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This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

91. Determine the vertical displacement of joint A. Each bar is made of steel and has a cross-sectional area of 600 mm2. Take E = 200 GPa. Use the method of virtual work.

2m

A D 1.5 m 1.5 m

The virtual forces and real forces in each member are shown in Fig. a and b, respectively.

5 kN

Member AB AD BD BC

308

2012 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

92.

B

2m

Member AB AD BD BC

Na

5 kN

D 1.5 m 1.5 m

*93. Determine the vertical displacement of joint B. For each member A 400 mm2, E 200 GPa. Use the method of virtual work.

1.5 m

Member AF AE AB EF EB ED BC BD CD

A B 45 kN 2m 2m

309

2012 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

*94.

1.5 m

A B 45 kN 2m 2m

Member AF AE AB BE BD BC CD DE EF

Na

0N bL 0P

95. Determine the vertical displacement of joint E. For each member A 400 mm2, E 200 GPa. Use the method of virtual work.

1.5 m

A B 45 kN

C 2m

Member AF AE AB EF EB ED BC BD CD

2m

310

2012 Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. This material is protected under all copyright laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

96.

1.5 m

A B 45 kN 2m 2m

Member AF AE AB BE BD BC CD DE EF

N 0 -(0.8333P + 37.5) 0.6667P + 30 22.5 - 0.5P 0.8333P + 37.5 0 -(0.5P + 22.5) -(0.6667P + 30) 0

Na

0N bL 0P

0N Ev = a N 0P =

97. Determine the vertical displacement of joint D. Use the method of virtual work. AE is constant. Assume the members are pin connected at their ends.

3m

A B C 4m 15 kN 20 kN 4m

The virtual and real forces in each member are shown in Fig. a and b, respectively Member AB BC AD BD CD CE DE n(kN) 0.6667 0.6667 -0.8333 0 -0.8333 0.500 0 N(kN) 10.0 10.0 -12.5 15.0 -12.5 27.5 0 L(m) 4 4 5 3 5 3 4 nNL 198.75 kN2 # m = 1 kN # Dv = a AE AE Dv = 198.75 kN # m 199 kN # m = AE AE T Ans. nNL(kN2 m) 26.667 26.667 52.083 0 52.083 41.25 0 198.75

311

97.

Continued

*98.

3m

A B 4m 15 kN 4m 20 kN C

Member AB BC AD BD CD CE DE

N (kN) 0.6667P + 10.0 0.6667P + 10.0 -(0.8333P + 12.5) 15.0 -(0.8333P + 12.5) 0.5P + 27.5 0

L(m) 4 4 5 3 5 3 4

Na

0N b L (kN m) 0P

312

99. Determine the vertical displacement of the truss at joint F. Assume all members are pin connected at their end points. Take A 0.5 in2 and E 29(103) ksi for each member. Use the method of virtual work.

500 lb 300 lb 3 ft F E 3 ft D

3 ft

C A B

600 lb

L nNL = [( - 1.00)( - 600)(3) + (1.414)(848.5)(4.243) + ( - 1.00)(0)(3) Fv = a AE AE + ( - 1.00)( - 1100)(3) + (1.414)(1555.6)(4.243) + ( - 2.00)( - 1700)(3) + ( - 1.00)( - 1400)(3) + ( - 1.00)( - 1100)(3) + ( - 2.00)( - 1700)(3)](12) 47425.0(12) = 0.5(29)(106) = 0.0392 in. T Ans.

910.

500 lb 300 lb 3 ft F E 3 ft D

3 ft

C A B

600 lb

0N L 1 b = Fv = a N a [ - (P + 600)]( - 1)(3) + (1.414P + 848.5)(1.414)(4.243) 0 P AE AE + ( - P)( - 1)(3) + ( - (P + 1100))( - 1)(3) + (1.414P + 1555.6)(1.414)(4.243) + ( - (2P + 1700)) ( - 2)(3) + ( - (P + 1400)( - 1)(3) + ( - (P + 1100))( - 1)(3) (55.97P + 47.425.0)(12) + ( - (2P + 1700))( - 2)(3)](12) = (0.5(29(10)6) Set P = 0 and evaluate Fv = 0.0392 in. T Ans.

313

911. Determine the vertical displacement of joint A. The cross-sectional area of each member is indicated in the figure. Assume the members are pin connected at their end points. E 29 (10)3 ksi. Use the method of virtual work.

2 in2

2 in2 3 in A 3 in2 4 ft 7k

2

2 in2

3 in2 4 ft

B 3 in2 4 ft 3k C

The virtual force and real force in each member are shown in Fig. a and b, respectively.

Member AB BC AD BD CD CE DE

L(ft) 4 4 4 22 4 4 22 4 4

nNL 1 k # Av = a AE 1 k # Av = (29 + 28 + 112 + 16)k2 # ft (3in2)[29(103) k> in2] + (56 22 + 56 22) k2 # ft (2in2)[29(103) k> in2]

Av = 0.004846 ft a

12 in b = 0.0582 in. T 1 ft

Ans.

314

*912.

2 in2

2 in2 3 in A 3 in

2 2

2 in2

3 in2 4 ft

B 3 in2 4 ft 3k C

4 ft 7k

Member AB BC AD BD CD CE DE

0N 0P -1 -1 22 -2 22 -1 0

L(ft) 4 4 4 22 4 4 22 4 4

Na

0N b L(k # ft) 0P

28 28 56 22 112 56 22 16 0

12 in b = 0.0582 in T 1 ft

315

913. Determine the horizontal displacement of joint D. Assume the members are pin connected at their end points. AE is constant. Use the method of virtual work.

8m D 2k

6 ft C

3k

The virtual force and real force in each member are shown in Fig. a and b, respectively.

A B

6 ft

Member AC BC BD CD

L(ft) 6 10 12 10

nNL(k2

# ft)

Dh =

316

914.

8m D 2k

6 ft C

3k

6 ft

Member AC BC BD CD

L(ft) 6 10 12 10

Na

317

915. Determine the vertical displacement of joint C of the truss. Each member has a cross-sectional area of A = 300 mm2. E = 200 GPa. Use the method of virtual work.

A 4m

F 3m

B 4m 3 kN

C 4m 4 kN

D 4m 3 kN

The virtual and real forces in each member are shown in Fig. a and b respectively.

Member AB DE BC CD AH EF BH DF BG DG GH FG CG

n(kN) 0.6667 0.6667 1.333 1.333 -0.8333 -0.8333 0.5 0.5 -0.8333 -0.8333 -0.6667 -0.6667 1

N(kN) 6.667 6.667 9.333 9.333 -8.333 -8.333 5 5 -3.333 -3.333 -6.6667 -6.6667 4

L(m) 4 4 4 4 5 5 3 3 5 5 4 4 3

nNL(kN2 m) 17.78 17.78 49.78 49.78 34.72 34.72 7.50 7.50 13.89 13.89 17.78 17.78 12.00 = 294.89

nNL 294.89 kN2 # m 1kN # Cv = a = AE AE Cv = 294.89 kN # m AE [0.3(10 - 3) m2][200(109) N> m2] T Ans. 294.89(103) N # m

= 0.004914 m = 4.91 mm

318

*916.

F 3m

A 4m

B 4m 3 kN

C 4m 4 kN

D 4m 3 kN

Member AB DE BC CD AH EF BH DF BG DG GH FG CG

N(kN) 0.6667P + 4 0.6667P + 4 1.333P + 4 1.333P + 4 -(0.8333P + 5) -(0.8333P + 5) 0.5P + 3 0.5P + 3 -0.8333P -0.8333P -(0.6667P + 4) -(0.6667P + 4) P

0N 0P 0.6667 0.6667 1.333 1.333 -0.8333 -0.8333 0.5 0.5 -0.8333 -0.8333 -0.6667 -0.6667 1

N1P = 4 kN2 6.667 6.667 9.333 9.333 -8.333 -8.333 5 5 -3.333 -3.333 -6.667 -6.667 4

L(m) 4 4 4 4 5 5 3 3 5 5 4 4 3

Na

0N b L (k # m) 0P 17.78 17.78 49.78 49.78 34.72 34.72 7.50 7.50 13.89 13.89 17.78 17.78 12.00 294.89

= 0.004914 m = 4.91 mm T

319

917. Determine the vertical displacement of joint A. Assume the members are pin connected at their end points. Take A = 2 in2 and E = 29 (103) for each member. Use the method of virtual work.

E 8 ft

A 8 ft 1000 lb B 500 lb 8 ft C

1 nNL Av = a = [2( - 2.00)( - 2.00)(8) + (2.236)(2.236)(8.944) + (2.236)(2.795)(8.944)] AE AE 164.62(12) = (2)(29)(103) = 0.0341 in. T Ans.

918.

E 8 ft

0N L 1 Av = a N a b = [ - 2P( - 2)(8) + (2.236P)(2.236)(8.944) 0 P AE AE + ( - 2P)( - 2)(8) + (2.236P + 0.5590)(2.236)(8.944)](12) Set P = 1 and evaluate 164.62(12) Av = (2)(29)(103) = 0.0341 in. T

A 8 ft 1000 lb B 500 lb 8 ft C

Ans.

320

919. Determine the vertical displacement of joint A if members AB and BC experience a temperature increase of T = 200F. Take A = 2 in2 and E = 29(103) ksi. Also, a = 6.60 (10 - 6)> F.

E 8 ft

A 8 ft B 8 ft C

*920. Determine the vertical displacement of joint A if member AE is fabricated 0.5 in. too short.

E

8 ft

A 8 ft B 8 ft C

321

921. Determine the displacement of point C and the slope at point B. EI is constant. Use the principle of virtual work.

C L 2 L 2

Real Moment function M(x): As shown on figure (a). Virtual Moment Functions m(x) and mu(x): As shown on figure (b) and (c). Virtual Work Equation: For the displacement at point C, 1# = mM dx EI 0 L

1 x1 P 1 a b a x1 b dx1 d EI L 2 2 0 L

1 # C = 2 c C =

PL3 48 EI

Ans.

L L

1 2 x1 P x2 P 1 = c a b a x1 b dx1 + a1 b a x2 b dx2 d EI L L 2 L 2 0 L 0

uB =

PL2 16EI

Ans.

922.

B L 2

Internal Moment Function M(x): The internal moment function in terms of the load P' and couple moment M' and externally applied load are shown on figures (a) and (b), respectively. Castiglianos Second Theorem: The displacement at C can be determined with 0 M(x) x = = and set P = P. 0P 2 L 0 M dx = b Ma 0 P EI 0 L

1 1 P x = 2c a x b a b dx d EI L 2 2 0 L

L 2

PL3 48EI

L

u =

0 L

Ma

L

0 M dx b 0 M EI

L

uB =

1 2 x1 x2 1 P 1 P a x1 b a b dx1 + a x2 b a 1 b dx2 EI L 2 L EI L 2 L 0 0

Ans.

923. Determine the displacement at point C. EI is constant. Use the method of virtual work.

A B a a

1 # C =

a a

C =

*924.

A B a a

0 M1 = x1 0P Set P = P M1 = Px1

L

0 M2 = x2 0P

a a

C =

0 L

Ma

2Pa3 3EI

323

925. Determine the slope at point C. EI is constant. Use the method of virtual work.

A B a a

1 # uC =

0 L a

muMdx EI

uC =

Ans.

926.

Set M = 0

L

A B a a

uC =

0 L a

Ma

dM dx b dM EI (Px2)(1)dx2 EI 0 L Ans.

a

1 (Px1)(a x1)dx1

0 L 2

EI

324

927. Determine the slope at point A. EI is constant. Use the method of virtual work.

A B a a

1 # uA = uA =

0 L

muM dx EI Ans.

*928.

0 M1 x1 = 1 a 0M Set M = 0 M1 = - Px1

L

0 M2 = 0 0M

A B a a

M2 = Px2

a a x1 0 M dx 1 b = c ( - Px1) a 1 b dx1 + (Px2)(0)dx2 d a 0 M EI EI L 0 L 0

uA =

0 L

Ma

325

929. Determine the slope and displacement at point C. Use the method of virtual work. E = 29(103) ksi, I = 800 in4.

6k A B C 12 kft

6 ft

6 ft

Referring to the virtual moment functions indicated in Fig. a and b and the real moment function in Fig. c, we have 1k # ft # uc =

6 ft 6 ft ( - 1)3 - (6x + 12)] ( - 1)( - 12) muM 2 dx = dx1 + dx2 EI EI EI 0 0 0 L L L L

uc = and

252(122) k # in2 252 k # ft2 = 0.00156 rad = EI [29(103) k> in2](800 in4) mM dx = 0 EI 0 L L =

L 6 ft

1k # C =

C =

326

930.

A

6k B C 12 kft

6 ft

6 ft

0 M1 = - 1 and For the slope, the moment functions are shown in Fig. a. Here, 0M 0 M2 = - 1. Also, set M = 12 kft, then M1 = - 12 k # ft and 0M M2 = - (6x2 + 12) k # ft. Thus,

L

uc = uc =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 M EI 0 L

6 ft

252(122) k # in2 252 k # ft2 = 0.00156 rad = EI [29(103 k> in2](800 in4)

Ans.

0 M1 For the displacement, the moment functions are shown in Fig. b. Here, = - x1 0P 0 M2 and = - (x2 + 6). Also set, P = 0, then M1 = - 12 k # ft and 0P M2 = - (6x2 + 12) k # ft. Thus,

L

C =

0 L

0 M dx b = 0 P EI 0 L =

6 ft

1944 k # ft3 EI [29(103) k> in2](800 in4) 1944(123) k # in3 = 0.145 in T Ans.

327

931. Determine the displacement and slope at point C of the cantilever beam. The moment of inertia of each segment is indicated in the figure. Take E = 29(103) ksi. Use the principle of virtual work.

C 50 kft

Referring to the virtual moment functions indicated in Fig. a and b and the real moment function in Fig. c, we have 1k # ft # uc = 1k # ft # uc = uc =

3 ft 6 ft ( - 1)( - 50) ( - 1)( - 50) m0M dx1 + dx2 dx = EI EIBC EIAB 0 0 0 L L L L

150 k2 # ft3 300 k2 # ft3 + EIBC EIAB 150 k # ft2 300 k # ft2 + EIBC EIAB + [29(103) k> in2](500 in4) Ans. 300(122) k # in2

150(122) k # in2

L 3 ft 6 ft - x1( - 50) - (x2 + 3)( - 50) dx1 + dx2 EIBC EIAB 0 L

225 k2 # ft3 1800 k2 # ft3 + EIBC EIAB 1800 k2 # ft3 225 k # ft3 + EIBC EIAB

2 4

C =

3

225(123) k # in3

1800(123) k # in3

= 0.282 in T

Ans.

328

*932.

A IAB 500 in.4 6 ft B IBC 200 in.4 3 ft C 50 kft

For the slope, the moment functions are shown in Fig. a. Here, Also, set M = 50 k # ft, then M1 = M2 = - 50 k # ft. Thus,

L

0 M2 0 M1 = = - 1. 0M 0M

uC =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 M EI 0 L

3 ft

150 k # ft2 300 k # ft2 + EIBC EIAB [29(103 k> in2)](200 in4) 150(122) k # in2 + [29(103) k> in2](500 in4) Ans. 0 M1 = - x1 0P 300(122) k # in2

= 0.00670 For the displacement, the moment functions are shown in Fig, b. Here, and

L 0 L

C =

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 P EI L 0 =

3 ft

3 2 4

225(123) k # in3

1800(123) k # in3

= 0.282 in T

329

933. Determine the slope and displacement at point B. EI is constant. Use the method of virtual work.

400 N 300 N/ m

A 3m

Referring to the virtual moment function indicated in Fig. a and b, and real moment function in Fig. c, we have 1 N # m # uB = 1 N # m # uB = uB = And 1 N # B = mM dx = 0 EI 0 L L 1 N # B =

L 3 m ( - x)3 - (150x2 3m ( - 1)[ - (150x2 + 400x)] m0M dx = dx EI EI 0 0 L L L

EI

B =

330

934.

300 N/ m

400 N

A 3m

For the slope, the moment function is shown in Fig. a. Here, Also, set M = 0, then M = - (150x2 + 400x) N # m. Thus,

L

0M = - 1. 0M

uB =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 M EI 0 L

3m

3150 N # m2 EI

For the displacement, the moment function is shown in Fig. b. Here, Also, set P = 400 N, then M = (400x + 150x2) N # m. Thus,

L

B =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 P EI 0 L

3m

6637.5 N # m3 T EI

331

935. Determine the slope and displacement at point B. Assume the support at A is a pin and C is a roller. Take E = 29(103) ksi, I = 300 in4. Use the method of virtual work.

A 10 ft

4 k/ ft

B 5 ft

Referring to the virtual moment functions shown in Fig. a and b and the real moment function shown in Fig. c, 1 k # ft # uB =

10 ft (0.06667x1)(30x1 - 2x2 muM 1)dx1 dx = EI EI 0 0 L L 5 ft L

+ 1 k # ft # uB = uB = And 1 k # B = mM dx = 0 EI 0 L L

L 10 ft

0 L

270.83 k EI

# ft3

Ans.

270.83(122) k # in2 270.83 k # ft2 = 0.00448 rad = EI 329(103) k> in24(300 in4) (0.3333x1)(30x1 - 2x2 1)dx1 EI

5 ft

+ 1 k # B = 2291.67 k # ft3 EI

0 L

B =

Ans.

332

*936.

4 k/ ft

A 10 ft

B 5 ft

For the slope, the moment functions are shown in Fig. a. Here, 0 M1 0 M2 = 0.06667x1 and = 0.06667x2. Also, set M = 0, then 0M 0M

2 # # M1 = (30x1 - 2x2 1) k ft and M2 = (30x2 - 2x2) k ft. Thus, L

uB =

0 L

Ma

M dx b = M EI L 0

10 ft

5 ft

+ 270.83 k # ft2 = EI =

L 0

270.83(122) k # in2

For the displacement, the moment fractions are shown in Fig. b. Here, 0 M1 0 M2 = 0.3333x1 and = 0.6667x2. Also, set P = 0, then 0p 0P 2 # # M1 = (30x1 - 2x2 1) k ft and M2 = (30x2 - 2x2) k ft. Thus

L

B =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 P EI L 0

10 ft

5 ft

+ 2291.67 k # ft3 = EI =

L 0

2291.67(123) k # in3

333

937. Determine the slope and displacement at point B. Assume the support at A is a pin and C is a roller. Account for the additional strain energy due to shear. Take E = 29(103) ksi, I = 300 in4, G = 12(103) ksi, and assume AB has a cross-sectional area of A = 7.50 in2. Use the method of virtual work.

4 k/ ft

A 10 ft

B 5 ft

The virtual shear and moment functions are shown in Fig. a and b and the real shear and moment functions are shown in Fig. c. 1 k # ft # uB =

L muM nV ka dx + b dx EI GA 0 0 L L 10 ft 10 ft 0.06667x1(30x1 - 2x2 0.06667(30 - 4x1) 1) 1c dx1 + d dx1 EI GA 0 L 5 ft ( - 0.06667x2(30x2 - 2x2 0.06667(4x2 - 30) 2) dx2 + 1c d dx2 EI GA 0 L L

0 L

5 ft

0 L

uB = And

10 ft 0 L 10 ft (0.3333x1)(30x1 - 2x2 0.3333(30 - 4x1) 1) dx1 + 1c d dx1 EI GA 0 L 5 ft L L

1 k # B =

0 L

3 2 4

B =

2291.67(123)k # in3

100(12) k # in

= 0.469 in T

334

937.

Continued

335

938. Determine the displacement of point C. Use the method of virtual work. EI is constant.

w0

A L __ 2 C L __ 2

Referring to the virtual and real moment functions shown in Fig. a and b, respectively, w0 3 1 w0L a ba x x b 2 4 3 L mM = dx = 2 dx EI 0 EI L L 0

L

L 2

1 # C

C =

w0L4 120EI

Ans.

336

939.

w0

A L __ 2 C L __ 2

0M 1 The moment function is shown in Fig. a. Here = x. Also, set P = 0, then 0 P 2 w0L w0 3 M = xx . Thus 4 3L

L

C =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 2 0 P EI L 0 T

L 2

w0 3 1 w0L x x b a xb 4 3L 2 dx EI Ans.

w0L4 120EI

337

*940. Determine the slope and displacement at point A. Assume C is pinned. Use the principle of virtual work. EI is constant.

A B 3m

6 kN/ m

C 3m

Referring to the virtual moment functions shown in Fig. a and b and the real moment functions in Fig. c, we have 1 kN # m # uA =

3m ( - 1)( - 0.3333x3 muM 1) dx = dx1 EI EI 0 0 L L 3m L

+ 1 kN # m # uA = uA = And 1 kN # A = 1 kN # A = 9 kN EI

2

0 L

# m3

Ans.

9 kN # m2 EI

mM dx = 0 EI 0 L L 22.95 kN2 # m3 EI

3m

A =

22.95 kN # m3 T EI

Ans.

338

941.

6 kN/ m

A B 3m 3m C

0 M1 = -1 The slope, the moment functions are shown in Fig. a. Here, 0M 0 M2 2 = - 0.3333x2. Also, set M = 0, then M1 = 0.3333x3 and 1 and M2 = 6x2 3x2. Thus 0M L 3m 3m ( - 0.3333x3 (6x2 - 3x2 0 M dx 1)( - 1) 2)(0.3333x2) Ma uA = b = dx1 + dx2 0 M EI EI EI 0 0 0 L L L uA = 9 kN # m2 EI Ans.

0 M1 = - x1 and The displacement, the moment functions are shown in Fig. b. Here, 0P 0 M2 2 = - x2. Also, set P = 0, then M1 = - 0.3333x3 1 and M2 = 6x2 - 3x2. Thus 0P L 3m 3m ( - 0.3333x3 (6x2 - 3x2 0 M dx 1)( - x1) 2)( - x2) A = Ma b = dx1 + dx2 0 P EI EI EI 0 0 0 L L L = 22.95 kN # m3 T EI Ans.

339

942. Determine the displacement at point D. Use the principle of virtual work. EI is constant.

8k 3 k/ ft

A 4 ft 4 ft

B 4 ft

D 4 ft

Referring to the virtual and real moment functions shown in Fig. a and b, respectively, 1 k # D = mM dx = 0 EI 0 L L

L 4 ft 4 ft ( - 0.5x1)( - 12x1) [ - 0.5(x2 + 4)][ - (20x2 + 48)] dx1 + dx2 EI EI 0 L 4 ft

+ 2 1 k # D =

0 L

D =

340

8k 3 k/ ft

A 4 ft 4 ft

B 4 ft

D 4 ft

0 M1 = - 0.5x, 0P

0 M3 0 M2 = - (0.5x2 + 2) and = 0.5x3. Also set P = 0, 0P 0P M1 = - 12x1, M2 = - (20x2 + 48) and M3 = 12x3 - 1.50x2 3. Thus,

L

D =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 P EI 0 L

4 ft

4 ft 0 L

[ - (20x2 + 48)][ - (0.5x2 + 2)] dx2 EI (12x3 - 1.50x2 3)(0.5x3) dx3 EI Ans.

4 ft

+ 2

0 L

341

*944. Use the method of virtual work and determine the vertical deflection at the rocker support D. EI is constant.

A

600 lb 10 ft B

8 ft

( D)x =

mM dx = 0 L L 0 EI =

Lo

L (10)(750x)dx (x)(600x)dx + + 0 EI EI L 0

D C

440 k # ft3 T EI

Ans.

945.

A

600 lb 10 ft B

8 ft

Set P = 0, ( D)v =

10 1 (600x)(x)dx (750x)(10)dx M 0M a b dx = + + 0 EI EI 0 EI 0 P 0 0 L L L L

D C

440 k # ft3 T = EI

Ans.

342

946. The L-shaped frame is made from two segments, each of length L and flexural stiffness EI. If it is subjected to the uniform distributed load, determine the horizontal displacement of the end C. Use the method of virtual work.

C w L

1 # Ch =

mM dx 0 EI L

L L

A B L

Ch

947. The L-shaped frame is made from two segments, each of length L and flexural stiffness EI. If it is subjected to the uniform distributed load, determine the vertical displacement of point B. Use the method of virtual work.

C w L

A B L

l # Bv =

L L

Bv =

343

*948.

w

A B L

L

wL2 2

B =

0 L

Ma

Ans.

949. Determine the horizontal displacement of point C. EI is constant. Use the method of virtual work.

400 lb/ ft

A 10 ft

8 ft

Referring to the virtual and real moment functions shown in Fig. a and b, respectively, 1 k # Ch = 1 k # Ch = Ch = mM dx = 0 EI 0 L L 1147.73 k2 # ft3 EI 1148 k # ft3 ; EI Ans.

L 8 ft

200 lb/ ft

( - x1)(0.1x2 1) EI

10 ft

dx1 +

( - 8)[ - (0.2x2 2 EI

+ 6.40)]

0 L

dx2

344

949.

Continued

950.

400 lb/ ft

A 10 ft

8 ft

0 M1 0 M2 = - x1 and = - 8. Also, 0P 0P 2 2 set P = 0, then M1 = - 0.1x1 and M2 = - (0.2x2 + 6.40). The moment functions are shown in Fig. a. Here, Thus,

L

200 lb/ ft

Ch =

0 L

Ma

0 M dx b = 0 P EI L 0 =

8 ft

Ans.

345

951. Determine the vertical deflection at C. The crosssectional area and moment of inertia of each segment is shown in the figure. Take E = 200 GPa. Assume A is a fixed support. Use the method of virtual work.

ABC 6.5(103) mm2 IBC 100(106) mm4 AAB 18(10 ) mm IAB 400(106) mm4

3 2

C 1m

50 kN

A 3m

( C)v =

3 (3 - x)(50)(103)dx mM + 0 dx = EIAB 0 EI 0 L L

= 2.81 mm T

*952. Solve Prob. 951, including the effect of shear and axial strain energy.

ABC 6.5(103) mm2 IBC 100(106) mm4 AAB 18(10 ) mm IAB 400(106) mm4

3 2

C 1m

50 kN

A 3m

See Prob. 951 for the effect of bending. nV nNL + Ka b dx U = a AE GA 0 L Note that each term is zero since n and N or v and V do not occur simultaneously in each member. Hence, ( C)v = 2.81 mm T Ans

L

346

953.

ABC 6.5(103) mm2 IBC 100(106) mm4 AAB 18(10 ) mm IAB 400(106) mm4

3 2

C 1m

50 kN

A 3m

( C)v =

= 2.81 mm T

954. Determine the slope at A. Take E = 29(103) ksi. The moment of inertia of each segment of the frame is indicated in the figure. Assume D is a pin support. Use the method of virtual work.

4

5 ft C

uA =

Ans.

347

955.

5 ft B

Set M = 0, uA =

5 5 (6x)(1 - 0.1x)dx (6x)(0.1x)dx M 0M + + 0 + 0 a b dx = EI 0 M EI EIBC 0 0 0 L L L BC L

*956. Use the method of virtual work and determine the horizontal deflection at C. The cross-sectional area of each member is indicated in the figure. Assume the members are pin connected at their end points. E = 29(103) ksi.

2k B

1 in.2

5k

4 ft 2 in.2

1 in.2 2 in.2

3 ft

(1)(5)(3)(12) ( - 8.33)( - 1.667)(5)(12) 1.33(4.667)(4)(12) nNL + + 0 + = ( c)h = a AE 2(29)(103) (1)(29)(103) (1)(29)(103) = 0.0401 in. : Ans.

348

957.

B

2k

1 in.2

5k

0N 0P 1.33 1 -1.667 0

4 ft 2 in.2

1 in.2 2 in.2

(5)(1)(3)(12) (4.667)(1.33)(4)(12) 0N L + + 0 b = 3 0 P AE 2(29)(10 ) (1)(29)(103) ( - 8.33)( - 1.667)(5)(12) + = 0.0401 in. : (1)(29)(103) Ans.

A D

3 ft

958. Use the method of virtual work and determine the horizontal deflection at C. E is constant. There is a pin at A, and assume C is a roller and B is a fixed joint.

400 lb/ ft B 6 ft 10 ft

A

4 10 (0.541x)(1849.17x - 200x2)dx (0.325x)(389.5x)dx mM dx = + EI EI EI 0 0 0 L L L L

45

( c)h =

349

959.

B

400 lb/ ft

C 6 ft

10 ft

Set P = 0.

L

45

( c)h =

*960. The frame is subjected to the load of 5 k. Determine the vertical displacement at C. Assume that the members are pin connected at A, C, and E, and fixed connected at the knee joints B and D. EI is constant. Use the method of virtual work.

6 ft D 5k

10 ft

8 ft

8 ft

( c)v =

10

10

350

6 ft D 5k

10 ft

8 ft

8 ft

Set P = 5 k. ( c)v =

10 10 (1.25x)(0.25x) dx ( - 1.25x)( - 0.25x) dx M 0M a b dx = 2 c + d EI EI 0 EI 0 P 0 0 L L L L

Ans.

351

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