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contoh-soal-saluran

contoh-soal-saluran

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Published by: Angga Setiawan on Aug 26, 2013
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09/14/2015

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Contoh Soal

:
*. Data Jaringan Irigasi, sbb.:
Saluran Tersier Kiri ;
Q2 = 0.8 m3/dt ; El. + 24.50
Q1 = 2 m3/dt Saluran Sekunder Kiri ;
Saluran Primer ; El. + 25.00 El. + 24.0
!en"anakan
- #imensi dan ukuran Saluran $ri%asi terse&ut diatas
- #imensi dan ukuran 'an%unan ( &an%unan air )an% ada.
Pen)elesaian *
$. Peren"anaan Saluran *
• Q1 = 2 m3/dt
• Q2 = 0+80 m3/dt
• Q3 = Q1 ( Q2 = , 2+00 ( 0+80 - m3/dt = 1+20 m3/dt
1. Saluran Primer :
Q1 = 2 m3/dt  Ta&el  • & / . = 2.5  & = 2.5 .
• m = 1 * 1 atau m = 1
• / = 0+55 s/d. 0+00 m/dt  / = 0+5 m/dt
• k = 40
• 1 = 0+00 m
2 = 3uas 4enam4an% saluran
= & 5 . + m 5 .
2
= 2+5 5 . 5 . + 1 5 .
2
= 2+5 5 .
2
+ .
2
= 3+5 .
2
Q = 2 5 / = 3+5 .
2
5 0+5 = 1+665 .
2
2
7aka * Q = 1+665 .
2
 2 = 1+665 .
2
 . = ((((((( = 1+001
1+665
diam&il . = 1+00 m8.
& = 3+5 5 . = 3+5 5 1+00 = 3+5 m
2 = 3+50 5 .
2
= 3+5 5 , 1+00 -
2
= 3+5 m2
9 = Kelilin% &asa. saluran
= & + 2 5 . 5 √ 1 + m
2
= 2+5 5 . + 2 5 . 5 √ 1 + , 1 -
2
= 2+5 5 1+00 + 2 5 1+00 5 √ 2
= 5+328 m8
! = :ari(;ari .idr<lis
2 3+5
= (((((((( = ((((((((((( = 0+05
9 5+328
Q 2
/ = (((((( = ((((((((( = 0+51 m/dt  / ≅ 0+5 m/dt
2 3+5
:adi *
/
2
0+5
2
$ = (((((((((((((( = ((((((((((((((((((((((( = 0+000350
k 5 !
2/3
40 5 , 0+05-
2/3
:a1a&an *
• & = 3+50 m
• . = 1+00 m
• m = 1 * 1
• 1 = 0+00 m
• / = 0+5 m/dt
• $ = 3+50 5 10
(
4
• Q = 2+00 m3/dt
2. Saluran Sekunder Kiri :
#e&it Saluran Primer $$ ini adala. * Q = Q3
= 1+20 m3/dt.
:adi *
Q3 = 1+2 m3/dt  Ta&el  • & / . = 2  & = 2 .
• m = 1 * 1 atau m = 1
• / = 0+50 s/d. 0+55 m/dt  / = 0+53 m/dt
• k = 40
• 1 = 0+00 m
2 = 3uas 4enam4an% saluran
= & 5 . + m 5 .
2
= 2 5 . 5 . + 1 5 .
2
= 2 5 .
2
+ .
2
= 3 .
2
Q = 2 5 / = 3 .
2
5 0+53 = 1+56 .
2
2
7aka * Q = 1+56 .
2
 1+2 = 1+56 .
2
 . = ((((((( = 1+808
1+56
diam&il . = 0+8 m8.
& = 2 5 . = 2 5 0+8 = 1+4 m
2 = 3 5 .
2
= 3 5 , 0+8 -
2
= 2+2 m2
9 = Kelilin% &asa. saluran
= & + 2 5 . 5 √ 1 + m
2
= 2 5 . + 2 5 . 5 √ 1 + , 1 -
2
= 2 5 . + 2 5 0+8 5 √ 2
= 4+201 m8
! = :ari(;ari .idr<lis
2 2+2
= (((((((( = ((((((((( = 0+540
9 4+201
Q 1+2
/ = (((((( = (((((((( = 0+528 m/dt  / = 0+53 m/dt.
2 2+2
:adi *
/
2
0+53
2
$ = (((((((((((((( = ((((((((((((((((((((((( = 0+000366
k 5 !
2/3
40 5 , 0+54-
2/3
:a1a&an *
• & = 1+4 m
• . = 0+8 m
• m = 1 * 1
• 1 = 0+00 m
• / = 0+53 m/dt
• $ = 3+66 5 10
(
4
• Q = 1+20 m3/dt
3. Saluran ersier Kiri :
Q2 = 0+80 m3/dt  Ta&el  • & / . = 2  & = 2 .
• m = 1 * 1 atau m = 1
• / = 0+50 s/d. 0+55 m/dt  / = 0+50 m/dt
• k = 40
• 1 = 0+50 m
2 = 3uas 4enam4an% saluran
= & 5 . + m 5 .
2
= 2 5 . 5 . + 1 5 .
2
= 2 .
2
+ .
2
= 3 .
2
9 = Kelilin% &asa. saluran
= & + 2 5 . 5 √ 1 + m
2
= 2 5 . + 2 5 . 5 √ 1 + ,1-
2
= 4+83 .
! = :ari(;ari .idr<lis
2 3 .
2
! = (((((((( = ((((((((((( = 0+021 .
9 4+83 .
Q = 2 5 / = 3 .
2
5 0+50 = 1+50 .
2
0+80
7aka * Q = 0+0 .
2
 0+80 = 1+50 .
2
 . = ((((( = 0+30
1+50
diam&il . = 0+3 m8.
:adi * 2 = 3 5 .
2
= 3 5 , 0+3 -
2
= 1+566 m2
9 = 4+83 5 . = 4+83 5 0+3 = 3+520 m
! = 0+021 5 . = 0+021 5 0+3 = 0+453 m
& = 2 5. = 1+40 m
= = Q / 2 = 0+80 / 1+566 m/dt = 0+50 m/dt.
/
2
0+50
2
$ = (((((((((((((( = ((((((((((((((((((((((( = 0+000446
k 5 !
2/3
40 5 , 0+453 -
2/3
:a1a&an *
• & = 1+40 m
• . = 0+3 m
• m = 1 * 1
• 1 = 0+50 m
• / = 0+50 m/dt
• $ = 4+46 5 10
(
4
• Q = 0+80 m3/dt
$$. 7en%.itun% 'an%unan Pintu 2ir $ri%asi *
a. #i4ili. 4intu !<mi;n untuk saluran tersier kiri+ karena 4erlu 4intu d%. alat
ukur de&it dan den%an de&it , Q - )an% memenu.i.
&. #i4ili. 4intu S<r<n% untuk saluran sekunder $$+ karena 4erlu 4intu d%. alat
4en%atur muka air dan sesuai den%an de&it , Q - serta si>at alirann)a.
a. ?itun%an 4intu air iri%asi *
1. Saluran tersier kiri den%an !intu romi"n adala. s&&.*
!umus 4intu r<mi;n *
# $ 1,%1 * b * h
3&2
@ntuk 4eren"anaan di&atasi den%an s)arat teknis s&&. *
5. @ntuk satu 4intu &iasa diam&il *
- 3e&ar 4intu , & - = 1+00 m
- Qmaks. = 000 l/dt = 0+00 m3/dt
- tin%%i muka air diatas am&an% , .maks. - = 0+50 m
maka *
:ika diam&il 1 4intu *
Q = 1+1 5 & 5 .
3/2
 & = 1+00 m
0+80 = 1+1 5 , 1+00 - 5 .
3/2
. = , 0+80 / 1+1 -
2/3
= 0+00 m  . = 0+00 m A .maks.= 0+50 m
, tidak memenu.i s)arat BB -
:ika diam&il 2 ,dua- 4intu+ maka *
- Q = Q2 / 2 = 0+80 /2 m3/dt = 0+40 m3/dt
- #i"<&a den%an tin%%i muka air , . - = 0+35 m
Q = 1+1 5 & 5 .
3/2

0+40= 1+1 5 & 5 , 0+35-
3/2

0+40
& = (((((((((((((((((( = 1+13 m  diam&il * & = 1+20 m < &maks.=1+50 m
1+1 5 , 0+35-
3/2
9ke BB
#i"ek *
5. Tin%%i . * 0+40 = 1+1 5 , 1+20 - 5 .
3/2

0+40
2/3

. = ((((((((((((((((( = 3+336 ≅ 0+34 m < .maks. = 0+50 m
1+1 5 , 1+2 -
5. #e&it * Q = 1+1 5 , 1+2 - 5 , 0+34 -
3/2
= 0+40 m3/dt.
@ntuk dua 4intu *
Q = 2 5 0+40 m3/dt = 0+814 m3/dt A 0+80 m3/dt 9keC.. BBB.
2. Saluran sekunder kiri den%an !intu sorong adala. s&&.*
'e&it Saluran * Q = Q3 = 1+20 m3/dt
!umus * Q = K 5 D 5 a 5 & E 2 5 % 5 .
1
#iam&il *
• .1 / a = 2  a = 0+50 5 .1 = 0+50 5 1 = 0+50 mF
• .2 / a = 0+8 * 0+50 = 1+4
:adi *
• .1 / a = 2
• .2 / a = 1+4  K = 1 dan D = 0+55
• G = 60
0
• .
1
= kedalaman air dide4an 4intu am&an% = 1+00 m
• & = le&ar 4intu s<r<n% = le&ar saluran = 1+4 m.
• % = 6+8 m/dt2
• H = ke.ilan%an tin%%i ener%i = ,+ 25+00- ( , + 24.0 - = 0+30 m
:adi 4er.itun%ann)a men;adi s&&.*
Q = 1 5 0+55 5 a 5 , 1+4 - 5 √ 2 5 6+8 5 1
1+2 = 4+23 .  a = 1+20 / 4+23 m = 0+283 m
diam&il a = 0+52 m , &ukaan 4intu s<r<n% -.
#i"ek de&it *
Q = 1 5 0+55 5 0+26 , 1+4 - √ 2 5 6+8 5 1
= 1+226 m3 /dt A Q 3 = 1+20 m3 /dt  9ke C. BBBB.
Se.in%%a #imensi Saluran terse&ut diatas da4at di%am&arkan s&&.;

571 m/dt  v ≅ 0.= 0.57 m/dt • I = 3.2 = 1.60 m • v = 0.59 diambil h = 0.57 I = -------------= ----------------------.00 m3/dt 2 2 2/3 2/3 4 R 2.87 = 1.27 m2 2 2 = Keliling basah saluran = b + 2*h*√ 1 + m = 2*h + 2*h*√ 1 + (1) 2 2 .657 O 5.59 h  h = 2 ------.328 Q 2 v = -----.87 m'. 0.00 m • m =1:1 • w = 0.87 ) = 2.60 m A = Luas penampang saluran = b*h + m*h = 2*h*h + 1*h = 2*h + h = 3h 2 2 2 2 2 Q = A * v = 3 h * 0.53 2 2 = 1.5 Jadi : v 0.000356 k*R 40 * ( 0.59 h 2 2 Maka : Q = 1.55 m/dt  v = 0.= ----------.= 0.57 m/dt A 3.74 m A O = 3 * h = 3 * ( 0.5 = -------.= --------. Saluran Sekunder Kiri : Debit Saluran Primer II ini adalah : Q = Q3 = 1.2 m3/dt  Tabel  • b / h = 2  b = 2 h • m = 1 : 1 atau m = 1 • v = 0. b = 2 * h = 2 * 0.20 m3/dt.59 h  1.50 s/d.868 1.56 * 10 • Q = 2.50 m • h = 1.= 0. Jadi : Q3 = 1.= 1.657) Jawaban : • b = 3.= Jari-jari hidrolis A 3.53 m/dt • k = 40 • w = 0.

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