Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 1

1. Sociology – The Discipline: i. Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. ii. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. iii. Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: i. Science, scientific method and critique. ii. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. iii. Positivism and its critique. iv. Fact value and objectivity. v. Non- positivist methodologies. 3. Research Methods and Analysis: i. Qualitative and quantitative methods. ii. Techniques of data collection. iii. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity. 4. Sociological Thinkers: i. Karl Marx i. Historical materialism ii. mode of production iii. alienation iv. class struggle. ii. Emile Durkheim i. Division of labour ii. social fact iii. suicide iv. religion v. Society iii. Max Weber i. Social action ii. ideal types iii. authority iv. bureaucracy v. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. iv. Talcolt Parsons i. Social system ii. pattern variables. v. Robert K. Merton i. Latent and manifest functions

ii. Theories of social stratification i. Protest. status groups iii. Mead – Self and identity. collective action. democracy. state. citizenship. iii. 7. Social stratification of class ii. industrial /capitalist society. slave society. inequality iii. ethnicity and race. Social organization of work in different types of society i. and political parties. Formal and informal organization of work. Deprivation ii. Marxist theory iii. open and closed systems ii. 6. Power elite. Labour and society. Religion and Society: i. Politics and Society: i. pressure groups. Structural functionalist theory ii. hierarchy iv. civil society.5. Nation. iv. conformity and deviance iii. Sociological theories of power. bureaucracy. ideology. vi. ii. revolution. Sources and causes of mobility. poverty vi. Social mobility i. . gender iv. 8. reference groups. exclusion v. Concepts i. iv. v. Dimensions i. ii. Sociological theories of religion. equality ii. feudal society. iii. social movements. Stratification and Mobility: i. Weberian theory iii. Works and Economic Life: i. iv. agitation. types of mobility iii.

Patriarchy and sexual division of labour. Social Change in Modern Society: i. Development and dependency. b. iii. pluralism iv. religion and science ii. ii. Indology (GS. v. religious revivalism iv. ii. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: i. animism ii. fundamentalism. ii. Perspectives on the study of Indian society: i. Science. iii. ii. Modernization of Indian tradition. Marxist sociology (A R Desai). Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 2 #1: Introducing Indian Society: a. Family. Contemporary trends. Protests and movements during the colonial period. iv. household. Education and social change. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : i. Lineage and descent. Types and forms of family. The idea of Indian village and village studies. Agents of social change. 9. iv. technology and social change. iii. v. Systems of Kinship: i. cults. 10. #2: Social Structure 1. secularization iii. Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).Types of religious practices: i. iv. marriage. iii. Social reforms. monism iii. Sociological theories of social change. sects v. Religion in modern society i. Ghurye). ii. Social background of Indian nationalism. . iii.

iii. 4. Industrial class structure. bondage. Agrarian class structure. Family and marriage in India. Types of kinship systems. Tribal communities in India: i. 5. Systems of Kinship in India: i. Patriarchy. migration. iv. Education and social change. iv. ii.2. 8. 3. Constitution. law and social change. Programmes of rural development. Household dimensions of the family. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GSGhurye. ii. M N Srinivas. Geographical spread. Issues of integration and autonomy. Andre Beteille. Problems of rural labour. Definitional problems. Untouchability – forms and perspectives. iii. Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system. iii. Religion and Society: i. land reforms. ii. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: i. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture . iii. Middle classes in India. Green revolution and social change. ii. Problems of religious minorities. Caste System: i. v. iv. Lineage and descent in India. iii. Idea of development planning and mixed economy. Colonial policies and tribes. poverty alleviation ii. cooperatives. Features of caste system. iii. entitlements and sexual division of labour. v. Community Development Programme. ii. schemes. Louis Dumont. . 6. Visions of Social Change in India: i. #3: Social Changes in India: 7. ii. ii. Social Classes in India: i. Religious communities in India.

iv. Population policy and family planning. composition and distribution. child labour. reproductive health. ii. v. Political parties. deprivation and inequalities. i. iv. Women’s movement. Components of population growth: birth. iii. 11. Growth of urban settlements in India. Politics and Society: Nation. v. communalism. . Caste conflicts.9. i. growth. Poverty. iii. iii. ii. democracy and citizenship. Population Dynamics: Population size. Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements. pressure groups. Secularization. Emerging issues: ageing. iii. iv. Ethnic conflicts. Environmental movements. growth. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: i. 12. vi. Working class: structure. Violence against women. i. v. Slums and deprivation in urban areas. 13. ii. Regionalism and decentralization of power. Ethnicity and Identity movements. 10. religious revivalism. social and political elite. class mobilization. Backward classes & Dalit movement. migration. sex ratios. death. iv. ii. child and infant mortality. Informal sector. Illiteracy and disparities in education. iv. i. Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement. environmental problems and sustainability. ii. iii. Evolution of modern industry in India.

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