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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

Instruction:
Each question is followed by four choices of answer. Choose the best answer for each question.
Setiap soalan diikuti empat pilihan jawapan, Sila pilih jawapan yang paling tepat untuk setiap
soalan.

1. Which of the following statements describes accurately the meaning of science?


Manakah antara penyataan berikut menerangkan dengan tepat maksud sains?
A Developing knowledge about the natural environment through discoveries
Membangun pengetahuan tentang alam sekitar melalui penemuan-penemuan
B Research on space
Penelidikan pada ruang
C Explanation about environmental pollution
Penjelasan tentang pencemaran alam sekitar
D The invention of sophisticated equipment
Ciptaan kelengkapan canggih

2.

W : Membuat Hipotesis
X : Mengumpul Data
Y : Mengawal Pembolehubah
Z : Mengenal Pasti Satu Masalah

W, X, Y and Z are steps involved in a scientific investigation. Which of the following sequence is
correct?
W, X, Y dan Z adalah langkah-langkah yang dillibatkan dalam satu penyiasatan saintifik. Yang
manakah siri berikut adalah betul?
A Z, W, Y, X
B W, Z, Y, X
C Z, Y, W, X
D Y, Z, W, X

3. In a scientific investigation, how is a formed hypothesis tested?


Dalam satu penyiasatan saintifik, bagaimana satu hipotesis yang dibina diuji?
A By conducting an experiment
Dengan menjalankan satu ekperimen
B By identifying the problem
Dengan mengenal pasti masalah
C By making an inference
Dengan membuat satu inferen
D By making a conclusion
Dengan membuat satu kesimpulan

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

4.

In an experiment to study the relationship between the oscillation of a weight and the length of
the thread, which of the following is paired correctly?
Dalam satu ujian untuk mengkaji hubungan antara ayunan satu berat dan panjang benang,
yang manakah antara berikut pasangan yang betul?
Variable that is kept constant Variable that is manipulated
Pembolehubah yang dimalarkan (tetap) Pembolehunah yang dimanipulasikan
A Length of the thread Time of the oscillation
Panjang benang Masa ayunan
B Mass of the weight Length of the thread
Jisim pemberat Panjang benang
C Time of the oscillation Shape of the weight
Masa ayunan Bentuk pemberat
D Shape of the weight Time of the oscillation
Bentuk pemberat Masa ayunan

5. The cerebellum in the human brain functions to control


Serebelum dalam otak manusia berfungsi untuk mengawal
A body balance
Keseimbangan badan
B voluntary actions
Tindakan terkawal
C mental activities
Aktiviti mental
D involuntary actions
Tindakan Tidak Terkawal

6. Which of the following is an involuntary action?


Yang manakah antara berikut adalah satu tindakan tidak terkawal?
A Coughing
Batuk
B Hearing
Mendengar
C Smelling
Menghidu
D Talking
Bercakap

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

7.

The above diagram shows the main endocrine glands in the body. Which of the glands,
P, Q, R and S, functions when one eats honey in large quantities?
Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan kelenjar-kelenjar endokrin utama dalam badan. Yang manakah
diantara kelenjar-kelenjar, P, Q, R dan S, berfungsi apabila seseorang makan madu dalam kuantiti
banyak?
A P
B Q
C R
D S

8.

Which of the following section labelled in the above diagram is responsible for the jerking away
of the hand when in contact with a sharp torn?
Yang manakah bahagian berlabel di dalam gambar rajah di atas bertanggungjawab untuk menyent k
keluar akan tangan apabila dicucuk dengan satu pin tajam?
A P
B Q
C R
D S

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

9.

Gland Y in the above diagram has the function of


Kelenjar Y dalam gambar rajah di atas mempunyai fungsi
A stimulating growth
merangsang pertumbuhan
B preparing the uterus to receive ovum
menyediakan uterus untuk menerima ovum
C controlling the sugar level in the blood
mengawal paras gula dalam darah
D increasing the ability of the body to cope with stress
menambah keupayaan badan untuk mengatasi tekanan

10.

Based on the above diagram, reduction of hormone from which gland will cause a person
to suffer from goitre?
Berdasarkan gambar rajah di atas, pengurangan hormon daripada yang kelenjar yang manakah
akan menyebabkan seseorang itu menghidap beguk?
A K
B L
C M
D N

11. Which part of the brain controls the mind?


Bahagian manakah pada otak yang mengawal minda?
A Cerebrum
B Cerebellum
C Medulla oblongata
D Spinal nerves

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

12.

The above diagram shows a sensory neurone. The section labelled X is known as
Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan satu neuron deria. Seksyen berlabel X dikenali sebagai
A a dendrone
B an axon
C a synapse
D a cell body

13. Which of the following is not an involuntary action?


Manakah antara berikut adalah BUKAN tindakan tidak terkawal?
A Analysis of information
Analisis maklumat
B Control of body temperature
Kawalan suhu badan
C Secretion of saliva
Rembesan air liur
D Peristalsis in the intestine
Peristalsis dalam usus

14.

The above diagram shows the relation between a receptor and an effector with the central
nervous system. X and Y are
Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan hubungan antara reseptor dan efekto dengan sistem saraf pusat.
X dan Y adalah

15. The human brain is protected by a hard bone structure known as the
Otak manusia dilindungi dengan satu struktur tulang keras yang dikenali sebagai
A cerebrum
B cerebellum
C menages
D cranium

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

16. Which of the following activities is not controlled by the medulla oblongata?
Yang manakah diantara aktiviti-aktiviti berikut BUKAN di kawal oleh medula oblongata?
A Peristalsis
Peristalsis
B Thinking
Pemikiran
C Heartbeat
Denyutan Jantung
D Blood circulation
Peredaran darah

17.

The above diagram shows a cross-section of the spinal cord. Which of the following is correctly
labelled?
Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan satu keratan rentas saraf tunjang. Yang manakah antara
berikut dilabel dengan betul?
I Sensory neurone
II Motor neurone
III Relay neurone
A III only
B I and II only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

18. The effects of alcohol on humans include


Kesan dari alkohol pada manusia termasuk
I cirrhosis of the liver
sirosis hati
II interference with voluntary action
gangguan ke atas tindakan terkawal
III stomach ulcers
Ulser perut
A II only
B III only
C I and III only
D I, II and III

19. Where can proprioceptors be found?

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

I Joint
II Ligament
III Brain
A I only
B II only
C I and II only
D II and III only

20.

The above diagram shows an exchange of genetic material in the chromosome. This process
occurs in the
A liver
B kidney
C skin
D ovary

21.

The above diagram shows the stages in the formation of a baby. Which of the following
represents the X and Y process?

X Y
A Mitosis Meiosis
B Meiosis Mitosis
C Fertilisation Mitosis
D Crossing over Fertilisation

22. Which of the following heredity diseases is caused by gene mutation?


A Turners syndrome
B Klinefelters syndrome
C Down's syndrome
D Haemophilia

23. The chromosome content of a Down's syndrome female patient is


A 44 + XX
B 44 + XY
C 45 + XX
D 45 + XY

24. A son inherits the Y chromosome from

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

A his father
B his grandfather
C his mother
D his parents

25.

The above diagram shows the normal distribution graph for human characteristics. The most probable
characteristic shown in the graph is
A body weight
B colour of iris
C type of fingerprint
D blood group

26.

The above diagram shows the stages involved in the process of


A mitosis
B meiosis
C fertilisation
D mutation

27.

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

The above diagram shows a histogram of the characteristics of students in a class. Which of the
following could be these characteristics?
I Height
II Intelligence
III Colour of the skin
A I only
B I and II only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

28. Which of the following shows the chromosome content in a human ovum?
I 22 + X
II 22 + Y
III 22 + XY
A I only
B III only
C I and II only
D II and III only

29. The elements in a periodic table are arranged according to the


A nucleon number
B number of neutrons
C proton number
D number of isotopes

30.

The above diagram shows the physical changes in the state of a matter. Which of the following
processes involves the release of heat energy?
A K, M, P
B L, N, O
C L, M, P
D L, M, O

31.

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

The above table shows the particles in an atom and their charges. Which of the following is
X, Y and Z?
X Y Z
A Neutron Electron Proton
B Electron Proton Neutron
C Proton Electron Neutron
D Proton Neutron Neutron

32. An atom has 9 electrons and a nucleon number of 19. How many neutrons are there in this atom?
A 9
B 10
C 19
D 28

33. The substances that are classified as molecular substances are


A ammonia and oxygen
B carbon and sulphur
C iron and carbon
D sodium chloride and ammonia

34.

The above diagram shows some elements in the periodic table. Which of the following elements
is a halogen?
A R
B S
C U
D V

35.

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

The graph in the above diagram shows the cooling of liquid naphthalene in relation to time.
What happens during the period of time from X to Y?
A Heat is absorbed from the surroundings.
B The temperature increases dramatically.
C The movement of particles slows down.
D The particles separate further.

36. Which of the following consists of only atoms?


A Magnesium, iron, chlorine
B Potassium, calcium, zinc
C Sulphur, lead, sternum
D Beryllium, fluorine, neon

37. Which of the following statements is true about the periodic table?
A Elements are arranged in order of decreasing proton number.
B Group I consists of inert elements.
C There are 7 groups and 8 periods.
D The metallic characteristic reduces from left to right in the periodic table.

38.

The above table shows the properties of three materials X, Y and Z. What types of particles
are in X, Y and Z?

X Y Z
A Ion Molecule Atom
B Molecule Ion Atom
C Atom Molecule Ion
D Atom Ion Molecule

39. Materials classified as molecular substances are


A sodium chloride and lead bromide
B sugar and naphthalene
C oxygen and iron

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

D aluminium and zinc

40. Atom X has a proton number of 12 and a nucleon number of 25. This means a neutral atom X
has
A 12 electrons
B 13 electrons
C 12 neutrons
D 13 protons

41. Oxygen has a proton number of 8 and a nucleon number of 16. A material is said to be an
isotope of oxygen if it has
Nucleon number Proton number
A 17 8
B 16 9
C 17 9
D 16 7

42. A neutral atom has a proton number of 17. Thus, it can be concluded that the atom has
I 17 neutrons
II 17 electrons
III a nucleon number of 34
A II only
B I and II only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

43.

The above diagram shows the structure of an oxygen particle. Which of the following is true
about the particle?
I It has a proton number of 8.
II It has a nucleon number of 16.
III The particle is a neutral oxygen atom.
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

44. A atom consists of


I 20 protons
II 20 neutrons
III 20 electrons
A I only

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

B I and II only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

45. Which of the following is the same in a pair of isotope elements?


I Number of protons
II Number of neutrons
III Number of electrons
A I only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

46.

The above diagram shows a change in the state of a matter. Which of the following happens in
the change above?
I The particles absorb energy.
II The force of attraction is weakened.
III The particles are released into the air.
A III only
B I and II only
C I and III only
D II and III only

47. Which of the following are true about solids?


I The particles move freely.
II The force of attraction is very strong.
III The kinetic energy of the particles depends on the surrounding temperature.
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

48. A scientific investigation usually involves the following senses except


A the senses of taste
B the senses of touch
C the senses of sight
D the senses of hearing

49. Which of the following variables has its value obtained through observation in an experiment?
A Variable that responds
B Variable that is kept constant
C Variable that is manipulated

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Mid Year Exam Form 4 ~2009

D Independent variable

50.

The above diagram shows different objects that are submerged and floating in different liquids.
The sequence in which the objects and liquids are arranged based on a decrease in density is
A K, L, M, O, P, Q
B Q, M, P, L, O, K
C K, O, L, P, M, Q
D O, P, Q, K, L, M

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