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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering

Topic: Sampling

MODULE- 49B
Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, and plate load test.
4. 1. A plate load test was conducted in sand on a 300 mm diameter plate. If the plate settlement was 5 mm at a pressure of 100 kPa, the settlement (in mm) of a 5m 8 m rectangular footing at the same pressure will be (A) 9.4 (C) 12.7 2. (B) 18.6 (D) 17.8 strata Codes: P Q R S (a) 3 1 4 2 (b) 1 2 4 3 (c) 2 3 4 1 (d) 3 1 2 4 Match the items of List-I with List-II and select the correct answer. List I P. Modulus of subgrade reaction Q. Relative density and strength R.Skin friction and point bearing reistance S. Elastic constants List II Cyclic pile load test Pressure meter test Plate load test Standard penetration test Dynamic cone penetration test Codes: P Q 1 3 1 2 2 5 3 4 Bouldery and gravelly

5.

The observed value of the standard penetration number (N) at 10m depth of a silty sand deposit is 13. The unit weight of the soil is 16 kN/ . The N value after correcting for the presence of fines will be (A) 12 (B) 13 (C) 14 (D) 15

3.

In a plate load test conducted on cohesionless soil, a 600 mm square test plate settles by 15mm under a load intensity of 0.2 N/mm2. All conditions remaining the same, settlement of a 1m square footing will be (a) less than 15 mm (b) greater than 25 mm (c) 15.60 mm (d) 20.50 6. Match the items of the two lists and select the correct answer. List I (Boring Methods) P Auger Boring Q Wash Boring R Percussion Drilling S Rotary Drilling List II (Field Conditions) 1. Below water table in all soil types except hard soils and rocks 2. Large diameter boreholes over 150 mm in size 3. Explorations for shallow foundations and highways

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

(a) (b) (c) (d)

R 2 4 1 1

S 5 3 3 2

4.

In the context of collecting undisturbed soil samples of high quality using a spoon sampler, following statements are made. (I) Area ratio should be less than 10%. (II) Clearance ratio should be less than 1%. With reference to above statements, which of the following applies ? (a) Both the statements are true (b) Statement II is true but I is false (c) Statement I is true but II is false (d) Both the statement are false. During the subsurface investigations for design of foundations, a standard penetration test was

7.

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering


conducted at 4.5m below the ground surface. The record of number of blows is given below Penetration depth (cm) No. of blows 0-7.5 3 7.5-15 3 15-22.5 6 22.5-30 6 30-37.5 8 37.5-45 7 Assuming the water table at ground level, soil as fine sand and correction for overburden as 1.0, the corrected 'N' value for the soil would be (a) 18 (b) 19 (c) 21 (d) 33 8. The number of blows observed in a Standard Penetration Test (SPT) for different penetration depths are given as follows Penetration of sampler Number of blows 0-150 mm 6 150-300 8 300-450 mm 10 The observed N value is (a) 8 (b) 14 (c) 18 (d) 24 A test plate 30cm x 30cm resting on a sand deposit settles by 10mm under a certain loading intensity. A footing 150cm x 200cm resting on the same sand deposit and loaded to the same load intensity settles by (A) 2.0mm (B) 27.8mm (C) 3.02mm (D) 50.0mm

Topic: Sampling
(B) Size of the plate is much smaller than the footing size (C) Influence of the ground water table (D) Settlement is recorded only over a limited period of one or two days 12. Consider the following properties for a soil sampler: 1. Area ratio should be low. 2. Cutting edge should be thick. 3. Inside clearance should be high. 4. Outside clearance should be low. The properties necessary for a good quality soil sampler would include (a) 1 and 4 (b) 1, 2 and 4 (c) 2, 3 and 4 (d) 1, 3 and 4

9.

10. Dilatancy correction is required when a strata is (A) Cohesive and saturated and also has N Value of SPT > 15 (B) Saturated silt/fine sand and N value of SPT < 10 after the overburden correction (C) Saturated silt/fine sand and N value of SPT >15 after the overburden correction (D) Coarse sand under dry condition and N value of SPT < 10 after the overburden correction 11. A plate load test is carried out on a 300mm 300mm plate placed at 2 m below the ground level to determine the bearing capacity of a 2m 2m footing placed at same depth of 2m on a homogeneous sand deposit extending 10m below ground. The ground water table is 3m below the ground level. Which of the following factors does not require a correction to the bearing capacity determined based on the load test? (A) Absence of the overburden pressure during the test

13. Consider the following statements: In subsoil exploration programs the term significant depth of exploration is up to 1. The width of foundation 2. Twice the width of foundation 3. The depth where the additional stress intensity is less than 20% of overburden pressure 4. The depth where the additional stress intensity is less than 10% of the overburden pressure 5. Hard rock level which of these statements is/are correct? (a)1, 3 and 5 (b)2, 3 and 5 (c)1 and 4 (d)2 and 4

14. If the actual observed value of standard penetration resistance, N, is greater than 15 in a fine sand layer below water table, then the equivalent penetration resistance will be (a)15 + [ (c) 15 + [ ] ] (b) 15 - [ (d) 15 + [ ] ]

15. Match List-I (Field test) with List-II (Parameters measured) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Plate Load Test B. Standard Penetration Test C. Static Dutch Cone Penetration Test D. Dynamic Penetration test List-II 1. Total and frictional resistances 2. Load intensity and settlement values

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering


3. NCD values 4. SPT values Codes: A B (a) 2 4 (b) 4 2 (c) 2 4 (d) 4 2

Topic: Sampling
3. In-situ vane shear test is useful for determining the shear strength of very soft soil and sensitive clays and is unsuitable for sandy soil. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a)1 and 2 (b)1 and 3 (c) 2 and 3 (d) 2 alone

C 3 3 1 1

D 1 1 3 3

16. In standard penetration test, the split spoon sampler is penetrated into the soil stratum by giving blows from a drop weight whose weight (in kg) and free fall (in cm) are, respectively (a) 30 and 60 (b) 60 to 30 (c) 65 to 75 (d) 75 to 65

21. The standard penetration resistance N of a granular deposit is found to be 20. The soil can be classified approximately in terms of and density index respectively as (a) 200 and 10% for very loose condition (b)320 and 50% for medium condition (c)320 and 30% for loose condition (d)380 and 65% for dense condition 22. Match List-I (In-situ test) with List-II (Measurement) and select the correct answer using codes given below the lists: List-I A. SPT test B. Plate load test C. Field vane shear test D.CPT test List-II 1. Penetration resistance (N value) 2. Load settlement data 3. Point resistance and skin friction 4. In situ shear strength Codes: A B C D (a)1 2 4 3 (b)1 2 3 4 (c)2 1 3 4 (d)2 1 4 3 23. A soil sampler has inner and outer radii of 25 mm and 30 mm, respectively. The area ratio of the sampler is (a) 24% (b) 34% (c) 44% (d) 54%

17. Codes: (a)Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are true but R in not a correct explanation of A (c) A is true nut r is false (d)A is false but R is true Assertion (A): In the case of sand deposits with uniform density, N values are found to increase with depth. Reason (R): Overburden pressure increases with depth below ground level. 18. A good quality undisturbed soil sample is one which is obtained using a sampling tube having an area ratio of (a) 8% (b)16% (c) 24% (d) 32%

19. Which one of the following tests CANNOT be done without undisturbed sampling? (a)Shear strength of sand (b)Shear strength of clay (c)Determination of compaction parameters (d)Atterberg limits 20. Consider the following statements: 1. Dynamic cone penetration test for site investigation is based on the principle that elastic shock waves travel in different materials at different velocities. 2. Electrical resistivity method of subsurface investigation is capable of detecting only the strata having different electrical resistivity

24. The correct sequence of the increasing order of the distribution to soil samples obtained from chunk, piston, spilt spoon and remoulded sampler is (a) piston sampler, chunk sampler, split spoon sampler, remoulded sampler (b) chunk sampler, piston sampler, split spoon sampler, remoulded sampler (c) piston sampler, chunk sampler, remoulded sampler, split spoon sampler (d)

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering


chunk sampler, piston sampler, sampler, split spoon sampler remoulded

Topic: Sampling
Exploration up to relatively large depths 4.Exploration up to a shallow depth below ground level Codes: A a) b) c) d) 4 2 4 2 B 3 1 1 3 C 2 4 2 4 D 1 3 3 1

25. Match List-I(Sampler) with List-II (Use) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Split spoon sampler B. Stationary piston sampler C. Rotary sampler D. Compressed air sampler List-II 1. To obtain representative samples in all types of soil 2. To obtain undisturbed samples of sands below water table 3. To obtain undisturbed samples in clay and silts 4. To obtain approximately undisturbed samples of hard cemented cohesive soils Codes: A B C D a) 1 3 2 4 b) 3 1 4 2 c) 1 3 4 2 d) 3 1 2 4 26. Consider the following statements: 1.The standard penetration test is a reliable method for measuring the relative density of granular soils. 2. For a sand having the same relative density, N-values remain the same at all depths. 3. For a sand having the same relative density, N-values are different at different depths. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a)1, 2 and 3 (b)1 and 2 (c)3 only (d)1 and 3 27. Match List-I (Type of exploration) with ListII(Soil profile) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. Diamond core drilling B. Uncased wash boring C. Open pit excavation D. Cased boring List-II 1. Medium strong cohesive soils 2. Rocky formation 3. Soft cohesive soils and cohesion less soils.

28. Consider the following statements: 1. A recovery ratio of less than 1 implies that the soil has compressed. 2. A recovery ratio greater than 1 implies that the soil has swelled. 3. A recovery ratio of less than 1 implies that the soil has swelled. 4. A recovery ratio greater than 1 implies that the soil has compressed. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 (b) 1 only (c) 3 and 4 (d) 4 only

29. Consider the following statements: 1. Obtaining reliable properties of soil is very important in geotechnical engineering. Chunk samples obtained from the field are the best for this purpose. 2. Chunk samples may easily be obtained at all depths below ground level and for all types of soils. 3. Undisturbed soil samples are enclosed in rugged containers. As such, they do not get disturbed easily during transportation and handling. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 only (c) 2 and 3 (d) 1 and 3

30. During a sampling operation, the drive sampler is advanced 600 mm and the length of the sample recovered is 525 mm. What is the recovery ratio of the sample? (a)0.125 (b)0.140 (c) 0.875 (d) 0.143

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering


31. A sampling tube with a cutting edge is used for extracting the samples. The sampling tube has the following dimensions: Inner diameter of cutting edge= Dc outer diameter of cutting edge = Dw inner diameter of the sampling tube = Ds Outer diameter of the sampling tube = Dt What is the area ratio Ar of the sampling tube? (a) (c) 1 and 2

Topic: Sampling
(d) 3 and 4

35. If an SPT test gave the average blow count of 32 in fine sand below water table, then what is the corrected value of blow count? (a)22.1 (b)23.5 (c) 24.2 (d) 24.8

(b)

(c)

(d) 32. Codes: (a)Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (b) Both A and R are true but R in not a correct explanation of A (c) A is true nut r is false (d)A is false but R is true Assertion (A): Estimate of settlement of foundations on sandy soils can be done by using SPT values. Reason (R): Sampling in cohesion less soil without disturbing the structure is difficult. 33. Consider the following statements in respect of static cone penetration test: 1. The cone used has an apex angle of 600 and base of 10 cm2. 2. This test give a continuous record of cone resistance. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a)1 only (b)2 only (c)Both 1 and 2 (d) neither 1 nor 2

36. Consider the following statements: 1. The soil obtained from wash boring is a representative sample. 2. Recovery ratio will be high during drilling in sound rock. 3. Hollow stem augers are sometimes used to drill holes in silty sand. Which of these statements is/are correct? (a)1 only (b)1 and 2 (c)2 and 3 (d)3 only

37. The standard penetration resistance value obtained in a deep deposit of sand at a depth of 6.0 m was 28. The unit weight of sand is 18.0 KN/m2. What is the corrected value of number of blows for overburden pressure? (a)60 (b)57 (c) 59 38. (d) 55

34. On which of the following soils is the standard penetration test useful? 1. Cohesion less soils 2. Medium clays 3. Gravelly soils 4.Very stiff clays Select the correct answer using the codes given below: (a)1 only (b)1 and 3

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists: List-I A. Geophysical methods B. SPT C. DCPT D. Piston-type sampler List-II 1.Primarily for cohesive soils 2. Clays and soils 3.Reconnaissance covering large area and large depth 4. Suitable for sandy soils Codes: A B C D (a) 2 1 4 3 (b) 3 1 4 2 (c) 2 4 1 3 (d) 3 4 1 2

39. The observed N-value from a standard penetration test conducted in saturated sandy

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Sub: Geotechnical Engineering


strata is 30; the N-value corrected for Dilatancy may be taken as (a) 15 (b) 20 (c) 23 (d) 39

Topic: Sampling
Which of these statements are correct? (a)1, 2 and 3 (b)1 and 2 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d)1 and 3 only

40. Consider the following statements: 1. Standard penetration test is commonly used for cohesion less soils. 2. Standard penetration test results in respect of cohesion less soil are correlated to its density index and friction angle. 3.Use of N-value not corrected for overburden pressure leads to highly conservative design of footings at shallow depths.

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