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MEMBACA GAMBAR - 1

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

II. PEMBACAAN GAMBAR

TUJUAN
DIHARAPKAN PESERTA MAMPU MEMBUAT DAN MEMBACA
WIRING DIAGRAM ALAT PENGUKUR DAN PEMBATAS
1. MENGENAL / MEMAHAMI MACAM-MACAM DIAGRAM LISTRIK
2. MENGENAL / MEMAHAMI SIMBOL-SIMBOL LISTRIK

3. MEMBUAT DIAGRAM
4. MEMBACA WIRING DIAGRAM

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 2

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM LISTRIK

MERUPAKAN GAMBAR PERALATAN LISTRIK, TERMASUK


HUBUNGAN / RANGKAIANNYA YANG DINYATAKAN DENGAN
SIMBOL-SIMBOL

MENUNJUKKAN
TENTANG
PRINSIP
KERJA,
CARA
PEMASANGAN DAN PENGOPERASIAN SUATU PERALATAN /
INSTALASI

DAPAT DIGUNAKAN UNTUK MENCARI ATAU MENGUSUT


GANGGUAN

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 3

MACAM-MACAM DIAGRAM LISTRIK


1. DIAGRAM GARIS TUNGGAL (SINGLE LINE DIAGRAM)
2. DIAGRAM TATA LETAK (LAY OUT DIAGRAM)
3. DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN (WIRING DIAGRAM)

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 4

]
DIAGRAM GARIS TUNGGAL

A
KWH

MERUPAKAN GAMBAR DARI SUATU RANGKAIAN / SIRKIT


PERALATAN LISTRIK YANG DIBUAT DALAM BENTUK GARIS
TUNGGAL DAN SIMBOL-SIMBOL
DIGUNAKAN UNTUK PENJELASAN SECARA UMUM DAN RINGKAS
SUATU RANGKAIAN / SIRKIT PERALATAN LISTRIK
DILENGKAPI DENGAN INFORMASI BERUPA TANDA, HURUP ATAU
ANGKA YANG MENUNJUKKAN NAMA ALAT, JUMLAH, UKURAN,
NILAI PENGENAL

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 5

DIAGRAM TATA LETAK (LAY OUT DIAGRAM)


LEMARI APP PENGUKURAN TM DENGAN METER KWH TARIF GANDA 3 KAWAT
DAN METER KVARH

MENGGAMBARKAN TATA LETAK PEMASANGAN PERALATAN LISTRIK


PADA PANEL

UKURAN GAMBAR MENGGUNAKAN PERBANDINGAN BERUPA SKALA


TERTENTU DARI BENDA SEBENARNYA

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 6

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN
NETRAL

FASA
1.
2.
3.
4.

CT
PT
METER AMPERE
METER VOLT

3
A

1
1 METER KWH
2. MCB

3. SWITCH & FUSE


BOX

4
2

MERUPAKAN GAMBAR YANG MENUNJUKKAN SIRKIT YANG


SEBENARNYA DARI PERALATAN LISTRIK

DIGUNAKAN UNTUK MENJELASKAN SECARA RINCI SUATU


SIRKIT PERALATAN LISTRIK
KETEBALAN GARIS DI BEDAKAN UNTUK
MEMPUNYAI NILAI (TEGANGAN) BERBEDA

SIRKIT

YANG

NAMA PERALATAN, TERMINAL DAN SIRKITNYA DIBERI KODE


BERUPA ANGKA DI DALAM LINGKARAN

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 7

APLIKASI DIAGRAM LISTRIK

HARUS MEMAHAMI PRINSIP KERJA PERALATAN LISTRIK


DAN HUBUNGANNYA ANTAR PERALATAN LISTRIK

MENGGABUNGKAN DIAGRAM LAY OUT DAN DIAGRAM


PENGAWATAN

MENYEDERHANAKAN GAMBAR PENGAWATAN DENGAN


MEMBUAT KODE PENGAWATAN

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 8

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

KODE PENGAWATAN

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 9

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

SIRKIT SEBENARNYA

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 10

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

SIMBOL - SIMBOL LISTRIK

NO.

SIMBOL

KETERANGAN
PENGHANTAR,

SALURAN,

KABEL

3N 50 Hz 400 V
---------------------3 X 120 + 1 X 50

SIRKIT
TIGA
FASE,
FREKUENSI
50
Hz,
TEGANGAN 400 V, TIGA
PENGHANTAR
BERPENAMPANG 120 MM2
DENGAN
NETRAL
BERPENAMPANG 50MM2
PERCABANGAN

PENGHANTAR

3
a

a. SAKLAR PENGHUBUNG
b. SAKLAR 3 KUTUB

5
SAKLAR PEMUTUS

SAKLAR DENGAN
6

Catatan :

PELAYANAN
a. RELE TERMIS
b. RELE
ELEKTROMAGNETIS

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

Catatan :

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 11

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 12

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN METER ARUS (AMPER METER)

PENGUKURAN PRIMER

PENGUKURAN SEKUNDER

SUMBER

SUMBER

K
CT

BEBAN

TERMINAL AMPER METER


DIHUBUNGKAN LANGSUNG
SECARA SERI DENGAN
SUMBER DAN BEBAN DARI
SIRKIT YANG DIUKUR

BEBAN

TERMINAL AMPER METER


DIHUBUNGKAN
DENGAN
TERMINAL
KELUARAN
TRAFO ARUS (CT)

CATATAN :
AMPER METER DAPAT DIHUBUNGKAN SECARA SERI DENGAN
METER-METER YANG LAIN, YAITU ; KUMPARAN ARUS METER
KWH, KVARH, COS , WATT

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 13

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN METER TEGANGAN (VOLT METER)


PENGUKURAN PRIMER
SUMBER

PENGUKURAN PRIMER
SUMBER
P1

PT
P2

BEBAN

TERMINAL
VOLT
METER
DIHUBUNGKAN
LANGSUNG
SECARA PARALEL DENGAN
SUMBER DAN BEBAN DARI
SIRKIT YANG DIUKUR

S1
V
S2

BEBAN

TERMINAL
VOLT METER
DIHUBUNGKAN
DENGAN
TERMINAL KELUARAN TRAFO
TEGANGAN

CATATAN :
- VOLT METER DAPAT DIHUBUNGKAN SECARA PARALEL DENGAN METERMETER YANG LAIN YAITU : KUMPARAN TEGANGAN METER-METER KWH,
KVARH, COS , WATT, FREKUENSI

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 14

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN METER DAYA (WATT METER)

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 15

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN METER ENERGI AKTIP (KWH METER)

KWH METER SATU FASA

2 3

FASA
SUMBER
NETRAL

Catatan :

BEBAN

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 16

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

KWH METER 3 FASA - 4 KAWAT PENGUKURAN PRIMER

6
5

10

10

R
S
SUMBER
T

BEBAN

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 17

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

KWH METER 3 FASA - 3 KAWAT PENGUKURAN PRIMER

1
2

R
SUMBER
S

7
6

BEBAN

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 18

KWH METER 3 FASA- 4 KAWAT PENGUKURAN SEKUNDER


MENGGUNAKAN TRAFO ARUS (CT)

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 19

KWH METER 3 FASA 3 KAWAT PENGUKURAN SEKUNDER


MENGGUNAKAN TRAFO ARUS (CT)

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 20

KWH METER 3 FASA 4 KAWAT PENGUKURAN SEKUNDER


MENGGUNAKAN CT DAN PT

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 21

KWH METER 3 FASA 4 KAWAT(ARON) PENGUKURAN SEKUNDER


MENGGUNAKAN CT DAN PT

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 22

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN METER ENERGI REAKTIP (KVARH METER)


PENGUKURAN PRIMER

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 23

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN METER ENERGI REAKTIP (KVARH METER)


PENGUKURAN SEKUNDER, MENGGUNAKAN CT

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 24

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN METER ENERGI REAKTIP (KVARH METER)


PENGUKURAN SEKUNDER MENGGUNAKAN CT DAN PT

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 25

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN TRAFO ARUS (CT)


BILA K DIHUBUNGKAN DENGAN
SIRKIT DARI SUMBER DAN L
DIHUBUNGKAN DENGAN SIRKIT KE
BEBAN MAKA

SUMBER

k
K

k MEMPUNYAI POLARITAS POSITIP


l MEMPUNYAI POLARITAS NEGATIP
PADA AMPERE METER POLARITAS CT
BOLEH TERPASANG TERBALIK PADA
TERMINALNYA

BEBAN

Catatan :

PADA COS , WATT, KWH DAN KVARH


METER POLARITAS CT TIDAK BOLEH
TERPASANG
TERBALIK
PADA
TERMINALNYA
1
(SATU)
BUAH
CT
DAPAT
DIHUBUNGKAN KE BEBERAPA ALAT
UKUR SECARA SERI

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 26

PENTANAHAN SISI SEKUNDER CT

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 27

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM PENGAWATAN TRAFO TEGANGAN PT

P1

PADA
VOLT
DAN
FREKUENSI
METER
POLARITAS
PT
BOLEH
TERPASANG
TERBALIK
TERMINALNYA

S1

KE ALAT
UKUR

P2

S2

PADA COS , WATT, KWH


DAN KVARH, POLARITAS PT,
TIDAK BOLEH TERPASANG
TERBALIK
PADA
TERMINALNYA
1
(SATU)
PT
DIHUBUNGKAN
BEBERAPA ALAT
SECARA PARALEL

Catatan :

DAPAT
KE
UKUR

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 28

PENTANAHAN SISI SEKUNDER PT

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 29

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM SATU GARIS ALAT PEMBATAS DAN PENGUKUR


PRIMER

SATU FASA

TIGA FASA

KVARH
KWH

KWH
KWH

3
3
3

Catatan :

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 30

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM SATU GARIS ALAT PEMBATAS DAN PENGUKUR


SEKUNDER DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN CT

Catatan :

KWH

SS

KWH

KVARH
V

SS

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 31

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM SATU GARIS ALAT PEMBATAS DAN PENGUKUR


SEKUNDER MENGGUNAKAN CT DAN PT

SS
SS

Catatan :

KWH

KWH

KVARH

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags

MEMBACA GAMBAR - 32

PT PLN (Persero)
UDIKLAT BOGOR

DIAGRAM SATU GARIS ALAT PEMBATAS DAN PENGUKUR


SEKUNDER MENGGUNAKAN CT DAN PT SERTA RELE ARUS
LEBIH

SS
SS
A
51

Catatan :

KWH

KVARH

KWH

KVARH

51

______________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Doc: Ripto/02/05/ags