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• Anything that has to do with research – case study, correlational, experiment,

independent and dependent variables, double blind, placebo, cross-sectional,


• Biology of the brain – sympathetic, parasympathetic, frontal lobes,

hypothalamus, limbic system

• Brain scans – Differences in PET, CT, MRI, EEG, etc.

• Plasticity

• Understanding stress – sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system,

approach-aproach, avoidance-avoidance, approach-avoidance, general
adaption syndrome

• Health and stress management – coping strategies, type A/B personalities

• Personality – classical and operant conditioning, little Albert and the rabbit,
neutral stimulus, unconditioned stimulus, negative/positive reinforcement,
shaping, observational, cognitive

• Memory – different models of memory (p. 175), green boxes on 176+177

• Studying development (p. 228) – early development, physical development,

pag’s stages

• Moral development stages (p. 260)

• Ericson’s Psychosocial stages

• Humanistic, Freud, personality disorders

• Personality assessment, 5 factor model

Test #4 Questions/Answers

An individual’s relatively stable and enduring patten of thoughs, feelings, and

actions is known as his or her

A: personality

Research shows that the “Big 5” may be a biological universal because

A: the five traits correlate with characteristics that are preferred by the
opposite sex, the first four most preferred traits for mates are the same for
females and males, cross-cultural studies support the “Big 5”
A major premise underlying psychoanalytic or psychodynamic theories of
personality is that

A: unconscious forces have an enormaous impact on our behavior

according to Freud the thoughts and information that you are fcurrently aware of, or
remembering is called your

A: conscious

concerned with immediate graitificatiion

A: id

the rational part of the psyche that deals with reality and tries to meet the needs of
the other two mental structures is called the

A: ego

The ____ operates on the pleasure principle, seeking immediate gratification

A: id

first and most basic defense mechanism

A: repression

According to Freud, each stage of development is characterized by a conflict

between the id and the ____. If unresolved, Freud believed a person would become

A: social demands; fixated

which is incorrectly matched

A: oral conflict: language development

According to Jung, our collective unconscious consists of _____.

A: inherited archetypes (not one’s cultural architecture or the “archaeology of

the soul”

According to Jung, the primitive images and patterns of thoughts, feelings, and
behavior that reside in the collective underscore

A: Archetypes

Animus and Anima

A: Female and Male components of personality

On _____ personality tests, people are asked to descrive themselves on paper and
pencil tasks that have a limited number of response options and a standardized
scorin g system


A multiphasic personality test measures _____.

A: a range of personality traits

Most widely researched and clinically used self-report, personality test is _____.


DSM-IV means

A: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

A major depressive is disorder is BEST charactized by ____.

A: a long-lasting depressed mood

Persons with anxiety disorders who are hyper vigilant are thought to have ____.

A: faulty thinking patterns

Someone who experiences episodes of mania or cycles between mania and

depression has a _____.

A: bipolar disorder

A disorder that is characterized by severely disturbed perception, language,

thought, emotion and behavior is ______.

A: schizophrenia

Term for sensory perception that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus.

A: hallucination

Schizophrenia is associated with ____.

A: withdrawal from others, withdrawal from reality, delusions and


Egocentrism, lack of conscious, impulsive behavior, and superficial charm are

characteristics of ____.

A: anti-social behavior
Psychotherapy is defined in your text as the various methods of therapy that ____.

A: aim to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life.

System of psychotherapy developed by Freud that seeks to bring unconscious

conflicts into conscious awareness is known as ____.

A: psychoanalysis

Which part of the mind has strong defense mechanisms that block unconscious
thought from becoming conscious?

A: ego
Hoarding is most commonly associated with which mental illness?


Client-centered therapy _____.

A: all of the above

This type of group does not have a professional leader is ____.

A: self-help group

A major premise underlying psychoanalytic or psychodynamic theories of

personality is that _____.

A: unconscious forces have an enormous impact on our behavior