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Accuracy, validity and reliability First hand investigations Accuracy- refers to measuring correctly Reliability- refers to consistency of measurements

Validity- Refers to whether the measurements you are taking are caused by the phenomena you are interested in.

Second hand investigations Accuracy- refers to reliability Reliability- Refers to how consistent the information is with information from reputable sources Validity- To what degree does the evidence support the claim. How was the information gathered? Do they relate to the hypothesis.

Accuracy Was it measured using a correct calibrated device? Were calculations correct? Was the correct formula and concepts used?

Reliability Validity Does the procedure or experiment actually test the hypothesis? What variables have been controlled and identified? Is there a control for comparison? If you did the experiment again, would you get the same result? Were repeat trials carried out? Were large samples done for each trial?