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Form 3 Science

Chapter 7

FORM 3 CHAPTER 7
ELECTRICITY

1. Diagram 1 shows electrical circuits P and Q.

P: ……………………………………… Q: ………………………………………

Diagram 1

(a) On Diagram 1, label P and Q using the following words

Parallel circuit Series circuit

[2 marks]

(b) Draw a circuit diagram for P and Q using symbols to represent the various electrical
components.

P Q

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Chapter 7

[2 marks]
(c) What will happen if

(i) one bulb in circuit P is faulty?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(ii) one bulb in circuit Q is faulty?

……………………………………………………………………………………………..

[1 mark]

(d) In circuit P, if the current passing through one bulb is 2A and the voltage across
the bulb is 8V, what is the resistance of the bulb?

R= Voltage
Current

[2 marks]

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

2. Diagram 2 shows electric circuits P, Q, R and S.

P Q

Diagram 2

(a) Based on your observations on Diagram 2, state how the bulbs are connected in
each circuit.

P: …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Q: …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

R: …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

S: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………

[4 marks]

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Chapter 7

(b) Classify P, Q, R and S into two groups based on their common properties. Give
examples for each group.

P, Q, R and S

Common
property

Examples

[4 marks]

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

3. (a) Diagram 3.1 shows two torch lights powered by a dry cell and two dry cells are being
switched on.

Situation (a) Situation (b)

Torch light with one Torch light with two


dry cell dry cells

Diagram 3.1

(i) Based on the observations in Diagram 3.1, state the .difference in the brightness of the
torch lights.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………..

[1 mark]

(ii) State an inference based on the observation in Diagram 3.1.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(iii) State one hypothesis that can be made based on the observation in Diagram 3.1.

………………..……………………………………………………………………………………..

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..…..

[1 mark]

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

(b) A student carried out an experiment to investigate the situation in Diagram 3.1. Diagram
3.2 shows the experiment to determine the effects of changing the number of dry cells to
current. The reading of the ammeter is recorded when different number of dry cells is
used.

Diagram 3.2

(i) Record the reading of the ammeter in Table 3.3 when different number of dry cells is
used.

1 dry cell 2 dry cells

3 dry cells 4 dry cells

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

Number of dry cells Reading of the ammeter (A)


One
Two
Three
Four
Table 3.3

[2 marks]

(ii) Based on the readings in Table 3.3, draw a line graph to show the relationship
between the number of dry cells and the reading of ammeter.
Reading of ammeter (A)

Number of dry cells [2 marks]

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

(iii) State the variables involved in this experiment.

Manipulated variable: ……………………………………………………………….

Responding variable: ………………………………………………………………..

Constant variable: …………………………………………………………………

[3 marks]

(c) Based on the experiment, state the operational definition of current.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…. …………………………………………………………………………………………………..

[1 mark]

(d) Suggest one way the student can increase the brightness of the bulb in Diagram 3.2
without increasing the number of dry cell.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………………………………………
……………………

[1 mark]

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

4. Diagram 4.1 shows the schematic diagram for an experiment to study the relationship
between the thickness of wire and the current flowing through the circuit. Five copper
wires with different diameters are attached to P and Q respectively and the reading of the
ammeter is recorded.

Dry cell

A Switch
Ammeter

P Q
cm copper wire
Diagram 4.1

(a) State the variables involved in the experiment.

Manipulated variable: ……………………………………………………….

Responding variable: ……………………………………………………….

Fixed variable: ……………………………………………………….

[3 marks]

(b) Record the ammeter reading in the space provided in Table 4.2

Diameter of copper Reading of ammeter Value (A)


wire (mm)

5 0.10

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

10 ……………………

15 ……………………

20 ………………….

25 …………………

Table 4.2

[2 marks]

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Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

(c) Using Table 4.2, draw a graph of current against diameter of copper wire.

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4
Current (A)

0.2

5 10 15 20 25

Diameter of copper wire (mm)

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Chapter 7

[2 marks]

(d) Predict the reading of ammeter if the diameter of the copper wire is 23 mm

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(e) State the relationship between the diameter of copper wire and the current flowing
through the circuit

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

(f) What happens to the resistance in the circuit if the diameter of the wire is increased?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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Chapter 7

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]

5. Diagram 5 shows an activity carried out to show the effect of electric current flowing
through a straight wire.

Straight wire

Cardboard
Compass

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Diagram 5
Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

(a) On Diagram 5, draw an arrow to show the direction of current flow.


[1 mark]

(b) Plotting compasses are placed at position P and Q.

(i) Draw the direction of the compass needle in the diagram below.

P Q
[2 marks]

(ii) Draw the pattern of the magnetic field formed around the wire.

[1 mark]

(c) Give one example of the use of an electromagnet.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………

[1 mark]
6. Diagram 6 shows the magnetic field formed around a bar magnet.

P N S Q

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189 6
Form 3 Science
Chapter 7

(a) Using à, draw the direction of the magnetic field lines in the box provided in Diagram 6.

[1 mark]

(b) P and Q are compasses placed around the bar magnet. Draw the direction of the
compass needle below.

P Q
[2 marks]

(c) (i) Which part of the bar magnet has the strongest magnetic field?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

[1 mark]

(ii) Give one reason for the answer in (c)(i).

…………………………………………………………………………………………………..

[1 mark]

(d) State one property of the magnetic field lines.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………….

[1 mark]

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