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2008-5-11 Security Level: confidential

Planning 3G network
base on 2G network

3G network planning introduce


www.huawei.com

Huawei Northwest Africa Region


RNP Solution Manage: William.chen
William.chen@huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

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Agenda

2G Operator advantage
Site resource
Human resource
Subscriber

Coverage Prediction by 2G drive test


Traffic Prediction by 2G
Reuse 2G existing resource
The Expect of Mobilis about RNP

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Evolution from 2G(GSM) to 3G(WCDMA)
Rate (bps)

LTE
DL: 100Mbps
UL: 50Mbps
HSPA+
10M DL: 28Mbps
HSPA UL:11.5Mbps
DL: 14.4Mbps
UL: 5.76Mbps
UMTS R99
Low Bandwidth: DL: 2Mbps
1M Voice Services & UL: 384Kbps 3G
Fewer Low-speed
Data Services

100K EDGE High Bandwidth:


80~120Kbps Voice Services &
GPRS Rich High-speed
30~40kbps
Data Services
GSM
10K 9.6Kbps 2G/2G+

1G
Evolution

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2G Operator face challenge

Technical Challenges
Coverage prediction accuracy

Business Challenges Interference control

Plan a future-proof network Indoor coverage

TCO saving UMTS/GSM interoperability

Want excellent UMTS performance Coverage planning for


right from start complex urban areas

A fast and successful launch Fast and effective optimization

Not enough experienced 3G engineers HSDPA planning

2G resource + Huawei experience

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Use 2G RNP Resource for 3G Planning
2G Resources

Kowloon(Sunday)

100.00%
80.56% 83.70% 85.04% 86.21% 86.65%
80.00%

60.00%

40.00%

20.00%
13.36%
0.00%
Indoor Indoor Indoor CS64 Indoor Voice In-car CS64 In-car CS64
PS384 PS144 Outage

Coverage Prediction Soft/hard


Traffic statistics
base on 2G Resource
base on 2G
base on 2G
… …

Video Online
phone game

Voice Internet
Video
3G Network streaming

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Agenda

2G Operator advantage
Coverage Prediction by 2G drive test
Traffic Prediction by 2G
Reuse 2G existing resource
Case Study of reuse 2G resource

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Planning Strategy base on 2G
nNo impact on 2G: less 2G-3G handover

Planning Principle n2G-3G co-coverage: 2G-3G co-cover area


& Strategy nReuse 2G resource: soft/hard resource
nImprove user experience: avoid interference

nAntenna parameters n 2G antenna high

Pre-Planning nPropagation model n 2G propagation model tuning


Dimension nPenetration loss n 2G traffic model reference
nTraffic model n 2G site information

nRF parameters n 2G antenna direction/down-title


Nominal Planning nPropagation model n Feeder system parameters
Simulation nSite location n 2G coverage prediction
nTraffic model n 2G problem area

Detailed Planning nEngineer parameters n 2G Neighbor cell configuration


Parameter nnetwork parameters n LAC/RAC configuration

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3G coverage prediction
DTP(Drive Test Based Prediction) improve the accuracy of prediction

3G Coverage Prediction
based on 2G DT data.
Coverage prediction
With cost/Hata231
model

2G Drive Test Data

3G Coverage
Prediction

CPICH RSCP based on 2G DT data

When co-sited, DTP method can be used to further


increase coverage prediction accuracy by up to 20%.

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Traditional prediction problem
Normal coverage prediction
n Traditional propagation has error even after being
tuned;
n Traditional propagation can not consider the effect of
Parapet, and increase the single of Sidelobe and
Backlobe.

Case no consideration of the parapet wall, Prediction


result is optimistic
Prediction result Driver test result

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Increase the accuracy of Prediction
Comparison between DT and Prediction based on 2G
nThe result include RSCP and Ec/Io between drive test and prediction
based on 2G is very close;
nThe signal level distribution is same between those;

Drive Test
Prediction based on 2G DT

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Theory analysis
How can 2G drive test result be used for 3G coverage prediction?

Ec = PPilot − L misc −3G + G ant −3G − PL3G


= PPilot − L misc −3G + G ant −3G − PL 2G − 33.9 * lg(Y / X )
= PPilot − L misc −3G + G ant −3G − (PBCCH − L misc − 2G + G ant − 2G − R ) − 33.9 * lg(Y / X )
= R + (PPilot − PBCCH ) − ( L misc −3G − L misc −2G ) + (G ant −3G − G ant − 2G ) − 33.9 * lg( Y / X)

P
PPilot - 3G Pilot Tx power
Pilot - 3G Pilot Tx power
P
PBCCH - 2G BCCH Tx power
BCCH - 2G BCCH Tx power
It is recommend to be applied for
LLmisc-3G - 3G feeder loss
misc-3G - 3G feeder loss
LLmisc-2G - 2G feeder loss
misc-2G - 2G feeder loss
co-site planning
G
Gant-3G – 3G antenna gain G
ant-3G – 3G antenna gain
– 2G antenna gain
ant-2G – 2G antenna gain
Gant-2G
PL - 3G pathloss
3G - 3G pathloss
PL3G PL - 2G pathloss
2G - 2G pathloss
PL2G
Y –– 3G
Y fequency(
3G fequency (MHz ) XX –– 2Gfrequency
MHz) 2Gfrequency( MHz)
(MHz )
33.9
33.9 ** lg
lg (Y X) –– pathloss
(Y // X) pathloss offset
offset due
due to
to frequency
frequency
R –– BCCH
R BCCH reciver
reciver signal
signal strength
strength by
by driver
driver test
test

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Find out the problem point by 2G DT

Normal Ec/Io Prediction


3G coverage prediction
shows that the Ec/Io is
good in this area.

2G drive test result shows


there is coverage problem New site is added to
in here. improve the coverage

Actually there are


some high building
block the signal

2G Drive Test result

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Find out the problem point by 2G
Ec = R + (PPilot − PBCCH ) − (Lmisc − 3G − Lmisc − 2G ) + (Gant − 3G − Gant− 2G ) − 33.9 * lg(Y/X)

Parameters AMR12.2K CS64K

Max Power of UE 21.00 21.00

NF of NodeB Rx 1.60 1.60

UL loading 50% 50% Calculate the Couple Loss


Rx Sensitivity in UL -126.14 -121.64 for services
… … …

max CL in UL 143.32 137.99

CL_UL - CL_DL 1.37 1.37


Difference between UL and DL
CL in downlink 144.69 139.36

GSM1800 BCCH Tx Power 43.00 43.00

Combiner/Diplexer Loss 1.00 1.00 Calculate the min required


Frequency Correction Loss 2.00 2.00 Rx level of GSM
Min. Required RxLev of GSM -98.69 -93.36

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Indoor coverage prediction by 2G DT

Density Distribution

50%
45%
40%
35%
30%
25%

Installation of Pico-RRU 20%


15%
- Easy to Install
10%
5%
0%
≤-95 ≤-85 ≤-75 ≤-65 ≤-55 ≤-45 ≤-35 ≤-25 ≤-15

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Agenda

2G Operator advantage (Resource)


Coverage Prediction by 2G drive test
Traffic Prediction by 2G
Reuse 2G existing resource
The Expect of Mobilis about RNP

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3G traffic prediction by 2G traffic
n Define 3G subscriber distribution based 2G traffic statistic
n Define 3G traffic model refer to 2G traffic model
n Define 3G hot spot and VIP area or BH (busy hour) based 2G traffic statistic

0.5%

VIP user
distribution
VIP zones and user profile
definitions VIP Zone
Rejection Ratio
3G Simulation based on 2G Traffic

2.4%

Whole Network
Rejection Ratio

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Case study for traffic prediction

n Using 2G BH traffic map to prediction 3G traffic


AMR Traffic distribution in Phase1 Red and Green
Busy hour of 2G represent the
congestion cell

Phase2

Phase3
Dubai Traffic statistic

Be assumption that 3G traffic distribution is same


proportion as 2G, and then 3G traffic or congestion
can be predicted.

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Agenda

2G Operator advantage (Resource)


Coverage Prediction by 2G drive test
Traffic Prediction by 2G
Reuse 2G existing resource
Case Study of reuse 2G resource

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Reusing Existent 2G RAN Resources

Reusing Existent 2G RAN Resources

Unified 2G/3G CN Co-Site Co-Spectrum Resources

UMTS GSM

Co-antenna/feeder Co-transmission Reuse 2G RNP Resources

n Reducing CAPEX & OPEX


n Fast 3G network deployment

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Sharing 2G Resources
Co-site

Air
Conditioner
Co-
feeder Co-
BTS transmission

Node B

Storage Power
Battery

n Reduce site acquisition time;


n Save new site rents & construction 3G Node B

costs; 2G BTS
n Share existing supporting Shared Power
supplier
equipments Shared feeder
n …… system

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Co-Transmission Solution
Combine to RNC
E1/T1 slots Fractional
Fractional
Fractional Fractional
Node B PPP/ATM
PPP/ATM
PPP/ATM
PPP/ATM

2G/BTS
2G/BTS 2G/BTS
2G/BTS
Data
Data Data
Data

BTS BSC

n Fractional PPP/ATM over E1/T1 to support co-transmission with 2G BTS


n Effectively reusing 2G spare transmission resources for 3G
n Supporting E1/T1 cross-connection, no needs for additional cross-connection
equipments
n Saving leased line rents

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Co-site constructed principle
n Less impact on the GSM system Co-site and non co-feeder
is recommended
n Select appropriated co–site solution base actuarial condition;
n Minimum impact on GSM
n Co-site non co- n Co-site and co-feeder system;
n Avoid the interference
feeder n Four port antenna n SASU
between GSM and UMTS;
n Save the investment;
n UMTS network
optimization will not impact
SASU GSM network.
UMTS UMTS
RRU RRU
UMTS
RRU

GSM GSM GSM


BTS UMTS BTS UMTS BTS UMTS
BBU BBU BBU

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Co-Antenna/Feeder Solution

Diplexer

BTS Node B
BTS Node B
Independent Antenna & Independent Antenna & Shared
Feeder Existent
Feeder
BTS
4 ports 2 ports
Dual polarization Dual polarization
Dual bands Dual bands

Tx Filter
Diplexer Diplexer

BTS Node B
BTS Node B

Shared Antenna & Independent Feeder Shared Antenna & Feeder

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Shared Antenna Installation Place

Shared è Tower can be shared for 2G and


tower 3G antenna

Shared è The distance between 2 antennas


top of should meet the requirements of
building isolation

Shared è Vertical isolation between the 2


pole antennas should be noticed

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UMTS900M SASU Application Scenarios
l 2G BTS can combine all TRX on one TX antenna
l This solution is mostly suitable for BTS with small 2G capacity

N
A
L
GSM TX UMTS TX
GSM&UMTS RXM GSM&UMTS RXD

TMA Optional TMA


SASU

N
A
L
RXD TX/RXM
TMA Optional TMA RRU

TX/RXM RXD
BTS Node B
BTS BBU

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UMTS900/GSM900 Case study
xx xx
2* Existing 900 MHz
single-polar corner
xx xx
xx reflect antenna xx xx
ASU solution xx
xx
Proposed New 2100 2* New Feeders
Antenna Config x-polar Preferable feeder M M
antenna Type LDF 7-50 H H 900 MHz
900/2100 UMTS A A
Existing Feeders
M M
Trial Note: H H 2100MHz
A A
Kathrein T
This design is for
MHA, only 1 T
1. S-1604 port for DC
Trangie : 100m, input, power
existing feeder supplied T
type LDF 7-50 from Bias T

N
A
L
2. S-1603 Warren :
100m, existing
feeder type
LDF 7-50 Huawei
UMTS
Nokia
900 1x1x1 & GSM 900
UMTS2100 1x1x1 2x2x2
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Test Result Analysis
n Lab Simulation Scenario: n Field Test Scenario:
UMTS: BBU+RRU NodeB UMTS: BBU+RRU NodeB
Path loss:109dB Average RTWP in night:-105dB
GSM Mobile Tx Power: 33dBm Test time:12:00~14:00

-88

-92
-96

-100
-104

-108

12:40:00

12:43:27

12:46:54

12:50:21

12:53:48

12:57:15

13:00:42

13:04:09

13:07:37

13:11:03

13:14:30

13:17:57
Primary RTWP(dBm) Secondary RTWP(dBm)

Average Ave Rise


RTWP
(dBm) (dB)
n Average RTWP for no interference:-105.78dBm Primary RTWP -104.4 0.6
With DT
n Average RTWP for 4.2M before optimization:- 96.82dBm Call Secondary RTWP -105.4 0.6

n Average RTWP for 4.2M after optimization:- 105.27dBm Without Primary RTWP -104.5 0.5
DT Call Secondary RTWP -105.6 0.5

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Agenda

2G Operator advantage (Resource)


Coverage Prediction by 2G drive test
Traffic Prediction by 2G
Reuse 2G existing resource
Case Study of reuse 2G resource

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UAE Etisalat - 2G/3G Inter-working
InterRAT HO_SUCC_RATE(%) Handover Attempts
100.0% 8000
99.0% 7000
98.0%
6000
97.0%
96.0% 5000
95.0% 4000
94.0% 3000
93.0%
2000
92.0%
91.0% 1000
90.0% 0
Nov-04 Dec-04 Jan-05 Feb-05 Mar-05 Apr-05 May-05 Jun-05

Average daily attempts Average SR


+
Success rate of inter-system handover for eight consecutive
months of Etisalat
3G 2G
n UAE Etisalat 2G/3G inter-working
p Huawei 3G network and ERICSSON, SIMENS/NEC, ALCATEL, and Motorola 2G networks
p 98% success rate of inter-system handover
p Subscribers hardly noticed the handover between the two networks

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Hong Kong PCCW UMTS Project
n Customized solutions Special solution
(Up-tilt antenna) for
for various indoor coverage
complicated scenarios.
n Seamless coverage of
high-speed data
service Multi-sector solution for “Street sites” (micro cells)
dense urban (CBD) for outdoor coverage in CBD
coverage
n Solved various challenges: coverage, interference, co-site, 2G/3G interoperability …

RTP (Ray Tracing) for more • Reduce CAPEX & OPEX by co-site Avoid interference by RF
accurate coverage prediction solution adjusting, additional filter,
• Reused more than 85% existing GSM sites frequency reallocation …
n Achieved best 3G network performance in Hong Kong.
– AMR call drop rate < 1%; voice call setup latency < 6s; inter-frequency HHO success rate >
98%; FTP throughput > 330kbps (both UL & DL); HSDPA throughput reach to 6.5Mbps ……

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Reuse 2G site resource to reduce cost and
deployment time
Co-site — over 85% 2G indoor Node B
n Reduce site acquisition time
n Save leasehold and engineering expenses
for new site
n Share transport, power and other facilities 2G BTS 3G Node B

Co-antenna and feeder — over 60%


n Save leasehold expenses for antenna and feeder
n Shorten business negotiation time

Co-transport resource BTS3812E


n Make good use of 2G spare transmission Several antennas on one
n No interference with existing 2G network side of roof

Portable Distributed 3G Node B

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2008-5-11 Security Level: confidential

Thank You
www.huawei.com

www.huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

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