TI-2408 PERENCANAAN & PENGENDALIAN PRODUKSI

SISTEM PERENCANAAN PRODUKSI Aggregate Planning Master Production Schedule Material Requirements Planning Planned Order Release Production Scheduling Staffing Facility with People .

KARAKTERISTIK PERENCANAAN TENAGA KERJA   Characteristics:  Demand tends to fluctuate widely in the short term and to occur seven days a week  Human effort cannot be inventoried  Customer convenience is critical Steps to solve the problem:  Identify the services to be provided  Determine the average time required for each service  Forecast the demand for each service over the seven day period and for the staffs  Smooth out the staffing needs .

TERMINOLOGI   Demand: the number of people needed during some periods to provide a predefined level of service. with Saturday and Sunday off  Schedule: the set of shifts that satisfies the demand criteria at minimum labor cost . Example: Shift 5 starts at 08:00 with 15 minutes off at 10:00 and 14:00. and lunch from 12:15 to 12:45 (2) the set of days during a given week when a person will be expected at work. Example: Shift 5 is Monday through Friday. A weekly demand forecast is the number of people to be employed during each day of the week Shift:   (1) the time of a day when a person begins work and takes a rest and breaks during the day.

SHIFT SCHEDULING . dengan begitu dibutuhkan 6 shift (6 individu) untuk memenuhi kebutuhan 28 tenaga kerja (28/5). Setiap pekerja di set bekerja 5 hari seminggu dan masing-masing memiliki 2 hari libur berurutan dalam 1 minggu Solusi ini mengandung overstaffing pada Tuesday dan Friday. akan tetapi sudah merupakan solusi optimal karena melibatkan 6 orang pekerja yang merupakan jumlah minimum yang masih feasible.    Gambar 1 menunjukkan contoh forecast kebutuhan tenaga kerja sederhana dan solusi jadwal shift yang dapat diterapkan. . Setiap pekerja individu diinginkan bekerja selama 5 hari dalam satu minggu.EXAMPLE  Kondisi Sistem :   Dibutuhkan tenaga kerja sebanyak 28 orang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tenaga kerja satu minggu.

Gambar 1 Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Shift #1 Shift #2 Shift #3 Shift #4 Fri Sat Shift #5 Shift #6 Staff Demand Overstaff 2 2 0 4 4 0 5 4 1 5 5 0 5 5 0 5 4 1 4 4 0 Sum 30 28 2 .

Philippe.ALGORITMA SHIFT SCHEDULING   Algoritma Tibrewala. and Browne (TPB) Algoritma Monroe .

Contoh Soal  Diketahui hasil peramalan kebutuhan tenaga kerja dalam satu minggu adalah sebagai berikut : Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat 4 8 7 7 7 7 6 Demand Forecast  Diinginkan sebuah jadwal yang melibatkan jumlah tenaga kerja yang optimal dengan syarat sebagai berikut :   Setiap pekerja hanya bekerja 5 hari per minggu Setiap pekerja diusahakan mendapat dua hari libur berurutan dalam satu minggu. .

for example. Step 2: If two identical two-days-off periods occur. If a tie exists. do the following. Place all days with the same manpower need on the schedule until a unique two-consecutive-days off period appears. If the tie cannot be broken. the one that has a Saturday/Sunday off or the first pair in the week   . go to Step 3. go to Step 2. Step 3: Select the most reasonable pair. select the pair with the smallest requirements on adjacent days.ALGORITMA TPB  Step 1: Working from the largest manpower-need day to the second largest and so forth.

go to Step 3. If the tie cannot be broken.PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (1)  Step 1: Mulai dari hari yang membutuhkan jumlah tenaga kerja terbesar. Sun 4 0 4 Mon 8 -1 7 -1 Tue 7 -1 6 ? Wed 7 -1 6 ? Thu 7 -1 6 ? Fri 7 -1 6 ? Sat 6 0 6 ? a tie exist Demand Forecast Shift 1  Step 2: If two identical two-days-off periods occur. kedua terbesar. . go to Step 2. dan selanjutnya lakukan hal berikut :  Place all days with the same manpower need on the schedule until a unique two-consecutive-days off period appears. select the pair with the smallest requirements on adjacent days. If a tie exists.

the one that has a Saturday/Sunday off or the first pair in the week. for example. .PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (2) Sun 4 Mon 8 Tue 7 Wed 7 Thu 7 Fri 7 Sat 6 Demand Forecast 0 4 0 4 -1 7 -1 6 -1 -1 6 -1 5 ? -1 6 -1 5 ? -1 6 -1 5 ? -1 6 -1 5 ? 0 6 0 6 -1 Shift 1 Shift 2 a tie exist  Step 3: Select the most reasonable two-days-off pair.

PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (3) Sun 4 0 4 0 4 -1 3 Mon 8 -1 7 -1 6 -1 5 -1 Tue 7 -1 6 -1 5 0 5 -1 Wed 7 -1 6 -1 5 0 5 -1 Thu 7 -1 6 -1 5 -1 4 ? Fri 7 -1 6 -1 5 -1 4 ? Sat 6 0 6 0 6 -1 5 -1 a tie exist Shift 3 Shift 2 Demand Forecast Shift 1  Step 3: Select the most reasonable two-days-off pair. in this case Thu/Fri .

in this case Sat/Sun .PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (4) Sun 4 0 4 0 4 Mon 8 -1 7 -1 6 Tue 7 -1 6 -1 5 Wed 7 -1 6 -1 5 Thu 7 -1 6 -1 5 Fri 7 -1 6 -1 5 Sat 6 0 6 0 6 Shift 2 Demand Forecast Shift 1 -1 3 -1 2 -1 5 -1 4 ? 0 5 -1 4 ? 0 5 -1 4 ? -1 4 0 4 ? -1 4 0 4 ? -1 5 -1 4 ? Shift 3 Shift 4 a tie exist  Step 3: Select the most reasonable two-days-off pair.

ALGORITMA TPB (5) Sun 3 -1 2 0 2 0 2 -1 1 Mon 5 -1 4 -1 3 0 3 -1 2 Tue 5 -1 4 -1 3 -1 2 0 2 Wed 5 -1 4 -1 3 -1 2 0 2 Thu 4 0 4 -1 3 -1 2 -1 1 Fri 4 0 4 -1 3 -1 2 -1 1 Sat 5 -1 4 0 4 -1 3 -1 2 Shift 7 Shift 6 Shift 5 Shift 4 -1 0 0 0 0 -1 1 -1 0 0 -1 1 -1 0 -1 -1 1 -1 0 -1 0 1 -1 0 -1 0 1 -1 0 -1 -1 1 0 1 -1 Shift 8 Shift 9 Shift 10 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -1 0 .

PENYELESAIAN DGN ALGORITMA TPB (6) SOLUSI Demand Total Individual Requirement Solusi : 4 Shift dengan SAT/SUN OFF 2 Shift dengan SUN/MON OFF 2 Shift dengan TUE/WED OFF 2 Shift dengan THUR/FRI OFF 46 46/5 = 9.2 Individu = 10 .

.LATIHAN  Sebuah perusahaan Call Center ingin menyusun jadwal shift para pegawainya dalam seminggu. Hasil peramalan terhadap permintaan jasa menghasilkan estimasi kebutuhan jumlah tenaga kerja setiap harinya sbb : Hari Kebutuhan Senin 8 Selasa 6 Rabu 7 Kamis 8 Jumat 4 Sabtu 6 Minggu 5  Susun jadwal shift pekerja jika perusahaan ingin agar setiap pegawainya bekerja 5 hari dan memiliki libur 2 hari berurutan dalam seminggu.