Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 1
1. Sociology – The Discipline: i. Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. ii. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. iii. Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: i. Science, scientific method and critique. ii. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. iii. Positivism and its critique. iv. Fact value and objectivity. v. Non- positivist methodologies. 3. Research Methods and Analysis: i. Qualitative and quantitative methods. ii. Techniques of data collection. iii. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity. 4. Sociological Thinkers: i. Karl Marx i. Historical materialism ii. mode of production iii. alienation iv. class struggle. ii. Emile Durkheim i. Division of labour ii. social fact iii. suicide iv. religion v. Society iii. Max Weber i. Social action ii. ideal types iii. authority iv. bureaucracy v. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. iv. Talcolt Parsons i. Social system ii. pattern variables. v. Robert K. Merton i. Latent and manifest functions
v. citizenship. equality ii. iii. Stratification and Mobility: i. Formal and informal organization of work. Works and Economic Life: i. civil society. open and closed systems ii. and political parties.
. Labour and society.
8. ii. Mead – Self and identity. Sociological theories of power. exclusion v. inequality iii. Sociological theories of religion. Dimensions i. revolution. Concepts i. Theories of social stratification i. Social mobility i.5. Nation. ii. iv. iv. democracy. Social organization of work in different types of society i. agitation. reference groups. poverty vi. ideology. Weberian theory iii. Marxist theory iii. state. slave society. bureaucracy. Politics and Society: i. Power elite. Social stratification of class ii. iii. collective action. gender iv. iv. feudal society. social movements. ethnicity and race. Protest.
6. hierarchy iv.
7. Sources and causes of mobility. Religion and Society: i. conformity and deviance iii. vi. types of mobility iii. industrial /capitalist society. Deprivation ii. status groups iii. pressure groups.
ii. Structural functionalist theory ii.
Contemporary trends. v. b. iii. Ghurye). fundamentalism. iv. marriage. animism ii. ii. monism iii. religion and science ii. 9.
. Education and social change. household. sects v. Types and forms of family. technology and social change. Social reforms. ii. Sociological theories of social change. Development and dependency. Family. Agents of social change. iv.Types of religious practices: i. Modernization of Indian tradition. Indology (GS.
Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 2
#1: Introducing Indian Society: a. pluralism iv. ii. Science. Systems of Kinship: i. 10. cults. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: i. #2: Social Structure 1. The idea of Indian village and village studies. Marxist sociology (A R Desai). iii. Social Change in Modern Society: i. Protests and movements during the colonial period. iv. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : i. secularization iii. Social background of Indian nationalism. ii. iii. v. Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas). iii. Religion in modern society i. Patriarchy and sexual division of labour. Lineage and descent. Perspectives on the study of Indian society: i. religious revivalism iv.
iv. Tribal communities in India: i. migration. law and social change. iii. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture . iii. Religion and Society: i. Features of caste system. Household dimensions of the family. iv. cooperatives.2. M N Srinivas. ii. ii. schemes. Patriarchy. v. Colonial policies and tribes. ii. Religious communities in India. Problems of religious minorities. ii. Lineage and descent in India. Caste System: i. land reforms. Green revolution and social change. Systems of Kinship in India: i. Geographical spread. entitlements and sexual division of labour. bondage. Definitional problems. Andre Beteille. 8. Problems of rural labour.
4. poverty alleviation ii. ii. Types of kinship systems. Issues of integration and autonomy.
3. Visions of Social Change in India: i. ii. ii. iii. Louis Dumont. Idea of development planning and mixed economy. iii. #3: Social Changes in India:
7. Education and social change. iii. iii. Programmes of rural development. Constitution.
6. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: i. iv.
Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system. Community Development Programme. Social Classes in India: i. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GSGhurye. Middle classes in India. Agrarian class structure. Industrial class structure. v. Untouchability – forms and perspectives. Family and marriage in India.
i. class mobilization. Emerging issues: ageing. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: i. Regionalism and decentralization of power. ii. Women’s movement. death. iii. religious revivalism. Population Dynamics: Population size. Slums and deprivation in urban areas. Population policy and family planning. Backward classes & Dalit movement. Growth of urban settlements in India. iv. v. ii. 10. Political parties. Informal sector. sex ratios. Poverty. Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements. ii. iii. iii. iv. i. environmental problems and sustainability. Evolution of modern industry in India. reproductive health. child and infant mortality. iii. child labour. Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement. 12. v. v. Illiteracy and disparities in education. social and political elite. 11. democracy and citizenship. Secularization. iv. Ethnic conflicts. iv. Working class: structure. migration. deprivation and inequalities. vi. growth. pressure groups. i. 13. Ethnicity and Identity movements. communalism. ii. iii. ii. Caste conflicts. Politics and Society: Nation.
. composition and distribution. iv. growth. Violence against women.9. i. Environmental movements. Components of population growth: birth.