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PRINTS ILLUSTRATING

THE EARLY LIFE OF CHRIST


BEFORE HIS PUBLIC MINISTRY

FROM
THE BOWYER BIBLE, BOLTON
WITH PHOTOGRAPHS BY
HARRY KOSSUTH M.A. Oxon
formerly scholar of Wadham College, Oxford
AND
ADDITIONAL MATERIAL COMPILED BY
REVD. PHILLIP MEDHURST
formerly chaplain of Malvern College, Worcs.

Bolton, England
2009

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For Father Neil

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On October 14, 1840 The Times of London carried the following notice:
"There is at present, in the possession of Mrs. Parker of Golden Square, a copy of
Macklin's Bible in forty-five large volumes, illustrated with nearly 7000
engravings from the age of Michael Angelo to that of Reynolds and West. The
work also contains about 200 original drawings or vignettes by Loutherbourg.
The prints and etchings include the works of Raffaelle, Marc Antonio, Albert
Durer, Callot, Rembrandt, and other masters, consisting of representations of
nearly every fact, circumstance, and object mentioned in the Holy Scriptures.
There are, moreover, designs of trees, plants, flowers, quadrupeds, birds, fishes,
and insects; such as, besides fossils, have been adduced in proof of the universal
Deluge. The most authentic Scripture atlasses are bound up with the volumes.
The Bible was the property of the late Mr. Bowyer the publisher, who collected
and arranged the engravings, etchings, and drawings at great expense and
labour; and he is said to have been engaged for upwards of thirty years in
rendering it perfect. It was insured at the Albion Insurance Office for £3000."
The Bowyer Bible is now in the Bolton Museum, Lancashire, England.

Robert Bowyer (1758-1834) was a miniature-painter and print-publisher,


proprietor of the Historic Gallery illustrating Hume's History (founded 1792,
collapsed 1807). He also produced the grangerised edition of the Macklin Bible
referred to as The Bowyer Bible (1791-5). Thomas Macklin (c.1760 - 1800) was a
printseller and publisher. He began his series of “British Poets” in 1787, and the
“Macklin Bible” in 1790. According to the Dictionary of National Biography,
"[t]he Macklin Bible endures as the most ambitious edition produced in Britain,
often pirated but never rivalled."

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photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 34 PRINT 4623. THE ANNUNCIATION

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On the left the archangel Gabriel approaches the praying Virgin Mary in her
bedchamber. Over her head is a dove representing the Holy Spirit, and in the sky
above a figure of God the Father. A woodcut made by Albrecht Dürer. German.
1510. This print (without text) is from a series of 37 woodcuts by Dürer (“The
Small Passion”). It is signed on the block. Dimensions: height: 125 millimetres;
width: 96 millimetres. The original woodblock is in the British Museum, London.

Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) was born in Nuremberg, the son of a successful


Hungarian goldsmith. His godfather was Anton Koberger, the leading German
publisher of his day, whose best-selling Nuremberg Chronicle of 1494 contained
illustrations designed by the painter Michel Wolgemut, with whom Dürer served
three years of apprenticeship from 1486-9. During the second half of the 1490s he
visited northern Italy, where the works of artists such as Andrea Mantegna and
Giovanni Bellini had a powerful effect on his artistic development.

In 1495, Dürer opened his own workshop in Nuremberg, a wealthy centre of


trade which was situated at a focal point within the Holy Roman Empire. He
took the radical step of producing high quality prints for an open market, and
the first edition of his famous Apocalypse series of woodcuts was published in
1498. Dürer's paintings also display a deep interest in new subjects and
Renaissance ideas, particularly his self-portraits of the late 1490s. From 1505 to
1507 he visited Italy again and from 1507 to 1512 he worked on numerous
paintings and “The Engraved Passion”. The woodcut series of “The Life of the
Virgin”, “The Great Passion” and “The Little Passion” were published in 1511.

Dürer's re-vitalisation of printmaking techniques caught the attention of the


circle of humanist scholars in Nuremberg, who informed him on the literature
and ideals of the Italian Renaissance and advised on subjects that would appeal
to the educated élite. His achievements as a printmaker played a key role in the
choice of the woodcut medium by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I for his
colossal commemorative projects. From 1520-1521 he travelled in the
Netherlands. In later years, he worked on the publication of his ideas on art
theory in the “Treatise on Measurement” (1525), “Treatise on
Fortification”(1527), and “Four books on Human Proportion” (1528).

Bibliography (for prints): J. Meder, “Dürer-Katalog': Ein Handbuch über ADs


Stiche, Radierungen, Holzschnitte, deren Zustände, Ausgaben und
Wasserzeichen” Vienna, 1932; R. Schoch, M.Mende and A. Scherbaum, “AD. Das
druckgraphische Werk”, Munich, London, New York, 3 vols 2001-2004.

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Prints by or after Dürer in the Bowyer Bible:

Volume 01: 0146 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6


0155 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6
Volume 27: 3424 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
Volume 32: 4310 St Philip. Mark 3
Volume 33: 4480 Christ apprehended in the garden. Mark 14:45-47
4481 The high priest rent his clothes. Mark 14:63
4482 Christ apprehended. Mark 14:45-47
4483 The high priest rent his clothes. Mark 14:63
4490 The high priest rent his clothes. Mark 14:63
4491 The high priest rent his clothes. Mark 14:63
Volume 34: 4498 Christ crowned with thorns. Mark 15:17-18
4537 Christ laid in the sepulchre. Mark 16:46-47
4554 Christ’s ascension. Mark 16:19
4555 Christ laid in the sepulchre. Mark 15:46-47
4623 Annunciation. Luke 1:26
4625 Annunciation. Luke 1:28
Volume 35: 4784 Christ presented at the Altar by his mother. Luke 2:22
Volume 37: 5139 Christ’s agony. Luke 22:42-43
5140 Christ’s agony. Luke 22:42-43
5206 Christ sups with two disciples. Luke 24:30
5207 Christ mocked. Luke 23:11
Volume 38: 5316 Christ drives out the traders. John 2:14-16
Volume 39: 5480 Christ washes his disciples’ feet. John 13:5-9
Volume 40: 5520 Jesus taken by the Jews. John 18:12-13
5526 Jesus taken by the Jews. John 18:13
5527 Jesus taken by the Jews. John 18:13
5544 Jesus scourged. John 19:1
5545 Jesus surrounded by the Marys. John 19:25
5573 Jesus delivered to be crucified. John 19:19
5574 Jesus wears a crown of thorns. John 19:2-3
5575 Jesus scourged. John 19:1
5673 The incredulity of Thomas. John 20:26-29
Volume 41: 5774 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:2-4
Volume 45: 6187 The Harrowing of Hell. 1 Peter 3:19-20
6188 The Harrowing of Hell . 1 Peter 3:19-20

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photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 44 PRINT 6162

DETAIL OF DRAWING FOR THE HEAD-PIECE VIGNETTE TO


THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS

The vignette shows the Christ-child in rays of light emanating from clouds
carrying a branch and with a halo of stars, winged cherub heads surrounding. In
the print derived from the drawing by De Loutherbourg the engraving is
accompanied by letterpress in two columns below and on verso and is lettered
below the image with production details: "P J de Loutherbourg Invt et del", "J
Heath dirt." and publication line: "Published by T Macklin, July 1 1800". Print
made by James Heath. Dimensions: height: 490 mms; width: 390 mms.

The Macklin Bible had 72 prints, 22 of which were by Philippe Jacques De


Loutherbourg (1740-1812). His interest in the occult and study of Hebrew
influenced some of these pictures and the approximately seventy-one vignettes
that he produced over the next ten years. During this time, Loutherbourg became
a scholarly recluse, extending his knowledge of the Kabbalah and studying his
library of rare religious books. Bowyer had De Loutherbourg’s original drawings
pasted into his grangerised copy of Macklin’s Bible. (For a complete inventory of
De Loutherbourg’s contribution to the Bowyer Bible see Appendix 1.)

James Heath (1757–1834) was an engraver, founder of family dynasty, and father
of Charles. Bibliography: John Heath, “The Heath Family Engravers” 1993.

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photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 34 PRINT 4669. THE VISITATION

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Engraving after Annibale Carracci. Print made by Michel Lasne. School: French.
The Virgin embraces St Elizabeth. Inscription Content: Signed on plate with
monogram; the rest of the inscription has been trimmed off. Dimensions: height:
364 millimetres (trimmed); width: 263 millimetres.

Annibale Carracci (1560–1609) was a painter and etcher who was born in
Bologna and died in Rome. (He was the brother of Agostino, and the cousin of
Lodovico.) Bibliography: Diane de Grazia Bohlin, 'Prints and related drawings by
the Carracci family, a catalogue raisonné', Washington (National Gallery of Art)
1979 (22 nos).

Michel Lasne (1596–1667) was an engraver born at Caen before 1590. His name
was sometimes Latinised as “Asinius”. He engraved after Rubens from 1617 to
1620 at Antwerp. He was then in Paris. His engravings are signed "ML", "LM",
"Michael Asinius", or "Michael Lanius". He was also known as Michel L'Asne.

Prints after Carracci in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 03: 0470 Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Genesis 22:10&13


Volume 12: 1656 Manoah offers a sacrifice. Judges 13:19-20
1750 Eli & Samuel. 1 Samuel 2:18-19
Volume 28: 3515 Preaching of St John. Matthew 3:1
Volume 31: 4124 The body of Jesus. Matthew 27:59-61
4138 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
Volume 34: 4530 Christ laid in the Sepulchre. Mark 15:46-47
4629 Annunciation. Luke 1:28
4669 The Visitation . Luke 1:39-41
Volume 35: 4811 Simeon prophesying the death of Christ. Luke 2:35
Volume 38: 5346 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:5-26
Volume 39: 5408 The woman taken in adultery. John 8:3-9
Volume 40: 5582 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5631 Jesus in the sepulchre. John 19:42
Volume 41: 5704 Ascension. Acts 1:9-14
5763 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
Volume 44: 6149 St Paul. 2 Timothy
Volume 45: 6211 The Father the Word and the Holy Ghost. 1 John 5:7

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photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 35 PRINT 4689. THE NATIVITY

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The holy family adore the infant Christ with a cow and donkey beyond and three
putti holding a banderolle above. An engraving after Peter Paul Rubens.
Print made by Schelte Adamsz. Bolswert. Published by Martin van den Enden.
Published in Antwerp 1630-1645. School: Flemish. Dimensions: height: 432
millimetres; width: 321 millimetres. The painting is in a private collection in
England.

Peter Paul Rubens (1577–1640) was a painter who worked in Antwerp, Italy,
Madrid, Paris and England, where he was knighted by Charles I. He was also a
publisher, awarded a general privilege by the States General in 1618. He was also
known as Petrus Paulus Rubenius. Bibliography: Schneevoogt, “Catalogue des
estampes gravées d'après P. P. Rubens”.

Schelte Adamsz Bolswert (c. 1586–1659) was an engraver, born at Bolsward. He


worked in Haarlem (1612-17) and in Amsterdam. From 1625 he was based in
Brussels and Antwerp. He worked particularly with Rubens and Van Dyck. He
died at Antwerp. He was also known as Scheltius à Bolswert.

Prints after Rubens in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 02: 0194 Cain slaying Abel. Genesis 4:8


0297 Rainbow. Genesis 8
0299 Hagar flees away. Genesis 16:6
Volume 03: 0367 Melchizedek. Genesis 14:18
0465 Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Genesis 22:13
0468 Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Genesis 22:11-12
Volume 05: 0703 Pharaoh makes Joseph ruler. Genesis 41:43
Volume 07: 1025 Joshua fighting Amalek. Exodus 17:10&12
Volume 10: 1386 People bit by fiery serpents. Numbers 2:6-9
Volume 12: 1695 Cutting off Samson’s hair. Judges 16:19
Volume 13: 1815 David slays Goliath. 1 Samuel 17:51
1821 David plays before Saul. 1 Samuel 16:23
Volume 14: 2005 Solomon’s judgement. 1 Kings 3:23-24
Volume 15: 2116 Queen of Sheba & Solomon. 1 Kings 10:1
Volume 16: 2248 Elijah going up into heaven. 2 Kings 2:11
Volume 18: 2510 Ashasuerus offers a golden sceptre to Esther. Esther 5:2
Volume 25: 3153 The high priest cometh to Judith. Judith 15:7-8
Volume 27: 3341 Holy Family
3343 Virgin & Child
3369 St Matthew. Matthew
3405 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
3406* The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11 (see 3409)

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3407 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
3409* The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11 (see 3406)
3433 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11 (after Rubens)
Volume 28: 3494 Murder of the Innocents. Matthew 2:16
3510 Flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:21
3529 Temptation. Titus 3, 1 Peter 3, Matthew 4:1-4
Volume 29: 3731 St Peter with the keys. Matthew 16:18-19
3753 Paying tribute. Matthew 17:27
Volume 30: 3854 Showing the tribute money. Matthew 22:16-20
3958 The Passover. Matthew 26:20
3984 The Lord’s supper. Matthew 26:20-29
Volume 31: 3992 The Lord’s supper. Matthew 26:20-29
4019 St Peter. Matthew26:75
4054 Jesus stripped. Matthew 27:29-30
4058 Jesus stripped. Matthew 27:29-30
4076 Jesus crucified. Matthew 27:35
4102 Joseph takes the body of Jesus. Matthew 27:59-60
4134 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
4135 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
4149 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
Volume 32: 4285 St Peter. Mark 3:16
4291 St James Major. Mark 3:18
4296 St John. Mark 3:17
4307 St Andrew. Mark 3:18
4316 St Philip. Mark 3:18
4322 St Bartholomew. Mark 3:18
4328 St Matthew. Mark 3:18
4334 St Thomas. Mark 3:18
4339 St James. Mark 3:18
4344 St Thaddeus. Mark 3:18
4349 St Simon. Mark 3:18
Volume 34: 4519 Christ taken down. Mark 15:46
4520 Christ taken down. Mark 15:46
4563 Holy Family
4580 The Virgin and child
4585 The Virgin and child
4628 Annunciation. Luke 1:28
4664 Meeting of Mary and Elizabeth. Luke 1:40
4666 Meeting of Mary and Elizabeth. Luke 1:40
Volume 35: 4689 The nativity. Luke 2:7
4730 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4812 St Anna and St Marian (sic). Luke 2:36
4824 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46

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4829 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46
Volume 36: 4933 Maria Magdalena. Luke 8:2
Volume 37: 5202 Christ sups with two disciples. Luke 24:30
5203 Christ sups with two disciples. Luke 24:30
5212 Christ shows his hands and feet. Luke 24:38-40
Volume 38: 5219 Holy Family
5325 Christ and Nicodemus. John 3:1-21
5330 Christ ascending into heaven. John 3:13
5331 Faith in the death of Christ. John 3:14
5353 Incredulity and confusion of Thomas. John 20:27-28
5354 Christ the saviour of the world. John 4:42
Volume 39: 5397 The woman taken in adultery. John 8:3
5398 The woman taken in adultery. John 8:3
Volume 40: 5540 Jesus scourged. John 19:1
5609 Jesus commends his mother to John. John 19:27
5612 Jesus commends his mother to John. John 19:25-27
5621 Jesus pierced. John 19:31-34
Volume 41: 5743 Mary. Acts 1:14
5750 Matthew’s martyrdom. Acts 1:26
5759 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
Volume 44: 6161 St Paul. Hebrews
Volume 45: 6207 Jesus the Saviour of the world. 1 John 4:14
6285 Michael and the angel. Revelations 12:7-8

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photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 35 PRINT 4705

THE ANGEL APPEARING TO THE SHEPHERDS

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An etching by Rembrandt with dry-point, burin and sulphur tint, here in its
finished state. Three states are extant. Dated (from II) 1634. Berlin has III,
Amsterdam III, London I and III. Dimension: height 262 mms; width 218 mms.

Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn (1606 - 1669) was a painter of portraits,


landscapes and historical and biblical subjects, and an etcher. He was born in
Leiden the son of a mill-owner; in 1620 after completing his tuition at the Leiden
Latin School he enrolled at Leiden University; then he began a three-year
apprenticeship in Leiden to a minor painter Jacob Isaacz Swanenburgh. From
1624 to 1625 he was a pupil of Pieter Lastman, a leading painter in Amsterdam,
for about six months, after which he set himself up as an independent painter in
Leiden and worked closely with Jan Lievens. In or around 1631 he settled
permanently in Amsterdam. During 1633-9 he produced a series of six paintings
depicting Christ's Passion for the head of state, Prince Frederik Hendrik of
Orange (now in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich). He married Saskia van
Uylenburgh in 1634; in 1649 Hendrickje Stoffels entered his household as a
servant and they had a child, Cornelia, together. In 1656-8 his assets, art
collection, and home were sold to pay off his creditors. He died in 1659.
There are only a few print cycles in Rembrandt’s œuvre. However, in 1654, he
made two etched series of Biblical scenes: a Passion, and a series of five or six
sheets from the Childhood of Jesus. There is only a loose connection between
individual scenes within each of the series, and each print can stand as a work in
its own right.

Bibliography: Holm Bevers, Peter Schathorn and Barbara Welzel: “Rembrandt:


the Master and his Workshop. Drawings and Etchings.” Yale University Press,
New Haven and London in association with National Gallery Publications,
London. 1991. (Exhibition Catalogue);

Eric Hinterding and others, “Rembrandt the Printmaker”, British Museum 2000
(exhibition catalogue, not including all the prints); “Rembrandt, Experimental
Printmaker”, Boston (Museum of Fine Arts) 1969;

Adam Bartsch, “Toutes les Estampes qui forment l’œuvre de Rembrandt et ceux
de ses principeaux imitateurs, compose par les Sieurs Gersaint, Helle, Glomy et
P. Yve”, Vienna 1797

A.M. Hind, “Rembrandt’s etchings”, London 1912; 2nd edition: “A Catalogue of


Rembrandt’s etchings”, London 1923;

Christopher White, “Rembrandt as an Etcher”, Volumes I–II, London 1969.

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Prints by or after Rembrandt in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 03: 0385 Abraham & Hagar. Genesis 16:3


0458* Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Genesis 22:6-7 (see 0459)
0459* Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Genesis 22:6&9 (see 0458)
0466 Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Genesis 22:10&13
Volume 04: 0510 Jacob and Esau. Genesis 25:29&34
0534 Isaac blessing Jacob. Genesis 27:21&27
0664 Joseph’s coat brought to his father. Genesis 37:32&34
0665 Joseph and Potiphar’s wife. Genesis 39:12
Volume 05: 0683 Joseph interprets the dreams. Genesis 40:12&19
0688 Joseph interpreting Pharaoh’s dream. Genesis 41:14&36
0750 Head of Pharaoh
0751 Joseph provides for the Egyptians. Genesis 47:14-20
0752 Jacob blessing Joseph’s sons. Genesis 48:14
Volume 12: 1749 Eli & Samuel. 1 Samuel 2:18-19
Volume 14: 1937 Absalom before David. 2 Samuel 14:33
2038 Solomon’s Temple. 1 Kings 6
Volume 24: 3083* Tobias & Azarias. Tobit 6:2-4 (see 3084)
3084* Tobias & Azarias. Tobit 6:2-4 (see 3083)
3115* The angel flying away. Tobit 12:15-20 (see 3116)
3116* The angel flying away. Tobit 12:15-20 (see 3115)
3117 The angel flying away. Tobit 12:16-20
Volume 25: 3183 Susanna bathing. Susanna 19-20
Volume 27: 3355 Virgin & Child
3449 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:13-14
3450 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:13-14
3453 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:13-14
3480 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:14-15
Volume 29: 3690 Beheading John the Baptist. Matthew 14:10-11
3795 The labourers in the vineyard. Matthew 20
3796 The labourers in the vineyard. Matthew 20:8-15
Volume 30: 3852 Showing the tribute money. Matthew 22:19-21
3853 Showing the tribute money. Matthew 22:19-21
3963 The Passover. Matthew 26:20-29
Volume 31: 4072 Jesus crucified. Matthew 27:35
4142 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
Volume 33: 4356 Christ stills the tempest. Mark 4:37-41
4363 Christ raises Jairus’s daughter. Mark 5:40-43
Volume 34: 4517 Christ taken down. Mark 15:46
4518 Christ taken down. Mark 15:46
4528 Christ laid in the Sepulchre. Mark 15:46-47
4538 Christ on the Cross. Mark 15:46-47

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Volume 35: 4705 Angel announcing to the shepherds. Luke 2:8-9
4726 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4727 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4731 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4764 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4805 Simeon prophesying Christ. Luke 2:33
4806 Christ presented at the Altar. Luke 2:21-30
4818 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46
4819 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46
4822 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46
4823 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46
Volume 36: 4973 The good Samaritan. Luke 10:33-35
Volume 37: 5049 Prodigal son’s return. Luke 15:20
5197 Christ sups with two disciples. Luke 24:30
5216 Christ carried up into heaven. Luke 24:50-51
Volume 38: 5315 Christ drives out the traders. John 2:14-15
5339 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:6-7
5340 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:6-7
Volume 39: 5456 Christ raises Lazarus. John 11:43-44
5457 Christ raises Lazarus. John 11:43-44
5458 Christ raises Lazarus. John 14(sic):43-44
Volume 42: 5818 The stoning of Stephen. Acts 7:59-60
5834 Philip baptising the eunuch. Acts 8:38

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photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 35 PRINT 4756

THE ADORATION OF THE SHEPHERDS

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In a barn the shepherds gather around the manger and the Virgin lifts up the
sheet to give them a clearer view; a large classical column at right suggests a
location in a humble outhouse to the main building. An engraving after
Abraham Bloemaert. The print was made by Jacob Matham and published by
Jacques Razet. 1597 (circa). School: Netherlandish. Inscription Content: Lettered
below in the design "Abrahamus Blommaert Inuentor,/Matham sculp" and with
the signature of Jacques Razet. Dimensions: height: 228 mms; width: 292 mms.
There is a related drawing incised for transfer in the Abrams collection (see W.
Robinson, “Bruegel to Rembrandt: Dutch and Flemish drawings from the Maida
and George Abrams collection”, exhibition catalogue 2002-3, no. 26).

Abraham Bloemaert (1564–1651) was a genre, portrait and history painter, and
an etcher and engraver. Born at Dordrecht, he died in Utrecht. He was the son of
Cornelis Bloemaert and a pupil of Joost de Beer in Utrecht. In 1580–83 he was a
pupil of H. Francken in Paris. In 1591–92 he was in Amsterdam. He was also
known as Abraham Bloemaart. Bibliography: Marcel Roethlisberger and Marten
Jan Bok, “Abraham Bloemaert and his Sons”, 2 vols, 1993 (catalogue of the
paintings and prints). Jacob Matham (1571-1631) was an engraver and publisher
based in Haarlem. He was a pupil and the stepson of Goltzius (see “Rest on the
Flight into Egypt” below), who had married Matham’s mother in 1579. He was in
Italy 1593–7. He took over the Goltzius shop in Haarlem around 1600 and in 1601
he received his own privilege from Prague. Jacques Razet (1589-1609) was an
Amsterdam art collector who published around thirty prints, active 1589-1609.

Prints after Bloemaert in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 01: 0130 Temptation. Genesis 3:6


Volume 02: 0177 Cain & Abel. Genesis 4:1-2
0185 Cain slaying Abel. Genesis 4:8
0197 Cain slaying Abel. Genesis 4:8
Volume 13: 1886 Saul destroys himself. 1 Samuel 31:4-5
1887 Saul destroys himself. 1 Samuel 31:4-5
Volume 15: 2140 Jeroboam at the altar, his hand withered. 1 Kings 11:30-32
2168 Dogs eating the slain. 1 Kings 14:11
2179 Elijah fed by the ravens. 1 Kings 17:6
Volume 16: 2253 Elijah going up into heaven. 2 Kings 2:11-12
2254 Elijah going up into heaven. 2 Kings 2:11
Volume 28: 3509 Joseph’s dream. Matthew 2:19-21
Volume 31: 4024 Judas hangs himself. Matthew 27:5
Volume 35: 4756 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
Volume 37: 5110 Zachaeus. Luke 19:1-9
Volume 42: 5843 The conversion of Saul. Acts 9:3-6

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photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 35 PRINT 4799. THE PRESENTATION

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Simeon stands holding the infant Jesus, looking up and thanking God in the
“Nunc Dimittis”. Joseph kneels in front of him, beside a basket with two turtle
doves. The Virgin stands to the right with St. Anne just behind her (Luke 2:22,
28). A print made by William Bromley after John Opie. School: British. This is
one of the plates in the Macklin Bible. It was also published separately in London
in 1795. In the latter lettering below the image tells us that “J. Opie R.A.
pinxt./W. Bromley sculpt./London, Publish'd March 25. 1795, by Thos. Macklin,
Poets Gallery, Fleet Street.”. An etching and engraving. Dimensions: height: 307
millimetres (image); width: 257 millimetres (image).

John Opie (1761–1807) was a British painter (mainly portraits) and draughtsman
and a member Royal Academy. Opie produced paintings for seven of the plates
in Macklin’s Bible (see below). William Bromley (1769–1842) was a painter, line
engraver, etcher, occasional mezzotinter, and publisher. He exhibited his
engravings at the Royal Academy 1786–1842. He was the father of John Charles,
Frederick and Clough Bromley. He worked in London. Bibliography: R K Engen,
“Dictionary of Victorian Engravers, Print Publishers and Their Works”, 1979.

Thomas Macklin (1752/3–1800) is most famous for his Poet's Gallery. He


planned to commission 100 paintings illustrating famous English poems.
However, the war with France cut into his profits, as prints could not be traded
across the channel, and his partner, Edward Rogers, died. Just two years after
beginning the Poet's Gallery, Macklin undertook to publish an illustrated folio
Bible in multiple volumes to promote "'the glory of the English school” of
painting and engraving and “the interest of our HOLY RELIGION”. A new
typeface and a new kind of paper were designed and the finished Bible had 72
prints. Many of the same artists who participated in the Poet's Gallery worked on
the Bible project. 703 people signed the subscription list, including George III.
Macklin's Bible was expensive to produce: the total cost was estimated at £30,000.
To realize this project, he was forced to sell some of the paintings from the Poet's
Gallery by lottery in 1797. Macklin died in 1800, just five days after the last large
engraving was finished for the Bible. Bibliography: T.S.R.Boase, 'Macklin and
Bowyer', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes XXVI 1963.

Prints after Opie in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 12: 1655 Jephtha sacrifices his daughter. Judges 11:39-40


1738 Eli & Samuel. 1 Samuel 1:23
Volume 25: 3125 Judith. Judith 10:1-3
Volume 29: 3794 The labourers in the vineyard. Matthew 20:8-12
Volume 35: 4799 Christ presented at the Altar. Luke 2:21-28
Volume 36: 5005 Christ heals the infirm woman. Luke 13:13-15
Volume 41: 5802 Death of Sapphira. Acts 5:7-10V
Volume 42: 5940 Paul casts out the spirit of divination. Acts 16:16-18

23
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 27 PRINT 3421

THE ADORATION OF THE MAGI

24
The three Kings bring gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh to the Christ-child
sitting on the lap of the Virgin. One of the Kings, his crown and sceptre on the
ground besides an ammonite-shaped vessel, kneels down and kisses the hand of
Jesus. An engraving made by Jan Sadeler I after Marten de Vos. 1581. Flemish
school. Lettered below left: "M.DE. VOS I 1581" and at right "ISADLER.FE:/Cum
grat: et Pri: S.C.M". Dimensions: height: 190 millimetres; width: 130 millimetres.
One of a series on the childhood of Christ.

Marten de Vos (1532–1603) was a painter and draughtsman. He was a pupil of


Pieter de Vos, a follower of Frans Floris in Antwerp and of Jacopo Tintoretto in
Venice. During c. 1552-1556/58 he was in Italy, where he visited Rome, Venice
and possibly Florence. In 1558 he was a master in the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke.
By 1571 he was dean of the Guild. He is documented as a Lutheran in 1584,
adapting to the prevailing Catholicism in 1585. Apart from his sons Daniel and
Maarten the Younger, eleven pupils were registered with the Guild of whom
only Wenzel Coeberger is well known. He was also known as Maarten de Vos.

Jan Sadeler I (1550–1600?) was an engraver and publisher, eldest of three


brothers (with Aegidius I and Raphael I). Originally in Antwerp, c.1579 he
moved to Cologne and was also active in Mainz, Frankfurt and Munich. He left
Munich in 1595 and went to Verona, then moved to Venice with his brother
Raphael in 1596/7. He received the imperial privilege in 1581 and this was
renewed 1593. The papal privilege was granted c.1598. Sadeler's unclear
signature has led Hollstein to attribute some of his prints to the non- existent
“J. Haeyler”. Also was also known as Johannes Sadeler. Bibliography: Isabelle de
Ramaix in “Le livre et l'estampe”, XXXV 1989 pp.7-46 examines new documents
on the family and its genealogy.

25
Prints after De Vos in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 01: 0026 Creation. Genesis 1:10


0037 The Almighty
0040 Day and Night
0041 The Almighty
0058 The Almighty. Genesis 1:11-12
0070 The Almighty. Genesis 1:16
0071 The Almighty. Genesis 1:16
0079 Birds and Fishes. Genesis 1:20
0080 Birds and Fishes. Genesis 1:20
0102 Creation
0135 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6
0149 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:9-19
0165 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:23
0172 Adam and Eve expelled. Genesis 3:24
Volume 02: 0181 Cain & Abel. Genesis 4:1-2
0182 Cain & Abel make an offering. Genesis 4:3-7
0183 Cain & Abel make an offering. Genesis 4:3-7
0187 Cain slaying Abel. Genesis 4:8
0203 Tents and Cattle. Genesis 4:20
0204 Jubal harp & organ. Genesis 4:21
0205 Tubal Cain brass & iron. Genesis 4:22
0206 Lamech and his two wives. Genesis 4:19
0207* Genesis 4:20 (see 0208)
0208* Genesis 4:20 (see 0207)
0212 Enoch translated. Genesis 5:24
0292 Burnt offering. Genesis 8:20&22
0323 Nineveh. Genesis 10:9&11
Volume 03: 0406 Destruction of Sodom. Genesis 19:24&26
0441 Hagar in the desert. Genesis 21:19
0488 Rebekah at the well. Genesis 24:17-18
Volume 04: 0509 Esau selling his birthright. Genesis 25:29
0547 Jacob’s Dream. Genesis 28:12
0613 Jacob wrestling with the Angel. Genesis 32:24&26
Volume 05: 0714 Joseph’s brethren come to buy corn. Genesis 42:6
0718 Joseph’s brethren return from Jacob. Genesis 43:26&29
0796 Moses in the bulrushes. Exodus 2:3
Volume 06: 0857 Rod of Moses turned into a serpent. Exodus 7:10
Volume 09: 1359 Israelites rebelling. Numbers 14:16
Volume 10: 1413 Balak’s sacrifices. Numbers 23, 24
1420 Idolatry. Numbers 25:1-8
Volume 12: 1614 Gideon’s sacrifice. Judges 6:21
1630 Gideon’s army lapping the water. Judges 7:5
1636 Gideon’s battle with the Midianites. Judges 7:19-22
1670 Samson killing the lion. Judges 14:5-6
1689 Samson takes away the gates of Gaza. Judges 16:3
1699 Samson’s death. Judges 16:29-30
Volume 13: 1856 Nabal at Carmel. 1 Samuel 25:7

26
1857 Abigail saves her husband. 1 Samuel 25:14-17
1868 Abigail & Nabal. 1 Samuel 25:36
1907 David plays before the Ark. 2 Samuel 6:14-15
Volume 14: 1920 David and Bathsheba. 2 Samuel 11:10-13
1945 Israelites making obeisance to Absalom. 2 Samuel 15:2-5
1947 Shimei stoneth David. 2 Samuel 16:13
1954 Ahithophel’s counsel defeated. 2 Samuel 17:1-21
1960 Death of Absalom. 2 Samuel 18:9-14
1995 Solomon and Bathsheba. 1 Kings 2:19-20
2008 Solomon’s judgement. 1 Kings 3:23-25
2025 Solomon building the Temple. 1 Kings 6
Volume 15: 2113 Queen of Sheba & Solomon. 1 Kings 10:1-6
2142 Ahijah rending his garment. 1 Kings 11:30-32
2150 Rehoboam & the Israelites. 1 Kings 12:6-11
2153 Rehoboam & the Israelites. 1 Kings 12:12-14
2154 Death of Adoram. 1 Kings 12:18
2155 Calves of Bethel & Dan. 1 Kings 12:28-29
2157 Jeroboam’s hand withered. 1 Kings 13:1-5
2191 Jezebel destroys the prophets. 1 Kings 18:4
Volume 16: 2216 Elijah comforted by an angel. 1 Kings 19:5-6
2255 Elijah going up into heaven. 2 Kings 2:11
2271 Elisha promises a son to the Shunamite. 2 Kings 4:8-16
2272 Birth of the child. 2 Kings 4:17-18
2273 Death of the same. 2 Kings 4:20-21
2274 The mother on the way to Elisha . 2 Kings 4:24-27
2275 The mother on the way to Elisha . 2 Kings 4:29-31
2277 Elisha raises the child. 2 Kings 4:34-36
2336 The angel of the Lord smote the Assyrians. 2 Kings 19:35
Volume 17: 2425 The stoning of Zachariah. 2 Chronicles 24:21
2435 Hezekiah changing the water course. 2 Chronicles 32:30
Volume 20: 2693 Solomon’s Song. Canticles
2718 The church glorieth in Christ. Canticles 3:7-8
2724 Christ’s love. Canticles 5:4
2727 Solomon and vineyard. Canticles 8:11-14
2736 Isaiah Jeremiah Ezekiel
Volume 21: 2798 Uriah slain. Jeremiah 26:23
Volume 22: 2877 Daniel interprets a dream. Daniel 2:17-46
2883 Worshipping the golden image. Daniel 3:7-8
Volume 23: 2898 Balshazzar’s feast. Daniel 5:1-6
Volume 24: 3049 Esdras and the angel. 2 Esdras 10:25-31
3050 Esdras: a dream. 2 Esdras 13
3051 2 Esdras 14:38-44
3059 Strangling a man. Tobit 2:3
Volume 26: 3246 Antiochus committed sacrilege. Maccabees 1:20-25
3248 Mattathias punishing idolatry. Maccabees 2:23-30
3249 Destruction of the followers of Mattathias. Maccabees 2:38
3252 Offering sacrifice on the new altar. Maccabees 4:52-56
3253 Judas pulls down the altar. Maccabees 4:45-49
3284 Torture and death of the seven brothers. 2 Maccabees 7
3300 Maccabees protected. 2 Maccabees 10:29-30

27
3304 Timotheous and his brother destroyed. 2 Maccabees 10:35ff
3309 Nicanor’s death. 2 Maccabees 15:12-16
Volume 27: 3316 Frontispiece. Matthew
3320 Frontispiece. Matthew
3367 St Matthew. Matthew
3416 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
3417 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
3421 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
3479 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:14-15
Volume 28: 3493 Murder of the Innocents. Matthew 2:16
3495 Murder of the Innocents. Matthew 2:16
3511 Flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:21
3559 Sermon on the Mount. Matthew 5
3588 Christ cleanses the leper. Matthew 8:1-3
3630 Christ heals the dumb. Matthew 9:32-33
Volume 29: 3667 Gathering up the tares and the wheat. Matthew 13:24-30
3720 Christ heals the daughter. Matthew 15:22-28
Volume 30: 3843 The man without the wedding garment. Matthew 22:11-12
3948 Clothing the naked. Matthew 25:36
3976 Partaking of the Lord’s supper. Matthew 26:26-29
Volume 31: 4020 Judas brings back the money. Matthew 27:3-4
4029 Jesus brought before Pilate. Matthew 27:11-14
4030 Pilate washes his hands. Matthew 27:24-25
4068 Jesus crucified. Matthew 27:35
4136 Resurrection. Matthew 28:1-4
4140 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
4162 Christ appears to his disciples. Matthew 28:13-20
Volume 32: 4201 St Mark
4236 Christ baptised. Mark 1:9-11
4247 Christ baptised. Mark 1:9-11
4266 Christ heals uncovering the roof. Mark 2:4-10
Volume 33: 4357 Christ stills the tempest. Mark 4:37-38
4368 Beheading John the Baptist. Mark 5:27-28
4374 Feeding the multitude. Mark 6:38-44
4395 The Transfiguration. Mark 9:2-8
4396 The Transfiguration. Mark 9:2-7
4397 The Transfiguration. Mark 9:2-8
4432 Christ rides into Jerusalem. Mark 11:7-10
Volume 35: 4690 The nativity. Luke 2:7
4714 Angel announcing to the shepherds. Luke 2:8-15
4743 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4771 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:14
4776 The Circumcision. Luke 2:21
4797 Christ presented at the Altar. Luke 2:21-28
4836 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46-49
4837 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46-49
Volume 36: 4854 Temptation. Luke 4:5-8
4891 Christ preaching to his disciples. Luke 6:35-42
5020 Parable of the great supper. Luke 14:17-20
Volume 38: 5250 St John

28
5274 The testimony of John. John 1:19-29
5290 Christ turns water into wine. John 2:1-10
5320 Christ and Nicodemus. John 3:1-21
5348 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:5-27
Volume 39: 5401 The woman taken in adultery. John 8:3-8
5427 Christ the good shepherd. John 10:1-15
5433 Christ the good shepherd. John 10:11-14
5447 Christ raises Lazarus. John 11:43-44
5473 Christ comes to Jerusalem. John 12:12-14
Volume 40: 5519 Judas betrays Jesus. John 18:3-6
5558 Jesus wearing a crown of thorns. John 19:5
5559 Jesus wearing a crown of thorns. John 19:5
5587 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5605 Jesus commends his mother to John. John 19:25-27
5633 Jesus buried. John 19:38-42
Volume 41: 5709 Peter’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5711 James Major and Minor martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5714 John’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5721 Andrew’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5725 Philip’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5728 Thomas’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5730 Bartholomew’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5733 Matthew’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5736 James’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5740 Simon’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5747 Matthew’s martyrdom. Acts 1:26
5764 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
5765 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
5778 Peter and John. Acts 3:1-9
5794 Death of Ananias and Sapphira. Acts 5:5
Volume 42: 5808 The apostles are beaten. Acts 5:40
5812 Stephen answers to the charge of blasphemy. Acts 7
5869 Saul baptised by Ananias. Acts 9:9-17
5881 Peter’s vision. Acts 10:11-17
5899 Peter delivered out of prison. Acts 12:7-8
5934 The Lystrians bring sacrifices to Paul. Acts 14:13-18
5935 The stoning of Paul. Acts 14:19
5936 The stoning of Paul. Acts 14:19
Volume 43: 6057 Paul: Faith Hope and Charity. 1 Corinthians 13:13
Volume 44: 6065 St Paul
6083 Paul preaching justification by faith. Galatians 3:13
6108 St Paul
6109 St Paul
6117 Martyrdom of St Paul. Philippians 2
6139 Washing the feet of the Saints. 1 Timothy 5:10
6170 Martyrdom. Hebrews 11:37
Volume 45: 6190 Peter preaches to the spirits. 1 Peter 3:19
6210 The Father the Word and the Holy Ghost. 1 John 5:7
6276 The great red dragon. Revelations 12:1-5
6316 A new heaven and new earth. Revelations 21

29
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 27 PRINT 3399. THE DREAM OF ST. JOSEPH

30
The foster-father of Jesus is seated at a table at right, sleeping; the angel appears
at left; in the background, at right, the Virgin, kneels and reads a book. This
etching and engraving made by Francesco Polanzani after Jacques Stella
(formerly attributed to Nicolas Poussin). 1756. School: Italian. Dimensions:
height: 325 millimetres; width: 227 millimetres.

Jacques Stella (1596–1657) was a painter and engraver in the circle of Poussin. He
was in Rome 1623-34, then in Paris. Bibliography: S. Laveissière & L. Widerkehr,
'JS', Lyon, Musée des Beaux-Arts, 2006. Francesco Polanzani (1700–after 1783)
was an engraver in Rome. His baptismal name was Francesco, but he seems
always to have been called Felice.

This is Plate 8 from a series of twenty-two plates depicting the life of the Virgin.
The habitual attribution of the compositions to Poussin has now been generally
rejected. Jacques Stella is now considered to be the actual designer of the set:
Claudine Bouzonnet-Stella's will (1697) mentions a series of twenty-two
drawings on the life of the Virgin executed by her uncle. Many of the original
drawings survive: one for 'Pentecost' is now in the British Museum. A later
edition of this set was published under the title 'La Vita della gran Madre di Dio'
by Venanzio Monaldini in 1783. Bibliography: Anthony Blunt, “Jacques Stella,
the De Masso family and falsifications of Poussin”, Burlington Magazine vol.
CXVI, December 1974, pp. 744-749.

Other prints after Stella in the Bowyer Bible (in the same series): -

Volume 27: 3390 The betrothal of Mary and Joseph. Matthew 1:18
Volume 34: 4634 The Annunciation. Luke 1:28
3399 The angel appearing to Joseph. Matthew 1:20
3441 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
3465 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:14
Volume 35: 4693 The nativity. Luke 2:7
4695 The arrival in Bethlehem, the annunciation to the shepherds
and the nativity. Luke 2:7-16
4713 Angels announcing to the shepherds. Luke 2:8-9
4778 The Circumcision. Luke 2:21
4790 Christ presented at the Altar. Luke 2:21-28
4816 The finding of the boy Jesus in the Temple. Luke 2:46-49
4833 The finding of the boy Jesus in the Temple. Luke 2:46-49
Volume 41: 5762 Pentecost. Acts 2:1-4

31
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 27 PRINT 3457

REST ON THE FLIGHT INTO EGYPT

32
The Virgin sit on the ground with the Christ-child in her lap, holding a water
bottle on a chain. Meanwhile, St Joseph adjusts the saddle on the donkey at right
under the shade of a tree. A path winds round the base of a hill and a river flows
in background at left. This engraving was made by Jacob Matham after Hendrik
Goltzius. 1589. School: Dutch. The print is signed and dated in the lower centre:
"HGoltzius Inuent. Ao.1589". Dimensions: height: 210 millimetres; width: 158
millimetres. There is a related drawing by Goltzius in Berlin.

Hendrik Goltzius (1558–1617) was a painter, engraver and publisher in Haarlem


between about 1582 and 1598. He established his own business in 1582, and for
the next six years held a monopoly in the northern Netherlands on publishing
designs by contemporary artists. Between 1586 and 1590 his print-publishing
activities blossomed and he travelled to Italy in 1590-91, leaving his stepson
Jacob Matham and Jan Saenredam in charge of the business. Around 1598 he
handed over all his engraving and publishing activities to Matham. Goltzius
gave up the business of printmaking completely after 1598 to concentrate on
painting until his death in 1617. Bibliography: exhibition catalogues from the
Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, the Metropolitan Museum of Art New York and
Toledo Museum of Art Ohio (2003).

Jacob Matham (1571–1631) was an engraver and publisher in Haarlem who


married mother of Goltzius in 1579. He was in Italy 1593-7. After taking over the
Goltzius shop in Haarlem around 1600 he received his own privilege from
Prague in 1601.

Prints after Goltzius in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 01: 0024 Creation of Heaven and Earth. Genesis 1


0039 Creation. Genesis 1:4-5
0045 Creation. Genesis 1:6 & 8
0054 Creation. Genesis 1:6 & 8
0065 Creation. Genesis 1:14 & 19
0076 Birds etc. Genesis 1:20 & 23
0097 Creation. Eve. Genesis 2:21-22
Volume 03: 0474 Abraham sacrificing Isaac. Genesis 22:9&13
Volume 09: 1350 Bringing fruit. Numbers 13:24
Volume 10: 1398 Balaam smiting his Ass. Numbers 22:22-28
Volume 15: 2177 Elijah fed by the ravens. 1 Kings 17:1-6
Volume 19: 2627 Praise God for his judgment. Psalms 96:11-13
Volume 20: 2661 Wisdom. Proverbs 9:1
2683 Vanity of vanities. Ecclesiastes 1:2
Volume 21: 2767 The blind and lame restored. Isaiah 35:5-6
2788 Jeremiah. Jeremiah 1:11-13
Volume 22: 2849 Resurrection of dry bones. Ezekiel 37:1-10

33
Volume 23: 2919 Daniel’s vision. Daniel 7:2-8
2940 Amos Zachariah Malachi. Amos
2954 Elisha and Jonah
Volume 25: 3131 Judith destroys Holofernes. Judith 13:7-10
3140 Judith destroys Holofernes. Judith 13:7-10
Volume 27: 3332 Christ
3357 Virgin & Child
3374 St Matthew. Matthew
3457 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:13-14
3458 The flight into Egypt. Matthew 2:13-14
Volume 30: 3977 Partaking of the Lord’s supper. Matthew 26:21-24
Volume 31: 4122 The body of Jesus. Matthew 27:59-61
4156 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
4157 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
Volume 32: 4207 St Mark
4208 St Mark
4238 Christ baptised. Mark 1:9-11
4284 St Peter. Mark 3:16
4290 St James Major. Mark 3:17
4295 St John. Mark 3:17
4306 St Andrew. Mark 3:18
4314 St Philip. Mark 3:18
4321 St Bartholomew. Mark 3:18
4327 St Matthew. Mark 3:18
4333 St Thomas. Mark 3:18
4338 St James. Mark 3:18
4343 St Thaddeus. Mark 3:18
4348 St Simon. Mark 3:18
Volume 33: 4468 Christ at prayer. Mark 14:35
4478 Christ apprehended in the garden. Mark 14:45-47
4487 High priest rent his clothes. Mark 14:63
Volume 34: 4596 St Luke
Volume 35: 4723 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:12-16
4788 Christ presented at the Altar. Luke 2:21-24
Volume 37: 5131 Christ’s agony. Luke 22:42-43
5162 Jesus before Herod. Luke 23:7-10
Volume 38: 5220 Holy Family
5257 St John
5337 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:5
Volume 40: 5538 Jesus scourged. John 19:1
5551 Jesus wearing the crown of thorns. John 19:2-3
5557 Jesus wearing a crown of thorns. John 19:5
5588 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5601 Jesus crucified. John 19:18-26
Volume 44: 6073 Paul’s vision. 2 Corinthians 12:2-4

34
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 27 PRINT 3375

DETAIL OF VIGNETTE ENGRAVED AS A HEAD-PIECE TO MATTHEW

This detail of a vignette by De Loutherbourg for Macklin’s Bible shows the


infant Christ in a cradle stroking the lamb of sacrifice at right and holding the
palm of martyrdom. A dying serpent representing Satan coils around a cross
with the superscription 'I N R I' at left. On the page there is letterpress in two
columns below and on verso, and the engraving is lettered below the image with
production details: "P.J. de Loutherbourg RA invt.", "J. Heath direxit". As with
the Headpiece to Hebrews, the print was made by James Heath. Dimensions:
Height: 487 millimetres; width: 395 millimetres.

De Loutherbourg’s work as an illustrator also included, apart from Macklin’s


Bible, plates for John Bell’s edition of Shakespeare (1786–88) and Bowyer’s
edition of “The History of England by David Hume” (1806). Late in life, he
published two collections of engravings, “The Picturesque Scenery of Great
Britain” (1801) and “The Picturesque and Romantic Scenery of England and
Wales” (1805). His reputation remains primarily in the field of romantic
landscape, and his painting “Coalbrookdale by Night” is much reproduced.

35
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 35 PRINT 4683. THE INFANT JOHN

36
The infant John the Baptist is shown whole-length seated to the right, holding a
cup to a waterfall with a lamb beside him to right. It is in fact a portrait of Master
Watkin Williams Wynn, son of Sir Watkin Williams Wynn Bart. This mezzotint
was made by John Dean after Sir Joshua Reynolds. School: British. Dimensions:
height: 171 millimetres; width: 250 millimetres.

Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723–1792) was the founder and first President of the Royal
Academy of Arts in 1768, to which he gave his lectures published as his
'Discourses'. He was an important collector of Old Master drawings, and many
of these are now held in the British Museum. Bibliography: E.Hamilton: 'A
catalogue of the engraved works of Joshua Reynolds', 2nd ed. 1884; David
Mannings, Sir JR, a complete catalogue of his paintings', London 2000.

John Dean (c.1750 - 1798) was a mezzotinter. A pupil of Valentine Green, he


worked much after Reynolds. His prints are dated between 1776 to 1789, when a
fire destroyed his stock and plates.

Prints after Joshua Reynolds in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 12: 1752 Samuel. 1 Samuel 3


Volume 27: 3335 The Holy Family
Volume 35: 4683 John the Baptist. Luke 1:80

37
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 35 PRINT 4845

CHRIST AMONG THE DOCTORS

38
This print is after a work – “Gesu Christo disputandi co Dottori” – by Luini
which, when engraved, was believed to be by Leonardo. The painting is in the
National Gallery in London.

Bernardino Luini (1480/1485–1532 before) was a painter from Lago Maggiore


(“Luini”), Milan. The renowned Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), painter,
inventor, sculptor, engineer etc., was born in Vinci in 1452 and died at Amboise
in 1519. Having trained under Verrocchio in Florence he was in Milan 1483-99, in
Florence 1499 to 1506, and then returned to Milan. He was mainly in Rome
during 1513-6, then went to France in 1517 where he died. Bibliography: Kenneth
Clark, 'Leonardo da Vinci: an Account of His Development as an Artist'.
Cambridge, 1939.

There is one other print after Luini (and none after da Vinci) in the Bowyer
Bible: Volume 34: 4570 The Virgin and child

39
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 32 PRINT 4223

JOHN THE BAPTIST AT THE JORDAN

40
John the Baptist sits on a rock by a stream holding a dish; to the left, a reed cross
and ray of divine light symbolise his ministry; to the right, lamb (representin
Christ) drinks from the water. The mountainous landscape of the wilderness is
seen beyond. This engraving was made by Antonius Wierix after Jan van der
Straet and published by Philips Galle in Antwerp before 1604. Inscriptions:
lettered within the image: “Ioan. Stradanus inven./Phls Galle excud.”
Dimensions: height: 234 millimetres (image size); width: 180 millimetres.

Jan van der Straet (1523–1605) was a designer of prints and tapestries, mostly
known as Joannes Stradanus. Born in Bruges in 1532, he received early
instruction from his father Jan van der Straet (who died in 1535) and after for two
years from Maximillian Franck. During 1537-40 he trained in Antwerp under
Pieter Aertsen, and in c.1545 became a master in that city and in the same year
travelled to Italy via Lyon, where he worked with Corneille de Lyon. During his
first stay in Florence (1546-50) he designed tapestries for Cosimo de' Medici's
factory, the Arazzeria Medicea. During 1550-3 he was probably in Rome where
he collaborated with Daniele da Volterra in the Belvedere. Back in Florence he
made independent tapestry designs and from 1557 onwards worked under
Giorgio Vasari's supervision on the decoration of the Palazzo Vecchio. In 1563
and again in 1586 and 1591 he was an officer of the Accademia del Disegno, and
painted altar-pieces for several Florentine churches. In 1578 he designed two
series of 'Hunting Scenes' engraved by Philip Galle, later republished as one
series in c.1596. He worked too in Naples on frescoes and easel paintings. He
retired in1602 from the duties of the Accademia del Disegno and died in Florence
in 1605. Also known as Giovanni della Strada; Jan van der Straeten; Giovanni
Statenensis; Giovanni Stradano; Joannes Stradanus; Johannes Stradanus.
Bibliography: Alessandra Baroni Vannucci, “JvdS, detto Giovanni Stradano”,
Milan/Rome 1997 (with a catalogue of all the paintings, drawings and prints
made after his designs).

Antonius Wierix (1555/1559–1604) was one of three brothers, all engravers in


Antwerp. He had a father and a son with the same name, but this Antonius is by
far the best known of the three.

Philips Galle (1537–1612) was a leading engraver and print dealer based in
Antwerp. Born in 1537 in Haarlem, he moved to Antwerp in 1569 where he
worked in the workshop of Hieronymus Cock. After 1557 he started his own
publishing and print business, for which he travelled extensively: in 1560-61 he
visited the southern Netherlands, France, Germany and Italy. After 1564 he
settled in Antwerp. He was one of the most prolific publishers in Europe in the
second half of the sixteenth century. He was also known as Philippe Galle and
Philippus Gallaeus. Bibliography: M. Sellink, “Philips Galle (1537-1612) Engraver
and print publisher in Haarlem and Antwerp”, Amsterdam 1997.

41
Prints after Stradanus in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 20: 2677 A good wife. Proverbs 31:20-22


Volume 28: 3545 Simon Peter & Andrew with Christ. Matthew 4:18-20
Volume 29: 3689 The head of John the Baptist. Matthew 14:6-11
3771 The king reckons with his servants. Matthew 18:23
3774 The king reckons with his servants. Matthew 18:23-27
Volume 30: 3950 Visiting the prisoner. Matthew 25:36
3956 Judas sells Jesus. Matthew 26:14-16
Volume 32: 4223 John the Baptist. Mark 1:3-6
Volume 33: 4358 Christ stills the tempest. Mark 4:37-38
Volume 37: 5189 The entombment of Christ. Luke 23:52-55
Volume 39: 5492 Christ accuses Judas. John 13:21-29
Volume 40: 5533 Jesus arraigned before Pilate. John 18:28-30
Volume 41: 5760 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
5766 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
Volume 42: 5876 Cornelius and the angel. Acts 10:1-8
5880 Peter’s vision. Acts 10:11-16
5884 Cornelius worshipping Peter. Acts 10:24-48
5894 Herod kills James. Acts 12:1-4
5902 Peter delivered out of prison. Acts 12:2-9
5907 Sergius Paulus and Elymas the Sorcerer. Acts 13:6-12
5924 Paul heals the cripple. Acts 14:8-10
5938 Paul preaches to the women. Acts 16:12-15
5947 The prison doors opened. Acts 16:26-29
Volume 43: 5973 The evil spirits flee after the Jews. Acts 19:11-16
5993 Paul pleading his cause. Acts 23:1

42
43
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 32 PRINT 4239. CHRIST IS BAPTISED

44
The Baptism of Christ is depicted, with angels at right and men removing their
clothes at left. A reproduction of the fresco by Giovanni Francesco Penni in the
13th arcade of the Vatican Logge (often referred-to as “Raphael’s Bible”). Date:
around 1518. School: Roman. Dimensions of print: height: 197 millimetres; width:
385 millimetres. For a long time the fresco was believed to be by Giulio Romano
but scholars are now convinced that it was by Penni. The British Museum has a
related pen and brown ink drawing which is inscribed on the back "Stupendo
Disegno di propria mano di Raffaèle d'Urbino dipinto in Roma nelle loggiè
Vaticane" and Bowyer himself would have no doubt regarded the fresco as by
Raphael.

Giovanni Francesco Penni (c.1488–c.1528) was a painter. Known as “il Fattore”,


he was born in Florence, and died in Naples, c. 1528, aged forty (according to
Vasari). Archival evidence, however, gives 1496 as his birth-date and the style of
his later drawings does indeed postulate a death-date not much before 1536.
Vasari says that he helped Raphael in, among other things, the tapestry cartoons
(1515-16), the “Psyche loggia” in the Farnesina (1518) and the “Vatican Logge”
(finished 1519). He collaborated with Giulio Romano in painting, between 1520
and 1524, the “Monteluce Coronation” (Vatican Gallery) and the Sala di
Costantino; also in a copy (in the Prado), which he finished somewhat later,
alone, of Raphael's “Transfiguration”. A signed portrait of a young man is in the
National Gallery, Dublin. Bibliography: D. Colnaghi, “A Dictionary of Florentine
Painters”, London, 1928, p. 202;

For other possible prints after Penni in the Bowyer Bible see the list of prints
after “Raphael” below.

45
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 28 PRINT 3529. CHRIST IS TEMPTED

46
Christ is tempted by Satan. The engraved drawing was by Jacob de Wit after
Peter Paul Rubens. 1711-12. School: Dutch. This print is from a group of 36
drawings after Peter Paul Rubens' ceiling panels in the Jesuit Church, Antwerp,
for engraving and publication by Jan Punt. Dimensions: height: 340 millimetres;
width: 403 millimetres.

Jacob de Wit (1695–1754) was a painter, draughtsman and etcher. He was born
and died in Amsterdam. In 1708 he was in Antwerp; in 1714 a Master in
Antwerp. Between c. 1711 and 1712 he drew the 36 paintings by Rubens at the
Jesuit Church and etched ten of these before returning to Amsterdam. He was
also known as Jean Baptiste de Wit.

Other prints from this series in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 03: 0367 Melchizedek


0468 Abraham sacrificing Isaac
Volume 05: 0703 Pharaoh makes Joseph ruler
Volume 27: 3405 The adoration of the Magi
4730 The adoration of the shepherds
4812 The Virgin and St. Anne
Volume 45; 6207 Adoration of the Holy Name
6285 Michael casts down Satan

47
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 32 PRINT 4260. ANGELS MINISTER TO CHRIST

48
Christ is served by angels. Jesus is seen seated under a large rock with angels
serving him with trays filled with food and drinks. He blesses the food. To the
right, angels are seen arriving from the sky with more trays; animals, including a
porcupine, can be seen in the foreground eating the crumbs. This engraving was
made by Hieronymus Wierix after Bernardino Passeri. Published in Antwerp in
1563 it is from Nadal’s “Evangelicae Historiae Imagines” (see below) . It is signed
on plate with initials: “Bern. Pass. Rom. Invent” and “Hieronymus W. fecit”.
Dimensions: height 175 mms; width 142 mms. Of the 153 plates of the
“Evangelicae Historiae Imagines” 20 were done by printmakers other than
Wierix. The inscriptions in the margins and the numbers have been trimmed off.

Bernardino Passeri (fl. 1577–1585) was a painter, designer, engraver and print
publisher. He was active in Rome. He designed for prints, as for the 50 plates of
the life of St Benedict engraved by Aliprando Caprioli and published in Rome in
1579. He also executed plates himself, as in the 1583 financing agreement with
the Fleming Anastasius Ariges to produce 35 religious prints. He was also
known as Bernardo Passaro and Bernardus Passerus.

Prints ascribed to Passeri in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 28: 3530 Temptation. Matthew 4:1-4


3569 Not to do alms before men. Matthew 6:1-4
3572 Thy kingdom come. Matthew 6:10
3573 Lay not up treasures on earth. Matthew 6:19-21
3577 Enter the strait gate. Matthew 6:21-26-28-30
3586 A tree known by its fruits. Matthew 7:16-19
3596 Christ heals Peter’s mother in law. Matthew 8:14-16
3638 Christ sends forth the twelve apostles. Matthew 10:1
Volume 29: 3654 The Pharisees seek after a sign. Matthew 12:38-45
3657 The sower went forth to sow. Matthew 13:1-23
3696 Christ departs into s desert place. Matthew 14
3708 Walking on the sea. Matthew 14:25-31
3758 Christ calls little children. Matthew 18:1-6
3769 Christ warns the disciples. Matthew 18:5-13
3777 The king reckons with his servants. Matthew 18:25-32
3792 The labourers in the vineyard. Matthew 20:1-15
3802 Christ’s passion. Matthew 20:17-19
3803 Sons of Zebedee and their mother. Matthew 20:20-21
3819 Christ rides to Jerusalem. Matthew 21:7-11
3820 Christ rides to Jerusalem. Matthew 21:7-11
Volume 30: 3825 Christ drives the buyers out of the temple. Matthew 21:12-13
3836 The husbandmen slay the servants. Matthew 21:33-42

49
3840 Marriage of the king’s son. Matthew 22:1-10
3842 Marriage of the king’s son. Matthew 22:1-14
3851 The Pharisees with Christ. Matthew 22:15
3857 Showing the tribute money. Matthew 22:15-22
3864 Driving away the Scribes and Pharisees. Matthew 23
3874 Woe unto Scribes and Pharisees. Matthew 23:33-41
3903 The day of judgment. Matthew 24:29-30
3927 The last judgment. Matthew 25:31
3953 Pouring ointment on the head of Christ. Matthew 26:7
3962 The last Supper. Matthew 26:20
3989 Christ praying in the garden. Matthew 26:36
Volume 31: 4000 Jesus brought before Caiaphas. Matthew 26:57
4002 Jesus brought before Caiaphas. Matthew 26:57
4010 Jesus smitten and buffeted. Matthew 26:67-68
4035 Pilate releases Barabbas. Matthew 27:21-23
4056 Jesus stripped. Matthew 27:29-30
4067 Jesus crucified. Matthew 27:35
4084 Crucifixion. Matthew 27:47
4092 Crucifixion. Matthew 27:58-59
4141 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
4163 Christ appears to his disciples. Matthew 28:16
Volume 32: 4231 John the Baptist preaching. Mark 1:4-7
4260 Christ in the wilderness. Mark 1:13
4272 Christ heals uncovering the roof. Mark 2:1-12
Volume 33: 4354 Christ stills the tempest. Mark 4:37-38
4364 Christ cometh to Jairus’s daughter. Mark 5:22-42
4375 Feeding the multitude. Mark 6:38-44
4376 Feeding the multitude. Mark 6:38-44
4384 The Pharisees find fault with the disciples. Mark 7:1-15
4388 Christ heals the blind. Mark 7:32-37
4425 Christ foretells his death and resurrection. Mark 10:32-34
4458 Making ready the Passover. Mark 14:16
4476 Christ apprehended in the garden. Mark 14:46-50
4484 Christ apprehended. Mark 14:48-50
4485 Christ led to the High priest. Mark 14:53
4489 High priest rent his clothes. Mark 14:63
4497 Barabbas released. Mark 15:15
Volume 34: 4503 Christ taken to be crucified. Mark 15:20-21
4510 Christ crucified. Mark 15:25
4550 Christ appearing to the eleven. Mark 14-20
4626 Annunciation. Luke 1:28
4668 Meeting of Mary and Elizabeth. Luke 1:40
Volume 35: 4791 Christ presented at the Altar. Luke 2:21-28

50
4828 Christ in the Temple. Luke 2:46
Volume 36: 4863 Christ expelled out of the city. Luke 4:29-30
4879 Miraculous draught of fishes. Luke 5:1-9
4926 Christ anointed by Mary Magdalene. Luke 7:37
4964 The good Samaritan. Luke 10:30-34
5012 Christ heals on the sabbath day. Luke 14:1-4
Volume 37: 5024 Christ speaks in parables. Luke 15:1-10
5034 Prodigal son. Luke 15:12-13
5039 Prodigal son. Luke 15:13-14
5046 Prodigal son. Luke 15:15-16
5061 Prodigal son. Luke 15:21-22
5065 Parable of the unjust steward. Luke 16:1
5077 Lazarus and the rich man. Luke 16:19-21
5080 Rich man dies. Luke 16:22
5082 Rich man in torment. Luke 16:24
5090 Christ heals the lepers. Luke 17:12-19
5106 Christ restores the sight. Luke 18:35-42
5163 Jesus before Herod. Luke 23:7-10
5183 Jesus taken down from the cross. Luke 23:52-56
5192 The angels announce the resurrection of Christ. Luke 24:4
5201 Christ sups with two disciples. Luke 24:13-30
5215 Christ offered food by his apostles. Luke 24:42-43
Volume 38: 5272 The testimony of John. John 1:19-20
5288 Christ turns water into wine. John 2:1-10
5345 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:6 to 30
5351 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:27-30
5355 Christ heals the nobleman’s son. John 4:49-53
5360 Christ heals the impotent man . John 5:2-9
Volume 39: 5388 Christ goes up from Galilee. John 7
5389 Christ goes into the temple. John 7:14
5393 The woman taken in adultery. John 8:3
5395 Christ answers the Jews. John 8
5396 Christ answers the Jews. John 8
5412 They cast stones at Jesus . John 8:59
5415 Christ heals the blind man. John 9:1-7
5431 Christ the good shepherd. John 10:11-12
5437 Christ stoned by the Jews. John 10:31
5439 Christ raises Lazarus. John 11:1
5441 Martha meets Jesus. John 11:20
5466 The council of chief priests and Pharisees. John 11:46-53
5474 Christ foretells his death. John 12:27-28
5478 Christ washes his disciples feet. John 13:5-14
5493 Christ comforts his disciples. John 13:24-30

51
5507 Christ comforts his disciples. John 16
5508 Christ comforts his disciples. John 16
Volume 40: 5521 The officers fall to the ground. John 18:5-8
5524 Jesus taken by the Jews. John 18:13
5534 Jesus arraigned before Pilate. John 18:28-30
5571 Pilate desires to release Jesus. John 19:5-15
5576 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5577 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5637 Peter and John come to the sepulchre. John 20:3-6
5652 The incredulity of Thomas. John 20:26-29
Volume 41: 5767 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4

Jerónimo Nadal (1507–1580), a Spaniard from Majorca, was one of the first ten
members of the Society of Jesus (a.k.a. the Jesuits). For many years he served
as the personal representative or "delegate" of the founder, St. Ignatius of
Loyola (1491-1556), in visiting Jesuit houses throughout Europe, especially to
explain and implement the Constitutions of the Society of Jesus. Ignatius himself
urged Nadal to compile and distribute an illustrated guide for prayerful
meditation on the Gospels, in the tradition of the Spiritual Exercises, although
the work was not completed until after both men had died. Nadal selected the
biblical scenes to be included, commissioned and directed the layout of the
illustrations, and composed notes to accompany each scene. With the
cooperation and support of Antwerp publishers Christophe Plantin and
Martinus Nutius, 153 engravings were eventually produced by Bernardino
Passeri, Marten de Vos, and Jerome and Anton Wierix. In 1593 these illustrations
were published in a volume entitled Evangelicae Historiae Imagines ("Illustrations
of the Gospel Stories"), arranged in chronological order of the life and ministry of
Jesus. In 1594 and 1595 they were again published in larger volumes, entitled
Adnotationes et Meditationes in Evangelia ("Notes and Meditations on the
Gospels"), with more extensive accompanying text, and rearranged according to
the order of readings used in the liturgical year, as prescribed in the Roman
Missal.

Bibliography: Joseph F. MacDonnell, “Gospel Illustrations: A Reproduction of


the 153 Images taken from Jerome Nadal's 1595 book ‘ADNOTATIONES ET
MEDITATIONES IN EVANGELIA’. Fairfield, CT: Fairfield Jesuit Community,
1998.

For prints from Nadal in the Bowyer Bible see Appendix 2.

52
53
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 38 PRINT 5286. THE WEDDING AT CANA

54
A representation the marriage-feast at Cana at which Jesus turned water into
wine. Christ, radiating light, sits at a long table with various guests; a series of
steps lead up to the table and the room is flanked by columns. In the foreground
are a number of servants, including one pouring wine into another container, one
climbing the steps and another waiting on the sidelines at right with a dish of
food. This engraving was made by Jacob Matham (see above) after Taddeo
Zuccaro. Published in Haarlem by Robert de Boudous. 1616. School:
Netherlandish. The print is lettered below centre on a scroll: "Ioh, 2 NUPTIÆ IN
CANA GALILEÆ./Taddeo, Zucchero, inu, I. Mattham sculp./Robb. de Baudous
excudit, 1617". The print appears to be a reproduction of a fresco, but the location
of the original painting is obscure. Dimensions: height: 296 millimetres; width:
405 millimetres.

Taddeo Zuccaro (1529–1566) was a painter who worked in Rome. He was born in
S. Angelo in Vado (in the Roman Marches) in 1529, and died in Rome in 1566.
The fragmentary nature of his work-record, and style-shifts reflecting the artistic
developments of the period have aroused some fascination among art-historians.

He came to Rome at the age of 14, where he principally trained himself by


copying earlier masters. His recorded work before 1553 has disappeared, and his
early development can be reconstructed only from drawings. The influence of
Correggio and Parmigianino is discernible in some of his drawings of c. 1550 and
in some of his earliest surviving paintings. Until c. 1551 Zuccaro seems to have
been chiefly occupied with façade decorations in the manner of Polidoro. During
1550-1 he was employed on minor commissions for Pope Julius III. In 1551 he
was in Urbino. He returned to Rome in 1553 and between 1553 and 1555
collaborated with Prospero Fontana on the decoration of Villa Giulia. During
1553-6 Zuccaro worked on S. M. della Consolazione, Mattei Chapel, executing
scenes of the Passion in an exaggeratedly Mannerist style derived from Francesco
Salviati and Tibaldi. After various minor papal commissions he returned to
Urbino in 1560 to paint portrait of Virginia della Rovere, daughter of Duke
Guidobaldo II. Vasari states that Zuccaro had returned to Rome and was at work
in SS. Trinità dei Monti in 1566. The evidence of drawings establishes that he
received the original commission for the high altarpiece in S. Lorenzo in Damaso,
probably not long before his death. Federico completed this and other
commissions were left unfinished. He was also known as Taddeo Zuccari.
Bibliography: J.A. Gere, “The Decoration of the Villa Giulia”, Burlington, cvii,
(1965), pp. 199ff.; “Two of Taddeo Zuccaro's last commissions, completed by
Federico Zuccaro”, Burlington, cviii (1966), pp. 286ff., and pp. 341ff.; Louvre
Exhibtion: “Taddeo Zuccaro: his Development studied in his Drawings.” 1969.

There are no other prints after Zuccaro in the Bowyer Bible.

55
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 36 PRINT 4873

THE MIRACULOUS DRAUGHT OF FISHES

56
Christ sits in the boat at left, with five men accompanying him and drawing fish
from the water; etched and engraved after a drawing by Raphael. Published by
John Bowles in London c. 1721. School: Italian. Dimensions: height: 357 mms;
width: 432 mms. From a series of eight plates (a title and seven scenes)
reproducing the cartoons executed by Raphael for a series of tapestries for the
Sistine Chapel, commissioned by Pope Leo X. (The cartoons are now in the
Victoria & Albert Museum.) This is Plate 4. The title-plate, by Chaperon – “Fame
Crowning Raphael” – is found in the Bowyer Bible as print 5 in Volume 1.

Raphael (1483 – 1520) was at the peak of his reputation while Bowyer was
interleaving his Bible, and he was not displaced in Britain until the
Pre-Raphaelite movement of the later nineteenth century. It is therefore no
surprise to find so many prints relating to him in the Bowyer Bible. Bowyer
himself commissioned and published a series of engravings showing details
from Raphael’s famous “Transfiguration”. They are all in the Bowyer Bible and
listed below. Raphael is also known as Raffaello Santi, Raffaello Sanzio, and
Raffaello.

Prints after “Raphael” in the Bowyer Bible:-

Volume 01: 0042 The Almighty. Genesis 1:3-4


0043 The Almighty. Genesis 1:3-4
0117 Creation of Eve. Genesis 2:21-22
0119 Creation of Eve. Genesis 2:22
0120 Creation of Eve. Genesis 2:22
0137 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6
0138 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6
0139 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6
0142 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6
0144 Adam and Eve. Genesis 3:6
0169 Adam and Eve expelled. Genesis 3:24
0170 Adam and Eve expelled. Genesis 3:24
Volume 02: 0301 Seed time. Genesis 8:22
0302 Harvest. Genesis 8:22
0308 Rainbow. Genesis 9:13&15
Volume 03: 0425 Lot and his daughters . Genesis 19:33
Volume 04: (0517 Isaac blessed. Genesis 26:2)
0519 Isaac blessed. Genesis 26:2&5
0520 Isaac and Rebekah. Genesis 26:8
0527 Isaac blessing Jacob. Genesis 27
0537 Isaac blessing Jacob. Genesis 27:27
0539 Isaac blessing Jacob. Genesis 27:30
0541 Isaac and Esau. Genesis 27:31
0546 Jacob’s Dream. Genesis 28:12
(0549 Jacob’s Dream. Genesis 28:14-15)
0592 Jacob’s departure. Genesis 31:17&21
0594 Jacob’s departure. Genesis 31:17&21

57
0612 Jacob wrestling with the Angel. Genesis 32:24&26
0657 Joseph sold to the Ishmaelites. Genesis 37:28
Volume 05: 0721 Joseph’s cup found in Benjamin’s sack. Genesis 44:12
0722 Joseph’s cup found in Benjamin’s sack. Genesis 44:17
0730 Joseph making himself known. Genesis 45:3
0735 Joseph makes himself known. Genesis 45:4
0799 Moses in the bulrushes. Exodus 2:3-4
0837 Moses and the burning bush. Exodus 3:2-6
Volume 06: 0971 Moses commanding the return of the Red Sea. Exodus
14:27-28
Volume 07: 1119 Moses receiving the two tables. Exodus 31
1132 Worshipping the calf. Exodus 32:5-19
Volume 08: 1146 The Lord talks with Moses. Exodus 33:9-11
1149 Moses giving the tables to Aaron. Exodus 34:28-32
1150 Worshipping the golden calf. Exodus 32:5-19
1154 Moses descends from Mount Sinai. Exodus 34:29-32
Volume 11: 1511 Bearing the ark of the covenant. Joshua 3:14-17
1512 Bearing the ark of the covenant. Joshua 3:14-17
1525 Taking of Jericho. Joshua 6:20
1526 Taking of Jericho. Joshua 6:20
1550 Joshua’s miracle. Joshua 10:12-13
1551 Joshua’s miracle. Joshua 10:12-13
1568 Casting lots for their inheritance. Joshua 14:1-2
1569 Casting lots for their inheritance. Joshua 14:1-2
Volume 13: 1797 Samuel anoints David. 1 Samuel 16:13
1798 Samuel anoints David. 1 Samuel 16:13
1799 Samuel anoints David. 1 Samuel 16:13
1800 Samuel anoints David. 1 Samuel 16:13
1816 David slays Goliath. 1 Samuel 17:51
1817 David slays Goliath. 1 Samuel 17:51
1822 David slays Goliath. 1 Samuel 17:51
1831 David with the head of Goliath. 1 Samuel 17:51
1908 Saul smites Hadadezer. 2 Samuel 8:1-6
1909 Saul smites Hadadezer. 2 Samuel 8:1-6
1915 David and Bathsheba. 2 Samuel 11:20
Volume 14: 1990 David’s advanced age. 1 Kings 1:1-4
1992 Solomon anointed king. 1 Kings 1:39
1993 Solomon anointed king. 1 Kings 1:39
2009 Solomon’s judgement. 1 Kings 3:23-27
2010 Solomon’s judgement. 1 Kings 3:23-27
2023 Solomon and his workmen. 1 Kings 5:17-18
2024 Solomon and his workmen. 1 Kings 5:17-18
Volume 15: 2119 Queen of Sheba & Solomon. 1 Kings 10:1-10
2121 Queen of Sheba & Solomon. 1 Kings 10:1-10
Volume 19: 2620 Raining down manna. Psalms 78:24
Volume 20: 2731 Prophets
2732 Prophets
Volume 22: 2832 Ezekiel’s vision. Ezekiel 1
2857 Ezekiel’s vision. Ezekiel 1
2861 Plan of the east gate. Ezekiel 40:14

58
Volume 25: 3146 Judith destroys Holofernes. Judith 13:7-10
3147 Judith destroys Holofernes. Judith 13
Volume 27: 3339 Virgin & Child
3345 Virgin & Child
3347 Virgin & Child
3348 Virgin & Child
3349 Virgin & Child
3350* Holy Family (see 3351)
3351* Holy Family (see 3350)
3353 Virgin & Child
3359 Holy Family
3360 Holy Family
3413* The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11 (see 3414)
3414* The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11 (see 3413)
3415 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
3439 The wise men’s offerings. Matthew 2:11
Volume 28: 3496 Murder of the Innocents. Matthew 2:16
3499 Murder of the Innocents. Matthew 2:16
3501 Murder of the Innocents . Matthew 2:16
3502 Murder of the Innocents. Matthew 2:16
3503 Murder of the Innocents. Matthew 2:16
Volume 29: 3655 Christ shows who are his brethren. Matthew 12:46-50
Volume 30: 3965 The Passover. Matthew 26:20-29
Volume 31: 4099 Mary Magdalene and the other Mary. Matthew 27:61-62
4111 Joseph takes the body of Jesus. Matthew 27:59-60
4112 Joseph takes the body of Jesus. Matthew 27:59-60
4116 The body of Jesus. Matthew 27:59-61
4117 The body of Jesus. Matthew 27:59-61
4129 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
4132 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
4148 Resurrection. Matthew 28:2-4
Volume 32: 4178 Holy Family
4181 Holy Family
4189 Holy Family
4190 Holy Family
4194 Holy Family
4195 Christ
4220 John the Baptist. Mark 1:3-6
4221 John the Baptist. Mark 1:3-6
4222 John the Baptist. Mark 1:3-6
4239 Christ baptised. Mark 1:9-11
4252 Christ heals the diseased. Mark 1:33-34
4276 St John. Mark 2
4277 St Peter . Mark 2
4278 St Philip. Mark 2
4279 St James. Mark 2
4280 St Thomas. Mark 2
4297 St Matthew. Mark 3
4298 St Simon. Mark 3
4299 St Andrew. Mark 3

59
4300 St Bartholomew. Mark 3
4301 St Thaddeus. Mark 3
4302 St Judas Iscariot. Mark 3
4351 Christ stills the tempest. Mark 4:1
Volume 33: 4398 The Transfiguration. Mark 9:2-27
4399 The Transfiguration. Mark 9:2-27
4400 Sketch from the Picture of the Transfiguration by Raffaelle
pub by R. Bowyer
4401 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4402 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4403 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4404 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4405 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4406 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4407 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4408 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4409 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4410 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4411 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4412 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4413 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4414 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4415 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4416 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4417 Head pub by R. Bowyer 1818
4459 The Passover. Mark 14:17-25
4460 The Passover. Mark 14:17-25
4461 The Passover. Mark 14:17-25
4462 The Passover. Mark 14:17-25
4465 Christ at prayer. Mark 14:33-40
4493 Christ at prayer. Mark 14:38
Volume 34: 4533 Christ laid in the sepulchre. Mark 15:46-47
4536 Christ laid in the sepulchre. Mark 16:45-46
4551 Christ’s ascension. Mark 16:19
4552 Christ’s ascension. Mark 16:19
4557 The Apostles go forth to preach. Mark 16:20
4561 Virgin of Loretto
4562 Holy Family
4564 Holy Family
4567 The Virgin and child
4572 The Virgin and child
4573 The Virgin and child
4574 The Virgin and child
4576 The Virgin and child
4581 The Virgin and child
4583 Holy Family
4584 Holy Family
4598 St Luke
4639 Annunciation. Luke 1:24-28
4643 Annunciation. Luke 1:28

60
4645 Annunciation. Luke 1:26
Volume 35: 4673 Birth of John the Baptist. Luke 1:57-58
4688 The annunciation. Luke 1:28
4734 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4740 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4759 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4760 The adoration of the wise men. Matthew 2:11
4761 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4762 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4763 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
4801 Christ presented at the Altar. Luke 2:21-28
4850 The adoration of the shepherds. Luke 2:16
Volume 36: 4872 Miraculous draught of fishes. Luke 5:6
4873 Miraculous draught of fishes. Luke 5:3-8
4874 Miraculous draught of fishes. Luke 5:3-8
4875 Miraculous draught of fishes. Luke 5:6-7
4876 Miraculous draught of fishes. Luke 5:6-9
4923 Christ anointed by Mary Magdalene. Luke 7:37-38
4982 Christ sends out two by two. Luke 10:1
Volume 37: 5170 Christ taken down from the cross. Luke 23:53-55
5176 Jesus taken down from the cross . Luke 23:53
5187 The entombment of Christ. Luke 23:53-55
5188 The entombment of Christ. Luke 23:53-55
5194 Christ remains with two disciples. Luke 24:28-29
Volume 38: 5221 Holy Family
5225 Holy Family
5226 Holy Family
5227 Christ and his mother
5229 Christ and his mother
5230 Holy Family
5231 Holy Family
5235 Holy Family
5237 Jesus and his mother
5241 Virgin and Child
5242 Virgin and Child
5243 Virgin and Child
5260 St John
5262 St John
5335 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:5 to 26
5336 Christ and the woman of Samaria. John 4:5 to 26
Volume 39: 5382 Christ feedeth the multitude. John 6:5-13
Volume 40: 5580 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5586 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5590 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5591 Jesus crucified. John 17:18
5593 Jesus bearing his cross. John 19:17
5639 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene. John 20:14-17
5640 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene. John 20:14-17
5641 Jesus appears to Mary Magdalene. John 20:14-17
5655 The incredulity of Thomas. John 20:26-29

61
5674 Jesus addresses his disciples. John 20:15-17
5675 Feed my sheep. John 21:15-17
5677 Feed my sheep. John 21:15-17
5681 Jesus rebukes Peter’s sincerity. John 21:22
Volume 41: 5716 John’s martyrdom. Acts 1:13
5770 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
5771 The cloven tongues. Acts 2:1-4
5777 Peter and John. Acts 3:2-6
5782 Peter and John. Acts 3:1-9
5787 Peter and John. Acts 3:2-6
5788 Peter and John. Acts 3: 2-6
5795 Death of Ananias and Sapphira. Acts 5:5-6
5796 Death of Ananias and Sapphira. Acts 5:5-6
5797 Death of Ananias and Sapphira. Acts 5:5-6
Volume 42: 5828 The stoning of Stephen. Acts 7:58-60
5831 Acts 8
5835 Philip baptising the eunuch. Acts 8:38
5836 Philip baptising the eunuch. Acts 8:38
5897 Peter delivered out of prison. Acts 12:6-9
5908 Elymas struck blind. Acts 13:11
5909 Elymas struck blind. Acts 13:11
5910 Elymas struck blind. Acts 13:11
5930 The Lystrians bring sacrifices to Paul. Acts 14:13-18
Volume 43: 5963 Paul preaching. Acts 17:32
5964 Paul preaching. Acts 17:32
5968 Paul preaching in the synagogue. Acts 19:8
5969 Paul preaching in the synagogue. Acts 19:8
5982 Paul goes to Macedonia. Acts 20:1
6056 Paul Charity. 1 Corinthians 13:13
Volume 44: 6110 St Paul
6113 Paul and Timotheous. Philippians 1:1
Volume 45: 6191 Peter preaches to the spirits. 1 Peter 3:19-20
6264 The four beasts. Revelations 4:7-8
6284* Michael and the angel. Revelations 12:7 (see 6292)
6292* Michael casts out Satan. Revelations 12:7-9 (see 6284)

62
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 31 PRINT 4169

TAIL-PIECE VIGNETTE TO MATTHEW

THE HEAD OF JOHN THE BAPTIST

The head of John the Baptist is depicted with a sword on a platter, a plinth with
an extinguished lamp behind. The vignette has letterpress in two columns above
and on verso. 1800. The engraving is lettered below image with production
detail: "P.J. de Loutherbourg inv & delt.", "J. Heath dirext." The print made by
James Heath after a drawing by Philippe De Loutherbourg. (for both, see above.)
Dimensions: height: 485 millimetres; width: 392 millimetres.

63
photo: Harry Kossuth

BOWYER BIBLE VOLUME 28 PRINT 3630. CHRIST HEALS A PARALYTIC

64
A semi-naked man held by two men is brought before Jesus; a crippled beggar
missing a foot sits on the ground and implores Christ. This engraving made by
Adriaen Collaert after Marten de Vos (see above) and published by Raphael
Sadeler in c. 1585-1586. School: Flemish. This is Plate 7 From a series of twelve
plates – “Vita Christi” – engraved by Collaert and published by Sadeler. The
print is lettered below left: "Martinus de Vos inventor/Adrianus Collaert
sculpsit" and at right "Sadler excudit". Dimensions: height: 195 millimetres;
width: 142 millimetres. A related drawing is in the Ēcole des Beaux Arts, Paris.

Adriaen Collaert (c.1560–1618) was an engraver and publisher in Antwerp. He


married the daughter of Philips Galle (see above) in 1586 and played various
roles in the Guild of Saint Luke in Antwerp (treasurer, assistant dean and, later,
dean).

65
APPENDIX 1

Drawings & Prints by Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg in


The Bowyer Bible. Bolton Museum. (Drawings in bold type).

Volume 01: 0001 The Frontispiece to the Old Testament


0019 Head-piece to Genesis. Emblems of the Law
0020 Head-piece to Genesis. Emblems of the Law
Volume 02: 0251 The Deluge. Genesis 7:11-12
0289 Noah's Sacrifice. Genesis 8:18, 20
Volume 05: 0787 Head-piece to Exodus. Exodus 13:12
0788 Head-piece to Exodus. Exodus 13:12
Volume 06: 0964 The Destruction of Pharo's Host. Exodus 14:26-28
Volume 07: 1039 The Giving of the Law. Exodus 19:16&19
Volume 08: 1203 Tail-piece to Exodus. Genesis 1:26
1204 Tail-piece to Exodus. Genesis 1:26
Volume 09: 1302 Head-piece to Numbers. Numbers 1:2
1303 Head-piece to Numbers. Numbers 1:2
Volume 10: 1432 Head-piece to Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy 10:8
1433 Head-piece to Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy 10:8
1495 Tail-piece to Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy 34:6
1496 Tail-piece to Deuteronomy. Deuteronomy 34:6
Volume 11: 1498 Head-piece to Joshua. Joshua 1:9
1499 Head-piece to Joshua. Joshua 1:9
1586 Tail-piece to Joshua. Joshua 24:26-27
1587 Tail-piece to Joshua. Joshua 24:26-27
1588 Head-piece to Judges. Judges 4:21, 7:16, 9:53, 15:5,
16:3
1589 Head-piece to Judges. Judges 4:21, 7:16, 9:53, 15:5, 16:3
Volume 12: 1707 Head-piece to Ruth. Ruth 2:3
1708 Head-piece to Ruth.. Ruth 2:3
1732 Tail-piece to Ruth. Ruth 4:7
1733 Tail-piece to Ruth. Ruth 4: 7
1735 Head-piece to 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel 5:4
1736 Head-piece to 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel 5:4
Volume 13: 1889 Tail-piece to 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel 30:17
1890 Tail-piece to 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel 30:17
1891 Head-piece to 2 Samuel. 2 Samuel 24:16
1892 Head-piece to 2 Samuel. 2 Samuel 24:16
Volume 14: 1984 Tail-piece to 2 Samuel. 2 Samuel 24:25
1985 Tail-piece to 2 Samuel. 2 Samuel 24:25
1987 Head-piece to 1 Kings. 1 Kings 6:2
1988 Head-piece to 1 Kings. 1 Kings 6:2
Volume 16: 2230 Tail-piece to 1 Kings. 1 Kings 8:38
2231 Tail-piece to 1 Kings. 1 Kings 8:38
2232 Head-piece to 2 Kings. 2 Kings 18:4
2233 Head-piece to 2 Kings. 2 Kings 18:4
2247 The Ascent of Elijah. 2 Kings 2:10-11
2334 The Angel Destroying the Assyrian Camp. 2 Kings 19:35
Volume 17: 2386 Head-piece to 1 Chronicles. 1 Chronicles 21:1

66
2387 Head-piece to 1 Chronicles. 1 Chronicles 21:1
2401 Tail-piece to 1 Chronicles. 1 Chronicles 22:14
2402 Tail-piece to 1 Chronicles. 1 Chronicles 22:14
2404 Head-piece to 2 Chronicles. 2 Chronicles 24:22-23
2405 Head-piece to 2 Chronicles. 2 Chronicles 24:22-23
2446 Tail-piece to 2 Chronicles. 2 Chronicles 36:6
2447 Tail-piece to 2 Chronicles. 2 Chronicles 36:6
Volume 18: 2449 Head-piece to Ezra. Ezra 1:2
2450 Head-piece to Ezra. Ezra 1:2
2460 Tail-piece to Ezra. Ezra 3:10
2461 Tail-piece to Ezra. Ezra 3:10
2462 Head-piece to Nehemiah. Nehemiah 11:16
2463 Head-piece to Nehemiah. Nehemiah 11:16
2497 Tail-piece to Nehemiah. Nehemiah 8:4
2498 Tail-piece to Nehemiah. Nehemiah 8:4
2499 Head-piece to Esther 2:17
2500 Head-piece to Esther 2:17
2528 Head-piece to Job. Job 1:20-22
2529 Head-piece to Job. Job 1:20-22
Volume 19: 2583 Tail-piece to Job. Job 42:10-17
2584 Tail-piece to Job. Job 42:10-17
2593 Head-piece to Psalms. Psalm 1
2594 Head-piece to Psalms. Psalm 1
2643 Tail-piece to Psalms. Psalms 150:1, 6
2644 Tail-piece to Psalms. Psalms 150:1, 6
Volume 20: 2646 Head-piece to Proverbs 1:7
2647 Head-piece to Proverbs 1:7
2679 Tail-piece to Proverbs. Proverbs 31:30
2680 Tail-piece to Proverbs. Proverbs 31:30
2681 Head-piece to Ecclesiastes. Ecclesiastes 1:3, 11
2682 Head-piece to Ecclesiastes. Ecclesiastes 1:3, 11
2691 Tail-piece to Ecclesiastes. Ecclesiastes 12:7
2692 Tail-piece to Ecclesiastes. Ecclesiastes 12:7
2694 Head-piece to The Song of Solomon. Canticles 1:4
2695 Head-piece to the Song of Solomon. Canticles 1:4
2728 Tail-piece to The Song of Solomon. Canticles 8:6
2729 Tail-piece to the Song of Solomon. Canticles 8:6
2734 Headpiece to Isaiah. Isaiah 7:14
2735 Headpiece to Isaiah. Isaiah 7:14
Volume 21: 2783 Tail-piece to Isaiah. Isaiah 2:2
2784 Tail-piece to Isaiah. Isaiah 2:2
2786 Head-piece to Jeremiah. Jeremiah 52:17-19
2787 Head-piece to Jeremiah. Jeremiah 52:17-19
Volume 22: 2820 Head-piece to Lamentations. Lamentations 3:10
2821 Head-piece to Lamentations. Lamentations 3:10
2822 Lamentations. Lamentations 2:11-12
2827 Tail-piece to Lamentations. Lamentations 5:15-17
2828 Tail-piece to Lamentations. Lamentations 5:15-17
2829 Head-piece to Ezekiel. Ezekiel 1:4
2830 Head-piece to Ezekiel. Ezekiel 1:4

67
2831 Ezekiel’s Vision. Ezekiel 1:5-6
2868 Head-piece to Daniel. Daniel 7:4
2869 Head-piece to Daniel. Daniel 7:4
Volume 23: 2924 Head-piece to Hosea. Hosea 8:5
2925 Head-piece to Hosea. Hosea 8:5
2935 Head-piece to Joel. 2:1
2936 Head-piece to Joel. 2:1
2941 Head-piece to Amos. Amos 9:3
2942 Head-piece to Amos. Amos 9:3
2949 Tail-piece to Amos. Amos 8:4-6
2950 Tail-piece to Amos. Amos 8:4-6
2951 Head-piece to Obadiah. Obadiah 1:3-4
2952 Head-piece to Obadiah. Obadiah 1:3-4
2955 Head-piece to Jonah. Jonah 1:17
2956 Head-piece to Jonah. Jonah 1:17
2983 Tail-piece to Jonah. Jonah 4:7-8
2984 Tail-piece to Jonah. Jonah 4:7-8
2985 Head-piece to Micah. Micah 3:12-13
2986 Head-piece to Micah. Micah 3:12-13
2993 Head-piece to Nahum. Nahum 3:3
2994 Head-piece to Nahum. Nahum 3:3
2997 Tail-piece to Nahum. Nahum 1:3
2998 Tail-piece to Nahum. Nahum 1:3
2999 Head-piece to Habakkuk. Habakkuk 3:5
3000 Head-piece to Habakkuk. Habakkuk 3:5
3004 Head-piece to Zephaniah. Zephaniah 1:14
3005 Head-piece to Zephaniah. Zephaniah 1:14
3010 Tail-piece to Zephaniah. Zephaniah 1:4
3011 Tail-piece to Zephaniah. Zephaniah 1:4
3012 Head-piece to Haggai. Haggai 2:22
3013 Head-piece to Haggai. Haggai 2:22
3017 Tail-piece to Haggai. Haggai 2:9
3018 Tail-piece to Haggai. Haggai 2:9
3019 Head-piece to Zechariah. Zechariah 2:1
3020 Head-piece to Zachariah. Zechariah 2:1
3028 Head-piece to Malachi. Malachi 3:3, 13
3029 Head-piece to Malachi. Malachi 3:3, 13
Volume 24: 3033 Headpiece to 1 Esdras
3044 Tailpiece to 1 Esdras
3045 Headpiece to 2 Esdras
3052 Tailpiece to 2 Esdras
3053 Headpiece to Tobit. Tobit 2:7-9
3091 Marriage of Tobias. Tobit 8:2-3
Volume 25: 3121 Headpiece to Judith
3150 Tailpiece to Judith (by Devis)
3151 Headpiece to the rest of Esther
3157 Headpiece to the Wisdom of Solomon
3159 Headpiece to the Prologue to Ecclesiasticus
3162 Headpiece to Ecclesiasticus
3171 Tailpiece to Ecclesiasticus

68
3172 Headpiece to Baruch
3176 Headpiece to the Song of the Three Children
3177 Tailpiece to the Song of the Three Children
3178 Headpiece to Susanna
3202 Daniel Convicting the Two Elders. Susanna 59-61
Volume 26: 3210 Headpiece to Bel & the Dragon.
3220 The Fraud of Bel’s Priests Detected. Bel & the Dragon 19
3233 Tailpiece to Bel & the Dragon. Bel & the Dragon 31-42
3234 Headpiece to the Prayer of Manasses
3236 Headpiece to 1 Maccabees
3238 The Sacrilege of Antiochus. 1 Maccabees 1:21-24
3247 Mattathias Punishing Idolatry. 1 Maccabees 2:23-25
3261 The Heroism of Eleazar. 1 Maccabees 6:43-46
3269 Tailpiece to 1 Maccabees
3270 Headpiece to 2 Maccabees
3310 Tailpiece to 2 Maccabees
Volume 27: 3375 Head piece to Matthew. Matthew 2:2
3376 Head piece to Matthew. Matthew 2:2
Volume 28: 3601 Christ Stills the Storm. Matthew 8:24-26
Volume 29: 3710 Walking on the Sea. Matthew 14:30
Volume 31: 3994 The Taking of Jesus. Matthew 26:55
4169 Tail-piece to Matthew. Matthew 14:2
4170 Tail-piece to Matthew. Matthew 14:2
Volume 32: 4211 Headpiece to Mark. Mark 4:4-5
4212 Headpiece to Mark. Mark 4:4-5
Volume 34: 4559 Tail-piece to Mark. Mark 14:72
4560 Tail-piece to Mark. Mark 14:72
4600 Head-piece to Luke. Luke 2:13
4601 Head-piece to Luke. Luke 2:13
Volume 37: 5210 Christ at Emmaus. Luke 24:31
5217 Tail-piece to Luke. Luke 15:4
5218 Tail-piece to Luke. Luke 15:4
Volume 38: 5264 Head-piece to John. John 1:10-12
5265 Head-piece to John. John 1:10-12
Volume 40: 5683 Tail-piece to John. John 15:1
5684 Tail-piece to John. John 15:1
Volume 41: 5692 Head-piece to Acts. Acts 7:59
5693 Head-piece to Acts. Acts 7:59
Volume 43: 6005 Paul Shipwrecked. Acts 27:43-44
6022 Tail-piece to Acts. Acts 17:23
6023 Tail-piece to Acts. Acts 17:23
6026 Head-piece to Romans. Romans 3:22-25
6027 Head-piece to Romans. Romans 3:22-25
6041 Tail-piece to Romans. Romans 5:1-2, 9
6042 Tail-piece to Romans. Romans 5:1-2, 9
6045 Head-piece to 1 Corinthians. 1 Corinthians 3:12
6046 Head-piece to 1 Corinthians. 1 Corinthians 3:12
6063 Tail-piece to 1 Corinthians. 1 Corinthians 15:26
6064 Tail-piece to 1 Corinthians. 1 Corinthians 15:26
Volume 44: 6066 Head-piece to 2 Corinthians. 2 Corinthians 3:15-16

69
6067 Head-piece to 2 Corinthians. 2 Corinthians 3:15-16
6077 Tail-piece to 2 Corinthians. 2 Corinthians 4:7
6078 Tail-piece to 2 Corinthians. 2 Corinthians 4:7
6080 Headpiece to Galatians. Galatians 1:8-9
6081 Headpiece to Galatians. Galatians 1:8-9
6090 Tail-piece to Galatians. Galatians 5:1-4
6091 Tail-piece to Galatians. Galatians 5:1-4
6094 Head-piece to Ephesians. Ephesians 6:11 etc.
6095 Head-piece to Ephesians. Ephesians 6:11 etc.
6106 Tail-piece to Ephesians Ephesians 3:14-15
6107 Tail-piece to Ephesians Ephesians 3:14-15
6111 Head-piece to Philippians. Philippians 2:7-8
6112 Head-piece to Philippians. Philippians 2:7-8
6118 Head-piece to Colossians. Colossians 1:5-6
6119 Head-piece to Colossians. Colossians 1:5-6
6123 Tail-piece to Colossians. Colossians 2:14-21
6124 Tail-piece to Colossians. Colossians 2:14-21
6126 Head-piece to 1 Thessalonians. 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3
6127 Head-piece to 1 Thessalonians. 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3
6131 Head-piece to 2 Thessalonians. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4
6132 Head-piece to 2 Thessalonians. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4
6134 Tail-piece to 2 Thessalonians. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4
6135 Tail-piece to 2 Thessalonians. 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4
6137 Head-piece to 1 Timothy. 1 Timothy 1:4
6138 Head-piece to 1 Timothy. 1 Timothy 1:4
6142 Head-piece to 2 Timothy. 2 Timothy 3:5
6143 Head-piece to 2 Timothy. 2 Timothy 3:5
6147 Tail-piece to 2 Timothy. 2 Timothy 4:7-8
6148 Tail-piece to 2 Timothy. 2 Timothy 4:7-8
6151 Head-piece to Titus. Titus 3:5-7
6152 Head-piece to Titus. Titus 3:5-7
6155 Tail-piece to Titus. Titus 3:16
6156 Tail-piece to Titus. Titus 3:16
6157 Head-piece to Philemon. Philemon 6
6158 Head-piece to Philemon. Philemon 6
6159 Tail-piece to Philemon. 15-16
6160 Tail-piece to Philemon. 15-16
6162 Head-piece to Hebrews. 1:6
6163 Head-piece to Hebrews. 1:6
6174 Head-piece to James. 5:14-15
6175 Head-piece to James. 5:14-15
6180 Tail-piece to James. James 1:5
6181 Tail-piece to James. James 1:5
Volume 45: 6182 Head-piece to 1 Peter. 1 Peter 1:11-12
6183 Head-piece to 1 Peter. 1 Peter 1:11-12
6195 Tail-piece to 1 Peter. 1 Peter 1:18-20
6196 Tail-piece to 1 Peter. 1 Peter 1:18-20
6197 Head-piece 2 Peter. 2 Peter 3:10-11
6198 Head-piece 2 Peter. 2 Peter 3:10-11
6201 Tail-piece to 2 Peter. 2 Peter 3:12

70
6202 Tail-piece to 2 Peter. 2 Peter 3:12
6203 Head-piece to 1 John. 1 John 1:1-3
6204 Head-piece to 1 John. 1 John 1:1-3
6212 Tail-piece to 1 John. 1 John 5:21
6213 Tail-piece to 1 John. 1 John 5:21
6214 Head-piece to 2 John. 2 John 7
6215 Head-piece to 2 John. 2 John 7
6216 Tail-piece to 2 John. 2 John 4
6217 Tail-piece to 2 John. 2 John 4
6218 Head-piece to 3 John. 3 John 9-10
6219 Head-piece to 3 John. 3 John 9-10
6220 Tail-piece to 3 John. 3 John 13
6221 Tail-piece to 3 John. 3 John 13
6222 Head-piece to Jude. Jude 5
6223 Head-piece to Jude. Jude 5
6227 Tail-piece to Jude. Jude 12-13
6228 Tail-piece to Jude. Jude 12-13
6230 Head-piece to the Revelation. Revelation 7:2
6231 Head-piece to the Revelation. Revelation 7:2
6307 The Vision of the White Horse. Revelations 19:11-12
6311 The Angel Binding Satan. Revelation 20:3
6326 Tail-piece to Revelation. Revelation 13:11-12
6327 Tail-piece to Revelation. Revelation 13:11-12

71
APPENDIX 2

Prints in the Bowyer Bible from Nadal’s “Evangelicae Historiae Imagines”

Nadal’s Life of Christ Bowyer Bible


1. The Annunciation. Lk 1 34.4626
2. The Visitation. Lk 2 34.4668
3. The Nativity. Lk 2:1-14
4. The shepherds. Lk 2:15-20
5. The circumcision. Lk 2:21
6. The arrival of the Magi. Mt 2 27.3401
7. Adoration of the Magi. Mt 2:1-12 27.3417
8. The Purification in the temple. Lk 2
9. Jesus with the scholars in the Temple. Lk 2:42-52
10 John the Baptist at the Jordan. Mt 3, Mk 1, Lk 3:1-6, Jn 1 32.4231
11 Pharisees sent to speak to John. Jn 1:19b-28 38.5272
12 Christ tempted by the devil. Mt 4:1-1 (sic), Mk 1, Lk 4 28.3530
13 The second and third temptations. Mt 1, Mk 1, Lk 4 36.4860
14 Angels minister to Christ. Mt 1, Mk 1, Lk 4 32.4260
15 The wedding feast at Cana. Jn 2:1-11 38.5288
16 Driving the merchants from the Temple. Jn 2:13-25 38.5312
17 A large catch of fish. Lk 5:1-11 36.4879
18 Curing Peter's mother-in-law. Mt 8, Mk 1, Lk 4:38-44 28.3596
19 First leave your gift at the altar. Mt 5:20-24 28.3638
20 Love your enemies. Mt 5:43-48; 6:1-4; Lk 6 28.3569
21 Concerning fasting. Mt 6 28.3572
22 Concerning genuine treasure. Mt 6:16-21 28.3573
23 Concerning faith in God. Mt 6:24-33 28.3577
24 Concerning the poor. Mt 7, Lk 6 36.4891
25 Beware of false prophets. Mt 7:15-21, Lk 6 28.3586
26 Cure of a leper. Mt 8, Mk 1, Lk 5 28.3589
27 Cure of the centurion's servant. Mt 8:1-13, Lk 7 29.3769
28 Son of the widow of Nain. Lk 7:11-16
29 The storm at sea. Mt 8:23-27, Mk 4, Lk 8 33.4354
30 The paralytic lowered through the roof. Mt 9:1-8, Mk 2, Lk 5 32.4272
31 Cure of the daughter of Jairus. Mt 9:18-26, Mk 5, Lk 8 33.4364
32 John sends two disciples to Christ. Mt 11:2-10, Lk 7
33 The good Samaritan. Lk 10:23-37 36.4964
34 Mary Magdalene washes Christ's feet. Lk 7:36-50 36.4926
35 The Samaritan woman at the well. Jn 4 38.5345
36 The Samaritan woman returns. Jn 4:5-42 38.5351
37 Cure of the ruler's son. Jn 4:46-53 38.5355
38 Parable of the sower. Mt 13, Mk 4, Lk 8:4-15 29.3657

72
39 Weeds are sown among the wheat. Mt 13:24-30 29.3667
40 The attempt to throw Christ off a cliff. Mt 13, Mk 6, Lk 4:23-30 36.4863
41 Disciples rest after crossing the sea. Mt 14, Mk 6, Lk 9, Jn 6 29.3696
42 The loaves and fish. Mt 14, Mk 6, Lk 9, Jn 6:1-15 33.4376
43 Christ feeds 5,000. Mt 14, Mk 6, Lk 9, Jn 6:1-15 33.4375
44 Christ walks on the Water. Mt 14, Mk 6:47-56, Jn 6 29.3708
45 Christ expels the deaf mute's demons. Mt 12, Mk 3, Lk 11:14-28 29.3651
46 The Jews seek a sign from Christ. Mt 12:38-50, Lk 6 29.3654
47 Cure at the five porticoes. Jn 5:1-15 38.5360
48 Cure of the paralytic on the Sabbath. Lk 14:1-11 36.5012
49 Invitation to the great banquet. Lk 14:16-24 30.3840
50 The Jews wan to kill Christ. Jn 7:1-13 39.5388
51 Pharisees conspire against Christ. Jn 7:14-31 39.5389
52 Pharisees send envoys to trap Christ. Jn 7:32-39 39.5390
53 Christ liberates the adulteress. Jn 8:1-11 39.5393
54 Christ teaches daily in the temple. Jn 8:12-20 39.5395
55 The dangers of disbelief. Jn 8:21-29 39.5396
56 A strident dispute with Pharisees. Jn 8:46-59 39.5412
57 Cure of the man born blind. Jn 9:1-38 39.5415
58 The good shepherd. Jn 10:11-16 39.5431
59 Crafty Pharisees try to entrap Christ. Jn 10:22-38 39.5437
60 Christ and the "tradition" of the Pharisees. Mt 15:1-20, Mk 7 33.4384
61 The Canaanite woman. Mt 15:21-28, Mk 7 29.3720
62 Christ cures the deaf mute. Mk 7:31-37 33.4388
63 Transfiguration. Mt 17:1-9, Mk 9, Lk 9 33.4397
64 Christ is falsely accused. Lk 16:1-9 37.5065
65 The lost sheep and lost drachma. Mt 18, Lk 15:1-10 37.5024
66 The Prodigal Son. Lk 15 37.5034
67 The Prodigal Son squanders his wealth. Lk 15:11-32 37.5039
68 The Prodigal Son becomes a swineherd. Lk 15:11-32 37.5046
69 A loving father welcomes the son. Lk 15:11-32 37.5061
70 On children and on fraternal correction. Mt 18:15-22, Mk 9, Lk 9 29.3758
71 The ungrateful servant. Mt 18:23-35 29.3777
72 The eleventh hour labourers. Mt 20:1-16 29.3792
73 The great banquet. Lk 16 37.5077
74 The death of Dives and Lazarus. Lk 16:19-31 37.5080
75 In vain Dives asks Abraham's help. Lk 16 37.5082
76 Christ is told of the death of Lazarus. Jn 11 39.5439
77 Christ goes to Bethany. Jn 11:1-45 39.5441
78 Christ raises Lazarus. Jn 11:1-45 39.5455
79 The council plan to kill Christ. Jn 11:47-54 39.5466
80 Christ predicts his Crucifixion. Mt 20, Mk 10, Lk 18 29.3802
81 Christ cures 10 lepers. Lk 17:11-19 37.5090

73
82 Request of the Mother of James & John. Mt 20:17-28, Mk 10 29.3803
83 Christ cures the blind man at Jericho. Lk 18:31-43 37.5106
84 At the home of Simon the leper. Matt 26, Mk 14, Jn 12:1-9 30.3953
85 Christ rides on a colt. Mt 21:1-9, Mk 11, Lk 19, Jn 12 29.3819
86 Christ looks out over Jerusalem. Mt 26:1-75, Mk 11, Lk 19, Jn 12 29.3818
87 Solemn entry into the City. Mt 27:1-66, Mk 11, Lk 19, Jn 12 29.3820
88 Christ again drives out the merchants. Mt 21:10-17, Mk 11, Lk 19, Jn 12
30.3825
89 Gentiles come to talk to Christ. Jn 12:1-9 39.5474
90 The Pharisee and the Publican. Lk 18:9-14 39.5434
91 The tenant farmers. Mt 21, Mk 12, Lk 20 30.3874
92 They kill the son outside the vineyard. Mt 21:33-46, Mk 12, Lk 20 30.3836
93 The King hosts a wedding feast for his son. Mt 22:1-14 30.3842
94 About the tribute to Caesar. Mt 22:15-21, Mk 12, Lk 20 30.3857
95 Christ is asked about the First Commandment. Mt 22:34-46, Mk 12, Lk 20
30.3851
96 The teachings of the Scribes and Pharisees. Mt 23:1-12, Mk 12, Lk 20
30.3864
97 About the anti-Christ. Mt 24:15-35, Mk 13, Lk 21 30.3899
98 What precedes the General Judgment. Mt 24, Mk 13, Lk21:25-33 30.3903
99 The General Judgment. Mt 25:31-46 30.3927

100 Preparation for the Last Supper. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 13 33.4458
101 Washing the feet at the Last Supper. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 13:1-15
39.5478
102 Institution of the Holy Sacrament. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, 1 Cor 10-11
30.3962
103 The events after Holy Communion. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 13 39.5493
104 "In a little while you will not see Me". Jn 16:16-22 33.4425
105 The coming of the Holy Spirit. Jn 16:5-14 39.5507
106 The need for prayer. Jn 16:23-30 39.5508
107 Christ prays in the Garden. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 30.3989
108 Armed men enter the Garden. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 40.5521
109 Peter cuts off the ear of Malchus. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 33.4476
110 Christ is taken prisoner. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 33.4484
111 Brought to the High Priest Annas. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 40.5524
112 Before Annas. Peter denies Christ. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 33.4485
113 Caiaphas. Pater again denies Christ. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 31.4002
114 Silence of Christ. Peter's third denial. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 33.4489
115 After the dismissal of the Sanhedrin. Mt 26, Mk 14, Lk 22, Jn 18 31.4010
116 Events before the Sanhedrin. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 22 31.4000
117 Before Pilate: Judas hangs himself. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23 31.4020
118 Early events at Pilate's praetorium. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 18 40.5534

74
119 Events at Herod's Palace. Lk 23 37.5163
120 The later events of Pilate's praetorium. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 18
31.4035
121 Christ is scourged. Mt 27, Mk 15, Jn 19 33.4497
122 Christ is crowned with thorns. Mt 27, Mk 15, Jn 19 31.4056
123 Between crowning and sentencing. Jn 19 40.5571
124 Pilate sentences Christ. Mt 27, MK 15, Lk 23, Jn 19 40.5576
125 Christ is led to Mount Calvary. Mt 27, MK 15, Lk 23, Jn 19
126 Events just before the Crucifixion. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23 34.4503
127 Christ is Crucified. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 19:1-42 31.4067
128 The cross is elevated. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 19 34.4510
129 Events before death. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 19 31.4084
130 Christ gives up His spirit. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 19 40.5620
131 Christ descends to the nether world. Zech 9, Eccl 24, Eph 4 31.4092
132 Christ is taken down from the cross. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 19
133 The burial of Christ. Mt 27, Mk 15, Lk 23, Jn 19 37.5183
134 The Resurrection of Christ. Mt 28, Mk 16:1-7, Lk 24, Jn 20 31.4141
135 The apparition to his Mother Mary. No scripture
136 Meeting the women at the sepulchre. Mt 28, Mk 16, Lk 24, Jn 20 31.4159
137 Appearance of the angel to the women. Mt 28, MK 16, Lk 24, Jn 20
37.5192
138 Peter and John come to the sepulchre. Lk 24, Jn 20 40.5637
139 Christ appears to Mary Magdalene. Mk 16, Jn 20 40.5638
140 Christ appears to the women. Mk 16, Jn 20 31.4161
141 Two disciples on the road to Emmaus. Mk 16, Lk 24 37.5201
142 Christ's appearance without Thomas. Lk 24, Jn 20 37.5215
143 Christ's appearance with Thomas. Jn 20 40.5652
144 Christ appears at the Sea of Tiberius. Jn 21 40.5669
145 Christ eats with his disciples. Jn 21 40.5671
146 Christ appears on Mount Tabor. Mt 28 31.4163
147 Just before the Ascension. Mk end, Lk 24, Acts 1 34.4550
148 The Ascension of Christ into Heaven. Mk 16:14-20, Lk 24, Jn 21, Acts 1
149 The Day of Pentecost. Acts 2:1-11
150 Dormition of the Mother of God. No scripture
151 Burial of the Virgin Mary. No scripture
152 The Virgin Mary is joined with her Son. No scripture
153 The Assumption of Mary into heaven. No scripture

▪ FINIS ▪

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