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Form 1 Science

Chapter 7

FORM 1 CHAPTER 7
HEAT

1. Diagram 1.1 shows the physical changes in the state of water.

Ice

X : …………………..…..

Steam

Process Z

Y : …………………..…..

Diagram 1.1

(a) Name processes X and Y in Diagram 1.1 using the following words

Melting Boiling Condensation

[2 marks]
(b) Diagram 1.2 shows the drying of clothes under the sun.

Diagram 1.2

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

(i) Name the physical process shown in Diagram 2.1.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
(ii) Draw the changes in the arrangement of particles during this process.

[2 marks]

(iii) State whether heat is absorbed or released during this process.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….
[1 mark]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

2. Diagram 2.1 shows an activity involving different ways of heat flow from a fire.

Y : …………………………….

X : ………………………………

Z : …………………………

Diagram 2.1

(a) State the ways of heat flow in Diagram 2.1 using the following information.

Radiation Convection Conduction

[2 marks]

(b) Draw the direction of heat flow from the hot pot to the hand in the box provided in
Diagram 2.2

Diagram 2.2
[1 mark]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

(c) Diagram 2.3 shows an electric kettle that functions using the principle of heat transfer.

Diagram 2.3

(i) State the function of X.

……….………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii) Draw arrows to show the convection current that occur in the kettle in the box in
Diagram 2.3.

[1 mark]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

3. Diagram 3.1 shows an activity that is carried out to study the effect of heating on a metal
ball.

ring
ring

metal ball

metal ball

Before Heating After Heating

Diagram 3.1
(a) What can be observed when the heated metal ball is placed on the ring?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(b) What is the effect of heat on the metal ball?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(c) What happens to the particles in the metal ball when the metal ball is heated?
……………………………………………………………………………………
…. ………

[1 mark]

(d) Draw the changes in arrangement of particles when the metal ball is heated.

Before Heating After Heating

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

[1 mark]

(e) Diagram 3.2 shows the effect of heat on the bimetallic strip

Metal P

Metal Q
Before heating After heating

Diagram 3.2

(i) Why does the metallic strip bend after heating?

………………………………………………………………………………….…………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(ii) Diagram 3.3 shows bimetallic strip used in a fire alarm. Label P and Q in the boxes
provided so that fire alarm system can function.

Contact point

Emergency
light
Contact screw

Fire alarm
rings

Power supply

Diagram 3.3
(iii) What causes the alarm to ring when the bimetallic strip bends?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

[1 mark]

4. (a) Diagram 4.1 shows two shirts of different colours which are being dried under the same
conditions.

Black shirt
White shirt

Situation A Situation B
Diagram 4.1

(i) Based on your observations in Figure 8.1, state the difference in the time taken for
the
shirts to dry in Situation A and Situation B.

… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(ii) What inference can be made based on Situation A and Situation B in Diagram 4.1?

…….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………….. …………………….

[1 mark]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

(b) Diagram 4.2 shows an experiment to study the absorption of heat by different surfaces.
The apparatus is being heated for 5 minutes and the thermometer reading in each
minute is recorded in the table 4.3 below. The final thermometer reading is shown.

40
35

Diagram 4.2

Time of heating, Reading of thermometer X Reading of thermometer Y


t (minutes) T, (°C) T, (°C)

0 35 35

1 36 35

2 38 36

3 40 36

4 42 37

Table 4.3

(i) State the following variables.

Controlled variable : ………………………………………………………………………….

Manipulated variable: …………………………………………………………………………

Responding variable: ………………………………………………………………………..

[3 marks]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

(ii) State the hypothesis of this experiment.

………….......................................................................................................................

…………..…………………………………………………………………………….. ………

[1 mark]

(iii) Record the temperature reading in the table 4.3.


[1 mark]

(iv) Based on the information in Table 4.3, plot a graph to show the relationship between
the time of heating, t and the thermometer reading.

[2 marks]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

(v) Based on the graph, what is the relationship between the time, t and the
temperature, T?

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(vi) Predict what will happen to the thermometer X reading after 5 minutes.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

5. Diagram 5.1 shows an activity to compare the heat conductivity of three different metal rods,
P, Q and R.

Rod P

Rod Q
Rod R
Wax
Thumbtack

Diagram 5.1
The rods are heated equally at one end. The time taken for the thumbtacks to drop is given
in Table 5.2.

Metal rod Time taken for thumbtacks to drop (s)


P 90
Q 150
R 110

Table 5.2

(a) How is heat transferred through the metal rods?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(b) (i) Which metal rod transfer heat the fastest?

……………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(ii) Explain your answer in (b)(i).

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(c) Arrange P, Q and R according to their heat conductivity in ascending order.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

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Form 1 Science
Chapter 7

(d) (i) Which of the metals, P, Q, or R is the best material for making a frying pan?

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii) Give one reason for your answer in (d)(i).

……………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………. ……………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

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