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Case Study on Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode

By-Akshay, Aparna, Arnav, Dashma, Hemant, Nikunj, Uzma

AIM OF THE STUDY


To understand the site and its attributes To respond sensitively to the site and its surroundings while planning. To understand the way an institutional campus is designed

IIM Kozhikode
The Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode was set up by the Government of India in collaboration with the state Government of Kerala as the 5th Indian Institute of Management. It was established in 2001 The campus is designed by the late architect Joseph Allen Stein and Stein Mani Chowfla Associates, New Delhi.

LOCATION
The campus is located in Kunnamangalam, 15 km away from Kozhikode along the national Highway, NH 212 towards Wayanad. It is about 30 kms from karipur International Airport. Latitude 11.25N Longitude 75.77E Altitude- ~100m

CLIMATE
CLIMATE- Tropical humid climate ANNUAL RAINFALL- 250 cm to 300 cm (nearly 70 % of the rainfall is contributed by the south western monsoon) WIND DIRECTION- South West to North East

SITE AREA- 97 Acres The institute is located in the scenic ambience of approximately 80 acres in Kunnamangalam, spread on two hillocks with a valley in between, , located amidst the scenic setting of the Western Ghats.

The panoramic view from the hilltop is a visual delight and conducive for learning and contemplation. The design of the Campus is aimed at preserving the existing ambience and incorporates strong architectural traditions of Kerala.

TOPOGRAPHY

SLOPE ANALYSIS

The shape of the site is irregular The topographical character of the site has been instrumental in determining the location of the academic and residential area. They each occupy the summits of the two hillocks. Spread on two hills with the buildings blending in the lush greenery with a mix of traditional Kerala style ethnic architecture with modern amenities

GEOLOGY
The region comprising Kozhikode belong to the low- and midlands (in the typical classification of land in Kerala as low-, midand highlands) The coastal plains exhibit more or less flat, narrow terrain with landforms such as beach ridges, sandbars, and backwater marshes.

A few kilometres from the sea to the east, the surface gathers into slopes and clustering hills with numerous valleys in between formed due to floods and sediment transport. The Midlands is represented by hummocky rocky terrain with lateritised denudational hills and intervening valley fills (locally called elas).
To expose (rock strata) by erosion

SOIL
Laterite Soil: Laterite soils are formed by weathering of Basalt and gneiss under hot humid climate. Loamy in texture without gravelly vesicular nodules Laterite soils are red in colour and acidic in reaction.

HYDROLOGY
There is no independent water source that can provide water to the whole institute. Water is collected from all the roofs and collected through a system of channels at the bottom of the hillocks to a pond, which partially meets their water requirements. The fact that the location receives an abundant amount of rain has been manipulated and rainwater harvesting techniques have been incorporated into design.

It catches rain from at least two thirds of its whole campus. (The topography is such that some portion of the water has to go from the back portion of 2 hillocks, but a major portion of run-off gets down to the front side)
At the foot of the hillock, there is a huge pond of 1.5 acres dug only to catch rain water.

There was already a water source at this spot, but it would dry up by February. The run-off from the upper parts of the hill is not directly fed into the main pond. It is spread in an adjoining piece of land, about five acres in extent. This is the catchment area; it has an arecanut garden and a thick layer of weed wines covering the ground. An old pond inside this garden is maintained as it is. This pond accelerates the rate of water percolation. The building team marked the contour lines of the hills and retained some of the older gullies that acted as storm-water drains On both sides of the drain, a grass variety such as cynodon was planted. After a year, though the dams have almost washed off, the vegetative growth has established. This cuts the velocity of water to some extent.

Calicut is a green state having variety of trees. Trees are very useful in various ways where it provides food, medicine, timber, firewood etc. Ex- Peepal, Ashoka Tree, Neem, West Indian Medlar, Silk Cotton Tree, Golden Shower Tree, Devil Tree, Sandal Wood, White Palm Tree etc.

VEGETATION

Thengu (Coconut tree) state tree of Kerala tall and branchless

ARAUKERIA

Asokam (Asoka tree) Athi (Cluster fig tree) large deciduous tree grows in evergreen forests, moist places, near streams

CAMPUS

Site is characterized by two hillocks- the academic area and the housing area are situated on each hill top respectively, thus meeting the needs of adequate privacy.

Academic Block: The administration block The classrooms The faculty blocks The auditoriums Library and Computer centre Hostels Circle of Contemplation Centre court

The entrance to the campus is situated at the base of the hill.

Housing for the faculty is provided on the residential hillock Parking area provided at the basement of the library block, ramp provided to connect the parking lot- according to the terrain of the site

A distance of 2 km has to be travelled uphill to reach the campus. A winding road from the entrance, takes one up to the top of the academic block. Orientation of all the academic buildings towards a central open court there by providing a sense of unity.

THE BUILDING AND SITE - COURTYARDS AND EXTERIOR


SPACES - THE CENTRAL COURT: The core feature: All the buildings are oriented to a central court - typical naalukettu of Keralas traditional architecture giving a sense of unity The buildings are connected by walkways which defines this central green oasis. This central area holds an open air theatre The remaining surface is articulated by paved portions thereby giving a sense of scale and directing to the various buildings around. THE CIRCLE OF CONTEMPLATION: A circular green area is located in the front facing the entrance of the academic block. It is covered by pergola along the sides with vegetation growing on it. VANTAGE POINT - It is a viewpoint from where an unobstructed view of the Western Ghats can be perceived.

. The watchtower stands out as one turns the corner at the final approach to the summit

VIEW- The entrance area of the main building is approached by winding roads. The building will be visible only when one reaches the top creating a sense of surprise.
FOCAL POINT- The high watch tower stands as the focal point, it acts as a sculpture and has no relevance to the character of the building and the institution. Use of locally available materials exposed stone work, tiles used for pavements.

Interesting play of built & open spaces gives a feel of the building interacting with the nature

Elements of traditional architecture of Kerala reflected in the buildingssloping roof and Mangalore tiles.

CIRCULATION
CAMPUS CIRCULATION Approach by winding roads Roads run only on the periphery of the campus Internal circulation made by pedestrian paths There are covered walkways connecting each block.

Covered Pedestrian Paths- major element that connects the building blocks together.

The planning is responsive to the topographical character of the site

The scale, proportion, and form of the buildings project the expected grandeur of a management campus.

ENTRANCE TOWER
ENTRANCE PLAZA

ROAD

ROAD

LIBRARY
ROAD

PARTS OF LANDSCAPE
LANDSCAPE FABRICIt defines and describes a range of qualities that are considered desirable in such as mystery , diversity etc.

Diversity in planning Walkways connecting various blockscreating a feel of creativeness Mystery in paths Majestic view

SPACES-

Spaces are considered the primary means by which landscape are organised ,understood, used and experienced.

Foci-

It refers to differentiated , contrasting or isolated forms or places in the landscape that posses cultural ,social , practical functions because of their visual distinction.

PathsLike space paths are also considered primary design forms that influence the use and experience of landscape.

VALUESFUNCTIONAL VALUESIntegration of indoor and outdoor spaces in the campus.

Normally owing to existence of differently functioning buildings in a campus, there is a tendency to lose a sense of unity or lose track of directions. In this case the architect has carefully and efficiently incorporated various entities in the site.

Because of the terrain, there is a play of level differences.

The architect has tried to do justice to the built forms by adopting and refining the regionalist approach. The vernacular elements have been refined according to the context never failing to provide the required level of modern amenities.

AESTHETICAL VALUESIts due to the careful integration of the indoor and outdoor spaces that the otherwise monotonous effect of similar looking buildings has been eliminated .
Symmetry can also be beautiful

In spite of large amount of trees and vegetation their is a variety of beautiful and aesthetic plants and trees

CULTURAL VALUESAll the buildings are oriented to a central court - typical naalukettu of Keralas traditional architecture giving a sense of unity