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HUBUNGAN SOSIODEMOGRAFI DAN PARITAS DENGAN

KEJADIAN CARCINOMA CERVICIS UTERI DI RSUP DR


KARIADI SEMARANG PERIODE JANUARI - MARET 2011

PROPOSAL KARYA TULIS ILMIAH

Diajukan untuk memenuhi tugas dan melengkapi syarat dalam menempuh


Program Pendidikan Sajana Fakultas Kedokteran

Disusun oleh :
HANIF ALIENDA WARDHANI
H2A008023

FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN
UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SEMARANG
2011

DAFTAR ISI
HALAMAN JUDUL ..................................................................................... i
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN ........................................................................... ii
DAFTAR ISI .................................................................................................. iii
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
A. Latar Belakang ......................................................................................... 1
B. Rumusan Masalah .................................................................................... 3
C. Tujuan Penelitian ..................................................................................... 3
C.1. Tujuan umum ................................................................................... 3
C.2. Tujuan khusus .................................................................................. 3
D. Manfaat Penelitian ................................................................................... 4
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA
A. Carcinoma Cervicis Uteri (Ca Cervix) .................................................... 6
A.1. Definisi .............................................................................................. 6
A.2. Epidemiologi ..................................................................................... 6
A.3. Etiologi .............................................................................................. 7
A.4. Faktor Risiko ..................................................................................... 8
A.5. Pathogenesis ...................................................................................... 12
A.6. Gejala dan Tanda............................................................................... 13
A.7. Stadium Klinik .................................................................................. 14
A.8. Diagnosis ........................................................................................... 15
A.9. Penanganan ....................................................................................... 16
A.10. Faktor prognosis .............................................................................. 17
B. Kerangka Teori ........................................................................................ 18
C. Kerangka Konsep ...................................................................................... 18
D. Hipotesis Penelitian .................................................................................. 18
BAB III METODE PENELITIAN
A. Ruang Lingkup Penelitian......................................................................... 19
A.1. Ruang Lingkup Keilmuan ................................................................. 19
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A.2. Waktu Penelitian ............................................................................... 19


A.3. Tempat Penelitian ............................................................................. 19
B. Jenis Penelitian.......................................................................................... 19
C. Populasi dan Sampel ................................................................................ 19
C.1. Populasi penelitian ........................................................................... 19
C.2. Sampel penelitian ............................................................................. 19
C.3. Besar Sampel ..................................................................................... 20
D. Variabel Penelitian ................................................................................... 21
D.1. Variabel bebas .................................................................................. 21
D.2. Variabel tergantung .......................................................................... 21
E. Data yang Dikumpulkan ........................................................................... 21
F. Prosedur Pengambilan Data ...................................................................... 21
G. Definisi Operasional Variabel .................................................................. 21
G.1. Sosiodemografi ................................................................................. 21
a. Umur .............................................................................................. 21
b. Status Perkawinan .......................................................................... 22
G.2. Paritas ................................................................................................ 22
G.3. Kejadian Carcinoma Cervicis Uteri .................................................. 22
H. Pengolahan Data ...................................................................................... 22
I.1. Pengolahan Data ................................................................................. 22
I.2. Analisis Data....................................................................................... 23
DAFTAR PUSTAKA .................................................................................... 24

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