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Islamic Civilization

The Beliefs of Islam


Seat work Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and discuss your three sticky notes on pages 454-459 with your row group.

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Islamic Civilization

The Beliefs of Islam


Islams holy book Quran Islamic house of worship mosque What are the 5 pillars of Islam? Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Islamic Civilization

The Beliefs of Islam


Islams holy book Quran Islamic house of worship mosque What are the 5 pillars of Islam? Belief, prayer, charity, fasting, pilgrimage

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

How do rituals organize our lives?


Daily Rituals

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Key Ideas
The main sources of Islamic teachings are the Quran and the Sunnah. Islam is a monotheistic religion that requires believers to perform five basic duties known as the Five Pillars of Islam. Prayer and right conduct are important parts of Islamic teaching.

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Key Terms
QuranIslams holy book Sunnahtraditions believed by many Muslims to come from the prophet Muhammad Hajjpilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca

mosqueIslamic house of worship


ShariaIslamic law

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Sources of Islamic Teachings


The Quran Islams holy book; main source of teaching According to Islam, the record of Gods revelation to Muhammad, compiled by his followers Written in verse and studied in Arabic by Muslims everywhere The Sunnah Guidelines for living a proper life, based on the words and actions of Muhammad Help interpreting the Quran
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Islamic Civilization

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

What is the role of scripture in Muslim beliefs?


Describe the contents and style of the Quran.
How does the Arabic language unite Muslims everywhere? How might widespread literacy contribute to Muslim learning?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

What do Muslims believe about God?


Beliefs About God

Monotheism

Submission to Gods Will

The Soul and Afterlife

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Islamic Beliefs and Rituals


What belief about God do Muslims share with Jews and Christians? What are the Five Pillars of Islam? What do Muslims do to follow the Five Pillars?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Five Pillars of Islam: Prayer and Pilgrimage


Prayer five times a day, following specific rituals such as washing and facing Mecca worshipers called to prayer by a muezzin sometimes at mosques, especially on Fridays

Pilgrimage also known as Hajj, journey to Mecca


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Islamic Civilization

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Where do Muslims live today?


In which region of the world are four of the five countries shown on the bar graph located?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

Prayer, Pilgrimage, and Law


What features do most mosques share?

What important ritual do Muslim pilgrims perform at the Kaaba? How might rules for proper behavior help people resolve family issues and do business?

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Islamic Civilization

Beliefs of Islam

How are religion and culture connected?

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