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Chemistry

Name _______________________________ Period ___ Date ___/___/___


T h e M o l e C o n c e p t U n i t 4

Moles, Molecules, and Grams Lab


As weve already discussed in class its easy to ma!e conversions "etween moles molecules/#ormula units and $rams% &or e'ample i# we want to $o #rom moles to $rams we use the molar mass to ma!e this conversion% (# we want to $o #rom moles to molecules we use Avo$adros num"er or )%*+ ' ,*+-% &inally i# we want to $o #rom $rams to molecules/#ormula units we .ust use a two step process where we #irst convert #rom $rams to moles and then #rom moles to molecules/&%U% /isually it loo!s li!e this0 Molar mass 1rams Units )%*+ ' ,*+Moles Molecules/&ormula

(n this la" we will "e wei$hin$ out #ive di##erent su"stances then #indin$ out how many moles and molecules/&%U% o# each one we have% Prelab0 (# you measure out +2%* $rams o# Na34 in this la" how many moles o# Na34 would you have5 4ow many #ormula units5 ++%66 7 ,) 7 , 8 -6%66 9+2/-6%66: ' )%*+ ' ,*+- 8 -%;) ' ,*+- #m Lab0 (n this la" there are #ive di##erent "alances set up each o# which has a la"eled su"stance in a little .ar ne't to it% <our .o" is to #ind out how many moles and how many molecules o# each su"stance are in the canister% =ome Ma!e in#ormation you mi$ht #ind use#ul0 sand "a!in$ soda 9Na4C3-: chal! 9CaC3-: ta"le salt 9NaCl: su$ar0 sucrose 9C,+4++3,,: sure that your la" has a data ta"le that contains the #ollowin$0 The name o# each o# these su"stances The #ormula #or each o# these su"stances The molar mass o# each o# these su"stances The mass in $rams o# each o# these su"stances%

>hen you are done wei$hin$ each material calculate the num"er o# moles o# each material and the num"er o# molecules o# each one and put them in the ri$ht space% All calculations must "e shown on lined paper with all conversion #actors and unit cancellin$%

Data Table: Compound =and 9=(3+: Chal! 9CaC3-: =alt 9NaCl: @a!in$ =oda 9Na4C3-: =u$ar 9C,+4++3,,:

1rams 9$: 4%*4 ,%?) +%+4 -%2* ,%24

Calculations0 Usin$ your data #ind the #ollowin$ values% Ma!e sure to show all wor! and write all num"ers with the correct si$ni#icant #i$ures% ,a% Num"er o# moles o# sand0 *%+,+mol 4%*4$ 8 *%*+,+ mol -+%*;$/mol 7 ,+)%6$/mol 7 ,)9+:$/mol "% Num"er o# molecules o# sand0 ,%+? ' ,*++ &%U *%*+,+ ' )%*+',*+- 8 ,%+? ' ,*++ +a% Num"er o# moles o# "a!in$ soda0 *%4,+mol -%2*$ 8 *%*4,+mol ++%66$/mol 7 ,9+:$/mol 7 ,+$/mol 7 ,)9-:$/mol "% Num"er o# #ormula units o# "a!in$ soda0 +%4? ' ,*++ *%*4,+mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 +%4? ' ,*++ -% Num"er o# #ormula units o# chal!0 ,%,+ ' ,*++ &%U% 4int0 =trin$ two conversions to$ether ,%?)$ 8 *%*,?)mol 4*%*$/mol 7 ,+%*$/mol 7 ,)%*9-:$/mol *%*,?)mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 ,%,+ ' ,*++ &%U% 4% Num"er o# #ormula units o# salt0 +%-, ' ,*++ &%U% +%+4$ ++%66$/mol 7 -2%42$/mol 8 *%*-?-mol

*%*-?-mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 +%-, ' ,*++ &%U% 2% Num"er o# molecules o# su$ar0 -%2, ' ,*+* &%U% ,%24$ 8 *%***2?-mol

,+9++:$/mol 7 ,9++:$/mol 7 ,)9,,:$/mol *%***2?-mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 -%2, ' ,*+* &%U% Post Lab Questions: ,% >hich o# the materials we wor!ed with had the lar$est num"er o# molecules/#ormula units5 >as this the material that had the lar$est wei$ht5 >hy5 The material with the lar$est &%U% is "a!in$ soda% (t did not have the lar$est wei$ht% The composition o# this su"stance contained more individual moles there#ore the su"stance itsel# would wei$h more% +% >ater has a molecular #ormula o# 4+3% (# ( have 2*%* $ o# water how many moles o# water do ( have5 4ow many molecules5 2*$ +9,:$/mol 7 ,)$/mol 8 +%;?mol

+%;?mol ' )%*+',*+- 8 ,%); ' ,*+- molecules -% @utane has a molecular #ormula o# C44,*% (# ( have 2*%* $rams o# "utane how many moles o# natural $as do ( have5 4ow many molecules5 2*$ 8 *%?)+mol ,+94:$/mol 7 ,9,*:$/mol *%?)+ ' )%*+',*+- 8 2%,6 ' ,*+- &%U% 4% ( had the same wei$ht o# water and "utane in pro"lems - and 4% >hy didnt the answer come out the same5 A'plain% The two answers did not come out the same "ecause the composition o# each di##erent molecule contains di##erent amounts o# atoms there#ore the two molecules appear to have di##erent amounts o# molecules%