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UNIT 3: The Cell DAYSHEET 47: Summative Cell Types & Organelles Assessment

Name: _______________________________

Biology I
Date: __________________

Directions: Fill in the blanks in the spaces below with the analogous cell parts! The Cell is Like A Human Body Body Part Analogous Cell Part Brain control center of the body Circulatory System - transports substances around the body Skin controls what can enter the body Fat stores nutrients and water Colon modifies/packages waste before it leaves the body Stomach digests (breaks down) large molecules Directions: Answer the questions below using your knowledge of the different types of cells
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What type of cell is this?

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What type of cell is this?


What type of cell is this?


How can you tell? !


How can you tell? !

How can you tell?


What are some things all of these cells have in common?

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Directions: Place the cell parts listed below into the correct spot on Venn Diagram 1 and Venn Diagram 2 (you will need to write each word a total of two times) Nucleus Mitochondria Lysosome Venn Diagram 1 Prokaryotic Cell Both Eukaryotic Cell Plasma Membrane Chloroplasts Cytoplasm Golgi Body Ribosomes Vacuole Cell Wall

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) DNA

Venn Diagram 2 Plant Cell Both Animal Cell

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CELL Cell A Cell B Cell C



CELL SHAPE Round Round Square

CELL SIZE Bigger Small Bigger

No Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes

Yes No Yes

1. Which cell(s) is/are eukaryotic?______________________________________________ 2. Which cell(s) is/are probably an animal cell(s)?__________________________________ 3. Which cell(s) is/are probably a plant cell(s)?____________________________________ 4. Which cell(s) is/are prokaryotic?_____________________________________________ 5. Which cell(s) would most likely contain chloroplast(s)?____________________________ 6. Which cell(s) would contain a region of free-floating DNA (not in a nucleus)? _____________ 7. Which cell(s) would contain ribosomes? ___________________

Activity 1: QuizStar Summative Cell Types & Organelles Assessment Activity 2: Reflecting on your Performance 1. What score did you earn on your assessment: ____________ 2. What questions did you answer incorrectly? _______________________________________ 3. Do you understand what the correct answer should be for each question? ________________ 4. What could you have done differently to earn a better grade? _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

Activity 3: More on Cellular Organelles

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the correct cell organelle The 1._______________________, like the boss in a factory, is the part of the cell that controls all of the cells functions. This cell part controls the cell because it contains the cells entire DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Without the help of 2. ________________________, very small structures that help assemble proteins, the DNA that controls the cell would be of no use. Proteins and other molecules are transported throughout the cell on the 3. _________________ _________________ like the assembly lines of a factory. Once the proteins are assembled, they are sorted and packaged by the 4. ____________ ____________so that they can be sent out of the cell to other parts of the organism that need them. If any molecules are no longer needed by the cell, the 5.___________________________ will take care of them by digesting and breaking them down, like the trash center of a factory. If the cell wants to save materials for later, it can store them in the 6. _____________________. In order to stay healthy, cells need to be able to control what exits and enters the cell from the surrounding environment. Cells need to bring in materials, like oxygen, water, and food, and get rid of waste. In both plant and animal cells, the 7.________ ______________ helps the cell accomplish this task. The cell itself needs support and structure. In plant cells, the 8._______ _______ also provides structure and support, making plant cells very boxy, and is located just outside the cell membrane. No cell can do all these things without some energy! Plant cells have an important organelle called a 9._____________________ that turns sunlight into food for the plant. Animals cant make their own food, but instead eat other organisms to get food. Then, in both plant and animal cells, the 10._______________________ converts food into energy for the cell!

HW 47: The Cell Organelles Name __________________________

Cell Nucleus - Commanding the Cell The cell nucleus acts like the brain of the cell. It helps control eating, movement, and reproduction. If it happens in a cell, chances are the nucleus knows about it. The nucleus is not always in the center of the cell. It will be a big dark spot somewhere in the middle of all of the cytoplasm (cytosol). You probably won't find it near the edge of a cell because that might be a dangerous place for the nucleus to be. If you don't remember, the cytoplasm is the fluid that fills cells.

Biology I Date_______________________

True or False: A living thing can survive without cells.

True or False: Living things can survive without a nucleus.

What is the control center of a cell called? __________________________

Important Materials in the Envelope The things that make a eukaryotic cell are a defined nucleus and other organelles. The nuclear envelope surrounds the nucleus and all of its contents. The nuclear envelope is a membrane similar to the cell membrane around the whole cell. There are pores and spaces for RNA and proteins to pass through while the nuclear envelope keeps all of the chromatin and nucleolus inside. When the cell is in a resting state there is something called chromatin in the nucleus. Chromatin is made of DNA, RNA, and nuclear proteins. DNA and RNA are the nucleic acids inside of the cell. When the cell is going to divide, the chromatin becomes very compact. It condenses. When the chromatin comes together, you can see the chromosomes. You will also find the nucleolus inside of the nucleus. When you look through a microscope, it looks like a nucleus inside of the nucleus. It is made of RNA and protein. It does not have much DNA at all. How are the cell membrane and nuclear envelope similar?

How are the cell membrane and nuclear envelope different?

What is chromatin?

What is a nucleolus?

Mitochondria - Turning on the Powerhouse Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system that takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy for the cell. The process of creating cell energy is known as cellular respiration. Most of the chemical reactions involved in cellular respiration happen in the mitochondria. A mitochondrion is shaped perfectly to maximize its efforts.

Where does cellular respiration take place in a eukaryotic cell? _______________________ Why are mitochondria referred to as the powerhouse of the cell?

Mitochondria are very small organelles. You might find cells with several thousand mitochondria. The number depends on what the cell needs to do. If the purpose of the cell is to transmit nerve impulses, there will be fewer What types of cells would have a lot of mitochondria than in a muscle cell that needs mitochondria? loads of energy. If the cell feels it is not getting enough energy to survive, more mitochondria can be created. Sometimes they can even grow, move, and combine with other mitochondria, depending on the cell's needs. What is the main job of the endoplasmic reticulum?

Endoplasmic Reticulum - Wrapping it Up Another organelle in the cell is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). While the function of the nucleus is to act as the cell brain, the ER functions as a packaging system. It does not work alone. The ER works closely with the Golgi apparatus, ribososmes, RNA, mRNA, and tRNA. It creates a network of membranes found through the whole cell. The ER may also look different from cell to cell, depending on the cell's function.