Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 1

1. Sociology – The Discipline: i. Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. ii. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. iii. Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: i. Science, scientific method and critique. ii. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. iii. Positivism and its critique. iv. Fact value and objectivity. v. Non- positivist methodologies. 3. Research Methods and Analysis: i. Qualitative and quantitative methods. ii. Techniques of data collection. iii. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity. 4. Sociological Thinkers: i. Karl Marx i. Historical materialism ii. mode of production iii. alienation iv. class struggle. ii. Emile Durkheim i. Division of labour ii. social fact iii. suicide iv. religion v. Society iii. Max Weber i. Social action ii. ideal types iii. authority iv. bureaucracy v. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. iv. Talcolt Parsons i. Social system ii. pattern variables. v. Robert K. Merton i. Latent and manifest functions

Social mobility i. feudal society. citizenship. Stratification and Mobility: i. Labour and society. Concepts i. iv. 7. iv. Theories of social stratification i. democracy. poverty vi. exclusion v. reference groups. slave society.5. industrial /capitalist society. Works and Economic Life: i. ii. ii. Social stratification of class ii. equality ii. hierarchy iv. Weberian theory iii. gender iv. Protest. Politics and Society: i. state. Structural functionalist theory ii. social movements. Nation. Sources and causes of mobility. vi. v. Deprivation ii. Social organization of work in different types of society i. Mead – Self and identity. ii. status groups iii. ethnicity and race. . ideology. open and closed systems ii. iv. 8. collective action. bureaucracy. 6. iii. Formal and informal organization of work. pressure groups. Sociological theories of power. revolution. types of mobility iii. Dimensions i. civil society. inequality iii. conformity and deviance iii. Power elite. agitation. and political parties. iii. Sociological theories of religion. Marxist theory iii. Religion and Society: i.

household. Social Change in Modern Society: i. Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas). pluralism iv. iii. ii. animism ii. marriage. technology and social change. v. Science. Protests and movements during the colonial period. Lineage and descent. Education and social change. Sociological theories of social change. Ghurye). iv. Modernization of Indian tradition. iv. Marxist sociology (A R Desai). Perspectives on the study of Indian society: i. ii. Types and forms of family. Agents of social change. . secularization iii. Patriarchy and sexual division of labour. Social background of Indian nationalism. 10. b. monism iii. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: i.Types of religious practices: i. iii. ii. iii. ii. v. Social reforms. iii. religious revivalism iv. Family. Contemporary trends. iv. Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 2 #1: Introducing Indian Society: a. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : i. religion and science ii. The idea of Indian village and village studies. sects v. Development and dependency. #2: Social Structure 1. Indology (GS. cults. iii. Systems of Kinship: i. 9. fundamentalism. ii. Religion in modern society i.

#3: Social Changes in India: 7. Definitional problems. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GSGhurye. Caste System: i. ii. 5. iv. Problems of rural labour. Agrarian class structure. Family and marriage in India. Andre Beteille. v. . Household dimensions of the family. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: i. Problems of religious minorities. Programmes of rural development. iii. Patriarchy. v. Community Development Programme. Constitution. Features of caste system. Idea of development planning and mixed economy. Systems of Kinship in India: i. iv. 6. ii. Social Classes in India: i. Geographical spread. poverty alleviation ii. Education and social change.2. Issues of integration and autonomy. ii. Untouchability – forms and perspectives. Types of kinship systems. Religion and Society: i. law and social change. Visions of Social Change in India: i. Colonial policies and tribes. iv. 8. Middle classes in India. iii. ii. Lineage and descent in India. migration. iii. schemes. iii. Religious communities in India. iii. Green revolution and social change. ii. Tribal communities in India: i. cooperatives. Louis Dumont. iii. ii. bondage. land reforms. 3. Industrial class structure. 4. ii. M N Srinivas. entitlements and sexual division of labour. Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .

i. Working class: structure. Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements. v. Emerging issues: ageing. Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement. 12. iv. ii. Growth of urban settlements in India. i. Population Dynamics: Population size. Population policy and family planning. Secularization. social and political elite. migration. Caste conflicts. sex ratios. iv. iv. child labour. v. i. class mobilization. composition and distribution. vi.9. iii. child and infant mortality. Backward classes & Dalit movement. deprivation and inequalities. Ethnic conflicts. Environmental movements. iii. Violence against women. Poverty. v. . ii. ii. growth. Women’s movement. Evolution of modern industry in India. religious revivalism. iii. Illiteracy and disparities in education. pressure groups. iii. 11. Ethnicity and Identity movements. death. iv. Political parties. 10. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: i. Slums and deprivation in urban areas. Components of population growth: birth. 13. Informal sector. Regionalism and decentralization of power. environmental problems and sustainability. ii. communalism. democracy and citizenship. growth. ii. i. iii. iv. reproductive health. Politics and Society: Nation.

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