Anda di halaman 1dari 9

Homework1 1. Inthedesignofanelectromechanicalproduct,sevendifferentcomponentsaretobestacked intoacylindricalcasingthatholds12componentsinamannerthatminimizestheimpactof shocks.Oneendofthecasingisdesignedasthebottomandtheotherendisthetop. (a) Howmanydifferentdesignsarepossible? (b) Ifthesevencomponentsareallidentical,howmanydifferentdesignarepossible? (c) Ifthesevencomponentsconsistofthreeofonetypeofcomponentandfourofanother type,howmanydifferentdesignsarepossible?

2. Acomputersystemusespasswordsthataresixcharactersandeachcharacterisoneof26 letters(az)or10integers(09).Uppercaseletterarenotused.LetAdenotetheeventthata passwordbeginswithavowel(a,e,i,o,u)andletBdenotetheeventthatpasswordendswith andeventnumber(0,2,4,6,8).Supposeahackerselectsapasswordatrandom.Determinethe followingprobabilities: (a)P(A) (b)P(B) (c)P(AB) (d)P(AB)

3.Abatch hof500conta ainersforfrozenorangeju uicecontains5thatarede efective.Twoareselected,at random,without w repla acementfrom mthebatch. (a a)Whatisthe eprobabilitythat t thesecondoneselect tedisdefectiv vegiventhatthefirstonewas defective? ? (b b)Whatisthe eprobabilitythat t bothare edefective? (c c)Whatisthe eprobabilitythatbothare eacceptable? ?

Threecon ntainersareselected,atra andom,witho outreplaceme ent,fromthebatch (d d)Whatisthe eprobabilitythat t thethird doneselected disdefectivegiventhatth hefirstandth he secondon nesselectedwere w defectiv ve? (e e)Whatisthe eprobabilitythat t thethird doneselected disdefectivegiventhatth hefirstone selectedwas w defective eandtheseco ondoneselec ctedwasokay y? (f f)Whatistheprobabilitythatallthreearedefective e?

4.Thepro obabilitythateachdevicefunctionsisas a shown.Ass sumethatthe eprobabilitythat t eachdev viceis functionaldoesnotde ependonwhe etherornotother o devicesarefunctiona al.Whatistheprobabilitythat thecircuit toperates?

5.Softwaretodetectfraudincustomerphonecardstracksthenumberofmetropolitanareaswhere callsoriginateeachday.Itisfoundthat1%ofthelegitimateusersoriginatecallsfromtwoormore metropolitanareasinasingleday.However,30%offraudulentusersoriginatecallsfromtwoormore metropolitanareasinasingleday.Theproportionoffraudulentusersis0.01%.Ifthesameuser originatescallsfromtwoormoremetropolitanareasinasingleday,whatistheprobabilitythattheuser isfraudulent?

Homework2 1.Heartfailureisduetoeithernaturaloccurrences(87%)oroutsidefactor(13%).Outsidefactorsare relatedtoinducedsubstancesorforeignobjects.Naturaloccurrencesarecausedbyarterialblockage, disease,andinfection.Supposethat20patientswillvisitanemergencyroomwithheartfailure.Assume thatcausesofheartfailurebetweenindividualsareindependent. (a) Whatistheprobabilitythatthreeindividualshaveconditionscausedbyoutsidefactors? (b) Whatistheprobabilitythatthreeormoreindividualshaveconditionscausedbyoutside factors? (c) Whatisthemeanandsd.Ofthenumberofindividualswithconditionscausedbyoutside factors?

2.AtradingcompanyhaseightcomputersthatitusestotradeontheNewYorkStockExchange (NYSE).Theprobabilityofacomputerfailinginadayis0.005andthecomputerfailindependently. Computersarerepairedintheeveningandeachdayisanindependenttrial. (a) Whatistheprobabilitythatalleightcomputersfailinaday? (b) Whatisthemeannumberofadaysuntilaspecificcomputerfails? (c) Whatisthemeannumberofadaysuntilalleightcomputerfailsinthesameday?

3.ThenumberofflawsinboltsofclothintextilemanufacturingisassumedtobePoissondistributed withameanof0.1flawpersquaremeter. (a) Whatistheprobabilitythattherearetwoflawsin1squaremeterofcloth? (b) Whatistheprobabilitythatthereisoneflawin10squaremetersofcloth? (c) Whatistheprobabilitythatthereisnoflawsin20squaremetersofcloth? (d) Whatistheprobabilitythatthereareatleast2flawsin10squaremetersofcloth?

4.Acongestedcomputernetworkhasa1%chanceoflosingadatapacketandpacketlossesare independentevents.Anemailmessagerequires100packets. (a) Whatisthedistributionofdatapacketsthatmustberesent?Includetheparametervalues. (b) Whatistheprobabilitythattwoormorepacketsmustbesent? (c) Whatisthemeanandsd.ofthenumberofpacketthatmustberesent? (d) Ifthereare10messagesandeachcontains100packets,whatistheprobabilitythatatleastone messagerequirestwoormorepacketsberesent?

Homework3 1. Thecompressivestrengthofsamplesofcementcanbemodeledbyanormaldistributionwitha meanof6000Kg/cm2andsd.of100Kg/cm2 a) Whatistheprobabilitythatasamplesstrengthislessthan6250Kg/cm2? b) Whatistheprobabilitythatasamplesstrengthisbetween5800and5900Kg/cm2? c) Whatstrengthisexceededby95%ofthesamples?

2. Themanufacturingofsemiconductorchipsproduces2%ofdefectivechips.Assumethechips areindependentandthatalotcontains1000chips. a) Approximatetheprobabilitythatmorethan25chipsaredefective? b) Approximatetheprobabilitythatbetween20and30chipsaredefective?

3. Thetimebetweenarrivalsofsmallaircraftatacountyairportisexponentiallydistributedwitha meanofonehour. a) Whatistheprobabilitythatmorethanthreeaircraftarrivewithinanhour? b) If30separateonehourintervalsarechosen,whatistheprobabilitythatnointerval containsmorethanthreearrivals? c) Determinethelengthofanintervaloftime(inhours)suchthattheprobabilitythatno arrivalsoccurduringtheintervalis0.10