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1 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date


3G RF optimisation

Regional planning team (VF south)
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2 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
RF Optimisation - Introduction
Make RF Scanning & Verification to
look at:
Dominance
DL coverage
Quality
Pilot Pollution
UL Coverage
Make Neighbour list
Verification
RAN
KPI / Performance
Analysis
Make RF Optimisation to:
Improve coverage areas and
sharpen dominance areas
Optimise SHO area
Eliminate Pilot Pollution
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3 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
RF Feild Optimisation
For RF Optimisation and neighbour verification both Scanner and UE
measurements are required simultaneously
Post-Processing tool is required for data analysis
Individual call failures or drops can be analysed with Drive test tools (e.g.
Nemo Outdoor) but to get bigger picture, a proper analysis tool is required
Actix or Nemo Analyser can be used for
Data analysis
Create Maps
Create KPI reports

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4 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
RF scanner
The purpose of using the RF scanner is to be able to scan and measure all used carriers/cells and their corresponding DL scrambling
codes. This gives the full picture of the (on air) radio network within a selected frequency band. The results are used to identify and
understand reasons for peculiar behaviour discovered during field measurements. In addition, the scanner will indicate presence of
illegal RF interference within the sub bands allocated to the network. The scanner data analyses can be done for many purposes:-
For low coverage areas
For antenna installation problems
For missing neighbours
For coverage optimisation
With the scanner you can get the following info from the surrounding cells:
Different Scrambling codes
CPCIH RSCP value (dBm)
CPICH EcNo value (dB)
UE measurements are different than to RF scanner measurements. The Scanner measures all SCs, whereas the UE only
measures SC signals from the cells that the system has informed/ordered the UE through the BCH (neighbour list) or via the
measurement control message.
With this we can get following info:
The BLER downlink
Carrier RSSI
Data Throughput Downlink
Data Throughput Uplink
Ec/No Active Cell
Ec/No Monitored Cell
Pilot BER
Random Access Initial Tx Power
Random Access Preamble Count
Random Access Preamble Step
Random Access Tx Power
SIR target
UE Tx Power
Call Statistic: AMR, CS and PS data calls
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5 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Radio Link Performance
Troubleshooting:
- Distant servers
- Too many servers
- Unnecessarily large neighbour lists
- Excessive soft handoff
Event Detection and
Drive Test Analysis:
- Coverage problems
- Poor UL or DL, coverage limited, interference
- Handover problems
- Missing neighbours
- Pilot pollution
Overall Call View: - Detailed dropped call and failed set-up level analysis
- Detected problem(s) identified per call
- Individual call extraction for detailed message level analysis
Neighbour List Analysis: - Generation of recommendations for optimal neighbour list settings
- Integration with Network Element Database
- Based on UMTS/WCDMA scanner drive test data
Supported
Measurements with
Scanner are:
- Layer 1 scanner measurements (for example EcIo, RSCP, etc.)
Supported
Measurements with
Handset are:
- Layer 1 handset measurements (for example EcNo, TxPow, etc.)
- RRC Layer 3 signalling Call Control (CC), Mobility Management (MM), GPRS Mobility Management,
GPRS Session Management
Actix :
Analysis tool Actix analyser is a tool for post-processing cellular network data (GSM, CDMA, WCDMA).
The tool is specifically tailored to import measurement data from various (measurement) tools and file
formats and then present it in map, table, workbook or chart format. Also it is possible to define your
own specific queries

Below is a list of the capabilities of Analyser:-

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6 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Dominance Verification
First task is to overlay the cells dominance area to check that the coverage
areas of the cells are clear, all sites are on air and there are no cross feeders

Missing Site- No
dominance
server in the
area
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7 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Coverage
If lack of coverage is indicated then
coverage enhancement is required.
Has excessive tilting been used? Is
up-tilting or an Panning the antenna
an option for some cells.
For initial roll out stages (low traffic)
increasing the P-CPICH power is an
option the feasibility will depend upon
the margins in the link budget


Poor coverage during Pre-
Optimisation & Acceptance
due the missing site
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8 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Coverage

Planned Site
Planned Site
Planned Site
Planned Site
What impact will any planned sites (if any)
have on the overall performance?
A study of UE logs for the area should
provide an indication of the number of failed
Setups/calls that would have been prevented
if a planned site was available.
Failures due to missing sites needs to be
estimated and this information should be
communicated to the operator. It may be
possible to influence the roll out schedule
based on this information

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9 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Coverage verification with RSCP Scan for each SC
CPICH_SCAN_RSCP_for SC X overlay plotted out for all three sectors of a
site showing the coverage for each sector
Gives a good indication if a sector is radiating too far and may need down
tilt.


281
282
280
Scan RSCP for SC 282
Scan RSCP for SC 280 Scan RSCP for SC 281
280
281
Note !!
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10 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Sector C-SC162
SC162
No measurements
in vicinity of sector
C (SC = 162)
Sector B-SC161
No measurements
in vicinity of sector
C (SC = 162)
Verification of Swapped feeder or other issue
Plotting RSCP of each SC highlights any hardware or databuild issues where
the coverage area of the cell is different to the planned coverage.
This will include swapped feeders, incorrect azimuths/tilts or incorrect
scrambling codes assigned to the cell

SC161 and SC162
Tx from same
sector
crossed feeders can occur at:
Antenna
Input to BTS
Within the BTS
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11 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
RSCP Verification
Check that the RSCP levels for the area meet the target thresholds for the
service and environment (clutter, building loss)

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12 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Ec/No Quality
Identify areas of poor quality
Identify excessive polluters (overshooting cells)
Recommend physical optimisation: downtilts and panning.
Implement changes.
Success criteria: improved quality, no reduction in coverage





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13 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Ec/No Verification
If coverage is acceptable then check for area of poor EcNo in the area.

Poor coverage areas can
still have good Ec/No if there
is dominating server
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14 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Pilot Pollution Analysis I
Pilot pollution areas can be shown with Scanner Pilot Pollution query with user
defined RSCP and EcNo levels
(CPICH_SCAN_EcNo_Sorted_By_EcNo (0)<-12) AND
(CPICH_SCAN_RSCP_Sorted_By_EcNo (0)>-92)
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15 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Pilot Pollution Analysis II
Pilot polluter workbook shows the worst polluters in the area e.g. SC 344
have most of the samples


SC 344 displayed
over pilot pollution
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16 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Pilot Pollution Example
Scanner sees 5
SCs, all within 5 dB
of each other.
This is clearly an
area suffering from
pilot pollution.
RSCP is good -91
dBm but EcNo is bad -
10 dB
Looking at the dashed lines
to the cells serving at this
point we can see that there
are several cells (SCs 136,
496, 272) which are not
particularly close to the point
in question and are
candidates for down-tilting
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17 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Pilot Pollution Example
SC 272

This site is clearly
radiating much too far
and is a definite
candidate for down-
tilting.
By removing
scrambling codes
within 5dBs of the best
server, we can
improve the best
servers Ec/Io
SC 272 is the furthest away these sites and is joint second best server.
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18 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
UL Coverage Verification
By using UE together with Scanner during testing we can check the UEs
transmit power for problem areas where UE cannot maintain the link quality

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19 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Multi-path
Problem


A
Dominance Area OK
Yes
amount of Scrambling
Codes > X
A
No
A
No
Low
CPICH Ec
Pilot
Pollution

Aggregated to Peak
> 3 dB
A
Yes
A
Bad
Ec/Io
No
A Possible
Actions/Solutions
1. Antenna Tilting
2. Antenna Panning
3. Change Antenna Type
4. Change Antenna Height
5. Change CPICH Tx Pwr
6. (Add sites)

Scanner and UE drive
logs
Compare scanner measurements with
planned quality and coverage
thresholds
CPICH RSCP =>
planned threshold
e.g. -90 dBm
CPICH Ec/No =>
planned threshold
e.g. -12 dBm
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Coverage
target agreed
with customer
Ec/No target agreed
with customer &
depends service mix
Currently X = Max AS
size = 3 for Nokia RAN
Drive test data analysis
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20 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
RF Optimisation
Check if the cause of call setup failure is CPICH RSCP and Ec/No
coverage problem
The received best servers CPICH RSCP and Ec/No will be compared to
the coverage thresholds at the location where call setup failed and if best
servers CPICH RSCP OR Ec/No is less than the thresholds, coverage
optimisation will be performed.
The thresholds of CPICH RSCP and Ec/No depend on UEs sensitivity:
CPICH RSCP coverage threshold = -110 dBm
CPICH Ec/No coverage threshold = -16 dB

Simulation using NetActPlanner will be used to verify the proposed
coverage optimisation solution e.g. Antenna tilting or Panning

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21 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
KPI Route CSF Causes
8.33%
8.33%
8.33%
75.00%
RF Issue : Interference
System Issue :NodeB
UE Issue
Unknown
KPI Route Call Drop Causes
11.11%
14.81%
18.52%
29.63%
3.70%
22.22%
RF Issue : Interference
AS Update Failure :
Cause unknown
Unknown
UE Issue
Missing neighbor
RF Issue : Coverage
To better understand the failure mechanisms that contribute to radio failure
as measured with network statistics.
Categorise the failure causes for Call Setup and drop call performance.
Drop Call analysis shows that significant proportion of Interference failures
is due the missing neighbour
Analysis also confirms that conclusion derived from the scanner data that
DL interference is major contributing factor to failure on the radio Interface
UE Measurements
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22 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Down-tilting of interfering cells antenna,
which generate pilot pollution
Change CPICH Tx Power: Increase
serving cells Tx power but decrease
interfering cells Tx power
Change antenna bearing angles of cells
involved in pilot pollution
Change antenna patterns of cells
involved in pilot pollution. Smaller gains
for interfering cells and higher gain for
victim cell
Decrease antenna height of interfering
cells and increase antenna height of
victim cell with adequate tilting angle
Reducing the tilt of serving cells
antenna to extend coverage radius and to
improve unsatisfied coverage area
Increase CPICH Tx Power of serving cell
Change Antenna Bearing Angle: Focus
the main beam of antenna to coverage
holes and low RSCP area
Change Antenna Pattern: Displace with
higher gain antenna with adequate
antenna tilting
Increase serving cells antenna height to
get higher effective antenna gain but there
is risk to make undesirable inter-cell
interference to adjacent cells
Tuning methods for
Coverage Problem Area
Tuning methods for
Dominance Problem Area
High Priority
RF Optimisation
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23 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Physical Optimisation - Antenna changes
Antenna tilting (or panning) is needed mainly if:
There is too much interference created by a site covering too much
(overshooting)
There is lack of coverage or dominance
One should carefully consider the tilt type
Electrical or mechanical (both have advantages and disadvantages)
Antenna tilting should be followed by another round of drive-tests in order to
evaluate the impact
Multiple antenna tilt or azimuth changes in the same time in the same area
should be avoided
Decisions must be made based on scanner measurements.
UE measurements can be also used, but they can sometimes lead to
wrong results, for example in case of missing neighbours.
Tilt changes include both down and up-tilting.
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24 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Mechanical
The downtilt angle varies over the
horizontal beamwidth. Patterns
measured 90 from the centre of
the beam have decreasing tilt angle
until there is no tilt 90 from the main
beam.
The horizontal half-power beam
width increases with greater downtilt
angle.
The resulting gain reduction
depends on azimuth direction.
Electrical
There is uniform downtilt over the
whole azimuth range.
The horizontal half-power
beamwidth is independent of the
downtilt angle.
There is identical gain reduction in
all azimuth directions.
from Kathrein, Scala Division
Electrical vs. Mechanical Tilting
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25 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Mechanical Tilt require Site Visit
No real maximum tilt angle
Mechanical down tilt causes deformation in the
horizontal pattern
Deformation of the
horizontal pattern
Mechanical
Down tilt kit
Mechanical Tilt
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26 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Electrical Tilt
The Adjustable EDT antennas can be adjusted manually or remotely
Phase shifters provides variable phase distribution which in turn keeps the
pattern shape constant
Maximum Adjustable EDT range approx. 0-14 (normally 0-8)
For a higher downtilt angle a combination of the Mechanical DT and the
Adjustable EDT is recommended
Horizontal pattern
remains constant
Remote
use
Manual
use
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27 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Impact on Ec/No
Antenna tilt example (6 degrees downtilt)
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28 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Impact on Ec/No
Antenna tilt example (4 degrees downtilt)
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29 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Antenna tilt example -1 deg E-tilt Overshooting
Cell
No dominant
Server in the area
due the missing
site JS9218
Site JS9125 (SC28) from cluster 5
is overshooting to cluster 1
Before After
Site JS9125 (SC28) was tilted by 1
deg (E-tilt From 4 deg to 5 deg)
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30 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Neighbour List Verification
Neighbour definitions required by cell re-selection and handover
Soft handovers are based upon intra-frequency neighbour list
Hard handovers are based upon either intra-frequency (Between RNCs without Iur or
Iur congestion) , inter-frequency (IFHO) or inter-system (ISHO) neighbour lists








Each neighbour has a set of associated parameters e.g. CPICH measurement offset
The post processing tool should be able to suggest appropriate neighbour lists
Strategy for initial system deployment is to place the emphasis upon adding
neighbours rather than removing them
Intra-
Frequency
Neighbors
Cell a
Cell b
Cell c
Cell d
Cell e
M
a
x
.

3
1

Inter-
Frequency
Neighbors
Cell k
Cell l
Cell m
Cell n
Cell o
M
a
x
.

4
8

(
3
2

/
c
a
r
r
i
e
r
)

Inter-
System
Neighbors
Cell r
Cell s
Cell t
Cell u
Cell v
M
a
x
.

3
2

Total max 111 in RNC
database, limitation due to
specifications of SIB11/12
size
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31 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
There is a restriction on the number of cells contained in SIB 11/12 due to an
inconsistency problem in the standards
SIB 11/12 should be able to contain a maximum of 96 neighbours
(32 intra-frequency cells, 32 inter-frequency cells and 32 GSM cells)
On the other hand, the physical size of SIB data (no more than 3552 bits) has
capacity only for about (depending on the type etc.) 47 cells!!
If too many adjacencies are declared, the cell will go blocked by system with
alarm:
7771 WCDMA CELL OUT OF USE (BCCH scheduling error)
As a rule of thumb, assuming that
ADJS=15, ADJG=15, ADJI=15
and realistic worst case values, SIB11 length = 3187.5 < 3552 -> OK!!
Some sites might need additional neighbors and might pose a problem with the
SIB11 limitation
Avoid setting AdjsQoffset2 values, different CPICH values or other parameters
used to tune cell reselection or handover
Further information Technical Note No. 046 / Restriction on number of
cells in SIB11/12 due to inconsistency problem in 3GPP TS 25.331
Max. 96
neighbours due
SIB limitation
Neighbour List Verification SIB 11/12
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32 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Neighbour List Verification SIB 11/12
When offsets are added to the neighbours or the CPICH power of the neighbour cell
is different to that of the serving cell the length of the message for each neighbour in
SIB 11/12 is increased
The length of one ADJS with no offsets is 48 bits
The length of an ADJS with AdjsQoffset1 or AdjsQoffset2 is 48 or 56 bits on a
case by case basis (average length 55.2 bits)
The length of an ADJS with AdjsQoffset1 and AdjsQoffset2 is 56 or 64 bits on a
case by case basis (average length 62.1 bits)

When the neighbour cell has a different CPICH Tx Power from the serving cell
Without Offset and AdjsPtxCPICH : 54.2bits
With AdjsQOffset1 or AdjsQOffset2 : 61.1bits
With both AdjsQOffset1 and AdjsQOffset2 : 68bits
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33 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Neighbour List Verification
There are a number of approaches that can be used to both plan and verify
the neighbour plan

Drive Testing
Neighbour
Creation
Manual Check Analytical
Planning Tool
Other
Neighbour
Creation
Neighbour
Verification
Manual Check
Measured
Network Stats
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34 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Neighbour List Verification - Analytical
Analytical Neighbour Planning methods are traditionally used to generate
original neighbour lists but they can also be used for verification and new site
addition.
Planning Tools use coverage arrays and handover parameter data to
determine required neighbour relations
Other desk top tools can be based on:
Site coordinate data,
Cell azimuth data,
Cell coverage distance estimations
Antenna beam widths


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35 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Neighbour List Verification - Manual
Cell in blue had nine 3G
neighbours defined
highlighted in green on
map

6 missing neighbours
were identified for this
site and added Manual
Check would have
identified at least 5

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36 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Process starts directly with the drive test
Record drive test
results with Scanner in
TOP N mode
Start
Neighbour List Verification Drive Test
Input Data Source
CPICH Scrambling code Ec/Io Scanner
Measurement position Scanner
Cell ID, cell position, cell azimuth Planning Tool
Cell scrambling code Radio Design
Cell neighbour list Planning Tool
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37 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
High Level
Process
Record drive test
results with Scanner in
TOP N mode
Analysis (within
Actix Analyzer)
Start
Finish
Numerical Analysis
Part automatic and part manual neighbour list analysis
Analysis within a tool such as Actix Analyzer is automatic and numerical
Analysis requires the definition of a neighbour window which is applied to the
CPICH Ec/Io measurements
Recommended to set the neighbour window as 10 dB (drop window + margin)
Neighbour
Window
Ec/Io
Time
Strongest
Ec/Io
Neighbours
reported when
within this range
216
349
83
436
SC Site Sector
97 85 (47.4%); 303 (17.5%)
Num Of Samples Suggested NBR Additions
Reading Rubgy FC 00179719B2 97 351 (28.9%)
Ewer Park Stud 00161126C
WOODLEY ATE 00001085A 96 350 (34.4%); 84 (25.0%)
TILEHURST ATE 00001081B 90 434 (22.2%); 283 (22.2%)
Neighbour List Verification
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38 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
Analysis provided by the post
processing tool:

Consider adding neighbours
reported by the tool

If neighbour list is full then
consider replacing some of
the existing neighbours

Do not remove existing
neighbours without further
investigation
Run (Actix) Analyzer
Routine
No
Consider adding
suggested
neighbours
Start
Progress to
further additions
Is the
Neighbour
List full?
Consider
replacing
existing
neighbours by
those suggested
by the tool
Neighbour List Verification
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39 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
As a minimum define the
neighbour list as
All cells belonging to that site
The first perimeter of cells
Cell for which
the neighbour
list is being
defined
Neighbours
Yes
Add
neighbours
Complete visual
inspection of
neighbour list
Does list include
all cells belonging
to that site and
the first perimeter
of cells
Continue from Analysis
Finish
Add any other
neighbours which
may improve
coverage
Subsequent manual
tuning of neighbour list
Neighbour List Verification
NO
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40 Nokia Siemens Networks
Optimisation activities to improve call performance
Presentation / Author / Date
Common performance issues that affect any service
Voice (AMR) call performance
CS Video call performance
PS call performance
ISHO performance
Soc Classification level
41 Nokia Siemens Networks
Common Call Performance Issues

Presentation / Author / Date
Behaviour Problem Description Possible solutions
Call set-up failure
Poor coverage area
If problem is poor coverage, this means poor RSCP (<-95
dBm) thus also the EcNo degrades very rapidly (< -12 dB)
when the coverage border is reached.
Check Antenna line installation (antenna position and
quality, cable length and quality).
Call drop
Check that CPICH powers are balanced between the
studied cells.
Check presence of shadowing obstacles.
Add a site to the area.
Call set-up failure
Poor dominance area.
No main server in the area, too many cells with weak
CPICH level.
Use buildings and other environmental structures to isolate
cell(s) coverage.
Call drop
CPICH EcNo is usually very bad even the RSCP is good
e.q. RSCP 80-90 dBm but EcNo about 10 dB
Down tilt antennas to make cells dominant and limit effects
of interfering cell(s).
Check antenna bearing.
Add a site.
Call set-up failure
Pilot Pollution
Bad CPICH Ec/Io (<-12 dB) level although CPICH RSCP
level is good. High site in the neighbourhood may cause
interference.
Find interfering cell from Scanner results.
Call drop
Adjust antenna bearing and down tilt or lower the antenna
height (too much tilt will break the dominance).
Add interfering cell to the neighbour of the serving cell.
Dropped call/SHO failure Missing neighbour
A good usable neighbour is present within cells coverage
area, can cause DL interference if it is not in the active
set.
Check scanner data and look for missing neighbours.
Swapped sectors in WBTS. Check the cabling in antenna line.
Call set-up Failure
High PrxTotal due to UL External
interference
The PrxTotal level is significantly higher than expected in
no/low load conditions.
Try to figure the possible area/direction of the interference
by checking PrxTotal level on neighbouring cells.
Call drop
Alternatively use spectrum analyser & directive antenna to
locate interferer.
Inform operator/regulator about the found conditions.
Check if auto tuning range is large enough (20 dB).
Call set-up failure
High PrxToatal due to wrong MHA
settings
The PrxTotal level is significantly higher than expected in
no/low load conditions.
In case of MHA is used in BTS check MHA and cables loss
parameters, otherwise PrxTotal value will be too high.
Call drop MHA settings should be checked, see more in reference
(If MHA parameter is set to ON, Cable loss parameter is
used, Cable loss = Real MHA gain = Feeder loss
parameter)
Call set-up failure High Prxtotal due to Installation
problems
The PrxTotal level is significantly higher than expected in
no/low load conditions.
Check the antenna installation as the last alternative in high
PrxNoise case. Call drop
Cell set-up failure
Bad RRC connection set-up
success rate due to slow Ue cell
reselection
RRC connection set-up complete message not heard by
BTS.
Set parameters so that reselection process will start earlier:
Qqualmin, Sintrasearch and Qhyst2 as per latest
recommendation
Long call set-up time
Long time interval for sync between
RNC and BTS before connection
The value of Parameter N312 is too high: maximum
number of in sync indications received from L1 during
the establishment of a physical channel
Use smaller value N312 (2, recommendation is 4).
Use Actix for checking the call set-up delay (L3 messages).
Use call set-up time optimisation feature Dynamic setting of
ActivationTimeOffset (possible in RAN1.5.2 ED2) enables
200 to 500ms reduction for set up delay.
Soc Classification level
42 Nokia Siemens Networks
Common Call Performance Issues
Presentation / Author / Date
Behaviour Problem Description Possible solutions
Dropped call SHO to wrong cell will cause drop
call.
Overshooting cell come temporarily
into active set and forces a suitable
serving cell to be dropped out. Later
RSCP suddenly drops in the wrong
cell and causes a dropped call
because there is no neighbour
defined.
Pan away overshooting cell if it is too
close to the serving cell, otherwise
apply down tilting as well.
Dropped call Cell suffering from UL interference =
DL (CPICH) coverage much bigger
than UL coverage
As the UE Tx power is not enough for
target cell synchronisation, the SHO
fails which will cause call drop later.
Use cell individual offset (negative
value) parameter to balance the DL
and UL coverage.

Check traffic direction of in-car UEs to
decide which cell requires offsets.
Dropped call DL CPICH coverage < UL coverage Cell with lower CPICH power than the
surrounding is having too good UL
performance, as this cells UL cannot
be used efficiently due to SHO is
decided upon DL (CPICH Ec/No).
Use cell individual offset (positive
value) parameter to balance the DL
and UL coverage.
Note: Cell individual offsets are not
taken into account when calculating
the added cell Tx power.
Dropped call
Round the corner effect
The call drops due to too rapid CPICH
coverage degradation for Cell A, and
therefore there is not enough time for
SHO.
Use cell individual offset (positive
value) parameter to balance the DL
and UL coverage.
Note: Cell individual offsets are not
taken into account when calculating
the added cell Tx power.
Dropped call/SHO failure Too many neighbours In SHO area the number of combined
neighbouring cells become more than
31. HO list is created using RNC
algorithm in the final stage some of
the neighbours will randomly be
removed.
Delete unnecessary neighbours.

Improve dominance.
Soc Classification level
43 Nokia Siemens Networks
Video Call Performance Issues

Presentation / Author / Date
Behaviour Problem Description Possible solutions
Dropped call
Not enough DL power to
maintain good quality
CS video connection needs more
power to maintain the SIR target and
thus also BLER target.
Increase the max DL Radio Link power by
decreasing the CPICHtoRefRaBOffset

In case the max power increment is a lot (~3dB)
then the minimum power is increased by 3dB as
well which can lead to the minimum power
problems (BTS sending too much power to the
UEs close to the BTS and therefore causing
problems to the UE and even dropped call)

Therefore the PCrangeDL parameter should be
tuned according to the CPICHtoRefRabOffset
parameter tuning (from the default)

Call set-up Failure
High PrxTotal due to UL
External interference
The PrxTotal level is significantly
higher than expected in no/low load
conditions.
Try to figure the possible area/direction of the
interference by checking PrxTotal level on
neighbouring cells.
Call drop

Alternatively use spectrum analyser & directive
antenna to locate interferer. Inform
operator/regulator about the found conditions.


Check if auto-tuning range is large enough (20
dB).
Soc Classification level
44 Nokia Siemens Networks
ISHO performance

Presentation / Author / Date
Behaviour Problem Description Possible solutions
Call drop RAN is not working
correctly during SHO.
No GSM neighbour list is
sent for measurements in
case there are 3 cells in
Active Set.
This should be corrected
in laterRAN release(s).
Call drop Failure to decode BSIC
before the call drop.
CM starts too late Set higher ISHO
thresholds, FMCS: CPICH
EcNo, CPICH RSCP, UE
TX Pwr
Call drop Failure to decode BSIC
before the call drop.
BSIC verification takes too
much time.
Set smaller measurement
time for GSM cells,
FMCG: Maximum
measurement period,
Minimum measurement
interval,
Soc Classification level
45 Nokia Siemens Networks Presentation / Author / Date
NETWORK HEALTH CHECK
The Network health check ensures that the planned network is implemented correctly, all cells are up and
running and correct parameters are set. These should be done before optimisation. There are many
checks to look at: -
Alarm check (BTS, RNC, other)
SW and Parameter check
Neighbour consistency check
Cell load check
KPI check
UE performance check for all the services in a controlled environment


Cell load checks
Cell load can be checked by looking at the UL interference situation with PrxNoise counter
in each cell. Normally the PrxNoise is around 102-105 dBm, but if it is more than this,
there is something wrong in the cell. The reason could be external interference, or
incorrect MHA parameters.
The total load in UL and DL (PtxTotal, PrxTotal) should be less than (PtxTarget, PrxTarget),
otherwise the cell is overloaded.

Soc Classification level
46 Nokia Siemens Networks
KPI / Performance Analysis
Presentation / Author / Date
Soc Classification level
47 Nokia Siemens Networks
Soc Classification level
48 Nokia Siemens Networks
Major RS reports for Performance analysis
Presentation / Author / Date
Report Name Description
RSRAN000 System_Program_RNC_Level_Daily
RSRAN018 Inter System_Handover_Reasons
RSRAN019 Inter System_Handover_per_Cause
RSRAN023 Inter System_Handover_Performance
RSRAN044 IFHO_Adjacencies
RSRAN045 ISHO_Adjacencies
RSRAN046 SHO_Adjacencies
RSRAN066 Node_B_Capacity Daily
RSRAN067 Cell_Capacity_daily
RSRAN068 RNC_Capacity_Daily
RSRAN068 RNC_Capacity_Hourly
RSRAN070 Allocated_Traffic_Amounts_(R99_+_HSPA)_Daily
RSRAN073 Service_Session_Accessibility_Analysis_Daily
RSRAN079 Service_Session_Retainability_Analysis_Daily
RSRAN084 System_Program_Cell_Level_Daily.xls
Soc Classification level
49 Nokia Siemens Networks
Various Reporting-Suit reports for KPI analysis
Presentation / Author / Date
Sl.N
o 3G RAN Reports Report Name
Object
Type Object Aggregation
1 System Program RSRAN000 PLMN RNC
2 System Program RSRAN084 PLMN WCEL
3 Capacity RSRAN066, RSRAN067, RSRAN068,RSRAN087,RSRAN085 PLMN WBTS,WCEL,RNC & IuB
4 Capacity RSRAN066, RSRAN067, RSRAN068,RSRAN087,RSRAN085 PLMN WBTS,WCEL,RNC & IuB
5 Service Level RSRAN073, RSRAN079,RSRAN101 PLMN PLMN,RNC
6 Service Level RSRAN073, RSRAN079,RSRAN101 PLMN WCEL,RNC
7 Traffic RSRAN070, RSRAN077 PLMN WCEL
8 Traffic RSRAN070, RSRAN077, RSRAN088 PLMN WCEL, RNC
9 Mobility & Handover
RSRAN033, RSRAN018, RSRAN019,
PLMN WCEL
RSRAN023, RSRAN044, RSRAN045,
RSRAN046, RSRAN028
10 Mobility & Handover
RSRAN033, RSRAN018, RSRAN019,
PLMN WCEL
RSRAN023, RSRAN044, RSRAN045,
RSRAN046, RSRAN028
11 HSPA
RSRAN051, RSRAN039, RSRAN092, RSRAN091, RSRAN041,
RSRAN074, RSRAN090, RSRAN034, RSRAN075,RSRAN040 PLMN WCEL
12 HSPA
RSRAN051, RSRAN039, RSRAN092, RSRAN091, RSRAN041,
RSRAN074, RSRAN090, RSRAN034, RSRAN075,RSRAN040 PLMN WCEL
13 Signalling RSRAN027, RSRAN038 PLMN WCEL
14 Signalling RSRAN027, RSRAN038 PLMN WCEL
15
PRACH Propagation
Delay RSRAN104 PLMN WCEL
16 Ec/No Distribution RSRAN028 PLMN WCEL
17 Prx Distribution RSRAN067 PLMN WCEL
18 Ptx Distribution RSRAN067 PLMN WCEL
19 RNC Hardware RSRAN102 PLMN RNC/DSPPID
20
Customized XML file /
Raw Counters
If customised reports required for Assessment are not available
with Local engineer, we can extract that information by uploading
customised reports in OSS.
Soc Classification level
50 Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup failures for Voice and Packet
RRC connection setup
RAN resources are reserved
for signaling connection
between UE and RNC
RRC access
Connection between UE and
RRC
RRC active
UE has RRC connection. If
dropped, also active RAB is
dropped.
RAB setup
Attempts to start the call
RAB setup access
RAB active phase
UE has RAB connection

CSSR For Voice affected if any of
the followings take place.
RRC Conn. Setup Fail
RRC Conn. Access Fail
RAB Setup Fail
RAB Setup Access Fail


Setup
Complete

Access
Complete
Active
Complete
Setup Access Active
A
t
t
e
m
p
t
s

Setup failures
(blocking)
Access failures
A
c
c
e
s
s

Active
Release
Active
Failures
RRC
Drop
S
u
c
c
e
s
s

Phase:
RRC and RAB phases
Soc Classification level
51 Nokia Siemens Networks
Call/packet Setup improvement
RRC/RAB/PS call Setup & Access Analysis Process Flow Chart

Sites
OK ?
Cell and Neighbour
Cells availability
Alarms/Tickets
Setup
/Access
Yes
Setup
/Access
Setup
Failure
Cause?
Capacity
Optimisation
BTS/TRANS/FROZBS
UL/DL
Interference
(DL codes)
AC
Troubleshooting
RNC
RF
Optimisation
Top (N) RRC Setup
and Access failures
Top (N) RAB Setup/Access
or PS Setup failures
Coverage/I
nterference
setup
setup
Interference
Coverage
3G cell at
inter-RNC
border ?
SRNS
Relocation/Iur
troubleshooting
Yes
NO
Access
Setup/Access
SHO based on DSR,
CPICH EcNo
difference
RAB/DCH setup
&failures, UL
coverage counters
to see UL spikes
RRC_setup/SRB_act fails,
RB_setup failures for
HSDPA
DCH reconfiguration
failures AC/BTS/trans
SHO branch setup fail
BTS/Iub, RNC capacity SW,
new DSP counters
Rej_DCH_due to
power or codes
(UL/DL)
RAB setup fail voice
Iur/trans, DCH setup
failure for NRT in Iur
Fail_MAC_d_setup
_HSDPA
Soc Classification level
52 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR
RRC Setup Analysis

1. Check the problem cells and its neighbouring cells of any faulty alarms
2. Identify root cause failure distribution using Service Report -> RSRAN073
3. RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_AC
Check UL Interference, DL Power & Code occupancy if there is need to upgrade radio capacity
UL Power Spikes -> Disable UL Admission Control to if the number of failures is critical (Prxtarget ->30 dB)
M1002C1 CH_REQ_LINK_REJ_UL_SRNC ----> Evaluate Prx Resource Problem
M1002C2 CH_REQ_LINK_REJ_DL_SRNC ----->Evaluate Ptx Resource Problem

4. RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_BTS
Evaluate NBAP counters (radio link reconf. Failures) and KPIs for troubleshooting BTS resources
Check BTS configuration in terms of WAM and CE allocation Use Channel Element (5001) Counters in order to
evaluate lack of Channel Elements (more info in RSRAN066)
Expand the Capacity or decrease the traffic offered to the site
In case BTS is not responding delete and re-create COCO

5. RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_TRANS
Evaluate Number of reconfiguration failure due the transmission
Check COCO Configuration
Use AAL2 Mux in case of two WAM
Expand the Iub capacity or decrease the traffic offered to the site

6. RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_RNC
Typically RNC fault or Incoming SRNC Relocation Failure (inter-RNC border)
Required ICSU log tracing if no RNC fault or SRNC relocation problem

Soc Classification level
53 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR
RRC Access Analysis


7. RRC_CONN_ACC_FAIL_RADIO
This is quite Dominant failure cause in case of sync. problems
This could happen in Coverage border
UL Coverage -> Decrease Cell Coverage (higher RxlevMin) if the cause is
UL interference
DL Coverage-> Increase Cell Coverage max :CPICHToRefRABOffset (2->0
dB)







Service Level -> RSRAN073

NBAP: Synchronisation Indication
L1 Synchronisation
NBAP: Synchronisation Indication
L1 Synchronisation
RRC: RRC Connection Setup
Complete (DCH)
X
UE BT
S
R
N
C
X
RRC Access Failures for L1 synchronization

NBAP: Synchronisation Indication
L1 Synchronisation
NBAP: Synchronisation Indication
L1 Synchronisation
RRC: RRC Connection Setup
Complete (DCH)
X
UE BT
S
R
N
C
RRC Access Failures due to MS
Cell Reselections (no
error)
RRC_CONN_ACC_F
AIL_MS
UL Coverage ->
Tune Cell
Dominance (or
CPICH) in order to
balance UL and DL
(if UL interference if
not the cause)
Soc Classification level
54 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR : Propagation delay
RRC Access Analysis








9. If RRC setup/access failure due to Radio/MS, it is also possible to check whether UEs
are located at distance area or close to cell edge area
Propagation delay counters from RRC measurement M1006C128-C148 reports call
setup distance during RRC connection request or cell update
This give hints that either cells has large coverage area (tall sites with over-
shooting) or non-optimum cell coverage from neighbouring cells






0
100000
200000
300000
400000
500000
600000
P
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_
C
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_
5
P
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_
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_
C
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_
8
P
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A
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_
D
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Y
_
C
L
A
S
S
_
9
P
R
A
C
H
_
D
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A
Y
_
C
L
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_
1
0
P
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A
C
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_
D
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A
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_
C
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_
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P
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A
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2
P
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_
1
3
P
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_
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Y
_
C
L
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S
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_
1
4
P
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A
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_
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_
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1
5
P
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A
Y
_
C
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6
P
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A
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_
D
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L
A
Y
_
C
L
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S
_
1
7
P
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A
C
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_
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A
Y
_
C
L
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S
S
_
1
8
P
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A
C
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_
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A
Y
_
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1
9
P
R
A
C
H
_
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E
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A
Y
_
C
L
A
S
S
_
2
0
0.00%
20.00%
40.00%
60.00%
80.00%
100.00%
120.00%
average
CDF
Soc Classification level
55 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR: UL interference counters
10. From RU10, new coverage counters (RAN1630) for total
uplink power (RTWP) measurement also can be used to
identify RRC setup/access fail due to AC/Radio/MS.
All the received power is taken into account, not just
Rel99
These counters could be used to see UL interference in
the cell
M1000C320 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_0
M1000C321 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_1
M1000C322 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_2
M1000C323 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_3
M1000C324 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_4
M1000C325 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_5
M1000C326 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_6
M1000C327 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_7
M1000C328 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_8
M1000C329 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_9
M1000C330 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_10
M1000C331 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_11
M1000C332 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_12
M1000C333 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_13
M1000C334 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_14
M1000C335 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_15
M1000C336 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_16
M1000C337 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_17
M1000C338 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_18
M1000C339 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_19
M1000C340 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_20
M1000C341 Cell_Resource RTWP_CLASS_21
0. 00
200. 00
400. 00
600. 00
800. 00
1 000. 00
1 200. 00
1 400. 00
2
9
.0
7
.2
0
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8
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_
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1
5
:0
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RTWP_CLASS_14 (M1000C334, -92..-89 dBm) RTWP_CLASS_15 (M1000C335, -89..-86 dBm)
RTWP_CLASS_16 (M1000C336, -86..-83 dBm ) RTWP_CLASS_17 (M1000C337, -83 dBm.. -80 dBm)
RTWP_CLASS_18 (M1000C338, -80..-75 dBm) RTWP_CLASS_19 (M1000C339, -75..-70 dBm)
RTWP_CLASS_20 (M1000C340, -70..-65 dBm) RTWP_CLASS_21 (M1000C341, > -65 dBm)
RRC Access Analysis
Temporary High UL
interference:
class_21 could be
seen
Soc Classification level
56 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR
With RU10, there is new counters to measure the setup success of standalone Signaling Radio
Bearers (SRBs). Standalone SRB means a successfully established RRC connection that is
waiting for the RAB assignment
SRB active fail is pegged when RNC sent RRC:RRC connection Release before RAB assignment
With RNC_1219a, this give better visibilities where low CSSR is somehow caused by failure in
active standalone SRB phase




Service Level -> RSRAN073
Soc Classification level
57 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR
AMR RAB setup/access Analysis

1. Check the problem cells and its neighbouring cells of any faulty alarms

2. Identify root cause failure distribution and main failure contributor using Services -> RSRAN073

3. RAB_STP_FAIL_XXX_AC
Check UL Interference, DL Power & Code occupancy if there is need to upgrade radio capacity
REQ_CS_VOICE_REJ_UL_SRNC -> Evaluate Prx cell resource
REQ_CS_VOICE_REJ_DL_SRNC -> Evaluate Ptx cell resource
NO_CODES_AVAILABLE_SF128/SF32 -> Evaluate AMR voice / PS64 code congestion
Check parameter setting with UL throughput based AC and power based AC
4. RAB_STP_FAIL_XXX_BTS
Evaluate NBAP counters (radio link reconf. Add failures) and KPIs for troubleshooting BTS resources
Check BTS configuration in terms of WAM and CE allocation Use Channel Element (5001) Counters in order to evaluate lack of
Channel Elements
Expand the Capacity or decrease the traffic offered to the site
5. RAB_STP_FAIL_XXX_TRANS
Evaluate Number of reconfiguration failure due the transmission
Check M1005C128 CANC_ADD_SRNC_TRAN_STP_FAIL
Check RAB_STP_FAIL_XXX_IUB_AAL2, M1001C531-C533
6. RAB_ACC_FAIL_XXX_UE
Evaluate Cell resource Prx and Ptx (for example high uplink interference)
Check RB reconfiguration failure ration ( If offset for activation time (RNC) setting is insufficient recommmended is 500-700ms )
7. RAB_ACC_FAIL_XXX_RNC
Typically RNC fault or Incoming SRNC Relocation Failure (inter-RNC border)
Required ICSU log tracing if no RNC fault or SRNC relocation problem



Service Level -> RSRAN073
Soc Classification level
58 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR
AMR RAB Setup/Access Analysis

8. RAB_Setup_FAIL_CS_Voice_LIC
Counter incremented when the RNC rejects a CS Voice RAB request due to AMR capacity license Exceeded (only for
RNC2600)

9. RAB_Setup_FAIL_CS_Voice_Iur_TR
Counter incremented when a CS voice traffic class RAB setup fails due to Iur transport resources shortage

10. RAB_Setup_FAIL_CS_Voice_Iu_CS
Counter incremented when a CS voice traffic class RAB setup fails due to Iu-CS transport resources



Service -> RSRAN073

Soc Classification level
59 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR
Rel99 NRT RAB Setup Success Analysis
There is two ways to evaluate the Rel99 NRT RAB setup success performance
M1001, RNC_576e Packet Service Setup Success Ratio (CSSR) / CSSR PS NRT
M1022, RNC_943a R99 Setup Success Ratio from user perspective for NRT/ R99 stp SR
Usr

Since RNC_576c (M1001) is measured NRT DCH setup upto 0/0kbps, it is always showing
>99.5%. So it is not useful for data call setup analysis
Packet calls starts with user plane capacity allocation (transfer from FACH/PCH, DCH 0/0) and
ends with dedicated resource release (transfer back to FACH/PCH, DCH 0/0, RAB release,
outgoing relocation, HHO, ISHO)



Service -> RSRAN073

M1001 M1022
Soc Classification level
60 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low CSSR
Rel99 NRT RAB Setup Success Analysis

With RU10, there is new counters which gives better visibilities in terms of Rel99 NRT DCH setup
failure causes (DCH0/0 -> DCH x/x kbps or DCH upgrade request)
The number of NRT DCH setup rejects for interactive/BG traffic class due to running out of
channelisation codes in DL and power in DL/UL (This counter includes initial DCH setups, handover
attempts and channel type switches from HS-DSCH to DCH)
The number of NRT DCH reconfiguration rejects (bitrate upgrade) for interactive/BG traffic class due
to running out of channelizatin codes in DL and power in DL/UL
Iur resources setup fails during user plane allocation/modification of PS NRT RAB over IUR branch





M1002C553 Traffic REJ_DCH_DUE_CODES_INT_DL
M1002C554 Traffic REJ_DCH_DUE_CODES_BGR_DL
M1002C555 Traffic REJ_DCH_DUE_POWER_INT_DL
M1002C556 Traffic REJ_DCH_DUE_POWER_BGR_DL
M1002C557 Traffic REJ_DCH_REC_DUE_CODES_INT_DL
M1002C558 Traffic REJ_DCH_REC_DUE_CODES_BGR_DL
M1002C559 Traffic REJ_DCH_REC_DUE_PWR_INT_DL
M1002C560 Traffic REJ_DCH_REC_DUE_PWR_BGR_DL
M1002C626 Traffic REJ_DCH_DUE_POWER_INT_UL
M1002C627 Traffic REJ_DCH_DUE_POWER_BGR_UL
M1002C628 Traffic REJ_DCH_REC_DUE_PWR_INT_UL
M1002C629 Traffic REJ_DCH_REC_DUE_PWR_BGR_UL
0.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
40.00
50.00
60.00
70.00
80.00
90.00
100.00
1 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 91 101 111 121 131 141 151 161
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c
y

&

b
l
o
c
k
i
n
g

(
%
)
0.00
50.00
100.00
150.00
200.00
250.00
300.00
RNC_11a_Average code occupancy RNC_520b_Max Occupancy RNC_949a Code blocking rate
Rej DCH due codes Rej DCH REC due codes
Reconfig
reject due to
lack of codes
M1004C165 FAIL_NRT_DCH_SETUP_IUR
NRT DCH SETUP FAIL DUE TO
IUR
M1004C166
FAIL_NRT_DCH_UL_RECON
F_IUR
NRT DCH UL RECONFIG FAIL
FOR NRT RB DUE TO IUR
M1004C167
FAIL_NRT_DCH_DL_RECON
F_IUR
NRT DCH DL RECONFIG FAIL
FOR NRT RB DUE TO IUR
Soc Classification level
61 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low Packet/session success rate (SSSR)
Service -> RSRAN073

Rel99 Packet session setup failures Analysis (M1022)

Evaluate Dominant failures:

AC failure : lack of DL power or high UL
interference, UL admission control
parameter setting

Other failure: This could be due to max
HSPA users limit reached or radio link
failure during setup

BTS failure: lack of HW CE capacity

DMCU failure: DMCU/DSP faulty or lack of
DSP resources in RNC

TRANS failure: lack of Iub capacity

UE failure: UE internal problem (not
capability issue)

Cannot differentiate
Rel99 DCH , HSDPA,
HSUPA setup failure

_DCH_BGR PS_ATT_DCH M1022C8 + _DCH_INT PS_ATT_DCH M1022C7


D_ALLO_BGR D_D_REQ_D_ M1022C32 + D_ALLO_INT D_D_REQ_D_ M1022C31
100 Check KPI RNC_943a for low Rel99 packet SSSR
Soc Classification level
62 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low Packet/session success rate (SSSR)
M1022 Rel99 Packet session setup failures Analysis

In RU10, new counters to identify the Rel99 NRT DCH setup and successful setup based on
initial request bit rates or DCH upgrade bit rates
Uplink initial request and success include also HSDPA UL return channel
This is useful to identify each of the bit rate setup performance and its distribution as well as
capacity bottleneck


M1022C83 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_64_UL
M1022C84 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_64_DL
M1022C85 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_128_UL
M1022C86 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_128_DL
M1022C87 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_256_UL
M1022C88 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_256_DL
M1022C89 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_384_UL
M1022C90 Packet_call INIT_DCH_REQ_384_DL
M1022C91 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_64_UL
M1022C92 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_64_DL
M1022C93 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_128_UL
M1022C94 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_128_DL
M1022C95 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_256_UL
M1022C96 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_256_DL
M1022C97 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_384_UL
M1022C98 Packet_call DCH_UPGR_REQ_384_DL
M1022C99 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_64_UL
M1022C100 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_64_DL
M1022C101 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_128_UL
M1022C102 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_128_DL
M1022C103 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_256_UL
M1022C104 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_256_DL
M1022C105 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_384_UL
M1022C106 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_384_DL
M1022C107 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_64_UL
M1022C108 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_64_DL
M1022C109 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_128_UL
M1022C110 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_128_DL
M1022C111 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_256_UL
M1022C112 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_256_DL
M1022C113 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_384_UL
M1022C114 Packet_call SUCC_INIT_ALLO_REQ_384_DL
M1022C115 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_64_UL
M1022C116 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_64_DL
M1022C117 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_128_UL
M1022C118 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_128_DL
M1022C119 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_256_UL
M1022C120 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_256_DL
M1022C121 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_384_UL
M1022C122 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_384_DL
M1022C123 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_64_UL
M1022C124 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_64_DL
M1022C125 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_128_UL
M1022C126 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_128_DL
M1022C127 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_256_UL
M1022C128 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_256_DL
M1022C129 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_384_UL
M1022C130 Packet_call SUCC_UPG_NRT_DCH_REQ_384_DL
Soc Classification level
63 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low Packet/session success rate (SSSR)
In RU10, new counters also to identify the Rel99 NRT DCH
Reconfiguration failure during initial request (DCH0/0 to
DCH x/x kbps or cell Fach to DCH) and bit rate upgrade
request
Also HSDPA uplink allocations update these counters

M1022C139 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_UL_AC
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO AC
FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C140 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_UL_AC
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO AC
FOR BACKGROUND
M1022C141 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_AC
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
AC FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C142 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_AC
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
AC FOR BACKGROUND
M1022C135 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_UL_BTS
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
BTS FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C136 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_UL_BTS
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
BTS FOR BACKGROUND
M1022C137 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_BTS
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE
TO BTS FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C138 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_BTS
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE
TO BTS FOR BACKGROUND
M1022 Rel99 Packet session setup failures Analysis

M1022C131 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_UL_TRANS
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
TRANSPORT FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C132 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_UL_TRANS
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
TRANSPORT FOR BACKGROUND
M1022C133 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_TRANS
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE
TO TRANSPORT FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C134 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_TRANS
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE
TO TRANSPORT FOR BACKGROUND
M1022C143 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_UL_OTH
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
OTHER REASONS FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C144 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_UL_OTH
DCH UPLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
OTHER REASONS FOR BACKGROUND
M1022C145 FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_OTH
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
OTHER REASONS FOR INTERACTIVE
M1022C146 FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_OTH
DCH DOWNLINK RECONFIG FAIL DUE TO
OTHER REASONS FOR BACKGROUND
0.00
200.00
400.00
600.00
800.00
1 000.00
1 200.00
1 400.00
1 600.00
1 800.00
2 000.00
1 10 19 28 37 46 55 64 73 82 91 100 109 118
FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_TRAN
S
FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_TR
ANS
FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_BT
S
FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_BTS
FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_AC
FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_AC
FAIL_REC_INTERA_DCH_DL_OT
H
FAIL_REC_BGR_DCH_DL_OTH
In DL, Failures mainly from
AC (Interactive and
Background)
Soc Classification level
64 Nokia Siemens Networks
Call/Packet Drop improvement in RU10
Top (N) drops
Cell and its Neighbour
Cells availability
Alarms/Tickets
Configuration &
Parameter audit
SHO
Success
Rate <
90%?
Conf OK ?
Site OK ?
ISHO
Failures
Iur
performance
Investigation Iur
Audit adjacent sites for
alarms, Availability,
configuration and
capacity
Traffic
Neighbours Performance
(use SHO success per adjs
counters to identify badly
performing neighbours) & Map
3G Cell at
RNC border?
NO
YES
New site ?
Analyse last detailed
radio measurements
RF and IFHO neighbour
optimisation
No cell
found ratio
>40 %
ISHO
Success
Rate < 90%
RF and ISHO neighbour
optimisation
3G cell covers
over a
coverage hole
?
3G cell at
inter-RNC
border ?
Wrong reference clock
(10MHz tuning)
No cell
found ratio
> 90 % and
enough
ADJG
2G Cell Doctor
2G Investigation :
TCH blocking or
TCH seizure
failure
(interference)
NO
YES
YES
YES
NO
YES
NO
YES
YES
SHO
ISHO
Top
iss
ues
SHO based on DSR,
CPICH EcNo difference,
SHO branch setup fail
BTS/Iub
Relocation success
in target RNC
HHO RSSI & BSIC time,
ISHO cancellation
Max HSPA users in
cell/RNC,RNC licensed
capacity:Max AMR/Iups
throughput
HSDPA IFHO
failures, reject
CM for IFHO
Soc Classification level
65 Nokia Siemens Networks
High in AMR / Rel99 NRT call drop rate?
1. Check if low RNC_231c RAB Success Ratio, Voice (CSR) cells and low RNC_571b
RAB retainability for PS cells and its neighbouring cells of any faulty alarms
2. Identify call drop root cause failure distribution and main failure contributor (radio,
Iu, BTS, Iur, MS, RNC) Services -> RSRAN079






3. Check SHO KPI if performance < 90% ( leads to radio failure)
Check if cells are at RNC border (check Iur capacity and SRNC relocation problem)
Detect badly performing neighbours using HO success rate per adjacency counters (M1013)
High incoming HO failure rate in all adjs check sync alarms
Assessing neighbor list plan and visualization check with map
Evaluate HO control parameters and trigger threshold

4. Check ISHO KPI if RT ISHO < 90% or NRT < 80% (leads to radio failure)
Check missing neighbour (M1015), GSM frequency plan neighbour RNC and MSC database
consistency audit, check alarm of reference clock in 3G or in 2G, check 2G TCH congestion
Check RRC Drop ISHO RT / NRT
Soc Classification level
66 Nokia Siemens Networks
High in AMR / Rel99 NRT call drop rate?

5. Detecting DL or UL path loss problem if RAB drop due to radio (dominant call
drop cause > 50%)
Check UL Lost Active KPI from Iub counters (active L1 synchronization failure) to check UL/DL
path loss problem
Check ASU failure rate (UNSUC_ASU) which link to NO RESPONSE FROM RLC
Mapping radio failures with Tx power and CPICH related parameters -> CPICHToRefRABOffset,
PTXDPCH MAX
Check Call reestablishment timer -> T315 for NRT and T314 for RT reestablishment
Ecno distribution for bad coverage issue (M1007C38-M1007C47)

6. Check core network parameter setting if RAB_ACT_FAIL_XXX_IU
Check SCCP SGSN/RNC IuPS Tias/Tiar if RAB_ACT_FAIL_BACKG_IU

7. If high RAB_ACT_FAIL_XXX_BTS
Check if any BTS faulty alarm (7653 cell faulty alarm)
If no alarms, COCO detach/attach

8. If high RAB_ACT_FAIL_XXX_MS
Check physical channel reconfiguration failure rate (IFHO, ISHO, code optimisation)





Services -> RSRAN079
Soc Classification level
67 Nokia Siemens Networks
High in AMR / Rel99 NRT call drop rate?






SHO -> RSRAN028
9. SHO failure Analysis in RU10
Two new counters to identify SHO failure due to lack of Iub capacity or BTS HW CE
capacity






RU10 also brings new counters to identify Ecno difference between source target
cell pairs and average Ecno, average RSCP for the neighbour cells based on
scrambling codes
Counters updated if RAN1191 Detected Set Reporting and Measurements and
RAN1189 CPICH Ec/N0 Difference Counters per Cell Pair feature is licensed





M1007C71SETUP_FAIL_SHO_BRANCH_BTS : When the SHO branch setup fails due to BTS resources.
The BTS resources here mean either NBAP: RADIO LINK SETUP FAILURE, NBAP: RADIO LINK ADDITION
FAILURE or that RNC does not receive any answer from the BTS. The counter is updated for the cell
where the failure occurred.
M1007C72 SETUP_FAIL_SHO_BRANCH_IUB :. When the SHO branch setup fails due to Iub transport. The
transport failures include both CAC (Connection Admission Control) negative acknowledgements and
signaling failures.
M1013C2 AutoDef_SHO_v2 CPICH_ECNO_SHO_DIFF_SUM
M1013C3 AutoDef_SHO_v2 CPICH_ECNO_SHO_DIFF_DENOM
M1013C4 AutoDef_SHO_v2 CPICH_ECNO_SHO_SUM
M1013C5 AutoDef_SHO_v2 CPICH_ECNO_SHO_DENOM
M1013C6 AutoDef_SHO_v2 CPICH_RSCP_SHO_SUM
M1013C7 AutoDef_SHO_v2 CPICH_RSCP_SHO_DENOM
M1028C0 Autodef_SHO_DSR CPICH_ECNO_DET_SUM
M1028C1 Autodef_SHO_DSR CPICH_ECNO_DET_DENOM
M1028C2 Autodef_SHO_DSR CPICH_RSCP_DET_SUM
M1028C3 Autodef_SHO_DSR CPICH_RSCP_DET_DENOM
Soc Classification level
68 Nokia Siemens Networks
High in AMR / Rel99 NRT call drop rate?






10. Drop due to Radio Analysis in RU10
RU10 brings in new feature for RRC Re-establishment for RT and Multi-
RAB
This feature is associated with parameter T314 and RT call re-
establishment is on when T314> 0s. Generally, AMR drop call rate in OSS
stats will greatly improved
New counters to measure the performance of call re-establishment for RT
& Multi-RAB










M1006C186 RRC RRC_RE_EST_SUCC_RT
M1006C187 RRC RRC_RE_EST_FAIL_UE_RT
M1006C188 RRC RRC_RE_EST_FAIL_NOREPLY_RT
M1006C189 RRC RRC_RE_EST_SUCC_MR
M1006C190 RRC RRC_RE_EST_FAIL_UE_MR
M1006C191 RRC RRC_RE_EST_FAIL_NOREPLY_MR
Soc Classification level
69 Nokia Siemens Networks
High in AMR / Rel99 NRT call drop rate?

KPI Rel99 NRT DCH Drop Call Rate from Packet Call
(M1022)

+ +
+ + +
+ +
+ +
+ +

=
M_D_D_BGR PS_REL_NOR M1022C50 M_D_D_INT PS_REL_NOR M1022C49
BGR _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C68 INT _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C67
GR FAIL_D_D_B PS_REL_RL_ M1022C62 NT FAIL_D_D_I PS_REL_RL_ M1022C61
BGR _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C68 INT _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C67
GR FAIL_D_D_B PS_REL_RL_ M1022C62 NT FAIL_D_D_I PS_REL_RL_ M1022C61
[% ] e Perspectiv User End from Ratio Success R99 RNC_944a
1

+ +
+ + +
+ +
+ +
+ +
=
M_D_D_BGR PS_REL_NOR M1022C50 M_D_D_INT PS_REL_NOR M1022C49
BGR _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C68 INT _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C67
GR FAIL_D_D_B PS_REL_RL_ M1022C62 NT FAIL_D_D_I PS_REL_RL_ M1022C61
BGR _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C68 INT _FAIL_D_D_ PS_REL_OTH M1022C67
GR FAIL_D_D_B PS_REL_RL_ M1022C62 NT FAIL_D_D_I PS_REL_RL_ M1022C61
[% ] e Perspectiv User End from Ratio Call Dropped R99
Soc Classification level
70 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Accessibility
HSDPA Accessibility failure cause analysis can be done with traffic
measurements (RNC_605b) and Packet call measurements (RNC_914b)
System Program RNC_605a
Service Level RNC_914a
Low HSDPA
accessibility
(RNC_605b)
Check Number of simultaneous HSDPA users in
BTS or cell level depending on the scheduler type
Check BH Channel Element resource Usage
(Lack of CE for UL return Channel)
Check BH UL Power Congestion
(Lack of Radio resources for UL return Ch.)
Check BH AAL2 Iub congestion
(Lack of Iub resources for UL return Ch.)
Check RB reconfiguration failure rate
(Terminal Problem)
Check RNC Unit load (DMPG), max number of
users/RNC, DSP failures and faulty alarms
No Action
Needed
Too many HSDPA
users reached
HSDPA Setup Fail
due BTS
Rejection of UL
Return Channel
Rejections
HSDPA Setup Fail
Iub (Both UL & DL)
HSDPA Setup Fail
UE
HSDPA Setup Fail
RNC Internal
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Based on
Traffic
measurement
analysis
(M1002)
Soc Classification level
71 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Accessibility
PS Setup Failure
due AC
Low HSPA Setup
Performance
(RNC_914b)
Yes
No
Air Interface
PS Setup Failure
due BTS
Yes
No
BTS
PS Setup Failure
due Iub
Yes
No
Iub
PS Setup Failure due
to, DMCU
Yes
RNC
Problem In
PS Setup failure due to
Others
No
Yes
High Traffic Event
Yes
RSRAN07
3
PS Setup failure due to
UE
No action needed
Terminal Issue?
HSDPA Accessibility failure analysis based on Packet Call Measurement
(M1022)
Others failure
could be max
HSPA users
been reached
or radio link
failure
during setup
If not DMCU faulty,
check DSP resource
usage and
availability with
RU10 M609 DSP
Service Stats and
M615 DSP
Resource.

Soc Classification level
72 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Accessibility
With RU10, there is new counters in packet call to identify packet call attempt to cells which
are not HSPA enabled. New KPI (RNC_914b) gives better results in terms of HSDPA
accessibility when networks mixed with HSPA and non-HSPA enabled cells. This avoids
separate aggregation which required previously in RAS06.
RNC_914b does not include statistics from serving cell change mobility. Thus, the
performance could be lower as well due to statistical calculation
RNC_914b: (NetAct names)

100*
sum(HS_E_REQ_HS_E_ALLO_INT +
HS_E_REQ_HS_E_ALLO_BGR +
HS_E_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_INT +
HS_E_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_BGR +
HS_D_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_INT +
HS_D_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_BGR) /
sum(PS_ATT_HSDSCH_EDCH_INT +
PS_ATT_HSDSCH_EDCH_BGR +
PS_ATT_HSDSCH_DCH_INT +
PS_ATT_HSDSCH_DCH_BGR -
HS_D_REQ_D_D_ALLO_BGR_CELL -
HS_D_REQ_D_D_ALLO_INT_CELL -
HS_E_REQ_D_D_ALLO_BGR_CELL -
HS_E_REQ_D_D_ALLO_INT_CELL)

RNC_605b: (NetAct names)
100*
sum(ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_INT+ALLO_H
S_DSCH_FLOW_BGR) /
sum(ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_INT +
ALLO_HS_DSCH_FLOW_BGR +
REJ_HS_DSCH_RET_INT +
REJ_HS_DSCH_RET_BGR +
SETUP_FAIL_RNC_HS_DSCH_INT +
SETUP_FAIL_BTS_HS_DSCH_INT +
SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_INT +
SETUP_FAIL_RNC_HS_DSCH_BGR +
SETUP_FAIL_BTS_HS_DSCH_BGR +
SETUP_FAIL_IUB_HS_TOTAL_BGR +
SETUP_FAIL_UE_HS_DSCH_INT +
SETUP_FAIL_UE_HS_DSCH_BGR +
DCH_SEL_MAX_HSDPA_USERS_INT +
DCH_SEL_MAX_HSDPA_USERS_BGR)

The number of
DCH/DCH
allocations after
an HS-DCSH/E-
DCH request for
the background
traffic class due
to the cell not
supporting
HSUPA and
HSDPA
Soc Classification level
73 Nokia Siemens Networks
1. Identify root cause of failure distribution and main failure contributor





2. If high HSDPA Access Failure _too many HSDPA users
Check simultaneous HSDPA users (RNC_646c to RNC_654c) & (RNC_1028b to
RNC_1035b) & (RNC_1665a to RNC_1668a)
RU10 new counters on max & average HSPA users

3. If high HSDPA Access Failure_UL DCH
Rejected HS-DSCH return channel due to lack of radio power resource
Check M1002C521 or M1002C522 or M1000C144 only when HSDPA static allocation
Check Cell resource PrxTotal, PtxTotal
Check parameter setting for uplink throughput based and interference based admission
control

4. If high HSDPA Access Failure_UE
Check RB reconfiguration failure rate
ICSU log for UE types troubleshooting ?
RU10 new counters to measure HSDPA setup success in RB reconfiguration
phase

Low HSDPA Accessibility
Service level ->
RSRAN073
M1000C282 Cell_Resource MAX_HSDPA_USERS_IN_CELL
M1000C283 Cell_Resource MAX_HSUPA_USERS_IN_CELL
M1000C284 Cell_Resource SUM_HSDPA_USERS_IN_CELL
M1000C285 Cell_Resource DENOM_HSDPA_USERS_PER_CELL
M1000C286 Cell_Resource SUM_HSUPA_USERS_IN_CELL
M1000C287 Cell_Resource DENOM_HSUPA_USERS_PER_CELL
M1006C149 RRC ATT_RB_SETUP_HSDPA
M1006C150 RRC SUCC_RB_SETUP_HSDPA
M1006C192 RRC FAIL_RB_SETUP_HSDPA_NOREPLY
M1006C193 RRC FAIL_RB_SETUP_HSDPA_UE
Soc Classification level
74 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Accessibility
5. If high HSDPA Access Failure_BTS
Lack of UL channel resources (check CE resource utilisation using M5001 counters at BH)
Too high SHO overhead all branches must have enough CE capacity if UE is in SHO when HS-
DSCH allocation is started
RU10 brings new counters measure on the setup/success/failure for HSDPA MAC-d setup
on NBAP Radio link Reconfiguration phase










6. HS-DSCH return channel setup fail due to Iub transport
Breakdown the failure distribution (64,128,384,MAC-d)
Evaluate RU10 UL rejection failure cause (M1022C131C146)
Evaluate number of reconfiguration failure due the transmission
Check M1005C128 CANC_ADD_SRNC_TRAN_STP_FAIL
Check RAB_STP_FAIL_XXX_IUB_AAL2, M1001C531-C533



0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1 14 27 40 53 66 79 92 105 118 131 144 157 170 183 196 209 222 235 248 261 274 287
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
SETUP_FAIL_BTS_HS_DSCH_BGR (Traffic)
AVE_AVAIL_PERC_POOL_CAPA_UL (Cellres)
M1005C241 L3Iub ATT_MACD_SETUP_FOR_HSDPA
M1005C242 L3Iub SUCC_MACD_SETUP_FOR_HSDPA
M1005C247 L3Iub FAIL_MACD_SETUP_HSDPA_NORESP
M1005C248 L3Iub FAIL_MACD_SETUP_HSDPA_RNL
M1005C249 L3Iub FAIL_MACD_SETUP_HSDPA_TR
M1005C250 L3Iub FAIL_MACD_SETUP_HSDPA_PROT
M1005C251 L3Iub FAIL_MACD_SETUP_HSDPA_MISC
Soc Classification level
75 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Retainability
HSDPA Retainability Failure Cause Analysis can be done based on
Traffic measurements (RNC_609a) and Packet Call measurements
(RNC_920a)- optional measurement. Radio link failures should be
analyzed.
System Program Report


RNC_920a/609a<
X %
Check SCC Failure Rate Radio, Iub, CE resource
congestion
Check for RNC failures and use RNC logging if required
No Action
Needed
HSPA packet call
Radiolink failures
HSPA packet call
failures - other
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Check CQI distribution and Ecno distribution for coverage
issue
Check HSDPA mobility parameter Add/Drop window,
SCC parameter
Service - RSRAN079
Soc Classification level
76 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Retainability (RNC_920a)

KPI RNC_920a :
100 -100 *
sum (
PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_INT
+ PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_BGR
+ PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_D_INT
+ PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_D_BGR
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_INT
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_BGR
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_D_INT
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_D_BGR
)
--------------------------------------------
sum (
PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_INT
+ PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_BGR
+ PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_D_INT
+ PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_D_BGR
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_INT
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_BGR
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_D_INT
+ PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_D_BGR
+ PS_REL_NORM_HS_E_INT
+ PS_REL_NORM_HS_E_BGR
+ PS_REL_NORM_HS_D_INT
+ PS_REL_NORM_HS_D_BGR )
RNC_609a:
100 *
sum(REL_ALLO_NORM_HS_DSCH_IN
T
+ REL_ALLO_NORM_HS_DSCH_BGR)
------------------------------------------------------
----------
sum(
REL_ALLO_NORM_HS_DSCH_INT
+ REL_ALLO_NORM_HS_DSCH_BGR
+ REL_ALLO_OTH_FAIL_HSDSCH_INT
+
REL_ALLO_OTH_FAIL_HSDSCH_BGR
+ REL_ALLO_RL_FAIL_HS_DSCH_INT
+
REL_ALLO_RL_FAIL_HS_DSCH_BGR)
Service Level -> RSRAN079
Soc Classification level
77 Nokia Siemens Networks
1. Identify root cause failure distribution and main contributor of low
retainability





2. If high HSDPA Radio Link Failures (NRT) dominant cause
Compare to Cell Update ATT due to Radio link Failure (M1006C39) and Cell Update
ATT due to RLC Recoverable Error (M1006C40)
Check Serving Cell Change failure rate (KPI RNC_733a) - high SCC failures lead to
radio link failure
Check CQI distribution (M5000C8-M5000C39) or Ecno distribution for bad coverage
issue (M1007C38-M1007C47)
Check HSDPA FMCS Mobility Control Parameter (handover or SCC too late)
Check call re-establishment T315 timer due to radio link failure
Low HSDPA Retainability
Service Level -> RSRAN079-
> RNC_609a
Normal
release
Soc Classification level
78 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Retainability
3. If high HSDPA Non- Radio Link Failures (NRL)
UE responding with some failure message or not responding to some message but no
RL failure (timer expiry)
Check RB reconfiguration, physical channel reconfiguration, NBAP RL reconfiguration
failure rate
Required ICSU log for further troubleshooting ?
Service Level -> RSRAN079
Soc Classification level
79 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA SCC Success Ratio
HSDPA SCC failure causes Analysis Flow Chart
There seems not to be a relation with poor SCC success and HSDPA retainability.
SCC success rate for HSDPA and HSUPA is not very accurate in cell level as
denominator is incremented in the source cell (old serving cell) and numerator is
incremented in the target cell (new serving cell).


Top N cells
SCC Fail BTS
RNC_733a < X
%
SCC Fail AC
SCC Fail
Transmissio
n
SCC Fail UE
SCC Fail
Others
No action
needed
Check CE
resource
usage at BH
scrambling
code
congestion
BH
DL power
congesti
on BH ?
Check AAL2
Iub resource
congestion at
BH
Check RB
reconfiguratio
n Failure rate
Check RNC
internal
transport
resources
(DMPG)
ICSU
troubleshootin
g
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes Yes
Yes
No No No
No
No
HSDPA SCC Success Ratio
SCC Fail
Prevention
timer
Check
HSDPACellCh
angeMinInterv
al parameter


Check
Maximum
number of
HSDPA users
No
No
Ye
s
Mobility & Handover RSRAN033
RNC_733a:
100*
sum(SCC_INTRA_BTS_SUCCESSFU
L +
SCC_INTER_BTS_SUCCESSFUL) /
sum(SCC_STARTED_CPICH_ECNO
+ SCC_STARTED_UL_SIR_ERROR +
SCC_STARTED_ACTIVE_SET_UPD
+ SCC_STARTED_OTHER_REASON)
Soc Classification level
80 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA SCC Success Ratio
1. Determine HSDPA SCC success ratio (RNC_733a), SCC failure rate and failure
cause distribution







2. Check target cells HSDPA Setup performance (M1002C401 M1002C428)
if source cells SCC failure rate is high
To find out which target cells are causing the SCC failure

3. If high SCC_FAILED_due_to_AC
Check target cells M1000C22 AVE_PTXTOT_CLASS_4 and M1000C20
AVE_PTXTOT_CLASS_3 if SCC failures due to the lack of DL power (SCC_Failed_due_to_AC)
Check target cells M1002C521 or M1002C522 or M1000C144 (RAS06) only when HSDPA
static allocation
Check target cells number of simultaneous active HSDPA users
Mobility & Handover RSRAN033
Soc Classification level
81 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA SCC Success Ratio
4. If high SCC_FAILED_due_to_BTS
Check target cells M1002C416/424 SETUP_FAIL_BTS_HS_DSCH_XXX
Check target cells CE resource utilisation at BH using M5001 counters for lack of UL return
channel resource
Check NBAP Radio Link Reconfiguration Failure rate
Check SHO overhead use lower value for AdditionWindow (closer to 0 dB) in HSDPA FMCS
than in the RT/NRT FMCS, to have smaller SHO area for HSDPA users.
5. If high SCC_FAILED_due_to_UE
Check target cells M1002C415/423 SETUP_FAIL_UE_HS_DSCH_XXX
Check RB reconfiguration Failure rate
Require ICSU troubleshooting for UE types monitoring

6. If high SCC_FAILED_due_to_TRANS
Check target cells of M1002C414 SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_INT or M1002C422
SETUP_FAIL_IUB_MAC_D_BGR
Evaluate number of reconfiguration failure due the transmission
Check M1005C128 CANC_ADD_SRNC_TRAN_STP_FAIL
Check M1001C531-C533 RAB_STP_FAIL_XXX_IUB_AAL2

7. If high SCC_FAILED_due_to_Others
Check RNC internal transport resources usage (DMPG)
Require ICSU troubleshooting
Mobility & Handover RSRAN033
Soc Classification level
82 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Cell/User Throughput

HSDPA throughput limiting factors:




System Program ->
RSRAN000 HSPA ->
RSRAN051
HSPA -> RSRAN039
HSDPA Throughput
Analysis
Air interface
support from CQI
distribution
HSDPA
Throughput
Available from Iub
BTS Power
Availability for
HSDPA
Cell
Channelisation
code Availability
for HSDPA
RNC limiting
factors: DSP,
#simultaneous
HSDPA users and
throughput
Iu-PS capacity
available or
HSDPA
HSDPA UL Return
channel limitation
(CE)
HSDPA UL Return
channel limitation
(Iub)
HSDPA UL Return
channel limitation
(UL Interference)
Problem in
Air Interface
Iub
BTS
RNC
Iu-PS
BTS scheduler
limitation
(#simultaneous
users per
scheduler)
Soc Classification level
83 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Cell/User Throughput




1. Check HSDPA active Throughput in the cell (RNC_722b/c) and Average throughput in the cell
(RNC_606c) or with cell throughput in RNC/WBTS measurements (RNC_941a)
KPI RNC_941a : sum ( HS_DSCH_DATA_VOL * 8) /sum ( 1000 * PERIOD_DURATION)* 60 (kbps)
RNC_606c: sum(RECEIVED_HS_MACD_BITS - DISCARDED_HS_MACD_BITS) /
sum(PERIOD_DURATION)*60 (kbps)


2. Calculate rough HSDPA User Throughput by dividing RNC_722b with average number of
simultaneous HSDPA users (RNC_726a) or two new KPIs based on users in buffer where v2.1 is
for user throughput <1.5Mbps
System Program -> RSRAN000
HSPA -> RSRAN051
HSPA -> RSRAN039
Traffic - RSRAN077
( )
ELLS S_3_0_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_2_1_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_1_2_IN_C HSDPA_USER
ELLS S_0_3_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_2_0_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_1_1_IN_C HSDPA_USER
ELLS S_0_2_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_1_0_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_0_1_IN_C HSDPA_USER
ELLS) S_3_0_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_0_3_IN_C HSDPA_USER
ELLS S_2_1_IN_C HSDPA_USER CELLS RS_1_2_IN_ (HSDPA_USE 3
ELLS) S_2_0_IN_C HSDPA_USER ELLS S_1_1_IN_C HSDPA_USER CELLS RS_0_2_IN_ (HSDPA_USE 2
ELLS) S_1_0_IN_C HSDPA_USER CELLS RS_0_1_IN_ (HSDPA_USE
_PER_TTI _WITH_DATA HSDPA_BUFF
500 TS HS_MACD_BI DISCARDED_ - S S_MACD_BIT RECEIVED_H
v3.0 experience user End
+ +
+ + +
+ + +
+
+ + +
+ +
+ +

=
( )
2 _PER_TTI _WITH_DATA HSDPA_BUFF
500 TS HS_MACD_BI DISCARDED_ - S S_MACD_BIT RECEIVED_H
v2.1 experience user End


=
M5002C21 Cell_Throughput_WBTS HS_TOTAL_DATA
Soc Classification level
84 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Cell/User Throughput

Below is comparison of all the throughput per user formulas
as well as RNC_722b


Average HSDPA
Throughput per
User has increased
a lot based on
users in data buffer
Soc Classification level
85 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA cell/user Throughput




3. Check RNC_706a Ave Reported CQI and CQI distribution (M5000C8-
M5000C39) or Ecno distribution for bad coverage issue (M1007C38-
M1007C47)
4. High CQI / Ecno but low HSDPA user throughput
Check problem at core network or application server (FTP, HTTP) or in
measurement tools & PC settings
Check any shortage on Iub user plane and CEs shortage due to DCH traffic is
too high
Check if UL return channel is limiting due to interference
(PrxLoadMarginMaxDCH -> 0 dB)
Check the if there is code blocking for HSDPA (set HSPDSCHMarginSF128 from
8-> 0)
Check HSDPA power parameter setting (M1000C232-C235) & (M1000C236-C239)
Check simultaneous HSDPA users in the Node B Scheduler (increase the
scheduler capacity from 16 users/BTS to 48 users/BTS (16/cell)
Check HSDPA FMCS mobility parameters (lower window add for HSDPA than for
R99 to save capacity in target cell due to smaller SHO OH)
Throughput limitation per user (throttled user) is active in Core?


System Program -> RSRAN000
HSPA -> RSRAN051
HSPA -> RSRAN039
Soc Classification level
86 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSDPA Cell/Users Throughput




5. HSDPA power in BTS
The counters tell the number of samples (TTI) per class when the actual used HS-PDSCH power (given as % value
from the max HS-PDSCH pwr) is within the limits defined for a class
This give hints whether low HSDPA throughput due to lack of HSDPA power (high RT/Rel99 NRT traffics in the
cell)







6. DMPG resource sharing causes the total throughput per user is not only limited by the #
simultaneous users per cell and their activity but also the amount of simultaneous users per
DMPG (per RNC sharing the total RNC throughput) and their activity





M5000C268 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_01
M5000C269 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_02
M5000C270 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_03
M5000C271 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_04
M5000C272 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_05
M5000C273 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_06
M5000C274 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_07
M5000C275 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_08
M5000C276 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_09
M5000C277 HSDPA_WBTS SAMPLE_HS_PDSCH_PWR_CLASS_10
Max HSDPA Throughput per RNC (62 x 7.2Mbps currently on RNC Throughput
450Mbps)
Sum ( #_users_with_data_in_buff_per_TTI / all_active_TTIs) x avg_#_HSDPA_users_in_RNC
HSDPA_NRTD_PEAK_CALLS
Soc Classification level
87 Nokia Siemens Networks
HSUPA Accessibility Failure Cause Analysis can be done based on Traffic measurements
(RNC_913a) and Packet call measurements (RNC_915c)- optional
Low HSUPA Accessibility
Low HSUPA
accessibility
Check Number of simultaneous HSUPA users
(20/cell, 24/NodeB )
Check BH Channel element resource usage UL/DL
(BTS in state that no capacity available for EDCH)
HSUPA is not supported in SHO branch
Check BH Channel element resource usage UL/DL
Check RB reconfiguration failure rate
(Terminal problem)
Check AAL2 connections (not enough CID) or Signalling
problems
No Action
Needed
Too many HSUPA
users reached
UL DCH selected
due BTS HW
HSUPA fail due Not
Acceptable Active
Set
HSUPA Setup Fail
BTS
HSUPA Setup Fail
UE
HSUPA Setup Fail
TRANS
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
No
Go for troubleshooting
( E.g. RNC internal failures)
HSUPA Setup Fail
Other
Yes
Se
tu
p
fai
lu
re
s
Se
lec
tio
n
fai
lu
re
s
Based on failure
analysis from Traffic
Measurement (M1002)
Soc Classification level
88 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA Accessibility

RNC_915c :

100* sum(HS_E_REQ_HS_E_ALLO_STRE +
HS_E_REQ_HS_E_ALLO_INT +
HS_E_REQ_HS_E_ALLO_BGR) /
sum(PS_ATT_HSDSCH_EDCH_STRE +
PS_ATT_HSDSCH_EDCH_INT +
PS_ATT_HSDSCH_EDCH_BGR -
HS_E_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_STR_CELL -
HS_E_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_BGR_CELL -
HS_E_REQ_HS_D_ALLO_INT_CELL -
HS_E_REQ_D_D_ALLO_STR_CELL -
HS_E_REQ_D_D_ALLO_BGR_CELL -
HS_E_REQ_D_D_ALLO_INT_CELL)



With RU10, there is new counters in packet call to identify
packet call attempt to cells which are not HSPA enabled.
New KPI (RNC_915c) gives better results in terms of
HSUPA accessibility when networks mixed with HSPA
and non-HSPA enabled cells. This avoids separate
aggregation which required previously in RAS06.
RNC_914b does not include statistics from serving cell
change mobility. Thus, the performance could be lower as
well due to statistical calculation

RNC_913a:
100 *
sum ( ALLO_SUCCESS_EDCH_INT
+ ALLO_SUCCESS_EDCH_BGR )
---------------------------------------------
sum ( ALLO_SUCCESS_EDCH_INT
+ ALLO_SUCCESS_EDCH_BGR
+ EDCH_ALLO_CANC_NA_AS_BGR
+ EDCH_ALLO_CANC_NA_AS_INT
+ UL_DCH_SEL_MAX_HSUPA_USR_BGR
+ UL_DCH_SEL_MAX_HSUPA_USR_INT
+ UL_DCH_SEL_BTS_HW_INT
+ UL_DCH_SEL_BTS_HW_BGR
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_BTS_BGR
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_BTS_INT
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_OTHER_BGR
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_OTHER_INT
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_TRANS_BGR
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_TRANS_INT
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_UE_BGR
+ SETUP_FAIL_EDCH_UE_INT )
System Program -> RSRAN000
Service Level-> RSRAN073
The number of
DCH/DCH allocations
after an HS-DCSH/E-
DCH request for the
backg/interactive
traffic class due to the
cell not supporting
HSUPA and HSDPA
Soc Classification level
89 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA Accessibility
HSUPA Accessibility KPI is measured with RNC_913a (Traffic Measurement)
If HSDPA setup is failing also HSUPA setup will fail, but it could be also that only HSUPA will
fail. The reasons are similar to HSDPA
RNC_956b E-DCH Setup FR due to BTS (RL reconfiguration failure to RNC)
RNC_1105b E-DCH Setup FR due to Transport (RL reconfiguration cancel from RNC)
RNC_1106b E-DCH Setup FR due to UE (RB reconfiguration failure from UE)
RNC_1104b E-DCH Setup FR due to Other Failures (RNC internal reason)
RNC_1103bE-DCH Allocation FR due to NA AS (due to non-acceptable E-DCH active set)
Also there could be too many HSUPA users (20/cell, 24/NodeB,In RU10:64 users/Node B)
RNC_968b UL DCH Selected due to too many HSUPA users
RNC_969b DL DCH Selected due to the HSDPA power (updated when only HSDPA static power allocation used)
HSUPA setup failed due to BTS reports HSUPA cannot be allocated
RNC_957b E-DCH Not Selected due the BTS HW (BTS sent radio resource measurement report)
M1000C268-C270 These counters measure the BTS HW limitation during HSUPA Calls
System Program -> RSRAN000
Service Level -> RSRAN073


Soc Classification level
90 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA Accessibility
For static resource allocation the power could limit
M1002C521 DL_DCH_SEL_HSDPA_POWER_INT
M1002C522 DL_DCH_SEL_HSDPA_POWER_BGR
M1002C602DL_DCH_SEL_HSDPA_POWER_STR
AC: (PtxTotal>PtxTargetHSDPA or PtxNC>PtxTargetHSDPA)
EDCH cannot be allocated in case HSUPA is not
supported in SHO branch
M1002C519 EDCH_ALLO_CANC_NA_AS_INT
M1002C520 EDCH_ALLO_CANC_NA_AS_BGR
M1002C601EDCH_ALLO_CANC_NA_AS_STR

System Program -> RSRAN000
Service Level -> RSRAN073


Soc Classification level
91 Nokia Siemens Networks
HSUPA Retainability Failure Cause Analysis can be done based on
Traffic measurements (RNC_919a) and Packet call measurements
(RNC_921b)

Low HSUPA Retainability
RNC_919a /
921b <
X %
Check SCC Failure Rate Radio, Iub, CE resource
congestion
Check for RNC failures??
No Action
Needed
HSPA packet call
Radiolink failures
HSPA packet call
failures - other
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Check CQI distribution and Ecno distribution for coverage
issue
Check HSDPA mobility parameter Add/Drop window,
SCC parameter
Soc Classification level
92 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA Retainability
RNC_921b (Packet Call
Measurement)
100-100* sum(PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_STRE
+ PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_INT +
PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_BGR +
PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_STRE +
PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_INT +
PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_BGR) /
sum(PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_STRE +
PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_INT +
PS_REL_RL_FAIL_HS_E_BGR +
PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_STRE +
PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_INT +
PS_REL_OTH_FAIL_HS_E_BGR +
PS_REL_NORM_HS_E_STRE +
PS_REL_NORM_HS_E_INT +
PS_REL_NORM_HS_E_BGR +
PS_SWI_HS_E_TO_D_D_STRE +
PS_SWI_HS_E_TO_D_D_INT +
PS_SWI_HS_E_TO_D_D_BGR)
RNC_919a (traffic measurement)
100 *
sum ( REL_EDCH_NORM_INT
+ REL_EDCH_NORM_BGR
+ REL_EDCH_HSDSCH_SCC_INT
+ REL_EDCH_HSDSCH_SCC_BGR )
----------------------------------------
sum ( REL_EDCH_NORM_INT
+ REL_EDCH_NORM_BGR
+ REL_EDCH_HSDSCH_SCC_INT
+ REL_EDCH_HSDSCH_SCC_BGR
+ REL_EDCH_RL_FAIL_INT
+ REL_EDCH_RL_FAIL_BGR
+ REL_EDCH_OTHER_FAIL_INT
+ REL_EDCH_OTHER_FAIL_BGR )
System Program - RSRAN000
Services -> RSRAN079
Soc Classification level
93 Nokia Siemens Networks
The retainability of all successfully allocated E-DCH resources for NRT traffic is
measured with KPI RNC_919a (Traffic Measurement)
There are several reasons for HSUPA release:
RNC_1108a E-DCH Rel due to RL Failures
RNC_1109a E-DCH Rel due to Other Failures
RNC_1115a E-DCH Rel due to HS-DSCH serving cell change


(SCC released is included in both nominator/denominator of RNC_919a)

RL fail is incremented If:
a radio link failure happens during HSDPA call (coverage issue)
uplink RLC unrecoverable error happens (Cell Update by UE)
RLC-entity in RNC reports RLC protocol reset

If RNC_919a < x%, refer also to step9 (low HSDPA retainability)
Low HSUPA Retainability
System Program - RSRAN000
Services -> RSRAN079
Soc Classification level
94 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA SCC Success Ratio
HSUPA Serving Cell Success Ratio is measured with RNC_918b
HSUPA Serving Cell Change are only done when the HSDPA Serving
Cell Change is needed (HSUPA SCC attempt is pegged along with
HSDPA SCC attempt)
There are no failure counters for E-DCH serving cell change, but the
failures are seen through HS-DSCH serving cell change counters
Check M1008C242 EDCH_DOWNG_DCH_IN_SCC - this counter
incremented in new HS-DSCH serving cell when HS-DSCH serving cell
change was successful, but uplink was downgraded from E-DCH to DCH

RNC_918b:

100 *
sum ( EDCH_SCC_INTRA_BTS_SUCCESS
+ EDCH_SCC_INTER_BTS_SUCCESS )
-------------------------------------------
sum ( EDCH_SCC_STARTED )

System Program RSRAN000
Mobility & Handover RSRAN033
Soc Classification level
95 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA Throughput
Check Mininum, Maximum & Average HSUPA throughput from WBTS counter measurement (M5000C153)

Check average or data volume HSUPA throughput from Cell Throughput measurement with RNC_952c
sum(NRT_EDCH_UL_DATA_VOL + RT_E_DCH_UL_STREA_DATA) * 8 / sum(PERIOD_DURATION)*1000000*60

Check HSUPA throughput from M5002 Cell Throughput_WBTS and its throughput distributions in classes
















Check HSUPA user throughput by dividing aboved with KPI RNC_1037a -Average number of simultaneous
HSUPA users, during HSUPA usage
Traffic -> RSRAN070/077
HSPA -> RSRAN051
HSPA -> RSRAN039
System Program -> RSRAN000

Counter ID Measurement Counter name
M5002C41 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP03
M5002C42 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP04
M5002C43 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP05
M5002C44 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP06
M5002C45 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP07
M5002C38 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP00
M5002C39 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP01
M5002C40 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP02
M5002C46 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP08
M5002C47 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP09
M5002C48 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP10
M5002C49 Cell_Throughput_WBTS UE_HSUPA_TP11
M5002C2 Cell_Throughput_WBTS EDCH_DATA_SCELL_UL
M5002C3 Cell_Throughput_WBTS
EDCH_DATA_NSC_S_EDCH_U
L
M5002C4 Cell_Throughput_WBTS
EDCH_DATA_NSC_NS_EDCH_
UL
Note: HSUPA cell throughput
measurement is less accurate
than HSDPA cell throughput
due to counters updating
across total measurement
period and not in active data
transfer period

Soc Classification level
96 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA Throughput
Check CQI distribution (M5000C8-M5000C39) or Ecno distribution for bad coverage issue
(M1007C38-M1007C47)
Check If low throughput due to high number of retransmission & failed retransmission
(RNC_917a HSUPA MAC-es BLER)
Check KPI RNC_1165a/RNC_1166a for low HSUPA throughput due to Iub congestion
(frame delay or frame loss)
In RU10, there is new counters to check on the Rise Over Thermal in Fractional load:L = 1 -
(Pnoise/Ptotal), The fractional load is calculated in the normal scheduling operation. HSUPA
throughput will be limited by high fractional load in the cells

Traffic -> RSRAN070/077
HSPA -> RSRAN051
HSPA -> RSRAN039
System Program -> RSRAN000

M5000C245 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_00 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (L = 0).
M5000C246 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_01 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0 < L <= 0.05)
M5000C247 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_02 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.05 < L <= 0.1)
M5000C248 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_03 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.1 < L <= 0.15)
M5000C249 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_04 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.15 < L <= 0.2)
M5000C250 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_05 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.2 < L <= 0.25)
M5000C251 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_06 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.25 < L <= 0.3)
M5000C252 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_07 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.3 < L <= 0.35)
M5000C253 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_08 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.35 < L <= 0.4)
M5000C254 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_09 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.4 < L <= 0.45)
M5000C255 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_10 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.45 < L <= 0.5)
M5000C256 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_11 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.5 < L <= 0.55)
M5000C257 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_12 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.55 < L <= 0.6)
M5000C258 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_13 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.6 < L <= 0.65)
M5000C259 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_14 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.65 < L <= 0.7)
M5000C260 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_15 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.7 < L <= 0.75)
M5000C261 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_16 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.75 < L <= 0.8)
M5000C262 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_17 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.8 < L <= 0.85)
M5000C263 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_18 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.85 < L <= 0.9)
M5000C264 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_19 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.9 < L <= 0.95)
M5000C265 FRACT_LOAD_DISTR_CLASS_20 - Ptotal>=Pnoise : (0.95 < L <= 1)
Soc Classification level
97 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low HSUPA Throughput
Check CQI distribution (M5000C8-M5000C39) or Ecno distribution for bad coverage issue
(M1007C38-M1007C47)

Check If low throughput due to high number of retransmission & failed retransmission
(RNC_917a HSUPA MAC-es BLER)

Check KPI RNC_1165a/RNC_1166a for low HSUPA throughput due to Iub congestion
(frame delay or frame loss)

Check AVG_NON_HSDPA_PWR (M1000C138) & AVG_ACTIVE_NON_HSDPA_PWR to
investigate whether high DCH power (DCH traffic) causes low HSUPA throughput
Others reasons with low HSUPA throughput
Check problem at core network or application server
Check HSPA FMCS / SCC mobility related parameters & performance

Note: HSUPA throughput measurement is less accurate than HSDPA throughput due to
counters updating across total measurement period
Traffic -> RSRAN070/077
HSPA -> RSRAN051
HSPA -> RSRAN039
System Program -> RSRAN000

Soc Classification level
98 Nokia Siemens Networks
Low ISHO success rate
Soc Classification level
99 Nokia Siemens Networks
ISHO KPIs
2. Start from ISHO KPI in System Program (RSRAN000) in
PLMN level -> RNC level-> Cell level and look at ISHO
success rates
RNC_300e (in RU10 RNC_300f)
RNC_301c (in RU10 RNC_301d)


Soc Classification level
100 Nokia Siemens Networks
ISHO KPIs
2. Detailed ISHO performance can be studied in more detail for
the worst cells.


Soc Classification level
101 Nokia Siemens Networks
ISHO KPIs
2. Detailed ISHO performance can be studied in more detail for
worst cells- ISHO performance (separately for RT and NRT)




Cell found ratio for RT tells how easily
target cell is found (BSIC decoding need
to be done in target GSM cell)
BSIC decoding is not needed for NRT
> cell found ratio better
RAS06 ED2.1 has ISHO NRT - Force
Decode BSIC -> better ISHO succecss
rate for NRT
Soc Classification level
102 Nokia Siemens Networks
ISHO KPIs
2. Detailed ISHO performance can be studied in more detail for
worst cells- ISHO Handover per cause




For each ISHO trigger (5) there
are attempts & success KPIs
Normally Main triggers are CPICH
RSCP and CPICH EcNo
ISHO for NRT is reselection
which is done with cell change
order (CCO)
Note: there should be enough
attempts to have reliable results
(min 50 att per cell per day)
ISHO triggers


Soc Classification level
103 Nokia Siemens Networks
2.Network level ISHO KPI example in mature
single carrier 3G network with HSDPA
70.0
75.0
80.0
85.0
90.0
95.0
100.0
3
5

2
0
0
6

(
2
8
/
0
8
/
2
0
0
6
)
3
7

2
0
0
6

(
1
1
/
0
9
/
2
0
0
6
)
3
9

2
0
0
6

(
2
5
/
0
9
/
2
0
0
6
)
4
1

2
0
0
6

(
0
9
/
1
0
/
2
0
0
6
)
4
3

2
0
0
6

(
2
3
/
1
0
/
2
0
0
6
)
4
5

2
0
0
6

(
0
6
/
1
1
/
2
0
0
6
)
4
7

2
0
0
6

(
2
0
/
1
1
/
2
0
0
6
)
4
9

2
0
0
6

(
0
4
/
1
2
/
2
0
0
6
)
5
1

2
0
0
6

(
1
8
/
1
2
/
2
0
0
6
)
0
1

2
0
0
7

(
0
1
/
0
1
/
2
0
0
7
)
0
3

2
0
0
7

(
1
5
/
0
1
/
2
0
0
7
)
0
5

2
0
0
7

(
2
9
/
0
1
/
2
0
0
7
)
0
7

2
0
0
7

(
1
2
/
0
2
/
2
0
0
7
)
0
9

2
0
0
7

(
2
6
/
0
2
/
2
0
0
7
)
1
1

2
0
0
7

(
1
2
/
0
3
/
2
0
0
7
)
1
3

2
0
0
7

(
2
6
/
0
3
/
2
0
0
7
)
1
5

2
0
0
7

(
0
9
/
0
4
/
2
0
0
7
)
1
7

2
0
0
7

(
2
3
/
0
4
/
2
0
0
7
)
1
9

2
0
0
7

(
0
7
/
0
5
/
2
0
0
7
)
2
1

2
0
0
7

(
2
1
/
0
5
/
2
0
0
7
)
2
3

2
0
0
7

(
0
4
/
0
6
/
2
0
0
7
)
2
5

2
0
0
7

(
1
8
/
0
6
/
2
0
0
7
)
2
7

2
0
0
7

(
0
2
/
0
7
/
2
0
0
7
)
2
9

2
0
0
7

(
1
6
/
0
7
/
2
0
0
7
)
3
1

2
0
0
7

(
3
0
/
0
7
/
2
0
0
7
)
0
500000
1000000
1500000
2000000
2500000
3000000
RNC_573a/ISHO cell found ratio, RT RNC_574a/ISHO cell found ratio, NRT RNC_300a/ISHO Success Rate RT
RNC_301a/ISHO Success Rate NRT RNC_298a/ISHO Attempts RT RNC_299a/ISHO Attempts NRT
Cell found
ratio better
for NRT
ISHO success
rate worse for
NRT
Soc Classification level
104 Nokia Siemens Networks
2.ISHO Signalling for RT
CN
U
E
Node
B
RNC
RRC: Measurement Report
RRC: Measurement Control
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration
Prepare
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration
Ready
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration
Commit
RRC: Physical Channel
Reconfiguration
RRC: Physical Channel Reconfiguration
Complete
NBAP: Compressed Mode
Command
RRC: Measurement Report
RRC: Measurement Control
NBAP: Compressed Mode Command
RRC: Measurement Report
RRC: Measurement Control
RRC: Handover from UTRAN
Command
GSM BSIC
Identificatio
n
GSM RSSI
Measureme
nt
ISHO
triggering (5
reasons are
possible)
Initial
Compressed
Mode
Configuration
RANAP: Relocation
Required
RANAP: Relocation
Command
RANAP: IU Release
Command
RANAP: IU Release
Complete
Soc Classification level
105 Nokia Siemens Networks
2.ISHO Signalling for NRT

UE Node B RNC
RRC: Measurement Report
RRC: Measurement Control
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready
NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit
RRC: Physical Channel Reconfiguration
RRC: Physical Channel Reconfiguration Complete
NBAP: Compressed Mode Command
RRC: Measurement Report
RRC: Measurement Control
GSM RSSI Measurement
ISHOtriggering (5 reasons are possible)
Initial Compressed Mode
Configuration
CN
RANAP: SRNSContext Request
RANAP: SRNSContext Response
RANAP: IU Release Command
RANAP: IU Release Complete
RRC: Cell Change Order from UTRAN
RANAP: SRNSData Forward Command
Soc Classification level
106 Nokia Siemens Networks
2+ ISHO Cancellation in RU10
Counter ID Measurement Counter name PI name Release
M1010C214 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_REPL_NRT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CELL REPLACEMENT FOR NRT RU10
M1010C204 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_CPICH_RSCP_RT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CPICH RSCP FOR RT RU10
M1010C206 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_DL_DPCH_RT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO DL DPCH POWER FOR RT RU10
M1010C217 Inter_System_Handover UNSUCC_IS_HHO_DR_AMR_RT UNSUCCESSFUL INTER SYSTEM HANDOVERS CAUSED BY DIRECTED RETRY FOR AMR RT RU10
M1010C209 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_CPICH_ECNO_NRT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CPICH ECNO FOR NRT RU10
M1010C208 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_REPL_RT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CELL REPLACEMENT FOR RT RU10
M1010C207 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_ADD_RT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CELL ADDITION FOR RT RU10
M1010C210 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_CPICH_RSCP_NRT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CPICH RSCP FOR NRT RU10
M1010C211 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_TX_PWR_NRT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO UE TX POWER FOR NRT RU10
M1010C213 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_ADD_NRT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CELL ADDITION FOR NRT RU10
M1010C205 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_TX_PWR_RT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO UE TX POWER FOR RT RU10
M1010C203 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_CPICH_ECNO_RT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO CPICH ECNO FOR RT RU10
M1010C212 Inter_System_Handover CANC_ISHO_DL_DPCH_NRT ISHO CANCEL DUE TO DL DPCH POWERFOR NRT RU10
M1001C617 ServiceLevel RRC_CONN_STP_REJ_EMERG_CALL RRC SETUP REJECT DUE TO EMERGENCY CALL REDIRECTION RAS06
M1001C803 ServiceLevel RRC_CONN_ACT_REL_ISHO RRC ACTIVE REL DUE TO ISHO RU10
Related to RU10 ISHO cancellation feature new KPIs presented below,
no experience from this yet
Compressed mode operation is cancelled here if one radio link becomes better
Increases 3G coverage area, ISHO drop rate will be the same
Decreases ISHO attempts due to CM cancel
Soc Classification level
107 Nokia Siemens Networks
3.ISHO analysis Flow Chart
ISHO Success Rate RT
Top N cells
RNC_300c <
X %
No action
needed
No
Missing ADJG
or Bad
Neighbour
planning ?
Wrong 2G Ncell
Parameter (BSIC)
Or BSIC collision
No
Yes
Yes
No
Too low ISHO
triggering threshold
or
Strict ADJG
minimum threshold
(ADJGRxLevMinHO
)
Non-optimum
Compressed
mode parameter
set
Low ISHO
Success ?

Low ISHO
Measureme
nt
success ?

Missing or
wrong 2G
parameter in 2G
MSC or SGSN
(BCCH, LAC,
CellID)
2G Ncell
Congestion
Missing
neighbour list
after re-selection
after cell change
order occured
Half Rate in 2G
Ncell ????
Poor GSM
Coverage
CM Start
Not
Possible?

Yes
Check admission
control rejection -
> PrxTotal &
PtxTotal
Yes
No
Soc Classification level
108 Nokia Siemens Networks
3. ISHO Failure Scenarios
IS_COM_MOD_STA_NOT_POS (N)RT due to
AC rejects compressed mode request due to interference (DL or UL)
Radio link (or physical channel) reconfiguration failure (BTS or UE reasons)
ISHO is a parallel procedure (with radio link reconfiguration activity at same
time, for example)
Check busy hour data of PrxTotal , PtxTotal and M1000C22
AVE_PTXTOT_CLASS_4 and M1000C20 AVE_PTXTOT_CLASS_3 for
AC rejection








0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
6
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
7
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
8
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
2
0
0
4
0
9
1
0
2
0
0
4
0
9
1
1
2
0
0
4
0
9
1
2
2
0
0
4
0
9
1
3
IS_COM_MOD_STA_NOT_P
OS_RT
UE_PWR_RT
-110
-105
-100
-95
-90
-85
-80
-75
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
0
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
1
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
2
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
3
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
4
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
5
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
6
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
7
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
8
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
0
9
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
0
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
1
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
2
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
3
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
4
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
5
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
6
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
7
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
8
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
1
9
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
2
0
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
2
1
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
2
2
2
0
0
4
0
9
0
9
2
3
hour
d
B
m
Average_PrxTotal_excl_0 Average_PrxTotal_class_0 AVG_PRX_PWR
Soc Classification level
109 Nokia Siemens Networks
3. ISHO Failure Scenarios
RNC
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
(3,4,5)
RRC: Measurement Control
Handover Command
When the UTRAN is not able to execute an Inter-
System Handover the following counter is triggered:

UTRAN_NOT_ABLE_EXC_ISHHO_RT

The counter is triggered when the ISHO fails before the
SRNC sends the handover command to the UE, in the
same cell where the ISHO attempt has been updated:
Relocation Preparation Failure or
TRelocPrep (def. 6s, from Relocation Required to
Relocation Command) expires.

The failure can take place for the following reasons:
Radio Resource congestion in the target cell
Radio Link setup/addition failure in the BTS (IFHO)
Failure during the Relocation preparation procedure
in the CN (for example ciphering parameter not set
properly in 3G MSC, LAC mismatching in RNC/MSC)
Failure during the Relocation resource allocation
procedure in the target BSC
UTRAN Failure
Counter
Relocation Procedure
Soc Classification level
110 Nokia Siemens Networks
3. ISHO Failure Scenarios
RNC
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
(3,4,5)
RRC: Measurement Control
HANDOVER FROM UTRAN
When the UE is not able to execute an Inter-System
Handover the following counter is triggered:

UE_NOT_ABLE_EXC_ISHHO_(N)RT

The counter is triggered when the source RNC receives a
failure message from the mobile with the failure cause
configuration unacceptable.

The counter is triggered in the same cell where the ISHO
attempt has been updated.

UE Failure
Counter
CELL CHANGE ORDER FROM UTRAN
x
HANDOVER FROM UTRAN FAILURE
CELL CHANGE ORDER FROM UTRAN FAILURE
Soc Classification level
111 Nokia Siemens Networks
3. ISHO Failure Scenarios
RNC
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
(3,4,5)
RRC: Measurement Control
Handover Command
When the RNC receives a failure message from the
mobile and the cause is not configuration
unacceptable, one of the following counter is triggered:
UNSUCC_IS_HHO_UL_DCH_Q_(N)RT
UNSUCC_IS_HHO_EU_TX_PWR_(N)RT
UNSUCC_IS_HHO_DL_DPCH_PWR_(N)RT
UNSUCC_IS_HHO_CPICH_RSCP_(N)RT
UNSUCC_IS_HHO_CPICH_ECNO_(N)RT

The counter is triggered in the same cell where the ISHO
attempt has been updated.

Reason for failure:
Physical channel failure (the UE is not able to
establish in the target RAT the phy. Channel
indicated in the handover command)
Protocol error
Inter-Rat protocol error
Unspecified
Handover Failure
Cell Change Failure
ISHO Unsuccess
Counters
Cell Change Order (PS)
x
Soc Classification level
112 Nokia Siemens Networks
3. ISHO Failure Scenarios
RNC
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
(3,4,5)
RRC: Measurement Control
Handover Command
When the source RCC Connection drops during the
ISHO, one of the following counter is triggered:
CON_DRPS_IS_HHO_UL_DCH_Q_RT
CON_DRPS_IS_HHO_EU_TX_PWR_RT
CON_DRPS _IS _HHO_DL_DPCH_PWR_RT
CON_DRPS _IS _HHO_CPICH_RSCP_RT
CON_DRPS _IS _HHO_CPICH_ECNO_RT







For RT:
TRelocOverall (def. 8s, from Relocation Command
to Iu Release Command) expires.


RRC Drop
Counters
IU Release Request
CN
Soc Classification level
113 Nokia Siemens Networks
3. ISHO Failure Scenarios
RNC
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
RRC: Measurement report
(3,4,5)
RRC: Measurement Control
When the source RCC Connection drops during the
ISHO, one of the following counter is triggered:

CON_DRPS_IS_HHO_UL_DCH_Q_NRT
CON_DRPS_IS_HHO_EU_TX_PWR_NRT
CON_DRPS _IS _HHO_DL_DPCH_PWR_NRT
CON_DRPS _IS _HHO_CPICH_RSCP_NRT
CON_DRPS _IS _HHO_CPICH_ECNO_NRT






For NRT:
RRC-TmrlRCC =T309+InterRATCellReselTmrOffset
expires
where:


T309 parameter = 5 s (SIB1)
InterRATCellReselTmrOffset is hidden parameter 3s

RRC Drop
Counters
IU Release Request
CN
Cell Change Order (PS)
Soc Classification level
114 Nokia Siemens Networks
3. Decision Algorithm
UE Tx Power (Event 6A)
Threshold:
GsmUETxPwrThrXX
L3 filter:
GsmUETxPwrFilterCoeff
Hysteresis margin:
GsmUETxPwrTimeHyst
Data rate threshold
HHOMAxAllowedBitrateUL
UL Quality
Timer:
ULQualDetRepThreshold
Data rate threshold

HHOMAxAllowedBitrateU
L


DL DPCH power
Threshold:
GsmDLTxPwrThrXX
Data rate threshold

HHOMAxAllowedBitrateD
L
(XX=AMR,CS,NrtPS,RtPS)
CPICH RSCP (Event 1F)
Thresholds:
HHoRscpThreshold
HHoRscpCancel
L3 filter:
HHoRscpFilterCoefficient
Timers:
HHoRscpTimeHysteresis
HHoRscpCancelTime
CPICH Ec/Io (Event 1F)
Thresholds:
HHoEcNoThreshold
HHoEcNoCancel
L3 filter:
EcNofilterCoefficient
Timers:
HHoEcNoTimeHysteresis
HHoEcNoCancelTime
AdjgTxPwrMaxTCH
AdjgRxLevMinHO (n)
GsmMeasAveWindow
GsmMeasRepInterval
GsmNcellSearchPeriod
GsmMinMeasInterval
GsmMaxMeasPeriod
Handover Execution
2G-to-3G back prevention

GsmMinHoInterval
2. GSM measurement reporting
4.ISHO Parameters
1. Triggering
2. GSM measuring
3. Decision
Soc Classification level
115 Nokia Siemens Networks
4.ISHO Optimum Parameters based on experience
Lower triggering parameters have been used recently
use Different FMCS sets for RT, NRT and HSDPA






ISHO handover for NRT PS should be enabled (Cell change
order)

Parameter Abbreviated Name Object Default
values
Rec Values Internal
value in RAC
Comments
CPICH Ec/No HHO Threshold,
CPICH Ec/No HHO Cancel,
CPICH RSCP HHO Threshold,
CPICH RSCP HHO Cancel for
NRT Services
HHoEcNoThreshold,
HHoEcNoCancel
HHoRscpThreshold
HHoRscpCancel
FMCS
NRT &
FMCS
HSDPA
-12 dB
-9 dB
-105
dBm
-102
dBm
-16..-18 dB
-12..-14 dB
-115 dBm
-110 dBm
same Lower values for for NRT services to increase the coverage area,
valid for HSDPA also.
Due the signalling delays at inter-system change caused by LU
and RAU, and due to the low bit rate available in GPRS network
without EDGE, it is beneficial to leave UMTS as late as possible
CPICH Ec/No HHO Threshold,
CPICH Ec/No HHO Cancel,
CPICH RSCP HHO Threshold,
CPICH RSCP HHO Cancel for RT
Services
HHoEcNoThreshold,
HHoEcNoCancel
HHoRscpThreshold
HHoRscpCancel
FMCS RT -12 dB
-9 dB
-105
dBm
-102
dBm
-14..-16 dB
-10..-12 dB
-108..-110 dBm
-105..-108 dBm
same Lower values for RT to have more coverage.
Absolute Isho number (and ISHO) drops will be decreased.
Parameter Abbreviated Name Object Default Recommended
value
Internal Value in
RAC
Handover of NRT PS Service to GSM GsmHandoverNrtPS RNC/HC&P
C
No Yes 1
Soc Classification level
116 Nokia Siemens Networks
4.RAS06 ED2.1 example for NRT - Force Decode
BSIC feature
ISHO NRT - Cell Found vs. Success Rate
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
0
1
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
2
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
3
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
4
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
5
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
6
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
7
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
8
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
0
9
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
1
0
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
1
1
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
1
2
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
1
3
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
1
4
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
1
5
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
1
6
.
0
3
.
2
0
0
9
ISHO NRT - Cell Found Ratio (574d ) ISHO NRT - Success Rate (301c) Cell Found x Success Rate
ISHO success rate improved a lot
Soc Classification level
117 Nokia Siemens Networks
5. ISHO neighbour planning
In RAS5.1 there are adjacency based ISHO counters (Autodef_ISHO counters:
M1015C0-C1) to see ISHO attempts & ISHO success per adjacency.
It is also possible to see ISHO to non-defined adjacency due to neighbour
list combining (NCL) when UE is in SHO during ISHO process. This NCL
combining is done by RNC.
HO_ADJ_INTER_SYS_HHO_ATT
HO_ADJ_INTER_SYS_HHO_COMPL
These counters are updated when SRNC receives RANAP:IU RELEASE
COMMAND from core network after successful Inter System HHO
From these counters it is possible to calculate the ISHO share per adjacency
(RNC_905a) & ISHO success rate per adjacency (RNC_902a), RSRAN045 report
in Reporting Suite

Soc Classification level
118 Nokia Siemens Networks
5. Neighbour list Combination procedure- SHO/ISHO to
undefined neighbour possible I
Active Set may contain cells, which are not necessary adjacencies with each other.
The list of cells to be measured is send by the RNC in a MEASUREMENT
CONTROL message and is changed at every Active Set Update. The RNC then
combines the Neighbour lists according to the following rules:

1. Active set cells are included
2. Neighbour cells which are common to three active set cells are included
3. Neighbours which are common to the controlling cell and a second active set
cell are included. (cell, other than the controlling cell, which has the highest
CPICH Ec/Io)
4. Neighbour cells which are common to two active set cells are included
5. Neighbour cells which are defined for only one active set cell are included
6. Neighbours which are defined only for the second ranked cell are included
7. Neighbours which are defined only for the third ranked cell are included

If the total number of cells to be measured exceeds the maximum value of 32
during any step then handover control stops the Neighbour list generation
Soc Classification level
119 Nokia Siemens Networks
5. ISHO neighbour planning



Example of RSRAN045 report (RAS06 reporting suite)
Low success rate for certain cell pairs, is it defined for a neighbour yet or
blocking in GSM or low coverage ?
) _ _ _ _ _ ( _ _ _ _ _ _
) _ _ _ _ _ ( * 100
905 _ _ _
ATT HHO SYS INTER ADJ HO cell the from adja all over Sum
ATT HHO SYS INTER ADJ HO sum
a RNC Share ISHO =
) _ _ _ _ _ (
) _ _ _ _ _ ( * 100
902 _ _ _ _ _
ATT HHO SYS INTER ADJ HO sum
COMPL HHO SYS INTER ADJ HO sum
a RNC ADJG per success ISHO =
Period start time Source WCEL ID Source WCEL adjacencies (#) Target LAC ID Target CELL ID ID Att HO share SR per adjacency
12.01.2008 12382 7.0 9006 38583 63 20.72 33.33
12.01.2008 11196 20.0 9006 7421 51 12.94 37.25
12.01.2008 11196 20.0 9006 62065 85 21.57 40.00
12.01.2008 11401 15.0 9006 62065 60 7.99 43.33
12.01.2008 11196 20.0 9006 38583 139 35.28 58.99
12.01.2008 11401 15.0 9006 38583 129 17.18 67.44
12.01.2008 45220 12.0 9006 64208 70 32.71 80.00
12.01.2008 11304 20.0 9007 145 57 12.10 80.70
12.01.2008 11401 15.0 9006 7421 174 23.17 84.48
12.01.2008 12382 7.0 9006 7421 149 49.01 85.91
12.01.2008 11238 6.0 9006 35765 59 29.50 86.44
12.01.2008 11690 16.0 9007 189 63 88.73 88.89
12.01.2008 10017 25.0 9007 189 85 35.12 89.41
12.01.2008 11401 15.0 9005 62876 86 11.45 89.53
12.01.2008 11772 21.0 9005 757 58 9.63 89.66
Number of defined
neighbours, max 32
Soc Classification level
120 Nokia Siemens Networks
6. GSM ISHO Analysis & Optimization
Normally ISHO has not been activated towards 3G, instead Inter RAT
cell reselection will happen to 3G in Idle mode
bidirectional neighbour planning is used
Max number of the adjacent GSM cells = 32
31 if Inter-system handover feature is activated
30 if there also any of Common BCCH features is activated
2G ISHO can/will be used to decrease GSM load
It has be noticed that when there are small 3G coverage 2G ISHO will
happen successfully but then 3G ISHO will fail due to there is not enough
time for CM + BSIC verification -> 2G ISHO needs good 3G coverage
ISHO cancellation in RU10 may cancel compressed mode in case one radio (if
in SHO) link is becoming better
Soc Classification level
121 Nokia Siemens Networks
Handover Triggering thresholds set in BSC
Inter-RAT measurements starts in case
the RXLEV of the serving cell is above or
below the given threshold Qsearch_C,
(threshold for Multi-RAT MS)
Handover decision is done in case of
load of the serving cell > load_Threshold
and CPICH Ec/No (MET) > Min Ec/No
threshold
MS selects the target UTRAN cell based
on measurement results
Handover command is send to MSC
Load threshold = 80% (default)
Load reporting interval= 20 s (default)
Qsearch_C= never (default), this should be allways=7
Min EcNo Threshold (MET) = -15 dB

- FDD_MULTIRAP_REP: 2
- Adjacent WCDMA RAN cell averaging window size [1-32], def=6
- Number of WCDMA RAN zero results [0-32], def=5
- All adjacent WCDMA RAN cells averaged ([yes,no], def=NO):
(No means only the best three cells in the last sample.
- Reporting period increased by five seconds for each additional
WCDMA RAN frequencies in the neighbour list.
- Minimum interval between unsuccessful ISHO attempts: 3 s
- A Penalty time applies which does not allow to initiatiate a
handover
BACK to WCDMA during 30 s.
- In WCDMA, the parameter GsmMinHoInterval (default=10 s)
determines the minimum interval between a successful inter-
RAT handover from GSM to UTRAN and the following inter-
RAT handover attempt back to GSM related to the same RRC
connection.
6. GSM ISHO main Process & Parameters
Soc Classification level
122 Nokia Siemens Networks
6. GSM ISHO main Process & Parameters
The inter-system handover works in connection with the intra-GSM handovers.
For the situations when different handover criteria are met simultaneously, BSS
has listed priorities for the handovers. In the first list the handover criteria are in
priority order for TCH channel. This list has only 9 criteria with highest priority.
The second one lists criteria for the SDCCH channel. The inter-system direct
access is available in BSS11
1. Handover criteria for TCH
2. Interference (uplink or downlink)
3. Intra-segment inter-band due to downlink level (from higher to lower frequency
band)
4. Uplink quality
5. Downlink quality
6. AMR unpacking (uplink level and also uplink unpacking quality triggers)
7. Uplink level
8. AMR unpacking (downlink level and also downlink unpacking quality triggers)
9. Downlink level
10. Inter-System Handover to WCDMA RAN
Soc Classification level
123 Nokia Siemens Networks
6. GSM ISHO parameter recommendations based
on experience
Main Defaults can be used as such:
ISHO enabling to UMTS is done with:
MIN TRAFFIC LOAD FOR SPEECH CALL
THRESHOLD FOR MULTI-RAT MS


Parameter full Name Parameter Name BSS Release MO class Range def. value Rec. value
THRESHOLD FOR MULTI-RAT MS QsearcC BSS11.5 HOC .0...15 15 7
MIN TRAFFIC LOAD FOR SPEECH CALL utranHoThScTpdc BSS11.5 HOC .0100 % 80% 0-5
NUMBER OF MEASURED FDD CELLS fddMultiratRep BSS11.5 HOC .0...3 2
MIN INTERVAL BETWEEN UNSUCC ISHO ATTEMPT minIntUnsuccIsho BSS11.5 HOC 0..255s, step1 s 3
ADJACENT WCDMA RAN CELL AVERAGING WINDOW SIZE utranAveragingNumber BSS11.5 HOC 1..32, step1 6
NUMBER OF WCDMA RAN ZERO RESULTS noOfZeroResUtran BSS11.5 HOC 0..32, step1 5
ALL ADJACENT WCDMA RAN CELLS AVERAGED alladjacentCellsAveraged BSS11.5 HOC 0 (false), 1 (true) FALSE
INTER-SYSTEM DIRECT ACCESS LOAD THRESHOLD interSystemDaLoadThr BSS11.5 HOC 0..100 %, step1 50%
INTER-SYSTEM DIRECT ACCESS ENABLED interSystemDa BSS11.5 HOC 0 (false), 1(true) TRUE
TRIGGERING RATIO FOR WCDMA RAN CELL PENALTY FailMoveThreshold BSS11.5 HOC 0..100 %, step1
WCDMA RAN CELL PENALTY wcdmaRanCellPenalty BSS11.5 HOC 0..255, step1 127
MINIMUM CPICH EC/IO LEVEL minEcnoThreshold BSS11.5 ADJW .-240.5 dB -15 -8
DIRECT ACCESS EC/IO THRESHOLD intSystemDaecioThr BSS11.5 ADJW .-240.5 dB -11.5
Penalty Trigger Measurement Period TriggerMeasPeriod BSS11.5 BSC 2s..254s, step2s 128
Early Sending Indication earlySendingIndication BSS11.5 BTS 0 (No), 1 (yes) 1
FDD reporting threshold 2 FddRepThr2 BSS13 HOC .-115..-53 dBm -105
Soc Classification level
124 Nokia Siemens Networks
6. Reporting of 3G measurements and BSC
decision
MET tuning implies a compromise between blocked calls (GSM) and
dropped calls(3G).
MET should be higher than CPICH EcNo threshold for IS-HO 3G-
>GSM (default=12 dB), in order to avoid ping-pongs and dropped
calls.
At least 3dB difference between MET and CPICH EcNo threshold is
suggested. Proposed MET value is 6..-8 dB
Qsearch_C implies a compromise between the lifetime battery and the
availability of the terminal to handover to 3G.
it would be good to know the 3G coverage levels so that IS-HO can
happen quickly.
In the other side, UE may unnecessarily measure 3G cells when there
is no conditions for ISHO.
In later BSS release, 3G measurements will start according to the load
conditions.
Despite the lifetime battery, it would be good not to add obstacles to
the terminal to move to 3G.
Thus, proposed value in BSS is always (if 3G coverage exists).
Soc Classification level
125 Nokia Siemens Networks
6+. GSM ISHO in BSS13/RU10
WCDMA neighbor cell
reporting enhancement &
Coverage based ISHO
The difference with Coverage based
ISHO for voice and Load & Quality
criteria is that if there is no other
GSM neighbour defined to the GSM
cell then coverage based HO criteria
is used to go to 3G, otherwise the
existing load & quality criteria is used
Feature is not used so far

Handover Triggering Thresholds set in BSC
Handover Triggering Thresholds set in BSC
Inter-RATmeasurements when:
The RXLEVof the serving cell is above or
below the given threshold Qsearch_C
Inter-RATmeasurements when:
The RXLEVof the serving cell is above or
below the given threshold Qsearch_C
Handover Decision is done in case of
Higher intra GERANHO failed but load of
serving cell < Load_Threshold
Load of the serving cell > Load_Threshold
and CPICH Ec/No> min Ec/No Threshold
Handover Decision is done in case of
Higher intra GERANHO failed but load of
serving cell < Load_Threshold
Load of the serving cell > Load_Threshold
and CPICH Ec/No> min Ec/No Threshold
MS reports best UTRAN cell based
on measurement results
RSCP>= FDD_Reporting_Threshold2 (FRT2)
MS reports best UTRAN cell based
on measurement results
RSCP>= FDD_Reporting_Threshold2 (FRT2)
Handover command is send to MSC
Handover command is send to MSC
BSS20858:
WCDMA
neighbour cell
reporting
enhancement
BSS20967:
Coverage
based ISHO
for Voice
Handover Triggering Thresholds set in BSC
Handover Triggering Thresholds set in BSC
Inter-RATmeasurements when:
The RXLEVof the serving cell is above or
below the given threshold Qsearch_C
Inter-RATmeasurements when:
The RXLEVof the serving cell is above or
below the given threshold Qsearch_C
Handover Decision is done in case of
Higher intra GERANHO failed but load of
serving cell < Load_Threshold
Load of the serving cell > Load_Threshold
and CPICH Ec/No> min Ec/No Threshold
Handover Decision is done in case of
Higher intra GERANHO failed but load of
serving cell < Load_Threshold
Load of the serving cell > Load_Threshold
and CPICH Ec/No> min Ec/No Threshold
MS reports best UTRAN cell based
on measurement results
RSCP>= FDD_Reporting_Threshold2 (FRT2)
MS reports best UTRAN cell based
on measurement results
RSCP>= FDD_Reporting_Threshold2 (FRT2)
Handover command is send to MSC
Handover command is send to MSC
BSS20858:
WCDMA
neighbour cell
reporting
enhancement
BSS20967:
Coverage
based ISHO
for Voice
Soc Classification level
126 Nokia Siemens Networks
6+. GSM ISHO in BSS13/RU10
GSM to 3G Handover is also not triggered in previous release (before BSS13)
due to the lower priority ISHO from GSM to 3G than intra GERAN HO criteria
(interference, RxQual or RxLev). When one or several higher priority intra GERAN
handover is exceeded but no handover is done due to bad GSM coverage, the
evaluation of latter ISHO criteria is bypassed.
Soc Classification level
127 Nokia Siemens Networks
6+. GSM ISHO in BSS13/RU10
The main reason of introducing FDD_Reporting_Threshold 2 in BSS13 is to
prevent ISHO or IS-NCCR (Packet data transfer) from GSM to WCDMA FDD
cells when the WCDMA FDD cells uplink quality is too week.
Prior to BSS13, ISHO or IS-NCCR is only based on CPICH EcNo which provides
only good estimation on downlink quality. As a result, UEs are in a situation where
handover to WCDMA cells is failed due to uplink quality issue.
This feature requires Rel5 dualmode UEs
Soc Classification level
128 Nokia Siemens Networks
7. Cell Reselection Parameters 3G -> 2G
First ranking of all the cells based on
CPICH RSCP (WCDMA) and RSSI (GSM)

Rs = CPICH RSCP + Qhyst1
Rn= Rxlev(n) - Qoffset1
Rn (GSM) > Rs (WCDMA)
And
Rxlev (GSM) >QrxlevMin
Yes
No
Cell re-selection
to GSM
Neighbour WCDMA or
GSM cell calculation
with offset parameter
Serving WCDMA cell
calculation, with
hysteresis parameter
UE starts GSM measurements if
CPICH Ec/No < qQualMin + sSearchRAT
SintraSearch
SinterSearch
SsearchRAT
CPICH EcNo
qQualMin
Second ranking only for WCDMA
cells based on CPICH Ec/No

Rs = CPICH Ec/No + Qhyst2
Rn=CPICH_Ec/No(n)-Qoffset2
Cell re-selection to
WCDMA cell of highest
R value
Soc Classification level
129 Nokia Siemens Networks
7. Cell Reselection Parameters 2G -> 3G
Re-selection measurements are
controlled by parameter threshold to
search WCDMA RAN cells (QSRI)
This parameter defines a threshold
and also indicates whether these
measurements are performed when
RLA_C (a running average of received
signal level) of the serving GSM cell is
below or above the threshold



Check levels every 5s
from serving GSM cell
and best 6 GSM
neighbour cells
UE starts WCDMA measurements if Rxlev
running average (RLA_C) is below or above
certain threshold:
RLA_C # Qsearch_I and Qsearch_P (GPRS)
UE can select WCDMA cell if the level of the
serving GSM and non-serving GSM cells has been
exceeded by certain offset for a period of 5 s:
CPICH RSCP > RLA_C +
FDD_Cell_Reselect_Offset
UE will re-select WCDMA cell in case it's
quality is acceptable:
CPICH Ec/No > Minimum_FDD_Threshold
Compare levels
of all GSM cells
to WCDMA
neighbour
Check quality
of neighbour
WCDMA cells, no
priorities between
WCDMA
neighbours
0
5
.
0
8
:
T
h
i
s

m
a
y

t
a
k
e

u
p

t
o

3
0
s

In GSM the UE is usually
set to measure the 3G
neighbours all the time
i.e. Qsearch_I and
Qsearch_P are both set
to 7
Soc Classification level
130 Nokia Siemens Networks
As a general rule the value for FDD_Qmin parameter can be set to 8..-10 dB (i.e.
for the case where the QqualMin +Ssearch_RAT = -14dB) to have enough
hysteresis
7. Cell Reselection Parameters between 3G & 2G
UE will re-select WCDMA cell in case it's
quality is acceptable:
CPICH Ec/No > Minimum_FDD_Threshold
The rule to set the FDD_Qmin value has
not been possible to be fulfilled until the
specification change (05.08 v8.18.0, 2003-8)
has been implemented to the UEs as below
QqualMin = -18dB
QqualMin + Ssearch_RAT
= -14dB
FDD_Qmin >=-10
Camping in 3G Camping in 2G Camping in 3G
CPICH Ec/No
t
FDD_Qmin >= QqualMin + Ssearch_RAT
Fdd_Qmin mapping
Aif parameter 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Fdd_Qmin (old) [dB] -20 -19 -18 -17 -16 -15 -14 -13
Fdd_Qmin (new) [dB] -20 -6 -18 -8 -16 -10 -14 -12
Soc Classification level
131 Nokia Siemens Networks
7. Cell Reselection Parameters between 3G & 2G
However careful testing is needed to check the performance of different
areas
UEs must reselect correct cell in case of 3G outdoor to certain 2G in
these cases adjacency based parameter Adjqoffset1 can be used to
prioritize certain 2G neighbor
Impacts the R-criteria as shown below
First ranking of all the cells based on
CPICH RSCP (WCDMA) and RSSI (GSM)

Rs = CPICH RSCP + Qhyst1
Rn= Rxlev(n) - Qoffset1
Soc Classification level
132 Nokia Siemens Networks
7. Cell reselection KPIs and Analysis
RRC connection request amount for inter RAT cell reselection ratio to
all RRC Connection request causes
When Treselection is increased this KPI should decrease



RRC connection request amount for registrations ratio to all RRC
Connection request causes
When Treselection is increased this KPI should decrease




TP_ATT RRC_CONN_S M1001C0
_ATTS ELL_RE_SEL INTR_RAT_C M1001C42
TP_ATT RRC_CONN_S M1001C0
ON_ATTS REGISTRATI M1001C46
Soc Classification level
133 Nokia Siemens Networks
7. Cell reselection KPIs and Analysis
CSSR and especially the RRC Connection Setup and Access
Complete must be monitored
If the CSSRs or RRC Connection Setup and Access Complete
decrease the Treselection value should be decreased
RNC_94e: RRC Setup and Access Complete Ratio from network point
of view
RNC_565f: CSSR CS Voice (RAS06) or RNC_565e : CSSR CS Voice
(RAS06)
The RRC Connection Setup attempts should decrease after the
parameter change
M1001C0 RRC_CONN_STP_ATT
Soc Classification level
134 Nokia Siemens Networks
7. Cell reselection KPIs and Analysis
Following RRC Connection Setup failure causes should decrease as
the amount of RRC Connection setup attempts is decreasing
M1001C3 RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_AC
M1001C4 RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_BTS
M1001C5 RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_TRANS
M1001C530 RRC_CONN_STP_FAIL_IUB_AAL2
Above indicate saved resources and more detailed analysis can be
done based on counters below
BTS CE : RAS05.1




Iub : AAL2 Path Average Reserved Bandwidth % : RAS05

E_DL MAX_USED_C M5001C3
CE_UL MAX_USED_ M5001C4
E_DL MIN_USED_C M5001C5 CE_UL MIN_USED_ M5001C6
E_DL AVG_USED_C M5001C7
E_UL AVG_USED_C M5001C8
RATE GUAR_CELL_ AAL2_PATH_ M550C0
S NBR_SAMPLE M550C7
ATE VED_CELL_R SUM_RESER M550C1
100%
Soc Classification level
135 Nokia Siemens Networks
CLUSTER JBK09
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
<50% 50-70% 70-85% 85-100%
85-100% 1 1
70-85% 3 7 1 1
50-70% 12 10 9 7 6 8
<50% 41 39 47 50 51 48
6/19/2007 6/20/2007 6/21/2007 7/10/2007 7/11/2007 7/12/2007
BEFORE AFTER
Cluster JBK09
Count of % INTR_RAT_CELL_RESEL
Comparison Date
Grouping1
Cluster JBK09 Percentage Distribution after implementation:
Decreasing black and red colour as high percentage of Inter Rat Cell
Reselection
Increasing green colour as low percentage of Inter Rat Cell Reselection
Decreasing
Before 25% of Cells having >50% of
all RRC setups for inter RAT cell
reselection
After 12% of cells having >50% of all
RRC setups for Inter RAT cell reselection
7. Hysteresis Between 3G->2G and 2G->3G Cell
Reselections KPI Analysis Example
Hysteresis from 2dB -> 6dB
Soc Classification level
136 Nokia Siemens Networks
For the the camping in indoor environment the set-up could be :
Indoor GSM / Outdoor GSM (serving indoor)-> Indoor WCDMA / Outdoor
WCDMA (serving indoor)
Mobile station measuring WCDMA neighbor only when it is well inside the
building using parameter Threshold to search WCDMA RAN Cells
The defined set-up can be also used in outdoor environment to push the
UEs to 3G as soon as possible from the 2G cell to the border 3G cell

7. Cell Reselection 3G & 2G
Soc Classification level
137 Nokia Siemens Networks
7+. Cell Reselection 3G & 2G in BSS13/RU10
Currently used criterion for WCDMA cell reselection, i.e. CPICH Ec/No, is a good
measure on the WCDMA downlink quality, but not on the uplink. If MS selects too
weak WCDMA cell with low CPICH RSCP and fluctuating CPICH Ec/No, the end
users service quality will be poor (call setup failure) and always it will return to
GSM and a ping-pong effect between GSM and WCDMA is started.
As a solution CPICH RSCP, which is a good measure on the WCDMA uplink
quality telling about the present link budget margin, is added to the current cell
reselection criterion. Taking care of both downlink and uplink requires triggering of
cell reselection to WCDMA FDD if both CPICH Ec/No and RSCP exceed
minimum requirements.
With a new parameter on SI2quater, it is possible to have a complete evaluation
of the quality of a certain cell => improved success rate of cell reselections
towards WCDMA.
The BSC manages the new FDD_RSCPmin and FDD_Qmin_Offset parameters
and delivers them for dual-mode mobiles.

Soc Classification level
138 Nokia Siemens Networks
7+. Cell Reselection 3G & 2G in BSS13/RU10
Process flow
Soc Classification level
139 Nokia Siemens Networks
7+. Cell Reselection 3G & 2G in BSS13/RU10
FDD_RSCP_Threshold >= Qrxlevmin +Pcompensation +SHCS_RAT
Qrxlevmin=-115 dBm
SHCS_RAT=10 dB
CPI CH RSCP
FDD_RSCP_Threshold >=
- 100dBm
Qrxlevmin+Pcompensation +SHCS_RAT
t
Camping on 3G Camping on GSM Camping on 3G
FDD_RSCP_Threshold >= Qrxlevmin +Pcompensation +SHCS_RAT
Qrxlevmin=-115 dBm
SHCS_RAT=10 dB
CPI CH RSCP
FDD_RSCP_Threshold >=
- 100dBm
Qrxlevmin+Pcompensation +SHCS_RAT
t
Camping on 3G Camping on GSM Camping on 3G
With ping-pong issue with EcNo criterion, careful planning has to be taken when 3G
-> 2G RSCP based cell reselection measurement is used (SHCS_RAT) together with
FDD_RSCP threshold in 2G to 3G cell reselection.
Soc Classification level
140 Nokia Siemens Networks
7+. Cell Reselection 3G & 2G in BSS13/RU10
Some special scenarios for cell reselection parameters from
GSM to 3G are presented below:
QserachI/QserachP= always
RSCP > RLA_C -24dB
(Fdd_Qoffset)
EcNo > -12 dB (Fdd_Qmin +
Fdd_Qmin_offset)
RSCP > -97dBm
(Fdd_RSCP_threshold
HSPA area or High HSPA power
area
QserachI/QserachP= always
RSCP > RLA_C-24dB
(Fdd_Qoffset)
EcNo > -10 dB (Fdd_Qmin +
Fdd_Qmin_offset)
RSCP > -100dBm
(Fdd_RSCP_threshold
QserachI/QserachP= always
RSCP > RLA_C+ infinity
(Fdd_Qoffset)
EcNo > -12dB (Fdd_Qmin +
Fdd_Qmin_offset)
RSCP > -100dBm
(Fdd_RSCP_threshold)
2G -> 3G
Outdoor 3G border General
2G -> 3G cell reselection
QserachI/QserachP= always
RSCP > RLA_C -24dB
(Fdd_Qoffset)
EcNo > -12 dB (Fdd_Qmin +
Fdd_Qmin_offset)
RSCP > -97dBm
(Fdd_RSCP_threshold
HSPA area or High HSPA power
area
QserachI/QserachP= always
RSCP > RLA_C-24dB
(Fdd_Qoffset)
EcNo > -10 dB (Fdd_Qmin +
Fdd_Qmin_offset)
RSCP > -100dBm
(Fdd_RSCP_threshold
QserachI/QserachP= always
RSCP > RLA_C+ infinity
(Fdd_Qoffset)
EcNo > -12dB (Fdd_Qmin +
Fdd_Qmin_offset)
RSCP > -100dBm
(Fdd_RSCP_threshold)
2G -> 3G
Outdoor 3G border General
2G -> 3G cell reselection
Soc Classification level
141 Nokia Siemens Networks /
WCDMA Basic Parameters
Brief description about following parameters:

General BTS level
Basic cell level
Load control
Power control
Handover control

Soc Classification level
142 Nokia Siemens Networks
Thank U
Presentation / Author / Date