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iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)

March 2011-Second Draft


iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
iPasolink is a modular network element that integrates a comprehensive set
of TDM cross connect switching, packet switching and microwave / optical
features, resulting in reduced costs and a long investments lifetime. The
following iPasolink series cover mobile backhaul requirements all the way
from the access tail links through to the metro aggregation network.
iPASOLINK 200
iPASOLINK 400
iPASOLINK 1000
12-way Nodal
Redundancy
High Speed INTF
SDH and All IP
with CWDM
4-way Nodal
Redundancy
Pay as grow architecture
2-way radio
Redundancy
Compact design
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
2
iPASOLINK 400
VLAN Port-based VLAN
802.1Q Tag-based VLAN
802.1ad Q in Q
QoS 802.1p CoS / ToS /Diffserv/
- MPLS EXE
Advanced QoS (for AMR)
Synchronous Ethernet / IEEE1588v2
RSTP, ITU-T G.8031, 8032V2
Ethernet OAM, IEE802.1ag, ITU-T Y1731
TDM Ring Protection (SNCP)

Frequency bands: 6 to 38 GHz
Radio Transmission Capacities:
QPSK/16/32/64/128/256 QAM
Hitless-AMR
LDPC FEC
Narrowband transmission 7MHz & 14 MHz
MTPC / ATPC
. Any combination of SDH / PDH / LAN traffic
Interface :10/100/1000 Base-T
1000 Base-SX / LX
16 x E1,
2xSTM-1(thru)or 1x Chanallized
Pay as you grow concept
- software upgrade
Flexible configuration
- 1+0, 1+1 HS/SD/FD,XPIC (1+0)/(1+1)
- 168xE1 Cross Connect SW
- PWE (SAToP, CESoPSN)
Transmission Specification
Scalability and Flexibility
Advanced Ethernet Functionalities
iPASOLINK Introduction
3
Native TDM
TDM based network is the bandwidth-guaranteed and synchronous network. It is free from time and
synchronization issues. However, TDM network can not manage the growth of data traffic efficiently.
Native IP
Unlike Native TDM network, IP based network can accommodate the growth of data traffic efficiently. In
addition, wiring work can be reduced dramatically as a result of shared connections.
However, IP-based network, due to its asynchronous and on-demand nature, does not guarantee synchronous delivery of
data. Therefore, synchronization issue due to fluctuation of delay, latency or jitter must be carefully considered in
transmission of mobile service.
Dual Native (Native TDM and Native IP)
Both packet switching and TDM cross connect are supported natively, which enables flexible transport per
traffic type on a single platform. Without incurring additional latency, delay/jitter sensitive traffic and clock such as 3GPP
Release-99 traffic is transmitted on TDM network directly, and IP based traffic such as LTE traffic is transmitted on IP
network directly without conversion. Moderate packet data growth may be efficiently aggregated by statistical multiplexing
while keeping the quality of delay/jitter sensitive TDM services..
TDM splitting (with PWE)
TDM splitting enables a port of legacy network traffic, such as HSPA data, to be dispensed onto IP network
with Pseudo-Wire Emulation (PWE), keeping only critical and timing-sensitive data on TDM network. With this functionality,
it is possible to streamline legacy network while increasing IP network usage.
PWE should be applied for transmission of jitter and latency relaxed services or where clock synchronization within mobile
RAN has been established by adoption of other synchronization measures.
Traffic Offload/Concentration
Traffic offload allows the operator to unload their IP traffic, including emulated legacy traffic, onto other cost
effective IP network. The benefit of traffic offloading is twofold: > Differentiation of services to customers
> Reduction of OPEX by converging voice and data traffic
In contrast to offload, concentration creates an opportunity for wholesale operators and carriers to maximize the utilization of
their networks by converging services and traffic from various customers .
iPASOLINK Introduction
4
iPASOLINK Radio Transmission Method
TDM
TDM(E1)
Ethernet Ethernet
TDM(E1)
2) Hybrid Radio (Native Ethernet + Native TDM)
Ethernet
PWE
S
W

PWE
Ethernet
TDM(E1)
Ethernet
Ethernet
TDM(E1)
3) Packet Radio
IP over E1
IP over E1
TDM
TDM(E1)
Ethernet Ethernet
TDM(E1)
1) TDM Radio
S
W

PWE
Ethernet Ethernet
Ethernet
TDM(E1)
4) Hybrid + Packet Radio
TDM(E1)
TDM(E1)
iPASOLINK
TDM
S
W

S
W

XC XC
PWE
iPASOLINK Introduction
5
BSC/
RNC/
MME
AGW
iPASOLINK 200 iPASOLINK 200
iPASOLINK 400
eNB
2G/3G/LTE
WiMAX
BS
E1
Ethernet
Access Aggregation Metro
Core
Ethernet
BTS/Node-B
iPASOLINK 200 iPASOLINK 200
iPASOLINK
1000
iPASOLINK 1000
iPASOLINK
1000
MS5000
iPASOLINK
400/1000
iPASOLINK
1000
Internet
Packet network
: All IP
: Dual Native
(Hybrid)
: Hybrid Split : Off Load : CWDM
iPASOLINK support both native TDM and native Ethernet. It is possible to provide TDM and Ethernet
Hybrid transmission or ALL IP transmission without external box within the same equipment. iPASOLINK
can provide flexible and optimized migration scenario according to network situations and customer
evolution
iPASOLINK can provide end to end Ethernet connectivity with the extension of reach and capacity, nodal packet
radio, aggregation and bandwidth management. It is possible to use it also for WIMAX network and fixed network.
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
iPASOLINK capability for Evolution of Mobile Backhaul
BS
TDM Based
Network
2/3G Backhaul
BSC/ RNC
MME
S-GW
eNB
IP Based
Network
BS
TDM Based
Network
2/3G/LTE Backhaul
BSC/ RNC
Option-2
ALL IP based Backhaul
Option-1
TDM + IP based Backhaul
TDM based Backhaul
MME
S-GW
eNB
IP Based
Network
BS
2/3G/LTE Backhaul
BSC/
RNC
PWE PWE
TDM
Core
Only iPASOLINK can make these transitions on the same platform
7
iPASOLINK Introduction
Risk free migration to All IP-1
The migration from TDM based network to All IP network is achieved
by simply adding the MSE (Multi Service Engine) card.
Packet Radio
Migration
MSE: Multi Service Engine Note: Network needs to be synchronized by sync ETH , etc.
16xE1
Hybrid Radio
16xE1
16xE1
MSE
(PWE)
iPASOLINK Introduction
8
Risk free migration to All IP
The migration from TDM based network to All IP network is achieved
by simply adding the MSE (Multi Service Engine) card.
Packet Radio
Migration
Note: Network needs to be synchronized by sync ETH , etc.
16xE1
Hybrid Radio
16xE1
64xE1
MSE
(PWE)
MSE
MSE: Multi Service Engine
64xE
1
16xE1
16xE1
16xE1
16xE1
TDM transmission
Packet transmission
iPASOLINK Introduction
9
Flexible PWE configuration
iPASOLINK can configure PWE at both access site and aggregation site.
It allows operator easy configuration of the network.
PWE
E1/TDM E1/Ethernet
Access
Aggregation
1) PWE at Access site
E1/TDM
E1/Ethernet
Access
Aggregation
2) PWE at Aggregation site
PWE
core
core
E1/TDM
Access
Aggregation
Initial Configuration
core
or
iPASOLINK Introduction
10
Using the STM-1, E1 and Ether BB options iPASOLINK200
Access
Aggregation
16xE1
16xE1
16xE1
32xE1
STM-1 STM-1
STM-1 transparent
16E1/MDR x 2 or
Channelized STM-1
1) E1 with Ethernet Transmission
2) STM-1 with Ethernet transmission
Ethernet
Ethernet
FE or GbE
FE or GbE
FE or GbE
iPASOLINK Introduction
11
iPASOLINK XPIC (Cross Polarization Interference Canceller)
iPASOLINK can double its transmission capacity up to 880Mbps in 56MHz
bandwidth by adopting NECs state of the art XPIC technology.
The additional required components for XPIC are;
Dual polarized antenna,
Additional ODU,
Associated IF cable kit, (iPASO 400 / 1000)
Soft-key upgrade in IDU.
(In case of iPASOLINK200, no cable connection is required at the front panel for XPIC )
iPASOLINK400 can be configured 2 pair of XPIC links with one IDU.
iPASOLINK Introduction
12
iPASOLINK 200 iPASOLINK 400
Radio Nodal capability Two way Four way
Interfaces
Main Board
16xE1 + 2xFE (2FE+ 2 GbE or 4xGbE)
+ 2xGbE(SFP Slots)
16xE1 + 2xFE(GbE) + 2xGbE(SFP Ports)
Optional
16xE1 card
1x STM-1/chSTM-1 card
16xE1 card (Universal Slot)
2 x STM-1/chSTM-1 card (Universal Slot)
2xFE(GbE)+`2xGbE(SFP Ports) (Universal Slot)


Ethernet Functionality


Port based & Tag based VLAN,
Jumbo Frames
CoS/ ToS/ Diffserv based Priority Control
Strict priority, D-WRR with Bandwidth
Management
Policing with CIR/EIR
Excess Information Rate

Port based & Tag based VLAN,
Jumbo Frames
CoS/ ToS/ Diffserv based Priority Control
Strict priority, D-WRR with Bandwidth
Management
Policing with CIR/EIR
Excess Information Rate
Synchronization TDM / Synchronous Ethernet TDM / Synchronous Ethernet / IEEE 1588v2
TDM Cross-Connect
E1 Cross-Connect with ADM for Radio and
channelized STM-1
E1 Cross-Connect with ADM for Radio and
channelized STM-1
TDM SW Capacity E1 x 126ch E1 x 168ch
Radio Protection HS,HS/SD,FD Hot Standby, Space / Frequency Diversity HS,HS/SD,FD Hot Standby, Space / Frequency Diversity
Resiliency
Packet RSTP RSTP / MSTP /ITU-T G.8031 / G.8032v2
TDM
E1 SNCP with Radio Ring Sub Network Connection
Protection
E1 SNCP with Radio Ring Sub Network Connection Protection
Ethernet OAM
IEEE 802.1ag Service OAM and
ITU-T Y.1731 PM
IEEE 802.1ag Service OAM and
ITU-T Y.1731 PM
Other Functions XPIC, Traffic Aggregation XPIC, Traffic Aggregation
iPASOLINK Series Functionalities Summary
iPASOLINK Introduction
13
iPASOLINK Introduction
14
FEATURES-1
INTERFACES - 400
2 x 10/100/1000 Base-T(X), 2 x 1000 Base SX/LX SFP (Main Board)
16 x E1 main board and 16E1 card (Universal slot)
MSE (Multi Service Engine) 64X E1 PWE card (Universal slot)
2 x 10/100/1000 Base-T(X), 2 x 1000 Base SX/LX SFP (Universal slot)
2xSTM-1 optical /electrical (Universal slot)
Four front mounted universal slots are available for Modems and
option interface cards
SAToP (RFC4553), CESoPSN (RFC5086), ATMoP(RFC4717)
COMPACT AND RELIABLE PLATFORM
Very compact and light platform for easy installation
1u IDU and 3/3.5 kg ODU with GUI LCT for easy setting up
High reliability and quality backed by excellent field proven MTBF
Backward compatible with Pasolink neo series ODU
Low Power consumption: adoption of high efficient RF components
iPASOLINK Introduction
15
FEATURES-3
ADVANCED QoS FUNCTION - 400
Enhanced QoS functions
Class mapping (4 or 8 Class queues for QoS control)
(802.1p, IPv4 Precedence, IPv4/IPv6 DSCP. MPLS EXP)
ETHERNET / VLAN - 400
VLAN table size 256 group or option-4094 group (VLAN 1 ~4094)
Redundancy Function :RSTP(IEEE802.1W) for redundancy loop prevention
Packet classification functions based on header information
Bandwidth Management (Traffic shaping, CIR/PIR policing per port/VLAN)
Flexible Scheduling (Deficit-weighted round robin or strict Priority)
Support Jumbo frame (FE < 2000 , GbE < 9600)
Congestion avoidance mechanism (WTD or WRED)
VLAN functions on layer 2 based carrier network
Port based VLAN, tag based (IEEE 802.1Q), Provider bridge (IEEE802.1ad)
Link aggregation (IEEE802.3 ad) with LACP
iPASOLINK Introduction
FEATURES-4
HYBRID SWITCHING FUNCTION-400
TDM Cross connect: max 168 x 168 E1 left and right hand routes
Support SNCP
Packet Switching: up to 40 Gbps
Note : The number of E1 channels depend on modulation scheme and TDM capacity
16
iPASOLINK Introduction
17
FEATURES-3
VERSATILE RADIO SECTION
High system gain using LDPC FEC and Linearizer techniques
cross polarization interference canceller. (XPIC)
High modulation up to 256 QAM for Native ether and native TDM
Adaptive modulation Radio (AMR)
Double transmission capacity up to 920 mbps in 56 MHz BW
Enhanced system gain with new ODU (IHG)
FREQUENCY AGILITY AND EASY TUNING
Field tunable local oscillators (Synthesizer)
RF Point Frequency can be changed through Local Craft Terminal (LCT)
ODU Sub-band changeable by simply replacing the RF Filter.
HYBRID SWITCHING FUNCTION-400
TDM Cross connect: max 168 x 168 E1 left and right hand routes
Support SNCP
Packet Switching: up to 40 Gbps
Note : The number of E1 channels depend on modulation scheme and TDM capacity
iPASOLINK Introduction
18
FEATURES-4
SUPERB OAM FUNCTIONALITIES
Loopback capability Near end, far end and IF loop-backs
Ethernet OAM (IEE802.1ag / ITU-T Y.1731)
NETWORK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Three management systems are supported (PNMSj, PC-MG, MS5000)
Web based local craft terminal for local and remote NE access
SYNCHRONIZATION
High Accuracy clock supply for clock synchronization
Support both native TDM and synchronous Ethernet for clock reference
Support external clock input / output
PROTECTION SCHEMES
E1 Ring Protection
RSTP and Ether Ring protection
Timing source protection Priority or Quality
Automatic Protection switching (APS) for STM-1
Hot Standby and Twin path for radio protection
Fault detection, fault localization/isolation, Performance measurement
iPASOLINK Introduction
19
iPASOLINK 400 Features
PWE
PDH Ring Ether Ring
6 38 GHz AMR
Ether OAM
16-32 xE1
1X STM1
10/100/1000Base-T Super PDH
TDM Ring Ether Ring
QPSK 256 QAM Hitless AMR (1+0)/(1+1) 4way Nodal
Ether OAM
16-64 xE1
2xSTM1
XPIC
ATM AGGREGATION
SYNC ETHER VLAN
NEO/c Mode Modem
GbE(SFP)
(1+1) HS / SD
iPASOLINK Introduction
20
iPasolink 200/400 Radio Configurations
VERSATILE PLATFORM CONFIGURATION
Redundancy Configurations in one IDU
(1+0) No Protection ( up to 4 )
(1+1) Hot Standby (up to two groups )
(1+1) Hot Standby with Space Diversity
(1+1) Twin Path (Frequency Diversity) (two groups)
Other Configurations in one IDU
(1+1) HS
(2+0) CCDP (XPIC) (1+0) x 2
(1+0)
1U Single IDU provide the following radio configuration
(2+0) x Dual Polarization with XPIC (1+0) up to two groups
(2+0) x Dual Polarization with XPIC (1+1) one group
(1+0) x 4 Nodal
400
400
(1+1) Twin Path
iPASOLINK Introduction
21
Radio Configurations (Redundancy)
iPaso 400
iPaso 400
iPASOLINK Introduction
22
Radio Configurations (XPIC)
iPaso 400
iPaso 400
iPASOLINK Introduction
23
Radio Configurations - Nodal
4 way Nodal Configurations in
one IDU (iPASOLINK 400)
NEO/c
iPASOLINK 400 modem : standard operate with iPASOLINK
: Optional modem operate with NEO/c (compatible with NEO/c radio frame)
iPaso 400
Optional Modem NEO/c mode
iPaso 400
iPaso 200
iPaso 400
2 way Nodal
Configurations
in one IDU
iPASOLINK 200)
Site-A
Site-B
Site-C
Site-D
Site-E
Site-F
iPASOLINK Introduction
24
Baseband Configurations
Super PDH
16 x E1
STM-1 (63E1)
16 x E1
STM-1 (63E1)
79 E1
PWE
16 x E1
16 x E1
MSC (PWE) card
All IP
MSC (PWE) card
GbE GbE
Native TDM +Native Ether
2 x STM1
STM-1
2 x STM-1
16 x E1
16 x E1
FE
E1 +Ether (Dual Native)
STM-1
16 x E1
16 x E1
FE
iPASOLINK Introduction
25
iPasolink Radio using NEO ODU
Replace NEO IDU with iPASOLINK
16 x E1
STM-1 (63E1)
16 x E1
STM-1 (63E1)
79 E1
PASOLINK NEO PDH
16 x E1
16 x E1
PDH
NHG2
NHG2
NHG2
NHG2
NEO IDU
Replace NEO IDU with iPASOLINK 16 x E1
STM-1 (63E1)
16 x E1
STM-1 (63E1)
79 E1 +LAN
NHG2
NHG2
FE/GbE
FE/GbE
iPASOLINK Introduction
26
26
Ethernet Ring protection
- Protection Switching Time
<2s (RSTP)
< 50 ms (ITU-T G.8032v2)
Ethernet Ring
TDM Ring
TDM Ring protection
- E1 SNCP
- Protection Switching Time
<50ms

63 x E1 63 x E1
Channelized STM-1
63 x E1
E1
63 x E1
(200/400)
63xE1(400)
32xE1(200)
iPASOLINK Introduction
27
iPASOLINK400 IDU Block Diagram
Universal
slot #1
TDM SW L2 SW CPU
PS
PS
Universal
slot #2
Universal
slot #3
Universal
slot #4
16xE1
Alarm
DSC
Clock
Optional
Clock
Native
TDM
Bus
Native Packet Bus
Control Bus
Main Board
- 48V
- 48V
Synchronous Ethernet
or IEEE1588
Optional redundant
Power supply
2xGbE
(SFP)
16 x E1 INTFC
MSE (63xE1 PWE)
Modem (Neo /c mode)
2x STM-1
Modem
4 x GbE
Universal Slot-Cards
PS
PS
Auxiliary
2xFE/GbE
iPASOLINK Introduction
28
iPASOLINK 400 Slots and Module configuration
OW Jack
ODU Interface
USB Memory Slot
FE1 / FE2
ALM / SC/CLK 16 x E1 INTFC
16 x E1 TDM INTFC
Channelized STM-1(or 2xSTM-1) AUX (HK Ext ALM)
Power Supply-1
SFP
2 x GbE
FAN Unit
LCT / NMS
Universal Slot-1 Universal Slot-2 Universal Slot-3 Universal Slot-4
Modem 4xGbE [2xRJ45, 2x(SFP)] Multi Service Engine
Universal Slot-Cards
Power Supply-2
NE / FE2 or
Protect SW
Call Button
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
COMPONENTS MODULE NAME Code Remarks
iPASOLINK 400 CHASSIS CHASSIS WITH MAIN BOARD Required
FAN-C AIR COOLING FAN NWA-055294-001 Required
MAIN BOARD MC-A4
Main Card (E116CH + GBE (2XSFP SX / LX / T)
+ 2FE OR OPTIONAL 2 X GbE)
NWA-055298-001 Required
GbE-A 4 x GbE Interface card SFP options to select NWA-055303-001 Universal Slot
MODEM-A Standard Modem (QPSK-256 QAM) AMR NWA-055300-001 Universal Slot
16E1-A E116ch, 75 ohm to 120 ohm software selectable NWA-055302-001 Universal Slot
STM1-A 2 x STM-1 Interface Card (SFP Options to select) NWA-055304-004 Universal Slot
MSE TDM PWE, ATM PWE etc. NWA-055306-001 Universal Slot
AUX-S EOW, HK, NE2 option NWA-055307-001 Universal Slot
CLK2M-C Clock module (for SYNCE, SNCP and Channelized STM-1) NWA-055289-001 option
PS-A4 -48V DC Power Supply Unit NWA-055310-001 Required (at least one)
MAIN Board
FAN
PS 1
2 x GbE (LX/SX)
AUX: HK,
16 X E1 -48 VDC PS
PWE
2FE or 2 X GbE (elect)
16- xE1
1X CH STM1
FAN
2 x STM-1
Universal Slot4 Universal Slot3 Universal Slot2 Universal Slot1
PS 2
iPASOLINK Introduction
30
iPASOLINK 400 Main Board -Indicators
Port2 (Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Por1 (Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Port 3(Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Port4(Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Alarm (Red)
Alarm Status
Maintenance (Yellow)
Maintenance ON status
Blink during reset, up / down
loading
1 NMS TXD(+)
2 NMS TXD (-)
3 NMS RXD (+)
4 Not Connected
5 Not Connected
6 NMS RXD (-)
7 Not Connected
8 Not Connected
LCT / NMS (RJ-45)
1 Vbus
2 D (-)
3 D (+)
4 Ground
(USB) Type1
1 NMS TXD(+)
2 NMS TXD (-)
3 NMS RXD (+)
4 Not Connected
5 Not Connected
6 NMS RXD (-)
7 Not Connected
8 Not Connected
NE1 (RJ-45)
iPASOLINK 200/400 IDU INTFC pin assignments
ALM/SC/CLK (High Density D-Sub 44 Pins, Female)
1 ALM2 OUT (NO) 16 ALM2 OUT (COM) 30 ALM2 OUT (N)
2 ALM1 OUT (NO) 17 ALM1 OUT (COM) 31 ALM1 OUT (NC)
3 GROUND 18 Ground 32 Ground
4 V.11-1 Data in(+) 19 V.11-1 clock in(+) 33 V.11-1 FP input(+)
5 V.11-1Data in(-) 20 V.11-1 clock in (-) 34 V.11-1 FP input(-)
6 V.11-1 Data out(+) 21 V.11-1 clock out(+) 35 V.11-1 FP output(+)
7 V.11-1Data out(-) 22 V.11-1 clock out(-) 36 V.11-1 FP output(-)
8 V.11-2 Data in(+) 23 V.11-2 clock in(+) 37 V.11-2 FP input(+)
9 V.11-2Data in(-) 24 V.11-2 clock in (-) 38 V.11-2 FP input(-)
10 V.11-2 Data out(+) 25 V.11-1 clock out(+) 39 V.11-2 FP output(+)
11 V.11-2 Data out(-) 26 V.11-1 clock out(-) 40 V.11-2 FP output(-)
12 RS-232C-1Data in 27 Ground 41 RS-232C-2 Data in
13 RS-232C-1Data out 28 42 RS232C-2 data out
14 EXT1 CLK in(+) 29 Ground 43 EXT1 CLK in (-)
15 EXT1 CLK OUT(+) 44 EXT1 CLK OUT(-)
31
iPASOLINK Introduction
32
iPASOLINK 400 Clock Module
Clock Module
CLK2M-C

Option module for Clock Sync and mounted on MC-A4 Main Board.

Required for all stations for Network Sync
1. SNCP E1 Ring Configuration
2. Channelized STM-1 (Not required for STM-1 SPI Mode operation)
3. Sync Ether
4. External CLK In/Out
5. IEEE 1588v2(slave)

*1 Not required for HOP Topology, TREE Topology, for the case Network Sync is not in use in Back-Back
Connection.
*2 SNCP E1 Ring Topology, Channelized STM-1,Sync E and IEEE1588v2 Software key is separately required.

iPASOLINK Introduction
33
iPASOLINK 400 Modem
IF IN / OUT
TX frequency: 350 MHz
RX frequency 140 MHz
Ref Frequency: 5 MHz (XPIC)
DC Power : -48V
Connector: TNC (Female)
Control 10 MHz
Impedance: 50 Ohms
XIF IN/ OUT
Frequency: 140 MHz
REF FREQ: 5 MHz
Connector: IEC 169-29(1.0/2.3)
Impedance: 75 Ohms
FOR XPIC BETWEEN MASTER
AND SUB MASTER
TX STATUS (Green)
RX STATUS (Green)
Power ON (Green)
Alarm ( Red )
Power ON/OFF
Switch
Ground
iPASOLINK-400
Option Card
34
iPASOLINK Introduction
iPASOLINK 400 IDU E1 Interfaces
Main Board
2M IN /OUT
Input / Output
signal
16 x E1
Bit Rate 2.048Mpps +/_ 50ppm
Interface HDB3 (ITU-T G.703)
Impedance
(S/W
Selectable)
75 Ohms, Unbalance
120 Ohms Balance
Connector MDR-68 pins
Alarm (Red)
Alarm Status
iPASOLINK Introduction
35
iPASOLINK 400 IDU STM-1 Card
STM-1 INTFC (ELECTRICAL) -SPECIFICATIONS
TYPE ITU-T G.703
BITRATE 155.520 Mbps
LEVEL 1 Vp_p
CODE CMI
CONNECTOR IEC 169-29 (1.0/2.3)
IMPEDANCE 75 Ohms (Unbalanced)
STM-1 INTFC (OPTICAL) -SPECIFICATIONS
TYPE ITU-T G957
BITRATE 155.520 Mbps
LEVEL
L-1.1: 0 TO -8 (5)dBm (TX) / -10 TO -34 dBm (RX)
S-1.1: -8 TO -15dBm (TX) / -8 TO -28 dBm (RX)
CODE NRZ
WAVELENGTH 1310 NM
CONNECTOR LC
iPASO 400 Automatic Protection Switching
APS Grp-1 APS Grp1 APS Grp2
Same slot Different slot
Port 1 Port2 Slot1
Port1
Slot2
port1
Slot1
port2
Slot2
port2
SFP combination
No Port 1 Port 2
1 S-1.1
2 L-1.1
3 ELE
4 S-1.1 S-1.1
5 L-1.1 L-1.1
6 ELE ELE
iPASOLINK 400
iPASOLINK Introduction
36
Transparent mode of STM-1. No processing in IDU.
-2 STM-1 can be handled by single module

SPI mode with line redundancy (APS).
The following Software Key is required
-STM-1 APS Protection Key
Terminating MST / RST of STM-1 and drop insert in VC-12 (E1)level
Port1should be source port
CLK2M-C module is required
The following Software Key is required
- STM-1 MUX/DEMUX Key
Channelized-STM-1 mode with line redundancy (APS)
CLK2M-C module is required
The following Software Key is required
STM-1 MUX/DEMUX Key
STM-1 APS Protection Key
2 x STM-1 universal card (STM1-A)
Alarm ( Red ) Online Status (Green) Online Status (Green)
Port1
Port2
Through (SPI) Mode
STM1
STM1
STM1
STM1
Port1
Port2
Through (SPI) Mode with APS
STM1
STM1
STM1
Port1
Port2
Channelized Mode
STM1
63 E1 -
-
-
-
Port1
Channelized Mode with APS
STM1
63 E1 -
-
-
-
Port2
STM1
Transport modes of STM-1.
iPASOLINK Introduction
37
iPASOLINK 400 Main Board
2M IN /OUT
Input / Output signal 16 x E1
Bit Rate 2.048Mpps +/_ 50ppm
Interface HDB3 (ITU-T G.703)
Impedance
(S/W Selectable)
75 Ohms, Unbalance
120 Ohms Balance
Connector MDR-68 pins
LAN Interface (Electrical) Port 1,2
Input / Output signal 10/100Base-T(X) or 10/100/1000 BASE-T
Speed & Duplex 10/100 Base-T(X) / 1000 Base-T Auto
Sensing or Fixed
Flow Control ON or OFF (Selectable)
Link Loss Forwarding Disable/Enable (Selectable)
Connector RJ-45
Transmission Rate 460 Mbps
Port 1 can be selected as user port1 or Management port NE
Gigabit Ether Interface (Optical) 3,4
Input / Output signal 1000 BASE-SX / 1000 BASE - LX
Speed & Duplex 1000 Mbits Full Duplex Auto
Negotiation fixed
Flow Control ON or OFF (Selectable)
Link Loss Forwarding Disable/Enable (Selectable)
Connector SFP Optical Interface (LC)
Transmission Rate 460 Mbps
SFP opticalS-1.1/L1.1
Electrical (RJ-45)*
Software key Required to activate ports 3, 4
iPASOLINK Introduction
38
iPASOLINK 400 GbE Universal Slot Interface
Ethernet Features
VLAN Port Based VLAN/ Tag Based VLAN / Q in Q
QoS 802.1p CoS / ToS/Diffserv/MPLS EXP
QoS Control 4SP, 1xSP+3xDWRR, 4xDWRR, 1xSP+7DWRR,
2xSP+6DWRR
Bandwidth
Management
Port and class shaper, policing per VLAN or port
Jumbo frame Up to 2000 bytes
Protection RSTP (802.1w, ERP (ITU-T G.8032)* LACP
(802.3ad)*
Note *-late release
LAN Interface (Electrical) Port 1,2
Input / Output signal 10/100Base-T(X)/ 1000 BASE-T
Speed & Duplex 10/100 Base-T(X) / 1000 Base-T
Auto Sensing or Fixed
Flow Control ON or OFF (Selectable)
Link Loss Forwarding Disable/Enable (Selectable)
Connector RJ-45
Transmission Rate 460 Mbps
Gigabit Ether Interface (Optical) 3,4
Input / Output signal 1000 BASE-SX / 1000 BASE -
LX
Speed & Duplex 1000 Mbits Full Duplex Auto
Negotiation fixed
Flow Control ON or OFF (Selectable)
Link Loss Forwarding Disable/Enable (Selectable)
Connector SFP Optical Interface (LC)
Transmission Rate 460 Mbps
Port2 (Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Por1 (Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Port 3(Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Port4(Green)
LAN Link Status
Blink when data TX
Alarm (Red)
Alarm Status
iPASOLINK Introduction
39
iPASOLINK 400 Power Supply
SELV (DC IN) 4 Pin
1 -48 V (-40.5 to -57)
2 -48 V (-40.5 to -57)
3 Ground
4 Ground
AMP 1-178288-4 or DK-3100S-04R
Contacts: AMP:1-175218-2
Connector
Cylindrical Fuse
ES1-12500 (250 V / 12.5 AH
iPASOLINK Introduction
40
Optional auxiliary Module support ALM / EOW / NE2

The following Interface is available
HK ALM IN/OUT
additional four parallel alarm outputs
EOW B-B connection Port
NE2 : DCN RS-485 (Async.) Back to-back connection

Interface MC-A4(main card) AUX-A (Option) Note
HK ALM
IN 6
OUT 2 4
OW
Jack 1
BZ 1
Call SW 1
EXT IN/OUT 2 For Back-Back connection
DSC
V.11 2 Sync / Async
RS-232C 2 Async
DCN
LCT 1 10/100BASE-T(X)
NMS 1 10/100BASE-T(X)
NE 1 10/100BASE-T(X)
NE2 1 9.6kbps Async (RS-485)DCN port
USB MEM slot 1 For F/W download, etc.
EXT CLK IN / OUT (1)* 2MHz / bps *Optional clock (CLK2M-C) module is required.
Summary of the auxiliary interface ports.
AUX Card AUX-A
iPASOLINK Introduction
iPASOLINK 400 - AUX Card ( AUX-S / AUX-A)
ALM / EOW (High Density D-Sub 44 Pins, Female)
1 EOW 1 IN(+) 16 EOW 1 IN (-) (GND) 31 CALL1 OUT
2 EOW 1 OUT(+) 17 EOW 1 OUT (-) (GND) 32 BZ2 IN
3 EOW 2 In (+) 18 EOW 2 IN(-) (GND) 33 CALL2 OUT
4 EOW 2 Out (+) 19 EOW 2 Out (-) (GND) 34 GND
5 GND 20 ALM6/HK1/C1 OUT (COM) 35 ALM6/HK1/C1 OUT (NC)
6 ALM6/HK1/C1 OUT (NO) 21 ALM5/HK2/C2 OUT (COM) 36 ALM5/HK2/C2 OUT (NC)
7 ALM5/HK2/C2 OUT (NO) 22 ALM4/HK3/C3 OUT (COM) 37 ALM4/HK3/C3 OUT (NC)
8 ALM4/HK3/C3 OUT (NO) 23 ALM3/HK4/C4 OUT(COM) 38 ALM3/HK4/C4 OUT(NC)
9 ALM3/HK4/C4 OUT(NO) 24 NE2_RXD_TERM 39 NE2_RXD (+)
10 NE2_TXD(+) 25 40 NE2_RXD(-)
11 NE2_TXD(-) 26 HK4/CLSTR3 IN (-) (GND) 41 HK6/CLSTR1 IN (-) (GND)
12 HK2 INPUT(-) (GND) 27 HK4/CLSTR3 IN (+) 42 HK6/CLSTR1 IN (+)
13 HK2 INPUT(+) 28 HK3/CLSTR4 IN (-) (GND) 43 HK5/CLSTR2 IN (-) (GND)
14 HK1 INPUT(-) (GND) 29 HK3/CLSTR4 IN (+) 44 HK5/CLSTR2 IN (+)
15 HK1 INPUT(+) 30 BZ 1 IN
iPASOLINK Introduction
42
In case the FAN alarm occurs, replace the FAN unit immediately.
The FAN unit can be replaced under power-on condition (hot-swappable).
iPASOLINK Introduction
43
PERFORMANCE iPASOLINK 400 IDU
ITEM IDU
Transmission
Capacity
and
Channel spacing
Channel Spacing 7 MHZ 14 MHz (13.75 MHz ) 28 MHz (27.5 MHz) 56 MHz (55 MHz)
QPSK 14 28 57 114
16 QAM 28 56 114 229
32 QAM 35 71 143 287
64 QAM 45 85 172 345
128 QAM 49 99 200 402
256 QAM - 114 229 460
[Band width within parenthesis is Channel Spacing at 18 Ghz band ] [capacity is physical layer maximum throughput at 64 bytes packet size]
Main Signal Interface
E1 16xE1 (G703) MDR 68 connector in main board (64 E1 with additional 16 E1 Universal Cards)
LAN
2 x 10/100 Base-T(X) RJ-45 connector (up to 2 x 10/100/1000 Base T available with software upgrade)
2 x 1000 SX or LX with SFP modules (connector type LC)
STM-1 1or 2 x STM-1 (S 1.1 or L 1.1 ) option card with software selectable channelized STM-1 (connector type LC)
Inter facility Link (IDU-ODU)
Connector Type : TNC female
Cable length : Nominal 300m maximum with 8D-FB-E or equivalent performance cable
FUNCTION OUTLINE
Native IP and Native TDM Modem has dual native (native IP and native TDM) signal processing circuit
Adaptive Modulation Radio (AMR) QPSK / 16 QAM/ 32 QAM / 64 QAM / 128 QAM / 256 QAM (6 modulation schemes changing adaptively)
Protection
Radio (1+1) Hot standby / Space diversity , (1+1) twin Path (Frequency Diversity), XPIC (1+1)
E1 Ring E1 SNCP (sub network connection protection ) support
LAN Ring RSTP (Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol) support / ITU-T G.8032
XPIC (CCDP) Function QPSK to 256 QAM modulation at (14 MHz/28MHz/56MHz),
AMR (1+1) and XPIC combination AMR and (1+1), AMR and XPIC combination available
DXC (E1 Cross Connect) Capacity Up to 168 x 168 E1 non blocking
External Clock Interface 2.048 MHz or 2.048 Mbps external clock input / output, 75 or 120 Ohms selectable, D-Sub 44 pin connector
iPASOLINK Introduction
44
PERFORMANCE iPASOLINK 400 IDU
ITEM IDU
DCN AND SERVICE CHANNELS
NMS Interface 1 Port, 10/100 Base-T, RJ-45 (in-band and Out-band connections supported)
NE1 1 Ports, 10/100 Base-T(X), RJ-45
NE2 (RS-485) 1 Port Serial signal port for legacy equipment , available with optional AUX card, D-Sub 44 pin
Local Craft Terminal (LCT) 1-Port, 10/100 Base-T(X), RJ -45
House Keeping and Cluster Alarms Input 6 CH, output 6 CH available with optional AUX card, D-Sub 44 pin
Service Channels
2 Ports , RS -232C, 9.6 Kbps Async. D-sub -44 pin
2 Ports , V.11 ( co-direction or contra-direction) 64 Kbps Sync, D-Sub 44 pin
Engineering Order Wire (EOW) (Back to Back) 2 port 4-wire voice channel, available with optional AUX card, D-Sub 44 pin
Loop Back
Far-End Baseband Loop Back
Near-End Baseband Loop Back
IF Loop Back
TX Power control Mode
Manual TX Power Control,
Automatic TX Power Control
Performance Monitor
PMON Items: OFS, BBE, ES, SES, SEP, UAS
Metering Items: Output Power Level (TX PWR), Received Signal Level (RSL). Bit Error Rate (BER)
LAN Monitoring items: RX Unicast, RX Broadcast, RX Multicast, RX Pause, RX CRC error
POWER REQUIREMENTS AND DIMENSION
Power requirement -48 V DC (-40.5 to -57 VDC) conform to EN300 132-2
Power Consumption
IDU without Options (1+0) : 55W, (1+1) 65 W
AUX option: 5W, 16xE1 option : 5W, STM-1 option: 8W. MSE option: 10W, external Clock option: 3W
Mechanical Dimensions 482 (W), 44(H), 240 (D) mm, 3 Kg approx.
Environmental Condition Workable: -10 to +55 Deg. C,
iPASOLINK Introduction
45
PERFORMANCE-AMR
ITEM 6GHz 7-8GHz 10-11GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 28GHz 32GHz 38GHz CS
Transmit Power - Measured at ODU TX port
QPSK 29 29 25 25 25 24 24 23 22 22 20 7MHz/ 14 MHz / 28 MHz/56MHz
Receiver Threshold Measured at ODU RX port (dBm) at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below -1.5 dB]
QPSK ( 56 MHz) -84.5 -84.5 -84.0 -83.5 -83.5 -83 -83.5 -82.5 -82.5 -82.5 -81.5
QPSK ( 28 MHz) -87.5 -87.5 -87 -86.5 -86.5 -86 -86.5 -85.5 -85.5 -85.5 -84.5
QPSK ( 14 MHz) -90.5 -90.5 -90 -89.5 -89.5 -89 -89.5 -88.5 -88.5 -88.5 -87.5
QPSK ( 7 MHz) -93.5 -93.5 -93 -92.5 -92.5 -92 -92.5 -91.5 -91.5 -91.5 -90.5
System Gain Measured at ODU RX port at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below +1.5 dB]
QPSK ( 56 MHz) 113.5 113.5 109 108.5 108.5 107 107.5 105.5 104.5 104.5 101
QPSK ( 28 MHz) 116.5 116.5 112 111.5 111.5 110 110.5 108.5 107.5 107.5 104.5
QPSK ( 14 MHz) 119.5 119.5 115 114.5 114.5 113 113.5 111.5 110.5 110.5 107.5
QPSK ( 7 MHz) 122.5 122.5 118 117.5 117.5 116 116.5 114.5 113.5 113.5 110.5
Power Control 0 to 24 dB ( 1 dB step)
Max input level - 20 dBm for BER less than 10-3
Transmit Power - Measured at ODU TX port
16 QAM 26 26 22 22 22 21 21 19 18 18 17 56 MHz
16 QAM 27 27 23 23 23 22 22 20 19 19 18 7MHz/ 14 MHz / 28 MHz
Receiver Threshold Measured at ODU RX port (dBm) at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below -1.5 dB]
16 QAM ( 56 MHz)
-78 -78 -77.5 -77 -77 -76.5 -77 -76 -76 -76 -75
16 QAM( 28 MHz) -81 -81 -80.5 -80 -80 -79.5 -80 -79 -79 -79 -78
16 QAM ( 14 MHz) -84 -84 -83.5 -83 -83 -82.5 -83 -82 -82 -82 -81
16 QAM ( 7 MHz) -87 -87 -86.5 -86 -86 -85.5 -86 -85 -85 -85 -84
System Gain Measured at ODU RX port at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below +1.5 dB]
16 QAM ( 56 MHz) 104 104 99.5 99 99 97.5 98 95 94 94 92
16 QAM( 28 MHz) 108 108 103.5 106 106 104.5 105 102 101 101 99
16 QAM ( 14 MHz) 111 111 106.5 106 106 104.5 105 102 101 101 99
16 QAM ( 7 MHz) 114 114 109.5 109 109 107.5 108 105 104 104 102
Power Control 0 to 24 dB ( 1 dB step)
Max input level - 20 dBm for BER less than 10-3
Guaranteed TX Power
6-28 GHz +/- 1.5dB
32-38 GHz +/-2.5 dB
Guaranteed Threshold
Rx Threshold at 10
-6
BER
6-38 GHz +3 dB
Guaranteed System Gain
6-28 GHz -3 dB
32-38 GHz -4 dB
iPASOLINK Introduction
46
PERFORMANCE - AMR
ITEM 6GHz 7-8GHz 10-11GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 28GHz 32GHz 38GHz CS
Transmit Power - Measured at ODU TX port
32 QAM 25 25 21 21 21 20 18 18 18 18 17 56 MHz
32 QAM 26 26 22 22 22 21 19 19 19 19 18 7MHz/ 14 MHz / 28 MHz
Receiver Threshold Measured at ODU RX port (dBm) at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below -1.5 dB]
32 QAM ( 56 MHz) -75 -75 -74.5 -74 -74 -73.5 74 -73 -73 -73 -72
32 QAM( 28 MHz) -78 -78 -77.5 -77 -77 -76.5 -77 -76 -76 -76 -75
32 QAM ( 14 MHz) -81 -81 -80.5 -80 -80 -79.5 -80 -79 -79 -79 -78
32 QAM ( 7 MHz) -84 -84 -83.5 -83 -83 -82.5 -83 -82 -82 -82 -81
System Gain Measured at ODU RX port at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below +1.5 dB]
32 QAM ( 56 MHz) 100 100 95.5 95 95 93.5 92 91 91 91 89
32 QAM( 28 MHz) 104 104 99.5 99 99 97.5 96 95 95 95 93
32 QAM ( 14 MHz) 107 107 102.5 102 102 100.5 99 98 98 98 96
32 QAM ( 7 MHz) 110 110 105.5 105 105 103.5 102 101 101 101 99
Power Control 0 to 23 dB (1 dB step) + (5 dB additional ATT) 0 to 23 dB
Transmit Power - Measured at ODU TX port
64 QAM 25 25 21 21 21 20 18 18 18 18 17 56 MHz
64 QAM 26 26 22 22 22 21 19 19 19 19 18 7MHZ/ 14MHz/ 28 MHz
Receiver Threshold Measured at ODU RX port (dBm) at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below -1.5 dB]
64QAM ( 56 MHz)
-72 -72 -71.5 -71 -71 -70.5 -71 -70 -70 -70 -69
64 QAM( 28 MHz) -75 -75 -74.5 -74 -74 -73.5 -74 -73 -73 -73 -72
64 QAM ( 14 MHz) -78 -78 -77.5 -77 -77 -76.5 -77 -76 -76 -76 -75
64 QAM ( 7 MHz) -81 -81 -80.5 -80 -80 -79.5 -80 -79 -79 -79 -78
System Gain Measured at ODU RX port at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below +1.5 dB]
64 QAM ( 56 MHz) 97 97 92.5 91 91.5 90.5 88.5 88 88 86.5 85.5
64 QAM( 28 MHz) 101 101 96.5 96 96 94.5 93 92 92 92 90
64 QAM ( 14 MHz) 104 104 99.5 99 99 97.5 96 95 95 95 93
64 QAM ( 7 MHz) 107 107 102.5 102 102 100.5 99 98 98 98 96
Power Control 0 to 23 dB (1 dB step) + (5 dB additional ATT) 0 to 23 dB
iPASOLINK Introduction
47
PERFORMANCE - AMR
ITEM 6GHz 7-8GHz 10-11GHz 13 GHz 15 GHz 18 GHz 23 GHz 26 GHz 28GHz 32GHz 38GHz CS / THROUGHPUT
Transmit Power - Measured at ODU TX port
128 QAM 25 25 21 21 21 20 18 18 18 18 17 56 MHz
128 QAM 26 26 22 22 22 21 19 19 19 19 18 14 MHz/28 MHz
Receiver Threshold Measured at ODU RX port (dBm) at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below -1.5 dB]
128 QAM ( 56 MHz) -69 -69 -68.5 -68 -68 -67.5 -68 -67 -67 -67 -66
128 QAM( 28 MHz) -72 -72 -71.5 -71 -71 -70.5 -70.5 -71 -70 -70 -69
128 QAM ( 14 MHz) -75 -75 -74.5 -74 -74 -73.5 -74 -73 -73 -73 -72
128 QAM ( 7 MHz) -77.5 -77.5 -77 -76.5 -76.5 -76 -76.5 -75.5 -75.5 -75.5 -74.5
System Gain Measured at ODU RX port at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below +1.5 dB]
128 QAM ( 56 MHz) 94 94 89.5 89 89 87.5 86 85 85 85 83
128 QAM( 28 MHz) 98 98 93.5 93 93 91.5 90 89 89 89 87
128 QAM ( 14 MHz)
101 101 96.5 96 96 94.5 93 92 92 92 90
128 QAM ( 7 MHz)
103 103 98 98 98.5 97.5 95.5 95 95 93.5 92.5
Power Control 0 to 20 dB (1 dB step) + (5 dB additional ATT) 0 to 20 dB
Transmit Power - Measured at ODU TX port
400 MB / 256 QAM 24 24 20 20 20 19 17 17 17 17 16
200 MB / 256 QAM 25 25 21 21 21 20 18 18 18 18 17
Receiver Threshold Measured at ODU RX port (dBm) at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below -1.5 dB]
256QAM ( 56 MHz)
-65.5 -65.5 -65 -64.5 -64.5 -64 -64.5 -63.5 -63.5 -63.5 -62.5
256 QAM( 28 MHz) -68.5 -68.5 -68 -67.5 -67.5 -67 -67.5 -66.5 -66.5 -66.5 -65.5
256 QAM( 14 MHz) -71 -71 -70.5 -70 -70 -69.5 -70 -69 -69 -69 -68
System Gain Measured at ODU RX port at 10
-6
BER [BER at 10
-3
value below +1.5 dB]
256 QAM ( 56 MHz)
89.5 89.5 85 84.5 84.5 83 81.5 80.5 80.5 80.5 78.5
256 QAM( 28 MHz) 93.5 93.5 89 88.5 88.5 87 85.5 84.5 84.5 84.5 82.5
256 QAM( 14 MHz) 96 96 91.5 91 91 89.5 88 87 87 87 85
Power Control 0 to 20 dB (1 dB step) + (5 dB additional ATT) 0 to 20 dB
iPASOLINK Introduction
48
OUT DOOR UNIT
iPASOLINK
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
TX RF
BPF
MPX
RX RF
BPF
RF AMP UP CONV
LO
DC-DC CONV
DOWN CONV
CONTROL
LNA
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Label
IF IN/OUT
Turn OFF the IDU DC
power before removing
the IF cable
RX LEV MONITOR
RF IN/OUT COAXIAL TYPE (6-8 GHz)
RF IN/OUT WG TYPE (6-8 GHz)
HANDLE
Frame Ground
iPASOLINK Introduction
51
Frame Ground
IF IN/OUT
Turn OFF the IDU DC
power before removing
the IF cable
RX LEV MONITOR
RF IN/OUT 13 38 GHz
HANDLE

TRP-15G 1D (IHG)
iPASOLINK Introduction
52
Input IF signal consists of:
350 MHz TX IF
140 MHz RX IF
10MHz Control
DC power -48V
Each of the input IF signal components are separated in the MULTIPLEXER using
separation filters. DC voltage is supplied to the DC-DC CONV to produce
regulated DC voltages required in the ODU.
The 10 MHz control signal which is ASK modulated is sent to the Control circuit,
where the ODU controls like TX Power, RF Frequencies etc. are implemented. The
Alarms in ODU are collected in the Control module and sent to the IDU using the
ASK modulated 10 MHz signal.
Output IF signal consists of:
10MHz Alarm/Response
RX LEV ALM
TX PWR ALM
IF INPUT ALM
350 MHz
TX: 350 MHz
RX: 140 MHZ
DC: -48V
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
NHG2
IHG
iPASOLINK 200
ODU Compatibility
(Existing only)
(Supplied with iPaso)
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
PERFORMANCE - ODU
ITEM OUT DOOR UNIT
iPASOLINK High Grade (IHG) type ODU
Power Consumption (1+0) (1+1)
6 11 GHz 30W Hot standby: 450W, Twin path: 60W
13 -26, 28, 32,and 38 GHz 23 W Hot standby: 38W, Twin path: 46W
Mechanical Dimensions
6-11 GHz 237(W), 237(H), 101 (D), 3.5 Kg
13-38GHz
239(W), 247(H), 68 (D), 3 Kg
EMC Conforms to EN301 489-4
Safety Conforms to EN60950-1
Environmental Condition Operation: -33 to +50deg.C, (ETSI EN301019-1-4 class 4.1), Humidity: 100% (IP66)
Workable: -40 to +55 deg.C
Transportation ETSI EN301019-1-2 class 2.3
Storage ETSI 201019-1-1 class 1.2
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
50
60
70
80
90
100
6 7 10 13 15 18 23 26 32 38
Frequncy(GHz)
S
y
s
t
e
m

G
a
i
n
(
d
B
)
NEO HP with NHG2 iPASOLINK with IHG
(256QAM/56MHz)
Enhanced System Gain


High System Gain
High System Gain achieved by Low Density Parity
Check (LDPC) Forward Error Correction (FEC)
technology and distortion canceling technique
called linearizer allowing smaller antennas and
reducing platform cost.

Enhanced Radio Performances with new ODU (IHG)
Page 55
iPASOLINK Introduction
56

J une 25, 2010


iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
CS
Modulation
Mode 1
7 MHz
Mode 2
14 MHz
Mode 3
28 MHz
Mode 4
56 MHz
Radio
Transmission
capacity

Max Packet
Throughput
Radio
Transmission
capacity

Max Packet
Throughput
Radio
Transmission
capacity

Max Packet
Throughput
Radio
Transmission
capacity
Max Packet
Throughput
QPSK 10 Mbps 14 Mbps 21 Mbps 28 Mbps 44 Mbps 57 Mbps 90 Mbps 114 Mbps
16 QAM 21 Mbps 28 Mbps 44Mbps 56 Mbps 89 Mbps 114 Mbps 181 Mbps 229 Mbps
32 QAM 27 Mbps 35 Mbps 55 Mbps 71 Mbps 111 Mbps 143 Mbps 226 Mbps 287 Mbps
64 QAM 33 Mbps 42 Mbps 66 Mbps 85 Mbps 134 Mbps 172 Mbps 271 Mbps 345 Mbps
128 QAM 38 Mbps 49 Mbps 77 Mbps 99 Mbps 160 Mbps 200 Mbps 316 Mbps 402 Mbps
256 QAM - - 89 Mbps 114 Mbps 180 Mbps 229 Mbps 361 Mbps 460 Mbps
iPASOLINK Adaptive Modulation Radio
AMR is a technology to improve robustness mainly in the packet transmission environment by
utilizing thermal threshold difference between modulation hierarchy such as QPSK and 256
QAM.

On the fine day, the operator can get the 229Mbps throughput over the link which is designed
for 57Mbps throughput as illustrated in the figure.

iPASOLINK support hitless modulation switchover from 256QAM to QPSK as shown in table.

Note: Maximum throughput at 64 byte VLAN tagged frame passed rate base
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
iPASOLINK Adaptive Modulation Radio
C/N18 dB (16Q)
C/N 24 dB (64Q)
256QAM
128QAM
64QAM
16QAM
C/N 30 dB (256Q)
C/N 21 dB (32Q)
32QAM
QPSK
Modulation switching is done at BER=10
-10
.
Equivalent C/N is shown
C/N 27 dB (128Q)
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
iPASOLINK Adaptive Modulation Radio
Reference modulation is the word of definition in AMR operation, that is base condition in link budget calculation
and this is related to ATPC operation. The selection of reference modulation and TX power control (MTPC/ATPC)
relates to link budget of system gain and capacity. Please refer as follows.
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
QPSK 32QAM 128QAM
Ref.256QAM
Ref.QPSK
Reference modulation effects TX power range in order to avoid interference.
TX power is restricted in lower modulation scheme.
Ex. TX maximum power comparison by reference modulation at 18GHz 28MHz
dBm
Modulation
iPASOLINK Introduction
60
Adaptive Modulation Radio (AMR)
QPSK 16 QAM 32 QAM 64 QAM 128 QAM 256 QAM MODULATION SCHEME
Traffic
Capacity
14 Mbps 28 Mbps 35 Mbps 42 Mbps 49 Mbps 7 MHz CH BW
28 Mbps 56 Mbps 71 Mbps 85 Mbps 99 Mbps 114Mbps 14 MHz CH BW
57 Mbps 114 Mbps 143 Mbps 172 Mbps 200 Mbps 229 Mbps 28 MHz CH BW
114 Mbps 229 Mbps 287 Mbps 345 Mbps 402 Mbps 460 Mbps 56 MHz CH BW
99.999% 99.996% 99.994% 99.990% 99.975% Reliability
Critical Traffic Critical Traffic Voice Traffic
Less Critical Less critical Data (video)
Best Effort Internet / e-mail
Microwave links are designed to carry traffic at 99.999% availability under all path conditions with a approx. 30 dB
fade margin. With higher modulation for the same link 99.98% availability can be achieved with reduced fade margin
for higher throughput.
System Outage
5 min
364.91 Days
1 Year / (365 days)
126.4 min
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Traffic Type Combinations
STM-1 LAN
OH
STM-1 LAN
OH
E1 LAN
OH
E1
OH
STM-1 LAN
OH
E1
STM-1 LAN
OH
STM-1 LAN
OH
E1 LAN
OH
E1
OH
STM-1 LAN
OH
E1
Traffic type convergence fixed modulation Traffic type convergence AMR modulation
Priority traffic
iPASOLINK Introduction
62
Monitor & Control
Monitor & Control
400
200
Local and remote monitor & control
LAN cable
WEB
browser
Back to back
Back to back
Cannot Monitor from Web LCT
PNMTj Cannot Monitor
iPASOLINK
400
400
NEO
iPASOLINK Introduction
63

J une 25, 2010


iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
RNC
Node-B/
BTS
PRC
E1 PDH

TDM Backhaul
(Sync Network)
Clock Distribution
PRC; Primary Reference Clock


Core


Mobile Network is synchronized by the primary clock.
If there is no synchronization,
1) Data Buffer slip
2) Bit error
3) Signal hand-off failure between BTS , etc.
or Synchronization by GPS receiver
( like WiMAX system , because of packet backhaul network)
Synchronization by clock relay
BS BS
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Data
Backhaul
Clock & Data

E1/ STM-1
NE
Timing Recovery with Legacy TDM
clock recovery from line TDM data(Legacy Clock synchronization technique)
NE
E1/ STM-1
FE / GbE
Sync
Ether
Timing Recovery with ITU-T G.8261 Synchronous Ethernet
Clock is recovered from Ethernet but does not affect the Ethernet layer
Intermediate equipments must also support Synchronous Ethernet
Very effective but limited to specific segments of the network
Sync
Ether
Synchronous Ethernet
Capable equipment
FE/GbE
FE/GbE
NE NE
Sync. Ethernet
B
S
B
S
E1/ STM-1
iPASOLINK Introduction
66
Clock
(Recovered from
PTP Packet)
PTP Server
Clock (PTP Packet)
FE / GbE
Timing Recovery with PTPPrecision Time Protocol (IEEE1588v2)
Clock and data use separate packet connections
Requires PTP server and dedicated PTP network for precise synchronization
NE
NE
IEEE1588v2(slave)
FE/GbE
FE/GbE
No phase sync information after converted to Sync Eth or E1
Clock & Data
(recovered from
PWE/RTP packet)
E1 Clock and Data
Clock (within RTP Header)
T1/E1 Data (PWE/CES)
CESoP
FE / GbE
Timing Recovery with RTP(PWE/CES): Not accurate for network synchronization
Clock and data use the same packet connection
RTP(Real-time Transport Protocol IETF RFC3551): using sequence number and timestamp
information, RTP offers framework that packet receiver can recover clock and timing of the
source.
Backhaul
NE
CESoP
NE
E1
B
S
B
S
E1
iPASOLINK Introduction
67
G.8261 Synchronous Ethernet
Sync Ether clock performance is similar to what is available in SDH and PDH timing
Sync Ether clock distribution can be an extension of existing synchronization distribution system
Sync Ether does not impact existing IEEE 802.3 specification
Sync Ether module extract system clock and converts to Sync E clock
Sync Ether module converts Sync E clock to internal synchronous clock
Similar to SSM in SDH based networks Sync E provide SSM message (G.8264)
Sync Ether use the physical layer of the Ethernet
MAC Ethernet
PHY
TX CLK
Conventional
Ethernet line card
MAC Ethernet
PHY
TX CLK
MAC Ethernet
PHY
TX CLK
MAC Ethernet
PHY
TX CLK
SyncE
Timing
SyncE
Timing
G.8262
EEC
LO +/- 4.6 PPM
G.8262
EEC
LO +/- 4.6 PPM
LO +/- 100PPM
LO +/- 100PPM
Conventional
Ethernet line card
Synchronous Ethernet line card Synchronous Ethernet line card
SDH Sync Ether G.8261
PRC PRC
Bit Stream Bit Stream
SSM (ITU-T G.707) SSM (ITU-T G.707)
SDH Overhead OAMPDU
8000/Sec 10 / Sec
iPASOLINK Introduction
68
Synchronization method
Synchronous Ethernet
PDHLine Transmit Clk
SDHLine Transmit Clk
G.703 External Clk Output
Radio Clk Output
iPASOLINK can utilize multiple clock sources.
PLL
Timing Source 1
Timing Source 2
Timing Source 3
S
E
L
S
E
L
Modem-1
Modem-2
E1 Line CLK
Option Line CLK(STM1)
GbE Line CLK
External CLK IN
SEL
External CLK OUT
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
REDUNDANCY SYSTEM
CONFIGURATIONS
iPASOLINK Introduction
70
Possible Configurations Hot Standby
HYB
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

M
P
X
F1
F1'
F1
F1'
HYB
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

M
P
X
F1
F1'
F1
F1'
F
1
F
1
' M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
Single Antenna HS System
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

F1
F1'
F1
F1'
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

M
P
X
MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

M
P
X
F1
F1'
F1
F1'
F
1
F
1
'
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
F
1
' F
1
Two Antenna HS System
Space Diversity
iPASOLINK Introduction
71
Single Antenna Twin Path System
Possible Configurations- Twin Path
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

F1
F1'
F2
F2'
F
1
'
F
2
F
2
'
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

M
P
X
MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

M
P
X
F1
F1'
F
1
M
P
X
M
P
X
F2'
F2
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
Two Antenna Twin Path System
HYB
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

M
P
X
F1
F1'
F2
F2`
HYB
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

M
P
X
F1
F1'
F
1
F
1
'
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
F2`
F2
F
2
F
2
'
Frequency Diversity
iPASOLINK Introduction
72
Possible Configurations
OMT
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

F1
F1'
F2
F2'
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

F1
F1'
F2
F2'
F1
OMT
F2'
F2
F1'
V
H
V
H
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
(2+0) System using OMT
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

F1
F1'
F2
F2'
F
1
F
1
'
HL
SW
MOD
DEM

ODU-2
(TX)
ODU-2
(RX)

MOD
DEM

ODU-1
(TX)
ODU-1
(RX)

F1
F1'
F2
F2'
HYB
F
2
F
2
'
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
M
P
X
Hybrid Diversity System
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
AUTOMATIC TX POWER CONTROL
The Automatic Transmit Power Control (ATPC) function automatically varies the TX output power
according to path conditions. Fading exerts heavy influences on propagation, causing the receive signal
level at the opposite station to vary. The ATPC function operates by controlling the transmit output
power of the opposite station according to the variation of the received signal level at the local station.
The receive signal level variation at the opposite station is informed to the local station using the ATPC
bits in the overhead. To implement ATPC, the receiving level (RX IN LEV) is detected by the receiver
and passed on to the CPU in the CTRL circuit of the MODEM module. The CPU then determines
whether the transmit output power needs to be controlled. This is based on the transmit output power,
the minimum and maximum values of the output control range, and the receiving threshold level that
were previously specified using the LCT or PNMT.
The function of the control signal (POWER CONT), is to maintain the RX signal level by lowering or
raising the TX output power of the opposite station. This control signal is based on the result of
comparison between the current receiver input level and the preset receiving threshold level.
Transmission level control can be used not only for setting the same operation (ATPC-ATPC) between
own station and opposite station but also for operation in combination of stations with different
operation (MTPC-ATPC, ATPC-MTPC) between own station and opposite station. The station set in
MTPC mode is not controlled by the information from opposite station but is fixed in its transmitting
output level.
Even if the station is set in the MTPC mode, the opposite station is likely to be set in the ATPC mode.
Therefore setting of the RX Threshold (Receiving threshold level) is required for controlling the
transmission level of the opposite station. Between the stations that are respectively set in the MTPC
mode, however, the setting is disabled.
Automatic Transmit Power Control Operation
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
ATPC Operation
T
X

O
U
T
R
X

L
e
v
e
l
RX Threshold
(-60dBm)
-55dBm
H
y
s
t
e
r
e
s
i
s
(
5
d
B

F
i
x
e
d
)
ATPC TX MAX
ATPC TX MIN
Up Mode
Down Mode
The ATPC Control transmits the information
on the receiving level to the opposite station
and controls the transmission level of its
own station in accordance with the receiving
level of the opposite station.
The ATPC Control can be used in several configurations:
ATPC - ATPC
MTPC - ATPC
ATPC - MTPC
Station - A
Station - B
STN - A STN - B
MTPC
RX Threshold = -60dBm
ATPC
When RSL reaches -60dBm at STN B STN-
A starts to increase the TX power in 1 dB
steps, this process continues until the ATPC
TX MAX level is reached. Any RSL drop
below this point is not compensated. In the
UP Mode ATPC operation starts at -55dBm
because of the fixed 5dB hysteresis.
Fading depth
deep shallow
deep shallow
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)





IF LOOP-BACK
STM-1 NEAR-END LOOP-BACK
STM-1 FAR-END LOOP-BACK
E1 NEAR-END LOOP-BACK
E1 FAR-END LOOP-BACK
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
TX1
RX1
O/E
550 + 50ms
TIMER
ALS ENB / DIS
O/E
90 + 10s
TX ON
TIMER
2s
TX ON
TIMER
2/9 + 0.25s
TX ON
TIMER
30/60/180s
TX ON
TIMER
DATA BUS
RX2
TX2
Automatic
Reset
Manual
Reset
RLOS
LCT / PNMT
OPT INTFC CTRL
60s
180s
300s
90s
2s
2s
A
u
t
o
m
a
t
i
c

R
e
s
e
t
M
a
n
u
a
l
R
e
s
e
t
550ms
The STM-1 OPT Interface is provided with Automatic Laser Shutdown Function (ALS), if disable the laser
output is always ON even if the optical cable to RX2 is disconnected. When ALS function is set to enable the
OPT INTFC observe the loss of signal and start a timer (550ms) and generate a control signal to interrupt
the optical output from the TX2 to RX1 subsequently the ALS function in the MUX equipment will switch OFF
the laser output from TX1. When the fault at A is cleared the system can be retorted by controlling the laser
output from TX2 through one of the following methods.
Automatic Control
Manual Restart Short on time (2 sec) Control
Manual Restart Long on time (90 sec) Control

iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
This function does not apply to the 10/100Base-T INTFC.
STM-1
INTFC
RFCOH
MUX
STM-1
INTFC
RFCOH
DEMUX
FSYNC
MODEM
ODU
STM-1
OUTPUT
CONTROL
STM-1
OUTPUT
PASOLINK PLUS
STM-1
LOF
LOF
MODEM
ODU
LOS
LOF
RLOS
RLOF
RLOS
RLOF
MUX
INPUT
LOSS
X
MUX
STATION-A STATION-B
In the STM-1 configuration, when there is no STM-1 input or any fault in the radio section, or for any fault in the
PASOLINK equipment, MS-AIS is sent out to the MUX equipment.
STATION-A STATION-B
EVENT LED LCT LED LCT STM-1 OUTPUT
STM-1 OUTPUT CONTROL
STM-1 Input Loss at station-A IDU ALM MAIN INTFC LOS -- UNDER EXECUTION AIS/SHUTDOWN
STM-1 L0ss of Frame at station-A IDU ALM MAIN INTFC LOF -- UNDER EXECUTION AIS/SHUTDOWN
RX Level down at station-B -- ODU ALM UNDER EXECUTION AIS/SHUTDOWN
Loss of radio frame at station-B -- IDU ALM UNDER EXECUTION AIS/SHUTDOWN
BER at station B (<= 1 E
-4
) -- IDU ALM NORMAL N/A
This function is called the MS-AIS generation, and can be enabled or Disabled (default enabled)
When this function is disabled, depending on the STM-1 INTFC type used, following actions will be carried
out.
Electrical INTFC output a non- frame (all 1) signal
Optical INTFC Shutdown the output optical signal
Status of this function is displayed under STM -1 INTFC output control in the LCT and PNMT
iPASOLINK Introduction
78
XPIC
CRC
A/D
A/D
- DEC
A/D
A/D DEC
LO
Canceling
signal
Canceling
signal
Block diagram of XPIC
RX signal
Intf. signal
Intf. signal
LO

ref OSC

IF OSC

IF OSC
-
CRC
EPS
XPIC
EPS
Error signal
Error signal
Carrier
Recovery
Carrier
Recovery

MOD
Vertical
Horizontal

TX
MOD

TX
Transmit Side Receive Side
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
TITLE PARAMETER
Radio Redundancy (initial key) 1+0/1+1 usage(1 pair) / (1+1) usage (2pair)
Upgrade key 1+0 1+1 usage(1 pair)
1+0 (1+1) usage (2 pair)
1+1 usage(1 pair) (1+1) usage (2pair)
ETH Traffic aggregation @ N+0 radio Not available/Available
Radio Bit rate (Initial key) fixed/free/AMR
Radio Bit rate (upgrade Key) Fixed>Free / Fixed>AMR / Free>AMR
Radio Capacity1 (initial Key) 10/20/50/100/150/200/300/400 Mbps
Radio Capacity2(Initial Key) parameter Radio Capacity1
Radio Capacity3(Initial Key) parameter Radio Capacity1
Radio Capacity4(Initial Key) parameter Radio Capacity1
Radio Capacity1 (upgrade Key) 10>20/50/100/150/200/300/400
20>50/100/150/200/300/400
50>100/150/200/300/400
100>150/200/300/400
150>200/300/400
200>300/400
300>400
Radio Capacity2 , 3, 4 parameter Radio Capacity1
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
TITLE PARAMETER
XPIC function not available/available (1pair)/ available (2pair)
Not available -> 1pair /Not available -> 2pair
1 pair -> 2 pair
Advanced XPIC Function Not available / available
Neo ODU Compatibility not available/available
NEO/c IDU Compatibility Not available / available
RJ45 port usage (main) 2xFE available / 2 GbE available
SFP Port Usage (main) Not available / 2 GbE available
SFP Port Usage (option 1) Not available / 2 GbE available
SFP Port Usage (option 2) Not available / 2 GbE available
SFP Port Usage (option 3) Not available / 2 GbE available
SFP Port Usage (option 4) Not available / 2 GbE available
Additional VLAN Table 256 Table / 4094 Table
QoS Classify 4 lev Classify / 8 lev Classify
LAG / LACP ( line) not available/available
Ethernet Ring Protection not available/available
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
TITLE PARAMETER
Ether OAM(CC/LT/LB) not available/available
Ether OAM(DM/LM) not available/available
E1 SNCP not available/available
STM-1 APS Protection not available/available
STM-1 MUX/DEMUX not available/available
SYNC ETH Clock not available/available
IEEE 1588v2 PTP clock not available/available
Additional PWE E1 16 E1 (regular Support) / 32 E1 / 64 E1
16 E1 > 32 E1 / 16 E1 > 48 E1 / 16 E1 > 64 E1
32 E1 > 48 E1 / 32 E1 > 64 E1
48 E1 > 64 E1
ETH over MPLS not available/available
TDM over MPLS not available/available
ATM over MPLS not available/available
ATM / IMA (ATM aggregation) not available/available
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
TXPWR ALM Alarm The TX PWR is lower than 3 dB. MJ
TX INPUT ALM Alarm The TX IF signal become out of range from
-29 dBm 5 dB.
MJ
RXLEV ALM Alarm The reception level become lower than -72dBm ~ -94dBm level.(It
depends on the modulation system and bit rates).
MJ
ODU CPU / Cable
Open
Alarm
CPU of ODU is faulty or IF CABLE between IDU - ODU of ODU is broken
or is not connected.
MJ
MUTE STATUS Status
Indicates the control status of the ODU TX power output. When the TX
power is set to Mute, Status is issued.
-
LO REF Alarm Loss of Ref LO signal of ODU. MN
TX SW Status Status Radio interface TX SW usage state in 1+1 HS Redundant configuration -
ODU ALM Alarm
Indicates one of the TXPWR ALM, ODU PS ALM, APC ALM, TPC ALM,
ODU SELF CHECK ALM occurrence
MJ
ODU TOTAL ALM Alarm
Indicates one of the TXPWR ALM, TX INPUT ALM, RX Level ALM, ODU
CPU/CABLE OPEN ALM, LOREF, ODU ALM occurrence.
Highest
severity will
be displayed
ATPC Power
Mode
Status
ATPC control signal fault (90sec) as well as MAX Power continuation
90sec
-
ODU TYPE
MISMATCH
Alarm
Indicate connected ODU type is not supported at iPASOLINK system, or
ODU type cannot use in provisioned modulation setting.
MJ
ODU PS ALM Alarm ALM in a case of Power supply interruption to ODU. MJ
ODUPS SET
STATUS
Status Status indication of the protection switch for ODU power supplies -
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
Unequipped (MODEM-A) Alarm Reserved and installed optional package is removed from optional slot. MJ
Type Mismatch(MODEM-A) Alarm The equipped type of interface is different from configured type. MJ
Communication FAIL(MODEM-A) Alarm Communication failure of equipment internal control communication. MJ
Module(MODEM-A) Alarm Equipment fault MJ
BUS ERROR TX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in TX direction from STM-1 Card. MJ
BUS ERROR RX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in RX direction from STM-1 Card. MJ
RXSW STATUS Status Radio interface RX SW usage state in Redundant configuration -
LOSS OF FRAME Alarm Loss of Frame at radio side. MJ
FRAME ID Alarm Frame ID (route differentiation ID) MJ
HIBER ALM Alarm Radio signal degradation (High BER threshold detection). (Threshold :1E-3/1E-4/1E-5) MJ
LOBER ALM Alarm Radio signal degradation (Low BER threshold detection). (Threshold. :1E-6/1E-7/1E-8/1E-9) MN
EARLY WARNING Alarm Radio signal degradation (Early Warning threshold detection). (Threshold :1E-9) MN
MOD Alarm Indicates the operating status of the MOD. When any failure occurs in the modulator section, Alarm is issued. MJ
IF CABLE SHORT Alarm IF cable between IDU - ODU is in short condition. MJ
INPHASE. Status In - Phase indicates the received signal DADE status between No.1 and No.2 MODEM interfaces are in Phase
condition. In this condition, hitless switch over is available.
-
L2SYNC LOSS Alarm Loss of frame synchronization of GFP frames on MODEM port. MJ
RDI Alarm RDI indication reception alarm on MODEM port MJ
UAE. Alarm UAE alarm. Indicates the occurrence of an Unavailable state. MN
TDM/AMR Range Mismatch Alarm Mismatch condition when the mapping number of E1 channels are different between TX and RX modem ports or
mismatch condition of selected RX AMR modulation range and TX AMR modulation range.
MJ
TX SW Reverse Request Status TXSW request signal receiving condition from the opposite station: -
TX SW Lock in Status Status TXSW Lockin state -
Unlocked Alarm Wireless synchronization status of the local side. MJ
MODEM PS OFF Status Indicate power off condition of power switch which is in front of MODEM-A card. -
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
Unequipped (STM1-A) Alarm Reserved and installed optional package is removed from optional slot. MJ
Type Mismatch(STM1-A) Alarm The equipped type of interface is different from configured type. MJ
Communication
FAIL(STM1-A)
Alarm Communication failure of equipment internal control communication. MJ
Module(STM1-A) Alarm Equipment fault MJ
BUS ERROR TX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in TX direction from STM-1 Card. MJ
BUS ERROR RX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in RX direction from STM-1 Card. MJ
SNCP PPS-FAIL Alarm. SNCP Path Protection Failure MJ
SNCP Protection Status Status SNCP Path Protection Status indication which indicates [FS, SF, SD, MS, NR] condition. -
APS Protection Status Status APS Line Protection Status indication which indicates {FS,SF,SD,MS,NR} condition. -
APS Lock-in Status Status APS protection Lock-in Condition. -
SFP_Type Mismatch
(STM1)
Alarm Mismatch between SFP on LCT and installed SFP. MJ
SFP Unequipped (STM1) Alarm A SFP is removed. MJ
STM-1LOS Alarm LOS detection on STM-1 Optical port. MJ
STM-1 TF Alarm Transmit Failure detection on STM-1 optical port. MJ
RS LOF Alarm SDH Frame synchronization lost in RS (Regenerator Section) on STM-1 port. MJ
RS TIM Alarm Trace Identifier Mismatch detected in RS (Regenerator Section) on STM-1 port. MJ
RS EXC Alarm B1 Byte error occurrence in RS (Regenerator Section) on STM-1 port. MJ
RS DEG Alarm B1 byte error in RS (Regenerator Section) (RS - Degraded) on STM-1 port. MN
MS AIS Alarm AIS detection in MS (Multiplex Section) on STM-1 port. MJ
MS RDI Alarm Remote Defect Indication reception in MS (Multiplex Section) on STM-1 port. MJ
AU AIS Alarm AIS detection in AU (Administrative Unit) on STM-1 port. MJ
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
AU LOP Alarm Loss of AU pointer happens on STM-1 port. MJ
HP UNEQ Alarm HOP (Higher Order Path) Unequipped occurrence on STM-1 port. MJ
HP TIM Alarm HOP (Higher Order Path) Trace Identifier mismatch occurrence on STM-1 port. MJ
HP-PLM Alarm Payload Label Mismatch occurrence in HOP (Higher Order Path) on STM-1 port. MJ
HP-RDI Alarm RDI (Remote Defect Indication) reception in HOP (Higher Order Path) on STM-1 port. MJ
HP-LOM Alarm Loss of Multi-Frame on STM-1 port. MJ
TU -AIS Alarm In TU (Tributary Unit), AIS detection on STM-1 port. MJ
TU -LOP Alarm Loss of TU Pointer on STM-1 port. MJ
LP -UNEQ. Alarm LP (Lower Order Path) Unequipped occurrence on STM-1 port. MJ
LP RDI Alarm Remote Defect Indicate reception by an LP (Lower Order Path) on STM-1 port. MJ
LP PLM Alarm Payload Label Mismatch Failure occurrence by an LP (Lower Order Path) on STM-1 port. MJ
ALS Status Indication of automatic laser shutdown condition at STM-1 optical port. -
RS UAS Status Status UAS status indication on STM port (Repeater Section) -
STM-1 AIS Generated Status AIS generation condition on STM port. -
PJE Status Pointer justification Event indication at STM port. -
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
Unequipped (16E1) Alarm Reserved and installed optional package is removed from optional slot. MJ
Type Mismatch(16E1) Alarm The equipped type of interface is different from configured type. MJ
Communication FAIL(16E1) Alarm Communication failure of equipment internal control communication. MJ
Module(16E1) Alarm Equipment fault MJ
BUS ERROR TX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in TX direction from STM-1 Card. MJ
BUS ERROR RX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in RX direction from STM-1 Card. MJ
E1 LOS Alarm No signal input on E1 port MJ
E1 AIS Status ALARM/Status category can change according to " AIS Received Condition
Setting
MJ / -
Usage Error Alarm Unused E1 CH input signal detection. MN
E1 AIS Generated Status AIS generation condition on every E1 Channels. -
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity

Unequipped (AUX-A) Alarm Reserved and installed optional package is removed
from optional slot.
MJ

Type Mismatch(AUX-A) Alarm The equipped type of interface is different from
configured type.
MJ

Communication
FAIL(AUX-A)
Alarm Communication failure of equipment internal control
communication.
MJ

Module(AUX-A) Alarm Equipment fault MJ

BUS ERROR TX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in TX
direction from STM-1 Card.
MJ

BUS ERROR RX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition in RX
direction from STM-1 Card.
MJ

Item Name (Input-x)
Item Name (Cluster-x)
Status/
Alarm
HKA Status Indication {Alarm, Normal} for every
HKA input.
- or
Severity selectable
Item Name (Output-x) Status HKC Status {Alarm, Normal} for every HKC output. -
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity

Unequipped (GBE-A) Alarm Reserved and installed optional package is
removed from optional slot.
MJ

Type Mismatch(GBE-
A)
Alarm The equipped type of interface is different
from configured type.
MJ

Communication
FAIL(GBE-A)
Alarm Communication failure of equipment
internal control communication.
MJ

Module(GBE-A) Alarm Equipment fault MJ

BUS ERROR TX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition
in TX direction from STM-1 Card..
MJ

BUS ERROR RX Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition
in RX direction from STM-1 Card..
MJ

SFP_Type Mismatch
(ETH)
Alarm Mismatch between SFP on LCT and
installed SFP.
MJ
SFP Unequipped
(ETH)
Alarm A SFP is removed. MJ
LAN LINK Alarm LINK of the LAN Port is disconnected. MJ
Speed & Duplex Status LAN Port setting (Speed&Duplex) -

iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
MODULE (Main Board) Alarm Equipment fault MJ
BUS ERROR Alarm Data communication BUS failure condition. MJ
Unequipped (PS) Alarm Installed Power Supply Module is removed from PS slot. MJ
Power Supply Alarm Alarm in case of power failure. MJ
FAN Fail Alarm FAN failure MJ
Unequipped (FAN) Alarm Installed FAN Module is removed from FAN slot. MJ
Unequipped (CLK2M) Alarm Installed CLK2M Module is removed from Main Card. MJ
Type Mismatch (CLK2M) Alarm The equipped type of interface is different from configured type. MJ
IDU CPU Alarm Alarm. IDU CPU Alarm MN
Memory Failure Alarm Detection of memory failure MJ
USB Failure Alarm USB memory failure indication MJ
Temperature Alarm The temperature is over the threshold MN
Maintenance Status Maintenance declaration. -
CLK FAIL Alarm Reference Clock Failed. MN
CLK Drift Alarm Reference Clock source Frequency drift condition MN
LTI Alarm Loss of all incoming timing source MJ
CLK Status Changed Status Reference clock change status
(1) (Locked Ref1)
(2) (Locked Ref2)
(3) (Locked Ref3)
(4) Holdover
(5) Freerun
-
SSM FAIL Alarm Received Sync Status Message value is in unstable condition. MN
Quality Level Status Received quality level condition of each timing source. -
Squelch Status The condition of External CLK Output is in squelch condition. -
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
EXT CLK Condition Status Condition level of External CLK output. -
EXT CLK LOS Alarm Loss of Signal condition of External clock input. MN
EXT CLK AIS Alarm AIS (Alarm Indication Signal) condition of External Clock input. MN
EXT CLK LOF Alarm Loss of frame condition of External Clock input. MN
EXT CLK Loop Alarm Indication of EXTERNAL clock input is used as EXTERNAL clock output. MJ
Item Name (Input-x)
Item Name (Cluster-x)
Status/
Alarm HKA Status Indication {Alarm, Normal} for every HKA input.
- or Severity
selectable
Item Name (Output-x) Status HKC Status {Alarm, Normal} for every HKC output. -
E1 LOS Alarm No signal input on E1 port MJ
E1 AIS Status
PDH AIS
ALARM/Status category can change according to " AIS Received Condition Setting MJ / -
Usage Error Alarm Unused E1 CH input signal detection. MN
E1 AIS Generated Status AIS generation condition on every E1 Channels. -
ETH LOS Alarm LOS detection at Optical Ethernet port. MJ
ETH TF Alarm Transmit Fail detection at Optical Ethernet port. MJ
SFP_Type Mismatch (ETH) Alarm Mismatch between SFP on LCT and installed SFP. MJ
SFP Unequipped (ETH) Alarm A SFP is removed. MJ
LAN LINK Alarm LINK of the LAN Port is disconnected. MJ
Speed & Duplex Status LAN Port setting (Speed&Duplex) -
ETH-OAM LOC Alarm MJ
ETH-OAM Mismerge Alarm Ether OAM Mismatch Detection notice. MN
ETH-OAM Unexpected Period Alarm Ether OAM Unexpected MEP and Ether OAM Unexpected Period detection notice MN
ETH-OAM RDI Alarm Ether OAM RDI reception detection notice MJ
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
Indication Category Descriptions Severity
RSTP New Root Bridge Detect Status The notice in which new RootBridge was detected at the time of SpanningTree processing -
RSTP Topology Changed Status The notice in which a Topology change was detected at the time of SpanningTree processing -
RSTP Protocol Migration Status
The notice which received a Bridge protocol Data Units different in classification of RSTP/STP at the
time of SpanningTree processing -
RSTP Invalid BPDU Received Status Invalid BPDU message at the time of SpanningTree processing -
LLF Message Timeout Status
Loss of a conditional signaling in which the LLF control signal should be received continuously from
the opposite radio equipment.
LLF Status LLF force a LINKDOWN status. The Ethernet port under "edge" mode becomes LINKDOWN. -
IDU TOTAL ALM Alarm IDU TOTAL ALM
The highest
Severity will
be reported
Total FDB Full Status The number of DynamicEntryDynamic Entry in L2Switch has reached the maximum number.
FDB Full Status FDB Full indication specified per VLAN basis.
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
ACAP Adjacent Channel Alternate
Polarization
ACCP Adjacent Channel Co-Polarization
ACK Acknowledgement
AGC Automatic Gain Control
AIS Alarm Indication Signal
ALM Alarm
ALS Auto Laser Shutdown
AMR Adaptive Modulation Radio
ANT, Ant. Antenna
APS Automatic Protection Switch
ATT Attenuator
ATPC Automatic Transmitter Power Control
AU Administrative Unit
AUX Auxiliary
Ave Average
BBE Background Block Error
BER Bit Error Rate
BPF Band Pass Filter
BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
BTS Base Transceiver Station
CAPEX Capital Expenditure
CBS Committed Burst Size
CCDP Co-Channel Dual Polarization
CCM Continuity Check Message
CEPT Conference of European Postal &
Telecommunication Administration
CIR Committed Information Rate
CKT Circuit
CLK Clock
CMF Channel Mismatch Failure
CMI Coded Mark Inversion
CONV Converter
CORBA Common Object Request Broker
Architecture
CoS Class of Service
CPU Central Processing Unit
CR Critical
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
CS Channel Separation
CTRL Control
CV near end Code Violation
CW Carrier Wave
DA Destination Address
DADE Differential Absolute Delay Equalizer
DB Database
DC Direct Current
DCN Data Communication Network
DEG Degraded
DEI Drop Eligible Indicator
DEM Demodulator
Des(Dest) Destination
DI Data-in
DL Download
DM Delay Measurement
DMM Delay Measurement Message
DMR Delay Measurement Reply
DO Data-out
DSCP Differentiated Services Code Point
DUP Duplexer
DXC Digital Cross Connect
E1 E-carrier level 1
EBS Express Burst Size
EIR Excess Information Rate
EMC Electro Magnetic Compatibility
EML Element Management Layer
EMS Element Management System
EOW C Order Wire
EPS ETH-Protection Switch
EQL Equalizer
ERP ETH-Ring Protection Switch
ES Errored Seconds
ETH-CC ETH-Continuity Check function
ETH-LB ETH-Loopback function
ETH-LBM ETH-Loopback Message
ETH-LBR ETH-Loopback Reply
ETH-LB ETH-Loopback function
ETH-LT ETH- Link Trace function
ETH-LTM ETH-Link Trace Message
ETH-LTR ETH-Link Trace Reply
ETH-OAM Ethernet Operations, Administration
and Maintenance
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
ETH-OAM LB ETH-OAM Loopback
ETH-OAM LT ETH-OAM Link Trace
ETH-RDI ETH-Remote Defect Indication function
ETSI European Telecommunications
Standards Institute
EXC Electrical Cross Connect
E-to-E. End-to-End
Fail Failure
F/B Front Back Ratio
FCS Frame Check Sequence
FDB Forwarding Database
FE Fast Ethernet
FEC Forward Error Correction
FEBBE Far End Background Block Error
FEES Far End Errored Seconds
FESES Far End Severely Errored Seconds
FEUAS Far End Unavailable Seconds
FPGA Field Programmable Gate Array
F/W Firmware
GbE, GBE Gigabit Ethernet
3GPP Third Generation Partnership Project
GUI Graphical User Interface
H Horizontal
HDB High Density Bipolar
HK House Keeping
HP Higher order Path
HYB Hybrid
H/W Hardware
ID Identification
IDU Indoor Unit
IE Internet Explorer
IEC International Electro technical
Commission
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers
I/F Interface
IF Intermediate Frequency
IHG iPASOLINK High Grade
IN Input
INTFC Interface
I/O Input/Output
IP Internet Protocol
ITU International Telecommunication Union
ITU-R Radio Communication Sector of ITU
ITU-T Telecommunication Sector of ITU
L2SW Layer2-Switch
LAN Local Area Network
LB Loopback
LBM Loopback Message
LCD Loss of Cell Delineation
LCT Local Craft Terminal
LDPC Low Density Parity Check
LED Light Emitting Diode
Lev. Level
LLF Link Loss Forwarding
LM Loss Measurement
LMM Loss Measurement Message
LNA Low Noise Amplifier
LO Local Oscillator
LOC Loss of Continuity
LOF Loss of Frame
LOM Loss of Multiframe
LOP Loss of Pointer
LO REF Local Reference Signal Loss
LOS Loss of Signal
LP Lower order Path
LPM Link Performance Monitor
LT Link Trace
LTI Loss of incoming Timing Input
LTM Link Trace Message
MAC Media Access Control
MAIN Main
MAINT Maintenance
MAX Maximum
Mdev Mean Deviation
MDCPU MODEM CPU
MDI Medium Dependent Interface
MDIX Medium Dependent Interface
Crossover
MD4 Message Digest Algorithm 4
MD5 Message Digest Algorithm 5
MEG Maintenance Entity Group
MEM Memory
MEP MEG End Point
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
MIN Minimum
MIP Maintenance Intermediate Point
MIX Mixer
MJ Major
MMC Multi Media Card
MME Mobility Management Entity
MMG Mismerge
MN Minor
MOD Modulator
MODEM Modulator Demodulator
MON Monitor
MPX Multiplexer
MS Multiplex Section
MSC Mobile Switching Center
MSDU MAC Service Data Unit
MSP Multiplex Section Protection
MTBF Mean Time Between Failure
MTPC Manual Transmitter Power Control
MUX Multiplexing Equipment
N/A Not Applicable
NBI Northbound Interface
NE Network Element
NML Network Management Layer
NMS Network Management System
OAM Operation Administration and
Maintenance
OCR Occur
Octs Octets
ODU Out-Door Unit
OFS Out of Frame Second
OMT Ortho-Mode Transducer
OPEX Operational expenditure
OPP Opposite
OPR Operation
OPT Optical
OSPF Open Shortest Path First
OSS Operation Support System
OUT Output
OW Oder Wire
PA Power Amplifier
PBR Pressurizable Type B, flange profile
square Rectangular
PCP Priority Code Point
PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
PDU Protocol Data Unit
PGM Program
PHY Physical
PIR Peak Information Rate
PJE Pointer Justification Event
PJE-N Pointer Justification Event Negative Stuff
PJE-P Pointer Justification Event Positive Stuff
PKG Package
Pkts Packets
PLM Payload Label Mismatch
PMC PASOLINK Management Card
PMON Performance Monitor
PNMSj PASOLINK Network Management
System Java Version
PPI PDH PHY Interface
ppm parts per million
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol
PPS Path Protection Switch
PQ Priority Queuing
PRM Parameter
PROT Protection
PS Power Supply
PSC Protection Switching Counts
PSD Protection Switching Duration
PWR Power
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
QoS Quality of Service
QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
RCVR Recover
REF Reference
REM Remote
RDI Remote Defect Indication
RF Radio Frequency
RFS Radio Frequency Systems
RL Relay
RMON Remote Network Monitoring
RNC Radio Network Controller
iPASOLINK 400 Introduction (Draft)
RPL Ring Protection Link
RS Regenerator Section
RS-232 Recommended Standard 232
RSL Received Signal Level
RST Regenerator Section Termination
RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
RX Receiver
SC Service Channel
SD Space Diversity
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SEG Segment
SEP Severely Errored Period
SES Severely Errored Seconds
SFP Small Form factor Pluggable
SGMI Security Gateway Management
Interface
SMS Synchronous Multiplexing System
SMU Source Measure Unit
SNCP Sub-network Connection Protection
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SP Strict Priority
SPD Speed
SRC Source MAC Address
STAT Status
STD Standard
STM Synchronous Transport Module
STP Spanning Tree Protocol
SUB Substitute
SW Switch
S/W Software
SWG Switch Group
SYNC Synchronous
TCI Tag Control Information
TCN Threshold Crossing Notification
TDM Time Division Multiplex
TDMoP TDM over Packet
TEMP Temperature
TERM Terminal
TF Transmit Fail
TIM Trace Identifier Mismatch
TLV Type Length Value
TM Through Mode
TNC Threaded Neil Councilman
ToS Type of Service
TPID Tag Protocol Identifier
TQC Total Quality Control
TTL Time To Live
TU Tributary Unit
TX Transmitter
UAE UAS Event
UAS Unavailable Seconds
UL Upload
UNEQ Unequipped
UNEXP Unexpected
Unicast DMR Unicast Delay Measurement Reply
UNM Unexpected MEP
UNP Unexpected Period
USB Universal Serial Bus
V Vertical
V Volt
VC Virtual Channel
VLAN Virtual LAN
VP Virtual Path
VPN Virtual Private Network
VSWR Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
WDM Wavelength Division Multiplexing
Web World Wide Web
WG Waveguide
WR Warning
WRR Weighted Round Robin
WS Wayside
XCTRL XPIC Control
X-DEM XPIC Demodulator
XFP 10(X) Gigabit Small Form Factor
Pluggable
XIF XPIC IF
XPD Cross Polarization Discrimination Ratio
XPIC Cross Polarization Interference
Canceller
XREF XPIC Reference
iPASOLINK Introduction
98