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# Tutorial 8

## Uniform and Normal Distributions

1. A uniform distribution is defined over the interval from 6 to 10
a. What are the values a and b?
b. What is the mean of this uniform distribution?
c. What is the standard deviation/
d. Show that the total area 1.00?
e. Find the probability of a value more that 7?
f. Find the probability of a value between 7 and 9?

## 2. According to the Insurance Institute of America, a family of four spends between

\$400 and \$3800per year on all types of insurance. Suppose the money spent is
uniformly distributed between these amounts.

## What is the mean amount spend on insurance?

What is the standard deviation of the amount spent?
If we select a family at random, what is the probability they spent less than \$2000 per
year on all types of Insurance per year?
What is the probability a family spends more than \$3000 per year?

## 3. .A normal distribution has a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of 4

Compute the probability of a value between 44.0 and 55.00
Compute the probability of a value greater than 55?
Compute the probability of a value between 52.00 and 55.0?

4.The mean starting salary for college graduates in the Spring of 2005 was \$36,280,
Assume that the distribution of starting salaries follows the normal distribution with a
standard deviation of \$3,300. What percent of the graduates have starting salaries/
Between \$35,000 and \$40,000?
More than \$45,000?
Between \$40,000 and \$45,000?

5.A recent report in USA today indicated a typical family of four spends \$490 per
month on food. Assume the distribution of food expenditures for a family of four follow
the normal distribution, with a mean of \$490 and a standard deviation of \$90
What percent of the families spend more than \$30 but less than \$490 per month on food?
What percent of the families spend less than \$430per month on food?
What percent spend between \$500and \$600per month on food?

## 6.The annual commissions earned by sales representatives of Machine products, Inc a

manufacturer of light machinery, follow the normal distribution. The mean yearly amount
earned is \$40,000 and a standard deviation is \$5,000?
What percent of the sales representatives earn more than \$42,000 per year?
What percent of the sales representatives earn more than \$32,000 and \$42,000 per year?
What percent of the sales representatives earn more than \$32,000 and \$35,000 per year?
The sales manager wants to award the sales representative who earn the largest
commissions a bonus of \$1000. He can award the bonus to 20 percent of the
representative. What is the cut off point between those who earn a bonus and those who
do not?

7.The weight of cans of Monarch Pears follow the normal Distribution with a mean of
1,000 grams and standard deviation of 50 grams. Calculate the percentage of the cans that
weight :
Less than 860 grams
Between 1055 and 11000 grams
Between 860 and 1055 grams

8.The current model Boeing 737 has a capacity of 189 passengers. Suppose Data Airlines
uses this equipment for its Atlanta to Houston flight. This distribution of the number of
seats sold for the Atlanta to Houston flights follows the normal distribution with a mean
of 155 seats and a standard deviation of 15 seats.
a. What is the likelihood of selling more than 134 seats?
b. What is the likelihood of selling less than 173 seats?
c. What is the likelihood of selling more than 134 seats but less than 173 seats?