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INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4

SECTION A
Answer all questions. Every question is followed by four answers A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer. Then, blacken your answer on the answer sheet provided. The suggested time for this section is 45 minutes. If you are unable to answer a question, proceed to the next question. Setiap soalan diikuti dengan empat pilihan jawapan A, B, C, dan D. Pilih jawapan yang betul. Kemudian hitamkan jawapan pada kertas jawapan yang disediakan. Masa yang dicadangkan untuk bahagian ini ialah 45 minit. Jika anda tidak dapat menjawab sebarang soalan, teruskan menjawab soalan yang berikutnya. 1. What is meant by the basic needs of living things ? Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan keperluan asas benda hidup? A B C D 2. Needs that are the least used Keperluan yang paling kurang digunakan Needs by living things to survive Keperluan yang diperlukan oleh benda hidup untuk hidup Needs that every living thing must have Keperluan yang diperlukan oleh setiap benda hidup Needs that are found in certain places only Keperluan yang terdapat di tempat-tempat tertentu sahaja

Which of the following is not a basic need of humans ? Antara berikut yang manakah bukan keperluan asas bagi manusia? A B C D Air Udara Car Kereta Food Makanan Water Air

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3. Based on Figure 1 why do ancient men live in caves ? Berdasarkan Rajah 1, mengapakah manusia zaman dahulu tinggal di gua?

FIGURE 1/ RAJAH 1 A B C D To help them grow quickly Membantu mereka bertumbuh dengan cepat To help them find food Membantu mereka mencari makanan To protect themselves from earthquakes Melindungi diri daripada gempa bumi To protect themselves from danger, the sun and rain

Melindungi diri daripada bahaya, panas matahari dan hujan

4.

Which of the following are the basic needs of animals ? Antara berikut yang manakah keperluan asas haiwan? I Water Air II III IV A B C D Air Udara wind angin Sunlight Cahaya matahari I and II only I dan II sahaja I and III only I dan III sahaja II and III II, dan III II, and IV II dan IV

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5. Table 1 shows the classification of animals based on their eating habits. Rajah I menunjukkan pengelasan haiwan berdasarkan tabiat makan mereka. Antara haiwan berikut, yang manakah dapat diletakkan dalam kumpulan Z? X Rabbit Arnab Elephant Gajah Y Cat Kucing Wolf serigala Z Chicken Ayam Bear Beruang

TABLE 1 JADUAL Which of the following animals can be placed in group Z ? Antara haiwan berikut, yang manakah dapat diletakkan dalam kumpulan Z? A Eagle Helang B C D Mouse Tikus Python Ular Sawa Crocodile Buaya

6.

Based on Figure 2, which animals can be placed in group K? Berdasarkan Rajah 2, haiwan manakah boleh diletakkan dalam kumpulan K?

FIGURE 2 I II III IV Bear Beruang Eagle Helang Horse. Kuda Chicken Ayam

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A B C D I and II only I dan II sahaja I and III only I dan III sahaja I, and IV only I, dan IV sahaja III, and IV only III, dan IV sahaja

7.

Which of the following situations will cause animals to die the fastest? Antara situasi berikut, yang manakah akan menyebabkan haiwan mati paling cepat? A B C D Do not have air Tidak ada udara Do not have food Tidak ada makanan Do not have water Tidak ada air Do not have sunlight Tidak ada cahaya matahari

8.

Figure 3 shows the foot of a bird. Which of the following is true about the bird ? Rajah 3 menunjukkan kaki seekor burung. Yang manakah benar tentang burung itu?

FIGURE 3

RAJAH 3
A B C D 9. It cannot fly Tidak boleh terbang It lives in water Tinggal di dalam air It eats meat only Makan daging sahaja It eats plants only Makan tumbuhan sahaja

In which of the following containers does the snail stay alive after five days ?

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Dalam kotak manakah siput didapati masih hidup selepas lima hari?
wire gauze

B
leaves moist soil

wire gauze

C
leaves dry soil

D
moist soil

leaves

10.

How do plants absorb water from the ground? Bagaimanakah tumbuhan menyerap air dari tanah? A B C D Using their roots Menggunakan akarnya Using their stems Menggunakan batangnya Using their bark Menggunakan kulitnya Using their leaves Menggunakan daunnya

11.

Which of the following plants reproduces in the same way as the banana plant ? Tumbuhan manakah membiak dengan cara yang sama dengan pokok pisang? A B C D Grass Rumput Ginger Halia Pandan plant Pandan Tapioca plant Ubi kayu

12.

Based on Figure 4, why is plant A not as healthy as plant B ?

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Berdasarkan Rajah 4, kenapakah tumbuhan A kurang subur berbanding tumbuhan B?

Cupboard almari

A FIGURE 4 RAJAH 4 A B C D Plant A has dull leaves Daun tumbuhan A tidak menarik Plant A has caterpillars on its leaves Terdapat ulat beluncas pada daun tumbuhan A

Plant A does not get enough sunlight Tumbuhan A tidak menerima cahaya matahari yang mencukupi Plant A does not grow well in a small space

Tumbuhan A tidak dapat tumbuh subur dalam ruang yang sempit


13. Figure 5 shows a part of the grass being covered with a wooden plank. After five days, it is observed that the grass under the wooden plank turns yellow. Why does this happen ? Rajah 5 menunjukkan sebahagian rumput ditutup dengan sekeping papan. Selepas lima hari, didapati rumput yang berada di bawah papan tersebut bertukar menjadi kuning. Kenapa terjadi demikian?

FIGURE 5 RAJAH 5 A B C The grass cannot breathe Rumput tidak dapat bernafas The grass does not get food Rumput berkenaan tidak mendapat makanan The grass does not get water

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Rumput tersebut tidak mendapat air D 14. The grass does not get sunlight Rumput tersebut tidak mendapat cahaya matahari

Which of the following is needed for seeds to germinate? Manakah antara berikut diperlukan untuk percambahan biji benih? A B C D Air and water Udara dan air soil and water Tanah dan air water, air and sunlight Air, udara dan cahaya matahari moisture, oxygen and a suitable temperature Kelembapan, oksigen dan suhu yang sesuai

15.

Which of the following shows the correct passage of air during breathing ? Antara berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan laluan udara yang betul semasa bernafas? A Nose Windpipe Lungs Hidung Kerongkong Peparu Windpipe Mouth Lungs kerongkong Mulut Peparu Mouth Windpipe Lungs Mulut Kerongkong Peparu Nose Lungs Windpipe Hidung Peparu Kerongkong

16.

What is the function of windpipe in human breathing mechanism ? Apakah fungsi kerongkong dalam proses pernafasan manusia? A B C D To remove waste materials Menyingkir bahan buangan To carry blood away from the lungs Membawa darah keluar dari peparu To carry gases in and out of the lungs Membawa gas masuk dan keluar daripada peparu To cause the movement of the chest Menyebabkan pergerakan dada

INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4


17. Which of the following excretory organs are matched correctly with the products in Table 2 ? Organ dan bahan buangan manakah dipadankan dengan betul dalam Jadual 2?

Excretory organ Organ I II III Skin

Product

Bahan buangan
Sweat

Kulit
Kidney ginjal Lungs Peparu TABLE 2 JADUAL 2 A B C D I, and II only I, dan II sahaja I and III only I, dan II sahaja I and III only I, dan III sahaja II and III only II, dan III sahaja

Peluh
Urine Air kencing Faeces nyahtinja

18.

When Ali touches a glass of hot water, he automatically withdraws his hands. Why does he do that ? Ali menarik tangannya dengan segera apabila dia menyentuh gelas yang berisi air panas. Kenapakah dia berbuat demikian? A B C D To protect himself from pressure Mengelakkan diri daripada tekanan To protect himself from being hurt Mengelakkan diri daripada terluka Because his fingers cannot function Kerana jari-jarinya tidak dapat berfunfsi To protect himself from falling down Mengelakkan diri daripada terjatuh

19.

What conclusion can you make from the statement below? Apakah kesimpulan yang boleh dibuat daripada pernyataan di bawah?

Humans cannot live forever. Manusia tidak dapat hidup 8 selama-lamanya

INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4

A B C D

Humans produce offspring. Manusia melahirkan anak Humans respond to stimuli. Manusia bertindak balas terhadap rangsangan Humans breathe using lungs. Manusia bernafas dengan paru-paru Humans excrete waste materials. Manusia mengeluarkan bahan buangan

20.

The graph in Figure 6 shows a process that takes place in animals Graf dalam Rajah 6 menunjukkan satu proses yang berlaku pada haiwan
Number of animals Bilangan haiwan

2000

2001

2002

Year Tahun

FIGURE 6 RAJAH 6 What process is shown in the graph above? Proses apakah yang ditunjukkan pada graf di atas? A B C D growth. Pertumbuhan breathing. Pernafasan movement. Pergerakan reproduction. Pembiakan

INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4


21. Based on Figure 7, which of the following animals can be placed in group Y ? Berdasarkan Rajah 7, haiwan manakah yang boleh diletak dalam kumpulan Y?

Life cycles of animals Kitaran hidup haiwan

3 stages X 3 peringkat Y A B C D Bird Burung Chicken Ayam Butterfly Rama-rama Grasshopper Belalang Figure 7 Rajah 7

4 stages 4 peringkat X

22.

Which of the following plants reproduce through stem cuttings? Tumbuhan manakah yang membiak melalui keratan batang? I Sugarcane Tebu Bryophyllum Setawar I and II only I dan II sahaja I and III only I dan III sahaja I and IV only I dan IV sahaja II and IV only II dan IV sahaja III Tapioca Ubi kayu Begonia Begonia

II

IV

A B C D

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INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4


23. Plants reproduce in various ways. Which of the following plants reproduce by producing young plants ? Tumbuhan membiak melalui pelbagai cara. Tumbuhan manakah yang membiak melalui anak pokok? I II A B C D 24. Pineapple Nanas Grass Rumput I and III only I dan III sahaja I and IV only I dan IV sahaja II and III only II dan III sahaja II and IV only II dan IV sahaja III IV Ferns Paku-pakis Banana plant Pisang

Which of the following parts labelled, A, B, C and D, of the animal in Figure 8 helps to protect it from enemies ? Antara bahagian yang bertanda A,B, C, dan D, pada haiwan dalam Rajah 8, yang manakah melindunginya daripada musuh?

FIGURE 8 RAJAH 8 25. An elephant has special characteristics as shown in the list below. Gajah mempunyai ciri-ciri khas seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam senarai di bawah

P - Large ears Telinga besar Q - Wrinkled skin Kulit berkedut R - Small eyes Mata kecil S - Big body Badan besar 11

INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4


Which of the following special characteristics make the elephant well adapted to hot weather ? Ciri-ciri khas manakah yang menyebabkan gajah dapat menyesuaikan diri dengan iklim panas? A B C D 26. P and Q P dan Q R and S R dan S Q and S Q dan S P and R P dan R

Which of the following helps the animal shown in Figure 9 to live in a very cold place ? Antara berikut yang manakah membantu haiwan dalam Rajah 9 hidup dalam iklim yang sangat Sejuk?

FIGURE 9 RAJAH 9 A B C D 27. It has a small body size Tubuh yang kecil It has thick fur Bulu yang tebal It has waterproof fur Bulu kalis air It can move quickly Ia dapat bergerak dengan pantas

Which of the following plants have fine hairs that can cause itchiness to humans and animals ? Tumbuhan yang manakah mempunyai bulu halus yang menyebabkan rasa gatal pada manusia dan juga haiwan? I II Jackfruit Cempedak Bamboo Buluh III IV Sugarcane Tebu Pumpkin Labu

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A B C D I and II only I, dan II sahaja II and III only II, dan III sahaja I and IV only I, dan IV sahaja III and IV only III, dan IV sahaja

28.

In which of the following are the plants matched correctly with their adaptation to dry season ? Yang manakah menunjukkan tumbuhan dipadankan dengan betul dengan cara ia menyesuaikan diri dengan musim kering I II III IV A B C D Rubber tree- drops its leaves Pokok getah- menggugurkan daun Coconut tree- drops its leaves Pokok kelapa menggugurkan daun Maize plant- curls its leaves Pokok jagung Menggulungkan daun Balsam plant- curls its leaves Pokok keembong Menggulungkan daun I and II only I, dan II sahaja I and III only I, dan III sahaja II and IV only II, dan IV sahaja I and IV only I, dan IV sahaja

29.

A plant drops almost all its leaves during the dry season but it stays alive. Give one reason. Sesuatu tumbuhan menggugurkan hampir kesemua daunnya pada musim panas. Namun tumbuhan ini dapat terus hidup. Beri satu sebab. A B The plant breathes through its fruit Tumbuhan itu bernafas melalui buahnya The plant breathes through its flowers Tumbuhan itu bernafas melalui bunganya

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C D It breathes through its seeds Ia bernafas melalui bijinya It breathes through its stem Ia bernafas melalui batangnya

30.

The three plants shown in the list below have a certain specific characteristic to protect them. What is that specific characteristic ? Tumbuhan yang disenaraikan dalam kotak di bawah mempunyai sesuatu ciri khas untuk melindungi diri. Apakah ciri khas tersebut?

Mimosa Semalu Rose plant Mawar Rattan plant rotan


A B C D Thorny Berduri Poisonous Beracun Bad smell Berbau busuk Producing latex Mengeluar getah

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SECTION B BAHAGIAN B Instruction : Write your answers in the spaces provided Tulis jawapan anda pada ruang yang disediakan. 1. Fill in the blanks correctly with the words given below. Isi tempat kosong dengan betul menggunakan perkataan yang diberi inhale menarik nafas breathe bernafas lungs peparu exhale menghembus nafas oxygen oksigen

a.

We use our _____________ to breathe. Kita menggunakan ______________ untuk bernafas.

b.

When we ______________ our chest moves up and down. Apabila kita _________________ dada kita bergerak ke atas dan ke bawah.

c.

When we ___________, air enters our lungs. Apabila kita ____________________ , udara masuk ke dalam peparu kita.

d.

When we ___________, air exits our lungs. Apabila kita ______________________ , udara keluar daripada peparu kita.

e.

The air we inhale contains more ______________. Udara yang kita sedut mengandungi lebih banyak __________________. (5 marks)

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INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4

2.

Fill in the table correctly with the words given below. Isikan jadual dengan betul menggunkan perkataan yang disediakan dalam kotak di bawah. cobra ular tedung lizard biawak mouse tikus garden snail siput babi millipede

Special behaviors Perlakuan khas a. Produces poisonous stings Mempunyai sengat beracun b. Pretends to be dead Pura-pura mati c. Loses its tail to escape Memutuskan ekor d. Hides in the hole underground Bersembunyi dalam lubang bawah tanah e. Hides in a hard shell Bersembunyi di dalam cangkerang

Example of animal Contoh haiwan

( 5 marks) 3. a It has rows of sharp teeth. Ia mempunyai barisan gigi yang tajam Match the animals correctly with their respective characteristics. Padankan haiwan dengan ciri-ciri khasnya dengan betul.

b It has a poisonous bite. Ia mempunyai patukan yang beracun

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INVESTIGATING LIVING THING YEAR 4

c It keeps its young in its pouch. Ia menyimpan anaknya di dalam kantung

It has horns. Ia mempunyai tanduk

It curls its body. Ia menggulungkan badannya

(5 marks)
4. Priya carried out an investigation to find out the basic needs of plants. She placed two similar sunflower plants, M and N, as shown below, in a sunny place. Priya menjalankan satu penyiasatan untuk mengkaji keperluan asas tumbuhan. Dia meletakkan dua pokok bunga matahari yang sama, M dan N, seperti yang ditunjukkan, di bawah cahaya matahari.

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M The plants were watered every day and observed. Kedua-dua tumbuhan disiram dan diperhatikan setiap hari. a) What is the purpose (aim) of the investigation?

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Apakah tujuan penyiasatan di atas? ______________________________________________________________________(1 mark) b) Predict what will happen after one week. Ramalkan apa akan berlaku selepas satu minggu. i) M : _______________________________________________________________(1 mark) ii) N : _______________________________________________________________( 1 mark) c) State what to change( manipulated variable) Nyatakan apa yang diubah.( dimanipulasi ) ______________________________________________________________________(1 mark) d) What conclusion can be made based on the investigation? Apakah kesimpulan yang dapat dibuat berdasarkan penyiasatan ini? ______________________________________________________________________(1 mark)

THE END TAMAT

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