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Form 2 Science

Chapter 7

FORM 2 CHAPTER 7
DYNAMICS

1. (a) Name the forces shown in Diagram 1.1.

(i) ………………………………….. (ii) …………………………………..

(iii) ………………………………….. (iv) …………………………………..

Diagram 1.1

[4 marks]

(b) Diagram 1.2 shows a girl playing hockey.

Diagram 1.2

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 7

State two effects of force on the ball when the girl hits the ball with a hockey stick.

(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………………….

(ii) …………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[2 marks]

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 7

2. A worker pushes a sack of rice using a trolley to the shop as shown in Diagram 2.1.

Diagram 2.1

(a) If the frictional force between the trolley and the ground is 500 N, calculate the work
done by the worker.

[2 marks]

(b) A boy tries to push the sack of rice but the sack is too heavy for him to move.

(i) Did the small boy do any work?

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii) Why?

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 7

Diagram 2.2

(c) The worker carries a sack of rice weighing 50 kg upstairs. If the mass of the man is 65
kg, calculate the work done in Diagram2.2.
(1 kg = 10 N)

[2 marks]

(d) The worker takes 5 minutes to complete the work in (c). Calculate his power.

[2 marks]

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 7

3. Diagram 3.1 shows a wooden block being pulled on a table top.

Spring balance
Wooden block

Smooth table top

Diagram 3.1

(a) Name the forces acting on the wooden block.

(i) ……………………………………………………………………………………………
……

(ii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………
……

[2 marks]

(b) Using , draw the direction of the frictional force acting on the wooden block in the box
provided in Diagram 3.1.

[1 mark]

(c) What will happen to the reading of the spring balance if the same wooden block is pulled
along a piece of sand paper?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(d) Diagram 3.2 shows a man pushing a box towards the wall.

Wall

Box

5m

Diagram 3.2
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Form 2 Science
Chapter 7

(i) Suggest one way on how he can reduce the force needed to push the box.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

[1 mark]

(ii) If the force needed to push the box is 300 N. Calculate the work done by the man in
pushing the box towards the wall.

[2 marks]

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 7

4. Diagram 4.1 shows some methods used to reduce friction.

P: ……………………….. Q: ……………………….. R: ………………………..

Diagram 4.1

(a) Name method P, Q, and R on Diagram 4.1.

[3 marks]

(b) Diagram 4.2 shows some used tyres.

Diagram 4.2
(i) What has happened to the surfaces of the tyres?

………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

(ii) Explain your answer in (b)(i).

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

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Form 2 Science
Chapter 7

(c) Diagram 4.3 shows two persons walking.

Diagram 4.3

(i) State one advantage of friction in this situation.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(ii) State one disadvantage of friction in this situation.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

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