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Latihan Soal Lingkaran

# Latihan Soal Lingkaran

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Latihan Soal Lingkaran
Latihan Soal Lingkaran

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05/06/2013

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# Soal - 1

O
D
C
A
B
40
0
60
0
samping, panjang usur
AB = 30 cm, ∠AOB =
40
0
, dan ∠COD = 60
0

!i"ungla# panjang
busur CD
P\$mba#asa
n
Di%\$"a#ui &
∩AB = 30 cm, ∠AOB = 40
0
, dan ∠COD =
60
0
Pjg busur
CD B\$sar ∠ COD
Pjg busur
AB
=
B\$sar ∠ AOB
' cm
60
0
30
c
m
=
40
0
' = ( 30 ) 60 * & 40 = 4+ cm
Soal - ,
O
A
B
60
0
disamping,
panjang jari-jari
= ,1 cm, ∠AOB
= 60
0

!i"ungla#&
c-juring OAB
b Pj Busur AB
Di%\$"a#ui &
∠AOB = 60
0
, dan jari-jari = ,1 cm
- -ing%aran 360
0
- .uring OAB
=
B\$sar ∠ AOB
πr
,
360
0
)
=
60
0
' = ( ,, ) 63 * & 6 = 1,31
cm
,

.adi - .uring OAB = ,31 cm
,

,,
/
0
) ,1 '
,1 6
)
=
1
P\$mba#asan
&
Di%\$"a#ui &
∠AOB = 60
0
, dan jari-jari = ,1 cm
1
-ing%ara
n 360
0
Pj Busur
AB
=
B\$sar ∠
AOB
,πr 360
0
)
=
60
0
' = 13, & 6 = ,, cm
.adi Pj Busur AB = ,, cm
, )
,,
/
0
)
,1 6
)
=
1
Soal - 3
Panjang jari-jari s\$bua# roda
,1 cm B\$rapa%a# panjang
lin"asann2a ji%a roda i"u
b\$rpu"ar a"au
m\$ngg\$linding s\$ban2a%
600 %ali
Di%\$"a#ui &
Panjang jari-jari = ,1
cm
.umla# pu"aran = 600
%ali
1\$liling roda = , π r
= , )
22
/
7
) ,1
= , ) 66 = 13,
cm
Panjang lin"asann2a = 600 ) 13,
cm
= 03,00
cm
= 03,
m\$"\$r
P\$mba#asan
&
Soal -
4
S\$bua# roda b\$rpu"ar
s\$ban2a% ,00 %ali un"u%
m\$lin"asi jalan s\$panjang
314 m\$"\$r
!i"ungla# &
4
1\$liling roda
4
.ari-jari roda
Di%\$"a#ui &
Panjang lin"asan = 314
m\$"\$r
.umla# pu"aran = ,00 %ali
1\$liling roda = Pjg lin"asan & jl#
pu"aran
= (314 ) 100 *cm &
,00
= 1+0 cm
.ari-jari roda = 1\$liling & ,π
= 1+0 & , ) 3,14
= 1+0 & 6,,5 = ,+
cm
P\$mba#asa
n &
Soal -
+
42 cm
!i"ungla# luas da\$ra# 2ang
diarsir 6
P\$mba#asa
n &
-uas ling%aran 2ang
diarsir &
- = 7 π r
,

= 7 )
,,
/
0
) ,1 )
,1
= 7 ) ,, ) 63
= 11 ) 63
= 633 cm
,
42 cm
-ing%aran %\$cil diarsir = ling%aran %\$cil "d%
diarsir
Soal -
6
!i"ungla# luas da\$ra# 2ang
diarsir 6
14 cm
P\$mba#asa
n &
-uas ling%aran
2ang diarsir &
-
b
= 7 π r
,

= 7 )
,,
/
0
) 0
) 0
= 00 cm
,
-
%
= π r
,

=
,,
/
0
) 3,+ )
3,+
= 35,+ cm
,

-uas 2g diarsir = 00 cm
,
- 35,+ cm
,

= 35,+ cm
,

14 cm
Soal 8 0
disamping
di%\$"a#ui b\$sar
∠AOB = 100
0

!i"ungla# b\$sar
∠ACB
O
A
B
C
P\$mba#asan
&
4
Sudu" pusa" = ,) sudu" %\$liling

∠ACB = 7 ∠AOB
4
= 7 ) 100
0
4
= +0
0
4
0

Soal 8 5
disamping
di%\$"a#ui
b\$sar ∠P9: =
4+
0
!i"ungla#
b\$sar ∠PO:
O
R
P
Q
P\$mba#asan
&

∠ P9: = +0
0

∠ PO: = , ) ∠P9:
4
= , ) 4+
0
4
= 30
0
4
.adi b\$sar ∠ PO: = 30
0

Soal 8 3
disamping
di%\$"a#ui b\$sar ∠
OAB = +0
0

!i"ungla# b\$sar
&
a ∠OBA
b ∠AOB
c ∠ACB
O
A
B
C
P\$mba#asan
&
α. ∠OBA = ∠OAB ( s\$gi"iga
sama %a%i*
= +0
0
b ∠AOB = 150
0
8 ( +0
0
; +0
0
*
= 150
0
- 100
0
= 50
0

c ∠ACB = 7 ) ∠OBA
= 7 ) 50
0
= 40
0

Soal 8 10
samping
di%\$"a#ui b\$sar ∠
ACB = 00
0
dan ∠
A<D = 60
0

!i"ungla# b\$sar &
b ∠DAC
c ∠CBD
O
A
C
D
B

E
P\$mba#asan
&
∠ACB = 00
0
dan ∠A<D = 60
0
a ∠AD< = ∠ACD = 00
0

b ∠DAC = 150 8 ( 00 ; 60 *
= 150 - 130 = +0
0
c ∠CBD = ∠ DAC = +0
0

Soal – 11
samping,
s\$gi\$mpa" ABCD
m\$rupa%an
s\$gi\$mpa" "ali
busur Panjang
AB = + cm, BC =
6 cm, CD = 0 cm,
BD = 11 cm
!i"ungla#
panjang AC

5
9
7
A
B
C
D
O
6
P\$mba#asan
&
AC ) BD = ( AB ) CD* ; ( AD )
BC *
AC ) 11 = ( + ) 0 * ; ( 3 ) 6 *
11 AC = 3+ ; +4
11 AC = 53
AC = 53 & 11 = 5, 03
Soal – 12
samping, segiempat
P!S mer"pa#an
segiempat tali b"s"r\$
Pan%ang P & 12
cm, ! & ' cm, S!
& ( cm, P! & 14 cm,
dan S & 1) cm\$
*it"ngla+ pan%ang
PS

6
12
Q
R
S
P
O
9
P\$mba#asan
&
P: ) :S = ( P: ) S9 * ; ( PS )
:9*
1, ) 13 = ( 1, ) 3 * ; ( PS )
6 *
1+6 = 105 ; 6 PS
6PS = 1+6 8 105 = 45
PS = 45 & 6 = 5 cm
Soal-13
ABC = 60
0
dan ∠BCD = ,0
0

!i"ungla# b\$sar ∠A<C
A B
C
D
,
• O
P\$mba#asa
n &
∠ABC & 60
0
∠BCD & 20
0
∠A,C & ∠ABC - ∠BCD
& 60
0
- 20
0
& 40
0
0

Soal-14
∠PO9 = 100
0
dan ∠:OS = 30
0

!i"ungla# b\$sar ∠P=9
P
!
S
/

O
P\$mba#asa
n &
∠PO! & 100
0
∠OS & )0
0
∠P/! & 0 1∠PO! - ∠OS2
& 0 1 100
0
- )0
0
2
& )3
0
0

Soal-
1+
Pada gambar di ba>a#, garis AB
m\$rupa%an garis singgung Panjang OA =
13 cm dan jari-jari OB = + cm !i"ungla#
panjang garis singgung AB
B
A
O

P\$mba#asa
n &
P\$r#a"i%an ? OAB si%u-si%u di "i"i%
B
AB
,
= OA
,
- OB
,
= 13
,
- +
,
= 163 - ,+
= 144
AB = @ 144 = 1, cm
.adi, panjang garis singgung AB =
1, cm
Soal 16
A •

B
A
B
.i%a & AA = 0 cm , BB = 3 cm dan AB =
,4 cm
=\$n"u%an jara% %\$dua pusa"n2a (AB*
AB
,
= AB
,
; ( r
1
; r
,
*
,

= ,4
,
; ( 0 ; 3 *
,
= +06 ; 100 = 606
AB = @ 606 = ,6 cm
.adi, jara% "i"i% pusa"n2a = ,6
cm
P\$mba#asan
&
A

• B
A
B
Soal 10
A

• B
A
B
.i%a & AA =4 cm , BB = , cm dan AB =
10 cm
=\$n"u%an panjang garis singgung AB
P\$mba#asan
&
AB
2
= MN
2
-( r
1
- r
2
)
2

= 10
2
- ( 4 - 2 )
2
= 100 – 4 = 96
AB = √ 96 = 9,79
Jadi, panjang AB = 9,79 cm.
A

• B
A
B

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