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Unit 3 Chemistry Lab Activity:

Chemical Writing and Chemical Names

The purpose of this activity is to combine different ions and observe whether they come together to form a precipitate. You can then name the new compound formed and write the formula for this compound.

Procedure:

  • 1. Take the laminated chart (as shown below) and combine two drops of cation solution with two drops of anion solution in the appropriate grid square.

  • 2. Observe the reaction (if any) and record your observation on the data table below.

  • 3. Repeat the steps until you have combined all twelve possible reactions.

Observations:

  • a) Use as Y or N to indicate if a precipitate (cloudiness) formed.

  • b) Fill in your observations of all precipitates formed (color and level of

cloudiness eg. Slightly cloudy, or very cloudy)

Ions

 

Cl

-

 

CO 3 2-

 

OH -

 

1.

Yes

2.

Yes

3.

Yes

Ag +

Thick cloudy Formed in the middle

Yellow cloudy Located in the middle

Brown precipitate formed in center

 

4.

No

5.

No

6.

Yes

Co 2+

Pink in Color

Pink precipitate formed in center

Blue precipitate formed in the center

 

7.

No

8.

No

9.

No

Fe 3+

Yellow in color

Clear

Clear

 

10. No

 

11. Yes

12. Yes

Cu 2+

Light blue

 

Darker blue

Light blue

 

precipitate in

precipitate in

center

center

Names and formulas of all compounds formed

1.

AgCl

Silver Chloride

2.

Ag 2 CO 3

Silver Carbonate

3.

AgOH

Silver Hydroxide

4.

CoCl 2

Cobalt (II) Chloride

5.

CoCO 3

Cobalt (II) Carbonate

6.

Co(OH) 2

Cobalt (II) Hydroxide

7.

FeCl 3

Iron (III) Chloride

8.

Fe 2 (CO 3 ) 3

Iron (III) Carbonate

9.

Fe(OH) 3

Iron (III) Hydroxide

10. CuCl 2

Copper (II) Chloride

11.

CuCO 3

Copper (II) Carbonate

  • 12. Cu(OH) 2

Copper (II) Hydroxide

Photo of spotplate:

11. CuCO Copper (II) Carbonate 12. Cu(OH) Copper (II) Hydroxide Photo of spotplate: Questions: 1. What

Questions:

  • 1. What is happening at the molecular level for a precipitate to form?

(google this) When you mix two solutions of different ionic compounds that individually are soluble compounds, they form an new insoluble compound which produces precipitate.

  • 2. Suggest a logical reason why the ions in one compound would separate

from each other (eg. Dissolve in water), while they wouldn't be dissolved in another compound (as they come together in forming a precipitate.) eg. What forces could be at play here? Water dissolves ionic compounds because water molecules have partially charged atoms. Water is a polar molecule that surrounds the ion, while oxygen forms a negative. When both are combined, it dissolves the ions. Non-polar molecules do not dissolve in water.

  • 3. In making formulas of compounds, why would you use parentheses

sometimes? You would use parentheses when there are multiple polyatomic ions.

i.e. Fe 2 (CO 3 ) 3

  • 4. At what time do you use roman numerals? Is this used in naming, or making formulas of compounds?

You use roman numerals to name compounds that have a variable charge. i.e. Copper (II) Chloride

  • 5. What letters do we use after a formula to indicate the state of the

A)

compound? We use solid (s), aqueous (aq), gas (g) and liquid (l)

b)

When a compound dissolves in water, how do indicate this with the

formula of the compound?

(aq) for aqueous

c)

At the molecular level, describe the ionic compound when it is

dissolved in water. The attractions of the polar water molecules are stronger than the attractions the ions have for each other. Due to high temperature, ionic compounds dissolve more and faster, this is because of the fast moving

particles and the water molecules spread out slightly providing more space to hold the ions.

Brief reflection statement of what you learned in this activity.

After doing this lab, I learned the process of forming precipitate. I also learnt how to properly represent aqueous in a chemical formula.