PENJADWALAN PRODUKSI

TI-2408 PERENCANAAN & PENGENDALIAN PRODUKSI
Penjadwalan Tenaga Kerja

SISTEM PERENCANAAN PRODUKSI Aggregate Planning Master Production Schedule Material Requirements Planning Planned Order Release Production Scheduling Staffing Facility with People .

KARAKTERISTIK PERENCANAAN TENAGA KERJA   Characteristics:  Demand tends to fluctuate widely in the short term and to occur seven days a week  Human effort cannot be inventoried  Customer convenience is critical Steps to solve the problem:  Identify the services to be provided  Determine the average time required for each service  Forecast the demand for each service over the seven day period and for the staffs  Smooth out the staffing needs .

and lunch from 12:15 to 12:45 (2) the set of days during a given week when a person will be expected at work. A weekly demand forecast is the number of people to be employed during each day of the week Shift:   (1) the time of a day when a person begins work and takes a rest and breaks during the day. with Saturday and Sunday off  Schedule: the set of shifts that satisfies the demand criteria at minimum labor cost . Example: Shift 5 is Monday through Friday.TERMINOLOGI   Demand: the number of people needed during some periods to provide a predefined level of service. Example: Shift 5 starts at 08:00 with 15 minutes off at 10:00 and 14:00.

Setiap pekerja individu diinginkan bekerja selama 5 hari dalam satu minggu.    Gambar 1 menunjukkan contoh forecast kebutuhan tenaga kerja sederhana dan solusi jadwal shift yang dapat diterapkan.EXAMPLE  Kondisi Sistem :   Dibutuhkan tenaga kerja sebanyak 28 orang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tenaga kerja satu minggu. . Setiap pekerja di set bekerja 5 hari seminggu dan masing-masing memiliki 2 hari libur berurutan dalam 1 minggu Solusi ini mengandung overstaffing pada Tuesday dan Friday. akan tetapi sudah merupakan solusi optimal karena melibatkan 6 orang pekerja yang merupakan jumlah minimum yang masih feasible. dengan begitu dibutuhkan 6 shift (6 individu) untuk memenuhi kebutuhan 28 tenaga kerja (28/5).SHIFT SCHEDULING .

Gambar 1 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Shift #1 Shift #2 Shift #3 Shift #4 Fri Sat Shift #5 Shift #6 Staff Demand Overstaff 2 2 0 4 4 0 5 4 1 5 5 0 5 5 0 5 4 1 4 4 0 Sum 30 28 2 .

Philippe. and Browne (TPB) Algoritma Monroe .ALGORITMA SHIFT SCHEDULING   Algoritma Tibrewala.

.Contoh Soal  Diketahui hasil peramalan kebutuhan tenaga kerja dalam satu minggu adalah sebagai berikut : Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 4 8 7 7 7 7 6 Demand Forecast  Diinginkan sebuah jadwal yang melibatkan jumlah tenaga kerja yang optimal dengan syarat sebagai berikut :   Setiap pekerja hanya bekerja 5 hari per minggu Setiap pekerja diusahakan mendapat dua hari libur berurutan dalam satu minggu.

for example. select the pair with the smallest requirements on adjacent days. go to Step 3. go to Step 2. do the following. Step 2: If two identical two-days-off periods occur. If a tie exists. If the tie cannot be broken. the one that has a Saturday/Sunday off or the first pair in the week   . Place all days with the same manpower need on the schedule until a unique two-consecutive-days off period appears. Step 3: Select the most reasonable pair.ALGORITMA TPB  Step 1: Working from the largest manpower-need day to the second largest and so forth.

dan selanjutnya lakukan hal berikut :  Place all days with the same manpower need on the schedule until a unique two-consecutive-days off period appears. kedua terbesar. If a tie exists. go to Step 3. . Sun 4 0 4 Mon 8 -1 7 -1 Tue 7 -1 6 ? Wed 7 -1 6 ? Thu 7 -1 6 ? Fri 7 -1 6 ? Sat 6 0 6 ? a tie exist Demand Forecast Shift 1  Step 2: If two identical two-days-off periods occur. If the tie cannot be broken. select the pair with the smallest requirements on adjacent days. go to Step 2.PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (1)  Step 1: Mulai dari hari yang membutuhkan jumlah tenaga kerja terbesar.

the one that has a Saturday/Sunday off or the first pair in the week. for example.PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (2) Sun 4 Mon 8 Tue 7 Wed 7 Thu 7 Fri 7 Sat 6 Demand Forecast 0 4 0 4 -1 7 -1 6 -1 -1 6 -1 5 ? -1 6 -1 5 ? -1 6 -1 5 ? -1 6 -1 5 ? 0 6 0 6 -1 Shift 1 Shift 2 a tie exist  Step 3: Select the most reasonable two-days-off pair. .

PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (3) Sun 4 0 4 0 4 -1 3 Mon 8 -1 7 -1 6 -1 5 -1 Tue 7 -1 6 -1 5 0 5 -1 Wed 7 -1 6 -1 5 0 5 -1 Thu 7 -1 6 -1 5 -1 4 ? Fri 7 -1 6 -1 5 -1 4 ? Sat 6 0 6 0 6 -1 5 -1 a tie exist Shift 3 Shift 2 Demand Forecast Shift 1  Step 3: Select the most reasonable two-days-off pair. in this case Thu/Fri .

PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (4) Sun 4 0 4 0 4 Mon 8 -1 7 -1 6 Tue 7 -1 6 -1 5 Wed 7 -1 6 -1 5 Thu 7 -1 6 -1 5 Fri 7 -1 6 -1 5 Sat 6 0 6 0 6 Shift 2 Demand Forecast Shift 1 -1 3 -1 2 -1 5 -1 4 ? 0 5 -1 4 ? 0 5 -1 4 ? -1 4 0 4 ? -1 4 0 4 ? -1 5 -1 4 ? Shift 3 Shift 4 a tie exist  Step 3: Select the most reasonable two-days-off pair. in this case Sat/Sun .

ALGORITMA TPB (5) Sun 3 -1 2 0 2 0 2 -1 1 Mon 5 -1 4 -1 3 0 3 -1 2 Tue 5 -1 4 -1 3 -1 2 0 2 Wed 5 -1 4 -1 3 -1 2 0 2 Thu 4 0 4 -1 3 -1 2 -1 1 Fri 4 0 4 -1 3 -1 2 -1 1 Sat 5 -1 4 0 4 -1 3 -1 2 Shift 7 Shift 6 Shift 5 Shift 4 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 1 -1 0 0 -1 1 -1 0 -1 -1 1 -1 0 -1 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 1 0 1 -1 Shift 8 Shift 9 Shift 10 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 .

PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (6) SOLUSI Demand Total Individual Requirement Solusi : 4 Shift dengan SAT/SUN OFF 2 Shift dengan SUN/MON OFF 2 Shift dengan TUE/WED OFF 2 Shift dengan THUR/FRI OFF 46 46/5 = 9.2 Individu = 10 .

Hasil peramalan terhadap permintaan jasa menghasilkan estimasi kebutuhan jumlah tenaga kerja setiap harinya sbb : Hari Kebutuhan Senin 8 Selasa 6 Rabu 7 Kamis 8 Jumat 4 Sabtu 6 Minggu 5  Susun jadwal shift pekerja jika perusahaan ingin agar setiap pegawainya bekerja 5 hari dan memiliki libur 2 hari berurutan dalam seminggu. .LATIHAN  Sebuah perusahaan Call Center ingin menyusun jadwal shift para pegawainya dalam seminggu.

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