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2012/04/26

Tutorial 08 Chapter 10

FLUID MECHANICS 2A

Minor Losses

8.1. A venturi is attached to a 4-in Schedule 40 steel pipe and has a throat diameter of 3,81 cm. Determine the pressure difference across the meter that would be measured for a flow of 0,038 m 3 /s of kerosene at 25 C.

8.2. A sharp-edged orifice is placed in a 25.4-cm-diameter pipe carrying

ammonia. If the volume flow rate is 0.0016 m3/s, calculate the deflection of a water manometer:

8.2.1. if the orifice diameter is 2.54 cm; and

8.2.2. if the orifice diameter is 17.78 cm

The ammonia has a specific gravity of 0.83 and a dynamic viscosity of 1.2 X 10-4 N.s/m2.

8.3. Determine the energy loss due to a sudden enlargement from a 50mm pipe to a 100mm pipe when the velocity of flow is 3m/s in the smaller pipe.

8.4. Determine the energy loss due to a sudden enlargement from a 1-in schedule 80 pipe to a 3½-in schedule 80 pipe when the rate of flow is 3x10-

3m3/s.

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8.5. Determine the pressure difference between two points on either side of a sudden enlargement from a tube with a 50mm inside diameter to one with a 150mm diameter when the velocity of flow of water is 1.22m/s in the smaller tube.

Tutorial 08 Chapter 10

8.6. Determine the energy loss when 0.04m3/s of water flows from a 6-in standard schedule 40 pipe into a large reservoir.

8.7. Determine the energy loss for a sudden contraction from a 5-in to a 2-in schedule 80 pipe for a flow rate of 500L/min.

8.8. Compute the energy loss that would occur as 0.003m3/s flows from a tank into a steel tube with an outside diameter of 50mm and a wall thickness of 1.7mm. The tube is installed flush with the inside of the tank wall with square edges.

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