Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 1

1. Sociology – The Discipline: i. Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. ii. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. iii. Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: i. Science, scientific method and critique. ii. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. iii. Positivism and its critique. iv. Fact value and objectivity. v. Non- positivist methodologies. 3. Research Methods and Analysis: i. Qualitative and quantitative methods. ii. Techniques of data collection. iii. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity. 4. Sociological Thinkers: i. Karl Marx i. Historical materialism ii. mode of production iii. alienation iv. class struggle. ii. Emile Durkheim i. Division of labour ii. social fact iii. suicide iv. religion v. Society iii. Max Weber i. Social action ii. ideal types iii. authority iv. bureaucracy v. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. iv. Talcolt Parsons i. Social system ii. pattern variables. v. Robert K. Merton i. Latent and manifest functions

open and closed systems ii. equality ii. iv. Power elite.5. social movements. Sociological theories of power. Concepts i. Stratification and Mobility: i. bureaucracy. conformity and deviance iii. Mead – Self and identity. reference groups. vi. 8. and political parties. iv. iii. Theories of social stratification i. democracy. status groups iii. citizenship. pressure groups. revolution. Labour and society. slave society. Sources and causes of mobility. gender iv. state. Structural functionalist theory ii. iv. ii. Politics and Society: i. ideology. iii. ii. ethnicity and race. poverty vi. Social organization of work in different types of society i. inequality iii. Social mobility i. feudal society. Religion and Society: i. Dimensions i. hierarchy iv. collective action. agitation. Social stratification of class ii. Works and Economic Life: i. exclusion v. 6. Weberian theory iii. v. Protest. Nation. 7. Formal and informal organization of work. industrial /capitalist society. Deprivation ii. Marxist theory iii. civil society. ii. Sociological theories of religion. types of mobility iii. .

Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 2 #1: Introducing Indian Society: a. Education and social change. #2: Social Structure 1. Agents of social change. b. iii. The idea of Indian village and village studies.Types of religious practices: i. animism ii. Family. marriage. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: i. iii. Modernization of Indian tradition. fundamentalism. ii. Marxist sociology (A R Desai). Science. Patriarchy and sexual division of labour. iv. monism iii. Social reforms. Systems of Kinship: i. iv. pluralism iv. Development and dependency. iii. Sociological theories of social change. ii. technology and social change. Indology (GS. Protests and movements during the colonial period. v. 9. household. 10. Ghurye). iii. Social background of Indian nationalism. v. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : i. cults. iv. Social Change in Modern Society: i. ii. Perspectives on the study of Indian society: i. ii. . Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas). religion and science ii. Religion in modern society i. iii. Lineage and descent. secularization iii. ii. religious revivalism iv. Contemporary trends. Types and forms of family. sects v.

iv. 5. Industrial class structure. #3: Social Changes in India: 7. Systems of Kinship in India: i. iv. Tribal communities in India: i. Community Development Programme. iii. iv. Problems of religious minorities. Visions of Social Change in India: i. ii. Religious communities in India. Patriarchy. Louis Dumont. 4. ii. M N Srinivas. 8. Household dimensions of the family. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: i. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture . Definitional problems. Problems of rural labour. 3. ii. poverty alleviation ii. iii. entitlements and sexual division of labour. Andre Beteille. Caste System: i. Religion and Society: i. law and social change. Geographical spread. Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system. Agrarian class structure. iii. . land reforms. Middle classes in India.2. ii. iii. schemes. cooperatives. iii. Education and social change. iii. Lineage and descent in India. 6. v. Idea of development planning and mixed economy. Family and marriage in India. migration. Untouchability – forms and perspectives. v. Issues of integration and autonomy. Social Classes in India: i. bondage. ii. Constitution. Programmes of rural development. Green revolution and social change. ii. ii. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GSGhurye. Colonial policies and tribes. Types of kinship systems. Features of caste system.

iv. social and political elite. iv. Growth of urban settlements in India. iii. i. Poverty. iii. Regionalism and decentralization of power. Women’s movement. Political parties. Working class: structure. i. growth. communalism. iii. iii. reproductive health. ii. composition and distribution. death. Slums and deprivation in urban areas.9. Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement. 11. i. iv. iii. growth. vi. Backward classes & Dalit movement. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: i. environmental problems and sustainability. sex ratios. Informal sector. Emerging issues: ageing. v. migration. Caste conflicts. democracy and citizenship. Population policy and family planning. ii. Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements. Ethnicity and Identity movements. deprivation and inequalities. Environmental movements. Illiteracy and disparities in education. religious revivalism. child labour. 13. 12. ii. v. iv. ii. Components of population growth: birth. Politics and Society: Nation. v. i. . 10. Evolution of modern industry in India. class mobilization. Population Dynamics: Population size. iv. pressure groups. child and infant mortality. ii. Secularization. Violence against women. Ethnic conflicts.

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