Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 1

1. Sociology – The Discipline: i. Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. ii. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. iii. Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: i. Science, scientific method and critique. ii. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. iii. Positivism and its critique. iv. Fact value and objectivity. v. Non- positivist methodologies. 3. Research Methods and Analysis: i. Qualitative and quantitative methods. ii. Techniques of data collection. iii. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity. 4. Sociological Thinkers: i. Karl Marx i. Historical materialism ii. mode of production iii. alienation iv. class struggle. ii. Emile Durkheim i. Division of labour ii. social fact iii. suicide iv. religion v. Society iii. Max Weber i. Social action ii. ideal types iii. authority iv. bureaucracy v. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. iv. Talcolt Parsons i. Social system ii. pattern variables. v. Robert K. Merton i. Latent and manifest functions

pressure groups. slave society. ethnicity and race. iv. poverty vi. agitation. open and closed systems ii. v. ii. ii. equality ii. Social stratification of class ii. Nation. and political parties. status groups iii. Sources and causes of mobility. iv. iv. Works and Economic Life: i. state. industrial /capitalist society. citizenship. Social mobility i. Protest. hierarchy iv. exclusion v. bureaucracy. . Theories of social stratification i. types of mobility iii. Structural functionalist theory ii. ii.5. Social organization of work in different types of society i. iii. Sociological theories of religion. Labour and society. feudal society. revolution. collective action. Sociological theories of power. Concepts i. Dimensions i. Politics and Society: i. ideology. vi. Weberian theory iii. reference groups. civil society. democracy. 7. 6. Marxist theory iii. social movements. Religion and Society: i. Formal and informal organization of work. Deprivation ii. gender iv. Stratification and Mobility: i. Power elite. Mead – Self and identity. 8. inequality iii. conformity and deviance iii. iii.

Types of religious practices: i. Lineage and descent. 10. ii. iii. technology and social change. The idea of Indian village and village studies. household. Ghurye). iii. iii. Types and forms of family. Social background of Indian nationalism. cults. secularization iii. Marxist sociology (A R Desai). Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas). pluralism iv. iii. Religion in modern society i. ii. Indology (GS. Protests and movements during the colonial period. 9. Modernization of Indian tradition. Sociological theories of social change. Perspectives on the study of Indian society: i. sects v. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : i. Agents of social change. Science. ii. ii. iv. Development and dependency. iii. . animism ii. iv. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: i. ii. iv. Social reforms. Patriarchy and sexual division of labour. monism iii. Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 2 #1: Introducing Indian Society: a. marriage. Social Change in Modern Society: i. v. Systems of Kinship: i. b. v. religion and science ii. Family. religious revivalism iv. Education and social change. Contemporary trends. #2: Social Structure 1. fundamentalism.

Agrarian class structure. Religion and Society: i. . law and social change. 3. Lineage and descent in India. cooperatives. iii. #3: Social Changes in India: 7. Visions of Social Change in India: i. Green revolution and social change. Idea of development planning and mixed economy. iv. land reforms. Untouchability – forms and perspectives. iii. poverty alleviation ii. v. Problems of rural labour. 6. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: i. ii. Caste System: i. Geographical spread. migration. ii. 4. ii. Issues of integration and autonomy. 8. Tribal communities in India: i. iv. Social Classes in India: i. iii. Household dimensions of the family. iii. Community Development Programme. Definitional problems. iv. Patriarchy. iii. ii. Features of caste system. M N Srinivas.2. Middle classes in India. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture . Religious communities in India. Louis Dumont. bondage. Education and social change. entitlements and sexual division of labour. Constitution. Problems of religious minorities. Family and marriage in India. ii. ii. Programmes of rural development. Andre Beteille. ii. Industrial class structure. schemes. Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system. Types of kinship systems. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GSGhurye. v. iii. Colonial policies and tribes. Systems of Kinship in India: i. 5.

Ethnicity and Identity movements. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: i. iii. Violence against women. v. i. v. vi. ii. Population policy and family planning. Growth of urban settlements in India. sex ratios. Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement. pressure groups. 13. deprivation and inequalities. i. iii.9. iv. Politics and Society: Nation. Components of population growth: birth. migration. Caste conflicts. Poverty. Working class: structure. ii. ii. iv. Illiteracy and disparities in education. Environmental movements. Backward classes & Dalit movement. child labour. social and political elite. religious revivalism. child and infant mortality. Evolution of modern industry in India. i. iv. iv. democracy and citizenship. Emerging issues: ageing. . reproductive health. composition and distribution. Regionalism and decentralization of power. v. ii. class mobilization. environmental problems and sustainability. i. iii. Ethnic conflicts. growth. Secularization. Women’s movement. 11. Informal sector. iii. death. iii. growth. 10. ii. Slums and deprivation in urban areas. iv. Population Dynamics: Population size. communalism. 12. Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements. Political parties.

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