CONFIDENTIAL 4541/1 Chemistry Paper 1 September 2008 1 ¼ hour SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 MARA JUNIOR SCIENCE COLLEGE

CHEMISTRY Paper 1 One hour and fifteen minutes

DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO.
1. The question booklet is bilingual. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Candidates are advised to read information on the back page of the question booklet. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

2.

This question booklet has 30 printed pages

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Diagram 1 shows the inter conversion of water, steam and ice. In which conversion do H2O molecules lose speed?
Rajah 1 menunjukkan perubahan keadaan air, ais dan stim. Dalam perubahan manakah molekul H2O hilang kelajuan?

Steam
Stim

Water
Air

Ice
Ais

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

A B C D

Ice → water
Ais → air

Ice → steam
Ais → stim

Water → steam
Air → stim

Steam → ice
Stim → ais

2

Which of the following formula represents a compound containing three atoms?
Antara formula berikut, yang manakah mewakili sebatian yang mengandungi tiga atom?

A B C D 3

HNO3 H2O LiF ZnSO4

A covalent compound does not conduct electricity because
Sebatian kovalen tidak mengalirkan arus elektrik kerana

A B C D

it does not dissolve in water
ia tidak larut dalam air

it has strong covalent bonding
ia mempunyai ikatan kovalen yang kuat

particles consist of molecules
zarah terdiri daripada molekul

ions in the covalent compound are not mobile
ion-ion dalam sebatian kovalen tidak bergerak bebas

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Table 1 shows the nucleon numbers and proton numbers of atoms W, X, Y, and Z.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor nukleon dan nombor proton bagi atom-atom W, X, Y, dan Z.

W Nucleon number
Nombor nukleon

X 37 17 Table 1
Jadual 1

Y 40 18

Z 39 19

35 17

Proton number
Nombor proton

How many atom(s) represent non-metallic elements?
Berapa atomkah mewakili unsur bukan logam?

A B C D 5

1 2 3 4

Diagram 2 shows a circuit where the bulb lights up.
Rajah 2 menunjukkan satu litar dimana mentolnya menyala.

Bulb
Mentol

Electrodes
Elektrod

Substance G
Bahan G

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

What is substance G?
Apakah bahan G?

A B C D

A solution of ethanol in water
Larutan etanol dalam air

Aqueous sodium chloride
Natrium klorida akues

Solid sodium chloride
Pepejal natrium klorida

Liquid ethanol
Cecair etanol

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Apakah jenis tindak balas yang berlaku? A B C D Neutralisation Peneutralan Oxidation Pengoksidaan Reduction Penurunan Precipitation Pemendakan 8 A salt always . What type of reaction takes place? Plumbum(II) iodida terbentuk apabila plumbum(II) nitrat akueus dicampur kepada larutan yang mengandungi ion iodida.4541/1 6 In which experiment the limewater does not turn cloudy? Dalam eksperimen manakah air kapur tidak menjadi keruh? A B C D 7 Lead(II) iodide is formed when aqueous lead(II) nitrate is added to a solution containing iodide ions.. Garam sentiasa A B C D contains ions mengandungi ion dissolves in water larut dalam air forms white crystals membentuk hablur putih conducts electricity mengalirkan arus elektrik 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 4 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

kereta dan kereta sorong? Aeroplane Kapalterbang Car Kereta Wheelbarrow Kereta sorong A B C D Magnalium Magnalium Brass Loyang Steel Keluli Duralumin Duralumin Steel Keluli Steel Keluli Pewter Pewter Bronze Gangsa Brass Loyang Steel Keluli Stainless steel Keluli nirkarat Solder Pateri 10 Copper wires in an electricity cable are covered in plastic as shown in diagram 4. a car and a wheelbarrow are made of alloy. Rangka kapalterbang. penebat melts easily. mudah dilebur 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 5 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . keras a polymer. yang manakah digunakan untuk membuat rangka kapalterbang. kereta dan kereta sorong diperbuat daripada aloi. Plastic is used because it is Dawai kuprum dalam kabel elektrik disalut dengan plastik seperti Rajah 4. Plastik digunakan sebab ia Diagram 4 Rajah 4 A B C D hard. polimer an insulator. Diagram 3 Rajah 3 Which alloy is used in making the bodies of aeroplane.4541/1 9 The bodies of an aeroplane. car and wheelbarrow? Antara aloi berikut.

Larutan hidrogen peroksida membebaskan oksigen pada suhu bilik. Rajah 5 menunjukkan kesan penambahan mangan(IV) oksida kepada larutan tersebut.4541/1 11 A solution of hydrogen peroxide releases oxygen slowly at room temperature. Diagram 5 Rajah 5 What could be the reason for the observed change? Apakah sebab bagi perubahan yang diperhatikan? A B C D Manganese(IV) oxide acts as a catalyst Mangan(IV) oksida bertindak sebagai mangkin Manganese(IV) oxide reacts with the hydrogen peroxide Mangan(IV) oksida bertindak balas dengan hidrogen peroksida The hydrogen peroxide is neutralised by manganese(IV) oxide Hidrogen peroksida dineutralkan oleh mangan(IV) oksida The hydrogen peroxide becomes more concentrated Hidrogen peroksida bertambah pekat 12 Which of the following substance is found in crude oil? Antara bahan berikut yang manakah terdapat dalam minyak mentah? A B C D Ethanoic acid Asid etanoik Polythene Politena Ethanol Etanol Butane Butana 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 6 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Hydrogen peroxide → water + oxygen Hidrogen peroksida → air + oksigen Diagram 5 shows the effect of adding manganese(IV) oxide to the solution.

Dalam tabung uji manakah menghasilkan tindak balas paling cergas? A B C 14 What are formed when glucose is fermented? Apakah yang terbentuk dalam penapaian glukosa? D A B C D Ethanol and carbon dioxide Etanol dan karbon dioksida Ethanol and oxygen Etanol dan oksigen Ethene and carbon dioxide Etena dan karbon dioksida Ethene and oxygen Etena dan oksigen 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 7 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 13 2 g of marble is added to 10 cm3 of hydrochloric acid in four different test tubes. In which test tube is the reaction fastest? 2 g marmar ditambah kepada 10 cm3 asid hidroklorik dalam empat tabung uji berlainan.

Apakah dua radas yang perlu digunakan? A B C D Balance and stop watch Neraca dan jam randik Balance and thermometer Neraca dan termometer Pipette and stop watch Pipet dan jam randik Pipette and thermometer Pipet dan termometer 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 8 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . A student confirms this statement by mixing equal volumes of the two solutions and measuring the temperature change.4541/1 15 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set up used to study the reaction of metal oxide and carbon. Pelajar mengesahkah pernyataan tersebut dengan mencampurkan isipadu yang sama bagi dua larutan dan mengukur perubahan suhu. Diagram 6 Rajah 6 Which of the following metal oxide will turn the lime water cloudy? Antara oksida logam berikut yang manakah mengeruhkan air kapur? A B C D Magnesium oxide Magnesium oksida Copper(II) oxide Kuprum(II) oksida Calcium oxide Kalsium oksida Aluminium oxide Aluminium oksida 16 The reaction between solution P and solution Q is exothermic. Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji tindak balas antara logam oksida dengan karbon. Which two pieces of apparatus should the student use? Tindak balas antara larutan P dan Q adalah eksotermik.

4541/1 17 Diagram 7 shows a set up where hydrogen is passed over a heated metal oxide. Diagram 8 Rajah 8 Which of the following statements is true? Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar? A B C D Parts R and S are soluble in water Bahagian R dan S larut dalam air Parts R and S are soluble in grease Bahagian R dan S larut dalam gris Part R is soluble in grease and part S is soluble in water Bahagian R larut dalam gris dan S larut dalam air Part R is soluble in water and part S is soluble in grease Bahagian R larut dalam air dan S larut dalam gris 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 9 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas di mana hidrogen dilalirkan atas logam oksida yang panas. Rajah 8 menunjukkan struktur bagi ion palmitat. Diagram 7 Rajah 7 What happens to the hydrogen and metal oxide? Apa berlaku kepada hidrogen dan oksida logam? Hydrogen Hidrogen Metal oxide Logam oksida A B C D Oxidised Dioksidakan Oxidised Dioksidakan Reduced Diturunkan Oxidised Dioksidakan Reduced Diturunkan Reduced Diturunkan Oxidised Dioksidakan Reduced Diturunkan 18 Diagram 8 shows the structure of a palmitate ion.

Diagram 9 Rajah 9 Which reaction takes place in the experiment? Apakah tindak balas yang terlibat dalam eksperimen tersebut? Exothermic Eksotermik Neutralisation Peneutralan A B C D     20 What is the function of an analgesic? Apakah fungsi analgesik? A B C D To relieve pain Mengurangkan rasa sakit To treat asthma Merawat asma To destroy bacteria Menghapuskan bakteria To calm down the emotion of the patient Menenangkan emosi pesakit 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 10 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 19 Diagram 9 shows an experiment in which magnesium oxide powder is added to dilute hydrochloric acid. Rajah 9 menunjukkan eksperimen di mana serbuk magnesium oksida ditambah ke dalam asid hidroklorik cair.

carbon dioxide and water are formed and is represented by the equation Apabila propana dibakar dalam oksigen berlebihan. L . Which substance exists as a liquid at room temperature? Jadual 2 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih bagi lima sebatian J . M and N. karbon dioksida dan air dihasilkan dan di wakili oleh persamaan berikut C3H8 + 5O2 → r CO2 + s H2O What are the values of r and s that balances the equation? Apakah nilai r dan s yang mengimbangkan persamaan tersebut? r A B C D 1 1 3 3 s 3 5 4 8 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 11 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . K. L. Antara bahan berikut yang manakah wujud dalam keadaan cecair pada suhu bilik? Substance Bahan J K L M N Melting point(oC) Takat lebur(0C) -160 -32 -96 42 142 Table 2 Jadual 2 Boiling point(oC) Takat didih(oC) -142 55 64 172 292 A B C D J only J sahaja J and K only J dan K sahaja K and L only K dan L sahaja M and N only M dan N sahaja 22 When propane is burned in excess oxygen. M dan N. K .4541/1 21 Table 2 shows the melting point and boiling points of five compounds J.

Rajah 11 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Jadual Berkala Unsur Diagram 11 Rajah 11 The proton number of X is Numbor proton X adalah A B C D seven less than that of Z kurang tujuh daripada Z three less than that of Z kurang tiga daripada Z one less than that of Y kurang satu daripada Y sixteen less than that of Y kurang enam belas daripada Y 24 Diagram12 shows a model of a molecule containing carbon. hydrogen and oxygen. hidrogen dan oksigen.4541/1 23 Diagram 11 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements. Rajah 12 menunjukkan model bagi satu molekul yang mengandungi karbon. Diagram 12 Rajah 12 How many atoms of each element are in the molecule? Berapakah bilangan atom bagi setiap unsur dalam molekul tersebut? Carbon Karbon Hydrogen Hidrogen Oxygen Oksigen A B C D 1 2 2 6 6 5 6 2 2 1 1 1 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 12 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang sel kimia itu? A B C D T is more electropositive than N T lebih elektropositif daripada N Brown solid is deposited at N electrode Pepejal perang terenap di elektrod N Electron flows from T to N through the external circuit Elektron mengalir dari T ke N melalui litar luar The potential difference will decrease if T is replaced by any other more electropositive metal than T Beza upaya akan berkurang jika T digantikan oleh logam lain yang lebih elektropositif daripada T 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 13 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Electrode T Elektrod T Electrode N Elektrod N Copper (II) sulphate solution Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat Diagram 13 Rajah 13 Metal T acts as the positive terminal and the potential difference is 1.9V . T dan N.4541/1 25 Diagram 13 shows a simple voltaic cell by using different electrode T and N. Which of the following statements is true? Logam T bertindak sebagai terminal positif dan beza upaya ialah 1. Rajah 13 menunjukkan sel kimia ringkas menggunakan elektrod berbeza.9 V.

and why? Pemilik ladang bercadang menggunakan kapur untuk meneutralkan sebahagian daripada ladangnya.4541/1 26 Diagram 14 shows the pH values of the soil in part F and part G of a palm oil plantation. Diagram 14 Rajah 14 The owner wishes to use lime to neutralise the soil in one part of the plantation Which part should the lime(calcium oxide) be added.(aq) SO42. Bahagian manakah yang perlu ditambah kapur dan mengapa? A B C D F because lime is acidic F sebab kapur berasid F because lime is basic F sebab kapur beralkali G because lime is acidic G sebab kapur berasid G because lime is basic G sebab kapur beralkali 27 Diagram 15 shows how ion W in a solution can be identified. Diagram 15 Rajah 15 What is ion W? Apakah ion W? A B C D 4541/1 NH4 + (aq) Al3+ (aq) NO3. Rajah 14 menunjukkan nilai pH bagi tanah di bahagian F dan G bagi suatu ladang kelapa sawit. Rajah 15 menunjukkan bagaimana ion W dalam larutan dapat dikenalpasti.(aq) 14 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL Copyright Reserved MARA .

Rajah 16 menunjukkan struktur suatu molekul kecil Diagram 16 Rajah 16 Which of the following represents the structure of a polymer formed when these small molecules are linked together? Antara berikut yang manakah mewakili struktur polimer yang terbentuk apabila molekul kecil tersebut bergabung? A B C D 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 15 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Diagram 16 shows the structure of a small molecule. Pempolimeran berlaku apabila banyak molekul kecil bergabung membentuk molekul berantai panjang (polimer).4541/1 28 Polymerization occurs when many small molecules combined to form a long chained molecule (polymer).

C2H5OH + CH3COOH → CH3COOC2H5 + H2O What is the formula of the ester formed when methanol reacts with butanoic acid. Magnesium ditambah kepada asid hidroklorik berlebihan pada suhu 25 oC. Magnesium is added to excess dilute hydrochloric acid at 25 oC Rajah 17 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas.4541/1 29 Ethanol reacts with ethanoic acid to form ethyl ethanoate. Diagram 17 Rajah 17 Which of the following effects on rate and amount of product are correct when the concentration of acid and temperature are increased? Antara kesan ke atas kadar dan kuantiti hasil berikut yang manakah betul apabila kepekatan asid dan suhu ditambah? Increase concentration of acid Penambahan kepekatan asid Increase temperature Penambahan suhu Amount of product Kuantiti hasil A B C D Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah no change Tidak berubah Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Increase Bertambah Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah Decrease Berkurang Increase rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas bertambah Decrease rate of reaction Kadar tindak balas berkurang Increase Bertambah 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 16 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . (C3H7COOH)? Apakah formula bagi ester yang terbentuk apabila metanol bertindak balas dengan asid butanoik. (C3H7COOH)? A B C D 30 C2H5COOC2H5 C3H7COOC2H5 C3H7COOCH3 CH3COOC3H7 Diagram 17 shows set up of apparatus to study the rate of reaction. Etanol bertindak balas dengan asid etanoik membentuk etil etanoat.

Rajah 18 menunjukkan proses pengoksidaan etanol Water out Air keluar Water in Air masuk Ethanol with acidified potassium dichromate Air Campuran etanol dan kalium dikromat berasid Heat Haba Diagram 18 Rajah 18 What can be observed after being heated for 5 minutes? Apakah yang dapat diperhatikan selepas 5 minit dipanaskan? A B C D No colour change Tiada perubahan warna All of the ethanol vapourises and the flask becomes dry Semua etanol meruap dan kelalang kering The colour of mixture changes from orange to green Warna larutan campuran bertukar dari jingga ke hijau The mixture in the flask separated into two layers. The upper layer is yellow while the lower layer is green Campuran dalam kelalang membentuk dua lapisan.4541/1 31 Diagram 18 shows oxidation process of ethanol. Lapisan atas berwarna kuning. lapisan bawah berwarna hijau 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 17 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

Rajah 19 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk mengkaji pengaratan besi Diagram 19 Rajah 19 In which test-tubes will the iron rust? Dalam tabung uji manakah besi mengalami pengaratan? A B C D 33 I only I sahaja II only II sahaja I and III only I dan III sahaja II and III only II dan III sahaja Diagram 20 shows a match. Apabila mengores mancis. By striking the match. satu tindak balas akan dimulakan.4541/1 32 Diagram 19 shows the apparatus set up used to investigate the rusting of iron. Rajah 20 menunjukkan sebatang mancis. Diagram 20 Rajah 20 Which statements about the chemical reaction are correct? Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar mengenai tindak balas di atas? A B C D Reaction is endothermic because energy is used to strike the match Tindak balas adalah endotermik sebab tenaga digunakan untuk mengores mancis Reaction is endothermic because energy is given out as the match burns Tindak balas adalah endotermik sebab tenaga dibebaskan apabila mancis terbakar Reaction is exothermic because energy is used to strike the match Tindak balas adalah eksotermik sebab tenaga digunakan untuk mengores mancis Reaction is exothermic because energy is given out as the match burns Tindak balas adalah eksotermik sebab tenaga dibebaskan apabila mancis terbakar 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 18 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . a chemical reaction is initiated.

4541/1 34 Diagram 21 shows apparatus set up used to prepare barium chloride and barium sulphate. Diagram 21 Rajah 21 What are the next steps to obtain samples of the solid salts? Apakah langkah seterusnya untuk mendapatkan garam dalam bentuk pepejal? Barium chloride Barium klorida Barium sulphate Barium sulfat A B C D Crystallisation Penghabluran Crystallisation Penghabluran Crystallisation Penghabluran Filtration Penurasan Filtration Penurasan Crystallisation Penghabluran Filtration Penurasan Filtration Penurasan 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 19 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . the acid is run into the conical flask until the resulting liquid has pH7. Rajah 21 menunjukkan dua susunan radas untuk menghasilkan barium klorida dan barium sulfat. asid dititis ke dalam kelalang kon sehingga larutan mencapai pH 7. In each experiment. Dalam setiap eksperimen.

III dan IV 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 20 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . III and IV I. Apakah formula bagi sebatian tersebut? A B C D 36 C2 H4 C2 H6 C4 H8 C H3OH Redox reaction between iron(II) ion and manganate(VII) ion is represented by the equation: Tindak balas redoks antara ion ferum(II) dan ion manganat(VII) diwakili oleh persamaan: 5 Fe2+ + MnO4. II.4541/1 35 For complete combustion. II and III only I. one molecule of an organic compound needs six molecules of oxygen. What could the formula of this compound be? Untuk pembakaran lengkap.+ 8 H+ → 5 Fe3+ + Mn2+ + 4 H2O What can be deduced from the equation? Apakah yang dapat disimpulkan daripada persamaan ini? I II III IV A B C D The oxidation state of manganese changes from +7 into +2 Nombor pengoksidaan mangan berubah dari +7 kepada +2 The oxidation state of hydrogen changes from +1 into 0 Nombor pengoksidaan hidrogen berubah dari +1 kepada 0 The greenish colour of iron(II) ions solution turns to colourless Warna hijau ion ferum(II) bertukar kepada tidak berwarna Electrons transfer from iron(II) ions to manganate(VII) ions Pemindahan elektron dari larutan ion ferum(II) kepada ion manganat(VII) I and III only I dan III sahaja I and IV only I dan IV sahaja I. II dan III sahaja I. II. satu molekul sebatian organik memerlukan enam molekul oksigen.

Q dan R? P A B C D 9 9 10 10 Q 11 11 12 12 R 10 11 10 11 38 L and M are diatomic elements. Particle Zarah Number of protons Bilangan proton Number of neutrons Bilangan neutron Number of electrons Bilangan elektron O O 2Na Na+ 8 8 11 11 Table 3 Jadual 3 8 8 Q 12 8 P 11 R What are the correct values of P. L is less reactive than M. Jadual 3 menunjukkan struktur bagi empat zarah. Q and R? Apakah nilai yang betul bagi P. Which of the following elements are L and M? L dan M adalah unsur-unsur dwiatom. Antara berikut yang manakah merupakan unsur L dan M? L A B C D Bromine Bromin M Iodine Iodin Iodine Iodin Bromine Bromin Sodium Natrium Potassium Kalium Potassium Kalium Sodium Natrium 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 21 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 37 Table 3 describes the structures of four particles.

0 mol NH4Cl 1. Jadual 4 menunjukkan maklumat mengenai kebolehan empat bahan untuk mengalirkan elektrik. Antara garam ammonium berikut yang manakah akan menghasilkan isipadu gas ammonia tertinggi? A B C D 0.0 mol NH4NO3 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 22 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .5 mol (NH4)3PO4 0. Which of the following ammonium salt can produce the greatest volume of ammonia gas? Pemanasan garam ammonium dengan natrium hidroksida menghasilkan gas ammonia.5 mol (NH4)2SO4 1.4541/1 39 Table 4 gives information about the ability of four substances to conduct electricity. Substance Bahan Electrical conductivity Kekonduksian elektrik R T U W Does not conduct under any conditions Tidak mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam semua keadaan Conducts only in aqueous solution Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan berair sahaja Conducts in molten and solid state Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan pepejal Conducts in molten state and aqueous solution Mengalirkan arus elektrik dalam keadaan leburan dan larutan berair Table 4 Jadual 4 What could these four substances be? Apakah keempat-empat bahan ini? R A B C D 40 Pb S S S T HCl HCl HCl NaCl U NaCl NaCl Pb HCl W S Pb NaCl Pb Heating ammonium salts with sodium hydroxide will produce ammonia gas.

4541/1 41 Diagram 22 shows an incomplete apparatus set up. Diagram 22 Rajah 22 Which of the following diagrams shows the correct completion at X after the solution has been electrolysed for some time? Antara rajah berikut yang manakah merupakan pelengkap yang betul di X selepas elektrolisis dijalankan beberapa ketika? A B C D 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 23 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 22 menunjukkan susunan radas yang tidak lengkap.

0 cm3/ s 40. Pada elektrod manakah logam terenap? Molten lead(II) bromide Plumbum(II) bromida lebur Aqueous sodium chloride Natrium klorida akueus Diagram 23 Rajah 23 Heat Panaskan 43 Dilute hydrochloric acid was reacted with magnesium ribbon and the volume of hydrogen gas evolved was measured for the first 80 s. Asid hidroklorik cair ditindak balaskan dengan pita magnesium dan isipadu gas hidrogen terbebas diukur bagi 80 saat pertama.5 cm3/ s 4.4541/1 42 Diagram 23 shows an electrolytic circuit using inert electrodes.4 cm3/ s 2. What was the average rate of production of hydrogen? Apakah kadar purata bagi pembebasan hidrogen? A B C D 0.0 cm3/ s 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 24 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . At which electrode is metal deposited? Rajah 23 menunjukkan satu litar elektrolisis menggunakan elektrod lengai.

Rajah 24 menunjukkan beberapa tindak balas bagi sebatian J. Compound J Sebatian J Excess HNO3 HNO3 berlebihan Gas + Colourless solution Larutan tanpa warna Excess NaOH NaOH berlebihan White precipitate in excess NaOH Mendakan putih dalam NaOH berlebihan Diagram 24 Rajah 24 What could compound J be? Apakah sebatian J? A B C D Aluminium carbonate Aluminium karbonat Magnesium carbonate Magnesium karbonat Copper(II) carbonate Kuprum(II) karbonat Zinc carbonate Zink karbonat 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 25 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/1 44 Diagram 24 shows some reactions of a compound J.

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Calcium carbonate reacts with excess hydrochloric acid at room temperature and is represented by the equation
Kalsium karbonat bertindak balas dengan asid hidroklorik berlebihan pada suhu bilik dan diwakili oleh persamaan.

CaCO3 + 2HCl Two experiments were carried out.
Dua eksperimen telah dijalankan.

→ CaCl2 + H2O + CO2

Experiment I: 10 g of calcium carbonate in large lumps.
Eksperimen I: 10 g ketulan kalsium karbonat

Experiment II: 5 g of calcium carbonate as a fine powder.
Eksperimen II: 5g serbuk kalsium karbonat

Which of the following graph of volume of gas against time is correct?
Antara graf isipadu gas melawan masa berikut yang manakah benar?

A

B

C

D

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Ethene reacts with steam in the presence of a suitable catalyst. What is the structural formula of the compound formed?
Etena akan bertindak balas dengan stim dalam kehadiran mangkin yang sesuai. Apakah formula struktur bagi sebatian yang terbentuk?

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Powdered carbon and copper are separately heated as shown in Diagram 25.
Serbuk karbon dan kuprum dipanaskan secara berasingan seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 25.

Diagram 25
Rajah 25

What are the changes in the masses of the powder?
Apakah perubahan jisim bagi kedua-dua serbuk?

Carbon
Karbon

Copper
Kuprum

A B C D

Decrease
Berkurangan

Decrease
Berkurangan

Decrease
Berkurangan

Increase
Bertambah

Increase
Bertambah

Decrease
Berkurangan

Increase
Bertambah

Increase
Bertambah

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Table 5 shows the result of three experiments involving halogen displacement.
Jadual 5 menunjukkan keputusan bagi tiga eksperimen penyesaran halogen.

Halide solution Experiment
Eksperimen

Halogen added
Halogen ditambah

Larutan halida

XNo reaction
Tiada perubahan

YY2 produced
Y2 dihasilkan

ZZ2 produced
Z2 dihasilkan

I II III

X2 Y2 Z2

Y2 produced
Y2 dihasilkan

No reaction
Tiada perubahan

No reaction
Tiada perubahan

-

Table 5
Jadual 5

What are halogens X, Y and Z?
Apakah halogen X, Y dan Z?

X A B C D 49 Br Br Cl Cl

Y Cl I I Br

Z I Cl Br I

The thermochemical equation represents the displacement of iron.
Persamaan termokimia mewakili tindak balas penyesaran ferum.

Mg(s) + Fe2+ (aq) → Mg2+ (aq) + Fe(s) Which of the following statements are true?
Manakah antara berikut benar?

= -189 kJ mol

1

I II III IV A B C D

Magnesium is oxidized
Magnesium dioksidakan

Reaction is exothermic
Tindak balas adalah eksotermik

The temperature decreases
Suhu berkurangan

The heat released by reacting 0.2 mole of ferum(II) ions is 37.8 kJ
Haba yang dibebaskan semasa 0.2 mol ion ferum(II) bertindak balas ialah 37.8 kJ mol -1.

I and II only
I dan II sahaja

II and IV only
II dan IV sahaja

III and IV only
III dan IV sahaja

I, II and IV only
I,II dan IV sahaja

4541/1

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8 dm3 gas nitrogen dioksida 0.1 g zinc oxide 7.8 dm3 nitrogen dioxide gas 4.4541/1 50 When zinc nitrate is heated strongly.4 dm3 gas oksigen 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 29 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4 dm3 oxygen gas 2.9 g of zinc nitrate is heated? [Molar mass Zn(NO3)2 = 189 gmol-1 .1 g zink oksida 2.04 mol of gas oksigen 7. ia akan terurai mengikut persamaan 2 Zn(NO3)2 → 2 ZnO + 4 NO2 + O2 Which of the following will be produced when 18. it decomposes according to the equation Apabila zink nitrat di panaskan dengan kuat. molar mass ZnO = 81 gmol-1 dan 1 mol gas menempati isipadu sebanyak 24 dm3 pada suhu dan tekanan bilik] A B C D 4.04 mol of oxygen gas 0.9 g zink nitrat dipanaskan? [Jisim molar: Zn(NO3)2 =189 gmol-1 . molar mass zinc oxide = 81 gmol-1 and 1 mol of gas occupies a volume of 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure] Antara berikut yang manakah akan terhasil jika 18.

4541/1 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. C dan D. B. Jawab semua soalan Each question is followed by four alternative answers A. 4541/1 Copyright Reserved MARA 30 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated. Then blacken the new answer. erase the blackened mark that you have made. 6. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram. Answer all questions. Blacken your answer on the objective answer sheet provided. If you wish to change your answer. C and D. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator. 2. For each question. Hitamkan jawapan anda pada kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan. iaitu A. choose one answer only. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan. Tiap-tiap soalan di ikuti oleh empat pilihan jawapan. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru. This question paper consists of 50 questions. 5. 3. B. padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat. Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan. 4. Bagi setiap soalan. pilih satu jawapan sahaja.

Kod Pemeriksa Section Question Full mark Marks 1 2 3 A 4 5 6 7 B 8 9 C 10 TOTAL 9 9 10 10 11 11 20 20 20 20 2.…………………….4541/2 Chemistry Paper 2 Sept 2008 2 ½ hour Name : ……………………………………. Write your name and index number in the spaces provided. Index Number: …. SPM TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 MARA Junior Science College CHEMISTRY Paper 2 Two hours and thirty minutes DO NOT OPEN THE QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO 1.. This booklet contains 32 printed pages. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini . 3... ... Tuliskan nama dan angka giliran anda pada ruang yang disediakan. The question booklet is bilingual Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa. Candidate is required to read the information at the back page of the question booklet.

1 shows the set up of the apparatus used in an experiment to determine the melting point of a substance M.1 (a) 1(a)(i) i) (i) State one error in Diagram 1.1 Rajah 1.. ……………………………………………………………………. Diagram 1..1 menunjukkan susunan radas yung digunakan untuk menentukan takat lebur bahan M. Rajah 1. Jawab semua soalan dalam bahagian ini.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use Section A Bahagian A [60 marks] [60 markah] Answer all questions in this section.1..1 Nyatakan satu kesilapan di dalam Rajah 1. [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 2 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(a)(ii) (ii) Why water bath is used to heat the substance M? Mengapakah kukus air digunakan untuk memanaskan bahan M? …………………………………………………………………….. 1 Diagram 1.

…………………………………………………………………….2 Rajah 1. [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(b)(iii) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 3 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .4541/2 (b) Diagram 1. [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(b)(ii) (iii) Compare kinetic energy of particles at points E and F Bandingkan tenaga egativ zarah-zarah pada titik E dan F..2 shows a graph of temperature against time when solid of substance M is heated.2 (i) What is the melting point of substance M? Berapakah takat lebur bahan M? 1(b)(i) …………………………………………………………………….2 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa apabila pepejal bahan M dipanaskan.. ……………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) State the physical state of substance M at point F. Rajah 1... Nyatakan keadaan fizikal bahan M pada titik F. For Examiner’s Use Diagram 1...

.. ……………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah] 1(c)(ii) (ii) State the molecular formula of substance M.3 Rajah 1.. Diagram 1. Lukiskan susunan zarah-zarah bahan M pada suhu 60OC dan 90OC. Nyatakan formula molekul bahan M.. ……………………………………………………………………. 1(b)(iv) 60oC 90oC [2 marks] [2 markah] (c) Diagram 1.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (iv) Draw the arrangement of particles of substance M at 60oC and 90oC.. Rajah 1.3 (i) 1(c)(i) What is meant by molecular formula? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan formula molekul? ……………………………………………………………………. [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 4 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .3 shows the structural formula of substance M..3 menunjukkan formula struktur bahan M.

4541/2 2 Diagram 2 shows the set up of apparatus of two types of cells... Nyatakan satu pemerhatian 2(a) . Sel I 2(b) Cell II : …………………………………………………………………….. [2 marks] [2 markah] (b) Identify the negative terminal of Kenalpasti terminal negatif di Cell I : ……………………………………………………………………. Sel II [2 marks] [2 markah] (c) For the reaction that occurs in Cell II: Bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di Sel II: (i) What is the function of the porous pot? Apakah fungsi pasu berliang? 2(c)(i) ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 5 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .. Bagi tindak balas Sel I.……………………………………………………………………. For Examiner’s Use Cell I Sel I Cell II Sel II Diagram 2 Rajah 2 (a) For the reaction in Cell I. (ii) State one observation.. Nyatakan perubahan tenaga . Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas dua jenis sel. (i) State the energy change.……………………………………………………………………..

State the changes to the voltmeter reading.. Nyatakan satu pemerhatian. Elektrod zink dan larutan zink sulfat dalam sel II digantikan dengan elektrod ferum dan larutan ferum (II ) sulfat. Nyatakan perubahan kepada bacaan voltmeter.. Explain your answer. [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) Zinc electrode and zinc sulphate solution in Cell II are replaced by iron electrode and iron (II) sulphate solution.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (ii) 2(c)(ii) State one observation. ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 2(c)(iii) (iii) Write the overall ionic equation Tulis persamaan ion keseluruhan …………………………………………………………………….. 2(d) ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 6 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Terangkan jawapan anda.

For Examiner’s Use Heat Step II Step 1 Step IV Heat Step III Diagram 3 Rajah 3 (a) What is meant by salt? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan garam? ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 3(a) (b) (i) Draw the diagram for step II in the box provided.4541/2 3 Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set-up for the preparation of zinc sulphate from zinc carbonate and an acid. 3(b)(i) [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) What is the purpose of carrying out step II? Apakah tujuan melakukan langkah II? 3(b)(ii) ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 7 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk penyediaan zink sulfat daripada zink karbonat dengan suatu asid. Lukis gambar rajah untuk langkah II di dalam kotak yang disediakan.

4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (c) (i) Name the acid used. Cadangkan nama untuk logam X. Carta menunjukkan tindak balas antara zink sulfat dengan logam X. Tuliskan persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas tersebut. Namakan asid yang digunakan. 3(c)(i) ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) 3(c)(ii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction. ……………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) 3(d)(ii) What is observed when aqueous ammonia is added in excess to zinc sulphate solution? Apakah yang diperhatikan apabila ammonia akueus ditambah kepada larutan zink sulfat sehingga berlebihan? ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 8 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . ……………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] (d) The chart shows the reaction of zinc sulphate and metal X. Zinc sulphate Zink sulfat + X X sulphate + zinc X sulfat + zink 3(d)(i) (i) Suggest a name for metal X.

……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4(a) (b) State the colour change of phenolphthalein at the end point.00 0. 4(c)(i) [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 9 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Keputusan eksperimen di tunjukkan dalam Jadual 4.00 23. Cuka adalah larutan asid etanoik. What is meant by weak acid? Asid etanoik adalah asid lemah.50 Final burette reading / cm3 Bacaan akhir buret Volume of NaOH used / cm3 Isipadu NaOH digunakan Table 4 Jadual 4 (a) Ethanoic acid is a weak acid.10 mol dm -3 larutan natrium hidroksida dengan menggunakan fenoftalein sebagai penunjuk.40 23. 4(b) ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (c) (i) Complete Table 4 by calculating the volume of sodium hydroxide solution used in each titration Lengkapkan Jadual 4 dengan menghitung isipadu larutan natrium hidroksida yang digunakan dalam setiap pentitratan. Apakah dimaksudkan dengan asid lemah.10 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution using phenolphthalein as an indicator. For Examiner’s Use The following equation represents the reaction: Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas tersebut: CH3COOH + NaOH CH3COONa + H2O Titration I Penitratan I Titration II Penitratan II Titration III Penitratan III Initial burette reading / cm3 Bacaan awal buret 0. Nyatakan perubahan warna fenolftalein pada takat akhir. Kepekatan asid etanoik dalam cuka ditentukan melalui pentitratan dengan 0.00 23. The result of the experiment is shown in Table 4. The concentration of ethanoic acid in the vinegar was determined by titrating the vinegar with 0.40 47.4541/2 4 Vinegar is aqueous ethanoic acid.

. Hitung kepekatan asid etanoik dalam cuka.00 cm3 cuka. 4(d)(i) [1mark] [1 markah] (ii) Calculate the concentration of ethanoic acid in the vinegar. Hitung isipadu purata larutan natrium hidroksida 0.10 mol dm-3 of sodium hydroxide solution used to neutralize 25. Hitung bilangan mol natrium hidroksida yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan 25.00 cm3 cuka.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (ii) Calculate the average volume of 0. 4(c)(ii) [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) (i) Calculate the number of moles of sodium hydroxide used to neutralize 25.10 mol dm-3 yang digunakan untuk meneutralkan 25. 4(d)(ii) [3 marks] [3 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 10 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .00 cm3 of vinegar.0 cm3 of vinegar.

Ramalkan isipadu larutan barium hidroksida yang diperlukan untuk menutralkan 25.00 cm3 cuka. Explain your answer. For Examiner’s Use ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4(e) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 11 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .10 mol dm-3 menggantikan larutan natrium hidroksida.10 mol dm-3 of barium hydroxide to replace sodium hydroxide.4541/2 (e) The experiment is repeated using 0. Predict the volume of barium hydroxide solution required to neutralize 25.00 cm3 of vinegar. Terangkan jawapan anda.. Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan larutan barium hidroksida 0.

50 23. Tulis persamaan kimia seimbang bagi penguraian hidrogen peroksida. Jumlah isipadu gas oksigen yang dibebaskan diukur setiap 30 saat.4541/2 For Examiner’s Use 5 In an experiment.00 30.00 28. 50.00 12.50 17. Table 5 shows the result of the experiment.0 g of manganese(IV) oxide powder.00 30.0 cm3 larutan hydrogen peroksida di campurkan dengan 1. Jadual 5 menunjukkan keputusan ekperimen. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (c) Plot a graph of the volume of oxygen gas against time on page 13. Time (s) Masa (s) 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 Volume of oxygen (cm3) Isipadu oksigen (cm3) 00. 50.00 26. Dalam satu eksperimen.00 Table 5 Jadual 5 5(a) (a) What is the function of manganese(IV) oxide? Apakah fungsi mangan(IV) oksida? ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (b) 5(b) Write a balanced chemical equation for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. [3 marks] [3 markah] (d) 5(d) How long does it take for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to be completed? Berapa lamakah masa yang diambil untuk penguraian lengkap hidrogen peroksida? ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 12 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .0g serbuk mangan(IV) oksida. The total volume of oxygen gas liberated is measured at 30 seconds intervals. Plotkan graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa pada muka surat 13.0 cm3 of hydrogen peroxide solution is mixed with 1.

4541/2 Graph of the volume of oxygen gas against time Graf isipadu gas oksigen melawan masa 5(c) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 13 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

0 g mangan(IV) oksida. Explain. Terangkan. calculate: Daripada graf yang diperolehi dalam (c).4541/2 For Examiner’s Use (e) From the graph obtained in (c). Tindak balas berhenti pada 120 saat. hitungkan . (i) the instantaneous rate of reaction at 30th second. kadar tindak balas pada saat ke 30 5(e)(i) [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) the average rate of reaction for the first 90 seconds kadar tindak balas purata untuk 90 minit pertama 5(e)(ii) (f) [1 mark] [1 markah] The experiment is repeated using 2. The reaction stops at 120 seconds. Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan 2. ……………………………………………………………………………… 5(f) ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 14 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .0 g of manganese(IV) oxide.

2 mol dm-3 dimasukkan ke dalam sebuah cawan polistirena. campuran dikacau dan suhu tertinggi larutan direkodkan. Berikan satu cadangan bagaimana radas di atas dapat diperbaiki untuk mendapatkan keputusan yang lebih baik. stirred and the maximum temperature is recorded. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 6(a) 15 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Suhu awal larutan direkodkan. For Examiner’s Use Diagram 6 Rajah 6 50 cm3 of 0. Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan haba penyesaran kuprum daripada larutan garamnya oleh serbuk plumbum.4541/2 6 Diagram 6 shows the apparatus set-up to determine the heat of displacement of copper from its salt solution by lead powder. Excess lead powder is added into the copper(II) sulphate solution. Jadual 6 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen Initial temperature / oC Suhu awal 28. 50 cm3 larutan kuprum(II) sulfat 0.0 33. Table 6 shows the result of the experiment..2 mol dm-3 copper(II) sulphate is poured into a polystyrene cup. The initial temperature of the solution is recorded. Serbuk plumbum berlebihan ditambah ke dalam larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.0 Maximum temperature / oC Suhu tertinggi Jadual 6 Table 6 (a) Give one suggestion on how the above apparatus can be improved to get a better result.

[ Ketumpatan larutan = 1. 6(d)(i) [1 mark] [1 markah] (ii) Calculate the amount of heat released in the experiment.2 J g-1oC-1] Hitung jumlah haba yang dibebaskan dalam eksperimen.2J g-1 oC-1] 6(d)(ii) [1 mark] [1 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 16 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Tuliskan persamaan ion bagi tindak balas tersebut...For Examiner’s Use 4541/2 (b) What is meant by the heat of displacement of copper by lead? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan haba penyesaran kuprum oleh plumbum? 6(b) ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] 6(c) (c) Write the ionic equation for the reaction. Hitung bilangan mol ion kuprum(II) yang disesarkan.0 g cm 3 dan muatan haba tentu larutan air = 4.0 g cm-3 and specific heat capacity of water = 4. ……………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] [1 markah] (d) (i) Calculate the number of moles of copper(II) ions reacted. [Density of solution = 1..

4541/2 (iii) Calculate the heat of displacement of copper by lead. ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………… [3 marks] [3 markah] 6(f) 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 17 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . 6(e) [2 marks] [2 markah] (f) What happens to the temperature change if lead powder is replaced by magnesium powder? Explain. Lukis gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas. Apakah berlaku kepada perubahan suhu jika serbuk plumbum digantikan dengan serbuk magnesium? Terangkan. For Examiner’s Use [1 mark] [1 markah] 6(d)(iii) (e) Draw the energy level diagram for the reaction. Hitung haba penyesaran bagi kuprum oleh plumbum.

Rajah 7. Dalam kumpulan manakah unsur ini terletak? Terangkan mengapa klorin lebih reaktif berbanding iodin? [4 marks] [4 markah] (b) Diagram 7. Cl I Diagram 7.1 Rajah 7. 7 (a) Diagram 7. Eksperimen di ulangi menggunakan natrium menggantikan kalium.2 menunjukkan tindak balas antara kalium dengan air.1 Rajah 7.4541/2 Section B Bahagian B [20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section.1 Which group does these elements belongs to? Explain why chlorine is more reactive than iodine. Jawab mana-mana satu soalan daripada bahagian ini. Permerhatian dicatatkan di dalam jadual 7.2 Rajah 7.2 shows the reaction between potassium with water.2 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 18 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .. The experiment is repeated using sodium to replace potassium.1 menunjukkan kedudukan klorin dan iodin di dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur. Observations are recorded in Table 7.1 Diagram 7.1 shows the position of chlorine and iodine in the Periodic Table of Elements.

Tulis persamaan kima seimbang untuk tindak balas kalium dan air. Colourless solution formed and changed red litmus paper blue. Larutan tanpa warna terbentuk menukarkan kertas litmus merah kepada biru Table 7. [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 19 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . [2 marks] [2 markah] (iii) Describe briefly why the solutions obtained in both reactions turns red litmus paper blue.1 Jadual 7. Terangkan secara ringkas mengapa larutan yang diperolehi menukarkan kertas litmus merah kepada biru. Berdasarkan nombor proton.4541/2 Element Unsur Proton number Nombor proton Observation Pemerhatian Potassium Kalium 19 Metal moves very vigorously on the surface of water.1 (i) Based on the proton number. Bergerak cergas di permukaan air dengan bunyi ‘hiss’. explain why both elements show similar chemical properties. Larutan tanpa warna yang terhasil menukarkan warna kertaslitmus merah kepada biru Sodium Natrium 11 Metal moves vigorously on the surface of water with a „hissing‟ sound. terangkan mengapa kedua-dua unsur menunjukkan sifat kimia yang sama. Colourless solution is formed and changed red litmus paper blue. [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction between potassium and water. Bergerak sangat cergas di permukaan air.

2 shows the proton number of four elements. C bertindak balas dengan O membentuk sebatian Q. Jawapan anda mesti termasuk gambar rajah yang menunjukkan susunan electron bagi sebatian P dan Q.2 menunjukkan bilangan proton bagi empat unsur. C reacts with O to form a compound Q.. Na bertindak balas dengan O membentuk sebatian P. Element Unsur Proton Number Bilangan proton C Na O Table 7. Your answer must include diagrams showing the electron arrangement of compounds P and Q.2 6 11 8 Explain how bonds are formed when: Terangkan bagaimana ikatan terbentuk apabila : (i) (ii) Na reacts with O to form a compound P.4541/2 (c) Table 7. [10 marks] [10 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 20 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Jadual 7.2 Jadual 7.

Kegunaan polimer sintetik menyebabkan pencemaran alam sekitar [3 marks] [3 markah] (b) Ammonia and sulphuric acid are two important chemicals produced in chemical industries. Ammonia gas reacts with aqueous sulphuric acid to form a nitrogenous fertilizer as shown in the equation. [2 marks] [2 markah] (ii) Discuss the following statement: Bincang kenyataan berikut: The usage of synthetic polymer causes environmental pollution. [Molar mass of ammonium sulphate = 132 g mol-1] Hitung jisim ammonium sulfat dihasilkan apabila gas ammonia berlebihan dialirkan ke dalam 100 cm3 asid sulfurik 2. Rajah 8 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi kloroetena atau vinil klorida. Ammonia dan asid sulfurik adalah dua bahan kimia penting dihasilkan oleh industri kimia. Vinil klorida boleh mengalami pempolimeran. Cadangkan satu nama bagi polimer terbentuk dan tulis persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas tersebut.4541/2 8 (a) Diagram 8 shows the structural formula of chloroethene or vinyl chloride.0 mol dm-3. H H │ │ C = C │ │ H Cl Diagram 8 Rajah 8 (i) Vinyl chloride can undergo polymerization. Suggest a name for the polymer formed and write a chemical equation for the reaction. Gas ammonia bertindak balas dengan asid sulfurik membentuk baja bernitrogen seperti yang ditunjukkan oleh persamaan.0 mol dm-3 of aqueous sulphuric acid solution. 2NH3 + H2SO4 → (NH4)2 SO4 Calculate the mass of ammonium sulphate produced when an excess ammonia gas is passed into 100 cm3 of 2. [Jisim molekul relatif ammonium sulfat = 132 g mol-1] [3 marks] [3 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 21 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL .

Formula struktur aspirin ditunjukkan di bawah. [2 marks] [2 markah] (e) Amphicillin is an antibiotic. Terangkan. [2 marks] [2 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 22 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Sabun menjadi kurang berkesan apabila pencucian menggunakan air berasid. “Rod aluminium tulen mudah dibengkokkan tetapi duralumin yang dibuat daripada 95% aluminium dan 5% kuprum sukar dibengkokkan” Terangkan bagaimana perbezaan komposisi membezakan sifat aluminium dan duralumin. Soap becomes less effective when the cleaning is carried out in acidic water. Explain. Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan pengionan molekul sabun natrium di dalam air. [5 marks] [5 markah] (d) The equation below shows the ionization of a sodium soap molecule in water. Explain how the difference in the composition contributes to the difference in properties of aluminium and duralumin. Terangkan.4541/2 (c) “Pure aluminium rod is malleable while duralumin which is made of 95% aluminium and 5% copper is not”. Explain why aspirin is not advisable to be prescribed to patient with gastric problem. Ampisilin adalah antibiotik. Pesakit dinasihatkan untuk menghabiskan ubat tersebut walaupun penyakitnya sudah sembuh. Explain. Terangkan mengapa aspirin tidak digalakkan kepada pesakit yang mengalami penyakit gastrik. Patients are advised to finish the whole course of antibiotic prescribed even though he/she has recovered from the sickness. [3 marks] [3 markah] (f) The structural formula of aspirin is shown below.

[6 marks] [6 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 23 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Jawapan anda mesti mengandungi pemerhatian dan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku di kedua-dua elektrod . Bandingbezakan Sel I dan Sel II. Your answer should include observation and half equation for the reaction at both electrodes. Terangkan mengapa makanan dalam tin yang kemek tidak boleh dimakan.1 Rajah 9. Cell I Sel 1 Cell II Sel II Diagram 9.4541/2 Section C Bahagian C [20 marks] [20 markah] Answer any one question from this section Jawab mana-mana satu soalan.1 Compare and contrast Cell I and Cell II.daripada bahagian ini. 9 (a) Tin (stanum) is used to electroplate food can in industries. Explain why food in a dented can should not be consumed. Stanum digunakan untuk menyadur tin makanan dalam industri. [4 marks] [4 markah] (b) Diagram 9 shows two electrolytic cells using different electrodes. Rajah 9 menunjukkan dua sel elektrolisis menggunakan elektrod berbeza.

include Penerangan anda mestilah mengandungi Procedure Prosedur Confirmatory test Ujian pengesahan Explanation on oxidation and reduction processes Penerangan tentang proses pengoksidaan dan penurunan Ionic equation Persamaan ion [10 marks] [10 markah] 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 24 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . KI adalah tindak balas redoks (c) Based on the above statement.4541/2 The displacement of iodine. I2 from potassium iodide. describe an experiment to verify the reaction that occured is a redox reaction. In your description.I2 daripada larutan kalium iodida. KI solution is a redox reaction Penyesaran iodin. Berdasarkan kenyataan di atas. huraikan satu eksperimen untuk membuktikan tindak balas yang berlaku merupakan tindak balas redoks.

2 mol dm-3 bertindak balas dengan 5 g serbuk magnesium. C2H5OH.1. Name the substance and draw the structural formula. Bandingkan sifat berikut antara getah asli dan getah tervulkan.2 are produced by vulcanizing the natural rubber. Namakan dan lukis formula struktur ester tersebut membentuk [2 marks] [2 markah] (b) Natural rubber is obtained from rubber tree as shown in Diagram 10. It reacts with magnesium according to the following equation: Asid metanoik digunakan dalam industri getah untuk membekukan lateks.16.2 dihasilkan melalui penvukanan getah asli.1.4541/2 10 (a) Methanoic acid is used in rubber industries to coagulate latex. Tayar kapalterbang seperti dalam Rajah 10. Hitung isipadu maksima gas hidrogen yang terbebas jika 50 cm3 asid metanoik 0. Asid ini bertindak balas dengan magnesium mengikut persamaan berikut: 2 HCOOH + Mg → (HCOO)2Mg + H2 [Relative Atomic Mass: C=12. H. Apabila asid metanoik bertindak balas dengan etanol. H=1. O.2 25 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . C2H5OH ester.1 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA Diagram 10.12. Compare the following properties between natural rubber and vulcanized rubber  Elasticity  Heat resistance Explain the differences Getah asli diperolehi dari pokok getah seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 10. O=16.2 mol dm-3 methanoic acid is reacted with 5 g magnesium. [5 marks] [5 markah] Diagram 10.1. Aeroplane tyres as shown in Diagram 10. [3 marks] [3 markah] (ii) A sweet smelling substance is formed when methanoic acid is reacted with ethanol. molar volume of gas at room temperature and pressure is 24 dm3 mol-1 ] [Jisim atom relatif: C. isipadu molar sebarang gas pada suhu dan tekanan bilik adalah 24 dm3 mol-1] (i) Calculate the maximum volume of hydrogen gas released if 50 cm3 of 0. Kekenyalan Tahan haba Terangkan perbezaan tersebut.

Your answer should include: Jawapan anda mesti mengandungi: Procedure Prosedur Equation Persamaan Confirmation of product Pengesahan hasil [10 marks] [10 markah] END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 26 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menjalankan proses pendehidratan bagi satu alkohol yang dinamakan.4541/2 (c) Alcohol can undergo dehydration process as follows: Alkohol boleh mengalami proses pendehidratan seperti berikut: Alcohol Alkohol Hydrocarbon Hidrokarbon Describe a laboratory experiment to carry out the dehydration of a named alcohol.

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graphs and other suitable methods to explain your answer. You may use equations. 2. Bahagian B dan Bahagian C. 4541/2 Copyright Reserved MARA 32 [See next page CONFIDENTIAL . Tunjukkan kerja mengira. 7. ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah. 6. graf dan cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda. If you wish to cancel any answer. Bahagian B ialah 30 minit dan Bahagian C ialah 30 minit. bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam 8. Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan. Answer all questions in Section A. Section B is 30 minutes and Section C is 30 minutes Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 90 minit. Write your answers for Section B and Section C on the lined pages at the end of the question paper. jadual. Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan. it may help you to get marks. You may use a non – programmable scientific calculator. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.. gambar rajah. Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A.4541/2 INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes. 10. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces provided in the question paper.. buat garisan di atas jawapan itu. Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan. Show your working. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian B dan Bahagian C pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated. Jawab Bahagian B dan Bahagian C dengan terperinci. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian A dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A. This question paper consists of three sections: Section A. Answer one question from Section B and one question from Section C. 5. Markah yang diperuntukkan kurungan. neatly cross out the answer. diagrams. Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination. Answer questions in Section B and Section C in detail. tables. Section B and Section C. 9. Anda boleh menggunakan persamaan. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets. Jawap satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian C. 3. 4.

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. Candidates are required to read the information at the back page of the question booklet.. [See Next Page 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA . Buku soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.… Class : ……………. The question booklet is bilingual. Total This question booklet contains 10 printed pages including the front page. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini. CONFIDENTIAL 4541/3 Chemistry Paper 3 September 2008 1½ hours MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA TRIAL EXAMINATION 2008 CHEMISTRY Paper 3 One hour and thirty minutes DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION BOOKLET UNTIL BEING TOLD TO DO SO For Examiner’s Use 1.……………………………………. Write down your name and class in the space provided Tuliskan nama dan kelas anda pada ruang yang disediakan. 3..……. Question 1 2 Full Mark 33 17 50 Mark 2.Name : …….

.....5 mol dm-3 copper(II) sulphate kuprum sulfat Porous pot Pasu berliang Magnesium 0...... V Bacaan: Reading:...... Rajah 1....2 menunjukkan bacaan voltmeter bagi semua eksperimen. Diagram 1.........1 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan dan kuprum adalah terminal positif dalam semua eksperimen.1 shows the set-up of apparatus used and copper is the positive terminal in all experiment...... Mg / Cu Fe / Cu Reading:.....2 Rajah 1. Rajah 1..........................5 mol dm-3 magnesium sulphate magnesium sulfat Copper Kuprum Diagram 1.... V Bacaan: Zn / Cu Pb / Cu 1(a) Reading:. Diagram 1. 0.. V Bacaan: Reading:. V Bacaan: Diagram 1........... Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk menentukan kedudukan logam berbeza dalam Siri Elektrokimia.1 Experiment is repeated using different pairs of metals........ Eksperimen diulangi menggunakan pasangan logam berbeza.......2 shows the voltmeter reading for all experiments...2 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 2 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL .1 Rajah 1..........CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s Use 4541/3 1 An experiment was conducted to determine the position of different metals in Electrochemical Series...

The way to manipulate variable: Cara mengubah pembolehubah dimanipulasikan: What to observe in the responding variable: Apa yang diperhatikan dalam pembolehubah bergerakbalas The way to maintain the controlled variable: Cara menetapkan pembolehubah dimalar.1 berdasarkan eksperimen itu. Construct a table and record the potential difference for each experiment. 1(c) Table 1.1 based on the experiment Lengkapkan Jadual 1. 1(b) (c) Complete the Table 1.CONFIDENTIAL 4541/3 For Examiner’s Use (a) (b) Record the voltmeter readings in the spaces provided. Bina sebuah jadual untuk menunjukkan beza keupayaan bagi setiap eksperimen .1 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 3 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL . Catatkan bacaan voltmeter pada ruang yang disediakan.1 Jadual 1.

.......................................................... Observations Pemerhatian Inferences Inferens 1(e) (f) Based on the observations.. susun kesemua logam itu mengikut tertib menaik keelektropositifan 1(f) ........... Lengkapkan Jadual berikut dengan menyatakan pemerhatian dan inferens yang berkaitan dalam eksperimen tersebut.......CONFIDENTIAL For Examiner’s Use 4541/3 (d) State the hypothesis for this experiment....1 kelaskan ion-ion yang terdapat dalam kedua-dua larutan kepada kation dan anion. ......................... arrange all the metals in ascending order of their electropositivity Berdasarkan pemerhatian.................................. classify the ions present in both solutions into cations and anions..... (g) Based on the cell in Diagram 1..... Complete the following Table by stating the observations and related inferences in the experiment.................................... 1(g) 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 4 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL ........................................... Berdasarkan sel dalam Rajah 1.........1 dibiarkan selama 5 minit. (e) Cell in Diagram 1....................... Sel dalam Rajah 1............1........................................ Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini 1(d) ...1 is left for 5 minutes........................................................

.................................................5 V is observed when the experiment is repeated by using an unknown metal............................................... state the colour change of copper(II) sulphate solution....... (j) If cell using Zn/Cu is left for 2 hours.................... Predict the position of metal R in the Electrochemical Series.. nyatakan perubahan warna larutan kuprum(II) sulfat....... 1(h) 1(i) ......................................................................................................................................... 1(j) 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 5 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL ... Sekiranya sel menggunakan Zn/Cu dibiarkan selama 2 jam..................... ............................. Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi sel kimia .5 V dihasilkan apabila eksperimen diulangi menggunakan suatu logam yang tidak diketahui ............................CONFIDENTIAL 4541/3 For Examiner’s Use (h) State the operational definition of a chemical cell.. (i) A potential difference of 1.................................. . Ramalkan kedudukan logam R dalam Siri Elektrokimia........................................................ R dan kuprum............................. R and copper................... Beza keupayaan sebanyak 1..

Rajah 2. rancangkan satu eksperimen dalam makmal untuk mengkaji kesan saiz bahan tindak balas terhadap kadar tindak balas antara kalsium karbonat dengan asid.1 Referring to the above situation. Merujuk kepada situasi di atas. 4541/3 During camping.CONFIDENTIAL 2 Diagram 2. sekumpulan pelajar telah mendapati bahawa lebih senang untuk menghidupkan unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu berbanding batang kayu. a group of students discovered that it is easier to start a bonfire using sticks rather than logs. This is due to the differences in the size Semasa berkhemah. Ini disebabkan oleh perbezaan saiz.1 menunjukkan 2 jenis unggun api menggunakan ranting kayu dan batang kayu.1 Rajah 2. Bonfire using sticks Unggun api menggunakan ranting Bonfire using logs Unggun api menggunakan batang kayu Diagram 2.1 shows two types of bonfire using sticks and logs. plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the effect of size of reactant on the rate of reaction between calcium carbonate and an acid. Your planning should include the following: Perancangan anda haruslah mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut : (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Statement of Problem Pernyataan masalah All the variables Semua pembolehubah Statement of hypothesis Pernyataan hipotesis List of substances and apparatus Senarai bahan dan alat radas Procedure of the experiment Prosedur eksperimen Tabulation of data Penjadualan data [17 marks] END OF QUESTION PAPER [Kertas Soalan Tamat] 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 6 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL .

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2. 10. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Soalan 1 ialah 45 minit dan Soalan 2 ialah 45 minit. 8. Write your answers for Question 2 on the lined pages at the end of the question paper in detail. Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam kurungan. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 1 dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Soalan 2 pada halaman bergaris di bahagian akhir kertas soalan ini dengan terperinci 4. Jawab semua soalan 4541/3 Write your answers for Question 1 in the spaces provided in the question paper. Tunjukkan cara mengira kerana ia boleh membantu anda mendapatkan markah. 7. Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan. Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan. 9. The time suggested to complete Question 1 is 45 minutes and Question 2 is 45 minutes. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua soalan. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated. 6. neatly cross out the answer. 5. Show your working. Hand in all your answer sheets at the end of the examination. Answer all questions. it may help you to get marks. Marks awarded Pemberian markah Score Skor 3 2 1 0 Description Penerangan Excellent : The best response Cemerlang : Respons yang paling baik Satisfactory : An average response Memuaskan : Respons yang sederhana Weak : An inaccurate response Lemah : Respons yang kurang tepat No response or wrong response Tiada respons atau respons yang salah 4541/3©Copyright Reserve MARA 10 [See Next Page CONFIDENTIAL . This question paper consists of two questions. Rajah yang terdapat dalam soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan sebaliknya Marks allocated for each question or part of the question are shown in brackets. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON 1. If you wish to cancel any answer. Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak diprogramkan. buat garisan di atas jawapan itu. 3.

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