Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 1

1. Sociology – The Discipline: i. Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. ii. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. iii. Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: i. Science, scientific method and critique. ii. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. iii. Positivism and its critique. iv. Fact value and objectivity. v. Non- positivist methodologies. 3. Research Methods and Analysis: i. Qualitative and quantitative methods. ii. Techniques of data collection. iii. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity. 4. Sociological Thinkers: i. Karl Marx i. Historical materialism ii. mode of production iii. alienation iv. class struggle. ii. Emile Durkheim i. Division of labour ii. social fact iii. suicide iv. religion v. Society iii. Max Weber i. Social action ii. ideal types iii. authority iv. bureaucracy v. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. iv. Talcolt Parsons i. Social system ii. pattern variables. v. Robert K. Merton i. Latent and manifest functions

civil society. equality ii. Politics and Society: i. conformity and deviance iii. types of mobility iii. Social organization of work in different types of society i. Deprivation ii. Theories of social stratification i. hierarchy iv. collective action. v. Weberian theory iii. Power elite. iv. status groups iii. Religion and Society: i. poverty vi. 8. Works and Economic Life: i. . social movements. Concepts i. Marxist theory iii. state. Mead – Self and identity. slave society. iv. Stratification and Mobility: i. feudal society. Sociological theories of religion. Sources and causes of mobility. gender iv. Labour and society. industrial /capitalist society. open and closed systems ii. Dimensions i. and political parties. ideology. Protest. ethnicity and race. Sociological theories of power. inequality iii.5. agitation. reference groups. Nation. citizenship. Structural functionalist theory ii. iv. iii. ii. Social stratification of class ii. 6. ii. exclusion v. vi. pressure groups. iii. bureaucracy. Social mobility i. Formal and informal organization of work. revolution. 7. democracy. ii.

Perspectives on the study of Indian society: i. Modernization of Indian tradition. monism iii. ii. Patriarchy and sexual division of labour. 9. Agents of social change. Protests and movements during the colonial period. 10. Family. Ghurye). ii. iii. b. Lineage and descent. Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas). ii. iv. The idea of Indian village and village studies. . Social background of Indian nationalism. Marxist sociology (A R Desai). iii. cults. Systems of Kinship: i. animism ii. Education and social change. sects v. secularization iii. Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 2 #1: Introducing Indian Society: a. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: i. #2: Social Structure 1. fundamentalism. pluralism iv. Sociological theories of social change. iii. ii. ii. Development and dependency.Types of religious practices: i. Religion in modern society i. Social Change in Modern Society: i. household. marriage. technology and social change. religion and science ii. Indology (GS. Social reforms. religious revivalism iv. Science. Types and forms of family. iv. v. iii. Contemporary trends. v. iv. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : i. iii.

iii. Family and marriage in India. #3: Social Changes in India: 7. Features of caste system. poverty alleviation ii. Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture . law and social change. ii. 5. Lineage and descent in India. 6. Andre Beteille. Programmes of rural development. 8. land reforms. Systems of Kinship in India: i. iv. iv. Patriarchy. Problems of religious minorities. Social Classes in India: i. ii. Religious communities in India. iii. entitlements and sexual division of labour. Problems of rural labour. Geographical spread. Religion and Society: i. Issues of integration and autonomy. cooperatives. Caste System: i. ii. iii. Industrial class structure. Household dimensions of the family. Idea of development planning and mixed economy. 3. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GSGhurye. iii. Colonial policies and tribes. ii.2. Visions of Social Change in India: i. Types of kinship systems. Green revolution and social change. v. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: i. ii. iv. Middle classes in India. Constitution. ii. Tribal communities in India: i. Education and social change. bondage. iii. Definitional problems. migration. Louis Dumont. 4. M N Srinivas. ii. schemes. Untouchability – forms and perspectives. v. . Agrarian class structure. iii. Community Development Programme.

Components of population growth: birth. ii. death. 11. migration. Violence against women. v. Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement. ii. child labour. Evolution of modern industry in India. Environmental movements. 13. social and political elite. iii. . iv. Politics and Society: Nation. Population policy and family planning. Working class: structure. Poverty. Women’s movement. Secularization. Growth of urban settlements in India. 10. child and infant mortality. v. i. Caste conflicts. Backward classes & Dalit movement. Emerging issues: ageing. Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements. reproductive health. communalism. ii. i. sex ratios. Illiteracy and disparities in education. Population Dynamics: Population size. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: i. iii. iii. iv. Political parties. iii. growth. ii. composition and distribution. iv. Regionalism and decentralization of power. Informal sector. pressure groups. environmental problems and sustainability. i. religious revivalism. Ethnicity and Identity movements. v. ii. class mobilization. growth. Ethnic conflicts. iv. 12.9. deprivation and inequalities. iii. vi. democracy and citizenship. iv. i. Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

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