proxy performs alarm monitoring.
The I2C serial bus is used to interconnect the URC(s), CPCs, TxAMPs and the IOU
for purposes of alarm collection, inventory control and other potential (future)
control/status reporting functions.
LNA over current and DC-DC Converter alarms are reported via a discrete cable to
the TDU. The TDU passes the alarms by the I2C bus, through the FAC/FAC-D and
IOU to the URC(s). The TDU sets the appropriate bit(s) on its 16-bit I2C port
expander(s) to indicate the alarm condition, where they are reported to the URC.
The following devices report their alarms to the URC via the I2C bus with the
name of the alarm indicating the type of failure reported.

Digital Shelf Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 1 Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 2 Fan Failure


Cabinet Intrusion Alarm

Heat Management System Overtemp

Primary frame heat management system fan alarm


Primary frame heat management system heat alarm

Heat Management System Undertemp

Heat Management System Controller Fail


Heat Management System Compressor Fail.

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm reporting summary

System alarm reporting is summarized in the following table for the 9216/9226
Compact.
Table 7-1

9216/9226 Compact system alarm reporting

Type

Unit

Alarm Reporting Mechanism

RF

TxAMP (2CPAM,
60WCPAM)

I 2C

TDU

ARCNET

LNA

Discrete connection to the TDU then to


the IOU and URC via I2C in backplane

UCR

ARCNET

URC

Directly to RCS over facilities interface

CMU

IEEE-1394

CTU

ARCNET

OMR, OMQ

Parallel bus to CTU and then to URC(s)


via ARCNET

CPC

I 2C

Amplifier Shelf Fans

Cabled Frame alarm connection to IOU


and to URC via I2C; logically OR of
each of all fans in tray

Digital Shelf Fans

Cabled Frame alarm connection to IOU


and to URC via I2C; logically OR of
each of all fans in tray

Heat Management System

Cabled Frame alarm connection to IOU


and to URC via I2C

External Power Cabinet

Collected via user alarm interface

Digital

Other

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Compact Distributed alarm information

CPC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CPC alarms
CPC alarms

The frame alarm listed below is generated for the CPC.


Table 7-2

9216/9226 Compact CPC alarms

Alarm

Condition

CPC Failure

Reported back to RCS

CPC LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on each CPC.


Table 7-3
Label/color
FAIL-RED
RDY-GRN
(binary)

9216/9226 Compact CPC LED


Condition
Failure
Ready

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7-4

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

CTU and OM alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CTU and OM alarms


CTU hardware errors

The CTU generates hardware errors on the peripheral bus due to these conditions:

GPS satellites cannot be traced

Satellite lock has been lost and flywheeling is in process


GPS receiver failure.

CTU LEDs

The LED indicators listed below are available for each CTU.
Table 7-4

9216/9226 Compact CTU LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

CTU failure

NVM (yellow)

Context-sensitive event in progress (for example, NVM download)

RDY (green)

CTU enabled for generating clock signals, and the OM and GPS
are functional

OM FAIL (red)

OM failure

FLY EX (red)

CTU has exceeded the maximum flywheel time

LOCK GPS
(green)

GPS unit is locked to the GPS satellite signal

OM LEDs

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the OM.


Table 7-5

9216/9226 Compact OM LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

RDY (green)

Ready, indicates that at least one of the six analog


clock outputs is active

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URC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

URC alarms
URC LEDs

The URC provides the following LEDs to indicate status and alarms conditions:The
following table describes the LEDs on the URC in the 9216/9226 Compact, 9216
Compact LX, and 9216 Compact Distributed.
Table 7-6

9216/9226 Compact URC LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Board failure

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

URC operational

L1 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L2 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L3 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L4 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

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7-6

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

CMU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CMU alarms
CMU LEDs

The three LED indicators listed below are available for the CMU.
Table 7-7

9216/9226 Compact CMU LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

The CMU has failed diagnostics, one or


more CEs have failed to initialize, or
another component has failed to initialize

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

The CCU is functioning properly and at


least one CE is enabled

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Compact Distributed alarm information

IOU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

IOU alarms
IOU LED

One LED indicator listed below is available for the IOU.


Table 7-8

9216/9226 Compact IOU LED

Label/color

Condition

PWR ON (green)

Power is on

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7-8

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Intrusion alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarm
Intrusion alarm

An intrusion alarm is generated when the door of an outdoor cell site is opened.

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Compact Distributed alarm information

UCR alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

UCR alarms
UCR LEDs

The LEDs for the UCRs indicate these conditions.


Table 7-9

9216/9226 Compact UCR LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

FLT (yellow)

Fault (does not light up with NVM


download)

RDY (green)

Ready

Tx ON (green)

Transmit on

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7-10

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP alarms
Overview

Amplifier (AMP) alarms indicate failures in the receive or transmit amplifiers.


The TxAMP alarms indicate a failure condition in the transmit amplifier that impacts
call transmission capability.
Over-temperature alarm

The over-temperature alarm is indicated when the amplifier baseplate exceeds a


threshold temperature. The TxAMP includes an internal thermal overload shutdown
circuit to prevent destruction due to lack of airflow from fan failure. Under this
condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged. This may be accomplished
by reducing the bias and switching off the input power. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating temperature, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance.
The alarm light flashes at a 1-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
RF overdrive alarm

The Overdrive alarm is triggered when the input power level exceeds +7.0 dBm 0.75
dB. The amplifier shall not be damaged by an input signal, which is up to a level of
+14 dBm (the continuous Non-damaging Input Power level). This condition can last
indefinitely. Under this condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged.
This may be accomplished by attenuating the input signal. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating input level, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance. The TxAMP amplifier generates an
overdrive alarm during this condition. The amplifier automatically recovers to the
normal mode when the input overdrive condition ceases to exist for at least a period of
4 seconds.
The alarm light flashes at a 1/2-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
Amplifier failure alarm

The Amplifier Failure alarm is triggered when internal monitor circuits within the
TxAMP detect that the drain current is out of operating range or the output power level
is too low. Alarm hysteresis is such that power glitches will not cause false alarms.
The LAM has two LEDs located on the front plate: one green and one red. The green
LED is illuminated when the LAM is powered on and no alarms are detected. The red
LED is illuminated when any LAM alarm is activated. A flashing RED LED indicates
a transient failure.
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Compact Distributed alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP LEDs

The LEDs for the TxAMPs indicate these conditions.


Table 7-10

9216/9226 Compact TxAMP LEDs

Label/color

Condition

ALM (red)

Alarm flashes at different rate depending on


fault

ACT (green)

Active

Shelf alarms

The following table describes the shelf alarms on the 9216/9226 Compact.
Table 7-11
Alarm Name

9216/9226 Compact shelf alarms

Definition

SDP/OMC-RAN

Autonomous Subrack

GUI/TI/Alarm

Error Auto-Recovery

System Response

Level Sub-rack
LED Indication

TxAMP
Loss of
Shelf Loss
Communications
of
between IM
Communication Controller and base
station

1.OOS Yellow
(solid)

TxAMP
Shelf
Critical
Hardware
Failure

Critical sub-rack
Red (Solid)

TxAMP
Shelf Minor
Hardware
Fail

1. Combiner Power
Failure of the Active
Tx path and/or
Combiner or

2.INDT Yellow
(solid)

1. RESET IM
Processor after
time-out.

1. Initialization Case: RCS tries to


restore Shelf with TxAMP being off
at this time.

2. Attempt to reset IM
Processor but leave
TxAMPs in last state
(on)

2. During normal Operation Case:


(have loss of heart beat); RCS
reports Shelf and TxAMPs as
indeterminate. If communications
comeback RCS HEH Audit for
TxAMP status.

No Recovery

1. RCS RMV Sub-rack and TxAMP.


Blocks call processing on the
associated path
2. SDP, OMC-RAN GUI, TI, ROP
status

2. Input Pre-amp both


paths fail

Input Pre-AMP single


path fails

3. Manual RST to place back into


service
Minor Red
(Flashing)

No Recovery

SDP, OMC-RAN GUI, TI, ROP


displays status

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-11
Alarm Name

9216/9226 Compact shelf alarms (continued)

Definition

SDP/OMC-RAN

Autonomous Subrack

GUI/TI/Alarm

Error Auto-Recovery

System Response

Level Sub-rack
LED Indication

TxAMP
Shelf RF
Fail

Multiple - when last


equipped ? in the
shelf fails an alarm is
raised

Critical Sup-rack
Red (solid)

No Recovery

When last TxAMP in the sub-rack


has a Critical or Major Alarm, RCS
will block CP
Shelf remains active in alarm state
SDP, OMC-RAN GUI, TI, ROP
displays status
If TxAMP is restored or alarm
clears CP unblocked

TxAMP
Shelf
Antenna
VSWR Fail
(For
Continuous
Monitoring)

Filter Panl VSWR


reading exceeds
threshold

Major Red (solid)

TxAMP
Shelf Fan
Failure

One or both Fan


Units fail

Minor Red
(flashing)

No Recovery

SDP, OMC-RAN GUI, TI, ROP


displays status

TxAMP
shelf High
Temperature

Shelf Temperature
Sensor exceeds
acceptable limit

Minor Red
(flashing)

No Recovery

SDP, OMC-RAN GUI, TI, ROP


displays status

No Recovery

SDP, OMC-RAN GUI, TI displays


status
ROP output VSWR measurement
report

TxAMP alarms

The following table describes the TxAMP alarms on the 9216/9226 Compact.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-12
TxAMP Alarm Name

TxAMP Critical
circuit Failure

9216/9226 Compact TxAMP alarms

Definition

Critical Circuit Failure


that disables RF
Output

Alarm Level/TxAMP

TxAMP Autonomous

LED Indication

Error Auto-Recovery

Critical (Red)

1. No Recovery
2. No Recovery

Possible Error
Conditions:
1. Output Overpower
Disables radio
immediately if power
is > +2 dB over rated
RF Power.

System Response

1. RCS will RMV


Amplifier

3. Auto-recovery when
loop converges. radio
tries to auto recovery
ten times before shut
down. No
auto-recovery after
shut down.

2. SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP shows
as OOS

Auto-recovery once
voltage is within
range. Shuts down if
voltage does not
recover then alarm is
triggered

1. RCS will RMV


Amp

3. Manual RST to
place back into
service

2. Automatic Power
Control Circuitry
Failure
APC is enabled when
output power > 52.67
dBm
3. Loop fail
(Linearization Alarm)
Disables radio if Loop
convergence fails
TxAMP Internal
Voltage Out of Range

Alarm when internal


voltages goes out of
range

Critical (Red)

No auto-recovery after
shutdown
TxAMP High
Reverse Power

TxAMP shuts down if


Reverse Power is
detected at 49 dBm for
a duration of 1 minute

LED flashes Red for


1 minute. If condition
remains an alarm is
triggered Critical
(Red)

Validation period for 1


minute then amplifier
shuts down. No
auto-recovery after
shutdown

2. SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP shows
as OOS
3. Manual RST to
place back into
service
1. RCS will RMV
amp
2. SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP shows
as OOS
3. Manual RST to
place back into
service

TxAMP Input
Overdrive

rF drive is > -5 dBm

Major (Red)

Clamps power until


input decreases to
-11.2 dBm

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

TxAMP High
Temperature

TxAMP sends a
message to sub-rack
indicating High Temp
condition

Minor (Red Flashing)

Warning goes away


when temp decreases
to +83C. Warning
until Temp increases
past +85C then goes
over temp

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-12
TxAMP Alarm Name

9216/9226 Compact TxAMP alarms (continued)

Definition

Alarm Level/TxAMP

TxAMP Autonomous

LED Indication

Error Auto-Recovery

System Response

TxAMP Over
Temperature

TxAMP shuts down if


temp sensor threshold
is exceeded

Major (Red)

Shut down until temp


decreases to +85C

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

TxAMP Loss of
Communication

Loss of
communications
between Sub-rack IM
controller and TxAMP

Major (Yellow)

Auto-recovery.
TxAMPs left in last
state

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP report
indeterminate state
for TxAMPs

TxAMP DC Input
Power Fail

Exceeds maximum
voltage. Disables radio
immediately if DC
support voltage > 30.5
VDC.

Major (Red)

Auto-recovery when
supply volage drops to
< +29.5 VDC

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

Auto-recovery when
supply voltage
increases to > +22.4
VDC

or
Below minimum
voltage. Disables radio
immediately if DC
supply voltage < +20.5
VDC
TxAMP RF Degraded

RF power on but
degraded

Minor (Red Flashing)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

TxAMP Warm-up

TxAMP in warm-up.
Waits up to 15 minutes

Minor (Red Flashing)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

TxAMP Warm-up
Fail

TxAMP fails to
warm-up

Major (Red)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

TxAMP Switch Off

TxAMP Face Plate


Switch is set to off

Major (Red)

None

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP reports
status

RxAMP alarms

The following table describes the RxAMP alarms on the 9216/9226 Compact.
Table 7-13

9216/9226 Compact RxAMP alarms

Alarm Name

Definition

Alarm Level/LED

Auto-Recovery

System Response

RxAMP Fail (LNA)

RxAMP Hardware
Failure

Major (Red)

No Recovery

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
displays status

TTLNA Fail

TTLNA is operating
outside DC current
limit

Major (Red)

Change to bypass
mode

SDP, OMC-RAN
GUI, TI, ROP
displays status

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

TDU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TDU alarms
TDU LED

A bi-color LED indicator listed below is available on the TDU.


Table 7-14

9216/9226 Compact TDU LED

Label/color

Condition

red

Failure

green

Ready

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Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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7-16

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Fan tray alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms


Fan tray LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the fan trays.


Table 7-15

9216/9226 Compact fan tray LED

Label/color

Condition

GREEN

Normal

RED

Fault

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarms
Overview

User alarms are provided for use by the service provider to report cell site alarms that
are not triggered by the base station itself.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.


User alarm description

User alarm points are external to the base station and their lines are surge-protected.
Since they connect to external equipment, these user alarms are electrically isolated
from the Radio Frequency Diagnostic Unit (RFDU) circuitry. They are two-lead current
loops where a closed circuit indicates a normal condition and an open circuit indicates
an alarm. The user alarm polarity can be inverted by software according to cell
translations.
The IOU (which can be one of the following: HIOU, EHIOU, or CIOU) does not
provide any alarms of its own. Its main purpose is passing frame alarms and user
alarms to the URC(s) via the I2C bus.
Each Compact cabinet uses up to 24 user alarms.
The following figure shows the location of the user alarms for the Indoor 9216
Compact primary frame.

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the location of the user alarms for the Indoor 9216
Compact primary frame, without integrated power.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
401-703-407
7-19
Issue 19 June 2009
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the location of the User Alarms 0-7 for the Outdoor 9216
Compact primary frame, without integrated power.

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the location of the User Alarms 16-19 for the Outdoor
9216 Compact primary frame.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the location of the User Alarms 20-29 for the Outdoor
9216 Compact primary frame.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
401-703-407
7-23
Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarms cable list

The following table shows the cable information for the standard 9216/9226 Compact
cabinet configuration.
Table 7-16

9216/9226 Compact alarms cable list

Cable and connector

Connector type for cabinet


end of cable

Cable type

Power alarms 0-7

37-pin D-sub, male

16 twisted pairs

External user alarms


16-29 and User Relays
2-3

37-pin D-sub, male

16 twisted pairs

Notes:

1.

No user or power alarm cables are connected to the dual-band cabinet.

User alarms for standard 9216/9226 Compact cabinet

The standard 9216/9226 Compact cabinet is equipped with ports J3 and J4 (37-pin
connector each). J3 port is reserved for Power alarms 0 through 7; J4 port is reserved
for 2 relays and 14 user alarms.
Refer to the following table for wire color-coding and punchdown information for user
alarms between the standard radio cabinet and the Z-IDC punchdown block.
Table 7-17
Alarm Number

9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable at Z-IDC block


Wire Color

Z-IDC Punchdown block positions

2,3

First 10 positions of Z-IDC assigned to relays and user alarms


User

Black/Slate

4-1 Upper (+)

Relay 2

Slate/Black

4-1 Lower (-)

User

Yellow/Blue

4-2 Upper (+)

Relay 3

Blue/Yellow

4-2 Lower (-)

User Alarm 16

White/Blue

4-3 Upper (+)

Blue/White

4-3 Lower (-)

White/Orange

4-4 Upper (+)

Orange/White

4-4 Lower (-)

White/Green

4-5 Upper (+)

Green/White

4-5 Lower (-)

User Alarm 17

User Alarm 18

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-17
Alarm Number
User Alarm 19

User Alarm 20

User Alarm 21

User Alarm 22

User Alarm 23

9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable at Z-IDC block (continued)


Wire Color

Z-IDC Punchdown block positions

White/Brown

4-6 Upper (+)

Brown/White

4-6 Lower (-)

White/Slate

4-7 Upper (+)

Slate/White

4-7 Lower (-)

Red/Blue

4-8 Upper (+)

Blue/Red

4-8 Lower (-)

Red/Orange

4-9 Upper (+)

Orange/Red

4-9 Lower (-)

Red/Green

4-10 Upper (+)

Green/Red

4-10 Lower (-)

2,3

Second 10 positions of Z-IDC assigned to relays and user alarms


User Alarm 24

User Alarm 25

User Alarm 26

User Alarm 27

User Alarm 28

User Alarm 29

Red/Brown

5-1 Upper (+)

Brown/Red

5-1 Lower (-)

Red/Slate

5-2 Upper (+)

Slate/Red

5-2 Lower (-)

Black/Blue

5-3 Upper (+)

Blue/Black

5-3 Lower (-)

Black/Orange

5-4 Upper (+)

Orange/Black

5-4 Lower (-)

Black/Green

5-5 Upper (+)

Green/Black

5-5 Lower (-)

Black/Brown

5-6 Upper (+)

Brown/Black

5-6 Lower (-)

Notes:

1.

User alarms 0 through 7 utilized for power alarms.

2.

5-2 Upper = Fifth user alarm Z-IDC, position #2 upper 5-1 Lower = Fifth user alarm T1/E1 Z-IDC,
position #1 lower (+) Alarm/Relay (-) Return

3.

Z-IDC positions 7 to 10 are not used.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9216 Compact Distributed cabinet user alarms

The 9216 Compact Distributed cabinet is equipped with 2 ports, J3 and J4 (37-pin
connector each). J3 port is reserved for Power alarms and can accept up to 5 power
alarms (0 through 4), J4 port has capacity for 4 alarms (16 through 19) which could be
used as user alarm or can be shared as 2 for additional power alarms and 2 user alarms
as requested by customer. During the installation, J3 and J4 ports are connected to the
Z-IDC punchdown block at NIU using 2 Alcatel-Lucent provided user alarm cable (16
twisted pair with 37-pin D-sub at one end).
Refer to the following table for wire color-coding and punchdown information for user
alarms between the BU radio cabinet and the Z-IDC punchdown block.
Table 7-18

9216 Compact Distributed user alarm cable at Z-IDC block

Terminal
block

Alarm Number

Wire Color

Punchdown position
(Z-IDC
block and position)1

Third
Z-IDC

Power alarm #0

White/Blue

3-1 Upper (+)

(power major)

Blue/White

3-1 Lower (-)

Power alarm #1

White/Orange

3-2 Upper (+)

(power minor)

Orange/White

3-2 Lower (-)

Power alarm #2

White/Green

3-3 Upper (+)

(AC fail)

Green/White

3-3 Lower (-)

Power alarm #3

White/Brown

3-4 Upper (+)

(intrusion)

Brown/White

3-4 Lower (-)

Power alarm #4

White/Slate

3-5 Upper (+)

Slate/White

3-5 Lower (-)

User alarm #16 *

Red/Blue

4-1 Upper (+)

(fuse alarm)

Blue/Red

4-1 Lower (-)

User alarm #17 *

Red/Orange

4-2 Upper (+)

Orange/Red

4-2 Lower (-)

Red/Green

4-3 Upper (+)

Green/Red

4-3 Lower (-)

Red/Brown

4-4 Upper (+)

Brown/Red

4-4 Upper (+)

Cable #1

(battery on
discharge)
Fourth
Z-IDC
Cable #2

(battery on
discharge)
User alarm #18

User alarm #19

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Notes:

1.

Denotes that these positions can be used for additional user alarms, if not used for power alarms.

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections

The following table shows user alarm cable connections for the indoor 9216/9226
Compact base stations.
Table 7-19
Function

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections

Wire Color for the


recommended User Alarm
Cable

Pin # on D-Sub
Connector of
Junction Box

Pin # on J8 or
HIOU/CIOU

User Alarms 0 through 7 are utilized for power alarms


Relay 2 and Relay 3 are not supported
User 16 Alarm

User 17 Alarm

User 18 Alarm

User 19 Alarm

User 20 Alarm

User 21 Alarm

User 22 Alarm

User 23 Alarm

User 24 Alarm

User 25 Alarm

Red/Brown

Brown/Red

20

20

Red/Slate

Slate/Red

21

21

Black/Blue

Blue/Black

22

22

Black/Orange

Orange/Black

23

23

Black/Green

Green/Black

24

24

Black/Brown

Brown/Black

25

25

Black/Slate

Slate/Black

26

26

Yellow/Blue

Blue/Yellow

27

27

Yellow/Orange

Orange/Yellow

28

28

Yellow/Green

10

10

Green/Yellow

29

29

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-19
Function

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections


(continued)

Wire Color for the


recommended User Alarm
Cable

Pin # on D-Sub
Connector of
Junction Box

Pin # on J8 or
HIOU/CIOU

User Alarms 0 through 7 are utilized for power alarms


Relay 2 and Relay 3 are not supported
User 26 Alarm

User 27 Alarm

User 28 Alarm

User 29 Alarm

Yellow/Brown

11

11

Brown/Yellow

30

30

Yellow/Slate

12

12

Slate/Yellow

31

31

Violet/Blue

13

13

Blue/Violet

32

32

Violet/Orange

14

14

Orange/Violet

33

33

Notes:

1.

Example: 3-7 Upper refers to the Z-IDC Module 3, position #7 upper.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Outdoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections

The following table shows user alarm connections for the Outdoor 9216/9226 Compact
base stations.
Table 7-20
Terminal
Block

Outdoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections


Function

Wire Color for the


recommended
User Alarm Cable

Punch down
Assignments
(Z-IDC block and
position)

Pin # on
J8 or
HIOU/CIOU

User Alarms 0 through 7 are utilized for power alarms


Relay 2 and Relay 3 are not supported
10-position
Z-IDC
assigned to
User Alarms
(Module 3)

User 16
Alarm

Red/Brown

3-7 Upper

Brown/Red

3-7 Lower

20

User 17
Alarm

Red/Slate

3-8 Upper

Slate/Red

3-8 Lower

21

User 18
Alarm

Black/Blue

3-9 Upper

Blue/Black

3-9 Lower

22

User 19
Alarm

Black/Orange

3-10 Upper

Orange/Black

3-10 Lower

23

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-20
Terminal
Block

Outdoor 9216/9226 Compact user alarm cable connections


(continued)
Function

Wire Color for the


recommended
User Alarm Cable

Punch down
Assignments
(Z-IDC block and
position)

Pin # on
J8 or
HIOU/CIOU

User Alarms 0 through 7 are utilized for power alarms


Relay 2 and Relay 3 are not supported
10-position
Z-IDC
assigned to
User Alarms
(Module 4)

User 20
Alarm

Black/Green

4-1 Upper

Green/Black

4-1 Lower

24

User 21
Alarm

Black/Brown

4-2 Upper

Brown/Black

4-2 Lower

25

User 22
Alarm

Black/Slate

4-3 Upper

Slate/Black

4-3 Lower

26

User 23
Alarm

Yellow/Blue

4-4 Upper

Blue/Yellow

4-4 Lower

27

User 24
Alarm

Yellow/Orange

4-5 Upper

Orange/Yellow

4-5 Lower

28

User 25
Alarm

Yellow/Green

4-6 Upper

10

Green/Yellow

4-6 Lower

29

User 26
Alarm

Yellow/Brown

4-7 Upper

11

Brown/Yellow

4-7 Lower

30

User 27
Alarm

Yellow/Slate

4-8 Upper

12

Slate/Yellow

4-8 Lower

31

User 28
Alarm

Violet/Blue

4-9 Upper

13

Blue/Violet

4-9 Lower

32

User 29
Alarm

Violet/Orange

4-10 Upper

14

Orange/Violet

4-10 Lower

33

Notes:

1.

Example: 3-7 Upper refers to the Z-IDC Module 3, position #7 upper.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

External user alarm cable connections at the Indoor Compact cabinet

The external user alarm cable(s) must have been previously connected to the Indoor
9216 Compact cabinet according to the instructions provided in the Site Preparation
Manual.
Important! In order for the power alarms 0-7 to be routed back to the Compact
primary cabinet (from the Equipment side of the NIU, via the 10 meter (33 feet)
0-7 alarm cable), the power alarms from the customer-supplied power source
must have been previously punched down on the Network side of the NIU.
Indoor 9216/9226 Compact external user alarm cable connections at NIU

Important! The columns Alarm # and Wire Color Code are used to determine
the correct punchdowns for each user alarm.
Important! The following cables are used for direct connections to the NIU, as
applicable.

Cable 0-7: Refer to 0-7 User Alarm connections at NIU (p. 7-31) for power
alarms 0-7.

Cable 16-29: Refer to User Alarm 16-23 cable pin assignments (for NIU
connection) (p. 6-40) for external relays and user alarms 16-23 and User
Alarm 24-31 cable pin assignments (for NIU connection) (p. 6-41) for external
user alarms 24-29.

Important! The columns Alarm # and Wire Color Code are used to determine
the correct punchdowns for each user alarm.
0-7 User Alarm connections at NIU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-21

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact external 0-7 user alarm cable


connections at NIU

Alarm Cable and


connector at Indoor
Compact Cabinet1

Alarm #2

Wire Color Code

Pin # at 37-Pin
D-Sub at Indoor
Compact
Cabinet

Alarm 0-7 cable

User 0

White-Blue

Power Alarms 0-7

Alarm

Blue-White

20

(37-Pin D-Sub)

User 1

White-Orange

Alarm

Orange-White

21

User 2

White-Green

Alarm

Green-White

22

User 3

White-Brown

Alarm

Brown-White

23

User 4

White-Slate

Alarm

Slate-White

24

User 5

Red-Blue

Alarm

Blue-Red

25

User 6

Red-Orange

Alarm

Orange-Red

26

User 7

Red-Green

Alarm

Green-Red

27

Notes:

1.

This cable is not used if the power source is a 3GP24i power cabinet.

2.

In order for the power alarms 0-7 to be routed back to the Compact primary cabinet (from the Equipment
side of the NIU, via the 10 meter (33 feet) 0-7 alarm cable), the power alarms from the
customer-supplied power source must have been previously punched down on the Network side of the
NIU.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

16-23 User Alarm connections at NIU


Table 7-22

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact external 16-23 user alarm cable


connections at NIU

Alarm Cable
and connector
at Indoor
Compact
Cabinet

Alarm #

Wire Color Code

Pin # at 37-Pin
D-Sub at Indoor
Compact Cabinet

Alarm 16-29
cable

User 2

Black-Slate

15

Relay

Slate-Black

34

User 3

Yellow-Blue

16

Relay

Blue-Yellow

35

User 16

White-Blue

Alarm

Blue-White

20

User 17

White-Orange

Alarm

Orange-White

21

User 18

White-Green

Alarm

Green-White

22

User 19

White-Brown

Alarm

Brown-White

23

User 20

White-Slate

Alarm

Slate-White

24

User 21

Red-Blue

Alarm

Blue-Red

25

User 22

Red-Orange

Alarm

Orange-Red

26

User 23

Red-Green

Alarm

Green-Red

27

External User
Relays 2-3 and
User Alarms
16-23
(37-Pin D-Sub)

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User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

24-29 User Alarm connections at NIU


Table 7-23

Indoor 9216/9226 Compact external 24-29 user alarm cable


connections at NIU

Alarm Cable
and connector
at Indoor
Compact
Cabinet

Alarm #

Wire Color Code

Pin # at 37-Pin
D-Sub at Indoor
Compact Cabinet

Alarm 16-29
cable

User 24

Red-Brown

Alarm

Brown-Red

28

User 25

Red-Slate

10

Alarm

Slate-Red

29

User 26

Black-Blue

11

Alarm

Blue-Black

30

User 27

Black-Orange

12

Alarm

Orange-Black

31

User 28

Black-Green

13

Alarm

Green-Black

32

User 29

Black-Brown

14

Alarm

Brown-Black

33

External User
Alarms 24-29
(37-Pin D-Sub)

9216/9226 Compact without integrated power user alarm mapping

This topic provides user alarm mapping information for the 9216/9226 Compact
without integrated power.
The following table provides the customer definable Compact base station user alarms
recommendations for configurations without integrated power (using external power).
Table 7-24

9216/9226 Compact without integrated power user alarm mapping

User Alarm #

Source Unit

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Major Power Fail

000

Minor Power Fail

000

AC Fail

000

Power Cabinet Intrusion


Alarm

000

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-24

9216/9226 Compact without integrated power user alarm


mapping (continued)

User Alarm #

Source Unit

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Battery Discharge

000

Battery Fuse

000

Battery Disconnect

000

Spare

000

16-29

General User Alarm

001

0-13

0-1

User Relays

010

2-3

Important! For Rural Configurations, only Alarms 16-23 are provided.


9216/9226 Compact with integrated power user alarm mapping

The following table provides the customer definable Compact base station user alarms
for configurations with integrated power.
Table 7-25

9216/9226 Compact with integrated power user alarm mapping

User Alarm #

Source Unit

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg2)

I2C Bit

16-29

General User
Alarms

001

0-13

2-3

User Relays

010

2-3

Important! For Rural Configurations, only Alarms 16-23 are provided.


Remote configuration user alarms for 9216 Compact Distributed without integrated power

The following table provides the customer-definable user alarms for the 9216 Compact
Distributed without integrated power recommendations if the rectifier is not equipped
in the base unit frame.

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Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-26

9216 Compact Distributed without integrated power remote


configuration user alarms

User
Alarm #

Meaning

Source
Unit

IOU I2C
Port
Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Comments

1-7

Power
Alarms

Extended
DC Power
Plant

000

0-6

For external DC power


plant there are seven
alarms that may be
connected as user alarms
in the based unit frame.

CFM1 Alarm

CFM1

000

CFMA1/Link
Alarm

CFM1

000

10

RU1 Cabinet
Intrusion
Alarm

CFM1

000

RU1 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA1 and
linked to CFM1

11

RU1
Rectifier
Alarm

CFM1

000

10

RU1 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA1 and
linked to CFM1

12-14

RU1 User
Alarms

CFM1

000

11-13

RU1 user defined alarms

15

CFM2 Alarm

CFM2

000

14

16

CFMA2/Link
Alarm

CFM2

000

15

17

RU2 Cabinet
Intrusion
Alarm

CFM2

001

RU2 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA2 and
linked to CFM2

18

RU2
Rectifier
Alarm

CFM2

001

RU2 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA2 and
linked to CFM2

19-21

RU2 User
Alarms

CFM2

001

2-4

RU2 user defined alarms

22

CFM3
Alarms

CFM3

001

23

CFMA3/Link
Alarm

CFM3

001

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-26

9216 Compact Distributed without integrated power remote


configuration user alarms (continued)

User
Alarm #

Meaning

Source
Unit

IOU I2C
Port
Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Comments

24

RU3 Cabinet
Intrusion
Alarm

CFM3

001

RU3 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA3 and
linked to CFM3

25

RU3
Rectifier
Alarm

CFM3

001

RU3 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA3 and
linked to CFM3

26-28

RU3 User
Alarms

CFM3

001

9-11

RU3 user defined alarms

29-32

BU User
Alarms

001

12-15

BU frame user defined


alarms

Remote configuration user alarms for 9216 Compact Distributed with integrated power

The following table provides the customer-definable user alarms for the 9216 Compact
Distributed with integrated power recommendations if the rectifier is not equipped in
the base unit frame.
Table 7-27

9216 Compact Distributed with integrated power remote


configuration user alarms

User
Alarm #

Meaning

Source
Unit

IOU I2C
Port
Address
(MUX1/Leg
2)

I2C Bit

Comments

1-5

Power Alarm

Integrated
Rectifier

000

0-4

For integrated rectifier


there are five alarms
connected as user alarms
in Base Unit frame

6-7

Base Unit User


Alarms

000

5-6

Base Unit frame user


defined alarms

CFM1 Alarm

CFM1

000

CFMA1/Link
Alarm

CFM1

000

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-27

9216 Compact Distributed with integrated power remote


configuration user alarms (continued)

User
Alarm #

Meaning

Source
Unit

IOU I2C
Port
Address
(MUX1/Leg
2)

I2C Bit

Comments

10

RU1 Cabinet
Intrusion Alarm

CFM1

000

RU1 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA1 and
linked to CFM1

11

RU1 Rectifier
Alarm

CFM1

000

10

RU1 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA1 and
linked to CFM1

12-14

RU1 User
Alarms

CFM1

000

11-13

RU1 user defined alarms

15

CFM2 Alarm

CFM2

000

14

16

CFMA2/Link
Alarm

CFM2

000

15

17

RU2 Cabinet
Intrusion Alarm

CFM2

001

RU2 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA2 and
linked to CFM2

18

RU2 Rectifier
Alarm

CFM2

001

RU2 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA2 and
linked to CFM2

19-21

RU2 User
Alarms

CFM2

001

2-4

RU2 user defined alarms

22

CFM3 Alarm

CFM3

001

23

CFMA2/Link
Alarm

CFM3

001

24

RU3 Cabinet
Intrusion Alarm

CFM3

001

RU3 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA3 and
linked to CFM3

25

RU3 Rectifier
Alarm

CFM3

001

RU3 Intrusion alarm


collected by CFMA3 and
linked to CFM3

26-28

RU3 User
Alarms

CFM3

001

9-11

RU3 user defined alarms

29-32

BU User Alarms

CFM3

001

12-15

BU frame user defined


alarms

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Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power alarms
Overview

User alarms 0 through 7 are reserved for power alarms. The following table shows the
power alarm function per J4 pin number for the Indoor 9216/9226 Compact and per
punchdown for the Outdoor 9216/9226 Compact.
Important! The Z-IDC block requires the use of a Krone blade.
The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms for a 9216
Compact configured as a Primary Frame, with integrated power, and KS-24688
rectifier shelf.

The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms for a 9216
Compact configured as a Primary Frame, with integrated power, KS-24688 rectifier
shelf, and W1024 cable.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms for a 9216
Compact configured as a Primary Frame, with integrated power, KS-24688 rectifier
shelf, and W1124 cable.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009

7-40

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms for a 9216
Compact configured as a Primary Frame, with integrated power, and KS-24751
rectifier shelf.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms for a 9216
Compact configured as a Primary Frame, with integrated power, KS-24751 rectifier
shelf, and W1124 cable.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms for a 9216
Compact configured as a Dual-Band Frame, with integrated power, and KS-24688
rectifier shelf.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms for a 9216
Compact configured as a Dual-Band Frame, with integrated power, and KS-24751
rectifier shelf.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarms and Status

The power module provides alarms and indicators. The primary power controller
collects alarms from the internal and external battery cabinets as well as growth
cabinet rectifiers. Alarms are reported to the user interface panel in the form of relay
contact closures. Alternative implementations may utilize solid-state relays or
opto-coupled devices to provide isolation from the controller circuitry and achieve the
equivalent contact closure. The - designation of each alarm is referenced to the
system ground. The relay or solid-state devices have an open circuit voltage rating of
30 VDC. A total of six alarms are reported. The Alarm interface and general
description is in the table below.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-28
Alarm

ID

9216 Compact power alarms


Relay

Name

Name

DsubM

Description

1 Pin

Urgent Power (Power


Major)

PMJ

Form B

PowMaj+ Pow
Maj-

8, 24

Issued by power
controller when any
condition occurs that
impacts the capabilities
of the users
equipment, thereby
requiring immediate
attention.

Non-Urgent Power
(Power Minor)

PMN

Form B

PowMin+
PowMin-

9, 28

Issued by power
controller when any
condition occurs that
would require service
but does not
immediately impact the
users equipment. Also
generated by a contact
closure between BAT
FAN ALM RTN and
BAT FAN ALM NC
indicating that a fan in
the internal or external
battery compartment is
not operational.

Mains Failure (AC


Fail)

ACF

Form B

AcFail+ AcFail-

10, 29

Issued by the power


controller when it
recognizes that AC
input power to any of
the rectifiers has been
disrupted.

Urgent Fuse

FA

Form B

FuseAlm+
FuseAlm-

11, 30

Issued by the controller


if a battery protection
fuse (either in the
primary, growth, or
battery cabinets) opens.
Generated by contact
closure between ALM+
and ALM- signals.

Battery Discharge

BD

Form B

BattDis+ BattDis-

12, 31

Issued by the power


controller when the
system output voltage
drops below 25.0 VDC
(user adjustable from
between 23 to 26.5
VDC).

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-28
Alarm

9216 Compact power alarms (continued)

ID

Relay

Name

Name

DsubM

Description

1 Pin

Battery Discharge 2

BD2

Form B

BattDis2+
BattDis2-

13, 32

Issued by the power


controller when the
Battery output voltage
drops below 22.0 VDC
(may be user
adjustable)

Notes:

1.

Relays are energized open and close on alarm.

2.

Refer to Alarm Reference for alarm conditions.

Rectifier Controller Alarms

The List 1 and List 2 Power Controllers are equipped with seven T1 size, right angle,
LEDs. The LEDs are viewable through the front panel and defined as shown in the
following table.
Table 7-29

9216/9226 Compact power controller alarms

Function

Color

Label

Description

Major Power
Alarm

Red

PJM

Shall light when a major alarm is


detected

Minor Power
Alarm

Yellow

RMN

Shall light when a minor alarm is


detected

AC Mains
Failure
Alarm

Red

ACF

Shall light when AC mains failure is


detected

Battery
Discharge

Red

BD

Shall light when batteries are


discharging

Temp Fault

Red

TEMP

Shall light when temperature related


fault detected

Fuse Fault

Red

FUSE

Shall light when battery fuse opened or


LVBD contactor failed

Power On

Green

PWR

Shall light when input power is applied


to the controller

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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power alarm cable pin assignments for Indoor and Outdoor 9216/9226 Compact cabinets

User alarms 0 through 7 are reserved for power alarms. The following table specifies
the power alarm cable assignment and connections.
Table 7-30

9216/9226 Compact power alarm cable pin assignments

Alarm
function

Alarm Pair
Typical Wire
numbernumber color

Indoor
compact Pin # on J4
(37 Pin
D-sub
connector)

Outdoor
compact Punchdown
position on
Z-IDC block for
power alarms 1
-8

Pin # on
J7 of HIOU
/ CIOU

Power Major
(PMJ)

White/Blue

2-7 Upper

Blue/White

20

2-7 Lower

20

Power Minor
(PMN)

White/Orange

2-8 Upper

Orange/White

21

2-8 Lower

21

AC Fail
(ACF)

White/Green

2-9 Upper

Green/White

22

2-9 Lower

22

Power
Cabinet
Intrusion
(INTR)

White/Brown

2-10 Upper

Brown/White

23

2-10 Lower

23

Batteries on
Discharge First Stage
(BD)

White/Slate

3-1 Upper

Slate/White

24

3-1 Lower

24

Fuse Alarm

Red/Blue

3-2 Upper

Blue/Red

25

3-2 Lower

25

Red/Orange

3-3 Upper

Orange/Red

26

3-3 Lower

26

Red/Green

3-4 Upper

Green/Red

27

3-4 Lower

27

Batteries on
Discharge Second Stage
(BD-2)

Customer
Definable

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Compact Distributed alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Frame alarms
Overview

Frame alarms indicate the failure of Power Converter Units (PCUs) and provide an
indication of intrusion.
Standard and rural configuration frame alarms for 9216 Compact

Below is a table which lists the frame alarms for the9216 Compact Rural
Configuration. These frame alarms are valid for all V2 Outdoor Compact
configurations equipped with the heater assembly option. Note that the interface will be
supported on the IOU1 using a 25-pin D-Type connector rather than the 37-pin D-Type
connector used on the Compact Cell.
Table 7-31

9216 Compact standard and rural configuration frame alarms

Frame
Alarm
#

Message

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Meaning

Digital Shelf Fan


Failure

011

Hybrid Fan Alarm

Cabinet Intrusion
Alarm

011

Cabinet Intrusion
Alarm

Heat Management
System Overtemp

011

Heat Management
System Overtemp

11

Heat Management
System
Undertemp

011

10

Heat Management
System Undertemp

Remote configuration frame alarms for 9216 Compact Distributed without integrated power

The following table provides the customer-definable frame alarms for the 9216
Compact Distributed without integrated power.
Table 7-32

9216 Compact Distributed remote configuration frame alarms

Frame
Alarm
#

Message*

Source Unit

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Compact
Meaning

Digital Shelf
Fan Failure

Hybrid Fan
Tray

011

BU Fan Failure

Undesignated Frame Alarm

011

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9216/9226 Compact, 9216 Compact LX, and 9216


Compact Distributed alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-32

9216 Compact Distributed remote configuration frame alarms


(continued)

Frame
Alarm
#

Message*

Source Unit

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Compact
Meaning

Amplifier
Shelf 1 Fan
Failure

RU1 Fan
Tray

011

RU1 Fan Failure

Undesignated Frame Alarm

011

Amplifier
Shelf 2 Fan
Failure

011

Undesignated Frame Alarm

011

Cabinet
Intrusion
Alarm

Base Unit
Frame

011

BU Intrusion
Alarm (Outdoor
configuration
only)

Heat
Management
System
Overtemp

Heat
Management
System

011

BU Heat
Management
System Overtemp
(Outdoor
configuration
only)

Primary
frame heat
management
system fan
alarm

RU3 Fan
Tray

011

RU3 Fan Failure

10

Primary
Frame Heat
Management
System
Heater
Alarm

Heat
Management
System

011

11

Heat
Management
System
Undertemp

Heat
Management
System

011

10

RU2 Fan
Tray

RU2 Fan Failure

BU Heat
Management
System
Undertemp
(Outdoor
configurations
only)

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Compact Distributed alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 7-32

9216 Compact Distributed remote configuration frame alarms


(continued)

Frame
Alarm
#

Message*

Source Unit

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

12

Heat
Management
System
Controller
Fail

Heat
Management
System

011

11

13

Heat
Management
System
Compressor
Fail

Heat
Management
System

011

12

14

Undesignated Alarms

011

13

15

Undesignated Alarms

011

14

16

Undesignated Alarms

011

15

Compact
Meaning

Notes:

1.

* This column represents the 9218 Macro meaning. For the 9216 Compact, this column is the message
that is sent indicating the Compact meaning (last column).

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8222 Micro/Micro
9
Distributed alarm
information

Overview
Purpose

This chapter presents alarm information that pertains to the 9222 Micro and 9222
Micro Distributed.
Contents
Alarm collection

8-2

CTU and OM alarms

8-4

URC alarms

8-5

CMU alarms

8-6

OCM-II alarms

8-7

Intrusion alarm

8-8

UCR alarms

8-9

TxAMP alarms

8-10

Tower Top Test Module (TTTM) alarm LED

8-12

Fan tray alarms

8-13

User alarms

8-14

Power alarms

8-20

Frame alarms

8-23

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
Alarm collection

The following figure shows the alarm collection in the 9222 Micro/Micro Distributed.
Alarm reporting

Most alarms are collected by the I2C with exceptions noted in the descriptions.

The CPC alarms connect directly to the URC via the I2C bus through the IOU and
the backplane.
The Input/Output Unit serves as a physical alarm collection point, as well as a
supplier of digital output signals. Since it is an alarm collection point, the IOU
proxy performs alarm monitoring.
The I2C serial bus is used to interconnect the URC(s), CPCs, TxAMPs and the IOU
for purposes of alarm collection, inventory control and other potential (future)
control/status reporting functions.
LNA over current and DC-DC Converter alarms are reported via a discrete cable to
the TDU. The TDU passes the alarms by the I2C bus, through the FAC/FAC-D and
IOU to the URC(s). The TDU sets the appropriate bit(s) on its 16-bit I2C port
expander(s) to indicate the alarm condition, where they are reported to the URC.
The following devices report their alarms to the URC via the I2C bus with the
name of the alarm indicating the type of failure reported.

Digital Shelf Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 1 Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 2 Fan Failure


Cabinet Intrusion Alarm

Heat Management System Overtemp

Primary frame heat management system fan alarm


Primary frame heat management system heat alarm

Heat Management System Undertemp

Heat Management System Controller Fail


Heat Management System Compressor Fail.

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8-2

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm reporting summary

System alarm reporting is summarized in the table below for the 9222 Micro/Micro
Distributed.
Table 8-1

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm reporting summary

Type

Unit

Alarm Reporting Mechanism

RF

TxAMP (C1PAM,
C2PAM, P2PAM, iPAM)

I2C via cable to PIM and then backplane to URC via


I 2C

LNA on DLM

Use filter 1 2C bus address (via backplane to URC


via 12C

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

Use filter 12C bus address (via backplane to URC


via 12C), monitoring is via A/D converter with 12C
interface in the TTTM

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane to


URC)

RET

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane to


URC)

UCR/MCR/UCRe

ARCNET bus

URC/URC-II

Directly to RCS over facilities interface

CMU

IEEE-1394 packet bus (Firewire)

CTU-II

ARCNET

PIM (secondary power


alarm)

Use CPC 12C bus address (via backplane to URC


via I2C)

Fan Tray

Use frame alarm (via cable to PIM and then to URC


via I2C bus)

Heat Management
System

Cabled Frame alarm connection to PIM then


backplane to URC

Rectifier power
(rectifier battery)

Use user alarms (via cable to PIM and then


backplane to URC via I 2C

Digital

Other

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

CTU and OM alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CTU and OM alarms


CTU hardware errors

The CTU generates hardware errors on the peripheral bus due to these conditions:

GPS satellites cannot be traced

Satellite lock has been lost and flywheeling is in process


GPS receiver failure.

CTU LEDs

The LED indicators listed below are available for each CTU.
Table 8-2

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed CTU LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

CTU failure

NVM (yellow)

Context-sensitive event in progress (for example,


NVM download)

RDY (green)

CTU enabled for generating clock signals, and the


OM and GPS are functional

OM FAIL (red)

OM failure

FLY EX (red)

CTU has exceeded the maximum flywheel time

LOCK GPS (green)

GPS unit is locked to the GPS satellite signal

OM LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the OM.


Table 8-3

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed OM LED

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

RDY (green)

Ready, indicates that at least one of the six analog


clock outputs is active

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8-4

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

URC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

URC alarms
URC LEDs

The following LEDs listed below are available for the URC.
Table 8-4

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed URC LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Board failure

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

URC operational

L1 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L2 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L3 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L4 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

CMU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CMU alarms
CMU LEDs

The three LED indicators listed below are available for the CMU.
Table 8-5

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed CMU LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

The CMU has failed diagnostics, one or more CEs have


failed to initialize, or another component has failed to
initialize

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

The CCU is functioning properly and at least one CE is


enabled

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8-6

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

OCM-II alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OCM-II alarms
OCM-II LEDs

The eight LED indicators listed in the following table are available on the OCM-II
faceplate.
Table 8-6

9222 Micro Distributed OCM-II LEDs

Label/color

Condition

STAT (red/green/yellow)

a unit status indicator (1 LED)

FL (red/green)

one port status indicator (pass/fail) for each CPRI port (3


LEDs)

SW (red/green)

one transmit state indicator per CPRI port switch (3 LEDs).

ETH (yellow)

Maintenance port status indicator (1 LED).

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Intrusion alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarm
Intrusion alarm

An intrusion alarm is generated when the door of an outdoor cell site is opened.

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8-8

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

UCR alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

UCR alarms
UCR LEDs

The LEDs for the UCRs indicate these conditions.


Table 8-7

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed UCR LEDs

Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

FLT (yellow)

Fault (does not light up with NVM download)

RDY (green)

Ready

Tx ON (green)

Transmit on

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP alarms
Overview

Amplifier (AMP) alarms indicate failures in the receive or transmit amplifiers.


Transmit amplifier (TxAMP) alarms indicate a failure condition in the transmit
amplifier that impacts call transmission capability.
Over-temperature alarm

The Over-temperature alarm is indicated when the amplifier baseplate exceeds a


threshold temperature. The TxAMP includes an internal thermal overload shutdown
circuit to prevent destruction due to lack of airflow from fan failure. Under this
condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged. This may be accomplished
by reducing the bias and switching off the input power. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating temperature, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance.
The alarm light flashes at a 1-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
The RF overdrive alarm

The Overdrive alarm is triggered when the input power level exceeds +7.0 dBm 0.75
dB. The amplifier shall not be damaged by an input signal, which is up to a level of
+14 dBm (the continuous Non-damaging Input Power level). This condition can last
indefinitely. Under this condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged.
This may be accomplished by attenuating the input signal. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating input level, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance. The TxAMP amplifier generates an
overdrive alarm during this condition. The amplifier automatically recovers to the
normal mode when the input overdrive condition ceases to exist for at least a period of
4 seconds.
The alarm light flashes at a 1/2-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
Amplifier failure alarm

The Amplifier Failure alarm is triggered when internal monitor circuits within the
TxAMP detect that the drain current is out of operating range or the output power level
is too low. Alarm hysteresis is such that power glitches will not cause false alarms.
The LAM has two LEDs located on the front plate: one green and one red. The green
LED is illuminated when the LAM is powered on and no alarms are detected. The red
LED is illuminated when any LAM alarm is activated. A flashing RED LED indicates
a transient failure.
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8-10

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP LEDs

The LEDs for the TxAMPs indicate these conditions.


Table 8-8

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed TxAMP LEDs

Label/color

Condition

ALM (red)

Alarm flashes at different rate depending on fault

ACT (green)

Active

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Tower Top Test Module (TTTM) alarm LED

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Tower Top Test Module (TTTM) alarm LED


TTTM Alarm LED

The TTTM displays one bi-color LED per TTLNA, which is controlled by software via
the 12C bus,. which is able to be set in an off, red, or green state.
Table 8-9

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed TTTM Alarm LED

Function

Color

Description

Off

--

When the TTLNA is present, when an


antenna test is running, and when Tx or Rx
path calibration is occurring

Normal Operation

Green

When a TTLNA is present and operating


normally

Alarming

Red

When a TTLNA is present by indicating an


alarm via overcurrent or undercurrent
detection

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8-12

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Fan tray alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms


Fan alarms

The following figure shows the location of the Fan Alarms for the 9222 Micro cabinet.

Fan tray LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the fan trays.


Table 8-10

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed fan tray LED

Label/color

Condition

GREEN

Normal

RED

Fault

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarms
Purpose

This chapter provides information on user alarm requirements for a 9222 Micro/Micro
Distributed cell sites.
Overview

User alarms are provided for use by the service provider to report cell site alarms that
are not triggered by the base station itself.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.


User alarm description

User alarm points are external to the base station and their lines are surge-protected.
Since they connect to external equipment, these user alarms are electrically isolated
from the Radio Frequency Diagnostic Unit (RFDU) circuitry. They are two-lead current
loops where a closed circuit indicates a normal condition and an open circuit indicates
an alarm. The user alarm polarity can be inverted by software according to cell
translations.
The IOU does not provide any alarms of its own. Its main purpose is passing frame
alarms and user alarms to the URC(s) via the I2C bus.
General requirements for 9222 Micro

Each 9222 Micro cabinet utilizes up to eight user alarms. For cabinet without
integrated power, an additional four power alarms for external power can be connected.
Each cable is good for four user alarms.
The following figure shows the location of the user alarms for the 9222 Micro cabinet.

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8-14

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarm cable functions for 9222 Micro

The following table describes the functions of the facilities cables.


Table 8-11

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed user alarm cable functions

Cable

Use

Cable type

Number of
lines per cable

Max
Cables

Connector
type

User
/Power
alarms

User alarms defined by


customer

4 twisted pair

RJ-45
on both
ends

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

RJ-45 alarm cable pin assignments

The following table provides the pin assignments for the facilities alarm cable for the
9222 Micro/Micro Distributed.
Table 8-12

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed RJ-45 alarm cable pin assignments

Facilities cable

Number of RJ-45
jacks

RJ-45 pin #

Function

Alarm cable

2 (user alarms)

User_Alm+

1 (power alarm)

User_Alm-

User_Alm+

User_Alm-

User_Alm+

User_Alm-

User_Alm+

User_Alm-

Facilities cable connections for 9222 Micro

This topic describes the facilities cable connections. The individual user alarm twisted
pair lines are to be connected to the cabinet SPM.
The following table shows where the facilities cables are connected at the SPM.
Table 8-13
Cable

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed facilities cable connections


Line #

User alarms

Power alarm

Interface at SPM
Alarms 8 to 11

J12

Alarms 12 to 15

J13

0, 1, 2, 4

J14

User alarm cable pin assignments for the 9222 Micro

The following table shows the user alarm pin assignments for the 9222 Micro cabinet.
Table 8-14

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed user alarm cable pin assignments

User alarm wire


color

User Alarm Function

RJ-45 pin #

White-Orange

User alarm 8+

User alarm 12+

Orange

User alarm 8-

User alarm 12-

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 8-14

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed user alarm cable pin assignments


(continued)

User alarm wire


color

User Alarm Function

RJ-45 pin #

White-Green

User alarm 9+

User alarm 13+

Green

User alarm 9-

User alarm 13-

Blue

User alarm 10+

User alarm 14+

White-Blue

User alarm 10-

User alarm 14-

White-Brown

User alarm 11+

User alarm 15+

Brown

User alarm 11-

User alarm 15-

User Alarm mapping for 9222 Micro without integrated power

The following table provides the customer definable user alarms recommendations for
configurations without integrated power (using external power).
Table 8-15

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed (without integrated power) user alarm


mapping

User Alarm
#

Alarm Definition

Alarm
Group

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Major power failure


including battery fuse
fail1 (or User Alarm
0)

000

User Alarm 0

Minor power failure 1


(or User Alarm 1)

000

User Alarm 1

AC failure1 (or User


Alarm 2)

000

User Alarm 2

N/A

N/A

000

N/A

Battery discharge (or


User Alarm 4)

000

User Alarm 4

N/A

N/A

000

User Alarm 5

N/A

N/A

000

User Alarm 6

N/A

N/A

000

User Alarm 7

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 8

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 9

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8-18

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 8-15

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed (without integrated power) user alarm


mapping (continued)

User Alarm
#

Alarm Definition

Alarm
Group

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

10

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 10

11

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 11

12

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 12

13

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 13

14

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 14

15

Customer defined

000

User Alarm 15

Notes:

1.

Alarm is dedicated to power alarms in AC Rectifier equipped system, otherwise available


for user alarms (using J14 connector on SPM).

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power alarms
Overview

User/Power alarms (in primary frame only) are collected through the Enhanced
Facilities Interface Module (EFIM). They are routed to the EFIM that, for outdoor
applications, is sent to a punchdown block that contains lightning protection. A cable
from the secondary EFIM output sends the alarms to the CTU that formats and sends
them to the peripheral bus to the URC, which is then sent over the T1/E1 lines.
The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms.

General requirements for 9222 Micro

Each 9222 Micro cabinet utilizes up to eight user alarms, for of which are used for
Power alarms. For cabinet without integrated power, an additional four power alarms
for external power can be connected. Each cable is good for four user alarms.

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8-20

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarm cable functions for 9222 Micro

The following table describes the functions of the facilities cables.


Table 8-16

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed user alarm cable functions

Cable

Use

Cable type

Number of
lines per cable

Max
Cables

Connector
type

User
/Power
alarms

User alarms defined by


customer

4 twisted pair

RJ-45
on both
ends

8-position modular jack pin numbers requirements

The following table provides the pin numbers and functions for the facilities cables.
Facilities cable

Number of
8-position modular
jacks

RJ-45 pin #

Function

Alarm cable

2 (user alarms)

User_Alm+

1 (power alarm)

User_Alm-

User_Alm+

User_Alm-

User_Alm+

User_Alm-

User_Alm+

User_Alm-

Facilities cable connections for 9222 Micro

This topic describes the facilities cable connections. The individual user alarm twisted
pair lines are to be connected to the cabinet SPM.
The following table shows where the facilities cables are connected at the SPM.
Cable

Line #
User alarms

Power alarm

Interface at SPM
Alarms 8 to 11

J12

Alarms 12 to 15

J13

0,1,2,4

J14

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power alarm wiring codes for the 9222 Micro

The following table shows the power alarm assignments for the 9222 Micro cabinet.
Power alarm wire color

Function
J14

RJ-45 pin #

White-Orange

0+

Orange

0-

White-Green

1+

Green

1-

Blue

2+

White-Blue

2-

White-Brown

4+

Brown

4-

Power alarms mapping for 9222 Micro without integrated power

The following table provides the customer definable user alarms recommendations for
configurations without integrated power (using external power).
User Alarm
#

Alarm Definition

Alarm
Group

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Major power failure


including battery
fuse fail1 (or User
Alarm 0)

000

User Alarm
0

Minor power
failure1 (or User
Alarm 1)

000

User Alarm
1

AC failure 1 (or
User Alarm 2)

000

User Alarm
2

N/A

N/A

000

N/A

Battery discharge1
(or User Alarm 4)

000

User Alarm
4

Notes:

1.

Alarm is dedicated to power alarms in AC Rectifier equipped system, otherwise available


for user alarms (using J14 connector on SPM).

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8-22

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Frame alarms
Overview

Frame alarms indicate the failure of Power Converter Units (PCUs) and provide an
indication of intrusion.
The following figure shows the location of the Frame Alarms for the 9222 Micro
cabinet.

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9222 Micro/Micro Distributed alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed frame alarms

The following table lists the frame alarms for the 9222 Micro/Micro Distributed.
Table 8-17

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed frame alarms

Frame Alarm
Number

Alarm Name

Equipment
indicated

Alarm Group

Text
Indicated on
ROP

Fan alarm

Fan Tray

Digital Shelf
Fan Failure

Not used

N/A

--

--

Not used

N/A

--

--

Not used

N/A

--

--

Aux Cabinet
fan alarm

N/A

--

--

Not used

N/A

--

--

Cabinet
intrusion alarm

Door switch

Cabinet
Intrusion

Overtemperature
alarm

Cabinet thermal
sensor

Heat
Management
System
Overtemperature

Clogged Fresh
Air Filter alarm

Pressure switch

Heat
Management
System Fan
Fail

10

Reserved

N/A

--

--

11

Undertemperature
alarm

Cabinet thermal
sensor

Heat
Management
System
Undertemperature

12

Not used

N/A

--

--

13

Not used

N/A

--

--

14

Not used

N/A

--

--

15

Not used

N/A

--

--

16

Not used

N/A

--

--

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8-24

9223 Ultra-Compact alarm


information

Overview
Purpose

This chapter presents alarm information that pertains to the 9223 Ultra-Compact.
Contents
Alarm collection

9-2

CTU and OM alarms

9-4

URC alarms

9-5

CMU alarms

9-6

Intrusion alarms

9-7

UCR alarms

9-8

TxAMP alarms

9-9

Fan tray alarms

9-11

User alarms

9-13

Power Alarms

9-20

Frame alarms

9-29

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
Alarm collection

The following figure shows the alarm collection in the 9223 Ultra-Compact.
Alarm reporting

Most alarms are collected by the I2C with exceptions noted in the descriptions.

The CPC alarms connect directly to the URC via the I2C bus through the IOU and
the backplane.
The Input/Output Unit serves as a physical alarm collection point, as well as a
supplier of digital output signals. Since it is an alarm collection point, the IOU
proxy performs alarm monitoring.
The I2C serial bus is used to interconnect the URC(s), CPCs, TxAMPs and the IOU
for purposes of alarm collection, inventory control and other potential (future)
control/status reporting functions.
LNA over current and DC-DC Converter alarms are reported via a discrete cable to
the TDU. The TDU passes the alarms by the I2C bus, through the FAC/FAC-D and
IOU to the URC(s). The TDU sets the appropriate bit(s) on its 16-bit I2C port
expander(s) to indicate the alarm condition, where they are reported to the URC.
The following devices report their alarms to the URC via the I2C bus with the
name of the alarm indicating the type of failure reported.

Digital Shelf Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 1 Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 2 Fan Failure


Cabinet Intrusion Alarm

Heat Management System Overtemp

Primary frame heat management system fan alarm


Primary frame heat management system heat alarm

Heat Management System Undertemp

Heat Management System Controller Fail


Heat Management System Compressor Fail.

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9-2

9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm reporting summary

System alarm reporting is summarized in the table below for the 9223 Ultra-Compact.
Type

Unit

Alarm Reporting Mechanism

RF

TxAMP (C1PAM,
C2PAM, P2PAM, i)

I2C via cable to PIM and then backplane to


URC via I2C

LNA on DLM

Use filter 1 2C bus address (via backplane to


URC via 12C

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

Use filter 12C bus address (via backplane to


URC via 12C), monitoring is via A/D converter
with 12C interface in the TTTM

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane


to URC)

RET

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane


to URC)

UCR/MCR/UCRe

ARCNET bus

URC/URC-II

Directly to RCS over facilities interface

CMU

IEEE-1394 packet bus (Firewire)

CTU-II

ARCNET

PIM (secondary
power alarm)

Use CPC 12C bus address (via backplane to


URC via I2C)

Fan Tray

Use frame alarm (via cable to PIM and then to


URC via I2C bus)

Heat Management
System

Cabled Frame alarm connection to PIM then


backplane to URC

Rectifier power
(rectifier battery)

Use user alarms (via cable to PIM and then


backplane to URC via I 2C

Digital

Other

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

CTU and OM alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CTU and OM alarms


CTU hardware errors

The CTU generates hardware errors on the peripheral bus due to these conditions:

GPS satellites cannot be traced

Satellite lock has been lost and flywheeling is in process


GPS receiver failure.

CTU LEDs

The LED indicators listed below are available for each CTU.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

CTU failure

NVM (yellow)

Context-sensitive event in progress (for example,


NVM download)

RDY (green)

CTU enabled for generating clock signals, and the


OM and GPS are functional

OM FAIL (red)

OM failure

FLY EX (red)

CTU has exceeded the maximum flywheel time

LOCK GPS (green)

GPS unit is locked to the GPS satellite signal

OM LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the OM.


Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

RDY (green)

Ready, indicates that at least one of the six analog


clock outputs is active

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9-4

9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

URC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

URC alarms
URC LEDs

The seven LED indicators listed below are available for the URC.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Board failure

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

URC operational

L1 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L2 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L3 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L4 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

CMU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CMU alarms
CMU LEDs

The three LED indicators listed below are available for the CMU.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

The CMU has failed diagnostics, one or more CEs have


failed to initialize, or another component has failed to
initialize

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

The CCU is functioning properly and at least one CE is


enabled

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Intrusion alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarms
Intrusion alarm

An intrusion alarm is generated when the door of an outdoor cell site is opened.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

UCR alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

UCR alarms
UCR LEDs

The LEDs for the UCRs indicate these conditions.


Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

FLT (yellow)

Fault (does not light up with NVM download)

RDY (green)

Ready

Tx ON (green)

Transmit on

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP alarms
Overview

Amplifier (AMP) alarms indicate failures in the receive or transmit amplifiers.


Transmit amplifier (TxAMP) alarms indicate a failure condition in the transmit
amplifier that impacts call transmission capability.
Over-temperature alarm

The Over-temperature alarm is indicated when the amplifier baseplate exceeds a


threshold temperature. The TxAMP includes an internal thermal overload shutdown
circuit to prevent destruction due to lack of airflow from fan failure. Under this
condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged. This may be accomplished
by reducing the bias and switching off the input power. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating temperature, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance.
The alarm light flashes at a 1-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
The RF overdrive alarm

The Overdrive alarm is triggered when the input power level exceeds +7.0 dBm 0.75
dB. The amplifier shall not be damaged by an input signal, which is up to a level of
+14 dBm (the continuous Non-damaging Input Power level). This condition can last
indefinitely. Under this condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged.
This may be accomplished by attenuating the input signal. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating input level, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance. The TxAMP amplifier generates an
overdrive alarm during this condition. The amplifier automatically recovers to the
normal mode when the input overdrive condition ceases to exist for at least a period of
4 seconds.
The alarm light flashes at a 1/2-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
Amplifier failure alarm

The Amplifier Failure alarm is triggered when internal monitor circuits within the
TxAMP detect that the drain current is out of operating range or the output power level
is too low. Alarm hysteresis is such that power glitches will not cause false alarms.
The LAM has two LEDs located on the front plate: one green and one red. The green
LED is illuminated when the LAM is powered on and no alarms are detected. The red
LED is illuminated when any LAM alarm is activated. A flashing RED LED indicates
a transient failure.
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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP LEDs

The LEDs for the TxAMPs indicate these conditions.


Label/color

Condition

ALM (red)

Alarm flashes at different rate depending on fault

ACT (green)

Active

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Fan tray alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms


Fan tray alarms

The following figure shows the location of the fan alarms for the indoor configuration
of the cabinet

The following figure shows the fan alarms for the outdoor configuration of the cabinet.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Fan tray alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the fan trays.


Label/color

Condition

GREEN

Normal

RED

Fault

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarms
Purpose

This section provides information on user alarm requirements for a 9223


Ultra-Compact.
Overview

User alarms are provided for use by the service provider to report cell site alarms that
are not triggered by the base station itself.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.


User alarm description

User alarm points are external to the base station and their lines are surge-protected.
Since they connect to external equipment, these user alarms are electrically isolated
from the Radio Frequency Diagnostic Unit (RFDU) circuitry. They are two-lead current
loops where a closed circuit indicates a normal condition and an open circuit indicates
an alarm. The user alarm polarity can be inverted by software according to cell
translations.
The Outdoor 9223 Ultra-Compact is available with an optional nPM for facilities cable
interface. The nPM provides primary protection to the T1/E1, Ethernet, and user
alarms. Note that if the 9223 is provided with the nPM, only 8 user alarms are
available. If the 9223 Ultra-Compact is not provided with the nPM, then the facilities
cables (T1/ E1, Ethernet, user alarms) interface to the IOU. The IOU assembly is part
of the Digital Module which provides secondary protection only.
Each 9223 Ultra-Compact cabinet utilizes 12 user alarms (including four Power
Alarms).
The 9223 Ultra-Compact is designed with an IOU assembly as part of the Digital
Module that provides secondary protection. The facilities cables interface with the
Digital Module.
The IOU does not provide any alarms of its own. Its main purpose is passing frame
alarms and user alarms to the URC(s) via the I2C bus.
The following figure shows the locations of the user alarms for the Indoor 9223
cabinet

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the locations of the user alarms for the Outdoor 9223
Ultra-Compact.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the location of user alarms, indoor and outdoor
configurations, without NPM.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the location of user alarms, outdoor configurations, with
NPM.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9223 Ultra-Compact (without integrated power) user alarm mapping

The following table provides the customer-definable user alarm recommendations for
9223 Ultra-Compact configurations without integrated power (using external power).
Table 9-1

9223 Ultra-Compact (without integrated power) user alarm mapping

User Alarm #

Alarm Definition

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Major Power Fail


incl. battery fuse
fail

000

Minor Power Fail


incl. battery fan fail

000

AC Fail

000

N/A

000

Battery Discharge

000

N/A

000

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Table 9-1

9223 Ultra-Compact (without integrated power) user alarm


mapping (continued)

User Alarm #

Alarm Definition

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

N/A

000

N/A

000

User Alarm 8 customer definable

000

User Alarm 9 customer definable

000

10

User Alarm 10 customer definable

000

10

11

User Alarm 11 customer definable

000

11

12

User Alarm 12 customer definable

000

12

13

User Alarm 13 customer definable

000

13

14

User Alarm 14 customer definable

000

14

15

User Alarm 15 customer definable

000

15

0-15

Device not
populated

001

0-15

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cable functions

The following table provides the pin numbers, wire colors, and functions for the
facilities cables provided with the 9223 Ultra-Compact cabinet.
Facilities cable

RJ-45 pin #

Wire Color of the


Cable

Function

Alarm cable No. 1

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

Blue

User_Alm+

White-Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

Blue

User_Alm+

White-Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

Blue

User_Alm+

White-Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

Alarm cable No. 2

Alarm cable No. 3

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power Alarms
Overview

The following topics discusses the DC power alarms for both the indoor and the
outdoor versions of the 9223 Ultra-Compact cabinets.
Each alarm generated by the power system shall be provided by a set of isolated dry
relay contacts, an alarm state may be indicated by a closed circuit or an open
circuit. If an alarm condition is indicated by a closed circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present a contact closure when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. If an alarm condition is indicated by a open circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present an open circuit when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. The resistance of a closed circuit shall be less than 100 ohms. The resistance
of an open circuit shall be greater than 1 megohms.
The Outdoor 9223 Ultra-Compact is available with an optional nPM for facilities cable
interface. The nPM provides primary protection to the T1/E1, Ethernet, and user
alarms. Note that if the 9223 is provided with the nPM, only 8 user alarms are
available. If the 9223 Ultra-Compact is not provided with the nPM, then the facilities
cables (T1/ E1, Ethernet, user alarms) interface to the IOU. The IOU assembly is part
of the Digital Module which provides secondary protection only.
The 9223 Ultra-Compact cabinet can have four external power alarms.
The following figure shows electrical interfaces for power alarms for a typical power
system.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

PMJ

Typical Power System

PMN

Alarms to
9223
Ultra-Compact

ACF
Denotes contact
closure when alarm
conditions exists

BD

AC Input
Power

-48 VDC

One DC power
feeder pair
to 9223
Ultra-Compact

Frame ground
PMJ: Power Major Alarm
PMN: Power Minor Alarm
ACF: AC Fail
BD: Batteries on Discharge

The following figure shows the user alarm assignment for power alarms.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cable functions

The following table describes the functions of the facilities alarm cables.
Cable

Use

Cable type

Number of
lines/alarms
per cable

Max
Cables

Connector type

Power
alarm

User alarms defined


by customer

4 twisted pair

4 alarms

RJ-45 on both
ends

Facilities cable connections at the cabinet

The following table shows where the facilities cables are connected at the cabinets
PIM.
Cable

Lines

Interface at PIM

Power alarm

0,1,2,4

Rectifier alarm

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm cable functions for indoor and outdoor cabinets

The following table provides the pin numbers, wire colors, and functions for the
facilities alarm cables provided with the indoor and outdoor cabinets.
Facilities cable

RJ-45 pin #

Wire Color of the


Cable

Function

Alarm cable No. 1

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

Blue

User_Alm+

White-Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

Blue

User_Alm+

White-Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

Blue

User_Alm+

White-Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

Alarm cable No. 2

Alarm cable No. 3

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarms and Status

The power module provides alarms and indicators. The primary power controller
collects alarms from the internal and external battery cabinets as well as growth
cabinet rectifiers. Alarms are reported to the user interface panel in the form of relay
contact closures. Alternative implementations may utilize solid-state relays or
opto-coupled devices to provide isolation from the controller circuitry and achieve the
equivalent contact closure. The - designation of each alarm is referenced to the
system ground. The relay or solid-state devices have an open circuit voltage rating of
30 VDC. The Alarm interface and general description is in the table below.
Alarm
Name

ID

Relay

Name

Description

Urgent
Power
(Power
Major)

PMJ

Form B

PowMaj+ Pow
Maj-

Issued by power
controller when any
condition occurs that
impacts the capabilities
of the users equipment,
thereby requiring
immediate attention.

Non-Urgent
Power
(Power
Minor)

PMN

Form B

PowMin+
PowMin-

Issued by power
controller when any
condition occurs that
would require service
but does not
immediately impact the
users equipment. Also
generated by a contact
closure between BAT
FAN ALM RTN and
BAT FAN ALM NC
indicating that a fan in
the internal or external
battery compartment is
not operational.

Mains
Failure (AC
Fail)

ACF

Form B

AcFail+ AcFail-

Issued by the power


controller when it
recognizes that AC
input power to any of
the rectifiers has been
disrupted.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm
Name

ID

Relay

Name

Description

Battery
Discharge

BD

Form B

BattDis+ BattDis-

Issued by the power


controller when the
system output voltage
drops below 25.0 VDC
(user adjustable from
between 23 to 26.5
VDC).

Notes:

1.

Relays are energized open and close on alarm.

2.

Refer to Alarm Reference for alarm conditions.

The table below lists the system conditions for each alarm. Reference is made to
Rectifier specification for Alarm indication definition. Each alarm shall be supported
by close on alarm type floating contacts.
Condition

Caused By

Normal Operation

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed,


0=open)
PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Failed Controller

No power

BD/Low Volt Alarm

Output < 25V

High Volt Alarm

Output > 29.0V

BD2

Output < 22V

Battery Disconnect

Loss of AC Input on one


Rectifier

AC Failure

Loss of AC Input on two


or more Rectifiers

Distribution Fuse Alarm

Indicating fuse tripped


with load applied
Battery or LVBD open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

Battery Failure

Output < 23.0 V during


test

Rectifier Alarm

Malfunction on one
Rectifier

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Condition

Caused By

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed,


0=open)
PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Rectifier Current Share

Current Share failure or


Rectifier Fuse Open

Rectifier Failure

Malfunction on more
than one Rectifier

Communication Failure

Module Loss of
Communication

Low Temperature Alarm

Temperature < -30C

High Temperature Alarm

Temperature > 75C

Temperature Probe
Failure

No probe connected

Fan Alarm

Internal/External Battery
Fan Failure

Failed Controller

No

BD2

Output L22V

Distribution Fuse Alarm

Indicating Fuse Tripped


with Load Applied
Battery or LVBM Open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

An RS-232 computer interface connector is available on the controller for the user to
access the controller alarm conditions and program some of its functions. The alarms
reported on this interface could be limited to rectifier related functions.
Rectifier Controller Alarms

The List 1 and List 2 Power Controllers are equipped with seven T1 size, right angle,
LEDs. The LEDs are viewable through the front panel and defined as shown in the
following table.
Function

Color

Label

Description

Major Power Alarm

Red

PJM

Shall light when a


major alarm is detected

Minor Power Alarm

Yellow

RMN

Shall light when a


minor alarm is detected

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Function

Color

Label

Description

AC Mains Failure Alarm

Red

ACF

Shall light when AC


mains failure is
detected

Battery Discharge

Red

BD

Shall light when


batteries are discharging

Temp Fault

Red

TEMP

Shall light when


temperature related
fault detected

Fuse Fault

Red

FUSE

Shall light when battery


fuse opened or LVBD
contactor failed

Power On

Green

PWR

Shall light when input


power is applied to the
controller

DC Power system alarms for indoor and outdoor cabinets

The following table also provides for the standard power system alarm assignments
and connection points for the 9223 Ultra-Compact cabinet.
The 9223 Ultra-Compact software configuration must be programmed to report an
open circuit or closed circuit for an alarm condition. (The 9223 Ultra-Compact
software is configured for a contact closure for power system alarms. A software
change to the user alarm definitions is required to announce a power system an open
circuit as an alarm condition). Therefore, each specific power alarm function
maintains its identity throughout the network and can not be used for any other
purpose.
The following table lists a minimum set of alarm functions to be provided to alert and
announce power system failures. The following table shows the power alarms which
can be reported.
Important! If the DC power system does not support some of the alarms as
described below, it is strongly recommended that the customer not connect alarms
from different pieces of equipment to these user alarms. Since these power alarms
are reported back to the core network, it is important that the customer maintains
the circuit integrity to avoid misinterpretations when reporting equipment alarms
and failures.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following table shows the power alarm cable connections at the NIU for the 9223
Ultra-Compact cabinets.
Power alarm cable connections at the NIU
Alarm Function

Alarm
Number

Power Major

(PMJ)
Power Minor

(PMN)
AC Fail (ACR)

Batteries on
Discharge (BD)

Wire color
(recommended)

RJ-45 Pin #

White-Orange

Orange

White-Green

Green

Blue

White-Blue

White-Brown

Brown

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Frame alarms
Overview

Frame alarms indicate the failure of Power Converter Units (PCUs) and provide an
indication of intrusion.
Frame Alarms

The following figure shows the frame alarms for the outdoor configuration of the
cabinet.

The following figure shows the frame alarms for the indoor configuration of the
cabinet.

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9223 Ultra-Compact alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Below is a table which lists the frame alarms for the 9223 Ultra-Compact.
Frame
Alarm
#

Message

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Meaning

Digital Module
Fan Tray

011

DM & DEM
Fan Failure

Not Used

011

N/A

Amplifier
Module Fan
Tray

011

Amplifier
Module Fan
Failure (up to
3 Amplifier
Module fan
alarms)

Not Used

011

N/A

Not Used

011

N/A

Not Used

011

N/A

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Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Frame
Alarm
#

Message

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Meaning

Module
Enclosure

011

Cabinet
Intrusion
Alarm

Heat
Management
System

011

Heat
Management
System
Overtemp

Heat
Management
System

011

Module
Enclosure Heat
Management
System fan
alarm

10

Heat
Management
System

011

Primary Frame
Heat
Management
System Heater
Alarm

11

Heat
Management
System

011

10

Heat
Management
System
Undertemp

12

Heat
Management
System

011

11

Heat
Management
Controller Fail

13

Heat
Management
System

011

12

Clogged Fresh
Air Filter
Alarm

14

Not Used

011

13

N/A

15

Not Used

011

14

N/A

16

Not Used

011

15

N/A

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10

10 Sub-Compact/EN
9224
alarm information

Overview
Purpose

This chapter presents alarm information that pertains to the 9224 Sub-Compact and
9224 Sub-Compact EN.
Contents
Alarm collection

10-2

CTU and OM alarms

10-4

URC alarms

10-5

CMU alarms

10-6

Intrusion alarms

10-7

UCR alarms

10-8

TxAMP alarms

10-9

Fan tray alarms

10-11

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms

10-12

9224 Sub-Compact user alarms

10-17

Power Alarms

10-22

Frame alarms

10-31

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
Alarm collection

The following figure shows the alarm collection in the 9224 Sub-Compact/EN.
Alarm reporting

Most alarms are collected by the I2C with exceptions noted in the following
descriptions:

The CPC alarms connect directly to the URC via the I2C bus through the IOU and
the backplane.

The Input/Output Unit serves as a physical alarm collection point, as well as a


supplier of digital output signals. Since it is an alarm collection point, the IOU
proxy performs alarm monitoring.
The I2C serial bus is used to interconnect the URC(s), CPCs, TxAMPs and the IOU
for purposes of alarm collection, inventory control and other potential (future)
control/status reporting functions.

LNA over current and DC-DC Converter alarms are reported via a discrete cable to
the TDU. The TDU passes the alarms by the I2C bus, through the FAC/FAC-D and
IOU to the URC(s). The TDU sets the appropriate bit(s) on its 16-bit I2C port
expander(s) to indicate the alarm condition, where they are reported to the URC.

The following devices report their alarms to the URC via the I2C bus with the
name of the alarm indicating the type of failure reported.

Digital Shelf Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 1 Fan Failure


Amplifier Shelf 2 Fan Failure

Cabinet Intrusion Alarm

Heat Management System Overtemp


Primary frame heat management system fan alarm

Primary frame heat management system heat alarm

Heat Management System Undertemp


Heat Management System Controller Fail

Heat Management System Compressor Fail.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Alarm collection

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Alarm reporting summary

System alarm reporting is summarized in the following table for the 9224
Sub-Compact/EN.
Table 10-1

9224 Sub-Compact/EN system alarm reporting

Type

Unit

Alarm Reporting Mechanism

RF

TxAMP (C1PAM,
C2PAM, P2PAM, iPAM,
60WCPAM)

I2C via cable to PIM and then backplane to URC via


I 2C

LNA on DLM

Use filter 1 2C bus address (via backplane to URC


via 12C

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

Use filter 12C bus address (via backplane to URC


via 12C), monitoring is via A/D converter with 12C
interface in the TTTM

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane to


URC)

RET

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane to


URC)

UCR/MCR/UCRe

ARCNET bus

URC/URC-II

Directly to RCS over facilities interface

CMU

IEEE-1394 packet bus (Firewire)

CTU-II

ARCNET

PIM (secondary power


alarm)

Use CPC 12C bus address (via backplane to URC


via I2C)

Fan Tray

Use frame alarm (via cable to PIM and then to URC


via I2C bus)

Heat Management
System

Cabled Frame alarm connection to PIM then


backplane to URC

Rectifier power
(rectifier battery)

Use user alarms (via cable to PIM and then


backplane to URC via I 2C

Digital

Other

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

CTU and OM alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CTU and OM alarms


CTU hardware errors

The CTU generates hardware errors on the peripheral bus due to these conditions:

GPS satellites cannot be traced

Satellite lock has been lost and flywheeling is in process


GPS receiver failure.

CTU LEDs

The LED indicators listed below are available for each CTU.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

CTU failure

NVM (yellow)

Context-sensitive event in progress (for example,


NVM download)

RDY (green)

CTU enabled for generating clock signals, and the


OM and GPS are functional

OM FAIL (red)

OM failure

FLY EX (red)

CTU has exceeded the maximum flywheel time

LOCK GPS (green)

GPS unit is locked to the GPS satellite signal

OM LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the OM.


Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

RDY (green)

Ready, indicates that at least one of the six analog


clock outputs is active

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

URC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

URC alarms
URC LEDs

The seven LED indicators listed below are available for the URC.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Board failure

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

URC operational

L1 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L2 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L3 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L4 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

CMU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CMU alarms
CMU LEDs

The three LED indicators listed below are available for the CMU.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

The CMU has failed diagnostics, one or more


CEs have failed to initialize, or another
component has failed to initialize

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

The CCU is functioning properly and at least one


CE is enabled

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Intrusion alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarms
Intrusion alarm

An intrusion alarm is generated when the door of an outdoor cell site is opened.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

UCR alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

UCR alarms
UCR LEDs

The LEDs for the UCRs indicate these conditions.


Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

FLT (yellow)

Fault (does not light up with NVM


download)

RDY (green)

Ready

Tx ON (green)

Transmit on

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Issue 19 June 2009

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP alarms
Overview

Amplifier (AMP) alarms indicate failures in the receive or transmit amplifiers.


Transmit amplifier (TxAMP) alarms indicate a failure condition in the transmit
amplifier that impacts call transmission capability.
Over-temperature alarm

The Over-temperature alarm is indicated when the amplifier baseplate exceeds a


threshold temperature. The TxAMP includes an internal thermal overload shutdown
circuit to prevent destruction due to lack of airflow from fan failure. Under this
condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged. This may be accomplished
by reducing the bias and switching off the input power. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating temperature, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance.
The alarm light flashes at a 1-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
The RF overdrive alarm

The Overdrive alarm is triggered when the input power level exceeds +7.0 dBm 0.75
dB. The amplifier shall not be damaged by an input signal, which is up to a level of
+14 dBm (the continuous Non-damaging Input Power level). This condition can last
indefinitely. Under this condition, the TxAMP protects itself from being damaged.
This may be accomplished by attenuating the input signal. When the condition clears,
after detection of normal operating input level, the TxAMP returns to the normal
operational state, without degraded performance. The TxAMP amplifier generates an
overdrive alarm during this condition. The amplifier automatically recovers to the
normal mode when the input overdrive condition ceases to exist for at least a period of
4 seconds.
The alarm light flashes at a 1/2-Hz rate to indicate this alarm.
Amplifier failure alarm

The Amplifier Failure alarm is triggered when internal monitor circuits within the
TxAMP detect that the drain current is out of operating range or the output power level
is too low. Alarm hysteresis is such that power glitches will not cause false alarms.
The LAM has two LEDs located on the front plate: one green and one red. The green
LED is illuminated when the LAM is powered on and no alarms are detected. The red
LED is illuminated when any LAM alarm is activated. A flashing RED LED indicates
a transient failure.
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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

TxAMP alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TxAMP LEDs

The LEDs for the TxAMPs indicate these conditions.


Label/color

Condition

ALM (red)

Alarm flashes at different rate depending on fault

ACT (green)

Active

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Fan tray alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms


Fan tray LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the fan trays.


Label/color

Condition

GREEN

Normal

RED

Fault

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms


Purpose

This section provides information on user alarm requirements for a 9224 Sub-Compact
EN cabinet cell site.
Overview

User alarms are provided for use by the service provider to report cell site alarms that
are not triggered by the base station itself.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.


User alarm description

User alarm points are external to the base station and their lines are surge-protected.
Since they connect to external equipment, these user alarms are electrically isolated
from the Radio Frequency Diagnostic Unit (RFDU) circuitry. They are two-lead current
loops where a closed circuit indicates a normal condition and an open circuit indicates
an alarm. The user alarm polarity can be inverted by software according to cell
translations.
Each cable supports four alarms.
The IOU does not provide any alarms of its own. Its main purpose is passing frame
alarms and user alarms to the URC(s) via the I2C bus.
The following figures shows the location of the user alarms for the 9224 Sub-Compact
EN cabinet

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cable functions

The following table describes the functions of the facilities alarm cables.
Cable

Use

Cable type

Number of
lines/alarms
per cable

Max
Cables

Connector
type

User
alarms

User alarms defined


by customer

4 twisted pair

4 alarms

RJ-45 on both
ends

User alarm cable connections at the cabinet

The following table shows where the facilities cables are connected at the cabinets
PIM.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cable

Lines

Interface at PIM

User alarms

Alarms 8 to 11

User alarms 1 to 4

Alarms 12 to 15

User alarms 5 to 8

User alarm wiring

The following table shows the user alarm wiring for 9224 Sub-Compact EN.
Jack

User alarms

Signal

Pin
number

J1-C

User alarm 8+

User alarm 8-

User alarm 9+

User alarm 9-

User alarm 10+

User alarm 10-

User alarm 11+

User alarm 11-

User alarm 12+

User alarm 12-

User alarm 13+

User alarm 13-

User alarm 14+

User alarm 14-

User alarm 15+

User alarm 15-

10

11

J1-G

12

13

14

15

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Jack

User alarms

Signal

Pin
number

J1-H

0 - PMJ

Power Major Alarm +

Power Major Alarm -

Power Minor Alarm +

Power Minor Alarm -

AC Main Fail +

AC Main Fail -

Battery discharge +

Battery Discharge -

1 - PMN

2 - ACF

4- BD

User alarm cable description

The following table provides the pin numbers, wire colors and, functions for the
facilities cables provided with the cabinet.
Facilities
cable
Alarm cable

Lines
User alarms 8
to 11 or 12 to
15
Power alarms
0,1,2 4

RJ-45 pin
#

Wire Color of
the Cable

Function

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

White-Blue

User_Alm+

Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

User alarm cable connections at the NIU

If the NIU have punchdown terminals instead of 8-position modular jacks.


User alarm wire color

Function

RJ-45 pin #

White-Orange

User alarm 8+ or 12+

Orange

User alarm 8- or 12-

White-Green

User alarm 9+ or 13+

Green

User alarm 9- or 13-

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact EN user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarm wire color

Function

RJ-45 pin #

White-Blue

User alarm 10- or 14-

Blue

User alarm 10+ or 14+

White-Brown

User alarm 11+ or 15+

Brown

User alarm 11- or 15-

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Issue 19 June 2009

10-16

9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9224 Sub-Compact user alarms


Purpose

This chapter provides information on user alarm requirements for an indoor and
outdoor9224 Sub-Compact cell site.
Overview

User alarms are provided for use by the service provider to report cell site alarms that
are not triggered by the base station itself.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.


User alarm description

User alarm points are external to the base station and their lines are surge-protected.
Since they connect to external equipment, these user alarms are electrically isolated
from the Radio Frequency Diagnostic Unit (RFDU) circuitry. They are two-lead current
loops where a closed circuit indicates a normal condition and an open circuit indicates
an alarm. The user alarm polarity can be inverted by software according to cell
translations.
The IOU (can be either one of HIOU, CIOU, or IOU-1) does not provide any alarms
of its own. Its main purpose is passing frame alarms and user alarms to the URC(s) via
the I2C bus.
User/power alarm twisted pair cable

A 9224 Sub-Compact equipped with an HIOU or CIOU can accept eight power alarms
and 14 user alarms. One user alarm cable is required for 16 alarms.
A 9224 Sub-Compact equipped with an IOU-1 can accept a maximum of 12 user
alarms. These user alarms can be used for power and/or other user alarms.
Cable functions

The following table describes the functions of the facilities alarm cables for the 9224
Sub-Compact.
Cable

Use

Cable type

Number of Max
lines/alarms Cables
per cable

Connector type

User alarms

User alarms defined


by customer

4 twisted pair

4 alarms

RJ-45 on both
ends

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Facilities cable connections at the cabinet

The following table shows where the facilities cables are connected at the PIM of the
cabinet .
Cable

Lines

Interface at PIM

User alarms

Alarms 8 to 11

User alarms 1 to 4

Alarms 12 to 15

User alarms 5 to 8

User alarm cable description for outdoor cabinet

The following table provides the pin numbers, wire colors and, functions for the
facilities cables provided with the Outdoor cabinet.
Facilities
cable

Lines

RJ-45
pin #

Wire Color of the


Cable

Function

Alarm cable

User alarms
8 to 11 or 12
to 15

White-Orange

User_Alm+

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm+

Green

User_Alm-

White-Blue

User_Alm+

Blue

User_Alm-

White-Brown

User_Alm+

Brown

User_Alm-

Power alarms
0,1,2-4

User alarm cable connections for outdoor cabinet

Refer to the following table for wire color codes and punchdown information at the
NIU or optional Z-IDC punchdown blocks.
User alarm #

Function

Wire color in user


alarm cable from
BTS 4400 to be
punched down at
NIU or optional
Z-IDC

Punchdown
position on
optional Z-IDC
block
(See Note)

User Alarms 0-7 are used for Power Alarms if HIOU or CIOU is installed in BTS 4400
(See Appendix C)
User 16 Alarm

White/Blue

(+)

4-1 Upper

Blue/White

(-)

4-1 Lower

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Function

Punchdown
position on
optional Z-IDC
block
(See Note)

User alarm #

Wire color in user


alarm cable from
BTS 4400 to be
punched down at
NIU or optional
Z-IDC

User 17 Alarm

White/Orange

(+)

4-2 Upper

Orange/White

(-)

4-2 Lower

White/Green

(+)

4-3 Upper

Green/White

(-)

4-3 Lower

White/Brown

(+)

4-4 Upper

Brown/White

(-)

4-4 Lower

White/Slate

(+)

4-5 Upper

Slate/White

(-)

4-5 Lower

Red/Blue

(+)

4-6 Upper

Blue/Red

(-)

4-6 Lower

Red/Orange

(+)

4-7 Upper

Orange/Red

(-)

4-7 Lower

Red/Green

(+)

4-8 Upper

Green/Red

(-)

4-8 Lower

Red/Brown

(+)

4-9 Upper

Brown/Red

(-)

4-9 Lower

Red/Slate

(+)

4-10 Upper

Slate/Red

(-)

4-10 Lower

Black/Blue

(+)

5-1 Upper

Blue/Black

(-)

5-1 Lower

Black/Orange

(+)

5-2 Upper

Orange/Black

(-)

5-2 Lower

Black/Green

(+)

5-3 Upper

Green/Black

(-)

5-3 Lower

Black/Brown

(+)

5-4 Upper

Brown/Black

(-)

5-4 Lower

User 18 Alarm

User 19 Alarm

User 20 Alarm

User 21 Alarm

User 22 Alarm

User 23 Alarm

User 24 Alarm

User 25 Alarm

User 26 Alarm

User 27 Alarm

User 28 Alarm

User 29 Alarm

Z-IDC positions 5 to 10 are not used.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Notes:

1.

5-2 Upper = Z-IDC Module 5, Position #2 Upper

2.

5-1 Lower = Z-IDC Module 5, Position #1 Lower

3.

(+) = Alarm

4.

(-) = Return

5.

A BTS 4400 equipped with an IOU-1 can accept a maximum of 12 user alarms (Alarms
16-27). This includes both power and other user alarms. Z-IDC blocks 4 and 5 are used
for these alarms.

User alarm cable connections at the NIU for outdoor cabinet

If the NIU have punchdown terminals instead of 8-position modular jacks.


User alarm wire color

Function

RJ-45 pin #

White-Orange

User alarm 8+ or 12+

Orange

User alarm 8- or 12-

White-Green

User alarm 9+ or 13+

Green

User alarm 9- or 13-

White-Blue

User alarm 10- or 14-

Blue

User alarm 10+ or 14+

White-Brown

User alarm 11+ or 15+

Brown

User alarm 11- or 15-

User alarm cable connections for Indoor cabinet

Refer to the following table for wire color codes and user alarm wiring information.
User alarm
#

HIOU or CIOU
Typical Wire
color

IOU1
J8 (37-pin
D-Sub pin #)

Typical Wire
color

J7 (25-pin
D-Sub pin #)

User Alarms 0-7 are used for Power Alarms if HIOU or CIOU is installed in BTS 4400
(See Appendix C)
User 16
Alarm

Red/Brown

Black/Slate

Brown/Red

20

Slate/Black

14

User 17
Alarm

Red/Slate

Yellow/Blue

Slate/Red

21

Blue/Yellow

15

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

9224 Sub-Compact user alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarm
#

HIOU or CIOU

IOU1

Typical Wire
color

J8 (37-pin
D-Sub pin #)

User 18
Alarm

Black/Blue

White/Blue

Blue/Black

22

Blue/White

16

User 19
Alarm

Black/Orange

White/Orange

Orange/Black

23

Orange/White

17

User 20
Alarm

Black/Green

White/Green

Green/Black

24

Green/White

18

User 21
Alarm

Black/Brown

White/Brown

6 Upper

Brown/Black

25

Brown/White

19

User 22
Alarm

Black/Slate

White/Slate

Slate/Black

26

Slate/White

20

User 23
Alarm

Yellow/Blue

Red/Blue

Blue/Yellow

27

Blue/Red

21

User 24
Alarm

Yellow/Orange

Red/Orange

Orange/Yellow

28

Orange/Red

22

User 25
Alarm

Yellow/Green

10

Red/Green

10

Green/Yellow

29

Green/Red

23

User 26
Alarm

Yellow/Brown

11

Red/Brown

11

Brown/Yellow

30

Brown/Red

24

User 27
Alarm

Yellow/Slate

12

Red/Slate

12

Slate/Yellow

31

Slate/Red

25

User 28
Alarm

Violet/Blue

13

N/C

N/C

Blue/Violet

32

N/C

N/C

User 29
Alarm

Violet/Orange

14

N/C

N/C

Orange/Violet

33

N/C

N/C

Typical Wire
color

J7 (25-pin
D-Sub pin #)

Notes:

1.

A BTS 4400 equipped with an IOU-1 can accept a maximum of 12 user alarms (Alarms
16-27). This includes both power and other user alarms. Z-IDC blocks 4,5 are used for
these alarms.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power Alarms
Overview

Each alarm generated by the power system shall be provided by a set of isolated dry
relay contacts, an alarm state may be indicated by a closed circuit or an open
circuit. If an alarm condition is indicated by a closed circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present a contact closure when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. If an alarm condition is indicated by a open circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present an open circuit when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. The resistance of a closed circuit shall be less than 100 ohms. The resistance
of an open circuit shall be greater than 1 megohm.
The software configuration must be programmed to report an open circuit or closed
circuit for an alarm condition. (The software is configured for a contact closure for
power system alarms. A software change to the user alarm definitions is required to
announce a power system an open circuit as an alarm condition). Therefore, each
specific power alarm function maintains its identity throughout the network and cannot
be used for any other purpose.
User/power alarm twisted pair cable

A 9224 Sub-Compact equipped with an HIOU or CIOU can accept eight power alarms
and 14 user alarms. One user alarm cable is required for 16 alarms.
A 9224 Sub-Compact equipped with an IOU-1 can accept a maximum of 12 user
alarms. These can be used to connect both power and other user alarms.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Typical power system interface for power alarms

The following figure shows the electrical interfaces for alarms in a typical power
system in the 9224 Sub-Compact EN.
PMJ

Typical Power System

PMN
ACF

Denotes contact

Alarms to Sub-Compact-EN
BTS 4400
00

closure when alarm

INTR

conditions exists

AC Input
Power

BD
FA
BD-2

N/D
- 48V DC
- 48V DC

Up to two DC power
feeder pair
ir
to BTS 4400
00
1

Frame ground

PMJ: Power Major Alarm


PMN: Power Minor Alarm
ACF: AC Fail
INTR: Intrusion Alarm
BD: Batteries on Discharge, first stage
FA: Fuse Alarm
BD-2: Batteries on Discharge, second stage
N/D Not Defined (customer definable)

Cable functions

The following table describes the functions of the facilities alarm cables.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cable

Use

Cable type

Number of
lines/alarms
per cable

Max
Cables

Connector
type

Power
alarm

User alarms defined by


customer

4 twisted pair

4 alarms

RJ-45
on both
ends

Power alarm cable connections at the cabinet

The following table shows where the facilities cables are connected at the cabinets
PIM.
Cable

Lines

Interface at PIM

Power alarm

0,1,2,4

Rectifier alarm

Power alarm cable connections at the NIU

If the NIU have punchdown terminals instead of 8-position modular jacks.


Power alarm wire color

Function

RJ-45 pin #

White-Orange

User alarm 0+

Orange

User alarm 0-

White-Green

User alarm 1+

Green

User alarm 1-

White-Blue

User alarm 2-

Blue

User alarm 2+

White-Brown

User alarm 4+

Brown

User alarm 4-

Alarms and Status

The power module provides alarms and indicators. The primary power controller
collects alarms from the internal and external battery cabinets as well as growth
cabinet rectifiers. Alarms are reported to the user interface panel in the form of relay
contact closures. Alternative implementations may utilize solid-state relays or
opto-coupled devices to provide isolation from the controller circuitry and achieve the
equivalent contact closure. The - designation of each alarm is referenced to the
system ground. The relay or solid-state devices have an open circuit voltage rating of
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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

30 VDC. The Alarm interface and general description is in the table below.
Alarm
Name

ID

Relay

Name

Description

Urgent
Power
(Power
Major)

PMJ

Form B

PowMaj+ Pow
Maj-

Issued by power controller when any


condition occurs that impacts the
capabilities of the users equipment,
thereby requiring immediate
attention.

Non-Urgent
Power
(Power
Minor)

PMN

Form B

PowMin+
PowMin-

Issued by power controller when any


condition occurs that would require
service but does not immediately
impact the users equipment. Also
generated by a contact closure
between BAT FAN ALM RTN and
BAT FAN ALM NC indicating that a
fan in the internal or external battery
compartment is not operational.

Mains
Failure (AC
Fail)

ACF

Form B

AcFail+ AcFail-

Issued by the power controller when


it recognizes that AC input power to
any of the rectifiers has been
disrupted.

Battery
Discharge

BD

Form B

BattDis+ BattDis-

Issued by the power controller when


the system output voltage drops
below 25.0 VDC (user adjustable
from between 23 to 26.5 VDC).

Notes:

1.

Relays are energized open and close on alarm.

2.

Refer to Alarm Reference for alarm conditions.

The table below lists the system conditions for each alarm. Reference is made to
Rectifier specification for Alarm indication definition. Each alarm shall be supported
by close on alarm type floating contacts.
Condition

Caused By

Normal Operation

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Failed Controller

No power

BD/Low Volt Alarm

Output < 25 V

High Volt Alarm

Output > 29.0 V

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

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Condition

Caused By

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

BD2

Output < 22 V

Battery Disconnect

Loss of AC Input on one


Rectifier

AC Failure

Loss of AC Input on two


or more Rectifiers

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating fuse tripped


with load applied Battery
or LVBD open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

Battery Failure

Output < 23.0 V during


test

Rectifier Alarm

Malfunction on one
Rectifier

Rectifier Current Share

Current Share failure or


Rectifier Fuse Open

Rectifier Failure

Malfunction on more than


one Rectifier

Communication Failure

Module Loss of
Communication

Low Temperature
Alarm

Temperature < -30C

High Temperature
Alarm

Temperature > 75C

Temperature Probe
Failure

No probe connected

Fan Alarm

Internal/External Battery
Fan Failure

Failed Controller

No

BD2

Output L22V

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating Fuse Tripped


with Load Applied
Battery or LVBM Open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

An RS-232 computer interface connector is available on the controller for the user to
access the controller alarm conditions and program some of its functions. The alarms
reported on this interface could be limited to rectifier related functions.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Rectifier Controller Alarms

The List 1 and List 2 Power Controllers are equipped with seven T1 size, right angle,
pwb mount LEDs. The LEDs are viewable through the Front panel and defined as
shown in the following table.
Function

Color

Label

Description

Major Power Alarm

Red

PJM

Shall light when a major


alarm is detected

Minor Power Alarm

Yellow

RMN

Shall light when a minor


alarm is detected

AC Mains Failure
Alarm

Red

ACF

Shall light when AC mains


failure is detected

Battery Discharge

Red

BD

Shall light when batteries


are discharging

Temp Fault

Red

TEMP

Shall light when


temperature related fault
detected

Fuse Fault

Red

FUSE

Shall light when battery


fuse opened or LVBD
contactor failed

Power On

Green

PWR

Shall light when input


power is applied to the
controller

DC power system alarms for outdoor 9224 Sub-Compact

The outdoor 9224 Sub-Compactconfiguration can have eight power alarms. The
following tables list a minimum set of alarm functions provided, which alert and
announce power system failures.
Important! If the DC power system does not support some of the alarms as
described below, it is strongly recommended that the customer do not connect
alarms for different equipment to these user alarms. Because these power alarms
are reported back to the core network, it is important that the customer maintains
the circuit integrity to avoid misinterpretations when reporting equipment alarms
and failures.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following table shows power alarm cable assignment connections for the outdoor
9224 Sub-Compact cabinet
Table 10-2

Power alarm cable assignment and connections at the NIU for


outdoor 9224 Sub-Compact

Alarm function

Alarm #

Wire color (recommended)

Power Major (PMJ)

White/Blue
Blue/White

Power Minor (PMN)

White/Orange
Orange/White

AC Fail (ACF)

White/Green
Green/White

Power Cabinet Intrusion


(INTR)

Batteries on Discharge (BD)

White/Brown
Brown/White
White/Grey
Grey/White

Fuse Alarm

Red/Blue
Blue/Red

Batteries on Discharge (BD)


2

Customer Definable

Red/Orange
Orange/Red
Red/Green
Green/Red

DC power system alarms for indoor 9224 Sub-Compact

The indoor 9224 Sub-Compact can have eight power alarms. All alarms are punched
down at Z-IDC punchdown blocks external to the radio cabinet. The Z-IDC accepts
0.25 mm2(24 AWG), solid, tinned twisted pair cables. Alarms are reported to the radio
cabinet from Z-IDC blocks through a twisted pair cable during installation.
The following table lists a minimum set of alarm functions provided, which alert and
announce power system failures, and power alarm cable pin assignments and
connections on the NIU or Z-IDC block.
Important! If the DC power system does not support some of the alarms as
described below, it is strongly recommended that the customer do not connect
alarms for different equipment to these user alarms. Because these power alarms

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

are reported back to the core network, it is important that the customer maintains
the circuit integrity to avoid misinterpretations when reporting equipment alarms
and failures.
Table 10-3
Alarm
function

Power alarm cable assignment and connections on the NIU or


optional Z-IDC for indoor 9224 Sub-Compact
Alarm #

Power Major
(PMJ)

Power
Minor
(PMN)

AC Fail
(ACF)

Power
Cabinet
Intrusion
(INTR)

Batteries on
Discharge
(BD)

Fuse Alarm

Batteries on
Discharge
(BD) 2

Customer
Definable

Wire color code


for NIU and Z-IDC
blocks

Function

Punchdown
position on
optional Z-IDC
block1

White/Blue

(+)

3-1 Upper

Blue/White

(-)

3-1 Lower

White/Orange

(+)

3-2 Upper

Orange/White

(-)

3-2 Lower

White/Green

(+)

3-3 Upper

Green/White

(-)

3-3 Lower

White/Brown

(+)

3-4 Upper

Brown/White

(-)

3-4 Lower

White/Grey

(+)

3-5 Upper

Grey/White

(-)

3-5 Lower

Red/Blue

(+)

3-6 Upper

Blue/Red

(-)

3-6 Lower

Red/Orange

(+)

3-7 Upper

Orange/Red

(-)

3-7 Lower

Red/Green

(+)

3-8 Upper

Green/Red

(-)

3-8 Lower

Notes:

1.

3-1 Upper = Z-IDC Module 3, Position # 1.Upper and 3-2 Lower = Z-IDC Module 3,
Position #1 Lower.

DC power system alarms for 9224 Sub-Compact EN

The 9224 Sub-Compact EN configuration can have eight power alarms.

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Power Alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following tables list a minimum set of alarm functions provided, which alert and
announce power system failures.
Important! If the DC power system does not support some of the alarms as
described below, it is strongly recommended that the customer do not connect
alarms for different equipment to these user alarms. Because these power alarms
are reported back to the core network, it is important that the customer maintains
the circuit integrity to avoid misinterpretations when reporting equipment alarms
and failures.
The following table shows the user alarm wiring for 9224 Sub-Compact EN.
Table 10-4

User alarm wiring for 9224 Sub-Compact EN

Jack

User alarms

Signal

Pin #

J1-H

0 - PMJ

Power Major Alarm +

Power Major Alarm -

Power Minor Alarm +

Power Minor Alarm -

AC Main Fail +

AC Main Fail -

Battery discharge +

Battery Discharge -

1 - PMN

2 - ACF

4- BD

The following table shows power alarm cable assignment connections for the 9224
Sub-Compact EN.
Table 10-5

Power alarm cable assignment connections for 9224 Sub-Compact


EN

Alarm function

Alarm #

RJ-45 pin #

Power Major

White-Orange

Orange

White/Green

Green

Blue

White-Blue

White-Brown

Brown

(PMJ)
Power Minor

(PMN)
AC Fail (ACF)

Batteries on Discharge
(BD)

Wire color

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Frame alarms
Overview

Frame alarms indicate the failure of Power Converter Units (PCUs) and provide an
indication of intrusion on the 9224 Sub-Compact/EN.
The following figure shows the location of the frame alarms in the cabinet.

Frame Alarms

The following table lists the frame alarms for the 9224 Sub-Compact/EN.
Table 10-6

Frame alarms for the 9224 Sub-Compact/EN

Frame
Alarm
#

Message

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Meaning

Digital Module
Fan Tray

011

DM & DEM Fan


Failure

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9224 Sub-Compact/EN alarm information

Frame alarms

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Table 10-6

Frame alarms for the 9224 Sub-Compact/EN (continued)

Frame
Alarm
#

Message

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Meaning

Not Used

011

N/A

Amplifier Module
Fan Tray

011

Amplifier Module
Fan Failure (up to
3 Amplifier
Module fan
alarms)

Not Used

011

N/A

Not Used

011

N/A

Not Used

011

N/A

Module Enclosure

011

Cabinet Intrusion
Alarm

Heat Management
System

011

Heat Management
System Overtemp

Heat Management
System

011

Module Enclosure
Heat Management
System fan alarm

10

Heat Management
System

011

Primary Frame
Heat Management
System Heater
Alarm

11

Heat Management
System

011

10

Heat Management
System
Undertemp

12

Heat Management
System

011

11

Heat Management
Controller Fail

13

Heat Management
System

011

12

Clogged Fresh Air


Filter Alarm

14

Not Used

011

13

N/A

15

Not Used

011

14

N/A

16

Not Used

011

15

N/A

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11

11
9234
d2U Distributed
alarm information

Overview
Purpose

This chapter presents alarm information that pertains to the 9234 d2U Distributed.
Contents
Alarm collection

11-2

CTU and OM alarms

11-4

URC alarms

11-5

CMU alarms

11-6

OCM-II alarms

11-7

Intrusion alarm

11-8

Fan tray alarms

11-9

User alarms

11-10

Power alarms

11-14

Frame alarms

11-21

RRH alarms

11-23

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm collection
Alarm collection

The following figure shows the alarm collection in the 9234 d2U Distributed cabinet.
Alarm reporting

Most alarms are collected by the I2C with exceptions noted in the descriptions.

The CPC alarms connect directly to the URC via the I2C bus through the IOU and
the backplane.
The Input/Output Unit serves as a physical alarm collection point, as well as a
supplier of digital output signals. Since it is an alarm collection point, the IOU
proxy performs alarm monitoring.
The I2C serial bus is used to interconnect the URC(s), CPCs, TxAMPs and the IOU
for purposes of alarm collection, inventory control and other potential (future)
control/status reporting functions.
LNA over current and DC-DC Converter alarms are reported via a discrete cable to
the TDU. The TDU passes the alarms by the I2C bus, through the FAC/FAC-D and
IOU to the URC(s). The TDU sets the appropriate bit(s) on its 16-bit I2C port
expander(s) to indicate the alarm condition, where they are reported to the URC.
The following devices report their alarms to the URC via the I2C bus with the
name of the alarm indicating the type of failure reported.

Digital Shelf Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 1 Fan Failure

Amplifier Shelf 2 Fan Failure


Cabinet Intrusion Alarm

Heat Management System Overtemp

Primary frame heat management system fan alarm


Primary frame heat management system heat alarm

Heat Management System Undertemp

Heat Management System Controller Fail


Heat Management System Compressor Fail.

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Alarm collection

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarm reporting summary

System alarm reporting is summarized in the table below for the 9234 d2U Distributed.
Type

Unit

Alarm Reporting Mechanism

RF

TxAMP (C1PAM,
C2PAM, P2PAM, iPAM)

I2C via cable to PIM and then backplane to URC via


I 2C

LNA on DLM

Use filter 1 2C bus address (via backplane to URC


via 12C

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

Use filter 12C bus address (via backplane to URC


via 12C), monitoring is via A/D converter with 12C
interface in the TTTM

TTLNA (non AISG


compliant)

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane to


URC)

RET

RS-485 bus (cabled to PIM and then backplane to


URC)

UCR/MCR/UCRe

ARCNET bus

URC/URC-II

Directly to RCS over facilities interface

CMU

IEEE-1394 packet bus (Firewire)

CTU-II

ARCNET

PIM (secondary power


alarm)

Use CPC 12C bus address (via backplane to URC


via I2C)

Fan Tray

Use frame alarm (via cable to PIM and then to URC


via I2C bus)

Heat Management
System

Cabled Frame alarm connection to PIM then


backplane to URC

Rectifier power
(rectifier battery)

Use user alarms (via cable to PIM and then


backplane to URC via I 2C

Digital

Other

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

CTU and OM alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CTU and OM alarms


CTU hardware errors

The CTU generates hardware errors on the peripheral bus due to these conditions:

GPS satellites cannot be traced

Satellite lock has been lost and flywheeling is in process


GPS receiver failure.

CTU LEDs

The LED indicators listed below are available for each CTU.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

CTU failure

NVM (yellow)

Context-sensitive event in progress (for example,


NVM download)

RDY (green)

CTU enabled for generating clock signals, and the


OM and GPS are functional

OM FAIL (red)

OM failure

FLY EX (red)

CTU has exceeded the maximum flywheel time

LOCK GPS (green)

GPS unit is locked to the GPS satellite signal

OM LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the OM.


Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

RDY (green)

Ready, indicates that at least one of the


six analog clock outputs is active

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11-4

9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

URC alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

URC alarms
URC LEDs

The URC provides the following LEDs to indicate status and alarms conditions:
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Board failure

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

URC operational

L1 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L2 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L3 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

L4 (red)

T1/E1 line failure

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

CMU alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CMU alarms
CMU LEDs

The three LED indicators listed below are available for the CMU.
Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

The CMU has failed diagnostics, one or more CEs


have failed to initialize, or another component has
failed to initialize

NVM (yellow)

NVM update in progress

RDY (green)

The CCU is functioning properly and at least one CE


is enabled

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11-6

9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

OCM-II alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

OCM-II alarms
OCM-II LEDs

The eight LED indicators listed in the following table are available on the OCM-II
faceplate.
Table 11-1

9234 d2U Distributed OCM-II LEDs

Label/color

Condition

STAT (red/green/yellow)

a unit status indicator (1 LED)

FL (red/green)

one port status indicator (pass/fail) for each CPRI port (3


LEDs)

SW (red/green)

one transmit state indicator per CPRI port switch (3 LEDs).

ETH (yellow)

Maintenance port status indicator (1 LED).

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Intrusion alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarm
Intrusion alarm

An intrusion alarm is generated when the door of an outdoor cell site is opened.

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11-8

9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Fan tray alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Fan tray alarms


Fan tray LED

A binary LED indicator listed below is available on the fan trays.


Label/color

Condition

GREEN

Normal

RED

Fault

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

User alarms
Overview

User alarms are provided for use by the service provider to report cell site alarms that
are not triggered by the base station itself.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.


User alarm description

User alarm points are external to the base station and their lines are surge-protected.
Since they connect to external equipment, these user alarms are electrically isolated
from the Radio Frequency Diagnostic Unit (RFDU) circuitry. They are two-lead current
loops where a closed circuit indicates a normal condition and an open circuit indicates
an alarm. The user alarm polarity can be inverted by software according to cell
translations.
The IOU does not provide any alarms of its own. Its main purpose is passing frame
alarms and user alarms to the URC(s) via the I2C bus.
The 9234 d2U Distributed cabinet uses up to eight user alarms. Each cable with RJ-45
supports four user alarms.
If power alarms are provided by an external power cabinet, they are treated as user
alarms.
The following figure shows the locations for User Alarms 0-7.

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11-10

9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the locations for User Alarms 8-31.

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cable functions

This table describes the user alarms for the 9234 d2U Distributed cabinet. The number
of lines to be connected at each conduit entry port will vary. The minimum and
maximum number of lines in each conduit entry port is given in the following table.
Cable

Use

Cable
type

Number Max.
Cables
of
lines
per
cable

Connector
type

Conduit /Cable
Gland (outdoor)

User/
Power
alarms

User alarms
defined by
customer

8
twisted
pair

RJ-45 on
both ends

One inch conduit


(35 mm holes)

Facilities cable connections

The following table shows where the facilities cables are connected at the
nano-Protection Module (nPM) or indoor 9234 d2U Distributed.
Cable

Line number

Interface at nPM/d2U indoor

User alarms

Alarms 0 to 3

USR 03

Alarms 4 to 7

USR 47

User alarms wire colors and punchdown positions

The user alarms are conducted via two identical cables (alarms 0 to 3 and alarms 4 to
7) as follows:
User alarm wire color

Function

RJ-45 pin #

White-Orange

User alarm 0+ or 4+

Orange

User alarm 0 or 4

White-Green

User alarm 1+ or 5+

Green

User alarm 1 or 5

Blue

User alarm 2+ or 6+

White-Blue

User alarm 2 or 6

White-Brown

User alarm 3+ or 7+

Brown

User alarm 3 or 7

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

User alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Facilities cable wire colors and pin assignments

The following table shows wire colors and pin assignments when 8-pair user alarms
cable is used for 8 alarms:
Facilities
cable

Cable #

RJ-45 pin #

Wire color

Function

Alarm Cable
No. 1

P1

White-Orange

User_Alm

Orange

User_Alm-

White-Green

User_Alm

Green

User_Alm-

Blue

User_Alm

White-Blue

User_Alm-

Whit-Brown

User_Alm

Brown

User_Alm-

Red-Blue

User_Alm

Blue-Red

User_Alm-

Red-Orange

User_Alm

Orange-Red

User_Alm-

Gray-White

User_Alm

White-Gray

User_Alm-

Red-Green

User_Alm

Green-Red

User_Alm-

Alarm Cable
No. 2

P2

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Power alarms
Overview

Each alarm generated by the power system shall be provided by a set of isolated dry
relay contacts, an alarm state may be indicated by a closed circuit or an open
circuit. If an alarm condition is indicated by a closed circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present a contact closure when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. If an alarm condition is indicated by a open circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present an open circuit when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. The resistance of a closed circuit shall be less than 100 ohms. The resistance
of an open circuit shall be greater than 1 megohm. The following table also provides
for the standard power system alarm assignments and connection points for the 9234
d2U Distributed.
Typical power system interface for alarms

The following figure shows the electrical interfaces for power alarms of a typical
power system.

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

PMJ

Typical Power System


Denotes contact
closure when alarm
conditions exist

PMN
ACF

Alarms to d2U cabinet


BD

AC Input
Power from
utility

+24/-48V DC
+24/-48V DC

Up to eight (8) DC power


connectorized feeds:
Up to two (2) for d2U cabinets
and up to six (6) for the
RRH cabinets

Frame ground
PMJ: Power Major Alarm
PMN: Power Minor Alarm
ACF: AC Fail
BD: Batteries on Discharge, first stage

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Alarms and Status

The power module provides alarms and indicators. The primary power controller
collects alarms from the internal and external battery cabinets as well as growth
cabinet rectifiers. Alarms are reported to the user interface panel in the form of relay
contact closures. Alternative implementations may utilize solid-state relays or
opto-coupled devices to provide isolation from the controller circuitry and achieve the

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

equivalent contact closure. The - designation of each alarm is referenced to the


system ground. The relay or solid-state devices have an open circuit voltage rating of
30 VDC. The Alarm interface and general description is in the table below.
Alarm
Name

ID

Relay

Name

Description

Urgent
Power
(Power
Major)

PMJ

Form B

PowMaj+
Pow Maj-

Issued by power controller when any


condition occurs that impacts the
capabilities of the users equipment,
thereby requiring immediate
attention.

Non-Urgent
Power
(Power
Minor)

PMN

Form B

PowMin+
PowMin-

Issued by power controller when any


condition occurs that would require
service but does not immediately
impact the users equipment. Also
generated by a contact closure
between BAT FAN ALM RTN and
BAT FAN ALM NC indicating that a
fan in the internal or external
battery compartment is not
operational.

Mains
Failure (AC
Fail)

ACF

Form B

AcFail+
AcFail-

Issued by the power controller when


it recognizes that AC input power to
any of the rectifiers has been
disrupted.

Battery
Discharge

BD

Form B

BattDis+
BattDis-

Issued by the power controller when


the system output voltage drops
below 25.0 VDC (user adjustable
from between 23 to 26.5 VDC).

Notes:

1.

Relays are energized open and close on alarm.

2.

Refer to Alarm Reference for alarm conditions.

The following table lists the system conditions for each alarm. Reference is made to
Rectifier specification for Alarm indication definition. Each alarm shall be supported
by close on alarm type floating contacts.
Condition

Normal Operation

Caused By

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Condition

Caused By

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Failed Controller

No power

BD/Low Volt
Alarm

Output < 25 V

High Volt Alarm

Output > 29.0 V

BD2

Output < 22 V

Battery Disconnect

Loss of AC Input on
one Rectifier

AC Failure

Loss of AC Input on
two or more
Rectifiers

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating fuse
tripped with load
applied Battery or
LVBD open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

Battery Failure

Output < 23.0 V


during test

Rectifier Alarm

Malfunction on one
Rectifier

Rectifier Current
Share

Current Share
failure or Rectifier
Fuse Open

Rectifier Failure

Malfunction on
more than one
Rectifier

Communication
Failure

Module Loss of
Communication

Low Temperature
Alarm

Temperature <
-30C

High Temperature
Alarm

Temperature > 75C

Temperature Probe
Failure

No probe connected

Fan Alarm

Internal/External
Battery Fan Failure

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Condition

Caused By

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Failed Controller

No

BD2

Output L22V

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating Fuse
Tripped with Load
Applied Battery or
LVBM Open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

An RS-232 computer interface connector is available on the controller for the user to
access the controller alarm conditions and program some of its functions. The alarms
reported on this interface could be limited to rectifier related functions.
Rectifier Controller Alarms

The List 1 and List 2 Power Controllers are equipped with seven LEDs. The LEDs are
viewable through the front panel and defined as shown in the following table.
Function

Color

Label

Description

Major Power Alarm

Red

PJM

Shall light when a major alarm


is detected

Minor Power Alarm

Yellow

RMN

Shall light when a minor alarm


is detected

AC Mains Failure
Alarm

Red

ACF

Shall light when AC mains


failure is detected

Battery Discharge

Red

BD

Shall light when batteries are


discharging

Temp Fault

Red

TEMP

Shall light when temperature


related fault detected

Fuse Fault

Red

FUSE

Shall light when battery fuse


opened or LVBD contactor
failed

Power On

Green

PWR

Shall light when input power is


applied to the controller

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

DC Power system alarms

The 9234 d2U Distributed cabinet has provisions to accept eight user alarm positions
total provided through two RJ-45 connectorized cables (four alarms maximum for each
RJ-45) at the 9234 d2U Distributed only. These user alarms are available at the 9234
d2U Distributed cabinet to alarm additional equipment.
The 9234 d2U Distributed software configuration must be programmed to report an
open circuit or closed circuit for an alarm condition. (The software is configured
for a contact closure for power system alarms. A software change to the user alarm
definitions is required to announce a power system an open circuit as an alarm
condition).
The following table lists a maximum set of alarm functions that can be provided to
alert and announce power system failures. There are four alarms that are specially
dedicated and provisioned ONLY for power available at the 9234 d2U Distributed only.
Important! If the DC power system does not support some of the alarms as
described below, it is strongly recommended that the customer do not connect
alarms for different equipment to these user alarms. Since these power alarms are
reported back to the core network, it is important that the customer maintains the
circuit integrity to avoid misinterpretations when reporting equipment alarms and
failures. Therefore, each specific power alarm function maintains its identity
throughout the network and should not be used for any other purpose..
Power alarm cable assignment connections
Alarm function

Alarm #

Power Major (PMJ)

User 0 Alarm

Power Minor (PMN)

User 1 Alarm

AC Fail (ACF)

User 2 Alarm

Batteries on Discharge (BD)

User 3 Alarm

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Frame alarms

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Frame alarms
Overview

Frame alarms indicate the failure of Power Converter Units (PCUs) and provide an
indication of intrusion.
The following figure shows the location of the frame alarms for the cabinet.

Frame Alarms for the 9234 d2U Distributed

The following table lists the frame alarms for the 9234 d2U Distributed.
Frame
Alarm
#

Message

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Meaning

Digital Module Fan


Tray

011

DM & DEM Fan


Failure

Not Used

011

N/A

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

Frame alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Frame
Alarm
#

Message

IOU I2C Port


Address
(MUX1/Leg 2)

I2C Bit

Meaning

Amplifier Module Fan


Tray

011

Amplifier Module Fan


Failure (up to 3
Amplifier Module fan
alarms)

Not Used

011

N/A

Not Used

011

N/A

Not Used

011

N/A

Module Enclosure

011

Cabinet Intrusion
Alarm

Heat Management
System

011

Heat Management
System Overtemp

Heat Management
System

011

Module Enclosure
Heat Management
System fan alarm

10

Heat Management
System

011

Primary Frame Heat


Management System
Heater Alarm

11

Heat Management
System

011

10

Heat Management
System Undertemp

12

Heat Management
System

011

11

Heat Management
Controller Fail

13

Heat Management
System

011

12

Clogged Fresh Air


Filter Alarm

14

Not Used

011

13

N/A

15

Not Used

011

14

N/A

16

Not Used

011

15

N/A

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9234 d2U Distributed alarm information

RRH alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

RRH alarms
Overview

RRH alarms are described in Chapter 12, CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm
information.

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12

12
CDMA
Remote Radio
Head alarm information

Overview
Purpose

This chapter presents alarm information that pertains to the CDMA Remote Radio
Head (RRH).
The CDMA Remote Radio Head is used with the following base stations:

9234 d2U Distributed

9222 Micro/Micro Distributed

9228 Macro Distributed

Components

The RRH is a single-sector, self-contained radio module that includes the following
components:

RF transceiver for Band Class 1, 6, and 15.

Amplifier

One duplexing system


Optical interface

Power system

The RRH delivers a nominal 32 W long term average composite RF power at the
antenna port for AWS. The RRH is an outdoor product with an operating temperature
range of -40 C to +50 C, and uses natural convection cooling, so no fans are
required.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Overview

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

For a complete functional description of the RRH, review one of the following system
descriptions:

9234 Base Station d2U Distributed System Description, 401-703-509

Alcatel-Lucent Base Stations Macro 9218, 9228, 9228 LP, 9228 HD, and 9228
Distributed System Description, 401-703-486

Alcatel-Lucent 9222 and 9222 Base Stations Micro Distributed (formerly AlcatelLucent CDMA Base Station 2400) System Description, 401-703-487

Contents
Intrusion alarm

12-3

RRH alarms

12-4

User alarms

12-5

Frame alarms

12-6

Power alarms

12-7

VSWR monitoring

12-12

Maintenance procedures for RRH

12-13

RRH field support

12-15

RRH operational test

12-16

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page

12-18

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Intrusion alarm

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Intrusion alarm
Intrusion alarm

An intrusion alarm is generated when the door of an outdoor cell site is opened.

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RRH alarms

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RRH alarms
RRH LEDs

The LEDs for the RRH indicate the following conditions:


Label/color

Condition

FAIL (red)

Failure

FLT (yellow)

Fault (does not light up with NVM


download)

RDY (green)

Ready

Tx ON (green)

Transmit on

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

User alarms

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User alarms
Overview

A BTS is generally allocated 30 user alarms, numbered in the user interface as 0


through 29. These user alarms are generally collected at the BTS by a single unit. In
an RRH configuration, however, user alarms are collected by the BBU and by each
RRH. This use of multiple alarm collection points is accommodated with a
modification to the existing alarm mechanism. To deal with the multiple user alarm
collection points we designate only the BU-collected external alarms as user alarms,
while the RRH-collected external alarms are designated as (and handled as) frame
alarms.
With the introduction of FID-13019.19:

RRH user alarms can be equipped and unequipped using a screen on the cmodeqp
form.

RRH user alarm polarities can be entered (normal polarity can be either opened or
closed).

RRH monitors and reports the status on eight user alarms. These RRH user alarms
continue to be reported as frame alarms, however. Refer to Frame alarms
(p. 12-6) for requirements regarding the handling of RRH external alarms.
For FID 13019.1, user-specified text strings cannot be printed when an RRH
external alarm is generated, so a generic alarm string such as
CELL xxx RRH y EXTERNAL ALARM z SET or
CELL xxx RRH y EXTERNAL ALARM z CLEAR is printed and the user must
consult a local table to determine the alarm meaning.

When an RRH is OOS or not in contact with the cell controller, all user alarms
associated with that RRH are set to a state of INDETERMINATE. Changing from
SET/CLEAR to INDETERMINATE and back is not considered a change of state and
so is not reported to ROP.
RRH-reported user alarms are printed to ROP with an alarm severity of Minor unless
this is overridden by the User Defined Alarms feature.
User alarm parameters

User alarm parameters are defined in the cmodeqp RC/V form.

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Frame alarms

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Frame alarms
Overview

From an alarm collection perspective, a BTS supporting RRHs is composed of two


major alarmed units:

RRH- RRHs themselves do not actually generate frame alarms, all hardware fault
conditions that might typically be reported as frame alarms (high temperature,
intrusion, etc.) are reported as errors and handled by the defined error handling
mechanism. RRHs do however collect and report the status of eight external
alarms, which are essentially user alarms. These RRH external alarms are reported
using the frame alarm mechanism. The following requirements describe this
reporting.

BU- The base unit collects and reports its frame alarms as it does for non-RRH
configurations.

With the introduction of FID-13019.19, eight user alarms per RRH can be monitored
and reported for each RRH. The status of eight RRH external alarms are reported to
the user as frame alarms. The alarm reports identify the RRH unit number and the
external alarm number, as well as the new state of the alarm. For FID 13019.6, the
user-defined text string is added to the alarm report in place of the generic text string
previously used.
When an RRH is OOS or not in contact with the cell controller all frame alarms
associated with that RRH are set to a state of INDETERMINATE. Changing from
SET/CLEAR to INDETERMINATE and back is not considered a change of state and
so is not reported to ROP.
RRH alarm text strings

Text strings for RRH-reported frame alarms follow this format (where x is the RRH
unit number and y is the external alarm number):

When the external alarm contact transitions from open to closed an alarm is
generated with the following text string: RRH x External Alarm y OPEN. This
condition is considered to be an alarm state of CLEAR or NORMAL.
When the external alarm contact transitions from closed to open an alarm is
generated with the following text string: RRH x External Alarm y CLOSED.
This condition is considered to be an alarm state of SET or OFF-NORMAL.

RRH-reported frame alarms are printed to ROP with an alarm severity of Minor.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Power alarms

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Power alarms
Overview

Each alarm generated by the power system shall be provided by a set of isolated dry
relay contacts, an alarm state may be indicated by a closed circuit or an open
circuit. If an alarm condition is indicated by a closed circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present a contact closure when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. If an alarm condition is indicated by a open circuit, the DC power system
alarm contacts shall present an open circuit when the alarm circuit fails or looses
power. The resistance of a closed circuit shall be less than 100 ohm. The resistance
of an open circuit shall be greater than 1 megohm. The table on the next page also
provides for the standard power system alarm assignments and connection points for
the Remote Radio Head.
Alarms and Status

The power module provides alarms and indicators. The primary power controller
collects alarms from the internal and external battery cabinets as well as growth
cabinet rectifiers. Alarms are reported to the user interface panel in the form of relay
contact closures. Alternative implementations may utilize solid-state relays or
opto-coupled devices to provide isolation from the controller circuitry and achieve the
equivalent contact closure. The - designation of each alarm is referenced to the
system ground. The relay or solid-state devices have an open circuit voltage rating of
30 VDC. The Alarm interface and general description is in the table below.
Alarm
Name

ID

Relay

Name

Description

Urgent
Power
(Power
Major)

PMJ

Form B

PowMaj+
Pow Maj-

Issued by power controller when any


condition occurs that impacts the
capabilities of the users equipment,
thereby requiring immediate
attention.

Non-Urgent
Power
(Power
Minor)

PMN

Form B

PowMin+
PowMin-

Issued by power controller when any


condition occurs that would require
service but does not immediately
impact the users equipment. Also
generated by a contact closure
between BAT FAN ALM RTN and
BAT FAN ALM NC indicating that a
fan in the internal or external
battery compartment is not
operational.

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Power alarms

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Alarm
Name

ID

Relay

Name

Description

Mains
Failure (AC
Fail)

ACF

Form B

AcFail+
AcFail-

Issued by the power controller when


it recognizes that AC input power to
any of the rectifiers has been
disrupted.

Battery
Discharge

BD

Form B

BattDis+
BattDis-

Issued by the power controller when


the system output voltage drops
below 25.0 VDC (user adjustable
from between 23 to 26.5 VDC).

Notes:

1.

Relays are energized open and close on alarm.

2.

Refer to Alarm Reference for alarm conditions.

The following table lists the system conditions for each alarm. Reference is made to
Rectifier specification for Alarm indication definition. Each alarm is supported by
close on alarm type floating contacts.
Condition

Caused By

Normal Operation

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Failed Controller

No power

BD/Low Volt
Alarm

Output < 25 V

High Volt Alarm

Output > 29.0 V

BD2

Output < 22 V

Battery Disconnect

Loss of AC Input on
one Rectifier

AC Failure

Loss of AC Input on
two or more
Rectifiers

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating fuse
tripped with load
applied Battery or
LVBD open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

Battery Failure

Output < 23.0 V


during test

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Condition

Caused By

Operation of alarm contacts (1=closed, 0=open)


PMJ

PMN

ACF

FA

BD

BD2

Rectifier Alarm

Malfunction on one
Rectifier

Rectifier Current
Share

Current Share
failure or Rectifier
Fuse Open

Rectifier Failure

Malfunction on
more than one
Rectifier

Communication
Failure

Module Loss of
Communication

Low Temperature
Alarm

Temperature <
-30C

High Temperature
Alarm

Temperature > 75C

Temperature Probe
Failure

No probe connected

Fan Alarm

Internal/External
Battery Fan Failure

Failed Controller

No

BD2

Output L22V

Distribution Fuse
Alarm

Indicating Fuse
Tripped with Load
Applied Battery or
LVBM Open

Battery Fuse

Open Battery Fuse

An RS-232 computer interface connector is available on the controller for the user to
access the controller alarm conditions and program some of its functions. The alarms
reported on this interface could be limited to rectifier related functions.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Rectifier Controller Alarms

The List 1 and List 2 Power Controllers are equipped with seven T1 size, right angle,
pwb mount LEDs. The LEDs are viewable through the Front panel and defined as
shown in the following table.
Function

Color

Label

Description

Major Power Alarm

Red

PJM

Shall light when a major alarm


is detected

Minor Power Alarm

Yellow

RMN

Shall light when a minor alarm


is detected

AC Mains Failure
Alarm

Red

ACF

Shall light when AC mains


failure is detected

Battery Discharge

Red

BD

Shall light when batteries are


discharging

Temp Fault

Red

TEMP

Shall light when temperature


related fault detected

Fuse Fault

Red

FUSE

Shall light when battery fuse


opened or LVBD contactor
failed

Power On

Green

PWR

Shall light when input power is


applied to the controller

DC Power system alarms

The RRH cabinet reports user alarms back to the Remote Radio Head.
The Remote Radio Head has provisions to accept eight user alarm positions total
provided through two RJ-45 connectorized cables (four alarms maximum for each
RJ-45) at the Remote Radio Head only. These user alarms are available at the Remote
Radio Head to alarm additional equipment.
The Remote Radio Head software configuration must be programmed to report an
open circuit or closed circuit for an alarm condition. (The software is configured
for a contact closure for power system alarms. A software change to the user alarm
definitions is required to announce a power system an open circuit as an alarm
condition).
The following table lists a maximum set of alarm functions that can be provided to
alert and announce power system failures. There are four alarms that are specially
dedicated and provisioned ONLY for power available at the Remote Radio Head only.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Power alarms

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Important! If the DC power system does not support some of the alarms as
described below, it is strongly recommended that the customer do not connect
alarms for different equipment to these user alarms. Since these power alarms are
reported back to the core network, it is important that the customer maintains the
circuit integrity to avoid misinterpretations when reporting equipment alarms and
failures. Therefore, each specific power alarm function maintains its identity
throughout the network and should not be used for any other purpose..
Power alarm cable assignment connections
Alarm function

Alarm #

Power Major (PMJ)

User 0 Alarm

Power Minor (PMN)

User 1 Alarm

AC Fail (ACF)

User 2 Alarm

Batteries on Discharge (BD)

User 3 Alarm

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

VSWR monitoring

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

VSWR monitoring
For any TX signal above 23 dBm, the VSWR meter measures whether the VSWR is
below or above the following pre-defined thresholds:
Threshold

Accuracy

1.5:1

2 dB

2:1

+2 dB/-1.5 dB

3:1

1.5 dB

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Maintenance procedures for RRH

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Maintenance procedures for RRH


Purpose

The following sections describe, at a high level, the maintenance operations supported
by base stations relevant to the RRH.
RUI maintenance operations

The following maintenance actions are supported for an RUI:

RMV

RST
DGN

Each of these actions results in a reset of the RUI, which interrupts communication to
the attached RRHs. This leads to the following requirements related to these RUI
maintenance actions:

a camp-on must be executed for all paths supported by RRHs served by this RUI

these paths must be blocked


once the camp-on has completed the RRHs associated with this RUI are removed
from service

When the RUI returns to service the RRHs are then restored to service since they were
out of service due to parent.
Note: RRHs do not autonomously reset on loss of communication with the RUI
until after a period of one hour has expired. They will therefore generally be in
their previous state once communication is restored, with the exception that RF
transmission will be disabled if the communication is lost for more than 30
seconds.
RRH maintenance operations

The following maintenance actions are supported for an RRH:

RMV

RST

DGN

Each of these actions results in a reset of the RRH, which interrupts calls on all paths
supported by this RRH. This leads to the following requirements related to these RRH
maintenance actions:

a camp-on must be executed for all paths supported by the RRH

these paths must then be blocked

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

Maintenance procedures for RRH

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note that RUI port errors will be generated as the RRH resets since there will be a
temporary disruption of the CPRI link received at that RUI port. These errors are
reflected in the RUI port state (including the SDP indication) but they are not written
to ROP since this is due to a normal maintenance operation.
URC maintenance operations

The RUI and RRHs are children of the primary URC. Prior to resetting the last URC,
the RRHs are transmit-disabled and their paths are blocked. The RRHs and RUI are
reset. A change of owning URC does not affect RUI or RRH operation.
CTU maintenance operations

Interruption of the clock signal to the RUI causes the RUI ports to stop functioning,
interrupting the flow of data to and from the RRH. RUI ports and RRHs are therefore
dependent on the clock unit (active CTU), in that they cannot perform their primary
function when the clock is not present. Call paths associated with the RRHs served by
the RUI are blocked (following camp-on) prior to CTU maintenance operations, and
the RRHs removed from service, but the RUIs may otherwise remain active during a
clock switch.
Note: The RUI remains in communication with the controller when clocks are not
available. RRHs are not in communication with the controller when clocks are not
available since the CPRI link is not functioning, but they do not autonomously
reset until a one hour timer has expired.
Modem maintenance operations

RUI backplane data (LVDS) ports must enabled and disabled as modems (CMU or
EVM) are initialized and reset or removed. This operation is performed similar to
enabling of radio backplane data ports.
Inventory data requests

The technician can request a summary of all inventory data records from BTS units.
(Inventory data requests may also be scheduled.) These requests are handled much as
usual except the RUI and RRH inventory data records are included in the set of
records sent up from the BTS. Refer to SRD-1928-Mod-01-5164 for details of
inventory data reporting.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

RRH field support

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

RRH field support


Overview

The following capabilities are available for field support of the RUI and RRHs:

standard maintenance commands (RMV/RST/DGN)

TI commands to retrieve RUI and RRH unit status and log data (refer to the TI
Capabilities description earlier in this section)

TI commands to read and overwrite RRH-local stored data

TI commands to initiate OCNS and FLUS traffic on RRH paths (CFR is not
supported since local calibration is not necessary and since the OCI supports a
locally-generated RF test signal)

OCI capabilities for on-site (RRH-local) reading of RRH status and execution of
RRH operational tests and generation of RF test signal (refer to OCI Capabilities
description earlier in this section),

RMT capabilities for on-site (BU-local) configuration of RRH local parameters and
execution of loopback tests

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

RRH operational test

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

RRH operational test


Purpose

The following sections provide a high level description of the operational tests
supported by the RUI and RRH.
Loopback test

The CPRI connection between the BU and RRH may be verified in one of two ways:

The RUI may be commanded by the RMT to run a RUI Local Loopback test in
which a physical jumper is placed on the CPRI connection (either at the RUI port
itself or at the remote (RRH) end of the CPRI interconnection cable) to loop RUI
transmit data back to the RUI receive port. The RUI performs a frame error rate
calculation on the returned data and makes the test results (total frames and errored
frames) available to the RMT. This test is supported only via the RMT since a
technician must be on site to insert the loopback jumper.

The BU may be commanded to run an RRH Remote Loopback test. In this case the
CPRI connection remains in place between the BU and the RRH and the RUI is
commanded to generate a test pattern on the RUI port (and CPRI data containers)
serving that RRH. The RRH is instructed to loop the RRH-received data onto its
transmit port back to the RUI. The RUI compares its received data against
generated pattern and calculates a frame error rate. The test results are made
available to the test originator, which is currently limited to the RMT.

Antenna operational test

The RRH supports receive antenna tests. These are enabled and their alarm threshold
levels set based on RC/V antenna test parameters. RRH antenna test runs (semi-)
continuously within the RRH and so is not scheduled by the RCS as is done for
non-RRH paths. Antenna tests may be requested via TI command. In this case the
input/output message formats align with the existing antenna test requests.
Diversity imbalance

RRH diversity imbalance monitoring is always enabled whenever a non-zero imbalance


threshold is provided in RC/V.
The diagram below includes the maintenance hierarchy for RUI-RRH configurations.
In the LP-BBU case there are only controllers, channel cards, clock, RUIs, and RRHs.
RUIs and RRHs are children of the CRC. They are associated with the primary CRC
of the digital shelf and so remain in service until the last CRC becomes inactive.
Although the RUI needs a clock signal for its ports to operate, the RUI itself can
initialize and communicate with the CRC when clocks are not available.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

RRH operational test

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The RRH is a child of the RUI since the RUI ports serve as the sole means of the
RRH communicating with the controller (and the RRH transmission turns off when this
communication fails). When multiple RUIs are present in the assemblage, an RRH is a
child of only one of these RUIs. This RUI-RRH association is defined in translations.
The RRH is also a child of the TFU since the RUI ports do not function without clock
signals from the TFU.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page


Purpose

The 2338 - RUI Status page indicates the RUI unit state and RUI port state, and also
provides a list of Remote Radio frequency Heads (RRHs) associated with this RUI.
This RRH list may not be accurate until a short while after the RUI initialization has
completed since it may take up to 30 seconds for RRHs to connect to the controller
once the RUI ports are operational.
The following figure illustrates SDP 2338 (screen 1 of 4) monitoring RUI Ports 1 and
2 inhibited and Port 3 indicating normal activity of daisy-chained RRHs.

The following figure illustrates SDP 2338 (screen 2 of 4) monitoring the status of
RRH-1.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure illustrates SDP 2338 (screen 1 of 7) monitoring RUI-1 Ports 1-3
indicating normal activity of daisy-chained RRHs.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure illustrates SDP 2338 (screen 2 of 7) monitoring the status of
RRH-1.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Page details

This page includes the following indicators:

equipage state - Indicates whether the unit is expected to be present in the BTS.

maintenance state - Indicates whether the unit is ready to support call processing.
fault state - Indicates current alarm status of the unit.

normal - Indicates no faults exist and the RRH supports normal operation.

degrade - Indicates one or more faults are present and this state is for the RUI port
only, and it does not work for RRH. Call processing is still (though perhaps only
partially) supported.

inhibit - Indicates that the RUI port is switched off in case there is no RRH
connected to it.

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CDMA Remote Radio Head alarm information

2338 - Remote Unit Interface (RUI) Status page

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external fail - Indicates the RRH is itself capable of supporting calls (it has no
critical faults present) but is not operational due to failure of an outside resource.
(Although the state of the RUI port switch could be considered here since it
controls the I/Q data flow to the RRH, the switch state is unknown by the RRH
and so is not a factor in determining RRH fault state. The RUI port switch state
affects only the RUI port fault state and RUI unit fault state.)
fail - Indicates a fault exists that prevents the RRH from providing normal
operation, or there is a loss of communication to the RRH.

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13

Diagnostic tests
13

Overview
Purpose

Diagnostic tests that are run from the RMT (direct or OMC-RAN) or MSC serve to
isolate system faults. This chapter reviews the types and execution of diagnostic tests
other than the functional tests.
Contents
Testing overview

13-3

Maintenance hierarchy

13-4

Fault isolation principles

13-6

Testing and diagnostics framework

13-8

Board Level Self-Test (BLST)

13-10

Diagnostic tests for base station

13-12

Stable clear recovery times

13-16

Outline of MSC-based diagnostics

13-17

ECPless MSC

13-19

Procedure 13-1: Diagnose the base station

13-20

Procedure 13-2: Test base station using the RMT (direct connection)

13-23

Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0)

13-24

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

13-27

Operation of Closed Loop Gain Control (CLGC)

13-36

Enhanced Digital Predistortion (EDPD)

13-38

Calibration philosophy

13-41

Parameter descriptions

13-42

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Diagnostic tests

Overview

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When field re-calibration is needed

13-43

Procedure 13-5: CLGC out-of-range fault isolation

13-45

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Diagnostic tests

Testing overview

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Testing overview
Cell site housekeeping software

Cell site fault detection is performed using cell site housekeeping software. Faults such
as transmitter failure, power and entry alarms, and speech path conditions are
constantly monitored and are automatically reported to the MSC. In most cases, fault
detection, diagnosis, and recovery are automatic.
Levels of testing

The base station supports highly flexible testing and diagnostics facilities, including the
following:

MSC-based, where the MSC initiates the diagnostics either automatically (routine
diagnostics) or following a manual command.
RMT-based, with the RMT connected to the base station. RMT-based testing and
diagnostics (see .Procedure 13-2: Test base station using the RMT (direct
connection) (p. 13-23)
RMT-based wizard that can be launched from the OMC-RAN GUI enabling remote
access to the base station for testing and diagnostics (FID 14152.0) (see Procedure
13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0) (p. 13-24).

Using the RMT for diagnostics

Testing and diagnostics using the RMT requires physical connection of the RMT to the
base station.
Fault detection and correction mechanisms

Most faults trigger an alarm that is displayed on the SDP/OMC-RAN GUI, and may be
confirmed on circuit pack LEDs.
The system also provides the operator the ability to disable Radio Diagnostics from
Routine Diagnostics execution.

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Diagnostic tests

Maintenance hierarchy

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Maintenance hierarchy
Hierarchy diagram

The Alcatel-Lucent CDMA wireless network system supports a parent-child


hierarchy. This means that it is impossible to restore a child when the parent is
out-of-service (OOS).

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Diagnostic tests

Maintenance hierarchy

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Hierarchy description

Many of the 9218 Macro components rely on others to be able to function properly.
For example, the radio and channel coders need the clock unit operational before they
can become active. This maintenance hierarchy is summarized in Hierarchy diagram
(p. 13-4).
1. The URC lies at the top of the hierarchy. Without the URC there is no
communication to the RCS.
2. The URC controls the heartbeat operation to all its subordinate units. If there is a
second or third URC in the shelf, it exists on the same hierarchical level as the
primary URC: the primary URC can be removed and the next URC will take over.
3. The next level down includes the CTU and the transmit amplifiers. These units rely
only on the URC heartbeats to continue to operate, and they need the configuration
messages passed down through the URCs.
4. The CTU has a secondary dependence on the OM as a source of 15-MHz for
generating clocks. The OM is controlled by the CTU and so has no direct
dependence on the URC.
5. The lowest level down includes the CMUs and UCR. These units rely on the URC
for the configuration messages passed down.
The CMUs are dependent on clock signals from the CTU and so will not function
without a CTU being first placed into operation. Also, both the CLGC and RF test
sections of the TDU are dependent on the 15-MHz of the OM for their frequency
synthesizers.
The UCR uses the TDU for closed loop gain control algorithms, but is not directly
dependent on the TDU since the radio can run at reduced power when the TDU is
not present. The UCR does depend on the CTU for clocks.

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Diagnostic tests

Fault isolation principles

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Fault isolation principles


What is fault isolation?

Fault isolation covers activities that are designed to do the following:

Identify the source of trouble.

Correct the failure condition.

Corrective action may require hardware component replacement.


Fault isolation steps

Fault isolation begins with an analysis of symptoms, followed by trouble isolation


going down the data path. The next step involves the identification of the point of
failure, using techniques such as measuring the output signal down the data path. The
last activity involves corrective action, such as restoring and/or replacing a faulty
component.
Most fault isolation follows these guidelines:
1. Analysis of symptoms
2. Trouble isolation
- Follow data path
3. Identify point of failure
- Manual trouble-locating procedures
- Measure output signal down the data path
4. Corrective action (for example, restore, replace faulty component, etc.)
Fault isolation triggers

Fault isolation is triggered by events such as ROP output, SDP alarms, and sometimes
customer complaints or degradation in system performance.

ROP output

SDP alarms

Customer complaints
Degradation in system performance

User alarms

The primary frame provides an external interface for 30 (0-29) user alarm inputs for
the 9218/9228 Macro. This interface caters for alarms in the form of contact closures.
These alarms are only terminated on one digital shelf within this primary frame, but
are visible by any URC within that shelf.

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Diagnostic tests

Fault isolation principles

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External interface for user alarm inputs for 9222 Micro Distributed

The primary frame provides an external interface for 8 user alarm inputs for the 9222
Micro Distributed. This interface caters for alarms in the form of contact closures.
These alarms are only terminated on one digital shelf within this primary frame, but
are visible by any URC/URC-II within that shelf.

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Diagnostic tests

Testing and diagnostics framework

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Testing and diagnostics framework


Testing and diagnostics

Testing and diagnostics for the base station are implemented in three stages of
activities:
1. Board level self-test (BLST)
2. Other automated tests
3. Functional tests.
Board Level Self-Test (BLST)

The first stage of testing, Board Level Self-Test (BLST), is invoked from software that
resides in boot memory for each of the processing components in the base station.
These tests represent a core set of low-level hardware tests designed to verify the basic
functionality of a processor module.
Other automated tests

The second stage of testing covers tests that are not handled under the initial self-test
suite.
The tests are conducted through an automated suite of tests that return failure
messages.
Tests can be downloaded to the URC from the RMT (direct or OMC-RAN). They are
then downloaded from the URC to the other processing components for execution
directly from RAM using the RMT.
These tests are intrusive in nature, and require that the cell equipment be offline.
Functional tests

The third and final stage of testing involves functional tests, which test the
functionality of the system call processing generic software.
These functional tests are oriented towards performance monitoring. They also provide
isolated hardware testing while the remainder of the equipment is online and
operational. These test functions are similar to those provided by the AUTOPLEX
system framework. They are controlled via interactions from the MSC, or locally via
the test port interface at the URC. The RMT communicates with the online base station
via messaging, and provides the environment with which to monitor base station
activity.
The antenna test is the only functional test for the base station.
Important! There are no functional tests for the 9218 Macro HD for the Remote
Unit/Base Unit.
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13-8

Diagnostic tests

Testing and diagnostics framework

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Functional tests assume the presence of an equipped and functioning TDU or MCR
or a TTSM/TTTM. The 9218/9228 Macro and 9216 Compact use a TDU when
equipped with a UCR. When a 9218/9228 Macro and 9216 Compact are equipped
with an MCR, that board also functions as a test unit.
The 9224 Sub-Compact uses a TTSM equipped with an MCR.
The 9222 Micro Distributed uses a TTTM equipped with a MCR. If those
conditions are not met, functional tests cannot be run.
The goals of the Stage 3 functional tests are to monitor system performance
characteristics, and to report trends or conditions that may indicate an equipment
failure. They also provide a means of creating high-level operating test modes. For
example, the establishment of a connection to a test mobile, concurrent with
commercial call processing activity.
A failure indication from the functional tests indicates the need to invoke a more
intrusive diagnostic to verify a hard failure, and to localize the problem to a Field
Replaceable Unit (FRU). These functions can be run either from the MSC or via the
test port interface.

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Diagnostic tests

Board Level Self-Test (BLST)

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Board Level Self-Test (BLST)


Overview

The Board Level Self-Test (BLST) represents a portion of the Alcatel-Lucent CDMA
base station diagnostic design. This test is executed either during board power-up or
board level reset. BLSTs verify as much circuit pack functionality as can be
accomplished in a stand-alone environment.
General description

Board Level Self Test (BLST) is run by every processor board as one of the first tasks
when it powers up or resets. BLST verifies as much as possible the hardware operation
of the board including:

Processor
Memory (NVM and RAM)

Registers

UARTs and other I/O devices

Board specific hardware such as phase locked loops (PLL), latches, and
communication devices (framers, ATM chips, etc.).

Results storage

The results of the BLST are stored in nonvolatile memory (NVM or EEPROM) for
later analysis when a failed board is returned to the factory. This data is typically
stored in one or two pages of memory set aside for storage of BLST results.
Scope of test

BLST executes in a single board environment and is not aware of the status of the rest
of the cell. BLST of a board may therefore be limited in which components can be
tested since off-board resources may not be available at the time of BLST execution.
For example, BLST cannot fully test a frequency synthesizer since, if the synthesizer
reports an out of lock condition, the BLST code cannot determine if the synthesizer
has truly failed or if the out of lock condition is due to the cell frequency reference not
being available. BLST-detected failures are reported to the RCS as part of the board
initialization sequence; specifically, the reset response message. A summary byte
indicating the results of the BLST tests is forwarded to the URC and the RCS in this
message.

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Diagnostic tests

Board Level Self-Test (BLST)

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Boards tested

BLSTs automatically test the following processors:

Universal Radio Controller (URC)


CDMA Modem Unit (CMU)

Common Timing Unit (CTU)

UMTS CDMA Radio (UCR)


Multi-carrier Radio (MCR)

Transmit Amplifier (TxAMP)

Test & Diagnostic Unit (TDU).


Single Board EVM (SB-EVM)

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Diagnostic tests

Diagnostic tests for base station

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Diagnostic tests for base station


Overview

The base station supports two types of diagnostics:

MSC-based

RMT-based (direct or OMC-RAN)

How to run diagnostic tests

Diagnostic tests can be initiated and controlled without operator intervention from the
MSC. The cell site performs the requested diagnostic test and returns the test results to
the MSC.
Diagnostic tests can also be initiated manually, either from the MSC or the RMT. The
cell site performs the requested diagnostic test and returns the test results to the MSC
or RMT.
Routine diagnostic tests are run on a regularly scheduled basis to verify that the cell
site hardware units are operational. Routine diagnostic tests are run
daily/weekly/monthly. The time of day at which these tests are run is specified in the
cell site translations.
During the execution of routine diagnostics, the base station must be in the active state.
The RCS takes the unit out-of-service. Upon completion, the tested base station units
are restored back to the active state. During the execution of diagnostics, the base
station will not process calls. If calls are being processed when the routine diagnostics
request is initiated, the request will camp-on for 5 minutes. If during those 5 minutes
the calls are terminated, the request is granted. If not, the request is denied.
RMT-based diagnostic tests

RMT-based diagnostics are menu-driven, and are initiated from a menu in the RMT
command bar.
Using diagnostic test results

Diagnostic test results provide the starting point for clearing diagnostic faults
(non-alarm). It should be noted that alarm conditions (such as power, fuse, etc.) can
cause diagnostic faults to appear. Therefore, alarm indications should be cleared before
attempting to clear diagnostic troubles. In some instances, it may be difficult to relate
an existing alarm condition to a diagnostic fault condition.

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13-12

Diagnostic tests

Diagnostic tests for base station

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Automatic fault isolation

When using the RMT, fault isolation is launched by clicking on the Test menu in the
task bar, and selecting the fault isolation option. In the RMT message window, the
RMT returns a list of maintenance objects with their associated BLSTs and the result
of the fault isolation process.
When using the MSC approach, automated tests are run in groups which address
specific areas of a wireless system. Within each test group, individual tests are broken
into phases that are themselves broken down into segments, enabling a top-down fault
isolation process.
When a test fails, results are displayed as follows:

In the RMT mode, test displays directly indicate the probable failing unit.

In the MSC mode, test displays indicate the point in the test sequence where the
test failed, in terms of the phase, segment, and test that has failed. Identification of
the failing unit requires an analysis of that indication.
Refer to the following documents to perform the fault isolation process for MSC
mode diagnostics:

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Input Messages, 401-610-055


Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Output Messages, 401-610-057

Flexible Routine Diagnostics Enhancements

Currently base station Routine Diagnostics can only be set to run once a day.
Customers would like the flexibility to set time of day, day of week and day of month.
9218 Macro circuit packs have higher density. When these are taken out-of-service for
diagnostics, customers perceive higher blocked call rates over Modular cell 3.0. As a
result, this feature also introduces the option to disable Radio Diagnostics from
Routine Diagnostics.
The system provides an operator interface that allows a technician to set a
pre-specified time to schedule Routine Diagnostics which includes the following
options:

Time of day for every day execution, or


A day and time of week for weekly execution,

A day of the month (time of day) for monthly execution

In pre-R27.0 systems, the RC/V displays the cmodeqp screen values that are
applicable to this feature. These values in a pre-R27.0 software load are translated to
old values in the system as the values will not be applicable until a R27.0 software
load. Below is an example of the pre-R27.0 cmodeqp screen and the R27.0 cmodeqp
screen.
The following figure is applicable to pre-R27.0 systems:
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Diagnostic tests for base station

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The following figure is an example of the cmodeqp R27.0 and above with the new
values displayed for the Routine Diagnostics:

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Diagnostic tests

Diagnostic tests for base station

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The values below will be mapped by the system in pre-R27.0 software as follows:

RTDIAG type = 1 or 2 - there is no change

RTDIAG type = 3 or 4 - RTDIAG type will be translated as 1 to the system

RTDIAG scheduling = Daily - there is no change


RTDIAG scheduling = Monthly or Weekly - RTDIAG scheduling will be translated
as Daily to the system

Inventory Control Execution time - will not have a value in the system

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Stable clear recovery times

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Stable clear recovery times


Release letter paragraph

The following paragraph, 9.2.4, from the R20 release letter provides information
concerning the recovery times.
This release includes new Time Frequency Unit (TFU) firmware. The units will remain
Out of Service (OOS) after the RCS is restarted and the cell completes stable clear. A
routine audit, RATP, that runs approximately every five minutes, will detect the
different firmware, initiate the update, and restore the units to service. It is not
necessary to perform any manual recovery action on the cell. Verify that the RATP
audit is allowed on the Status Display Page 2132. It is expected that, when the
mismatch in firmware is detected, an error is reported per identified unit. If the audit
error continues to be reported and/or the unit remains OOS for an extended period of
time, contact the Alcatel-Lucent Technical Support Center.
Stable clear

Stable clear takes longer with new CTU, UCR, and/or TDU images. Stable clear will
finish without bringing up these units. There are many timers in the system that will
trigger if things go too long, potentially bringing down the RCS as well.
These units will be NVMd and restored after stable clear to prevent more system wide
problems.
For a system performing a stable clear without NVM update, 9218 Macro is faster than
Modular Cell 2.0 or 3.0. 9218 Macro takes about 4 minutes while Modular Cell 2.0
and 3.0 take about 5 minutes.

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Diagnostic tests

Outline of MSC-based diagnostics

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Outline of MSC-based diagnostics


Overview

MSC-based diagnostics use Alcatel-Lucent CDMA commands to communicate with the


MSC. These commands are entered through the OMP from a laptop computer
connected to the base stations craft interface port.
MSC-based diagnostics are performed under operator control. They check on the health
of the entire base station, circuit by circuit.
Example of diagnostic command sequence

Routine diagnostics provide an example of MSC-based diagnostics, and require the


performance of the following tasks:

Invoke Selectable Cell Site Messaging (SCSM) to enable the operator to limit the
display of ROP messages to only those that relate to the base station.

Launch routine diagnostics to verify that all circuits are operating properly.
Inhibit SCSMs once the routine diagnostics have been run to return the base station
monitoring capabilities to their original status.

System response

Upon receiving an input command, the system acknowledges the command with one of
the following messages:

IP = Request has been accepted and will be sent to the cell site. Output messages
will follow
RL = Retry later; system is unavailable

NG = Cell site is not equipped with the unit specified in the input command.

Once the diagnostics have been completed, the test results are displayed: All Tests Pass
(ATP), Conditional ATP (CATP), or Some Tests Failed (STF).
The CATP message is displayed whenever a given module is not available for testing.
Interpreting failing messages

To enter commands and interpret failing messages, consult the following documents:

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Input Messages, 401-610-055


Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network Output Messages, 401-610-057

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Outline of MSC-based diagnostics

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

For a description of input commands and output messages of the Alcatel-Lucent


CDMA system, consult

Flexent /AUTOPLEX Wireless Networks Cell Site Diagnostic Test Descriptions,


401-660-101

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Diagnostic tests

ECPless MSC

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ECPless MSC
Introduction

Described here is the evolution of the Alcatel-Lucent 9290 MM-Based Access Manager
to an ECPless configuration.
Need

As the number of subscribers grows, and as the number of attempted calls per hour
grows, service providers need to improve call capacity of existing networks. In the
traditional Executive Cellular Processor Complex (ECPC) architecture, the 3B21D
computer and the Common Network Interface (CNI)/Interprocessor Message Switch
(IMS) ring, limit the network capacity. Service providers need a method of increasing
call capacity that reduces the need to deploy additional ECPCs as the service
providers network grows.
Solution

The solution to this problem is to migrate the functionality of the ECPC, and the
CNI/IMS ring, to 9290 Mobility Manager Application Processors (9290 MM-APs).
This migration gives service providers higher, scalable, capacity and supports an
increased number of base stations per Mobile Switching Center (MSC). The result is
called the ECPless MSC.
Phased approach

The conversion to an ECPless MSC is being carried out in phases. In Release 33.0
ECPless MSC is available on the MMCv2. In future releases, the ECPless
configuration will be available for the MM-AP and the MMCv1. Once this process is
completed, all functionality that used to be carried out by the ECPC will be carried out
by software on the MM-APCC or MMC-APCC. Once that point is reached, the ECPC
and its components (the ECP, the CNI/IMS ring, and any hardware elements not
migrating to the 9290 MM architecture, will be removed from the system.
More detailed information can be found in CDMA Network CDMA2000 3G1X and
1xEV-DO Network Overview, 401-610-102.

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-1: Diagnose the base station

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Procedure 13-1: Diagnose the base station


Overview

The following section provides a summary of diagnostic procedures for a number of


base station components. These procedures identify steps, stimuli, and responses to
diagnostic actions.
The purpose of diagnostics is to identify failing components and the source of alarms.
Diagnose base station components

Diagnosing base station components involves the following steps:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the unit under diagnostics from service.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Diagnose the unit and take any necessary corrective action.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Restore the unit after corrective action has been taken.

E
ND OF STEPS
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Results

Diagnostics should pass once corrective action has been taken.


Diagnose the URC

To diagnose the URC, perform the actions outlined below.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the URC.


rmv:cell a,cdm b, crc<CR>

a = RCS 1 max cells


b = CDM number

Result: RMV:CELL a URC COMPLETED


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Diagnose the URC.


dgn:cell a,cdm b,crc x<CR>

Result: DGN:CELL a CRC x, ATP


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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-1: Diagnose the base station

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DGN:CELL a CRC, COMPLETED


ALL TESTS PASSED
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Restore the URC.


rst:cell a,cdm b,crc x;ucl<CR>

Result: RST:CELL a CRC x, ATP


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Diagnose the CMU

To diagnose the CMU, perform the actions outlined below.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove, Diagnose CMU 1, then restore it back to service if ATP.


rst:cell a,cdm b, ccu x <CR>

a = RCS 1 max cells

b = CDM number

x = the number of the specific CMU 1-12. The CMU can only be assigned to one
URC.

Result: RST: CELL a CMU x, ATP


RST: CELL a, CMU x, COMPLETED, ALL TESTS PASSED
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove, Diagnose CMU 2, then restore it back to service if ATP.


rst:cell a,cdm b,ccu x <CR>

Result: RST: CELL a, CMU x, ATP


Result: RST: CELL a, CMU 2, COMPLETED, ALL TESTS PASSED
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Diagnose the CTU

To diagnose the CTU, perform the actions outlined below.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the CTU from service.


rmv:cell a,tfu b;ucl <CR>

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-1: Diagnose the base station

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a = URC 1 6
b= CTU number 1-4

Result: RMV:CELL a CTU, COMPLETED


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Diagnose and restore the CTU.


rst:cell a, tfu b<CR>

Result: RST: CELL a, CTU b, ATP


RST: CELL a CTU, COMPLETED, ALL TESTS PASSED
E
ND OF STEPS
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Diagnose the UCR

To diagnose the UCR, perform the actions outlined below.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the UCR from service.


rmv:cell a,cdm b,cbr x;ucl <CR>

a = URC 1 6

b= CDM number

x = the number of the specific UCR 1-6

Result: RMV:CELL a UCR, COMPLETED


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Diagnose and restore the UCR.


rst:cell a,cdm b, cbr X<CR>

Result: RST: CELL a UCR, ATP


RST: CELL a UCR, COMPLETED, ALL TESTS PASSED
END OF STEPS
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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-2: Test base station using the RMT (direct


connection)

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Procedure 13-2: Test base station using the RMT (direct


connection)
Overview

This procedure enables the technician to connect to the base station and use the RMT
to run diagnostic tests.
Access base station with RMT
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect an Ethernet cable to the PC and the J9 port on the IOU of the base station.
See the following figure.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Use a screwdriver to turn the Ethernet/Select switch (S3) to connect to the URC
needed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Follow the procedures in RMT help to perform the desired work on the base station.
END OF STEPS
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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0)

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Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0)


Overview

This procedure describes how to access the base station using the OMC-RAN RMT.
Note: This procedure assumes the OMC-RAN RMT is properly installed. This
document does not include procedures to install/configure the OMC-RAN client or
OMC-RAN server.
RMT does not support Micro base stations, Series II cells, and other vendor base
stations. A toggle license key for the RMT must reside on the OMC-RAN server and
be enabled so the OMC-RAN GUI can start the wizard. Technicians with this assigned
task are only allowed to launch the RMT connection wizard from the OMC-RAN GUI.
This restricts unauthorized access to RMT and hence to the base station configuration
and test parameters.
The following conditions must be verified before using the RMT connection wizard:

RMT license is installed.

EATN global zone interface is plumbed and IP address assigned.


EATN omcran zone IP address resource is added to omcran zone.

RMT software is installed and licensed.

OMC-RAN GUI client PC is upgraded to 2 GB of RAM. An error message is


generated if RAM is less than 2 GB and the wizard cannot launch.

When the OMC-RAN server is rebooted the ssh tunnel setup between the RMT and
base station is broken and the RMT is automatically disconnected from the base
station. When the OMC-RAN server is stopped, the ssh tunnel setup for the RMT
connection is not broken. The RMT connection continues to be available until an RMT
disconnect or RMT disconnect and ssh tunnel teardown is done.
Refer to the 9253/9254 OMC RAN OAM&P, 401-380-835 for further details and
limitations.
Open RMT connection wizard

Perform the following procedure to open the RMT connection wizard.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Launch the RMT connection wizard from the Mod1btsCrc object context in the
Mod1bts NE tree only.
The RMT connection wizard can be launched through either the
Tools > Cut through > Launch RMT or the right-click popup menu on the
Mod1bts CRC object (enabled when the Mod1btsCrc object context is selected in the
NE tree).

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0)

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Enter the following information:


Field

Content

URC IP Address

This is an editable text field that accepts an IP address. Enter


the URC IP Address if the wizard does not auto-populate the
field.
Note: BTS BackhualMode does not support frame relay.

URC user id

This is an editable text field that accepts string inputs. Enter


the URC user ID.

URC password

Enter the URC password for the user id entered in the URC
user id field.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click OK to make the connection to the base station.


Result: The RMT GUI and BTS Tunnel window are launched automatically.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Connect on RMT GUI.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Enter the Connection type as Direct, Cell Name as 127.0.0.1, and click OK. The RMT
establishes the connection with the base station over the entered IP address and port
5500 on the client PC. Testing and maintenance can be performed.
Note: If a second user attempts to connect to same URC on the BTS after the first
user has executed this connection successfully, second user receives a connection
rejection message.
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ND OF STEPS

Disconnect RMT

Perform the following procedure to disconnect the RMT connection with the base
station. This procedure does not disconnect the BTS tunnel.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Disconnect on the RMT GUI.


Note: Note that at this point only the RMT and URC level application link is
disconnected and the ssh tunnel is still intact. The user can reconnect the RMT to
same URC without going though the RMT connection wizard.

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS
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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-3: Using the OMC-RAN RMT (FID 14152.0)

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Disconnect RMT and teardown ssh tunnel

Perform the following procedure to disconnect the RMT and ssh tunnel connection
with the base station.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Disconnect on the RMT GUI.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Click Disconnect Tunnel on the BTS Tunnel window.


Note: This operation tears down the ssh tunnel and releases port 5500 for future
RMT connections.
END OF STEPS
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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests


Test diagram

The following figure shows the antenna (ANT) functional test diagram.

Test overview

The Antenna Test (ANT FT) allows the technician to determine when a CDMA
antenna is not operating correctly. A CDMA antenna can fail for several reasons. The
most common cause is damage due to severe weather. Without this test, the operator
might be unaware of any degraded transmission or reception from a sector of a cell
which appears to be operating correctly.

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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Antenna test

The Antenna Test is performed on a specified sector by measuring the signal (RF
energy) incident to and reflected from the receive antenna. The TDU is switched
between directional couplers that extract RF energy in the two directions from the
antenna. The transmit and receive antennas are assumed to be duplexed.
The TDU emits a test tone that reflects off the antenna interface, and the radio card
detects the reflected power (via the reflected-wave coupler in the filter panel) and
compares it to the incident power (via the incident-power coupler in the filter panel).
This method works for both duplexed Tx/Rx antennas and Rx-only antennas.
An antenna fault could occur either due to an open circuit or a short circuit. When
either of these conditions occurs, almost all the (TDU reflected tone) signal energy gets
returned back to the radio instead of being transmitted out of the antenna. The
difference between the TDU injected incident tone power and the TDU injected
reflected tone power, measured by the radio, is called the Return Loss (RTL). The test,
therefore, fails if the antenna is inefficiently coupled to the air. The RTL value is small
when there is a fault and high when there is no fault.
Besides a pass/fail antenna test result, an indeterminate test condition can also occur.
An indeterminate result is reported by the test when the incident tone power, measured
by the radio, is below a minimum expected hard-coded threshold. This can, most
likely, imply a possible breakage in the path taken by the incident tone from the
TDU to the radio and assists in fault isolation.
RF antenna test configuration

When enabled, the RF Antenna Test performs a Return-Loss (RTL) calculation for each
receive antenna and compares that to a threshold which is set in RC/V form.
The default value Return Loss can be set at 14 dB. The following procedure shall be
followed to set the default threshold:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Access Page 2 of the CMODEQP form for the cell site


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

In the Test Thresh field set the default value to 14 dB for each antenna.

E
ND OF STEPS
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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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To account for cell-to-cell variations in the receive-path component tolerances and


cable losses, the following procedure may be followed to obtain a baseline threshold
specific to each antenna and sector:
1. After cell is operational, manually conduct the test a minimum of 3 times.
2. Average the RETURN LOSS results, in column 4, for each specific diversity
receive antenna in each sector, reported on the ROP. Call this the AVERAGE_RTL.
3. Subtract 5 dB from the AVERAGE_RTL computed above:
a. If the [AVERAGE_RTL-5] dB > 14 dB, retain the default as 14 dB.
b. If the 10 dB < [AVERAGE_RTL-5] dB < 14 dB, then use the threshold
(AVERAGE_RTL-5) dB.
c. If [AVERAGE_RTL-5] dB < 10 dB, then check the antenna and receive path
connections and cabling to ensure proper configuration of the cell site and
receive path components.
In R20, in the Mixed Frame Configuration, RF Functional Tests are supported via
the CTRM.
Antenna failure

When the antenna fails this test, it is not taken out-of-service. The technician is
notified of the failure by means of a major alarm on the Status Display Page (SDP),
OMC-RAN GUI and the ROP output report. This report is in the form of a text
message. The technician then decides on further maintenance action.
Swept-tone receive antenna test enhancement

This is an enhancement to the single tone antenna test, primarily implemented to help
mitigate the effects of RF leakage signals and very long cable lengths on the antenna
test results. In the Swept tone Receive Test, the TDU sequentially radiates a series of
discrete test tones over the entire carrier bandwidth into both the incident and reflected
ports of the filter panel. The radio then proceeds to measure and compare the two
signals so that it can estimate and, then, compensate for any undesired signal leakage
components from the desired reflected tone power while computing the return loss.
Scheduling the Antenna Functional Test

The Antenna Functional Test can be performed on demand or as part of a scheduled


functional test. When executed as a scheduled functional test, only test failures are
reported to the ROP. When executed on demand, the results of the test will be reported
to the ROP regardless of whether the test was successful or not.
The manual input command for performing the antenna test is as follows:
EXC:CELL x, FT ANT
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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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Where x is the cell site number.


Output Report

Below is an example of an output report which will be reported on the ROP. The
meaning of each column is provided below the test results.

For each diversity receive antenna:


Column

Description

Column 1

Test sectors

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Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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Column

Description

Column 2

TDU used for the test, if equipped with more than one.

Column 3

Measured Receive Path gain on the specific receive path used for
the test. This additional information is useful for fault isolation
purposes.

Column 4

Measured Return Loss values, which indicates the antenna health.


Very low values indicate a faulty antenna or cabling to the
antenna.

Column 5

Threshold values specified in the RC/V forms.

Column 6

Offset value, which is just the difference between Column 4 and


Column 5. A negative value shows that the RTL has fallen below
the configured RC/V baseline expected value.

Column 7

Results can be PASSED, FAILED or Indeterminate. Indeterminate


results can be due to faults in the receive path taken by the TDU
RF signal in the incident path as shown in the figure at the
beginning.

Below is the SDP 2136 page showing the Antenna Functional Test results.

Note that a similar alarm can be seen on the OMC-RAN GUI.

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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Receive Path Gain Test

The Receive Path Gain Test is used to verify the overall condition of the base station
receive path. This test essentially takes a test signal of known power level and injects
it into the front end of the system. The signal traverses the entire RF front end of the
system and then is measured by the radio. The signal level measured by the radio is
recorded and compared to the known test signal power level. The difference is
essentially the gain of the receive path.
A Continuous Wave (CW) test tone is generated within the TDU and injected into the
filter panel via the Filter Panels Incident Coupler port. This coupler permits the CW
test tone to enter into the receive path at a known power level. The signal goes through
receive filter, becomes amplified by the LNA, and then enters into the radio where the
test tone power level is measured.
The Receive Path Gain Test is designed to measure the path gain (in dB) of the receive
path from the filters incident port (J4), close to the External Antenna Connector (EAC),
to the receive port on the radio. The principle purpose is to assist in troubleshooting,
fault isolation and, potentially, long-term trending of receive path degradations.
While the focus of Antenna test is to measure only the health of the antenna, it is
performed only on a single receive path. The manual receive path gain test, on the
other hand, can be run on each receive path in a sector allowing for troubleshooting
the receive paths from the J4 to the radio port. No Alarms are generated for this
manual test.
The nominal receive path gains is between 22 and 26 dBm.
When the test is requested via TI command (on demand), the TDU will generate a tone
and injects a known power it into the filters incident port. The radio measures the tone
and the difference between the level transmitted and the level received is the gain. The
outcome of the test is then sent to the ROP.
The following command will execute the Receive Path Gain Test:
exc:cell x, cdm y, cbr z, ft rxgain

This test allows technicians to choose specific CDM and CBR on which the path gain
test can be performed.
Output Report

An example of the RX. GAIN test report is shown below:

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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Column

Description

Column 1

The specific diversity receive path on which the measured path gain
test was conducted.

Column 2

Actual measured gain.

Column 3

Results. This will show COMPLETED if a valid test result was


obtained. In case the measured signal power by the radio is very low,
then an INDETERMINATE result is printed, indicating a potential
fault in the incident path from TDU to the radio incident port.

Diversity Imbalance Test

There is a receive diversity gain that is achieved from deploying the second receive
antenna. Assuming that the power received on the two antennas is equal on average,
deploying the second antenna gives a 3 dB power gain, statistically, on the reverse
link. So in addition to the gain that comes from the mitigation of the fading
characteristics of the channel (because the two antenna signals are fading nearly
independently), there is an additional power gain on the reverse link when using
receive diversity. The sum of these two gains can be very significant. Therefore, the
required energy-per-bit to noise ratio (Eb/No) is strongly affected by whether receive
diversity is operational or not. It is evident that there is capacity loss that results either
from foregoing RX diversity or if there is a significant imbalance which exists between
the diversity paths.

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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This test is designed to detect significant imbalances between the two receive paths.
The difference in average Receive Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) measurements is
used as the primary trigger for detecting imbalance. The radio monitors both the
receive paths and if the average power gain between the paths varies by more than a
set RCV threshold for more than 15 minutes, an error is reported.
The imbalance may exist at cell installation time, or develop over time due to
degradations in the RF components in one of the receive paths. The Diversity
Imbalance test is always running in the background on the radio. There are no TI
commands to run the test. An autonomous alarm is reported whenever an imbalance is
detected.
Receive Imbalance Threshold Determination:

An RC/V translation parameter provides the imbalance threshold, between the two
receive paths, used by the test to declare an alarm.
The operator sets the diversity imbalance threshold on the btseqp form. The default
values is set to 5.0 dB but can range from 0.5 to +15.0 dB.
If the two receive paths are calibrated with exact gains in each path, then it is expected
that, over time, the receive path energy in each path is approximately equal. However,
due to inherent path gain and loss differences in each individual path, a small
imbalance may exist. Every effort must be made to calibrate the paths during
installation. Any residual path gain difference can be added to the RCV translations
parameter.
The results of a technician input command, reported to the ROP, is used to access
average RSSI measured values. These values provide a mechanism to monitor the
existing residual imbalance. During initial set-up, this report must be used to estimate
the baseline imbalance. Typically, an additional 3 dB is added to the existing measured
baseline imbalance to populate the RC/V imbalance threshold.
The diversity imbalance alarm will then be displayed on SDP 2138 and OMC-RAN
GUI. The failure will only clear when the average between the two paths fall below
the threshold value.
op:cell x, cdm y, cbr z RSSI

This gives the Receive Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) for path 1 and path 2. An
alarm will be present when the difference is greater than the threshold value set on the
btseqp form. Below is an example of an output report which will be recorded on the
ROP.

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Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-4: Antenna functional tests

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Below is an example of SDP 2138 indicating the diversity imbalance alarm.

Note that a similar alarm can be seen on the OMC-RAN GUI.

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Diagnostic tests

Operation of Closed Loop Gain Control (CLGC)

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Operation of Closed Loop Gain Control (CLGC)


Signal Flow

Before detailing any calibration procedures, it is important to understand how the base
station operates to control its output power, because this operation affects to what
degree RF calibration of base station output power is needed.

Description

Closed Loop Gain Control (CLGC) is a method by which a feedback path is used
within the base station to ensure each Tx paths output RF power is maintained to a set
value within plus/minus 0.5 dB. It is not possible to factory-calibrate the base station
Primary RF Path and expect to hold such a tolerance, because component gain
variations with changing temperatures will cause larger output power variations than
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Diagnostic tests

Operation of Closed Loop Gain Control (CLGC)

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0.5 dB. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the output RF power and compensate for
changes induced by temperature variations. In practice the CLGC coupler output is
monitored at the TDU, and detected changes are used to control a variable attenuator
within the UCR to maintain the desired output power. It is expected that feedback
power level correction is needed. This feedback mechanism is CLGC.
CLGC is not supported in the mixed frame configuration or on the HD 4.0.
CLGC in systems employing 5 MHz UCRs

Based on the factory calibration, the gain of the RF path between the radio and the
Equipment Antenna Connector (EAC) becomes known. Also known is the loss between
the EAC and the TSSI Peak Power Detector on the TDU. The Transmit Signal Strength
Indicator (TSSI), is a measure of the Tx signals strength, made by the TDU. There is
a known relationship between the RF power as generated in the radio, and the RF
power as detected in the TDU.
Parameter storage

The calibrated path losses (or gains) are determined in the factory calibration and are
dependent on internally-stored component parameters. These are parameters of the
filter panel and TDU programmed by the supplier of the filter and TDU. The path
losses are also dependent on cables and connectors that are not characterized by the
supplier, and can be a function of the torque on the connectors.
CLGC measurements

CLGC works by simultaneously measuring, in the radio and in the TDU, the RF power
of the CDMA signal being transmitted at a given point in time. This yields two
measured values:
1. The measured value in the radio
2. The measured value in the TDU.
Adjust power levels

If the TDU-measured value indicates a slightly low EAC power, this indicates the Tx
Primary RF Path loss is a bit more than expected, probably due to temperature
variations. If the TDU-measured value indicates a slightly high EAC power, this
indicates the Tx RF Primary Path loss is a little bit less than expected, again probably
due to temperature variations. To correct this situation, the system adjusts a
programmable attenuator on the radio (there are actually two attenuators working in
concert) to bring the EAC power to its intended value (the presence of this variable
attenuator is of course accounted for in the expected factory-calibrated Tx RF path
loss). This programmable attenuator is located within the UCR.

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Diagnostic tests

Enhanced Digital Predistortion (EDPD)

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Enhanced Digital Predistortion (EDPD)


ETDU Support for EDPD

Basic functions the ETDU to support EDPD include the following:

Communicate with radio over ARCNET Peripheral Bus to coordinate sample


waveform capture.
Down convert and capture post amplifier-assembly sample waveform data.
Send post amplifier-assembly sample waveform data to the radio via the ARCNET
Peripheral bus.

Description

The MCR uses EDPD to digitally compensate for phase and amplitude distortion that
naturally exists within the transmit path RF amplification.
For EDPD, the MCR software calculates a set of correction tables, which are loaded
into the digital hardware section of the MCR. The MCRs digital hardware performs
complex correction on the combined multi-carrier signal to pre-distort each I and Q
sample at the baseband frequency. This pre-distorted signal is affected by natural
distortion during amplification in such a way that the fully-amplified RF signal is
significantly more linear than it would have been without EDPD. The more linear
signal means lower spectral growth and an improved FCC compliance margin.
EDPD process

The following list summarizes how the MCR uses the ETDU to support the EDPD
algorithm. The ETDU can perform the following EDPD related functions:

observes the post-corrected, fully-amplified RF signal at the DPD coupler just prior
to the Tx filter]

provides two separate first-in-first-out task queues, one queue is dedicated to


EDPD; the other supports all other non-EDPD measurements such as CLGC.

synchronizes the starting time of a data capture. This tight synchronization assists
the UCR in minimizing the amount of data to be transferred from the ETDU to the
MCR.

provides message handling and data transfer between the ETDU and MCR

Requirements

EDPD and CLGC are required for all Wideband Filter Configurations regardless of
TxAMP Type. EDPD on requires CLGC on and signifies that wideband filters are
in use.

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Enhanced Digital Predistortion (EDPD)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

EDPD states

The EDPD States are defined as follows:

Training Phase I: The MCR generates a look-up table for the PD coefficients
need to perform the EDPD function. During this phase call processing is blocked
on the associated Tx Port

Training Phase II: After generating enough of the look-up table, the MCR begins
operation but cannot support full power. The associated Tx Port shall operate at a
derated Short-term MCA Maximum Power
EDPD: The MCR performs Enhanced Digital Predistortion. This stage monitors
amplifier temperature and Tx power. With these values the MCR identifies changes
of amplifier state and supplies the most optimal PD coefficient set from a library of
stored sets of PD coefficients.

In Adaptive EDPD, the stored PD coefficients are consistently refreshed with


newly calculated values.
In non-adaptive EDPD, the PD coefficients are static and may become outdated
and less useful in keeping spectral growth low, primarily because of path gain
drift.

EDPD craftshell commands

The existing OP:CELL and OP:CELL-CDM-CBR output reports include CLGC and
EDPD status information for a specified CBR within a specified CDM. The reports
include the following additional information:

CLGC status

EDPD status
The Short-term MCA Maximum Power derated by 3 dB (if applicable)

All this information is provided for input commands entered for a range of MCRs or
for an individual MCR for the given CDM.
EDPD/CLGC alarm severity

EDPD
configured
on

EDPD/CLGC Status

Alarm
Severity

Tx Port
Status

Training Phase I

Critical

off-normal

Training Phase II

Major

off-normal

Adaptive EDPD

Normal

enabled

Non-Adaptive EDPD

Minor

off-normal

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Diagnostic tests

Enhanced Digital Predistortion (EDPD)

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

CLGC
configured
on

EDPD/CLGC Status

Alarm
Severity

Tx Port
Status

CLGC Enabled

Normal

enabled

CLGC Disabled

Major

off-normal

Short-term MCA Maximum


Power derated

Major

off-normal

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13-40

Diagnostic tests

Calibration philosophy

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Calibration philosophy
Definition

Arithmetic calibration The method of RF path calibration selected to ensure RF power


output is within specifications (in the Tx direction) and that the Receive Signal
Strength Indicator (RSSI) measurement is sufficiently accurate (in the Rx direction).
RF calibration process

In arithmetic calibration there is a calibration of the RF paths in the factory where


the base station is assembled. By doing this calibration, the total path gain between the
radio and the base station output (the primary RF path) is determined. In addition,
the loss between the base station output and the feedback detection point (the
measurement RF path) is determined. This calibration is facilitated by the use of an
RF power meter attached to the base station Equipment Antenna Connector (EAC),
which acts as an independent confirmation of base station output power.
The manual and automatic portions of the calibration process are as follows.

The calibration values are measured, calculated, and stored in the base station.
The base station is restored to service.

The feedback detection point (which is in a unit called the Test and Diagnostic
unit, or TDU) is monitored.

The RF output of the base station adjusted to accommodate changes in the primary
RF path gain. These changes are due to temperature, component aging, and so on.

This automatic calibration process is called Closed Loop Gain Control (CLGC).
Other parameters

In addition to the factory calibration, a variety of parameters are determined and stored
within the primary RF modules in the base station, namely the radio cards (UCRs), the
filter panels, and the TDU. These stored parameters are programmed into each module
by the supplier of the module. These parameters are used, along with the factory
calibration coefficients, to determine the gain or loss of RF components that are not
explicitly calibrated, such as cables, discrete couplers, splitters, combiners, and
amplifiers. There is an additional factory calibration coefficient which only applies
when a redundant TDU is supported.

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Diagnostic tests

Parameter descriptions

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Parameter descriptions
Measurement diagram

The following figure shows the paths used to calculate the Closed Loop Gain Control.

Signal

Description

Red - solid arrows

values calibrated as part of the module manufacturing


process; these come from the modules supplier.

Purple - dashed line

RF paths measured as part of the calibration process

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13-42

Diagnostic tests

When field re-calibration is needed

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

When field re-calibration is needed


Note: The 9216 Compact with C1PAMs without EDPD and without CLGC must be
calibrated when the room temperature is between 20-30C (68-86F).
UCR replacement

When the UCR is replaced, the new UCR brings with it its calibration coefficients R1
through R6. Although the new UCR might have somewhat different Tx path RF
characteristics, the factory-calibrated parameters are still correct because they span
from the filter panel to the UCR interface; internal calibrated UCR coefficients will
compensate for differences between the old and new UCR cards.
Replacement of cables, amplifiers, splitter, combiners, and/or CLGC coupler

All of the components relevant to this section are in the Tx Primary RF Path and do
not carry any calibration coefficients within them. Any change to the characteristics of
these components, when replaced either singly or as a group, will render the
factory-calibration-derived value inaccurate to some degree. CLGC will compensate for
the difference.
Replacement of the filter-to-radio Rx cable

Replacement of this cable will render the factory-calibration-derived value inaccurate


to some degree. This is budgeted in the RF path. The cable budget is 0.2 dB, which is
pretty generous for a lot-to-lot variation of a cable that is not very long.
Replacement of the filter panel

Replacement of the Filter Panel affects both the Primary RF Path and the Measurement
RF Path. The impact on the Measurement RF Path is to change the stored value. This
new value cannot be predicted because small impedance mismatches in the cable
connection cannot be predicted. Hence, a field re-calibration is needed.
The impact on the Primary RF Path could also render some factory-calibration-derived
coefficients somewhat inaccurate. In one case, CLGC will compensate for the
difference. Field re-calibration is needed to obtain another value and will refresh the
other values as well.
Replacement of the Filter-to-TDU cable

Replacement of the Filter-to-TDU cable affects the Measurement RF Path. The impact
on the Measurement RF Path is to change one of the stored values. This new value
cannot be predicted because small impedance mismatches in the cable connection
cannot be predicted. Hence, a field re-calibration is needed.

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Diagnostic tests

When field re-calibration is needed

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replacement of the TDU

Replacement of the TDU affects the Measurement RF Path. The impact on the
Measurement RF Path is to change the stored value. This new value cannot be
predicted because small impedance mismatches in the cable connection cannot be
predicted. Hence, a field re-calibration is needed.
Replacement of RF components in groups

Because there are no sequential steps for re-calibration any RF paths, there is no
difference between replacing RF components singly versus replacing them in groups.
Even if an entire Primary RF Path is replaced, as long as the Measurement Path (TDU,
cable, and filter) is unchanged, CLGC will compensate for the changes in the Primary
RF Path.
Translation Application Note

Refer to the following documents for the latest calibration procedures.

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact Distributed,


9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN, 9218/9228
Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437
CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9218/9228 Macro HD and 9228 Macro
MCPA, 401-703-438
CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for Modcell 1.0/2.0/3.0, Microcell, and
CDBS, 401-703-439

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13-44

Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-5: CLGC out-of-range fault isolation

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 13-5: CLGC out-of-range fault isolation


Overview

A ROP message, TRANSMIT GAIN LOOP OUT OF RANGE, indicates that RF


power is more than 2 dB off. This condition occurs on a 9218 Macro using Closed
Loop Gain Control (CLGC). The ROP displays this error message when CLGC will
not maintain the power at the original set level when the cell has a faulty RF
component.
CLGC description

Closed Loop Gain Control maintains the RF power ratio between CLGC reference
level in the UCR and the RF post-amplifier power. A feedback path within the base
station ensures that each transmit path in the cell maintains output RF power within
plus/minus 0.5 dB of the set value. CLGC adjusts RF power 0.1 dB every 30 seconds
(within plus/minus 2 dB range).
Problem description

The error occurs when CLGC does not compensate for loss greater than plus/minus 2
dB, the transmit power meets a transmit gain out of range condition. A ROP message
displays a TRANSMIT GAIN LOOP OUT OF RANGE error message. The system
displays a major alarm on the 2121 status display page (SDP) and the 2138 page
displays an alarm for the CBR Transmit Port status. OMC-RAN GUI shows the CBR
Transmit Port Status major alarm
Only 9218 Macro using CLGC reports this error condition. Improper RF calibration or
faulty RF components on 9218 Macro system can result in RF power being out of
range.
ROP error message example

A ROP example of the TRANSMIT GAIN LOOP OUT OF RANGE message is shown
below:

1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
**04 REPT:CELL 112 CDM 1, CBR 2, HEH SUPPRESSED MSGS: 0 ERROR TYPE: ONEBTS
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789

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MOD

Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-5: CLGC out-of-range fault isolation

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
DEVICE - tty
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
1234567890123456789012345678901212345678901234567890123456789
Isolate alarm condition

If the RF power out of range condition exists, then the following steps should be
taken:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check SDP, OMC-RAN GUI and ROP for Transmit Amplifier alarms, filter alarms etc.
If no specific transmit path component alarms are visible, then the cause could be due
to other reasons.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Visit the cell and check if there is any indication of a failed RF component via LED
alarms. If there are LED alarms replace the faulty component and re-calibrate.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify the respective B3 value(s).


If the values are not within range (Typical range is 40.5 to 43) do a re-calibration.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify the B3 value after re-calibration. If it is outside the typical range then search for
a faulty component in the RF transmit path.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Isolate faulty component

The following procedure isolates a defective component that may be degrading the RF
transmit path but not generating an alarm.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check to insure that all the RF connections are torqued . Torque the SMA amplifier
connections to 1.5 Nm (14 in-lb), if applicable. Torque all N-type connections to 4.5
Nm (40 in-lb). Torque antenna connections to 25 Nm (221 in-lb).
Then check to see if the RF transmit power changed. If it changed by more than 0.5
dB, re-calibrate.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the corresponding UCR and measure the RF output power.

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13-46

Diagnostic tests

Procedure 13-5: CLGC out-of-range fault isolation

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Important! Wait 15 to 20 minutes for your power meter to stabilize. This will ensure
that the CLGC has finished its adjustments.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Compare the RF transmit power change to the amount that the B3 value is off from the
typical B3 value. If the values are similar then it is probable that the UCR was
defective.
Re-calibrate the carrier and insure that the B3 value is within the typical range.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace each associated LAM and measure that change in the RF transmit power. If
this has changed by more than 0.5 dB, then it is probable that the LAM is defective
Re-calibrate the cell and insure that the B3 value is within the typical range.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace each corresponding cable and check the RF transmit power. If the power
changes by more than 0.5 dB then re-calibrate.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the corresponding filter. Check the change in RF transmit power. If the change
is more than 0.5 dB then re-calibrate and verify that the B3 value is within the typical
range.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

TX out of range script

Alcatel-Lucent has also developed a script to detect the Transmit Gain Out Of Range
Condition HEH error message from ROP and will inform the Cell Technician in real
time.
You can download the TX out of range script from the Alcatel-Lucent Support extranet
site at following internet address: https://wireless.support.lucent.com/amps/ut_tools/
Select Tx Out of Range Script to download the script.

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Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
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Part III: Replace and repair


components

Overview
Purpose

This part is designed to enable the field replacement of failing components and the
performance of on-site repairs. Given the modularity of the base stations, repairs will
essentially be accomplished through replacement of the faulty component.
Contents
Chapter 14, Replacement/repair process

14-1

Chapter 15, Replace and repair common components between base


stations

15-1

Chapter 16, 9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement and


repair

16-1

Chapter 17, 9216/9226 Compact component replacement and repair

17-1

Chapter 18, 9222 Micro/Micro Distributed component replacement and


repair

18-1

Chapter 19, 9223 Ultra-Compact component replacement and repair

19-1

Chapter 20, 9224 Sub-Compact component replacement and repair

20-1

Chapter 21, 9234 d2U Distributed component replacement and repair

21-1

Chapter 22, Remote Radio Head component replacement and repair

22-1

Chapter 23, Clean screens/replace filters on outdoor base stations

23-1

Chapter 24, Other types of maintenance

24-1

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14

14
Replacement/repair
process

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes the replacement and repair process for the CDMA base stations.
Contents
Procedure 14-1: Replacement/repair process

14-2

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Replacement/repair process

Procedure 14-1: Replacement/repair process

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 14-1: Replacement/repair process


Overview

The replacement/repair process follows the identification of a failed Field Replaceable


Unit (FRU).
Depending on the FRU, the process may require a simple swap of the unit, or it may
require resetting or re-calibrating cell operating parameters.
General directions

Adhere to the following safety guidelines:

Follow Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) protection procedures.

Use only recommended tools, especially when using a torque wrench.

Do not mishandle cables and connections.

Before you begin

The following table shows whether a cabinet needs to be powered down during
replacement of the various modules.
Module name

Cabinet must be powered down


(Yes/No)

Filter

No

DLM

No

Amplifier

Yes

BBU

Yes

Fresh Air Filter

No

Heater

Yes

Process outline

The process for replacing a failed unit is as follows:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify that the component is out-of-service.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If required, change cell configuration.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace and return to service.

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14-2

Replacement/repair process

Procedure 14-1: Replacement/repair process

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Test, and if necessary, calibrate.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Hot swap capability

All digital shelf circuit packs, in addition to the TDU have the capability of insertion
or removal while the board is powered. That is, the circuit breaker for the shelf can be
left on while replacing the board.
One pin (or two, depending on circuit pack) on each backplane connector is designed
for last contact (ground is first contact) on the card. These pins are connected to an
on-board hot swap controller which senses the presence of applied power and ramps-up
the on-board voltages to their required levels, prevented any potential damage to
components during an insertion or extraction when power is applied.
TxAMPs, loss combiners, filter panels and fan trays do not have hot swap capability,
in that they may not be inserted or extracted while they are powered for safety reasons.
However, they may be inserted or extracted while the rest of the system is powered
and operational.

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15

15
Replace
and repair
common components
between base stations

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes processes/procedures to replace and/or repair common


components between base stations.
Contents
Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU

15-2

Replace the TxAMP

15-7

Replace the CTU

15-10

Replace the UCR

15-11

Replace the MCR

15-13

Replace a CMU

15-15

Replace the URC

15-20

Procedure 15-2: Replace Ethernet Backhaul URC with firewall and


security enabled

15-28

Replace the OM

15-30

Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor cabinets

15-32

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Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Replace and repair common components between base


stations

Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU


Description

Important! There are no CTRMs for the 9218 Macro.


CTRMs for the base station TDU will be taken out-of-service, unless it already has
been, via a Technician Interface (TI) command. A TDU can be taken out-of-service via
the RMT. Reactivating the TDU involvement can only take place after the TDU has
passed its self tests, and re-entered the ARCNET system and placed back into service.
In addition, any functional tests or diagnostic tests are blocked, if that TDU is being
replaced; this occurs automatically whenever a TDU is taken out-of-service. If the
second TDU is being replaced, one that is only involved in the CLGC measurements,
the functional tests associated with the first TDU can remain enabled.
Conditions for the replacement of a TDU

During replacement, the cell can remain in service. Only the TDU needs to be taken
out-of-service. Replacement of the TDU requires the re-calibration of the RF path, and
that requires the use of an RMT.
Conditions

Value

Hot swappable (Y/N)

Need for re-download


(Y/N)

Need to calibrate power


(Y/N)

RMT required for operation


(Y/N)

Comments

See for more information on


the calibration process.

See the following documents for power calibration procedures.

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact Distributed,


9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN, 9218/9228
Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9218/9228 Macro HD and 9228 Macro
MCPA, 401-703-438

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for Modcell 1.0/2.0/3.0, Microcell, and


CDBS, 401-703-439

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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15-2

Replace and repair common components between base


stations

Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Commands for the replacement of a TDU


Item

Value

Comments

Command to take unit


out-of-service

rmv:cell a, tdu b

This command places the


TDU out-of-service.

a= cell number 1-max


cells
b = tdu number 1-4

Command to restore unit

rst:cell a, tdu b

Message if successful

RST:CELL a,TDU,ATP

This command restores the


TDU to service.

Hot-swappability

The TDU is hot-swappable, that is, the base station is not required to be powered-down
in order to replace a TDU.
TDU cables

All operational interface to and from the TDU survive the removal and re-application
of connectors. These include the CTU Timing Pulses, the 15-MHz reference, the
ARCNET cables and all of the Filter Panel coupled ports and CLGC coupling ports.
The following figure displays all cables with the exception of the Filter Panel coupled
ports.

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Replace and repair common components between base


stations

Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

TDU replacement process

The TDU is not only responsible for performing functional and diagnostic tests for the
9218 Macro, but is also involved in CLGC functionality.
In a single frame base-station, the TDU is at the end of the ARCNET bus and provides
the ARCNET termination.
1. Prior to any action, the TDU will be taken out-of-service, unless it already has
been, via a craftshell command. The most likely mechanism for activating this
mode is automatically based on a failure. In addition, a TDU can be taken
out-of-service via the RMT.
2. Remove the ARCNET cable connecting the IOU and the TDU first and insert a
TDU termination in the IOU. This keeps the ARCNET between the URC and other
components active allowing the hot-swap capability.

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15-4

Replace and repair common components between base


stations

Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

3. When the primary frame has two TDUs, the first TDU receives the ARCNET cable
from the IOU. If there is a growth frame, the non-failed TDU also connects to the
growth frame.
4. Reactivating the TDU involvement in RF measurements can only take place after
the TDU has passed its self tests, and re-entered the ARCNET system and placed
back into service. In addition, any functional tests or diagnostic tests are blocked; if
the first TDU is being replaced, this occurs automatically whenever a TDU is taken
out-of-service. If the secondary TDU is being replaced, one that is involved in
CLGC, the functional tests associated with the primary TDU can remain enabled.
Remove the first TDU
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the TDU is in service, first remove it from service


rmv: cell a, tdu b
where:

a = cell number

b = tdu number (1-4)

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Pull the ARCNET cable connecting the TDU to the IOU.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Insert the termination plug into the IOU.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Label and remove each cable from the face of the TDU.
Important! Re-attaching the cables incorrectly will lead to confusion in the user
interface.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove screws and set aside for later use.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Insert the replacement TDU.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

In the face of the TDU re-insert the cables removed earlier.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Re-insert the ARCNET cable in the IOU.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Restore the TDU to service.

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Replace and repair common components between base


stations

Procedure 15-1: Replace the TDU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

rst: cell a, tdu b


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Issue 19 June 2009

15-6

Replace and repair common components between base


stations

Replace the TxAMP

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the TxAMP


Conditions for the replacement of a TxAMP

Important! There are no TxAMPs in the 9218 Macro HD. The TxAMPs
supporting the 9218 Macro HD reside in the Series II cabinets so alarms in TxAMP
refer to those amplifiers.
The conditions and commands for replacing the TxAMP are summarized below. Make
sure you turn the power off.
Conditions

Value Comments

Hot swappable (Y/N)

For safety, the circuit breaker should be


turned off.

Need for re-download (Y/N)

Download of Tx amplifiers is done


automatically at restore.

Need to calibrate RF power


(Y/N)

Y/N

Without CLGC you need to calibrate. With


CLGC you do not need to calibrate when
replacing a TxAMP.

RMT required for operation


(Y/N)

Other Issues

None

RV/C impact and RV/C equipage rules for the P2PAM and/or C2PAM amplifier
installed in the 9218/9228 Macro, 9228 Macro LP, 9228 Macro Distributed, and 9228
Macro HDcan be found in the Power Throttling of PHPAM (P2PAM) and CHPAM
(C2PAM) Amplifiers section of the Alcatel-Lucent Base Stations Macro 9218, 9228,
9228 LP, 9228 HD, and 9228 Distributed System Description, 401-703-486.
Commands for the replacement of a TxAMP

Important! Re-attaching the cables incorrectly will lead to confusion in the user
interface. Label each cable before you remove it.
Purpose

Value

Comments

To take unit out-of-service

rmv:cell a, TxAMP b

This operation places the


cell amplifier out-of-service.

a=cell number 1-max


cells
b=TxAMP number
To restore unit

rst:cell a, TxAMP b

This operation places the


cell back into service.

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Replace and repair common components between base


stations

Replace the TxAMP

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Purpose

Value

Comments

Message if successful

RST:CELL a,ATP

Be sure to wait a sufficient amount of time for the TxAMP to come back into
service, after one of the scenarios listed below occurs:
1. Power cycling a TxAMP (i.e., turn OFF and ON a TxAMP circuit breaker
2. Digital cable disconnection
3. Restoring a TxAMP
An improperly seated digital cable may result in misinterpretation of the Alarm
reported at the switch, that ends up indicating that the TxAMP has failed, when in
reality it has not. Misinterpretation of this alarm message may promote the removal
of a TxAMP when not required.
The following messages are displayed at the ROP if the following occurs:
Indicator

Error message

If the cable is disconnected or intermittent


before the amplifier initializes

Initialization Failure

If the cable is disconnected or intermittent


after the amplifier initializes

Communication Lost between TxAMP and


URC

Record the following information and contact Wireless Technical Support Center at
the following address:
1. Serial Number of the cabinet
2. Serial Number of the TxAMPs
3. Customer Information if known
4. Location of Warehouse where cabinet is stored
5. Contact person with phone number and email address.
Wireless Technical Support Center
Alcatel-Lucent
6200 East Broad Street
Columbus, OH 43213-1569
Within the United States: 1 800 356 8574
From all other countries: +1 614 860 3760

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Replace the TxAMP

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

60WCPAM installation/replacement considerations (FID 12860.8)

The following information applies to the installation/replacement of the 60WCPAM in


the 9224 Sub-Compact/EN and 9216/9226 Compact:

60WCPAM shares the same license quantity with C2PAM using the CHPAM
license.
60WCPAM needs CLGC/EDPD to be on to work well no matter whether FID
12860.8 is in or not.
For one radio port with type chpamhe, only one 60WCPAM can be equipped and
used. When 60WCPAM is used paralleling with a C2PAM or another 60WCPAM,
only type chpam can be configured and in this scenario the 60WCPAM can only
support 40 W power output.
Before FID 12860.8 is installed, the 60WCPAM can only be used as CHPAM
and can only support 40 W power output.
After FID 12860.8 is installed, the 60WCPAM can support 60 W output and up to
3 carriers with 20 W each. More carriers should not be configured even though the
software does not restrict this. That is to say, 4 carriers with 20 W each can be
configured on one 60WCPAM without error; RC/V does not have a check on this
going above 3 carriers.

When the MSC load includes FID 12860.8, but cell load does not, do not configure
chpamhe type for 60WCPAM, although RC/V can. Otherwise the system cannot
work well.

Before FID 12860.8 is installed and the cell has a 60WCPAM, when doing the
calibration the technician should reduce the single-carrier power by 10 dB. See
CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact Distributed,
9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN, 9218/9228
Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437 for the power calibration instructions.

RV/C impact and RV/C equipage rules for the 60WCPAM amplifier installed in the
9224 Sub-Compact/EN can be found in the Power Throttling of 60WCPAM Amplifiers
(FID 12860.8) section of the Alcatel- Lucent 9224 Base Station Sub-Compact / EN
System Description, 401-703-488.

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Replace the CTU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the CTU


Conditions for the replacement of the CTU

Important! Re-attaching the cables incorrectly will lead to confusion in the user
interface. Label each cable before you remove it.
This replacement requires that the unit be taken out-of-service. The conditions and
commands for replacing the CTU are summarized below.
Conditions

Value Comments

Hot swappable (Y/N)

The CTU is hot swappable but taking the


primary CTU out-of-service will cause the
loss of service.
The standby CTU is hot-swappable and
replacing it will not cause a loss of
service.

Need for re-download (Y/N)

Need to calibrate power (Y/N)

RMT required for operation


(Y/N)

Download is automatically done at restore.

Other Issues

Commands for the replacement of the CTU

Important! In the command syntax tfu represents the CTU.


Purpose

Command

Comments

Command to take unit


out-of-service

rmv:cell a, tfu
x;ucl

This command takes the


CTU out-of-service.

a=cell number 1-max


cells
b=micro number 1-6
x=ctu number 1-8
Command to restore unit

rst:cell a, tfu
x;ucl

This command places the


CTU back into service. The
complete CTU restore
request will be delayed until
GPS timing is acquired.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Replace the UCR

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the UCR


Conditions for the replacement of the UCR

Important! Re-attaching the cables incorrectly will lead to confusion in the user
interface. Label each cable before you remove it.
This replacement requires that the cell be taken out-of-service. The conditions and
procedures for replacing the UCR are summarized below.
Conditions

Value Comments

Hot swappable (Y/N)

Need for re-download


(Y/N)

Download is automatically done at restore.

Need to calibrate power


(Y/N)

Y/N

Without CLGC you need to calibrate. With CLGC


you do not need to calibrate when replacing a
UCR.

RMT required for operation


(Y/N)

Other Issues

See the following documents for power calibration procedures:

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact Distributed,


9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN, 9218/9228
Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9218/9228 Macro HD and 9228 Macro
MCPA, 401-703-438
CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for Modcell 1.0/2.0/3.0, Microcell, and
CDBS, 401-703-439

Commands for the replacement of the UCR

Important! In the command syntax cbr represents the UCR.


Purpose

Command

Comments

Command to take unit


out-of-service

rmv:cell a, cdm b,
cbr x;ucl

This command takes the


UCR out-of-service.

a=cell number 1-max


cells
b=cdm number 1-16
x=ucr number 1-6
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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Purpose

Command

Comments

Command to restore unit

rst:cell a, cdm b,
cbr x;ucl

This command places the


UCR back into service.

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Replace the MCR

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the MCR


Conditions for the replacement of the MCR

Important! Re-attaching the cables incorrectly will lead to confusion in the user
interface. Label each cable before you remove it.
This replacement requires that the cell be taken out-of-service. The conditions and
procedures for replacing the MCR are summarized below.
Conditions

Value

Comments

Hot swappable (Y/N)

Need for re-download (Y/N)

Download is automatically done at restore.

Need to calibrate power


(Y/N)

Y/N

Without CLGC you need to calibrate.


With CLGC you do not need to calibrate
when replacing a MCR.

RMT required for operation


(Y/N)

Other Issues

See the following documents for power calibration procedures.

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact Distributed,


9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN, 9218/9228
Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9218/9228 Macro HD and 9228 Macro
MCPA, 401-703-438

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for Modcell 1.0/2.0/3.0, Microcell, and


CDBS, 401-703-439

Commands for the replacement of the MCR

Important! In the command syntax cbr represents the MCR.


Purpose

Command

Comments

Command to take unit


out-of-service

rmv:cell a, cdm b,cbr


x;ucl

This command takes the


MCR out-of-service.

a=cell number 1-max cells


b=cdm number 1-16
x=mcr number 1-6

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Purpose

Command

Comments

Command to restore unit

rst:cell a, cdm b,cbr


x;ucl

This command places the


MCR back into service.

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Replace a CMU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace a CMU
Conditions for the replacement of a CMU

Important! To insure good seating with the backplane use your thumbs to apply
firm pressure to top and bottom of the card as you insert it.
The replacement of a CMU requires that the cell be taken out-of-service only when the
cell is equipped with a single CMU. If the cell is equipped with two or more CMUs,
calls are supported by the second CMU during the replacement. The conditions and
commands for replacing a CMU are summarized below.
Conditions

Value

Hot swappable (Y/N)

Need for re-download (Y/N)

Need to calibrate power


(Y/N)

RMT required for operation


(Y/N)

Other Issues

Comments

Download is automatically done at restore.

CMU-IVB and CMU-V require a capacity


license per circuit pack serial number.

Configuration caution

In configurations with high growth potentials, the 9228 Macro configurations or 3rd
carrier DO) use of a CMU-III or EVR can block access to incremental firewire bus
resources that are available to the SB-EVM and eventually to the CMU-V. The
additional firewire bus will be required for optimum performance in mixed voice/DO
cells of over 9 carriers and all cells grown to a 3rd DO carrier. CMU-IIIB, CMU-IV,
CMU-IVB or CMU-V are the recommended channel cards for all 9228 Macro
configurations. EVR-B is the recommended receive card to support DO in these cells.
In 9228 Macro where a 3rd carrier DO will eventually be desired, the following
configuration rule applies:

If SB-EVM and URC-II are configured together with CMU-III (BNJ37) or EVR
(BNJ48), the following configuration limitations apply: EVM installed in slot 12 and no CMU-III or EVR in slots 8 and SB-EVM installed in slot 11 - and no
CMU-III or EVR in slots 4 and 7.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Commands for the replacement of a CMU

Important! In the command syntax ccu represents the CMU.


Purpose

Command

Command to
take unit
out-of-service

rmv:cell a, cdm b, ccu c

Comments

Where a = cell number 1-max cells


b = CDM number 1-16
c = CMU number 1-12 (1-18 in the
outdoor cabinet)

Command to
restore unit

rst:cell a, cdm b, ccu c

Where a = RCS number 1-max cells


b = CDM number 1-16

If needed, this operation


places the cell back into
service.

c = CMU number 1-12 (1-18 in the


outdoor cabinet)
Message if
successful

rst:cell a, ccu c, atp

Before a CMU is removed

Important! For OOS limits, 9218 Macro uses the 3G-1X OOS Limit fields in the
following forms in order cell3g -> cell2 -> ecp3g -> ecp forms. The
btseqp form is also impacted as follows
btseqp -> cell3g -> cell2 -> ecp3g -> ecp. 9218 Macro does not use
the Total OOS limit fields in the cell2 and ecp forms. The default 3G-1X OOS
limit is 100 for major alarms and 49 for minor alarms.
Before a CMU is removed unconditionally (UCL) or conditionally (CDL) from
service (either manually, or as the result of a fault), the following actions occur:
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Taking the CMU out-of-service is subject to the following criteria.

For CDL (conditional) remove, if the major OOS limit is exceeded, the remove is
rejected.

For UCL (unconditional) remove, the remove is allowed, regardless of whether the
OOS limit was ever exceeded. A warning will be sent to MSC.

The OOS limit has a separate threshold values than the CMU, which are customer
defined.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

UCL or CDL remove of CMUs is allowed. Camp-on is followed before the remove.

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...................................................................................................................................................................................................

If the major OOS limit is exceeded, CDL remove is rejected, and the UCL remove
proceeds. The MSC is notified of the OOS limit being exceeded.

After a CMU is restored

If the CMU, both conditional (CDL) and unconditional (UCL), restore failed after the
replacement, make sure CE (Channel Element) provisioning value for the new CMU is
correct. Also make sure the license for the new CE controlled CMU is installed on the
B-Server. For the CMUs with CE provisioning feature (CMU-II since R21.0,
CMU-IVB, since R27.0), CE provisioning must be set or the CMU will be OOS. For
the CMUs without the CE provisioning feature (CMU-III(B), CMU-IV), CE provision
can not be set or the CMU will be OOS. For the CMUs with the CE license controlled
feature (CMU-V since R29.0; CMU-IVB since R30.0), the license must be installed on
B-Server or the CMU will be OOS. For detailed license installation procedures refer to
Alcatel-Lucent 9256 Operations and Management Platform (OMP) Operations,
Administration, and Maintenance, 401-662-108
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check the CCU type. Type:


op:cell #, cdm #, inventory

the output will include the CCU type (if this command is inhibit because
INVENTORY feature is not turned on, you need to set CELL. Use the following table
shows the inventory.
CMU Type

Function Code

APP Code

CMU-II

FUNC CODE=CMUII

APP CODE-BNJ59

CMU-III

FUNC CODE=CMUIII

APP CODE=BNJ37

CMU-IIIB

UNC CODE=CMUIIIB

APP CODE=BNJ37B

CMU-IV

FUNC CODE=CMUIV

APP CODE=BNJ55

CMU-IVB

FUNC CODE=CMUIVB

APP CODE=BNJ55B

CMU-V

FUNC CODE=CMUV

APP CODE=BNJ83

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check BTSEQP form for the CCU Tech Type, CE Max, and CE Enable located on
SDP Pages 14-17. The value for the CCU Tech Type for all CMUs should be set to
1X. Use the following table values to populate the CE Max and CE Enabled fields.
CE Board Type

CE Max

CE Enabled

CMU-II

32

Blank (8, 16, 24 or 32)

CMU-III(B)

Blank

Blank

CMU-IV

Blank

Blank

CMU-IVB

128

Blank for Release 30.0 / (32, 64,


96, or 128) for R27.0 - R29.0

CMU-V

256

Blank

A wrong configuration causes the CCU to become out-of-service.


Important! In R30.0 or higher, the CMU-IVB, and in R29.0 or higher, the CMU-V
are controlled by a license instead of the QFAF, which is populated by the RC/V
mask. The btseqp form should be configured on the CDMA Channel Unit (CCU)
Information section to the following values: CE Max = 128, CE Enabled = blank
for the CMU-IV and CE Max = 256, CE Enabled = blank for the CMU-V.
For more information on FID 8859.8 and FID 13459.0, see the following:

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA2000 Wireless Networks CMU-IVB Optional Feature


Description, 401-612-857

Alcatel-Lucent CDMA Network CDMA Modem Unit - V (CMU-V) Channel


Card and Related Features Optional Feature Description, 401-612-896

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Restore CCU after the correct CE Max and CE Enabled values are updated. Type:
rst:cell a, cdm b, ccu c

Procedure to physically move a CMU from one cell to another cell

Perform the following procedures to physically move a CMU from one cell to another
cell which are located in the same MSC.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the CMU from service. Type:


rmv:cell a, cdm b, ccu c

This will release the CMU license (either CMU-IVB or CMU-V).

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Replace a CMU

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Physically remove the CMU from the cell.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Physically install the CMU into the new cell located in the same MSC.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Using the btseqp RC/V screen (pages 14-17) enter the appropriate CE Max and
CE Enabled values for the replaced CMU, see After a CMU is restored (p. 15-18)
above.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Restore the cell with the new CMU. Type:


rst: cell a, cdm b, ccu c

Error Message

If the following error message is displayed license in use enter the following
command to release the old license and restore the CMU again:
refresh:license, feature cmu#, hostid xxx; ucl

To get the CMUs serial number which is the host id, enter the following command:
op:cell a, cdm b, inventory

Restore the CMU. Type:


rst: cell a, cdm b, ccu c

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Replace the URC

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the URC


Conditions for the replacement of the URC

Important! When the URCII is used as a spare controller and the main URCII
goes OOS, it will take approximately 8 to 10 minutes for the spare URCII to
become active.
Important! Re-attaching the cables incorrectly will lead to confusion in the user
interface. Label each cable before you remove it.
The conditions and commands for replacing the URC are summarized below.
Conditions

Value

Hot swappable (Y/N)

Need for re-download


(Y/N)

N if
initialization
is successful
Y if
initialization
fails

Comments

After the URC has completed its Board


Level Self-Test (BLST), the board
initializes and checks the board NVM. If
the board contains the correct image, there
is no need for technician intervention.
Perform the op:cell x, cdm y, generic
command to check the generic. If it is not
the correct image, the technician must
perform a download.

Need to calibrate power


(Y/N)

RMT required for


operation (Y/N)

If download is required, it can be


performed either from the RMT or through
a TI command.

Other Issues

N/A

When the output message is REPT


SECURITY ALERT, contact your Security
Administrator (as per local procedures) to
decipher cause codes and facilitate URC
replacement. Codes 04003 and 05003 are
for information only and may be ignored.
Codes 04004, 04005, 05004, and 05005
require Security Administrator intervention.

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Commands for the replacement of the URC

Important! In the command syntax cdm represents the group of components


configured with that URC and crc represents the URC.
Purpose

Command

Comments

Command to take unit


out-of-service

rmv:cell a, cdm b, crc

This command takes the


cell out-of-service.

Where a=cell number


1-max cells
b=CDM number 1-16

Command to restore unit

rst:cell a, cdm b, crc

Message if successful

RST:CELL a,ATP

This command places the


cell back into service.

Removing existing URC boards from service

Follow the steps below to remove URC from service at the Switch Center (NOC) and
remove the URC boards at the site.
Important! Starting with Release 28.0, the URC 44WA50A and URC 44WA50 do
not have enough flash memory to be able to store the software download. A new
URC-B 44WW70B and URC-IIB 44WW65B controllers must be installed to
accommodate the larger flash file system for all types of 9218 Macro, 9216
Compact , and 9218 Macro HD frames.
NOTE: An external Memory Upgrade Kit installation is another option to upgrade
9218 Macro or 9216 Compact URC 44WA50A. This type of URC upgrade is not
part of this procedure.
See Firewire Flash Memory Solution for URC located in the following manuals:

Alcatel-Lucent Base Stations Macro 9218, 9228, 9228 LP, 9228 HD, and 9228
Distributed System Description, 401-703-486

Alcatel-Lucent 9222 and 9222 Base Stations Micro Distributed (formerly


Alcatel- Lucent CDMA Base Station 2400) System Description, 401-703-487

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Alcatel- Lucent 9224 Base Station Sub-Compact / EN System Description,


401-703-488

Alcatel- Lucent 9216/9226 Base Station Compact Series (formerly Modular Cell
4.0/4.0B Compact Series) System Description, 401-703-489

Step

Action

Allow Automatic Key Exchange (remains allowed for a 3 hour period) via
OMP:
su - rcelltch
cfgcellssh a <cell_id>, <cell_id>

Where <cell_id> = a cell number of one or more URC(s) to be replaced.


Note: If you do not have an OMP login, you must contact NOC personnel to
run this command before attempting URC replacement.
Note: The cfgcellssh tool only needs to be run if IPBH security is enabled.
See the following topics for information:IPBH Security (p. 15-22) and
cfgcellssh tool (p. 15-23)
Note: If Restrict Root Login (FID 13003.2) is enabled, the login process has
changed. Refer to CDMA network login with RRL (p. 25-4) for details.
This feature enhances MM-AP security by restricting access to MM-AP
resources and information.
2

Command to take unit out-of-service:


rmv:cell a, cdm b, crc

Where a = cell number 1-max cells b=CDM number 1-16


Note: When the CDM is a Parent Voice CDM, then the corresponding child
EVDO CDM will also go out-of-service.
3

Remove URC 44WA50A or 44WA50 boards from the frame.


Note: When parent controller is removed an EVDO child controller can be
also removed for replacement if needed.

IPBH Security

A cell site can run IPBH Security when IPBH Security Services Capable is enabled on
the cco form. Contact the Security Administrator to determine if IPBH Security is
running. With IPBH Security enabled, SSH Key Exchange must be configured between
the IPBH URCs (both 1X and EVDO) and NVM Download servers, at the MSC. The
Security Administrator controls whether or not this exchange occurs automatically.

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After replacing a URC, the following ROP messages indicate SSH Key Exchange was
successful:

04003 (for 1X IPHB URCs)

05003 (for EVDO URCs)

After replacing a URC, the following ROP messages indicate SSH Key Exchange was
not successful:

04004 and 04005 (for 1X IPHB URCs)

05004 and 05005 (for EVDO URCs)

The Security Administrator must be contacted if SSH Key Exchange was not
successful. Failure to configure SSH Key Exchange does not affect call processing.
FID 13006.11 (New Tool to Configure SSH for Replacement URCs) introduces the
new UNIX tool cfgcellssh. The cfgcellssh tool simplifies URC replacement by enabling
a non-privileged user (i.e., a non-Security Administrator such as a cell tech) to allow
automatic SSH Key Exchange for selected IPBH cell IDs so the new URC can be
initialized.
cfgcellssh tool

The functionality of the cfgcellssh tool is as follows:

Allows for a maximum number of 20 cells to be listed.

Allows Automatic Key Exchange for a 3 hour period of time from when the cell is
added to the list. Key Exchange is allowed even if the Allow Automatic Key
Provisioning: IPBH Network field on the mscsec RC/V form is set to N (if Allow
Automatic Key Provisioning: IPBH Network is set to N the Key update is reported
to the ROP). When the 3 hour time limit expires, cells are automatically removed
from the list the next time the tool is executed.

Allows for only one instance of the tool to run at any given time. Multiple Users
can add/delete cells from list, but only one instance of the tool is allowed to run at
a time.

Supports logging of all user actions, including failed attempts.

The following table provides an overview of the syntax associated with the cfgcellssh
tool.
Add cell ID
cfgcellssh a <cell_id>, <cell_id>, . . . <cell_id>

Delete cell ID
cfgcellssh d <cell_id>, <cell_id>, . . . <cell_id>

Query

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Add cell ID
cfgcellssh q

Help
cfgcellssh h

Install the URC-II boards

Follow the steps below at the site to install URC-II (44WW65B) or URCB
(44WW70B) boards and reconnect a cable at the site.
Important! In most cases of that project URC-II boards will be used to replace
URC boards.
Step

Action

Install new URC-II (44WW65B) or URCB (44WW70B) boards.


Note: If spare URC controller is equipped at the frame, replace spare URC
with URC-II at the same time.
If a new URC installed is a URC-II then go to Step 2.
If a new URC installed is a URCB then go to Step 3.

If URC-II is a parent voice controller for EVDO through the Ethernet hub or
parent for CLGC for Ethernet hub then reconnect cables.
Warning: When URC board replaced by URC-II boards, reconnect the
Ethernet cable from the Ethernet hub directly to the URC-IIs faceplate
Ethernet jack.
Go to Step 3.

Inform Switch Center (NOC) that URC-II boards are installed and have green
STAT LEDs.
Note: If a green STAT LED does not appear in 10-12 minutes, replace the
board with another one. Mark that URC-II board as a bad.

Restore the URC Units

Follow the steps below at NOC to restore controller boards.


Step

Action

Verify from the Control and Status Display Page 2131 that SL is up on CDM
with the replaced URC board.

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Replace the URC

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Step

Action

Perform the op: cell a, cdm b, generic command to check the generic.
If the generic is present and correct, go to Step 4.
If the generic is not present or correct, go to Step 3.

Download generic through TI command:


Send:cell a, cdm b, generic FxxxxDBGA.00 (to the voice CDM), or
Send:cell a, cdm b, generic FxxxxEBGA.00 (to the DO CDM) or
Send: cell a, generic FxxxxDBGA.00 to the cell with a Spare URC.

Update fields CRC Controller Type on the BTSEQP form, screens 2, or and
5, or and 8.
Note: If URCB board 44WW70B installed, there is no update to BTSEQP
form.
Note: If a spare URC controller replaced with URC-II board, then update
BTSEQP form, Screen 1, field Spare CRC Type

Note: This step is only required if there are changes to the cell configuration,
such as changing the URC type, adding new controllers, and so on. This step
is not required when swapping out a bad URC without changing the cell
configuration.
Restart RCS and then verify the proper response from restored CDM:
Restart:rcs # from TICLI.

Verify normal operation

Use the following procedure to verify the cell is not reporting alarms or has units OOS
at a cell with Voice or EVDO carriers.
Step

Action

Type the following command from the TICLI input terminal:


op:cell a, extern

Verify there are no alarms reported.


If alarms are reported, clear all alarms. Note: Not including any pre-existing
alarms noted at the beginning of the upgrade.
If alarms are not reported, go to the next step.

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Replace the URC

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Step

Action

Verify that CELL SUMMARY shows an act (or green) from the Control &
Status Display Page 2131, a.
If Cell Summary shows oos or trbl find the OOS unit(s) and restore it.
Note: Use the other Control & Status Display Pages if necessary: 2136, a;
2138,a,b; 2139,a,b,c
If Cell Summary shows act continue to step 4.

The upgrade has been completed.

At the Cell Site ensure the following before leaving the site:

Verify with Switch Center (NOC) that all data sheets are completed

The doors and panels to all Modcell cabinets are secure.

URC Troubleshooting Table

See table below for some possible problem resolutions and frequently asked questions.
Problem or FAQ

Possible Cause

Resolution

URC-II board installed in a


slot with known good T1,
but green STAT LED does
not appear.

URC-II board is bad.

Replace the URC-II board.

Controller contains
required generic with Bad
status.

File is corrupted.

Re-send generic to the


CDM.

Sending generic to the


CDM fails with message
Invalid file from
RCS-AP

Sending generic to one


CDM and using incorrect
generic file name.

If generic send to Voice


CDM, then use file name
FxxxDBGA.yy
If generic send to EVDO,
then use file name
FxxxEBGA.yy

What is required minimum


generic for URC-II boards?

Cell software release R25.

Can URC-II boards be used


on Modcell 1, 2 or 3
frames?

No. URC-II controllers are


only for Modcell 4.0,
Compact 4.0, Modcell 4.0B
and BS 8420.

What is required minimum


generic for new URCB
board 44WW70B?

Cell software release R26.

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Replace the URC

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Problem or FAQ

Possible Cause

Resolution

Can URC-II and URC


boards coexist in one
frame?

Yes.

Is a new URCMB board


available for Modcell 1, 2
and 3?

New URCMB board is


available. It is 44WW71B
board. New URCMB board
required minimum cell
software release 27.

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stations

Procedure 15-2: Replace Ethernet Backhaul URC with


firewall and security enabled

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 15-2: Replace Ethernet Backhaul URC with firewall


and security enabled
Before you begin

This is an Optional Feature (FID 13096.0) - IP Firewall. When EBH is present, the
replacement of URC will require the technician to check whether the port on the EIU
has been port security with its MAC address. If the MAC address is port security,
the technician must work with OMC-RAN/MST technicians to remove the old settings
and add the new settings by performing the following procedure.
Important! This is only applicable to the following base stations:

9218/9228 Macro

9216/9226 Compact
9224 Sub-Compact

9222 Micro Distributed

Purpose

Perform Replace the URC (p. 15-20) to take the URC out-of-service and replace the
URC. This procedure should only be performed if the Ethernet Backhaul Optional
Feature has been installed. The work is performed from the OMC-RAN/MST
remotely with a technician that is familiar with the OMC-RAN application. When
replacing the URC, the URC being replaced will be OOS in order to properly
configure the new URC. Note that the old URC address must be removed from the
OMC-RAN/MST before a new URC can be added to the system.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Execute Enable port security on URC port macro.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Execute Set Bridge Aging to 1800 sec (default is 300 sec).


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On the MST-CLI cut through window, verify that the URC port has learned the MAC
address by typing show port-security dynamic <interface>, where <interface> is the
assignment of the URC. The table Interface table (p. 15-29) shows the <interface>
identifiers.
Repeat this step until one dynamic learned MAC address does not show up in the
table. Then send a ping request from the RCS AP to the LIU in question.

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Procedure 15-2: Replace Ethernet Backhaul URC with


firewall and security enabled

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Execute Move Dynamic MAC addresses to static MAC addresses to move the
dynamically learned MAC address to the static table stored in the EIU.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On MST-CLI cut through window type show port-security <interface> to check the
port-security state.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

On MST-CLI cut through window type show port-security static <interface> to


ensure that the MAC address is moved to the static table.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the default bridge Aging time back to 300 sec by executing Set Bridge Aging.
E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Interface table

The following table lists the <interface> equivalents. These are the ports that the URC
connects to on the EIU. The numbering is not intuitive. For example if you have
URC1 connected to J1 jack, then the <interface> # would be a-9.
RJ-45 jack#

<Interface> #

RJ-45 jack#

<Interface> #

J1

a-9

J9

a-17

J2

a-10

J10

a-18

J3

a-11

J11

a-19

J4

a-12

J12

a-20

J5

a-13

J13

a-21

J6

a-14

J14

a-22

J7

a-15

J15

a-23

J8

a-16

J16

a-24

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Replace the OM

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the OM
Conditions to replace the OM

Important! Re-attaching the cables incorrectly will lead to confusion in the user
interface. Label each cable before you remove it.
The conditions and commands for the replacement of the OM (rubidium or crystal
oscillator) are summarized below.
Conditions

Value Comments

Hot swappable (Y/N)

Need for re-download (Y/N)

Need to calibrate power (Y/N)

RMT required for operation


(Y/N)

The temperature of the OM must stabilize


after replacement before the cell can be
restored to service.

Other Issues

See the following documents for power calibration procedures.

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact Distributed,


9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN, 9218/9228
Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9218/9228 Macro HD and 9228 Macro
MCPA, 401-703-438

CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for Modcell 1.0/2.0/3.0, Microcell, and


CDBS, 401-703-439

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Replace the OM

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Commands to replace the OM

Important! In the command syntax tfu represents the CTU.


Purpose

Command

Comments

Command to take unit


out-of-service

rmv:cell
a, tfu b

This command takes the cell out-of-service


if it is the primary CTU.

Where:
a = cell
number 1-max
cells
b = CTU
number 1-8
Command to restore
unit

rst:cell
a, tfu b

Message if successful

RST:CELL a,
ATP

This operation places the cell back into


service.

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Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor


cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor


cabinets
Purpose

The Heat Exchanger weighs approximately 43 kg (95 lb) and appropriate lifting
devices and/or techniques should be used to prevent personal injury. This procedure is
a two person minimum operation and requires the use of a back support/brace.
Important! There are no Heat Exchangers in the 9218 Macro HD.
Important! For the outdoor 9216 Compact Heat Exchanger assembly being
replaced, the AC to the heater assembly must be powered down prior to the
removal from the frame.
Materials/tools/test equipment requirements

The following equipment is needed to perform this procedure:


Table 15-1

Tools for heat exchanger replacement

Equipment/Tools

Description/Comcodes

F9000 Cordless screwdriver, 30


in-lb

Deep Well 6-Point Socket 3/8 Drive

Digital Fan Tray Assembly (2


Fan Version)

Comcode: 407968916 (+24 VDC)

Cable Assemblies

Comcode: 848180220 (WH20), Lucent Comcode:


848206603 (WH22)

Assembly, Enclosure, Test

Comcode: 848546529

Power Supply

Model: Sorensen DCS 33-33 or Equivalent (24


VDC), the current limit is 30A.

Comcode: 408321222 (-48 VDC)

Model: HP 6574 A or Equivalent (-48 VDC), the


current limit is 35A.
110 VAC Source

McLean Controller with Special


Firmware for Heat Exchanger
Testing

P/N: M-14731 (24 VDC), Spares Are Advised.

Torque-Limiting Driver, 20 in-lb

ASG Torque or Equivalent

P/N: M-14757 (-48 VDC), Spares Are Advised

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Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor


cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following table contains materials and quantities of items needed to perform this
procedure.
Description

Comcode

Quantity

Heat Exchanger for +24 VDC

407968957

1 each

Heat Exchanger for -48 VDC

408323996

1 each

Screw, Spanner, M4 x 17 mm L, 18-8 S.S.

901368846

42

Washer, M4 Alcatel-Lucent

901325373

42

Lock Washer, M4

901311266

36

Pre-inspection procedure

Perform the following to pre-inspect the heat exchanger:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the foam from the top of the heat exchanger.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Stand packing box upright on its base and remove the heat exchanger by sliding it
forward.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Visually inspect the heat exchanger for the following:

Scratches, dents, finish, flatness overall appearance.


Blower gaskets for rips/tears or missing gaskets.

Loose hardware and labels. Refer to mechanical drawing, Comcode 848337929.

The following figure of the 9218/9228 Macro, shows the area where the heat
exchanger is located.

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Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor


cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor


cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Heat exchanger electrical test

Perform the following procedure to test the heat exchanger electrical.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace the Controller (Comcode 407968965/408322386) inside the digital fan tray
assembly (Comcode 4079689/408321222) by McLean Controller with special firmware
for each exchanger testing (McLean P/N: M-14731/M-14757) for 24/-48 VDC, on
which the dip switch setting is configured as follows:
Switch

Position

H1

On

H2

Off

H3

On

H4

Off

D1

Off/On1

D2

Off/On1

A1

Off

A2

Off

Notes:

1.

D1 or D2 can be set as off or on.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

As shown in the figure, plug in power supply for 24 VDC system, or -48 VDC system
(WH22 Cable) to connector labeled (J3) and (J4) to the heat exchanger, along with AC
Power (100 VAC) by assembly (Comcode: 848546529) to (J1) of the heat exchanger.
Do not run self test on start up. The software should be programmed in a manner to
test as quickly as possible upon application of DC power. Stick one side of a piece of
paper above the exhaust of the ambient side and enclosure side of the heat exchanger
for airflow check.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Perform the following electrical testing steps:

Power up the heat exchanger

Press the Quick Test button and hold for two seconds. Clear all previous alarms.

All LEDs should flash red-green-red-green and stop at ALL GREEN.


All fans should spin up to 1500 RMS for approximately 30 seconds. Check for
airflow by watching the paper that was placed on the exhaust.

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Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor


cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

If H1 is working properly with the speed exceeding 1400 RPM, the heater will turn
on when the test sequence reaches the heater test (LED of HEAT), the heater test
observes that the meter reads approximately 8 A. The heater should remain on
during the remainder of the test. All LEDs should remain green unless a fault
occurs.
Criteria for heater test (Pass): AC meter reading is within the range of 8 2 A, and
LED of HEAT stays on GREEN after the test sequence is completed.
Criteria for heater test (Fail): AC meter reading is out of range of 8 2 A, or LED
of HEAT stays on RED after test sequence is completed.
Then all fans should ramp to FULL speed for 10 seconds. Listen for vibration,
excess noise, etc.

Check the controller to ensure all LED(s) are GREEN. If there is an alarm(s), such
as, LED(s) stay RED, it indicates the corresponding part(s) failure. This process
requires approximately 2 minutes.

After the test is run, the Heater turns OFF, fans should spool down to OFF and
hold, LEDs should remain GREEN unless there is a failure. If a failure is present,
the corresponding LED will go to RED and hold until power is removed or quick
test is pressed.

Turn off AC power and remove AC cable for the heat exchanger, remove the DC
cable and signal cable from the heat exchanger. It is not required to remove the DC
power.

After electrical test is completed, stage heat exchanger for mechanical assembly. To
test next heat exchanger, attach cables, apply AC voltage and repeat the above steps.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Mechanical assembly, mount the heat exchanger to the Alcatel-Lucent CDMA cabinet.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Position the heat exchanger in front of the cabinet door, align the door mounting studs
and mount the heat exchanger temporarily. Note: heat exchanger should rest on the
bottom door flange. The lifting tabs are part of the heat exchanger assembly and are
recommended for aid in lifting the unit.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Secure the heat exchanger to the two stop door studs using M4 hardware (washers,
lock washers, nuts) and hand tighten. Note: check for alignment of mounting holes on
the front of the door with heat exchanger thread inserts and adjust if necessary. Then
re-tighten the M4 hardware when holes are aligned.

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Procedure 15-3: Replace the heat exchanger for outdoor


cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Secure with M4 washers, then M4 lock washers and M4 x 16 mm spanner head


screws. Make sure to first hand tighten screws with hand tool. Torque all screws to 20
in-lb. Tighten in spiral pattern, to ensure all screws are fully torqued. Start tightening
screws at top and bottom windows. Equally tighten screws both top and bottom in
order to maintain equal pressure.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install remaining M4 hardware to secure heat exchanger to the inside of the cabinet
door and torque to 20 in-lb.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Tighten the screws on the heat exchanger to 20 in-lb to ensure screws are torqued
uniformly.

END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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16

16
9218/9228
Base Station
Macro component
replacement and repair

Overview
Purpose

This chapter describes the component replacement and repair processes and procedures
for the indoor and outdoor 9218/9228 Base Station Macro cabinets.
Contents
Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218 Macro cabinets

16-2

Procedure 16-2: Replace the Fan Tray for outdoor 9218 Macro cabinet

16-8

Procedure 16-3: Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro cabinet

16-10

Procedure 16-4: Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro cabinet

16-14

Procedure 16-5: Replace the EEPROM

16-18

Replace circuit packs

16-22

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

16-24

Modify or decommission battery box for outdoor cabinets with


integrated power and batteries only

16-47

Procedure 16-7: Realign Door on outdoor cabinet

16-48

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218


Macro cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218 Macro
cabinets
Purpose

The fan trays located in the indoor 9218 Macrocabinet, may need to be replaced in the
field whenever a malfunction occurs. There is one fan tray provide within the indoor
cabinet. The fan trays provide protection for the Digital Shelf and Amplifier Shelf.
While it is recommended that the cell be powered down during fan tray replacement,
the procedure may be performed by experienced personnel with minimal component
overheating risk involved.
NOTE: fan settings for the Amplifier shelf (A12) Fan Tray do NOT need to be
changed when adding carriers to the Macro cabinet.
Amplifier Fan Tray Replacement

Perform the following to remove the Amplifier Fan Tray:


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Use this procedure to remove the Fan Tray. Using an 8-mm nutdriver or #2
Phillips-head screwdriver, remove the four (4) mounting screws M5 securing fan tray
to cabinet.

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218


Macro cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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and repair

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218


Macro cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Toggle CB5 Power Connector J16 on the PDP to the off position.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Using a small Phillips-head screwdriver loosen screws and disconnect fan power
connector from the Amplifier Fan Tray.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Ensure to set aside any cable obstruction and proceed to pull and slide Amplifier Fan
tray out and away from cabinet frame.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218


Macro cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install new Amplifier Fan Tray

Install the new Amplifier Tray.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Ensure that all obstructions are removed, carefully slide fan tray onto its corresponding
location in the indoor cabinet frame.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Secure fan tray to frame by installing four (4) mounting screws (M5). Tighten screws
using an 8-mm nutdriver or a #2 Phillips-head screwdriver. Torque screws to 25 in-lb.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect Fan Power Connector to Amplifier Fan Tray. Then using a small Phillips-head
screwdriver, secure connector by tightening its set screws.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Toggle CB5 Power Connector J16 on PDP to the on position.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Digital Shelf Fan Tray replacement procedure

Perform the following to remove the Fan Tray.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the Fan Tray. Using an 8-mm nutdriver or #2 Phillips-head screwdriver,


remove the four (4) mounting screws M5 securing the fan tray to the cabinet.

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and repair

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218


Macro cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Cut the tie wraps to the power cables that present on the right side of the fan tray. This
will give you better access to remove the fan tray from the cabinet by lifting the cables
out of the way.

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-1: Replace the Fan Trays for indoor 9218


Macro cabinets

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the Fan Tray from the base station and replace with the new tray.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Using an 8-mm nutdriver or #2 Phillips-head screwdriver, screw the four (4) M5


screws to secure the fan tray back to the cabinet frame.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reattach the tie wraps as they were originally found using new tie wraps.
END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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and repair

Procedure 16-2: Replace the Fan Tray for outdoor 9218


Macro cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 16-2: Replace the Fan Tray for outdoor 9218


Macro cabinet
Relate information

The fan trays located in the outdoor 9218 Macro cabinet, may need to be replaced in
the field whenever a malfunction occurs. While it is recommended that the cell be
powered down during fan tray replacement, the procedure may be performed by
experienced personnel with minimal component overheating risk involved. The
following procedure is applicable for replacement of the Fan Tray. The procedure is
suitable for a single person operation.
Important! Fan settings for the Amplifier shelf (A12) Fan Tray do NOT need to be
changed when adding carriers to the Macro cabinet.
Fan Tray Replacement
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Important! Note that the power cables located to the right of the fan tray may be
in the way and may need to be lifted out of the way in order to gain access to the
M5 screws.
Remove the fan tray. Using an 8-mm nutdriver or #2 Phillips-head screwdriver, remove
the four M5 mounting screws securing the fan tray to the cabinet.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Using a small #2 Phillips-head screwdriver, loosen screws and disconnect the fan
power connector from the fan tray.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Ensure to set aside any cable obstruction and proceed to pull and slide the Fan Tray
out and away from the cabinet frame.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the Fan Tray


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Important! Note that the power cables to the right of the fan tray may be in the
way and need to be moved out of the way in order to gain access to the screws.
Slide the new Fan Tray into the cabinet. Using an 8-mm nutdriver or #2 Phillips-head
screwdriver, install the four M5 mounting screws securing the fan tray to the cabinet.

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16-8

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-2: Replace the Fan Tray for outdoor 9218


Macro cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Secure the power cable to the Fan Tray. Using a small #2 Phillips-head screwdriver ,
reinstall the screws to the power connector.
END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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and repair

Procedure 16-3: Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 16-3: Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro cabinet


Conditions for replacing the PDP

Important! Ensure the appropriate environmental protection measures are taken


before opening the front door on the cabinet.
Important! The cabinet door, especially during strong winds, can cause serious
personal injury. To ensure that the door is properly operated and secure, and to
avoid its contact with any part of your body, follow the instructions in the users
manual and always wear a safety helmet. To avoid ESD damage to the frame and
components contained within, be sure to wear the ESD wrist strap stowed inside
the base station before continuing with the steps in this procedure. Make sure the
ESD wrist strap is grounded to the frame.
Power down the base station

These procedures apply to both the integrated and non-integrated powered base station.
Non-integrated power only

Perform the following procedure to power down the base station.


1. For DC only cabinets, power down the base station by setting the circuit breakers
on the PDP (CB1, CB2, and CB3) to the off position.
2. In the power cabinet (the DC supply to the base station) set the breakers for the
base station power feed to the off position.
Integrated power only

Perform the following procedure to power down the base station.


1. For integrated power cabinets, set all breakers (CB1, CB2, and CB3) on the Power
Distribution Panel (PDP) to the off position.
2. Set the breakers for the base station power feeds to the off position which is
located on the AC PDA beneath the rectifier shelf (bottom right).
AC PDA

1 20VAC
OUTLET

CABN
I

ET

HEATER

BATTER Y
HEATER

RECT F
I E
I
1 & 3

RS

RECT F
I E
I

RS

2 & 4

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Issue 19 June 2009

16-10

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-3: Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The following figure shows the faceplate of the PDP-6.

Disconnect the cables from the PDP

Perform the following procedure to disconnect the cables from the PDP.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disconnect the J1-J6 cables from the front of the PDP. Remove the cables from J7
from A(17) to H(14).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Refer to the following table for power and data cabling connections.
Power Cable (D-Sub)

Data Cable (RJ-45)

From

To

From

To

LAM 13

PDP-6 J1

LAM 1

PDP-6 J7 C (13)

LAM 14

PDP-6 J2

LAM 2

PDP-6 J7 H (14)

LAM 15

PDP-6 J3

LAM 3

PDP-6 J7 B (15)

LAM 16

PDP-6 J4

LAM 4

PDP-6 J7 F (16)

LAM 17

PDP-6 J5

LAM 5

PDP-6 J7 A (17)

LAM 18

PDP-6 J6)

LAM 6

PDP-6 J7 E (18)

AMP Fan Pwr

PDP-6 J8

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Remove the PDP

Perform the following procedure to remove the PDP from the frame.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the two screws located on the front of the PDP.

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Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-3: Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the PDP from the unit.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the new PDP

Perform the following procedure to install the new PDP-6.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Insert the new PDP into the PDP slot.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Secure the PDP with two screws. Torque to 14 in-lb (1.5 N-m).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reconnect and secure the corresponding cables of the PDP from the previous table.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Dress all cables away from the door and fan shelves to ensure the cables will not
interfere with the door or the door latch.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

System Test

Perform the following procedure to ensure that everything was performed correctly.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the breakers on the frame power supply to the on position. For base station with
integrated power and the Circuit Breaker Box, set the breaker for the base station AC
Power Input to the on position. For the base station without Integrated Power, set the
breakers for the base station feed to the on position, which is located in a separate
power frame.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set all breakers (CB1, CB2, and CB3) on the PDP-6 to the on position.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the breakers for the base station power feeds to the on position which is located
on the AC PDA beneath the rectifier shelf (bottom right).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Wait for the GPS receiver to indicate a GPS LOCK.

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Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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Issue 19 June 2009

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-3: Replace the PDP-6 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Proceed with system testing.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Securing the frame door

Perform this procedure to secure the frame door.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Make sure all cables will not interfere with the closing of the front door.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Close the front door of the Frame.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Lock the front door, if applicable.


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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16-13
Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-4: Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 16-4: Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro cabinet


Conditions for replacing the PDP

Important! Ensure the appropriate environmental protection measures are taken


before opening the front door on the cabinet.
Important! The cabinet door, especially during strong winds, can cause serious
personal injury. To ensure that the door is properly operated and secure, and to
avoid its contact with any part of your body, follow the instructions in the users
manual and always wear a safety helmet. To avoid ESD damage to the frame and
components contained within, be sure to wear the ESD wrist strap stowed inside
the base station before continuing with the steps in this procedure. Make sure the
ESD wrist strap is grounded to the frame.
Power down the base station

These procedures apply for both the DC Power and Integrated Power Cabinets.
DC Power Only

Perform the following procedure to power down the base station.


1. Set LAM and Fan breakers (CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4 and CB5) on the Power
Distribution Panel (PDP) to the off position in the order stated.
2. Set the Digital Shelf Power and Fan Tray Power breakers to the off position.
These breakers are located below the IOU on the Digital Shelf (bottom left).
3. Set both breakers on the TDU shelf to the off position. These breakers are
located in the power frame/supply for the base station.
Integrated Power Only

Perform the following procedure to power down the base station.


1. Set LAM and Fan breakers (CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4 and CB5) on the Power
Distribution Panel (PDP) to the off position in the order stated.
2. Set the Digital Shelf Power and Fan Tray Power breakers to the off position.
These breakers are located below the IOU on the Digital Shelf (bottom left).
3. Set both breakers on the TDU shelf to the off position. These breakers are
located on the AC PDA, beneath the Rectifier Shelf (bottom right).
The following figure shows the faceplate of the PDP-12.

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-4: Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disconnect the cables from the PDP

Perform the following procedure to disconnect the cables from the PDP.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Disconnect the J1-J12 cables from the front of the PDP. Remove the cables from J13
from A(5) to H(2) and from J14 from A(11) to F(8).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Refer to the cabling table for power and data cabling connections.
Power Cable (D-Sub)

Data Cable (RJ-45)

From

To

From

To

LAM 1

PDP-12 J1

LAM 1

PDP-12 J13-C(1)

LAM 2

PDP-12 J2

LAM 2

PDP-12 J13-H(2)

LAM 3

PDP-12 J3

LAM 3

PDP-12 J13-B(3)

LAM 4

PDP-12 J4

LAM 4

PDP-12 J13-F(4)

LAM 5

PDP-12 J5

LAM 5

PDP-12 J13-A(5)

LAM 6

PDP-12 J6)

LAM 6

PDP-12 J13-E(6)

LAM 7

PDP-12 J7

LAM 7

PDP-12 J14-C(7)

LAM 8

PDP-12 J8

LAM 8

PDP-12 J14-F(8)

LAM 9

PDP-12 J9

LAM 9

PDP-12 J14-B(9)

LAM 10

PDP-12 J10

LAM 10

PDP-12 J14-E(10)

LAM 11

PDP-12 J11

LAM 11

PDP-12 J14-A(11)

LAM 12

PDP-12 J12

LAM 12

PDP-12 J14-D(12)

AMP Fan Pwr

PDP-12 J16

E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-4: Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the PDP

Perform the following procedure to remove the PDP from the frame.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the (2) M4 x 12mm screws located on the front of the PDP.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the PDP from the unit.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the new PDP

Perform the following procedure to install the new PDP-12.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Insert the new PDP into the PDP slot.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Secure the PDP with two M4 x 12 mm screws. Torque to 14 in-lb (1.5 N-m).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Reconnect and secure the corresponding cables of the PDP from the table above.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Dress all cables away from the door and fan shelves to ensure the cables will not
interfere with the door or the door latch.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

System Test

Perform the following procedure to ensure that everything was performed correctly.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the breakers on the frame power supply to the on position. For base station with
integrated power and the Circuit Breaker Box located on the TDU shelf, set the
breaker for the 9218 Macro AC Power Input to the on position. For the base station
without Integrated Power (DC Power Only), set the breakers for the base station feed
to the on position, which is located on the TDU shelf in a separate power frame.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set the Digital Shelf Power and Fan Tray Power breakers to the on position. These
breakers are located below the IOU on the Digital Shelf (bottom left).

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Issue 19 June 2009

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-4: Replace the PDP-12 for 9218 Macro


cabinet

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Set all breakers (CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4, and CB5) on the PDP-12 to the on position.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Wait for the GPS receiver to indicate a GPS LOCK.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Proceed with system testing.


E...................................................................................................................................................................................................
ND OF STEPS

Securing the frame door

Perform this procedure to secure the frame door.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Make sure all cables will not interfere with the closing of the front door.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Close the front door of the Frame.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Lock the front door, if applicable.


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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Issue 19 June 2009
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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-5: Replace the EEPROM

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 16-5: Replace the EEPROM


Purpose

Perform the following procedures to replace the EEPROM on the backplane of the
digital module for the 9218/9228 Macro.
Important! Ensure the appropriate environmental protection measures are taken
before opening the front door on the cabinet.
Important! To avoid ESD damage to the frame and components contained within,
be sure to wear the ESD wrist strap stowed inside the 9218/9228 Macro before
continuing with the steps in this procedure. Make sure the ESD wrist strap is
grounded to the frame.
Important! When using the RMT, it must be the self-installed version.
Replace the EEPROM
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Remove the rear panel of the cabinet. For the indoor cabinet, use 5/16-in. nutdriver and
remove all eight bolts and lift off the rear access panel. For the outdoor cabinet, use
7/16-in. nutdriver and turn all four latches counter clock wise (approximately 1/4 turn)
and lift off rear access panel.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Locate the EEPROMs on the backplane, which are located on the upper right corner of
the backplane. See the following figure.

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-5: Replace the EEPROM

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect to the URC #1 via the Ethernet port on the IOU. Make sure the DIP switch
setting on the IOU is for URC #1. (You will need to change the DIP switch setting to
the corresponding URC for each of the four EEPROMs.)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Connect to the cell using the RMT or equivalent tool to load the data from the
EEPROMs.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Once connected to the URC, save the old EEPROM setting to a file. The settings in
this file will be loaded onto the new EEPROM.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Check if the data in the old EEPROM was saved to a file. If the data was stored
correctly, power off the digital shelf by turning off the circuit breaker on the front of
the digital shelf.

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Issue 19 June 2009
Proprietary Use pursuant to Company instruction

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-5: Replace the EEPROM

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Verify the EEPROM pin number position. Note that the dot on the EEPROM
corresponds to pin 1 on the backplane. See the following figure.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Using the ESD wrist strap, remove the four EEPROMs (Atmel part number 25640 or
ST Microelectronics part number 95640).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Install the four new EEPROMs (Atmel P/N 25256 or ST Microelectronics P/N
M95256W). Again, note that the dot on the EEPROM corresponds to pin 1 on the
backplane.

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Issue 19 June 2009

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-5: Replace the EEPROM

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

10

With the new EEPROMs installed, turn on the circuit breaker on the digital shelf.
Open a TIP window for URC #1. Set the boot configuration back for URC #1.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

11

Once the boot configuration for URC #1 is complete, connect the RMT or equivalent
tool, to load the new EEPROMs data.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

12

Load the new EEPROM with the data that was saved from the old corresponding
EEPROM.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

13

Change the DIP switch on the IOU for URC #2 and repeat the procedure.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

14

The procedure is completed when all four EEPROMs for each URC are programmed.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

15

Reinstall the rear access panel.


END OF STEPS
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Replace circuit packs

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Replace circuit packs


Replace circuit packs for 9218 Macro/9216 Compact cabinet

The following table provides information on replacement of the cell equipment. This
table also provides information on which packs can be hot-swapped and whether
they have to be re-NVMd for the 9218 Macro/9216 Compact cabinet.
Circuit
Pack

Hot
swappable

Re-NVM

Calibrate RF

CPC

Filter

TDU

TxAMP

CTU

UCR

MCR

CMU

EVM

URC

OM

Filter
Simulator

PIM

Fan Tray

Heater

TTTM

DLM

Rectifier

Y1

Controller for
Rectifier

SPM

no CLGC

CLGC

Notes:

1.

Rectifier is hot swappable if the 9222 Micro Distributed is equipped with battery backup.

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16-22

9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Replace circuit packs

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Refer to CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9216 Compact/Compact


Distributed, 9226 Compact, 9222 Micro, 9224 Sub-Compact/Sub-Compact EN,
9218/9228 Macro, 9228 Macro LP/IN, 401-703-437, for power calibrations on the
following radio cabinets:

9218/9228 Macro
9216/9226 Compact

9216 Compact Distributed

9228 Macro LP
9228 Macro IN

9224 Sub-Compact EN

9224 Sub-Compact
9222 Micro

Refer to CDMA RF Power Calibration Manual for 9218/9228 Macro HD and 9228
Macro MCPA, 401-703-438, for power calibration procedures. The RMT is needed for
all calibration.
Replace circuit packs for 9218/9228 Macro HD cabinet

The following table provides information on replacement of the cell equipment. This
table also provides information on which packs can be hot-swapped and whether
they have to be re-NVMd for the 9218/9228 Macro HD cabinet.
Circuit
Pack

Hot
swappable

Calibrate RF

CMU

CPC

CTU

EVM

Filter

LAC

N/A

MCR

OM

TDU

TxAMP

UCR

URC

no CLGC

CLGC

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Alcatel-Lucent Internal
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16-23
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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell


Before you begin

Perform this procedure to add a new URC for an IP Backhaul cell.


It is assumed that the operator has sufficient experience with the 9218/9228 Macro, T1
Concentrator, router, and MSC equip forms. Detailed explanations of the uses of these
components is outside the scope of this document. It is assumed that an operational
IPBH configuration is already present. This document does not cover the complete
configuration of the IPBH network.
Backplane (RMT)
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Load Release 25.0 GA RMT software into a laptop.


Note: It is required that the client-based RMT be loaded on a personal computer
with 2 GB of RAM (FID 14152.0).
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Use the RMT to check the cell generic of each URC.


...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Load Release 25.0 or later cell generic to the URC through the RMT.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Change the backplane version to version 4 and sub-identifiers 8 if current version in


not version 4.

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Recall TGCP and ILTP files for each IPBH URC. These files are bundled with R25.0
or higher GS RMT, under C:\Program Files|Lucent
Technologies\RMT\config\IEH\BMP\cdma2k-Voice\Modcell 4.0-URC\T1\IP Backhaul
[Record Version 4]. Pick the correct file based on CDM number.
The TGCP file names are:

TGCP = URC - CDM1-CDM5-CDM9 - IPH - T1.xml

TGCP-URC-CDM2-CDM6-CDM10-IPBH-T1.xml
TGCP-URC-CDM3-CDM7-CDM11-IPBH-T1.xml

The ILCP file names are:

ILCP-URC-CDM1-CDM5-CDM9-IPBH.xml

ILCP-URC-CDM2-CDM6-CDM10-IPBH.xml

ILCP-URC-CDM3-CDM7-CDM11-IPBH.xml

TGCP RMT example:

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note: The above example shows the URC has 4 T1s, so the Selected TGMs at
the lower right corner has 4 TGMs (T1) checked. Unchecked unused T1s to match
the T1 configuration of the cell.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Use RMT to retrieve BPSN (backplane serial number) for each URC and make sure
they are the same within the same cabinet and unique across cabinets, write down the
BPSN and pass it over to the switch tech. The switch tech will populate the BPSN on
the btseqp form.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Note: The BPSN is 03TR02006573 as shown in the middle of the screen. Do not
confuse that with the BTS Serial Number as shown in the top of the screen.
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Program Unit Type Descriptor (IEH 238-311), BTS Primary RF Path Map
(IEH-238-312) and BTS RF Test Path Map (IEH 238-313) the same way as frame
relay.

E
ND OF STEPS
....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Router changes
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configuration - an IP address of URC/MLG - static

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

The URC has a point-to-point interface with the router - Multilink Group (MLG). It is
required to have an IP address for both sides of the point-to-point interface. There are
several steps to take when adding a new MLG configuration to the router. A summary
of the steps is as follows:

Add a new unit to the AS-PIC (LSQ)


Decompose additional T1s from the channelized OC3/12 interface

Attach the new LSQ unit to the T1s which will make up the MLG

Make sure Class of Service is applied to the new unit

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configuration Add a new unit to the LSQ


Each AS-PIC is defined as an LSQ in the router. In addition the location of the AS-PIC
defines the LSQ uniquely. For instance from the below configuration lsq-0/2/0 is the
AS-PIC in chassis slot location 0/2/0.
To create a new MLG, a new unit must be assigned under the lsq. This unit provides
all the addresses associated with the MLG and additional configurational parameters
that may be assigned at the global level. The family inet configuration assigns the
router IP for the MLG (address), the OneBTS IP for the MLG(destination) and the
destination-profile which provides the address of the BHCS to the OneBTS using IPCP.
Both the router and URC MLG IP addresses need to be within the same 256 address
range due to gateway provisioning on the OneBTS.
Additional parameters under the unit are common for all MLGs and are most likely
already provisioned at the group level. The lsq-failure-options associate an OC3/12
interface with the AS-PIC for failure scenarios. This needs to be done only during the
addition of a new AS-PIC or lsq.

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


and repair

Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configuration Parameters Description:


1. Parameter Name:Encapsulation
Description:Multilink PPP
Values: On
2. Parameter Name: PFC
Description: ACFC Packet Header compression
Values: On
3. Parameter Name: Fragment Delay Threshold
Description: Maximum fragment size
Values: >UDPmux packet size, 384 bytes is acceptable
4. Parameter Name: Minimum Links
Description: Minimum links in T1 bundle
Values: 1
5. Parameter Name: IP Source address
Description: IP address for router side of Multilink group
Values: Based on IP addressing scheme

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9218/9228 Base Station Macro component replacement


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Procedure 16-6: Add new URC for IPBH cell

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

6. Parameter Name: IP Destination add


Description: IP address for OneBTS side of Multilink group
Values: Based on IP addressing scheme
7. Parameter Name: Drop Timeout
Description: Maximum time to wait for next fragment
Values: 10 msec
...................................................................................................................................................................................................

Configuration - an IP address of the BHCS


This configuration creates the destination profile for the MLG. It is common to