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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
KATA PENGANTAR......................................................................................

DAFTAR ISI.....................................................................................................

ii

DAFTAR GAMBAR........................................................................................
DAFTAR TABEL.............................................................................................
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN.....................................................................................
BAB
I. PENDAHULUAN.................................................................................

I-1

I.1 Latar Belakang................................................................................


I.2 Tujuan Kerja Praktek......................................................................
I.3 Manfaat Kerja Praktek....................................................................

I-1

II. TINJAUAN UMUM.............................................................................

II-1

II.1 Sejarah PT. Bukit Asam (PERSERO) Tbk,...................................


II.2 Ruang Lingkup Penambangan PTBA............................................
II.3 Filosofi Perusahaan........................................................................
II.4 Alat Tambang Utama (ATU).........................................................

II-1

III. DESKRIPSI MASALAH ....................................................................

III-1

III.1 Latar Belakang Masalah ............................................................


III.2 Batasan Masalah.........................................................................
III.3 Tempat dan Waktu Pelaksanaan.................................................
III.4 Sistematika Pembahasan.............................................................
III.5 Metode Pengambilan Data.........................................................
III.4.2 Borehole Sampling.........................................................
III.4.3 Grid Sampling................................................................

III-1

vi

III-22
III-23
III-23

IV. HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN...................................


IV.1 Analisa Kualitas Batubara di Front dan Stockpile......................
IV.1.1 Pengambilan Sampel Pada Front Penambangan............
IV.1.2 Pengambilan Sampel Pada Stockpile..............................
IV.1.3 Proses Pengujian Sampel Di Laboratorium....................
IV.2 Permasalahan Di Lapangan........................................................
IV.3 Faktor faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penyimpangan Kualitas
Batubara di Front Dan Stockpile.................................................
IV.4 Upaya Mengatasi Penyimpangan Kualitas Batubara di Front
Dan Stockpile.............................................................................

IV-1
IV-1
IV-1
IV-3
IV-6
IV-12
IV-14
IV-20

V. KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN...........................................................

V-1

V.1 Kesimpulan..................................................................................
V.2 Saran.............................................................................................

V-1
V-2

DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar

Halaman
2.1

Lokasi Tambang Batubara PT. Bukit Asam (PERSERO), Tbk.


Tanjung Enim.............................................................................. II-4

2.2

Litologi Daerah Tambang Air Laya............................................ II-10

2.3

Stratigrafi Daerah Tambang Air Laya......................................... II-11

2.4

Kegiatan Land Clearing.............................................................. II-16

2.5

Kegiatan Ripping Tanah.............................................................. II-17

2.6

Kegiatan Pemuatan Overburden................................................. II-18


vii

2.7

Kegiatan Pemuatan Batubara...................................................... II-18

2.8

Kegiatan Pengangkutan Tanah.................................................... II-19

2.9

Kegiatan Pengangkutan Batubara............................................... II-19

2.10 Kegiatan Penimbunan Tanah (a) Dan Batubara (b).................... II-20


2.11 Kegiatan Dewatering.................................................................. II-21
2.12 Kegiatan Scrapping..................................................................... II-21
2.13 Reklamasi di PT. Bukit Asam (PERSERO), Tbk....................... II-22
3.1

Metode Pengambilan Sampel Dengan Metode Grid.................. III-24

4.1

Front Penambangan.................................................................... IV-2

4.2

Pengambilan Sampel Di Front.................................................... IV-2

4.3

Sketsa Pengambilan Contoh Di Stockpile................................... IV-5

4.4

Pengambilan Sampel Di Stockpile.............................................. IV-5

4.5

Jaw Crusher................................................................................. IV-6

4.6

Hammer Mill............................................................................... IV-7

4.7

Cross Beatermil.......................................................................... IV-7

4.8

Minimum Space Oven................................................................. IV-8

4.9

Minimum Free Space Oven........................................................ IV-9

4.10 Alat Uji Abu (Furnice)............................................................... IV-10


4.11 Pemasangan Benang Pada Alat Ukur Kalori.............................. IV-10
4.12 Alat Uji Nilai Kalori (Parr Calorimeter).................................... IV-11
4.13 Alat Uji Sulfur (LECO S-144DR).............................................. IV-12
4.14 Kondisi Bench Berpotensi Longsor............................................ IV-16
4.15 Clay Band.................................................................................... IV-16
4.16 Batu Pack.................................................................................... IV-17
4.17 Material Pengotor Yang Tertinggal Akibat Proses Pengangkutan
Batubara...................................................................................... IV-17
4.18 Ketidakseragaman Ukuran Butir Batubara................................. IV-18
4.19 Fine Coal Akibat Kegiatan Penggalian Dan Pengangkutan
Batubara ..................................................................................... IV-19
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4.20 Interval Pengambilan Increment Sampel Batubara..................... IV-20

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel

Halaman
II.1 Data Curah Hujan PT. Bukit Asam (Persero), Tbk........................

II-12

II.2 Cadangan Batubara PT. Bukit Asam (Persero), Tbk. berdasarkan


Tingkat Keyakinan Geologi..........................................................
III.1 Konversi Analisa Batubara............................................................

ix

II-13
III-12

III.2 Klasifikasi Batubara Berdasarkan ASTM......................................

III-15

III.3 Klasifikasi Batubara Berdasarkan ASTM dan Coal Brand PTBA

III-

17
IV.1 Jumlah Pengambilan Increment.....................................................

IV-3

IV.2 Penyimpangan Kualitas Batubara TE-63.......................................

IV-13

IV.3 Penyimpangan Kualitas Batubara TE-67.......................................

IV-13

IV.4 Penyimpangan Kualitas Batubara TE-70.......................................

IV-13

IV.5 Penyimpangan Kualitas Batubara TE-73.......................................

IV-14

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran

Halaman
A. Penampang Litologi Daerah Tambang Air Laya......................

A-1

B. Data Curah Hujan Bulanan PT. Bukit Asam (Persero), Tbk.


Tahun 2012-2013......................................................................

B-1

C. Merk Dagang Produk Batubara (Coal Brand) PTBA................

C-1

D. Penyimpangan Parameter Kualitas Batubara Periode AprilSeptember 2013.........................................................................


E.

Data Hasil Pengujian Sampel Di Front TAL Periode AprilSeptember 2013.........................................................................

F.

D-1
E-1

Data Hasil Pengujian Sampel Di Stockpile Periode AprilSeptember 2013 ........................................................................

F-1

G. Tata Cara Pengambilan Contoh Di Front .................................

G-1

H. Tata Cara Pengambilan Contoh Di Stockpile............................

H-1

I.

Peta Tambang Air Laya PT. Bukit Asam (Persero), Tbk.........

I-1

J.

Layout Stockpile Inpit Area Tambang Air Laya.......................

J-1

K. Layout Stockpile I dan II...........................................................

xi

K-1