Anda di halaman 1dari 6

DAFTAR ISI

Hal
HALAMAN DEPAN ............................................................................................ i
HALAMAN PENGESAHAN ............................................................................... ii
KATA PENGANTAR .......................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI ......................................................................................................... v
DAFTAR GAMBAR ............................................................................................ ix
DAFTAR TABEL ................................................................................................. x
BAB I PENDAHULUAN .................................................................................... 1
1.1 Latar Belakan ..................................................................................... 1
1.2 Maksud dan Tujuan ........................................................................... 2
1.3 Sistematika Penulisan ........................................................................ 2
BAB II TINJAUAN UMUM LAPANGAN Z ..................................................... 3
2.1 Geologi Regional ............................................................................... 3
2.2 Geologi Lapangan Z .......................................................................... 4
2.3 Stratigrafi Lapangan Z ....................................................................... 5
2.4 Struktur Lapangan Z .......................................................................... 8

BAB III DASAR TEORI ....................................................................................... 9


3.1 Interpretasi Logging .......................................................................... 9
3.1.1 Interpretasi Kualitatif ................................................................ 10
3.1.1.1 Identifikasi Kedalaman Lapisan Porous Permeable ...... 10
3.1.1.2 Batas dan Ketebalan Lapisan Porous Permeable .......... 11
3.1.1.3 Identifikasi Lithologi .................................................... 12
3.1.1.4 Identifikasi Minyak, Gas dan Air ................................. 13
3.1.2 Interpretasi Kuantitatif .............................................................. 14
3.1.2.1 Interpretasi Kuantitatif Pada Formasi Clean ................ 14
3.1.2.2 Interpretasi Kuantitatif Pada Formasi Shaly ................. 15
3.1.2.2.1 Penentuan Vsh ................................................ 16
3.1.2.2.2 Penentuan Sw dan e Menggunakan
Pendekatan Vsh ............................................... 18
3.2 Perkiraan IOIP Dengan Metode Volumetris ..................................... 23
3.2.1 Peta Subsurface ........................................................................ 24
3.2.1.1 Peta Kontur ................................................................... 25
3.2.1.2 Peta Isopach .................................................................. 25
3.2.1.2.1 Peta Struktur .................................................. 26
3.2.1.2.2 Peta Gross Sand Isopach ................................ 27

vi

3.2.1.2.3 Peta Net Sand Isopach ................................... 27


3.2.1.2.4 Peta Net Oil/Gas Isopach ............................... 28
3.2.1.3 Peta Isoporositas ........................................................... 30
3.2.1.4 Peta Isopermeabilitas .................................................... 31
3.2.1.5 Peta Isosaturasi ............................................................. 31
3.2.2 Penentuan Volume Bulk ........................................................... 32
3.2.2.1 Secara Analitis .......................................................... 32
3.2.2.2 Metode Grafik ........................................................... 37
3.2.3 Penentuan Initial Oil In Place ................................................... 38
3.2.4 Penentuan Gas In Place ............................................................ 39
3.3 Recovery Factor ..................................................................... 40
3.4 Pengambilan Maksimum Primer ....................................................... 43
BAB IV PERHITUNGAN CADANGAN RESERVOIR DENGAN
METODE VOLUMETRIK LAPISAN X SUMUR Y
DAERAH PRABUMULIH .................................................................... 44
4.1 Analisa Logging . ............................................................... 44
4.1.1 Penentuan Porositas dan Saturasi Air ....................................... 44
4.1.1.1 Analisa Kualitatif .......................................................... 44
4.1.1.2 Analisa Kuantitatif ........................................................ 45

vii

4.2 Perhitungan Cadangan Reservoir Dengan Metode Volumetrik ........ 48


4.2.1 Penentuan Volume Batuan atau Bulk Volume (Vb) ................. 48
4.2.2 Penentuan Faktor Volume Formasi Minyak dan Gas ............... 51
4.2.3 Penentuan IOIP dan IGIP ......................................................... 51
4.3 Faktor Perolehan (RF) ....................................................................... 52
4.3.1 Penentuan Mekanisme Pendorong ............................................ 52
4.3.2 Penentuan Faktor Perolehan ..................................................... 54
4.4 Pengambilan Maksimum Primer ....................................................... 56
BAB V PEMBAHASAN .................................................................. 58
5.1 Analisa Log .................................................................... 58
5.1.1 Analisa Kualitatif ...................................................................... 58
5.1.2 Analisa Kuantitatif .................................................................... 59
5.2 Penentuan Cadangan .................................................................. 59
5.3 Faktor Perolehan .................................................................... 62
5.4 Pengambilan Maksimum Primer ....................................................... 63
BAB VIKESIMPULAN . .............................................................. 64
DAFTAR PUSTAKA . ...................................................................... 65
LAMPIRAN. .................................................................. 66

viii

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Hal
Gambar 2.1 Peta Pembagian Sub-Cekungan
Sumatra Selatan (Lemigas, 2005) .................................................... 3
Gambar 2.2 Peta Situasi Migas Region Sumatra ................................................. 4
Gambar 2.3 Tatanan Tektonik Lapangan Z ......................................................... 5
Gambar 2.4 Stratigrafi Lapangan Z ..................................................................... 7
Gambar 3.1 Peta Isopach . ................................................................ 26
Gambar 3.2 Peta Net Sand Isopach ...................................................................... 28
Gambar 3.3 Peta Net Oil/Gas Isopach ................................................................. 29
Gambar 3.4 Peta Isoporositas .................................................................. 30
Gambar 3.5 Peta Isopermeabilitas ....................................................................... 31
Gambar 3.6 Peta Isosaturasi ..................................................................... 32
Gambar 3.7 Penampang Melintang dan Net Pay Isopach Reservoar .................. 34
Gambar 3.8 Penampang Melintang dan Net Pay Isopach Reservoar .................. 36
Gambar 3.9 Tipe Grafik Volume Untuk Menentukan Bulk Volume
Reservoir Dari Peta Isopach ............................................................. 36
Gambar 3.10 Grafik Volume Ideal Untuk Menghitung Gross Volume Batuan .... 38
Gambar 4.1 Grafik Index Mekanisme Pendorong Lapisan X .............................. 56
ix

DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 3.1

Porsentase Perbandingan (dalam acre) antara Horizontal


dan Vertical Slice Method .................................................... 35

Tabel 3.2

Porsentase Perbandingan (dalam acre) antara Horizontal


dan Vertical Slice Method ................................................................ 36