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REGRESI KUADRATIK

REGRESI KUADRATIK

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Dipublikasikan oleh Ade Setiawan

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Published by: Ade Setiawan on Jun 29, 2009
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TUGAS #1
ANALISIS STATISTIK



ANALISIS REGRESI KUADRATIK





PENGAJAR:
TOTO WARSA, Ir., M.S.



PENYUSUN:
Ade Setiawan
150220060003







PROGRAM PASCASARJANA
UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN
2006



2
Soal:
Berikut ini adalah data hasil percobaan pemupukan nitrogen pada tanaman padi:

Dosis Pupuk N
(Xi)
Hasil Panen
(Yi)
0 2.1
30 3.4
60 4.2
90 7.1
120 6.3

Tentukan persamaan regresi kuadratiknya!
Jawab:
a. Model Regresi Kuadratik

ε + + + =
2
2 1 0 i i
X b X b b Y

X
0
X
1
X
2
Y
1 0 0 2.1
1 30 900 3.4
1 60 3600 4.2
1 90 8100 7.1
1 120 14400 6.3
b. Definisikan Matriks-matriks Berikut:












=
14400 120 1
8100 90 1
3600 60 1
900 30 1
0 0 1
X












=
3 . 6
1 . 7
2 . 4
4 . 3
1 . 2
Y










=
2
1
0
b
b
b
b









= ′
14400 8100 3600 900 0
120 90 60 30 0
1 1 1 1 1
X








=




















= ′
286740000 2700000 27000
2700000 27000 300
2700 300 5
14400 120 1
8100 90 1
3600 60 1
900 30 1
0 0 1
14400 8100 3600 900 0
120 90 60 30 0
1 1 1 1 1
X X



3








=




















= ′
166410
1749
23.1
3 . 6
1 . 7
2 . 4
4 . 3
1 . 2
14400 8100 3600 900 0
120 90 60 30 0
1 1 1 1 1
Y X

c. Persamaan Regresi dalam bentuk Matriks:
ε + = Xb Y
Y X X X b ′ ′ =
−1
) (
1
1
286740000 2700000 27000
2700000 27000 300
2700 300 5
) (










= ′X X
d. Untuk mendapatkan nilai invers X’X , digunakan cara kofaktor dan determinan:
1. Minor:
00 4519800000
286740000 2700000
2700000 27000
11
=
= M

0 1312200000
286740000 27000
2700000 300
12
=
= M

81000000
2700000 27000
27000 300
13
=
= M


0 1312200000
286740000 2700000
27000 300
21
=
= M

704700000
286740000 27000
27000 5
22
=
= M

5400000
2700000 27000
300 5
23
=
= M



81000000
2700000 27000
27000 300
31
=
= M

5400000
2700000 300
27000 5
32
=
= M

45000
27000 300
300 5
33
=
= M


2. Determinan:
Diambil dari baris 1:
Misalkan Matriks X’X =Matriks A, Maka nilai deteminannya:

00 5103000000
0000) 27000(8100 000000) 300(-13122 00) 4519800000 ( 5
) 1 ( dimana
13 13 12 12 11 11
13 13 12 12 11 11
=
+ + =
− = + + =
+ − =
=
ij
j i
ij
M K K a K a K a A
atau M a M a M a A

3. Matriks Kofaktor:
ij
j i
ij
M K
=
− = ) 1 (


4










=
45000 5400000 - 81000000
5400000 - 704700000 0 1312200000 -
81000000 0 1312200000 - 00 4519800000
ij
K
4. Adjoint A:
[ ]








=








=
=
45000 5400000 - 81000000
5400000 - 704700000 0 1312200000 -
81000000 0 1312200000 - 00 4519800000
45000 5400000 - 81000000
5400000 - 704700000 0 1312200000 -
81000000 0 1312200000 - 00 4519800000
.
'
ij
K A adj

5. Invers:








=








=
≠ =

82 0.00000008 20 0.00001058 - 02 0.00015873
20 0.00001058 - 24 0.00138095 57 0.02571428 -
02 0.00015873 57 0.02571428 - 57 0.88571428
00 5103000000
45000 5400000 - 81000000
5400000 - 704700000 0 1312200000 -
81000000 0 1312200000 - 00 4519800000
0 ;
.
1
A
A
A adj
A


6. Dengan demikian:










=

82 0.00000008 20 0.00001058 - 02 0.00015873
20 0.00001058 - 24 0.00138095 57 0.02571428 -
02 0.00015873 57 0.02571428 - 57 0.88571428
) ' (
1
X X

Sehingga, didapat nilai b:








=
















=










′ ′ =

0.000167 -
0.0603333
1.9
166410
1749
23.1
82 0.00000008 20 0.00001058 - 02 0.00015873
20 0.00001058 - 24 0.00138095 57 0.02571428 -
02 0.00015873 57 0.02571428 - 57 0.88571428
b
b
b
) (
2
1
0
1
Y X X X b


e. Persamaan Regresinya:

2
2
2 1 0
000167 0 0603333 0 9 1
ˆ
ˆ
X . X . . Y
X b X b b Y
− + =
+ + =

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