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# DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR.............................................................................................. i
DAFTAR ISI.............................................................................................................iii
DAFTAR GAMBAR................................................................................................v
DAFTAR TABEL.....................................................................................................vi
BAB I PENDAHULUAN.........................................................................................1-1
1.1. Latar Belakang...........................................................................................1-1
1.2. Pengertian Kristal Menurut Beberapa Ahli................................................1-2
1.3. Maksud dan Tujuan............1-3
1.3.1. Maksud............1-3
1.3.2. Tujuan.............1-3
1.4. Aplikasi Kristalografi dibidang Geologi...................................................1-3
BAB II GEOMETRI KRISTALOGRAFI.........2-1
2.1. Proses Pembentukan Kristal......................................................................2-1
2.2. Bentuk Kristal...........2-3
2.3. Sumbu dan Sudut Kristalografi.............2-3
2.3.1. Sumbu.................2-4
2.3.2. Sudut..........2-4
BAB III PROYEKSI ..............................................................................................3-1
3.1. Proyeksi Orthogonal..............3-1
3.2. Proyeksi Streografis.......3-2
3.3. Sistem Kristal.........3-1
3.3.1 Sistem Isometrik . ......3-2
3.3.2 Sistem Tetragonal ......3.2
3.3.3 Sistem Hexagonal ......3-2
3.3.4 Sistem Trigonal ......3-3

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## 3.3.5 Sistem Orthorombik .......3-3

3.3.6 Sistem Monoklin ........3-3
3.3.7 Sistem Trinklin .......3-3
3.4. Jumlah Unsur Simetri.................................................................................3-3
3.5 Kelas Simetri.......3-3
3.5.1. Kelas Simetri Menurut Herman-Mauguin.. .......3-3
3.6. Penentuan Bentuk Kristal............3-6
3.7. Indeks Miller-Weiss............3.7
3.8. Contoh Mineral... ........3-7

## BAB IV PENDESKRIPSIAN SISTEM KRISTAL......................................... 4-1

4.1. Sistem Isometrik.................................................................................. 4-1
4.2. Sistem Tetragonal..............................................................................4-2
4.3. Sistem Hexagonal ......4-3
4.4. Trigonal......................................................................................................4-4
4.5. Orthorombik...............................................................................................4-5
4.6. Sistem Monoklin .......................................................................................4-5
4.7. Sistem Triklin ............................................................................................4-6
BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN...................................................................
5.1. Kesimpulan.......................................................................................

5-1

5.2. Saran.................................................................................................

5-2

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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