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FORMULARIO DE

CLCULO DIFERENCIAL
E INTEGRAL VER.3.6
Jess Rub Miranda (jesusrubi1@yahoo.com)
http://mx.geocities.com/estadisticapapers/
http://mx.geocities.com/dicalculus/
VALOR ABSOLUTO
1 1
1 1
si 0
si 0
y
0 y 0 0


n n
k k
k k
n n
k k
k k
a a
a
a a
a a
a a a a
a a a
ab a b a a
a b a b a a
= =
= =

=

<

=

= =
= =
+ +



( )
( )
/
p q p q
p
p q
q
q
p pq
p p p
p p
p
q p q p
a a a
a
a
a
a a
a b a b
a a
b b
a a
+

=
=
=
=
| |
=
|
\ .
=
EXPONENTES

10
log
log log log
log log log
log log
log ln
log
log ln
log log y log ln
x
a
a a a
a a a
r
a a
b
a
b
e
N x a N
MN M N
M
M N
N
N r N
N N
N
a a
N N N N
= =
= +
=
=
= =
= =
LOGARITMOS
ALGUNOS PRODUCTOS

( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
2
2
3 3 2 2 3
3 3 2 2 3
2 2 2
2
2
3 3
3 3
a c d ac ad
a b a b a b
a b a b a b a ab b
a b a b a b a ab b
x b x d x b d x bd
ax b cx d acx ad bc x bd
a b c d ac ad bc bd
a b a a b ab b
a b a a b ab b
a b c a b c
+ = +
+ =
+ + = + = + +
= = +
+ + = + + +
+ + = + + +
+ + = + + +
+ = + + +
= +
+ + = + +
2
2 2 2 ab ac bc + + +

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2 3 3
3 2 2 3 4 4
4 3 2 2 3 4 5
1
1

n
n k k n n
k
a b a ab b a b
a b a a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b ab b a b
a b a b a b n

=
+ + =
+ + + =
+ + + + =
| |
=
|
\ .


5
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 3 3
3 2 2 3 4 4
4 3 2 2 3 4 5 5
5 4 3 2 2 3 4 5 6 6
a b a ab b a b
a b a a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b a b ab b a b
+ + = +
+ + =
+ + + = +
+ + + =


CA
CO
HIP


Grfica 4. Las funciones trigonomtricas inversas
arcctg x , arcsec x , arccsc x :
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1
sen sen 2sen cos
2 2
1 1
sen sen 2sen cos
2 2
1 1
cos cos 2cos cos
2 2
1 1
cos cos 2sen sen
2 2




+ = +
= +
+ = +
= +

-5 0 5
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
arc ctg x
arc sec x
arc csc x

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1
1
1 1
1
1 impar
1 par
n
k n k k n n
k
n
k n k k n n
k
a b a b a b n
a b a b a b n
+
=
+
=
| |
+ = +
|
\ .
| |
+ =
|
\ .

( )
( )
1 2
1
1
1 1
1 1 1
1 0
1
n
n k
k
n
k
n n
k k
k k
n n n
k k k k
k k k
n
k k n
k
a a a a
c nc
ca c a
a b a b
a a a a
=
=
= =
= = =

=
+ + + =
=
=
+ = +
=

SUMAS Y PRODUCTOS


n
sen cos tg ctg sec csc

0 1 0 1
1 2 3 2 1 3 3 2 3
2
1 2 1 2
1 1 2 2
60

3 2 1 2 3 1 3
2
2 3
90

0 1 0
0 ( ) sen
tg tg
cos cos



30

45

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1
sen cos sen sen
2
1
sen sen cos cos
2
1
cos cos cos cos
2



= + + (

= + (

= + + (


2
2
2 2
2 2
sen cos 1
1 ctg csc
tg 1 sec



+ =
+ =
+ =
IDENTIDADES TRIGONOMTRICAS

1
| |
| |
sen ,
2 2
cos 0,
tg ,
2 2
1
ctg tg 0,
1
sec cos 0,
1
csc sen ,
2 2
y x y
y x y
y x y
y x y
x
y x y
x
y x y
x


(
=
(

=
=
= =
= =
(
= =
(


tg tg
tg tg
ctg ctg



+
=
+

( )
( )
( )
sen sen
cos cos
tg tg



=
=
=

senh
2
cosh
2
senh
tgh
cosh
1
ctgh
tgh
1 2
sech
cosh
1 2
csch
senh
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
e e
x
e e
x
x e e
x
x e e
e e
x
x e e
x
x e e
x
x e e

=
+
=

= =
+
+
= =

= =
+
= =

FUNCIONES HIPERBLICAS

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
sen 2 sen
cos 2 cos
tg 2 tg
sen sen
cos cos
tg tg
sen 1 sen
cos 1 cos
tg tg
n
n
n
n
n









+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =

( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
1
2
1
2 3 2
1
3 4 3 2
1
4 5 4 3
1
2
1
1 2 1
2
=
2
1
1 1
1
2
1
2 3
6
1
2
4
1
6 15 10
30
1 3 5 2 1
!
k
n n
k
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
a k d a n d
n
a l
r a rl
ar a
r r
k n n
k n n n
k n n n
k n n n n
n n
n k
n n
k
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
+ = + ( (

+

= =

= +
= + +
= + +
= + +
+ + + + =
=
| |
=
|
\ .


( )
( )
0
!
,
! !
n
n n k k
k
k n
n k k
n
x y x y
k

=

| |
+ =
|
\ .


Grfica 1. Las funciones trigonomtricas: ,
cos x , tg x :
sen x
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
sen x
cos x
tg x

|
{ }
|
{ } { }
senh :
cosh : 1,
tgh : 1,1
ctgh : 0 , 1 1,
sech : 0,1
csch : 0 0



( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
sen 0
cos 1
tg 0
2 1
sen 1
2
2 1
cos 0
2
2 1
tg
2
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n

=
=
=
+ | |
=
|
\ .
+ | |
=
|
\ .
+ | |
=
|
\ .

Grfica 2. Las funciones trigonomtricas ,
sec x , ctg x :
csc x
Grfica 5. Las funciones hiperblicas ,
, :
senh x
cosh x tgh x
( )
1 2
1 2 1 2
1 2
!
! ! !
k
n n n n
k k
k
n
x x x x x x
n n n
+ + + =


-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
csc x
sec x
ctg x

-5 0 5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
senh x
cosh x
tgh x

sen cos
2
cos sen
2


| |
=
|
\ .
| |
= +
|
\ .
( )

3.14159265359
2.71828182846 e
=
=
CONSTANTES


( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
2
2
sen sen cos cos sen
cos cos cos sen sen
tg tg
tg
1 tg tg
sen 2 2sen cos
cos 2 cos sen
2tg
tg 2
1 tg
1
sen 1 cos 2
2
1
cos 1 cos 2
2
1 cos 2
tg
1 cos 2






=
=

=
=
=
=

=
= +

=
+


1
sen csc
sen
1
cos sec
cos
sen 1
tg ctg
cos tg
CO
HIP
CA
HIP
CO
CA



= =
= =
= = =
TRIGONOMETRA

Grfica 3. Las funciones trigonomtricas inversas
arcsen x , arccos x , arctg x :
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
arc sen x
arc cos x
arc tg x

radianes=180


( )
( )
1 2
1 2
1
1
2
1
2
1
senh ln 1 ,
cosh ln 1 , 1
1 1
tgh ln , 1
2 1
1 1
ctgh ln , 1
2 1
1 1
sech ln , 0 1
1 1
csch ln , 0
x x x x
x x x x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x x

= + +
=
+ | |
= <
|
\ .
+ | |
= >
|
\ .
| |

| = <
|
\ .
| |
+
| = +
|
\ .
FUNCS HIPERBLICAS INVERSAS


( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
0 0
0 0 0
0 0
2
2 3
3 5 7 2 1
1
''
'
2!
: Taylor
!
'' 0
0 ' 0
2!
0
: Maclaurin
!
1
2! 3! !
sen 1
3! 5! 7! 2 1 !
cos
n n
n n
n
x
n
n
f x x x
f x f x f x x x
f x x x
n
f x
f x f f x
f x
n
x x x
e x
n
x x x x
x x
n
x

= + +

+ +
= + +
+ +
= + + + + + +
= + + +

=
ALGUNAS SERIES

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 4 6 2 2
1
2 3 4
1
3 5 7 2 1
1
1 1
2! 4! 6! 2 2 !
ln 1 1
2 3 4
tg 1
3 5 7 2 1
n
n
n
n
n
n
x x x x
n
x x x x
x x
n
x x x x
x x
n

+ + +

+ = + + +
= + + +


( )
( )
2 2
2 2
sen cos
sen
cos sen
cos
au
au
au
au
e a bu b bu
e bu du
a b
e a bu b bu
e bu du
a b

=
+
+
=
+

MAS INTEGRALES

( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
sen
cos
ln
1
ln
1
cos
1
sec
sen
2 2
ln
2 2
du u
a
a u
u
a
du
u u a
u a
du u
a
u a u a a u
du a
a u
u u a
u
a a
u a u
a u du a u
a
u a
u a du u a u u a
=

=
= +

=
+
=

=
= +
= +

INTEGRALES CON

( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
1
tg
1
ctg
1
ln
2
1
ln
2
du u
a a u a
u
a a
du u a
u a
a u a u a
du a u
u a
a a u a u
=
+
=

= >
+
+
= <

INTREGRALES DE FRAC

( )
( )
1
tgh ln cosh
ctgh ln senh
sech tg senh
csch ctgh cosh
1
ln tgh
2
udu u
udu u
udu u
udu u
u

=
=
=
=
=


( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2
cosh senh 1
1 tgh sech
ctgh 1 csch
senh senh
cosh cosh
tgh tgh
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
=
=
=
=
=
=
IDENTIDADES DE FUNCS HIP

( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
senh senh cosh cosh senh
cosh cosh cosh senh senh
tgh tgh
tgh
1 tgh tgh
senh 2 2senh cosh
cosh 2 cosh senh
2tgh
tgh 2
1 tgh
x y x y x y
x y x y x y
x y
x y
x y
x x x
x x x
x
x
x
=
=

=
= +
=
+

( )
( )
2
2
2
1
senh cosh 2 1
2
1
cosh cosh 2 1
2
cosh 2 1
tgh
cosh 2 1
x x
x x
x
x
x
=
= +

=
+

senh 2
tgh
cosh 2 1
x
x
x
=
+

2
2
2
0
4

2
4 discriminante
ax bx c
b b ac
x
a
b ac
+ + =

=
=
OTRAS

( )
1
0
0
0
0
1
lim 1 2.71828...
1
lim 1
sen
lim 1
1 cos
lim 0
1
lim 1
1
lim 1
ln
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x e
e
x
x
x
x
x
e
x
x
x

+ = =
| |
+ =
|
\ .
=

=
LMITES

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
0 0
1
lim lim
0
x
x x
n n
f x x f x df y
D f x
dx x x
d
c
dx
d
cx c
dx
d
cx ncx
dx
d du dv dw
u v w
dx dx dx dx
d du
cu c
dx dx

+
= = =

=
=
=
=
=
DERIVADAS


( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
1 n n
d dv du
uv u v
dx dx dx
d dw dv du
uvw uv uw vw
dx dx dx dx
v du dx u dv dx d u
dx v v
d du
u nu
dx dx

= +
= + +

| |
=
|
\ .
=

( )
( )
( )
( )
1 2
1 2
(Regla de la Cadena)
1
donde
dF dF du
dx du dx
du
dx dx du
dF du dF
dx dx du
x f t f t dy dt dy
dx dx dt f t y f t
=
=
=
=

= =

=


( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
ln
log
log
log
log 0, 1
ln
ln
a
a
u u
u u
v v v
du dx d du
u
dx u u dx
d e du
u
dx u dx
e d du
u a a
dx u dx
d du
e e
dx dx
d du
a a a
dx dx
d du dv
u vu u u
dx dx dx

= =
=
= >
=
=
= +
DERIVADA DE FUNCS LOG&EXP

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
sen cos
cos sen
tg sec
ctg csc
sec sec tg
csc csc ctg
vers sen
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
DERIVADA DE FUNCIONES TRIGO

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
sen
1
1
cos
1
1
tg
1
1
ctg
1
si 1 1
sec
si 1
1
si 1 1
csc
si 1
1
1
vers
2
d du
u
dx dx
u
d du
u
dx dx
u
d du
u
dx dx u
d du
u
dx dx u
u d du
u
u dx dx
u u
u d du
u
u dx dx
u u
d
u
dx
u u
=

=
+
=
+
+ >
=

<

>
=

+ <

=

DERIV DE FUNCS TRIGO INVER

2
du
dx


2
2
senh cosh
cosh senh
tgh sech
ctgh csch
sech sech tgh
csch csch ctgh
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
=
=
=
=
=
=
DERIVADA DE FUNCS HIPERBLICAS

1
2
-1
1
-1 2
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
senh
1
si cosh 0 1
cosh , 1
si cosh 0 1
1
tgh , 1
1
1
ctgh , 1
1
si sech 0, 0,
1
sech
1
d du
u
dx dx
u
u d du
u u
dx dx u u
d du
u u
dx dx u
d du
u u
dx dx u
u u
d du
u
dx dx
u u

=
+
+ >
= >

<
= <

= >

>
=

DERIVADA DE FUNCS HIP INV

1
1
2
1
si sech 0, 0,1
1
csch , 0
1
u u
d du
u u
dx dx
u u

+ <

=
+

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2
0
1 ln
1
ln ln
1
ln ln ln 1
1
log ln ln 1
ln ln
log 2log 1
4
ln 2ln 1
4
u u
u
u
u
u
u u
a
a a
e du e
a a
a du
a a
a
ua du u
a a
ue du e u
udu u u u u u
u
udu u u u u
a a
u
u udu u
u
u udu u
=
>
=

| |
=
|
\ .
=
= =
= =
=
=

INTEGRALES DE FUNCS LOG & EXP



( ) ( ) { } ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) | |
( ) ( )
( ) ( )

0
, , ,
,
b b b
a a a
b b
a a
b c b
a a c
b a
a b
a
a
b
a
b b
a a
f x g x dx f x dx g x dx
cf x dx c f x dx c
f x dx f x dx f x dx
f x dx f x dx
f x dx
m b a f x dx M b a
m f x M x a b m M
f x dx g x dx
f x g x x a
=
=
= +
=
=


INTEGRALES DEFINIDAS,
PROPIEDADES

| |
( ) ( ) si
b b
a a
b
f x dx f x dx a b <


( ) ( )
( )
( )
1
Integracin por partes
1
1
ln
n
n
adx ax
af x dx a f x dx
u v w dx udx vdx wdx
udv uv vdu
u
u du n
n
du
u
u
+
=
=
=
=
=
+
=

INTEGRALES


2
2
sen cos
cos sen
sec tg
csc ctg
sec tg sec
csc ctg csc
udu u
udu u
udu u
udu u
u udu u
u udu u
=
=
=
=
=
=

INTEGRALES DE FUNCS TRIGO



tg ln cos ln sec
ctg ln sen
sec ln sec tg
csc ln csc ctg
udu u u
udu u
udu u u
udu u u
= =
=
= +
=


( )
2
2
2
2
1
sen sen 2
2 4
1
cos sen 2
2 4
tg tg
ctg ctg
u
udu u
u
udu u
udu u u
udu u u
=
= +
=
= +


sen sen cos
cos cos sen
u udu u u u
u udu u u u
=
= +


INTEGRALES DE FUNCS
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
sen sen 1
cos cos 1
tg tg ln 1
ctg ctg ln 1
sec sec ln 1
sec cosh
csc csc ln 1

udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u u
u u u
udu u u u u
= +
=
= +
= + +
= +
=
= + +

TRIGO INV
csc cosh u u u = +
INTEGRALES DE FUNCS HIP

2
2
senh cosh
cosh senh
sech tgh
csch ctgh
sech tgh sech
csch ctgh csch
udu u
udu u
udu u
udu u
u udu u
u udu u
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