Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 1

1. Sociology – The Discipline: i. Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology. ii. Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences. iii. Sociology and common sense. 2. Sociology as Science: i. Science, scientific method and critique. ii. Major theoretical strands of research methodology. iii. Positivism and its critique. iv. Fact value and objectivity. v. Non- positivist methodologies. 3. Research Methods and Analysis: i. Qualitative and quantitative methods. ii. Techniques of data collection. iii. Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity. 4. Sociological Thinkers: i. Karl Marx i. Historical materialism ii. mode of production iii. alienation iv. class struggle. ii. Emile Durkheim i. Division of labour ii. social fact iii. suicide iv. religion v. Society iii. Max Weber i. Social action ii. ideal types iii. authority iv. bureaucracy v. Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. iv. Talcolt Parsons i. Social system ii. pattern variables. v. Robert K. Merton i. Latent and manifest functions

Labour and society. bureaucracy. ethnicity and race. Social mobility i. Religion and Society: i. Social organization of work in different types of society i. gender iv. citizenship. iv. equality ii. Works and Economic Life: i. civil society. iii. Sociological theories of power. Power elite. vi. Marxist theory iii. inequality iii. open and closed systems ii. exclusion v. . Concepts i. Sociological theories of religion. Deprivation ii. conformity and deviance iii. social movements. ideology. 6. ii. Dimensions i. status groups iii. iii. 7. Protest. iv. Theories of social stratification i. industrial /capitalist society. and political parties. Structural functionalist theory ii. revolution. pressure groups. Sources and causes of mobility. ii. Social stratification of class ii. 8. iv. slave society. democracy. Politics and Society: i. reference groups. poverty vi. v. agitation.5. feudal society. types of mobility iii. hierarchy iv. ii. Formal and informal organization of work. Mead – Self and identity. collective action. Weberian theory iii. state. Nation. Stratification and Mobility: i.

Religion in modern society i. Modernization of Indian tradition. iii. Education and social change. technology and social change. religious revivalism iv. iii. #2: Social Structure 1. Contemporary trends. iv. Indology (GS. Types and forms of family. Agents of social change. animism ii. Ghurye). Syllabus: UPSC Sociology (Mains) Paper 2 #1: Introducing Indian Society: a. iii. Systems of Kinship: i. iv. Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas). iii. 10. Sociological theories of social change. Impact of colonial rule on Indian society : i. Social background of Indian nationalism. secularization iii. Family. ii. ii. Social reforms. religion and science ii. Lineage and descent. ii. Science.Types of religious practices: i. iv. . Patriarchy and sexual division of labour. v. Marxist sociology (A R Desai). marriage. ii. sects v. household. v. Development and dependency. Social Change in Modern Society: i. Perspectives on the study of Indian society: i. iii. Protests and movements during the colonial period. ii. pluralism iv. monism iii. 9. fundamentalism. The idea of Indian village and village studies. Rural and Agrarian Social Structure: i. cults. b.

bondage. 6. land reforms. . Colonial policies and tribes. cooperatives. Issues of integration and autonomy. 8. schemes. Andre Beteille. Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GSGhurye. #3: Social Changes in India: 7. Lineage and descent in India. v. Patriarchy. Caste System: i. ii. entitlements and sexual division of labour. iv. Religion and Society: i. Programmes of rural development. iv. iii. Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture . M N Srinivas. iii. Household dimensions of the family. iv. Types of kinship systems. ii. migration. Idea of development planning and mixed economy. ii. ii. Social Classes in India: i. Problems of religious minorities. Education and social change. ii. Systems of Kinship in India: i. poverty alleviation ii. iii. 3. Family and marriage in India. Features of caste system. 5. Religious communities in India. Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system. ii. Rural and Agrarian transformation in India: i. ii. Geographical spread. Green revolution and social change. iii. Constitution. Community Development Programme. iii. Industrial class structure. Tribal communities in India: i. Definitional problems. Problems of rural labour. law and social change.2. 4. v. Untouchability – forms and perspectives. Visions of Social Change in India: i. Louis Dumont. iii. Middle classes in India. Agrarian class structure.

i. v. iv. ii. child labour. 13. iii. death. growth. Caste conflicts. communalism. i. religious revivalism. deprivation and inequalities. iv. i. 11. iv. class mobilization. Ethnicity and Identity movements. sex ratios. Political parties. ii. iii. Growth of urban settlements in India. Politics and Society: Nation. Environmental movements. 12. Components of population growth: birth. Emerging issues: ageing. Violence against women. Regionalism and decentralization of power. i. . Slums and deprivation in urban areas. iii. Secularization. v. Population policy and family planning. Women’s movement. Backward classes & Dalit movement. iii. Industrialization and Urbanisation in India: i. Population Dynamics: Population size. iv. Challenges of Social Transformation: Crisis of development: displacement. ii. ii. Social Movements in Modern India: Peasants and farmers movements. Ethnic conflicts. composition and distribution. pressure groups. environmental problems and sustainability. growth. Informal sector. Illiteracy and disparities in education. Evolution of modern industry in India. iii. v. iv. migration. vi. social and political elite. ii. Working class: structure. 10. child and infant mortality. democracy and citizenship. reproductive health. Poverty.9.

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