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DAFTAR ISI

DAFTAR ISI ................................................................................... i


DAFTAR TABEL .......................................................................... ii
DAFTAR GAMBAR ...................................................................... iii
BAB I

PENDAHULUAN ............................................................ 1

BAB II
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7

TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ...................................................


Definisi ...............................................................................
Epidemiologi ......................................................................
Faktor pencetus ..................................................................
Patofisiologi .......................................................................
Gejala klinis .......................................................................
Diagnosis............................................................................
Penatalaksanaan .................................................................
2.7.1 Terapi cairan .............................................................
2.7.2 Terapi insulin ............................................................
2.7.3 Mengatasi gangguan elektrolit .................................
a. Natrium ................................................................
b. Kalium .................................................................
c. Bikarbonat............................................................
d. Fosfat ...................................................................
e. Magnesium ..........................................................
f. Hiperkloremik asidosis selama terapi ..................
2.7.4 Mengatasi faktor presipitasi (yang mendasari KAD)
2.7.5 Terapi pencegahan terhadap Deep Vein
Thrombosis (DVT) ...................................................
2.7.6 Monitoring terapi ......................................................
Komplikasi .........................................................................
2.8.1 Hipoglikemi ..............................................................
2.8.2 Edema serebri ...........................................................
2.8.3 Hipoksemia dan edema paru nonkardiak .................

2.8

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3
3
3
5
7
8
10
10
13
17
17
18
19
19
20
21
21
21
22
23
23
24
25

BAB III KESIMPULAN ................................................................ 26


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1 Kriteria diagnostik KAD menurut American Diabetes


Associaton........................................................................ 9
Tabel 2.2 Bagan penatalaksanaan KAD........................................... 22

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Bagan patofisologi KAD .............................................. 7


Gambar 2.2 Komplikasi akibat penanganan KAD ........................... 24

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