P. 1
2007-1-00247-TI Abstrak

2007-1-00247-TI Abstrak

|Views: 4|Likes:
Dipublikasikan oleh Cahyajf Satria

More info:

Published by: Cahyajf Satria on Oct 28, 2013
Hak Cipta:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as RTF, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/02/2015

pdf

text

original

UNIVERSITAS BINA NUSANTARA

Jurusan Teknik Industri
Skripsi Sarjana
Semester Genap tahun 2005/2006
USULAN TATA LETAK DAN MATERIAL HANDLING UNTUK
MINIMASI JARAK PADA LANTAI PRODUKSI MAGIC TAPE
PT. FAJARINDO FALIMAN ZIPPER
William
NIM: 000!"#$
Abstrak
Kenaikan BBM, TDL dan masuknya produk-produk negeri Cina dengan volume yang
banyak dan harga yang murah telah menciptakan iklim persaingan yang ketat antar perusahaan
!alah satu strategi yang ditempuh sebagian perusahaan untuk menghadapi situasi ini adalah
dengan mengurangi kualitas atau menaikan harga "ual dari produk untuk menghemat biaya
pengeluaran #amun terdapat alternative lain untuk menghemat biaya pengeluaran yaitu
dengan mengatur layout dan menentukan material handling yang tepat sehingga "arak
perpindahan material dapat diminimasi.
$enelitian dia%ali dengan mencari total "arak tempuh material dengan cara mengubah
layout a%al men"adi blok layout, menggunakan metode rectilinear dan aisle dan $eta Dari- Ke-
!elan"utnya mengusulkan layout usulan dengan A&C dan A&D, &outing !heet, tabel luas
produksi dan 'asilitas, metode rectilinear dan aisle, $eta Dari- Ke- dan tabel material handling
Kemudian "arak layout a%al di"adikan tolah ukur dalam mengusulkan layout usulan apakah
lebih baik atau tidak
Dari hasil analisa "arak tempuh material layout a%al sebesar ()*+, meter sedangkan
"arak tempuh material pada layout usulan hanya *-.( ter"adi selisih "arak sekitar (+)*- meter
Dari segi biaya, biaya pemindahan bahan pada layout a%al sebesar &p -/--,- per hari,
sedangkan pada layout usulan hanya &p *-.(,- per hari
0al-
hal yang
mempengaruhi minimasi "arak pada layout usulan adalah pola aliran bahan, "enis material
handling yang digunakan dan "umlah mesin serta allo%ance-nya
Kata kunci:
Layut! metde rectilinear dan aisle! "#$ dan "#%! routing sheet, peta dari& ke-,
p'a a'iran (ahan
KATA PENGANTAR
$en)an men)ucapkan syukur kepada Tuhan *an) +aha ,sa atas (erkat dan
karunianya sehin))a penu'is dapat menye'esaikan skripsi tepat pada -aktunya.
$imana tujuan dari pem(uatan skripsi ada'ah se(a)ai sa'ah satu syarat ke'u'usan yan)
harus dipenuhi 'eh mahasis-a Teknik Industri .ni/ersitas 0ina 1usantara untuk
meraih )e'ar sarjana.
$a'am menyusun skripsi ini! penu'is te'ah (anyak mendapat (antuan dan
(im(in)an. .ntuk itu penu'is in)in men)ucapkan (anyak terima kasih kepada:
2. 0apak 3r4. $r. Gerardus 3''a! +."pp.Sc! se'aku #ektr .ni/ersitas 0ina
1usantara.
2. 0apak Iman 5. Kart-isastr! 3h. $.! se'aku $ekan 6a'kutas Teknik .ni/ersitas
0ina 1usantara.
7. 0apak Guna-arman 5artn! Ir.! +.,n).! Ketua Jurusan Teknik Industri
.ni/ersitas 0ina 1usantara.
8. Ir. "ndre +. #. 9ajn)! +0"! $sen pem(im(in) yan) te'ah me'uan)kan
-aktu dan mem(eri saran dan kritikan kepada penu'is.
5. 0apak 5endrik +. #es'ey se'aku +ana)er 3ersna'ia! 3ak #atum! +as 9idd
5adi-ijy! +(ak Ita-ati S,! 3ak Jama' dari 3T. 6ajarind 6a'iman :ipper yan)
te'ah me'uan)kan -aktunya untuk menjadi pem(im(in) di 'apan)an se'ama
penu'isan di'akukan..
6. Se'uruh sta4 dan karya-an 3T. 6ajarind 6a'iman :ipper yan) te'ah mem(erikan
in4rmasi kepada penu'is.
;. Kedua ran) tua saya dan teman&teman yan) te'ah mem(erikan dukun)an secara
penuh (aik menta' maupun materii'.
<. Serta ran)&ran) yan) mem(antu penu'is (aik secara 'an)sun) maupun tidak
'an)sun) yan) tidak dapat dise(utkan se'uruhnya disini.
3enu'is pun menyadari (ah-a tidak ter'epas dari kekuran)an dan
keter(atasan. 0e)itupun da'am penyusunan skripsi! den)an kerendahan hati penu'is
menantikan adanya masukkan! (aik (erupa saran maupun kritik yan) dapat (ersi4at
mem(an)un )una penyusunan 'apran&'apran yan) akan datan).
"khir kata penu'is (erharap 'apran kerja praktek ini dapat (erman4aat dan
(er)una (a)i pem(aca dan semua pihak yan) memer'ukan.
Jakarta! Ju'i 2006
3enu'is
DAFTAR ISI
Judu' .......................................................................................................................... i
Lem(ar 3ersetujuan 0ardcover ................................................................................ iii
Lem(ar 3ersetujuan $e-an 3en)uji
........................................................................................i/ "(strak
...................................................................................................................... / Kata
3en)antar .......................................................................................................... /i $a4tar
Isi ................................................................................................................... /iii $a4tar
Ta(e' .............................................................................................................. =ii $a4tar
Gam(ar........................................................................................................... =i/ $a4tar
Lampiran ........................................................................................................ =/
0"0 2 3,1$"5.L."1 ........................................................................................ 2
2.2 Latar (e'akan) .................................................................................................. 2
2.2 Identi4ikasi dan 3erumusan +asa'ah ............................................................... 8
2.7 #uan) Lin)kup................................................................................................. 5
2.;.2
Jarak &ectilinear ..................................................................................... 87
2.;.7
!1uare 2uclidean .................................................................................... 88
2.;.8
Aisle......................................................................................................... 88
2.8 Tujuan dan +an4aat ......................................................................................... 6
2.5 Gam(aran .mum 3erusahaan.......................................................................... ;
2.5.2 3r4i' 3erusahaan ................................................................................. ;
2.5.2 Struktur >r)anisasi .............................................................................. ?
2.5.7 3rses 3rduksi .................................................................................... 25
2.5.8 Tata Letak 3a(rik ................................................................................. 2?
2.5.8.2 Tata Letak +a)ic tape.............................................................. 20
2.5.8.2 Tata Letak Lantai 3rduksi ...................................................... 20
0"0 2 L"1$"S"1 T,>#I.................................................................................... 22
2.2 3en)ertian dan Tujuan 3erencanaan Tata Letak .............................................. 22
2.2 3ermasa'ahan 3erencanaan 6asi'itas ................................................................ 22
2.7 Tipe&tipe Layut............................................................................................... 28
2.8 3'a&3'a "'iran +ateria' ................................................................................ 2;
2.5 Teknik&Teknik "na'isis Kn/ensina' ............................................................ 2?
2.5.2 Assembly Chart ....................................................................................... 2?
2.5.2 3peration $rocess Chart 43$C5............................................................. 70
2.5.7 3eta dari Ke& @6rom to ChartA................................................................. 72
2.5.8 3eta Keterkaitan Ke)iatan @Activity &elation %hartA .............................. 77
2.5.5 $ia)ram Keterkaitan Ke)iatan @Activity &elation Diagram5.................. 78
2.5.6 $ia)ram "'ir ........................................................................................... 76
2.;.2
Jarak &ectilinear ..................................................................................... 87
2.;.7
!1uare 2uclidean .................................................................................... 88
2.;.8
Aisle......................................................................................................... 88
2.5.8 Tata Letak 3a(rik ................................................................................. 2?
2.5.8.2 Tata Letak +a)ic tape.............................................................. 20
2.5.8 Tata Letak 3a(rik ................................................................................. 2?
2.5.8.2 Tata Letak +a)ic tape.............................................................. 20
2.6 #ancan)an "'ternati4 Tata Letak ..................................................................... 7<
2.; .kuran Jarak .................................................................................................... 82
2.;.2 Jarak 2uclidean ....................................................................................... 82
2.;.2
Jarak &ectilinear ..................................................................................... 87
2.;.7
!1uare 2uclidean .................................................................................... 88
2.;.8
Aisle......................................................................................................... 88
2.;.5 Ad"acency ................................................................................................ 85
2.< &outing !heet ................................................................................................... 86
0"0 7 +,T>$, 3,+,%"5"1 +"S"L"5 ....................................................... 8<
7.2 6lo%chart 3emecahan +asa'ah ....................................................................... 8<
7.2.2 Identi4ikasi dan 3erumusan +asa'ah ...................................................... 8<
7.2.2 Studi 3ustaka ........................................................................................... 8?
7.2.7 3en)umpu'an $ata .................................................................................. 8?
7.2.8 3en)'ahan $ata ..................................................................................... 8?
7.2.5 "na'isis 3en)'ahan $ata ....................................................................... 50
7.2.6 Kesimpu'an dan Saran............................................................................. 50
7.2 Teknik 3en)umpu'an $ata ............................................................................... 52
0"0 8 5"SIL $"1 3,+0"5"S"1..................................................................... 57
8.2 3en)umpu'an data ............................................................................................ 57
8.2.2 Layut dan 3rses Magic Tape ............................................................ 57
$a4tar 3ustaka ......................................................................................................... 207
$a4tar #i-ayat 5idup ............................................................................................. 208
Lampiran ................................................................................................................. 205
8.2.2 Jum'ah dan .kuran +esin ................................................................... 56
8.2.7 Tena)a kerja! 3era'atan dan 6rekuensi 3emindahan +ateria' ............. 5<
8.2 3em(ahasan...................................................................................................... 67
8.2.2 3en)'ahan $ata Layout "-a'............................................................. 67
8.2.2.2 3en)e'mpkan dan 3en)ukuran Luas $epartemen............. 67
8.2.2.2 3en)ukuran Jarak antar $epartemen..................................... 65
8.2.2 3en)'ahan $ata .ntuk Layout .su'an ............................................... 6?
8.2.2.2 "na'isis 5u(un)an "kti/itas ................................................ 6?
8.2.2.2.2 3eta Keterkaitan Ke)iatan................................... 6?
8.2.2.2.2 $ia)ram Keterkaitan Ke)iatan............................ ;7
8.2.2.2 &outing !heet ........................................................................ ;8
8.2.2.7 Luas Lantai G00! G0J! 6asi'itas dan 3rduksi .................... <5
8.2.2.8 0'k Layout .su'an .............................................................. <;
8.2.2.5 Jarak "ntar $epartemen pada Layout .su'an....................... <?
8.2.7 Material 0andling................................................................................ ?7
8.7 "na'isa ............................................................................................................ ?8
8.7.2 "na'isa Tata Letak +esin! 6asi'itas dan "'iran materia' ..................... ?8
8.7.2 "na'isa Jum'ah +esin yan) $i(utuhkan ............................................. ?5
8.7.7 "na'isa Jarak! 6rekuensi 3emindahan dan +ateria' hand'in) ............. ?6
0"0 5 Kesimpu'an dan Saran ................................................................................ 202
5.2 Kesimpu'an .................................................................................................... 202
5.2 Saran............................................................................................................... 202
$a4tar 3ustaka ......................................................................................................... 207
$a4tar #i-ayat 5idup ............................................................................................. 208
Lampiran ................................................................................................................. 205
DAFTAR TABEL
Ta(e' 2.2 3eta dari ke& .............................................................................................. 77
Ta(e' 2.2 %nth 'em(ar keterkaitan ke)iatan ......................................................... 75
Ta(e' 2.7 %nth ta(e' routing sheet ........................................................................ 86
Ta(e' 8.2 Jenis dan jum'ah mesin untuk prduksi Magic tape saat ini..................... 56
Ta(e' 8.2 6rekuensi pemindahan materia' ................................................................ 5?
Ta(e' 8.7 6rom to chart jarak antar departemen @saat iniA ....................................... 6;
Ta(e' 8.8 Jarak perpindahan per hari ........................................................................ 6<
Ta(e' 8.5 Lem(ar keterkaitan ke)iatan ..................................................................... ;2
Ta(e' 8.6 $ata minimum stock magic tape ............................................................... ;5
Ta(e' 8.; Kapasitas masin)&masin) mesin ............................................................... ;5
Ta(e' 8.< Kapasitas mesin rajut ................................................................................ ;6
Ta(e' 8.? &outing sheet............................................................................................. ;;
Ta(e' 8.20 &outing sheet @'anjutan 2A ....................................................................... ;<
Ta(e' 8.22 &outing sheet @'anjutan 2A ....................................................................... ;?
Ta(e' 8.22 &outing sheet @'anjutan 7A ....................................................................... <0
Ta(e' 8.27 &outing sheet @'anjutan 8A ....................................................................... <2
Ta(e' 8.28 &outing sheet @'anjutan 5A ....................................................................... <2
Ta(e' 8.25 &outing sheet @'anjutan 6A ....................................................................... <7
Ta(e' 8.26 Jum'ah mesin yan) di(utuhkan untuk mem(uat hook ............................ <8
Ta(e' 8.2; Jum'ah mesin yan) di(utuhkan untuk mem(uat loop............................. <8
Ta(e' 8.2; Jum'ah mesin yan) di(utuhkan untuk mem(uat loop............................. <8
Ta(e' 8.2< Luas 4asi'itas pendukun)......................................................................... <5
Ta(e' 8.2? Luas 'antai prduksi ................................................................................ <6
Ta(e' 8.20 Titik pusat masin)&masin) departemen .................................................. ?2
Ta(e' 8.22 6rom to chart jarak antar departemen @usu'anA ...................................... ?2
Ta(e' 8.22 6rekuensi pemindahan materia' usu'an................................................... ?7
Ta(e' 8.27 3er(andin)an jum'ah mesin saat ini dan usu .......................................... ?5
Ta(e' 8.28 Jarak yan) ditempuh materia' @saat iniA .................................................. ?6
Ta(e' 8.25 Jarak yan) ditempuh materia' @usu'anA ................................................... ?;
Ta(e' 8.26 Jarak yan) ditempuh den)an cara pemindahan sekaran) ....................... ?<
Ta(e' 8.2; 0iaya pemindahan materia' @usu'anA....................................................... ??
Ta(e' 8.2< 0iaya pemindahan materia' @sekaran)A................................................... ??
DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gam(ar 2.2 Struktur >r)anisasi................................................................................ ?
Gam(ar 2.2 +acam&macam p'a a'iran (ahan ......................................................... 2<
Gam(ar 2.2 3eta rakitan ............................................................................................ 70
Gam(ar 2.7 3eta prses perasi ................................................................................ 72
Gam(ar 2.8 3eta keterkaitan Ke)iatan...................................................................... 78
Gam(ar 2.5 $ia)ram Keterkaitan Ke)iatan.............................................................. 75
Gam(ar 2.6 Block Layout.......................................................................................... 7<
Gam(ar 2.; jarak 2uclidean...................................................................................... 82
Gam(ar 2.< jarak rectilinear ..................................................................................... 87
Gam(ar 2.< Jarak untuk aisle.................................................................................... 88
Gam(ar 2.? Ad"ancency distance .............................................................................. 86
Gam(ar 7.2 +etd')i pemecahan masa'ah ........................................................... 52
Gam(ar 8.2 Layout saat ini ....................................................................................... 58
Gam(ar 8.2 0'k 'antai prduksi @a-a' .................................................................... 67
Gam(ar 8.7 Titik pusat masin)&masin) departemen................................................. 65
Gam(ar 8.8 3eta keterkaitan ke)iatan....................................................................... ;2
Gam(ar 8.5 $ia)ram keterkaitan ke)iatan................................................................ ;7
Gam(ar 8.6 0'k layout usu'an................................................................................. <;
Gam(ar 8.; Titik pusat departemen usu'an............................................................... <?
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN
>3% Loop............................................................................................................... 205
>3% 0ook .............................................................................................................. 206
3eta a'iran prses Loop .......................................................................................... 20;
3eta a'iran prses 5k.......................................................................................... 20<
Layut saat ini ........................................................................................................ 20?
$ia)ram a'iran prses Loop ................................................................................... 220
$ia)ram a'iran prses hook.................................................................................... 222
3eta a'iran prses loop @usu'anA ............................................................................. 222
3eta a'iran prses hook @usu'anA............................................................................. 227
Layut usu'an ......................................................................................................... 228
$ia)ram a'iran prses loop @usu'anA ...................................................................... 225
$ia)ram a'iran prses hook @usu'anA...................................................................... 226
$ata minimum stck .............................................................................................. 22;
K+K ...................................................................................................................... 22<
Surat pernyataan..................................................................................................... 22?

Kata kunci: Layout. metode rectilinear dan aisle. peta dari. routing sheet. pola aliran bahan .ke-. ARD dan ARC.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Mengunduh
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->