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Pronunciation of s and es plural endings

In English, we mostly form the plural of a noun by adding s. In some cases we add es: 1 dog, 2 dogs 1 class, 2 classes At the end of a word, s has two possible pronunciations: /s/ or /z/. 1. After the following sounds we pronounce s as /s/: after a /p/ sound: 2 shops /s/ after a /t/ sound: 2 hats /s/ after a /k/ sound: 2 books /s/ after a // sound: 2 cloths /s/ after a /f/sound: 2 giraffes /s/. 2. In all other cases we pronounce s as /z/: 3 trees /z/ 2 dogs /z/ flowers /z/. managers /z/. When the plural form has the es ending, the pronunciation is always /iz/: 2 foxes /iz/ 2 boxes /iz/.