CONFIDENTIAL 4541/1 Chemistry Paper 1 September 2008 1 ¼ hour SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 MARA JUNIOR SCIENCE COLLEGE

CHEMISTRY Paper 1 One hour and fifteen minutes

DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO.
1. The question booklet is bilingual. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Candidates are advised to read information on the back page of the question booklet. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

2.

This question booklet has 30 printed pages

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Diagram 1 shows the inter conversion of water, steam and ice. In which conversion do H2O molecules lose speed?
Rajah 1 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan air, ais dan stim. Dalam perubahan manakah molekul H2O hilang kelajuan?

Steam
Stim

Water
Air

Ice
Ais

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

A B C D

Ice → water
Ais → air

Ice → steam
Ais → stim

Water → steam
Air → stim

Steam → ice
Stim → ais

2

Which of the following formula represents a compound containing three atoms?
Antara formula berikut, yang manakah mewakili sebatian yang mengandungi tiga atom?

A B C D 3

HNO3 H2O LiF ZnSO4

A covalent compound does not conduct electricity because
Sebatian kovalen tidak mengalirkan arus elektrik kerana

A B C D

it does not dissolve in water
ia tidak larut dalam air

it has strong covalent bonding
ia mempunyai ikatan kovalen yang kuat

particles consist of molecules
zarah terdiri daripada molekul

ions in the covalent compound are not mobile
ion-ion dalam sebatian kovalen tidak bergerak bebas

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Table 1 shows the nucleon numbers and proton numbers of atoms W, X, Y, and Z.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor nukleon dan nombor proton bagi atom-atom W, X, Y, dan Z.

W Nucleon number
Nombor nukleon

X 37 17 Table 1
Jadual 1

Y 40 18

Z 39 19

35 17

Proton number
Nombor proton

How many atom(s) represent non-metallic elements?
Berapa atomkah mewakili unsur bukan logam?

A B C D 5

1 2 3 4

Diagram 2 shows a circuit where the bulb lights up.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu litar dimana mentolnya menyala.

Bulb
Mentol

Electrodes
Elektrod

Substance G
Bahan G

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

What is substance G?
Apakah bahan G?

A B C D

A solution of ethanol in water
Larutan etanol dalam air

Aqueous sodium chloride
Natrium klorida akues

Solid sodium chloride
Pepejal natrium klorida

Liquid ethanol
Cecair etanol

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4541/1 6 In which experiment the limewater does not turn cloudy? Dalam eksperimen manakah air kapur tidak menjadi keruh? A B C D 7 Lead(II) iodide is formed when aqueous lead(II) nitrate is added to a solution containing iodide ions.. Apakah jenis tindak balas yang berlaku? A B C D Neutralisation Peneutralan Oxidation Pengoksidaan Reduction Penurunan Precipitation Pemendakan 8 A salt always . Garam sentiasa A B C D contains ions mengandungi ion dissolves in water larut dalam air forms white crystals membentuk hablur putih conducts electricity mengalirkan arus elektrik 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 4 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . What type of reaction takes place? Plumbum(II) iodida terbentuk apabila plumbum(II) nitrat akueus dicampur kepada larutan yang mengandungi ion iodida.

polimer an insulator. keras a polymer. Rangka kapalterbang. penebat melts easily. Plastik digunakan sebab ia Diagram 4 Rajah 4 A B C D hard. kereta dan kereta sorong? Aeroplane Kapalterbang Car Kereta Wheelbarrow Kereta sorong A B C D Magnalium Magnalium Brass Loyang Steel Keluli Duralumin Duralumin Steel Keluli Steel Keluli Pewter Pewter Bronze Gangsa Brass Loyang Steel Keluli Stainless steel Keluli nirkarat Solder Pateri 10 Copper wires in an electricity cable are covered in plastic as shown in diagram 4. yang manakah digunakan untuk membuat rangka kapalterbang. kereta dan kereta sorong diperbuat daripada aloi. mudah dilebur 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 5 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . car and wheelbarrow? Antara aloi berikut. Plastic is used because it is Dawai kuprum dalam kabel elektrik disalut dengan plastik seperti Rajah 4.4541/1 9 The bodies of an aeroplane. a car and a wheelbarrow are made of alloy. Diagram 3 Rajah 3 Which alloy is used in making the bodies of aeroplane.

Diagram 5 Rajah 5 What could be the reason for the observed change? Apakah sebab bagi perubahan yang diperhatikan? A B C D Manganese(IV) oxide acts as a catalyst Mangan(IV) oksida bertindak sebagai mangkin Manganese(IV) oxide reacts with the hydrogen peroxide Mangan(IV) oksida bertindak balas dengan hidrogen peroksida The hydrogen peroxide is neutralised by manganese(IV) oxide Hidrogen peroksida dineutralkan oleh mangan(IV) oksida The hydrogen peroxide becomes more concentrated Hidrogen peroksida bertambah pekat 12 Which of the following substance is found in crude oil? Antara bahan berikut yang manakah terdapat dalam minyak mentah? A B C D Ethanoic acid Asid etanoik Polythene Politena Ethanol Etanol Butane Butana 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 6 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 5 menunjukkan kesan penambahan mangan(IV) oksida kepada larutan tersebut. Larutan hidrogen peroksida membebaskan oksigen pada suhu bilik. Hydrogen peroxide → water + oxygen Hidrogen peroksida → air + oksigen Diagram 5 shows the effect of adding manganese(IV) oxide to the solution.4541/1 11 A solution of hydrogen peroxide releases oxygen slowly at room temperature.

In which test tube is the reaction fastest? 2 g marmar ditambah kepada 10 cm3 asid hidroklorik dalam empat tabung uji berlainan. Dalam tabung uji manakah menghasilkan tindak balas paling cergas? A B C 14 What are formed when glucose is fermented? Apakah yang terbentuk dalam penapaian glukosa? D A B C D Ethanol and carbon dioxide Etanol dan karbon dioksida Ethanol and oxygen Etanol dan oksigen Ethene and carbon dioxide Etena dan karbon dioksida Ethene and oxygen Etena dan oksigen 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 7 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 13 2 g of marble is added to 10 cm3 of hydrochloric acid in four different test tubes.

Apakah dua radas yang perlu digunakan? A B C D Balance and stop watch Neraca dan jam randik Balance and thermometer Neraca dan termometer Pipette and stop watch Pipet dan jam randik Pipette and thermometer Pipet dan termometer 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 8 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Pelajar mengesahkah pernyataan tersebut dengan mencampurkan isipadu yang sama bagi dua larutan dan mengukur perubahan suhu. Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji tindak balas antara logam oksida dengan karbon.4541/1 15 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set up used to study the reaction of metal oxide and carbon. A student confirms this statement by mixing equal volumes of the two solutions and measuring the temperature change. Which two pieces of apparatus should the student use? Tindak balas antara larutan P dan Q adalah eksotermik. Diagram 6 Rajah 6 Which of the following metal oxide will turn the lime water cloudy? Antara oksida logam berikut yang manakah mengeruhkan air kapur? A B C D Magnesium oxide Magnesium oksida Copper(II) oxide Kuprum(II) oksida Calcium oxide Kalsium oksida Aluminium oxide Aluminium oksida 16 The reaction between solution P and solution Q is exothermic.

Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas di mana hidrogen dilalirkan atas logam oksida yang panas. Rajah 8 menunjukkan struktur bagi ion palmitat.4541/1 17 Diagram 7 shows a set up where hydrogen is passed over a heated metal oxide. Diagram 8 Rajah 8 Which of the following statements is true? Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar? A B C D Parts R and S are soluble in water Bahagian R dan S larut dalam air Parts R and S are soluble in grease Bahagian R dan S larut dalam gris Part R is soluble in grease and part S is soluble in water Bahagian R larut dalam gris dan S larut dalam air Part R is soluble in water and part S is soluble in grease Bahagian R larut dalam air dan S larut dalam gris 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 9 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Diagram 7 Rajah 7 What happens to the hydrogen and metal oxide? Apa berlaku kepada hidrogen dan oksida logam? Hydrogen Hidrogen Metal oxide Logam oksida A B C D Oxidised Dioksidakan Oxidised Dioksidakan Reduced Diturunkan Oxidised Dioksidakan Reduced Diturunkan Reduced Diturunkan Oxidised Dioksidakan Reduced Diturunkan 18 Diagram 8 shows the structure of a palmitate ion.

4541/1 19 Diagram 9 shows an experiment in which magnesium oxide powder is added to dilute hydrochloric acid. Diagram 9 Rajah 9 Which reaction takes place in the experiment? Apakah tindak balas yang terlibat dalam eksperimen tersebut? Exothermic Eksotermik Neutralisation Peneutralan A B C D     20 What is the function of an analgesic? Apakah fungsi analgesik? A B C D To relieve pain Mengurangkan rasa sakit To treat asthma Merawat asma To destroy bacteria Menghapuskan bakteria To calm down the emotion of the patient Menenangkan emosi pesakit 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 10 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 9 menunjukkan eksperimen di mana serbuk magnesium oksida ditambah ke dalam asid hidroklorik cair.

M dan N.4541/1 21 Table 2 shows the melting point and boiling points of five compounds J. K . M and N. karbon dioksida dan air dihasilkan dan di wakili oleh persamaan berikut C3H8 + 5O2 → r CO2 + s H2O What are the values of r and s that balances the equation? Apakah nilai r dan s yang mengimbangkan persamaan tersebut? r A B C D 1 1 3 3 s 3 5 4 8 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 11 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . carbon dioxide and water are formed and is represented by the equation Apabila propana dibakar dalam oksigen berlebihan. K. L. L . Which substance exists as a liquid at room temperature? Jadual 2 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih bagi lima sebatian J . Antara bahan berikut yang manakah wujud dalam keadaan cecair pada suhu bilik? Substance Bahan J K L M N Melting point(oC) Takat lebur(0C) -160 -32 -96 42 142 Table 2 Jadual 2 Boiling point(oC) Takat didih(oC) -142 55 64 172 292 A B C D J only J sahaja J and K only J dan K sahaja K and L only K dan L sahaja M and N only M dan N sahaja 22 When propane is burned in excess oxygen.

hidrogen dan oksigen. Diagram 12 Rajah 12 How many atoms of each element are in the molecule? Berapakah bilangan atom bagi setiap unsur dalam molekul tersebut? Carbon Karbon Hydrogen Hidrogen Oxygen Oksigen A B C D 1 2 2 6 6 5 6 2 2 1 1 1 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 12 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 11 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur Diagram 11 Rajah 11 The proton number of X is Numbor proton X adalah A B C D seven less than that of Z kurang tujuh daripada Z three less than that of Z kurang tiga daripada Z one less than that of Y kurang satu daripada Y sixteen less than that of Y kurang enam belas daripada Y 24 Diagram12 shows a model of a molecule containing carbon. hydrogen and oxygen.4541/1 23 Diagram 11 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements. Rajah 12 menunjukkan model bagi satu molekul yang mengandungi karbon.

Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang sel kimia itu? A B C D T is more electropositive than N T lebih elektropositif daripada N Brown solid is deposited at N electrode Pepejal perang terenap di elektrod N Electron flows from T to N through the external circuit Elektron mengalir dari T ke N melalui litar luar The potential difference will decrease if T is replaced by any other more electropositive metal than T Beza upaya akan berkurang jika T digantikan oleh logam lain yang lebih elektropositif daripada T 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 13 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .9V . Electrode T Elektrod T Electrode N Elektrod N Copper (II) sulphate solution Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat Diagram 13 Rajah 13 Metal T acts as the positive terminal and the potential difference is 1. T dan N.4541/1 25 Diagram 13 shows a simple voltaic cell by using different electrode T and N. Which of the following statements is true? Logam T bertindak sebagai terminal positif dan beza upaya ialah 1. Rajah 13 menunjukkan sel kimia ringkas menggunakan elektrod berbeza.9 V.

Diagram 15 Rajah 15 What is ion W? Apakah ion W? A B C D 4541/1 NH4 + (aq) Al3+ (aq) NO3.4541/1 26 Diagram 14 shows the pH values of the soil in part F and part G of a palm oil plantation. Bahagian manakah yang perlu ditambah kapur dan mengapa? A B C D F because lime is acidic F sebab kapur berasid F because lime is basic F sebab kapur beralkali G because lime is acidic G sebab kapur berasid G because lime is basic G sebab kapur beralkali 27 Diagram 15 shows how ion W in a solution can be identified.(aq) SO42. and why? Pemilik ladang bercadang menggunakan kapur untuk meneutralkan sebahagian daripada ladangnya. Rajah 14 menunjukkan nilai pH bagi tanah di bahagian F dan G bagi suatu ladang kelapa sawit. Rajah 15 menunjukkan bagaimana ion W dalam larutan dapat dikenalpasti. Diagram 14 Rajah 14 The owner wishes to use lime to neutralise the soil in one part of the plantation Which part should the lime(calcium oxide) be added.(aq) 14 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL Copyright Reserved MARA .

Diagram 16 shows the structure of a small molecule. Rajah 16 menunjukkan struktur suatu molekul kecil Diagram 16 Rajah 16 Which of the following represents the structure of a polymer formed when these small molecules are linked together? Antara berikut yang manakah mewakili struktur polimer yang terbentuk apabila molekul kecil tersebut bergabung? A B C D 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 15 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Pempolimeran berlaku apabila banyak molekul kecil bergabung membentuk molekul berantai panjang (polimer).4541/1 28 Polymerization occurs when many small molecules combined to form a long chained molecule (polymer).

(C3H7COOH)? Apakah formula bagi ester yang terbentuk apabila metanol bertindak balas dengan asid butanoik. Magnesium ditambah kepada asid hidroklorik berlebihan pada suhu 25 oC. Etanol bertindak balas dengan asid etanoik membentuk etil etanoat. Magnesium is added to excess dilute hydrochloric acid at 25 oC Rajah 17 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas. Diagram 17 Rajah 17 Which of the following effects on rate and amount of product are correct when the concentration of acid and temperature are increased? Antara kesan ke atas kadar dan kuantiti hasil berikut yang manakah betul apabila kepekatan asid dan suhu ditambah? Increase concentration of acid Penambahan kepekatan asid Increase temperature Penambahan suhu Amount of product Kuantiti hasil A B C D Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah no change Tidak berubah Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Increase Bertambah Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah Decrease Berkurang Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Increase Bertambah 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 16 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 29 Ethanol reacts with ethanoic acid to form ethyl ethanoate. (C3H7COOH)? A B C D 30 C2H5COOC2H5 C3H7COOC2H5 C3H7COOCH3 CH3COOC3H7 Diagram 17 shows set up of apparatus to study the rate of reaction. C2H5OH + CH3COOH → CH3COOC2H5 + H2O What is the formula of the ester formed when methanol reacts with butanoic acid.

4541/1 31 Diagram 18 shows oxidation process of ethanol. Rajah 18 menunjukkan proses pengoksidaan etanol Water out Air keluar Water in Air masuk Ethanol with acidified potassium dichromate Air Campuran etanol dan kalium dikromat berasid Heat Haba Diagram 18 Rajah 18 What can be observed after being heated for 5 minutes? Apakah yang dapat diperhatikan selepas 5 minit dipanaskan? A B C D No colour change Tiada perubahan warna All of the ethanol vapourises and the flask becomes dry Semua etanol meruap dan kelalang kering The colour of mixture changes from orange to green Warna larutan campuran bertukar dari jingga ke hijau The mixture in the flask separated into two layers. lapisan bawah berwarna hijau 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 17 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Lapisan atas berwarna kuning. The upper layer is yellow while the lower layer is green Campuran dalam kelalang membentuk dua lapisan.

Apabila mengores mancis. Rajah 20 menunjukkan sebatang mancis. a chemical reaction is initiated. Rajah 19 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji pengaratan besi Diagram 19 Rajah 19 In which test-tubes will the iron rust? Dalam tabung uji manakah besi mengalami pengaratan? A B C D 33 I only I sahaja II only II sahaja I and III only I dan III sahaja II and III only II dan III sahaja Diagram 20 shows a match. Diagram 20 Rajah 20 Which statements about the chemical reaction are correct? Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar mengenai tindak balas di atas? A B C D Reaction is endothermic because energy is used to strike the match Tindak balas adalah endotermik sebab tenaga digunakan untuk mengores mancis Reaction is endothermic because energy is given out as the match burns Tindak balas adalah endotermik sebab tenaga dibebaskan apabila mancis terbakar Reaction is exothermic because energy is used to strike the match Tindak balas adalah eksotermik sebab tenaga digunakan untuk mengores mancis Reaction is exothermic because energy is given out as the match burns Tindak balas adalah eksotermik sebab tenaga dibebaskan apabila mancis terbakar 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 18 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 32 Diagram 19 shows the apparatus set up used to investigate the rusting of iron. satu tindak balas akan dimulakan. By striking the match.

Diagram 21 Rajah 21 What are the next steps to obtain samples of the solid salts? Apakah langkah seterusnya untuk mendapatkan garam dalam bentuk pepejal? Barium chloride Barium klorida Barium sulphate Barium sulfat A B C D Crystallisation Penghabluran Crystallisation Penghabluran Crystallisation Penghabluran Filtration Penurasan Filtration Penurasan Crystallisation Penghabluran Filtration Penurasan Filtration Penurasan 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 19 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . In each experiment. asid dititis ke dalam kelalang kon sehingga larutan mencapai pH 7. Dalam setiap eksperimen. the acid is run into the conical flask until the resulting liquid has pH7.4541/1 34 Diagram 21 shows apparatus set up used to prepare barium chloride and barium sulphate. Rajah 21 menunjukkan dua susunan radas untuk menghasilkan barium klorida dan barium sulfat.

+ 8 H+ → 5 Fe3+ + Mn2+ + 4 H2O What can be deduced from the equation? Apakah yang dapat disimpulkan daripada persamaan ini? I II III IV A B C D The oxidation state of manganese changes from +7 into +2 Nombor pengoksidaan mangan berubah dari +7 kepada +2 The oxidation state of hydrogen changes from +1 into 0 Nombor pengoksidaan hidrogen berubah dari +1 kepada 0 The greenish colour of iron(II) ions solution turns to colourless Warna hijau ion ferum(II) bertukar kepada tidak berwarna Electrons transfer from iron(II) ions to manganate(VII) ions Pemindahan elektron dari larutan ion ferum(II) kepada ion manganat(VII) I and III only I dan III sahaja I and IV only I dan IV sahaja I. one molecule of an organic compound needs six molecules of oxygen. II and III only I. Apakah formula bagi sebatian tersebut? A B C D 36 C2 H4 C2 H6 C4 H8 C H3OH Redox reaction between iron(II) ion and manganate(VII) ion is represented by the equation: Tindak balas redoks antara ion ferum(II) dan ion manganat(VII) diwakili oleh persamaan: 5 Fe2+ + MnO4. What could the formula of this compound be? Untuk pembakaran lengkap. III dan IV 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 20 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 35 For complete combustion. satu molekul sebatian organik memerlukan enam molekul oksigen. II dan III sahaja I. II. III and IV I. II.

Q and R? Apakah nilai yang betul bagi P.4541/1 37 Table 3 describes the structures of four particles. Particle Zarah Number of protons Bilangan proton Number of neutrons Bilangan neutron Number of electrons Bilangan elektron O O 2Na Na+ 8 8 11 11 Table 3 Jadual 3 8 8 Q 12 8 P 11 R What are the correct values of P. Q dan R? P A B C D 9 9 10 10 Q 11 11 12 12 R 10 11 10 11 38 L and M are diatomic elements. L is less reactive than M. Jadual 3 menunjukkan struktur bagi empat zarah. Antara berikut yang manakah merupakan unsur L dan M? L A B C D Bromine Bromin M Iodine Iodin Iodine Iodin Bromine Bromin Sodium Natrium Potassium Kalium Potassium Kalium Sodium Natrium 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 21 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Which of the following elements are L and M? L dan M adalah unsur-unsur dwiatom.

0 mol NH4Cl 1. Which of the following ammonium salt can produce the greatest volume of ammonia gas? Pemanasan garam ammonium dengan natrium hidroksida menghasilkan gas ammonia. Antara garam ammonium berikut yang manakah akan menghasilkan isipadu gas ammonia tertinggi? A B C D 0. Jadual 4 menunjukkan maklumat mengenai kebolehan empat bahan untuk mengalirkan elektrik. Substance Bahan Electrical conductivity Kekonduksian elektrik R T U W Does not conduct under any conditions Tidak mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam semua keadaan Conducts only in aqueous solution Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan berair sahaja Conducts in molten and solid state Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan pepejal Conducts in molten state and aqueous solution Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan larutan berair Table 4 Jadual 4 What could these four substances be? Apakah keempat-empat bahan ini? R A B C D 40 Pb S S S T HCl HCl HCl NaCl U NaCl NaCl Pb HCl W S Pb NaCl Pb Heating ammonium salts with sodium hydroxide will produce ammonia gas.5 mol (NH4)2SO4 1.4541/1 39 Table 4 gives information about the ability of four substances to conduct electricity.5 mol (NH4)3PO4 0.0 mol NH4NO3 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 22 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

Diagram 22 Rajah 22 Which of the following diagrams shows the correct completion at X after the solution has been electrolysed for some time? Antara rajah berikut yang manakah merupakan pelengkap yang betul di X selepas elektrolisis dijalankan beberapa ketika? A B C D 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 23 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 22 menunjukkan susunan radas yang tidak lengkap.4541/1 41 Diagram 22 shows an incomplete apparatus set up.

At which electrode is metal deposited? Rajah 23 menunjukkan satu litar elektrolisis menggunakan elektrod lengai. Asid hidroklorik cair ditindak balaskan dengan pita magnesium dan isipadu gas hidrogen terbebas diukur bagi 80 saat pertama. What was the average rate of production of hydrogen? Apakah kadar purata bagi pembebasan hidrogen? A B C D 0.0 cm3/ s 40.5 cm3/ s 4.4 cm3/ s 2.4541/1 42 Diagram 23 shows an electrolytic circuit using inert electrodes.0 cm3/ s 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 24 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Pada elektrod manakah logam terenap? Molten lead(II) bromide Plumbum(II) bromida lebur Aqueous sodium chloride Natrium klorida akueus Diagram 23 Rajah 23 Heat Panaskan 43 Dilute hydrochloric acid was reacted with magnesium ribbon and the volume of hydrogen gas evolved was measured for the first 80 s.

Compound J Sebatian J Excess HNO3 HNO3 berlebihan Gas + Colourless solution Larutan tanpa warna Excess NaOH NaOH berlebihan White precipitate in excess NaOH Mendakan putih dalam NaOH berlebihan Diagram 24 Rajah 24 What could compound J be? Apakah sebatian J? A B C D Aluminium carbonate Aluminium karbonat Magnesium carbonate Magnesium karbonat Copper(II) carbonate Kuprum(II) karbonat Zinc carbonate Zink karbonat 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 25 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 24 menunjukkan beberapa tindak balas bagi sebatian J.4541/1 44 Diagram 24 shows some reactions of a compound J.

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Calcium carbonate reacts with excess hydrochloric acid at room temperature and is represented by the equation
Kalsium karbonat bertindak balas dengan asid hidroklorik berlebihan pada suhu bilik dan diwakili oleh persamaan.

CaCO3 + 2HCl Two experiments were carried out.
Dua eksperimen telah dijalankan.

→ CaCl2 + H2O + CO2

Experiment I: 10 g of calcium carbonate in large lumps.
Eksperimen I: 10 g ketulan kalsium karbonat

Experiment II: 5 g of calcium carbonate as a fine powder.
Eksperimen II: 5g serbuk kalsium karbonat

Which of the following graph of volume of gas against time is correct?
Antara graf isipadu gas melawan masa berikut yang manakah benar?

A

B

C

D

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Ethene reacts with steam in the presence of a suitable catalyst. What is the structural formula of the compound formed?
Etena akan bertindak balas dengan stim dalam kehadiran mangkin yang sesuai. Apakah formula struktur bagi sebatian yang terbentuk?

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Powdered carbon and copper are separately heated as shown in Diagram 25.
Serbuk karbon dan kuprum dipanaskan secara berasingan seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 25.

Diagram 25
Rajah 25

What are the changes in the masses of the powder?
Apakah perubahan jisim bagi kedua-dua serbuk?

Carbon
Karbon

Copper
Kuprum

A B C D

Decrease
Berkurangan

Decrease
Berkurangan

Decrease
Berkurangan

Increase
Bertambah

Increase
Bertambah

Decrease
Berkurangan

Increase
Bertambah

Increase
Bertambah

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Table 5 shows the result of three experiments involving halogen displacement.
Jadual 5 menunjukkan keputusan bagi tiga eksperimen penyesaran halogen.

Halide solution Experiment
Eksperimen

Halogen added
Halogen ditambah

Larutan halida

XNo reaction
Tiada perubahan

YY2 produced
Y2 dihasilkan

ZZ2 produced
Z2 dihasilkan

I II III

X2 Y2 Z2

Y2 produced
Y2 dihasilkan

No reaction
Tiada perubahan

No reaction
Tiada perubahan

-

Table 5
Jadual 5

What are halogens X, Y and Z?
Apakah halogen X, Y dan Z?

X A B C D 49 Br Br Cl Cl

Y Cl I I Br

Z I Cl Br I

The thermochemical equation represents the displacement of iron.
Persamaan termokimia mewakili tindak balas penyesaran ferum.

Mg(s) + Fe2+ (aq) → Mg2+ (aq) + Fe(s) Which of the following statements are true?
Manakah antara berikut benar?

= -189 kJ mol

1

I II III IV A B C D

Magnesium is oxidized
Magnesium dioksidakan

Reaction is exothermic
Tindak balas adalah eksotermik

The temperature decreases
Suhu berkurangan

The heat released by reacting 0.2 mole of ferum(II) ions is 37.8 kJ
Haba yang dibebaskan semasa 0.2 mol ion ferum(II) bertindak balas ialah 37.8 kJ mol -1.

I and II only
I dan II sahaja

II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

III and IV only
III dan IV sahaja

I, II and IV only
I,II dan IV sahaja

4541/1

Copyright Reserved MARA

28

[See next page CONFIDENTIAL

1 g zink oksida 2.1 g zinc oxide 7.4 dm3 gas oksigen 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 29 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . molar mass ZnO = 81 gmol-1 dan 1 mol gas menempati isipadu sebanyak 24 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik] A B C D 4. ia akan terurai mengikut persamaan 2 Zn(NO3)2 → 2 ZnO + 4 NO2 + O2 Which of the following will be produced when 18.9 g of zinc nitrate is heated? [Molar mass Zn(NO3)2 = 189 gmol-1 . molar mass zinc oxide = 81 gmol-1 and 1 mol of gas occupies a volume of 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure] Antara berikut yang manakah akan terhasil jika 18.04 mol of oxygen gas 0.8 dm3 nitrogen dioxide gas 4.8 dm3 gas nitrogen dioksida 0.9 g zink nitrat dipanaskan? [Jisim molar: Zn(NO3)2 =189 gmol-1 .04 mol of gas oksigen 7. it decomposes according to the equation Apabila zink nitrat di panaskan dengan kuat.4 dm3 oxygen gas 2.4541/1 50 When zinc nitrate is heated strongly.

6. 5. iaitu A. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan. 3. B. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram. Blacken your answer on the objective answer sheet provided. C dan D. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. Bagi setiap soalan. If you wish to change your answer. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated. 4. Answer all questions. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. Then blacken the new answer. Hitamkan jawapan anda pada kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan. Tiap-tiap soalan di ikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan. For each question. 2. C and D. B. erase the blackened mark that you have made. pilih satu jawapan sahaja. This question paper consists of 50 questions. choose one answer only. 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 30 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.4541/1 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. Jawab semua soalan Each question is followed by four alternative answers A.

Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini ... Index Number: ….. Kod Pemeriksa Section Question Full mark Marks 1 2 3 A 4 5 6 7 B 8 9 C 10 TOTAL 9 9 10 10 11 11 20 20 20 20 2. ..4541/2 Chemistry Paper 2 Sept 2008 2 ½ hour Name : ……………………………………. Candidate is required to read the information at the back page of the question booklet.. 3. SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 MARA Junior Science College CHEMISTRY Paper 2 Two hours and thirty minutes DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO 1. This booklet contains 32 printed pages.……………………. Write your name and index number in the spaces provided. Tuliskan nama dan angka giliran anda pada ruang yang disediakan. The question booklet is bilingual Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.

4541/2 For Examiner’s Use Section A Bahagian A [60 marks] [60 markah] Answer all questions in this section. …………………………………………………………………….1 (a) 1(a)(i) i) (i) State one error in Diagram 1. 1 Diagram 1. Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini..1.1 Nyatakan satu kesilapan di dalam Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas yung digunakan untuk menentukan takat lebur bahan M...1 Rajah 1. Rajah 1.. [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(a)(ii) (ii) Why water bath is used to heat the substance M? Mengapakah kukus air digunakan untuk memanaskan bahan M? …………………………………………………………………….1 shows the set up of the apparatus used in an experiment to determine the melting point of a substance M. [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 2 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Diagram 1.

……………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(b)(ii) (iii) Compare kinetic energy of particles at points E and F Bandingkan tenaga egativ zarah-zarah pada titik E dan F. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) State the physical state of substance M at point F...2 shows a graph of temperature against time when solid of substance M is heated. For Examiner’s Use Diagram 1.4541/2 (b) Diagram 1. …………………………………………………………………….2 (i) What is the melting point of substance M? Berapakah takat lebur bahan M? 1(b)(i) ……………………………………………………………………. Rajah 1. Nyatakan keadaan fizikal bahan M pada titik F....2 Rajah 1. [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(b)(iii) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 3 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .2 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa apabila pepejal bahan M dipanaskan..

. Nyatakan formula molekul bahan M. …………………………………………………………………….3 (i) 1(c)(i) What is meant by molecular formula? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula molekul? ……………………………………………………………………. Rajah 1. [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(c)(ii) (ii) State the molecular formula of substance M. [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 4 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .. ……………………………………………………………………. 1(b)(iv) 60oC 90oC [2 marks] [2 markah] (c) Diagram 1. Diagram 1.3 Rajah 1.3 shows the structural formula of substance M..3 menunjukkan formula struktur bahan M.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (iv) Draw the arrangement of particles of substance M at 60oC and 90oC.. Lukiskan susunan zarah-zarah bahan M pada suhu 60OC dan 90OC...

Bagi tindak balas Sel I. Sel II [2 marks] [2 markah] (c) For the reaction that occurs in Cell II: Bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di Sel II: (i) What is the function of the porous pot? Apakah fungsi pasu berliang? 2(c)(i) ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 5 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .……………………………………………………………………. Nyatakan satu pemerhatian 2(a) . Nyatakan perubahan tenaga .. [2 marks] [2 markah] (b) Identify the negative terminal of Kenalpasti terminal negatif di Cell I : …………………………………………………………………….... (i) State the energy change. For Examiner’s Use Cell I Sel I Cell II Sel II Diagram 2 Rajah 2 (a) For the reaction in Cell I.…………………………………………………………………….4541/2 2 Diagram 2 shows the set up of apparatus of two types of cells. (ii) State one observation.. Sel I 2(b) Cell II : ……………………………………………………………………. Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas dua jenis sel..

[1 mark] [1 markah] (d) Zinc electrode and zinc sulphate solution in Cell II are replaced by iron electrode and iron (II) sulphate solution. Elektrod zink dan larutan zink sulfat dalam sel II digantikan dengan elektrod ferum dan larutan ferum (II ) sulfat. Nyatakan satu pemerhatian.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (ii) 2(c)(ii) State one observation. 2(d) ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 6 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Explain your answer.. Terangkan jawapan anda. ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 2(c)(iii) (iii) Write the overall ionic equation Tulis persamaan ion keseluruhan ……………………………………………………………………... State the changes to the voltmeter reading. Nyatakan perubahan kepada bacaan voltmeter.

For Examiner’s Use Heat Step II Step 1 Step IV Heat Step III Diagram 3 Rajah 3 (a) What is meant by salt? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan garam? ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 3(a) (b) (i) Draw the diagram for step II in the box provided. Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk penyediaan zink sulfat daripada zink karbonat dengan suatu asid. Lukis gambar rajah untuk langkah II di dalam kotak yang disediakan.4541/2 3 Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set-up for the preparation of zinc sulphate from zinc carbonate and an acid. 3(b)(i) [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) What is the purpose of carrying out step II? Apakah tujuan melakukan langkah II? 3(b)(ii) ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 7 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

3(c)(i) ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) 3(c)(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction. Zinc sulphate Zink sulfat + X X sulphate + zinc X sulfat + zink 3(d)(i) (i) Suggest a name for metal X. Carta menunjukkan tindak balas antara zink sulfat dengan logam X. Tuliskan persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas tersebut.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (c) (i) Name the acid used. Cadangkan nama untuk logam X. Namakan asid yang digunakan. ……………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] (d) The chart shows the reaction of zinc sulphate and metal X. ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) 3(d)(ii) What is observed when aqueous ammonia is added in excess to zinc sulphate solution? Apakah yang diperhatikan apabila ammonia akueus ditambah kepada larutan zink sulfat sehingga berlebihan? ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 8 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

Cuka adalah larutan asid etanoik. 4(b) ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (c) (i) Complete Table 4 by calculating the volume of sodium hydroxide solution used in each titration Lengkapkan Jadual 4 dengan menghitung isipadu larutan natrium hidroksida yang digunakan dalam setiap pentitratan. For Examiner’s Use The following equation represents the reaction: Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas tersebut: CH3COOH + NaOH CH3COONa + H2O Titration I Penitratan I Titration II Penitratan II Titration III Penitratan III Initial burette reading / cm3 Bacaan awal buret 0. What is meant by weak acid? Asid etanoik adalah asid lemah.00 0. Apakah dimaksudkan dengan asid lemah.10 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution using phenolphthalein as an indicator.00 23. Nyatakan perubahan warna fenolftalein pada takat akhir. 4(c)(i) [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 9 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Kepekatan asid etanoik dalam cuka ditentukan melalui pentitratan dengan 0.40 47.00 23. The concentration of ethanoic acid in the vinegar was determined by titrating the vinegar with 0.4541/2 4 Vinegar is aqueous ethanoic acid.10 mol dm -3 larutan natrium hidroksida dengan menggunakan fenoftalein sebagai penunjuk. ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4(a) (b) State the colour change of phenolphthalein at the end point.40 23. The result of the experiment is shown in Table 4. Keputusan eksperimen di tunjukkan dalam Jadual 4.50 Final burette reading / cm3 Bacaan akhir buret Volume of NaOH used / cm3 Isipadu NaOH digunakan Table 4 Jadual 4 (a) Ethanoic acid is a weak acid.

Hitung isipadu purata larutan natrium hidroksida 0.10 mol dm-3 yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan 25.0 cm3 of vinegar. Hitung bilangan mol natrium hidroksida yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan 25.. 4(d)(i) [1mark] [1 markah] (ii) Calculate the concentration of ethanoic acid in the vinegar.00 cm3 of vinegar.00 cm3 cuka.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (ii) Calculate the average volume of 0.00 cm3 cuka. Hitung kepekatan asid etanoik dalam cuka. 4(d)(ii) [3 marks] [3 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 10 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .10 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide solution used to neutralize 25. 4(c)(ii) [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) (i) Calculate the number of moles of sodium hydroxide used to neutralize 25.

For Examiner’s Use ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4(e) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 11 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .10 mol dm-3 of barium hydroxide to replace sodium hydroxide. Explain your answer.00 cm3 cuka. Ramalkan isipadu larutan barium hidroksida yang diperlukan untuk menutralkan 25.4541/2 (e) The experiment is repeated using 0. Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan larutan barium hidroksida 0.00 cm3 of vinegar. Predict the volume of barium hydroxide solution required to neutralize 25.10 mol dm-3 menggantikan larutan natrium hidroksida. Terangkan jawapan anda..

50 17.00 30.00 30. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (c) Plot a graph of the volume of oxygen gas against time on page 13. The total volume of oxygen gas liberated is measured at 30 seconds intervals.50 23.00 Table 5 Jadual 5 5(a) (a) What is the function of manganese(IV) oxide? Apakah fungsi mangan(IV) oksida? ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (b) 5(b) Write a balanced chemical equation for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Tulis persamaan kimia seimbang bagi penguraian hidrogen peroksida. Plotkan graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa pada muka surat 13. [3 marks] [3 markah] (d) 5(d) How long does it take for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to be completed? Berapa lamakah masa yang diambil untuk penguraian lengkap hidrogen peroksida? ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 12 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Table 5 shows the result of the experiment.0 g of manganese(IV) oxide powder. 50.00 28.0g serbuk mangan(IV) oksida.00 26. Dalam satu eksperimen. 50.0 cm3 larutan hydrogen peroksida di campurkan dengan 1. Jadual 5 menunjukkan keputusan ekperimen.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use 5 In an experiment.00 12. Time (s) Masa (s) 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 Volume of oxygen (cm3) Isipadu oksigen (cm3) 00. Jumlah isipadu gas oksigen yang dibebaskan diukur setiap 30 saat.0 cm3 of hydrogen peroxide solution is mixed with 1.

4541/2 Graph of the volume of oxygen gas against time Graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa 5(c) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 13 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan 2. Tindak balas berhenti pada 120 saat.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (e) From the graph obtained in (c). calculate: Daripada graf yang diperolehi dalam (c). Explain. Terangkan. hitungkan . (i) the instantaneous rate of reaction at 30th second. ……………………………………………………………………………… 5(f) ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 14 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .0 g mangan(IV) oksida. kadar tindak balas pada saat ke 30 5(e)(i) [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) the average rate of reaction for the first 90 seconds kadar tindak balas purata untuk 90 minit pertama 5(e)(ii) (f) [1 mark] [1 markah] The experiment is repeated using 2.0 g of manganese(IV) oxide. The reaction stops at 120 seconds.

campuran dikacau dan suhu tertinggi larutan direkodkan. The initial temperature of the solution is recorded..0 Maximum temperature / oC Suhu tertinggi Jadual 6 Table 6 (a) Give one suggestion on how the above apparatus can be improved to get a better result. 50 cm3 larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 0.2 mol dm-3 dimasukkan ke dalam sebuah cawan polistirena. For Examiner’s Use Diagram 6 Rajah 6 50 cm3 of 0. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 6(a) 15 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .0 33.4541/2 6 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set-up to determine the heat of displacement of copper from its salt solution by lead powder. Suhu awal larutan direkodkan. Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan haba penyesaran kuprum daripada larutan garamnya oleh serbuk plumbum. Table 6 shows the result of the experiment. Excess lead powder is added into the copper(II) sulphate solution. stirred and the maximum temperature is recorded. Jadual 6 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen Initial temperature / oC Suhu awal 28. Serbuk plumbum berlebihan ditambah ke dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat. Berikan satu cadangan bagaimana radas di atas dapat diperbaiki untuk mendapatkan keputusan yang lebih baik.2 mol dm-3 copper(II) sulphate is poured into a polystyrene cup.

6(d)(i) [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Calculate the amount of heat released in the experiment.. Hitung bilangan mol ion kuprum(II) yang disesarkan..0 g cm 3 dan muatan haba tentu larutan air = 4. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) (i) Calculate the number of moles of copper(II) ions reacted.2 J g-1oC-1] Hitung jumlah haba yang dibebaskan dalam eksperimen. [ Ketumpatan larutan = 1. Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas tersebut.For Examiner’s Use 4541/2 (b) What is meant by the heat of displacement of copper by lead? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan haba penyesaran kuprum oleh plumbum? 6(b) ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 6(c) (c) Write the ionic equation for the reaction.2J g-1 oC-1] 6(d)(ii) [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 16 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .. [Density of solution = 1.0 g cm-3 and specific heat capacity of water = 4.

For Examiner’s Use [1 mark] [1 markah] 6(d)(iii) (e) Draw the energy level diagram for the reaction. 6(e) [2 marks] [2 markah] (f) What happens to the temperature change if lead powder is replaced by magnesium powder? Explain. Hitung haba penyesaran bagi kuprum oleh plumbum. ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [3 marks] [3 markah] 6(f) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 17 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/2 (iii) Calculate the heat of displacement of copper by lead. Apakah berlaku kepada perubahan suhu jika serbuk plumbum digantikan dengan serbuk magnesium? Terangkan. Lukis gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas.

2 menunjukkan tindak balas antara kalium dengan air.2 Rajah 7.2 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 18 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .1 Which group does these elements belongs to? Explain why chlorine is more reactive than iodine. The experiment is repeated using sodium to replace potassium.1 shows the position of chlorine and iodine in the Periodic Table of Elements.1 Diagram 7.1 Rajah 7.. Eksperimen di ulangi menggunakan natrium menggantikan kalium.1 menunjukkan kedudukan klorin dan iodin di dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur. Rajah 7.2 shows the reaction between potassium with water. Dalam kumpulan manakah unsur ini terletak? Terangkan mengapa klorin lebih reaktif berbanding iodin? [4 marks] [4 markah] (b) Diagram 7. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini.1 Rajah 7. 7 (a) Diagram 7. Cl I Diagram 7. Observations are recorded in Table 7.4541/2 Section B Bahagian B [20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section. Permerhatian dicatatkan di dalam jadual 7.

1 Jadual 7. Berdasarkan nombor proton. Colourless solution is formed and changed red litmus paper blue. Colourless solution formed and changed red litmus paper blue. Terangkan secara ringkas mengapa larutan yang diperolehi menukarkan kertas litmus merah kepada biru. [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 19 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Bergerak cergas di permukaan air dengan bunyi ‘hiss’. [2 marks] [2 markah] (iii) Describe briefly why the solutions obtained in both reactions turns red litmus paper blue. Tulis persamaan kima seimbang untuk tindak balas kalium dan air. explain why both elements show similar chemical properties. Bergerak sangat cergas di permukaan air.4541/2 Element Unsur Proton number Nombor proton Observation Pemerhatian Potassium Kalium 19 Metal moves very vigorously on the surface of water. Larutan tanpa warna yang terhasil menukarkan warna kertaslitmus merah kepada biru Sodium Natrium 11 Metal moves vigorously on the surface of water with a „hissing‟ sound. [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction between potassium and water.1 (i) Based on the proton number. Larutan tanpa warna terbentuk menukarkan kertas litmus merah kepada biru Table 7. terangkan mengapa kedua-dua unsur menunjukkan sifat kimia yang sama.

4541/2 (c) Table 7. Element Unsur Proton Number Bilangan proton C Na O Table 7. C bertindak balas dengan O membentuk sebatian Q.2 6 11 8 Explain how bonds are formed when: Terangkan bagaimana ikatan terbentuk apabila : (i) (ii) Na reacts with O to form a compound P. Jadual 7. [10 marks] [10 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 20 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Your answer must include diagrams showing the electron arrangement of compounds P and Q.2 menunjukkan bilangan proton bagi empat unsur. C reacts with O to form a compound Q.2 Jadual 7. Na bertindak balas dengan O membentuk sebatian P..2 shows the proton number of four elements. Jawapan anda mesti termasuk gambar rajah yang menunjukkan susunan electron bagi sebatian P dan Q.

0 mol dm-3 of aqueous sulphuric acid solution. H H │ │ C = C │ │ H Cl Diagram 8 Rajah 8 (i) Vinyl chloride can undergo polymerization. [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) Discuss the following statement: Bincang kenyataan berikut: The usage of synthetic polymer causes environmental pollution. [Jisim molekul relatif ammonium sulfat = 132 g mol-1] [3 marks] [3 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 21 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . [Molar mass of ammonium sulphate = 132 g mol-1] Hitung jisim ammonium sulfat dihasilkan apabila gas ammonia berlebihan dialirkan ke dalam 100 cm3 asid sulfurik 2.4541/2 8 (a) Diagram 8 shows the structural formula of chloroethene or vinyl chloride. Vinil klorida boleh mengalami pempolimeran. 2NH3 + H2SO4 → (NH4)2 SO4 Calculate the mass of ammonium sulphate produced when an excess ammonia gas is passed into 100 cm3 of 2. Suggest a name for the polymer formed and write a chemical equation for the reaction. Kegunaan polimer sintetik menyebabkan pencemaran alam sekitar [3 marks] [3 markah] (b) Ammonia and sulphuric acid are two important chemicals produced in chemical industries.0 mol dm-3. Ammonia dan asid sulfurik adalah dua bahan kimia penting dihasilkan oleh industri kimia. Cadangkan satu nama bagi polimer terbentuk dan tulis persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas tersebut. Rajah 8 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi kloroetena atau vinil klorida. Gas ammonia bertindak balas dengan asid sulfurik membentuk baja bernitrogen seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh persamaan. Ammonia gas reacts with aqueous sulphuric acid to form a nitrogenous fertilizer as shown in the equation.

[3 marks] [3 markah] (f) The structural formula of aspirin is shown below. Patients are advised to finish the whole course of antibiotic prescribed even though he/she has recovered from the sickness. Pesakit dinasihatkan untuk menghabiskan ubat tersebut walaupun penyakitnya sudah sembuh. Explain how the difference in the composition contributes to the difference in properties of aluminium and duralumin. Terangkan. [5 marks] [5 markah] (d) The equation below shows the ionization of a sodium soap molecule in water. Terangkan mengapa aspirin tidak digalakkan kepada pesakit yang mengalami penyakit gastrik. Soap becomes less effective when the cleaning is carried out in acidic water.4541/2 (c) “Pure aluminium rod is malleable while duralumin which is made of 95% aluminium and 5% copper is not”. [2 marks] [2 markah] (e) Amphicillin is an antibiotic. Explain why aspirin is not advisable to be prescribed to patient with gastric problem. Explain. Formula struktur aspirin ditunjukkan di bawah. Terangkan. Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan pengionan molekul sabun natrium di dalam air. “Rod aluminium tulen mudah dibengkokkan tetapi duralumin yang dibuat daripada 95% aluminium dan 5% kuprum sukar dibengkokkan” Terangkan bagaimana perbezaan komposisi membezakan sifat aluminium dan duralumin. Explain. Ampisilin adalah antibiotik. [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 22 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Sabun menjadi kurang berkesan apabila pencucian menggunakan air berasid.

Stanum digunakan untuk menyadur tin makanan dalam industri. Explain why food in a dented can should not be consumed.1 Rajah 9.1 Compare and contrast Cell I and Cell II. Jawapan anda mesti mengandungi pemerhatian dan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di kedua-dua elektrod . Rajah 9 menunjukkan dua sel elektrolisis menggunakan elektrod berbeza. Terangkan mengapa makanan dalam tin yang kemek tidak boleh dimakan.daripada bahagian ini. [6 marks] [6 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 23 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Cell I Sel 1 Cell II Sel II Diagram 9. 9 (a) Tin (stanum) is used to electroplate food can in industries. Bandingbezakan Sel I dan Sel II.4541/2 Section C Bahagian C [20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section Jawab mana-mana satu soalan. Your answer should include observation and half equation for the reaction at both electrodes. [4 marks] [4 markah] (b) Diagram 9 shows two electrolytic cells using different electrodes.

include Penerangan anda mestilah mengandungi Procedure Prosedur Confirmatory test Ujian pengesahan Explanation on oxidation and reduction processes Penerangan tentang proses pengoksidaan dan penurunan Ionic equation Persamaan ion [10 marks] [10 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 24 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . KI adalah tindak balas redoks (c) Based on the above statement. describe an experiment to verify the reaction that occured is a redox reaction. In your description.4541/2 The displacement of iodine. KI solution is a redox reaction Penyesaran iodin.I2 daripada larutan kalium iodida. huraikan satu eksperimen untuk membuktikan tindak balas yang berlaku merupakan tindak balas redoks. Berdasarkan kenyataan di atas. I2 from potassium iodide.

C2H5OH. H.1 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA Diagram 10.12.1. Namakan dan lukis formula struktur ester tersebut membentuk [2 marks] [2 markah] (b) Natural rubber is obtained from rubber tree as shown in Diagram 10.16.2 mol dm-3 methanoic acid is reacted with 5 g magnesium.1. Asid ini bertindak balas dengan magnesium mengikut persamaan berikut: 2 HCOOH + Mg → (HCOO)2Mg + H2 [Relative Atomic Mass: C=12. Compare the following properties between natural rubber and vulcanized rubber  Elasticity  Heat resistance Explain the differences Getah asli diperolehi dari pokok getah seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 10. Tayar kapalterbang seperti dalam Rajah 10.2 are produced by vulcanizing the natural rubber.2 mol dm-3 bertindak balas dengan 5 g serbuk magnesium.4541/2 10 (a) Methanoic acid is used in rubber industries to coagulate latex. [5 marks] [5 markah] Diagram 10. H=1. Bandingkan sifat berikut antara getah asli dan getah tervulkan. Apabila asid metanoik bertindak balas dengan etanol. Name the substance and draw the structural formula. O=16.1. molar volume of gas at room temperature and pressure is 24 dm3 mol-1 ] [Jisim atom relatif: C.2 dihasilkan melalui penvukanan getah asli. Kekenyalan Tahan haba Terangkan perbezaan tersebut. [3 marks] [3 markah] (ii) A sweet smelling substance is formed when methanoic acid is reacted with ethanol. Aeroplane tyres as shown in Diagram 10. Hitung isipadu maksima gas hidrogen yang terbebas jika 50 cm3 asid metanoik 0. O. isipadu molar sebarang gas pada suhu dan tekanan bilik adalah 24 dm3 mol-1] (i) Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen gas released if 50 cm3 of 0. It reacts with magnesium according to the following equation: Asid metanoik digunakan dalam industri getah untuk membekukan lateks. C2H5OH ester.2 25 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

Your answer should include: Jawapan anda mesti mengandungi: Procedure Prosedur Equation Persamaan Confirmation of product Pengesahan hasil [10 marks] [10 markah] END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 26 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menjalankan proses pendehidratan bagi satu alkohol yang dinamakan.4541/2 (c) Alcohol can undergo dehydration process as follows: Alkohol boleh mengalami proses pendehidratan seperti berikut: Alcohol Alkohol Hydrocarbon Hidrokarbon Describe a laboratory experiment to carry out the dehydration of a named alcohol.

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graphs and other suitable methods to explain your answer. 5. 7. Show your working. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated. Write your answers for Section B and Section C on the lined pages at the end of the question paper. 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 32 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Answer questions in Section B and Section C in detail. If you wish to cancel any answer. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets. diagrams. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A. 10. Anda boleh menggunakan persamaan. bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam 8. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan. graf dan cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda. The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes. Section B and Section C. neatly cross out the answer. jadual. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian A dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan. it may help you to get marks.. Answer all questions in Section A. Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan. Bahagian B dan Bahagian C. Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A. Jawap satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian C. Tunjukkan kerja mengira. gambar rajah. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian B dan Bahagian C pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini. buat garisan di atas jawapan itu. Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces provided in the question paper. You may use a non – programmable scientific calculator. Jawab Bahagian B dan Bahagian C dengan terperinci. Markah yang diperuntukkan kurungan. 3. This question paper consists of three sections: Section A. You may use equations. 9.4541/2 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. tables. 6. Answer one question from Section B and one question from Section C. Bahagian B ialah 30 minit dan Bahagian C ialah 30 minit. ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah. Section B is 30 minutes and Section C is 30 minutes Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 90 minit. Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination. 2. 4.

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… Class : ……………. Write down your name and class in the space provided Tuliskan nama dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan.……………………………………. Total This question booklet contains 10 printed pages including the front page.…….Name : ……. CONFIDENTIAL 4541/3 Chemistry Paper 3 September 2008 1½ hours MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 CHEMISTRY Paper 3 One hour and thirty minutes DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO For Examiner’s Use 1. Candidates are required to read the information at the back page of the question booklet. The question booklet is bilingual.. 3. Buku soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.. Question 1 2 Full Mark 33 17 50 Mark 2. [See Next Page 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA ..

........1 Experiment is repeated using different pairs of metals...2 shows the voltmeter reading for all experiments........ V Bacaan: Zn / Cu Pb / Cu 1(a) Reading:.......CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s Use 4541/3 1 An experiment was conducted to determine the position of different metals in Electrochemical Series..........1 shows the set-up of apparatus used and copper is the positive terminal in all experiment... Mg / Cu Fe / Cu Reading:......... Rajah 1.. Rajah 1......2 Rajah 1... Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan pasangan logam berbeza....... Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menentukan kedudukan logam berbeza dalam Siri Elektrokimia.1 Rajah 1... V Bacaan: Reading:. Diagram 1.......5 mol dm-3 magnesium sulphate magnesium sulfat Copper Kuprum Diagram 1....2 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 2 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL .... V Bacaan: Reading:.....2 menunjukkan bacaan voltmeter bagi semua eksperimen........... 0........1 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan dan kuprum adalah terminal positif dalam semua eksperimen. V Bacaan: Diagram 1....... Diagram 1.5 mol dm-3 copper(II) sulphate kuprum sulfat Porous pot Pasu berliang Magnesium 0....

1(c) Table 1.1 based on the experiment Lengkapkan Jadual 1. Construct a table and record the potential difference for each experiment. Bina sebuah jadual untuk menunjukkan beza keupayaan bagi setiap eksperimen .1 berdasarkan eksperimen itu.1 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 3 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL . The way to manipulate variable: Cara mengubah pembolehubah dimanipulasikan: What to observe in the responding variable: Apa yang diperhatikan dalam pembolehubah bergerakbalas The way to maintain the controlled variable: Cara menetapkan pembolehubah dimalar. 1(b) (c) Complete the Table 1. Catatkan bacaan voltmeter pada ruang yang disediakan.CONFIDENTIAL 4541/3 For Examiner’s Use (a) (b) Record the voltmeter readings in the spaces provided.1 Jadual 1.

................................. .............1.........................1 is left for 5 minutes.................................................. Observations Pemerhatian Inferences Inferens 1(e) (f) Based on the observations....CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s Use 4541/3 (d) State the hypothesis for this experiment..... (e) Cell in Diagram 1............... susun kesemua logam itu mengikut tertib menaik keelektropositifan 1(f) .......................................... classify the ions present in both solutions into cations and anions.......................... 1(g) 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 4 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL ................................................... (g) Based on the cell in Diagram 1.................. arrange all the metals in ascending order of their electropositivity Berdasarkan pemerhatian............... Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini 1(d) .......1 dibiarkan selama 5 minit...1 kelaskan ion-ion yang terdapat dalam kedua-dua larutan kepada kation dan anion.... Berdasarkan sel dalam Rajah 1.............. Lengkapkan Jadual berikut dengan menyatakan pemerhatian dan inferens yang berkaitan dalam eksperimen tersebut......................................... Sel dalam Rajah 1...... Complete the following Table by stating the observations and related inferences in the experiment...

... 1(j) 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 5 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL .. 1(h) 1(i) .................................................. ............................. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi sel kimia ..................................................................................................... nyatakan perubahan warna larutan kuprum(II) sulfat..................................... Ramalkan kedudukan logam R dalam Siri Elektrokimia. Sekiranya sel menggunakan Zn/Cu dibiarkan selama 2 jam.................................................5 V is observed when the experiment is repeated by using an unknown metal................. state the colour change of copper(II) sulphate solution.................................................... ....................................... Beza keupayaan sebanyak 1.CONFIDENTIAL 4541/3 For Examiner’s Use (h) State the operational definition of a chemical cell............................................... R dan kuprum..5 V dihasilkan apabila eksperimen diulangi menggunakan suatu logam yang tidak diketahui ............ R and copper............................. (j) If cell using Zn/Cu is left for 2 hours... Predict the position of metal R in the Electrochemical Series...... (i) A potential difference of 1..............

CONFIDENTIAL 2 Diagram 2. Your planning should include the following: Perancangan anda haruslah mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Statement of Problem Pernyataan masalah All the variables Semua pembolehubah Statement of hypothesis Pernyataan hipotesis List of substances and apparatus Senarai bahan dan alat radas Procedure of the experiment Prosedur eksperimen Tabulation of data Penjadualan data [17 marks] END OF QUESTION PAPER [Kertas Soalan Tamat] 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 6 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL . a group of students discovered that it is easier to start a bonfire using sticks rather than logs.1 Referring to the above situation. This is due to the differences in the size Semasa berkhemah. sekumpulan pelajar telah mendapati bahawa lebih senang untuk menghidupkan unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu berbanding batang kayu. rancangkan satu eksperimen dalam makmal untuk mengkaji kesan saiz bahan tindak balas terhadap kadar tindak balas antara kalsium karbonat dengan asid. plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the effect of size of reactant on the rate of reaction between calcium carbonate and an acid. 4541/3 During camping. Bonfire using sticks Unggun api menggunakan ranting Bonfire using logs Unggun api menggunakan batang kayu Diagram 2.1 shows two types of bonfire using sticks and logs.1 Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan 2 jenis unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu dan batang kayu. Ini disebabkan oleh perbezaan saiz. Merujuk kepada situasi di atas. Rajah 2.

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Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Soalan 1 ialah 45 minit dan Soalan 2 ialah 45 minit. 7. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak diprogramkan. Marks awarded Pemberian markah Score Skor 3 2 1 0 Description Penerangan Excellent : The best response Cemerlang : Respons yang paling baik Satisfactory : An average response Memuaskan : Respons yang sederhana Weak : An inaccurate response Lemah : Respons yang kurang tepat No response or wrong response Tiada respons atau respons yang salah 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 10 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL . Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan. Rajah yang terdapat dalam soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan sebaliknya Marks allocated for each question or part of the question are shown in brackets. Show your working. Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 2 pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini dengan terperinci 4. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. Answer all questions. buat garisan di atas jawapan itu. 5. Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan. Write your answers for Question 2 on the lined pages at the end of the question paper in detail. If you wish to cancel any answer. Jawab semua soalan 4541/3 Write your answers for Question 1 in the spaces provided in the question paper. 2. 3. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua soalan. 8. Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination. 10. Tunjukkan cara mengira kerana ia boleh membantu anda mendapatkan markah. The time suggested to complete Question 1 is 45 minutes and Question 2 is 45 minutes. 9. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 1 dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan. This question paper consists of two questions. neatly cross out the answer. 6. it may help you to get marks. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated.

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