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# Chemistry

## Name _______________________________ Period ___ Date ___/___/___

T h e M o l e C o n c e p t U n i t 4

## Moles, Molecules, and Grams Lab

As weve already discussed in class its easy to ma!e conversions "etween moles molecules/#ormula units and \$rams% &or e'ample i# we want to \$o #rom moles to \$rams we use the molar mass to ma!e this conversion% (# we want to \$o #rom moles to molecules we use Avo\$adros num"er or )%*+ ' ,*+-% &inally i# we want to \$o #rom \$rams to molecules/#ormula units we .ust use a two step process where we #irst convert #rom \$rams to moles and then #rom moles to molecules/&%U% /isually it loo!s li!e this0 Molar mass 1rams Units )%*+ ' ,*+Moles Molecules/&ormula

(n this la" we will "e wei\$hin\$ out #ive di##erent su"stances then #indin\$ out how many moles and molecules/&%U% o# each one we have% Prelab0 (# you measure out +2%* \$rams o# Na34 in this la" how many moles o# Na34 would you have5 4ow many #ormula units5 ++%66 7 ,) 7 , 8 -6%66 9+2/-6%66: ' )%*+ ' ,*+- 8 -%;) ' ,*+- #m Lab0 (n this la" there are #ive di##erent "alances set up each o# which has a la"eled su"stance in a little .ar ne't to it% <our .o" is to #ind out how many moles and how many molecules o# each su"stance are in the canister% =ome Ma!e in#ormation you mi\$ht #ind use#ul0 sand "a!in\$ soda 9Na4C3-: chal! 9CaC3-: ta"le salt 9NaCl: su\$ar0 sucrose 9C,+4++3,,: sure that your la" has a data ta"le that contains the #ollowin\$0 The name o# each o# these su"stances The #ormula #or each o# these su"stances The molar mass o# each o# these su"stances The mass in \$rams o# each o# these su"stances%

>hen you are done wei\$hin\$ each material calculate the num"er o# moles o# each material and the num"er o# molecules o# each one and put them in the ri\$ht space% All calculations must "e shown on lined paper with all conversion #actors and unit cancellin\$%

Data Table: Compound =and 9=(3+: Chal! 9CaC3-: =alt 9NaCl: @a!in\$ =oda 9Na4C3-: =u\$ar 9C,+4++3,,:

## 1rams 9\$: 4%*4 ,%?) +%+4 -%2* ,%24

Calculations0 Usin\$ your data #ind the #ollowin\$ values% Ma!e sure to show all wor! and write all num"ers with the correct si\$ni#icant #i\$ures% ,a% Num"er o# moles o# sand0 *%+,+mol 4%*4\$ 8 *%*+,+ mol -+%*;\$/mol 7 ,+)%6\$/mol 7 ,)9+:\$/mol "% Num"er o# molecules o# sand0 ,%+? ' ,*++ &%U *%*+,+ ' )%*+',*+- 8 ,%+? ' ,*++ +a% Num"er o# moles o# "a!in\$ soda0 *%4,+mol -%2*\$ 8 *%*4,+mol ++%66\$/mol 7 ,9+:\$/mol 7 ,+\$/mol 7 ,)9-:\$/mol "% Num"er o# #ormula units o# "a!in\$ soda0 +%4? ' ,*++ *%*4,+mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 +%4? ' ,*++ -% Num"er o# #ormula units o# chal!0 ,%,+ ' ,*++ &%U% 4int0 =trin\$ two conversions to\$ether ,%?)\$ 8 *%*,?)mol 4*%*\$/mol 7 ,+%*\$/mol 7 ,)%*9-:\$/mol *%*,?)mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 ,%,+ ' ,*++ &%U% 4% Num"er o# #ormula units o# salt0 +%-, ' ,*++ &%U% +%+4\$ ++%66\$/mol 7 -2%42\$/mol 8 *%*-?-mol

*%*-?-mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 +%-, ' ,*++ &%U% 2% Num"er o# molecules o# su\$ar0 -%2, ' ,*+* &%U% ,%24\$ 8 *%***2?-mol

,+9++:\$/mol 7 ,9++:\$/mol 7 ,)9,,:\$/mol *%***2?-mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 -%2, ' ,*+* &%U% Post Lab Questions: ,% >hich o# the materials we wor!ed with had the lar\$est num"er o# molecules/#ormula units5 >as this the material that had the lar\$est wei\$ht5 >hy5 The material with the lar\$est &%U% is "a!in\$ soda% (t did not have the lar\$est wei\$ht% The composition o# this su"stance contained more individual moles there#ore the su"stance itsel# would wei\$h more% +% >ater has a molecular #ormula o# 4+3% (# ( have 2*%* \$ o# water how many moles o# water do ( have5 4ow many molecules5 2*\$ +9,:\$/mol 7 ,)\$/mol 8 +%;?mol

+%;?mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 ,%); ' ,*+- molecules -% @utane has a molecular #ormula o# C44,*% (# ( have 2*%* \$rams o# "utane how many moles o# natural \$as do ( have5 4ow many molecules5 2*\$ 8 *%?)+mol ,+94:\$/mol 7 ,9,*:\$/mol *%?)+ ' )%*+',*+- 8 2%,6 ' ,*+- &%U% 4% ( had the same wei\$ht o# water and "utane in pro"lems - and 4% >hy didnt the answer come out the same5 A'plain% The two answers did not come out the same "ecause the composition o# each di##erent molecule contains di##erent amounts o# atoms there#ore the two molecules appear to have di##erent amounts o# molecules%